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Post-Mortem Relational Privacy

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0024742/00001

Material Information

Title: Post-Mortem Relational Privacy Expanding the Sphere of Personal Information Protected by Privacy Law
Physical Description: 1 online resource (288 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Hering, Ana-Klara
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2009

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: autopsy, death, familial, freedom, post, privacy, record, relative
Journalism and Communications -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Mass Communication thesis, Ph.D.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: POST-MORTEM RELATIONAL PRIVACY: EXPANDING THE SPHERE OF PERSONAL INFORMATION PROTECTED BY PRIVACY This dissertation explores the concept of post-mortem relational privacy ? the idea that family members have a privacy interest in death-related information about their deceased relatives. The researcher contends that the sphere of protectable information that an individual calls 'private' includes information about one's dead relatives in addition to oneself. However, the extension of privacy rights to relatives is limited to certain contexts and jurisdictions and is often balanced with, or outweighed by, competing First Amendment and freedom of information interests. For example, at the federal level, the Supreme Court has interpreted the Freedom of Information Act to protect the privacy interests of relatives of the dead; however, a balancing test was applied. The administrations of four contemporary presidents have established, at varying levels, policies that prohibit media coverage of homecoming ceremonies honoring American service members killed overseas. However, the current administration has removed the onus of authority from the government to the family members themselves. At the state level, all but four states regulate the public's access to autopsy records, and three state courts have granted common law remedies to relatives for injuries stemming from the publication of death-related information about their deceased relatives. However, these statutory and common law remedies are limited in scope and application. This development has significant implications for the public's interest in accessing government information because expanded privacy rights encroach on the public's understanding of important governmental and social issues related to death. Balanced approaches in statutory construction, judicial interpretation of those statutes and common law remedies limit the extent to which relational privacy interests unnecessarily diminish the public's right to access government records. Such a balanced approach should maintain a presumption of openness while carefully weighing the possible threat to a family's privacy. Borrowing from the Federal Freedom of Information Act, access should be limited only when disclosure would constitute an unwarranted invasion of a relative's privacy. Legislators writing access-to-autopsy-record legislation as well as the Supreme Court interpreting Exemptions 6 and 7(c) of the Federal Freedom of Information Act can apply this philosophy.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Ana-Klara Hering.
Thesis: Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Florida, 2009.
Local: Adviser: Chamberlin, William F.
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2011-08-31

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2009
System ID: UFE0024742:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0024742/00001

Material Information

Title: Post-Mortem Relational Privacy Expanding the Sphere of Personal Information Protected by Privacy Law
Physical Description: 1 online resource (288 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Hering, Ana-Klara
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2009

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: autopsy, death, familial, freedom, post, privacy, record, relative
Journalism and Communications -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Mass Communication thesis, Ph.D.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: POST-MORTEM RELATIONAL PRIVACY: EXPANDING THE SPHERE OF PERSONAL INFORMATION PROTECTED BY PRIVACY This dissertation explores the concept of post-mortem relational privacy ? the idea that family members have a privacy interest in death-related information about their deceased relatives. The researcher contends that the sphere of protectable information that an individual calls 'private' includes information about one's dead relatives in addition to oneself. However, the extension of privacy rights to relatives is limited to certain contexts and jurisdictions and is often balanced with, or outweighed by, competing First Amendment and freedom of information interests. For example, at the federal level, the Supreme Court has interpreted the Freedom of Information Act to protect the privacy interests of relatives of the dead; however, a balancing test was applied. The administrations of four contemporary presidents have established, at varying levels, policies that prohibit media coverage of homecoming ceremonies honoring American service members killed overseas. However, the current administration has removed the onus of authority from the government to the family members themselves. At the state level, all but four states regulate the public's access to autopsy records, and three state courts have granted common law remedies to relatives for injuries stemming from the publication of death-related information about their deceased relatives. However, these statutory and common law remedies are limited in scope and application. This development has significant implications for the public's interest in accessing government information because expanded privacy rights encroach on the public's understanding of important governmental and social issues related to death. Balanced approaches in statutory construction, judicial interpretation of those statutes and common law remedies limit the extent to which relational privacy interests unnecessarily diminish the public's right to access government records. Such a balanced approach should maintain a presumption of openness while carefully weighing the possible threat to a family's privacy. Borrowing from the Federal Freedom of Information Act, access should be limited only when disclosure would constitute an unwarranted invasion of a relative's privacy. Legislators writing access-to-autopsy-record legislation as well as the Supreme Court interpreting Exemptions 6 and 7(c) of the Federal Freedom of Information Act can apply this philosophy.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Ana-Klara Hering.
Thesis: Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Florida, 2009.
Local: Adviser: Chamberlin, William F.
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO UF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE UNTIL 2011-08-31

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2009
System ID: UFE0024742:00001


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! "j! LCRF!GBKFEZEFKFN!C!OKCKVKF!KLCK!PCO!CZZDGFN!KM!DGJ GK!NGOTDMOVEF!GB!MENFE!KM!ZEMKFTK!KLF!EFDCKGMBCD! ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOKO!MY!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFOS!!-B!GBKF EZEFKGBH!OVTL!OKCKVKFOU!TMVEKO!LCRF!FBWMGBFN!KLF! EFDFCOF!MY!HMRFEBJFBK'LFDN!NFCKL!EFDCKFN!GBYMEJCKGMB! GB!MENFE!KM!ZEMKFTK!KLF! GBKFEFOKO!MY!OVERGRGBH! EFDCKGRFOS!!7ME!F]CJZDFU!CYKFE!KLF!COKEMBCVK!TEFP!MY!KLF!OZCTF!OLVKKDF!0LCDDFBHFE!ZFEGOLFN!GB! "@jgU "i !C!? !!,YKFE! OFEGCD!JVENFEFE!4CBB:!)MDDGBH!DFYK!C!7DMEGN C!TMDDFHF!KMPB!HEGZZFN!GB!YFCE!GB!"@@?U >" !C!7DMEGNC! TGETVGK!TMVEK!DGJGKFN!KLF!TMBNGKGMBO!VBNFE!PLGTL!KL F!ZV[DGT!TMVDN!RGFP!KLF!RGTKGJOQ!NFCKL'OTFBF! ZLMKMO!CBN!ZEMLG[GKFN!TMZ:GBH!MY!KLF!EFTMENOS >> !!9LFB!LGHL'ZEMYGDF!.,%0,) >I !NEGRFE!4CDF! *CEBLCENK!TECOLFN!CBN!NGFN!NVEGBH!KL F!DCOK!DCZ!MY!KLF!4C:KMBC!c??!GB!>??"U >\ !C!7DMEGNC!4GOKEGTK! 0MVEK!MY!,ZZFCD!EFKEMCTKGRFD:!CZ ZDGFN!KM!*CEBLCENK!C!OKCKVKF!FBCTK FN![:!KLF!7DMEGNC!DFHGODCKVEF!GB! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! "i !(GTLCFD!;ECBGOL!CBN!#FKFE!(CBTVOGU! Fiery blast destroys space shuttle: McAuliffe, six astronauts are killed U!& 6*! 8 $%&$.! 5 +$8* U!_CBS!>@U!"@jgU!LKKZ2ppPPPS[MOKMBSTMJpBFPOpZCTXCHFOpOLVKKDFpTLCDDFBHFEuCETLGRFu"@jgSLKJS! The Crew of the Challenger Space Shuttle Mission, !.CKGMBCD!,FEMBCVKGTO!CB N!%ZCTF!,NJGBGOKECKGMBU!! LKKZ2ppLGOKME:SBCOCSHMRp8GMHECZLGFOpTLCDDFBHFE SLKJD!mDCOK!RGOGKFN!(CES!>"U!>??@nS!! See also U! On this day: 28 Jan. 1986 U!8EGKGOL!8EMCNTCOKGBH!0MJZCB:U!! LKKZ2ppBFPOS[[TSTMSVXpMBKLGONC:pLGpNCKFOpOKMEGFOpWCBVCE: p>jpBFPOGNu>c?g???p>c?g"g"SOKJ!mDCOK!RGOGKFN!(CES!>"U! >??@nS! "j !.FP!1MEX!&GJFO!0MS!RS!.CKQD!,FEMBCVKGTO!d!%ZCTF!,NJG BSU!ij>!7S%VZZS!g> j!m4S4S0S!"@@"nS!!%FF!CDOMU!.FGD!,S! +FPGOU!_VNHF!%C:O!.,%,!0CB!9GKLLMDN!0LCDDF BHFE!&CZFU!.S1S!&GJFOU!4FTS!"IU!"@@"U!,I>S! "@ 5PFB!-YGDDU! White House aid found dead; close associate of the Clintons, !.S1S & -(*% U!_VD:!>"U!"@@IU!! LKKZ2pp`VFE:SB:KGJFOSTMJpHOKpYVDDZCHFSLKJDkEFOs@7?0*\40"*I?7@I>,"cic\0?,@gc@cj>g?S! >? !.CK^D!,ETLGRFO!d!!)FTMENO!,NJGBS!RS!7CRGOLU!c\"!??\ne! rev'd !7CRGOL!RS!$YYGTF!MY!-BNFZS!0MVBOFDU!>"i! 7SIN!""gjU!""i?'i"!m@ KL !0GES!>???ne!,TTVECT:!GB!(FNGCU!-BT !RS!.CK^D!#CEX!%FERSU!"@\!7S!IN!">?!m4S0S!0GES!"@@@nS! >" !*DGaC[FKL!+MPF!CBN!&FEE:!+S!(T0M:U! Eyes Of World on Gainesville; College Town Made Infamous By The Senseless Violence U!$ ) S % *.&-.*+ U!%FZKS!@U!"@@?!CK!5IS! >> !%KCKF!RS!)MDDGBHU!.MS!@"'Ij I>U!"@@\!9+!i>>j@"!m7 DCS!0GETS!0KS!_VD:!>i!"@@\n!mDGJGKGBH!ZV[DGT!CTTFOO!KM!KLF!NFCKL' OTFBF!ZLMKMO!KM!RGFPGBH!KLFJ!VBNFE!KLF!OVZFERGOGMB!MY!KLF!EFTMENO!TVOKMNGCBnS! >I !.CKGMBCD!,OOMTGCKGMB!YME!%KMTX!0CE!,VKM!)CTGBHU! LKKZ2ppPPPSBCOTCESTMJp U!mDCOK!RGOGKFN!(C:!"jU!>??@nS! >\ !&MB:!7C[EGaGMU! Tragic Finish; Waltrip's win overshadowed by fatality U!& 6*! 4 ,++,%! ( $).-.5! *9% U!7F[S!"@U! >??"U!CK!"8S!

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! "@! KLF!PCXF!MY!LGO!NFCKL!KLCK!ZEMLG[GKFN!KLF!ZV[D GT!NGOTDMOVEF!MY!RGOVCD!EFTMENO!NMTVJFBKGBH! CVKMZOGFO!TMBNVTKFN!GB!KLF!OKCKFS >c !! -B!FCTL!MY!KLFOF!GBOKCBTFOU!C!TMVEK!EFOKEGTK FN!ZV[DGT!CTTFOO!KM!HMRFEBJFBK'LFDN!GBYMEJCKGMB! C[MVK!KLF!NFCN! !KLF!NGOTDMOVEF!MY!PLGTLU!KLF!TMVEKO!EF COMBFNU!PMVDN!LCRF![FFB!CB!VBPCEECBKFN! GBRCOGMB!MY!KLF!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFOQ!ZEGRCT:!C BN!TCVOFN!KLFJ!YVEKLFE!OVYYFEGBHS!!-K!PCO!FBMVHLU! CTTMENGBH!KM!KLF!EFOZFTKGRF!TMVEKOU!YME!KLF!YCJGDGF O!MY!KLF!0LCDDFBHFE!TEFP!KM!LCRF!FBNVEFN!KLF! KECHGT!NFCKL!MY!KLFGE!DMRFN!MBFOe >g !KLCK!KLF!7MOKFE!YCJGD:!DMOK!KLFGE!LVO[CBN!CBN!YCKLFEe >i !KLCK!KLF! ZCEFBKO!MY!)MDDGBH^O!TMDDFHF'CHFN!RGTKGJO![VEGFN!KLFGE!TLGDNEFBe >j !CBN!KLCK!*CEBLCENK^O!YCJGD:! PGKBFOOFN!KLF!TECOL!KLCK!TCVOFN!LGO!NFCKLS >@ !!9LGDF!FCTL!MY!KLF!TMVEKOQ!NFTGOGMBO!LCO!BVCBTFO! OZFTGYGT!KM!GKO!MPB!WVEGONGTKGMB!C BN!TCOF!YCTKOU!CBN!BMBF!GO!EFZE FOFBKCKGRF!MY!CDD!TCOFO!GBRMDRGBH! ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:U! KLF!MRFEEGNGBH!KLFJF!CJMBH!KLF!T MVEKOQ!MZGBGMBO!GO!KLCK!CB! GBNGRGNVCDQO!ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOKO!CEF! BMK!DGJGKFN!KM!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!LGJ!ME!LFEOFDYS!!8COFN!MB!KLFOF! TMVEK!NFTGOGMBO!CBN!BVJFEMVO!MKLFE!OKCKVKME:!C BN!TMJJMB!DCP!FRGNFBTFU!KLF!CJ[GK!MY!ZFEOMBCD! GBYMEJCKGMB!YME!PLGTL!CB!GBNGRGNVCD!JC:!OFFX! ZEMKFTKGMB!GBTDVNFO!GBYMEJ CKGMB!C[MVK!MBFQO!NFCN! EFDCKGRFOS!!&LGO!NFRFDMZJFBK!GO!OGHBGYGTCBK!KM!KL F!OKVN:!MY!ZEGRCT:!CBN!YEFF NMJ!MY!GBYMEJCKGMB!YME! KPM!EFCOMBOS!! 7GEOKU!KLF!FJFEHFBTF!MY!KLGO!TMBTFZK!F]ZCBNO! KLF!KECNGKGMBCD!OZLFEF!MY!GBYMEJCKGMB!KLCK!CB! GBNGRGNVCD!JC:!TCDD! personal ME! private U I? !KM!GBTDVNF!GBYMEJCKGMB!BMK!MBD:!C[MVK!MBFQO!OFDY![VK! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! >c !;FRGB!;FDD:U! Dale Earnhardt autopsy photos to stay private U!% & S # *&*)%8<)5! & -(*% U _VBF!"\U!>??"U!CK!",S! See also, !*CEBLCENK!RS!/MDVOGC!0MVBK:U!$YYGTF!MY!KLF!(FNS!*]CJQEU!.M!>??"'I?IiI'0-0-!m7DCS!0GES!0KS!_VD:!"?U!>??"nU! >g See .FP!1MEX!&GJFO!0MS!RS!.CKQD!,FEMBCVKGTO!d! %ZCTF!,NJGBU!ij>!7S%VZZ S!g>j!m4S4S0S!"@@"nS! >i See 7CRGOL!RS!.CKQD!,ETLGRFO!d!)FTMENO!,NJGBSU!c\"!??\nS! >j See !%KCKF!RS!)MDDGBHU!.MS!@"'IjI>U!"@@\!9+!i>>j@"!m7DCS!0GETS!0KS!_VD:!>i!"@@\nS >@ See !*CEBLCENK!RS!/MDVOGC!0MVBK:U!$YYGTF!MY!KLF!(FNS!*]CJ^EU!.MS!>??"'I?IiI'0-0-!m7DCS!0GES!0KS!_VD:!"?U!>??"nS!!! I? See infra !ZS!g\U!NGOTVOOGBH!_ $.! ( -++% U # )-/,01 2 & 6*! + $%&! ) -56& !"g!m>??jn!mGDDVOKECKGBH!KLF!YMVE!OZLFEFO!MY! ZEGRCT:U!GBTDVNGBH!ZFEOMBCD!GBYMEJCKGMBnS!

