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A Feasibility Analysis of Utility Scale Wind Power Generation Systems

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0024964/00001

Material Information

Title: A Feasibility Analysis of Utility Scale Wind Power Generation Systems
Physical Description: 1 online resource (146 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Clinefelter, Terry
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2009

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: community, energy, feasibility, generation, on, power, renewable, scale, site, turbine, wind
Building Construction -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Building Construction thesis, M.S.B.C.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Over the past 20 years, renewable wind energy in North America has seen a growth in popularity and availability. Wind farms, which have been common for decades in Europe, have now become elements of the landscape of North America, providing cheap, clean, and renewable energy that has come to fulfill a much needed role in the make-up of the power generation in America. But the traditional idea of buying power from a utility provider that generates power in one area and transmits it great distances to the end user still prevails, using costly transition lines and a number of substations, losing energy as it moves over that long distance. Our objective was to explore the concept and feasibility of on-site wind energy power generation. This will be done by examining the basic elements required to have a site suitable for renewable wind energy using different scale systems and looking at the different pay back periods for these projects, which are affected by those elements. Best practices shown to be successful in projects around the country will also be examined to determine how to address those elements that can increase or decrease the project pay back period. The result of this study will be able to present effective alternatives for those interested in considering on-site wind power generation.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Terry Clinefelter.
Thesis: Thesis (M.S.B.C.)--University of Florida, 2009.
Local: Adviser: Ries, Robert J.

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2009
System ID: UFE0024964:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0024964/00001

Material Information

Title: A Feasibility Analysis of Utility Scale Wind Power Generation Systems
Physical Description: 1 online resource (146 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Clinefelter, Terry
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2009

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: community, energy, feasibility, generation, on, power, renewable, scale, site, turbine, wind
Building Construction -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Building Construction thesis, M.S.B.C.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: Over the past 20 years, renewable wind energy in North America has seen a growth in popularity and availability. Wind farms, which have been common for decades in Europe, have now become elements of the landscape of North America, providing cheap, clean, and renewable energy that has come to fulfill a much needed role in the make-up of the power generation in America. But the traditional idea of buying power from a utility provider that generates power in one area and transmits it great distances to the end user still prevails, using costly transition lines and a number of substations, losing energy as it moves over that long distance. Our objective was to explore the concept and feasibility of on-site wind energy power generation. This will be done by examining the basic elements required to have a site suitable for renewable wind energy using different scale systems and looking at the different pay back periods for these projects, which are affected by those elements. Best practices shown to be successful in projects around the country will also be examined to determine how to address those elements that can increase or decrease the project pay back period. The result of this study will be able to present effective alternatives for those interested in considering on-site wind power generation.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Terry Clinefelter.
Thesis: Thesis (M.S.B.C.)--University of Florida, 2009.
Local: Adviser: Ries, Robert J.

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2009
System ID: UFE0024964:00001


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PAGE 13

13 Abstract of Thesis Presen ted to the Graduate School of the University of Florida in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Build ing Construction FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS OF UTILITY SCAL E WIND POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS By Terry Lee Clinefelter August 2009 Chair: Robert Ries Major: Building Construction Over the past 20 years, renewable wind ener gy in North America has seen a growth in popularity and availability. Wind farms, which ha ve been common for decades in Europe, have now become elements of the landscape of Nort h America, providing cheap, clean, and renewable energy that has come to fulfill a much needed role in the make-up of the power generation in America. But the traditional idea of buying power from a utility provider that generates power in one area and transmits it great distances to the end user still prevails, usin g costly transition lines and a number of substations, losing energy as it moves over that long distance. Our objective was to explore the concept a nd feasibility of on-site wind energy power generation. This will be done by examining the basic elements required to have a site suitable for renewable wind energy using different scale systems and looking at th e different pay back periods for these projects, which are affected by those elements. Best practices shown to be successful in projects around the country will al so be examined to determine how to address those elements that can increase or decrease the pr oject pay back period. Th e result of this study will be able to present effective alternatives for those interested in considering on-site wind power generation.

