<%BANNER%>

Revision and Phylogeny of the Tribe Curiini LeConte (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae)

xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID E20110209_AAAACE INGEST_TIME 2011-02-09T13:06:11Z PACKAGE UFE0015621_00001
AGREEMENT_INFO ACCOUNT UF PROJECT UFDC
FILES
FILE SIZE 1051970 DFID F20110209_AABADC ORIGIN DEPOSITOR PATH nearns_e_Page_026.jp2 GLOBAL false PRESERVATION BIT MESSAGE_DIGEST ALGORITHM MD5
70b7fefeb51a53aebe09da930d81593d
SHA-1
3eb0a6c1536f28b455c9ebb77f3633c0fc162c41
32901 F20110209_AABAQN nearns_e_Page_219.QC.jpg
f49ac36e1f1fe88d130f0e520a153e29
42d56d392ca43ada3b23c264c86f66e40da06dcd
34515 F20110209_AAAZPT nearns_e_Page_032.QC.jpg
e325eb418fccb6f4a31bf67aa2f925f3
e080dd26679d6e14afbce23c032b28e9127ccdd6
33497 F20110209_AABBNG nearns_e_Page_030.QC.jpg
841ab80054b52b167caeac42f062d59a
d77c4530ce56ed59dd3500824ae18b2d92324068
8202 F20110209_AABADD nearns_e_Page_125thm.jpg
f0d6d8cb2a2ee29ffe29f6ba955537cf
2cdabade2671530084d4e80bed29bb09e0688944
53728 F20110209_AABAQO nearns_e_Page_103.pro
3b5116f8ac662591bad74948dbf94145
3e99760a2a452564d2ab7391059f3c8bf383daa6
1725 F20110209_AAAZPU nearns_e_Page_211.txt
e3b21699c3ba0511b9b2b3cff7ce136c
139428f003ca87786ec4bd1f2c89eda161234f55
8745 F20110209_AABBNH nearns_e_Page_074thm.jpg
63d047cb16942480e170afa180a8c23a
fdd3c5bf71b80c12091ea84fe57da6ba75dce6e3
89314 F20110209_AABADE nearns_e_Page_063.jpg
1f4b63523b5ed475cb3e661d859c1507
28c1a7f794a4f973d2bbf7701182e492419c528c
93481 F20110209_AABAQP nearns_e_Page_018.jpg
f33575ebca57dca01a7ad238ea7152e1
262f0cf7766ffe254978b67d0da7ffe9b2e96819
33268 F20110209_AAAZPV nearns_e_Page_033.QC.jpg
b2b40a2cae42a0a46bc5fee6ffe84394
1fff4db96affde2bee295425a9b2e098e85097a7
33489 F20110209_AABBNI nearns_e_Page_115.QC.jpg
1856961edb518feb5e1bd0c0d1568d67
5a474ebdccb5b43187d0cbfe574dc44b76d1d20d
22606 F20110209_AABADF nearns_e_Page_227.pro
7fd1797c05acbca136362cfb466726b7
299549a59d61b30a247139885b0163112eb3761c
169057 F20110209_AABAQQ nearns_e_Page_066.jpg
269338e1bb64ba7592ea30d152a641a3
8bf33a6a2652fcb0d807eb0c1469bc280c959bec
7041 F20110209_AAAZPW nearns_e_Page_019thm.jpg
da385dfa76f74c7fa0b0d130dcf5cf3a
f536ccd01fa34038f527c8819220b0af01ccb5e2
34336 F20110209_AABBNJ nearns_e_Page_070.QC.jpg
acc0a724c7c9511d77052948b99bb3a5
cf8cd60450a4cdd270c44978b5a0915d779cf17e
8434 F20110209_AABADG nearns_e_Page_148thm.jpg
cd567075dcc1c0bc3d9283a389b9da44
f891ba7be67d5ea61ad34bb15bad66eb324b2821
1914 F20110209_AABAQR nearns_e_Page_218.txt
3fee6873191fa79b89d6cd499b3d264b
00b3663e03648481421c93781e5d25279441f0fb
8423998 F20110209_AAAZPX nearns_e_Page_024.tif
5d4e186272ce1c85efb7740a2b4454ed
cf4411a9149c91e68a0b376609953cc266cd3f7e
20175 F20110209_AABBNK nearns_e_Page_163.QC.jpg
c4cad6962444c21b57ccd01c1e8422af
89094b823d71fd773c7dc8252132419008bc95fe
1123 F20110209_AABADH nearns_e_Page_199.txt
ae8d2e9a9dcf8e508dbba7227930cda1
214f92794988485db7fcd440a1190d18934f0b41
53752 F20110209_AABBAA nearns_e_Page_037.pro
5cc1ed4ed96856faa86cdff29f55cbc5
ee2aeae7d482cd6ee87d6d6de597f08bad9efa95
8116 F20110209_AABAQS nearns_e_Page_207thm.jpg
83e7d036213336574b6c1f9f8d4c2211
36e170d213c08c115f90c167c8c440a68aefb553
25281 F20110209_AAAZPY nearns_e_Page_190.QC.jpg
bc9cf185fc7a1022da3ff8e7ddc99589
531fef59d3bb62bfc18f92d3446f145ca09c54b7
34838 F20110209_AABBNL nearns_e_Page_193.QC.jpg
aedea14643f9174a1e356591e8c67acd
8cdff852dd618c3d1bd559db01adbcb48b430637
1730 F20110209_AABADI nearns_e_Page_002.QC.jpg
9e2bfafc2082ce71a63ea45c653bde82
9ef13ccccae950c9a2598be64a1cc5aa6b0327e9
44994 F20110209_AABBAB nearns_e_Page_044.pro
d75315ef19b1364206a82e24543fc7d1
58303c3434d573eccc526985e2d3ebbc29b8fd70
48747 F20110209_AABAQT nearns_e_Page_079.pro
e88ec9e5d2663144a9f005bd1a394dc0
6a29fd5842f8bb5a75e7dcbc6ddc83163c93d07a
16684 F20110209_AAAZPZ nearns_e_Page_227.QC.jpg
08ea88c58bfee100b0c37ad702c004b7
bfeabefa11bca93caae8c7be43dec61325cfc19e
7007 F20110209_AABBNM nearns_e_Page_186thm.jpg
bd9d6f4a2f6c32c63691a30a7f202c5e
ac0d1806510cebb27b736cc9a795d2379443f14e
2744 F20110209_AABADJ nearns_e_Page_081.txt
5b15b85a0e597da8f69732c9f20ae5b3
092344a64dd900b92805cef546b9bbe581e5be49
49961 F20110209_AABBAC nearns_e_Page_045.pro
cf9414432aea9bb462d3f9bfab5b2df2
85346a8cff7fa6f6846ba4a612afef32beb72cc3
32393 F20110209_AABAQU nearns_e_Page_072.QC.jpg
2988bbc7d4672286b404dd9d57f0858d
140887e2d543001ff5b5debc277c7bc0b1cbbe75
36188 F20110209_AABBNN nearns_e_Page_095.QC.jpg
4e0e8a74f966aeb1c1065d0202407266
fbcd5f37a2a521d5ea13d932daf1c47fc54b4724
27458 F20110209_AABADK nearns_e_Page_186.QC.jpg
b06606763a5e5485089c592570978ac6
705349e64b5201fc694dcaac4b2e6ce0865098a2
50548 F20110209_AABBAD nearns_e_Page_053.pro
a52026874fbe8c72b5f98118c7e94a23
fc3e5ed036487305370738cf75a6185b12b358c1
51672 F20110209_AABAQV nearns_e_Page_025.pro
cd30504272fa463428448a91f9d2967d
fc97a4dae029245e05525d745c1ce4defb2a0d56
18116 F20110209_AABBNO nearns_e_Page_160.QC.jpg
b0b880696935be6ab362eabaceb755af
0332086fddba6a78e696ede6a1bf0cd445282d30
4313 F20110209_AABADL nearns_e_Page_196thm.jpg
ae5ed1d847bfca6e394e2a45c075eb40
c1850690de20165c2a47701bba23d7a607d5ba74
4584 F20110209_AABBAE nearns_e_Page_055.pro
b624e9dcd01f650da6ac961715896610
a3fa3f3140e92a3ab2ce20bfd4868fead06bad61
89024 F20110209_AABAQW nearns_e_Page_019.jpg
1174dd862fce04356e493da74e7352d2
fc110c2d1e7d11fab497bb90f48cf6770208c3bd
35278 F20110209_AABBNP nearns_e_Page_197.QC.jpg
4176e8a05a8da43d76634f1aa70c1359
815fd31dbda38b404ecad201c46d17939bcaa193
995 F20110209_AABADM nearns_e_Page_196.txt
30d0e5d29848bd3a59761a9349ba6d8c
7adf4bd297b9ce24037b1a53fdb13c42a5dc5313
4644 F20110209_AABBAF nearns_e_Page_057.pro
b6a9a53ebb4f252f1361dab4508c737a
d80a072cdc26fc7b67f4a7000b192e3547693c6a
2660 F20110209_AABAQX nearns_e_Page_086.txt
f936c2197bc44946f675b00239282972
d44b989fcf84cf1483fc8ba37f7fcb5b64e82762
7367 F20110209_AABBNQ nearns_e_Page_063thm.jpg
f405f362d1fb30ab7b7f7f69546422a2
aff443303ccc0821582f5a7149ed3979756c24ad
29256 F20110209_AABADN nearns_e_Page_200.pro
5f49f7a936de7d8620a4328985e9e51e
37bbcf9b3ad96ddb684c45b62acd6b596e398a40
6716 F20110209_AABBAG nearns_e_Page_058.pro
a7b90239f7a042de75c6b4aed1de54e3
c4967b0459a8e7ecbb2ac45a8d7f0e1e430301d4
79782 F20110209_AABAQY nearns_e_Page_130.pro
ca50a0883e1820c64645dbc560bcd713
9f09456eb6e9d0c1ac3d074f5aa9d73f3ec93297
35519 F20110209_AABBNR nearns_e_Page_138.QC.jpg
0342fc7a56cbc60acb4bb15f44873a7a
111c603b1122f99fb9d25b107f15d465a3d42394
795 F20110209_AABADO nearns_e_Page_216.txt
e06116fdaccbd6741702ba8207feec87
960dc4f8057dde6c5f3bd2bf77dd5a3e19832cbb
6786 F20110209_AABBAH nearns_e_Page_062.pro
34d7ef43e50fa4a95a10af10b6ee271e
2e3139bb543f2937997e983b271477256c01d829
33824 F20110209_AABAQZ nearns_e_Page_213.QC.jpg
1bcd3fbf595af61f1d86b7eb4d7b46a7
e5277fbfc3eec2f92960afd51b22e704cd62f89f
34378 F20110209_AABBNS nearns_e_Page_036.QC.jpg
025d3760153af81108801f918da9a244
10cceff8ec2606788bfecd88c6f5439c5c636c24
1003586 F20110209_AABADP nearns_e_Page_147.jp2
d436fa8456f66ba1d02f57c9129df562
cd5040ffc78322f2c1fb182be19b0d4e2fbab4cd
48293 F20110209_AABBAI nearns_e_Page_064.pro
ed53322062830a8e7148f998f02f523d
b97e7e5adca8b07cc762b43a780cd4264bcd14c8
32319 F20110209_AABBNT nearns_e_Page_212.QC.jpg
24fc59792bdf66197d211a9c013bb85c
a5aad3cc2ee52e8e6166ce0a55fd084b3df3d40a
F20110209_AABADQ nearns_e_Page_137.tif
ef23d441343e94753ce23e14174124db
102ee184b2af794355ad1c726cc4ee9bbb042af5
91369 F20110209_AABBAJ nearns_e_Page_066.pro
fcdfe56b7147c465bff0341980798e85
a8a679d88fdfa868563c62dd66cf6ec5898a0fb2
38724 F20110209_AABBNU nearns_e_Page_127.QC.jpg
766eaa7fbd58734f64c4d4a487c26f59
42e3b09831a64f565025bb463024a661d4ae2ddd
1051952 F20110209_AABADR nearns_e_Page_184.jp2
6ca53af295b0ec87429563b6377db1ac
257d4785a231ec3b01327018643384b6bbb7e8b7
68156 F20110209_AABBAK nearns_e_Page_067.pro
aa01ff137afcc3e8e34cc63a20fb5c02
877e3aab61b166dc8ac5530e4a0a7df8a7ee97aa
1834 F20110209_AAAZVA nearns_e_Page_226thm.jpg
f222b344b79d657a89bd2e537ce0a111
b33c3ad2e2d1e9fb19c87e1bf551ab65d7c2e98f
7269 F20110209_AABBNV nearns_e_Page_065thm.jpg
e30c832fb0cab3bef9dd82e02ba93e97
532e659d60169fa746cfd3827c949eea7c8b3636
F20110209_AABADS nearns_e_Page_176.tif
ec126d22d68a6f54980ce9595a26fe88
b91d328a262869b0cafd52a2e7a54feace5a1dce
80765 F20110209_AABBAL nearns_e_Page_068.pro
91bdda5a4040da87b84b0897f2213372
ea18f6ce8660156564fca3c916fd91322494d8fc
2783 F20110209_AAAZVB nearns_e_Page_011.txt
02f0850985c9eb36bbc800d081ca8770
5adb9e6eb966815ddcb9fae33aeb6384471fd4d0
7536 F20110209_AABBNW nearns_e_Page_018thm.jpg
77c1a3a9917250d8a618d5ba41dc7dcd
2ecae6b2254bb40bb4c09aa9c99cb93f3cd0b587
F20110209_AABADT nearns_e_Page_082.tif
a0c618109c3998803372e822f65c04bc
0d599b321c27752ce3b1ffb47683a3dfba6d6f6a
48146 F20110209_AABBAM nearns_e_Page_071.pro
eb5352aafd4e5a856ea0b77fd023f973
f466a75aebfaa192fc74804f082bf603b90bf433
2003 F20110209_AAAZVC nearns_e_Page_033.txt
7e51a7812df54f82638f570579b5e499
f65bc6a4668fb35219b095b614cc6ffc052fa0c4
33547 F20110209_AABBNX nearns_e_Page_140.QC.jpg
b7399f3333040d71dd41f8a3afe5766b
6d58bff2588b65ab5838276a9620d692b1be52cd
43956 F20110209_AABBAN nearns_e_Page_072.pro
5dc20b4957e5aa11234bcaea41fe0426
95cd3f4cc9cf66ec5c0c68811b7c7598f57d29b0
1717 F20110209_AAAZVD nearns_e_Page_193.txt
63f53925e497a7cc0eda3ebbc0ebcdcb
60b5d703e27b32f463fb49495d806cc13a67e139
8753 F20110209_AABBNY nearns_e_Page_109thm.jpg
b12543c17df730fe614124e1384acb30
073af00a83683d73219becffbfd350f6fb31740b
14173 F20110209_AABADU nearns_e_Page_174.pro
9cb812d57b72b5ffe286fe1e6088bd92
2ced2af4074b0cd700363aa573ab48fa0280bafc
48301 F20110209_AABBAO nearns_e_Page_074.pro
890b25707f6133cc7a8c283d8c245b42
09c822af11668b5d5bd19e88274153b2d3a3b50d
1934 F20110209_AAAZVE nearns_e_Page_094.txt
4e939a30514b440f9ba0b9cda126333d
545c215c6692c0abaab7d4b7a7b2c359188aaa91
21037 F20110209_AABBNZ nearns_e_Page_181.QC.jpg
10766395b509b2176464b514d0e89f4f
fd983b580addd998d86286712f3d8850c4a74fbb
1051985 F20110209_AABADV nearns_e_Page_041.jp2
c46cdbbdf2474eb52733a8b20741e920
9eba3e85f55b73cc69b2999c5827f82c04a2ab02
46305 F20110209_AABBAP nearns_e_Page_076.pro
34c3b87dcf1bf940ba6b8e5a54f8e2ac
76beb925469ef938d2edf8025a21163021023e90
34589 F20110209_AAAZVF nearns_e_Page_135.QC.jpg
4c6d89fc095fcb38677972c7e5582648
c9402a1b795c7dc30d842c845086d6b43fedb510
F20110209_AABADW nearns_e_Page_064.tif
97e4296507c42055f47486db9b208a35
1ab9cfc98a7e7529ea88ba94ecf26b0094368e31
2023 F20110209_AABAWA nearns_e_Page_025.txt
90e4991e563c8dc993c128b1a4f84c14
c39f406b6ed8a986b27657133b5461ae282832af
1051947 F20110209_AAAZVG nearns_e_Page_059.jp2
a75f98bd3cbf77b5d483f72189971ca6
bd58445b9590950a647721b47d5e2ac749f5803d
4469 F20110209_AABADX nearns_e_Page_060.pro
1ebb6f9a23a571c8e308d2772b739404
a39f4b2d81e22ca85705ce8c04d949fbb286679c
2052 F20110209_AABAWB nearns_e_Page_026.txt
cc7dd10bd280a450869b2c168296cb9a
3e9842db08474656f45e1943dd198ec51db6b6b7
52787 F20110209_AABBAQ nearns_e_Page_078.pro
f0ddc7fdc2db4e31ef686fd730152646
b3597025544db63fdc41e0172c5b8bab9c971845
7246 F20110209_AAAZVH nearns_e_Page_185thm.jpg
1e1046989ec0aee1655ef549ec9e31a2
a0f927aac05b5f4067e5668450d7a6b5135d9ae2
36008 F20110209_AABADY nearns_e_Page_205.pro
309785d45e1946df16078be636e7cd22
4f1f9e5e00ec8d1129ad5bdc8c5116190646ab81
1773 F20110209_AABAWC nearns_e_Page_027.txt
50638661dfd92da4203376a32519b2f6
045f6a5255080a800c005f5db58cd6df07fe4f6e
46383 F20110209_AABBAR nearns_e_Page_082.pro
a4318b79c7318a8c7f2fa161520ab8b1
6c1e1c658a64f2436503f5371bdb4292c6e08002
264 F20110209_AAAZVI nearns_e_Page_056.txt
eb498857d28d4aedc66dce02e21b2e52
01fdfad9228afc606d6d8d9656fd14ec5ce85191
6653 F20110209_AABADZ nearns_e_Page_172thm.jpg
f174cdbb0ac9c99474c4c35daad379b9
7d4b8201a31fe76f0a59bf995b3a4c31d36e4742
1963 F20110209_AABAWD nearns_e_Page_030.txt
1a35a06447756f07223a2d2df9b0305a
d36de0ef7ca13d6d2055e755bfdf46729074d5e6
67701 F20110209_AABBAS nearns_e_Page_084.pro
6e8ea59dfbf3424a3e2ed05dd4904f05
170dc12094a549811b81929c4e9baf8990e30e5d
47975 F20110209_AAAZVJ nearns_e_Page_052.jpg
e90e50ad56c6d9835ec9c9476b72c0cb
8caeb6ca2c9328aeeba3a8a333217b36ec778619
2072 F20110209_AABAWE nearns_e_Page_032.txt
1ef27644e53473eeb528afd6278d7563
39db848c154e39347352b7477bb9b0ffb9fa9375
65235 F20110209_AABBAT nearns_e_Page_086.pro
42e5a7a0d82951b9ab0fe21174fde5bf
efc5eb6f3479e92d676538653fe2ad3170619cac
F20110209_AAAZVK nearns_e_Page_188.tif
1ee9e377175b0cdac9655f48eb9d3343
e15645e740d3df13345814098fe346db36c6eb4a
1904 F20110209_AABAWF nearns_e_Page_034.txt
ed877eb91c67f6516a62b0accc0226cb
624eba3a5e63b3a28a172d23332e1906c5356544
64462 F20110209_AABBAU nearns_e_Page_089.pro
a0e3d24c41304e276433d3928a088452
a221637b5d552f5348345d8ba044d0eb38bf786c
1985 F20110209_AAAZVL nearns_e_Page_092.txt
7e46e412cf882f5b65ff10116a253972
6e4ffe03f6c5d46e1ebe189cec4ab86a56199861
1835 F20110209_AABAWG nearns_e_Page_035.txt
7ef6109ee92903a6030f9e5568c68979
dea626381f17a5075c938db7da967e3331dd2b7b
50588 F20110209_AABBAV nearns_e_Page_091.pro
c114db17fe79bbfa91401f7594b1cb4b
f9cd86139e20249769d2a0a19bfd42295ef78368
7981 F20110209_AAAZIB nearns_e_Page_115thm.jpg
3ad8fe7c6e4b72893056f6e73825a949
e24cf8d2d81a7d93fc53909aaabeb8d966290c71
50682 F20110209_AABBAW nearns_e_Page_092.pro
8617309f9351df1b6f47bf21fa187c87
37f271ad3b3a8e531633d5e11a5ddf28a4b35c6c
961097 F20110209_AAAZVM nearns_e_Page_205.jp2
8b18790386cdcc2d76da11ce796be7de
9aaa4193ba180997bbe6daff5ec697fd1dd45bec
6505 F20110209_AAAZIC nearns_e_Page_168thm.jpg
3674c46f9d4a61359c8a0e87602f463e
d91bef59af96a0ab8635bcf41cb1c1ae091c9430
1974 F20110209_AABAWH nearns_e_Page_038.txt
ba2026cbf05ce39974d96b3f5cab70d7
4f8ac390b102acc4cf08f9d8d7394d7be78a87de
50296 F20110209_AABBAX nearns_e_Page_093.pro
dc8165ebf18f8925d823a66494357131
7535f0b35753b8e4e77655c067222f16cfefed79
F20110209_AAAZVN nearns_e_Page_165.tif
51a2615e6457046d4b3e7317f9ffa7cb
b40e459a88cd89e551b02113482893ef4b2077b3
21822 F20110209_AAAZID nearns_e_Page_182.QC.jpg
2ac151ca5bfebd5b9677f312493250a4
3ff6148a48dabd390a58caeef9d900693a872fbc
1920 F20110209_AABAWI nearns_e_Page_039.txt
43a355acd65fe2ebeead1dd4d0ac9b89
0c780805e92bcad1766c184958db712dadb352d2
46555 F20110209_AABBAY nearns_e_Page_097.pro
2e3f89adc942ea97c4ab6527171d805f
63c290e7f0d9a322719f418fc58941043a25c6bc
37192 F20110209_AAAZVO nearns_e_Page_139.QC.jpg
7e22cfd3a684404cd210621176bb8597
8e086b7538020ab2953feaf4a545de1749972481
7563 F20110209_AAAZIE nearns_e_Page_027thm.jpg
894487c139b4fea9522006ff4e050235
7f6070979e4a7f9d8387016ed77b57c4d95fb7ba
1989 F20110209_AABAWJ nearns_e_Page_042.txt
abc3207ccff3f176b4995b08f98f5689
5724f68ee10c86af42b33f7b58606d0c5005f140
49524 F20110209_AABBAZ nearns_e_Page_106.pro
0e09b0d9732fab235658b2ca8d397e21
96551d31beb36a1b123fd651d2903b4060bd169d
1929 F20110209_AAAZVP nearns_e_Page_212.txt
ed44208ea1a9bcbc037dee99f3bfc013
0cf1ed2aec1ea38a4f1bb7d9670bf25141e1f475
7076 F20110209_AAAZIF nearns_e_Page_173thm.jpg
b5487e1832c20c2ceda2737f0f087bd3
e11bbc15fc5e3a2c6c57d6e1c398c4921cc9f594
1792 F20110209_AABAWK nearns_e_Page_044.txt
d5c8b5b9f44c5712f4d3292f06f5d4a9
98a704a3dbb6ce1e77f7d7c4e5040c5d372f633a
62058 F20110209_AAAZVQ nearns_e_Page_062.jpg
4576ee49e25ccf61830ffdad545bf6ed
b23ccd511cd3cdf7708c431a875883a646d9cdca
49615 F20110209_AAAZIG nearns_e_Page_015.jpg
e2f5f90ec81e52263ad9ee0abca26603
1be50e705562448d12db938b79faa4936cc2a08e
1970 F20110209_AABAWL nearns_e_Page_045.txt
1992db1cc1874ee45e263c917e8429b6
6b0f6c00e2811c8d248e5e5ed45a40cabcb398bd
99499 F20110209_AAAZVR nearns_e_Page_200.jpg
afa7dd636460be48a72de601ea3fb3c0
24ebc75c1a880b63ac63426f64950462f6a35428
28773 F20110209_AABAJA nearns_e_Page_133.QC.jpg
bffa47b20adce5f03e4e2a2e7f50d160
1e8a2112e5c6a614981e82d0fd28e02688ccca30
10329 F20110209_AAAZIH nearns_e_Page_158.pro
f25dbd0347a91a114bb724e1de4391c8
f7160ad7ff55acdc25f28aa08d9d58414abf1749
1849 F20110209_AABAWM nearns_e_Page_048.txt
a1ce26f9bd12ffb6a5aea9109930589a
6a49ff086e8b9f132ca43c7e6d1adbee48a4ac91
100639 F20110209_AAAZVS nearns_e_Page_140.jpg
773152e0a1110965d21a9798339ecba1
470a832364e3332c6714b45c2359c852d0017e6a
1211 F20110209_AABAJB nearns_e_Page_189.txt
094dc8848b5989e87cb56a8462860c06
ce43491bf2a4f10c2c903545884754f251f762b4
47206 F20110209_AAAZII nearns_e_Page_073.pro
7621d44ec3be9ddbef7c40a46352bddd
220fb634d69d3806b4278728d3ca7a58f93bccc0
2095 F20110209_AABAWN nearns_e_Page_049.txt
8f649909ccfdb55a609f871870d30a79
d0c31f157ddb869981176bac39c4ec1bef92eedd
F20110209_AAAZVT nearns_e_Page_010.tif
dc67c1375c540eb3312a24415e76bb4e
de63a33b1ee8430ac3a87bb0d6b5a8b373ae1a27
56322 F20110209_AABAJC nearns_e_Page_061.jpg
0641cad732fab7531797483af2f5cb6d
e48fc354df1fe0747d1f3189e3aee72dbabccd53
8385 F20110209_AAAZIJ nearns_e_Page_224thm.jpg
6aee7e39785e9e72d438b0df617019b2
024116b923e801f74436fae4a8b798d3461d790a
448 F20110209_AABAWO nearns_e_Page_054.txt
111fe813c42ff32999048aca3b0183ce
fb6e99351fd6f69912c53e34e70a2deaf53abbca
983513 F20110209_AAAZVU nearns_e_Page_004.jp2
e91c262a98639b9cc296c4d2f1631175
2c570a17d6aea59587924824fa25d12412f2068d
52299 F20110209_AABAJD nearns_e_Page_121.pro
92a69bb30825b21ca4f915d38c4593c5
54d08baf83a1d84e2165b9d5d9935eef0f21e6e5
F20110209_AAAZIK nearns_e_Page_077.tif
9ca875262a935260544d20a77b5d3593
86cdb53d9b9244b56094cbcc2731ad697cee66d6
268 F20110209_AABAWP nearns_e_Page_055.txt
d24ae1f886fb59cfb8b887e36be9e0e0
647d9c6a470f5a8f26dccc1e368f2e6b5377d088
F20110209_AAAZVV nearns_e_Page_139.tif
d5a90974a3a9f6f2884a036813fab882
df463f21a4a881be0f58db1f3f39b0c7f0329180
F20110209_AABAJE nearns_e_Page_037.jp2
abb0f56a50c86a0a266c7d60b6e11e6d
ce0ce02646816de0ffab4453e6e9752127b385be
77899 F20110209_AAAZIL nearns_e_Page_125.pro
52f57e79cb7790a47861a349526bd19c
d97dea81f3b207adc848ec7f5dc0f908b75e24f2
3492 F20110209_AABAWQ nearns_e_Page_066.txt
93484ba70a2ef07ab8886156ad61c5aa
133e55d3f8a2155d1d3ab90c9ea3d2193fe35c0f
4533 F20110209_AAAZVW nearns_e_Page_056.pro
e4574e9b46825075bf6239b738338341
cdc8086eb847fdc9515897aeffd5b3737e3bb1a0
33758 F20110209_AABAJF nearns_e_Page_075.QC.jpg
230ca94ed39be2f58735d248b052be00
39780ee46ce874bcea9fc31c9072967bb0bdb0ff
31516 F20110209_AAAZIM nearns_e_Page_024.QC.jpg
6fc10d6dc61f74920262ca0e3a061fa1
a05cd1ddb8ade5098face64e285dddce0a92791e
2805 F20110209_AABAWR nearns_e_Page_067.txt
e108566cec7ee2c084e432887f37b29f
24e78fc8c4c0a9b203dc8d37c2c7b92f1124d6a0
8642 F20110209_AAAZVX nearns_e_Page_146thm.jpg
3260b21e049c907580f36f067af92b6a
64fd2607bef08c0df1f02aa39dc6ed2ef4ad98a5
F20110209_AABAJG nearns_e_Page_098.tif
322401ac1905b4ce6aa4726699308f13
a6998e5c7a0868c2830e246bafbff212f3ec67ff
87832 F20110209_AAAZIN nearns_e_Page_211.jpg
65584c088d5320992bb9095d9553cc58
704a670dfd552cde052ca3b801107339dd939305
73141 F20110209_AABBGA nearns_e_Page_166.jpg
dd9996a88e1160e7d67d1ea833428281
093c077fb7bf1ff9ab594c01f491a470ab809b48
3115 F20110209_AABAWS nearns_e_Page_068.txt
6a1ed3b3ad78edf24214d6f8abba2276
63da4714bf34919488a655608af783d4939b4c28
F20110209_AAAZVY nearns_e_Page_127.tif
24a10484a1f14cd2ede187e5749d305a
0010cabbe3ee8a8843984bc065791ee6b831c707
60917 F20110209_AABAJH nearns_e_Page_077.pro
b59d645cc4dbbcefb87f57ab2ad412c7
5e366aacc83d29ebcd2dfc0ab51fb2218ea711ad
137555 F20110209_AAAZIO nearns_e_Page_156.jpg
4dc9a7dbdc4523d74b9c2d4102b3efaf
f494abdfc870e3593ba1fd0c350e2073001574f6
68295 F20110209_AABBGB nearns_e_Page_170.jpg
d814b07adf9b852951529e16806f4546
e94b4e7de6ea478c258d3c4be31f71ed1a2bc2ea
2592 F20110209_AABAWT nearns_e_Page_069.txt
e3d5bd9f1b93c16948a31c4c3b393946
7459e799145dcecc78381701b6f30f6b5597351f
2065 F20110209_AAAZVZ nearns_e_Page_078.txt
c42d9f88f0a0b9efbadd9e705e8a2bdf
c8edfba55203f3faaa39d836edb3d7d83f453c68
29974 F20110209_AABAJI nearns_e_Page_004.QC.jpg
3e9532093ce395ad1b2a1c2647dee35d
d22eb522edc45ee01bfdabe176fa7a03c72b2811
32992 F20110209_AAAZIP nearns_e_Page_225.QC.jpg
f4d2f5c412365abad2cea9dc5335038a
31fcd82d4d60d4492e4c11c9dec0fa06bedb8c5d
73525 F20110209_AABBGC nearns_e_Page_174.jpg
237b511f7258695671cd4e49e248e075
a16b74b77c66be508f26b778738526ab1a4de5e4
1893 F20110209_AABAWU nearns_e_Page_071.txt
026cac93b931b304118911f5accaae7f
d0db62a48fe6582a45d9b008d23475a04a012a12
46689 F20110209_AABAJJ nearns_e_Page_070.pro
7238a2072bbbfbe5c1a154b250ed92df
b1a9cb2be860ca9019ceaf5056708f7a6c943f69
6782 F20110209_AAAZIQ nearns_e_Page_083thm.jpg
0f9f686cfb6d73ba1fec44a7704ff955
a4fbdd86e734cd01051ee77e32d13cea3badf98b
73164 F20110209_AABBGD nearns_e_Page_176.jpg
93641ec31ef58a8e67d815d520e1792c
66eb3fc0b7af24905b1a30102d54ddafe846625b
1747 F20110209_AABAWV nearns_e_Page_072.txt
b437877f03a00fec395e76ccd0a2a0d3
e9ab85077079f5fd43785c43a3fd8427d5bd196e
F20110209_AABAJK nearns_e_Page_200.tif
a01cf06102ac25e3e87840c3b0381085
3a25d44f89861d8bab6c0380cff30fab3fbe0567
104621 F20110209_AAAZIR nearns_e_Page_073.jpg
dd12f2b9b02506234effdb19ccd1254f
5de6fda789b7f0835a932fb790efd909b1bc64c6
64163 F20110209_AABBGE nearns_e_Page_181.jpg
d21b0138e41dc486074e72e7d65e9ea7
b38a2d9ca0368fc6af18eeabe199c9ca4c4a9371
1872 F20110209_AABAWW nearns_e_Page_073.txt
1f9cb0a6e4ee5f8c1a30d0462725b922
f21c0c47726bd5b94ea6ccbde6a1d4755134ba54
32656 F20110209_AABAJL nearns_e_Page_206.QC.jpg
ad67a4fa4a44b1c10e3c9c7eea588b7b
7a049ac99654a59d2ca072ad0b4e8aada95dada6
34198 F20110209_AAAZIS nearns_e_Page_038.QC.jpg
a289d200d69116f22916901c2bab05ce
b89e8379d2fd726a1e92ffe20c5c40f44a7cb67e
54787 F20110209_AABBGF nearns_e_Page_183.jpg
9ff71662465dbfaa22971cdecc74776c
09d58664c563f0b75f16fba840ba575609982ec8
1887 F20110209_AABAWX nearns_e_Page_075.txt
539d66cc2cbec465e1ccd718ac1b372e
fa0bd0c399bce8a08151838bc24f8a84f3d302a4
7161 F20110209_AABAJM nearns_e_Page_218thm.jpg
e383cf7004b8320d257434f956e931e3
d6dd939db2705454f5e95db0c3ee14ae49cde9b8
104025 F20110209_AAAZIT nearns_e_Page_028.jpg
1a2c34a857a3a9ad7be0e4224d46634c
91afdf9e19ce2d9251758f7a96393454a280de60
90887 F20110209_AABBGG nearns_e_Page_187.jpg
e4a17719eb55e3ef0e48747749577060
9102d48679bae82f3661445f69fd1443e63819a2
1831 F20110209_AABAWY nearns_e_Page_076.txt
fab3eacb9be4dccab7b159006c100981
2311599a50171a503438ed7c37e61a80f2f5fcbc
1722 F20110209_AABAJN nearns_e_Page_021.txt
afb3df5852d38a62b2a5e381b64e1b27
983a3126a0ea34b9a0554a1433db19db7a067e89
87442 F20110209_AABBGH nearns_e_Page_188.jpg
f9f85a4dc89ddae6168be260265e4b4b
83332b1b2ea0fe7bfb38d155fdcc2d5be211adbc
1925 F20110209_AABAWZ nearns_e_Page_079.txt
e6c27900845300c182932770ea6775b0
a78798a8c07d3a87a8c49e08a40f711dd72df714
47797 F20110209_AABAJO nearns_e_Page_075.pro
30dc580d2a0cd7f2e50fbe6b1acb84cb
72da7d6c757962b91557c0a3267f64cd608cd16b
8892 F20110209_AAAZIU nearns_e_Page_100thm.jpg
a8e99361c53cd1ca07c7d38cf99d86fe
898bd2c7f5d1f076521718b2053259e49d74e866
76589 F20110209_AABBGI nearns_e_Page_189.jpg
41195174197f6987f051674329ee536d
f67a4841cd1a30caf6e54e20c1ec159e0fec386c
F20110209_AABAJP nearns_e_Page_004.tif
db5c318f489c045660b7464235823723
837efd21e352bedcef92bbe5d184ad158a9bc211
49058 F20110209_AAAZIV nearns_e_Page_101.pro
cfa522013d0cd012152585da37f23da5
12f34cda25f43ed9f73aed47fdc9a7be8a01c298
116634 F20110209_AABBGJ nearns_e_Page_193.jpg
a6eadaa20bc7dc6b6541bf8fbcd5ccc8
aefa16993daa98bcbf4b15acb2b4d8f8608adf10
737 F20110209_AABAJQ nearns_e_Page_009.txt
a85e821c977f81072ef3f548154f0091
c4f693f2f7c15cb470503e21dba24765ede647c6
38937 F20110209_AAAZIW nearns_e_Page_109.QC.jpg
fa26a8f65db23fa811b57b4cdadec2a1
359e0db8efc0ba11964eacc608a9a641da1c104a
109668 F20110209_AABBGK nearns_e_Page_194.jpg
6bd5af39561cd76f3d4b868a8930bf18
a8dace766e3654ab8b302b4a290332bddffea448
1051966 F20110209_AABAJR nearns_e_Page_095.jp2
25218996de51abf9b8e2d305091627e3
15165e732aa6763e5c1a465178f5442fe14490e4
61213 F20110209_AAAZIX nearns_e_Page_151.pro
b66db77e09d4b2164d5a57422ebcdd0b
d191df9a04c5cf252c602aef159f40a6ae4bbb9a
106840 F20110209_AABBGL nearns_e_Page_195.jpg
a109bfb146739286d83836d7ff9dac8e
21e9bacc2f6d3c114a1b701a897fbd302286cae2
52102 F20110209_AABAJS nearns_e_Page_167.jpg
592007f23f88836d09e4ff1faec6f47a
bebcc65210bc6a611a979fc98edbc8afdf97691a
F20110209_AAAZIY nearns_e_Page_023.txt
96c21072805632ad898e462dde876c8f
86eb704f055ef6c87b06a50b186bdd44d7e0748a
54107 F20110209_AABBGM nearns_e_Page_196.jpg
f4fa8d75c30462a6c118b9494e47e629
63613368cdd7b12f9f066a55fc77a73b3a3076d1
45538 F20110209_AABAJT nearns_e_Page_051.pro
a088c365e45dbfca191544a9f34abf60
f2eeafa8b5d5538969f6c7db43eae45198947c18
34501 F20110209_AAAZIZ nearns_e_Page_087.QC.jpg
bc6cfe1b22fdaa21d15666e2675487ab
989931de0a824d355fb1d1010209a9fb0d3db87e
89695 F20110209_AABBGN nearns_e_Page_201.jpg
9269562cc27380a1236057fe0ee6998d
36f3e3bc9dfb11a2483c415525f8b794b36d59ae
963034 F20110209_AABAJU nearns_e_Page_019.jp2
62dac3914f9a9ddf09550b93a4b80944
ccbe969060ca04152e31a389caf272c7ecfd58d5
86328 F20110209_AABBGO nearns_e_Page_204.jpg
27b382648193eed652b802f9eb4a7cf3
e0a4a10c6d891a68b7a8495baebf94f1aeda35fc
19681 F20110209_AABAJV nearns_e_Page_170.QC.jpg
d7ae902bd75a5467e78e63a3a23e3c53
e54b27ebf7aed08069633a114899620fa9ae2c1c
95853 F20110209_AABBGP nearns_e_Page_214.jpg
e78cb955a8b71e12b536e7465cf2db26
97f3b3f182485c701b4c73f0b8d3529228a462af
F20110209_AABAJW nearns_e_Page_007.tif
ccfe8c36b9f867763a50d24c1a94eba4
bf570abe4920849fd14dcf232f8ee43dbe7d6436
80178 F20110209_AABBGQ nearns_e_Page_215.jpg
24b916edb2bc7aefee9c8035aba3781d
7be3280691fbf387f36e15af770c952103cac17d
28985 F20110209_AABAJX nearns_e_Page_022.QC.jpg
9741a05ddff0f56bb6b2d45f3171698b
75410160299e662a56304aafae83751f6b88f05d
29534 F20110209_AABBGR nearns_e_Page_216.jpg
f81503623b22e0ed42e6ac08c8269db2
794de524ebe76fb504ec3c3fafae6fdd6f620742
7247 F20110209_AABAJY nearns_e_Page_144thm.jpg
ea5e95d14168a7edee0af4891f8f07dc
9c41039792936588dd8abe8d85f8d45bf670ff17
93246 F20110209_AABBGS nearns_e_Page_217.jpg
987364c2fb0bedff2866ed8c1cc3c0e9
730bb0d7942a389d77430e3fa5c4bd2555acbafa
54032 F20110209_AABAJZ nearns_e_Page_040.pro
641b8a9622d383ca8b7b3114c5a7a14f
0875b3c92086f50226ab3c888404c940e0340a12
99143 F20110209_AABBGT nearns_e_Page_218.jpg
f3736cf67c05a7f79975d33ccae61eec
818c648d9427bd719d6b7cd76b2ec9351e348ae4
115457 F20110209_AABBGU nearns_e_Page_219.jpg
a0c76db48dfe7f46e1f16795e7ab46f9
fbac98c7fba49aa795cc452fc0551f9d7ac46b94
122310 F20110209_AABBGV nearns_e_Page_224.jpg
e6e3f4eb793af9e60b28997c95990a15
13b3211cb859b0e1741540b79beee5bcad858c7b
1051910 F20110209_AAAZOA nearns_e_Page_125.jp2
d4f6645a792c8c876844f7b79b80a3f7
9755807037090872dceb7ee4f75d5ce1a7cc8580
28120 F20110209_AAAZOB nearns_e_Page_211.QC.jpg
7351ff4a6cde761011c8aad7a9bd615f
fcb05f0e75440547b41b508d1dbae05e3029cbc2
191222 F20110209_AABBGW nearns_e_Page_008.jp2
6eb7c3ccef2df3f97f38c0690dcb836c
f68f410c962a7a9a1469e9aa65b2467ada2a32bb
F20110209_AAAZOC nearns_e_Page_194.tif
01e66438b90d7c22883adb743e2735fc
9784f0fc0b3a32cdec2095ca165d4b75b18144f3
240780 F20110209_AABBGX nearns_e_Page_009.jp2
b105b9112e77b18194d184c7bd6f2bb7
faaab3b21d257e075985acb4fcc37bc35b3ed349
930651 F20110209_AAAZOD nearns_e_Page_183.jp2
f542304158e642943327aa843a9a5947
cc067eadd18b328384a12bca22dbde513a42eb9f
741578 F20110209_AABBGY nearns_e_Page_010.jp2
de1d3ca25afa59717226be75363d5926
777ec9090bb0bd8615d66b8d11924199d69a3489
1051960 F20110209_AAAZOE nearns_e_Page_007.jp2
19ee1fcb22ca04b3e8640859bb5ced6b
cb16fec53271c32b6ced9fa4f9e4e647c7593d80
968339 F20110209_AABBGZ nearns_e_Page_012.jp2
f6ae9ad958d24b598606c46b4a2ffc2d
8c5368f578c6019317d60d836c01916a346d6930
55971 F20110209_AAAZOF nearns_e_Page_164.jpg
08c3080eb53e54ab57e20dd888d840c2
38fa48c76b11f9d7265d107cbe17c670c102ed6e
123171 F20110209_AABAPA nearns_e_Page_222.jpg
18122c800c8c8fe00ba6c46ecfa72fe9
ac9dc92bc0a69626755ace93f34fe6781c96e6bc
F20110209_AAAZOG nearns_e_Page_191.tif
0f9bb7a835077cc30414f51ec2295927
2306b1ef9dd391c333d6b0ab525d07ca6d995843
8983 F20110209_AABAPB nearns_e_Page_094thm.jpg
28216ce6aa0fdae322cc39e96cbbd3da
7d1769a5868ea675e06530a0f59bfa082c2b1575
130454 F20110209_AAAZOH nearns_e_Page_220.jpg
17f62a13c34787b18cdb3ca6b48bc655
00c025a83b65d9d7fbe1f0588058a0f283297cb7
4787 F20110209_AABAPC nearns_e_Page_021thm.jpg
62c956ab3beafd5920ecacb7cdd9d4fc
565652f51184aad5ba3def2b09a5dcc746ffae3d
96953 F20110209_AAAZOI nearns_e_Page_191.jpg
5ae0731bc7e040b762fedb91e30210e8
ae75834d25401ef82dca2258e5d45ab4e2b840c5
F20110209_AABAPD nearns_e_Page_220.jp2
537a739119885b9018d871cb56859437
269f239d2236d5561aa9b0619217a8b720e7cae8
114292 F20110209_AAAZOJ nearns_e_Page_139.jpg
8cc9683c44047ef0b1951dadc6800525
3d065f66aa8c5e629612c3ebd3145aaa8579fec3
59220 F20110209_AABAPE nearns_e_Page_162.jpg
7279552b85f11d01916709a95f0d8fa2
704b7b11569804409edad75a5f918beb8cf5ff76
30538 F20110209_AAAZOK nearns_e_Page_065.QC.jpg
65bbd8de3fcf1a9397c2187f1fdfc610
072a2085ea34dbed7226669153c2d4bb26d359ff
51387 F20110209_AABAPF nearns_e_Page_036.pro
68512f6de6dd34a67351f1a705ac2773
1f8f2ae387c2802b7fc5a76656248ce8620c4c95
F20110209_AAAZOL nearns_e_Page_142.tif
bc72594be69bdb7d883a26a0454c4b90
6f2adbba2b450dd81a81a0779618424915c28b90
35885 F20110209_AABAPG nearns_e_Page_132.QC.jpg
0b5f419fb2778408ea837d4ac629f503
8930e2a6e3b5529eaab0cd6d3aae609d4e5f954d
90167 F20110209_AAAZOM nearns_e_Page_129.pro
d6ede57e3b4132ccf4b101bb654922c9
818702a346eaa94f47f7fa208eb04c028b6c935d
8655 F20110209_AABBMA nearns_e_Page_134thm.jpg
cd38964ec4c429dbc53f340184e33dd7
60fcd2cb542210ff70299c6462b48b489aad820a
574 F20110209_AABAPH nearns_e_Page_176.txt
11a5bbedf3aa32a78229dc3da7ae7a56
405e65b7e5a60de18c8ac80a59a420891e7ee100
F20110209_AAAZON nearns_e_Page_074.txt
f70e6e0e2b1280e3e4b6362b35bb7c00
61eba8c3aaae247dc04346b3e3de078e11e2ff33
2237 F20110209_AABAPI nearns_e_Page_085.txt
e28b7e82e9de51a967b0731caed42cf2
89ba991513766359a999a5a67f6cc8031885bae7
250235 F20110209_AAAZOO nearns_e_Page_001.jp2
d3892e0024edc63e2245bce3d951c340
e17ac58feae2728cf7ff12244afd67fb2807e5ee
8323 F20110209_AABBMB nearns_e_Page_036thm.jpg
4244ebe9d87eb359f639947073dc52f8
cee73d4e1ee30c40557416eb412454f5bd7155a3
1051979 F20110209_AABAPJ nearns_e_Page_219.jp2
ddcd5e06295f4e0d8907b2e95ca98146
0acc3e5825a68f53c7fae941bcb923cfd7fc8a3f
34453 F20110209_AAAZOP nearns_e_Page_224.QC.jpg
e71e80d8600269605c3f237b0535b6d8
3bc5d02d959ca1a9aaf5f198c3f83aa64d7b49ce
5869 F20110209_AABBMC nearns_e_Page_166thm.jpg
12fa2dd02135d926f753051ad5a35467
06b0376abe02f80d7e27ece65736f3629c12dbb9
4148 F20110209_AABAPK nearns_e_Page_167thm.jpg
96726876b1fde0cbac8d755945a04a76
8d42f76b237496673b92b11b64f51b16bcf6af7c
100197 F20110209_AAAZOQ nearns_e_Page_136.jpg
b4544898bda386aaaee70244e1503751
67013970fa067c5946b7f3da8c16d4dd94700683
34661 F20110209_AABBMD nearns_e_Page_073.QC.jpg
85cc9fd602f6578df2e1cdfeeafab9b5
351221d4d5ad331514fd74551ec353504818e368
F20110209_AABACA nearns_e_Page_168.tif
8dd6af858e0995a0b100f010c35984ab
260f31c4dd1e849958b24d45e722c37c02f3b428
8945 F20110209_AABAPL nearns_e_Page_106thm.jpg
31a43cf929b4d684e16c9ca96303abe3
3fe565c586bae80199c432594648b85652833ab0
478 F20110209_AAAZOR nearns_e_Page_157.txt
2c924a6d777380886f9bcac5a819ebbe
a2f87b51088eefa10ccee1f652617d550132a905
8299 F20110209_AABBME nearns_e_Page_140thm.jpg
3dc05fa44e55e3cd7dd00f70a351952e
2862590bfc6ba2b4064c0eb25d5f92e4387fdb83
4896 F20110209_AABACB nearns_e_Page_020thm.jpg
6c48f4bb0daad5d0a53f0c1e5b06ad71
0b80faee41584cc29c7d0a51b48c8ac0a73b3366
2288 F20110209_AABAPM nearns_e_Page_115.txt
0fc63069bb864d2756ad8e13ae48e025
54df9ee7441cd383c69592a16e8e090ef5744be5
F20110209_AAAZOS nearns_e_Page_159.tif
2fc83d81d0e1d31fe82ca77aebf21d1a
f9ec3fbdaae08f5cf60560f198c02cd4aed0a29a
34499 F20110209_AABBMF nearns_e_Page_222.QC.jpg
6796939c6dff6aba9a7695a4952139f7
ebdb00de9c77322612edee029b62231ce465e807
8863 F20110209_AABACC nearns_e_Page_090thm.jpg
c4e135c5394252ab3b8f1edcd21ed1f6
17cc307daa549b42cdafa30b43c90173956c1eeb
124430 F20110209_AABAPN nearns_e_Page_149.jpg
d54afc2948c424b1e97875e7823c8edc
ea2ea836b34be60bbcc53009a50796a1a4542fdf
1051962 F20110209_AAAZOT nearns_e_Page_017.jp2
ac22c687cef1d1f2cc2198565991b889
bc6b667e2cb208d4018b841f6f17676faab945e4
4416 F20110209_AABBMG nearns_e_Page_209thm.jpg
4104d7dba569c833498acfd559fc6700
80396001f4e5958fd70d6a655fdb1121d048fa37
7518 F20110209_AABACD nearns_e_Page_199thm.jpg
2051c8c18e8f7edc90d118be002de072
15c128ead9ae083968c1bb84bf8bbb9de0a71873
8640 F20110209_AABAPO nearns_e_Page_135thm.jpg
f31b7e2534afdc651528c4b190080242
a8788dad218d932cd45e3f82cdaa2049beffb569
6324 F20110209_AAAZOU nearns_e_Page_171.pro
b7d5209eacdeb8970a79c089e0cec60d
4eee173c4510171f19b0cead19ab07f46c2ec9e1
8239 F20110209_AABBMH nearns_e_Page_042thm.jpg
1ce92ab2371f16595651ab43b1d59035
0713a568ba9e37dd85540372e0dafa1f08e5b643
3159 F20110209_AABACE nearns_e_Page_156.txt
d9711176c4b8fc536d13a18666cf6ca4
cef33ba8d74f56e03506862b0b04a32a2acbc4ed
174739 F20110209_AABAPP nearns_e_Page_126.jpg
58c5ba1b5bf7ffacd596f915b0dbdb90
457d1e5c5a4ffc4ab3f7db5337b2edd5a82b9443
15077 F20110209_AAAZOV nearns_e_Page_167.QC.jpg
c249ad7dd93218c0db6e697084c19709
b11937afdb9040ff029d0e0e60b18d935db5f2c0
7961 F20110209_AABBMI nearns_e_Page_031thm.jpg
2ae994abdae3f768e2ed8803c78aeb72
93abdc70533e4417fc57b12b363897bbe6a75a94
33969 F20110209_AABACF nearns_e_Page_208.QC.jpg
5fb7f89937346a6fdaf5fc758257393d
2203459bcb7f59335eb112eb0df9f2b33135c977
18706 F20110209_AABAPQ nearns_e_Page_175.QC.jpg
d5dcf1d0bb41d7a5a898eeef2df2d29f
f609677b23506bb6edd294f190698dd11a879933
1051984 F20110209_AAAZOW nearns_e_Page_030.jp2
499eed689eebdb72046eba4092c324f5
ebd5043c41065f8d3e9fe2853baf72af1a07ef2b
4156 F20110209_AABBMJ nearns_e_Page_210thm.jpg
905801b8a0dff9342274e00c31a635e6
e76bbbcf1ef48fce38852ba4f0cf725d6611ecd1
48861 F20110209_AABACG nearns_e_Page_212.pro
3645e5731187627e4508416ad19fcff4
db142fbaabfeed464a8d2508099241764b84e85a
3132 F20110209_AABAPR nearns_e_Page_128.txt
7bba3a738263b01092d8f7815cc223fb
388dfc0bd860282f52c4e01a44205052ec3b778b
F20110209_AAAZOX nearns_e_Page_088.tif
a1771fd39f57c3094b0bb034625598dd
15ac55179649d841e39db1e02a2fb56d479fdd7d
35362 F20110209_AABBMK nearns_e_Page_110.QC.jpg
f0e0e124edd0fea59e764c43b3c46e06
23a0502d664ae4351b068fb315a54fdc6b53d3ff
6565 F20110209_AABACH nearns_e_Page_217thm.jpg
3f8fbc45851e76476b46a877ab5327e8
ebc913c8d95a9ecd18aa8f2f12ed026320a2b064
F20110209_AABAPS nearns_e_Page_152.tif
3fb0f90ee8a38ea1bf7476d7a95e6211
e47b8141b0b4c0005811bc191bd75b172bb2efa8
889651 F20110209_AAAZOY nearns_e_Page_186.jp2
28d2dcb67d8dd6f39419b50c32869aa9
c92f710d1d46b36cebe1dc0a07c55b54e085983e
21575 F20110209_AABBML nearns_e_Page_168.QC.jpg
3e2341eaec5d715111e174dc3cb93a48
d7d0736d275801e83b6cc6b5482a31f8afeebe60
19957 F20110209_AABACI nearns_e_Page_062.QC.jpg
0ccd2c70deabd75f8f2abf10868aadee
ebb24332d745791de16a67f35e1b138de63d42d9
33897 F20110209_AABAPT nearns_e_Page_026.QC.jpg
90e1a12cad67e6c2eacbfd37b14f2684
9ac2b20f9616ab9d0c05b1e8ab3fd3d6082024bb
F20110209_AAAZOZ nearns_e_Page_044.tif
7641f01df87d7279de2234692d11fefc
70bc0c4fbc5b52adcbc9874208ec9cddf1deacad
37279 F20110209_AABBMM nearns_e_Page_124.QC.jpg
18b8e3ff61ba1cc5a81e7258aea9c9b7
9fe9f1b5a4cedde23d3768009163acc0c7006fc1
106815 F20110209_AABACJ nearns_e_Page_050.jpg
a8dd34fbed18125f2d9da843b71ad650
b3037899898a49e83f30f295a27e6ccfcaab370e
7695 F20110209_AABAPU nearns_e_Page_205thm.jpg
4b900dfcd7c2510c9614f3b1a9fefdc7
581e1607a0a44e733f45e3217245e88c16742c00
6011 F20110209_AABBMN nearns_e_Page_053thm.jpg
40b57aaea2eae36e45863bb7c3b96c91
4308ef3c80f92f5b0fa5842963c3988299329b98
4187 F20110209_AABACK nearns_e_Page_015thm.jpg
d9864a8892fb76a3ceb7b2b724a11080
8dcd986c703d0a0f3ae0a80b52f4a4c712ea1bcb
1051965 F20110209_AABAPV nearns_e_Page_221.jp2
5542d059609745df650dce7fa468fa4f
c3f1c09867f4653342c7682e71736bf802a4840d
5622 F20110209_AABBMO nearns_e_Page_170thm.jpg
67e527a6bc29623b773563e97f8bb940
f59c19831eb8e843285725c64b5b2e87cfd1fa79
1051977 F20110209_AABACL nearns_e_Page_107.jp2
ed7ffde3b2f3fb98f226194dab706f70
3dd2714e3cba4c201db9e7e965c686c66a09e80d
1051963 F20110209_AABAPW nearns_e_Page_128.jp2
79fa022ad708cd5ec65b888d857c9563
87a508e2aa8b04871b46be6bfa35c19799a6946b
27803 F20110209_AABBMP nearns_e_Page_019.QC.jpg
85a3d708954264bfb33e7e53ed0a9bf6
f7ae1c6156d8786c86dee98051e3992664f0e725
F20110209_AABACM nearns_e_Page_012.tif
bba3d17ad857a1b8bf9815f288ce7ce7
d87331db2db5db6e6ee5aa0effc1bf43f1946353
35236 F20110209_AABAPX nearns_e_Page_085.QC.jpg
9142d7f4fb676bc783b22b4742cae5fc
d408584a241f3f972fdfb7c02737398e21c470d4
1638 F20110209_AABBMQ nearns_e_Page_003.QC.jpg
ac2b26f5a8bde1ccec408df2510a9f47
6e06e2bb549c347fd6843350faf5d2bc5b477cdc
50364 F20110209_AABACN nearns_e_Page_100.pro
a41d3b9e73de64da1274bd28cf5f819a
d5441aec780a364e3eb6a6acba46d01dbd4ab143
8288 F20110209_AABAPY nearns_e_Page_045thm.jpg
6330d2d6f1963351d01a3632528ba85b
0b27ff5fd9fdf09b43cb2267c782edda2d4291c5
8774 F20110209_AABBMR nearns_e_Page_197thm.jpg
b268eafcc8008a3c57e8c557cb52251b
9b8bb01655ae21b430d7ac7e3e62c3e658d9abb0
106857 F20110209_AABACO nearns_e_Page_049.jpg
4763d9bcd092ed74dbbd2b2f5c49fc73
71c12ea627febe412d2db33181c5eceeb1414446
47901 F20110209_AABAPZ nearns_e_Page_041.pro
aab4b20270dfe540c27f8774c446a212
419487623a25d7e43b6c9beda6794528640bbd4d
17458 F20110209_AABBMS nearns_e_Page_183.QC.jpg
d1e449eca4a94a17c3dcddf5e0fba5b4
9ffda1674394ca88a5ed09b5e1775fcfb63b364e
884 F20110209_AABACP nearns_e_Page_215.txt
96e2779f55305f3288fc9c62e7f7798a
267b288b6b2aa9df8d804935ff888b32128ecc30
19917 F20110209_AABBMT nearns_e_Page_060.QC.jpg
5a0545488681e3a9b89c50eaeb8525b2
322e4331ae897645751ca87a9c0cce66b34bf71f
950473 F20110209_AABACQ nearns_e_Page_211.jp2
af05768ed0d793668bcc625338b81177
59f1ad06b9e619797429449414cef22646922b3e
8858 F20110209_AABBMU nearns_e_Page_098thm.jpg
81ca24917ddd3082c535f226d2a6a47c
9843ff8db8bf47f07dc4237ed80ccfa10f61b554
248696 F20110209_AABACR nearns_e_Page_226.jp2
ff3be991412a4299d0637122861ee953
6ad76d91f530e413185b4b0cf7dbe862c39ebc05
8093 F20110209_AAAZUA nearns_e_Page_064thm.jpg
5b9ca23e5d99e4aae126af881d8e03f8
733bde717190624d2876921bca423e6986a25fe8
4283 F20110209_AABBMV nearns_e_Page_006thm.jpg
8bebf6811ba5ef17e962ac24ddb73095
76f755279bf61c9bc457f40beb2e1dc5c5ff1344
115671 F20110209_AABACS nearns_e_Page_087.jpg
3959dc9e7289727d36c3d6bfa75d7370
6c7af24f6954d4061013bb0fe86a1b78b0f5d39b
97543 F20110209_AAAZUB nearns_e_Page_031.jpg