PAGE 20

! >?! CDOM!C[MVK!MBFQO!NFCN!EFDCKGRFO!CO!PFDDS!!,DKLMVHL!KLF! Restatement (Second) Torts !FOKC[DGOLFN!KLCK! ZEGRCT:!NGFO!PGKL!KLF!ZFEOMBU I" !KLF!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZE GRCT:!TMBTFZK!EFTMHBGaFO!KLCKU! CDKLMVHL!C!ZFEOMB!LCO!NGFNU!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!LGJ! ME!LFE!TMBKGBVFO!KM!F]GOK!CBN!LCO!ZMOKLVJMVO! RCDVF!KM!KLF!NFTFNFBKQO!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFOS!!&L FEFYMEFU!CDKLMVHL!KLF!NFCN!TCB!BM!DMBHFE!TDCGJ!C! ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOK!GB!KLF!GBYMEJC KGMBU!KLFGE!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFOQ!JC :S!!&LVOU!CYKFE!KLF!NFCKL!MY!C! EFDCKGRFU!C!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRF!C[OME[O!GBKM!LGO! ME!LFE!MPB!OZLFEF!MY!ZFEOMBCD!GBYMEJCKGMB!KLF! NFCKL'EFDCKFN!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!LG O!ME!LFE!NFTFCOFN!YCJGD:!JFJ[FEOS!!6MPFRFEU!KLGO!GBYMEJCKGMB! GO!MBD:!ZEMKFTKFN!GB!TFEKCGB!TMBK F]KOU!CBN!NFTGZLFEGBH!PLGTL!DCP!ZEMK FTKO!PLMJ!GB!PLGTL!GBOKCBTF! GO!C!TMJZDGTCKFN!KCOXU!PGKL!OKCKFU!YFNFECD!C BN!TMBOKGKVKGMBCD!DCP!HMRFEBGBH!RCEGMVO!OTFBCEGMOS! !-B!CNNGKGMB!KM!F]ZCBNGBH!KLF!KECNGKGMBCD!O ZLFEF!MY!ZEMKFTKC[DF!ZFEOMBCD!GBYMEJCKGMB!KM! GBTDVNF!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!MBFQO!NFCN!EFDCKGRFOU!C BMKLFE!EFCOMB!KLF!FJFEHFBTF!MY!KLF!ZMOK'JMEKFJ! EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBTFZK!GO!OGHBGYGTCBK!GO![FTCV OF!GK!LCO!BFHCKGRF!GJZDG TCKGMBO!YME!KLF!ZV[DGTQO! C[GDGK:!KM!CTTFOO!GBYMEJCKGMB!C [MVK!GKO!HMRFEBJFBKS!!&LF!HMRFEBJFB K!GO!MYKFB!KLF!TVOKMNGCB!MY! NFCKL'EFDCKFN!EFTMENOU!OVTL!CO! NFCKL!TFEKGYGTCKFOU!NFCKL'OTFBF!ZLMK MHECZLO!CBN!CVKMZO:!EFTMENOS!! ,B!F]ZCBOGMB!MY!KLF!OZLFEF!MY!ZEMKFTKC[DF!ZFEOMB CD!GBYMEJCKGMB!LCO!CB!GBRFEOF!EFDCKGMBOLGZ!PGKL! KLF!ZV[DGTQO!CTTFOO!KM!HMRFEBJFBK'LFDNU!NFCKL'EFDCKF N!EFTMENOS!!7ME!F]CJZDFU!KLF!TMVEK!NFTGOGMBO! KLCK!PFEF!ZEFRGMVOD:!NGOTVOOFN!'! Favish U! Challenger U! Rolling, !CBN! Earnhardt !ZEMLG[GKFN!KLF! ZV[DGT!EFDFCOF!MY!NFCKL'OTFBF!ZLMK MOU!CVNGM!EFTMENGBHO!MY!C!OZC TF!OLVKKDF!TEFPQO!TMJJVBGTCKGMBOU! TEGJF!OTFBF!EFTMENO!CBN!CVKMZO:!ZLMKMOU!EFOZFTKGRFD :U!GB!MENFE!KM!ZEMKFTK!KLF!ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOKO!MY! KLF!NFTFNFBKOQ!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFOS!!&LVOU!GK!GO!OG HBGYGTCBK!KLCK!OMJF!TMVEKOU!GBTDVNGBH!KLF!8'* m"@iinS!

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! >"! Literature Review %TLMDCEO!YGEOK![FHCB!TMBNVTKGBH! EFOFCETL!C[MVK!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGR CT:!OZFTGYGTCDD:!GB!KLF!ZMOK' JMEKFJ!TMBKF]K!C!DGKKDF!MRFE!C!NFTCNF!CHM!GB!KLF! PCXF!MY!KLF!LGHL'ZEMYGDF! TCOFO!KLCK!KLF!ZEFRGMVO! OFTKGMB!GBKEMNVTFNS!!&LF!BFP!OKECGB!MY!CTCNFJGT! EFOFCETL!F]CJGBFN!PL:!CBN!LMP!KLF!TMVEKO!GB! Challenger, Favish, Rolling, CBN Earnhardt !ZEMLG[GKFN!KLF!NGOTDMOVEF!MY!HMRFEBJFBK'LFDNU!NFCKL' EFDCKFN!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!KLF!NFTFCOFN!GB!MENFE! KM!ZEMKFTK!KLF!ZEGRCT:! GBKFEFOKO!MY!OVERGRGBH! EFDCKGRFOS!!#EGME!KM!KLFOF!MZGBGMBOU!KLF!CEHVJFBK!KLCK !OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFO!LCN!C!ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOK!GB! GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!KLFGE!NFCN!EFDCKGRFO!PCO!M[O TVEFU!OVEYCTGBH!GB!DFOO!KLCB!C!NMaFB!TMJJMB!DCP! TCOFO!BCKGMBPGNFS I> !!! %GBTF!KLF![VEHFMBGBH!MY!CTCNFJGT!OTLMDCEOLGZ!C[MVK!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:U! OTLMDCEO!LCRF!TCDDFN!KLGO!XGBN!MY!ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOK !C!RCEGFK:!MY!KFEJO!GBTDVNGBH!lYCJGDGCD!ZEGRCT:Ul II lOVERGRMEO^!EGHLKOUl I\ !ME!lZEGRCT:!GB!NFCKLSl Ic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ennessee's Adoption Law and the Limitations of the Constitutional Arguments Regarding Open Records U!7 ,(-+1! 0 $<)&! ) */-*9 !I@!m>nU!m>??"n!>>I'>I@S! See also U!#CKEGTGC!8MDGBHU! Privacy vs. Autonomy as Familial Attachment: A Conceptual Approach to Right to Privacy Cases, ) */ S !$7! # $+ Q 1! ) *% SU!/MDS!"I!m"'>n!m"@@\nS! I\ Waivers of survivor benefits in separation agreements U!7CJGD:!+CP!0MBOVDKGBHU! LKKZ2ppPPPSYCJDCPTMBOVDKSTMJp CETLGRFpEFCNFE>??>""SLKJD !mDCOK!RGOGKFN!,ZEGD!>U!>??@nS! Ic !5FMEHF!_S!,BBCOU! Family Privacy and Death Antigone, War, and Medical Research, !& 6*! *9! .5 S _S ( *4 SU! /MDS!Ic>2c!m>??cnS!&LGO!NGOOFEKCKGMB!GBKEMNVTFO!KLF!KF EJU!lZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:Ul!GBKM!KLF!CTCNFJGT! DGKFECKVEF!GB!MENFE!KM!CHHEFHCKF!KLF!ZEFRGMVOD:!VOFN!KFEJOS!

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! >>! OTLMDCE!LCO!TMJZEFLFBOGRFD:!wTMBBFTKFN!KLF!NMKOx ![FKPFFB!KLF!RCEGMVO!YF NFECD!CBN!OKCKF!TCOFOU! OKCKVKFOU!CBN!TMJJMB!DCP!ECKGMBCDFO!KLCK!DFHGKGJGaFN !KLF!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKG MBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBTFZKS!! &LFEFYMEFU!KLF!ZVEZMOF!MY!KLGO!NG OOFEKCKGMB!GO!KM!TMBK EG[VKF!KM!KLF!HEFCKF E!VBNFEOKCBNGBH!MY! EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:![:!F]CJGBGBH!KLF!OGHBGYGTCBTF!C BN!GJZDGTCKGMBO!MY!KLGO!FJFEHGBH!TMBTFZK![MKL! MB!GKO!MPB!CBN!EFDCKGRF!KM!OKCKF! CBN!YFNFECD!YEFFNMJ!MY!GBYMEJCKGMB!DCPOS!!&LF!MRFECETLGBH!HMCDO! MY!KLGO!NGOOFEKCKGMB!CEF!"n!KM!COOF OO!KLF!F]KFBK!KM!PLGTL!TMVEKO!LC RF!CNMZKFN!CBN!DFHGODCKVEFO!LCRF! TMNGYGFN!KLF!TMBTFZK!KLCK!ZFEOMBCD!GBYMEJCKGMB! GBTDVNFO!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!MBFQO!NFCN!EFDCKGRFO! CBN!>n!KLF!FYYFTK!MY!KLGO!KEFBN!MB!ZV[DGT!CTTF OO!KM!HMRFEBJFBK!GBYMEJCKGMBS!!&M!CTTMJZDGOL!KLGOU! KLGO!NGOOFEKCKGMB!TMBYGEJO!KLF!HFBFOGO!MY!KLF!ZMO K'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBTFZK!GB!KLF!DCPU! F]CJGBFO!KLF!TMNGYGTCKGMB!MY!KLF!TMBTFZK!GB!OKCK VKFO!KLCK!NFCD!PGKL!ZV[DGT!CTTFOO!KM!GBYMEJCKGMB! C[MVK!KLF!NFTFCOFNU!NGOTFEBO!C!KC]MBMJ:!YME!FR CDVCKGBH!OKCKF'DFRFD!CVKMZO:!CTTFOO!DCPOU!CBN! JCZO!KLF!FRMDVKGMB!MY!KLF!TMBTFZK!MY!ZMOK'JMEKFJ! EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!GB!YFNF ECD!CBN!OKCKF!TCOF!DCP! KLCK!FGKLFE!GBKFEZEFK!OKCKVKFO!ME!ZEMRGNF!TMJJMB! DCP!EFJFNGFOS!!&LGO!EFOFCETL!CDOM!ZEMRGNFO!KLF! YGEOK!HECZLGTCD!EFZEFOFBKCKGMB!MY!KLF!ZMOK'JMEKFJ! EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBTFZKU !NFKCGDGBH!KLF!RCEGMVO! TMBKF]KO!GB!PLGTL!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZE GRCT:!NGOZVKF!JC:!MTTVE!CBN!KLF!ZEMKFTKGRF!CBN! EFOKMECKGRF!EFJFNGFO!CRCGDC[DF!KM!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFOS!!! 8FYMEF!EFRGFPGBH!KLF!F]GOKGBH!DGKFECKVEF!KLCK! ZEMRGNFO!KLF!TVEEFBK!VBNF EOKCBNGBH!MY!KLF!ZMOK' JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBTFZKU !GK!GO!BFTFOOCE:!KM!JMEF!K LMEMVHLD:!EFRGFP!KLF!ZGRMKCD!TCOFO! F]CJGBFN!PGKLGB!KLMOF!PMEXOU!OFRFECD!MY!PLGTL! PFEF!JFBKGMBFN!CDEFCN:! GB!KLF!GBKEMNVTKGMB!MY! KLGO!TLCZKFES!!&LF!YMDDMPGBH!OFTKGMB!ZEMRGNFO! KLGO![CTXHEMVBN!GBYMEJCKGMB!CBN!YMTVOFO!MB!KLF! LGHL'ZEMYGDF!TCOFO!KLCK!GBOZGEFN!KLF!F]GOKGBH!DGKFEC KVEFS!!$KLFE!DFOO!ZEMJGBFBK!TCOFO!KLCK!LCRF!BMK! [FFB!F]KFBOGRFD:!EFRGFPFN!GB!KLF!DGKFECKVEF! CEF!NGOTVOOFN!FDOFPLFEF! GB!KLF!NGOOFEKCKGMBS!

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! >I! Background to the Literature ,TCNFJGT!GBKFEFO K!GB!KLF!TMBTFZK!MY!ZMOK'JME KFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!'![FYMEF!GK!PCO!TCDDFN! KLCK!GB!KLGO!NGOOFEKCKGMB!'![FHCB!GB!"@@iU Ig !JMEF!KLCB!C!NFTCNF!CYKFE!KLF!LGHL!ZEMYGDFU!NFCKL'EFTMEN! TCOF!GBRMDRGBH!KLF!F]ZDMOGMB!MY!.,%,QO!%ZCTF!%LVKKDF!0LCDDFBHFES!!! -B New York Times v. National Aeronautics & Space Administration U Ii !PLGTL!KLGO! NGOOFEKCKGMB!EFYFEO!KM!CO! Challenger U!KLF! Times !OMVHLK!CTTFOO!KM!KLF![DCTX![M]!EFTMENGBH!MY!KLF! 0LCDDFBHFE!TEFPQO!DCOK!JMJFBKOS!!)FWFTKGBH!KL F!EF`VFOKU!.,%,!CEHVFN!KLCK!KLF!TEFPQO!OVERGRGBH! EFDCKGRFO!LCN!C!ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOK!GB!KLF!C VNGM!EFTMENGBHS!!.,%,!GBRMXFN!7$-,!*]FJZKGMB!gU! PLGTL!CDDMPO!YFNFECD!CHFBTGFO!KM!PGKLLMDN!wZFEOMBBFD!CBN!JFNGTCD!YGDFO!CBN!OGJGDCE!YGDFO!KLF! NGOTDMOVEF!MY!PLGTL!PMVDN!T MBOKGKVKF!C!TDFCED:! VBPCEECBKFN!GBRCOGMB!MY!ZFEOMBCD!ZEGRCT:Sx Ij !! .,%,!NGN!BMK!NGOZVKF!KLCK!KLF!O V[OKCBKGRF!GBYMEJCKGMB!TMBKCGBFN! GB!KLF!EFTMENGBH!PCO!KFTLBGTCD! CBN!BMB'ZFEOMBCDS!!7ME!KLF!JMOK!ZCEKU!KLF!TMBRFEO CKGMB!PCO!OZFTGYGT!KM!OL VKKDF!MZFECKGMBOS!!.,%,! NGN!BMK!TDCGJ!ZEGRCT:!YME!KLF!DCOK!EFTMENFN!VK KFECBTFU!PLFB!MBF!COKE MBCVK!OCGNU!w!7S%VZZ S!g>j!m4S4S0 S!"@@"nU!q heretofore 0LCDDFBHFESr!! Ij !c!m[nmgn!m"@@gnS! I@ Transcript Of The Challenger Crew Co mments From The Operational Recorder U!.,%,U!CK!&y"2"IU! LKKZ2ppPPPSL`SBCOCSHMRpMYYGTFpZCMp6GOKME:pKECBOTEGZKSLKJD!mDCOK!RGOGKFN!_VBF!>U!>??@n S!