PAGE 15

Statement of Problem/Importance of Community Wind Energy Production Objective

PAGE 16

Contribution to Renewable Energy

PAGE 17

Community Wind

PAGE 18

Wind Turbine Basics

PAGE 20

Tower s and Generators

PAGE 21

Wind Energy Basic Math

PAGE 22

Principles Power in the Wind Wind Turbine Power

PAGE 23

Wind Power Evolution

PAGE 25

Publicly -Owned Utilities

PAGE 26

Connections and Agreement with Local Utilities

PAGE 29

Economic, Social, and Environmental Benefits of Community Wind Project Economic s Social

PAGE 30

Environmental Choosing a Turbine

PAGE 32

Federal and State Financial Support USDA

PAGE 33

Other Sources of Federal Support: U.S. Small Business Administration State s upport

PAGE 34

Federal Production Tax Credit and Favorable Depreciation: Energy Feed -In Tariffs

PAGE 35

Electrical Power Grid Cost of Wind Energy

PAGE 36

Economies of Scale Capacity Factor

PAGE 37

Wind Resources / Site Selection

PAGE 38

Wind Resources Maps

PAGE 40

Building Energy Use Wind Energy System in School Districts

PAGE 42

Conclusion

PAGE 47

Project Generation Project Cost

PAGE 48

Energy Productio n/Use Revenue

PAGE 49

Case 1

PAGE 50

Case 2 Case 3

PAGE 51

Case 1

PAGE 52

-$3,000,000 -$2,000,000 -$1,000,000 $0 $1,000,000 $2,000,000 $3,000,000 $4,000,000 $5,000,000 Yr. 0Yr. 1Yr. 2Yr. 3Yr. 4Yr. 5Yr. 6Yr. 7Yr. 8Yr. 9Yr. 10Yr. 11Yr. 12Yr. 13Yr. 14Yr. 15Yr. 16Yr. 17Yr. 18Yr. 19Yr. 20 25% 50% 100% 125%

PAGE 53

Life Cycle Cost Over 20 Years -$300,000 -$200,000 -$100,000 $0 $100,000 $200,000 $300,000 123456789 1011121314151617181920 20 Year Life Cycle True Cost of a System 0% 25% 50% 100% 125% Case 2

PAGE 54

Scenarios 1 -4

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100% of Site Energy Needs -$2,000,000.000 -$1,000,000.000 $0.000 $1,000,000.000 $2,000,000.000 $3,000,000.000 $4,000,000.000 $5,000,000.000 0123456789 1011121314151617181920 Years $0.020 $0.055 $0.105 $0.300 Scenarios 5 -8

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125% of Site Energy Needs -$2,000,000.000 -$1,000,000.000 $0.000 $1,000,000.000 $2,000,000.000 $3,000,000.000 $4,000,000.000 $5,000,000.000 $6,000,000.000 $7,000,000.000 $8,000,000.000 123456789 101112131415161718192021 Years $0.020 $0.055 $0.105 $0.300 Scenarios 9 -12

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200% of Site Energy Needs -$4,000,000.000 -$2,000,000.000 $0.000 $2,000,000.000 $4,000,000.000 $6,000,000.000 $8,000,000.000 $10,000,000.000 $12,000,000.000 $14,000,000.000 $16,000,000.000 123456789 101112131415161718192021 Years $0.020 $0.055 $0.105 $0.300 Case 3

PAGE 58

Analysis 1

PAGE 59

Analysis 2

PAGE 60

Conclusions

PAGE 61

Recommendations

PAGE 63

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Y ear End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 64

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $26,805 $23,067 $23,080 $23,092 $23,105 $23,118 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $19,141 $19,607 $20,084 $20,574 $20,865 $21,161 Total Energy Cost Saving $43,691 $44,564 $45,456 $46,365 $46,819 $47,278 Total Annual Savings $62,831 $64,171 $65,540 $66,939 $67,684 $68,439

