<%BANNER%>

Diversity in a Tropical Marine Mutualism

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042023/00001

Material Information

Title: Diversity in a Tropical Marine Mutualism
Physical Description: 1 online resource (123 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Mckeon, Christian
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: cnidaria, coral, crustacea, decapoda, diversity, ecology, mutualism, pocillopora, reef, symbiosis, systematic, trapezia
Biology -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Zoology thesis, Ph.D.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Symbiosis has been described as the most relevant and enduring biological theme in the history of our planet . These relationships are diverse and pervasive, reaching every habitat and the great majority of life forms. No where are they more important in ecological function, then on coral reefs. Coral reefs are quite literally powered by symbiotic relationships- the partnership between unicellular algae and corals allows the deposition of calcium carbonate. Yet other mutualisms are also important. In this work I describe the relationship between a single genus of coral, Pocillopora, and a genus of crab, Trapezia. The mutualism focuses on the defense of the coral from environmental stressors, such as predation, sedimentation, and algal overgrowth. Yet nuances exist. As any relationship can be viewed as reciprocal exploitation, the lines between mutualism and parasitism blur upon close examination.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Christian Mckeon.
Thesis: Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Paulay, Gustav.
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2011-12-31

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0042023:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0042023/00001

Material Information

Title: Diversity in a Tropical Marine Mutualism
Physical Description: 1 online resource (123 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Mckeon, Christian
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: cnidaria, coral, crustacea, decapoda, diversity, ecology, mutualism, pocillopora, reef, symbiosis, systematic, trapezia
Biology -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Zoology thesis, Ph.D.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Symbiosis has been described as the most relevant and enduring biological theme in the history of our planet . These relationships are diverse and pervasive, reaching every habitat and the great majority of life forms. No where are they more important in ecological function, then on coral reefs. Coral reefs are quite literally powered by symbiotic relationships- the partnership between unicellular algae and corals allows the deposition of calcium carbonate. Yet other mutualisms are also important. In this work I describe the relationship between a single genus of coral, Pocillopora, and a genus of crab, Trapezia. The mutualism focuses on the defense of the coral from environmental stressors, such as predation, sedimentation, and algal overgrowth. Yet nuances exist. As any relationship can be viewed as reciprocal exploitation, the lines between mutualism and parasitism blur upon close examination.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Christian Mckeon.
Thesis: Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Paulay, Gustav.
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2011-12-31

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0042023:00001


This item has the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 5

TRAPEZIA Trapezia

PAGE 6

Drupella Culcita Acanthaster Acanthaster

PAGE 7

Pocillopora TrapeziaPocillopora TRAPEZIA

PAGE 8

Trapezia P. eydoux iT. flavopunctata Trapezia tP tP

PAGE 9

Trapezia. Trapezia Trapezia. Trapezia Trapezia. Trapezia Drupella cornus Trapezia serenei Trapezia punctimanus Culcita novaeguinae Trapezia bidentata T. serenei P. eydouxi Acanthaster P. eydouxi Culcita novaeguineae n Culcita novaeguineae. Pocillopora Culcita novaeguineae T. septata P. damicornis Symbiodinium T. septata P. verrucosa Symbiodinium T.septata Trapezia

PAGE 10

Pocillopora, Trapezia

PAGE 11

Cont ext and Goals of this Dissertation TrapeziaPocillopora Symbiodinium

PAGE 12

Symbiodinium Symbiodinium

PAGE 13

The Study System Pocillopora Pocillopora Pocillopora Trapezia Rationale and Context Trapezia Pocillopora

PAGE 14

Pocillopora Pocillopora Trapezia Trapezia Trap ezia,

PAGE 15

Trapezia Acanthaster Trapezia TrapeziaPocillopora Trapezia Pocillopora Trapezia

PAGE 16

Trapezia serenei Alpheus lottini Symbiodinium Trapezia septata An Outli ne Phylogenetics, speciation, and character evolultion in Trapezia with Gustav Paulay Trapezia Diversity in Mutualist Services offered by Coral Crabs with Jenna Moore Trapezia Multiple Defender Effects Modify the Benefits of Species Stacki ng: Synergistic Coral Defense by Mutualist Crustaceans with Adrian Stier and Shelby Boyer Trapezia Trapezia serenei Alpheus lottini

PAGE 17

Full House: Endosymbiont Exosymbiont Connections in Reef Corals with Tomas Oliver Symbiodinium Symbiodinium Symbiodinium Trapezia