f3b346e41739693aa9682281db3caabb
21043e692efaa5cb0370ad99dd6320b71a4583ff
34530 F20110209_AABBMW nearns_e_Page_050.QC.jpg
4f99ed01e0b7565616215ffeacc36129
5441cba7913e535472a604058ac909fb5dd9191e
1051986 F20110209_AAAZUC nearns_e_Page_090.jp2
268afde1ed9b370b70d7b3db7c670658
17b876bcb50e68b6bfb2383118c84908c96c59df
6411 F20110209_AABBMX nearns_e_Page_054thm.jpg
8dd052225ac2f5af556d88a545a5caba
465140fde75a6a61e4a4e0f5d8a2dd26d31d740c
110643 F20110209_AABACT nearns_e_Page_096.jpg
3b0643a59822537be01ed99e31c53d7c
18f4f2a0e9de122c04a3863e1def1b4161e2ecb7
34340 F20110209_AAAZUD nearns_e_Page_112.QC.jpg
59316e349f56e535ef8c7acc06d43b5a
534aaa0237ab29f2743f8e418064e341b2fe2588
19680 F20110209_AABBMY nearns_e_Page_184.QC.jpg
b748cf80995cb09e74db893677f75a24
905da02ae39f28a2ab0a87d6c7c2a3c9bcf1c9ae
50746 F20110209_AABACU nearns_e_Page_180.jpg
28e8335a349d81d0ed29466a63dbc075
513293fe0e0020f6daaf3949bda6612d85e63ac4
1741 F20110209_AAAZUE nearns_e_Page_133.txt
9a4bbcf6dfd849c724a79a228e76d005
0ff628ebb1bd5302ae16e04be51f388645ab8544
8409 F20110209_AABBMZ nearns_e_Page_025thm.jpg
450c1ee74abf673d95196d02e1ec5d3a
1f4a3423148dab551427ceafa602a8da349a9d7c
27579 F20110209_AABACV nearns_e_Page_199.QC.jpg
663f69ee95a1e0f4d49a867b360c3b8e
2dbfb3e3602860fa1e1c4cd095846c2f66fc19b4
F20110209_AAAZUF nearns_e_Page_084.tif
355954d16457dba206c739718ae2fe1e
cd67bcd78448344e6ec1063ef9b06449543b1c3d
F20110209_AABACW nearns_e_Page_125.tif
a733f5d50c3dc88419ff15a7f85c2581
b1897ed8db835ce7e2105af331a423eb78bc8a8f
F20110209_AABAVA nearns_e_Page_193.tif
d55ac4665424af32e2afdc98ee4b430d
a5811e63427ee371281f8fa5d98b4a3f0549af22
53319 F20110209_AAAZUG nearns_e_Page_135.pro
9e868bf20297f2a7bd5aff28f04a0878
d0bd3ad8edd6f77cf7c7436c4e7f782f010cc52f
890 F20110209_AABACX nearns_e_Page_052.txt
f5f7cca72428fa8db4a8cbef7872b363
21bcb7e42511082dbed715243e7e003dd5d0cb41
F20110209_AABAVB nearns_e_Page_199.tif
6aea63554d350fd642b8bee14f1c3473
199c1308cda53163cb649464b203cb1488a9cdc3
48446 F20110209_AAAZUH nearns_e_Page_034.pro
ae6c0c6b742b7b36c5860fba9bcfa17a
8545274bcac79df7b43c59be3d143827959a9629
98719 F20110209_AABACY nearns_e_Page_048.jpg
c06c93a2fd4972275f9fa959f1a89c66
1554c503690edf4d3cef2f7cae48d4d83be8cf9d
F20110209_AABAVC nearns_e_Page_201.tif
c3b32b7e6a9d2e54abeaaa6c87eea185
c4cf6a4e7ea4c5db673bd43b1d784bfbfc96cd7c
48509 F20110209_AAAZUI nearns_e_Page_083.pro
8140e57fa162a37932d38e51009d0511
b8908ad02790324852d80beae71fa9db8e8242e0
F20110209_AABACZ nearns_e_Page_180.tif
2fbc5a119b4e4105050b153452262081
c1a89cd0339fd3328b4a8563946b0b1949dda49d
F20110209_AABAVD nearns_e_Page_203.tif
2e4ef1af9ebe04b8206dc5d64d278273
393babecbd53d3756e98ecb2e318c5c4905c2172
1051971 F20110209_AAAZUJ nearns_e_Page_154.jp2
1ea2ab692e1026f428dd56330feeb239
f85a1fed7fd145aa78222c520eeaa5769da7b34f
F20110209_AABAVE nearns_e_Page_207.tif
e5b65ccd7bf372ad175a530cbca05e22
f8b94f93dca8e3df3763250d7031d490a9953c8b
60542 F20110209_AAAZUK nearns_e_Page_171.jpg
e466f38cc5186b4a6363bb55ef50f01f
9841a2166da1c3a42e3ef32f6334230c9b493e9a
F20110209_AABAVF nearns_e_Page_208.tif
261ea7b1f9339a94ff4f62b828a4e79c
b42ad4a008b8bd89cfe1c8a8d5e18013023d4f94
2279 F20110209_AAAZUL nearns_e_Page_145.txt
f3cd077c1b78c08f4d6c435badf18901
1f3cda93d5485c364697c81c1c352ecaf6f180dc
F20110209_AABAVG nearns_e_Page_210.tif
23784a3ec2a5313223b246a097e5cf93
e9391f591a2f783ddd528fe8e6ac65f941a9c202
48790 F20110209_AAAZUM nearns_e_Page_136.pro
f8ab51b9888b7f7d455fa0791134bbfe
6fb3e2cbaa66593765a31cf5f5c7c0646191dadf
F20110209_AABAVH nearns_e_Page_211.tif
1aa949dac0725aafcb1fd1cf3d5756e0
b680b7a963c9090711881aaf49d0aeafcdadaaa4
33332 F20110209_AAAZUN nearns_e_Page_194.QC.jpg
5ae4a35dce8990aff9f4032804774b3c
90f87d7520125c674271aa45a93c09b475b4dfaa
F20110209_AABAVI nearns_e_Page_212.tif
b4812619e50f50d123ca0e52135b8620
1179b1526a5e8df933df38e09e097ac0702d431d
8506 F20110209_AAAZUO nearns_e_Page_111thm.jpg
2fda8216439554de985711ca91a8205c
625c7ca765b4c0a6b17a7010830ec43353e1d444
F20110209_AABAVJ nearns_e_Page_213.tif
19aaf98f9141429a7505b6ee599ed2d1
bb4f8f799cfbd432a3f3a73faef31c7eba6a30b7
F20110209_AAAZUP nearns_e_Page_085.tif
37ef622d72634bbeb4ef6520ad056fd0
34912ae6b2a40af9cbecf6e50190ac1403101243
F20110209_AABAVK nearns_e_Page_214.tif
4b7e43d55fc00faa23952a3d0c709d70
d83941fcc8455105b72f0afc57bcb37d68a43bba
8297 F20110209_AAAZUQ nearns_e_Page_123thm.jpg
70daa84c964a3914b6ce1f30b36aeef5
3b06572772ee059789c29d036dca58260a668945
30302 F20110209_AABAIA nearns_e_Page_202.QC.jpg
d53858a7ba09547aadb04d042cdfbed9
7dd0ec07ce32178b941073aad0d07ef850d9525c
F20110209_AABAVL nearns_e_Page_217.tif
44a0a363543f56d99b8d68f43f0d74e5
26970792ce6f1290745e96b7a5e0056a317dcb33
3444 F20110209_AAAZUR nearns_e_Page_129.txt
b78e8f174b63982d42f3bd90ab13e4b1
4c015f30dafe065e9612b2b3928ce6718543a39f
F20110209_AABAIB nearns_e_Page_103.tif
c34ca4dff02c04c29c68663bf6240438
8f5812a5dc7bf81c2386b867c578677a5fba7435
F20110209_AABAVM nearns_e_Page_218.tif
6bab49ead7f651864f59bf3936be96a2
2b8df9b2952c52583a7e3a408ec7bb76bc2d7b3d
7643 F20110209_AAAZUS nearns_e_Page_084thm.jpg
e117eadfc90f8c778d5c309bc991feee
6aa0865d24358ada13c5dd3bd2f326a785da2464
82631 F20110209_AABAIC nearns_e_Page_190.jpg
1b6594eab1d953c39f45e51fdc3259c0
6598690cf394bac1a30038e2eb85d5fd81ffb9ca
F20110209_AABAVN nearns_e_Page_219.tif
ff8751f01d7cc82b967509251fe2d2ca
0ef7c44aa68a2d138b30f767b1dd9b5aba97b8f7
19004 F20110209_AAAZUT nearns_e_Page_179.QC.jpg
b621e2961257c03c10fefdf561a19cf9
229fbe9c953a16b7a262f5dfcf44e323f06b3142
46892 F20110209_AABAID nearns_e_Page_119.pro
cd5e7d733ab77e64936cea9454620d8e
73eae0d8407490ce3e2b34e6ba039eb80867f857
F20110209_AABAVO nearns_e_Page_220.tif
2e5c114b736802f703666cf91ca49e7e
fe1a44d93ac86874ab7d0b9960f66d405f1fad85
28044 F20110209_AAAZUU nearns_e_Page_178.QC.jpg
96d9db0676d091c1939e00f119ccd837
f9c019244e3e54d8c90df1644b84a2d8100cba7e
1051917 F20110209_AABAIE nearns_e_Page_195.jp2
70451a01cc91f39671f9d75c59af4931
229351bb531432cf371243fdde2a8dd0b9cd2b8f
F20110209_AABAVP nearns_e_Page_224.tif
1e8fda593048c6c44e57e42f50aa5a33
a3eb19652f64e3847e234f755da6ba6e118415c7
1754 F20110209_AAAZUV nearns_e_Page_019.txt
88f28b2cc56b8a52e90a68cecfe6ef2b
e4da482fa98831619e2e04f9bf0f396a48ee017a
8681 F20110209_AABAIF nearns_e_Page_073thm.jpg
4f209236ec1748757fc0e45fdea94e35
36e538d83ce09553a03a80518be54b8b160c0edc
F20110209_AABAVQ nearns_e_Page_225.tif
6494bff45d9de2fc7e5c7eef40775eda
67644406b3c120d60e5c50dda090845319a8a9d5
31779 F20110209_AAAZUW nearns_e_Page_051.QC.jpg
6c11ad92d9cadf0773517ea4ef87d8c2
b3829890a1ba8c9dd1fe01f3a182774b7a5b2cbc
1051928 F20110209_AABAIG nearns_e_Page_213.jp2
4fe41e4bc6ca20b63453738c63d2453f
55f9082bc4adc1e397cb9707897cd10b7997758a
F20110209_AABAVR nearns_e_Page_226.tif
1d1ab57973f91ec1fe04427deee49ae3
607003901d5ba726bf26e7799a4b84df55089a56
F20110209_AAAZUX nearns_e_Page_002.tif
32f773aa2ce875f8e0f87c71d0d41761
36002a8bfd797c1e69972eb98712edafe11dd450
799083 F20110209_AABAIH nearns_e_Page_006.jp2
a6ef27deca93ff4df27f359637db08d2
e31f6395eff479fd372ed08a5ed09417f07f8ae3
108770 F20110209_AABBFA nearns_e_Page_106.jpg
3f85c761687456132b0bf1c0f3bd5678
e7d434c79adc201b97608912cb3e1dcc786d4269
F20110209_AABAVS nearns_e_Page_227.tif
e921766543092a89bd9b6505722e6049
f7f3834e3c51c968c459057c432f296aba2dda57
80030 F20110209_AAAZUY nearns_e_Page_172.jpg
6273e49bc81a60f1ea7bdb0a7642baf1
c64eb7346b9b34411c37de982bb5d9299dba22e2
2111 F20110209_AABAII nearns_e_Page_040.txt
6140bead9cc29a16aa8819099454471a
c980da377d546e4a8af855edfbc19c4a7324b7ca
144868 F20110209_AABBFB nearns_e_Page_108.jpg
dac1c7338ecaa4fbfae5189c84ec6a1f
62dcef7bf2eb686c47cf30d03742f9dce0a19d45
122 F20110209_AABAVT nearns_e_Page_002.txt
3533d4f0de9e873d4d30427cfe91d06e
24c17317da7408e5fd263e9a1ee92260540a8e9c
1051937 F20110209_AAAZUZ nearns_e_Page_115.jp2
857e249f5bd7f7744b25b075e5fc7d0e
c259b5aa325425640129d6795d9a2b2a93dbe09d
8914 F20110209_AABAIJ nearns_e_Page_081thm.jpg
0be14696c0baff29d5338a86e476798f
275ebb2bcca65b138bee62e84bbc5db78b575bf8
158144 F20110209_AABBFC nearns_e_Page_109.jpg
bf7210aed736edd7fdde52c4ff3047c4
24f8e04d09e7a63ee2fa4ad050a21b5f40b8d732
1709 F20110209_AABAVU nearns_e_Page_004.txt
6affbe559cfb8a539b1c2846c7009f9d
ac14fe8f6bc18861ddb2340120c7bd2cbc1ee3ce
7993 F20110209_AABAIK nearns_e_Page_082thm.jpg
865affe32c81c3fffe0744c84db1a584
3a634788fba74e3325c58802aba2b4a2a1caf209
111594 F20110209_AABBFD nearns_e_Page_110.jpg
37c5acc9a9f8c869e03c784faf4ac202
3a4cd5828fb2ae765bd82fe375dad87ebe911dec
4379 F20110209_AABAVV nearns_e_Page_007.txt
aa54bbd4fce0acde74ab0b9ad6be2cba
750e96c44a8f3d27771c09e209a49988ec30ed15
92746 F20110209_AABBFE nearns_e_Page_113.jpg
a5d0602f48bdccba790a974b832dba79
550299387b7d5ad96e3e3b081841d184fc84fe5e
2782 F20110209_AABAVW nearns_e_Page_012.txt
b292425196148b2a5aee66a073d3a54c
04715186eb18104757f3c05568b9698fac410d76
F20110209_AABAIL nearns_e_Page_121.tif
0ad973a143e7a5c9e112530e00e4c063
ac328f5b2acce067b8ea1b625e004d391c3f33bd
96727 F20110209_AABBFF nearns_e_Page_114.jpg
e35d3ce5463e4788a20ece91e61d5156
3df339a7e1510c362ef8734b90d0fa21401a294a
1752 F20110209_AABAVX nearns_e_Page_016.txt
200f4001ef93990976ad385f790a93d9
28cc9608f84c38897aadfe377364907003d083f9
2013 F20110209_AABAIM nearns_e_Page_036.txt
75066091b449d88adf41f20b32b729a9
be1366b17d76d0f7f1083a63d886b7b13d328a27
106946 F20110209_AABBFG nearns_e_Page_116.jpg
9002123f83302338848a2c8346e51db3
f4543d90d36f2aa43482c6552bd67c74ad908eba
1545 F20110209_AABAVY nearns_e_Page_020.txt
035f716ec9c122f86d2ae6736bf2d706
51a79bdd6b77c1bfcd2df9114fdfe1eba8e4950a
F20110209_AABAIN nearns_e_Page_223.tif
9b3db1640117056b1de8bda90f58fd33
7ee43b111f56362c801bba4b1dc66b20fbada49a
98970 F20110209_AABBFH nearns_e_Page_117.jpg
3c0966e43f8107a6eda86d64e6c05b2e
d2f5ff5f005436f9ab097d26ae71fe656525fef4
1793 F20110209_AABAVZ nearns_e_Page_022.txt
2f3d7780ad2f7af5b12547d68051a772
71da95928fe5e5dfcbfabb8b2f9d915fc980b35c
8261 F20110209_AABAIO nearns_e_Page_153thm.jpg
a141dab94564e5f7b0ebe662dbff0939
a71f76dd873af5cbdb65f61c33adfe68530b2e63
105584 F20110209_AABBFI nearns_e_Page_121.jpg
eb08be382c6b9d32013fa8908fab5291
201795585d23fec7536aca172aea5a4427cad2cf
8758 F20110209_AABAIP nearns_e_Page_034thm.jpg
8d21e0f5f858c2256bc0baf0ed83ec16
e0225ead95d016ce48ffff93bac82ad2527ec6e8
101676 F20110209_AABBFJ nearns_e_Page_122.jpg
ca19b1d7adac22b7b63ada2ebb591891
e187ea14a94da56f3d67ce8b583bb12614ca6449
7995 F20110209_AABAIQ nearns_e_Page_178thm.jpg
a8604df85184d14f6a986d68cb8afb0f
7cbdda5d9618f581fd43b5f87e936a78a82487db
150657 F20110209_AABBFK nearns_e_Page_123.jpg
a568bff24539aef8ab0915ba4a0454e4
5c81e4fc9146677cb41a939b8dd264a1339be2bd
F20110209_AABAIR nearns_e_Page_054.tif
0607f9b6c9154dae8928f05800f4f58d
bf922d4708b3e721a37f0f973b8b4ae9ed99dc96
143939 F20110209_AABBFL nearns_e_Page_124.jpg
b320a2a68a0b8ce59a568f685db13b6a
9f061bdae23dd2992a40b98ce0413db215b536fd
59185 F20110209_AABAIS nearns_e_Page_224.pro
577fd8d07159af146de175874f1a0373
a2f88f829fc3f3cc3938196d688f9d60b2207088
144941 F20110209_AABBFM nearns_e_Page_125.jpg
b0db3768771b63cc2582ab9e879c2e5a
fd6779af5f4bd750018153faa69be8036f289ef9
18244 F20110209_AABAIT nearns_e_Page_061.QC.jpg
1af014133ee9feda69161fa9e17fd993
762f8e0eb1020a11f5aab5eedf09a1ef4c6e02dc
169698 F20110209_AABBFN nearns_e_Page_129.jpg
bee53247a190b9d466342f972159d3f7
99fa93c9856760a948f0870ebfe075632bc9f6b6
152041 F20110209_AABAIU nearns_e_Page_127.jpg
df2906ce3a9a012ceb62235f25dcb5e2
b241dd5053fed8c3a4073a6faada233d059c3bde
150884 F20110209_AABBFO nearns_e_Page_130.jpg
9c5bee1888498b8cadccce40b12153ca
2d32e463fef7422d3d77d4fda8b66430ea7198b1
75490 F20110209_AABAIV nearns_e_Page_006.jpg
8d6addc72c77bb60bf9ba1ebe5e13357
8918e62f2b99d0655847c9282aa700ec12bdb8d5
140747 F20110209_AABBFP nearns_e_Page_132.jpg
480c2a3f0405363b3b77400f864d18ba
d46bdf050e90b73a0b14a20973ce6ff42e15e45d
6171 F20110209_AABAIW nearns_e_Page_165thm.jpg
335f1aa7c802af961627760765e25a5b
3d2f5d9324eb4bcb0ed86b5119e2217ae6b445e3
128109 F20110209_AABBFQ nearns_e_Page_134.jpg
15c8fd727a51ea7679450bff21baf622
d3e1d4d6af2f58cfc15182ae120ec0b6517c271c
1838 F20110209_AABAIX nearns_e_Page_197.txt
d77b5ca0a7ac50e2409eb1961add8d38
6cf9714b32852016c136e4825417198b4eb682a9
168213 F20110209_AABBFR nearns_e_Page_142.jpg
00b3d1c2cef3fa885c0dbc0ff8415ea6
ce9079d6702820ede1ac52605f781dd2daba3482
F20110209_AABAIY nearns_e_Page_095.tif
f716b76c2a4b31b28d030feb3a980aa2
f6c2943b3fddc3e68cf1449a642258251613860e
111334 F20110209_AABBFS nearns_e_Page_145.jpg
f042d294fed05de15c2b4fe7f69ce039
65c0d7b2c37d97e6c34af61c984738083262d412
92021 F20110209_AABBFT nearns_e_Page_147.jpg
09d411def6ccb67a70a0708b308d25bf
3473a421611cd202c6f0d8fe51e3116dec221734
8072 F20110209_AABAIZ nearns_e_Page_048thm.jpg
fbc8089d4a2e2ada9e06c08e9f1a4908
71b4d19869ce83a79fd75a7a9524e8d98b34b594
119336 F20110209_AABBFU nearns_e_Page_151.jpg
029b8cc83d4256a08b21cf75561822ab
3eea68c4f6a2995e6ad253c12dc12f0bf12205ff
7225 F20110209_AAAZNA nearns_e_Page_016thm.jpg
bd53f68fb31a1f861fd33fae51dd1a65
6b076a2f89636e1b3865f78d4598a60d83358f81
98546 F20110209_AABBFV nearns_e_Page_153.jpg
d22b72e6965f12e1e6cbbe5ac55961ec
55c43715616332a112b2dfc48c34fe16b28b754a
8080 F20110209_AAAZNB nearns_e_Page_122thm.jpg
94bf247e1ba4855ac06c6c06fdbc5a5d
42f0a7fdefe9f29be3a0401f917e70c72f775801
140381 F20110209_AABBFW nearns_e_Page_155.jpg
f34877c8591eadb9c9812886d591771c
697c4fc23afcc318d252b12ec49a3f4eec70c513
16657 F20110209_AAAZNC nearns_e_Page_180.QC.jpg
12e4ad44781498c10cfe3ee0cb045496
2179efe05d685a62d4807a71d66b273f61686b3d
70547 F20110209_AABBFX nearns_e_Page_158.jpg
a10b32f6a2b3f47c69c4ae839618dc19
da00a85a88735374071278f58396a142ab764e35
36717 F20110209_AAAZND nearns_e_Page_111.QC.jpg
b401fdaf7013ee968aec4da5d0ff4a66
85aea9f8bbe8006e388b0286d639952253064795
60665 F20110209_AABBFY nearns_e_Page_161.jpg
657af0521ac000f0cced5cd1674cc6fd
1ecaac958307ce1cb2736d08542c7b052bac970f
56110 F20110209_AABBFZ nearns_e_Page_165.jpg
a5dc4942997c183b93a2e619cd4d9894
13400a2614f841033b08767c565187919a1914df
4262 F20110209_AAAZNE nearns_e_Page_227thm.jpg
cb149426808e97f01592478b9fc39769
536f8997c9bf61ff5ff6e81a09d8754a774f099e
1051964 F20110209_AAAZNF nearns_e_Page_201.jp2
2f27991f442db63f8db5cab3eb95e5b6
f5a88df8a69b6cb006841f1ff63987a6e3b79988
119464 F20110209_AABAOA nearns_e_Page_077.jpg
641238675eee808dd946a658894fcb29
4a31710a616dbecc14da1c4d470fd1a5ccf74c5a
29014 F20110209_AAAZNG nearns_e_Page_218.QC.jpg
fac85f5a1fb2145fdad351a5265b70e1
e5680fec07a6e66c98384a0b9fa228fa09fcdb72
36404 F20110209_AABAOB nearns_e_Page_093.QC.jpg
cb5f74894b5435cdd86961bdc91ff28d
c3df15606e2b69ed909e27d309b15c0bba59fb5d
54401 F20110209_AAAZNH nearns_e_Page_058.jpg
b37804282a6b4d0909a3ef63ad2c315c
9f229c91c448b6f1c1a1a538c922b86dfaef4417
1763 F20110209_AABAOC nearns_e_Page_147.txt
f977dc0f7db77c85d7e16dcf9ac2c0c8
5d6fea7aa8d9ab743436603f97b65e4528bad1bd
49528 F20110209_AAAZNI nearns_e_Page_098.pro
080d8ae9e236f44ede9f51b0f51b4291
a2c4c26c80d9acb17ab8ac91e9fe1fe1b8b59868
8262 F20110209_AABAOD nearns_e_Page_033thm.jpg
142482fb5249ccd7eb3f734ac76e21ed
e77a15d04cc35ace6983bd01aea31ba60a9e2115
511192 F20110209_AAAZNJ nearns_e_Page_052.jp2
b30eeee26ff9ad1dcd9b2405174c9664
98b5bef023284dfeb1d3c29eee012e3439cbb121
1025889 F20110209_AABAOE nearns_e_Page_114.jp2
b2eba8e65998d33312c67634ade5b86f
bcb18bd6087bace68a5105aeef8f2b5e341aa049
107663 F20110209_AAAZNK nearns_e_Page_098.jpg
ae2d996a6da4d401fee82d58863b5edf
f6f4952ca60ea94ad43696100241ff8a896e5539
90241 F20110209_AABAOF nearns_e_Page_202.jpg
ca1bf16511b678bb24149badfad42a24
a54173dc44e1b087fa5dc86577ed38f2944a5dcd
F20110209_AAAZNL nearns_e_Page_182.tif
97e355ea3848034e01bf4f7a74310218
693c882613d70d26facf2183d786faba3673000b
1051920 F20110209_AABAOG nearns_e_Page_099.jp2
00fb5c130b19a9b2996522ebfa500bd6
cc3d9024c0af9b76b050224a2b5bd5cf15a62319
101811 F20110209_AAAZNM nearns_e_Page_017.jpg
a9d4f214ebaee816c6b042887e495a82
a4b1a659e6bbb1b8674755f371a9301daeabfa85
19190 F20110209_AABBLA nearns_e_Page_165.QC.jpg
ff57cbc40b5d352aa9ac95d53608991b
829f07368d58bd6d637c0be9180bfc6ba1bf07eb
27734 F20110209_AABAOH nearns_e_Page_053.QC.jpg
56a6387dfad82e4ddac09c07e3287a80
35e0c40ac1faecac308100945435b5aecc6d7583
1051909 F20110209_AAAZNN nearns_e_Page_091.jp2
69eded084a9fc11797c2ac46e770be2f
22153bf33793bd2e6a5ee54169b9a1f718a6ec69
24438 F20110209_AABBLB nearns_e_Page_172.QC.jpg
41eb6ab25f8e0e31f6d9f421d71c4871
b7164c6cc1e93cab2ace7af367c31f476bb8ad17
261 F20110209_AABAOI nearns_e_Page_169.txt
b488c1ece8221c5ef005714ffc774911
bb689a9d4faea4389be939d417ba6e2386af0181
34064 F20110209_AAAZNO nearns_e_Page_078.QC.jpg
813f6511ca1a23ff5dfd704efb184ecc
25853eb3c3e7e1a495448f2e31d8a2c0c808e61d
7925 F20110209_AABBLC nearns_e_Page_192thm.jpg
710ef0484a6b621fe8c0ffd53a0f3f39
acf1762f98881806f249d354bdc013bce4833bbc
F20110209_AABAOJ nearns_e_Page_148.tif
1351fb6be506fae51aab2dcf956f0785
224cd28db5d30930c05cbaabd64f9fcb5e7c5060
1044482 F20110209_AAAZNP nearns_e_Page_172.jp2
3785514a6652076b1cdd8d46c4c396db
3314d4ac643695d4bd5ba0ae0dda26aebc0e7166
32071 F20110209_AABBLD nearns_e_Page_039.QC.jpg
e316ecc5d0331cc4118030a6d0e92a63
d88fe3b45ad329777fe2412f6e2fa6b9ff06550c
F20110209_AABAOK nearns_e_Page_145.jp2
622941745a172d5229ffc2dc3a4e3523
44ec611f005b5e90fa2038e3bb0933c989c866bb
341 F20110209_AAAZNQ nearns_e_Page_058.txt
9fbe1444c7ad2b063196537c947369af
1a7fd6918f7a0b5de300db151f9819cbe0702e48
19572 F20110209_AABBLE nearns_e_Page_020.QC.jpg
2396ffb1ce7a767d033ecba6f9905f6d
c287cd439328e878a89555b6ce3db012ecee332d
F20110209_AABABA nearns_e_Page_113.tif
202c55c9e502d7169e6814895434cd0f
b5446a8af285958aa216e1fba72d023d0f15b739
33359 F20110209_AABAOL nearns_e_Page_101.QC.jpg
d0c44947f1bab0fd57676b49715df65c
bd114fac139a7f2d087d656e485cc73d908eff58
F20110209_AAAZNR nearns_e_Page_183.tif
9a0821417d5adf2cc71f87dd237cef70
e0580a50ab54c30eabeff2f2785b599cb99e3192
8441 F20110209_AABBLF nearns_e_Page_085thm.jpg
d9d71e1f5c5f6fc5c66d48eada1ae8f8
2de894106c2f82a947e6dd5a85655a2aaa6bd43f
1051969 F20110209_AABABB nearns_e_Page_156.jp2
81e0b0df9e0ed87a8a7b182c6c9c3062
71406d9d84bbb0fc3bf90bffdb0f988b1c859eba
49953 F20110209_AABAOM nearns_e_Page_227.jpg
ed9d58f1965c8326ded70bd83fd244dc
f15d9029bd6d1997dd6b8ffd777616f4bd3ed519
F20110209_AAAZNS nearns_e_Page_096.tif
df1a41f39c1e4384da8525df25eee169
da7def69db46daf258e28e18f01f2e36f2a66426
6591 F20110209_AABBLG nearns_e_Page_189thm.jpg
587c1635dfa59089bfa265d63b37afdd
cc548ad2308d3bd69943ae7565aace2fda419c35
8999 F20110209_AABABC nearns_e_Page_096thm.jpg
771555dd24da851885a4d913c6a4fec4
9db424f709bfe0cf82b4f66475135a14fa7f37df
76048 F20110209_AABAON nearns_e_Page_182.jpg
08f88dfd6b66bc74807dbc44dd61f468
aaf9046336c287245e5de480e40618c9ca613ce9
100854 F20110209_AAAZNT nearns_e_Page_212.jpg
7c79e5f13ac2eb3f22ceb92091fa8e69
e65f53e49aa34e2d756435fe4de9765f963e371f
8687 F20110209_AABBLH nearns_e_Page_046thm.jpg
2140f3463256c31ee8070b37a1e7e0cc
075318cbb9e6f1e530b4432c52ea2a8f1b322d2e
103028 F20110209_AABABD nearns_e_Page_030.jpg
0e0bd3ed9ddb1b4e18ca9c7d8eb5e785
c44a657241e932f55069ba91cb6ec01a3b631c10
1807 F20110209_AABAOO nearns_e_Page_013thm.jpg
76963ad8499d9d6a7dea0f26a68934c2
93259a8aa120ade64f4cc365cb8ae54ee73a4350
8798 F20110209_AAAZNU nearns_e_Page_129thm.jpg
a837880bcc80ec5dbfe3619bfa910ffb
d89bf7c80c95d74022da90b9b43b153171c14c16
8318 F20110209_AABBLI nearns_e_Page_086thm.jpg
f113451c51388c2a4caa1578e69ab498
02d80c06ae6a7abec092c4bfee4182615599b7bf
2086 F20110209_AABABE nearns_e_Page_029.txt
5c8cf584de6088b4149e6dc00290cede
2effb64c3ad6a3468cea07bd1384aaa8d0b426a4
990717 F20110209_AABAOP nearns_e_Page_190.jp2
c8ad2ba1493a93dd725285ed50216917
596b453f4678f96d710f2ea7d063e929377600ca
1051983 F20110209_AAAZNV nearns_e_Page_121.jp2
0acb529cacc009802a22941951ac8195
713cbc8447ee7818dbfdd6f368c8a81b147643cf
22272 F20110209_AABBLJ nearns_e_Page_174.QC.jpg
f1fbfdd6ac9c10a3c0ee93cc03a8f804
bb1b58bbc4e54f51d500d37425208753cd68b1c0
25967 F20110209_AABABF nearns_e_Page_014.QC.jpg
e77cf0139f4495bf49c4572c5d0a6b99
50d7d54da65fa94a855e16e7839b2586b27d8842
55216 F20110209_AABAOQ nearns_e_Page_056.jpg
2236b006b1880590b0b52c9be81d7872
dfa0642206b435887e488f282f04821fa8f6576f
129872 F20110209_AAAZNW nearns_e_Page_111.jpg
3974ed4d57558df7d2ca56d436ac2b77
c02dad9d1239c8db035c580deeb556695747b402
5844 F20110209_AABBLK nearns_e_Page_159thm.jpg
eeebdbff2c4793472ed4ab7bcc5327f6
ce11bc493833319a699513b4ac574adad67cc7f1
134722 F20110209_AABABG nearns_e_Page_067.jpg
cb76aeb3a6a0e47259c664f89b0501ab
3b2fc7a9e88332438c37d0015cd96f2a36e2849a
77906 F20110209_AABAOR nearns_e_Page_156.pro
1cd88d1ae882a6b3d1623306c14d1719
2ada73b94631732cb79d77b116f50b5faa430133
818588 F20110209_AAAZNX nearns_e_Page_180.jp2
d07ac2aefc822b6730d956b1e824a585
55b19e50192fb426ebe722c987a73742bb294c9a
36411 F20110209_AABBLL nearns_e_Page_150.QC.jpg
d83b52c4227f3910b14e7f06962b0ed7
6ea2d65c6bec57f9f32d34ae45214a13eb5c6559
46343 F20110209_AABABH nearns_e_Page_035.pro
550991b10d3dd624253c9525583bf6bf
f61f482435254036b7dc043bac47ebcda1c4beac
85576 F20110209_AABAOS nearns_e_Page_192.jpg
41c87d309cf35545b4723d4443785892
01da624e014e156e499536dbeec837e289835ef1
8689 F20110209_AAAZNY nearns_e_Page_049thm.jpg
dc203ab24dbc276fcdbe52cb68575282
7c14623abf9f4dc84113e856a8357ba8ce6bc9ae
32866 F20110209_AABBLM nearns_e_Page_084.QC.jpg
7f998c78c5e0eb866ef8008720f930cd
98c0ca388c0c63c1069e2b1c8e5c7d0df7e0201f
F20110209_AABABI nearns_e_Page_052.tif
9d24cbff17a3f18118bf9bce39fca23a
cd816ed4d2680d41a753d9ca600ce8a02cb57661
79944 F20110209_AABAOT nearns_e_Page_173.jpg
78f895b12969d80db102045bdf34e7e3
01cc00028350d6a2da83f3c353ad772b021f70e5
7114 F20110209_AAAZNZ nearns_e_Page_133thm.jpg
6f1c2d96d401a06dc149e05d6dd7959a
d7a4e5d6c66cfa77f72584b63c8239a14354c877
9991 F20110209_AABABJ nearns_e_Page_175.pro
d7460014f391b7efdff7660776a9cf84
c9b4e40d3e931b1cd22a4ce213bb232dbb60d869
F20110209_AABAOU nearns_e_Page_132.tif
307910251ed7ff68393649924ae0e0cc
706ab558b30500c121ea40c9aa4d9f9648b46729
32821 F20110209_AABBLN nearns_e_Page_079.QC.jpg
0006573c95e8da374919504d4de4a646
2291ee6f3ed346dc2754da96db446876a8be2794
90845 F20110209_AABABK nearns_e_Page_199.jpg
85216cb40e1478b46bf4d09eb90b20b4
32090a026c477c27476e2ca84b1b76a5fe49f0b0
56121 F20110209_AABAOV nearns_e_Page_005.jpg
7595936c90340946348c0e4060895872
53a05639a8377f5cc48ea6522f69dc3b57469b89
32719 F20110209_AABBLO nearns_e_Page_035.QC.jpg
0a4015c43422589b4553dc28a78101e1
8f2976c13a466364370285ad55546f45f0dd0a61
70785 F20110209_AABABL nearns_e_Page_168.jpg
a03da579a11bcb9d6dcf08442adbe24d
b65be7526be1be5bc904516ec439a3f7a91baa37
10137 F20110209_AABAOW nearns_e_Page_216.pro
e7ee393de80ef010278f215c64a7abcb
21cef601dac4f50e7b9796ae59f7d5f51521c522
35355 F20110209_AABBLP nearns_e_Page_098.QC.jpg
72e141ecb95e89cc91e04af7eb10b4ec
47a5fc757ddb7c34186befe8796c7dd06cf4c1bc
37924 F20110209_AABABM nearns_e_Page_152.QC.jpg
198cb5cf61b9a71d7fa6b8832c7549d7
7692fd9833c0680fc1bc14b5fa5ccfba27524c90
1051951 F20110209_AABAOX nearns_e_Page_103.jp2
6be42ef95ff8d107974f55983e49c1c9
67049871c0335b9f273f13c23d41e6abde775798
8484 F20110209_AABBLQ nearns_e_Page_225thm.jpg
19efeae6c01dba94bdb6ff46b11b59ab
110f75dee64de9814bd1408cf790c9bc2f47f6ac
154943 F20110209_AABABN nearns_e_Page_068.jpg
2371700a150f1441f967fa6163f07c79
e1d60ee19b8f3e97ad6d7b4dea21f0867cf4246f
2167 F20110209_AABAOY nearns_e_Page_009thm.jpg
dd9e506abd0028c449e7d33939a4df94
498db9b8fb45de08c0be642a139015a38694a7f5
34550 F20110209_AABBLR nearns_e_Page_029.QC.jpg
4260478182e4ff5a27210c4e16fdda8e
050889395d178dc336b33ad892a0bd9922bd0f9d
107075 F20110209_AABABO nearns_e_Page_103.jpg
b4a27197502c02922332b89a813875b5
2f41908793e382e5d933e76700c2d1bc24a5dc6a
F20110209_AABAOZ nearns_e_Page_209.tif
c60f58f27551fea8bc2017d728c3af6b
5ec4fbbe1ece5f437ebffc0030c5fca92b83cf4a
8295 F20110209_AABBLS nearns_e_Page_077thm.jpg
5104467fce1375c27f2dd796acdc7fdc
232b9eee5ec806da53edd4aeebbe9cb50516d003
34990 F20110209_AABABP nearns_e_Page_074.QC.jpg
813785cfd3747bcc53b7e6b6a38da291
ca7f29fc3155e5cdb1164808f806356bd5df0128
35241 F20110209_AABBLT nearns_e_Page_067.QC.jpg
96e2cfad5e8293457a89126d12458775
86313b9c462a0338fdd6b2cf6660301bf17d782e
1051949 F20110209_AABABQ nearns_e_Page_116.jp2
9a40040070c52a9ace24445c7e0e2121
30513de3ad13786b5e19545f5bda2afc4e698560
8222 F20110209_AABBLU nearns_e_Page_221thm.jpg
265cec49569e4e0802e012e5a91b6b44
9236d3717ecbe1cbe7c53ffd548788764a57efa9
1001870 F20110209_AABABR nearns_e_Page_171.jp2
4cda3ab3eae3a71d11815209ab5fb354
1d068c4e17a7ad93a17ef33ebc7f544bedcc8ef2
18501 F20110209_AAAZTA nearns_e_Page_005.QC.jpg
3964ecbc449359b36112257ae8377688
51e34dc192418bebaa9ce1f8f71ac6847cb00310
30504 F20110209_AABBLV nearns_e_Page_044.QC.jpg
de21e5b84575491d604122b74d6fdc05
bf17b374e58e35c90977d2980f5795f4ec16ec7f
27198 F20110209_AAAZTB nearns_e_Page_226.jpg
babcd3f026e326871f2446a49c83f3ba
596ea7e90e27e42fd156763e3f50b8053b509bc8
7906 F20110209_AABBLW nearns_e_Page_024thm.jpg
f94a8cdae2885e179b0bca4ae4c38ece
057a8cfc87c683e8bbf7f96396a4df4ad25ba649
979125 F20110209_AABABS nearns_e_Page_016.jp2
21bf64b093cc7889a08cf6fae1b7e749
b136e2005353cc00e79046fd385cc9967927665f
5113 F20110209_AAAZTC nearns_e_Page_059.pro
e8531f4f18ab1cfd01d96494dab94b03
9b882f85b421e3a22b329e12cc966ec3b2b3c25c
28629 F20110209_AABBLX nearns_e_Page_201.QC.jpg
409d857b87e45501ecd6c089d13cd03d
ab815f190c7e0baad098990fe7a02f8bff2653c8
1051953 F20110209_AABABT nearns_e_Page_163.jp2
a0d2cc397d9a0baf94be07775334f72d
bae277a69d4332c2139589f9171fc44504e27ba8
1051967 F20110209_AAAZTD nearns_e_Page_182.jp2
dbf5c8aad85a6b941d97e914ab93212e
551bceb8e000307f5f5178e7e52dcee1b1d791cc
8559 F20110209_AABBLY nearns_e_Page_110thm.jpg
c617bf32884f7f22229f1887bd5757d5
ceaa81d8bb05561c68c2f22c29c6782a48e9e33d
43150 F20110209_AABABU nearns_e_Page_003.jp2
a65aa6ff9f5d63da03d27ff31e9a20de
3e4ed46cb23398f9c26e8bd44d01523f0d49172f
902900 F20110209_AAAZTE nearns_e_Page_179.jp2
a025de9b0f649beb01718039a14823e8
6fd5a958227171384fb443e3872347ced93afb3e
40664 F20110209_AABBLZ nearns_e_Page_142.QC.jpg
248e350103a72e234e2e84c531e4ecc4
6368062c71f11d21540f381cfbbfd9272c8a4f44
9087 F20110209_AABABV nearns_e_Page_155thm.jpg
9989c1470858a45877b09b631dbc64f8
3c7c5082f0268c271f1ee45319c913f5ccc31458
8502 F20110209_AAAZTF nearns_e_Page_145thm.jpg
af872bc885e74625da5f07639411d9ba
8378df4da990fa6b1114f1e5ba26674012c36627
2965 F20110209_AABABW nearns_e_Page_148.txt
548c8bcc9b44be23644514808272fb5c
ddbe01aab4f7cd18da985fa4736e00bf9712999e
F20110209_AABAUA nearns_e_Page_136.tif
0e3b82bb6b9a9c837756866aca8f3dca
a08bfcb166f1b7a5eb1cf75bf4323fea90d6ad1a
5939 F20110209_AAAZTG nearns_e_Page_011thm.jpg
eb3459eff4e0cebb9f12c7c3f529f4c8
110d05e45d3e599ed0d8e79256354c8214d14bf6
7829 F20110209_AABABX nearns_e_Page_206thm.jpg
bcc39a579ed4eff29b224c53eb23c292
5faee833d211ab5350052b82ae0164b4429eafa1
F20110209_AABAUB nearns_e_Page_141.tif
2d63aca3f3d9302852aee3defe1f3124
2beb9b613e2c5354427334df76046f4c911c2f9e
8301 F20110209_AAAZTH nearns_e_Page_124thm.jpg
df43dbda55885bd6ae424a5707946c38
b0ab403faa9e1662a7328dfd993a3b9881dde4b9
F20110209_AABABY nearns_e_Page_111.tif
aa957e8b80cbbf332678a56ab8f3f1c6
71f137c8883e3f5cc8072cea10c3c5709beef38e
F20110209_AABAUC nearns_e_Page_144.tif
17222e4f857a4e5f05573f3263cac2f6
cb70bb706e5cb20f862e01c1c91c750ded6ed7c7
1810 F20110209_AAAZTI nearns_e_Page_018.txt
41ceee3616f545adb64727dc24bd184f
ed452de49583de833b974153e4e74a4c166cc329
8603 F20110209_AABABZ nearns_e_Page_222thm.jpg
969487d1788ec7ffa0cdebcf913d456a
2f5f53483c84a5faf431f2ceaecd9c94bfdbe813
F20110209_AABAUD nearns_e_Page_146.tif
23e995fb3fb437fbfe372ce335853ab5
bff75447f896b11a1eda8eb2b81ed75b5a3c5dea
33336 F20110209_AAAZTJ nearns_e_Page_149.QC.jpg
18dfa755f2a3e28ed9d77b60383c1f70
f75297f27d4c008833e43d3a64949972a8aa9abd
F20110209_AABAUE nearns_e_Page_149.tif
7b4324da3aa6223f2062dcffdf8d9e32
0669a39954e9526b056e724c6bd2f24f6b199a8c
98539 F20110209_AAAZTK nearns_e_Page_039.jpg
8ec6d04c556032b00416f9c65cc9a52b
c194103518a206bc1651911ce74157cfe342cd28
F20110209_AABAUF nearns_e_Page_150.tif
be79895283ba8fb3ca9dc586112e74a5
f695f3440c9a1b2d1d958702144d9685d8f8fee8
77340 F20110209_AAAZTL nearns_e_Page_108.pro
5fadc609de180f93d6761c74890a7f6f
669e5d2d823472bc1adcea3257b76dc3aafd995d
F20110209_AABAUG nearns_e_Page_153.tif
3ee77c7f37bba301aa0bafe2cda82fd6
f866cbc8f608192a256dacd58cb9fdbef6299f5f
F20110209_AAAZTM nearns_e_Page_092.tif
a57b913644eae941e9ae6a69c9f179a8
341ff8d605ba298f97a8f7c95ad141a3991ae62e
7002 F20110209_AABBRA nearns_e_Page_158thm.jpg
14cbe150caf173a687222a0a603d6470
08ef21f443d54458288ead1a7cc234cd8497dabd
F20110209_AABAUH nearns_e_Page_154.tif
c754279770027fe13b20dc04f9a0fdcd
e052c58e207e2b5c0fa61d78564fe463400d37ce
F20110209_AAAZTN nearns_e_Page_197.tif
135450ecbeb527132734baeae4d7ab1b
2f1123ce2973cccb7b24510fe13af4c01fd97784
F20110209_AABAUI nearns_e_Page_155.tif
57ddfb9070937d5d0c9b5e8b2aa382d5
47ae2292b78034c0a2873005cac16347b699881d
2101 F20110209_AAAZTO nearns_e_Page_037.txt
5040a1ea869fbebbade2ba518f6fa17c
25720807f64aab67b9cc23424e5560cdd3bc9235
6245 F20110209_AABBRB nearns_e_Page_174thm.jpg
4585b8543d3180f7bdb962874cb28c98
482cd89af1d13f8a90c5edeb3acea49a7598212e
F20110209_AABAUJ nearns_e_Page_158.tif
47933f098a6257121495cb6c05dde35d
099f949e3ee8fc453c93eecb1edd7289c93ac24c
8289 F20110209_AAAZTP nearns_e_Page_151thm.jpg
4847baf2cf50635c403de1f6f4b24451
6ed6f5d4438df32ab18b28f4f47df2ddea859e4d
6457 F20110209_AABBRC nearns_e_Page_176thm.jpg
6eff038219f3bebdf7f02acdc9eaa619
79977dbe06a6acb4bb673f31b5fe68ba6ec1e31c
F20110209_AABAUK nearns_e_Page_161.tif
118bc703dbd8fe4686259f6fcd27665b
97ed9c2b6c3255b99959fedcefe3b23643b1be8b
29830 F20110209_AAAZTQ nearns_e_Page_147.QC.jpg
fb5c49a19f75f761d8a9de5d382585ff
fee31e01a5a00c6542e98aa18a2ea982368e0478
5403 F20110209_AABBRD nearns_e_Page_183thm.jpg
353052b97c24a2dedfc9783a7aff957f
8cc20b9122bfb89d1f3596bf9643bcd479cff8c0
22263 F20110209_AABAHA nearns_e_Page_052.pro
e041f53fcc27ea5c5c904415321e7544
136305856f9c0444451ccf44993332800a126ccc
F20110209_AABAUL nearns_e_Page_164.tif
7b44cf64cb6a8ddfd34159a049d39954
c2f6f654ceee2b1de02494f79bfda8277d79e101
44537 F20110209_AAAZTR nearns_e_Page_027.pro
6166f27f66536f8f3b67ed462a5f5a91
22f33c971d5465c21b39a3a3a38bbb5133aeba31
6209 F20110209_AABBRE nearns_e_Page_184thm.jpg
70bce46d8cefac8c1a5d1881fa6047a1
92c5fc4dfc1e198b20583917b73281094ef17b30
F20110209_AABAHB nearns_e_Page_028.tif
b71180b30f6f7b58de541c1c72812eea
e8a5d05ed5ceb32d149e20726ac1146d19c1a410
F20110209_AABAUM nearns_e_Page_166.tif
35352f4da0473ea0686b2af61338b16e
a48d593b7537f8c89d62a5cbc2ae1b2ae0a9b8ef
1051946 F20110209_AAAZTS nearns_e_Page_218.jp2
b02c520eae969850522d108572c2f781
bcd61c97c99ef8c3d73f0a46974e9acc24f1076a
7190 F20110209_AABBRF nearns_e_Page_188thm.jpg
58c4e556f351f70a7892eac5995fee44
8e271534b98fff7589478490cdb2d5f3571ef20b
1828 F20110209_AABAHC nearns_e_Page_099.txt
1a8a537434b5415a75eb86d0e037966c
76a0e2d9f044c4730d103e1e8944cb3832acbd76
F20110209_AABAUN nearns_e_Page_167.tif
efc17b77cb4d6ca0b574490e1d2c542b
7f42024e3e4adadac9fe21aee93bd77638d6bec3
106047 F20110209_AAAZTT nearns_e_Page_071.jpg
0198784bff0ac70402fdadd87013b143
3f99b45dcce7d3e8708b4794a3d086bae4496582
7153 F20110209_AABBRG nearns_e_Page_190thm.jpg
8dc4b2230d3cb37f0f9e2fd5041956c8
710b812a2f818d1188b88dec37d9f6848d7adca4
F20110209_AABAHD nearns_e_Page_022.tif
c2e7a261d1a514940cc32ef0f445f0cd
f78c35546b6b21830805d53d326886d192702565
F20110209_AABAUO nearns_e_Page_169.tif
e0dab9b1d2d5256bf2ad6f9a2af0ccd4
f5f6b7c4f86b1e96be262cc9e7f0dfd2fb1575f8
F20110209_AAAZTU nearns_e_Page_156.tif
73bbab8406b53591592588016526cfd3
afe3c33a25ff634ac3ecce98b4592c0a8e3ec928
8419 F20110209_AABBRH nearns_e_Page_191thm.jpg
67ec6db1c8b739f7151b7cdea987ee1f
0cc0586b44eec55a57d14207d9d57667a3036048
910 F20110209_AABAHE nearns_e_Page_015.txt
6e7eab3b52c5aa56b7494ca15ac725c0
c6c5582abdd2dbb835a352db2580664165345535
F20110209_AABAUP nearns_e_Page_170.tif
272d6d7c70e74581fbd81275db556977
40dc356555d8342ddd73fad32d705581c9cfe30a
5793 F20110209_AAAZTV nearns_e_Page_164thm.jpg
6a245903a69866ea5fd078b188288ecf
522dfde2238ddcd861c342583a84c27ff45920f3
8932 F20110209_AABBRI nearns_e_Page_194thm.jpg
9dcc6e25b2a0ff677c70a915c36db1bb
515b4ddc5a2a1b11e909bf0d7baf1c2eeaa413d0
36097 F20110209_AABAHF nearns_e_Page_092.QC.jpg
6e2f91502d6128460098e96269c0cc4b
13f811b5fd447feb07557190e865e94090d30427
F20110209_AABAUQ nearns_e_Page_172.tif
7bfd4f8f19eb7874c13cbdb7ed76a46e
80452ee52b3804ff93c6d640450f19b1d44730a0
50150 F20110209_AAAZTW nearns_e_Page_090.pro
eca96d377444638befcac2c5d4ccfae7
e84139c2b27bb2ccec40b1946903e5c5db432ab5
8577 F20110209_AABAHG nearns_e_Page_121thm.jpg
4fbcfb94484cf1321e3a433337b60016
71f4cd8f5ac7ebf85b7ea515517f85caa37976fa
F20110209_AABAUR nearns_e_Page_173.tif
12ded53b0c85ab3a220bd140b2066814
1be80c5b9e52661efc431991b23a3f3c5b807205
78686 F20110209_AAAZTX nearns_e_Page_123.pro
6c71f842dc1fdb092f382ec0975d6239
f929df7f92de7672df947b66ad21a03c673e1fe0
F20110209_AABAHH nearns_e_Page_122.tif
f7d87b0bd7a46c0edb566bc79d9c00a6
b47eb8f71899810bffdd4088f997397e2d155bbc
59822 F20110209_AABBEA nearns_e_Page_055.jpg
48356f694023096abe4996e1020a43e0
35669ec87809c52a4f60685a21f0a3546a103da9
F20110209_AABAUS nearns_e_Page_178.tif
7bd7a34077112450900aaa63ce142b37
bc9f15211e8465182c5e72155fd0f13a70ee5553
11186 F20110209_AAAZTY nearns_e_Page_177.QC.jpg
f8ee53dd9dd29434b5b5b4fd975e7204
ff2dd7afb9bd6b11c40365940f61b110027ecf03
1949 F20110209_AABAHI nearns_e_Page_106.txt
0f57f3bb0e19b054c8c423356d2b4f25
f92dba88de492f0bfacdfce3081e72242b00df0a
52390 F20110209_AABBEB nearns_e_Page_057.jpg
750556d51fd568bd6d8b0a1200e623fe
127c4d51dd9783426c6328b327ec74509f574b19
F20110209_AABAUT nearns_e_Page_181.tif
c25f56c9bf83c9cf6c4a329455967c4c
1bd7cb5f15cf0783eba6c3465a5722bd98957871
8606 F20110209_AAAZTZ nearns_e_Page_128thm.jpg
0cea3eae8580652be07a359e0434343a
c36a64258edd4b54404a7213135585b55e27999f
F20110209_AABAHJ nearns_e_Page_067.tif
4c1d9bc8601f6a1a19deb5ad423d56e5
e0daee320068b2d9145ae919ef7b2f3894a8f2ae
100173 F20110209_AABBEC nearns_e_Page_064.jpg
e209ccfe26f0b5339d4e15ccc88bfdf7
7809cd6166f8b9ee9dffe2a5a3952ee705513fe7
F20110209_AABAUU nearns_e_Page_185.tif
381a38ce62af48ece9278950d9c8aad3
e7db72615a30dc5e4c10713080a2969802ef503c
41357 F20110209_AABAHK nearns_e_Page_137.pro
3e276bcf6af50416fd6e9e45127d2c52
08b2be6bd7b7e477827c28a1f95092104e7ec3ad
111962 F20110209_AABBED nearns_e_Page_065.jpg
5c4670b57f0727d52251d47431497c31
61a006f932c88208674d638840b9f763bf5d31dd
F20110209_AABAUV nearns_e_Page_186.tif
f3908530cc58efc1e34bdeabb218dcb1
99409757e0c84bced95dacf5a6e29d22ec9ea93e
1051848 F20110209_AABAHL nearns_e_Page_058.jp2
7109e3af8275dc67d90126b02f5116cb
ba06c53ff4f8ed93b4b847fbffe8b0a0c0ca2221
121277 F20110209_AABBEE nearns_e_Page_069.jpg
85ab94bc6ada05e19831ea22449e6850
f3b8bf41b3e0f0bbba00da10cd1db614b35367e0
F20110209_AABAUW nearns_e_Page_187.tif
0d57b2b7d70bc76a2f8c6320f203d1dd
43bd130b46fc3af02b3e9c54721a93ef6a099ccd
108335 F20110209_AABAHM nearns_e_Page_037.jpg
459004eee563cb70bce71ae38590e48b
347b36a9969a215bd1bca0f2f85725fa38d5a69a
102483 F20110209_AABBEF nearns_e_Page_070.jpg
4200ca8f3754dc32d3cb015539d6908b
54ec7ba6739336d3db6d18744be9d408b15dcb0d
F20110209_AABAUX nearns_e_Page_189.tif
6a604cf2f4fbc3f841c6c73594f8cb3b
f0ac66c80d8e44dcc3f2af86bb06a930518efe78
F20110209_AABAHN nearns_e_Page_158.jp2
8210b76628b0d834b52e6025295b35f2
02ef8cae578eda7a2408081563b0575ab1cfce93
98728 F20110209_AABBEG nearns_e_Page_072.jpg
e7ecfef5bb69df8e611a72fa56a0e903
69a5b23542a37150accc2ef8fa8a6011b534b567
F20110209_AABAUY nearns_e_Page_190.tif
3f0a111fa1e9e9a00a57973bd48f1d5d
4b14c89781c649a3eddb3cda396474cd98809a52
2813 F20110209_AABAHO nearns_e_Page_084.txt
f6c8aa05c2784e15051634452944e749
78406dec3f7cbb051aecb1f08333a3fe5273c32a
105918 F20110209_AABBEH nearns_e_Page_074.jpg
4690bc69ca933e41cbb859b1e5d7c5c4
551f17ff234fc68be9a143057849eb74674b2a7e
F20110209_AABAUZ nearns_e_Page_192.tif
7b810a636414c27c079e2a4f12322564
cf54bc20b84216d5fbac47221c366a1be080a15c
106813 F20110209_AABAHP nearns_e_Page_135.jpg
8aa3d1a48e6f2e97672bd7d16e7e9e7b
2c42be2f22576b01fe07d1ac0825d60cb0e2551a
104047 F20110209_AABBEI nearns_e_Page_075.jpg
b381518278067b79e520c1e58a404ed4
b7533fbc72cb789af42c9469b8a4fd95209d8105
52498 F20110209_AABAHQ nearns_e_Page_026.pro
affb41a8231320c6114352765f95cae5
e62cd343ac0db10ffec3c0788e3affb55b4fde80
95310 F20110209_AABBEJ nearns_e_Page_076.jpg
38c276e16d088c5a8937b1cef6fca6bb
ed5b3693e76d11882663ac78a44f3393c8baccb0
1024177 F20110209_AABAHR nearns_e_Page_044.jp2
827a626ab164c96c78d6b7f55779a323
9b3804f1339be403b80a2701c428bbbb6cb9ac9a
101760 F20110209_AABBEK nearns_e_Page_079.jpg
c624141e0ebfc4f158144bab4113ca55
b7be8de9e4bcf92df19c3169449e3676acbcfb9d
2008 F20110209_AAAZZA nearns_e_Page_122.txt
92f69c5d8b231f9364aad39275699fa5
fa0e9dbca900f770945c3fa2419e58ba8267f56a
8532 F20110209_AABAHS nearns_e_Page_078thm.jpg
98f01cdd5d9850980a45f6ff7b8194a8
1eb2dc6dd14f2f31761996b60506901e00cc7525
109295 F20110209_AABBEL nearns_e_Page_080.jpg
dc885cccefcdfb1bf4292af57c071472
49acef004a976d65ae82fe863ed3a0c5ae2549e0
1944 F20110209_AAAZZB nearns_e_Page_017.txt
1444eb60295ba278cad85b1b80f73cc3
d3dcc59aea2f0b16561b89054d05d6d360129f6e
F20110209_AABAHT nearns_e_Page_059.tif
e982468da07a8e24297a7da6a7e60fd8
f2ddd9d6e99d0530d1d713a070a84bbb821ea7a5
129980 F20110209_AABBEM nearns_e_Page_081.jpg
4e73eb256c84d83f0eb00356777f7e12
0366b78d153fc46039e78753cbf9a020837730f8
1051972 F20110209_AAAZZC nearns_e_Page_093.jp2
6eb59064e33ca49b67c96c9bd98b0551
343e9764daf9b81286cb3c8fdad1de8512773508
112096 F20110209_AABAHU nearns_e_Page_115.jpg
81c03f7ddb042419b0fcc9488f03cb66
be1af9d27a8f8220e30140fd143d258cdf6d66a5
115416 F20110209_AABBEN nearns_e_Page_085.jpg
8397339616b6fa6c110f797f9476c7c9
774d3f6f057913b180da0ab7f4199b002168794c
8303 F20110209_AAAZZD nearns_e_Page_087thm.jpg
029e69ae60970681ef6d59a448873bbc
4efe1aaf8e6d012f7a338ee58b59c59c9ff6919c
6477 F20110209_AABAHV nearns_e_Page_170.pro
71d5a25505fcf173f100b4f2e94f6c52
b3a4dc26187ec643672bfdeb5f75b2f6fea5e84a
120699 F20110209_AABBEO nearns_e_Page_086.jpg