PAGE 65

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $23,131 $23,145 $23,158 $23,172 $23,185 $23,199 $23,213 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $21,461 $21,765 $22,075 $22,389 $22,708 $23,031 $23,360 Total Energy Cost Saving $47,741 $48,209 $48,682 $49,159 $49,640 $50,127 $50,618 Total Annual Savings $69,202 $69,974 $70,756 $71,547 $72,348 $73,158 $73,978

PAGE 66

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $23,227 $23,241 $23,256 $23,270 $23,285 $23,300 $23,315 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $23,694 $24,033 $24,377 $24,726 $25,081 $25,441 $25,807 Total Energy Cost Saving $51,114 $51,615 $52,121 $52,632 $53,147 $53,668 $54,194 Total Annual Savings $74,808 $75,648 $76,498 $77,358 $78,228 $79,110 $80,001

PAGE 68

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 69

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $50,259 $43,251 $43,274 $43,298 $43,323 $43,347 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $35,889 $36,762 $37,658 $38,576 $39,122 $39,676 Total Energy Cost Saving $81,920 $83,558 $85,229 $86,934 $87,786 $88,646 Total Annual Savings $117,808 $120,321 $122,8 87 $125,510 $126,908 $128,322

PAGE 70

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $43,372 $43,396 $43,422 $43,447 $43,473 $43,498 $ 43,525 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $40,239 $40,810 $41,390 $41,979 $42,577 $43,184 $43,800 Total Energy Cost Saving $89,515 $90,392 $91,278 $92,172 $93,076 $93,988 $94,909 Total Annual Savings $129,754 $131,202 $132,668 $134,151 $135,652 $137,172 $138,709

PAGE 71

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost -$43,551 -$43,578 -$43,605 -$43,632 -$43,659 -$43,687 -$43,715 Revenues Total A nnual Revenues $44,426 $45,061 $45,707 $46,362 $47,027 $47,702 $48,388 Total Energy Cost Saving $95,839 $96,778 $97,727 $98,684 $99,652 $100,628 $101,614 Total Annual Savings $140,265 $141,840 $143,433 $145,046 $146,678 $148,330 $150 ,003

PAGE 73

Cells Set by Project Specific Par ameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Pro ject Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 74

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost -$100,517 -$86,502 -$86,549 -$86,597 -$86,645 -$86,694 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $72,192 $73,948 $75,748 $77,593 $78,244 $79,352 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $175,572 $177,292 Total Annual Savings $234,942 $239,953 $245,073 $250,304 $253,816 $256,645

PAGE 75

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost -$86,743 -$86,793 -$86,843 -$86,894 -$86,945 -$86,997 -$87,049 Revenues Total Ann ual Revenues $80,478 $81,620 $82,780 $83,958 $85,154 $86,368 $87,600 Total Energy Cost Saving $179,030 $180,784 $182,556 $184,345 $186,151 $187,976 $189,818 Total Annual Savings $259,507 $262,404 $265,336 $268,303 $271,305 $274,343 $277,418

PAGE 76

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost -$87,102 -$87,155 -$87,209 -$87,264 -$87,319 -$87,374 -$87,430 R evenues Total Annual Revenues $88,852 $90,123 $91,413 $92,723 $94,054 $95,405 $96,777 Total Energy Cost Saving $191,678 $193,557 $195,453 $197,369 $199,303 $201,256 $203,229 Total Annual Savings $280,530 $283,679 $286,867 $290,092 $293,357 $296,661 $300,005

PAGE 78

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Productio n /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 79

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 C apital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $134,023 $115,335 $115,399 $115,462 $115,527 $115,592 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $116,923 $119,678 $122,499 $125,389 $126,394 $127,403 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $176,166 $179,689 Total Annual Savings $279,673 $285,683 $291,824 $298,100 $302,560 $307,093

