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Impact of Pre-Construction Project Planning on Cost Savings

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042588/00001

Material Information

Title: Impact of Pre-Construction Project Planning on Cost Savings
Physical Description: 1 online resource (52 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Alshanbari, Hamza
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: building, cad, construction, cost, design, information, modeling, past, planning, pre, project, saving
Building Construction -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Building Construction thesis, M.S.B.C.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Construction projects are a mix of very complex processes that seldom go according to plan. Many construction related firms used construction scheduling for many years but that process has proven to be independable. There are many factors that can cause delays in a regular construction schedule including weather conditions and productivity decline. Several pre-construction planning methods emerged in the last century and made their way in projects. These methods include design phase construction planning, building information modeling, project control systems and using past projects? data to improve performance. Different planning methods cost different rates and have different effects on the overall project?s cost savings. The main objective of this research is to find the optimum percentage that can be spent on pre-construction planning, using any method, that would save the highest amount of both money and time. Additional objectives are to find which method is most widely used in the industry today and how much each method costs. The data for the research will be collected using an online survey since such information cannot be easily found. The survey will ensure anonymity of the respondents since some information about profit and spending are often considered confidential. In addition, the survey will focus on percentages and ballpark figures of past projects to encourage more responses. The response rate for the survey was 6% and the data collected helped answer the objective questions. Using past projects? data to improve performance was determined to be the most used method. Moreover, many other methods were mentioned in the survey by the respondents which had a high return on investment and acted as a time saver. The optimum percentage to be spent on pre-construction planning was found to be about 12% of the total project cost. Understanding how pre-construction planning affects the project savings and duration can encourage many construction firms to adopt them and push the industry even further to achieve better results.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Hamza Alshanbari.
Thesis: Thesis (M.S.B.C.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Issa, R. Raymond.
Local: Co-adviser: Flood, Ian.
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2011-06-30

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0042588:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042588/00001

Material Information

Title: Impact of Pre-Construction Project Planning on Cost Savings
Physical Description: 1 online resource (52 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Alshanbari, Hamza
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: building, cad, construction, cost, design, information, modeling, past, planning, pre, project, saving
Building Construction -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Building Construction thesis, M.S.B.C.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Construction projects are a mix of very complex processes that seldom go according to plan. Many construction related firms used construction scheduling for many years but that process has proven to be independable. There are many factors that can cause delays in a regular construction schedule including weather conditions and productivity decline. Several pre-construction planning methods emerged in the last century and made their way in projects. These methods include design phase construction planning, building information modeling, project control systems and using past projects? data to improve performance. Different planning methods cost different rates and have different effects on the overall project?s cost savings. The main objective of this research is to find the optimum percentage that can be spent on pre-construction planning, using any method, that would save the highest amount of both money and time. Additional objectives are to find which method is most widely used in the industry today and how much each method costs. The data for the research will be collected using an online survey since such information cannot be easily found. The survey will ensure anonymity of the respondents since some information about profit and spending are often considered confidential. In addition, the survey will focus on percentages and ballpark figures of past projects to encourage more responses. The response rate for the survey was 6% and the data collected helped answer the objective questions. Using past projects? data to improve performance was determined to be the most used method. Moreover, many other methods were mentioned in the survey by the respondents which had a high return on investment and acted as a time saver. The optimum percentage to be spent on pre-construction planning was found to be about 12% of the total project cost. Understanding how pre-construction planning affects the project savings and duration can encourage many construction firms to adopt them and push the industry even further to achieve better results.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Hamza Alshanbari.
Thesis: Thesis (M.S.B.C.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Issa, R. Raymond.
Local: Co-adviser: Flood, Ian.
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2011-06-30

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0042588:00001


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PAGE 15

Project Scheduling

PAGE 17

Design-Phase Construction Planning

PAGE 18

Building Information Modeling (BIM) and 4D-CAD

PAGE 19

Project Control System

PAGE 24

Historic Data

PAGE 29

Construction Industry Sectors

PAGE 30

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Owner Desginer Contractor Consultant Design Bulider

PAGE 31

Size of Construction Firm and Project

PAGE 32

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% less than $100K $100K $999K $1M $4.99M $5M $10M more than $10M

PAGE 33

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% less than $100K $100K $999K $1M $4.99M $5M $10M more than $10M All the Time Regularly Rarely

PAGE 35

0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 less than $100K $100K $999K $1M $9M $10M $49M $50M $99M $100M $500M more than $500M

PAGE 36

Location of Construction Company and Project

PAGE 37

Pre-Construction Planning Methods

PAGE 38

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Design Phase BIM Control System Historic Data Other None Design Builder Contractor Designer Owner

PAGE 40

0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 Average Savings (%) Average Cost (%) Desgin Phase BIM Control System Histroic Data Scheduling Other

PAGE 41

Relationship between Pre-Construction Planning and Cost Savings

PAGE 42

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 % Cost Saving or Profit % Spent on Pre Construction Planning

PAGE 43

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 (%) Cost Saving or Profit (% ) Spent on Pre construction Planning

PAGE 47

On the Projects where you were the OWNER:

PAGE 48

On the Projects where you were the DESIGNER or CONSULTANT: On Projects where you were the CONTRACTOR: On Projects where you were the DESIGN-BUILDER:

PAGE 51

Engineering Construction & Architectural Management 12 AACE International Transactions Journal of Construction Engineering & Management 131 AACE International Transactions 31 Journal of Construction Research 5 AACE International Transactions PS.10 Construction Management & Economics 22 Facilities 24 Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management 11 Health Facilities Management 22 Journal of Construction & Management 131