3b813fdf0a879c912cbd3133bd313736
c5ec3f5f42460e572cc96f7b75c65a598e96d943
2082 F20110209_AAAZZE nearns_e_Page_139.txt
5562d193709ac9f663f7df67a0cdd93f
600fa347d6bbfd30ec9d022135ee9fd41af170d3
F20110209_AABAHW nearns_e_Page_117.tif
7285121f1f44e44dbe4418d9410fffd3
0c42a86b53144705a08b219e85930baae442b399
109978 F20110209_AABBEP nearns_e_Page_088.jpg
7d180f87e0ed5c4d3825e111f2ed8473
ac52d65c6f7726844eedaccf8bf8345bb35e1de7
55416 F20110209_AAAZZF nearns_e_Page_085.pro
223c22e8ac2fbc63be9e4400d5406af1
cc06a0c85a84c9c20701aa1cb0057a8d5f50a30b
109750 F20110209_AABBEQ nearns_e_Page_090.jpg
9c49bd9574a1904fd8a0dfacb896c869
a728694556036137479dd591b38d7fa17c8112cf
35151 F20110209_AAAZZG nearns_e_Page_151.QC.jpg
70d2a64d80d958620ce1d4a2f60bb578
c1f4fd288bbc26d9010b57311b3ad9c628da9e15
7562 F20110209_AABAHX nearns_e_Page_044thm.jpg
5ed40b9e2b1703df0544ffb828b397d9
5e0e8c91510bd9e217c60f733cb52eb11af872cb
111181 F20110209_AABBER nearns_e_Page_091.jpg
e3a9005f53270114606b5627b727b1ca
4a0accf80dd0e4b2c1113ac19c783c8ece542e4f
1051959 F20110209_AAAZZH nearns_e_Page_069.jp2
2f3eedfe4c0c66beba9c61e57acc4621
9b286a02d98d366a059dc4383384641dfa016904
109449 F20110209_AABBES nearns_e_Page_094.jpg
5e550564440777c5c052781e631e8ec1
a7435d6e0b7ce099d7eaa8bba429685152b3f11d
17828 F20110209_AAAZZI nearns_e_Page_058.QC.jpg
fd286571654539e01aa7e392e60d087d
a371f1554809f57ed09c8f62009420b8370a0650
1051935 F20110209_AABAHY nearns_e_Page_087.jp2
8a0f4b7583125b94a18de0ad93574e47
e8cee86528b3610f1a4fe0c7beadcf8a14cae193
103575 F20110209_AABBET nearns_e_Page_097.jpg
5c3afef34cadf8c17a05236a73f37a49
bab9d7cc232fe58600230a17f3e4560e3fac1980
2253 F20110209_AAAZZJ nearns_e_Page_010.txt
5756bdc05ab83d437c0757ae99834cb6
ee0ce8737d6122941156e214dfb3622c063b927d
100196 F20110209_AABAHZ nearns_e_Page_107.jpg
e446def2c6c417a8f90c7d6b01e83140
bf60f7e8b526b17912bec5b1e072743148292d10
30550 F20110209_AAAZZK nearns_e_Page_198.QC.jpg
572bcb6246ecd905194fc98a153ce857
0089e9effb7895c9bb50aef7fdce39ed384df4cc
101548 F20110209_AABBEU nearns_e_Page_099.jpg
864d03c600e96f65773d42305f743fbd
9d1692767e0f43d1a3ecc7c3b0fa38bf756e07b2
78944 F20110209_AAAZZL nearns_e_Page_127.pro
dcc2b2e8c5ebee6a9dc6431c34b77c9d
606d6f7a1820e974443d4f2a7d7890562560c9f5
6828 F20110209_AAAZMA nearns_e_Page_061.pro
a201a43c2e16eee97b7a5d1a7d2f2821
81e662d8a8dbb8bbe15a7e7f60576af6e5d6b02a
109756 F20110209_AABBEV nearns_e_Page_100.jpg
be5fd28bf6bba417e327a1006454b3d6
8e2dca4a69a393f7789969e02ecd7a81e309ea6d
7991 F20110209_AAAZZM nearns_e_Page_067thm.jpg
3256028b58492fa7a4257dc0af4075af
b667ce45c955642890c07a5da716bc2ba5f41615
32603 F20110209_AAAZMB nearns_e_Page_207.QC.jpg
75f4abb668981f87f090ddf807bc8f9a
a38e6938077cb1f8c02a6ff0d5dbf3e6ad9c126f
101391 F20110209_AABBEW nearns_e_Page_101.jpg
1746794eab86cec0616737b1db7542ca
3bb99bebe963759c3a8d1351402ba34c5931ae9f
8069 F20110209_AAAZZN nearns_e_Page_041thm.jpg
80c478dcb16a5d37452fbe452541c717
aef7b9d80f9e9d2bf3a783b652da908747ecf9fe
34240 F20110209_AAAZMC nearns_e_Page_043.QC.jpg
2668db216f2f8f4de201d798125fc1c0
7b29fba74762c57a1ed69dfe623792dbe9d260a4
115641 F20110209_AABBEX nearns_e_Page_102.jpg
b6ac188fff3d82d62422c200ba551503
cc2bd9d522105a10e56c384780ee7b186c550b61
53115 F20110209_AAAZZO nearns_e_Page_120.pro
eee94318bb6a39e40a7436d81ec9af99
25220eb8bc6bfa7368d7b2be6a7df4ebcb6b2343
98158 F20110209_AABBEY nearns_e_Page_104.jpg
202f9e7f32555e99691642558fbd1034
678e3eb03a766381330350c6089bf22853731d60
9079 F20110209_AAAZZP nearns_e_Page_105thm.jpg
3a213f4acc35f945793aa22f36954542
9b5aabb260dd8899b1ddb4cbd0bb2007352fac52
6864 F20110209_AAAZMD nearns_e_Page_215thm.jpg
f558adaa1779e9d4ef1ac084f6095489
9917183842f80af3f10a02e8b814d95e88b19955
109082 F20110209_AABBEZ nearns_e_Page_105.jpg
fba13aaf9c1e5b154c1533236d6d4165
fb4dfabc0043d8e6773715921765cd3a166691ba
24930 F20110209_AAAZME nearns_e_Page_196.pro
0e13f1d7505cdddf34a1aeb27527263a
a9c14eb9b6c9e07ed1530075fbad1deedec6589b
F20110209_AAAZZQ nearns_e_Page_126.tif
33aa3e0a48c4e50bc712c99df1e25d0b
cd459ff59ce7e3ea5546e110c2ada714b2e30cf5
41651 F20110209_AAAZMF nearns_e_Page_210.jpg
667dad0391a2af480edd08820b4a7587
a901fcf9cf56f94b24063a6708210e0a8980abef
40997 F20110209_AAAZZR nearns_e_Page_211.pro
e46b308f74739ef74dd223456b65a9f8
d41e39bee25fdce6296729ff88a750cda0f55bbd
45475 F20110209_AABANA nearns_e_Page_169.jpg
3c8e86ef72e13e1735c030dc0a02088f
cd32a720f4151317380f5fb8982b335b1c74038c
295 F20110209_AAAZMG nearns_e_Page_180.txt
4f695b5649bdb55ac432f6fcad96a05f
454204f0fbb6b80a34826b96deabbdf5f589f5e0
7915 F20110209_AAAZZS nearns_e_Page_149thm.jpg
150f04614203217940c85996972545f0
9615a56bfe8e612d5c00d01e4b2a58ccbd4fcbfd
29173 F20110209_AABANB nearns_e_Page_202.pro
862a832a5fc9780c8efd81dc0c67611d
1b75976da31aefeaabb71503bf9289becc65ecd8
993027 F20110209_AAAZMH nearns_e_Page_187.jp2
abbdfb6d367b338b41a15b722fac5336
b71810ee44c813d02351510d9b64ed7c4616d116
1305 F20110209_AAAZZT nearns_e_Page_200.txt
bff97f1feda604e571bd2011e4934c50
aab715b2b2a86f2e3f0a9a0bcc60526f9cf38062
3129 F20110209_AABANC nearns_e_Page_124.txt
fffdcc1e03b1740b9d1c79508d979ece
46d15a14ec3317a27482b6f0fa62975f5895b33e
32674 F20110209_AAAZMI nearns_e_Page_104.QC.jpg
86b284489729267211a83293654931c3
be216d807d1e5daf17cfc4752a51215ec84067d6
F20110209_AAAZZU nearns_e_Page_141.jp2
0fc43ae1814bffab18f51a07f5fb96ed
3b8335d3bdd3cb4c9777048b4641d918e4c3d4c8
21227 F20110209_AABAND nearns_e_Page_008.pro
b590a32a38547efb071100e4044589d1
874d651531a614eed78745801922dc40f6444e50
F20110209_AAAZMJ nearns_e_Page_028.jp2
6106e1def6e316438973ffc140e3fc8c
5cdecd4003c8a982f2c3ee7f763b46d165ee8bbe
F20110209_AAAZZV nearns_e_Page_086.tif
eee6be924e270145947cd2b2c8af3c50
9a230e72fc988608f5a69ecc67b7d5400d34d986
F20110209_AABANE nearns_e_Page_041.tif
c0ae52aa0c56a60977a5b3a78648477c
fd4c87f02685c2f22e43df2c20dce91ea1bede11
55759 F20110209_AAAZMK nearns_e_Page_087.pro
04e8e1f2e3b86e9993d916c4c7c23cfe
a5ccfbcfa370e0fff13894f1bb7ce6ca28ee2df4
5138 F20110209_AAAZZW nearns_e_Page_002.jpg
4fbdd21e4a7a27cce4d15bd47a71b5ee
ca8542c0e5008e2d5c77ffb9dfd68d2551cf7b2f
F20110209_AABANF nearns_e_Page_049.jp2
15c7fe4720af5cf5ebd2d8254a991f8d
ed978f28e7a4ba59d4c0b7fd328926d33ac50db3
8719 F20110209_AAAZML nearns_e_Page_040thm.jpg
ed914b88636995f005b2edf6df09ac2a
72013dd59fc26268b936935a378febfd272d986f
530 F20110209_AAAZZX nearns_e_Page_177.txt
506db1baf752e400fa1ddb2461df1f27
ca53c21a09bd133007cc059915b532a79231f510
911653 F20110209_AABANG nearns_e_Page_011.jp2
305be13533b3935fc61833fd0b84a7c1
b25e590197bbc1f4cfa9144ac7a4dde3bd6334ce
50444 F20110209_AAAZMM nearns_e_Page_105.pro
fff06e4c381005fc2319f6c22b73a712
c6c1327a321ac61514d4dfe84338c5491ea6ed08
F20110209_AABBKA nearns_e_Page_199.jp2
d31dd18ef14d0f6d5f3cae87b702b7bc
3e3f04c03b7c0b247abd24782bfe1ba0bb0c4135
283 F20110209_AAAZZY nearns_e_Page_160.txt
4b12c8ed15e92ebdf1b6ffcda79af9cf
0a80388077a442a22375d4cb9f2563470b21525a
1516 F20110209_AABANH nearns_e_Page_008thm.jpg
44d3161289cde7e0c2e7042ea2be771f
f4a1953e700f2eafdd3940aca04af1057574cff3
49856 F20110209_AAAZMN nearns_e_Page_096.pro
20f6429e6ec64cdf8679ee48337dde17
b56130778650336a5957f745cb4355b61b4b483a
1051981 F20110209_AABBKB nearns_e_Page_200.jp2
a83a882ee95b798755e4dc509f35b35a
a184a8004f5c5f87b3c312fe5b36bd898e540b39
37557 F20110209_AAAZZZ nearns_e_Page_021.pro
a98f26b60160f7ba323a2a6932c24db1
102802812810e609917a81dbc7c8ff5b9b5cbe39
99114 F20110209_AABANI nearns_e_Page_206.jpg
ba178f8a7513ecffced80cf504984a96
2511119f4c85eb3f437e3d6075b40f355d133bf5
1051908 F20110209_AAAZMO nearns_e_Page_025.jp2
0af1559a111c914193054a0d8860753e
ad0ab25d6e6473fb8d0e08b1ddab39814a820083
F20110209_AABBKC nearns_e_Page_202.jp2
c5fa55b86ef9285e773e87308cb998bd
28f5685487fc00d86b39d46a73b9b0d5bd0456b6
8767 F20110209_AABANJ nearns_e_Page_220thm.jpg
068a901108f91de82edb1ad2841679e5
4db82be2b5aed1b086678acf1dc30e5052f8cecb
311 F20110209_AAAZMP nearns_e_Page_179.txt
443ea52fb1ee53f99cc700d371409ffb
ae4003c19df52dda43c721737018c47068ac5123
1031214 F20110209_AABBKD nearns_e_Page_203.jp2
4b1aac016479448d283ab90f64b2bda2
d069e5a5e687246dd310e97360cab367d7a6e090
97231 F20110209_AABANK nearns_e_Page_082.jpg
6c56fda564fefb2d1c1da49376da84bd
4cd853871b285cb79b464c8d8c4b266d8ff45fd7
92643 F20110209_AAAZMQ nearns_e_Page_185.jpg
2963942fa773db117185f56e2b59e291
d1eef6364c2b09cb27f2e495c5f2f8ff52be565a
F20110209_AABBKE nearns_e_Page_207.jp2
f24d1a7913c9ddd4bcd39095d15614fd
e08e7b34e8a382acbbcd85269ebc89887d6d8354
5964 F20110209_AABAAA nearns_e_Page_062thm.jpg
471b51a1347ead6822fb20c6c4b21589
2b86f50363155a1fce11613351409505977ccbea
8565 F20110209_AABANL nearns_e_Page_026thm.jpg
1dbc5673e9b4d0eef285c9764d4b1f33
112c09b6e4c24343d0e583cbfc83d8e108466c43
922313 F20110209_AAAZMR nearns_e_Page_055.jp2
552756379de2dbc65ed4bfed54131b60
3f1726185ce5a6d06b85025d2f9e9b9eeaf6a2d3
383050 F20110209_AABBKF nearns_e_Page_210.jp2
089a78e3b52d8c533af6e163c7af6e83
103fd712c9628b8ef0c62d2c262a4d054916409c
46314 F20110209_AABAAB nearns_e_Page_099.pro
582f02e5c255a252ff28ce71e1413638
35e69936d17fd5a92c2d6c56caf3c4feb4f04bac
89328 F20110209_AABANM nearns_e_Page_133.jpg
9c26df9284334be798cadf3a936a45f4
0539edc6534c7001eac9d6ba8046e16a8db92a90
F20110209_AAAZMS nearns_e_Page_163.tif
3047eefdd53efaef86df29ea48ecda93
fc547383997975030569a721aee923ed6c17f34a
F20110209_AABBKG nearns_e_Page_212.jp2
a55ec79774511769d17ed2ab39ff9668
7b1422d4684e68253bbe5a451c42b6d65694d05f
90057 F20110209_AABAAC nearns_e_Page_016.jpg
3795d8e14e8e5eed8c15abb2c3d00c1a
43205fa9ca43ce3192c61a2c558422897f61ee88
1051948 F20110209_AABANN nearns_e_Page_124.jp2
aa4e7cb07bbb61e4436281b56c5fbdfc
a1bc0be8048e337849aac612c0cb8ae91a4a9625
F20110209_AAAZMT nearns_e_Page_223.jp2
1d00e4721bb1cac2451934ee5b1626a4
c76678f7d24cec35ed0cea1676fdc0d8ccb6076d
1044373 F20110209_AABBKH nearns_e_Page_214.jp2
792a280fc02c1937b9e34ee71000b41a
e5894a9c32e5b8a32241304af79296d2f96609bc
F20110209_AABAAD nearns_e_Page_084.jp2
ac1af7f447d29e99ecf6cea9bf026420
635fa3b1194e1953f02f192ae39b7b83a4c4538c
8433 F20110209_AABANO nearns_e_Page_089thm.jpg
bc0491e233f56be67951a511e5479145
92bb603adc1b5e49966adb2996972a7c7f3ca201
2094 F20110209_AAAZMU nearns_e_Page_046.txt
5d3bf2aa97269659ef82aa4eab70a45d
9bc8186eb22963ba5fe9b370977133b0c9600af3
854028 F20110209_AABBKI nearns_e_Page_215.jp2
3f04dc486800a68977b3ed903249bb84
1929ad1e2b225cfcbd020a1713cca8cf303cb481
7330 F20110209_AABAAE nearns_e_Page_187thm.jpg
d86a04826dcafc5aa7b59760c2621414
e2fa49b369cede623bc408c863ff81f69548d98a
6100 F20110209_AABANP nearns_e_Page_171thm.jpg
e0052e516f089d4aa8e4f361e3db826c
6779c9ead7de3bb3fffd0481b891db1b3fa43bb5
131583 F20110209_AAAZMV nearns_e_Page_208.jpg
dac95b720bbb948d075c3da96923ddaa
52c47039d778e539f9bf257f53aaa1e83bb735c0
773560 F20110209_AABBKJ nearns_e_Page_217.jp2
cfb508f984e0b13ae387b46740d55d4e
68df71571daece8af752dc5b75c52395d8620f75
F20110209_AABAAF nearns_e_Page_157.tif
065f2509fe3f030da7fec81b15079440
82847fc6cec205be2f6e00cef909ed355bf6aa19
F20110209_AABANQ nearns_e_Page_131.tif
bfda0f1290b324bf907e862f0633ef6a
f307859abe79df295385e3fdcf8b6acba47c603a
7737 F20110209_AAAZMW nearns_e_Page_069thm.jpg
283962a98738b84271c58c5054d2f3dc
2207644fb3d83655d9c800a3dc23a60ca8b64c14
1051978 F20110209_AABBKK nearns_e_Page_222.jp2
671fcecaa46f38139cf16652b6dff125
e487e044aa28cb980b72b5e8f0efd252e5ccb976
5271 F20110209_AABAAG nearns_e_Page_163.pro
c73726726deeca63e787f4e1b3e33da9
9b1c806b1a40453c4f839dcf15fafd804165c6ee
F20110209_AABANR nearns_e_Page_016.tif
0b0a17ae9a391df5fb00205fd23f0782
bbfa1d65bf5faac7a7b081e85ab6e1035b709c75
F20110209_AAAZMX nearns_e_Page_064.jp2
5bec72e380cee44a4e0e935d6d15fb90
c35124249aa9c21158f8d4ff81059e09b9555fc9
1051903 F20110209_AABBKL nearns_e_Page_225.jp2
12e6bf131ee9e8a9a726a7cd886f81ba
40a104baba1686237322cb696e698c50089251f0
49940 F20110209_AABAAH nearns_e_Page_030.pro
8f7daa2cd7a2c383f01b396e9abdad6f
8e160616f9c7350776f4ed2e3fb3d20df7c8cee8
7902 F20110209_AABANS nearns_e_Page_088thm.jpg
1a8e44a12b873757ce40300ba4b2b63e
c2e4d24e45c9f0a0d33d9bd2deb1a5444db8b511
2011 F20110209_AAAZMY nearns_e_Page_028.txt
d1142d0fc199cfa35997cb9fc9fa48dc
266da27357ca8235232abe3787ad98b91f184b60
517838 F20110209_AABBKM nearns_e_Page_227.jp2
73ed9b3aaf198d8e07ab094b04233e44
9f10fae17a558d1145342edf08e7c5ae81cf621f
4839 F20110209_AABAAI nearns_e_Page_166.pro
96d989bc236990ae93cfac411185e8e2
cac546172ce9168ae012925b46ff24b5d56ee489
F20110209_AABANT nearns_e_Page_174.tif
e9f353b97ce6a0b551fb0119d5cb42fd
7aacb303799b3d95a6eaaae5471753b549454213
8648 F20110209_AAAZMZ nearns_e_Page_038thm.jpg
44d143d682bf8823f0dc93bc63d417b5
3d08b831c1d6e5ff58694e263899963956b37e34
22888624 F20110209_AABBKN nearns_e.pdf
37c2e0d8538af2c6400b0df993270a83
77008a0182c83d195f78251675a4dadb7ba8dbd6
7175 F20110209_AABAAJ nearns_e_Page_203thm.jpg
191bd3b162fb4881cc0da1af3dbf881d
ab802ceed7e92262e745591a75e2ead18609046c
3493 F20110209_AABANU nearns_e_Page_142.txt
d3158546af126811c812998b8d8d8fb7
2db302be793f99a2ba1594b651062fb5b0b441e9
36036 F20110209_AABBKO nearns_e_Page_105.QC.jpg
3ddf29ae1f803b13fc2c6f9911479236
9cc9ffca72c95508b3cada9b0971236aebf849f8
106586 F20110209_AABAAK nearns_e_Page_120.jpg
d3a465c2c199db4fd1f6849d2102b069
81e09bea9a93b807f9763ef242b35413cb37783a
4517 F20110209_AABANV nearns_e_Page_165.pro
c295a1e0384b397721a67eb973ec8b0b
7c37557f3fa2342a7ecfe1d92881942269f83c79
24896 F20110209_AABBKP nearns_e_Page_203.QC.jpg
2c20151b1d1c2c6cd00eea7de7a26cc3
5f4872254b249654793cca8ab70e5172808a6da6
6915 F20110209_AABAAL nearns_e_Page_210.pro
c47b697ecc201e99399c4bae67b4d2e0
54c7b9f0a4f8ecc040f213602a61471129345349
8662 F20110209_AABANW nearns_e_Page_101thm.jpg
f90e6cc3e8d7745db2b0280b500f3147
3b9f867f104fabd08933b968c00f064d84ed7c8b
15715 F20110209_AABBKQ nearns_e_Page_169.QC.jpg
b1cfaff0ff0aacecc7016905d67c8b74
6605263c318d69ac6fbec9368e084fd92b3b2a2a
F20110209_AABAAM nearns_e_Page_178.jpg
24d773ded68f2a09ad67f5903ffa170f
f5b28ebb40f7b59f9d452d667b00081fabb645a8
1947 F20110209_AABANX nearns_e_Page_101.txt
76b1f01a9d211ca8a5e395dfdccea97e
1831b6763f3e44846323f8e8d2fafb6831fae2d8
18542 F20110209_AABBKR nearns_e_Page_059.QC.jpg
bfa429612db25f45ca7089b93ebe8c50
50f13c3624faa0bf06681c6f6817bd3c63f21007
6127 F20110209_AABAAN nearns_e_Page_157.QC.jpg
56557d1d6a496ef6ae62176a170f0bc8
27444137b82d4705741f9dfd6cf290c1251724db
8461 F20110209_AABANY nearns_e_Page_136thm.jpg
f33ef5f7a16ef8754da8bda6f7200beb
6ac97c8cf8ee00b31029748d50a78d5df2fce8f8
37536 F20110209_AABBKS nearns_e_Page_141.QC.jpg
e68bb24e5f12d0ee5b7291aa2d092276
60e1427c77cf546600a9ae0efd6fa9e10ede9b4c
93181 F20110209_AABAAO nearns_e_Page_159.jpg
99a7b748314a4f85990a76438831cab4
225e905c2e899ca54aba21523906600012eeac39
1051950 F20110209_AABANZ nearns_e_Page_127.jp2
73772b6a56356f4b782bafcf7b3bc5ca
bf6d0d8263362e9a8376cc6ef01e376d212108c1
37139 F20110209_AABBKT nearns_e_Page_148.QC.jpg
f8d23c8c33c00a7956c6b847526f6fa1
1aab08676b14f831704e3bb5e02bbc771e893411
34729 F20110209_AABAAP nearns_e_Page_028.QC.jpg
106a17bb6d69e7d0ee4072ad5ca45d73
953c4d05aad8926b28929767acb12b9ed5f009c8
6147 F20110209_AABBKU nearns_e_Page_056thm.jpg
b61b70fcb05c4e4c840c7d8d55397f4c
ff72902f9c7887136cf4c3786ff8039a8e6b7cc6
98875 F20110209_AABAAQ nearns_e_Page_041.jpg
a46e40f466f7232cd18d5473cacd3b60
38aa2487bcaaebb2f37b355a16cec139ef4cca20
8738 F20110209_AABBKV nearns_e_Page_103thm.jpg
dbab53720de903c0ea3de7a8b2afcbba
ccc1d48252d14b93cbd9236f6ce1efeeec6c9068
919825 F20110209_AAAZSA nearns_e_Page_169.jp2
c9e092153646bd2b3310ec644122b712
6569fa302920caf608125ffd833be7fe3f1ae4e4
41361 F20110209_AABBKW nearns_e_Page_066.QC.jpg
1d61cc004d450c85bab3fd79d9ca94ac
8a932d53752980686dc2b898fdd1ea47b7c46479
360 F20110209_AABAAR nearns_e_Page_062.txt
ecab829af43ad33a7cf9ff6e1a8abdf2
e5900c6257b3feb8b2c95072b13d53db7e04e619
1540 F20110209_AAAZSB nearns_e_Page_186.txt
55c8d49299b315133d478a67de3a68e5
40a940c40ee17d89cd7ec0be2480df8ad9405eb3
31333 F20110209_AABBKX nearns_e_Page_114.QC.jpg
716a35d57cca9dd2125b322146467c49
791b61055db61ed81838fc8bbdbb0e330063095b
3257 F20110209_AABAAS nearns_e_Page_155.txt
eecef8bb1102c66661785288b988bc7e
49a2965924c0c0ec231f901261a966265811b5c0
52055 F20110209_AAAZSC nearns_e_Page_110.pro
c88962a13237555c07bd421f1c5b9f36
d698a655c608b55db4971bb5e9a376cdb57e3489
33551 F20110209_AABBKY nearns_e_Page_136.QC.jpg
7d67c2ed7ead10f063395b76810bb33b
16184b9c8dbaaa689609eee33b6175f12fb2d305
56945 F20110209_AABAAT nearns_e_Page_065.pro
b5c2ee7a792eea6e7bc525101d1801ea
957094d66b5ad7543834fbc8309c19517ff86034
1051954 F20110209_AAAZSD nearns_e_Page_140.jp2
399f15a63e7f39b1fa05b9e13b063efc
51aad2c1948e6e4f7e27d0f518a722b68fdefd42
8249 F20110209_AABAAU nearns_e_Page_212thm.jpg
840c281d915ddd8ac62172f87052bf60
2b4b1ae9d36e5c55164e18792d9a28b8a7aa5684
4653 F20110209_AAAZSE nearns_e_Page_161.pro
2eb19e2572ca76b245406dcd905458b4
fbd932e659c96f5fd9800915e0f1ecfeb48802a5
34602 F20110209_AABBKZ nearns_e_Page_146.QC.jpg
ff6b7c086166cda7f8329df09a3144d8
11f249e44432bb569fb2757113285f202fa733aa
8102 F20110209_AABAAV nearns_e_Page_214thm.jpg
6d1c22384b00524a2ef0054ed7004c12
cf8aab48fdd7523fe28e6a43f5fddee758ba8143
137502 F20110209_AAAZSF nearns_e_Page_148.jpg
21df058f0e0bb8e8071067b93e56644e
7fc7ec1b1571c162c4200752f0e57fc33b004ba3
F20110209_AABAAW nearns_e_Page_171.tif
c89a2f6bc5477d8d010311be2696b6e5
c1ba1c67cf3b59913a2dacd2bfd4dd4fec0373fc
F20110209_AABATA nearns_e_Page_062.tif
0cfb89b8adad22fe378d8077a83a0fdf
cd1592e03140151951f12e273594f049ff53ecf5
F20110209_AAAZSG nearns_e_Page_160.tif
96f8bcf0efcafaceac9ee8ac736cf6bf
a164ebcff9ffabf769766b93c080cb8c2cb10d71
50476 F20110209_AABAAX nearns_e_Page_042.pro
544f9f7ce7b06fc3cdef698b0f1929a3
05350632263f30e1a3ec6da5b50d757020562875
F20110209_AABATB nearns_e_Page_065.tif
cb36c4e8e8d85ed4a552a0115eb82498
cd77f3966b87409bc1fbc7f3d851cf6e5fb8cda8
F20110209_AAAZSH nearns_e_Page_019.tif
d0f98f2fe69f704962728b2306c85d2b
baba9f64085310ce62963c6ef44050f3f7586921
453 F20110209_AABAAY nearns_e_Page_001.txt
e9253de95d9071c47337379ee50ac518
67f99cd57a35cdf3e8c9a9616810a75350070abb
F20110209_AABATC nearns_e_Page_066.tif
e5d31ea64ba7b7a125328058b7b8db3e
87999246e9f9cd9a2d8f672129e3df575d074b69
F20110209_AAAZSI nearns_e_Page_079.tif
c14a03c75fb4feca562cec6302f5e54a
923864f0f63960dd756fca031c5b7799de3cbbfa
1051956 F20110209_AABAAZ nearns_e_Page_118.jp2
c059c21d095e774c0c332ba8eca85e18
35f9c593eb44be1a47eacc91d42586a67c148a9c
F20110209_AABATD nearns_e_Page_069.tif
5eae4c3021aa4dce5880b0a1097d4310
ff9ca7aa91031bb5bf280009a46acc95883c153d
941503 F20110209_AAAZSJ nearns_e_Page_137.jp2
25fc94c7d86713eef7717580f0c98fa5
2762ded5628e9057c0bf4beb8246281f56ec5018
F20110209_AABATE nearns_e_Page_070.tif
3905881d373b0197fa33d1d831e1c042
842d0e64319566c2ce766673f3e5a1777837d769
128617 F20110209_AAAZSK nearns_e_Page_084.jpg
4b5201602828b5c9adbab61e447c0ad7
e2e2822e8cd7594b76d9ee904789c4ab2be5636c
F20110209_AABATF nearns_e_Page_074.tif
f2bf233163c68900c3ec52ca08d96bea
e428272605a51a2aa63336ee58ae42748f40bede
F20110209_AAAZSL nearns_e_Page_071.tif
264065faaaab7e5b8b76f438dcf77ac7
ccd056c25d354a81ed690262847953c30569e211
F20110209_AABATG nearns_e_Page_076.tif
5b803f2e4577974e0b2c1eb5ffdeba40
318238811f87b60380f22c608dc602244ac1405b
1247 F20110209_AAAZSM nearns_e_Page_202.txt
da9bc64c23c39618450a70c3966f2b97
21279f9c6c704a187284dad2015d0ea88028304f
F20110209_AABATH nearns_e_Page_081.tif
dcdf99e65785ea7506d29ae0b37c4989
b01b7fd1e20578992bb7724eb75f67c2aae42111
F20110209_AAAZSN nearns_e_Page_164.jp2
5df435cfbe86d89793229e6ede808bcf
6b214c5fa81f07494754335536e635050df734c4
27559 F20110209_AABBQA nearns_e_Page_217.QC.jpg
0087db6b749e52e8dbc541d5696754a8
34f9bfb894705b72d7cc37dd4ecf714be13e6dbe
F20110209_AABATI nearns_e_Page_083.tif
a351a200d9dd4da1d1cd99a57b4b6aeb
dd615af84a3c031431a436e5118dae1e3f299a1e
F20110209_AAAZSO nearns_e_Page_071thm.jpg
38cb8a360da169abb7a9a7ed35434c13
69e58773093b6af9c83ea0f113f1094fa87f81de
628 F20110209_AABBQB nearns_e_Page_002thm.jpg
7be6678b4d2dc19d5f42ba68f4a73223
79262997551eff04b5db59fd76595eb22cb1aba4
F20110209_AABATJ nearns_e_Page_093.tif
969142b33cb313fc207c1aa00f1b590f
55a78eab19229476cb41cc388dc161059ac5d6ab
44715 F20110209_AAAZSP nearns_e_Page_113.pro
5eba185c35acb0668d95751aba570892
ca78ce872703252ccfe10d0b26c02411868c19ad
683 F20110209_AABBQC nearns_e_Page_003thm.jpg
9c99290a75588165bf8743a45bdc2a45
dbd2e018cfdd4be753d1fff1314d45a43b4ca978
F20110209_AABATK nearns_e_Page_097.tif
1b2933ae08efcd1f81ece27fa788212f
117a0854e996d7ee8323968c7cd21dbf02aab44d
28514 F20110209_AAAZSQ nearns_e_Page_205.QC.jpg
20f0da3ea2ec6420567d25854edc28ab
cf1bf0692f139ce1c40389bd1b46bcf41d72690b
5261 F20110209_AABBQD nearns_e_Page_007thm.jpg
5b62c3d27e2c39779a06cdc637f4d876
e3ccd1a443b19fefd4dffbd55caee3986544d2f5
84878 F20110209_AABAGA nearns_e_Page_143.pro
33c9f73ff0e1f4687a6110dbe88f5614
ca0a7e391a07b6ba5fdeb30b2402cd159beedb29
F20110209_AABATL nearns_e_Page_099.tif
5b41c424d4af0cade5335c4e5c858b56
19d89cacc426b87d8acabbe68f478b2407e4bde1
6059 F20110209_AAAZSR nearns_e_Page_161thm.jpg
e8193aad22d6a2ec509757ee12e64a4b
4ea58a0704474b1015ab1291b2df8aae4dfafb1a
4957 F20110209_AABBQE nearns_e_Page_010thm.jpg
20c1827be051ba465172eefaf85cb311
8cf1f6aa4960d0d5b364dbfa54eba02307a2a78e
34797 F20110209_AABAGB nearns_e_Page_145.QC.jpg
bba62764bf351baf0754cc9db3ff3de6
864136c86c2fbfef8db336cfccffdc9760662364
F20110209_AABATM nearns_e_Page_100.tif
f1f4c98c473267393936029ccc5a8975
6903e38eaa7f8f0125ada8b5548c4961b8824105
F20110209_AAAZSS nearns_e_Page_031.tif
5853e9d9e0e198148de6faf2f0f9e756
e40ef3250ec33ab81eda737a91773a88cce13053
8746 F20110209_AABBQF nearns_e_Page_029thm.jpg
eb16ef835f29fd7a3790ceb8931036b0
78e5904997146ce753f2420ba852e538b0870d74
F20110209_AABAGC nearns_e_Page_034.tif
3c988e8b56cafc37d4ebc521564eb5c8
40c092ae1a9bd2489a91749ed3bd1720b44c7235
F20110209_AABATN nearns_e_Page_105.tif
6bd7ed9ecf9824fc4e9f43c9f204dc8e
5dcece979d63e15a4a7a546bd7b45fd6f5382004
53132 F20110209_AAAZST nearns_e_Page_050.pro
db516e7fe26d47f53bf372c948d1d314
696db2c4a6ef8d0535f2b9462a3d703c269e5dd1
8620 F20110209_AABBQG nearns_e_Page_032thm.jpg
6f3739c1718ce81adcae67d578572cee
508761d74b8352d5fde3bccadef4cebc6d7d7696
531011 F20110209_AABAGD nearns_e_Page_015.jp2
e1009fd8dc4155eec40ae15ba53222f6
9824e6bde8e14365b328b5ef81875562dfc2ea72
F20110209_AABATO nearns_e_Page_107.tif
12c855013fb297c74f4abc3003b43b3e
64583fb8b08641cabbf56cd81a6bfa31e758f9d8
18345 F20110209_AAAZSU nearns_e_Page_162.QC.jpg
d74fecd2de9e46753fab00bcc06a5896
8182db0c7208e6deb06db2482c4b97dfcb33921b
7912 F20110209_AABBQH nearns_e_Page_039thm.jpg
d416dfa76d74f2505183f08ab6e0029f
74e4f20d33b015cb4f4c86fc8eb75eba33a6c8f5
3528 F20110209_AABAGE nearns_e_Page_216thm.jpg
acfa2d8ef458b202b999aa2fe4e3cafa
7304512a9c4c1d565c304542485e5c336a50fa9a
F20110209_AABATP nearns_e_Page_108.tif
c5fc48f08afddd2f42adff8666641e8a
024239416734eabc9a633520e27776ae1df650eb
2648 F20110209_AAAZSV nearns_e_Page_144.txt
095e6538f3225a39430082a72aaab05a
4eafeac42461c710b2ce6ceb6b42a07be5accf94
8695 F20110209_AABBQI nearns_e_Page_050thm.jpg
17811e086358da2b7ed74bc5a74e498b
77f8a0db38be062c9901ea7612fd429e4593c7c2
39332 F20110209_AABAGF nearns_e_Page_193.pro
d040d1ec8baac298ac4480660d7b7ff9
d5c279fb1a69ab74e6fd2a37d68722356a4e82e8
F20110209_AABATQ nearns_e_Page_110.tif
4224ef5b2ec089a8459a21a312dc6ae6
93cfa33afb312cb710e4ccfbd064a9eea47af49b
1051778 F20110209_AAAZSW nearns_e_Page_168.jp2
494bf808d40cfc2c2742bbe2858ee972
ca6da10ed63212056a4818c0d5d1a883a29316b6
8060 F20110209_AABBQJ nearns_e_Page_051thm.jpg
c36949da094cadf9eb1640afaf532fc3
37fd44aade2f1e76f0cf8dbe98dffe501eb1aa5b
28829 F20110209_AABAGG nearns_e_Page_137.QC.jpg
58c20b2692d65f1a2776cbccf0aa1e2d
c00580981f1d9f988095947cabdd16c92992226f
F20110209_AABATR nearns_e_Page_112.tif
318e76684a5f0fc085a1a8c2508b49c5
ea360f07d4676c7e23d048d809939a419a9f22dd
F20110209_AAAZSX nearns_e_Page_063.tif
596d079436dafe0bbdc046467e80a5c6
7250b99582097c58f3fb87fb1bc608e5f121909c
6044 F20110209_AABBQK nearns_e_Page_060thm.jpg
c339e39f89847b8870ee883713d55fe9
d83b6ee78942e42c7b2ade440c898a46379d4dcc
1706 F20110209_AABAGH nearns_e_Page_188.txt
bd01534a4f2c28055c7132fdb0119ff1
84f4e0e46960304072dec18cc19a54cc64ba1436
62247 F20110209_AABBDA nearns_e_Page_220.pro
ff402a95a43f049d2d167e4710ce717a
31cad92c8666e5ccadd08bcbfa40323dee0ddb72
F20110209_AABATS nearns_e_Page_116.tif
9e188dc480d0c95b9d7d242e71ff8683
d8dcf37da557b7af7a5321b6176c68243c0f9cda
F20110209_AAAZSY nearns_e_Page_078.tif
3e65265fc84f99220399bdb5c499463f
3618f2cbf337e7490f5712aad98cffa6a4a9dcfc
8975 F20110209_AABBQL nearns_e_Page_066thm.jpg
f3b32ad372ecfdd50ba1cc6f8e65f950
8ee9f7db8c8f683b9ce7070ad926b59810602af4
31358 F20110209_AABAGI nearns_e_Page_031.QC.jpg
f60c2f67666b5d547abe61822f815220
b9aa8750fc10150fdb8921a25a92c1a0920e7854
60186 F20110209_AABBDB nearns_e_Page_223.pro
e317a8ccf8053f4e7e7b90a605e46301
5831a5b82a0d4103c9ab5074505793f1c03ee873
F20110209_AABATT nearns_e_Page_118.tif
e546f2d38833dedb7c871bade1c0aa6c
d80ec738c97cbe834db016dee2d8117264e8bd27
7312 F20110209_AAAZSZ nearns_e_Page_204thm.jpg
797399eda97e345be5d7a1233e684007
d13951dd907520823b0670162267e6fa5d281e5f
8650 F20110209_AABBQM nearns_e_Page_070thm.jpg
79a901d7031d2fcae612e732b08e1b1e
ea3022b35a90b388719348356f476b67bef32c49
F20110209_AABAGJ nearns_e_Page_027.tif
a5c5a7d0baefd0469790e073ae981a33
db39034a20a8442a7529780c0d6998910f2a2a30
56757 F20110209_AABBDC nearns_e_Page_225.pro
4e6e92b6daee0f249fb18a3026efabfa
ac4ed6dbff94d5b2f453ccb4370e16f87ddc4dfd
F20110209_AABATU nearns_e_Page_119.tif
eba0bae8bd210344f5e2afe88a607ff0
feb5fc89b939289f9693cd5c1f83f857164fd8ca
8232 F20110209_AABBQN nearns_e_Page_072thm.jpg
8447880024969bc51f03176332390e60
bc446a8f526cfcb917b2baec90fb2d6e5507e46a
3289 F20110209_AABAGK nearns_e_Page_130.txt
998f8078fa13bc082e34d015df1aa366
d933040a60b2efe1eaf658070c4bb2c202d44318
10961 F20110209_AABBDD nearns_e_Page_226.pro
6a50ea6d773e9ee747a71c5921dfd73f
60f870d34e467a7cb940bdd6268ce7f4883d40a5
F20110209_AABATV nearns_e_Page_120.tif
7536d90f9c342c991a2fa8a116d5b894
ddd6ffa9eb3601c64c9ca4497daf699e351b8fa9
8554 F20110209_AABBQO nearns_e_Page_075thm.jpg
b077da4075bcfb3184522359ed0038bc
233698c3e1f00895cb9eb6fde399d6f622262801
F20110209_AABAGL nearns_e_Page_132thm.jpg
dd558c4380d3724c27bf70b67cb534c3
81b1305c26e5f852145bcb5c763cabb83be020c1
26583 F20110209_AABBDE nearns_e_Page_001.jpg
875b57dfa33948aecb8a495b81f42a47
094693fcdea8bf69afafba6139f4a2bbe8a201f3
F20110209_AABATW nearns_e_Page_123.tif
2b4de2c34694eb53e184a8f623a3ed09
23f177702b8cee3b1f6d66cffd478809514bb0e8
9063 F20110209_AABBQP nearns_e_Page_091thm.jpg
f2c11f158918c60c25b43fbaa24c7c67
de80b5139760266ab59bddb651541612b4bb6f7d
9224 F20110209_AABAGM nearns_e_Page_143thm.jpg
5c4972795a610a7d86b4fdc8b1fcc584
1becf8ee3956bfcbfe00d4b4c32e2bbdfb570c87
92059 F20110209_AABBDF nearns_e_Page_004.jpg
873d3ebcc3bb42009e8cc0f53e48f1ae
fe68ab16ee09384ba3639eb2f57102d7349c5a04
F20110209_AABATX nearns_e_Page_129.tif
1a24664bf0aa09ae2a31cd41a0aea6bf
b54bce69f44957ec6875c0b56f3e4e281ba2c2be
8573 F20110209_AABBQQ nearns_e_Page_112thm.jpg
424eb99b09ded79122e62391bbf990b8
590214538fb92ad86199de0d1dfe5a11aaecca62
59808 F20110209_AABAGN nearns_e_Page_160.jpg
2906681833cac0205e8d1ac0129dd29b
addaba0d16cab64ef40650d477512f669d1ee968
111331 F20110209_AABBDG nearns_e_Page_007.jpg
8645040f4fab01785a1d02eca63c14c7
1df214a57ebb703aaff9cc95aff6698fa2435af5
F20110209_AABATY nearns_e_Page_134.tif
24c02162ee014f5cfac7fa6bbb0fba85
54c09f7697ef5e10178ea77907e72c35769506d4
7990 F20110209_AABBQR nearns_e_Page_114thm.jpg
c52fc2c522fda3d466cbccc7c4807b5f
f8d47f4173ecf100f16afe8eddff1d73a4a8651a
24331 F20110209_AABAGO nearns_e_Page_007.QC.jpg
8bbd405b18c6d5b69818d657bb47db46
0b2e6755431d5eb3435c52695f12645595622192
25451 F20110209_AABBDH nearns_e_Page_009.jpg
6cf7a24ef300ecb562d69c9a6b094863
04d89b1b19bc8360313ac11b3863ddd895b12dc9
F20110209_AABATZ nearns_e_Page_135.tif
23fa543360713d328f4562a0b200f39f
aad70320b684f7b3b6325cb627427f71cb9efd46
8674 F20110209_AABBQS nearns_e_Page_116thm.jpg
e31d199f44794e66fce8eef57c67dd00
41294181c8271f36137f57f87d76ded5cfa26cc3
32087 F20110209_AABAGP nearns_e_Page_195.QC.jpg
ed4fc922b80a34a75b051a3e13fad098
c62f1bd924b6a3f43e07d0c63ca21bd15d110a2f
82567 F20110209_AABBDI nearns_e_Page_011.jpg
f35b9973e80069d8312a94b97d868c5d
45988b65e51145a4eb838a573c95edfb4f4fc878
8525 F20110209_AABBQT nearns_e_Page_118thm.jpg
c25e87dea3f1ed45d833a546aad9fb7d
dd7c773d71c2a945eb2ab0a23f6674debda85120
53574 F20110209_AABAGQ nearns_e_Page_046.pro
66d37e2ddd0d6796ec7945aa6a5ecd9f
5130d4aa1b7a8352681efb07cb643288c0a5be3d
93156 F20110209_AABBDJ nearns_e_Page_012.jpg
5d836a3613e714c5e7473a515443a5a4
ec9334e2c7b90acec5db61f11ac0a39657a71d49
7333 F20110209_AABBQU nearns_e_Page_119thm.jpg
4dee40ff96e061a816ed770b7325aafd
e48879fda57e03f713b7f496d4c8b505c4847630
34267 F20110209_AABAGR nearns_e_Page_097.QC.jpg
cb72eed7d40fb33dde305278da8e57b1
ede3d88f4024f59e7d103717f48040c794dd5654
83126 F20110209_AABBDK nearns_e_Page_014.jpg
aff5f35ca2860eaf3b20200b4b526555
7ec0f6bafe17e434ce5b609c15145439696dcf0f
2278 F20110209_AAAZYA nearns_e_Page_001thm.jpg
773bea83c1843b05385a1264e64cf4d1
eb82cbcbc3e9058df35da5081414e8756a1159a7
F20110209_AABBQV nearns_e_Page_131thm.jpg
f5fb286ed52c311f906708a5e12522e1
69ec370eb1f324ac7fdee7df91ba51a8725946b0
F20110209_AABAGS nearns_e_Page_143.tif
fb14b33fcc44a1cc4b47ad09b880a2e8
e682127def1b6bede1ea791e89b26d4a2d32af0a
90871 F20110209_AABBDL nearns_e_Page_022.jpg
7862f739cf026160cd60d494c950843b
4eae61031b51a11dcafa7f33cee5514fddc7b13e
109285 F20110209_AAAZYB nearns_e_Page_225.jpg
299008098bb56c60c05f2a4bee6d4706
ebca808a7e840faaf9776aad26117a36847adae2
6928 F20110209_AABBQW nearns_e_Page_137thm.jpg
effe1b0a2a5939bc0d3a9dd7659138b7
8a1af665259c0a5e386315ed155f6e737f43607b
124442 F20110209_AABAGT nearns_e_Page_223.jpg
3ed28690160cb33d31492cd4fdc97add
c83cb2c25e89b111731cb4cb50dde190fe0bdc70
95181 F20110209_AABBDM nearns_e_Page_023.jpg
4754a62b821af751bde58de0500eae17
2ca252d5c7a95620e17dc36fcaf0fe23044b3f35
F20110209_AAAZYC nearns_e_Page_100.jp2
f00ab5c652febb328f6fae44bf7bf651
1ac5215f0374de02cf6143ffc5008987f7b065e5
F20110209_AABBQX nearns_e_Page_142thm.jpg
21bb1fcc578ae5f95cbc5d234dd812f0
c1391433a1b350f763a13d8e6ae495d0889de8ba
8656 F20110209_AABAGU nearns_e_Page_120thm.jpg
f7b45a36c723110bb759e8e6832c6ab9
aabadc903e1da212fef2c012c9e3ffa3a0e4532e
107027 F20110209_AABBDN nearns_e_Page_029.jpg
5dfab07dec8d807fd8af3aa58779adf9
3723ddbbecf18c74903478a1fabd5eface771764
47238 F20110209_AAAZYD nearns_e_Page_140.pro
ffbfab129cd8b8376343db98b12efa05
d434547b0c887286539b2602eb84ee3903f55f01
7667 F20110209_AABBQY nearns_e_Page_147thm.jpg
0023564e7c53787cb29c8b3fc5a50b3a
ccb66829a7285c13d2a9033cad9c439b249188cd
F20110209_AABAGV nearns_e_Page_162.tif
db857c45c54a875d47f6ebee2a4c77c0
e8d1f1054080cb5faa30586dbab667e8d1302e2c
105894 F20110209_AABBDO nearns_e_Page_032.jpg
575fe547b5f268adc311ac33e3fa7bef
418e96df1f49546f309d8b48f005065fe3ef7aa7
F20110209_AAAZYE nearns_e_Page_047.txt
5a3c50a5994421de1cf210bf43b525ab
e23be2b211e51e0af29271b691a169ecf6c91b3c
8530 F20110209_AABBQZ nearns_e_Page_152thm.jpg
1cbb7f3f9f73534738d21603ce38b708
d28a29f6c7c9db23a30be686d7c5921839a8c261
1051968 F20110209_AABAGW nearns_e_Page_130.jp2
34811f5be2c251ff61a8cff779e4645b
c1d960d11ae07f305f8789b8cc402a61f3e1993c
108684 F20110209_AABBDP nearns_e_Page_034.jpg
23955b01c4359487bfac11d52dd84695
7f72c84b14c2f58aa8b3e37c9416939ffdf73fa2
6346 F20110209_AAAZYF nearns_e_Page_208thm.jpg
62e9daff74945858e7bd53a0a62ec247
d617004911c7f641a3e64e06196a6e527a790de4
1114 F20110209_AABAZA nearns_e_Page_203.txt
9eff1dec57e4337b6f77d3eb1f8dbd64
70f0dfd94b38a176b64cc675d751cc87e30e4c76
104473 F20110209_AABBDQ nearns_e_Page_036.jpg
be1aeb165a5df723c8bbadb045199762
c537100225c4d23153e90527b127737db1c38e59
36462 F20110209_AAAZYG nearns_e_Page_134.QC.jpg
9b5bf64fbf253fe4851afb27afc53e41
2ac0b35372d400a62dd4384d01f5a1001f9b5f4d
F20110209_AABAGX nearns_e_Page_090.tif
831144f0abe243d9216e9ee5024917fa
1522d26b903497c7fd5aed9377801f06b3c14d54
1991 F20110209_AABAZB nearns_e_Page_206.txt
ad838e4861b6555b822e2fbf94f6cdea
42ce5eb09b2ef3ee3e4a47e9acee5f1164d46af9
104430 F20110209_AABBDR nearns_e_Page_038.jpg
9a505e00898d8a3706cb1563135d8a0f
113aa5e467b8b79ec4574bc1c07798f790e4523c
F20110209_AAAZYH nearns_e_Page_047.jp2
0ff80fa59177f4facf6229a0645f6cce
4117ce3bf5a0f125edc932e6dce41d029922acf7
F20110209_AABAGY nearns_e_Page_073.tif
599bf8a63da1ec24ebfee96c4686a5bc
815097309695b710bee25323d509e6e5909f2111
F20110209_AABAZC nearns_e_Page_207.txt
d8e59a6e6f8150d31e2a9c9a297b6ed1
5d3da212acf5d169e4cd50b494a99170c898fd33
107455 F20110209_AABBDS nearns_e_Page_040.jpg
9aa3f20c591580133d297d29af677177
1920cbff0a8b0963a3eedd9b1795bd49e74fa1e6
78038 F20110209_AAAZYI nearns_e_Page_021.jpg
9162a45332733bb44815c006f883615a
ee33fd625f507325facc118f22a7824e478bc900
551497 F20110209_AABAGZ nearns_e_Page_209.jp2
c354636f092a1c10c46f2c5189fed56f
8740c492bb981d95c7340cb59a33bb8b066a7017
2583 F20110209_AABAZD nearns_e_Page_208.txt
f1ee5badf51419eaec321a808c6651f6
aebf43e17117cb9838a8551a665605b3d879f14b
8344 F20110209_AAAZYJ nearns_e_Page_102thm.jpg
d56bff4b93382c601a5bf18de78a504d
cab501d3ddd4ece63985847c7d9a5ebd1901fe43
463 F20110209_AABAZE nearns_e_Page_210.txt
6c77871f8bc19f98302e0a06046d9c11
15d2cfdea300415645498caf91166259d52c7a69
102459 F20110209_AABBDT nearns_e_Page_042.jpg
23fb1bd89566acf55eb235985b3a7f4d
029450c80d2dbf05fe94df0023d3fcb6ba8fc6a6
664 F20110209_AAAZYK nearns_e_Page_174.txt
4a26e70e41cd5a0ed22225fac02b58e4
9e0007948e8ea0f8e99123c80398517c0aeebf6d
F20110209_AABAZF nearns_e_Page_217.txt
8b1549bc36ea9bec8e0bde4a16218e6c
d7dcc88aa6c0d760a6275c12fde0232dfa789b7e
107179 F20110209_AABBDU nearns_e_Page_043.jpg
a0b2151558ec0fb7f6a0e900827293e7
c0a2ffa3ad172bf836a4455d243f06e1b462ea58
F20110209_AAAZYL nearns_e_Page_123.jp2
02920a268e5ad91e94891e332b5829ed
9b34fc98db5e99428a238848b4bd1967dc41fc7d
32504 F20110209_AAAZLA nearns_e_Page_041.QC.jpg
75291aa09c11e1f54e06067aec173f09
781a3a2367eebd9bf1f3c3d14ad8856345e778b7
2169 F20110209_AABAZG nearns_e_Page_219.txt
dde5af0ae6b5f62650e0dce541ddb824
92bcffa5381d89b7e0032b77a12244f82ca5b3fb
93380 F20110209_AABBDV nearns_e_Page_044.jpg
385d09f1c4ea449a5eaa785f81f58f19
c425d86c98fe79ea98eddf281569ffdf6a4560ce
1051943 F20110209_AAAZYM nearns_e_Page_061.jp2
ff019b33b381afe6da4bd99f2d276759
322551334495cc7901b9d5a1049551aff1a986af
32496 F20110209_AAAZLB nearns_e_Page_064.QC.jpg
5cc2dc83508c9fdf4a6444d8cf68291f
619e07b9fe0d62264307c44b0745917521148a72
2509 F20110209_AABAZH nearns_e_Page_220.txt
4eb810e942440b1679a150d443b95fd3
7f8b4815eed61e05a4972de1ea380512e80e379c
100058 F20110209_AABBDW nearns_e_Page_045.jpg
530e1ff3e830150385b2d8c738b888ef
03798a9fa9cdc0fc5d727deb9b74fa494cb2434c
114725 F20110209_AAAZYN nearns_e_Page_221.jpg
463badeb80d209f26092e62ed891c28c
a01911da4a02ae8c2299b80d37df71a7998754f7
2248 F20110209_AABAZI nearns_e_Page_221.txt
472cfa5f5550db0554dbb8c5ef99e3f7
51856b96120d59d94551efc5fead4089230a4452
107419 F20110209_AABBDX nearns_e_Page_046.jpg
cfb4363d11379424a84be9dca7d57c1d
da9744b0e07e9293801ef969ec26de16212aeca0
53030 F20110209_AAAZYO nearns_e_Page_032.pro
e09fb85818aeb49851e3fdf32dbe4fdc
8bc833e01fe44c02c2786f9c14263899d5d9fabb
F20110209_AAAZLC nearns_e_Page_128.tif
76b4e56c56be674724ef0df5a8896934
190c0215a6bc37bd41c32ff130c5d6f6f834af6f
2439 F20110209_AABAZJ nearns_e_Page_222.txt
c9ea353ef336eaf817064abe39914739
882d68b5f8acdfae997ed54dc6972a3e5eba6399
97607 F20110209_AABBDY nearns_e_Page_051.jpg
f57aa7817c87a78f8ca3ccba15e85e76
24b38a576205bd9b271496fe7bcb7257f622652e
48521 F20110209_AAAZLD nearns_e_Page_039.pro
53430ff1e91a40ee885d208b34050dbf
7b48346bbe28f3b9c241305c9171b713b61ef497
107320 F20110209_AABBDZ nearns_e_Page_053.jpg
cecfc1fef95d3ec2201851bfc725af84
1d04b0b56bf93c21297fe8ad9df6fd267b14b6ad
6468 F20110209_AAAZYP nearns_e_Page_181thm.jpg
fb9bd3fd115f07958810554887d877e9
3b0598903bda1f066a094be3bfe5b31a822f9d66
34639 F20110209_AAAZLE nearns_e_Page_040.QC.jpg
87bb8c024a007a66cddebcc864fcd908
abf321683582ff674ab09ec54c100aea49524a03
2435 F20110209_AABAZK nearns_e_Page_223.txt
c74ac545e9a0e6a0f5f09f1288d949c2
e40513d6e747b19b8caf9c8072b80f3b790b2109
F20110209_AAAZYQ nearns_e_Page_160.jp2
11b40a92ec2b8e24f952400401f9702a
ca51519ea8ba65f4a6bb477b44002c3ab006127a
9025 F20110209_AAAZLF nearns_e_Page_139thm.jpg
5ba1e83aec6a7ccf435a537e8c5bf6ca
ea62c9d251ce0a45d0d99ad9e1dbd831838e995a
2388 F20110209_AABAZL nearns_e_Page_224.txt
3f36ce15ccd7ed2c753508c669f46984
856b6439eec6f80ee8bd8dcef4253f7a54233757
30644 F20110209_AAAZYR nearns_e_Page_018.QC.jpg
6f771332eaeebceec4e179174d664963
37df531e334ed417fe2ddfd7f83e835321e5555e
F20110209_AABAMA nearns_e_Page_031.jp2
6d8798b6c2fabde16de3622c578cf9cc
9b54ce58696842ee476453700887bbcac76bccd3
101378 F20110209_AAAZLG nearns_e_Page_035.jpg
f2ae7bd634eda8ea9e15189f856d19cc
9f3dcb3e4ef8489c60f3caaeadc89e8ba9d8f426
8324 F20110209_AABAZM nearns_e_Page_001.pro
c8dcabe6887d5a24001ae77f1c119aa2
dda082cafc3d1c279832689c9f96b30ab38d6902
4071 F20110209_AAAZYS nearns_e_Page_052thm.jpg
aaae737d08d77084b9b42943de686daa
9a2e141c3b48600036100a6b0fbf92769018fe24
20273 F20110209_AABAMB nearns_e_Page_055.QC.jpg
fe1743866b62b03ce41a9a877641bf25
2b57d9a54927eb2b44acdb395d3203341db04507
101099 F20110209_AAAZLH nearns_e_Page_207.jpg
1bdfc4016617a991cd5ef1e24683af7d
3df04d7dc2a31b11d0760516f950243a1d28a098
42313 F20110209_AABAZN nearns_e_Page_004.pro
8a451adf005081d911c0dce83a667a52
fcd28604aac4e3ac24987c32cb43047ffd85a0da
F20110209_AAAZYT nearns_e_Page_221.tif
f31acf8de33671bd0f9ef3b68d973ba9
9965ab4d3da6da8fdbfee51b6b546bc52d79f6b1
1836 F20110209_AABAMC nearns_e_Page_097.txt
e60c8060686755f794ea248ab37d2af3
58b53ef52a11ed5753a4ddb170552eb7ac50c26c
2785 F20110209_AAAZLI nearns_e_Page_141.txt
19e64b339838ace0defacd1ed8373832
d82d2c123154e36848c01e4daa37900ef905b51a
25023 F20110209_AABAZO nearns_e_Page_005.pro
5baadd7fb99f7927bfbf6c40d8306ded
08b8bc1400124ba0e220bea0dc63a9f8db7ee918
31957 F20110209_AAAZYU nearns_e_Page_002.jp2
72e24237d70c2ed79bfb9a3826e0421b
