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Housing the American Dream

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042617/00001

Material Information

Title: Housing the American Dream A Cinematic Approach to Better Understanding the Influences towards Homeownership in the United States
Physical Description: 1 online resource (118 p.)
Language: english
Creator: White, Katie
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: american, dream, film, homeownership, influences, media, planning, states, united
Urban and Regional Planning -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Urban and Regional Planning thesis, M.A.U.R.P.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: The objective for this thesis is to analyze the American Dream and its influences on how Americans should be housed, as depicted through film. The premise of this research is two-fold: investigate how film has influenced society?s opinions of homeownership and to note the evolution of the American Dream. With the help of government incentives and interventions, such as the Servicemen?s Readjustment Act of 1944, along with visual confirmation and repetition from the film industry, housing production and demand for a piece of land with an owner-occupied house catapulted the American Dream. The literature review explores a variety of sources pertaining to the roles of the media, the federal government, the American Dream, and social implications, indicating the relevance to planning. By means of visual and verbal cues, 18 films were selected for their representation of homeownership and housing choices as contributing factors to achieving the American Dream. Three matrices were created as a systematic approach to analyzing the films, in addition to the use of published reviews, historical context, and personal criticisms. The perceptions of suburban life and the influences of homeownership heavily contribute to the overall perception of housing and the American Dream. Despite attempts to vilify the suburbs, society still looks to them as the place or setting to strive for, especially with the addition of children. Through the reinforcements of the film industry and federal policy, the idealistic values of the American Dream have shifted to satisfy Americans? need for money, consumerism, and a sense of being better than someone else, particularly their neighbors.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Katie White.
Thesis: Thesis (M.A.U.R.P.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Jourdan, Dawn.

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0042617:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042617/00001

Material Information

Title: Housing the American Dream A Cinematic Approach to Better Understanding the Influences towards Homeownership in the United States
Physical Description: 1 online resource (118 p.)
Language: english
Creator: White, Katie
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: american, dream, film, homeownership, influences, media, planning, states, united
Urban and Regional Planning -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Urban and Regional Planning thesis, M.A.U.R.P.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: The objective for this thesis is to analyze the American Dream and its influences on how Americans should be housed, as depicted through film. The premise of this research is two-fold: investigate how film has influenced society?s opinions of homeownership and to note the evolution of the American Dream. With the help of government incentives and interventions, such as the Servicemen?s Readjustment Act of 1944, along with visual confirmation and repetition from the film industry, housing production and demand for a piece of land with an owner-occupied house catapulted the American Dream. The literature review explores a variety of sources pertaining to the roles of the media, the federal government, the American Dream, and social implications, indicating the relevance to planning. By means of visual and verbal cues, 18 films were selected for their representation of homeownership and housing choices as contributing factors to achieving the American Dream. Three matrices were created as a systematic approach to analyzing the films, in addition to the use of published reviews, historical context, and personal criticisms. The perceptions of suburban life and the influences of homeownership heavily contribute to the overall perception of housing and the American Dream. Despite attempts to vilify the suburbs, society still looks to them as the place or setting to strive for, especially with the addition of children. Through the reinforcements of the film industry and federal policy, the idealistic values of the American Dream have shifted to satisfy Americans? need for money, consumerism, and a sense of being better than someone else, particularly their neighbors.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Katie White.
Thesis: Thesis (M.A.U.R.P.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Jourdan, Dawn.

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0042617:00001


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Full Text

PAGE 5

The Grapes of Wrath Modern Times Its a Wonderful Life Miracle on 34th Street

PAGE 6

Pleasantville Revolutionary Road Mr. Hollands Opus Across the Universe Now and Then The Virgin Suicides The Goonies The Pursuit of Happyness The Truman Show House of Sand and Fog Up The Joneses M onsters, Inc. Minority Report

PAGE 9

The Grapes of Wrath Modern Times Its a Wonderful Life Miracle on 34th Street Pleasantville Revolu tionary Road Mr. Hollands Opus Across the Universe Now and Then The Virgin Suicides The Goonies The Pursuit of Happyness The Truman Show House of Sand and Fog Up The Joneses Monsters, Inc. Minority Report

PAGE 17

Introduction

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Medias Role in Social Percepti ons are images myths values choices V for Vendetta

PAGE 19

American Beauty Pleasantville Disturbia Little Children V for Vendetta Disturbia Little Children The Role of the Federal Government in Homeownership

PAGE 21

The American Dream

PAGE 22

The Epic of America,

PAGE 23

Social Implications and Benefactors in Encouraging Homeownership

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Relevance to P lanning

PAGE 25

Film Studies

PAGE 27

Distubria Little Children

PAGE 31

Film List The Grapes of Wrath Modern Times The Grapes of Wrath Modern Times Its a Wonderful Life Miracle on 34th Street Pleasantville Revolutionary Road Mr. Hollands Opus Across the Universe Now and Then The Virgin Suicides The Goonies The Pursuit of Happyness The Truman Show House of Sand and Fog The Truman Show House of Sand and Fog Up The Joneses

PAGE 32

Monsters, Inc. Minority Report Data Collection Film Matrices Film matrix #1: homeownership

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Film matrix #2: the neighborhood

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Film matrix #3: historical context

PAGE 38

Findings Approach for Analysis

PAGE 39

Limitations

PAGE 40

The Grapes of Wrath Revol utionary Road

PAGE 42

Decade: 1930s Federal Housing Policies and Programs

PAGE 43

The Grapes of Wrath (1940) The Grapes of Wrath The Grapes of Wrath The Grapes of Wrath

