<%BANNER%>

Zooarchaeology and Human-Environment Interactions at Pre-Columbian Sitio Drago, Panama

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0041808/00001

Material Information

Title: Zooarchaeology and Human-Environment Interactions at Pre-Columbian Sitio Drago, Panama
Physical Description: 1 online resource (274 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Kay, Michael
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: america, animals, archaeology, caribbean, central, coast, drago, ecology, environment, fauna, historical, human, indigenous, interactions, island, isthmus, native, panama, people, prehistoric, sitio, zooarchaeology
Anthropology -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Anthropology thesis, M.A.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: The archaeological site of Sitio Drago in Bocas del Toro, Panama provides an opportunity for investigation into animal resource use and Pre-Columbian people's interaction with their environment. Sitio Drago is important because of its location in a generally overlooked, but essential, region to the understanding of early human and wildlife migration between North and South America. An adoption of principles presented by the theoretical approaches of Historical Ecology and Human Behavioral Ecology helps us to better understand human-environment interaction. Zooarchaeological analysis of animal bones excavated from shell middens indicates that people utilized a variety of maritime and terrestrial species for food, tools, and other resources. During the course of two cultural periods known as the Bocas and Chiriqui acute phases, the variety and abundance of animal taxa began to change. In the Chiriqui acute phase, there was a significant reduction in the dependence of fish, especially inshore and pelagic species. In addition, mean trophic levels among fish decreased, reflecting greater dependence on species lower on the food chain. Correlated with this decline in the use of fish was a greater dependence on terrestrial mammals. While there was heavy utilization of rodents in the Bocas phase, the abundance of rodents and their biomass decreased dramatically in the Chiriqui acute phase. This period also saw the first appearance of certain deep-forest taxa that were absent in earlier periods at Sitio Drago and the neighboring archaeological site of Cerro Brujo. These patterns seem to indicate a period of environmental change, resource depression, and shifting resource acquisition strategies in response to these changes. A look at these phenomena helps us to better understand prehistoric human-environmental interaction in the greater sphere of Lower Central America, and provides a lesson in our own relationship with the modern environment.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Michael Kay.
Thesis: Thesis (M.A.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Emery, Kitty F.

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0041808:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0041808/00001

Material Information

Title: Zooarchaeology and Human-Environment Interactions at Pre-Columbian Sitio Drago, Panama
Physical Description: 1 online resource (274 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Kay, Michael
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: america, animals, archaeology, caribbean, central, coast, drago, ecology, environment, fauna, historical, human, indigenous, interactions, island, isthmus, native, panama, people, prehistoric, sitio, zooarchaeology
Anthropology -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Anthropology thesis, M.A.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: The archaeological site of Sitio Drago in Bocas del Toro, Panama provides an opportunity for investigation into animal resource use and Pre-Columbian people's interaction with their environment. Sitio Drago is important because of its location in a generally overlooked, but essential, region to the understanding of early human and wildlife migration between North and South America. An adoption of principles presented by the theoretical approaches of Historical Ecology and Human Behavioral Ecology helps us to better understand human-environment interaction. Zooarchaeological analysis of animal bones excavated from shell middens indicates that people utilized a variety of maritime and terrestrial species for food, tools, and other resources. During the course of two cultural periods known as the Bocas and Chiriqui acute phases, the variety and abundance of animal taxa began to change. In the Chiriqui acute phase, there was a significant reduction in the dependence of fish, especially inshore and pelagic species. In addition, mean trophic levels among fish decreased, reflecting greater dependence on species lower on the food chain. Correlated with this decline in the use of fish was a greater dependence on terrestrial mammals. While there was heavy utilization of rodents in the Bocas phase, the abundance of rodents and their biomass decreased dramatically in the Chiriqui acute phase. This period also saw the first appearance of certain deep-forest taxa that were absent in earlier periods at Sitio Drago and the neighboring archaeological site of Cerro Brujo. These patterns seem to indicate a period of environmental change, resource depression, and shifting resource acquisition strategies in response to these changes. A look at these phenomena helps us to better understand prehistoric human-environmental interaction in the greater sphere of Lower Central America, and provides a lesson in our own relationship with the modern environment.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Michael Kay.
Thesis: Thesis (M.A.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Emery, Kitty F.