ccb0a2da762ec271bfa265b112a1fd0e0cea7731
373 F20110209_AABAMD nearns_e_Page_061.txt
0c3690f54b33dcbf3216e424fc9da094
ff95479feba5d8962a99443264d3b18862f9c33b
F20110209_AAAZLJ nearns_e_Page_175.tif
8c57b9d5830385a82ddb53b1a6ed28cf
423b4bf9d2327c06fbe353bfe40fd0fe481e7a30
68405 F20110209_AABAZP nearns_e_Page_006.pro
abf431c4463b4ffa739b83ed40c4de69
d56163c6355e9a1d57ddee6dd15e39235893d0d9
31300 F20110209_AAAZYV nearns_e_Page_082.QC.jpg
d967eccee6dc1a37ef7f96011f8794af
994d2c70777e7edc783a154921ee9e1d2da7f6df
13996 F20110209_AABAME nearns_e_Page_210.QC.jpg
c37635e85f190cfd1085743d6ba7eaf4
27700b9c8611d41c7be85a989a4abe4f8f4e750d
1539 F20110209_AAAZLK nearns_e_Page_194.txt
732ab6a1b372cccb756d9fe10455c24c
9eb3d47e172ad3797d644864a3cd2736c165f77f
56161 F20110209_AABAZQ nearns_e_Page_010.pro
463121cbe60fe96a2dfe0aa30c09a27e
eae70fe987dced2254d80b47088c8f8953ce0a2a
1006959 F20110209_AAAZYW nearns_e_Page_185.jp2
58daf63b65757330f359351b454c327b
04ad3986c846d3ead0fe359a150027187014f008
45838 F20110209_AABAMF nearns_e_Page_214.pro
b6c401972a0677257b810f13f02216a0
cbeeeb05ae94943bfe872c1b7564545fb722418e
F20110209_AAAZLL nearns_e_Page_204.tif
ce7113e00dca749a0b446ef3f44a2b7f
639b42130baaabaaa0ca11a544ca9e21623e7965
70759 F20110209_AABAZR nearns_e_Page_012.pro
d27dc0da08eaf62fb0428ea1870b5336
d55a02373a4a132244db41ba53567829c1fd872b
910380 F20110209_AAAZYX nearns_e_Page_014.jp2
30d1563a51c2837794947e49af23a153
8db8bf55172a8763e261bb668a5e40fee6d5de91
F20110209_AABAMG nearns_e_Page_098.txt
ad2b24ddc5966a12212ce9bdf5299c9e
46ea6ece4fe24fb1b849ff533d5dfc4d25763ce4
5183 F20110209_AAAZLM nearns_e_Page_169thm.jpg
5a0db005a9558c82d9a49e6292878c9e
9df0da8eaefdc84732707416029435338ee5263b
F20110209_AABBJA nearns_e_Page_134.jp2
55f08fdbbb5a31e612ff776389bacb3f
4e65c196781b23251c2e210dd2219544bed79f5e
14786 F20110209_AABAZS nearns_e_Page_013.pro
549109c6f1ad804d2389e444dcee313c
e489adf90ac237250dfa163deb6d3c7eca9ff7a0
6988 F20110209_AAAZYY nearns_e_Page_159.pro
bde5827d4c3a42c927adce714193d3eb
aac77e96d69bea5e9a276019cdadd7eae43af5f3
1883 F20110209_AABAMH nearns_e_Page_118.txt
21c643d2cd918c30df9afa30c1728779
b3a3290b798e7072d40993d91aa92e65d2e4a2f2
59355 F20110209_AAAZLN nearns_e_Page_102.pro
73a4d9f9b5340f9fc9da964c1431ec7b
fcbd786b66de0a9b0a269a506bd3ad0dc1ebdfa3
F20110209_AABBJB nearns_e_Page_135.jp2
0c51bb43da6d9968f6ca8ab39414da36
dd43c166004f149add508a71f129da8ccb284b02
22876 F20110209_AABAZT nearns_e_Page_015.pro
6456be610db5af83aac80d10a8a2bd6a
10ec992ddc90cc534d2962ee3e24eee314647807
7527 F20110209_AAAZYZ nearns_e_Page_009.QC.jpg
b6266a2f6db8f72e106680dd5642917b
4f798a3c7a7ebbb5ac754cd856581279e2d49b3c
48605 F20110209_AABAMI nearns_e_Page_206.pro
32350d1f673120724e6005c91493f0e5
588e090c92d9f946d5b117e179f439d1fdd78c29
F20110209_AAAZLO nearns_e_Page_138.tif
803330ad43ce17d123a117eba7351cd4
f5702aecce0dc4ac786d225ddac6dc53f7c9f54d
F20110209_AABBJC nearns_e_Page_136.jp2
41748d94f6ac24bf7c98b3c3557f31d8
c66e7e0243201edda4cddfa3f430d5ac240baf9a
49335 F20110209_AABAZU nearns_e_Page_017.pro
e4ed25ce1339534a36e21a3927256ba7
780e26488b71436e075dcf8172a6eb72414c24f0
F20110209_AABAMJ nearns_e_Page_163.txt
b627f92ea302666c88959482af5f5fa7
7eda0d7b2b817841be398b4643c4c920bebceda3
7722 F20110209_AAAZLP nearns_e_Page_080thm.jpg
4719ca62e19c7505482c825294e87568
62ee352e2a5d81a2949da0873b243930a73fd0f8
F20110209_AABBJD nearns_e_Page_138.jp2
48f9cc7a3b62d1c81bef74d181a0b0de
e981147d34cb3880a4d89b43e236e9412f09a43c
45186 F20110209_AABAZV nearns_e_Page_018.pro
fde5d076e27009b91cc52d72ac50593d
0d0261ed38f03d5554775caafbe9954332b73bf9
31845 F20110209_AABAMK nearns_e_Page_144.QC.jpg
90324af5c5c7320a938f6129bbaf9e4b
f3f265d20e3882e40267e352b9b7a1e68daa6273
5393 F20110209_AAAZLQ nearns_e_Page_172.pro
b7d4224dcb4bb919c55cd8ac28f3100f
05ccb532d682a77794a489ecdb3ae9558f8f454d
F20110209_AABBJE nearns_e_Page_139.jp2
eced5670b407519303677801109b48b1
5fc5222377f48884445ef919030bd126c4e034ba
42433 F20110209_AABAZW nearns_e_Page_019.pro
315a8fb026213adb344cd261dd02fbdd
948c975be5436a1346a455429f453d0e9b398e2d
1025582 F20110209_AABAML nearns_e_Page_083.jp2
62eae34e90d85350373b0de9d3390d70
1059635994176e0a678af223a717bde6ef4c0519
106338 F20110209_AAAZLR nearns_e_Page_112.jpg
80166504f9fa668027c8310e3cd81cd7
13de1d78bcfb525a5ed612a8b8dff9927ec7e2b6
F20110209_AABBJF nearns_e_Page_142.jp2
91c2394b5886aa51c7ef1bca2116cdeb
8eec79c312256ad6999e229033c451f91aa7b85f
45052 F20110209_AABAZX nearns_e_Page_023.pro
b4dfd35fafc86da66893213ba965b285
8f744ac0605c54fd9337cdaaa696aa9a02193947
32583 F20110209_AABAMM nearns_e_Page_221.QC.jpg
3c5f1296337d64c3b39e5318dfb26048
9c68a432f7da7621f6cff516b8a77db5dacbbe1f
2077 F20110209_AAAZLS nearns_e_Page_050.txt
fc306c433cf7df12933f139df6e7b98c
a139251b0ba86c78620db65cea44600105e02f5e
F20110209_AABBJG nearns_e_Page_143.jp2
82dd21de3c7544dccc504e81eace3f8a
c995a3e5c51fb6518fbe0e02fbbb2dbc5832baa6
47162 F20110209_AABAZY nearns_e_Page_024.pro
39a8a7b75963ef2dd41a21800f4933d0
f87e86e0a9ccb5e00d32b1e02694759699890b6f
907965 F20110209_AABAMN nearns_e_Page_056.jp2
92386e089ed11ffa77305cde144f1780
490498b980e39d9d9e94ab93c795496d1a0964e2
1869 F20110209_AAAZLT nearns_e_Page_024.txt
87082f97d69ff19699738fb2d9d462ac
32efd46f0d64731d3e6e5eba1821a60ba63a58f8
F20110209_AABBJH nearns_e_Page_144.jp2
2e9a9239e1897db8de86f51513b6c75b
0bfec8d8b03b7adbccf7ce94e6e001a9ae45931b
53394 F20110209_AABAZZ nearns_e_Page_029.pro
c57650b97b8ed1dcfa4001f9cce1b1b5
29e1876b1a9aaa7f9fcfed06f69bd3f98228c51e
1051905 F20110209_AABAMO nearns_e_Page_165.jp2
e3a11caf812dcaf77f8f678f47cf519e
3b4db17c0d19cd45be30970581e8ad927635dc68
38305 F20110209_AAAZLU nearns_e_Page_123.QC.jpg
50a034217525378850ca4d3edb3f94aa
cec3ea69eb87a13f72c0e381dc835abe097f904f
F20110209_AABBJI nearns_e_Page_146.jp2
8d6faad75b459b75b524f65b192803ba
76ef5116ea31f1a53f594ccaca7ae0b35f1aca8f
F20110209_AABAMP nearns_e_Page_184.tif
22b63b815f18c9dddf551e8c9fa807ee
95c20d6f5f06b9dc0a00b60d29174ca7943d2cb7
1953 F20110209_AAAZLV nearns_e_Page_096.txt
aab5be63d34babf7cf69184b9d602be8
2747392fa74588253b6820fba862e2493b31ccec
F20110209_AABBJJ nearns_e_Page_149.jp2
1a4bd37e4f7a29fc36b53acff50728f3
23f675ee8a97cd6f16fadc758b02a27937037ddb
1001278 F20110209_AABAMQ nearns_e_Page_204.jp2
7420470e9c2d9dc658690daeaaa2f51d
699b7acb4ff983a351ab81e49c68ac1254e7dcb6
133599 F20110209_AAAZLW nearns_e_Page_141.jpg
6133c6582103608725b123ca17f4f6f9
a7e1df08f04b1501fc504f627afde983ecf4d18c
1051934 F20110209_AABBJK nearns_e_Page_151.jp2
467913269fcf4357d0eb543b738810b3
8969b0a82796204dbabd3a5b9e5f1e5f28cf5843
7322 F20110209_AABAMR nearns_e_Page_226.QC.jpg
dfb16935fa374cf582510c5ca7f9a08c
06c2aef2d85f8cba36e4601f142b9e6a1301ff36
102289 F20110209_AAAZLX nearns_e_Page_213.jpg
e8bca41de8ee1b96fc4692eb2c5e8ae6
6e5f8977fdbaaa021110893d9765aa65e29d4b17
F20110209_AABBJL nearns_e_Page_153.jp2
e04e9e03434cf4e3b0910f8edb435a17
b4764d178293988a8b37ed0979f8bacbd9b6cc34
8561 F20110209_AABAMS nearns_e_Page_097thm.jpg
29df4f616aba3192f63b5eb43664dcef
d47eb7ff2ce7724c7c9c6887e0df216a3300af5c
F20110209_AAAZLY nearns_e_Page_101.tif
9cd638fe2a3957bedf09fb4fb94c957e
ef4b1da5d2c3b642ee38be2d711cb75498f6543d
204740 F20110209_AABBJM nearns_e_Page_157.jp2
37f0615d9c8a8d345445ea4b3e7b09ea
aba7da9b57516ff78dc4f878b5d2210a7768a726
F20110209_AABAMT nearns_e_Page_202.tif
64dc81f54094b64426b99a6ada432918
abd3ca597d3e0557b4ac2f4b4fa46370b116074d
1051957 F20110209_AAAZLZ nearns_e_Page_152.jp2
cdaa717f0bdd492e2c306748b0a87ff7
db6464a30696aebcd18848980450b8b4af519ba0
F20110209_AABBJN nearns_e_Page_161.jp2
0fa95578db76c79591fb4eebbe087ff6
36cb70d643db35e9279066d19a8d3452d4bf5820
8537 F20110209_AABAMU nearns_e_Page_054.pro
3847477a6d83b464c33385bde8da77f4
1ce5035e947e3a28167fbcb896da68d7228134e2
1051566 F20110209_AABBJO nearns_e_Page_162.jp2
49214d2e0ffeda1eec909683ef44964e
1216ef30379bb97bcf43642a631776d121e376b8
F20110209_AABAMV nearns_e_Page_087.tif
85035efdc41f53a45d8892bc9dc30132
aaa7dad7bc71632835ac5fbc5bac8e189ba7b2dd
F20110209_AABBJP nearns_e_Page_166.jp2
164d26b2be17f1ddddaade335b095e29
f669dd6d88375b9041be9f241b8492f000994013
1945 F20110209_AABAMW nearns_e_Page_064.txt
1434dfe4043e0655112c54bbbdd57751
e0df3bc39ec01ef6b52000267d41f55eb06a34d1
834029 F20110209_AABBJQ nearns_e_Page_167.jp2
071dcfaec6b4083636a5f5626f0d3854
57b1142fa991e373dd73bf88eb905edcec5b23e1
5798 F20110209_AABAMX nearns_e_Page_058thm.jpg
dd1dd486eb36cb40ece0f5773885fad3
56772b15ae73d75477b43ba63fb415f59bf78c34
1051647 F20110209_AABBJR nearns_e_Page_170.jp2
b68fdc40688017137bf219b8fed52a9d
b52130408cc1123d5ead945a1c9dea240b456bc5
44367 F20110209_AABAMY nearns_e_Page_114.pro
804f4a39fba6d73b97b23e978e22ef55
d6578dd034cf78299e5f5818977c11bc3631ec73
F20110209_AABBJS nearns_e_Page_173.jp2
4b2166b484df913e7ede83d656fc4ccd
4f27eeb70075d346e86c20003fe19c81bc2d59e2
F20110209_AABAMZ nearns_e_Page_222.tif
1bc458ed3937cf6c64829b95ddf3424a
1356515243590d6b38faebc03e62fb7d4e441ad7
942834 F20110209_AABBJT nearns_e_Page_174.jp2
f1366a13d3026b7e54d81b535062d5ee
9cc44aeeccd0a3784e432d94c5540b59fabfb59b
746210 F20110209_AABBJU nearns_e_Page_175.jp2
7a93c83088f5993684861860a83fb157
b6da4f6062d4668765bd591520721cdf675c3e71
872583 F20110209_AABBJV nearns_e_Page_176.jp2
e365a70d1319d2581d99759e1c354e7e
e4b540c5a3a5e643a87913850a1c3f5ad818db31
8950 F20110209_AAAZRA nearns_e_Page_095thm.jpg
aa9da7ac3e5af08764a60a9d235f5970
eadffc6f5431171d4be813fd01210de1fadf71c5
F20110209_AABBJW nearns_e_Page_178.jp2
8e610bf0a28a0df51cbdd054f3a3331d
f68a63682c957873ef9ec3804d0418188b6e67a9
6486 F20110209_AAAZRB nearns_e_Page_055thm.jpg
bfde5a017dca8d41ce71bbdf80a5a2f7
7947091dc2f68226799298149fbe74616a8c2614
894826 F20110209_AABBJX nearns_e_Page_189.jp2
82806fa566a432eb0a66058e56c54c2f
d0c4a589ef8818851fc67a3add282931334f834b
5556 F20110209_AAAZRC nearns_e_Page_162thm.jpg
896a0a7d0b06caed5465166c271d18fd
55dd684cc4c34529fcd85dd53686bc646350f424
F20110209_AABBJY nearns_e_Page_191.jp2
884a1dd537a71e112b1b1d63e32d23e4
9825c452b09c15c614451f76c6c0f4466b2f564b
24417 F20110209_AAAZRD nearns_e_Page_159.QC.jpg
f8fdcb810a0e5996eae29e0617534146
14ea7e4f0a54bb53d8799ef629320c3c5b4beb9d
50983 F20110209_AAAZRE nearns_e_Page_033.pro
73a49c051a027d79368da2eca901df5b
957fb8e1a0b2e1d5a00d487c651b31893770fe18
1051936 F20110209_AABBJZ nearns_e_Page_197.jp2
7f8fd7eb1c0063d45e4c664a15fde8cc
2964832c5b0cf49d9ba9404bd0d06c652c40db73
2858 F20110209_AAAZRF nearns_e_Page_006.txt
6ec78699b09429c73ae5e9934d05819f
8e0f2fc3a8e1977c23e1bec0d6238d9c2966cf84
265552 F20110209_AABASA UFE0015621_00001.mets FULL
6023a466a2962015b502326f37133ebe
24b059b0a2fa7c0303f463527f12d0d5d1a85841
107088 F20110209_AAAZRG nearns_e_Page_146.jpg
f6162b34454692921d4fb4ff4e8153ee
73c5f160241b06954a7eab659026a52222a980b3
11096 F20110209_AAAZRH nearns_e_Page_216.QC.jpg
c407468d232ce4de3a1b0142d9da8d6a
a8b5eae5b53a402e4b806c5fb264b90068643633
F20110209_AAAZRI nearns_e_Page_213thm.jpg
27027a9aaee60341e06d29fa0c277443
f7ae198328c16724cbb466d31e8d975e00cbd29c
F20110209_AABASD nearns_e_Page_001.tif
7a8dbd751b937ffa32fbf613ea1ff1cb
7e9ef6e0da28bf5b439c7bb5b08baf38c9f6bfbb
18740 F20110209_AAAZRJ nearns_e_Page_056.QC.jpg
f37e4f7936155ef55e61a75e389f3e41
4eaa78e0d3782937375fdf50be7262b14841a235
F20110209_AABASE nearns_e_Page_003.tif
ef5b4bd04cc95bbaa18c22d5a6bf25c8
a0b6bf3ac2afb02e75e492f71a986c7a2f0f3072
F20110209_AAAZRK nearns_e_Page_205.tif
2603dcd6ffe72067eebaafdec0c0d7d9
a4f7e0f841810b536a0ca3ddb011e2254a1a18fa
F20110209_AABASF nearns_e_Page_006.tif
017a83988ee6ded438c6b4c3d5f95a9f
4cfb45f92b5869b1f0fc80ebd05e7f3cdbe0b5c5
36558 F20110209_AAAZRL nearns_e_Page_096.QC.jpg
7bf3fd411c61a73e71237dabebba7b37
97076c1e29b58a8565c6c573e08de97f095613c5
F20110209_AABASG nearns_e_Page_009.tif
3f3b31d484bae0a789441f83a9d427e6
70c77cb50875a9d01208e7ffc0d6ff16111f5fbd
5460 F20110209_AAAZRM nearns_e_Page_179.pro
6c03424095bf04a77a6f28c21ec007bf
bf076a98e86b301ccea36aa0de12e22e920d7a76
F20110209_AABASH nearns_e_Page_011.tif
7a57e07e3e7271a3e4b273e7ba45c4ee
acf725891cd94c8351771509ecbd102c08da7a6e
53391 F20110209_AAAZRN nearns_e_Page_043.pro
92715d5bdffe17ae7eb095579af409d9
83c2faadf13239953abfc11d2bda68b256391328
34810 F20110209_AABBPA nearns_e_Page_071.QC.jpg
740f28eb09944bef64c7a5d1157c3e00
53088a807fc0fcd530e0909a648414e1b470d44b
F20110209_AABASI nearns_e_Page_017.tif
feb68cdc579c65761178069203d680fd
a6fc66329fc7e86db293f8fc1a60ea3f1ce47a07
61739 F20110209_AAAZRO nearns_e_Page_175.jpg
85c676a4abd6b34ff317b994f7a99c82
36eb73e2798aa3c49ba040865cb32450e510f4e1
35808 F20110209_AABBPB nearns_e_Page_077.QC.jpg
b8193e12c2bc0a2179294bd3e9971e67
ac230eeeeb52e503b770c8fcf7f5673c60c17c10
F20110209_AABASJ nearns_e_Page_018.tif
a5912bec90bdbf8e45d430fb6b1a0739
c4ae4de46e387f1bd2ca2d9843ca2596d566b4c9
49380 F20110209_AAAZRP nearns_e_Page_094.pro
cb8f8d552a8b2c6fbae75e1dd54904ed
a9298c04e9fd5839e4f39a103d9bf021ea62eb06
36127 F20110209_AABBPC nearns_e_Page_081.QC.jpg
ae98eb70e3e6fd56c3034e085363d138
23a330d676142d6531149b2405efef1c4f6b7a0b
F20110209_AABASK nearns_e_Page_021.tif
52b48611f2e792339b5313e44a5ae3e2
009bbc054eade3b95a87fd2d4ba19a6be8429cfd
33207 F20110209_AAAZRQ nearns_e_Page_107.QC.jpg
a196c93163d92f95b5dff397adb0ddc2
d46ed6663fe2f07a27a0340b4acec3eba416a21a
33201 F20110209_AABBPD nearns_e_Page_088.QC.jpg
d092bf28bbd76aa8a8152f87127948da
f4eeaa83744a476a963cc892fb5ed5da16425fd6
71554 F20110209_AABAFA nearns_e_Page_054.jpg
3365ff7d9160939dc5a97c3f227a44b5
c5528e9fea7952fb7028056b33ab4ad69a0c35ed
F20110209_AABASL nearns_e_Page_023.tif
5dcbccbced763a95a69bc3f328fdc23d
dadfdada65f0a946de705776d26e180b9121d464
8405 F20110209_AAAZRR nearns_e_Page_108thm.jpg
fb3f3c6e77cee6d17ffcd92e2d82485c
8068e5a80c6109839e8a843d9bd8aa2b87df3ddc
35572 F20110209_AABBPE nearns_e_Page_089.QC.jpg
3f64ccff4379c7e9d3b02b4b72db7428
bf250dc9134834828889bb5e1ca60e20788e9ee9
594 F20110209_AABAFB nearns_e_Page_013.txt
0da74762ce69756c733d77fdbf252504
2f196382a083a7db15a160d1f72ef769c4f013c8
F20110209_AABASM nearns_e_Page_029.tif
54096136d47972843128b41a0f9c294a
edaff97ee73991b6bbee8115df2e49b7f214dd80
846 F20110209_AAAZRS nearns_e_Page_178.txt
63186be0e90348dc0854b586a9e0e2be
549b7218418cf77bada32ea9e689599a050181d7
34264 F20110209_AABBPF nearns_e_Page_099.QC.jpg
38a09c885af2068ef36cc75a27c77a59
190ec86b86148b6248e38c8ccca09a3bd2fd990d
81558 F20110209_AABAFC nearns_e_Page_203.jpg
98e252d4f3ab7b41e7e094e43b2b3ce2
4204d98c483be8c30d7d26164238c8f1bb158ba6
F20110209_AABASN nearns_e_Page_030.tif
ba577cbf821620238e8512876a26fc87
d8a90de0ae7184a1e82db1da33fb9d2fb641062b
23733 F20110209_AAAZRT nearns_e_Page_189.QC.jpg
adf4facaa1bbfbf94a83f5f13a6cdfcf
b5f03e3e10a5198a0f2332c8d42416bd990ccf8c
35341 F20110209_AABBPG nearns_e_Page_102.QC.jpg
4676cbdd7704dae40327df3181ec52ae
9dd27c4209ebba9170da582331355cfc706123de
1331 F20110209_AABAFD nearns_e_Page_002.pro
0073006988cbae4959776b05511d545d
8f338f6d65bbc7ebfd982793540374792e6a9484
F20110209_AABASO nearns_e_Page_033.tif
f0f023c7432e65bb78317281c8277bfc
0247af2641e8c3b53fcacf60a9ccf91b7f5937d1
1818 F20110209_AAAZRU nearns_e_Page_107.txt
c69bf946329a2a1b0a51cbb765a0dc82
1628b535c9da07f29255b9a442df010dd272c3e6
30251 F20110209_AABBPH nearns_e_Page_113.QC.jpg
9fbd9b248b1ed1571d861a5397aac108
21ef6776808257fb9ab8c630d0b9ab85e819356a
5895 F20110209_AABAFE nearns_e_Page_059thm.jpg
606be763e798f5582c7ddb9a0bd188c4
19f7a78cb61319c2752dab26876902a2369406ba
F20110209_AABASP nearns_e_Page_038.tif
48fa0b4365181fdc57081a96f56df229
dbf474dd1574bf731ea81574ce159aa2c3702e27
34587 F20110209_AAAZRV nearns_e_Page_103.QC.jpg
c9fa22eb24337c449ba540f361dc6b4c
6843029cd1724cf09d003325849ff09b943448a1
34471 F20110209_AABBPI nearns_e_Page_116.QC.jpg
2111bb441a66d356e256dc91fe37217e
1f8be7695f844ba5d5d3dbbcd6de92330cc5b438
44240 F20110209_AABAFF nearns_e_Page_147.pro
1b1abc56f96e57f8e4f3ca8021218c75
0dd3e0f95da3fc6143cdafebec43ebe223b28dbe
F20110209_AABASQ nearns_e_Page_039.tif
a16932604cf07cf518b9caab10f4a313
2828c771b320a0296d250fdeb0a992c7ea3a40fc
135814 F20110209_AAAZRW nearns_e_Page_150.jpg
6b7fdda43f669df95f1e035eba3b6a7c
696fdadb0e915750644cbef4b359949488597b4d
32685 F20110209_AABBPJ nearns_e_Page_118.QC.jpg
3aea22bdd1e1d067beb843ea3c38b0fe
ed5baa78b5fa962324d72ec36a4aa7cb3a3c156d
1051982 F20110209_AABAFG nearns_e_Page_102.jp2
fa533c83647f6a27e2f0d8bdda35113e
7116d645a7dbdc8fa6c1bbf58b1f874678744856
F20110209_AABASR nearns_e_Page_040.tif
4a308b2eda8a5af3eef09137e8f7007c
19e0b2a969d2f2ef0656d5ec614899b798ea5947
103734 F20110209_AAAZRX nearns_e_Page_007.pro
e2881d928e65d0b70ce6e5cb673c7d04
76abf5190a3684214c7d45e8d12e820daca77e47
34450 F20110209_AABBPK nearns_e_Page_120.QC.jpg
f43985813a860a2e0c79b2579128512c
2f0f6f29a293451e7ae1c9e6a6c254967887db30
4228 F20110209_AABAFH nearns_e_Page_180.pro
4ff22525ff973736702a52507b10aec2
4771228d895de6af57238111c6d8102048408fa4
4697 F20110209_AABBCA nearns_e_Page_162.pro
641e76168c45140014131c4bbbb0c276
5c354979e86adf5c5647b2658be18b9ec27e3d8b
F20110209_AABASS nearns_e_Page_047.tif
715b9574738f890155c32b514a3807ef
b27aacee4c0251d44bda231229754b72de197ec3
F20110209_AAAZRY nearns_e_Page_060.tif
2adff942c2c0061adc08349a24238dd2
b0d16facb8d817a3c8f9b8ee74966080f1d52adf
36432 F20110209_AABBPL nearns_e_Page_125.QC.jpg
41a9e9fbe81fd330302f829c0c5c1a9b
8648c34a360ca3802aa4c5116d29e8f11e6ce8a0
F20110209_AABAFI nearns_e_Page_145.tif
c4b349768b58345e51db0b3b626fb393
341e919fed13691f8b0c76d56429bbe9d066256a
4775 F20110209_AABBCB nearns_e_Page_164.pro
782e155474c5c3b884bec741798ac77e
50cd8dd6f63b1f63c54a43ef1d6f87cda9feb1ec
F20110209_AABAST nearns_e_Page_048.tif
37c001c75e9fa63325a62a6d47faff7a
69e7d4c800cf3ce509ce0a62f2afa1543b938e4c
30037 F20110209_AAAZRZ nearns_e_Page_191.QC.jpg
0a01e8b1f9bd2b3c92f05730580f36bd
19ba962beeb3d5e43a1ae8a4a63e182c4fdf1491
42079 F20110209_AABBPM nearns_e_Page_126.QC.jpg
5f66a2c50328660b2cbd68516e712a19
ffc6332d7928cf48aaef7bf4b8effdfd2718bc68
8317 F20110209_AABAFJ nearns_e_Page_079thm.jpg
1e6055e3e0a6177c532f4c8d441529e5
14d1145169ec3be895c8a5869b78bc46a836505d
3636 F20110209_AABBCC nearns_e_Page_167.pro
19de327408432e3f39c81e486cf02145
d9b5bdcc37c4c38d5038f9e9af69c0875f3b5dc8
F20110209_AABASU nearns_e_Page_049.tif
220f45d0e54c246e58d3f353963d0941
e7dfb0a0317e93e0dc1f8061bc323728016c2fc1
37506 F20110209_AABBPN nearns_e_Page_128.QC.jpg
1e792ac953a4ccad1023831fc93ab381
cb551e6c7773834cceefb93b05b9eabe38bb3d40
1051973 F20110209_AABAFK nearns_e_Page_038.jp2
2c9824c383970635b485e9e46c026cd6
b961e8a75df93bf60fbeadf9bb29bac4617f4673
4402 F20110209_AABBCD nearns_e_Page_169.pro
7c0c55a713d953a015837728310b0359
0a3702b909ad99e9cb09406de2e63be9d3dfe2e4
F20110209_AABASV nearns_e_Page_051.tif
d252b68da377c0192dd2195c1479a36f
3bd181ccfc9a10e3b1a07391aa501a9618224dd1
41654 F20110209_AABBPO nearns_e_Page_129.QC.jpg
42a9e5949012e0a2a3539cb718764b80
112e4652274f3555bc1e2bd1a63e8b72fbf6afdc
61816 F20110209_AABAFL nearns_e_Page_060.jpg
38561b9208c6c1efe19a0bf00bacf065
fb1ac0ed340aa94c55143e31b04897ea99ddda82
6516 F20110209_AABBCE nearns_e_Page_173.pro
6f629e0ab53f673698b4ac9f893cf9e9
603151e371c7c7f17d6dd8facabbb24c68bd9201
F20110209_AABASW nearns_e_Page_053.tif
d99e9f14ea10f81554a64a6ffa7ffc08
d179d7d261ce79b3e9ce493d0d9a4d85f07da769
38647 F20110209_AABBPP nearns_e_Page_130.QC.jpg
543318b52c7a6723ac8e129f1611992f
bad4c850507c0cbef3c0f7fc57acbf333ab2b6e5
F20110209_AABAFM nearns_e_Page_104.txt
7f0b0cdafb4f011f2e4e6fd3e314ad3e
5155b043ded659c75a81b6013fdf5ce779ccfe8e
11871 F20110209_AABBCF nearns_e_Page_176.pro
579947e72e1851a14deeb7e71fac1d89
a45248384752d0b2a78add46f38d74a21e2633a3
F20110209_AABASX nearns_e_Page_056.tif
001442c693182a1eb7a3f401cece7656
fa44603bd9d92bc0f3c3327dca643e00896cac9b
41505 F20110209_AABBPQ nearns_e_Page_131.QC.jpg
16aea25bad886247871cccb6d761dedd
eec2d4503ec3acc30bc2b280e0fc308ebc8b9953
6433 F20110209_AABAFN nearns_e_Page_003.jpg
85397b89c365bfc979f425ec8826a1c2
5965b38e6df23209aca3b2e1ae50d7a89d042e5c
6462 F20110209_AABBCG nearns_e_Page_177.pro
e1a8ca60f5f755dab6afa0bc52ecf4f7
684fa915c24f1940a321bb5723792edaa470b862
F20110209_AABASY nearns_e_Page_058.tif
c74d9e6c37d52c7a5db788af815b8535
31e81343a71c4d964def1d69a097c4046d94dc03
42451 F20110209_AABBPR nearns_e_Page_143.QC.jpg
6ea0b3972a56c7658f6f57f128164760
8f2d0c8237b2d5198cb2bc03353a5921b156f165
23940 F20110209_AABAFO nearns_e_Page_013.jpg
9988db8256443c839e871bd88bd80479
0d019f876b95bd8c429a5250c4f17acafb8fa021
17821 F20110209_AABBCH nearns_e_Page_178.pro
675b1dd28bfb1b0bc51fcb689792c093
d000417a416f73d8bc338356341b1979617f82ca
F20110209_AABASZ nearns_e_Page_061.tif
501634d2e437ef60ff546e626efba7eb
d220170888a69dc4885c5e8fa00e6425c186bea6
22553 F20110209_AABBPS nearns_e_Page_158.QC.jpg
2bedc7f3214656f84fc98b20aea03bf6
f03843cfadae9b473d85ed6e6a69482b98549c8a
63093 F20110209_AABAFP nearns_e_Page_069.pro
9f67a7a03711909cf8abd27d711d0a73
8ed08b598b9715c6f301b70675201b5848148595
7499 F20110209_AABBCI nearns_e_Page_181.pro
dd62943cc885452364f2437f01bfe7ec
a7c26c41fa183e31192163b122069e14d09a68d1
19075 F20110209_AABBPT nearns_e_Page_161.QC.jpg
00736cad12850cec9cb069f552fc7566
5f98841e94ad7c4b0f8e7f16f6aa8aadf9e0afeb
38313 F20110209_AABAFQ nearns_e_Page_155.QC.jpg
496cb5ed5791c22cecf7d0c779b1bf48
43a54b0451c0754c0648d426c6b34e51a6252723
4886 F20110209_AABBCJ nearns_e_Page_182.pro
8990133ff1282b3515a2ea19ecb072b1
6e1feff937391157af47e841f593928d43ef8aae
25151 F20110209_AABBPU nearns_e_Page_173.QC.jpg
68acd6bd8c550dad0ef31fd8bceb398c
c258835de3e6ac89552607fda99ddd95ba6010a2
95373 F20110209_AABAFR nearns_e_Page_083.jpg
da79dbc73096ae105c05218503144407
f816ae73b81d9eb686f5db039c37a9229c8e0999
5982 F20110209_AABBCK nearns_e_Page_183.pro
a5aa5de4d0c6c16570f6b09fde6c15ed
4987d990ecd1244c017c3aff076e6ad1e9ab872b
1051975 F20110209_AAAZXA nearns_e_Page_117.jp2
ad64f34ab8636a254f86f2b8faa1f168
f04f75f5d9be546ee5db9b558f02ffd89e0a479d
18058 F20110209_AABBPV nearns_e_Page_196.QC.jpg
fa6a654345488616710858c4aa3899db
90f2c4cf244e8b85c3bbb06e98b069dfe2b328a3
55725 F20110209_AABAFS nearns_e_Page_088.pro
52069464636c9249ab10126aab79c050
899909889df6b212f8912e8e75f2517242e7c708
37875 F20110209_AABBCL nearns_e_Page_186.pro
5d1343a2efa17b1acf6090f46f7a0208
b438b15a8701fd5ad92414f98b5d3755000a8131
18207 F20110209_AAAZXB nearns_e_Page_164.QC.jpg
4f0b7c0a5f75099c2aeba62fdce0fd09
b7900fd6be02263067be776d93ce4836c289672a
27778 F20110209_AABBPW nearns_e_Page_204.QC.jpg
7f0f50b36538d41bee8bb43b0b0c3962
3b223d8ebdc333e8851adef50d20a4c30b69b47e
F20110209_AABAFT nearns_e_Page_208.jp2
b7e9e89bd93c5ee643697302f43c4e66
0e2300b0910d69a20728f004cd2fa2b321099737
43278 F20110209_AABBCM nearns_e_Page_187.pro
adc1abb2c16de8591efc7f2e13240fb1
35321ece22b271781ff7468de56455fd94169b74
1847 F20110209_AAAZXC nearns_e_Page_003.pro
5bb8d12ac264f025ae13168461a74d41
3cf6dbbefe2393e12ffc2432d743d213778517c8
16900 F20110209_AABBPX nearns_e_Page_209.QC.jpg
120db0852ede6466f43c3738fe6e2f56
24d2197647cc6fa6ece277ac8eb980c58482cd44
360508 F20110209_AABAFU nearns_e_Page_177.jp2
6782a1a737b9cff60169878ea7e9de0f
2af240af1873a5b494013ac9750924d2b06d1746
29098 F20110209_AABBCN nearns_e_Page_189.pro
00c68e04f73f1d7efa314093939c9cb9
c9ae1dddb3392a39da71d832742a168ff27e0f4c
8052 F20110209_AAAZXD nearns_e_Page_068thm.jpg
61a4be987c11d217eea9d87128d90481
37087836db5d460b676b4734ba93f6a71d3d3967
31120 F20110209_AABBPY nearns_e_Page_214.QC.jpg
14ce8b5371b5a93a8cebca82657d60cc
07c9246f191590e68788ca2d1ed523a2ed21fb8d
1046048 F20110209_AABAFV nearns_e_Page_082.jp2
7ccb00f9c3dd53de6c1d738013761258
c44404fd694ff07628fe4e520f8f5d9494c7044f
25160 F20110209_AABBCO nearns_e_Page_190.pro
764a74234de0ccb3bd745bebf32cc757
5011aca2de465cfe6333ada9452ee7387c945f1d
F20110209_AAAZXE nearns_e_Page_075.tif
0700685ed799ee87c6021afb15bb896b
1c2eaa5d8a9ce086fc47203e564cd4b425e8ac53
25869 F20110209_AABBPZ nearns_e_Page_215.QC.jpg
8f08e284b05af6cedc4a8ac787fa00a8
7eb4bad2af6928d52aa26fc5154af934bd9833c5
36068 F20110209_AABBCP nearns_e_Page_191.pro
20ffe4c02e4f96ec11dbffe50555ba5b
288a1add83343f6e16eff3db01aea6f64cce329e
72379 F20110209_AAAZXF nearns_e_Page_020.jpg
4f4c066b3c118224973095595ffa12e9
e62f1f7bafdcfdefc9e7dee4ff560340e812ba3a
41612 F20110209_AABAFW nearns_e_Page_063.pro
0d33d33c32c26321e245ecddb24f5ab1
9553274e89d2a9906b5225f90c0f151b189fc933
2096 F20110209_AABAYA nearns_e_Page_146.txt
dc4bfe9f8fb0114b4dc1c2bbc44d7615
dfc6dcebf8e71970a94f376e26e4e69b74ede9e8
35129 F20110209_AABBCQ nearns_e_Page_194.pro
cb8f3e7b563e43cdf76168994d9628de
7d0ebf4bf1d0ece89c177b18d8fc4c0aad5435a4
F20110209_AAAZXG nearns_e_Page_036.tif
203abc07cc579cd6da473780b8942d3f
73d2ab505b149f824dd6bf51fcd2abf98c729b98
100568 F20110209_AABAFX nearns_e_Page_118.jpg
401ceefc2d65e74c29e5f6c303900abb
c032a17a1310a0b7c2186f02142385b0b77b9b85
2578 F20110209_AABAYB nearns_e_Page_149.txt
faee2ca1fc741a4b66ae36b06d248fad
322aad398d7ed878f00dde2d15cc383d2c375040
35614 F20110209_AABBCR nearns_e_Page_195.pro
f23666f199e7e48a3bb2b18e6c29bb30
810e57c4ca2fb4434237622b3b20312d4fb6bba5
75143 F20110209_AAAZXH nearns_e_Page_124.pro
feaf94ff5c89a304a8a855153a8d0688
4b28644bcd199bea0848768f5d4b553abf96348d
286 F20110209_AABAFY nearns_e_Page_059.txt
c3fa053bb488d5ecfb582e23aaf79411
be536e74b02dc8a3d498a5a746f544160d7e0560
2453 F20110209_AABAYC nearns_e_Page_151.txt
59cebd269d928150dcde226352597d3f
50a36b1d8b932435a368df64c20a2981566d75c8
49152 F20110209_AAAZXI nearns_e_Page_047.pro
0ee74868aaa08680f7930bfbc84fe961
9f856ced4744c5951f93807d6afc7cbefabf00e1
7696 F20110209_AABAFZ nearns_e_Page_201thm.jpg
ba7a957af91eba476a77867e9731e22f
b47115450e9a9962d5403fa24b4a907621305b80
2909 F20110209_AABAYD nearns_e_Page_152.txt
8503b87e46aca5d07625949083117743
2cb0135082b9701a09b5aa4254144b01774709eb
43151 F20110209_AABBCS nearns_e_Page_197.pro
419e7a2fc27f099943d299de3f85dd45
ecdb0e67a3e94f65d334cd606f67cfaccb1a3bd1
30883 F20110209_AAAZXJ nearns_e_Page_076.QC.jpg
d5a77821c96dd33c5baf99aec2e3dc8f
02b9ef5ae8494034f26f33537335462baa29a340
2598 F20110209_AABAYE nearns_e_Page_154.txt
a445dd2890fae55f1790e44da60ddf7c
e968b35da9fe4afbc511cbc9c3adab751ff9e0d2
36359 F20110209_AABBCT nearns_e_Page_198.pro
feba1aa2568647606533458353686a0c
4524c9fb24589afecdef6902737ca572dc802e4a
37547 F20110209_AAAZXK nearns_e_Page_108.QC.jpg
f790758fe552e25f02fdd84d9e6d4eaa
389abece3fa8e1a2c682e5e4a0861175ffa6a5ec
462 F20110209_AABAYF nearns_e_Page_158.txt
54a5f1d9a69a29c3238b614664fca2b3
a2ceae4ff03269b27c2ef82e6474207fe4aadd39
26071 F20110209_AABBCU nearns_e_Page_199.pro
a8885e8860cd587fc0c2985e5627f3c3
e64b666d1e42b552c846a4d731180af5a60506b7
F20110209_AAAZXL nearns_e_Page_070.jp2
3bfc7c8963d27c28f1806d5fb1077ec0
5f910b49f02f306fdb26d1f4dec57c100963b267
968 F20110209_AAAZKA nearns_e_Page_008.txt
cc0caa1c963cf33cc6ff8c0fbe536451
c4bacfe161b59751ee88a79752ef2b366f4bcee0
282 F20110209_AABAYG nearns_e_Page_161.txt
d198e4b41f3486697082d96f28b31d11
794abee4cc10ac284414b822d88d4828b0dd90c5
26542 F20110209_AABBCV nearns_e_Page_201.pro
7937faa79e03a7332b7217c453bd7675
72cf2c2c775e6c545ae3b020f3d102658be83798
589239 F20110209_AAAZXM nearns_e_Page_005.jp2
0032ff55e88292409f50f84a07d44922
dc407ac5fe7395691dcf69b11f676d8c1b4ad62a
256 F20110209_AABAYH nearns_e_Page_162.txt
6c269c3e95291d7aeb1b9ed9b0bd5869
1dc812236e0c8e35737d3b971e5b173ca20d74f8
24678 F20110209_AABBCW nearns_e_Page_203.pro
5f78eb1d479834e10cd20c9898950f08
a11d7bbb834f568f2752574c58534b9f639b6afe
1051976 F20110209_AAAZXN nearns_e_Page_109.jp2
8d7086fa912f671f68a7508d5d23e407
5b4dd195722eb7ada4e0d7a57ced760b32ad72c3
8768 F20110209_AAAZKB nearns_e_Page_099thm.jpg
9f0f5570cbb8198f0b18148fe921f4a6
10200a6bba5132d3d9628e7f24830584ef430fa1
276 F20110209_AABAYI nearns_e_Page_164.txt
bbce49ab563ac8372a319c00e22b83bc
5d299d1eddccd11c9c658406250cf3352ae35175
9619 F20110209_AABBCX nearns_e_Page_209.pro
870885bc1d31fd4d582e417c8a9c9e97
834f86d6027da9de60167c58e929b7df9a32b625
3381 F20110209_AAAZKC nearns_e_Page_177thm.jpg
fb0de0557a2ba52c93ad3d058db474e9
e8d52b9515b6f9b497f118b46daef3b8fb0fcdee
30003 F20110209_AABBCY nearns_e_Page_217.pro
6053828ccf4b1d34b1985f14998286d9
2f3ad78e83d91d7eb3876728923917496a9ddc30
124187 F20110209_AAAZXO nearns_e_Page_144.jpg
f82d1341f6d662840d1c2390d5297eb7
8d9da1c256e8694087784f8a89e8583e3f993ce7
1050913 F20110209_AAAZKD nearns_e_Page_018.jp2
313d19f17b340917571fee51d749ba15
58573e33354f23b792aad2cf61c8d45ec9cf21b9
251 F20110209_AABAYJ nearns_e_Page_165.txt
189bc5bd1971cfdd4daf184f51421e37
bd82038c2542eb0ebf259e19a260c7ee2747e985
53330 F20110209_AABBCZ nearns_e_Page_219.pro
f845d42cf9aedb8a31d2538a29a58156
82f3e9a0078c69b7e4378c28ce130f5af73739ad
22576 F20110209_AAAZXP nearns_e_Page_215.pro
97004ce0add4a6ca76b332c81cdf44fb
13f42b11a6b5d6c4e5b62a73b1c2dddebce459a2
1557 F20110209_AAAZKE nearns_e_Page_191.txt
58dda1c7671b4f7739f33412ddd75777
bd44b2f8296470367d0a8befe773c63c9d94a5d5
198 F20110209_AABAYK nearns_e_Page_166.txt
6c3df6afd98330dbf8350c079197a8b7
20fd805157cfa33ea8e9282560d1fa142460f4da
138730 F20110209_AAAZXQ nearns_e_Page_138.jpg
7e0ad2379f98ccd520d81f9c56ab5df2
2a4f1963c86feaf9b3564f872c2f9e894236e4fc
8661 F20110209_AAAZKF nearns_e_Page_130thm.jpg
181ec09bd40f0fb891f18a5c81212431
c57f90453b1cd5f82072401959f7d63c1337bb6f
267 F20110209_AABAYL nearns_e_Page_167.txt
e04c623fabe79f4db3fe9c6be265a8a7
d8b513c39993d277b443fad831dd5ef12812d3db
60532 F20110209_AAAZXR nearns_e_Page_184.jpg
e4f29fe44d43090f64a069b1517a67e8
2f3547388a1eaab3b4e26fe74515174a9c90a304
F20110209_AABALA nearns_e_Page_026.tif
4c23e2918826408b332cc4919f2c3634
f7c2bc86ce08ef2abe6c9035781797952778fdfe
F20110209_AAAZKG nearns_e_Page_148.jp2
7cffe942ee13d992b7a0fe10d10ee650
fa0754923ba6d9b1e7392e1f5a215d2dcc5d2d82
344 F20110209_AABAYM nearns_e_Page_168.txt
b25e066bd94ecee633b21fe0025f9bfd
8c3fc5228ae1ceb0d7d452be4a0bb5cd64ac06f7
29306 F20110209_AAAZXS nearns_e_Page_188.QC.jpg
1a74cd840aff3f8d9a850d095e3c1cdc
a007401e459a6dcd125c48a80baf4f9b8ad9b80c
F20110209_AABALB nearns_e_Page_020.tif
68f11d92c8f8b41328f15971f231319f
7ef39466ad03a939fce7535b69e19d9d3b870bb4
1815 F20110209_AAAZKH nearns_e_Page_051.txt
40b1c909c2402511e1a2f6b01d033ca9
7922a272f5f550feb3bab1dc21aab98284229617
334 F20110209_AABAYN nearns_e_Page_170.txt
6427043c6397be4c8b81823d6cc282db
5115d08d23a89844f3dd384040912cafaed78cb5
8769 F20110209_AAAZXT nearns_e_Page_200thm.jpg
9f229edd901740c38d03a15ced9981fc
b9cb5a58327df18940cdc672860ab465dff573fc
35030 F20110209_AABALC nearns_e_Page_223.QC.jpg
c03d366fbb7b09622dfd1e0d6af91a15
52518696481537df3a3f128414119c064c3220b5
56735 F20110209_AAAZKI nearns_e_Page_059.jpg
061abc828196d889206b8bf8824e1294
57045b99f50186f5f1ee1779312c87402784e5dd
359 F20110209_AABAYO nearns_e_Page_171.txt
9284a17d3f2f610a1959b3abb047a77b
6602094ed4b0c55b9fcd339bc9098792a7f08f78
116530 F20110209_AAAZXU nearns_e_Page_154.jpg
847b9f8ef159e6c29e78004bf022e6df
c12152088a06f51d0fcd22d1737abb8ca541348a
47698 F20110209_AABALD nearns_e_Page_118.pro
1cb6e422ccb009b29e5c476e14e4020f
fd51ae7bc279bbb9c080208dacf92e68569d2189
F20110209_AAAZKJ nearns_e_Page_206.jp2
3f5e512354ab6e93a154d822f9b37dc0
b2dff637148228b307c6514b98a1c6ea9c57325a
366 F20110209_AABAYP nearns_e_Page_173.txt
53a983b569249f5c8ff79bf309a74163
ad00987e674987ba42d4dea3412a7760cc04d831
55115 F20110209_AAAZXV nearns_e_Page_209.jpg
f365af2d21b30a97b86779d9e5e9375b
9a3b19e9fd42cccb46329a618ae31a42d4471536
929 F20110209_AABALE nearns_e_Page_227.txt
4e5a1ca03544ab09b04b14ddac4c4efb
ec79231a8bb8aa9fda279e4d8a7e2916b3adec36
109643 F20110209_AAAZKK nearns_e_Page_092.jpg
272194efebff6b2d0804664500ca9f35
041c965121e263c384de715ca01870aeef92d78b
430 F20110209_AABAYQ nearns_e_Page_175.txt
84c83c87089dc8bbd995ed074e63f77f
34ddc4fbfe3e905adfd6ef1b081547eb17496173
2087 F20110209_AAAZXW nearns_e_Page_043.txt
70020d007ddad77872712236737aa054
c05dcff4fbe8dc04fb2032e8fdd4aa3e47a4f6de
110532 F20110209_AABALF nearns_e_Page_093.jpg
aee641c7cc8f75c79c6f005e782831b8
17ccf8324a19d69a19ab2879edc2daa5cbfb5e71
F20110209_AAAZKL nearns_e_Page_068.tif
639071125eb2d772b6568e04af84ce77
6ebdc55a6b8af7e5d2d744d1a3a0c84b44199949
352 F20110209_AABAYR nearns_e_Page_181.txt
0c54f7f35661a013274c78188160dd5a
c33ba4e1181a8cefbc7435d2e888734d1d7333b2
105830 F20110209_AAAZXX nearns_e_Page_026.jpg
0f2506b5b79aff9a122d41f3f88b81cb
3fc3d7a1e1e1912fda20d898ff506193af5c43f1
26013 F20110209_AABALG nearns_e_Page_012.QC.jpg
ceeb3f4c278ad1c944bd423ed59a1703
4bc5703944629560cdf46aa1a6c3638111f39cfe
2883 F20110209_AAAZKM nearns_e_Page_150.txt
3410e718a61de1b070d8f4fb2f972393
a97b99b8f2dd70a07134b7bbc2dcdb96c657dd02
F20110209_AABBIA nearns_e_Page_077.jp2
04a1d75f5485b5aeaa4cd7b7eeacbc13
4eb6cc5485f27c176b71af0b2a762282d3855933
300 F20110209_AABAYS nearns_e_Page_183.txt
a8cbcc9ece5edc60bfaede23b090f9cd
4999cf1e142f399a21e70474992c74f44b911005
1845 F20110209_AAAZXY nearns_e_Page_070.txt
b885dc18d8fda3a43d375c6d85f41594
2fa2dda703875048505b5e30a0eb7c577d309cb8
1013706 F20110209_AABALH nearns_e_Page_027.jp2
76757758e7f7612fc83188a1704c0bf6
e7f0c7d99f80d577caf61948086c9e3a3e954551
9003 F20110209_AAAZKN nearns_e_Page_093thm.jpg
b252c6f4a8c80dfc452e71ad9eebd296
19bf5f431b03c52921bcdb38edfd3df04a44d377
F20110209_AABBIB nearns_e_Page_078.jp2
fe443530efb0dfe5d96658971192bb2e
8e9dcbfd5c32854b6b65a592471ad73c7e17da08
265 F20110209_AABAYT nearns_e_Page_184.txt
c9ad3def5197d0b567f3db3b74f67e9c
d933d0554835fa3e881a0e5d3b1a182e68d8db3a
50050 F20110209_AAAZXZ nearns_e_Page_038.pro
6b28717aa0f0572f284bb74ed2d4387b
300e77517206dbc3803a6c79851e22a5a3ba05a2
32846 F20110209_AABALI nearns_e_Page_154.QC.jpg
3025e03252c9c8261345e5594f85de33
32032c8dad993ec60df2c9b6cbe0eeef4590b4f6
2001 F20110209_AAAZKO nearns_e_Page_053.txt
c2bcc15ad8b64be20bab9f9cbcff1075
c297a5ecb409406389ab99ef34f8f225c592bf9a
F20110209_AABBIC nearns_e_Page_079.jp2
03590a0ee6bb87b0427d444a8593bae7
a48ca646c983321106d2329622c7cbdeb67278bb
1719 F20110209_AABAYU nearns_e_Page_187.txt
eac967caa7b65b811956a6368d1596f4
63a9aabc20792648e3d9474f1b839ce76d10e249
35301 F20110209_AABALJ nearns_e_Page_177.jpg
35cf72aa0f39f2923726100f3396f259
d9f96d1df3bba035f1c03c920eaf8316a7f2bc43
F20110209_AAAZKP nearns_e_Page_085.jp2
9ece236589afed6b6f4009212e5e60c2
3f782ffd5f95b09733f75c14bcaa09f63a9d65cc
F20110209_AABBID nearns_e_Page_081.jp2
e1d6feee60ea24aab492c2cd0fd2f508
0dcd423d70eef1bdabc7c3bf05c88f00c2146e5b
1126 F20110209_AABAYV nearns_e_Page_190.txt
e5886b2cf86c9187fbaa86831e7cc6b4
358bc2a8a42bcbb8b7460cb30717b14aeec0b139
F20110209_AABALK nearns_e_Page_115.tif
0ce46fde90f4448077148d849dc2e941
0fcea9b32c39e3d1a898564686e7a723802a281a
87503 F20110209_AAAZKQ nearns_e_Page_137.jpg
7e761ade7701046cc8be9bed520d271e
4eaaed83cb73256114f010befdd721d4244fe493
1051914 F20110209_AABBIE nearns_e_Page_086.jp2
07e44d89b03499e196db403c3dc7f358
274515e83022ec581f5e005fffb92ee7c5eb1175
1309 F20110209_AABAYW nearns_e_Page_192.txt
94f68c17f7eb3cb0254919c43c98e8f6
e8e5b85da25feda15359f726dd03d3a84c8ec56c
1852 F20110209_AABALL nearns_e_Page_214.txt
72c7ef1cb12241fd2479f991ceb431ad
b100eaee054460ef3f1a4ac562f92ccaf5205324
48168 F20110209_AAAZKR nearns_e_Page_104.pro
546f909c856edfc70ebaa4384294db6a
798ead12c667bf8374718bed8c374c5ed4c879db
F20110209_AABBIF nearns_e_Page_088.jp2
ea21f9e98f7b2a2cdf33b365863a9607
4df2cea217e5246674b8aca5e4436ba763e78f6b
1484 F20110209_AABAYX nearns_e_Page_195.txt
49dc5227ffbf21f00bf4d5d0ff2b14be
14b6496875cab588c6a6ea11e12c7e69c7f36cd1
37635 F20110209_AABALM nearns_e_Page_068.QC.jpg
22092c0594d8fd578d62170ab1a19f51
7ce5b98266029018c46641b8df7086a656e40454
F20110209_AAAZKS nearns_e_Page_124.tif
6cc7e13d29b6432a1b30992a9100dd44
9fe231053e72641491690108ff3e179e6457473d
F20110209_AABBIG nearns_e_Page_089.jp2
1f44a9464251a47f931f270964bf7ded
b2995f94a6d0655518029e2a90bc4814159fadb9
1575 F20110209_AABAYY nearns_e_Page_198.txt
b1a294a0a96aea45c8d48c0c15c4b9c8
3cb991b9b1d4f1b0035cf9369f2b0667b7261def
F20110209_AABALN nearns_e_Page_005.tif
6a2f4f527bc583c15c437375f8a59007
b6f338bf241d7dfe676b9d388f791b24aefe030b
7632 F20110209_AAAZKT nearns_e_Page_004thm.jpg
dff52f562e19dd9d13dde3056f349c6b
142c08de2e1bd658b3307a619d105aa5b3e8e7e8
1051921 F20110209_AABBIH nearns_e_Page_092.jp2
06ff4e6eb4e5b5b7a0d29795b6025d32
e288f08c99bd31060d785eb7a547095f08b9976b
1153 F20110209_AABAYZ nearns_e_Page_201.txt
135daa1de3180eb803c9bf3663e4027b
4bf12f45c21d5f7c68c39a9e0afdb812787eeac4
41991 F20110209_AABALO nearns_e_Page_016.pro
698a7828c4d4702804ebc730ac421dc4
e066f851014e2e5efaec4e6fa138b787c86092c3
1993 F20110209_AAAZKU nearns_e_Page_213.txt
7650a09d3b2699a2109bec8f77753045
92ff2c1c2e947065d296c9af7df066a201372a86
F20110209_AABBII nearns_e_Page_096.jp2
e259645556e3ff59f30af2f6277f6fa3
d67ccec34547d4433284c50fe48b83f0a9f8e481
8103 F20110209_AABALP nearns_e_Page_047thm.jpg
fc1793895eb1b669b5ad66695f97897d
bf086c11f1a58ada8b219e07c2db374dce10d09a
28273 F20110209_AAAZKV nearns_e_Page_063.QC.jpg
9630423b13589b006772f184f502d8d2
a7c2abf1a2a15cac24acd326e2f59a4629ffdca8
1051961 F20110209_AABBIJ nearns_e_Page_097.jp2
3a6c8ad885e854be8d6f5ffafe59faaa
ea912e40ea520d8ffd573424ffb3d5d3f4c900a4
47622 F20110209_AABALQ nearns_e_Page_031.pro
f4b9ab4fbce0553669fa4ad15db2c666
e8ce4461cfbba93c21c2d570651c74ea4cebf2bf
F20110209_AAAZKW nearns_e_Page_073.jp2
b36e2db8b6b3ad440b572b89638791e4
e5e6e7f62aecc6dddf5cc73bbe0c9332044ca1f0
F20110209_AABBIK nearns_e_Page_098.jp2
9993f596ae8968f031f72e54c5718c60
e1a6b6192dfec484c8c1658cf63ab531968d4a5f
93729 F20110209_AABALR nearns_e_Page_119.jpg
789bab84c1b9fd94e580dc3a75fca974
d6fdc72e90bd85c0bf4f50dd5b4d05203f39c3cc
1482 F20110209_AAAZKX nearns_e_Page_205.txt
63b45559e3e81e083a4a257cba70ffb9
59dab7bd16836ecfadb583c055f4b658aaf678c6
F20110209_AABBIL nearns_e_Page_101.jp2
d4e4ebe104e7119a53a69fd204aeaccf
4a67e597eb503b05ac4fcd05495f6401b2227d6d
F20110209_AABALS nearns_e_Page_112.jp2
ef79e3669a88e60f3eee68401a7e0f04
b8fe252018c9eacb8f91e0fc66c89e29595d84a3
48762 F20110209_AAAZKY nearns_e_Page_213.pro
a7f56a5c819b3aea6cb69b0c7b1a7439
11e4ac930f28b5218a4e3eab17d7b6ac9890f719
F20110209_AABBIM nearns_e_Page_104.jp2
d0f8c88107bd3609708e64729091b482
fb188598b29f3da74210808e3b46ae45e077252f
F20110209_AABALT nearns_e_Page_206.tif
48eb3e604219c5dcda5b8a09dc5d3561
48e40269845a052358a9a24b998eadaccf1fb760