PAGE 80

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost -$115,657 -$115,724 -$115,791 -$115,858 -$115,927 -$115,996 -$116,066 Revenues Total Annual Revenue s $128,417 $129,435 $130,457 $131,484 $132,514 $133,547 $134,585 Total Energy Cost Saving $183,283 $186,949 $190,688 $194,501 $198,391 $202,359 $206,406 Total Annual Savings $311,700 $316,384 $321,145 $325,985 $330,905 $335,907 $340,991

PAGE 81

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $116,136 $116,207 $116,279 $116,352 $116,425 $116,499 $116,57 4 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $135,626 $136,670 $137,718 $138,769 $139,823 $140,880 $141,940 Total Energy Cost Saving $210,534 $214,745 $219,040 $223,421 $227,889 $232,447 $237,096 Total Annual Savings $346,160 $351,416 $356,758 $362,190 $367,713 $373,327 $379,036

PAGE 83

Cells Set by Project Speci fic Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 85

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $100,517 $86,502 $86,549 $86,597 $86,645 $86,694 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $71,985 $73,737 $75,532 $77,373 $78,244 $79,352 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $175,572 $177,292 Total Annual Savings $2 34,735 $239,742 $244,857 $250,084 $253,816 $256,645

PAGE 86

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $86,743 $86,793 $86,843 $86,894 $86,945 $86,997 $87,049 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $80,478 $81,620 $82,780 $83,958 $85,154 $86,368 $87,600 Total Energy Cost Saving $179,030 $180,784 $182,556 $184,345 $186,151 $187,976 $189,818 Total Annual Savings $259,507 $262,404 $265,336 $268,303 $271,305 $274,343 $277,418

PAGE 87

year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Cap ital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $87,102 $87,155 $87,209 $87,264 $87,319 $87,374 $87,430 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $88,852 $90,123 $91,413 $92,723 $94,054 $95,405 $96,777 Total Energy Cost Saving $191,678 $193,557 $195,453 $197,369 $199,303 $201,256 $203,229 Total Annual Savings $280,530 $283,679 $286,867 $290,092 $293,357 $296,661 $300,005

PAGE 89

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Es calation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 90

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost -$100,517 -$86,502 -$86,549 -$86,597 -$86,645 -$86,694 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $72,348 $74,107 $75,910 $77,758 $78,244 $79,352 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $175,572 $177,292 Total Annual Savings $235,098 $240,112 $245,235 $250,469 $253,816 $256,645

PAGE 91

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditure s Expenses Total Expenses Cost $86,743 $86,793 $86,843 $86,894 $86,945 $86,997 $87,049 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $80,478 $81,620 $82,780 $83,958 $85,154 $86,368 $87,600 Tota l Energy Cost Saving $179,030 $180,784 $182,556 $184,345 $186,151 $187,976 $189,818 Total Annual Savings $259,507 $262,404 $265,336 $268,303 $271,305 $274,343 $277,418

PAGE 92

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $87,102 $87,155 $87,209 $87,264 $87,319 $87,374 $87,430 Revenues Total Annual Reven ues $88,852 $90,123 $91,413 $92,723 $94,054 $95,405 $96,777 Total Energy Cost Saving $191,678 $193,557 $195,453 $197,369 $199,303 $201,256 $203,229 Total Annual Savings $280,530 $283,679 $286,867 $290,092 $293,357 $296,661 $300,005

PAGE 94

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 95

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $100,517 $86,502 $86,549 $86,597 $86,645 $86,694 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $72,867 $74,636 $76,450 $78,308 $ 78,244 $79,352 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $175,572 $177,292 Total Annual Savings $235,617 $240,641 $245,775 $251,020 $253,816 $256,645

PAGE 96

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $86,743 $86,793 $86,843 $86,894 $86,945 $86,997 $87,049 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $80,478 $81,620 $82,780 $83,958 $85,154 $86,368 $87,600 Total Energy Cost Saving $179,030 $180,784 $182,556 $184,345 $186,151 $187,976 $189,818 Total Annual Savings $259,507 $262,404 $265,336 $268,303 $271,305 $274,343 $277,418