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! >\! &LF!NGOKEGTK!TMVEK!EFWFTKFN! .,%,QO!CEHVJFBK!CBN!HECBKFN!OV JJCE:!WVNHJFBK!GB!YCRME!MY! KLF! Times, YGBNGBH!KLF!CVNGM!EFTMENGBH!NGN!BMK!TMBOKGKVKF!C!wOGJGDCE!YGDFx!VBNFE!7$-,QO!*]FJZKGMB! g!CBNU!KLFEFYMEFU!PCO!BMK!F]FJZK!YEMJ!NGOTDMOVEFS \? !!$B!CZZFCDU!KLF! !!! $B!EFJCBNU!KLF!NGOKEGTK!TMVEK!PFGHLFN!KLF! ZVEZMOF!OFERFN![:!NGOTDMOVEF!MY!KLF!CVNGM! EFTMENGBH!CHCGBOK!KLF!ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOKO!MY!KL F!YCJGDGFO!CBNU!EFRFEOGBH!KLFGE!FCEDGFE!NFTGOGMBU! NFTGNFN!CHCGBOK!NGOTDMOVEFS \I !!&LF!NGOKEGTK!TMVEK!LFDN!KLCK !KLF!YCJGDGFO!MY!KLF!NFTFCOFN! TEFPJFJ[FEO!LCN!C!OV[OKCBKGCD!ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOK!GB !BMB'NGOTDMOVEF!MY!KLF! EFTMENGBHOS!!&LF!JCBBFE! GB!PLGTL!KLF!COKEMBCVKO!OCGN!PLCK!KLF:!NGN!GB!KL MOF!YGBCD!JMJFBKO![FYMEF!KLF!F]ZDMOGMB!'!KLF!RFE:! OMVBN!MY!KLF!COKEMBCVKOQ!RMGTFO!'!TMBOKGKVKFN!C!ZEGRCT: !GBKFEFOK!YME!KLF!TEFP^O!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFO! OVYYGTGFBK!KM!PCEECBK!BMBNGOTDMOVEF S!!,NNGKGMBCDD:U!KLF!TMVEK!LFDN!KL CK!KLF!ZV[DGT!GBKFEFOK!GB!KLF! CVNGM!EFTMENGBH!PCO!OZFTVDCKGRF!CK ![FOK!CBNU!KLVOU!GBOVYYGTGFBK!KM! MRFEEGNF!KLF!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFOQ! ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOKOS!!-BOKFC N!MY!EFDFCOGBH!KLF!EFTMENG BHOU!KLF!NGOKEGTK!TMVEK!LFDN !KLCK!KECBOTEGZKO!CDMBF! PMVDN!OCKGOY:!KLF!ZV[DGT^O!EGHLK!KM!CTTFOO!KLF!GB YMEJCKGMB!TMBKCGBFN!KLFEFGB!PLGDF!OCYFHVCENGBH! KLF!EFDCKGRFOQ!ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOKO!GB!KLF! CVNGM!EFTMENGBH!MY!KLF!OCJF!GBYMEJCKGMBS \\ !! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! \? !.FP!1MEX!&GJFO!0MS!RS!.CKQD!,FEMBCVKGTO!d! %ZCTF!,NJGBSU!jc>!7S>N!g?>!m4S0S!0GES!"@jjnS! \" !.FP!1MEX!&GJFO!0MS!RS!.CKQD!,FEMBCVKGTO!d!%ZCTF!,NJG BSU!jc>!7S>N!g?>!m4S0S!0GES!"@jjnU!EFR^N!CBN!EFJCBNFN! FB![CBTU!@>?!7S>N!"??>U!"?"?!m4S0S0GES"@@?nS!! \> !.FP!1MEX!&GJFO!0MS!RS!.CKQD!,FEMBCVKGTO!d!%ZCTF! ,NJGBSU!@>?!7S>N !"??>U!"??@'"?! m4S0S0GES"@@?nS! \I !.FP!1MEX!&GJFO!0MS!RS!.CKQD!,FEMBCVKGTO! d!%ZCTF!,NJGBSU!ij>!7S%V ZZS!g>j!m4S4 S0S"@@"nS! \\ Id.

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! >c! ,DKLMVHL! Challenger PCO!BMK!KLF!YGEOK!YCJGDGCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF!F]CJGBFN![:!KLF!YFNFECD! TMVEKOU \c !KLF!EFOVDKGBH!DCPOVGK!PCO!KLF!YGEOK!ZFEKCG BGBH!KM!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!KLCK! HCEBFEFN!BCKGMBCD!JFNGC!CKKFBKGMB!CO!PFDD!CO! KLF!TVEGMOGK:!MY!7GEOK!,JFBNJFBK!CBN!ZEGRCT:! OTLMDCEOS!!&LF! Challenger !NFTGOGMB!GO!OGHBGYGTCBK![FTCVOF!KL F!%VZEFJF!0MVEK!PMVDN!DCKFE!CYYGEJ! GB!C!NGYYFEFBK!TCOF!KLF!NGOKEGTK!TMVEKQO!ECKGMBC DF!KLCK!BMBNGOTDMOVEF!MY!HMRFEBJFBK'LFDNU!NFCKL' EFDCKFN!EFTMENO!GO!PCEECBKFN!PLFB! KLF!EGOX!KM!C!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRF QO!ZEGRCT:!MVKPFGHLO!KLF!ZV[DGTQO! GBKFEFOK!GB!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMBS \g !! -B!>??\U!KLGEKFFB!:FCEO!CYKFE! Challenger U!KLF!!7S%VZZS!\igU!\jc!m4S4S0S"@@\n!mF]FJZKGBH!YEMJ!7$-,! NGOTDMOVEF!CVKMZO:!3'EC:O!CBN!ZLMKMHECZLO!MY!#EFOGNFBK!;FBBFN:!MB!KLF!HEMVBN!KLCK!KLFGE!EFDFCOF!PMVDN!TCVOF! QCNNGKGMBCD!CBHVGOLQ!KM!KLF!OVERGRGBH!YCJGD:nU!CYYQN!MB!MKLFE!HEMVBNOU!gj!7SIN!"\Ij!m0S,S4S0S"@@cne!+FOCE!RS! 4FZCEKJFBK!MY!_VOKGTFU!gIg!7S>N!\i>U!\ji!m0S,S4S0S"@j?n!mEFTMHBGaGBHU!PGKL!EFOZFTK!KM!KLF!COOCOOGBCKGMB!MY!4ES! (CEKGB!+VKLFE!;GBHU!_ESU!LGO!OVERGRMEOQ!ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOKO!GB!CRMGNGBH!QCBBM:CBTF!ME!LCECOOJFBKQnSl! \g !.FP!1MEX!&GJFO!0MS!RS!.CKQD!,FEMBCVKGTO!d!%ZCTF!,NJG BSU!jc>!7S>N!g?>!m4S0S!0GES!"@jjnU!EFR^N!CBN!EFJCBNFN! FB![CBTU!@>?!7S>N!"??>U!"?"?!m4S0S0GES"@@?nS! \i !.CK^D!,ETLGRFO!d!!)FTMENO!,NJGBS!RS!7CRGOLU!c\"!??\ne! rev'd 7CRGOL!RS!$YYGTF!MY!-BNFZS!0MVBOFDU!>"i! 7SIN!""gjU!""i?'i"!m@ KL !0GES!>???ne!,TTVECT:!GB!(FNGCU!-BT !RS!.CK^D!#CEX!%FERSU!"@\!7S!IN!">?!m4S0S!0GES!"@@@nS!! %FF!HFBFECDD:!%CJVFD!&FEGDDG!CBN!%GHJCB!%ZDGTLCDU! Public Access to Autopsy and Death-Scene Photographs: Relational Privacy, Public Records and Avoidable Collisions U!"?!0 $(( S +S d # $+ ^ 1 !I"IU!I>\'I>c!mNFOTEG[GBH!KLF! DFHCD!LGOKME:!MY! Favish nS!!7GRF!OFZCECKF!HMRFEBJFBK!GBRFOKGHCKGMBO!TMBTDVNFN!KLCK!KLF!HVBOLMK!PMVBN!YEMJ!PLGTL! 7MOKFE!NGFN!PCO!OFDY'GBYDGTKFNS!!.MBFKLFDFOOU!KLF!BMB'ZEMYGKU !HECOOEMMKO!TGKGaFBO^!PCKTLNMH! HEMVZU!,TTVECT:!-B!(FNGCU! EF`VFOKFN!KLF!NFCKL'OTFBF!ZLMKMHECZLO!V BNFE!7$-,U!TDCGJGBH!KLF!GBRFOKGHCKGMBO! PFEF!GBTMJZDFKFS!!,-(^O!DCPOVGK!YME! NGOTDMOVEF!MY!KLF!EFTMENO!PCO!OVTTFOOYVD!MBD:!GB!ZCEKS!!,DD![VK!C[MVK!C!NMaFB!ZL MKMO!PFEF!EFDFCOFNS!!,B!,-(!DCP:FEU! ,DDCB!7CRGOLU!JCNF!C!OFTMBN!7$-,!EF`VFOK!YME!KLF!EFJCGBGBH!ZLMKMHECZLOU![VK!PCO!VBOVTTFOOYVDS!!7CRGOL!RS!.CKQD! ,ETLGRFO!d!!)FTMENO!,NJGBSU!Igj!7SIN!"?i>!m0S,S!>??\nS! \j !)VKL!(CETVOU Clinton Aide Vincent Foster Dies in an Apparent Suicide, & 6*! 9 ,%6 S # $%& U _VD:!>"U!"@@I !CK ,"S

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! I@! DFCNGBH!KM!KLF!TMVEKOQ!NFTGOGMBOS!!0CDR FEK!LGHLDGHLKFN!KLF! "?\':FCE'MDN!TCOFU! Schuyler v. Curtis, @i PLGTL!KLF! Favish !TMVEK!TGKFNU!CO!CB!F]CJZDF!MY!KLF!EF RFEFBTF!KLCK!TMJJMB!DCP!LCO!OLMPB!KM! EFDCKGRFO!MY!KLF!NFTFCOFNS @j !!)FOFCETL!TMBNVTKFN!YME!KLGO!NGOOFEK CKGMB!TMBYGEJFN!KLCK!KLGO!GO!KLF! FCEDGFOK!XBMPB!TCOF!GB!PLGTL!CB:!T MVEK!EFTMHBGaFN!KLCK!EFDCKGRFO!JG HLK!LCRF!C!ZEMKFTKC[DF!ZEGRCT:! GBKFEFOK!GB!GBYMEJCKGMB!C [MVK!KLFGE!NFCN!EFDCKGRFOS!! Schuyler !CBN!MKLFE!MZGBG MBO!PLFEF!TMVEKO! COOFOO!KLF!RGC[GDGK:!MY!C!EFDCKG RFQO!ZEGRCT:!CEF!NGOTVOOFN!GB! HEFCKFE!NFKCGD!GB!0LCZKFE!gS! -B!LGO!l#EGRCT:!MY!4FCKLl!CEKGTDFU!0CDRFEK!CDOM!TMJJFBKFN!MB!KLF!ZEFOGNFBKGCD!ZMDGT:! FOKC[DGOLFN!GB!"@@"![:!5FMEHF!6S9S!8VOL!KLCK !ZEMLG[GKFN!JFNGC!TMRFECHF!MY!TFEFJMBGFO! LMBMEGBH!,JFEGTCB!OFERGTF!JFJ[FEO!PLFB!KLFGE!EFJCGBO!EFKVEBFN!YEMJ!TMJ[CK!MRFEOFCOS!8VOLU! CBN!FRFE:!ZEFOGNFBK!OGBTF!LGJ!P LM!LCO!VZLFDN!KLF![CB!GB!OMJF!YM EJU!OCGN!KLF!ZMDGT:!ZEMKFTKO!KLF! ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOKO!MY!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFOS!!%XFZ KGTCD!MY!KLF!ZVEZMEKFN!ZVEZM OF!MY!KLF![CBU!0CDRFEK! OCGNU!l-K!PMVDN![F!F]KEFJFD:!NGYYG TVDK!KM!TMBTDVNF!KLCK!CB:!EFDCKG MBCD!ZEGRCT:!EGHLKO!PFEF!RGMDCKFN! [:!ZLMKMWMVEBCDGOKO!PLM!KMMX!CBN!ZV[DGOLFN!ZGTKVE FO!MY!ODCGB!JGDGKCE:!ZFEOMBBFD!EFZMOFN!GBOGNF! ZEGOKGBFU!TDMOFN!YDCH'NECZFN!TMYYGBO!CK!4MRFE!,GE! 7METF!8COF!GB!4FDCPCEFS!&LFOF!CEF!BMKU!KM!ZVK!GK! [DVBKD:U!HECZLGT!GJCHFO!MY!JFB!CBN!PMJFB!PGKL!HE MKFO`VF!CBN!DFKLCD!PMVBNOSl!!-B!KLF!KGJF!OGBTF! 0CDRFEKQO!CEKGTDF!PCO!ZV[DGOLFNU! KLF!$[CJC!,NJGBGOKECKGMB!LCO! JMNGYGFN!KLF![CBU!HGRGBH!KLF! CVKLMEGK:!KM!NFTGNF!PLFKLFE!KLF!JFNGC!JC:!TMRF E!KLF!LMBME!HVCEN!TFEFJMBGFO!KM!KLF!OVERGRGBH! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! @i !%TLV:DFE!RS!0VEKGOU!\>!.S*S!>>!m.S1S!"j@cnS! @j See generally, !0DC:!0CDRFEKU! The Privacy of Death: An Emergent Concept and Legal Rebuke to Media Exploitation and a Voyeuristic Culture U!>g!+ $1 S !$7! +S,S .&! + ,9! ) */ !m>??c'>??gnS!.CK^D!,ETLGRFO!d!)FTMENO! ,NJGBS!RS!7CRGOLU!c\"!??\n!CK!"g@!mTGKGBH!%TLV:D FE!RS!0VEKGOU!\>!.S*S!>>! m"j@cnS!l-B!CNNGKGMB!KLGO!PFDD' FOKC[DGOLFN!TVDKVECD!KECNGKGMB!CTX BMPDFNHGBH!C!YCJGD:QO!TMBKEMD!MRFE!KLF![M N:!CBN!NFCKL!GJCHFO!MY!KLF!NFTFCOFN!LCO! DMBH![FFB!EFTMHBGaFN!CK!TMJJMB!DCPz!,B!FCED:!NFTGOGMB![: !KLF!.FP!1MEX!0MVEK!MY!,ZZFCDO!GO!K:ZGTCD2!Q-K!GO!KLF! EGHLK!MY!ZEGRCT:!MY!KLF!DGRGBH!PLGTL!GK!GO!OMVHLK!KM!FBYMETF!LFEFS!&LCK!EGHLK!JC:!GB!OMJF!TCOFO![F!GKOFDY!RGMDCKFN![:! GJZEMZFED:!GBKFEYFEGBH!PGKL!KLF!TLCECTKFE !ME!JFJME:!MY!C!NFTFCOFN!EFDCKGRFU![VK! GK!GO!KLF!EGHLK!MY!KLF!DGRGBHU!CBN!BMK! KLCK!MY!KLF!NFCNU!PLGTL!GO!EFTMHBGaFNS!,!ZEGRGDFHF!JC:![F !HGRFB!KLF!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFO!MY!C!NFTFCOFN!ZFEOMB!KM! ZEMKFTK!LGO!JFJME:U![VK!KLF!ZEGRGDFHF!F]GOKO!YME!KLF![FBFYGK!MY!KLF!DGRGBHU!KM!ZEMKFTK!KLFGE!YFFDGBHOU CBN!KM!ZEFRFBK!C! RGMDCKGMB!MY!KLFGE!MPB!EGHLKO!GB!KLF!TL CECTKFE!CBN!JFJME:!MY!KLF!NFTFCOFNSQl! Id S!CK!>cS!