F20110209_AAAZKZ nearns_e_Page_198.jp2
d6f6273f35a59aae069d765dda6b7cd2
cd8c00f8e1969512d55943d4729b50b69383f594
1051933 F20110209_AABBIN nearns_e_Page_105.jp2
f67ba94c3a859129a9e7ad58a01cc343
53518c941e8d3bf1c3100a21b7d03d73c7b00c3a
482 F20110209_AABALU nearns_e_Page_226.txt
6ad87f244ff3810424e9624d8ca297ec
d24c0c96ae181de059d823056afe3e993c667fe6
1051974 F20110209_AABBIO nearns_e_Page_106.jp2
14d3623f39882f1a7a35f342d3f829c8
eeef2e5714cdffb85df62fd2576247242b012efe
6453 F20110209_AABALV nearns_e_Page_163thm.jpg
ee23a7b034e6b3dac2dd9541091e1063
3bbc46b78f71aadb23feafa65a2bd5a0300e53f1
1051868 F20110209_AABBIP nearns_e_Page_108.jp2
8c593353e22615f67788eaa3200dadd8
74ed70443efe3c669559270a5deb1451c8bc7660
7733 F20110209_AABALW nearns_e_Page_023thm.jpg
e21025d145240a31e6b11c7dae77b09b
b4c5372a9e983e99c0e2bc7aa4784106504e23d3
F20110209_AABBIQ nearns_e_Page_110.jp2
08298ae1dcbf81aa172a2d97054c1b76
7ee5dc57cf6ae8927962fc468f1b840d78405cc3
486 F20110209_AABALX nearns_e_Page_209.txt
6b3f35650b3db271d55a0cd92d0c3024
d71a652dae741e033eba7759792bb09d8c63f1d2
1051980 F20110209_AABBIR nearns_e_Page_111.jp2
495c3ede1fc9761ff0c7079303906055
7e8cfb117dd57ae509068b17befb065df63d9574
7068 F20110209_AABALY nearns_e_Page_168.pro
869c1dadb2ec6ed22d4e5889dcd9ede8
e99fec0ba3cfec26ead154357686530ea85d796d
1012787 F20110209_AABBIS nearns_e_Page_113.jp2
82afbd1d5b8092a24b9dc0ff3483904a
b250c7b0d89848bfaed7723a510be56fd1eeb73f
F20110209_AABALZ nearns_e_Page_043.jp2
e4dce81fe5936ba4bdeae2bb89cb3ae8
749755eefcd310f44ac2b490881ad6577d445f50
1049086 F20110209_AABBIT nearns_e_Page_119.jp2
913207b339b0f1ba52983e11f6f4a2ad
53a5bc311871912fd75456e26aa690c30e8272f8
F20110209_AABBIU nearns_e_Page_122.jp2
8e7bf1d8a071aa8a8188f6dfc936efbc
5925d20cada68fc0b473fc50304f3b4b8983e84f
F20110209_AABBIV nearns_e_Page_126.jp2
14238776030ac7718623b94efc2432bb
e44e9ad7cff38125429e944d873cbfea624dc224
1051907 F20110209_AAAZQA nearns_e_Page_194.jp2
53c9a096bc55ae1b7047f12a9c3de0a2
773db6c41fd7b030022644d3d4b672b438dd8373
F20110209_AABBIW nearns_e_Page_129.jp2
001aa3d7b55fd4ad8b48ec3105e78540
cb89202a54b7cf14d48949e06864d12e5dfa3b46
F20110209_AAAZQB nearns_e_Page_060.txt
fe0dc3debb8de2d6e04067fa944560dc
a6ce89306b7f89d6b4d768b39c8cb54ec502a68a
F20110209_AABBIX nearns_e_Page_131.jp2
2c9e6fae9ea5481ed7163851e6c8fdd2
9f25bc6318a19068e89e9e7487626f639d985d81
125 F20110209_AAAZQC nearns_e_Page_003.txt
0fc19d65da156db828d1ee4bd826d73d
67f3f25a256c2be83667111c8550a1d97e153ac7
F20110209_AAAZQD nearns_e_Page_196.tif
1ddbff32b26f882f95110d4a7ab7e054
400b1211de54b449fe92f5778e21a9c68d6fb820
F20110209_AABBIY nearns_e_Page_132.jp2
385c83c807723ff4fd2fad560f09efd8
df90efb997675a4664ce1532c9a399817f724b31
92738 F20110209_AAAZQE nearns_e_Page_027.jpg
3bca23a3bc1942a09c664a6bce88d040
2a28c3d307493a64ee5fbdde2c0d585891071b5b
972993 F20110209_AABBIZ nearns_e_Page_133.jp2
05b9397ee203f93707c98b3ee405edf7
ca28a5561c58bcdfa2325d63966b6a483939d629
1955 F20110209_AAAZQF nearns_e_Page_095.txt
7a22f8af6d887e51c62e78e7ebfe32fe
8a697f1f2689561b1334fd5f5eddcc7b0aceadb0
31900 F20110209_AABARA nearns_e_Page_080.QC.jpg
5b1e839d75cdcc1166dc39f8ecfe906b
d92dfb291b87e305791d8b7689630b583039992d
F20110209_AAAZQG nearns_e_Page_080.jp2
b20d9f367ea553f13b8e6e0f843c6251
12e3f6fe60aae5d04f33f99ce1099f7db6416d35
F20110209_AABARB nearns_e_Page_109.tif
156b9036afa2ccfe9a9fca6493321ba9
e97576e920110c98124791fef4fee058e85c9b6b
8734 F20110209_AAAZQH nearns_e_Page_156thm.jpg
778c841cbc66664847181a58ec0c4f0a
012d6e39ef16f00f60acc5b534c2a1e6e0a0b827
119671 F20110209_AABARC nearns_e_Page_197.jpg
8ce25c3dd860f7f115dddd1746c7dd04
0f5ab44ef602b96c26f47645e2c4e84560204d64
56627 F20110209_AAAZQI nearns_e_Page_115.pro
adc447e9a2e5a4582bae0b5417e7e686
dc3a2ebd91ed321884a18150c8553d8259a98b1e
6622 F20110209_AABARD nearns_e_Page_012thm.jpg
d2809bad5c10bb984c879505aa925b62
e598dcb643ae47c5ad55a2bc96e5e435b1056f92
8384 F20110209_AAAZQJ nearns_e_Page_141thm.jpg
f43774bfbf233e1ac1a19c570eac45f4
fcb6bcf2a9ef77d33f566a03b625dda02e9d799b
49899 F20110209_AABARE nearns_e_Page_095.pro
84621a0550ab07091acaa72edca661fe
1924d5fc8ea5fbf49e4e254bf99f3ede0a148b6e
958906 F20110209_AAAZQK nearns_e_Page_188.jp2
c5fa13b367e9668bc8dfefec0e145180
30069e5e32a2584f903e6e4ab29a4674318cfb42
101064 F20110209_AABARF nearns_e_Page_047.jpg
0aad545efa40015396870f6505523a9b
7ac5712f4b3d4244c816b9b7b3e14a6957182595
F20110209_AAAZQL nearns_e_Page_035.tif
67949721aaf0b60e5fee4998ec8dbcce
bad3855def007e1c0ca7a43cc74febe20ffaeb26
69726 F20110209_AABARG nearns_e_Page_150.pro
0c815a9c38d2e979d72febad557d673e
28232a1e5f493029cdc25d851aa5be242567697a
F20110209_AAAZQM nearns_e_Page_045.tif
eff821eec81e9a00a99536d291a3fe5c
5395377d360a83e45750546f8fb3cf696bf6a738
8947 F20110209_AABARH nearns_e_Page_092thm.jpg
538a4307c42cbe9a56cafdbc9be21025
2d5213e29a0c74a35d57b301a5d0d47d52ac6cee
F20110209_AAAZQN nearns_e_Page_091.tif
b97c6aa2ba8a0ec7f749ce49a4f0bb60
279c83141d56fbb303f74c35766d386876f6e2af
8388 F20110209_AABBOA nearns_e_Page_223thm.jpg
2149faf8616afcd85d422ba7e1973523
dd24e2b9a842daf7d033bad8b2e8111ab0af52c8
8209 F20110209_AABARI nearns_e_Page_035thm.jpg
20b72823a643e7e93c37a9de38d9c67b
b3019ee870eb5624ed2ffc95f6fcb0ff6d2c35c4
8030 F20110209_AAAZQO nearns_e_Page_076thm.jpg
3e96b72c3adc64372a0fb24388a87fad
0b99055812e135d8c4bc6cea4e32a169a3666790
5837 F20110209_AABBOB nearns_e_Page_061thm.jpg
33e5373e6a4f3e9fce2ad38aad3e720b
16269afd90b9aa0f05fe79fe92b663ae2cada225
F20110209_AABARJ nearns_e_Page_075.jp2
2ed23d031af41087ff115470bc87fbea
93546132792488991bfc27acf830ca12843b4fa5
F20110209_AAAZQP nearns_e_Page_057.txt
f17301e793620946e65ef8cffb62d6cc
718ab3ad987cd3278311962d421a54510aeecb24
5528 F20110209_AABBOC nearns_e_Page_057thm.jpg
4db9b2d8fcc4227a5838e705c6a8e883
8cf274960e35ff86739a082ab4cb56fa2139bb95
6868 F20110209_AABARK nearns_e_Page_013.QC.jpg
89b475861fd12f5f87a9a7109e20bc28
8581ef9a0747f22e5eff7740f2d897d9592f8088
167709 F20110209_AAAZQQ nearns_e_Page_131.jpg
fd7fbc2866e327903bde519d4293d3b4
7dd10d0f43b31a668f566f6ae3eead4c27f9b4ba
5537 F20110209_AABBOD nearns_e_Page_160thm.jpg
23af13c6f561574d8256a04b5279fa2f
58187dd00db814950551b386a6f34a090d4b3374
19942 F20110209_AABAEA nearns_e_Page_010.QC.jpg
1ce409f49c0b42d6671856fc368f2034
bca673c666d1919f3d006c1d08b38d8e918b9442
F20110209_AABARL nearns_e_Page_106.tif
9f196e517cee573ee0905f38fe33c7f2
947a50176b31a66a9fa3a603846796fa9bd63110
3065 F20110209_AAAZQR nearns_e_Page_138.txt
aa08fd7ca81a1a9fa5974312ecec9455
76b95b830ceb65664a7565acb65b5fa63ed74866
5948 F20110209_AABBOE nearns_e_Page_179thm.jpg
23e7752cdbb858c9378dcd740c6afd02
6ffda29041497212eae258d70273e4eac5e50c01
56581 F20110209_AABAEB nearns_e_Page_179.jpg
7bc6255f537ddbfcaa3831d1c11d725e
69b8f18bcdbbe8b328c78921fa77a118a1ccd03a
F20110209_AABARM nearns_e_Page_072.tif
d1091910679e42391f746618e4c5fdf4
176e1c89a8e1285e833f7861f97d7f8aae65a993
66484 F20110209_AAAZQS nearns_e_Page_081.pro
2e1fcf8c06325b04043244634a459511
81faedec175d2067c4a39757cf8500f19acded6b
27850 F20110209_AABBOF nearns_e_Page_192.QC.jpg
df1c961421eb2558b46183d1355826dd
ec996f151a7fbdf8e308fcb4892234fcd7b4d6ca
1681 F20110209_AABAEC nearns_e_Page_014.txt
f0e268e87df0e0abb7cf58316882b70b
5ff8e6a3776bcb279396c6577f19fb43dab4f028
3217 F20110209_AABARN nearns_e_Page_127.txt
28f57474c761d3078fe41b2ec9e64ddc
f98e36be74304ac3dda449f049a5e69167240f1a
1857 F20110209_AAAZQT nearns_e_Page_153.txt
2c35ae411cb85a2c9f79df06fc14c52a
9fb1fa8a6abf693962e6c48fedf50972604142a8
36271 F20110209_AABBOG nearns_e_Page_220.QC.jpg
13d3665067327c8d10128c1017bb4640
1e7aa937095d672073af54df93d47d534374ae3c
80639 F20110209_AABAED nearns_e_Page_186.jpg
3341d3cc5c9039f1ddfccbfce5ac3ed3
9fc7168032a13ebbb2c3b3c9d127afa14706450d
50088 F20110209_AABARO nearns_e_Page_122.pro
e117b800551ded0a1e74c79612c4ec00
e47c244546e443dc6e97d6041cd6a2835dbfb559
F20110209_AAAZQU nearns_e_Page_046.tif
6476f808d9d4f0c42e0660556db1a6b6
7bce2b2b73e89e7b167bc43c60141245af2da93a
34967 F20110209_AABBOH nearns_e_Page_037.QC.jpg
2e8cfc6d219323bfbf8c5faf1cbaf852
1919428f93a5988c2500f88121371d80793dea3c
36362 F20110209_AABAEE nearns_e_Page_090.QC.jpg
1b08163885450b6a7765028007eeff6c
013748e64680dbcda44dd2dcaa47e81548b4d907
291 F20110209_AABARP nearns_e_Page_182.txt
2ed8656558c16417967838ad6328c6fe
fbfea8df5818539296eff773e49a724fac5e7af6
362 F20110209_AAAZQV nearns_e_Page_159.txt
0dc9f517d3e6f1a70354f74ac600b476
3de37dddc99d9b9b37724d158e48c5ee4a5c2064
365149 F20110209_AABBOI UFE0015621_00001.xml
2ea2847d659c68a575c26dd0da0a6098
6a3ee8914e4ec3c208771e4fde37fe3ea5c4d4e6
F20110209_AABAEF nearns_e_Page_185.txt
3019d0d39cb6b1a0429eb119d1ec3b8e
3e84dc1ff41ccc4aac48631d9fa6baccec6d66c4
F20110209_AABARQ nearns_e_Page_025.tif
604a683da7e0ba1adaafd14b9169dcb3
d06b3cb8eb548b52a89792626cf8c8e42d97ca02
103172 F20110209_AAAZQW nearns_e_Page_033.jpg
b9c1c0eedf59c0c5e8f44b2c3336c2a7
49002e0ffb4c2c0d7a7a4f4f7d13bf53f5758f00
8041 F20110209_AABBOJ nearns_e_Page_001.QC.jpg
f2a20ed0c41986ca824c82dd31162181
c0f1d1002479901542ac8386b0696d64af2d3fb1
68469 F20110209_AABAEG nearns_e_Page_010.jpg
8b6ba079ed9f46e7be82f77ee6e9ae35
cbbdbb108109822ba50741a4b76aac3ef763af2a
5340 F20110209_AABARR nearns_e_Page_175thm.jpg
1129bae9aa7ac98003f3660a06db5d61
3ba3c95adb073e00e03f8bd789020347b94327e3
74719 F20110209_AAAZQX nearns_e_Page_132.pro
b2eb28cf10ff864add2fd98725d9a569
f7d3a3b3973dfb0af33d37bdd2aa46a4e0af56d1
5574 F20110209_AABBOK nearns_e_Page_008.QC.jpg
e4005c41108f5608bd3c97f94a61efa7
403f0dddaefe62af20335199910396a8b31fba48
32210 F20110209_AABAEH nearns_e_Page_200.QC.jpg
8f6a07aec72eb8eec95d08a0410ae212
eb89e0b1d41c2696fdaab8b1b24790d5f80304fe
45932 F20110209_AABBBA nearns_e_Page_107.pro
49eeef9c4367b92bb586e6a369f7c2c2
5f2cce293346619d87b356397de0907574459c64
F20110209_AABARS nearns_e_Page_050.tif
8448864cde1b2b3bb801dd00f75e68d4
6f421a699341f51e7767ceb07a203e2f27a42e95
18731 F20110209_AAAZQY nearns_e_Page_006.QC.jpg
aea7edca2f608dff32a7b4430db7372e
974a78df8489ff0901a6f5064a68db88aaa40c03
23393 F20110209_AABBOL nearns_e_Page_011.QC.jpg
f25d48731aa267c021a26534fc9e9ce2
912c80acfacc8a919909719e0c42a3311801ae19
1051927 F20110209_AABAEI nearns_e_Page_224.jp2
e9077a3ff722a7be583a8dfe52ab4a0d
1447b5d1c63fea3a00fc4ff87c87f25238949cb1
83455 F20110209_AABBBB nearns_e_Page_109.pro
ce26ffba2d1aae80c50e0054612d380d
d7d495c688a888a1f09bd47db86d863e84f0bba1
308 F20110209_AABART nearns_e_Page_172.txt
488b086a291bfa3bf4ef7dde83ed1838
396c28d7c06a5eede77225190e4c3d1ec4675ba5
95843 F20110209_AAAZQZ nearns_e_Page_024.jpg
6485ac78ccd993601b376afa527035f2
363102bbdecc621ac42dd9677116bf37bf825f49
16293 F20110209_AABBOM nearns_e_Page_015.QC.jpg
210b7bb6f6c244f3ac1d2b9dd517fc77
66c5921f3632212d17c3be3907ea9d0939d5e66a
2336 F20110209_AABAEJ nearns_e_Page_225.txt
4604e6635fa0ad9f4854d8811579d773
2fe014b8bccdc190f3749749f014cac79fbc6f12
66460 F20110209_AABBBC nearns_e_Page_111.pro
d4d9c0d0f9f1a75253a03fbc1e6b9c6a
2ea0ca4835e7238262a0e162e31b0a3c712babac
7215 F20110209_AABARU nearns_e_Page_022thm.jpg
b2e370b6cbd783c25717b5d773d7507c
de1195e02000da2b6a8f96f69cb33c507772f79c
28706 F20110209_AABBON nearns_e_Page_016.QC.jpg
4697faef421d7225b1095ec66123ab82
b173b1cd4f7d231d891168e60b7870e48d4f824b
101468 F20110209_AABAEK nearns_e_Page_198.jpg
6547756af9ffae9c6536eae7117727e0
aad0859ca4965f02edbe158f1769358771499638
53157 F20110209_AABBBD nearns_e_Page_112.pro
f201148c495ce597a74fce52d933289e
e622ba73f53859024bd5c4af7a8eb41bbd2dbce4
F20110209_AABARV nearns_e_Page_089.tif
78925dc574e16b18a19dd77fc26b23cc
a6d3c61aa36501981e55481fa0a0394ac3dac079
20545 F20110209_AABBOO nearns_e_Page_021.QC.jpg
59eb06d494dcf0bf9303eb699e3f74c0
bbcfe72e52535a038c6c39ad66d653a77e9813bb
33501 F20110209_AABAEL nearns_e_Page_086.QC.jpg
917c94e901e60ea87e925d083050cd8f
54f6e7aff2c9237bc2c3bb1b7e84055ac083781b
53460 F20110209_AABBBE nearns_e_Page_116.pro
e2ed1951856406504004cb8c32c58d3e
460be5d59723dad2cb37223583c55bcf00348098
168926 F20110209_AABARW nearns_e_Page_143.jpg
a21bed551281e3cf5489d3b7f1b8202b
e4ce98ec1fc335a140a1974fd4c907b4815ac20b
33857 F20110209_AABBOP nearns_e_Page_025.QC.jpg
204fdb0c7bffdea50b0a064e74030421
4fcd197d69a473a1a85f7deafd415dbd7da37c7c
259443 F20110209_AABAEM nearns_e_Page_216.jp2
288ac3e78ba06cd1f6d43911d0c6d163
1ba516561b2cbbd9e5388030c7b0282215f57089
46758 F20110209_AABBBF nearns_e_Page_117.pro
91c99a1aeb37d45798778967c85f372d
e6979941bf1c4b7b9c9290d0d511924ec1880ceb
F20110209_AABARX nearns_e_Page_130.tif
a123e03b8d548b89e6c6b65155fff1aa
3f265a63caf5a03e5dd3920a5471f5040276c0eb
30765 F20110209_AABBOQ nearns_e_Page_027.QC.jpg
8f2e54be0c2cb181225a6f72d85930c0
10d17ee4685345fe924dd6f8203a48b4234d1002
F20110209_AABAEN nearns_e_Page_015.tif
eb2fa6072c5c77d990c677c2ef2ac339
aab25c362a0206ec59261674221b83e4437293ea
95715 F20110209_AABBBG nearns_e_Page_126.pro
92e76087ce41f9bc625f72e6b530f0f1
9f445cd463fa650788f1f56bb5092f933caefca7
F20110209_AABARY nearns_e_Page_030thm.jpg
847b4f37690414d3dd4129900b814230
92faeb0a6db0e7c1533dc9e04bd0fd6b2ddd8a84
35533 F20110209_AABBOR nearns_e_Page_034.QC.jpg
983fdbed5e86d0e47cf266abfe12fb5a
9533e7e856d8a5690dc3f9a083fbb8aa2b147bcb
F20110209_AABAEO nearns_e_Page_193.jp2
572ee4346cdd47ff070ba4d2d3556952
8e38077c7b8ccebc734bdcd23b205c4542d3d735
75922 F20110209_AABBBH nearns_e_Page_128.pro
f747293caf25ce530d055350c1424be6
26be24b2d32931490aaa65f2c6695de6464b52ec
42629 F20110209_AABARZ nearns_e_Page_188.pro
036c78f9a776843028c1a8ae861eb3e1
af84a38a50fd622bab3a36bbd8abc9926fe59cae
34149 F20110209_AABBOS nearns_e_Page_042.QC.jpg
c8a331f2d16d2397fcb26af981230909
2af7cf1eb1e8614515c560fde910314b30a96e59
F20110209_AABAEP nearns_e_Page_104.tif
755439bf8b35203038e6821075e8139c
58af841ce57bbce9058bced6c40109bc3d193212
88006 F20110209_AABBBI nearns_e_Page_131.pro
58324dd7b6cff4dfcc85193a8403dcd5
40bc78861ebe28be8ba53fc121f5f0a69b52b29b
F20110209_AABBOT nearns_e_Page_045.QC.jpg
8370ebe8e1b66b9deb4752cc58652706
ddba5809d942e61c6a9c6b23d0cf641a583760e9
60133 F20110209_AABAEQ nearns_e_Page_222.pro
b1701dcf22b423b1185bf99a5398e606
47836cfcca13934193f5b9d8db4365d5d9807840
43205 F20110209_AABBBJ nearns_e_Page_133.pro
85804bfc52e1a0dd23f33e84980b6993
fe2b50ab208d38e3260461c2adfc591022e88468
34606 F20110209_AABBOU nearns_e_Page_046.QC.jpg
b5ecfff6875a6d5db6e8fb2c15f41f0e
76bc07dd59eb95ee2e43ec62ed339dc1b4d2e925
22546 F20110209_AABAER nearns_e_Page_176.QC.jpg
252d7fac4d098e390a6e099c52f62365
634087720c0bcf260fab4808f309248aa459b4d5
F20110209_AABBBK nearns_e_Page_134.pro
36d2c5ad38966f88a5dc0912765940ff
043e23d05b18eec373a22f339a3542def885669c
F20110209_AAAZWA nearns_e_Page_155.jp2
d691aa1cbec334ab9616ae1a22319f05
8fa092f9f0e20889f56622eacd31d31ef65d86bc
32555 F20110209_AABBOV nearns_e_Page_047.QC.jpg
44cf893083d1eb0d30e6407690d672dc
4324c4efa27957de0024f16d8dea698090176a21
F20110209_AABAES nearns_e_Page_080.tif
e4bc6c3b4db88d1fd8230e2775c8e552
e7581e692de48ffa302099b8524858daec240de4
73920 F20110209_AABBBL nearns_e_Page_138.pro
ef5bf7dab045736d7e3d96c9ce9a399d
e1ba03d10ae35d1d78d5770ce292f484727ec71a
F20110209_AAAZWB nearns_e_Page_013.tif
a6fdd0f51c05a29b523cdd515fa71757
d38c820397d4716202d7ea8d6f80b2d28d0e638b
32465 F20110209_AABBOW nearns_e_Page_048.QC.jpg
5b88479ccb3fb304e9d750a1f45cb2b5
430328c52ac3f93d9abe5de52f07b4c7dde15e1d
F20110209_AABAET nearns_e_Page_042.jp2
c879c626015a202a6e8d2405782b57e0
ba6e27b54b98f5c35b91e7bf12800eaebedf46ad
52709 F20110209_AABBBM nearns_e_Page_139.pro
c2641e95d4c9b99f0fd8f415e94c8887
2b4b75c97916f3874dc4820f389b0128528c7788
19306 F20110209_AAAZWC nearns_e_Page_171.QC.jpg
8e038591ea0170efdc7d8b3e58ddfafe
ec22a1fc179014325d571aa45eaf4bf21866dec5
34542 F20110209_AABBOX nearns_e_Page_049.QC.jpg
aac67983d297107512b2b7f7402dbc00
b66fd5598cb5e7bfeb0d2211f16b80f1bf20aa15
51039 F20110209_AABAEU nearns_e_Page_028.pro
e44bedbb9b4e3bd4b2c2f3a4f7252441
b96824fb02d4f0515ee3a6a04f3ef7316a221b14
69493 F20110209_AABBBN nearns_e_Page_141.pro
9e397f743b6b7f2f8ce19cd88f451da5
d9805087645dbfb3e321381de2c608f35d2a5993
F20110209_AAAZWD nearns_e_Page_179.tif
30bd4e2bbdec2303887ccfebd1411d99
fc716da80af22e20d009d56a3915852025e39b32
15709 F20110209_AABBOY nearns_e_Page_052.QC.jpg
19053cbd43d659554ddc6bf75f81c5dd
087e695b4cff9e95ec040fea3ed9fb03a8a9c991
90991 F20110209_AABBBO nearns_e_Page_142.pro
ee314c16e38a75c9f39071a007042483
6af43d582a2fe15558dbaa3b745404e18444e53c
561834 F20110209_AAAZWE nearns_e_Page_196.jp2
b5b64c6e76028633f5b423efaacb2710
8e49efcad1e43a8a00b666d354aa2decce6d7616
22117 F20110209_AABBOZ nearns_e_Page_054.QC.jpg
4b8096e14d2cba361a7c364ff5f9bddc
269052904580117fb03086c44554460a4fba6123
127035 F20110209_AABAEV nearns_e_Page_089.jpg
e555f4e66b9a0db4942fd030a769e417
31711f920b51b83bb5eaa44030700b76bdfd85f5
63792 F20110209_AABBBP nearns_e_Page_144.pro
d43e3e60dad294a0cec03e319ff297bc
1ce9ce7452d42cae0d894b26b9229f8df85c46aa
141303 F20110209_AAAZWF nearns_e_Page_152.jpg
6ee68cb5ccecb6b4198920e3c1254de4
e35bea485720942bdb9116419e16b9bee20a1875
8160 F20110209_AABAEW nearns_e_Page_198thm.jpg
21e7ddd18139e71e196ad57db450bbaa
0231d14c2eef3f4b1f1bb079a87cc95abd9b2232
2255 F20110209_AABAXA nearns_e_Page_080.txt
db55c3a931bc828e9f6b8c09741199d6
d24d136895ca8351bdd7cd704341188529ea7f07
57175 F20110209_AABBBQ nearns_e_Page_145.pro
c533580c83de86412ca742a7048abcf5
d270c3f63954fbb2b4e25f65089c3dfe8525f34f
1652 F20110209_AAAZWG nearns_e_Page_137.txt
2b29dffcd0bd7edf0bd61c60b1d40cd2
2cbc5ddde6ca25d57b8d208662c73a284387e5fc
7830 F20110209_AABAEX nearns_e_Page_202thm.jpg
db8d919c61282683f7546a3c48a81ca9
a9decd0afb51eccc499dd52ef74c5052452d1f43
1837 F20110209_AABAXB nearns_e_Page_082.txt
ac6419144a659326ba5d7a220f4060a4
bf0552a61fe16102a5b65405ad238e433cc2830c
26974 F20110209_AAAZWH nearns_e_Page_083.QC.jpg
38bc0a25df405179416c98d79f72c4d1
31311ac1d2e454e197285242c0d46ee3551ff590
47077 F20110209_AABAEY nearns_e_Page_218.pro
228234a83fb1277eba6992b2efaa63d8
d955262f4133054736bd5a1b27292d87acb76062
2025 F20110209_AABAXC nearns_e_Page_083.txt
20a40fbbb62a4494abc32a6b8c8259e5
b25c8cee8caa1491e0f6b9d7da7b695480f64348
53602 F20110209_AABBBR nearns_e_Page_146.pro
5fd5052392fafed4e9fa74faa55af3ca
60863aeaa91c21335b1d4b425720578344ddb114
F20110209_AAAZWI nearns_e_Page_133.tif
603f5e57f61d2d7167eafe14e44ba9a2
83d8db7dea18a6a30559ec643cd838ef19797b88
62346 F20110209_AABAEZ nearns_e_Page_163.jpg
939455036a6a5b63e1235250518568d9
9fdbb1980b38719a9b919fcc8c2e00ad0e54a278
2218 F20110209_AABAXD nearns_e_Page_088.txt
fdeba866c6ea8a03196d6e17dca8b0e2
18c99ec14d7248fcab2132e6f898ce07ef9bc7e7
73466 F20110209_AABBBS nearns_e_Page_148.pro
cd3e960d99c677a640991fe401753e55
c6878dc8e47c7a71437674f19b7baa5e0acf4aa6
34736 F20110209_AAAZWJ nearns_e_Page_020.pro
a81c70dac8819497925aea6eb3113fc5
5fbfb0697b5edf28e85bc7a40ef3a14392f2ddb1
2637 F20110209_AABAXE nearns_e_Page_089.txt
b5666808c50718677964d9651314864c
e39d230e94caf2ccc3063c8ea8db1a5c8ad32b79
62355 F20110209_AABBBT nearns_e_Page_149.pro
c177a10a54ce676e2882be012be29f83
342fb7609aa0fc66ac530ed4de33e1e160ef29b4
1665 F20110209_AAAZWK nearns_e_Page_157thm.jpg
b6be652b09d74c997d0247f8828c1303
b301ce4c497ddabec0e27771ce1802347dd88053
1969 F20110209_AABAXF nearns_e_Page_090.txt
41a7d04959bcae04b4fc05dc00d2a294
7a2eef4746b46a91da7f9be1d815ca8333574ffe
71354 F20110209_AABBBU nearns_e_Page_152.pro
2f35da5f87f4e844f86e52ef804b3eca
c355cfa7f19b4d5d2790e38dbd82ce81889eaa4d
1047392 F20110209_AAAZWL nearns_e_Page_023.jp2
0ce5467fb59462b446e52d857e0f5aa5
090094ae06b35d6e1122e32b90a5226b09ff87c0
1044465 F20110209_AAAZJA nearns_e_Page_181.jp2
9a38fdb4677e6d824d7d19b3fb28dd63
065c99e5e631100ef4cadd9d6abd6b5bb1b0a9d2
F20110209_AABAXG nearns_e_Page_093.txt
d3bd26b379a777bfb71b9966b9c59d80
17a735161f2ede648eceaae96a4ba260c3863ad3
46754 F20110209_AABBBV nearns_e_Page_153.pro
ce4a10bec659b6270f0d76641da69b05
267e340c4e83ebcf5b82abddff7db87a5a5a46cf
43870 F20110209_AAAZWM nearns_e_Page_185.pro
9c6f0dc93c38a4443dbc4dbc8a6b9897
d7ebbbbd07a0b2a54cf16cb4db29fa794a5791d3
F20110209_AAAZJB nearns_e_Page_042.tif
70acb3b4286025fef3d39a815aa0c7ec
d4fb6a5d98a82a834e70d5a66ee0341d51ebe20e
2378 F20110209_AABAXH nearns_e_Page_102.txt
a7138955cfd8be00fcd8cabf92a23b68
53582e7f7fe518c7f85c0a91cd97d3246979a2a2
64417 F20110209_AABBBW nearns_e_Page_154.pro
f9106acc0feb647b2d223ba97d3351c9
30628adf73c086b07473df8830c5d341f09f0780
5278 F20110209_AAAZJC nearns_e_Page_180thm.jpg
c9499390b3b030754929909178c79b36
d9b9eab02aa34a25681c783f579be925ac3dd146
80294 F20110209_AABBBX nearns_e_Page_155.pro
6e0db4df2ddf8856907c1f111fe5bb41
0e4fa86747f8ca6d14ff5601deecbd4bb5352042
64045 F20110209_AAAZWN nearns_e_Page_208.pro
b52abc2e3201509edefe8580958385a9
290dfb3d3c65075a44b40248f90b2b024ee787f2
36284 F20110209_AAAZJD nearns_e_Page_094.QC.jpg
79f7325ab0b707aa40030b3de2a792d6
d2150f84a780931e87ab70903b423a5302c0104e
2100 F20110209_AABAXI nearns_e_Page_103.txt
ac9086622ff2815e080f557ab0fd8f35
57fec146cf48d3d8a908c9af9eecfeac56b5d3f9
10469 F20110209_AABBBY nearns_e_Page_157.pro
235b7f7d08f136603bb11b16a4862d50
4fc2abf96d47fc8a0deccd293aa315f106b28650
8246 F20110209_AAAZWO nearns_e_Page_017thm.jpg
30d3ebc6bf1c7e0548842ba9bdcbdfd7
f267a4bd8b095d00330e95595e1844df6f8d8559
1503 F20110209_AAAZJE nearns_e_Page_204.txt
d0d5f3f3ce24e756dd915c1975bb1609
91386b3e2e47eac76d7652a5947130f513e88948
F20110209_AABAXJ nearns_e_Page_105.txt
7de396e533690d5d05ecac6de03ac6ca
07c08eec13eb8db2959534678259a4f6ef0b12b7
4620 F20110209_AABBBZ nearns_e_Page_160.pro
64aaabff2655928fdb03b2654767ec48
3987115f60da4e5349702ae45005c107a0bf7d13
2078 F20110209_AAAZWP nearns_e_Page_112.txt
9ba99538c60f1b7f6622b2c8ae82756e
a51d3b2b971be1db723b2baf6bd459dd3fa946a3
17255 F20110209_AAAZJF nearns_e_Page_009.pro
5c07ab5592e765af46a09cb0865b2515
992d618eef48a3020e2466863908c6fc7db7bbaf
3163 F20110209_AABAXK nearns_e_Page_108.txt
57fd43e75127f8def79a861eb34f0958
48f68aabc2b265828cfd60076fd15dcec17abed6
8754 F20110209_AAAZWQ nearns_e_Page_043thm.jpg
09e32f9382820c26ccc0fe8850d07a19
9a23ec8e85dbe9f02ae94b03ba9c69af3d3b4857
8818 F20110209_AAAZJG nearns_e_Page_193thm.jpg
00959b84f35595fc0b0298a7ce6e3bd7
7e262c3b260f8a8a8a0ea45f49b9955102ff60b6
F20110209_AABAXL nearns_e_Page_110.txt
24d31d7902fa0baf5fa3ceb674d70155
d0666b789fcdf4be78d99ca709e3a1921973c837
31966 F20110209_AAAZWR nearns_e_Page_117.QC.jpg
823677a3a993ccebebec3e06d6acea51
676f7aee172c55d7f81195e780769dc45d9ba64b
F20110209_AABAKA nearns_e_Page_147.tif
258df15ec2585bfae6f43671326ec13b
44d10819fc0b49d89d5c2796528299ef940979bc
31296 F20110209_AAAZJH nearns_e_Page_023.QC.jpg
63b1b6c20b1a27c7d985a0a81b38093f
cb958f1775e268b9a585b44a8fbcddc6732c685a
2697 F20110209_AABAXM nearns_e_Page_111.txt
43172822837eb3cffbf644bc3bfa5223
96d93c66d857f7f5d9cfcdfe9e1b655236b84075
2372 F20110209_AAAZWS nearns_e_Page_065.txt
ca77b908482e429afc846dd457c88f61
f6488fa5e5f51eddeb8982f54e07004bece2a65b
8348 F20110209_AABAKB nearns_e_Page_107thm.jpg
0dd3216b16fea49e31ab1bdd8fa025b5
12fb99af13c5110c01b8c3513dbb66a1d281ff11
1775 F20110209_AABAXN nearns_e_Page_113.txt
7ca821b6296781dd2a9e2c3579f28e33
90204d2eebfb044654f84a582c350e9555b4c4e1
8512 F20110209_AAAZWT nearns_e_Page_117thm.jpg
12b55957c9efe6f0f18f7148cf6696ef
8f56b38e61211daa2e0515867a4f273f4f0d408c
105593 F20110209_AABAKC nearns_e_Page_078.jpg
fcec096eb7f12378c90c2ec3f89d0926
8e67e9e48fb68ffe54c831589f21a2f7a870c5fa
1019280 F20110209_AAAZJI nearns_e_Page_022.jp2
20019992846bad8509e8f005a80065b4
f7cbfa1ddd39eb68a827f4fbe2313c4e9db6a24d
2090 F20110209_AABAXO nearns_e_Page_116.txt
bbc01f935ac7bf6bdd32fc39ea0feab3
6a69c37d22ffa34e14b8e9643ac023ed0d2bb803
F20110209_AAAZWU nearns_e_Page_151.tif
3ee027e04bf7c6b23f4cbac97b64c698
4f227c302e4db1507a5c8b6e3784861e64c64daa
8806 F20110209_AABAKD nearns_e_Page_126thm.jpg
8a6d81a3d251ae0578684ee5e8378dcd
6dac64c4d90f68d5d43890538b6f248f2b21fefd
1899 F20110209_AAAZJJ nearns_e_Page_041.txt
9374fbb3e8074472cda863d726210109
fd4bc0b8279f0fa9126b8867e68c74e67ec43ba9
F20110209_AABAXP nearns_e_Page_117.txt
008918fb460e42b94596c4f99655ace2
365627caeb6ffa103d3600f36f4a9c7238d4aba0
1981 F20110209_AAAZWV nearns_e_Page_091.txt
7d09608fa83e09a2028db8e16348df21
9b0a496cd1771598937401839a9d34cacf4a9181
F20110209_AABAKE nearns_e_Page_100.txt
6ab981199498fcf0f766b6710e3e38f7
20edd593e6ca14480ba35d6cda0fcded98bfd53a
F20110209_AAAZJK nearns_e_Page_102.tif
245ca51c22f23e987ac2db37780b8340
c1e9165041d47a722baef947697a5c6d61045e98
F20110209_AABAXQ nearns_e_Page_120.txt
6dab454d62a674f9bf132337feac344f
529430acb588677b0057c1c94855518a5c0945e7
55348 F20110209_AAAZWW nearns_e_Page_080.pro
5c0349c00c9676cc0953857b8b7d3368
530db1968dea10d5cf28d314b4471f1fa2cfd9b1
F20110209_AABAKF nearns_e_Page_008.tif
52b9993d557ee0d30c95feaa16871aea
78f8a2c0773d8221d7c6e4f0c10d500b19c1b288
37037 F20110209_AAAZJL nearns_e_Page_156.QC.jpg
a187d9ddda1176efc8c4728ecdb3f764
d0088d4d34e14d5d5379be9050953d90a228569b
2045 F20110209_AABAXR nearns_e_Page_121.txt
795d6d2ec1ea0182b11957d33a877dbe
b8bf357d49aa3c5045c2e1423df26ba614b79e4f
105022 F20110209_AAAZWX nearns_e_Page_025.jpg
036c1659db2a468f18e490711dc8a810
3829892ca2cf48e4b28bc8c1f48b997eeabe98ca
6033 F20110209_AABAKG nearns_e_Page_182thm.jpg
a09b46043de7229911db9845a8330f0e
5d9ad67ab15bfd50ba500e60b168abb862f6853c
1000 F20110209_AAAZJM nearns_e_Page_005.txt
2bacace628d37352abca07c99c36ecfa
e6f940371642d42d4dcae3f36233fee6e9fbed7d
232109 F20110209_AABBHA nearns_e_Page_013.jp2
413fbe32291255c7ccdc576fc14dee63
26794d450cdbacfb1270c70420b97d1bf7092944
3232 F20110209_AABAXS nearns_e_Page_123.txt
45bdf2e57ec419bb4cbf55575a4bc1f2
74a0732f2071dcde1648444efde139e90c77a8f4
F20110209_AAAZWY nearns_e_Page_198.tif
0147b44859edb8a948977d4ea1a258c0
378f82b669c445ae815158086e68c240e97f6feb
1041318 F20110209_AABAKH nearns_e_Page_076.jp2
5ded6e7f6bcac4fc39ab5b124692d757
b06c44a30178407bf5d592f7c25601a286064d61
8315 F20110209_AAAZJN nearns_e_Page_195thm.jpg
2fc7c469db3387a0d7b04314b382b57b
353f0130a847d6b0092c429910d480257263221b
807897 F20110209_AABBHB nearns_e_Page_020.jp2
0f2518ceb737b0ca9adf268fe09ac8f0
4d62f24f0a0f0894f6a93b4296b31c6f7ee67908
3229 F20110209_AABAXT nearns_e_Page_125.txt
cc579666e33f9a928bb0a96779fad45a
a7707ef5b74c9ed9c40a2d90e712760918946f5e
963438 F20110209_AAAZWZ nearns_e_Page_062.jp2
d0092f530e0d532a29c75f976e90fc51
17527941e8bc561b0984efa5fd2e6e9281d8b4c7
34065 F20110209_AABAKI nearns_e_Page_121.QC.jpg
219b8ed394111fe3efbb0c131a9036ce
f4af555d1c199625eb85dd751b7f4ffad5a51880
1769 F20110209_AAAZJO nearns_e_Page_114.txt
92dd84cd60c6fa8ea4c8bf7a9e52e623
26e273fc9cb8bae00bb0479748237ab31aa598f4
858611 F20110209_AABBHC nearns_e_Page_021.jp2
20a50763a996c31bc99b185bc1d7c3da
df3b216ceb1329716d981e1c67095af8be49e41a
3658 F20110209_AABAXU nearns_e_Page_126.txt
709cdb9b50ef406cfd35e5878d9152f7
720c49f1ce872c185a8ba9e2a3177beb74059cbd
46457 F20110209_AABAKJ nearns_e_Page_048.pro
089cf552dd6d8550a32544f58278d63c
2d40d56588b8be473c38bc2e7c82694c22abf74a
33727 F20110209_AAAZJP nearns_e_Page_069.QC.jpg
f83597c0f7e20d22d54c85ba77c3b7f2
ba6c043616064d99a61537826544a94a44493613
F20110209_AABBHD nearns_e_Page_024.jp2
bb1de8d3bb3b973ad26bb25cd63a2b8e
bdfdf4647c7f5d9abaf89deac79320ac235b7171
3370 F20110209_AABAXV nearns_e_Page_131.txt
af53299061bdb142e67735030b5bbc09
5727e3b09d8d641cc180ee0b122174efc05fbfac
53608 F20110209_AABAKK nearns_e_Page_049.pro
d042650a6c285a42540e8c5eba27d202
7f53fa6ebf9668207167ff1c243bdf3f5d75b11a
F20110209_AAAZJQ nearns_e_Page_195.tif
4ea68fc8baa8411f3f68c2f8fc051a76
ec3149aa3b3261092c33cfbdcd19b9f4eba94e92
F20110209_AABBHE nearns_e_Page_029.jp2
5718aaa98069d88839b77e24ce6950c0
6548fc14462bf73850558fc80f9ffe2e19e5706f
3101 F20110209_AABAXW nearns_e_Page_132.txt
f9bcf82a8b1abb71e57cb9788a8fe895
c85eed7935183dbf87adab643a3e35b0c86513c6
2084 F20110209_AABAKL nearns_e_Page_135.txt
76672f89a6ecd9d022db0c9ca1091c47
c4127cd9c248ea58b7dc4048ef603a88ada3599c
6878 F20110209_AAAZJR nearns_e_Page_211thm.jpg
2e804f04997ac210488e2968fd4f24de
be54312db7b137afea26a93a5c0edea929d91518
1051902 F20110209_AABBHF nearns_e_Page_032.jp2
3a7859f612263ac113fdad295d5e1240
411b9880f96570a49e17bd0a56a962919851b954
2640 F20110209_AABAXX nearns_e_Page_134.txt
d0520cb236f4d82254cebc9b2d55ac07
85591cef812c2c229a60166a111c1e5d84638983
1051942 F20110209_AABAKM nearns_e_Page_046.jp2
f57abba4e2f9a9f646fca10280f32f4d
7cf02d3c6de0596dc2c9c80fb6bd149189fbf8bf
996003 F20110209_AAAZJS nearns_e_Page_192.jp2
ac39d1370495a50a235b510d06d5503c
c32884641a1f9972388445591cd97c60eb968223
F20110209_AABBHG nearns_e_Page_033.jp2
26dd8face6a9d8ff7a0a8bc1b24a9857
290839a26599617ab3470d7143fd09599dfb94f8
1928 F20110209_AABAXY nearns_e_Page_136.txt
ce890e1114f8a413c7cbaa3f9b9c5aed
16150e5dcd02909a15ab5dabc31f6d28d571bfad
F20110209_AABAKN nearns_e_Page_057.tif
4dfa2726d2089e9b726de2a621a93bae
8a6569670e3ec580f08d3210d1a6eea821591f0d
2444 F20110209_AAAZJT nearns_e_Page_077.txt
c0e4e941838a7419f3c01c9b015857b1
363662ea715628f905407909f9076fc06c31a665
F20110209_AABBHH nearns_e_Page_034.jp2
58edef70bcfa2a6657c030515bd0689d
c60ddf1ed48ba15b74417434b339f5decc68606b
1871 F20110209_AABAXZ nearns_e_Page_140.txt
53945ad9f214be173d5adbb684720e92
ffa3e897152a99b23ee3c656b815ebf0ff20f30d
F20110209_AABAKO nearns_e_Page_014.tif
74d5f92e14cdd13708d39e42ab8f8d4e
09f1a03ef3c9332904151fddbc68aa668de52089
21361 F20110209_AAAZJU nearns_e_Page_008.jpg
d00136d089b0a0083cb3ca017aa713fe
0d58d79be953477e8a833e44978efab488ac7df1
F20110209_AABBHI nearns_e_Page_035.jp2
3f9a3b7dacab908f7e6e3bcfad1c52ec
750e41aec75ab44860df31e4e40da4c85a206266
8723 F20110209_AABAKP nearns_e_Page_037thm.jpg
5501bab7030ece67c3100bc7c6febeac
05339bd51de16fa764856836d8892d7e74e05813
71403 F20110209_AAAZJV nearns_e_Page_011.pro
2537d8d1ffff85d46617fe721dabddbf
7cbaf398cba3811a5dfdbd60cf51e3137326c76d
F20110209_AABBHJ nearns_e_Page_036.jp2
bcae52c4a85d4dcf7dbb90edf5ee9461
c38a8e09b203ea04e4bd3f7ca709453c29ff1fba
F20110209_AABAKQ nearns_e_Page_055.tif
1e88e374c3c69777464066fb78dda969
bdfc17a31366e8370a538992601e3833f0a06006
21787 F20110209_AAAZJW nearns_e_Page_157.jpg
efff20554a7a9b92f85e8edb88251619
01e8e7e2e286c44c8e3702c60b1a7c2ca245f149
F20110209_AABBHK nearns_e_Page_039.jp2
8bf2b4446fc027cff8d382a8af147ecb
c994c979510a9440404928227112be5d62014c1d
F20110209_AABAKR nearns_e_Page_094.tif
2f6b23044d385615d23292eefcc19901
cb0140850571ca6680052a796ce4538281e37e52
29715 F20110209_AAAZJX nearns_e_Page_119.QC.jpg
f8088903f3bcabe750b3b9681f0919c6
9df1d870144ad16445dc6758a2064ac29144a137
F20110209_AABBHL nearns_e_Page_040.jp2
badc4bb58e1a7002bcaac0c84106dd45
d010ec7f1945648c1a438afcafb666f26e79c76b
1885 F20110209_AABAKS nearns_e_Page_031.txt
84ab282859cc07bd173a55ef7ab1d1c0
793cb5a50693c5029f5b99e2d2fca2ef68a40793
7861 F20110209_AAAZJY nearns_e_Page_138thm.jpg
d9cacb764cd7a130220c909fd3a186c6
ac45fcb68d7fe27881505f8c103d7380d70f9537
F20110209_AABBHM nearns_e_Page_048.jp2
303137ae123f770c3683072a73475574
a8ea81f9c1a2797b5221484c07764cd19d48cb81
8106 F20110209_AABAKT nearns_e_Page_219thm.jpg
d2dcb3f01fc1d1c6b82b2fd6591071ec
b4b9089d2330fe95c3abf479c9355fd94ed43bca
F20110209_AAAZJZ nearns_e_Page_032.tif
3222b991b2e320005eb9b08ced1dd141
6bb6eb95ebf685333742ae93fa84e02f4b61dba7
F20110209_AABBHN nearns_e_Page_050.jp2
47fb74694af5ddf63ead692d40579e65
c723a6d90b8a018fe14606fd17f0de0addcc6d92
32002 F20110209_AABAKU nearns_e_Page_153.QC.jpg
23758f284d01ae42be5aa0a74a2a739a
7a00760712f5849528bc3f7f01b0c4f5e4adbf2f
1049757 F20110209_AABBHO nearns_e_Page_051.jp2
def32f9d180ab4a47a2b15757076fbd7
26172f0f0f83a5f5e1d41d26780c489ae22182dd
30149 F20110209_AABAKV nearns_e_Page_187.QC.jpg
914c066796a10ce9c73610c8f1a3562c
b7880402783166f6cc540d3e58b6b140bb3ffc74
F20110209_AABBHP nearns_e_Page_053.jp2
68a38d2691c72207cfbc1ad6f09ec341
fd4c85430d596954898c27deec3f9bc6e780d35d
30574 F20110209_AABAKW nearns_e_Page_192.pro
9ce23364c63dfff3cb2564e453486c19
bf7470f8ac396d0c2d5a9832505baccd25c5b70b
F20110209_AABBHQ nearns_e_Page_054.jp2
565c5f7356b07746d6bca25754243e1c
dc9ff2bf1224ba331ae04b77e380dfaf67be1b68
35865 F20110209_AABAKX nearns_e_Page_100.QC.jpg
8b5aca1a25629270d5db45c421b5464e
8163681a72ece6c6b7515642653cd8094f0908cc
1051931 F20110209_AABBHR nearns_e_Page_057.jp2
6dada9ef65e935cc7899788979799982
c155440114d12d8676bde19ae52f8fe486374b73
F20110209_AABAKY nearns_e_Page_177.tif
01ff2c226a0aef6b1f3651cf79750560
e6f35d58ceabfba2940b6ea96d7acf35d7502023
1051838 F20110209_AABBHS nearns_e_Page_060.jp2
38355a2154b3d0914b9708fca2c6c809
276dd481c3c0adb6a63365ce552e516a90dabc12
F20110209_AABAKZ nearns_e_Page_216.tif
4b84020d715a832a34f66d85d57adfe7
b219dcc9fe059cef7e32f2266fcbe750df970699
968683 F20110209_AABBHT nearns_e_Page_063.jp2
79dde212a89d897e3df29379f7ae963d
dd718ff618e2ceac284c8ea3c6089096215415b3
F20110209_AABBHU nearns_e_Page_066.jp2
30bc13f0f93e2ec63cbf2d06cd4913d3
7fab57051e5ccb556f052980ba534b773b820d55
F20110209_AABBHV nearns_e_Page_067.jp2
f41cd75abd1c9d27b443332ad8742610
0fd40aa96b752712991f5fa8d8b730dc694cc95d
8390 F20110209_AAAZPA nearns_e_Page_104thm.jpg
3e3628fff0adc1e5d150e5586961e306
183b431d24eeb2407c00f4653e9a9ea17b00d3c0
1051939 F20110209_AABBHW nearns_e_Page_068.jp2
f0d5d64ebd0c81aa493c7af457fdec46
15d546d343866e027e7c1e052f9cdd052bed26e7
F20110209_AAAZPB nearns_e_Page_094.jp2
39cb9e6e0a0a04ab3abf49fdb598b779
5f84a030522d609fee490d2da26d7fded81aac6d
F20110209_AAAZPC nearns_e_Page_140.tif
ea3b0c825b993dcc717aeca5af807860
e37ce1fc9b251eb60b9e020b0e77b7a5c7fcd426
F20110209_AABBHX nearns_e_Page_071.jp2
29c36eed724303bac3f51cad16726688
779a5d89ec1dec268e440a5de46c4ae774f35408
F20110209_AAAZPD nearns_e_Page_159.jp2
c5d566ec09ebe49127260eef6619d250
688519a0910cfe64ea6e5980276d195b0cd909b0
1024977 F20110209_AABBHY nearns_e_Page_072.jp2
b1ffb7a9e94085b85e324c8e73d2eef9
544fe4e6a40faf3bf0a2747fb1fcb8052dc33641
F20110209_AAAZPE nearns_e_Page_045.jp2
28627eeaff5a4f6c2799b0487a33441e
39ce14707662105c01b891a7829aae822c995fe9
F20110209_AABBHZ nearns_e_Page_074.jp2
92a1a92c3b0208a56307cee90432b786
6dd64d1961b66d90b74a7b5038a01759ac594821
2251 F20110209_AAAZPF nearns_e_Page_087.txt
7bc717c6b4388b2fd83f1a2e1cba09fc
dc99c6d0aa8dcce1e3b0701b25ce2fce8c6a2ee0
38095 F20110209_AABAQA nearns_e_Page_014.pro
c256ccef9863cd280d0e4e4b7985c97d
b216a4c91951569c71d8b795236c3305e8dd0263
1745 F20110209_AAAZPG nearns_e_Page_063.txt
e48c5abdfc8766185ec2860a34f54a43
5f61acaec7b44c5eb0993a372684a136de886a55
32447 F20110209_AABAQB nearns_e_Page_122.QC.jpg
9ee0ca05853a4f8241e88d8165bdf893
2b3ae6e4e8e32ce7ea746bf928c9df0c781aceba
110305 F20110209_AAAZPH nearns_e_Page_095.jpg
609dc6255ed1e35b42810ecf31691996
077d55ff5fe2067a86c6cdfd70353e69e8a0e295
54346 F20110209_AABAQC nearns_e_Page_221.pro
a43eaaf3b58b891fd3c6c493c4084114
d7fdbc9194a5d43253aa1d06937e2a5f80cc66b9
144932 F20110209_AAAZPI nearns_e_Page_128.jpg
e0e5ee209e60fceb92aacb1b38316553
2224823a8a7d1c0ed15b7c2cf33bde30d0deaef1
32910 F20110209_AABAQD nearns_e_Page_017.QC.jpg
adf2995462b598377d02c46f86d45058
1cc4331ceb5b51ab78ae943f92cb65903f070441
4506 F20110209_AAAZPJ nearns_e_Page_184.pro
a542996c7e8cf62c6b00ca0acdf98eaf
2043431bd819723d3163a528c15d11b12b147324
F20110209_AABAQE nearns_e_Page_215.tif
a5d873ee4f2cc22683b63b3204f1ac82
323066cd5a1202b26aa8f5b440773c70641dc401
88933 F20110209_AAAZPK nearns_e_Page_205.jpg
b864bff5a84c88cdc9e89b28b0172938
0dc7279191f3ea1039b4c0931f563d8fb4f07a81
36520 F20110209_AABAQF nearns_e_Page_091.QC.jpg
c7c2aacaa2f3fe6cbd4cc1177d2e5e82
c739f447feba7f5eca4e8b9088a80a2ed0cf472b
F20110209_AAAZPL nearns_e_Page_014thm.jpg
bb764f8c3afa674089a42f6cf161c716
9b74bb8c43b5ccb39f0398cad675134562083b31
F20110209_AABAQG nearns_e_Page_150.jp2
987c2b62b51ddb997d53b74249509041
689e3b5b8d15357d31e01b64962f6802a281a980
F20110209_AAAZPM nearns_e_Page_114.tif
7adba398ae8587804e93377c9a4bf029
c9c69f926bfb0fe86c2908b5d01d71ac07863726
F20110209_AABAQH nearns_e_Page_043.tif
86220aa960e6c58413ca4178cf04b500
63fda5d0003855dca0fb7cbee53cdbd6002ba62e
36192 F20110209_AAAZPN nearns_e_Page_106.QC.jpg
da9146f58c78a2d80aa3e3d3b176cfc2
acc8bdbda4723fc57df763b3540c1bd4b2a44222
8470 F20110209_AABBNA nearns_e_Page_150thm.jpg
b76674959a4c24a475dda0ef5eba13b2
caf092c691d21fda7d52597a36e699c5c4831fae
8556 F20110209_AABAQI nearns_e_Page_127thm.jpg
2ac10b9650e2f8d44121eb382bc1f521
551d5f10c0713ebc69de59b154742c6cd3ac011c
7924 F20110209_AAAZPO nearns_e_Page_154thm.jpg
557909d02068669a26d484549d23f53b
f4b8a8ef882248446573030198d0bd8268b5b31f
29507 F20110209_AABBNB nearns_e_Page_185.QC.jpg
c73c0a3913255078c3b5375e77822aa5
30f586088e6b41b8aadf4b211d88003b30bb7797
36708 F20110209_AABAQJ nearns_e_Page_204.pro
7cd5a0fe25c935e1faeedcd0ddbd4482
bc233b6270063dae18ab8b7686de578d164fb5d5
49889 F20110209_AAAZPP nearns_e_Page_207.pro
710f49410732319ad4e574eb9eb25c03
dd8b7c286073b0e76521fb0042380a161aa86f0e
17177 F20110209_AABBNC nearns_e_Page_057.QC.jpg
e23e922d19ef1fe100fcecdc794f6191
d377f85c03769ce7d35ddc877f0cb26ca0bbcfbc
F20110209_AABAQK nearns_e_Page_037.tif
46b057e05b6ac9f36ff88ec83f5fd6aa
6b429d56b5c6ca7e863e6761242cf4bf3df513d0
3467 F20110209_AAAZPQ nearns_e_Page_143.txt
f300629e164b33fc8c013076f158ae5e
79b12f0865c27b503af253e17ce7397290708b4a
4618 F20110209_AABBND nearns_e_Page_005thm.jpg
7a6bb2f5aa657a3d6f846ebfbcacc86e
2676e1f9be7e09766d68e0a54210d6cede8631b2
1051873 F20110209_AABADA nearns_e_Page_065.jp2
3f4f082fea1f9c8505ff0a3e2938150b
d5e782b2e7cfefa876455ca1b24d198528b40ed4
43081 F20110209_AABAQL nearns_e_Page_022.pro
7c912077638f94ac3ccbb499ffb91899
4ebcbbecc2a580a5c6ba330215c668a56e3e6dd9
F20110209_AAAZPR nearns_e_Page_120.jp2
746d01cb99f2719ce24433759a6b3a6f
b5fe750f6fec1673939e45dc211fa5004edbb4f6
8152 F20110209_AABBNE nearns_e_Page_028thm.jpg
78f402e9ed66932f112f0e6c17ceed33
7dfadbb2ccf2331831d9f315371681731a48c27f
7439 F20110209_AABADB nearns_e_Page_113thm.jpg
9a17fe533631906311afe63d4914f522
e9c5b3e92a42e560fe69d5c352344781642df391
1882 F20110209_AABAQM nearns_e_Page_119.txt
81454ac6cc30aeb7002345ed6059c6e5
98734ec61d4cd9f3a9a3d462ee34f0481b9d8097
3198 F20110209_AAAZPS nearns_e_Page_109.txt
93507988fc33cb344812db7babac1120
1fb71869f857020fbba5608aebdf25385605d34d
20939 F20110209_AABBNF nearns_e_Page_166.QC.jpg
128d6596dd576ade461faf665dd94893
34ac57b1664c7e4c13759fe5509f958cbab424ce