PAGE 97

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $86, 743 $86,793 $86,843 $86,894 $86,945 $86,997 $87,049 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $80,478 $81,620 $82,780 $83,958 $85,154 $86,368 $87,600 Total Energy Cost Saving $179,030 $180,784 $182,556 $184,345 $186,151 $187 ,976 $189,818 Total Annual Savings $259,507 $262,404 $265,336 $268,303 $271,305 $274,343 $277,418

PAGE 99

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Ann ual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 100

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $100,517 $ 86,502 $86,549 $86,597 $86,645 $86,694 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $74,890 $76,700 $78,554 $80,455 $78,244 $79,352 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $175,572 $177,292 Total Annual Savings $237,640 $242,705 $247,880 $253,167 $253,816 $256,645

PAGE 101

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $86,743 $86,793 $86,8 43 $86,894 $86,945 $86,997 $87,049 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $80,478 $81,620 $82,780 $83,958 $85,154 $86,368 $87,600 Total Energy Cost Saving $179,030 $180,784 $182,556 $184,345 $186,151 $187,976 $189,818 Total Annual Savings $259,507 $262,404 $265,336 $268,303 $271,305 $274,343 $277,418

PAGE 102

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $87,102 $87,155 $87,209 $87,264 $87,319 $87,374 $87,430 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $88,852 $90,123 $91,413 $92,723 $94,054 $95,405 $96,777 Total Energy Cost Saving $191,678 $193,557 $195,453 $197,369 $199,303 $201,256 $203,229 Total Annual Savings $280,530 $283,679 $286,867 $290,092 $293,357 $296,661 $300,005

PAGE 104

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 105

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital Expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $134,023 $115,335 $115,399 $115,462 $115,527 $115,592 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $106,313 $108,855 $111,460 $114,129 $115,360 $116,603 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $ 176,166 $179,689 Total Annual Savings $269,063 $274,860 $280,785 $286,841 $291,525 $296,292

PAGE 106

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital Expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $115,657 $115,724 $115,791 $115,858 $115,927 $115,996 $116,066 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $117,860 $119,131 $120,415 $121,714 $123,026 $124,352 $125,693 Total Energy Cost Saving $183,283 $186,949 $190,688 $194,501 $198,391 $202,359 $206,406 Total Annual Savings $301,143 $306,080 $311,103 $316,215 $321,417 $326,711 $332,0 99

PAGE 107

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital Expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $116,136 $116,207 $116,27 9 $116,352 $116,425 $116,499 $116,574 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $127,048 $128,417 $129,801 $131,200 $132,614 $134,043 $135,488 Total Energy Cost Saving $2 10,534 $214,745 $219,040 $223,421 $227,889 $232,447 $237,096 Total Annual Savings $337,582 $343,162 $348,841 $354,621 $360,504 $366,490 $372,584

PAGE 109

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation 7 Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 110

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $134,023 $115,335 $115,399 $115,462 $115,527 $115,592 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $124,881 $127,794 $130,778 $133,833 $134,669 $135,503 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $176,166 $179,689 Total Annual Savings $287,631 $293,799 $300,103 $306,545 $310,835 $315,193

PAGE 111

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $115,657 $115,724 $115,791 $115,858 $115,927 $115,996 $116,066 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $136,335 $137,163 $137,989 $138,811 $139,629 $140,444 $141,254 Total Energy Cost Saving $183,283 $186,949 $190,688 $194,501 $198,391 $202,359 $206,406 Total Annual Savings $319,618 $3 24,112 $328,676 $333,312 $338,021 $342,803 $347,660