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! \?! YCJGD:!JFJ[FEOS!!0LCZKFE!\!NGOTVOOFO!KLF!ZMDGT:! GB!HEFCKFE!NFKCGD!CBN!VZNCKFO!0CDRFEKQO![EGFY! F]CJGBCKGMB!MY!KLF!ZMDGT:S @@ -B!C!KLGEN!CEKGTDFU!0CDRFEK!FTLMFN!KLF!ZEFNGTKG MBO!MY!%ZDGTLCD!CBN!&FEGDDGU!PLM!LCN!PCEBFN! KLCK!CBN!GBTEFCOF!GB!ZEGRCT:!YFCE O!NVEGBH!KLF!-BKFEBFK!,HF!PMVDN! EFOVDK!GB!JMEF!DGJGKO!MB!KLF! ZV[DGTQO!CTTFOO!KM!HMRFEBJFBK!EFTMENOS!!-B!0CDR FEK^O!>??c!CEKGTDFU!l/GTKMEGFO!YME!#EGRCT:!CBN! +MOOFO!YME!_MVEBCDGOJk!!7GRF!#EGRCT:!0MBKEMRFEO GFO!YEMJ!>??\!CBN!KLFGE!#MDGT:!-JZDGTCKGMBO!YME! KLF!7VKVEF!MY!)FZMEKCHFUl "?? !0CDRFEK!F]CJGBFN!OFRFECD!WVNGTGCD! NFTGOGMBO!KLCK!ZEMKFTKFN!EFDCKGRFOQ! ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOKO![:!EFOKEGTKGBH! ZV[DGT!CTTFOO!KM!HMRFEBJFBK!EFTMENOS!!6F!KLMVHLK!KLF!WVNGTGCD! KFBNFBT:!KM!DGJGK!YEFFNMJ!MY!GBYMEJCKGMB!GB!DGHLK! MY!EGOXO!KM!GBNGRGNVCDOQ! ZEGRCT:!JGEEMEFN!C!OLGYK! GB!BFHCKGRF!ZV[DGT!MZGBGMB!C[MVK!KLF!FKLGTO!MY! WMVEBCDGOKOS!!6F!KLMVHLK!KLF!ZV[DGT!NGOKEVOK!YME! WMVEBCDGOKO!PCO!JCBGYFOKGBH!GB!TMVEK!NFTGOGMBO !KLCK!DGJGKFN!KLF!ZEFOOQ!CTTFOO!KM!OFBOGKGRF! GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!KLF!NFCNS!!7ME!F]CJZDFU!LF !TGKFN!C!>??\!ZMDD!COXGBH!ZCEKGTGZCBKO!KM!ECKF! WMVEBCDGOKOQ!FKLGTCD!OKCBNC ENO!CO!lLGHL!ME!RFE:!LGHLSl!!$BD:! KPFBK:'MBF!ZFETFBK!MY!ZCEKGTGZCBKO! ECBXFN!WMVEBCDGOKO!GB!KLF!VZZFE!FTLFDMBS!!8CBXFEOU! CVKM!JFTLCBGTOU!FDFTKFN!MYYGTGCDO!CBN!BVEOGBH! LMJF!MZFECKMEO!ECBXFN!LGHLFE!KL CB!WMVEBCDGOKO!GB!KLF!ZMDDS "?" !!! &LEMVHLMVK!LGO!CEKGTDFOU!0CDRFEK!LGHLDGHLKFN!OF RFECD!F]CJZDFO!MY!KLF!ZV[DGTQO!CZZFKGKF!YME! OFBOCKGMBCD!NFKCGDO!C[MVK!NFCKLS!!,TTMENGBH!KM!0C OF!9FOKFEB!)FOFERF!??"! Connecticut Law Review !CEKGTDFU!l5ECRF!%FTEFKO2!+FHCD!CBN!*KLGTCD! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! @@ See !NGOTVOOGMB! infra ZS!@gS! "?? !0DC:!0CDRFEKU! Victories For Privacy and Losses For Journalism? Five Privacy Controversies from 2004 and Their Policy Implications for the Future of Reportage U!"I!_S+S!d!#MDQ:!g\@!m>??cnS! "?" !0DC:!0CDRFEKU! Victories For Privacy and Losses For Journalism? Five Privacy Controversies from 2004 and Their Policy Implications for the Future of Reportage U!"I!_S+S!d!#MDQ:!g\@U!g@g!m>??cnU!TGKGBH!4CRGN!9FNNDFU Swagland U!+S,S & -(*%! ( ,5 SU!_CBS!"gU!>??cU!CK!"\S!

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! \"! ,BCD:OGO!MY!#MOKJMEKFJ!0MBYGNFBKGCDGK:Ul "?> !8FEH!BMKFN!KLCK!EFDCKGRFO!JGHLK![F!GBKFEFOKFN!GB! DFCEBGBH!C[MVK!CB!GBLFEGKC[DF!JFNGTCD!TMBNGKGMB!KLCK !TCVOFN!KLFGE!EFDCKGRF!KM!NGFS!!)FOFCETLFEO!CBN! JFNGTCD!ZEMRGNFEO!JC:!EF`VFOK!CVKMZO:!EFTMENO!GB! MENFE!KM!OKVN:!YCTKMEO!T MBKEG[VKGBH!KM!NFCKL!ME! KM!F]CJGBF!GOOVFO!GBRMDRGBH!ZCKGFBK!TCEFS!!%LF!CD OM!OCGN!KLCK!WMVEBCDGOK O!CBN![GMHECZLFEO!JGHLK! EF`VFOK!NFCKL!EFTMENO!GB!CB!FYYMEK!KM!GBYMEJ! KLF!ZV[DGT!C[MVK!KLF!EFCO MBO!TMBKEG[VKGBH!KM!CB! GBNGRGNVCD^O!NFJGOFS!!! 9LCKFRFE!KLF!EFCOMB!YME!PLGTL!C!ZFEOMB!JC:! EF`VFOK!CTTFOO!NFCKL!EFTMENOU!8FEH!BMKFNU! KLFEF!CEF!BM!VBGYMEJ!EFHVDCKGMBO!CJMBH!KLF!c?!??c! !_FOOGTC!8FEHU! Grave Secrets: Legal and Ethical Analysis of Postmortem Confidentiality U!I\!0 $.. S +S ) */ S!j"! m>??"nS!

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PAGE 109

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PAGE 115

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! "g" The Doctrine of Prior Restraint ,!ZEGME!EFOKECGBK!GO!C!HMRFEBJFBK!CTKGMB!KM! EFOKEGTK!KLF!ZV[DGTCKGMB!MY!OZFFTLS!!-B!>?KL! 0FBKVE:!7GEOK!,J FBNJFBK!WVEGOZEVNF BTFU!ZEGME!EFOKECGBK! LCO![FFB!JCBGYFOKFN!GB!KPM!YMEJO2!"n! HMRFEBJFBK!CTKGMBOU!OVTL!CO!CB!GBWVBTKGMBU!KLCK!MTTV E![FYMEF!ZV[DGTCKGMB!CBN!KLCK!GBKFBN!KM!LCDK!GKU! CBN!>n!HMRFEBJFBK!CTKGMBOU!OVTL!CO!C!KC]!ME! TEGJGBCD!ZFBCDK:U!KLCK! MTTVE!OV[OF`VFBK!KM! ZV[DGTCKGMB!CBN!GBKFBN!KM!ZVBGOL! GKS!!8FHGBBGBH!GB!"@I"U!KLF!0MVEK! LCO!TMBOGOKFBKD:!LFDN!KLCK! HMRFEBJFBK!CTKGMBO!KM!EFOKEGTK! ZV[DGTCKGMB!GB!FGKLFE !YMEJ!CEF!ZEFOVJFN!VBTMBOKGKVKGMBCDS \ !!&LF! 0MVEK!LCO!NFFJFN!ZEGME!EFOKECGBKO!lKLF!JMOK!OFEG MVO!CBN!KLF!DFCOK!KMDFEC[DF!GBYEGBHFJFBK!MB!7GEOK! ,JFBNJFBK!EGHLKOSl c !!6MPFRFEU!KLGO!PCO!BMK!CDPC:O!KLF!TCOFS!!! From English Licensing to a Pres umption of Un constitutionality &LF!LGOKME:!MY!KLF!jI!!i!U! >??@nS!

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PAGE 163

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PAGE 164

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! "i\ DGC[DF!VBNFE!KLF!PGEFKCZZGBH!OKCKVK F!FRFB!GY!KLF!ZFEOMB!LCN!BMK![FFB!GBRMDRFN!GB!KLF!MEGHGBCD! GBKFETFZKGMBS!!7VEKLFEJMEFU!KLF!NGOKEGTK!TMVEK!LF DN!KLCK!GJZMOGBH!DGC[GDGK: !MB!KLF!NFYFBNCBKO!PMVDN! BMK!RGMDCKF!KLF!7GEOK!,JFBNJFBKS gI !!$B!CZZFCDU!KLF!n!KLF!CZZDGTC KGMB!MY!KLF!YFNFECD!CBN!OKCKF!OKCK VKF!RGMDCKFN!KLF!7GEOK!,JFBNJFBK! [FTCVOF!KLFGE!CZZDGTCKGMB!PCO!BMK![F!WVOKGYGFNS! !&LF!0MVEK!EFCOMBFN!KLCK!KLF!YCTK!KLCK!KLF! BFHMKGCKGMBO!GB!`VFOKGMB!PFEF!C!JC KKFE!MY!ZV[DGT!TMBTFEB!MVKPFGHLFN! KLF!HMRFEBJFBKQO!GBKFEFOK!GB! JGBGJGaGBH!KLF!LCEJ!KM!ZFEOMBO!PLMOF!TMBRFEOCKGMBO !LCRF![FFB!GDDFHCDD:!GBKFETFZKFNS!!&LF!0MVEK! EFTMHBGaFN!KLF!OKCKF!LCO!lC!OGHBGYG TCBK!GBKFEFOK!GB!ZEMKFTKGBHzKLF!EG HLK!BMK!KM!LCRF!GBKGJCKF!YCTKO! TMBTFEBGBH!MBFQO!DGYF!NGOTDMOFN!PGKLMVK!MBFQO!T MBOFBKSl!!,DOMU!lKLF!ZEMLG[GKGMB!MB!VOGBH!ME! NGOTDMOGBH!KLF!TMBKFBKO!MY!CB!GDDF HCDD:!GBKFETFZKFN!TMJJVBGTCKGMB!OFER FO!KLCK!GBKFEFOK![:!NFKFEEGBH! KLF!ZV[DGTGaGBH!MY!ZEGRCKF!YCTKOSl gg !!6MPFRFEU!KLF!0MVEK!YMVBN!KLCK!KLF!ZEGRCT:!TMBTFEBO!GB!KLGO! TCOF!GB!ZCEKGTVDCE!PFEFU!MB![CDCB TFU!DFOO!OGHBGYGTCBK!KLCB!KLF!GBKFEFOK!GB!ZV[DGOLGBH!JCKKFEO!MY! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! gI !8CEKBGTXG!RS!/MZZFEU!"@@g!>c"i!m(S4S!#CS!"@@gnS! g\ !8CEKBGTXG!RS!/MZZFEU!>??!7SIN!"?@!mIN!0GES!#CS!"@@@nS! gc Id. !CK!">iS! gg Id. !CK!">>S!

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! "ic ZV[DGT!GJZMEKCBTFS!!7VEKLFEJMEFU!KLF!0MVEK!EFCOMB FN!KLCK!KLFEF!PCO!BM![COGO!YME!ZEFOVJGBH!KLCK! OCBTKGMBO!YME!KLF!NGOTDMOVEF!MY!OVTL!TMJJVBG TCKGMBO!PMVDN!NFKFE!C! PMVDN'[F!GBKFETFZKMES gi Prior Restraint as a Preemptive Remedy for a Relational Privacy Dispute &LF!ZEFRGMVO!OFTKGMBO!MY !KLGO!TLCZKFE!MVKDGBFN!KLF!DFHCD!KFOKO!YME!NFKFEJGBGBH!KLF! TMBOKGKVKGMBCDGK:!MY!C!ZEGME!EFOKECGBK![MKL!ZE GME!CBN!OV[OF`VFBK!KM!ZV[DGTCKGMBS!!&LFEF!GO!BM! F]CJZDF!GB!KLF!F]GOKGBH!TCOF!DCP!MY!CB:!TMVEK! VZLMDNGBH!C!ZEGME!EFOKECGBK!MB!KLF!ZV[DGTCKGMB!MY! NFCKL'EFDCKFN!GBYMEJCKGMBS!!&LFEF!GOU!LMPFRFEU!C! OGHBGYGTCBK!F]CJZDF!MY!CB !GBOKCBTF!PLFB!C!TMVEK! EFWFTKFN!OVTL!C!EFJFN:S!! Schuyler v. Curtis U gj !PLGTL!PCO!NFTGNFN!GB!"j@cU!GO!KLF!FCEDGFOK!XBMPB!TCOF!EFTMHBGaGBH! KLCK!OVERGRMEO!LCRF!C!EGHLK!MY!ZE GRCT:!GB!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!KLFGE! NFTFCOFN!EFDCKGRFOS!!6FEFU!KLF! NFYFBNCBKO!OMVHLK!KM!LCRF!C!OKCKVF!FEFTKFN!KM!LMBME !KLF!JFJME:!MY!KLF!ZDCGBKGYYQO!NFTFCOFN!CVBKU!C! ZLGDCBKLEMZGOKS!!&LF!ZDCGBKGYY!TDCGJFN!OVTL!C!OKCKVF !PMVDN!RGMDCKF!LGO!EGHLK!MY!ZEGRCT:S!!&LF!KEGCD! TMVEK!HECBKFN!KLF!ZDCGBKGYY!C!ZFEZFKVCD!GBWVBTKGMB! CHCGBOK!NFYFBNCBK!ZEMLG[GKGBH!LGJ!YEMJ![VGDNGBH! KLF!OKCKVKFS g@! !$B!CZZFCDU!KLF!0MVEK!MY!,ZZFCDO!MY!.FP!1MEX! EFRFEOFNU!YGBNGBH!KLCK!C!OKCKVF!MY!C!NFTFCOFN! ZFEOMB!PCO!BMK!OM!MYYFBOGRF!KLCK !GK!PMVDN!JFFK!KLF!OKCBNCENO! MY![FGBH!LGHLD:!MYYFBOGRF!KM!C! EFCOMBC[DF!ZFEOMBU!C!EF`VGEFN!FDFJFBK!GB!KL F!TCVOF!MY!CTKGMB!YME! GBRCOGMB!MY!ZEGRCT:S i?! !&LF! CZZFDDCKF!TMVEK!LFDN!KLCK!PLCKFRFE !KLF!EGHLKO!MY! KLF!BFZLFP!JC:![FU!KLF:!PF EF!BMK!EGHLKO!KLCK!MBTF! [FDMBHFN!KM!LGO!NFTFCOFN!CVBKS!!(M EFMRFEU!KLF!CZZFDDCKF!TMVEK!LFDN! KLCK!PLCKFRFE!EGHLK!MY!ZEGRCT:! KLF!NFTFCOFN!LCN!NGFN!PGKL!LFES!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! gi Id. !CK!">gS! gj !%TLV:DFE!RS!0VEKGOU!\>!.S*S!>>!m.S1S!"j@cnS! g@ !%TLV:DFE!RS!0VEKGOU!>\!.S1S%S!c?@!m.S1S!%VZS!0KS!"j@Ine! aff'd by !%TLV:DFE!RS!0VEKGOU!>\!.S1S%S!c">!m.S1S!%VZS!0KS! "j@InS i? Id.