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0041808:00001


This item has the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 17

et al. et al. et al. et al. et al.

PAGE 18

et al.

PAGE 19

et al.

PAGE 25

et al et al

PAGE 26

et al

PAGE 27

et al et al. et al

PAGE 28

Aw

PAGE 29

Af

PAGE 31

et al Neocyrena Donax

PAGE 36

et al et al et al et al et al

PAGE 39

et al.

PAGE 40

et al.

PAGE 41

et al Raphia taedigera

PAGE 42

et al

PAGE 43

et al.

PAGE 44

et al.

PAGE 46

optimal foraging

PAGE 47

cultural landscape et al.

PAGE 49

et

PAGE 50

al. et al. Influences of Geographic Environment: On the Basis of Ratzel's System of AnthropoGeography

PAGE 52

Theory of Culture Change: The Methodology of Multilinear Evolution

PAGE 54

noble savage pristine primitives et al.

PAGE 55

et al. et al.

PAGE 58

et al. et al.

PAGE 59

et al. et al.

PAGE 60

et al.

PAGE 63

Zea Mays

PAGE 64

Mays

PAGE 65

et al.

PAGE 67

Sociobiology: The New Synthesis

PAGE 73

et al.

PAGE 83

Raphia taedigera

PAGE 85

et a l

PAGE 88

Odocoileus virginianus

PAGE 89

H

PAGE 90

S ni N pi D H S ni N D J H Hmax H J

PAGE 91

D D S pi pi pi

PAGE 101

Trichechus manatus Odocoileus virginianus Proechimys

PAGE 102

Agouti paca Dasyprocta punctata Oryzomys Ateles geoffroyi Dasypus novemcinctus Alouatta palliata Choloepus hoffmanni Pecari tajacu Sigmodon

PAGE 103

Mazama americana

PAGE 104

Trichechus manatus

PAGE 105

Trichechus manatus C helonia mydas

PAGE 106

Chelonia mydas Lutjanus, Lutjanus Caranx Caranx Caranx Selene Chloroscombrus Trachinotus

PAGE 107

Euthynnus alletteratus

PAGE 108

Lachnolaimus maximus Megalops atlanticus Scomberomorus Scorpaena Trachinotus Tylosurus Elops saurus

PAGE 110

Agouti paca Dasyprocta punctata Oryzomys Sigmodon Choloepus hoffmanni Pecari tajacu

PAGE 111

Ateles geoffroyi Alouatta palliata

PAGE 113

Euthynnus all etteratus Sphyraena Megalops atlanticus

PAGE 116

Agouti paca Ateles geoffroyi Dasyprocta punctata Dasypus novemcinctus Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Pecari tajacu Sigmodon

PAGE 117

Alouatta palliata Agouti paca Choloepus hoffmanni Dasyprocta punctata Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Pecari tajacu Proechimys Sigmodon Caiman crocodilus Iguana iguana Bufo marinus

PAGE 118

Alouatta palliata Agouti paca Ateles geoffroyi Choloepus hoffmanni Dasyprocta punctata Dasypus novemcinctus Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Pecari tajacu Proechimys Sigmodon Caiman crocodilus Iguana iguana Bufo marinus

PAGE 120

Albula Balistes Tylosurus Chloroscombrus sp. Selene Trachinotus Elops saurus Lachnolaimus maximus Megalops atlanticus Micropogonias Euthynnus alletteratus Scomberomorus Scorpaena Epinephelus Sphyraena

PAGE 121

Trichechus manatus Agouti paca Dasyprocta punctata Oryzomys Proechimys Sigmodon

PAGE 130

Euthynnus alletteratus

PAGE 132

Hoplomys

PAGE 134

Proechymis

PAGE 135

Euthynnus alletteratus)

PAGE 143

et al.

