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Barriers to a Healthy Lifestyle for Low Income, Minoriy Youth

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0024643/00001

Material Information

Title: Barriers to a Healthy Lifestyle for Low Income, Minoriy Youth a Case Study of the Cuyler Brownville Neighborhood in Savannah, Georgia
Physical Description: 1 online resource (102 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Leonard, Katie
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2009

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: barrier, built, children, crime, environment, food, green, health, income, low, minority, obesity, space
Urban and Regional Planning -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Urban and Regional Planning thesis, M.A.U.R.P.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: The aim of this research is to further understand the relationships between the built environment, neighborhood crime and obesity in a low income, historically African American community in Savannah, Georgia. This research investigates the built environment, access to healthy food options (e.g., fruits and veges) public parks/ green space and neighborhood crime as factors in achieving healthy lifestyles for low income, minority youth. This research encompassed several research methods to fully understand the barriers to healthy lifestyles for low income children including the built environment, access to healthy food, access to public parks/green space and neighborhood crime. The methodological steps in this research consist of: 1) selection of a case study neighborhood; 2) analysis of demographic data; 3) analysis of national and state level obesity data; 4) observations of the built environment within the study area; 5) geospatial analysis of distance to healthy food options and public park locations; 6) analysis of crime data. The findings of this research confirm that the built environment shapes individual health, especially the health of children, in terms of accessibility to healthy food sources (or unhealthy food sources like fast food restaurants), accessibility to well maintained public parks/green space and presence of neighborhood crime.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Katie Leonard.
Thesis: Thesis (M.A.U.R.P.)--University of Florida, 2009.
Local: Adviser: Zwick, Paul D.
Local: Co-adviser: Steiner, Ruth L.

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2009
System ID: UFE0024643:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0024643/00001

Material Information

Title: Barriers to a Healthy Lifestyle for Low Income, Minoriy Youth a Case Study of the Cuyler Brownville Neighborhood in Savannah, Georgia
Physical Description: 1 online resource (102 p.)
Language: english
Creator: Leonard, Katie
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2009

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: barrier, built, children, crime, environment, food, green, health, income, low, minority, obesity, space
Urban and Regional Planning -- Dissertations, Academic -- UF
Genre: Urban and Regional Planning thesis, M.A.U.R.P.
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: The aim of this research is to further understand the relationships between the built environment, neighborhood crime and obesity in a low income, historically African American community in Savannah, Georgia. This research investigates the built environment, access to healthy food options (e.g., fruits and veges) public parks/ green space and neighborhood crime as factors in achieving healthy lifestyles for low income, minority youth. This research encompassed several research methods to fully understand the barriers to healthy lifestyles for low income children including the built environment, access to healthy food, access to public parks/green space and neighborhood crime. The methodological steps in this research consist of: 1) selection of a case study neighborhood; 2) analysis of demographic data; 3) analysis of national and state level obesity data; 4) observations of the built environment within the study area; 5) geospatial analysis of distance to healthy food options and public park locations; 6) analysis of crime data. The findings of this research confirm that the built environment shapes individual health, especially the health of children, in terms of accessibility to healthy food sources (or unhealthy food sources like fast food restaurants), accessibility to well maintained public parks/green space and presence of neighborhood crime.
General Note: In the series University of Florida Digital Collections.
General Note: Includes vita.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The University of Florida Libraries, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Statement of Responsibility: by Katie Leonard.
Thesis: Thesis (M.A.U.R.P.)--University of Florida, 2009.
Local: Adviser: Zwick, Paul D.
Local: Co-adviser: Steiner, Ruth L.

Record Information

Source Institution: UFRGP
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: lcc - LD1780 2009
System ID: UFE0024643:00001