PAGE 19

TRAPEZIA Introduction Trapezia Cancer rufopunctata Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia

PAGE 20

Trapezia Tra pezia Trapezia T. richtersi T. globosa Trapezia

PAGE 21

Trapezia digital is T. ferruginea T. bidentata Trapezia lutea T. bidentata T. bidentata T. lutea

PAGE 22

Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia Trape zia

PAGE 23

Methods Collection Methods Trapezia T. corallina T. cheni T. cheni Tetralia Domecia Cymo Thalamitoides quadridens Carpilius convexus Pot a mon fluviatile Varuna litterata Pilumnus sp Extraction and Sequencing

PAGE 24

Sequence Analysis Speciation

PAGE 25

Morphology and ecology Results Trapezia punctimanus Phyl ogeny and Species Boundaries Trapezia Trapezia T. rufopunctata T. flavopunctata Pilumnus sp

PAGE 26

Trapezia Trapezia digitalis Trapezia digitalis T. areolata T. digitalis, T. digitalis, T. areolata T. digitalis T. globosa, Trapezia bella T. formosa T. bella T. formosa T. formosa T. neglecta T. intermedia T. speciosa T. garthi

PAGE 27

Evolution of c olor patterning Trapezia Host Specificity Trapezia T. rufopunctata T flavopuncta P. eydouxi, P. woodjonesi, Stylophora sp.) T. guttata P. damicornis Seriatopora hystrix Trapezia Geographic differentiation Trapezia rufopunctataflavopunctat a, septata guttata

PAGE 28

Trapezia T. lutea, T. bidentata, T. cymodoce, T. digitalis T. digitalis T. digitalis T. areolata T. digitalis T. cymodoce, T. serenei T. richtersi T. serenei T. richtersi T. garthi T. speciosa

PAGE 29

Discussion Species Boundaries and Taxonomic Implications Trapezia T. cymodoce T. lutea, T. bidentata T. serenei T. richtersi T. speciosa T. garthi T. formosa T. bella T. garthi T. speciosa T. formosa T. bella T. bella T. formosa T. bella T. formosa T. bella

PAGE 30

Color Patterns Trapezia tigrina T. planaT. guttata T. septata T. areolata T .digitalis T. serenei T. richtersi T. digitalis T. rufopunctata T. bella T. tigrina Trapezia tigrina T. rufopunctata T. plana T. richtersi T. serenei T. digitalis (PO T. areolata T. garthi T. speciosa T. dig italis T. areolata T. garthi T. speciosa

PAGE 31

Host Specificity Trapezia Trapezia T. guttata Pocillopora damicornis Seriatopora hystrix Trapezia T. flavopunctata T. rufopunctata Pocillopora eydouxi P. woodjonesi Stylophora Trapezia Pocillopora

PAGE 32

The development of sympatry, microsympatry, and geographic ranges in Trapezia Trap ezia Trapezia TrapeziaT. rufopunctata T. flavopunctata

PAGE 33

Trapezia T. tigrina T. plana T. tigrina T. plana. T. septata T. guttata T. septata T. guttata P damicornis Seriatopora hystrix T. garthi -speciosa Trapezia T. digitalis

PAGE 34

Trapezia Trapezia T. garthi -speciosa Trapezia Trapezia

PAGE 35

Trapezia Trapezia rufopunctata Trapezia flavopunctata Trapezia globosa Trapezia digitalis (IO) Trapezia digitalis (PO) Trapezia areolata Trapezia cymodoce (IO) Trapezia cymodoce (PO) Trapezia lutea (IO) Trapezia lutea (PO) Trapezia intermedia Trapezia bidentata (IO) Trapezia bidentata (PO) Trapezia septata Trapezia guttata Trapezia speciosa Trapezia garthi Trapezia formosa Trapezi a bella Trapezia cheni Trapezia corallina Trapezia tigrina Trapezia plana Trapezia punctimanus Trapezia richt ersi Trapezia serenei

PAGE 36

Trapezia.

PAGE 37

Trapezia.

PAGE 38

Trapez ia.