PAGE 1

REVISION AND PHYLOGENY OF THE TRIBE CURIINI LECONTE (COLEOPTERA: CERAMBYCIDAE: CERAMBYCINAE) By EUGENIO HERNN NEARNS A THESIS PRESENTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLOR IDA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 2006

PAGE 2

Copyright 2006 by Eugenio Hernn Nearns

PAGE 3

To my parents, Joseph Eugene N earns and Bruna Palanza Nearns

PAGE 4

iv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank my supervisory comm ittee chair (Dr. Marc A. Branham) for his mentoring throughout my degree program. This work simply would not have been produced without Dr. Branhams support and gu idance. I also thank my other committee members, Dr. Steven W. Lingafelter for his guidance, generous support, and for suggesting this project; and Dr. Michael C. Thomas for his guidance and friendship, and for being the catalyst that led me to study cerambycids. For their friendship, advice, and encouragemen t, I am grateful to Joseph E. Nearns, Bruna P. Nearns, Bobbie Jo Nearns, Roberto Pandolfi, James E. Wappes, Roy F. Morris, Charyn J. Micheli, Julio Micheli, Frank T. Hovore, Miguel Monn, JC Marvin, Shane Bouchard, Jos Luis Aramayo, Julieta Led ezma Arias, Antonio B onasso, Teresita de Zayas, Donald W. Hall, Pete Coon, Debbie Hall, and my labmates in the Branham Lab: Jennifer M. Zaspel, Seth M. Bybee, and Kyle A. Buecke. I appreciate specimen loans and assistance from Michael C. Thomas and Paul E. Skelley (Florida State Colle ction of Arthropods); Robert Davidson and Bob Androw (Carnegie Museum of Natural History); John A. Chemsak and Cheryl Barr (Essig Museum of Entomology); Sharon Shute (The Natural History Museum); Lee Herman and David Grimaldi (American Museum of Na tural History); Ed Riley (Texas A&M University); Victoria Bayless and Andr ew R. Cline (Louisiana State Arthropod Museum); James E. Wappes (San Antonio, TX ), Roy F. Morris (Lak eland, FL); Robert H. Turnbow (Ft. Rucker, AL); Frank T. Hovore (Santa Clarita, CA); Steven W.

PAGE 5

v Lingafelter and Warren Steiner (National Muse um of Natural History); Charyn and Julio Micheli (Ponce, PR); Douglas Yanega (Uni versity of California Entomology Research Collection); Michael A. Ivie (West Indian B eetle Fauna Project); Angel Sols (Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad); Nayla Garca Rodrguez and Ileana Fernndez Garca (Instituto de Ecologa y Sistemtica); the Zaya s family (Havana, Cuba); J. Howard Frank (University of Florida); Daniel Heffern (H ouston, TX); Francesco Vitali (Genova, Italy); Robert E. Woodruff (Gainesville, FL); Mi guel Monn (Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro); Kelvin A. Guerrero (Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic); Sergio Devesa (San Vicente, Spain), Julie n Touroult (Paris, France); and Alain Audureau (Saint Gilles Croix de Vie, France). Finally, I would like to thank my wife a nd best friend of nearly 20 years, Jodi Nearns, for the encouragement and support to pursue my passion.

PAGE 6

vi TABLE OF CONTENTS page ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.................................................................................................iv LIST OF TABLES.............................................................................................................ix LIST OF FIGURES.............................................................................................................x ABSTRACT.....................................................................................................................xiv CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION AND LITERATURE REVIEW....................................................1 Literature Review.........................................................................................................1 Life History and Host Plant Associations.....................................................................3 Fossil Curiini................................................................................................................4 Phylogenetic Analysis..................................................................................................4 2 NEW SPECIES DESCRIPTI ONS AND SYNONYMIES...........................................7 Introduction...................................................................................................................7 Materials and Methods.................................................................................................8 Genus Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847..........................................................................8 Plectromerus costatus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 30 = Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790: 268), new synonymy.................................................................8 Plectromerus crenulatus Cazier, 1952: 1 = Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron, 1910: 186), new synonymy..............................................................9 Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli, 1983: 262), new combination....................9 Plectromerus new species 1 Nearns....................................................................10 Plectromerus new species 2 Nearns....................................................................13 Plectromerus new species 3 Nearns....................................................................16 Plectromerus new species 4 Nearns....................................................................21 Plectromerus new species 5 Nearns....................................................................24 Plectromerus new species 6 Nearns....................................................................27 Plectromerus new species 7 Nearns....................................................................30 Plectromerus new species 8 Nearns....................................................................33

PAGE 7

vii 3 REVISION OF CURIINI LECONTE........................................................................48 Curiini LeConte, 1873: 304........................................................................................48 Key to the Genera of Curiini...............................................................................49 Genus Curius Newman, 1840: 17.......................................................................50 Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray, 2006: 51...................................................50 Curius dentatus Newman, 1840: 17.............................................................54 Curius panamensis Bates, 1885: 268...........................................................62 Curius punctatus (Fisher, 1932: 55).............................................................65 Key to the Species of Curius ........................................................................68 Genus Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847: 43...........................................................68 Plectromerus acunai (Fisher, 1936: 344).....................................................69 Plectromerus bidentatus Fisher, 1942: 16....................................................71 Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790: 268).................................................73 Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron, 1910: 186)............................................87 Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli, 1983: 262), new combination...........93 Plectromerus exis Zayas, 1975: 123............................................................96 Plectromerus fasciatus (Gahan, 1895: 109)...............................................100 Plectromerus femoratus (Fabricius, 1792: 316).........................................104 Plectromerus grimaldii Nearns & Branham, 2005: 19..............................108 Plectromerus lingafelteri Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 25..............................110 Plectromerus navassae Nearns & Steiner, 2006: 63..................................113 Plectromerus ornatus Fisher, 1947: 34......................................................117 Plectromerus pinicola Zayas, 1975: 125....................................................118 Plectromerus pumilus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 33......................................123 Plectromerus ramosi Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 30....................................126 Plectromerus serratus (Cameron, 1910: 185)............................................130 Plectromerus tertiarius Vitali, 2004: 453..................................................133 Plectromerus unidentatus Fisher, 1942: 17................................................134 Plectromerus wappesi Giesbert, 1985: 81..................................................136 Key to the Species of Plectromerus ...........................................................139 4 PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS...............................................................................170 Introduction...............................................................................................................170 Materials and Methods.............................................................................................171 Taxon Sampling.................................................................................................171 Ingroup Taxa.....................................................................................................171 Outgroup Taxa...................................................................................................171 Specimen Preparation........................................................................................172 Character Sampling...........................................................................................173 Characters Used in Analyses.............................................................................173 Phylogenetic Methods.......................................................................................190 Results.......................................................................................................................191 Discussion.................................................................................................................191

PAGE 8

viii 5 BIOGEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS........................................................................196 Introduction...............................................................................................................196 Materials and Methods.............................................................................................198 Results.......................................................................................................................198 Discussion.................................................................................................................199 LIST OF REFERENCES.................................................................................................203 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH...........................................................................................212

PAGE 9

ix LIST OF TABLES Table page 1-1 Classification of Cu riini LeConte, 1873: 304............................................................5 1-2 Revised classification of Curiini LeC onte, 1873: 304 as proposed by Nearns (in progress).....................................................................................................................6 2-1 Acronyms of entomological collections studied......................................................38 4-1 Data matrix of 36 taxa and 41 morphological characters.......................................193 5-1 Biogeographic distribution of Curiini....................................................................202

PAGE 10

x LIST OF FIGURES Figure page 2-1 Four species of Plectromerus ...................................................................................39 2-2 Plectromerus new species 1 Nearns, holotype, male...............................................40 2-3 Plectromerus new species 2 Nearns, holotype, female............................................41 2-4 Plectromerus new species 3 Nearns, holotype, male...............................................42 2-5 Plectromerus new species 4 Nearns, holotype, male...............................................43 2-6 Plectromerus new species 5 Nearns, holotype, female............................................44 2-7 Plectromerus new species 6 Nearns, holotype, female............................................45 2-8 Plectromerus new species 7 Nearns.........................................................................46 2-9 Plectromerus new species 8 Nearns, holotype, male...............................................47 3-1 Four species of Curius ............................................................................................143 3-2 Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray.............................................................................144 3-3 Curius dentatus Newman, male.............................................................................145 3-4 Curius panamensis Bates, male.............................................................................146 3-5 Curius punctatus (Fisher).......................................................................................147 3-6 Plectromerus acunai (Fisher).................................................................................148 3-7 Plectromerus bidentatus Fisher, male....................................................................149 3-8 Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier), male...................................................................150 3-9 Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron), holotype, female...........................................151 3-10 Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli) (= Curiosa dominicana ), dorsal habitus, illustration by Julio Micheli (1983)........................................................................152

PAGE 11

xi 3-11 Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli) (= Curiosa dominicana ).............................153 3-12 Plectromerus exis Zayas, male...............................................................................154 3-13 Plectromerus fasciatus (Gahan).............................................................................155 3-14 Plectromerus femoratus (Fabricius), holotype, male.............................................156 3-15 Two Plectromerus species in Dominican amber....................................................157 3-16 Plectromerus grimaldii Nearns & Branham, holotype..........................................158 3-17 Comparison of antennal morphology.....................................................................159 3-18 Four species of Plectromerus .................................................................................160 3-19 Two species of Plectromerus .................................................................................161 3-20 Tegmen and parame res, ventral view.....................................................................162 3-21 Three species of Plectromerus ...............................................................................163 3-22 Plectromerus ornatus Fisher..................................................................................164 3-23 Plectromerus pinicola Zayas, male........................................................................165 3-24 Plectromerus pumilus Cazier & Lacey..................................................................166 3-25 Plectromerus serratus (Cameron), holotype, male................................................167 3-26 Plectromerus unidentatus Fisher, paratype, female...............................................168 3-27 Plectromerus wappesi Giesbert, paratype, male....................................................169 4-1 Character 2: eye shape............................................................................................174 4-2 Characters 1 and 5 (arr ows point to setae).............................................................175 4-3 Character 6: scape with excavati on on dorsal surface (arrow points to excavation).............................................................................................................175 4-4 Character 7: length of third antennomere compared to fourth (arrow points to fourth antennomere)...............................................................................................176 4-5 Character 8: length of fifth antennomer e compared to fourth (arrow points to fourth antennomere)...............................................................................................176 4-6 Character 9: antennae annulate..............................................................................177

PAGE 12

xii 4-7 Character 11: antennomeres 6-10 produced externally at apices on outer margins...................................................................................................................177 4-8 Characters 13 and 14 (a rrows point to setae).........................................................178 4-9 Character 16: pronotum, dorsal surface.................................................................178 4-10 Character 18: pronotum ornamented w ith distinct inverted Y marking.............179 4-11 Character 19: pronotal sides...................................................................................179 4-12 Character 20: pronotal constriction........................................................................180 4-13 Character 21: pronotal disk with scar or callus......................................................180 4-14 Character 22: males with sexuall y dimorphic prothoracic punctation...................182 4-15 Character 26: elytral apices....................................................................................183 4-16 Character 28: prosternal process between procoxae..............................................184 4-17 Character 29: procoxal cavities open behind.........................................................184 4-18 Character 30: prosternal process between procoxae..............................................185 4-19 Character 31: mesosternal process shape ( Plectromerus new species 8)...............185 4-20 Character 32: metafemoral armature......................................................................185 4-21 Character 33: if metafemora armed with one sharp tooth, then tooth with serrations on posterior margin................................................................................186 4-22 Characters 34 and 35..............................................................................................186 4-23 Character 36: basal (non-clavate) portion of metafemora compared to metafemoral club....................................................................................................187 4-24 Character 37: metafemoral shape...........................................................................187 4-25 Character 38: metatibial shape...............................................................................188 4-26 Character 39: length of meta tibia in relation to metafemur...................................188 4-27 Character 40: metalegs with first tars omere at least twice as long as second........189 4-28 Character 41: male genitalia...................................................................................190 4-29 Strict consensus (L = 207 steps, CI = 43, RI = 61) of four most parsimonious trees with characters states mapped.......................................................................194

PAGE 13

xiii 4-30 Strict consensus (L = 207 steps, CI = 43, RI = 61) of four most parsimonious trees. Bremer support values are report ed above the branch es, bootstrap support values (> 70%) are reported below the branches...................................................195 5-1 Map of the Caribbean.............................................................................................200 5-2 Area cladogram based on the strict cons ensus tree of four most parsimonious trees found in a phylogenetic analysis of Curiini...................................................201

PAGE 14

xiv Abstract of Thesis Presen ted to the Graduate School of the University of Florida in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science REVISION AND PHYLOGENY OF THE TRIBE CURIINI LECONTE (COLEOPTERA: CERAMBYCIDAE: CERAMBYCINAE) By Eugenio Hernn Nearns August 2006 Chair: Marc A. Branham Major Department: Entomology & Nematology A revision and phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Curiini LeConte, 1873 is presented. A phylogenetic an alysis of Curiini employing 31 ingroup taxa, 5 outgroup taxa, and 42 morphological char acters was conducted. Results suggest that the tribe is paraphyletic with respect to the outgroup taxa chosen. The genus Curius is monophyletic and strongly supported by 7 synapomorphies. The genus Plectromerus is paraphyletic and strongly supported by 6 synapomorphies. Results of this anal ysis suggest that Curiosa dominicana Micheli, 1983 is a highly derived Plectromerus therefore, Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli, 1983), new combina tion, is proposed. Eight new species of Plectromerus are described and illustrated: Plectromerus new species 1 from Nicaragua, Plectromerus new species 2 from Guatemala, Plectromerus new species 3 from Costa Rica and Honduras, Plectromerus new species 4 and Plectromerus new species 8 from Dominican Republic, Plectromerus new species 5 from Haiti, Plectromerus new species 6 from Cayman Islands, and Plectromerus new species 7 from

PAGE 15

xv Panama. The following new synonymies are proposed: Plectromerus costatus Cazier & Lacey, 1952 = Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790), and Plectromerus crenulatu s Cazier, 1952 = Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron, 1910). Diagnoses of all known curiine species are presented with notes on distribution, diversit y, and relationships. New country records are reported for P. dentipes ; P. exis Zayas, 1975; P. fasciatus (Gahan, 1895); P. pumilus Cazier & Lacey, 1952; and P. wappesi Giesbert, 1985. Keys to the tribe as well as the four species of Curius and 27 species of Plectromerus are presented. A biogeographic analysis based on the result s of a phylogenetic anal ysis of the tribe suggests that more basal species of Curius and Plectromerus are of Antillean distribution while more derived taxa are of Antillea n, Central American, and South American distribution.