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Full Text

PAGE 13

Research aim

PAGE 15

Introduction

PAGE 16

The Built Environment

PAGE 18

Access to Healthy Food

PAGE 20

Access to Recreation Areas

PAGE 21

Crime, Fear of Crime and Fear of Place in Neighborhoods and Public Parks Crime

PAGE 22

Fear of Crime Fear of Place

PAGE 23

Summary

PAGE 24

Introduction Site Selection

PAGE 25

Demographic Information

PAGE 26

Obesity

PAGE 27

The Built Environment Access to Healthy Food

PAGE 29

Access to Public Parks/Green S pace

PAGE 30

Crime

PAGE 31

Summary

PAGE 32

Introduction History

PAGE 34

Study Area

PAGE 35

Characteristics of the Population

PAGE 36

Obesity National Obesity Data

PAGE 37

Georgia Obesity Data

PAGE 38

The Built Environment

PAGE 39

Access to Healthy Food

PAGE 41

Access to Public Parks/Green Space

PAGE 42

Neighborhood Crime

PAGE 43

CPTED Strategies throughout Neighborhood and Public Park/Green Space Neighborhood CPTED Strategies

PAGE 44

Public Park/ Green Space CPTED Strategies

PAGE 55

Study Area Poverty Rate Compared to National Poverty Rate for the Year 2000

PAGE 56

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Census Tract 12Census Tract 23 United StatesPercent of Population 25 and OlderCensus TractEducational Attainment for Individuals 25 and Older for the Year 2000 No High School Diploma High School Graduate (Including Equivelency) More than High School Diploma

PAGE 57

$0 $5,000 $10,000 $15,000 $20,000 $25,000 $30,000 $35,000 $40,000 $45,000 Median Household Income IncomeMedian Household Income for the Year 2000 Census Tract 12 Census Tract 23 United States

PAGE 58

0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% 14.0% 16.0% 18.0% 20.0% NHANES II 19761980 NHANES III 19881994 NHANES 1999 2002 NHANES 20032006 Age Survey YearNational Trends in Childhood Obesity 2-5 611 1219

PAGE 59

Percentage Race/EthnicityNational Prevalence of Obesity for Adolescent Boys Percentage Race/EthnicityNational Prevalence Of Obesity for Adolescent Girls

PAGE 60

27.4% 30.7% 32.7% 39.4% 38.9% 41.3% 35.6% 33.8% 29.1% 25.2% Less than 15k 1524,9992534,9993549,999 50k +Percentage of PopulationIncome per yearGeorgia 2007 Overweight and Obesity by Income Overweight Obese

PAGE 85

Introduction Conclusions Cuyler Brownville Demographics

PAGE 86

The Built Environment Access to h ealthy food

PAGE 87

Access to p ublic p arks/ g reen s pace

PAGE 89

Neighborhood Crime Study Limitations

PAGE 90

Recommendations

PAGE 91

Future Research

PAGE 97

Savannah Morning News Preventative Medi cine 38 Savannah Chatham County Metropolitan Planning Commission Pediatrics 110 American Journal of Public Health 93 American Journal of Health Promotion 21 Savannah Morning News American Journal of Public Health 91 American Journal of Health Promotion 21 Savannah Chatham Police M etro Crime Maps Health Education & Behavior 25

PAGE 98

Prescription for a Healthy Nation A New Approach to Improving Our Lives by Fixing Our Everyday World Issues in measurement. Advancing the Consumer Interest 9 Public Health 22 Georgia Division of Public Health | OASIS AIP Journal Preventative Medicine 39 Pediatrics 117 Peidatrics 117 Trust for America's Health Preventing Epidemics. Pro tecting People Out of Yamacraw and Beyond: Discovering Black Savannah Pediatrics 110 American Journal of Health Promotion 21 American Journal of Health Promotion 21

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American Journal of Health Promotion 21 Journal of Planning Education and Research 14 American Journal of Public Health 99 Dictionary and Thesaurus MerriamWebster Online American Journal of Preventive Medicine 22 Journal of Physical Activity and Health 3 Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA HOME PAGE Healthy People 2010 Home Page The Surgeon Generals Call to Action Epidemiologic Reviews 29 Physiology & Behavior 86

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Grocery S tore and Concentrated Uses Feasibility Report Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard and Montgomery Street Corridor Crime Prevention and the Built Environment Journal of Leisure Research Preventative Medicine 22 Prevention Institute: Home Family, Youth and Community Sciences Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Census Bureau Home Page Census Bureau Home Page Census Bureau Home Page Ame rican FactFinder Americna College of Sports Medicine It's waaaay better than fast food. It's Wendy's. Wendys.com

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Envirnomental Health Perspectives 112 Pro fessional Geographer 37 Health & Place 12