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! "ig 6MPFRFEU!KLF!CZZFDDCKF!TMVEK!NG N!BMKF!KLCK!KLF!EGHL K!MY!ZEGRCT:!MY!KLF!DGRGBH!TMVDN!LCRF! [FFB!RGMDCKFN![:!GJZEMZFED:!GBKFEY FEGBH!PGKL!KLF!TLCECTKFE!ME!JFJM E:!MY!C!NFTFCOFN!EFDCKGRFU![VK! KLFEF!JVOK!LCRF![FFB!OMJF!EFCOMBC[DF!CBN!ZDCV OG[DF!HEMVBN!YME!KLF!F]GOKF BTF!MY!JFBKCD!NGOKEFOO! CBN!GBWVE:S!!,DOMU!KLF!CZZFDDCKF!TMVEK!OCGN!KLCK!KLCK !ZDCGBKGYY!JVOK!OLMP!KLCK !OMJF!EGHLK!MY!LGO!MPB! PCO!RGMDCKFN![:!KLF!NFYFBNCBKQO!CTKGMBOU!CBN!KLCK! KLF:!PMVDN!LCRF!TCVOFN!KL F!NFTFNFBK!ZCGB!GY!OLF! PFEF!DGRGBHS!!&LVOU!KLF!CZZFDDCKF!TMVEK!TMBTDVNF N!KLCK!GK!PCO!BMK!BFTFOOCE:!YME!NFYFBNCBKO!KM! ZEMTVEF!KLF!TMBOFBK!MY!KLF!NFTFNFBKQO!OV ERGRGBH!EFDCKGRF!KM![VGDN!KLF!OKCKVFS i"! !&LVOU!KLF!CZZFDDCKF! TMVEK!EFRFEOFN!KLF!GBWVBTKGMB!CBN!LFDN!GB!YCRME!MY !KLF!NFYFBNCBK!PLM!PGOLFN!KM!FEFTK!C!OKCKVF!GB! LMBME!MY!KLF!NFTFNFBKS!!! Schuyler !GO!OGHBGYGTCBK![FTCVOF!GK!EFZEFOFBKO!KL F!FCEDGFOK!XBMPB!DFHCD!COOFOOJFBK!MY!KLF! ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBTFZK!CBN![FTCVOF !GK!GO!CB!F]CJZDF!MY!CB!GBWVE:!GB!C!ZMOK' JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBKF]KS!!6MPFRFEU!GK! PCO!NFTGNFN!DMBH![FYMEF!CB:!MY!KLF!ZEFTFNFBKGCD! ! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! i" Id. i> See supra !ZS!"\U!NGOTVOOGMB!GB!KLF!KF]K!MY!KLF!YGRF!FDFJFBKO!MY!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKFS!

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! "ii Application of Near v. Minnesota to the Relational Privacy Elements -B!.FCE!RS!(GBBFOMKCU!KLF!%VZEFJF!0MVEK!LFDN! KLCK!BFPOZCZFEO!J C:!BMK![F!TFBOMEFN![FYMEF! ZV[DGOLGBH!F]TFZK!VBNFE!F]KEFJF!OGKVC KGMBO!OVTL!CO!"n!LCEJ!KM!BCKG MBCD!OFTVEGK:U!>n!GBTGKFJFBK!MY! RGMDFBTFU!ME!In!ZV[DGTCKGMB!MY! M[OTFBF!JCKFEGCDS!!&LF!YMDDMPGBH! OFTKGMB!COOFOOFO!PLFKLFE!C!TDCGJ! [:!C!EFDCKGRF!GB!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGR CT:!NGOZVKF!TMVDN!PGKLOKCBN!KLF!TMBOKGKVKGMBCD! OTEVKGB:!EF`VGEFN!YME!C!ZEGME!EFOKECGBKS!!! &LF!YGEOK!FDFJFBK!MY!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKG MBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF!GO!TMJZEGOFN!MY!KPM! TMJZFKGBH!GBKFEFOKO2!"n!C!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFQO!ZE GRCT:!GBKFEFOK!GB!NFCKL'EFDCKFN!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK! LGO!ME!LFE!NFTFCOFN!EFDCKG RF!CBN!>n!KLF!ZV[DGTQO!GBKFEFOK!GB!CTTFOOGBH!HMRFEBJFBK!EFTMENOS!!-K!GO! TMBTFGRC[DF!KLCK!CB:!MBF!MY!KLF!KLEFF!CEFCO!GB!PL GTL!KLF!.FCE!0MVEK!OCGN! C!ZEGME!EFOKECGBK!JC:![F! VZLFDN!'!BCKGMBCD!OFTVEGK:U!GBTGKFJFBK!MY!RGMDFBTF!ME!M[OTFBGK:! '!TMVDN!GBRMDRF!NFCKL'EFDCKFN! GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!C!NFTFNFBKS!! &LF!OFTMBN!FDFJFBK!MY!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZE GRCT:!NGOZVKF!GO!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!CK!GOOVFS!! ,!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF!TMVD N!GBRMDRF!HMRFEBJFBK!NMTVJFBKO!KLCK!EFRFCD! OFBOGKGRF!BCKGMBCD!OFTVEGK:!GBYMEJCKGMBS!!&LF!GBYMEJ CKGMB!TMVDN!TMBKCGB!NECJCKGT!RGOVCD!GJCHFO!ME! DCBHVCHF!KLCK!JGHLK![F!TCZC[DF!MY!GBTGKGBH!CB!CVNGFBTF!KM!RGMDFBTFS iI !!&LF!GBYMEJCKGMB!JGHLK![F! MY!CB!M[OTFBF!BCKVEFU!ZGTKVEGBH!C!NFCKL!OTFBF!G BRMDRGBH!BVNGK:!GB!CB!M[O TFBF!OF]VCD!TMBKF]KS!!! &LF!KLGEN!YCTKME!MY!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBC D!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF!GO! KLF!DCP!HMRFEBGBH!KLF! TVOKMNGCD!CHFBT:S!!-B!KLF!ZEF'ZV[DGTCKGMB!ZLCOFU! KLF!7GEOK!,JFBNJFBK!MY!KLF!
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! "ij &LF!YMVEKL!FDFJFBK!GB!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD! ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF!GO!KLF!TMBKF]K!GB!PLGTL!KLF! NGOZVKF!MTTVEOS!!,!EFDCKGRF!JC:!O FFX!CB!GBWVBTKGMB!YEMJ!C!TMVEK!KM !ZEFRFBK!ZV[DGTCKGMB!GB!KLF!ZEF' ZV[DGTCKGMB!ZLCOF!MY!KLF!EF DCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBKGBVVJS!!6MPFRFEU!GY!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!GO!CDEFCN:! CRCGDC[DF!GB!MKLFE!ZV[DGTCKGMBOU! OVTL!CO!PCO!CEHVFN!'!CD[FGK!VB OVTTFOOYVDD:!'![:!KLF!NFYFBNCBK! JCHCa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pplication of Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart to a Re lational Privacy Dispute 9LFB!KLF!.F[ECOXC!0MVEK!F]CJGBFN!KLF!TMBOKGKV KGMBCDGK:!MY!C!ZEGME!EFOKECGBK!GOOVFN!KM! ZEMKFTK!KLF!%G]KL!,JFBNJFBK!EGHLKO!MY!C!TEGJGBCD! NFYFBNCBKU!GK!CZZDGFN!C!YMEJ!MY!KLF!lTDFCE!CBN! ZEFOFBK!NCBHFEl!KFOKS!!&LF!0MVEK!COXFN!PLFKLFE! lKLF!HECRGK:!MY!KLF!QFRGDUQ!NGOTMVBKFN![:!GKO! GJZEM[C[GDGK:U!WVOKGYGFO!OVTL!GBRCOGMB!MY!YEFF! OZFFTL!CO!GO!BFTFOOCE:!KM!CRMGN!KLF!NCBHFESl i\ !! ,O!OKCKFN!FCEDGFEU!KLFEF!CEF!BM!F]CJZDFO!GB!KL F!DCP!PLFEF!CB:!TMVEK!FB WMGBFN!ZV[DGTCKGMB!MY! NFCKL'EFDCKFN!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!C!ZFEOMB![FTCVOF!GK! ZMOFN!CB!GJJGBFBK!KLEFCK!KM!KLF!ZEGRCT:!MY!C! OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFS!!6MPFRFEU!GK!GO!TMBTFGRC[DF! KLCK!C!EFDCKGRF!MY!C!LMJGTGNF!RGTKGJ!TMVDN!OFF!KLF! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! i\ See supra ZS"ggS!

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! "i@ EFDFCOF!MY!NFCKL'EFDCKFN!GBYMEJCKG MB!C[MVK!LGO!ME!LFE!NFTFCOFN!EFDCKGR F!GB!MENFE!KM!TCDD!CKKFBKGMB!KM! KLF!TEGJGBCD!TCOF!CHCGBOK!C!OVOZFTK!ME!HMRFEBJF BK!TMBNVTKS!!-B!OVTL!C!OGKVCKGMBU!KLF!%G]KL! ,JFBNJFBK!EGHLKO!MY!C!TEGJGBCD!NFYFBNCBK!TMVDN! [F!WFMZCENGaFN![:!OVTL!C!NGOTDMOVEF!CBN!KLF! .F[ECOXC!KFOK!PMVDN!CZZD:S!!6MPFRFEU!KLGO!GO!BM K!K:ZGTCDD:!KLF!ZFEOZFTKGR F!MY!EFDCKGRFO!GB!C!ZMOK' JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKFS !!-B!OVTL!CB!GBOKCBTFU!KLF! Nebraska KFOK!TCB![F!F]CJGBFN!GB! KLEFF!ZCEKOS!! !7GEOKU!KLF!lHECRGK:!MY!KLF!FR GDl!TMVDN![F!F`VCKFN!KM!KLF!J FCBO![:!PLGTL!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!PCO! M[KCGBFN!OVTL!CO!CB!GDDFHCD!PGEF !GBKFETFZKGMB!ME!OKFCDGBH!KLF!ZV[ DGT!EFTMENS!!(MEF!DGXFD:U!KLF! lHECRGK:!MY!KLF!FRGDl!TMVDN!T MBTFEB!KLF!GBWVE:!KLCK!PMVDN!EF OVDK!GY!KLF!ZV[DGTCKGMB!PFEF!BMK! FBWMGBFN!OVTL!CO!CB!GBRCOGMB!MY!ZEGRCT:!ME!GBYD GTKGMB!MY!FJMKGMBCD!NGOKEFOOS!!&LF!OFTMBN!FDFJFBK! GO!KLF!lGJZEM[C[GDGK:Ql!MY!KLF!FR GD!MTTVEEGBHS!!-B!KLF!TCOF! MY!C!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:! NGOZVKFU!C!EFDCKGRF! PMVDN!LCRF!KM!"n!OLMP!KLCK!KLF!GBRCOGMB!GO!GJ JGBFBK!CBN!DGXFD:!KM!MTTVE!CBN!>n!BFHCKF!CB:! CEHVJFBK!KLCK!GK!GO!GJZEM[C[DFS!!&LGENU!C!TMVEK! PMVDN!LCRF!KM!NFKFEJGBF!GY!KLF!lFRGDzWVOKGYGFO! OVTL!GBRCOGMB!MY!YEFF!OZFFTL!CO!GO!BFTFOOCE:!KM!CR MGN!KLF!NCBHFESl!!-B!C!EF DCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKFU! KLGO!PMVDN![CDCBTF!KLF!LCEJ!KLCK!PMVDN![F!TCV OFN![:!KLF!GBRCOGMB!MY!ZE GRCT:!KM!KLF!EFDCKGRF! CHCGBOK!KLF!LCEJ!KLCK!PMVDN![F!TCVOFN![:!KLF!ZEGME!EFOKECGBK!KM!KLF!ZMKFBKGCD!ZV[DGOLFE!MY!KLF! GBYMEJCKGMB!CBN!KLMOF!PLM!PMVDN!BM!DMBHFE![F!C[DF !KM!EFTFGRF!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMBS!!-B!.F[ECOXCU! PLGTL!NFCDK!PGKL!KLF!TMBOKGKVKGMBCD!EGHLKO!MY!C!TEGJ GBCD!NFYFBNCBK!KM!C!YCGE!KEGCDU!0LGFY!_VOKGTF! 9CEEFB!8VEHFE!FJZLCOGaFN!KLF!LCEJ!KLCK!C!ZEGME!EF OKECGBK!TCB!TCVOF2!l-Y!GK!TCB![F!OCGN!KLCK!C! KLEFCK!MY!TEGJGBCD!ME!TGRGD!OCBTKGMBO!CYKFE!ZV[DG TCKGMB!QTLGDDOQ!OZFFTLU!ZEGME!EFOKECGBK!QYEFFaFOQ!GK!CK! DFCOK!YME!KLF!KGJFSl ic! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ic !.F[ECOXC!#EFOO!,OOQBS!RS!%KVCEKU!\>i!
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! "j? Application of United St ates v. Progressive, Inc. to a Relational Privacy Dispute -B!j!m"@i"nS!

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! >"\ &LF!NGOOFEKCKGMBQO!YGBNGBHO!PFEF!TVDDFN!ZEFNMJGBCBKD:!YEMJ!OKCKVKME:!EFHVDCKGMB!MY!ZV[DGT! CTTFOO!KM!HMRFEBJFBK'LFDNU!NFCKL!EFDCKFN!EFTMENOS!! ,K!KLF!YFNFECD!DFRFDU!KLFEF!CEF!OMJF!HFBFECD! OKCKVKFO!EFDCKFN!KM!ZEGRCT:U!GB TDVNGBH!KLF!7$-,QO!*]FJZKGMBO! g!CBN!iS!!&LF!JCWMEGK:!MY!KLF! YGBNGBHO!CK!KLGO!DFRFD!EFOVDKFN!YEMJ!F]CJGBGBH! C!OFDFTK!BVJ[FE!MY!ZEFTFNFBKGCD!TCOFO!GB!PLGTL! YFNFECD!TMVEKO!GBKFEZEFKFN!KLF!CZZDGTCKGMB!MY!ZE GRCT:!F]FJZKGMBO!KM!KLF!BMB'NGOTDMOVEF!MY!ZV[DGT! EFTMENOS!!,!TCOF!OKVN:!MY!KLF!4FZCEKJFBK!MY! 4FYFBOFQO!4MRFE!#MDGT:!ZEMRGNFN!CB!F]CJZDF!MY!C! TVEEFBK!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVK F!CBN!C!KEFBN!GB!F]FTVKGRF!ZMDGT :!KM!OVZZMEK!EF DCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:! EGHLKO!GB!KLF!ZMOK' JMEKFJ!TMBKF]KS! ,K!KLF!OKCKF!DFRFDU!KLF!c?'OKCKF!OKVN:!MY!CTTFOO' KM'CVKMZO:'EFTMEN!OKCKVK FO!NFJMBOKECKFN!LMP! OMJF!DFHGODCKVEFO!LCRF!TMNGYGFN!KLF!TMBTFZK!MY !ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:S!!7ME!F]CJZDFU! OMJF!OKCKVKFO!ZEMLG[GK!NGOTDMOVEF!MY!CVKMZO:!E FTMENO!CDD!KMHFKLFE!MB!KL F!HEMVBNO!MY!EFDCKGMBCD! ZEGRCT:S!!&LF!4GOKEGTK!MY!0MDVJ[ GC!CBN!YMVE!OKCKFO!LCRF!FBCTKF N!F]ZDGTGK!ZEMRGOGMBO!KLCK!ZEMLG[GK! NGOTDMOVEF!GY!GK!PMVDN!TMBOKGKVKF!CB!GBRCOGMB!MY!ZEGRCT:S j !!$KLFE!OKCKVKFO!EF`VGEF!C![CDCBTGBH!MY!KLF! ZV[DGT!GBKFEFOK!GB!NGOTDMOVEF!PGKL!MKLFE!TMBTFEBO U!GBTDVNGBH!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGR CT:U!KLF!GBKFHEGK:!MY!MB' HMGBH!GBRFOKGHCKGMBOS @ !!,K!KLF!OKCKF!DFRFDU!KLFEF!PFEF!CDOM!C!DGJGKFN!BVJ[FE!MY!TCOFO!GB!KLF!ZEF' NGOTDMOVEF!TMBKF]K!KLCK!DGJGKFN! ZV[DGT!CTTFOO!KM!CVKMZO:!EFTMENO![FTCVOF!MY!KLF!KLEFCK!NGOTDMOVEF! ZMOFN!KM!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFOQ!ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOKOS!-B !KLF!ZMOK'ZV[DGTCKGMB!TMBKF] KU!KLF!TMVEKO!GB!YGRF! OKCKFO!LCRF!CNNEFOOFN!TDCGJO![:!EFDCKGRFO!CHCG BOK!KLF!ZV[DGOLFEO!MY!NFCKL'EFDCKFN!GBYMEJCKGMB! C[MVK!KLFGE!NFTFCOFN!EFDCKGRFOS!!7MVE!MY!KLMOF! YGRF!OKCKFO!CDDMPFN!YME!EFTMRFE:!VBNFE!RCEGMVO! TMJJMB!DCP!ZEGRCT:!CBN!FJMKGMBCD!NGOKEFOO!KMEKO! &LF!YMDDMPGBH!OFTKGMBO!NGOTVOO!KLFOF!YGBNGBHO! GB!JMEF!NFKCGD!CBN!ZVK!KLF!YGBNGBHO! GBKM!TMBKF]K!KM!CBOPFE!KM!KLF! NGOOFEKCKGMBQO!EFOFCETL!`VFOKGMBOS! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! j !4GOKEGTK!MY!0MDVJ[GCU!5FMEHGCU!DDGBMGOU!(CE:DCBNU!CBN!9FOK!/GEHGBGCS! @ See supra ZS!"I"'I>S!