PAGE 16

1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION AND LITERATURE REVIEW The longhorned beetle tribe Curiini LeC onte, 1873 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae) is a medium-sized group of Neot ropical cerambycid beetles. As currently defined, the tribe consists of three genera ( Curiosa Micheli, 1983; Curius Newman, 1840; and Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847) containing 29 ex tant and 2 extinct species. The genus Pentomacrus White, 1855 was synonymized with Plectromerus in 1985. Based on a phylogenetic analysis of the trib e (Chapter 4), the synonymy of the monotypic genus, Curiosa Micheli, 1983, is proposed (Chapt er 2). The curiines are of predominantly Antillean distribution and show a high level of endemism, with 17 of 31 species occurring in Hispaniola and Cuba, and they also occur in the SE USA and range from SE Mexico to Vene zuela (Monn & Hovore, 2005). The tribe has traditionally been define d by the presence of following morphological characters: coarsely faceted eyes; a flat, tr ansverse head; and strongly clavate femora armed beneath with a broad toot h. In catalogs, the tribe has been placed in the subfamily Cerambycinae between the Ibidionini and Obriini. Literature Review The type genus of the tribe is Curius Newman, 1840 which currently contains four species: the type species for the genus Curius dentatus Newman, 1840 known only from SE USA; Curius panamensis Bates, 1885, known only from Panama; and Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray, 2006, known only from Venezuela. In his classic work Cerambycidae of North America, Linsley (1963 ) expressed doubt about the placement of

PAGE 17

2 C. panamensis in the genus Curius based on the original de scription and figure. Craighead (1923) described the larva of C. dentatus and noted that it shared many morphological characters with Euderces (Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae: Tillomorphini). Fragoso (1978) illustrated the male and female genitalia of C. dentatus in his analysis of tribal classification within the subfamily. The genus Plectromerus was first treated by LeC onte (1873), LeConte & Horn (1883), and Leng (1885). Li nsley (1963) designated Obrium dentatum LeConte, 1824 as the type species (= Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790)). There has been some confusion about the generic at tributes of this genus and Pentomacrus (Linsley, 1963; Micheli, 1983; Micheli & N earns, 2005), but no previous revisionary work has been done. Cameron (1910) desc ribed two species in Pentomacrus and provided a key for this genus only. Cazier and Lacey (1952) co mmented on the taxonomic problem clouding these two genera and included both in a single ke y. Later, Giesbert ( 1985) stated that the differences were not sufficient to ju stify two genera and thus synonymized Pentomacrus with Plectromerus Though recent works still mention both genera (Pia et al., 2004; Vitali, 2004; Vitali & Rezbanyai-Reser, 2003), no formal discussion about the revalidation of Pentomacrus has been made. Several workers provided keys to the Curiini (Arnett, 1973; Arne tt et al., 2002; Cameron, 1910; Cazier and Lacey, 1952; Micheli, 1983; Vita li, 2004; Vitali & R ezbanyai-Reser, 2003). The monotypic genus Curiosa was created with the description of Curiosa dominicana Micheli, 1983 from a single female specimen collected in the Dominican Republic. Micheli (1983) stated that this species fit Lins leys (1963) tribal definition with a few exceptions, the most significant in his opinion being the lack of coarsely-

PAGE 18

3 faceted eyes ( Curiosa has finely-faceted eyes) and the number of antennomeres ( Curiosa has 10-segmented antennae, all other described curiines have 11-segmented antennae). Only two additional specimens are known to have been collected since Michelis work, one female deposited at the National Muse um of Natural History (Washington, DC) and the other (sex undetermined) at the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Cambridge, MA) (MCZWeb, 2006). Life History and Host Plant Associations Little has been published about the life hi story and host plant a ssociations for the majority of curiine species. With the exception of Plectromerus dominicanus (= Curiosa dominicana ), all known curiine species have coarse ly faceted eyes and are thought to be nocturnal. The finely faceted eyes of Plectromerus dominicanus (= Curiosa dominicana ) suggest that it may be diurnal. Various authors have listed host plant associations for P. dentipes a commonly collected species found in the SE USA (Lin sley & Chemsak, 1997; Monn, 1993; Ree, 2003). In general, curiines ar e attracted to light and may be collected by beating dead twigs and branches of various trees includi ng pine (Giesbert, 1985; Ree, 2003; Zayas, 1975). Plectromerus pinicola has emerged from cut pine branches (Zayas, 1975), Plectromerus fasciatus has been reared from girdled Inga ingoides branches (Chalumeau & Touroult, 2005b), and Plectromerus ramosi has been reared from Eugenia nr. ligustrina branches (Micheli & N earns, 2005). Females of Curius dentatus Newman were collected with pheromone-baited traps in Illinois (Lacey et al., 2004). Life history and host plant associations for the curiin es are not well understood and merit further study.

PAGE 19

4 Fossil Curiini At least 8 fossil curiine specimens are known from Dominican amber, dated from mid-Miocene, approximately 17-20 MYO (Gri maldi, 1996; Grimaldi & Engel, 2005). The first fossil curiine to be described was Plectromerus tertiarius Vitali from a single Dominican amber specimen (Vitali, 2004). Nearns & Branham (2005) described the second fossil curiine, Plectromerus grimaldii from Dominican amber and provided additional notes on the holotype of P. tertiarius Evans & Bellamy (1996) illustrated a well-preserved curiine fossil (pl. 41) whic h unfortunately is unavailable for study (G. Poinar, pers. comm.). Two additional curiine fossils in excellent condition are deposited in the private collection of Ettore Morone, Italy (D. Gr imaldi, pers. comm.), another undetermined curiine fossil is deposit ed in the American Meseum of Natural History (No. DR-10-1857), and two undetermined fossil curiines are deposited in the private collection of F. Vitali (Genova, Italy). Phylogenetic Analysis The Curiini have been somewhat arbitrar ily assigned to various genera (Linsley, 1963) and no previous revisi onary work has been done (Micheli & Nearns, 2005). A thorough revision and phylogeny, using morphological and fossil data is needed to test the monophyly of the tribe and discover the evolutionary history among the genera and species. Historical placement of the Cur iini within the subfamily Cerambycinae may provide insight for the selection of outgroup ta xa in a phylogenetic analysis. In addition, a modern key to the tribe is needed, as a ll existing keys are incomplete and outdated.

PAGE 20

5 Table 1-1. Classification of Curiini LeConte, 1873: 304. Curiosa Micheli, 1983: 261 dominicana Micheli, 1983: 262 Curius Newman, 1840: 17 chemsaki Nearns & Ray, 2006: 51 dentatus Newman, 1840: 17 concinnatus Haldeman, 1847: 43 panamensis Bates, 1885: 268 punctatus (Fisher, 1932: 55) Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847: 43 Pentomacrus White, 1855: 297 Curius ; Lacordaire, 1869: 352 (not Newman, 1840) acunai (Fisher, 1936: 344) bidentatus Fisher, 1942: 16 costatus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 30 dentipes (Olivier, 1790: 268) dentatum J.E. LeConte, 1824: 172 scambus Newman, 1840: 79 distinctus (Cameron, 1910: 186) ** exis Zayas, 1975: 123 fasciatus (Gahan, 1895: 109) femoratus (Fabricius, 1792: 316) femoratus White, 1855: 297 grimaldii Nearns & Branham, 2005: 19 (fossil) lingafelteri Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 25 ornatus Fisher, 1947: 34 pinicola Zayas, 1975: 125 pumilus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 33 ramosi Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 30 serratus (Cameron, 1910: 185) crenulatus Cazier, 1952: 1 tertiarius Vitali, 2004: 453 (fossil) unidentatus Fisher, 1942: 17 wappesi Giesbert, 1985: 81 Classification based on Monn & Hovore (2005). Curius punctatus (Fisher) was transferred from Plectromerus by Nearns et al. (2005). ** Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron) was revalidated by Micheli & Nearns (2005).

PAGE 21

6 Table 1-2. Revised classificat ion of Curiini LeConte, 1873: 304 as proposed by Nearns (in progress). Curius Newman, 1840:17 chemsaki Nearns & Ray, 2006: 51 dentatus Newman, 1840: 17 concinnatus Haldeman, 1847: 43 panamensis Bates, 1885: 268 punctatus (Fisher, 1932: 55) Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847: 43 Pentomacrus White, 1855: 297 Curius Lacordaire, 1869: 352 (not Newman, 1840) Curiosa Micheli, 1983: 262 acunai (Fisher, 1936: 344) bidentatus Fisher, 1942: 16 dentipes (Olivier, 1790: 268) dentatum J.E. LeConte, 1824: 172 scambus Newman, 1840: 79 costatus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 30 distinctus (Cameron, 1910: 186) crenulatus Cazier, 1952: 1 dominicanus (Micheli, 1983: 262) exis Zayas, 1975: 123 fasciatus (Gahan, 1895: 109) femoratus (Fabricius, 1792: 316) femoratus White, 1855: 297 grimaldii Nearns & Branham, 2005: 19 (fossil) lingafelteri Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 25 ornatus Fisher, 1947: 34 pinicola Zayas, 1975: 125 pumilus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 33 ramosi Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 30 serratus (Cameron, 1910: 185) tertiarius Vitali, 2004: 453 (fossil) unidentatus Fisher, 1942: 17 wappesi Giesbert, 1985: 81 new species 1 Nearns (in progress) new species 2 Nearns (in progress) new species 3 Nearns (in progress) new species 4 Nearns (in progress) new species 5 Nearns (in progress) new species 6 Nearns (in progress) new species 7 Nearns (in progress) new species 8 Nearns (in progress)

PAGE 22

7 CHAPTER 2 NEW SPECIES DESCRIPTIONS AND SYNONYMIES Introduction During the course of this revision, se veral taxonomic problems in the genus Plectromerus were identified: Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron) was revalidated by Micheli & Nearns (2005), Plectromerus crenulatus Cazier was found to be a junior synonym of P. distinctus and Plectromerus costatus Cazier & Lacey was found to be a junior synonym of Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier). A phylogenetic analysis of Curiini (Chapter 4) suggests that Curiosa dominicana Micheli is a highly derived Plectromerus Therefore, a new combination, Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli) is proposed. In addition, 12 new species of Plectromerus and one new species of Curius were noticed among specimens borrowed from various entomol ogical collections. Of these, five have already been described: Plectromerus lingafelteri Micheli & Nearns, Plectromerus ramosi Micheli & Nearns, Plectromerus grimaldii Nearns & Branham, Plectromerus navassae Nearns & Steiner, and Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray. The remaining eight new species of Plectromerus are described in this chapter. A phylogenetic species concept is applied in this study. Species are defined as the smallest aggregation of populations (s exual) or lineages (asexua l) diagnosable by a unique combination of character states in comp arable individuals (semaphoronts) (Nixon & Wheeler, 1990). Article 9 of the International Code of Z oological Nomenclature (2000) states that a thesis does not constitute a publication; therefore a manuscript is in preparation to publish these taxonomic changes and species descriptions.

PAGE 23

8 Materials and Methods Approximately 800 specimens from various entomological collections were studied (Table 2-1). Observations of the sp ecimens were made using a Nikon SMZ800 stereomicroscope with 20 eyepieces e quipped with a drawing tube. Habitus photographs were produced with the Microp tics Digital Lab XLT photography system, an Auto-Montage Pro system, and a Nikon C oolpix 995 with an Optem microscope adapter. Specimens were imaged with a JEOL JSM-5510LV Scanning Electron Microscope operated at 1.5kV. Genus Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847 = Pentomacrus White, 1855: 297 = Curius Lacordaire, 1869: 352 (not Newman, 1840) Plectromerus costatus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 30 = Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790: 268), new synonymy Cazier & Lacey (1952) described Plectromerus costatus and stated that it was most closely related to Plectromerus dentipes but could be separated from it . . by the much larger and more densely placed punctures on th e pronotal disk and by the non-serrate, or but slightly serrate, posterior margin of the femoral spin e (Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 32). Unfortunately, the depository of the holotype of P. dentipes is unknown (Monn, 2005) and therefore, unavailable for study. However, after careful examination of the holotype of P. costatus (Figure 2-1a) and approximately 400 specimens of P. dentipes from USA, Bahamas, and Cuba, the characters menti oned by Cazier & Lacey (1952) were found to be variable in P. dentipes In P. dentipes metafemoral tooth serration ranges from very slightly serrate to moderately serrate. The size and dens ity of pronotal punctation in P. dentipes is also variable, suggesting one sp ecies instead of two (Figure 2-1b).

PAGE 24

9 Plectromerus crenulatus Cazier, 1952: 1 = Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron, 1910: 186), new synonymy Vitali & Rezbanyai-Reser (2003) synonymized Plectromerus crenulatus Cazier and Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron) with Plectromerus serratus (Cameron) without comparing type specimens. Mich eli & Nearns (2005) restored P. distinctus from synonymy. The type specimens of P. crenulatus (Figure 2-1c) and P. serratus (Figure 325a) were examined carefully and differences between them suggest two species instead of one. The two species are similar but can be distinguished by the following characters: P. crenulatus has long, suberect hairs on the elytra and granulose punctures on the pronotum, whereas P. serratus lacks the hairs and granules and has microsculpturing on the pronotum. In addition, the type specimens of P. crenulatus (Figure 2-1c) and P. distinctu s (Figure 2-1d) were carefully examined and P. crenulatus was found to be a junior synonym of P. distinctus Both type specimens are female, collected in Haiti, and have long, suberect setae on the elytra, gra nulose punctures on the pronotum, similar metafemoral serrations, and metatibial curvature. Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli, 1983: 262), new combination = Curiosa dominicana Micheli, 1983: 262 Micheli (1983) described Curiosa dominicana from a single female specimen, noting that it presented unusual char acters for a curiine. Indeed, C dominicana possesses several autapomorphies which are unique within the tribe, such as antennae with 10 segments (11 segments in Curius and Plectromerus ), scape distinctly longest antennomere (third or fifth dis tinctly longer than scape in Curius fifth distinctly longer than scape in Plectromerus ), finely faceted eyes (coarsely faceted in Curius and

PAGE 25

10 Plectromerus ), and each elytron ornamented with a small, yellowish marking (absent in Curius and Plectromerus ) (Figure 3-10, 3-11a-d). Howeve r, a phylogenetic analysis of Curiini (Chapter 4) suggests that C dominicana is a highly derived Plectromerus (Figure 4-29). Based on this analysis, a new combination, Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli) is proposed. Plectromerus new species 1 Nearns Description : Male (Figure 2-2a-c). Lengt h 9.9 mm, width 2.2 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-2a. Ge neral form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with head, basal an tennomeres, portions of pronotum, venter, and femoral apices ferrugineus; each elytron test aceous with three major macular regions as follows: (1) basal third with a ferrugineus, oblique, narrow, irregu lar macula beginning below humerus and reaching sutural midpoi nt; (2) a ferrugineus, oblique, narrow, irregular macula from sutural midpoint to a bout apical third, not reaching margin; and (3) apical third testaceous, with broader, ferr ugineus, oblique, irregular macula from just below apical third to about below suture midpoint. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, slightly concave between antennal tubercles, which ar e slightly raised and separated by about the width of two antennal sockets; vertex microsculptured, with dense, shallow punctures; vertex with short, recumbent, pale pubes cence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, shallowly emarginate. Antenn ae eleven segmented, slightly longer than body; scape bowed, third antennomere about as long as scape, about twice as long as fourth, fifth antennomere longest, almost 4 times longer than fourth, about 1.5 times longer than third, antennomeres 6-10 becoming progressively shorter, eleventh slightly longer than tenth, basal antennomeres subcylin drical, from fifth m oderately flattened,

PAGE 26

11 apices of antennomeres 5-10 produced externa lly. Scape with short, recumbent, pale pubescence; antennomeres 2-8 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly broader at apex than base, sides br oadly inflated, arcuatel y constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation ju st before apex; basal margin moderately arcuate; disk convex, slightly flattened, with one moderately raised, median callus at about the center, with two moderately raised, submedial calli slightly anterior to center, and two moderately raised, submedial calli slightly posterior to center; lateral margins of pronotum with patch of coarse, deep punctures, and two long, suberect setae anterolaterally. Basal third of disk with two long, pale, recumbent setae positioned submedially, arising from deep punctures. Su rface microsculptured, with dense, shallow punctures. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 3 times as long as width at humeri, about 3.3 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly parallel, slightly sinuate around middle, somewhat evenly rounded to apex; elytral apices individually, broadly rounded; epipleural margin strongly sinuat e. Elytral disk moderately concave medially, subsuturally, creat ing a distinct costa on each elytron; base of each elytron moderately raised. Elytral surface strongly shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at ba sal third; punctures b ecoming more shallow toward apex and sides, almost obsolete at apic al third; each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair. Underside with portions of prosternum strongl y shining, one irre gular patch of coarse, deep punctures front of and spanning th e width of the procoxae; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and

PAGE 27

12 about 0.3 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners (Figure 2-2b), prosternal process between procoxae gradually declivous; procoxal cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface sh ining, sparsely and shallowly punctate. Metasternum surface shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with scattered deeper punctures and sparse suberect, pale hairs inte rspersed. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, whic h is denser posteriorly. Abdomen shining; finely, shallowly punctate; abdomen with spar se long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth stern ite broadly subtruncate, slightly shorter than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, basal portion of metafemora slightly shorter than metafemoral club; meso and metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with moderately de nsely, recumbent, short, pa le pubescence; clavate portion darker; underside of each femoral club with a broad triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge strongly, deeply serrate, with about 14 serration peaks of uneven height and distribution, each peak with a short, curved, pale hair; me tatibiae very slightly sinuate, nearly straight, slightly flattene d, about 0.8 times as long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; cl othed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer and coar ser distally (Figure 2-2c). Type : Holotype, male (Figure 2-2a), NICARAGUA, El. 1400m, Cerro Chimborazo, 13N, 85W, 20 Nov. 71, Stockw ell, beating dead branches (EMEC). Geographic distribution : Known only from Jinotega department, Nicaragua (Central America).

PAGE 28

13 Discussion : This species is described from a single male specimen, collected beating dead branches at 1,400 m elevation. The holotype desc ribed herein represents the only known specimen and nothing is known about its biology. From congeners, Plectromerus new species 1 can be distinguished by the combination of the following characters: intricate elytral pattern; pronotal disk with moderately raised calli; fifth antennomere al most 4 times longer than fourth and about 1.5 times longer than third; and strongly, deeply serrate metafemoral teeth. Plectromerus exis (Figure 3-12a-c), Plectromerus new species 4 (Figure 2-5a-c), and P. lingafelteri (Figure 3-19a-c) also have rather intricate elytral pa tterns, however, P. exis can easily be distinguished by the distinct t ubercle in the center of the pronotum (Figure 3-12b) and very weakly serrate (almost sm ooth) metafemoral teeth in both Plectromerus new species 4 and P. lingafelteri Plectromerus new species 2 Nearns Description : Female (Figure 2-3a-c). Length 7.2-8.0 mm, width 1.7-2.0 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Fi gure 2-3a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument te staceous, with portions of pronotum, scutellum and femoral apices ferrugineus; each elytron testaceous w ith three major macular regions as follows: (1) basal third with a ferrugi neus, oblique, narrow, macula beginning below humerus and reaching sutural midpoint; (2) a ferrugineus oblique, narrow, macula from sutural midpoint to just above apical third; and (3 ) apical third testaceous, with ferrugineus, arcuate-transverse, macula. Head with front nearly flat, tr ansverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, nearly flat between antennal tubercles, which are very slightly raised a nd separated by about the width of two antennal sockets; vertex microsculptured, with modera tely dense, shallow punctures; vertex with

PAGE 29

14 short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, shallowly emarginate. Antennae eleven segm ented, about as long as body; scape bowed, third antennomere about as long as scape, about 1.5 times longer than fourth, fifth antennomere longest, slightly more than twi ce as long as fourth, about 1.3 times longer than third, basal antennomeres s ubcylindrical, from fifth sli ghtly flattened, apices of antennomeres 6-10 produced externally, eleven th antennomere slightly longer than tenth. Scape with short, pale, recu mbent pubescence; antennomeres 2-6 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.5 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly broader at apex than base, sides broadly inflated, arcuately constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; basal third of disk with two long, pale, recumbent setae positioned submedially, arising from deep punctures; lateral margins of pronotum without patch of coarse, deep punctures, but with one long, sube rect seta anterolaterally. Surface opaque, microsculptured, very sparsely and shallowly punctate, with a slightly raised median callus; surface with moderately dense short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.6 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides moderately sinuate around middle (Figure 2-3c), evenly rounded to apex, elytral apices individually, broadly rounded; epipleural margin strongly sinuate. Elytral disk moderately concave medially, subsuturally, creating a distinct costa on each elytron; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface strongly shini ng; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punctures becoming finer towards apex an d sides, almost obsolet e at apical third;

PAGE 30

15 each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair. Underside with prosternum moderately shining, area in front of procoxae without pa tch of coarse punctures ; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.3 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; prosternal process between procoxae graduall y declivous; procoxal cav ities open behind. Mesoand metasternum and surface moderately shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with dense, short, recumbent, pale pubes cence. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen moderately shining, finely, shallowly punctate; abdomen w ith sparse long, sube rect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fine pale hair; fifth sternite br oadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, basal portion of metafemoral slightly longer than metafemoral club, mesoand metafemora moderately arcuate, shining, clothed with sparsely to moderately densely, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a broad triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge moderately serra te, with about 20-24 serration peaks, each serration peak with a short, pale, curved hair; metatibiae strongly sinuate, slightly flattened, about half as long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pa le pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally (Figure 2-3b). Types : Holotype, female (Figure 2-3a), GUATEMALA, Izabal Dpto., Cerro Negro Norte, 15N, 88W, 1180m, 18-19. vii. 2001 DCH, DY, Univ. Calif. Riverside, Ent. Res. Museum, UCRC ENT 68968 (UCRC ). Paratype, 1 female, GUATEMALA, Izabal, 25km SE Morales, 900m, May 31-June 2, 1997, E. Giesbert, J. Monzon (FSCA).

PAGE 31

16 Geographic distribution : Known only from Izabal department, Guatemala (Central America). Discussion : This species is described from two females and the male is unknown. The type series described herein represen ts the only known specimens and nothing is known about its biology. From congeners, Plectromerus new species 2 can be distinguished by the combination of the following characters: prono tal surface with moderately dense, short pubescence; each elytron with two distinct oblique maculae and one arcuate-transverse macula; and metafemora strongly pedunculateclavate with moderately serrate teeth. Plectromerus new species 2 is most similar to Plectromerus new species 3 (Figure 2-4ac) but can be distinguished by the moderate ly serrate teeth with about 20-24 serration peaks (strongly, deeply serrate with about 10-14 serration peaks in Plectromerus new species 3) and the three distinct maculae per elytron (two distinct maculae per elytron in Plectromerus new species 3). Plectromerus new species 3 Nearns Description : Male (Figure 2-4a-c). Length 5.8-6.8 mm, width 1.4-1.7 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Fi gure 2-4a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument te staceous, with portions of head, pronotum ferrugineus; each elytron testaceous with two major macular regions as follo ws: (1) basal third with a ferrugineus, oblique, narrow, macula begi nning below humerus and reaching sutural midpoint; (2) apical third w ith a ferrugineus, arcuate-tr ansverse, narrow, macula. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a medi an, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, shallowly concave and nearly fl at between antennal tubercles, which are slightly raised and separated by about th e width of two antennal sockets, vertex

PAGE 32

17 microsculptured, with scattered, shallow puncture s; vertex with short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transver se, subreniform, shallowly emarginate. Antennae eleven segmented, slightly longe r than body; scape bowed, third antennomere about as long as scape, about twice as l ong as fourth, fifth ante nnomere longest, about 3 times longer than fourth, about 1.5 times longer than third, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth slightly fla ttened, apices of antennomeres 6-10 produced externally. Scape with shor t, pale, recumbent pubescen ce; antennomeres 2-7 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at mi ddle, slightly broader at apex than base, sides broadly inflated, arcuatel y constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin moderately arcuate; lateral margins of pr onotum with patch of coarse, deep punctures, and one or two long, suberect setae antero laterally. Surface opaque, microsculptured, very sparsely and shallowly punctate, with a slightly raised median callus; basal third of disk with one or two long, pale, recumbent setae positioned submedially, arising from deep punctures. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 3 times as long as width at humeri, nearly 3 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides moderately sinuate around middle, evenly rounded to apex, elytral apices individually, broadly rounded; epipleural margin strongly sinuat e. Elytral disk moderately concave medially, subsuturally, creat ing a distinct costa on each elytron; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface strongly shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punc tures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; each punc ture with a short, fine, pale hair. Underside

PAGE 33

18 with prosternum moderately sh ining, one irregular patch of coarse, deep punctures in front of each procoxa (Figure 2-4b); narrowe st area of prostern al process between procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxa l cavity, and about 0.3 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; prosternal process between procoxae gradually declivous; procoxal cav ities open behind. Mesosternum surface moderately shining, sparsely and finely punctate. Metasternum surface moderately shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with sparse deeper punctures and suberect, pale hairs interspersed. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. A bdomen strongly shining; finely, shallowly punctate; with sparse long, suberect, pale hair s and punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, metafemoral club about as long as basal portion, mesoand metafemora moderately arcuate, shining, clot hed with sparsely to moderately densely, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; unde rside of each femoral club with a broad triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posteri or edge very strongly, distinctly serrate, with about 10-14 serration peaks, each serrat ion peak with a short, pale, curved hair; metatibiae strongly arcuate, slightly flattened, about 0.7 times as long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; cl othed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer and coar ser distally (Figure 2-4c). Female. Length 6.2-6.8 mm, width 1.5-1.7 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to male except pronotal sides lack ing coarse punctures and prosternum lacking irregular patch of punctures in front of each procoxa. Abdomen with terminal sternite evenly, broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite.

PAGE 34

19 Types : Holotype, male (Figure 2-4a), HONDURAS: Francisco Morazn, El Rincon, 1 Dec. 1995, R. Turnbow (FSCA). A llotype, female, COSTA RICA, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suroeste del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan., Tp Malaise, 1990, L-N 323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 070459 (INBio). Para types, 15 (all from COSTA RICA): 1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suroeste de l Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan., MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 258383(INBio); 1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suro este del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan., MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 258362 (INBio); 1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suro este del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan., MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 258102 (INBio); 1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suro este del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan., MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 258096 (INBio); 1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suro este del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan., MalaiseTp, GNP Biodiv. Surv. Ju l 1989 Mar 1990, L-N-323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 247525 (USNM); 1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suroeste del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan., MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N-323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 258213 (INBio); 1 female, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suroeste del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan., MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N-323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 258079 (INBio); 1 male, Est. Maritza, 600m, lado O Vol. Orosi, Prov. Guanacaste, Tp Malaise, Ene a abr 1992, L-N 326900, 373000, INBIO CRI000 377644 (FSCA); 1 male, Est. Maritza, 600m, lado O Vol. Orosi, Prov. Guanacaste, Tp Malaise, Ene a abr 1992, L-N 326900, 373000, INBIO CRI000 377788 (ENPC); 1 female, Estac. Cacao, 1000-1400m, SW side Volcan Cacao, Guanacaste, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, Malaise

PAGE 35

20 Tp. GNP Biod. Survey, INBIO CRI000 168806 (ENPC); 1 female, Estac. Cacao, 10001400m, SW side Volcan Cacao, Guanacas te, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, Malaise Tp. GNP Biod. Survey, INBIO CRI000 168868 (INBio); 1 female, Estac. Cacao, 1000-1400m, SW side Volcan Cacao, Guanac. Pr., Ma laise Tp. 1988-1989, GNP Biodiv. Survey, 323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 103614 (INBio); 1 female Estac. Cacao, 1000-1400m, SW side Volcan Cacao, Guanac. Pr., Malais e Tp. 1988-1989, GNP Biodiv. Survey, 323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 073785 (USNM); 1 female, Est. Maritza, 600m, lado O Vol. Orosi, Prov. Guanacaste, P. Cam pos, Feb 1992, L-N 326900, 373000, INBIO CRI000 888519 (FSCA); 1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, SW side Volcan Cacao, Guanacaste, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, Malaise Tp. GNP Biod. Survey, NBIO CRI000168807 (INBio). Geographic distribution : Known only from Francisco Morazn department, Honduras; and Guanacaste province, Costa Rica (Central America). Discussion : This species is described from 17 specimens and the type series described herein represents the only known specimens. All specimens except the holotype were collected in Malaise traps, most at 600-1,400 m elevation. From congeners, Plectromerus new species 3 can be distinguished by the combination of the following characters: pr onotal surface opaque, microsculptured; each elytron with one distinct oblique macula and one arcuate-transverse band; and metafemora strongly pedunculate-clavate with strongly, deeply serrate teeth. Plectromerus new species 3 is most similar to Plectromerus new species 2 (Figure 2-3ac) but can be distinguished by the strongl y, deeply serrate teeth with about 10-14 serration peaks (moderately serrate with about 2024 serration peaks in Plectromerus

PAGE 36

21 new species 2) and the two distinct macul ae per elytron (three distinct maculae per elytron in Plectromerus new species 2). Plectromerus new species 4 Nearns Description : Male (Figure 2-5a-c). Length 5.6-7.0 mm, width 1.3-1.5 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Fi gure 2-5a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of head, pronotum, and antennae ferrugineus; each elytron testaceous with th ree major macular regions as follows: (1) basal third with a ferrugineus, oblique, na rrow, irregular, vaguely defined, macula beginning below humerus and reaching sutu ral midpoint; (2) a ferrugineus, oblique, thicker, irregular, vaguely de fined, macula from sutural mi dpoint to about apical third, not reaching margin; and (3) apical third te staceous, with narrow, ferrugineus, oblique, irregular, vaguely defi ned, macula from just below api cal third to about below suture midpoint. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, somewh at concave between antennal tubercles, which are moderately raised and separated by the width of about 2.3 antennal sockets, vertex microsculptured, with dense, coarse shallow punctures; vertex with short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, shallowly emarginate. Antennae eleven segmented, sl ightly longer than body; scape bowed, third antennomere slightly longer than scape, nearly twice as long as fourth, fifth antennomere longest, almost 3 times longer than fourth, antennomeres 6-10 becoming progressively shorter, eleventh antenn omere slightly longer than tenth, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth slightly fla ttened, apices of antennomeres 5-10 produced externally. Scape with shor t, pale, recumbent pubescence; with shallow excavation dorsally; antennomeres 2-6 ciliate beneath w ith coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale

PAGE 37

22 hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.5 times as long as wide, widest at middle, apex about as wide as base, sides broadly inflated, arcuately cons tricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal marg in slightly arcuate; disk convex, somewhat flattened, with one moderately raised, median callus immediat ely posterior to center, and two moderately raised, submedial calli slightly anterior to center, and two smaller slightly raised, submedial calli slightly posterior to center (Figure 2-5b ); basal third of disk with two long, pale, recumbent setae positioned s ubmedially, arising from deep punctures; lateral margins of pronotum with patch of co arse, deep punctures, and two long, suberect setae anterolaterally. Surface opaque, micros culptured, feebly shining, with portions of calli granulose. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.5 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly parallel, slightly sinuate around middle, evenly rounded to apex; each elytron individually, evenly rounded; epipleural margin moderately sinuate. Elytral disk slightly concave medially, subsuturally, creating a mode rately raised costa on each elytron; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surf ace moderately shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punc tures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; each punc ture with a short, fine, pale hair. Underside with prosternum moderately sh ining, one irregular patch of coarse, deep punctures in front of procoxae; narrowest area of proste rnal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; pros ternal process between procoxae gradually declivous; procoxal cavities open behind. Mesosternum su rface moderately shining,

PAGE 38

23 sparsely and finely punctate. Metasternum surface moderately shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with sparse deeper puncture s and suberect, pale hairs interspersed. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen strongly shining; finely, shallowly pu nctate; abdomen with sparse long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora gradually clavate, metafemoral club about as long as basal portion, mesoand metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with sparsely to moderately densely, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a broad triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge nearly smooth, ve ry weakly serrate, with indistinctly and irregular serration peaks; me tatibiae moderately sinuate, slightly flattened, about 0.7 times as long as metafemora, gradually expande d distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally (Figure 2-5c). Female. Length 9.2 mm; width 2.1 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to male except pronotal sides lacking coarse punctures and prosternum lacking irregular patch of punctures in front of each procoxa. Abdomen with terminal sternite evenly, broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Types : Holotype, male (Figure 2-5a), DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, La Cumbre de Puerto Plata, 2000', May 8-9, 1985, E. Giesbe rt, Coll. (FSCA). Allotype, female, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, La Cumbre, Puerto Pl ata, Prov., Puerto Plata, R.D., 26-XII1978, Cols. Dominguez-Silfa, M.N.H.N. (MNDR) Paratypes, 2 (all from DOMINICAN REPUBLIC): 1 male, same data as holotype (FSCA); 1 male, P. Plata Prov. 2000', La Cumbre Rsh. Sta., V-8, 9-1985, J. E. Wappes (JEWC).

PAGE 39

24 Geographic distribution : Known only from Puerto Plata province, Dominican Republic (Greater Antilles). Discussion : This species is described from four specimens. The type series described herein represents the only known specimens and nothing is known about its biology. From congeners, Plectromerus new species 4 can be distinguished by the combination of the following characters: scape with shallow excavation dorsally; pronotal disk with moderately raised calli; and metafemoral teeth very weakly serrate (almost smooth). Plectromerus new species 4 is most similar to P. lingafelteri (Figure 319a-c) but can be distinguished by the moderately raised pronotal disk calli (more weakly raised in P. lingafelteri ), testaceous integument (darker in P. lingafelteri ), and vertex of head with moderately dense, coarse, shallo w punctation (vertex of head with sparse, smaller, more shallow punctation in P. lingafelteri ). Plectromerus new species 5 Nearns Description : Female (Figure 2-6a-c). Lengt h 8.5 mm, width 2.1 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-6a. Ge neral form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of hea d, pronotum, and femoral apices ferrugineus; pronotum with dark reddish-brown to black m aculae; each elytron testaceous with two large, irregular, ferrugineus macular regions, one at basal third, the other at apical third, elytral apices testaceous. Head with front nearly flat, transv erse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond ve rtex, moderately concave between antennal tubercles, which are somewhat raised and separated by the width of about 2.5 antennal sockets, vertex microsculpture d, with moderately dense, shallow punctures; vertex with short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform,

PAGE 40

25 shallowly emarginate. Antennae eleven se gmented, slightly longer than body; scape bowed, third antennomere about as long as scap e, only slightly longe r than fourth, fifth antennomere longest, almost twice as long as fourth, about 1.3 times longer than third, antennomeres 6-10 becoming progressively shorter, eleventh slightly longer than tenth, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fift h slightly flattened, apices of antennomeres 6-10 produced externally. Scape microsculp tured with dense, shallow punctation; antennomeres 2-7 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at base broader at base than apex, sides nearly parallel, slightly cons tricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; disk convex, with one strong ly raised, median callus at about the center, with two strongly raised, submed ial calli slightly anterior to center, and two moderately raised, submedial calli slightly posterior to center. Basal third of disk with one long, pale, suberect seta positioned submedially on each side, arising from a deep puncture (setae broken off); lateral margins of pronotum without patch of coarse, deep punctures; lateral margins with one slight ly raised callus just anterior to middle; pronotum with two or three long, suberect setae anterolaterall y. Surface strongly shining, microsculptured, with sparse, shallow punctation. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as long as width at humeri, about 3.5 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.7 times broader basally than pronotum at wide st point (at base); sides nearly parallel, slightly sinuate ar ound middle, evenly rounded to apex; elytral apices individually, evenly r ounded; epipleural margin slig htly sinuate. Elytral disk slightly concave medially, subsuturally, crea ting a faint costa on each elytron; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse,

PAGE 41

26 and deep at basal two-thirds ; punctures becoming finer to wards apex and sides; each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair; elytra with scattered, long, s uberect, pale hairs. Underside with prosternum strongly shining, with very sparsely and finely punctate, short, pale pubescence; narro west area of prosternal proc ess between procoxae about 0.3 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; pros ternal process between procoxae gradually declivous; procoxal cavities open behind (F igure 2-6b). Mesoand metasternum surface strongly shining, very sparsely and finely punctate. Metepist ernum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen strongly shining, finely, shallowly punctate; abdomen with few long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fine pale hair; fifth sternite br oadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, basal portion distinctly longer than metafemoral club, mesoand metafe mora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with sparsely to moderately densely, recumb ent, short, pale pube scence; underside of each femoral club with a broad, acute, triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge nearly smooth, metatibiae s lightly sinuate, slightly fl attened, about 0.7 as long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence distally (Figure 2-6c). Type : Holotype, female (Figure 2-6a), HAITI, Morne Guimy, 22km., SE. Fond Verrettes, 19 JUL 1956, 6500' B.&B. Valentine, Foret des Pins, Hardwood cloud forest, beating (WIBF, to be deposited at USNM). Geographic distribution : Known only from Morne Guimy, Haiti (Greater Antilles).

PAGE 42

27 Discussion : This species is described from a single female specimen collected beating at approximately 1,980 m elevation. The holotype de scribed herein represents the only known specimen and nothing is known about its biology. This species is a very distinctive from known congeners and can easily be distinguished by the combination of the fo llowing characters: third antennomere only slightly longer than fourth; pronotal disk w ith dark reddish-brown to black maculae and with strongly raised calli; and metafemoral club small, with tooth very weakly serrate (Figure 2-6a-c). Plectromerus new species 6 Nearns Description : Female (Figure 2-7a-c). Lengt h 6.7 mm, width 1.5 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-7a. Ge neral form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of ante nnae, and pronotum ferrugineus; head dark reddish-brown; each elytron testaceous with two vaguely defined macular regions as follows: (1) basal third with one narrow, tr ansverse, ferrugineus, macula not reaching epipleural margins, and (2) apical third with one thicker, subcircular, ferrugineus, macula not reaching epipleural margins. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just be yond vertex, nearly flat and very slightly concave between antennal tubercles, whic h are separated by about the width of two antennal sockets, vertex microsculptured, w ith dense, shallow punctures; vertex with short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, shallowly emarginate. Antennae eleven segm ented, about as long as body; scape bowed, third antennomere about as l ong as scape, a little longer than fourth, fifth antennomere longest, about twice as long as fourth, about 1.5 times as long as third, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth slight ly flattened, apices of antennomeres 5-8

PAGE 43

28 slightly produced externally (antenno meres 9-11 missing on left antenna, and 5-11 missing on right). Scape with short, pale recumbent pubescence; antennomeres 2-7 ciliate beneath with coarse, modera tely long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at middle, about as wide at base as apex, sides slightly inflated, slightly constricte d at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin very slightly ar cuate; disk convex, some what flattened, with two very slightly raised, submedial inflations slightly anterior to center, and two smaller very slightly raised, submedial inflations slightly posterior to center; lateral margins of pronotum without patch of coarse, deep punctures, with one long, recumbent seta anterolaterally. Surface opaque, microsculpture d, slightly shining, with dense, shallow punctation, basal third of disk with tw o long, pale, recumbent setae positioned submedially, arising from deep punctures. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.8 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly parallel, very slightly sinuate, evenly rounded to apex, elytral apices individually rounded, nearly subtru ncate; epipleural margin sli ghtly sinuate (Figure 2-7c). Elytral disk slightly concave medially, subsuturally, creating a faint costa on each elytron; base of each slightly raised. Elytral surface moderately shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basa l third; punctures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; punctures each with a short, fine, pale, recumbent hair, with scattered long, suberect setae (each about as l ong as scape) (Figure 2-7c). Underside with prosternum moderately shini ng, with scattered, coarse, shallow punctation; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as

PAGE 44

29 wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; pros ternal process between procoxae gradually declivous; procoxal cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface moderately shining, sparsely punctate with coar se, shallow punctures. Meta sternum surface moderately shining, with moderately dense, deep punc tures, with a few suberect, pale hairs interspersed. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen moderately shining; finely, shallowly punctate, with scattered coarse punctur es; abdomen with sparse l ong, suberect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fine pale hair; fifth sternite br oadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, metafemoral club slightly longer than basal portion, mesoand metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with sparse, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; und erside of each femoral club with a broad, acute triangular tooth; meta femoral teeth with posterior edge weakly, very shallowly serrate, with about 16 irregular serration peak s; each peak with a short, curved, pale hair; metatibiae nearly straight, very slightly sinuate, slightly fl attened, about 0.7 times long as metafemora, gradually expanded dista lly; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longe r and coarser distally (Figure 2-7b). Type : Holotype, female (Figure 2-7a), CAYMAN ISLANDS, Grand Cayman, West Bay (Town Hall Cresent), 21-VII-1-VIII -1986, Diderot Gicca, blacklight trap (FSCA). Geographic distribution : Known only from Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands (Greater Antilles).

PAGE 45

30 Discussion : This species is described from a single female specimen collected in a blacklight trap. The holotype described he rein represents the only known specimen and nothing is known about its biology. From congeners, Plectromerus new species 6 can be distinguished by the combination of the following characters: elyt ra with scattered l ong, suberect setae; pronotal disk microsculptured with dense, shallow punctation; and metafemoral teeth weakly, irregularly serrate. This species is very similar to P. wappesi and P. unidentatus in several characters including antennal segment proportions, pronot al disk punctation, shape of elytral apices, and metafemo ral and metatibial shape. However, Plectromerus new species 6 can be easily be distinguished from P. unidentatus by the scattered long, suberect setae on the elytra (ely tra without long, suberect setae P. unidentatus ), and from P. wappesi by the very weakly, irregularly serrat e metafemoral teeth (moderately, evenly serrate in P. wappesi ), and lack of scatte red long, suberect setae on scape, pronotal disk, and metafemora (scape, pronotal disk, and metafemora with long, suberect setae in P. wappesi ). Plectromerus new species 7 Nearns Description : Female (Figure 2-8a-d). Lengt h 6.2 mm, width 1.4 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-8a. Ge neral form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of h ead, pronotum, elytra, and femoral apices ferrugineus. Head with front nearly flat, transverse with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, slightly concave between antennal tubercles, which are slightly raised and separated by the wi dth of about two antennal sockets; vertex microsculptured, with dense, shallow puncture s; vertex with short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transver se, ovate, very shallowly emarginate.

PAGE 46

31 Antennae eleven segmented, slightly longe r than body; scape bowed, third antennomere about as long as scape, about 1.5 times l onger than fourth, fifth antennomere longest, slightly more than twice as long as fourth, about 1.5 times longer th an third, only slightly longer than sixth and seventh, el eventh slightly longer than te nth, about as long as scape, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fift h slightly flattened, apices of antennomeres 6-10 produced externally. Scape with shor t, pale, recumbent pubescence; antennomeres 2-5 ciliate beneath with coarse, modera tely long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.5 times as long as wide widest at middle, sli ghtly broader at apex than base, sides broadly inflate d, arcuately constricted at basa l third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; disk convex, with scattered, long, suberect, pale hairs; basal third of disk with two long, pale, recumbent setae positioned submedially, arising from deep punctures; la teral margins of pronotum with patch of coarse, deep punctures, and two long, suberect setae ante rolaterally. Surface opaque, slightly shining; pronotal disk somewhat wrinkled, moderately granulose. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.3 times as long as pronotal length, a bout 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at mi ddle); sides slightly sinuate around middle, evenly rounded to apex, elytra l apices individually, sinuately rounded; epipleural margin strongly sinuate. Elytral disk slightly concave medially, subsuturally, creating a faint costa on each elytron; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface strongly shining; punctation moderately dense, coar se, and deep at basal third; punctures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almo st obsolete at apical third; each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair; elytra wi th scattered, long, suberect, pale hairs. Underside

PAGE 47

32 with prosternum strongly shining, one irregular patch of coarse, deep punctures in front of each procoxa; narrowest ar ea of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.3 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; pros ternal process between procoxae gradually declivous; procoxal cavities very narrow ly open behind (Figure 2-8b). Mesoand metasternum surface strongly shining, sparsely and finely punctate. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pa le pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen strongly shining, sparsely and fi nely punctate, abdomen with two long, suberect, pale hairs per sterni te; fifth sternite broadly subt runcate, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, metafemoral club slightly longer than basal portion, mesoand metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with sparsely to moderately densely, recumbent, short, pale pubescence and with sparse, scattered, suberect, pale hairs arising from shallow punctures; underside of each femoral club with a broad triangular t ooth; metafemoral teeth with po sterior edge strongly, deeply serrate, with about 14-17 serration peaks; each peak with a short, curved, pale hair; metatibiae moderately sinuate slightly flattened, about 0.5 times as long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; cl othed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer and coar ser distally (Figure 2-8d). Male. Length 5.0-6.8 mm; width 1.1-1.5 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to male except pronotal sides lack ing coarse punctures and prosternum lacking irregular patch of punctures in front of each procoxa (Figure 2-8c). Abdomen with terminal sternite evenly, broadly rounded, a bout 1.5 times longer than preceding sternite.