PAGE 39

Trapezia

PAGE 40

Introduction

PAGE 42

Trapezia Trapezia Acanthaster planci Trapezia

PAGE 43

Study system Trapezia Tetralia) Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia (Stewart et al. 2006, McKeon et al. 2010) Trapezia Trapezia Pocillopora

PAGE 44

Trapezia Pocillopora Pocillo pora Pocillopora verrucosa P. meandrina Pocillopora verrucosa Trapezia P. eydouxi P. woodjonesi Pocillopora eydouxi Trapezia Pocillopora damicornis Pocillopora damicornis Pocillopora

PAGE 45

Acanthaster planci A canthaster Culcita novaeguinae Culcita Drupella cornus Drupella Acanthaster Acanthaster Culcita Drupella Acanthaster. Pocillopora eydouxi Pocillopora Acanthaster Pocillopora verrucosa Porites Objectives Trapezia Pocillopora Culcita, Drupella,

PAGE 46

Acanthaster PocilloporaTrapezia Acanthaster Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia Methods Study Locations Trapezia Removal of Sediment Pocillopora damicornis Trapezia

PAGE 47

T. serenei, T. septata, and T. guttata T. serenei T. septata Effectiveness against corallivores Effectiveness against Drupella Trapezia Drupella Trapezia serenei T. punctimanus Drupella T. serenei Drupella Poci llopora verrucosa

PAGE 48

T. serenei T. punctimanus T. punctimanus T. serenei Drupella P. verrucosa Trapezia Drupella Drupella Drupella Drupella

PAGE 49

Drupella Effectiveness against Culcita Culcita Trapezia Pocillopora verrucosa Trapezia T. bidentata T. serenei Trapezia T. serenei

PAGE 50

Culcita Culcita Trapezia T. serenei, T. bidentata Response to Acanthaster Ou tbreak Trapezia Acanthaster Acanthaster Trapezia Pocillopora Pocillopora eydouxi Trapezia flavopunctata TrapeziaP. eydouxi

PAGE 51

Trapezia P. eydouxi P. eydouxi Poc illopora eydouxi Acanthaster Results Effectiveness against Sedimentation Three Species and Large grain Sediment T. septata T. guttata T. serenei

PAGE 52

Two Species and Small grain Sediment T. septata T. guttata Defensive efficacy against corallivores Trapezia vs. Drupella T. serenei P. verrucosa T. serenei P. verrucosa T. punctimanus T. punctimanus T. serenei T. serenei Trapezia vs. Culcita Culcita T. serenei T. bidentata

PAGE 53

T. serenei T. bidentata T. serenei Culcita Response to Acanthaster Outbreak Live Coral Cover Pocillopora eydouxi Acanthaster P. eydouxi P. eydouxi Pocillopora P. verrucosa P. eydouxi Acanthaster Pocillopora eydouxi TrapeziaT. flavopunctata T. rufopunctata P. verrucosa T. flavopunctata and Acanthaster T. flavopunctata P. eydouxi T. flavopunctata,

PAGE 54

T. flavopunctata Trapezia P. eydouxi T. flavopunctata Trapezia T. flavopunctata T rapezia Associational Defense P. eydouxi P. eydouxi P. eydouxi P. eydouxi Acanthaster P. eydouxi Discussion Trapezia Trapezia

PAGE 55

Pocillopora damicornis Trapez ia T. punctimanus T. serenei Drupella T. serenei T. serenei Culcita T. serenei T. bidentata Culcita Acanthaster Trapezia T. flavopunctata T. rufopunctata Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia Drupella Culcita Drupe lla Acanthaster

PAGE 56

Acanthaster Trapezia Trapezia Pocillopora T. sere nei T. punctimanus T. serenei Drupella Drupella Trapezia, T. formosa A. planci Trapezia Acanthaster, Culcita Trapezia. Pocillopo ra Culcita Trapezia.

PAGE 57

Trapezia (T. serenei, T. bidentata) Culcita Culcita T. serenei T. serenei Culcita T. bidentata Culcita Acanthaster Trapezia Trapezia flavopunctataP. eydouxi Acanthaster Trapezia flavopunctata Pocillopora T. flavopunctata A. planci Trapezia T. flavopunctata Acanthaster P. eydouxi Trapezia. T. flavopunctata, T. rufopunctata P. eydouxi T. rufopunctata T.