PAGE 145

Acanthurus Alouatta palliata Caiman crocodilus Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Choloepus hoffmanni Cuniculus paca Cuniculus paca Cuniculus paca Cuniculus paca

PAGE 147

Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Haemulon Homo sapiens sapiens Homo sapiens sapiens Iguana iguana Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Micropogonias Sphyraena guachancho Sphyraena Sphyraena Tayassu tajacu Tayassu tajacu Tayassu tajacu Tayassu tajacu Agouti paca Agouti paca Albula

PAGE 149

Balistes Balistes

PAGE 151

Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Chelonia mydas Chelonia mydas

PAGE 153

Chloroscombrus Cuniculus paca Cuniculus paca Cuniculus paca Cuniculus paca Dasyatis Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Elops saurus Epinephelus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon

PAGE 154

Caiman crocodilus

PAGE 155

Haemulon Haemulon Haemulon Haemulon Haemulon Homo sapiens Iguana iguana Iguana iguana Iguana iguana Iguana iguana Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Oryzomys Proechimys

PAGE 157

Proechimys Proechimys Proechimys Selene Sigmodon hispidus Sigmodon hispidus Sigmodon hispidus Sigmodon hispidus Sparisoma Sparisoma Sparisoma Sparisoma Sparisoma Sparisoma Tayassu tajacu Tayassu tajacu Tayassu tajacu Tayassu tajacu

PAGE 159

Tayassu tajacu Tayassu tajacu

PAGE 161

Bufo marinus Cuniculus paca Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Euthynnus alletteratus Oryzomys Sphyraena Trichechus manatus Trichechus manatus

PAGE 163

Trichechus manatus Agouti paca Anura Anura Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Chelonia mydas

PAGE 165

Cuniculus paca Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasypus novemcinctus Euthynnus alletteratus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Oryzomys Oryzomys Sphyraena Tayassu tajacu

PAGE 167

Albula Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Euthynnus alletteratus

PAGE 169

Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Haemulon Haemulon Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Sphyraena

PAGE 171

Agouti paca Agouti paca Aves Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Chelonia mydas Chloroscombrus Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata

PAGE 173

Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Lachnolaimus Lutjanus Megalops atlanticus Rodentia Scorpaena Sigmodon hispidus Sphyraena

PAGE 175

Caranx Chloroscombrus Cuniculus paca Cuniculus paca Dasyprocta punctata Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Megalops atlanticus Megalops atlanticus Megalops atlanticus Megalops atlanticus Megalops atlanticus Odocoileus virginianus

PAGE 177

Sphyraena Sphyraena Trachinotus Agouti paca Bagre Bagre Balistes Balistes Balistes Balistes Balistes Balistes Balistes

PAGE 179

Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Chelonia mydas Chloroscombrus Chloroscombrus

PAGE 181

Chloroscombrus Cuniculus paca Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Haemulon Haemulon Haemulon Haemulon

PAGE 183

Haemulon Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Megalops atlanticus Mugil Scarus Scomberomorus Scombridae Selene Selene Selene Sparisoma Sparisoma Sparisoma Sphyraena guachancho Sphyraena Sphyraena Sphyraena

PAGE 185

Trachinotus falcatus Tylosurus Acanthurus Acanthurus sp. Balistes Balistes Balistes

PAGE 187

Caranx Caranx sp. Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx sp. Caranx Chelonia mydas Chloroscombrus Chloroscombrus sp. Chloroscombrus Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata

PAGE 189

Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Diodon Diodon sp. Epinephelus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Lutjanus Lutjanus sp. Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus sp. Lutjanus sp. Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus sp. Lutjanus sp.

PAGE 191

Lutjanus sp. Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus sp. Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus sp. Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus sp. Lutjanus sp. Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus sp. Sphyraena guachancho Sphyraena guachancho Sphyraena Sphyraena Sphyraena Sphyraena Sphyraena Sphyraena

PAGE 193

Sphyraena Acanthurus Agouti paca Agouti paca Albula Ateles geoffroyi Bagre sp. Bagre sp. Balistes sp.

PAGE 195

Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Chelonia mydas Chelonia mydas Chelonia mydas Chelonia mydas Chloroscombrus Chloroscombrus Cuniculus paca Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata

PAGE 197

Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasypus novemcinctus Diodon Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Megalops atlanticus Odocoileus virginianus Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Oryzomys Oryzomys

PAGE 199

Sparisoma Sparisoma Sparisoma Sphyraena Sphyraena Trichechus manatus Trichechus manatus Trichechus manatus Trichechus manatus

PAGE 201

Agouti paca Chloroscombrus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Sphyraena guachancho Sphyraena Sphyraena Sphyraena Sphyraena Trichechus manatus Trichechus manatus Caranx

PAGE 203

Euthynnus alletteratus Lutjanus Acanthurus Bagre Bagre Bagre Balistes

PAGE 205

Caranx Caranx Caranx Chloroscombrus Chloroscombrus Cuniculus paca Cuniculus paca Dasypus novemcinctus Dasypus novemcinctus Epinephelus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Haemulon Haemulon Homo sapiens sapiens Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus

PAGE 207

Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Sparisoma Sparisoma Sphyraena Sphyraena Sparisoma Sphyraena Sphyraena Tylosurus crocodilus Tylosurus crocodilus Dasyprocta punctata Albula

PAGE 209

Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Caranx Chloroscombrus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus Euthynnus alletteratus

PAGE 211

Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Lutjanus Micropogonias Micropogonias Micropogonias Sparisoma Sparisoma Sparisoma Sparisoma

PAGE 213

Sparisoma Sparisoma Sparisoma Sparisoma Sparisoma

PAGE 215

Dasyprocta punctata Homo sapiens Mazama americana Alouatta palliata Bufo marinus Bufo marinus Bufo marinus Bufo marinus Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Iguana iguana

PAGE 217

Agouti paca Dasyprocta punctata Agouti paca Dasyprocta punctata Iguana iguana Odocoileus Odocoileus virginianus

PAGE 219

Bufo marinus Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata

PAGE 221

Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Iguana iguana

PAGE 223

Iguana iguana Iguana iguana Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata

PAGE 225

Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Caiman crocodilus Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata

PAGE 227

Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Agouti paca Agouti paca Homo sapiens Dasyprocta punctata

PAGE 229

Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Agouti paca Agouti paca Agouti paca Iguana iguana Dasyprocta punctata Agouti paca Agouti paca Agouti paca

PAGE 231

Pecari tajacu Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Dasyprocta punctata Agouti paca

PAGE 233

Agouti paca Agouti paca Agouti paca Agouti paca

PAGE 235

Alouatta palliata Agouti paca Ateles geoffroyi Choloepus hoffmanni Dasyprocta punctata Dasypus novemcinctus Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Proechimys Sigmodon hispidus Pecari tajacu Trichechus manatus Caiman crocodilus Iguana iguana

PAGE 236

Bufo marinus Acanthurus Albula Bagre Balistes Caranx Chloroscombrus sp. Diodon Elops saurus Epinephelus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Lachnolaimus maximus Lutjanus Megalops atlanticus Micropogonias Mugil Scarus

PAGE 237

Sparisoma Sphyraena Sphyraena guachancho Trachinotus Tylosurus Dasyatis

PAGE 238

Agouti paca Alouatta palliata Ateles geoffroyi Choloepus hoffmanni Dasyprocta punctata Dasypus novemcinctus Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Pecari tajacu Proechimys Sigmodon hispidus Caiman crocodilus Iguana iguana Bufo marinus

PAGE 239

Trichechus manatus Acanthurus Albula Bagre Balistes Caranx Chloroscombrus sp. Diodon Elops saurus Epinephelus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Lachnolaimus maximus Lutjanus Megalops atlanticus Micropogonias Mugil Scarus Scomberomorus Scorpaena

PAGE 240

Selene Sparisoma Sphyraena Sphyraena guachancho Trachinotus Tylosurus Dasyatis

PAGE 241

Albula Balistes Tylosurus Chloroscombrus sp. Selene Trachinotus Elops saurus Lachnolaimus maximus Megalops atlanticus Micropogonias

PAGE 242

Scomberomorus Scorpaena Epinephelus Sphyraena Albula Balistes Tylosurus Chloroscombrus sp. Selene Trachinotus

PAGE 243

Elops saurus Lachnolaimus maximus Megalops atlanticus Micropogonias Euthynnus alletteratus Scomberomorus Scorpaena Epinephelus Sphyraena

PAGE 244

Agouti paca Ateles geoffroyi Dasyprocta punctata Dasypus novemcinctus Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Pecari tajacu Sigmodon hispidus Trichechus manatus Acanthurus Albula Bagre Balistes Caranx Chloroscombrus sp.

PAGE 245

Diodon Epinephelus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Lachnolaimus maximus Lutjanus Megalops atlanticus Micropogonias Mugil Scarus Scomberomorus Scorpaena Selene Sparisoma Sphyraena Sphyraena guachancho Trachinotus Tylosurus Dasyatis

PAGE 246

Alouatta palliata Agouti paca Choloepus hoffmanni Dasyprocta punctata Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Pecari tajacu Proechimys Sigmodon hispidus Trichechus manatus Caiman crocodilus Iguana iguana Bufo marinus Acanthurus Albula Bagre Balistes Caranx

PAGE 247

Chloroscombrus sp. Diodon Elops saurus Epinephelus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Lutjanus Micropogonias Scarus Selene Sparisoma Sphyraena Sphyraena guachancho Dasyatis

PAGE 248

Agouti paca Ateles geoffroyi Dasyprocta punctata Dasypus novemcinctus Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Pecari tajacu Sigmodon hispidus Trichechus manatus Acanthurus Albula Bagre Balistes Caranx Chloroscombrus sp. Diodon Epinephelus Euthynnus alletteratus

PAGE 249

Haemulon Lachnolaimus maximus Lutjanus Megalops atlanticus Micropogonias Mugil Scarus Scomberomorus Scorpaena Selene Sparisoma Sphyraena Sphyraena guachancho Trachinotus Tylosurus Dasyatis

PAGE 250

Alouatta palliata Agouti paca Choloepus hoffmanni Dasyprocta punctata Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Pecari tajacu Proechimys Sigmodon hispidus Trichechus manatus Caiman crocodilus Iguana iguana Bufo marinus Acanthurus Albula Bagre Balistes Caranx

PAGE 251

Chloroscombrus sp. Diodon Elops saurus Epinephelus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Lutjanus Micropogonias Scarus Selene Sparisoma Sphyraena Sphyraena guachancho Dasyatis

PAGE 252

Alouatta palliata Agouti paca Ateles geoffroyi Choloepus hoffmanni Dasyprocta punctata Dasypus novemcinctus Odocoileus virginianus Oryzomys Proechimys Sigmodon hispidus Pecari tajacu Trichechus manatus Caiman crocodilus Iguana iguana Bufo marinus Acanthurus Albula Bagre Balistes Caranx Chloroscombrus sp. Diodon

PAGE 253

Elops saurus Epinephelus Euthynnus alletteratus Haemulon Lachnolaimus maximus Lutjanus Megalops atlanticus Micropogonias Mugil Scarus Scomberomorus Scorpaena Selene Sparisoma Sphyraena Sphyraena guachancho Trachinotus Tylosurus Dasyatis

PAGE 254

American Antiquity The Archaeology of Prehistoric Coastlines Human Ecology Human Nature Current Anthropology Evolutionary Anthropology Evolutionary Anthropology American Anthropologist Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Ecosystems: A Global Perspective American Antiquity Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Ecosystems: A Global Perspective

PAGE 255

Annual Review of Anthropology The Holocene Latin American Antiquity Journal of Archaeological Research Journal of Archaeological Science American Anthropologist American Anthropologist Ecological Applications Conservation Biology A Ceramic Analysis at Sitio Drago, Bocas del Toro, Panam. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences

PAGE 256

Journal of Archaeological Science Antiquity World Archa eology Journal of Archaeological Science From Bones to Behavior: Ethnoarchaeological and Experimental Contributions to the Interpretation of Faunal Remains Journal of Vegetation Science Ecology Antiquity International Journal of Osteoarchaeology Journal of Archaeological Science

PAGE 257

Journal of Archaeological Science Journal of Archaeological Science Journal of Anthropological Archaeology The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Atlantic World Archaeology Journal of Archaeological Science Theoretical Population Biology American Antiquity Fish and Archaeology: Studies in osteometry, taphonomy, seasonality and fishing methods Journal of Archaeologi cal Research

PAGE 258

Quaternary International Ecologa y Evolucon en los Trpicos World Archaeology Quaternary International Agonia de la Naturaleza: Ensayos sobre el costo ambiental del desarrollo panameo Biogeography of Mesoamerica: Proceedings of a Symposium Revista de Historia Journal of Archaeological Science

PAGE 259

The Holocene Current Anthropology Hydrobiologia Journal of Archaeological Science Human Ecology Journal of Archaeological Research American Antiquity Arctic Anthropology Designing Field Studies for Biodiversity Conservation Journal of Ethnobiology

PAGE 260

Evolutionary Biology Diet and Subsistence: Current Archaeological Perspectives Panama Archaeologist Memoirs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology American Antiquity American Antiquity Journal of Archaeological Science Journal of World Prehistory Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology Behavioral and Brain Science Current Anthropology Archaeology Panama Archaeologist

PAGE 261

Vinculos The Archaeology of Lower Central America International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences American Antiquity Vinculos Journal of Field Archaeology Vinculos Current Anthropology Journal of Quaternary Science Antiquity

PAGE 262

. Diet and Subsistence: Current Archaeological Perspectives Paths to Central Americ an Prehistory Journal of Archaeological Science Biological Conservation Noticias de Antropolg y Arqueologa: Especial 2001 Fish and Archaeology: Studies in osteometry, taphonomy, seasonality and fishing methods Journal of Anthropological Archaeology American Anthropologist Animal Use and Culture Change

PAGE 263

American Antiquity Vinculos Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Ecosystems Annual Review of Environment and Resources Current Anthropology Ateles paniscus Vinculos Prehistoric Coastal Adaptations: The Economy of Maritime Middle America Archaeology of Pacific Nicaragua The Archaeology of Lower Central America Expedition

PAGE 264

Human Ecology World Archaeology Annual Review of Anthropology Adaptive Radiations in Prehistoric Panama Adaptive Radiations in Prehistoric Panama Ada ptive Radiations in Prehistoric Panama Ethnos Memoirs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology Memoirs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology American Antiquity Archaeologist Handbook of Middle American Indians Journal of Archaeological Science

PAGE 265

American Naturalist Vinculos Prehistoric Coastal Adaptations: The Economy and Ecology of Maritime Middle America World Archaeology Evolutionary Anthropology American Antiquity Science Quaternary Extinctions Extinctions in Near Time American Antiquity American Antiquity

PAGE 266

American Anthropologist Journal of Archaeological Science Social Adaptations to Food Stress: A Prehistoric Southwestern Example Latin American Antiquity The Maritime Foundations of Andean Civilization Journal of Anthropological Archaeology World Archaeology Journal of Archaeological Science Pacif ic Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly Paths to Central American Prehistory

PAGE 267

American Antiquity From Bones to Behavior: Ethnoarchaeological and Experimental Contributions to the Interpretation of Faunal Remains Journal of Archaeological Science Journal of Archaeological Science Journal of Archaeological Science Journal of World Prehistory Baessler Archiv A ntiquity Tayassu pecari T. tajacu Biological Conservation Conservation Biology Journal of Theoretical Biology

PAGE 268

American Antiquity Journal of Archaeological Science Cucurbita Journal of Archaeological Science American Anthropologist 25 Quaternary Research Nature The South African Archaeological Bulletin Pacif ic Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly Journal of Archaeological Science

PAGE 269

New York Botanical Garden Magazine Agroforestry Systems Gold and power in ancient Costa Rica, Panama, and Colombia Archaeofauna Prehistoric Coastal Adaptations A Field Guide to the Mammals of Central American and Southeast Mexico Zooarchaeology Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Ecosystems: A Global Perspective Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Ecosystems: A Global Perspective Journal of Archaeological Science Journal of Archaeological Science

PAGE 270

University of California Publications in Geography The Early Spanish Main American Naturalist Influences of Geographic Environment: On the Basis of Ratzel's System of AnthropoGeography Volcanic Activity and Human Ecology Archaeology and Volcanism in Central America: The Zapotitan Valley of El Salvador Archaeology, Volcanism and Remote Sensing in the Arenal Region, Costa Rica Adaptive Radiations in Prehist oric Panama Conservation Biology Diet and Subsistence: Current Archaeological Perspectives

PAGE 271

. Adaptation and Human Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective Journal of Anthropological Archaeology Latin American Anti quity Latin American Antiquity Foraging theory Theory of Culture Change: The Methodology of Multilinear Evolution National Geographic Magazine Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin, Anthropological Papers Th e Archaeology of Lower Central America Ecological Applications

PAGE 272

Jour nal of Anthropological Archaeology Journal of Archaeological Science Backdirt Raphia taedigera Caribbean Journal of Science Latin American Antiquity Backdirt Antiquity The Evolution of Culture: The Development of Civilization to the Fall of Rome Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology Sociobiology: A New Synthesis

PAGE 273

. Adaptive Radiations in Prehistoric Panama International Journal of Os teoarchaeology Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews Archaeozoologia Current Anthropology Arctic Anthropology