PAGE 44

The Grapes of

PAGE 45

The Grapes of Wrath Modern Times (1936) Modern Times

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Modern Times Modern Times Modern Times Modern Times

PAGE 47

Modern Times Modern Times

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Decade: 1940s Federal Housing Policies and Programs

PAGE 49

Its a Wonderful Life (1946) Its a Wonderful Life Its a Wonderful Life

PAGE 51

Its a Wonderful Life Its a Wonderful Life Miracle on 34th Street (1947) Miracle on 34th Street Miracle on 34th Street

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Miracle on 34th Street

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Miracle on 34th Street

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Miracle on 34th Street Decade: 1950s Federal Housing Policies and Programs

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Pleasantville (1998) Pleasantville Pleasantville Pleasantville

PAGE 57

Pleasantville Revolutionary Road (2008) Revolutionary Road Revolutionary Road

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Revolutionary Road

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Decade: 1960s Federal Housing Policies and Programs

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Mr. Hollands Opus (1995) Mr. Hollands Opus Mr. Hollan ds Opus

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Revolutionary Road

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Mr. Hollands Opus Across the Universe (2007) Across the Universe Across the Universe

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Across the Universe Across the Universe

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Across the Universe Decade: 1970s

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Federal Housing Poli cies and Programs Now and Then (1995) Now and Then

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Now and Then Now and Then Now and Then

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Now and Then The Virgin Suicides (1999) The Virgin Suicides

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The Virgin Suicides The Virgin Suicides

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The Virgin Suicides The Virgin Suicides

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Decade: 1980s Federal Housing Policies and Programs

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The Goonies (1985) The Goonies

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The Goonies The

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Goonies The Goonies

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The Pursuit of Happyness (2006) The Pursuit of Happyness The Pursuit of Happyness

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The Pursuit of Happyness

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The Pursuit of Happyness Decade: 1990s

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Federal Housing Policies and Programs

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The Truman Show (1998) The Truman Show The Truman Show The Truman Show The Truman Show

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The Truman Show The Truman Show

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House of Sand and Fog (2003) House of Sand and Fog House of Sand and Fog The House of Sand and Fog

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House of Sand and Fog

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House of Sand and Fog Decade: 2000s Federal Housing Policies and Programs

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Up (2009) Up Up Up

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Up

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Up The Joneses (2009) The Joneses

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and The Joneses

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Decade: Future

PAGE 88

Monsters, Inc. (2001) Monsters, Inc. Monsters, Inc.

PAGE 89

Monsters, Inc.

PAGE 90

Monsters, Inc. Minority Report (2002) Minority Report

PAGE 91

Minor ity Report Minority Report

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Minority Report Minority Report

PAGE 93

Themes Mr. Hollands Opus Revolutionary Road The Joneses

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The Pursuit of Happyness Now and Then Pleasantville Revolutionary Road Across the Universe The Virgin Suicides The Grapes of Wrath Its a Wonderful Life

PAGE 95

The Goonies Modern Times The Pursuit of Happyness House of Sand and Fog The Joneses Monsters, Inc.

PAGE 96

The Grapes of Wrath Its a Wonderful Life The Virgin Suicides The Truman Show The Pursuit of Happyness House of Sand and Fog Up M inority Report Revolutionary Road The Pursuit of Happyness The Joneses The Goonies The Truman Show House of Sand and Fog Up

PAGE 98

Implications

PAGE 99

Planners

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Federal Policy Film and Policy Partnership

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Media: Leader, Follower, or Both? Understanding the Political Economy of the Film Industry

PAGE 104

Exporting the American Dream Future Research

PAGE 106

1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s Future

PAGE 107

Homeownership

PAGE 108

Neighborhood

PAGE 109

Historical Context

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Homeownership X X X X X X X X

PAGE 111

Neighborhood

PAGE 112

Historical Context

PAGE 113

The Epic of America. South Carolina Law Review, Emory Law Journal, 54 The Goonies Cineaste, 30:1, US Census Bureau. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Fall Modern Times Demography, 26:2 Films in Review, 47(5/6) Time. Time The Joneses Time Mr. Hollands Opus Matilda

PAGE 114

New York Times. New York T imes Homeownership Alliance Analyzing Your Primary Data. Journal of Urban Economics Tulane Law Review, 69, Journal of the American Planning Association, 74:1 The Nation Journal of Housing Research, 4:1 FRBNY Economic Policy Review The Virgin Suicides Lit Film Q, 35:3 Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture, 13:1 Sight & Sound

PAGE 115

Administrative Science Quarterly, 24:4 Cinema Journal, 37:4 Vanity Fair. Journal of the American Planning Association, 76:3 Cultural Critique, 64 The New York Times. Liminalities: A Journal of Performance Studies, 4:1I, The New York Times North Carolina Banking Institute Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2011 Journal of the American Planning Association, 74:1 Urban Affairs Review

PAGE 116

Journal of the American Planning Association, 74:1 Policy Analysis, 646 Up Journal of the American Planning Association, 75:2 The Journal of SocioEconomics, 39, Urban Studies, 23 Urban Studies, 43:3 V for Vendetta Critical Inquiry 3:2, Banking Law Journal Bulletin of Science Technology Society 13 The GI BILLs History Communication Research, 22:6 Journal of the American Planning Association, 75:2 Sight & Sound, 17:n 11

PAGE 117

Case Study Research: Design and Methods Movies as Equipment for Living: A Developmental Analysis of the Importance of Film in Everyday Life