PAGE 112

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $116,136 $116,207 $116,279 $116,352 $116,425 $116,499 $116,574 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $142,060 $142,860 $143,656 $144,446 $145,230 $146,008 $146,780 Total Energy Cost Saving $210,534 $214,745 $219,040 $223,421 $227,889 $232,447 $237,096 Total Annual Savings $352,594 $357,606 $362,696 $367,867 $373,120 $378,455 $383,876

PAGE 114

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 115

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $134,023 $115,335 $115,399 $115,462 $115,527 $115,592 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $151,406 $154,850 $15 8,374 $161,982 $162,255 $162,504 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $176,166 $179,689 Total Annual Savings $314,156 $320,855 $327,700 $334,693 $338,421 $342,193

PAGE 116

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $115,657 $115,724 $115,791 $115,858 $115,927 $115,996 $116,066 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $162,727 $162,924 $163,094 $163,236 $163,349 $163,432 $163,485 Total Energy Cost Saving $183,283 $186,949 $190,688 $194,501 $198,391 $202,359 $206,406 Total Annual Savings $346,010 $349,872 $353,781 $357,737 $361,740 $365,791 $369,891

PAGE 117

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expendi tures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $116,136 $116,207 $116,279 $116,352 $116,425 $116,499 $116,574 Revenues Tota l Annual Revenues $163,506 $163,494 $163,449 $163,369 $163,253 $163,101 $162,911 Total Energy Cost Saving $210,534 $214,745 $219,040 $223,421 $227,889 $232,447 $237,096 Total Annual Savings $374,040 $378,239 $382,489 $386,790 $391,142 $395,548 $400,007

PAGE 119

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Esc alation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year En d Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 120

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $134,023 $115,335 $115,399 $115,462 $ 115,527 $115,592 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $254,853 $260,366 $266,001 $271,761 $269,838 $267,804 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $176,166 $179,689 Total Annual Savings $417,603 $426,371 $435,326 $444,473 $446,004 $447,493

PAGE 121

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $115,6 57 $115,724 $115,791 $115,858 $115,927 $115,996 $116,066 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $265,656 $263,389 $261,003 $258,492 $255,854 $253,086 $250 ,184 Total Energy Cost Saving $183,283 $186,949 $190,688 $194,501 $198,391 $202,359 $206,406 Total Annual Savings $448,939 $450,338 $451,690 $452,993 $454,245 $455,445 $456,590

PAGE 122

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $116,136 $116,207 $116,279 $116,352 $116,425 $116,499 $116,574 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $247,144 $243,964 $240,640 $237,167 $233,542 $229,762 $225,822 Total Energy Cost Saving $210,534 $214,745 $219,040 $223,421 $227,889 $232,4 47 $237,096 Total Annual Savings $457,679 $458,709 $459,680 $460,588 $461,432 $462,209 $462,918

PAGE 124

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 125

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost -$201,034 -$173,003 -$173,098 -$173,193 -$173,290 -$173,388 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $174,970 $179,093 $183,317 $187,642 $189,817 $192,018 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $176,166 $179,689 Total Annual Savings $337,720 $345,098 $352,642 $360,354 $365,983 $371,707

PAGE 126

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expendit ures Expenses Total Expenses Cost -$173,486 -$173,586 -$173,686 -$173,788 -$173,890 -$173,994 -$174,098 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $194,246 $196,501 $198,784 $201,094 $203,433 $205,800 $208,197 Total Energy Cost Saving $183,283 $186,949 $190,688 $194,501 $198,391 $202,359 $206,406 Total Annual Savings $377,529 $383,450 $389,471 $395,596 $401,824 $408,160 $414,603

PAGE 127

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost -$174,204 -$174,311 -$174,418 -$174,527 -$174,637 -$174,748 -$174,860 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $210,622 $213,077 $215,563 $218,079 $220,625 $223,203 $225,812 Total Energy Cost Saving $210,534 $214,745 $219,040 $223,421 $227,889 $232,447 $237,096 Total Annual Savings $421,157 $427,823 $434,603 $441,499 $448,514 $455,650 $462,908

PAGE 129

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Sta rt Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 130