PAGE 58

rufopunctata Trapezia T. rufopunctata T. flavopunctata Trapezia Pocillopora Trapezia Acanthaster Tra pezia Drupella Pocillopora damicornis P. damicornis Tr apezia Pocillopora Trapezia Trapezia Pocillopora Acanthaster, Acanthaster Drupella Acanthaster

PAGE 59

TrapeziaPocillopora Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia Pocillopora PocilloporaTrapezia

PAGE 60

Pocillopora Trapezia Trapezia Pocillopora TrapeziaPocillopora Acanthaster

PAGE 62

P. eydouxi T. flavopunctata Herpetolitha limax Fungia Porites rus Porites Acropora hyacinthus Acropora valida Montipora Pocillopora verrucosa Pavona varians Leptoseris incrustans Gardineroseris planulata Millepora

PAGE 63

Trapezi a Species Experimental Use Mean Carapace Width Localities present Host Preference Trapezia serenei Sediment removal 13mm Samoa, Moorea P ocilloporid corals Response to Drupella (small individuals) Response to Drupella (large indiv iduals) Response to Culcita (small individuals) Response to Culcita (large individuals) Trapezia punctimanu s Response to Dupella 5mm Moorea P.verrucosa Trapezia guttata Sediment removal 14mm Samoa, Moorea Fine branched p ocilloporids ( P.damicorn is Stylophora hysterix ) Trapezia septata Sediment removal 15mm Samoa P ocilloporid corals Trapezia bidentata Response to Culcita 14mm Samoa, Moorea P ocilloporid corals Trapezia flavopunctat a Response to Acanthaster 26mm Samoa, Moorea Large p ocilloporid corals ( P. eydouxi, Stylophora pistillata )

PAGE 64

Trapezia

PAGE 65

Trapezia

PAGE 66

Drupella cornus Trapezia serenei Trapezia punctimanus

PAGE 67

Culcita novaeguinae Trapezia bidentata T. serenei

PAGE 68

P. eydouxi

PAGE 69

Acanthaster P. eydouxi

PAGE 70

Introduction et al.

PAGE 71

PA+B P^ A B ( PA)( PB) ( PNP) Pi ln( PA B) ln( PA) ln( PB) ln( PNP)

PAGE 72

Trapezia serenei Alpheus lottini stripes Trapezia Alpheus Pocillopora meandrina Pocillopora Culcita novaeguineae Culcita

PAGE 73

Methods Study Species Pocillopora Trapezia Alpheus lottini Trapezia Alpheus lottini Acanthaster Culcita Trapezia, Alpheus lottini Trapezia Trapezia Alpheus lottini Pocillopora

PAGE 74

Experimental design Pocillopora cf. meandrina n Trapezia serenei Alpheus lottini No Exosymbionts Alpheus lottini Alpheus Trapezia serenei Trapezia Alpheus lottini Trapezia serenei Alpheus + Trapezia Culcita novaeguineae Culcita n Culcita ad libitum Culcita Deterrence trials Culcita Pocillopora

PAGE 75

Culcita Pocillopora No Exosymbionts vs. Alpheus Trapezia Culcita Test for Emergent Multiple Defender Effects Tr apezia + Alpheus TrapeziaAlpheus No Exosymbionts Pocillopora Culcita Culcita 4 3 abc a b c Behavioral observations Pocillopora Culcita Alpheus

PAGE 76

Trapezia Culcita Culcita Culcita Trapezia Culcita Trapezia Culcita Trapezia Culcita Trapezia Culcita Trapezia Alpheus Data analysis

PAGE 77

t No Exosymbionts Alpheus, Trapezia, and Alpheus +Trapezia Alpheus Trapezia Alpheus vs. Trapezia Alpheus Trapezia Alpheus + Trapezia Culcita Alpheus Trapezia ^ A T Alpheus Trapezia ^ A T ( A)( T) (NE) ln( ^ A T) ln( A) ln( T) ln( NE) i i I A Alpheus T Trapezia A+ T Alpheus Trapezia

PAGE 78

Culcita ^ A T Alpheus Trapezia ^ A T ( A)( T) (NE) i Culcita i ^ A T Alpheus Trapezia Alpheus Trapezia

PAGE 79

Trapezia Alpheus Results Deterrence trials Culcita Pocillopora Emergent Multiple Defender Effects Alpheus Trapezia

PAGE 80

Culcita Culcita Alpheus Trapezia n 2 P Behavioral observations F1,8 P Culcita Trapezia F1,8 P Alpheus F1,8 P Alpheus Trapezia

PAGE 81

Discussion Trapezia Alph eus lottini Trapezia, Alpheus lottini Pocillopora Pocillopora Alpheus Trapezia

PAGE 82

Culcita Alpheus Trapezia Culcita Alpheus Trapezia Culcita Culcita Trapezia Alpheus Culcita Culcita Study Limitations Alpheus Trapezia Alpheus Trapezia Alpheus Trapezia Alpheus Tr apezia Alpheus Trapezia Alpheus Trapezia

PAGE 83

better Conclusion

PAGE 85

tP t DF P A. Predation frequency Alpheus Trapezia B. Volume consumed Alpheus Trapezia

PAGE 86

tP t DF P A. Predation frequency Alpheus Trapezia Alpheus Trapezia B. Volume consumed Alpheus Trapezia Alpheus Trapezia

PAGE 87

Culcita novaeguineae n Culcita novaeguineae.