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! >"c Summary of the Chapters and Answers to the Research Questions Question 1: What are the factors comprising a post-mor tem relational privacy dispute? 8COFN!MB!C!TMJZEFLFBOGRF!OVERF:!MY!n!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!GKOFDYU!In!KLF!DCP! HMRFEBGBH!KLF!CHFBT:!KLCK!LCO!TVOKMN:!MY!KLF!GB YMEJCKGMBU!\n!KLF!NFHEFF!MY!CTTFOO!KLCK!KLF!ZV[DGT! LCO!KM!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMBU!CBN!cn!KLF!ZEFFJZKGRF!ME! EFOKMECKGRF!EFJFNGFO!CRCGDC[DF!KM!KLF!NFTFNFBKQO! OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFO!PLM!TDCGJ!C!ZEGRCT:!GBKFEFOK! GB!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!KLFGE!NFCN!EFDCKGRFS!! Factor One: Competing Interests ,!RCEGFK:!MY!ZCEKGFO!TCB!KCXF !CB!GBKFEFOK!GB!PLFKLFE! HMRFEBJF BK'LFDNU!NFCKL'EFDCKFN! GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!C!NFTFNFBK!GO!NGOTDMOFN!KM!KLF! ZV[DGTS!!,!EFDCKGRF!MY!KLF!NFTFCOFN!JC:!PCBK!KLF! GBRFOKGHCKME:!EFTMEN!MY!C!EFDCKGRFQO!JVENFE!OFCD FNS!!&LF!HMRFEBJFBK!CHFBT:!PGKL!TVOKMN:!MY!KLF! EFTMEN!JC:!PCBK!KM!DGJGK!NGOTDMOVEF!VBKGD!CB!GBRFO KGHCKGMB!GBRMDRGBH!KLF!NFCKL!CK!GOOVF!GO!EFOMDRFN! GB!MENFE!KM!BMK!TMJZEMJGOF!GBRF OKGHCKME:!ZECTKGTFOS!!!,!WMVEBC DGOK!JGHLK!PCBK!KM!EFZMEK!MB!KLF! TGETVJOKCBTFO!OVEEMVBNGBH!C!OVOZGTGMVO!NFCKLS!! ,!OTGFBKGOK!ME!NMTKME!JC:!PCBK!KM!TMBNVTK! EFOFCETL!MB!C!TMJJVBGTC[DF!NGOFCOFS!!,!9F[!O GKF!MZFECKME!JGHLK!PCBK!KM!ZMOK!KLF!OCDCTGMVO! ZLMKMO!MY!CB!CVKMZO:!MB!KLF!-BKFEBFK S!!&LF!GBKFEFOKO!MY!KLFOF!RCEGMVO !ZCEKGFO!TCBBMK!CDD![F!OCKGOYGFN! TMJZDFKFD:S!!9LFB!KLFEF!GO!C!TMBYDGTK!CO!KM !KLF!NFHEFF!MY!CTTFOO!KLCK !KLF!ZV[DGT!LCO!KM!C! HMRFEBJFBK'LFDNU!NFCKL'EFDCKFN!EFTMENU!KLF!EFOVDK!GO !C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMB CD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKFS!! &LFEF!CEF!KLEFF!GJZMEKCBK!TDCEGYGTCKGMBO!KLCK !CEF!TEGKGTCD!KM!VBNFEOKCBNGBH!KLF!TMJZFKGBH! GBKFEFOKO!GBRMDRFN!GB!KLGO!TMBKF]KS!!7GEOKU!ZMOK' JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:! ZFEKCGBO!KM!KLF!ZEGRCT:!

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! >"g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e!TMJZEMJGOFO!CEF!OMJFKGJFO!ZMOOG[DF!KM! JFFK!KLF!ZEGJCE:!TMBTFEBO!MY!FCTL!ZCEK:S!!! Factor Two: Information at Issue &LF!OFTMBN!YCTKME!TMJZ EGOGBH!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDC KGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF! GO!KLF!TLCECTKFE!MY! KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!CK!GOOVFS!!-B!PLCK!K:ZF!MY!E FTMEN!CBN!GB!PLCK!JFNGVJ!GO!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!GO! TMBKCGBFNk!!!7ME!F]CJZDFU!KLF!EFTMEN!JC:![F! C!TEGJGBCD!GBRFOKGHCKME:!YGDF!TMBKCGBGBH!CVNGM! KECBOTEGZKO!CBN!ZLMKMHECZLOU!ME!GK!TM VDN![F!CB!CVKMZO:!EFZMEKU!ME!@""! KCZFO!KLCK!TCZKVEFN!C!NFCKLS!!!! &LF!K:ZFO!MY!EFTMENO!CK!GOOVF!GB! Challenger mCVKMZO:!KCZFOnU! Rolling mNFCKL'OTFBF!ZLMKMOnU! Versace mGBRFOKGHCKME:!YGDFO!CBN!ZLMKMOnU!CBN! Earnhardt mCVKMZO:!ZLMKMOn!EFZE FOFBK!OMJF!MY!KLF! K:ZFO!CBN!JFNGVJO!MY!NFCKL'EFDC KFN!EFTMENO!KLCK!JC:![F!CK!G OOVF!GB!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD! ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKFS! Factor Three: The Law Governin g Access to the Information &LF!KLGEN!Y CTKME!GB!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD! ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF!GO!KL F!DCP!HMRFEBGBH!PLM!LCO! CTTFOO!KM!KLF!NFCKL'EFDCKFN!EFTMENOU!PLGTL!NFZF BNO!MB!KLF!WVEGONGTKGMB!GB!PLGTL!KLF!TVOKMNGCD! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! "? !)FOKCKFJFBK!m%FTMBNn!MY!&MEKO!v!gc>8'* m"@iinS! "" !0LCZKFE!>!ZEMRGNFO!JMEF!NFKCGD!C[MV K!KLF!,JFEGTCB!ZMDGKGTCD!KL FMEGFO!KLCK!OVZZMEK!ZV[DGT!CTTFOO!KM!HMRFEBJFBK! GBYMEJCKGMBS! See supra ZS!i>S! "> Id. See also !#FDD!RS!#EMTVBGFEU!\"i!
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! >"i CHFBT:!MZFECKFOS!!7ME!F]CJZDFU!PLFEF!KLF!EFTMENO TVOKMNGCB!GO!C!YFNFECD!CHFBT:!OVTL!CO!KLF! .CKGMBCD!#CEX!%FERGTF!ME!.,%,U!KLF!CZZDGTC[DF!DC P!GO!KLF!7EFFNMJ!MY!-BYMEJCKGMB!,TKS!!9LFEF! KLF!TVOKMNGCB!GO!C!TMVBK:!JFNGTCD!F]CJGBFEU!YME!F]CJZDFU!KLF!ZV[DGT!EFTMENO!DCP!MY!KLF!OKCKF!GB! PLGTL!KLF!CVKMZO:!GO!TMBNVTKFN!TMBKEMDO! PLM!LCO!CTTFOO!KM!KLF!EFTMEN!CK!GOOVFS!! Factor Four: Degree of Public Access to the Information at Issue &LF!YMVEKL!YCTKME!GB!C!ZMOK'J MEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD! ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF!GO!KLF!NFHEFF!MY!CTTFOO!KLCK! KLF!ZV[DGT!LCO!KM!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!CK!GOOVFS!!&L F!NFHEFF!MY!CTTFOO!TCB![F!TMBTFZKVCDGaFN!CO!C! TMBKGBVVJ!MB!PLGTL!C!EFTMEN!JMRFO!TLEMBMDMHGTC DD:!KLEMVHL!KGJFU![FHGBBGBH! PGKL!KLF!NFCKL!MY!C! ZFEOMB!CBN!KLF!TEFCKGMB!MY!C!NFCKL' EFDCKFN!EFTMEN!C[MVK!LGJ!ME!LFES !!&LGO!TMBKGBVVJ!MY!KGJF!GO! TCDDFNU!YME!KLF!ZVEZMOFO!MY !KLGO!NGOOFEKCKGMBU!KLF! post-mortem relational privacy continuum S!!&LF! TMBKGBVVJ!FBTMJZCOOFO!"n!KLF!ZEMTFOO!GB!PLGT L!NFCKL'EFDCKFN!GBYMEJCKGMB!GO!TMDDFTKFN!CBN! NGOOFJGBCKFNU!>n!KLF!ZLCOFO!GB!PLGTL!C!NGOZVKF![F KPFFB!TMJZFKGBH!GBKFEFOKO!JC:!MTTVEU!CBN!In! KLF!NGYYFEFBK!EFJFNGFO!CRCGDC[DF!KM!KLMO F!ZCEKGFO!GB!FCTL!MY!KLMOF!ZLCOFOS!!! Pre-request Phase 2!&LF!YGEOK!ZLCOF!GB!KLF!ZMOK'JMEKFJ !EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBKGBVVJ!GO! TCDDFN! Pre-request !'!KLF!ZMGBK!GB!KGJF!PLFB!FGKLFE!C! HMRFEBJFBK!CHFBT:!ME!C!ZEGRCKF!ZFEOMB! HFBFECKFO!ME!TMJFO!GBKM!TMBKEMD!MY!GBYMEJCKG MB!C[MVK!C!NFCN!ZFEOMBS!!-Y!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!GO! HMRFEBJFBK'HFBFECKFNU!GK!GO!TMBKCGBFN!GB!C!HMRFEBJF BK!EFTMEN!KLCK!LCO!BMK!:FK![FFB!EF`VFOKFN![:! C!JFJ[FE!MY!KLF!ZV[DGTS!!-Y!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!GO! ZEGRCKFD:!LFDNU!KLF!ZFEOMB!PGKL!TMBKEMD!MY!KLF! GBYMEJCKGMB!LCO!BMK!:FK!JCNF!GK!ZV[DGTS!!&LF!ZEF' EF`VFOK!ZLCOF!DCOKO!VBKGD! C!JFJ[FE!MY!KLF!ZV[DGT! EF`VFOKO!KLF!EFTMEN!YEMJ!KLF!TVOKMNGCD!HMRFEBJFBK! CHFBT:!ME!YEMJ!KLF!ZEGRCKF!ZFEOMB!PGKL!TMBKEMD! MY!GKS!! Pre-disclosure Phase 2!&LF!OFTMBN!ZLCOF!MY!KLF!ZMOK'JMEK FJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBKGBVVJ! GO!TCDDFN! Pre-disclosure !'!KLF!ZMGBK!GB!KGJF!PLFB!C!JFJ[FE !MY!KLF!ZV[DGT!LCO!EF`VFOKFN!KLF! HMRFEBJFBK!EFTMENU![VK!KLF!TVOKMNGCD!CHFBT:!LCO! BMK!:FK!NGOTDMOFN!GKS!!&LF!OCJF!GO!KEVF!YME!