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Ex penses Total Expenses Cost $201,034 $173,003 $173,09 8 $173,193 $173,290 $173,388 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $229,946 $235,169 $240,514 $245,984 $248,143 $250,317 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $176,166 $179,689 Total Annual Savings $392,696 $4 01,174 $409,839 $418,695 $424,309 $430,006

PAGE 131

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $173,486 $173,586 $173,686 $173,788 $173,890 $173,994 $174,098 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $252,505 $254,708 $256,925 $259,157 $261,404 $263,665 $265,940 Total Energy Cost Saving $183,283 $186,949 $190,688 $194,501 $198,391 $202,359 $206,406 Total Annual Savings $435,788 $441,656 $447,613 $453,659 $459,795 $466,024 $472,346

PAGE 132

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $174,204 $174,311 $174,418 $174,527 $17 4,637 $174,748 $174,860 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $268,229 $270,533 $272,852 $275,184 $277,531 $279,891 $282,266 Total Energy Cos t Saving $210,534 $214,745 $219,040 $223,421 $227,889 $232,447 $237,096 Total Annual Savings $478,764 $485,279 $491,892 $498,605 $505,420 $512,338 $519,362

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Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy Production /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Ye ar End Notes

PAGE 135

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $201,034 $173,003 $173,098 $173,193 $173,290 $173,388 Revenues Total A nnual Revenues $308,483 $315,277 $322,224 $329,328 $331,465 $333,600 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $176,166 $179,689 Total Annual Savings $471,233 $481,282 $491,549 $502,040 $507,631 $513,289

PAGE 136

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $173,486 $173,586 $173,686 $173, 788 $173,890 $173,994 $174,098 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $335,732 $337,860 $339,984 $342,104 $344,219 $346,327 $348,430 Total En ergy Cost Saving $183,283 $186,949 $190,688 $194,501 $198,391 $202,359 $206,406 Total Annual Savings $519,015 $524,809 $530,672 $536,605 $542,610 $548,687 $554,836

PAGE 137

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $174,204 $174,311 $174,418 $174,527 $174,637 $174,748 $174,860 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $350,526 $352,613 $354,693 $356,764 $358,824 $360,875 $362,914 Total Energy Cost Saving $210,534 $214,745 $219,040 $22 3,421 $227,889 $232,447 $237,096 Total Annual Savings $561,060 $567,359 $573,733 $580,184 $586,714 $593,322 $600,010

PAGE 139

Cells Set by Project Specific Parameters Project Generation Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Project Cost Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Energy P roduction /Use Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes Revenue Annual Escalation Year Start Year End Notes

PAGE 140

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $201,034 $173,003 $173,098 $173,193 $173,290 $173,388 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $614,780 $627,699 $640,895 $654,372 $656,423 $658,405 Total Energy Cost Saving $162,750 $166,005 $169,325 $172,712 $176,166 $179,689 Total Annual Savings $777,530 $793,704 $810,220 $827,084 $832,589 $838,094

PAGE 141

Year 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $173,486 $173,586 $173,686 $173,788 $173,890 $173,994 $174,098 Reven ues Total Annual Revenues $660,316 $662,154 $663,915 $665,597 $667,197 $668,713 $670,142 Total Energy Cost Saving $183,283 $186,949 $190,688 $194,501 $198,391 $202,359 $206,406 Total Annual Savings $843,599 $849,102 $854,602 $860,098 $865,588 $871,072 $876,548

PAGE 142

Year 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Capital expenditures Expenses Total Expenses Cost $174,204 $174,311 $174,418 $174,527 $174,637 $174,748 $174,860 Revenues Total Annual Revenues $671,480 $672,725 $673,874 $674,923 $675,870 $676,710 $677,442 Total Energy Cost Saving $210,534 $214,745 $219,040 $223,421 $227,889 $232,447 $237,096 Tot al Annual Savings $882,015 $887,470 $892,914 $898,344 $903,759 $909,158 $914,538

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