PAGE 88

Pocillopora Culcita novaeguineae n

PAGE 89

Introduction Symbiodinium Symbiodinium Symbiodinium

PAGE 90

Symbiodinium Symbiodinium

PAGE 91

Symbiodinium Acropora tenuis Symbiodinium Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia

PAGE 92

Trapezia Symbiodinium Symbiodinium Methods Pocillopora Pocillopora

PAGE 93

P. damicornis P. verrucosa P. eydouxi P. damicornis P. verrucosa Symbiodinium P. damicornis P. verrucosa S ymbiodinium Trapezia P. damicornis P. da micornis Trapezia septata Trapezia septata P. verrucosa P. verrucosa

PAGE 94

Trapezia septata Trapezia septata Symbiodinium Symbiodinium Symbiodinium

PAGE 95

Symbiodinium Sym biodinium Trapezia. Results Pocillopora damicornis Trapezia septata P. damicornis Pocillopora verrucosa Trapezia septata P. verrucosa Symbiodinium T. septata Discussion

PAGE 96

T. septata Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia Acanthaster planci Trapezia Symbiodinium Symbiodinium Symbiodinium

PAGE 97

Acropora Symbiodinium Symbiodinium Trapezia Pocillopora Symbiodinium Trapezia Pocillopora Symbiodinium Acropora tenuis

PAGE 99

T. septata P. damicornis Symbiodinium

PAGE 100

T. septata P. verrucosa Symbiodinium

PAGE 101

T.septata

PAGE 102

Trapezia Pocillopora Phylogeny, Speciation Color and Pattern Trapezia et al. T. rufopunctata T. flavopunctata Trapezia Trapezi a Trapezia Trapezia.

PAGE 103

Trapezia T. digitalis Trapezia T. speciosa T. garthi F unctional Diversity, Multiple Symbiont Effects, and the Pocillopora Community Trapezia Trapezia Pocillopora Trapezia Trapezia serenei Alpheus cf. lottini

PAGE 104

Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia Trapezia Pocillopora Seriatopora Stylophora Paragobiodon Trapezia Pocillopora Trapezia Acropora

PAGE 105

Connections between Trapezia Pocillopora and the reef environment Symbiodinium Trapezia Symbiodinium Conclusion Trapezia Pocillopora Trapezia Pocillopora

PAGE 106

Trapezia Pocillopora Trapezia Pocillopora

PAGE 107

Trapezia

PAGE 108

TRAPEZIA

PAGE 109

in 4 48 93 237 16 37 335 430 238 Porites lobata 19 19 75

PAGE 110

Acanthaster planci 69 77 88 43 82 in in in Trapezia 35 643

PAGE 111

84 43 17 3 Pocillopora eydousxi 2 124 18 123 13 5 41

PAGE 112

82 19 48 48 1 in 46 4 47 4 Culcita novaeguineae 96 69 168

PAGE 113

23 148 145 76 14 69 50 155 122 105 116 19

PAGE 114

85 Tra pezia intermedia T.digitalis 7 93 30 129 95 20 275 in 346 16 156 6 Trapezia Tetralia 21

PAGE 115

23 47 42 87 304 Calcinus 64 634 662 Trapezia (in review)

PAGE 116

55 130 79 59 9 Lithophaga 3 9 88 Porites 139 25 44 87

PAGE 117

9 10 378 IN REVIEW 88 162 319 301 Pocillopora damicornis in in

PAGE 118

3 38 19 Acanthaster planci 214 54 37 in 21

PAGE 119

21 216217 241 27 34 430 388 24 13 65 1 Porites lobata

PAGE 120

Pocillopora eydouxi Porites lobata 62 52 38 89 80 86 286 43 22 162 8 386 June In Press

PAGE 121

Pocillopora dami cornis Trapezia 106 78 in in Drupella 32 12 1 88 5 4 6

PAGE 122

141 Acanthaster planci 6 58 86 75 314

PAGE 123

Utricula ria Periclimenes