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! >"j ZEGRCKFD:!LFDN!GBYMEJCKGMB!'!KLF!ZFEOMB!GB!TMBKEM D!MY!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!LCO!BMK!:FK!JCNF!GK!ZV[DGTS!! &LF!OFTMBN!ZLCOF!MY!KLF!TMBKGBVVJ![FHGBO!PLFB! C!JFJ[FE!MY!KLF!ZV[DGT!JCXFO!C!ZV[DGT!EFTMEN! EF`VFOK!CBN!TMBKGBVFO!CO!DMBH!CO !KLF!EF`VFOK!GO!ZFBNGBH!TMJZDFKG MBS!%KCKF!CBN!YFNFECD!TGRGD!CBN! TEGJGBCD!OKCKVKFO!KLCK!ZEMLG[GK!ME!EF`VGEF!NGOTDMOVEF !MY!TFEKCGB!EFTMENO!HMRFEB!KLGO!ZLCOFS!!,K!KLGO! ZMGBK!GB!KGJFU!C!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRF!JC:!NFZFBN!MB!C! OKCKF!ME!YFNFECD!OKCKVK F!KLCK!EFHVDCKFO!ZV[DGT! CTTFOO!KM!KLF!NFCKL'EFDCKFN!EFTMENS! !-Y!KLF!F]GOKGBH!OKCKVKF!NMFO!BMK! ZEFRFBK!NGOTDMOVEFU!ME!NMFO!BMK! F]GOK!CK!CDDU!C!EFDCKGRF!JC:!OFFX!CBMKLFE!YM EJ!MY!ZEFFJZKGRF!EFJFN:!'!C!TMVEK!GBWVBTKGMB! ZEMLG[GKGBH!NGOTDMOVEF!MY!KLF!EFTME NS!!-Y!DCP!ME!TMVEK!MENFE!EF`VGEFO !NGOTDMOVEF!MY!KLF!EFTMENU!KLFB! KLGO!ZLCOF!FBNOU!CBN!KLF!NGOZVKF!FBKFEO !KLF!KLGEN!ZLCOF!MY!KLF!TMBKGBVVJS!!! Pre-publication Phase 2!&LF!KLGEN!ZLCOF!GO!TCDDFN! Pre-publication S!!-K![FHGBO!MBTF!C! HMRFEBJFBK!CHFBT:!ME!ZEGRCKF!TGKGaFB!LCO!NGOTDMOF N!C!EFTMEN!KM!C!EF`VFOKGBH!ZCEK:S!!&LGO!ZLCOF! FBNO!MBTF!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!TMBKCGBFN! GB!KLF!EFTMEN!GO!ZV[DGOLFNS!!-B! KLGO!ZLCOFU!KLF!EFTMEN!LCO!BMK! :FK![FFB!wJCNF!ZV[DGTx!CBN!GO!OKGD D!PGKLGB!KLF!TMBKEMD!MY!KLF!ZC EK:!KM!PLMJ!GK!PCO!NGOTDMOFNS!! %GJGDCED:U!GY!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!GO!ZEGRCKFD:!LFDNU!KL F!ZFEOMB!GB!TMBKEMD!MY!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!CDOM!LCO! BMK!ZV[DGOLFN!GK!PGNFD:S "I !!4VEGBH!KLF!ZEF'ZV[DGTCKGMB!ZLCOFU!C! EFDCKGRF!MY!KLF!NFTFCOFN!JC:!OFFX! CB!GBWVBTKGMB!MB!GKO!ZV[DGTCKGMBU!LMPFRFE!OVTL !C!EFJFN:!GO!LGHLD:!VBDGXFD:![FTCVOF!GK!GO! ZEFOVJZKGRFD:!VBTMBOKGKVKGMBCDS!!$BTF!KLF!ZV[DGTCKG MB!MTTVEOU!KLF!NGOZVKF!JMRFO!GBKM!KLF!YMVEKL! CBN!YGBCD!ZLCOF!MY!KLF!TMBKGBVVJS!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! "I !)FOKCKFJFBK!m%FTMBNn!MY!&MEKO v!cii!m"@iinS l#V[DGOLFN!PGNFD:Ul!CO!GK!GO!VOFN!GB!KLGO!NGOOFEKCKGMBU!NGYYFEO!YEMJ!KLF! XGBN!MY!lZV[DGTCKGMBl!KLCK!GO!VOFN!GB!TMBBFTKGMB!PGKL!DGC[GDGK:!YME!NFYCJCKGMBS!)FOKCKFJFBK!m%FTMBNn!MY!&MEKO v!gc>4U! TJKS!CS!m"@iinS l#V[DGTCKGMBUl!GB!KLCK!OFBOFU!GO!C!KFEJ!MY!CEKU!PL GTL!GBTDVNFO!CB:!TMJJVBGTCKGMB![:!KLF!NFYFBNCBK!KM!C! KLGEN!ZFEOMBS!!-B!TMBKECOKU!PLFB!C!EFTMEN!GO!lJCNF!ZV[DGTUl!CO !KLF!KFEJ!GO!VOFN!LFEFU!GK!GO!CXGB!KM!lZV[DGTGK:Ul!CO!GK!GO! VOFN!GB!KLF!KMEK!MY!ZV[DGT!NGOTDMOVEF!MY!ZEGRCKF!YCTKOS!!,O!GB!KLCK!KMEKU!GK!JFCBO!lKLCK!KLF!JCKKFE!GO!JCNF!ZV[DGTU![:! TMJJVBGTCKGBH!GK!KM!KLF!ZV[DGT!CK!DCEHFU!ME!KM!OM!JCB:!ZFEOMBO!KLCK!KLF!JCKKFE!JVOK![F!EFHCENFN!CO!OV[OKCBKGCDD:! TFEKCGB!KM![FTMJF!MBF!MY!ZV[DGT!XBMPDFNHFS!&LF!NGYYFEFBTF!GO!BMK!MBF!MY!KLF!JFCBO!MY!TMJJVBGTCKGMBU!PLGTL!JC:![F! MECDU!PEGKKFB!ME![:!CB:!MKLFE!JFCBOS!-K! GO!MBF!MY!C!TMJJVBGTCKGMB!KLCK!EFCTLFOU !ME!GO!OVEF!KM!EFCTLU!KLF!ZV[DGTSl!

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! >"@ Post-publication Phase 2!-B!KLF!YMVEKL!ZLCOFU! post-publication U!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!CK!GOOVF!LCO! [FFB!ZV[DGOLFN!PGNFD:S!!&LF!ZMOK'ZV[DGTCKG MB!ZLCOF![FHGBO!CYKFE!OMJFMBF!ZV[DGOLFO!KLF! GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!C!NFTFCOFN!ZFEOMBS!!,YKFE!ZV[DGTCKGMB!MTTVEOU!C!OVER GRGBH!EFDCKGR F!MY!KLF! NFTFCOFN!JC:!OFFX!C!EFOKMECKGRF!EFJFN:!YME!KLF! GBWVE:!TCVOFN![:!KLF!ZV[DGTCKGMB!VBNFE!C!RCEGFK:! MY!TCVOFO!MY!CTKGMBU!GBTDVNGBH!KLF!YMVE! ZEGRCT:!KMEKO!CBN!KLF!KMEKO!MY!MVKECHFS! &LF!YMDDMPGBH!OFTKGMB!EFKVEBO!KM!KLF!YCTKMEO!KL CK!TMJZEGOF!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:! NGOZVKFS!!&LF!YMVE!YCTKMEO!EFRGFPFN!OM!YCEU! [FYMEF!NGOTVOOGBH!KLF!ZLCOFO!MY!C!KLF!ZMOK'JMEKFJ! EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKFU!CEF!"n !KLF!TMJZFKGBH!GBKFEFOKO!PLM!OFFX!TMBKEMD!MY!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMBU!>n! KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!GKOFDYU!In!KLF!DCP!HMRFEBGBH!KLF! CHFBT:!KLCK!LCO!TVOKMN:!MY!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMBU!CBN! \n!KLF!NFHEFF!MY!CTTFOO!KLCK!KLF!ZV[DGT!LCO!KM!KLF! GBYMEJCKGMBS!!&LF!YGYKL!CBN!YGBCD!YCTKME!NFOTEG[FO! KLF!K:ZFO!MY!EFJFNGFO!KLCK!JC:![F!CRCGDC[DF!KM! OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFO!NVEGBH! FCTL!MY!KLF!YMVE!ZLCOFO! GB!KLF!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDC KGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBKGBVVJS! Factor Five: Remedies Availa ble to Surviving Relatives &LF!YGYKL!CBN!YGBCD!YCTKME!GB!C!ZMOK'JM EKFJ!EF DCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF! FBKCGDO!KLF!EFJFNGFO! KLCK!CEF!CRCGDC[DF!KM!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFO!MY!KLF!NF TFCOFN!PLM!OFFX!KM!FGKLFE !ZEFRFBK!KLF!NGOTDMOVEF! MY!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!KLFGE!EFDCKGRFO!ME!OFFX!C!EF OKMECKGRF!EFJFN:!YME!CB!GBWVE:!OKFJJGBH!YEMJ!KLF! ZV[DGTCKGMB!MY!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMBS!!$Y!KLF!KPM!HFBF ECD!K:ZFO!MY!EFJFNGFO!CRCGDC[DF!KM!EFDCKGRFOU! ZEFFJZKGRF!EFJFNGFO!CBN!EFOKMECKGRF!EFJFNGFOU!KLF!YM EJFE!GO!CRCGDC[DF!GB!KLF!YGEOK!KLEFF!ZLCOFO!MY! KLF!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF!TMB KGBVVJ!mZEF'EF`VFOKU!ZE F'NGOTDMOVEFU!CBN!ZEF' ZV[DGTCKGMBnS!!)FOKMECKGRF!EFJFNGFO!CEF!CRCGDC [DF!GB!KLF!YMVEKL!ZLC OF!'!ZMOK'ZV[DGTCKGMBS!! -B!OVJJCE:U!KLF!YGRF!YCTKMEO!MY!C!ZMOK'JMEK FJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF!CEF2!"n!KLF! TMJZFKGBH!GBKFEFOKOU!>n!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!CK!GOOV FU!In!KLF!DCP!HMRFEBGBH!CTTFOO!KM!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMBU! \n!KLF!TMBKF]K!GB!PLGTL!C!NGOZVKF!JC:!MTTVEU!CB N!cn!KLF!EFJFNGFO!CRCGDC[DF!KM!KLF!NFTFNFBKQO! OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFOS!!,NNGKGMBCDD:U!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ! EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVK F!JC:!KCXF!ZDCTF!GB!CB:!

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! >>? MBF!MY!YMVE!ZLCOFO!CDMBH!KLF!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKG MBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBKGBVVJU!PLGTL!CEF!"n!ZEF'EF`VFOKU! >n!ZEF'NGOTDMOVEFU!In!ZEF'ZV[DGTCKGMBU!CBN!\n! ZMOK'ZV[DGTCKGMBS!!&LF!NFHEFF!MY!CTTFOO!KLCK!KLF! TMJZFKGBH!GBKFEFOKO!LCRF!KM!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!CK !GOOVF!NFKFEJGBFO!PLFB!KLFOF!ZLCOFO![FHGB!CBN! FBNS!! Question 2: In what contexts may a post-mortem relational privacy dispute occur? ,!ZMOK'JM EKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF!JC:! MTTVE!GB!MBF!MY!YMVE!TMBKF]KOS!!&LFOF! TMBKF]KO!CEF!EFZEFOFBKFN![:!KL F!ZLCOFO!MY!KLF!ZMOK'JMEKFJ! EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!TMBKGBVVJ! F]ZDCGBFN!GB!KLF!YGEOK!EFOFCETL !`VFOKGMBS!!&LF!ZLCOFO!MY!KLF! TMBKGBVVJ!'!ZEF'EF`VFOKU!ZEF' NGOTDMOVEFU!ZEF'ZV[DGTCKGMBU!CBN! ZMOK'ZV[DGTCKGMB!'!EFZEFOFBK!NGO KGBTK!ZFEGMNO!MY!KGJF!CYKFE!C! ZFEOMB!NGFO!CBN!C!HMRFEBJFBK!CHFBT: !ME!ZEGRCKF!ZFEOMB!HFBFECKFO!ME !TMJFO!GBKM!TMBKEMD!MY!NFCKL' EFDCKFN!GBYMEJCKGMB!C[MVK!KLCK!ZFEOMBS!!9LFB!KLF! GBKFEFOKO!MY!KLF!ZFEOMB!ME !FBKGK:!PGKL!TVOKMN:!MY! KLCK!GBYMEJCKGMB!TMBYDGTK!PGKL!KL F!GBKFEFOKO!MY!KLF!NFTFNFBKQO!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFU!C!NGOZVKF!MTTVEOS!! &LF!NGOZVKF!TCB!MTTVE!CK!KLF!MVKOFKU !PLFB!KLF!EFTMEN!LCO!BMK!:FK![ FFB!NGOTDMOFN!KM!KLF!ZV[DGT!CK! DCEHFU!CK!C!DCKFE!ZLCOF!GB!KLF! TMBKGBVVJ!OVTL!CO!ZEF'ZV[DGTCKGMBU! ME!CYKFE!ZV[DGTCKGMB!LCO!CDEFCN:! MTTVEEFNS!!! &LF!ZMGBK!GB!KGJF!CDMBH!KLF!TMBKGBVVJ!GB!PLGT L!KLF!NGOZVKF!MTTVEO!GO!TEGKGTCD!KM!KLF! EFOMDVKGMB!MY!KLF!TMBYDGTK![FTCVOF!NGYYFEFBK! DCPO!TMBKEMD!FCTL!ZLCOF!CBN!KLF!HMRFEBGBH!DCP! NGTKCKFO!PLCK!K:ZF!MY!EFJFN:!GO!CZZEMZEGCKFS!!7M E!F]CJZDFU!GB!KLF!ZEF'EF`VFOK!CBN!ZEF'NGOTDMOVEF! ZLCOFOU!KLF!DCP!HMRFEBGBH!KLF!CHFBT: !PGKL!TVOKMN:!MY!KLF!EFTMEN! NFKFEJGBFO!PLM!LCO!CTTFOO!KM!C! NFCKL'EFDCKFN!EFTMENS!!&LF!7EFFNMJ!MY!-BYMEJCKG MB!,TK!HMRFEBO!YFNFECD!EFTMENO!GB!KLF!ZEF'EFDFCOF! CBN!ZEF'NGOTDMOVEF!ZLCOFOS!!%G JGDCED:U!OKCKF!ZV[DGT!EFTMENO!DC P!HMRFEB!OKCKF!EFTMENO!ZEGME!KM! NGOTDMOVEFS!!-B!KLF!ZEF'ZV[DGTC KGMB!ZLCOF!PLFEF!KLF!EFTMEN!LCO![FFB!EFDFCOFN!YEMJ!HMRFEBJFBK! TVOKMN:![VK!LCO!BMK!:FK![FFB!ZV[DGOLFN!PGNF D:U!TMBOKGKVKGMBCD!DCP!HMRFEBO!PLFKLFE!KLF! HMRFEBJFBK!JC:!FBWMGB!KLF!ZV[DGTCKGMB!MY!KLF! GBYMEJCKGMBS!!&LF!7GEOK!,JFBNJFBK!HMRFEBO!

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! >>" GBWVBTKGMBO!GB!KLF!ZEF'ZV[DGT CKGMB!ZLCOF!CBN!OV[OF`VFBK!ZVBG OLJFBKO!GB!KLF!ZMOK'ZV[DGTCKGMB! ZLCOFS!!-B!KLF!ZMOK'ZV[DGTCKGMB! ZLCOF!MY!KLF!TMBKGBVVJU!PLFE F!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!LCO![FFB! ZV[DGOLFNU!CBN!ZEFOVJC[D:U!CB!CDDFHFN!GBWVE:!KM! KLF!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRFO!MY!KLF!NFTFNFBK!LCO! CDEFCN:!MTTVEEFN!CO!C!EFOVDK!MY!KLCK!ZV[DGTCKG MBU!KLF!KMEK!DCP!MY!FCTL!OKCKF!HMRFEBO!PLFKLFE!C! OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRF!LCO!C!TCVOF!MY! CTKGMB!CHCGBOK!KLF!ZV[DGOLFES!!! -B!OVJJCE:U!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:! NGOZVKF!JC:!MTTVE!GB!MBF!MY!YMVE!TMBKF]KOU! PLGTL!CEF!EFZEFOFBKFN!CO!ZLCOFO!CDMBH!KLF!ZMOK' JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKF!TMBKGBVVJS!! &LF!ZMGBK!GB!KGJF!CDMBH!KLF!TMBKGBVVJ!GB!PLGTL!C!NG OZVKF!MTTVEO!NGTKCKFO!OFRFECD!DFHCD!GOOVFO2!"n! PLFKLFE!KLF!ZV[DGT!LCO!C!OK CKVKMEGD:!ZEMRGNFN!EGHLK!KM!CTTFOO!NFCK L'EFDCKFN!EFTMENOU!>n!PLFKLFE!KLF! 7GEOK!,JFBNJFBK!CYYMENO!C!TGKGaFB!KLF!EGHLK!KM! ZV[DGOL!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!TMBKCGBFN!KLFEFGBU!CBN!In! KLF!K:ZF!MY!ZEMKFTKGRF!ME!EFOKMECKGRF!EFDGFY!KLCK!GO! CRCGDC[DF!KM!C!OVERGRGBH!EF DCKGRF!OFFXGBH!EFDGFYS!! Question 3: What protective forms of relief m ay a surviving relative seek in a post-morte m relational privacy dispute? &LFEF!CEF!KLEFF!ZEMKFTKGRF!YMEJO!MY!EFDGFY!CRCGDC [DF!KM!C!OVERGRGBH!EFDCKGRF!GB!C!ZMOK'JMEKFJ! EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:!NGOZVKFS!!&PM!MY !KLFJ!'!FGKLFE!C!OKCKVKF!ME!TMVE K'MENFEFN!GBWVBTKGMB!KLCK!ZEMLG[GK! NGOTDMOVEF!'!CEF!ZMOOG[DF!GB!KLF! ZEF'EF`VFOK!CBN!ZEF'EF DFCOF!ZLCOFO!MY!KLF! TMBKGBVVJS!!&LF!KLGEN! ZEMKFTKGRF!EFJFN:!'!C!TMVEK'MENFEF N!GBWVBTKGMB!MB!ZV[DGTCKGMBU!ME! C!ZEGME!EFOKECGBK!'!GO!MBD:! CRCGDC[DF!GB!KLF!KLGEN!ZLCOF!MY! KLF!TMBKGBVVJU!ZEF'ZV[DGTCKGMBS!!&LF! CRCGDC[GDGK:!MY!KLFOF!EFJFNGFO! GO!NFZFBNFBKU!GB!ZCEKU!MB!KLF!DCP!MY!KLF!WVEGONGT KGMB!GB!PLGTL!KLF!ZMOK'JMEKFJ!EFDCKGMBCD!ZEGRCT:! NGOZVKF!GO!MTTVEEGBHS!!! 7ME!F]CJZDFU!GB!KLF!ZEF'EFDFCOF!CBN!ZEF'NGOTDM OVEF!ZLCOFOU!C!EFDCKGRF !MY!KLF!NFTFNFBK!JC:! YGBN!EFDGFY!GB!C!OKCKVKF!KLCK! ZEMLG[GKO!KLF!EFDFCOF!MY!OZFTGYG T!HMRFEBJFBK'LFDNU!NFCKL'EFDCKFN! GBYMEJCKGMBS!!-Y!KLF!GBYMEJCKGMB!CK!GOOVF!GO!TMBK CGBFN!PGKLGB!C!YFNFECD!E FTMENU!KLF!7$-,!ZEFOVJFO! KLCK!OVTL!C!EFTMEN!GO!ZV[ DGT!VBDFOO!MBF!MY!KLF!BGBF!FBVJFECKFN!F]FJZKGMBO!CZZDGFOS!!&PM!MY!KLMOF!

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! >j\ _MOL!9LGKFU! Army Withheld Details About Tillman's Death U!& 6*! 9 ,%6 S # $%& U!(C:!\U!>??cU! LKKZ2ppPPPSPCOLGBHKMBZMOKSTMJpPZ' N:BpTMBKFBKpCEKGTDFp>??cp?cp?Ip,)>??c?c?I?"c?>SLKJD S! (CDDME:!%GJMBU! New services promise online life after death, !0..STMJU!(C:!"jU!>??@U! LKKZ2ppPPPSTBBSTMJp>??@p&*06p?cp"jpNFCKLSM BDGBFpGBNF]SLKJD kGEFYsK>KFOKuKFTLJMB S! Media coverage of the arrival of remains at the po rt of entry or at the interim stops will not be permitted z#V[DGT!,YYCGEO!5VGNCBTF!'!$ZFECKGMB!4F OFEK!%KMEJU!0COVCDK:!CBN!(MEKVCE:! ,YYCGEOU!$YYGTF!MY!KLF!%FTEFKCE:!MY!4FYFBOF!m,EDGBHKMBU!/,nU!7F[S!>U!"@@"S!! (GTLCFD!;ECBGOL!CBN!#FKFE!(CBTVOGU! Fiery blast destroys space s huttle: McAuliffe, six astronauts are killed, !& 6*! 8 $%&$.! 5 +$8* U!_CBS!>@U!"@jgU!! LKKZ2ppPPPS[MOKMBSTMJpBFPOpZCTXCHFO pOLVKKDFpTLCDDFBHFEuCETLGRFu"@jgSLKJ S!! On this day: 28 Jan. 1986 U!8 )-&-%6! 8 )$,40,%&-.5! 0 $(#,.1 U!! LKKZ2ppBFPOS[[TSTMSVXpMBKLGONC:pLGpNCKFOpOKMEGFOpWCBVCE:p>jpBFPOGNu>c?g???p>c?g"g"SOJ mDCOK!RGOGKFN!(CES!>"U!>??@nS! (GXF!;VZZFEU! With Sadness Comes Suspicion about Earnhardt's Death U!4 ,-+1! # )*%% U!(CETL!cU! >??"U! LKKZ2ppPPPSNCGD:ZEFOOSTMJpKMZGTp OBO'FCEBLCENK'OVOZGTGMBU?U>"?"@\jSOKME: S! .CKGMBCD!,OOMTGCKGMB!YME!%KMTX!0CE!,VKM!)CTGBHU! LKKZ2ppPPPSBCOTCESTMJp mDCOK!CTTFOOFN!(C:!"jU! >??@nS! Nikki Catsouras and Her Car Accident Photos U!.FPOB-NFCSTMJU!_VBF!"iU!>??@U! LKKZ2ppPPPSBFPOBGNFCSTMJ pI?>?pBGXXG'TC KOMVECO'CBN'LFE'TCE'CTTGNFBK'ZLMKMOp Obama Administration Lifts Bl anket Ban on Medi a Coverage of the Return of Fallen Soldiers U! &LF!.CKGMBCD!%FTVEGK:!,ETLGRFU!7F[S!>gU!>??@U! LKKZ2ppPPPSHPVSFNVp}BOCETLGRpBFPOp>??@?>>gpGBNF]SLKJ !mDCOK!RGOGKFN!,ZES!"U!>??@nS! $ #*.! 5 $/*).(*.&! 5 <-4* U #EFRGMVOD:!KGKDFN & ,##-.5! $ 77-0-,+% ^ % *0)*&% U 00*%%!&$! # <8+-0! ) *0$)4%!,.4! ( **&-.5%!-.!&6*! c? % &,&*%!,.4! 4S0SU!7GYKL!*NGKGMBU!>??gU! LKKZ2ppPPPSETYZSMEHp MHHpGKFJSZLZk ZHsTEFNGKO !mDCOK!RGOGKFN!(CES!>"U!>??@nS!!! Parents Want Charges in Boot Camp Death U!(%.80U!7F[S!"jU!>??gU! LKKZ2ppPPPSJOB[TSJOBSTMJpGNp""I@g\I\p S! #CVD!&LMJO MBU! Kung Fu star David Carradine pictured in bizarre final TV role as drama is broadcast days after sex-game death U!4 ,-+1! ( ,-+ U!_VBF!"?U!>??@U! LKKZ2ppPPPSNCGD:JCGDSTMSVXpBFPOpCEKGTDF '""@"\@Ip;VBH'7V'OKCE'4CRGN'0CEECNGBF' ZGTKVEFN'[GaCEEF'YGBCD'& /'EMDF'NECJC'[EMCNTCOK'NC:O'OF]'HCJF'NFCKLSLKJD S! #EMKLMBMKCE:U!1MEX!_VNGTGCD !0FBKFEU!#FBBO:DRCBGCU! LKKZ2ppPPPS:MEX' TMVBK:SMEHpNFZCEKJF BKOpTMVEKOpZEMKLSLKJ !mDCOK!CTTFOO!_VBF!"jU!>??@nS!

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! >jc )CDZL!8FHDFGKFEU!\U! >??@S! Return of the Fallen U!&L F!.CKGMBCD!%FTVEGK:!,ETLGRFU!! LKKZ2ppPPPSHPVSFNVp}BOCETLGRp.%,*88p.%,* 88"c>pGBNF]SLKJ!mDCOK!RGOGKFN!(CES!I"U! >??@n S! %VZZMEK.GXXGSMEHU!_VBF!"IU!>??@U! LKKZ2ppPPPSBFPOPFFXSTM JppYECJFOFKSCOZ]p kVEDsLKKZtI,t>7t>7PPPSOVZZMEKBGXXGSMEH t>7 S! Thai Tabloid Thai rath Leaked David Carradine Death Photo U!.FPOB-NFCSTMJ U!_VBF!"IU!>??@U! LKKZ2ppPPPSBFPOBGNFCSTMJpI@jipKLCG'KC[DM GN'MY'NCRGN'TCEECNGBF'NFCKL'ZLMKMp S! &LF!(CEGMB!8EFTLBFE!0GKGaFB!,TTFOO!#EMWFTKU! LKKZ2ppPPPSTGKGaFBCTTFOOSMEH !mDCOK!RGO GKFN!,ZEGD!cU! >??@nS!!!!! &LF!.CKGMBCD!0MCDGKGMB!,TKGBH!YME!,VKMZO:!#EGRCT:U! LKKZ2ppPPPSBTCCZSTMJp,+,8,(,SLKJD mDCOK!RGOGKFN!,VHS!\U!>??inS!! Professor Sues Pentagon To Make Public Hono r Guard Photos From Dover Air Base Public U! &LF!.CKGMBCD!%FTVE GK:!,ETLGRFU! LKKZ2ppPPPSHPVSFNVp}BOCETLGRp.%,*88p.%,*88"IgpGBNF]SLKJ !mDCOK!RGOGKFN!,ZES!"U! >??@nS! The Ten Oldest Pending FOIA Requests: A series of three FOIA audits U!&LF!.CKGMBC D!%FTVEGK:! ,ETLGRFU!BSNSU!CRCGDC[DF!CK! LKKZ2ppPPPSTCEKFETFBKFESTMJpEFOMVETFOpZNYOp ZFCTFpCJFEGTCOpCETLGRFuCVNGKOuMRFERGFPSZNY mDCOK!RGOGKFN!_VBF!"gU!>??@nS! The Ten Oldest Pending FOIA Request s: A series of three FOIA audits U!&LF!.CKGMBCD!%FTVEGK:! ,ETLGRFU!BSNSU!CRCGDC[DF!CK! LKKZ2ppPPPSTCEKFETFBKFESTMJpEFOMVETFOpZNYOp ZFCTFpCJFEGTCOpCETLGRFuCVNGKOuMRFERGFPSZNY mDCOK!RGOGKFN!_VBF!"gU!>??@nS! The Pentagon Papers: Secrets, Lies, and Audiotapes, National Security Archives U!*DFTKEMBGT! 8EGFYGBH!8MMX!.MS!\jU! LKKZ2ppPPPSHPVSFNVp}BOCETLGRp.%,*88p.%,*88\jp !mDCOK! CTTFOOFN!,ZEGD!">U!>??@ nS! &LFJFJME:LMDFSTMJ!mDCOK!RGOGKFN!(CES!I"U!>??@nS! The Crew of the Challenger Space Shuttle Mission U!.CKGMBCD!,FEMBCVKGTO!CBN!%ZCTF! ,NJGBGOKECKGMBU! LKKZ2ppLGOKME:SBCOCSHMRp8G MHECZLGFOpTLCDDFBHFESLKJD !mDCOK!RGOGKFN!(CES!>"U! >??@nS!!! &MJ!%ZMVOKCU! Auto Racing; Amid Memories of No. 3, Gordon Finishes No. 1, !.1!&GJFOU!(CES!cU! >??"U! LKKZ2ppPPPSB:KGJFOSTMJp>??"p?Ip?cpOZMEKOpC VKM'ECTGBH'CJG N'JFJMEGFO'MY'BM'I' HMENMB'YGBGOLFO'BM'"SLKJDkBs&MZp)FYFEF BTFp&GJFO!&MZGTOp%V[WFTKOp%p%MTTFE S!

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! >jg Transcript Of The Challenger Crew Comments From The Operational Recorder U!.,%,U!CK! &y"2"IU! LKKZ2ppPPPSL`SBCOCSHMRpMYYGTFpZCMp6GOKME:pKECBOTEGZKSLKJD mDCOK!RGOGKFN!_VBF!>U! >??@nS! ??@nS! /GTKMEGC!(VEZL:!8CEEFKU! Anonymity and the Net U!7 $)8*% U!$TKS!"cU!>??iU! LKKZ2ppJFJ[FEOSYME[FOSTM Jp YME[FOp>??ip"?"cp?i\SLKJD S! Waivers of survivor benefits in separation agreements U!7CJGD:!+CP!0MBOVDKGBHU! LKKZ2ppPPPSYCJDCPTMBOVDKSTMJpCETLGRFpEFCNFE>??>""SLKJD mDCOK!RGOGKFN!,ZEGD!>U!>??@nS! 9F[OGKFTGK:STMJU! LKKZ2pp` SOGKFDFRFDOFCETLSTMJp`VFE:' COXSHMkT EGNs?"ICNC?F"IFgi>g[d`VFE:sFC EBLCENKdODGTFuKGKDFsdZCHFs"dOZs" mDCOK! RGOGKFN!(CES!>>U!>??@nS! 9PPS0FDF[EGK:(MEHVFSTMJ mDCOK!RGOGKFN!(CES!>>U!>??@nS! 9PPSYGBNCNFCKLSTMJ mDCOK!RGOGKFN!(CES!>>U!>??@nS! Interviews -BKFERGFP!PGKL!8GDD!7S!0L CJ[FEDGBU!_MOFZL!+S!8EFTLBFE!7EFFNMJ!MY!-BYMEJCKGMB!#EMYFOOME! *JFEGKVOU!0MDDFHF!MY!_MVEBCDGOJ!CBN!0MJJVBG TCKGMBOU!"U! >??@S! -BKFERGFP!PGKL!0CEMD!(CE[GB !(GDDFEU!&LF!(GCJG!6FECDNU! _VBF!>??iU!&LF!%KME:!8FLGBN!KLF! %KMEGFOU!&LF!8EFTLBFE!0FBKFE! YME!7EFFNMJ!MY!-BYMEJCKGMBU! LKKZ2ppPPPS[EFTLBFESME HpKMZI?pPGBBFEOSLKJD S!!! -BKFERGFP!PGKL!7ECB!0DC:KMEU!0CDGYMEBGC !6GHLPC:!#CKEMD!ZEFOO!MYYGTFEU!_VBF!"iU!>??@S! -BKFERGFP!PGKL!6FBE:!#GFEOMB!0V EKGOU!$EDCBNM!%FBKGBFDU!_VBF!>??iU! &LF!%KME:!8FLGBN!KLF!%KMEGFOU! &LF!8EFTLBFE!0FBKFE!YME!7EFFNMJ!MY!-BYMEJCKGMBU! LKKZ2ppPPPS[EFTLBFESME HpKMZI?pPGBBFEOSLKJD S!!! -BKFERGFP!PGKL!_GJ!+FVOBFEU!$EDCBNM!%FBKGBFD U!&LF!%KME:!8FLGBN!KLF!%KMEGFOU!&LF!8EFTLBFE! 0FBKFE!YME!7EFFNMJ!MY!-BYMEJCKGMBU!_VD:U!>??iU! LKKZ2ppPPPS[EFTLBFESME HpKMZI?pPGBBFEOSLKJD !mDCOK!CTTFOOFN!_VBF!>"U!>??@nS!! -BKFERGFP!PGKL!_MF!,NCJOU!&LF!7DMEGNC'&GJFO!??iU!&LF!%KME:!8FLGBN!KLF!%KMEGFOU! &LF!8EFTLBFE!0FBKFE!YME!7EFFNMJ!MY!-BYMEJCKGMBU! LKKZ2ppPPPS[EFTLBFESME HpKMZI?pPGBBFEOSLKJD S!! -BKFERGFP!PGKL!%CDD:!;FOKGB!CBN!(FHCB!$Q(CKa U!%VB'%FBKGBFDU!_VBF!>??iU!&LF!%KME:!8FLGBN!KLF! %KMEGFOU!&LF!8EFTLBFE!0FBKFE! YME!7EFFNMJ!MY!-BYMEJCKGMBU! LKKZ2ppPPPS[EFTLBFESME HpKMZI?pPGBBFEOSLKJD S!

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