PAGE 48

33 Types : Holotype, female (Figure 2-8a), PANAMA, Pan. Pr., 12 km N El Llano, 24 Jan 1993, F.T. Hovore, coll (USNM). Allot ype, male, PANAMA, Pma Province, Cerro Campana 850m, 8N, 79W, 12 Mar. 71 W. Biven (USNM). Paratypes, 2 (all from PANAMA): 1 female, Pma. Pr., Li ano-Carti Rd., Km-9, El. 350m., 16 Feb. Stockwell (FTHC); 1 female, C.Z., Di ablo, 2 April Wm. Biven (FSCA). Geographic distribution : Known only from Panama province, Panama (Central America). Discussion : This species is described from one male and three females. The type series described herein repr esents the only known specimens and nothing is known about its biology. This species is unusual among Plectromerus species in having the procoxal cavities very narrowly open behind (Figure 4-17b), similar only to P. dominicanus (= Curiosa dominicana ). From congeners, Plectromerus new species 7 can be distinguished by the combination of the following characters: prono tal disk opaque, moderately granulose; elytral apices individually, sinuately rounded; and metafe moral teeth strongly, deeply serrate. This species is most similar to P. wappesi but differs from it in having the pronotal disk somewhat wrinkled, nearly gra nulose (microsculptured with dense, round, shallow punctation in P. wappesi ), strongly, deeply serrate metafemoral teeth (moderately, evenly serrate in P. wappesi ), and elytra apices individually, sinuately rounded (jointly rounded to subtruncate in P. wappesi ). Plectromerus new species 8 Nearns Description : Male (Figure 2-9a-d). Length 8.5-10.2 mm, width 1.9-2.4 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Fi gure 2-9a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument te staceous, with portions of head, antennae, and elytra

PAGE 49

34 ferrugineus. Head with front nearly flat, transverse with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, shallowl y concave between antennal tubercles, which are slightly raised and separated by the wi dth of about two antennal sockets; vertex lightly microsculptured, with scattered, moderately deep pun ctures; vertex with short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, moderately emarginate. Antennae eleven segmented, sl ightly longer than body; scape bowed, third antennomere about as long as scape, more than twice as long as fourth, fifth antennomere longest, more than 3 times longer than four th, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth slightly flattened, apices of antenno meres 5-10 produced exte rnally. Scape with short, pale, recumbent pubescence, with shal low to moderately de ep excavation dorsally (Figure 2-9d); antennomeres 27 ciliate beneath with coarse moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly wider at base than at apex, sides br oadly inflated, arcuatel y constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; disk convex, somewhat flattened, with one slightly rais ed, median callus immedi ately posterior to center, about as long as the fourth antennom ere, and two moderately raised, submedial calli slightly anterior to ce nter, and two smaller very sli ghtly raised, submedial calli slightly posterior to center; ba sal third of disk with one l ong, pale, recumbent or suberect seta positioned submedially, arising from d eep punctures; lateral margins of pronotum with patch of coarse, deep punctures, and one or two long, suberect setae anterolaterally. Surface opaque, microsculptured, moderately shining, with dense, moderately deep, somewhat evenly spaced punctation. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra nearly 3 times as long as width at humeri, about 3 times as long as

PAGE 50

35 pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader ba sally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly parallel, very slightly sinuate, evenly rounded to apex, elytral apices individually rounded to weakly subtruncate; epipleural margin moderately sinuate. Elytral disk slightly concave medially, subsuturally, creating a faint costa on each elytron; base of each slightly raised. Elytral surface moderately shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basa l third; punctures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair; elytral apices with few long, pale, suberect hair. Underside with prosternum strongly shining, with scattered, coarse, deep punctati on, one irregular patch of 2-3 coarse, deep punctures in front of each procoxa; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxa l cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; prosternal process between procoxae gradually declivous, procoxal cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface strongly shining, sparsely punctate with co arse, deep punctures. Metasternum surface strongly shining, with moderately dense, deep punctures, with a few suberect, pale hairs interspersed (Figure 2-9c). Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. A bdomen strongly shining; finely, shallowly punctate, with scattered coarse punctures; abdomen with sparse long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora gradually clavate, metafemoral club slightly longer than basal portion, mesoand metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with sparse, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a broad, acute triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge very weakly

PAGE 51

36 serrate, with indistinctly and irregular serration peaks; each peak with a short, curved, pale hair; metatibiae nearly straight, very sl ightly sinuate, slightly flattened, about as long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally ; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longe r and coarser distally (Figure 2-9b). Female. Length 7.4-10.2 mm; width 1.8-2.4 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to male except pronotal sides l acking patch of deep, coarse punctures and prosternum lacking irregular patch of puncture s in front of each pr ocoxa. Abdomen with terminal sternite evenly, broadly rounde d, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Types : Holotype, male (Figure 2-9a), DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, Pedernales, PN Sierra de Bahoruco, Las Abejas, 1150 m. at tree fall, Spec.ID: 6903, E. Nearns & S. Lingafelter 18-VI-2005 (USNM). Allo type, female, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Independencia, Sierra de Bahoruco, north sl ope, 13.5 km SE Puerto Escondido, 18-1218N, 71-31-08W, 1789 m. 24-26 Mar 2004, R. Davidson, J. Rawlins, C. Young, C. Nunez, M. Rial, ecotonal Pinus grassland, malaise trap, Sample 41183 (CMNH). Paratypes, 4 (all from DOMINICAN REPUBLIC ): 1 male and 2 females, Pedernales. La Abeja, 38 km NNW Cabo Rojo (18N, 71W ), 1160m. 13 July 1987, J. Rawlins, R. Davidson (CMNH); 1 male, Payaso, 13 July 1996, R. Turnbow (RHTC). Geographic distribution : Known from Barahona and Pedernales provinces, Dominican Republic (Greater Antilles). Discussion : This species is described from si x specimens, several of which were collected at between 1,150-1,789 m elevation. The type series described herein represent the only known specimens and nothing is known about its biology.

PAGE 52

37 From congeners, Plectromerus new species 8 can be separated from congeners by the combination of the following characters: scape with shallow to moderately deep excavation dorsally; pronotal disk with slight ly to moderately raised calli; metafemora gradually clavate; and metafemoral teeth very weakly serrate. This species is most similar to P. fasciatus in several characters includi ng antennal segment proportions, gradually clavate metafemora, and very weakly serrate metafemoral teeth. However, Plectromerus new species 8 differs in having the pr onotum with dense, moderately deep, somewhat evenly spaced punctation (pronotum with dense, confluent, very shallow punctation in P. fasciatus ), and elytral apices with few long, pale, suberect setae (elytra with scattered to moderately dens e, long, pale, suberect, setae in P. fasciatus ).

PAGE 53

38 Table 2-1. Acronyms of entomo logical collections studied. AMNH American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, USA BMNH The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom CMNH Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, PA, USA DHPC Daniel Heffern Private Collection, Houston, TX, USA EFGC Edmund F. Giesbert Collecti on, Gainesville (at FSCA), FL, USA EMEC Essig Museum of Entomology, Univer sity of California, Berkeley, CA, USA ENPC Eugenio H. Nearns Private Collection, Gainesville, FL, USA FDZC Fernando de Zayas Collection, Havana, Cuba FSCA Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville, FL, USA FTHC Frank T. Hovore Private Co llection, Santa Clarita, CA, USA FVPC Francesco Vitali Priv ate Collection, Genova, Italy IESC Instituto de Ecologa y Sistemtica, Havana, Cuba INBio Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad Santo Domingo de Heredia, Costa Rica JAMC Julio and Charyn Micheli Pr ivate Collection, Ponce, PR, USA JEWC James E. Wappes Private Co llection, San Antonio, TX, USA LSAM Louisiana State Arthropo d Museum, Baton Rouge, LA, USA MCZ Museum of Comparative Zoology, Ha rvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA MNDR Museo Nacional de Historia Natu ral, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic MNHN Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Havana, Cuba MNRJ Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil REWC Robert E. Woodruff Private Collection, Gainesville, FL, USA RFMC Roy F. Morris Private Collection, Lakeland, FL, USA RHTC Robert H. Turnbow, Jr. Priv ate Collection, Ft. Rucker, AL, USA SDPC Sergio Devesa Private Collection, San Vicente, Spain TAMU Texas A&M Universit y, College Station, TX, USA UCRC University of California Entomology Research Collection, Riverside, CA, USA USNM National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Wash., DC, USA WIBF West Indian Beetle Fauna Projec t, Michael A. Ivie, Bozeman, MT, USA

PAGE 54

39 Figure 2-1. Four species of Plectromerus A) Plectromerus costatus Cazier & Lacey, holotype, male, dorsal habitus. B) Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier), female, dorsal habitus. C) Plectromerus crenulatus Cazier, holotype, female, dorsal habitus. D) Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron), holotype, female, dorsal habitus.

PAGE 55

40 Figure 2-2. Plectromerus new species 1 Nearns, holotype, male A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of prosternum. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 56

41 Figure 2-3. Plectromerus new species 2 Nearns, holotype, fema le. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ve ntral view. C) Lateral habitus.

PAGE 57

42 Figure 2-4. Plectromerus new species 3 Nearns, holotype, male A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of prosternum. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 58

43 Figure 2-5. Plectromerus new species 4 Nearns, holotype, male A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of pronotum, lateral view. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 59

44 Figure 2-6. Plectromerus new species 5 Nearns, holotype, fe male. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of prosternum. C) Close up of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 60

45 Figure 2-7. Plectromerus new species 6 Nearns, holotype, fe male. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view. C) Lateral habitus.

PAGE 61

46 Figure 2-8. Plectromerus new species 7 Nearns. A) Holo type, female, dorsal habitus. B) Holotype, female, closeup of proste rnum. C) Allotype, male closeup of prosternum. D) Holotype, female, closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 62

47 Figure 2-9. Plectromerus new species 8 Nearns, holotype, male A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia ventral view. C) Closeup of metasternum. D) Closeup or scape excavation, dorsal view.

PAGE 63

48 CHAPTER 3 REVISION OF CURIINI LECONTE Curiini LeConte, 1873: 304 The longhorned beetle tribe Curiini LeC onte, 1873 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae) is a medium-sized group of Neot ropical cerambycid beetles. As currently defined, the tribe consists of three genera ( Curiosa Micheli, 1983; Curius Newman, 1840; and Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847) containing 29 exta nt and two extinct species. The genus Pentomacrus White, 1855 was synonymized with Plectromerus in 1985 and the synonymy of a fourth genus ( Curiosa Micheli, 1983) with Plectromerus is proposed in Chapter 2. The curiines are of predomin antly of Antillean distribution but also occur in the SE USA, and range from SE Mexico to Venezuela. The tribe has traditionally been de fined by the presence of the following morphological characters: coarsely faceted ey es, a flat, transverse head, and strongly clavate femora armed beneath with a broad toot h. In catalogs, the tribe has been placed consistently within the subfamily Cerambycin ae between the Ibidionini and Obriini. A previous phylogenetic analysis of the Cur iini has not been conducted and the monophyly of the tribe is untested. Recent works on th e curiines have been provided by Vitali (2004), Vitali & Rezbanyai-Re ser (2003), Micheli & Nearns (2005), Nearns & Branham (2005), Nearns & Ray (2006), Nearns & Stei ner (2006), Nearns & Turnbow (2005), and Nearns et al. (2005). The genera of the Curiini were firs t grouped together by LeConte (1873) who included the genera Curius and Plectromerus in Group IV, the Curii and placed the

PAGE 64

49 tribe before the Obriini. LeConte also provi ded a description of the unifying characters for the tribe. In his Coleopterum Catalogus Aurivillius (1912) liste d the Curiini for the first time and included the genera Curius Plectromerus and Pentomacrus Leng (1920) and Blackwelder (1944) also placed the Curi ini before the Graciliini. Arnett (1973) placed the Curiini between the Ibidionini and the Hyboderini. Linsley (1963) and Downie & Arnett (1996) placed the Curiini be tween the Ibidionini and the Obriini. The more recent literature placed the Curiini be tween the Callidiopini and the Graciliini (Arnett et al., 2002; Monn & Hovore, 2003; Peck, 2005). Early workers provided very brief, non-sp ecific descriptions of new species and illustrations were either missing or of poor quality (Bates, 1885; Fabricius, 1792; Newman, 1840; Olivier, 1790; White, 1855). Improved work began with Gahans description of Pentomacrus fasciatus in 1895. Gahan (1895) also recognized that White (1855) and other workers ove rlooked Fabricius descri ption with regard to Pentomacrus femoratus Other notable workers include Fisher Linsley, and Zayas. Fisher was a prolific worker who described five new species of curiines from 1932 to 1947. Zayas (1975) described two Cuban species and provi ded illustrations to all described Cuban curiines except Plectromerus ornatus in his revision of the family. Linsley (1963) made a significant contribution when he provided a de scription of the tribe and keys to genera as well as species for North America. Key to the Genera of Curiini Previous keys to the genera of Cur iini were provided by Linsley (1963) and Micheli (1983). 1 Third antennomere distinctly longer th an scape; prosternal process between procoxae nearly straight (not gradually declivous). . . . . . . . . . Curius

PAGE 65

50 Third antennomere about as long or dis tinctly shorter than scape; prosternal process between procoxae gradually or abruptly declivous. . . . Plectromerus Genus Curius Newman, 1840: 17 Original description : Caput porrectum, oculis magnis, fer retundis, ad antennarum basim vix emarginatis; antennae corpore longicores, graciles, 11-articulatae, articulus 1us caeteris paull crassior, 2us brevis, 3us caeteris longior, 4us et sequentes longitudine fer aequales: prothora x capite dupl longior, dorso paull complanatus, lateribus convexus: elytra prot horace latiora, lateribus parallela, apice rotundata: pedes longitudine mediocres, femoribus tumidis, subts dente magno mediano armatis. (Newman, 1840: 17) Linsleys redescription : Form depressed; integument opaque. Ante nnae with fourth segment a little shorter than fifth. Pronotum rounded at sides; pr osternum with anteri or coxal cavities nearly contiguous. Legs with femora gr adually clavate. Abdomen with first segment as long as following 2 together. (Linsley, 1963: 134) Additions to Linsleys redescription : Fifth antennomere a little shorter to half as long as fifth. Males with sexually dimorphic, prothoracic punctation. Type species : Curius dentatus Newman, 1840. Geographic distribution : SE USA, Cuba, Panama, and Venezuela. Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray, 2006: 51 Introduction : As currently defined, the genus Curius Newman, 1840 contains three species: Curius dentatus Newman, 1840, known from southeastern United States, Curius panamensis Bates, 1885, known only from Panama, and Curius punctatus (Fisher, 1932), an endemic Cuban species (Monn 2005; Monn & Hovore, 2005; Nearns et al., 2005; Peck, 2005). LeConte (1873) de signated the tribe Curiini (= Curii) with Curius as the type genus and synonymized Plectromerus concinnatus Haldeman, 1847 with C. dentatus Linsley (1963) provided a diagnosis of the tribe and genus based on the two North American species, C. dentatus and Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790). Zayas (1975) provide d a description a nd illustration of Pentomacrus punctatus Fisher, 1932 and Lingafelter & Nearns (2005) provided a

PAGE 66

51 color photograph of the holotype. Nearns et al. (2 005) transferred P. punctatus to Curius During the senior authors revisionary work on the tribe Curiini, 23 specimens of a new species of Curius collected in Aragua, Venezuela were discovered. The species described herein is the first re cord of a curiine in South America and represents a significant range extensi on for the genus. (Nearns & Ray, 2006: 49) Original description : Male. Length 8.4 mm, width 1.7 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 3-1a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of head, antennal apices, pr onotum, elytra, apical portions of femora and tibiae, and sternum ferrugineus. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow groove from between eyes to just beyond vertex, concave between antennal tubercles, which are moderately raised and widely separated. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, shallowly emarginate. Antennae elevensegmented, subcylindrical, about 1.5 times longer than body; scape slightly bowed, slightly longer than fourth antennomere, third antennomere longest, more than 2 times longer than fourth, slightly longer than fifth, fifth is second longest, seventh slightly longer than sixth. Antennom eres 2-8 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.5 times as long as wide, evenly rounded at si des, widest at middle, sli ghtly broader at base than apex, slightly constricted at basal third; disk convex, each side of pronotum with one long, suberect, pale hair anterolate rally. Surface opaque, granulate-punctate, with a dense field of gland pores (rounded, elevated tubercles with circular median impressions, for example, Fig. 3-2c); surface ornamented with ferrugineus markings as follows: a narrow, longitudina l, median vitta, extending from anterior margin to middle, where it is divided into two longitudinal vittae, which extend to the base, a thinner longitudinal sinuate vi tta on each side (Fig. 3-1a). Lateral margins of pronotum ferrugineus. Scutellum small, subquadrate, a little longer than broad, granulose. Elytra about 3 times as long as wi dth at humeri, a little more than 4 times as long as pronotal lengt h, about 1.4 times broader basally than pronotum at widest (at middl e); sides moderately sinua te around middle; elytral apices separately pointed; epipleural ma rgin moderately sinuate. Elytral disk nearly flat; base of each el ytron slightly raised. Elytral surface opaque, with three irregularly shaped, ferrugineus lateral vittae arranged as fo llows: one at basal half, two at apical half (Fig. 31a); punctation moderately de nse, coarse, and deep at basal third; punctures becoming shallower to wards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third. Underside with prosternum slightly shining, granulate-punctate, with raised nodules inters persed among a dense field of gland pores (rounded, elevated tubercles with circular median impressions) (Fig. 3-2a, c); prosternal process between coxae nearly flat, narrowe st area of prostern al process about 0.3 times as wide as coxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is cordate (Fig. 3-2a). Mesoster num surface shining, sparsely and finely punctate. Metasternum surface shining, spar sely punctate, with moderately dense deeper punctures. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale

PAGE 67

52 pubescence. Abdomen shining; sparsely, shallowly punctate; abdomen with a few long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly s horter than preceding sternite. Legs with femora clavate, mesoand metafemora slightly ar cuate, shining, clothed with recumbent, short, pale pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a small, acute triangular tooth with posterior edge smooth; metatibiae near ly straight, very slightly sinuate; clothed with fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, beco ming longer apically. Female. Length 7.5-8.6 mm; width 1.5-1.7 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to male except pronotum not as elongate, about 1.3 times as long as wide; pronotum and prosternum lacking gland por es, prosternum with sparse, shallow punctures with a short hair (Fig. 3-2d); na rrowest area of prosternal process 0.3-0.5 times as wide as coxal cavity (Fig. 3-2b). Abdomen with terminal sternite evenly, broadly rounded, slightly longer than pr eceding sternite. (Nearns & Ray, 2006: 51) Holotype : male (Figure 3-1a), VENEZUELA, Rancho Grande, II-14-21-1969, P. & P. Spangler, collected at blacklight (USNM). Material examined : Holotype, male, VENEZUELA, Arag., Ra ncho Grande, II-14-21-1969, P. & P. Spangler, collected at blacklight (USN M). Allotype, female, VENEZUELA, El Encantado, Arajua [sic] 30-VI-2001, Cope co llection (JAMC). Paratypes, 3 (all from VENEZUELA): 1 female, Ara gua, Rancho Grande, 1100 m., 17-20 I 1978, blacklight, cloud forest, J.B. Heppner (USN M); 2 females, Aragua: Geremba, 2050 m, VII.1991 (MNRJ). Additional specimens have been reported to us by Alain Audureau (Saint Gilles Croix de Vie, France), but were not availa ble for study in time for inclusion as part of the type series: 18 specimens, all from VENEZUELA, Aragua, Geremba (2050m), Alain Audureau, collection dates: 12/04/1999, 15/05/1999, 07/1999, 09/06/2000, 07/2002, 25/09/2002, 29/09/2002, 15/02/2003, 22/02/2003, 07/04/2003, 21/02/2004, 12/05/2005, 14/05/ 2005, 28/05/2005. (Nearns & Ray, 2006: 53) Geographic distribution : Known only from Aragua province, Venezuela (South America). Discussion : This species can be distinguished fr om its presently known congeners by the following characters: the third antennomere is longest, sli ghtly longer than the fifth and without a spine, the fifth antennomere is about twice as long as the fourth, and the elytral apices are separately pointed. Curius chemsaki can be confused with C. panamensi s and the two species share similar pronotal proportions and markings

PAGE 68

53 (Fig. 3-1a-b, e) as well as similar pro notal and prosternal punctation and nodules. However, the new species can be dist inguished by antennal morphology: both sexes of C. panamensis have a strong spine at the apex of the third antennomere (absent in C. chemsaki ) and the third antennomere is e qual to or slightly shorter than the fifth in C. panamensis (the third antennomere is slightly longer than the fifth in C. chemsaki ). Also, the pronotum and elytra of C. panamensis are clothed with short, pale, recumbent, m oderately dense hairs (absent in C. chemsaki ) and the elytral apices of C. panamensis are rounded (separately pointed in C. chemsaki ). Linsley (1963) defined the genus ba sed on the North American species, C. dentatus Based on Bates original desc ription and figure, Linsley (1963) expressed doubt about the placement of the only other Curius species at the time of his writing, C. panamensis Our detailed examination of the pronotal and prosternal punctation of C. dentatus C. panamensis C. punctatus and C. chemsaki revealed a new synapomorphy fo r the genus overlooked by previous workers, male-specific gland pores (rounde d, elevated tubercles with circular median impressions). Notes on sexual dimorphism seen in gland pores : Sexual dimorphism in pronotal and/or prosternal punctation has been noted in morphological descriptions of cerambycine species from several tribes (e.g. LeConte, 1873; Casey 1912; Dusham, 1921; Linsley, 1963; Mermudes & Napp, 2000; Mermudes & Napp, 2004; Monn & Napp, 2005; Micheli & Nearns, 2005; N earns & Steiner, 2006). Within taxonomic literature, male-specific puncture s have not previously been linked to aspects of natural history or behavior. We here include the presence of malespecific pheromone gland pores as a mor phological character a nd suggest that the presence of gland pores may indicate that volatile pheromones play a role in the reproductive behavior of this species. Histology and SEM studies of three cerambycine species revealed that male-spe cific punctures contain gland pores that are pheromone release sites (Iwabuchi, 1986; Nakamuta et al., 1994; Noldt et al., 1995). We have identified male-specific gland pores (rounded, elevated tubercles with circular median impressions) on the prono ta and prosterna of C. chemsaki (Fig. 3-2c), as well as on the pr onota and prosterna of males of C. dentatus C. panamensis and C. punctatus (unpublished data). In a ddition, we have identified male-specific gland pores with a different morphological struct ure on the prosterna of another curiine, Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790) (un published data). Volatile pheromone production by curiine species is supported by the presence of C. dentatus in traps baited with synthetic ph eromone (Lacey et al., 2004). A recent morphological survey by Ray et al. (2006) used SEM to identify male-specific gland pores in 50 additional cerambycine species, suggesting gland pores are an informative morphological character that provides information about natural history. (Nearns & Ray, 2006: 54)

PAGE 69

54 Curius dentatus Newman, 1840: 17 = Plectromerus concinnatus Haldeman, 1847: 43 = Curius concinnatus Melsheimer, 1853: 106 Original description : Testaceus, obscurus, subtilitr ac crebr punctus; caput fuscum, antennae pallidae, articulis apice fuscis: prothorax testaceu s, vitt longitudinali ante marginem posticam divis, fusc: elytra testacea, fu sco nubila: femora apice lat fusca. (Corp. long. .275 unc. Lat. .075 unc.) (Newman, 1840: 17) Linsleys redescription : Male Form depressed; integument dull, brownish-testaceous, very obscurely pubescent; pronotum and elytra with vague longitudinal dark areas. Head densely, contiguously punctate; antennae exceeding elytral apices by about 3 segments, finely punctate, annulate, second segment much longer than broad, third segment longest, fourth segment much shorter than third, about 1/10 shorter than fifth. Pronotum flattened, sides rounded, surface very densely punctate; prosternum impressed, finely, densely punctate; me tasternum minutely punctate, sparsely pubescent, with scattered very coarse punctu res. Elytra nearly 3 times as long as subbasal width; surface sha llowly, moderately coarsely punctate, basal punctures mostly separated by 1 diameter or less; pubescence very short, obscure, sparse; apices rounded to suture. Legs with femora finely punctate and pubescent, gradually clavate, armed beneath with a tooth, larger on anterior pair; tibiae slender. Abdomen finely punctate, sp arsely pubescent, with a few coarse punctures, particularly at si des; fifth sternite shorter than fourth, subtruncate at apex. Length, 5-7 mm. Female Antennae exceeding elytral apices by about 2 segments; abdomen with fifth sternite longe r than fourth, rounded at apex. Length, 5-7mm. (Linsley, 1963: 134) Additions to Linsleys redescription : Males with pronotal and prosternal surface opaque, granulate-punctate, with a dense field of gland pores (rounded, elevated tubercles with circular median impressi ons) (Figure 3-3b); females l acking pronotal and prosternal gland pores, prosternum with sparse, shallo w punctures each with a short hair (for example, Figure 3-2d). Male specimens ex amined measured: length 5.0-9.2 mm, width 1.0-2.1 mm (measured across humeri); female specimens examined measured: length 5.010.0 mm; width 1.2-2.3 mm (measured across humeri). Male genitalia with parameres as in Figure 4-28a.

PAGE 70

55 Holotype : female (BMNH). Material examined : Specimens, 2 (all from ALABAMA, USA): 1 male, Baldwin Co., Rd Pecan, VII 1972 (JEWC); 1 male, Mobile, V.12.1957, B.K. Dozier, at light (FSCA). Specimens, 38 (all from FLORIDA, USA): 8 males and 1 female, Dixie Co., 4 mi. N. Old Town, May 18-20 1978, E. Giesbert, Co ll. (EFGC); 2 males, Dixie Co., 4 mi. N. Old Town, May 11-12 1978, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 3 males and 1 female, 2-IX-77, Alachua Co., T.H. Atkinson (FSCA); 1 male and 2 females, Miami, V. 1917, 14,278, H. Klages Colln, C.M. Acc. 11414 (CMNH); 1 female, Miami, V. 2, 14,278, H. Klages Colln, C.M. Acc. 11414 (CMNH); 1 male, Miami, IV. 16, 14,278, H. Klages Colln, C.M. Acc. 11414 (CMNH); 1 female, Hern ando Co., Withlacoo. S.F., Croom Area, beating dead branches, SpecimenID: 1459, Gino Nearns 07/26/2003 (ENPC); 1 male, Liberty Co., Torreya S.P., at UV light, flood plain forest, Sp ecimenID: 3594, Gino Nearns 05/22/2004 (ENPC); 1 female, Ga dsden Co., Aspalaga Landing, UV light, SpecID: 6639, Nearns, Morris & Wappes, 29V-2005 (ENPC); 1 female, Polk Co., vic. Bartow, along Peace River, 29-IV-1990, R. Morris (FSCA); 1 male, Polk Co., vic. Bartow, along Peace River, 24-IV-1990, R. Mo rris (FSCA); 1 male and 1 female, Carn. Mus. Acc. 349 (CMNH); 1 female, Highla nds Co., Archbold Biol Stat., 14-18 April 1989, Chen Wen Young (CMNH); 1 female, Indi an River Co., SR512 .5mi W I-95, 1-10V-1977, Fla. Med. Ent. Lab., Suction trap ( FSCA); 1 female, Lake County, Alexander Spgs. Cpgd., 6 Mi. S. Astor Park, 21-IV-1975, at (UV) black light, J.B. Heppner collector (FSCA); 1 female, Leon Co., Tall Timbers Res. Sta., Hammoc k Wood Yard, 15-VIII1972, light trap (FSCA); 1 female, Gainesvill e, Alachua County, Grace Thomas Coll. V-

PAGE 71

56 1964, at light (FSCA); 1 male, Alachua Co., Gainesville, 22-V-1983, M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 2 females, 3367 Hopk. U.S., Jun. 19/05 reared, WF Fiske Collector, Apalchcla [sic], Juniperus (USNM); 2 females, 3369 Hopk. U.S., Reared Nov. 10/05, Fiske WF Colr., Apalachicola, Taxodium distichum (USNM); 1 male, Crescent City, Coll Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM). Specimens, 41 (all from GEORGIA, USA) : 1 male, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, window trap, 31 July 6 Aug. 1976, R. Turnbow (AMNH); 1 male, Clarke Co., Athens, 25 June 1972, R. Turnbow (AMNH); 1 female, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, 2 July 1973, R. Turnbow (AMNH); 1 male and 1 fema le, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, window trap, 6-13 Aug. 1976, R. Turnbow (USNM); 2 females, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, window trap, 20-27 Aug. 1976, R. Turnbow (U SNM); 1 female, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, 14 July 1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 female, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, window trap, 24-31 July 1976, R. Turnbow ( FSCA); 1 female, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, window trap, 25 June 2 July 1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 female, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, window trap, 25 June 2 Ju ly 1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 male and 1 female, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, window trap, 16-23 July 1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 male, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest window trap, 9-16 July 1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 male, Clarke Co., Whitehall Fo rest, window trap, 6-13 Aug.1976, R. Turnbow (USNM); 1 male, Clarke Co., Whitehall Fo rest, emerged, July 1974, R. Turnbow, ex. sweet gum (FSCA); 1 female, Jackson Co., Hardeman Forest, 5-7 Aug. 1975, R. Turnbow (AMNH); 1 female, Thomasvill e, V-12-1948, Werner-Nutting (EMEC); 4 males and 3 females, Sumter Co., 1982, W.L. Tedders, 83-1134, #33473, Host: Pecan (USNM); 1 female, Dekalb Co., VI-13-69 (TAMU); 1 female, Dekalb Co., VIII-1-79

PAGE 72

57 (JEWC); 1 male, Buena Vista, 3 VII 46, John Lutz III, J.C. Lutz Collection 1961 (USNM); 1 male, Grady Co., Beachton, 1-7VII-1967, E.V. Komareck, Sr.(USNM); 1 male, Greene Co., Rd Pecan, VII-1972 (JEWC); 1 male, 3744 Hopk. U.S., July 18/06 reared, WF Fiske Collector Griffen, Deodar (USNM); 1 male, 3744 Hopk. U.S., Nov. 12/07 reared, WF Fiske Coll ector, Griffen, Deodar (USNM) ; 1 female, 3744 Hopk. U.S., July 3/07 reared, WF Fiske Collector, Gri ffen, Deodar (USNM); 2 males and 2 females, 3744a Hopk. U.S., Jun. 26/06 reared, WF Fisk e Collector, Griffen, Deodar (USNM); 2 females, 1629b Hopk. U.S., reare d, WF Fiske Collector, Jesup, Taxodium ditichum (USNM); 1 male, 1629c Hopk. U.S., Apr. 29, 03, WF Fiske Collector, Jesup, Cupressus (USNM); 1 male, 3743 Hopk. U.S., Jun. 1/06 reared, WF Fiske Collector, Griffen, Deodar (USNM). Specimens, 5 (all from LOUISIANA, USA): 1 male, Baton Rouge, VII-21-22, O.W. Rosewall (LSAM); 1 male, St. Martin Par., 4mi S of Belle River, 20-VII-1995, D.A. Duerr II, 7-20 BP ST8 (LSAM); 1 male, Baton Rouge, X-22 1965, D.K. Pollet (LSAM); 1 male, Henry Ulke Beetle Co ll. CMNH Acc. No. 1645 (CMNH); 1 female, Covington, 28/5, Collection H. Soltau (USNM). Specimens, 6 (all from MARYLAND, USA) : 1 male, Calvert Co., Sunderland, ex. oak 1981, J. Glaser (CNMH); 1 male, Balt o Co., Towson, 7-VII-81, J. Glaser (CMHN); 1 male, Calvert Co., Battle Creek Cypre ss Swamp, 18 Aug. 1987, Collectors: A. & B. Norden & D. Williams (USNM); 1 male, Pl ummers I, 30.7., EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 2 females, Plummers I., 25.7, HS Barber Collector (USNM). One male, MISSISSIPPI, Hancock Co., 28.8, Collection H. Soltau (USNM).

PAGE 73

58 Specimens, 22 (all from NORTH CAROLI NA, USA): 1 female, Cleveland Co., June 7-19, 1970, at light, J.S. Ashe (TAMU); 1 female, Killdevil Hills, Dare Co., 27-VII1955, KV Krombein (USNM); 1 female, Killdevil Hills, Dare Co., 24-VII-1955, KV Krombein (USNM); 3 males, Catawba C o., Hog Hill, bl trap, 20-27-July-1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 2 males and 1 female, 3657 Hopk. U.S., Aug 20/07, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 3 males, 3657d Hopk. U.S., Oct 3 reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 1 female, 3188a Hopk. U.S., Apr. 7/06, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 2 males and 1 female, 3111G Hopk. U.S., Jul. 1-, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 1 female, 3111G Hopk. U.S., Aug. 8 reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 1 male, 3646c Hopk. U.S., Aug. 1-06, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 2 males, 3663 Hopk. U.S., Aug. 20/07, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 1 male, 3663P Hopk. U.S., Jun. 18/06, rear ed, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 1 female, 3663f Hopk. U.S., Aug. 1/06, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM). One female, OKLAHOMA, Latimer Co., VII-85, K. Stephan (TAMU). One male, PENNSYLVANIA, York Co., 5mi NW Davidsburg, 23 VII 1971, PJ Spangler, black lite (USNM). Specimens, 19 (all from TE NNESSEE, USA): 1 female, Pulaski, July 8, 1946, at light near farm (USNM); 3 males, Boliv ar, Hardeman Co, July 1974, R.D. Ward, emerged from Cercis canadensis (CMNH); 1 female, Bolivar, Hardeman Co, 20-24 May 1974, R.D. Ward, emerged from Cercis canadensis (CMNH); 1 female Bolivar, Hardeman Co, 4-11 June 1974, R.D. Ward, emerged from Cercis canadensis (CMNH); 1 male, Bolivar, Hardeman Co, 4-11 June 1974, R.D. Ward, emerged from Cercis

PAGE 74

59 canadensis 1-III 1975 (CMNH); 3 males, Bolivar, Hardeman Co, 27 Mar 1974, R.D. Ward, emerged from Cercis canadensis 6-IV 1975 (CMNH); 3 females, Bolivar, Hardeman Co, 27 Dec 1974, R.D. Ward, emerged from Cercis canadensis 8-III 1975 (CMNH); 4 males and 2 females, Bolivar Hardeman Co, 27 Mar 1974, R.D. Ward, emerged from Cercis canadensis 12-IV 1975 (CMNH). Specimens, 15 (all from TEXAS, USA): 1 male and 1 female, San Augustine Co., Piney Woods Conserv. Ctr., 14 mi. SE Br oaddus, VII-15-21-1993, E.G. Riley, Malaise trap (TAMU); 1 male, Sabine Co., E. Hemphill, Beech Bottom, VI-23-VII-2 1989, R. Anderson & E. Morris, malaise trap (TAMU) ; 1 female, Tyler Co., Kirby State Forest, 30N, 94W, V-19-VI-8-2003, E. Riley, Lindgren funnel trap (TAMU); 2 males, Sabine Co., 9 mi. E Hemphill, beech bottom VIII-25-IX-10-1989, R. Anderson & E. Morris, flight intercept trap, beechmagnolia forest (TAMU); 2 males, Tyler Co., Kirby State Forest, 304N, 94 03W, VII-20-VIII-24-2003, E.G. Riley, Lindgren funnel trap (TAMU); 1 male and 1 female, Sabine Co., 9 mi. E Hemphill, Beech Bottom VIII-6-16-1989, R. Anderson & E. Morris, Malaise trap, beechmagnolia forest (TAMU); 1 male, Montgomery Co., Jones St. Forest, 8mi. S Conroe, VI21-27-1987, R. Wharton, Malaise trap (T AMU); 1 female, Montgomery Co., The Woodlands, June 20-26 1977, J.E. Wappes (JEW C); 2 males, Chambers Co., I-10 at Trinity R., emerged IV-28/V-10 1993, D.J. Heffern, reared from Taxodium distichum colld II-12-1993 (TAMU); 1 male, Chambers Co., I-10 at Trinity R., emerged V-11/V31 1993, D.J. Heffern, reared from Taxodium distichum colld II-12-1993 (TAMU). Specimens, 24 (all from VIRGINIA, US A): 2 females, Essex Co., 1 mi. SE Dunnsville, 37N, 76W, 24 vi-9 viii 1992 Malaise trap, D.R. Smith (USNM); 1

PAGE 75

60 female, Essex Co., 1 mi. SE Dunnsville, 37 52N, 76W, 14 viii 2 ix 1993, Malaise trap, D.R. Smith (USNM); 4 male and 2 females, Cape Henry, vi-2, J.N. Knull (AMNH); 1 female, Arlington, 27 June 1950, J.G. Fran ciemont (USNM); 1 male, 6939 Hopk. U.S., Reared, A.D. Hopkins Collector, Virginia Beach, Pinus (USNM); 1 male, 11876i, Hopk. U.S., Aug 28-16 Reared, FC Craighead Collector, Falls Church, Acer rubrum (USNM); 1 male, Hopk. U.S. 12286, Reared Aug. 3-14, H.B. Kirk Collector, Falls Church, Pinus (USNM); 3 males and 3 females, Hopk. U.S. 12286, Reared 7/21/14 H.B. Kirk, H.B. Kirk Collector, Falls Church, Pinus (USNM); 4 females, 6923a Hopk. U.S., Reared, AD Hopkins Collector, Cape Henry, Pinus (USNM); 1 female, Collected on ? suet cage, Arlington, 7-2-32, FW Poos Coll., Fred W. Poos Collect ion 1955 (USNM). Specimens, 10 (all from WASHINGTON, D.C., USA): 5 males and 2 females, Henry Ulke Beetle Coll. CMNH Acc. No. 1645 (CMNH); 1 female, Coll. ML Linell, Ac. 5409 CollChasPalm (AMNH); 1 male, no label data (USNM); 1 male, 20.6, Coll Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM). Geographic distribution : Widely distributed in the SE USA (AL, DC, GA, FL, IL, LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, PA, TN, VA). Discussion : This species (3-1c, 3-3a-c) is widely distributed in the SE USA. Lacey et al. (2004) collected a series of female specimens in pherom one-baited traps in Illinois. Linsley & Chemsak (1997) lis ted the following host plants: Acer spp., including A. rubrum Celtis Cupressus Juniperus Pinus and Taxodium distichum Curius dentatus is attracted to lights and ha s been collected in a variety of traps (Lindgren funnel, Malaise, flight intercept, and window) as well as reared from various hosts, including Cercis canadensis and sweet gum. Craighead ( 1923) described the larva of C. dentatus

PAGE 76

61 and noted that it shared ma ny morphological characters with Euderces (Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae: Tillomorphini). Fragoso (1978) illustrated the male and female genitalia of this species in his analysis of the tribal classification within the subfamily Cerambycinae. In Newmans (1840) description of this specie s he stated that the holotype . . is in the cabinet of the Entomological Club. M onns (2005) catalog does not list where this type is deposited. However, a curator of Coleoptera at the BMNH stated that the holotype was included in the material donate d to the museum by the Entomological Club in 1844. The holotype is a female, 8.1 mm in length, and in very poor condition: the apical segments of the antennae are absent only the left metaleg is complete, the remaining legs have missing tarsi and the right proleg is missing the tibia. The holotype bears the following labels: handwritten number 298 registration Ent. Club/[18]44-12, handwritten determination label in Newmans hand Curius Newm,/ dentatus Newm; a second handwritten label: Curius dentatus Newman type in Arrows handwriting (S. Shute, pers. comm.). This species ranges in size from 5.0-10.0 mm in length. Male specimens examined measured: length 5.0-9.2 mm, width 1.0-2.1 mm (measured across humeri); female specimens examined measured: length 5.0-10.0 mm; width 1.2-2.3 mm (measured across humeri). This species is very similar to C. punctatus but can be separated by the following characters: eyes nearly subreniform (eyes ovate-emarginate in C. punctatus ); antennae very slightly flattene d (more strongly flattened in C. punctatus ); and femora with distal half distinctly da rker in most specimens (femora with knees distinctly darker in C. punctatus ).

PAGE 77

62 Curius panamensis Bates, 1885: 268 Original description : Oblongo-linearis, depressus, breviter incumb enti-pilosus, opacus, fusco-testaceus; antennis, articulis apice exceptis, femorum pedunculis, tibias et tarsis elytrorumque lituris, pallido-testaceis; antennis ( ) quam corpus duplo longioribus, tenuibus, pubescentibus et infra sparsim ciliates, sca po graditim clavate, articulis 3 et 4 apice extus acute productis, 5 quam caeteri multo longiori (quam 4us duplo longiori); thorace valde elongate, cylindric o subdepresso, punctulato, opaco; elytris apice conjunctim acute rotundatis passim creberrime punctulatis, fascia angusta antemediana, macula triangul ari suturali versus apicem, apice et vitta irregulari marginali pallide testaceis; pedibus valde elongates, femoribus longe pedunculatis, clavis subtus acute dentatis. Long. 4 lin. Hab. Panama, Tol (Champion). One example. (Bates, 1885: 268) Redescription : Male (Figure 3-1e, 3-4a-c). Length 6.4-10.7 mm, width 1.2-2.0 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 3-4a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument te staceous, with portions of h ead, antennal apices, pronotum, elytra, distal portions of femora a nd tibiae, and sternum ferrugineus. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, sha llow groove from between eyes to just beyond vertex, concave between antenna l tubercles, which are strong ly raised and separated by about the width of two antennal sockets; vertex granulose; wi th short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transver se, ovate-emarginate, deeply emarginate. Antennae eleven-segmented, subcylindrical, al most twice as long as body; scape slightly bowed, about as long as fourth antennomere; third antennom ere equal to or slightly shorter than fifth, almost twice as long as fourth, armed with acute mesal spine, fifth antennomere equal to or slightly longer than third. Scape and an tennomeres 2-8 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.7 times as long as wide, evenly rounded at si des, widest at middle, slightly broader at apex than base, slightly cons tricted at basal third; disk convex, each side of pronotum with one long, suberect, pale hair anterolaterally. Surf ace opaque, granulate-punctate,

PAGE 78

63 with a dense field of gland pores (rounded, elevated tubercles with circular median impressions) (Figure 3-4b); surface ornamented with ferrugineus markings as follows: a narrow, longitudinal, median vitta, extending fr om anterior margin to middle, where it is divided into two longitudinal vittae, which extend to the base, a thinner longitudinal sinuate vitta on each side. Lateral margins of pronotum ferrugineus. Scutellum small, subquadrate, a little longer than broad, granulose, with short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Elytra about 3 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.3 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.2 times broader basa lly than pronotum at widest (at middle); sides moderately sinuate around middle; el ytral apices separately, narrowly rounded, forming a blunt point; epipleural margin moderate ly sinuate. Elytral di sk nearly flat; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral su rface opaque, with three irregularly shaped, broad, ferrugineus, lateral maculae arranged as follows: one at basal third, one at apical half, and one at apical third not quite reach ing elytral apices; puncta tion nearly uniformly spaced, moderately dense, deep at basal th ird; punctures becoming shallower towards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical th ird; each puncture with a short, recumbent, pale hair. Underside with prosternum slightly shini ng, granulate-punctate with raised nodules interspersed among a de nse field of gland pores (r ounded, elevated tubercles with circular median impre ssions) (Figure 3-4b) ; prosternal process between procoxae nearly flat, narrowest area of prosternal process about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular; procoxal cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface sh ining, densely and finely punctate. Metasternum surface shining, densely and fi nely punctate, with scattered deeper punctures and a few long, suberect, pale hair s. Metepisternum clothed with short,

PAGE 79

64 recumbent, pale pubescence. Abdomen shining, clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence; densely and shallowly punctate; wi th a few long, suberect pale hairs; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slight ly shorter than preceding sternite. Legs with femora very gradually clavate; distal portion of femora and tibiae distinctly darker; mesoand metafemora slightly arcuate, weakly shin ing, clothed with recumbent, short, pale pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a small, acute triangular tooth with posterior edge very weakly serrate, nearly smooth; metatibiae n early straight, very slightly sinuate (Figure 3-4c ); clothed with fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer distally; metalegs with first tarsomer e about twice as long or longer than second. Female. Length 8.5-13.0 mm; width 1.7-2.7 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to male except pronotum not as el ongate; pronotum and prosternum lacking gland pores, prosternum with sparse shallow punctures each with a short hair (for example, Figure 3-2d). Abdomen with terminal sterni te evenly, broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Holotype : PANAMA, Chiriqu: Tol. (BMNH). Material examined : Specimens, 18 (all from PANAMA): 1 male, C.Z., Barro Colorado Is., 9'N, 7951'W, 05-11-1997, Pickering-Windsor, Lot # 7319 (JEWC); 2 females, Panama Pr., Altos de Pacora, Jan 4-10, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 female, C.Z., Barro Colorado Is., 9'N, 7951'W, 29-I-1997, Pickering-Windsor, Lot #7295 (USNM); 2 males and 1 female, Panama pr., Cerro Azul, 2200', Jan 4-9, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 male and 3 females, Canal Zone, Vic. Ft. San Lorenzo, Jan 5 1983, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 male, C.Z., Ba rro Colorado Is., 9'N, 79'W, 05-11-1997, Pickering-Windsor, Lot #7819 (JEWC); 1 male C.Z., Barro Colorado Is., 9'N,

PAGE 80

65 79'W, 29-I-1997, Pickering-Windsor, Lot #7295 (JEWC); 1 male and 1 female, Panama, Cerro Azul, em. 26 Dec. 1991, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 female, Panama, Cerro Azul, em. 20-30 Jan. 1992, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 female, Pn Prv, C. Azul Altus de, Pacoras 4,10-I-94, JE Wappes (JEWC); 1 male, Vic. Ft. San Lorenzo, Jan 2 1983, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC). Geographic distribution : Known only from Panama province, Panama (Central America). Discussion : Curius panamensis is endemic to Panama and nothing is known about its biology. This species is most closely related to C. chemsaki but can easily be distinguished from all congeners by the presence of the mesal spine on the third antennomere. Curius punctatus (Fisher, 1932: 55) = Pentomacrus punctatus Fisher, 1932: 55 = Plectromerus punctatus (Fisher, 1932: 55) Original description : Male. Broadly elongate, rather strongly flattened above, and feebly shining. Above and beneath pale yellow, with the head, tips of antennal joints, sides of sternum, tips of femora, numerous irre gular spots on pronotum, and three broad, transverse, zigzag fasciae on each elytron, black. Head coarsely, confluently punctate, glabr ous, front rather strongly constricted by the eyes, with a narrow, longitudinal, me dian groove, broadly concave between the antennal tubercles, which are widely sepa rated, and rather str ongly elevated; eyes large, strongly convex, feebly emarginate, and widely separated from each other on the top. Antenna about one and one-half times as long as the body, sparsely clothed with short, inconspicuous pube scence, with numerous long, erect hairs on the underside of the joints, wh ich are slightly flattened, but unarmed at apices; first joint robust, cylindrical, arcuate, slightly expanded toward apex, and one-half as long as the third joint, which is distinc tly longer than the fourth; eleventh joint subequal in length to the tenth. Pronotum distinctly longer than wide, and s ubequal in width at base and apex; sides feebly, arcuately rounded, sli ghtly constricted at base; disk slightly uneven, and

PAGE 81

66 more or less flattened; surface glabrous, densely, coarsely, irregularly ocellatepunctate, irregularly scabrous, and ornament ed with black or dark brown spots as follows: A narrow, longitudinal, median vi tta, extending from anterior margin to middle, where it is divided into two long itudinal vittae, which extend to, or nearly to, the base, and from two to four round or elongate spots on each side. Scutellum transverse, broadly rounded at apex, and the surface glabrous. Elytra two and one-half times as long as pronotum, and at base feebly wider than pronotum at middle; humeri rather strongl y elevated; sides nearly parallel from base to near the tips, which are sepa rately, rather narro wly rounded; surface coarsely, densely punctate, scabrous in basal regions with a very short, inconspicuous hair in the center of each puncture, each elytron ornamented with three broad, transverse, zigzag fasciae, one near base, one at middle, and the other one at apical fourth. Abdomen beneath feebly, sparsely punctate and clothed with a few long, semierect hairs; last segment broadly rounded at ap ex. Prosternum broadly, transversely concave, glabrous, feebly, coarsely rugos e; prosternal process rather narrow between the coxal cavities, and strongly declivous poste riorly. Legs rather long, glabrous; femora strongly, abruptly clav ate, petiolate at bases, and each femur armed with a short tooth on underside near the apex; tibiae slightly flattened, and the anterior pair feebly arcuate. Female. Differs from the male in having the antennae only slight ly longer than the body, pronotum about as wide as long, and the surface coarsely, uniformly scabrous. Length, 5-10 mm.; width, 1.4-2.8 mm. Type locality. Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba. Type, allotype, and paratypes. U.S.N.M. No. 43736. Paratypes. In American Museum of Natural History and in S. C. Bruner collection. (Fisher, 1932: 55) Holotype : male (Figure 3-5a), CUBA, Sep. 7/ 30, Santiago de las Vegas, Habana, E.E.A. de Cuba No. 9399, Type No 43736 U.S.N.M. (USNM). Material examined : Holotype, male (Figure 3-5a), CUBA, Sep. 7/30, Santiago de las Vegas, Habana, E.E.A. de Cuba No. 9399, Type No 43736 U.S.N.M. (USNM). Allotype, female, CUBA, E.E.A. de Cuba, No. 9399, Nov.29/30, Santiago de Las Vegas, Habana, Allotype No 43736 U.S.N.M. (USNM) Specimens, 7 (all from CUBA): 1 female, paratype, E.E.A. de Cuba, No. 9399, Nov.29/30, Santiago de Las Vegas, Habana, Paratype No 43736 U.S.N.M. (USNM); 1 ma le, paratype, E.E.A. de Cuba, No. 9399,

PAGE 82

67 Nov.29/30, Santiago de Las Vegas, Habana, Pa ratype No, Punctatus Fisher (AMNH); 1 female, Minacarloza, Cienfuegos, XII-1-27, Wilson (FSCA); 1 female, paratype, E.E.A. de Cuba, No. 9399, Nov 29/30, Santiago de las Vegas, Habana, J. Acua, Col. (IESC); 1 male, Casa de Visita FAME, Topes de Collant es, S. Spritus, Luz, Fecha 5-VI-2002, Col. R. Nunez Luz (ENPC); 1 specimen, sex undete rmined, Rio Yao, Sierra Maestra, Oct. 25/41, J. Acuna, col. (IESC); 1 specimen, sex undetermined, E.E.A. de Cuba, No. 9399 (IESC). Geographic distribution : Known from Cienfuegos, Ciudad de la Habana, Granma, and Sancti Spritus provinc es, Cuba (Greater Antilles). Discussion : This species (Figure 3-1d, 3-5a -c) is most closely related the C. dentatus (Figure 4-29). Nearns et al. (2005) transfe rred this species to Curius from Plectromerus Fisher (1932) stated th at the eight specimens in the type series emerged from native (Cuban) wood but the host plant is not reported. Fisher (1932) also stated that this species is allied to P. femoratus but it is clear that he never saw the type specimen of that very large, di stinct species (Figure 3-14a). Pia et al. (2004) listed this species from the Trinidad Mountains, Cuba. Male specimens examined: length 8.9-12.0 mm, width 2.0-2.7 mm (measured across humeri); female specimens ex amined: length 8.3-11.0 mm; width 2.0-2.5 mm (measured across humeri). This species is very similar to C. dentatus but can be separated by the following characters: eyes ovate-emarginate (eyes nearly subreniform in C. dentatus ); antennae more strongly flattene d (very slightly flattened in C. dentatus ); and femora with knees distinctly darker (femora with distal half distin ctly darker in most specimens of C. dentatus ).

PAGE 83

68 Key to the Species of Curius 1 Fifth antennomere equal to or only slightly l onger than fourth. . . . . . . . .2 1 Fifth antennomere about twice as long as fourth. . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 2(1) Antennae not distinctly fla ttened; distal half of femora distinctly darker than basal half; body length 5.5-10 mm (SE USA). . . . dentatus Newman (Figure 3-3a) -Antennae distinctly flattened; femora l knees distinctly darker; body length 9.012.5 mm (Cuba). . . . . . . . . . . . . punctatus (Fisher) (Figure 3-5a) 3(1) Third antennomere armed with spine, e qual to or slightly shorter than fifth; pronotum and elytra clothed with short, pa le, recumbent, moderately dense hairs; body length 6.5-15 mm (Panama). . . . . . panamensis Bates (Figure 3-4a) -Third antennomere without spine, slightly longer than fifth; pronotum and elytra not as above; body length 7.5-8.6 mm (Venezuela). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . chemsaki Nearns & Ray (Figure 3-1a) Genus Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847: 43 = Pentomacrus White, 1855: 297 = Curius Lacordaire, 1869: 352 (not Newman, 1840) Linsleys redescription : