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Framing the Issue

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0041559/00001

Material Information

Title: Framing the Issue Cooperative Conservation
Physical Description: 1 online resource (175 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Hamilton, Hannah
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: communications, cooperative, federal, frames, framing
Journalism and Communications -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Mass Communication thesis, Ph.D.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Framing the issue: Cooperative conservation The research examined cooperative conservation which originated with Executive Order 13,352 making five federal entities responsible for promoting and engaging in partnership efforts under the concept of cooperative conservation. The Departments of Agriculture, Interior, Defense, Commerce, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency were all ordered to include local participation in federal decision making. Data from a four year period was examined to determine how the cooperative conservation message was framed by the federal organizations in their news releases, and if frame consistency existed among them. It also explored how their nonfederal partners framed cooperative conservation and if frame consistency existed among them as well. Last, the research explored cooperative conservation frames in the print news media, and looked for links between news releases on cooperative conservation and published news stories. Results showed that federal frames were success, money, responsibility, and cooperative conservation as a tool. Nonfederal partners employed the frames of natural resources, money, and exceptional examples. Common frames in federal and nonfederal news releases were: money and shining examples. News stories over time revealed consistency in cooperative conservation frames of money, responsibility, success, and conflict.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Hannah Hamilton.
Thesis: Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Treise, Deborah M.
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2010-10-31

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0041559:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0041559/00001

Material Information

Title: Framing the Issue Cooperative Conservation
Physical Description: 1 online resource (175 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Hamilton, Hannah
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: communications, cooperative, federal, frames, framing
Journalism and Communications -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Mass Communication thesis, Ph.D.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Framing the issue: Cooperative conservation The research examined cooperative conservation which originated with Executive Order 13,352 making five federal entities responsible for promoting and engaging in partnership efforts under the concept of cooperative conservation. The Departments of Agriculture, Interior, Defense, Commerce, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency were all ordered to include local participation in federal decision making. Data from a four year period was examined to determine how the cooperative conservation message was framed by the federal organizations in their news releases, and if frame consistency existed among them. It also explored how their nonfederal partners framed cooperative conservation and if frame consistency existed among them as well. Last, the research explored cooperative conservation frames in the print news media, and looked for links between news releases on cooperative conservation and published news stories. Results showed that federal frames were success, money, responsibility, and cooperative conservation as a tool. Nonfederal partners employed the frames of natural resources, money, and exceptional examples. Common frames in federal and nonfederal news releases were: money and shining examples. News stories over time revealed consistency in cooperative conservation frames of money, responsibility, success, and conflict.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Hannah Hamilton.
Thesis: Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Florida, 2010.
Local: Adviser: Treise, Deborah M.
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2010-10-31

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2010
System ID: UFE0041559:00001


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PAGE 11

CooperativeConservation.gov Pittsburg h PostGazette

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Associated Press Lawsuit Opens a New Front in Battle over Great Lakes

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Transcript of cooperative Conservation Listening Session Brewer, Maine Executive Order 13,352: Facilitation of Cooperative Conservation

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CooperativeConservation.gov Park Science, The New York Times

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Science Science, Science

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Audubon Magazine

PAGE 17

Face-off! Al Gore and George Bush on E nvi ronmental Issues

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This country was founded on a belief that citizens should be involved in decisions affecting their lives.

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Federal Cooperative Conservation Website

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Exec. Order No. 13,352

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Collaboration as a means to formulating mutually beneficial environmental policy

PAGE 28

Bowling Alone,

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Bioeconomics of the Ocean

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Journal of Environmental Management Sustaining co -operation for coastal sustainability

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Collaborative public management and democracy: Evidence from western watershed partnerships

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We never know the worth of water till the well is dry.

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Border 2012: U.S.--Mexico Environmental Program

PAGE 41

Journal of Soil and Water Conservation

PAGE 43

Journal of Communication

PAGE 45

Assessing the democratic debate: How the news media frame elite policy discourse

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The spiral of opportunity and frame resonance: Mapping the issue cycle in news and public discourse

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Journalism Quarterly

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Social Alternatives

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Exxon Valdez New York Times, Washington Post USA Today

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New York Times The Gainesville Sun

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The method one should choose when approaching any topic, including news, depends on upon the question one wants to answer

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Ta ble 41 Federal News Releases August 2004 January 2009 Organization State level release Regional level release National level release U.S. Department of the Interior 8 3 32 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1 2 1 8 U.S. Department of Commerce: NOAA 1 4 7 8 U.S. Department of Agriculture 10 3 31 U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Commerce, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Executive Office of the White House 1 2 0 U .S. Department of the Interior & U .S. Department of Agriculture 1 Trust for Public Land 4 0 0 Long Island Sound 0 3 0 Penobscot Restoration Trust 7 0 0 Nature Serve 0 0 1 The Nature Conservancy 2 0 0 National Fish Habitat Action Plan 0 0 1 Chesapeake Bay Program 0 8 0 Blackfoot Challenge 1 0 0 Sonoran Institute 2 1 0 Table 42 Press release t itles, leads and pull quotes including cooperative conservation Organization Cooperative c onservation in title Cooperative c onservation in lead Cooperative c onservation in pull quo te U.S. Department of the Interior 13 19 0 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 3 3 0 U.S. Department of Agriculture 2 7 1

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Table 4-3 News paper story descriptors Section placement or type newspaper item News item l evel s Wire service A/News 47 Local/County 18 National/Domestic 12 B/Metro/Local/State 50 State/Region 106 State/Region 16 Opinion/Editorial 29 National 54 Sports 1 Business /Finance 7 International 1 County/Region 0 Syndicated Columnist 1 Outdoors 10 Other (Leisure, This Week) 6 Table 44 News p aper s headlines leads and pull quotes including cooperative conservation Cooperative conservation in the head line Cooperative conservation in lead Cooperative conservation in pull quote 12 15 0 How do the three federal Departments (Interior, Agriculture, and Commerce) and one independent agency (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency), listed in E.O. No. 13352 frame the issue of cooperative conservation in their news releases?

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Nearly $1 million for projects to improve the health of Long Island Sound, Secretaries and Leaders of U.S. Natural Resources and Environmental Agencies Establish Partnership for Cooperative Conservation, President Bush reinforces commitment to cooperative conservation, Rumsfeld: Military readiness linked to conservation

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Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality to hold listening session on cooperative conservation Norton commends progress in protecting i mperiled coral reef ecosystems, Norton announces 56 states and territories have submitted wildlife action plans; Blueprint to keep species from becoming extinct USDA provides more than $19 million to fund

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conservation technologies and approaches EPA, NOAA will help coastal communities with coastal growth, development issues, 2005, January 27 NOAA gives Calais, Maine observatory the first Preservation Partnership Disk; Commemorative marker promotes conservation of nations heritage Earth Day 2005: Johanns reports wetlands initiative results: Healthy Forests Initiative s advancing USDA and Oklahoma partner for 9,000-acre conservation plan, USDA, DOI and AFWA sign habitat credit trading agreement Secretaries and leaders of U.S. natural resources and environmental agencies establish partnership for c ooperative conservation, Secretaries an d leaders of U.S. natural resources and environmental agencies establish partnership for c ooperative conservation, Interior Department managers work with states, counties, tribes, in early stages of environmental studies, 2005, June 10; New rule cha nge to give states, counties and tribes active role in land-use planning decisions,

PAGE 73

(Administrations salmon recovery efforts remain on track, President Bush reinforces commitment to cooperative conservation Federal and state officials award grants to restore the health and living resources of Long Island Sound, Top administration officials and conservation leaders meet to discuss cooperative conservation, Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality to hold listening session on cooperative conservation, Chesapeake Executive Council joins with partners to usher in new policies to protect bay forests, farms and waterways,Bay r egion leaders take new actions to accelerate Chesapeake clean -up, Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality to hold listening session on cooperative conservation,

PAGE 74

Partners unveil Hands Across the Ocean exhibit on the National Mall project concludes artists 27year environmental; Art project Par tnership in Georgia, North Carolina to receive coastal wetland grants to protect wildlife habitat, Secretary Kempthorne announces new conservation mechanism for threatened and endangered species USDA and EPA sign water quality credit trading agreement to improve water quality, No rton presents Irvine Company and

PAGE 75

Nature Conservancy partners in stewardship award for work on Irvine Ranch, Norton commends National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Wal-Mart for landmark partnership to protect wildlife habitat, The Nature Conservancy and the Natural Conservation Service formalize partnership; Emiquon restoration project to serve as key demonstration site

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Secretary Norton announces $12.9 million in grants to support conservation in 30 states and Puerto Rico, EPA provides $9 million for watershed protection, Partnership between Minnesota and U SDA will restore wetlands: $4 million will help environmentally sensitive wetlands on more than 7,000 acres,

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USDA provides more than $19 million to fund conservation technologies and approaches, Conner Announces $38 million for cooperative conservation, USDA selects proposals for wetlands reserve enhancement program, USDA selects proposals for wetlands reserve enhancement program

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New EPA program save dollars and makes sense, EPA pours $3.2 million into watersheds Acting Secretary Scarlett announces $3.9 million in grants for neotropical migratory bird conservation, Norton commends progress in protecting imperiled coral reef ecosystems

PAGE 79

Proposed legislation seeks cleanup of abandoned mines USDA and Oklahoma partner for 9,000-acre conservation plan NOAA volunteers, partners celebrate dedication of salt marsh EPA to examine condition of nations lakes,

PAGE 80

Natural Resources Conservation Service honors South Dakota Agriculture in the Classroom, Great day for endangered fish in Grand V alley as community celebrates completion of capital projects, Norton presents Irvine Company and Nature Conservancy partners in stewardship award for work on Irvine Ranch, USDA announces recipients of 2006 cooperative conservation Partnership Initiative Grants, Secretary of Interior Norton confers special awards for cooperative conservation, Secretary of Interior Norton confers special awards for cooper ative

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conservation, USDA awards conservation partnership grants for North State Restoration Initiative, Latest developments form the Environmental Protection Agency News brief governors and tribal leaders invited to nominate projects for watershed grants, USDA provides $10.7 million to restore and protect wetlands in Illinois, USDA selects proposals for wetlands reserve enhancements program,

PAGE 82

EPA, NOAA will help coastal communities with coastal growth, development issues, FY 2006 Interior budget emphasizes commitments, cooperative efforts performance and fiscal restraint, New rule change to give states counties and tribe active role in land-use planning decisions, Interior Department issues report on cooperative conservation accomplishments during tenure of Secretary Gale Norton, Partnerships in Georgia, North Carolina to receive coastal wetland grants to protect wildlife and habitat

PAGE 83

Johanns lauds voluntary conservation on private lands, Acting Secretary Scarlett announces $3.9 million for neotropical migratory bird conservation, EPA provides $9 million for watershed protection Kempthorne launches bison conservation initiative USDA Forest Service develops partnership to plant up to 20 million trees, Oncethought extinct, i vory-billed woodpecker rediscovered in Arkansas,

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Table 4-5 Framing techniques used in federal organizations news releases Powerful Voices Consistency of Message Praise Self promotion Cabinet Secretaries Administrators Repetition and the Party Line Projects See W hat W e D id! Assistan t Administrators Variations on a Theme Partners Deputies and Undersecretaries Individuals

PAGE 85

Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality to hold listening session on cooperative conservation,

PAGE 87

BLM joins national groups in wildlife work Once -thought extinct, i vory-billed woodpecker rediscovered in Arkansas, Kempthorne launches bison conservation initiative, Kempthorne announces new conservation mechanism for threatened and endangered species Secretary Kempthorne announces new conservation mechanism for threatened and endangered species Partnerships in Georgia, North Carolina to receive coastal wetland grants to

PAGE 88

protect wildlife and habitat Members of congress, family and friend gather for opening ceremony of exhibit at Interior Department honoring Udall Action plan to reduce nutrients in Mississippi River 31 states released EPA provides $9 million for watershed prot ection, New EPA program saves dollars and makes sense Clean Charles River effort celebrated for ten years of environmental progress, USDA provides $10.7 million to restore protected wetland in Illinois,

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USDA, DOI and AFWA sign habitat credit trading agreement, Partnership between Minnesota and USDA will restore wetlands: $4 million will help environmentally sensitive wetlands on more than 7,000 acres, USDA provides $10.7 million to restore and protect wetlands in Illinois,

PAGE 90

Clean Charles River effort celebrated for ten years of environmental progr ess NOAA gives Calais, Maine observatory the first Preservation Partnership disk: commemorative marker promotes conservation of nations heritage, Vaughan Pipeline receives Reclamation conservation award

PAGE 91

(NOAA awards $54,824 to Georgia oyster habitat restoration, NOAA awards $200,000 to restore salmon habitat in California, NOAA awards more than $1 million for community-based Marine Debris program, (Earth Day: Johanns reports wetlands initiative results: H ealthy Forests Initiative advancing (Federal and state officials award grants to restore the health and living resources of Long Island Sound, Are the cooperative conservation frames consistent among the federal organizations listed in E.O. 13,352 in their news release?

PAGE 92

Secretary Norton announces $12.9 million in grants to support conservation in 40 states and Puerto Rico Veneman announces release of $1.6 billion for voluntary conservation programs on working lands

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USDA provides $10.7 million to restore wetlands in Illinois, FY 2006 Interior budget emphasizes commitments, cooperative efforts, performance and fiscal restraints, NOAA awards $1.4 million to improve oyster resources in Louisiana, NOAA awards $1.7 million to improve oyster resources in Florida, EPA awards $5.5 million for Chesapeake Bay clan-up efforts, USDA provides up to $1 million and requests proposals for Conservation Initiative Grants,

PAGE 94

Conner announces $38 million for cooperative conservation, USDA announces recipients of 2006 Cooperative Conservation Partnership Initiatives grants Secretary of the Interior Norton confers special awards for cooperative conservation NOAA awards more than $1 million for community-based Marine Debris Projects How do the nonfederal partners organizations: American Heritage Rivers, the Sonoran Institute, Chesapeake Bay Program, Blackfoot Challenge, Long Island Sound Study, t he Wilderness Society, the Trust for Public Land, Penobscot River Restoration Trust, Sierra Club, Watch, National Fish Habitat Action Plan, NatureServe, and The Nature Conservancy, working

PAGE 95

in partnership with the Departments of Defense, Interior, Agriculture, Commerce and the Environmental Protection Agency, listed in E.O. No. 13,352, frame cooperative conservation in their news releases? The Nature Conservancy and the Natural Resources Conservation formalize partnership; Emiquon restoration project to serv e as key demonstration site.

PAGE 96

Preservation of Puerto Rico beach saves turtle habitat National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration awards $450,000 to advance the Penobscot River restoration project Chesapeake Executive Council joins with partners to usher in new policies to protect bay forests, farms and waterways Chesapeake Executive Council joins with partners to usher in new policies to prot ect bay forests, farms and waterways

PAGE 97

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Serv ice invests nearly $1 million to restore the Penobscot River ecosystem National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration awards $450,000 to advance the Penobscot River Restoration Project Federal and state officials award grants to restore health and living resources of Long Island Sound, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Awards $450,000 to advance the Penobscot River Restoration project Isinglass River conservation initiative completed,

PAGE 98

Senators Snowe, Collins secure $1 million for Penobscot River restoration Isinglass River conservation initiative completed Saguaro National Park expansion bill introduced by chairman of national parks subcommittee Are the cooperative conservation frames consistent among the federal organizations listed in E.O. 13,352 and their nonfederal partners in their news releases?

PAGE 99

EPA awards $5.5 million for Chesapeake Bay clean-up efforts USDA provides up to $1 million and requests proposals for Conservation Program Initiative grants Senators Snowe, Collins secure $1 million for Penobscot River restoration, Private donors invest $10 million for Penobscot River restoration BLM joins national groups in wildlife work

PAGE 100

EPA awards $5.5 million for Chesapeake Bay cleanup effort Federal and state officials award grants to restore the health and living resources of Long Island Sound National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration awards $450,000 to advance the Penobscot River restoration project, Penobscot River restoration project makes significant breakthrough-Congress and NOAA commit $10 million

PAGE 101

The Nature Conservancy and the Natural Resource Conservation Service formalize partnership; Emiquon restoration project to serve as key demonstration site, Can frames found in examined newspaper articles about cooperative conservation be linked to specific news releases issued by the federal or nongovernmental organizations? Interior leader to promote new environmentalism White House conference on cooperative conservation

PAGE 102

Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality announced first eight listening sessions on coope rative conservation) Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality announced first eight listening sessions on cooperative conservation (Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality announce next series of listening sessions on cooperative conservation

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Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality announce next series of listening sessions on cooperative conservation Once -thought extinct, Ivory-billed woodpecker rediscovers in Arkansas

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Table 4-6 News releases and linked news stories News release s L inked n ews s tor ies Interior leaders to promote new environmentalism at White House Conference on Cooperative Conservation. 2005, August 15, issued by, DOI EPA set to co host White House conference on cooperative conservationAdministrator Johnson to lead agency delegation. 2005, August 15. Issued by EPA Conference stresses cooperation, not confrontation. 2005, August 21. The Associated Press Millions of idled acres getting another look, Some ag groups want farmland taken out of the Conservation Reserve Program. CRP acreage. 2005, August 26. Omaha WorldHerald. Bush Administration encourages its agencies to find partners for cooperative conservation. 2005, August 28, The Associated Press Rumsfeld says military, environmental concerns must be balanced. 2005, August 29. The Associated Press. Administration urges cooperation on environmental disputes. 2005, August 30. The Tribune. Cooperate on environment, U.S. 2005, August 30. S t. Louis Post Dispatch. Conservation program extended U.S. Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns says re enrollment contracts will be offered for the land that provides the highest level of environmental benefit. 2005, August 30. Omaha WorldHerald. Cooper ative Conservation. 2005, September 18. Las Vegas Review Journal. Boulevard of believers. 2005, October 11. Pioneer Press Once thought extinct, Ivory billed woodpecker rediscovered in Arkansas. 2005, April 28, issued by, DOI Decatur native helps disc over ivory billed woodpecker. 2005, April 29. The Associate Press Arkansas game and fish report. 2005, May 11. The Associated Press. Agency offers funds to protect ivory billed U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services $800,000 available to private landowners 2 005, August 6. Arkansas Democrat Gazette. Norton commends national fish and wildlife foundation, Wal Mart for landmark partnership to protect wildlife habitat. 2005, April 12. Issued by DOI Analysis: Wal Mart and the union project. 2005, April 13. Un ited Press International. Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality to hold listening sessions on cooperative conservation. 2006, July 12 Issued by EPA Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality to hold listening sessions on cooperative conservation. 2006, July 12 Issued by DOI Feds asking for publics thoughts on cooperative conservation. 2006, August 8. The Associated Press Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality announced first eight listening sessions on cooperative conservation. July 28, 2006. Issued by EPA Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality announced first eight listening sessions on cooperative conservation. July 31, 2006. Issued by DOI. EPA. USDA. The White House & Commerce Department. Meeting on Bush enviro proposal draws disparate views. 2006, August 10, The Associated Press Kempthorne gets earful in visit to improves conservation cooperation. 2006, August 10, Spokes man Review. Interior, Commerce, Agriculture, EPA, Council on Environmental Quality announce next series of listening sessions on cooperative conservation. 2006, August 22. Issued by EPA. U.S. secretary of interior plans session in Brewer; Kempthor n e s eeks feedback on listening tour. 2006, September 19. Bangor Daily News. Interior secretary hears pleas of Mainers; Conservation needs outlined in Brewer. 2006, September 21. Bangor Daily News They had his ear. 2006, September 29. The Press Enterprise (*) indicates direct quote from press release

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Over time have the frames changed or remained consistent in the news releases and news stories?

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Ta ble 4-7 Cooperative conservation frames in federal news releases over time Year / Org Department of Commerce--NOAA Department of the Interior Department of Agriculture Environmental Protection Agency 2004 Money Commitment to resource/ Money Money --2005 Money/ Bush administration support Responsibility Empower citizen stewards/ Good examples Money/Bush Admin support Money/ C ooperative conservation as tool 2006 Success through partnership Responsibility Empower citizen stewards/Money Money/ Cooperative conservation for success Responsibility 2007 Commitment to resource Responsibility Environmental Stewards Partnership / Money Money 2008 Commitment to resource Responsibility /Praise Cooperation Money 2009 Praise ------Table 4-8 Cooperative conservation frames in nonfederal news releases Year/ Organization Trust for Public Land Long Island Sound Study So noran Institute Chesapeake Bay Program Penobscot River Restoration Trust The Nature Conservancy Blackfoot Challenge 2004 ----Money/ commitment to resource --2005 -Money / Shared responsibility -Praise -Resource investment Grass roots public conservation 2006 -Shared responsibility -Responsibility shared --2007 Value of resource / money -Shared responsibility Responsibility shared Money/ commitment to resource Money -2008 -------2009 -------

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Table 4-9 Dominant cooperative conservation frames in news stories over time Year/ Frame Pr imary emergent frame Secondary emergent frame Framing t echniques 2004 Responsibility Money Praise 2005 Responsibility Shared Conflict Praise / Repetition 2006 Responsibility shared Money Praise / Criticism 2007 Success/Models/Results Responsibil ity shared Praise 2008 Shared responsibility Success Praise 2009 The Chronicle Sale announced of forestland near national park

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The Washington Post

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The Washington Post malama aina

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Kempthorne praises conservation coalition, Sale announced of

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forestland near national park Interior secretary impressed wit h coalition

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The Las Vegas Review -Journal

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T able 410. Framing t echniques used in newspaper articles Criticism Repetition Party line Praise Cheering on the cause Praise Win Win More landowners embrace Texas conservation plan; In an economic shift, ranchers adopt ecosystem program in return for incentives

PAGE 116

The Washington Pos

PAGE 120

Field of Dreams

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You must intensify and render continuous by repeatedly presenting with suggestive ideas and men tal pictures of the feast of good things, and the flowing fountain, which awaits the successful achievement or attainment of the desires,

PAGE 134

Once thought extinct, ivory-billed woodpecker rediscovered in Arkansas Norton commends National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Wal-Mart for landmark partnership Analysis: Wal -Mart and the union project

PAGE 153

U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Qualitative Media Analysis Environmental Science & Technology, 37 The New York Times, The New York Times, hesapeake Bay Progr am. Journal of Environmental Management, 56 Public Administration Review, 65( Blackfoot ChallengeAbo ut Us. Bureau of Land Management.

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The Victoria Advocate, he Press Enterprise, Political Communication, 19, Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 82 The Social Science Journal, 40, The Associated Press. Political Communication, 18 News The Associated Press. Water Resources Development, 16( The Berkshire Eagle, Chesapeake Bay program, about us. Chesapeake Bay Program Journal of Communication, 57, BioScience, 31 Omaha WorldHerald

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U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. A unified f ederal policy for a watershed approach to f ederal land and Resource Management. Ecology Law Quarterly, 25, BioScience, 55 (5). Concur. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Public Opinion, 47 The CQ Researcher, 15 Presidential Studies Quarterly, 31 Science, 50 Park Science, 20 The Gainesville Sun.

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arvard Law Journal on Legislation, 41 Tulsa World Wildlife Society Bulletin, 25( Environmental Assessment Impact Review, 16 Journal of Environmental Management, 52 Political Research Quarterly, 52 Public Administration Review, 56 DOI quick facts. Public Interest, 28 Social Alte rnatives, 11 Journal of Economic Psychology, 22, The Journal of Politics, 63 American Political Science Review, 98 The Columbian, U.S. Department of Agriculture. U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service.

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Political Communication, 10 Bangor Daily News Journal of Communication, 57 The Washington Post, Journal of Communication, 43 Journal of Communication, 57 Chesapeake Bay Program. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 7 FR 1407, February 25, 1942. Authorizing the Secretary of War to Prescribe Military Areas.

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Long Island Sound Study. The Associated Press U.S. Department of the Interior. Annual Review of Sociology, 18, Foreword. In A. Reese, O.H. Gandy, & A.E. Grant. (Eds.), (pp. ixxi). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc. The American Journal of Sociology, 95 American Forests, 111

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Brattleboro Reformer Institute for Conflict Anaylysis & Resolution. The Associated Press. Journal of Forestry, 90 Science Communication 3, Journalism Quarterly, 54 The Associated Press Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5 New York Times. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 23 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Spokesman Review Mass Communication & Society, 10 The VirginianPilot

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Bangor Daily News, The Associated Press. The Associated Press The Associated Press. The Salt Lake Tribune American Behavioral Scientist, 45 U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior. Department of the Interior, Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Department of Agricul ture, Executive Office of the President of the United States, Department of Commerce. Environmental Protection Agency. Environmental Protection Agency. Department of the Interior.

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Department of the Interior. The Trust for Public Land. Mi ssoulian U.S. Department of the Interior. USA Today Magazine, 134 Mass Communication and Society, 12 American Psychologist, 39 Journal of Architectural Planning, 16 The Associated Press. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Department of the Interior Relationship maintenance strategies on website s. Tulsa World, Journal of Public Relations Research18

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Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5 The Associated Press. Daily Times -Call Augusta Chronicle, The Washington Post, The Public Sector: Concepts, Models and Approaches. The New York Times The Washington Post Rich mond Times Dispatch, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Public Administration Review, 66 Journal of Policy Analysis Management, 21 Great Falls Tribune. St. Louis Post-Dispatch EPA Nonpoint Source Pollution Focus Groups Final Report. Journal of Pol icy Analysis and Management, 23(

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The Policy Studies Journal, 32 Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 82 Framing : An emerging paradigm or a phase of agenda setting? ArkansasDemocrat Gazette. American Politics Research, 33 The Journal of Politics, 62 The skeptic: Collaboration has its limits. Retrieved August 10, 2007, from Explorers and surveyors: Expanding strategies for agendassetting research. (4), 813-824. Agenda Setting: The Mass Media and Public Opinion. The convergence of agenda setting and framing. In A. Reese, O.H. Gandy, & A.E. Grant. (Eds.), (pp. 67-82). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc. The agenda-setting function of mass media. (2), 176-187. Star Tribune U.S. Department of the Interior.

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. (2003) (Eds.) Framing Public Life: Perspectives on Media and Our Understanding of the Social World. Bangor Daily News Bangor Daily News Bangor Daily News Minerals Management Service. (2007). Retrieved August 11, 2007, from http://www.mms.gov/offshore/Partnerships.htm H.F. No. 1115 Great Falls Tribune, Capital Press. Morss, R. E. (2005). Problem definition in atmospheric science in public policy: The example of observing-system design for weather prediction. (2) 181-191. Pittsburgh PostGazette Napier, T. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 53 (2007 Retrieved September 23, 2007, from http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/planning/

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NRCS Conservation Program The National Fish Habitat Action Plan Is. Penobscot River Restoration Trust. Legislative Announcement August 2005: Michigan Passes Ballast Water Laws What is the Coop Program? U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service. The Nature Conservancy NatureServe. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The Journal of Politics, 61 Political Behavior, 19 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. U.S. Department of the Interior. Great Falls Tribune, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

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U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrati National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior.

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U.S. Department of the Interior. Saint Paul Pioneer Press, Public Administration Review, 66 U.S. Department of the Interior. Political Communication, 10, The New York Times The Washington Post U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of Agriculture. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Servce. Penobscot River Restoration Trust. The Washington Times The Washington Post

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The Associated Press. Policy Sciences 34, Environmental Management, 27 The Chronicle The Trust for Public Land. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Penobscot River Restoration Trust. Penobscot River Restoration Trust U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Journal of Democracy, 6 Wildlife Society Bulletin, 30 The New York Times The Policy Journal, 34 Las Vegas Review -Journal, The Mercury News, U.S. Department of Defense.

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Sonoran Institute. Conservation Biology, 15 The Chronicle. Journal of Communication, 57 Ursus, 13, U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior. Audubon Magazine, 102.5 Penobscot Partners. Journal of Communication, 57, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5

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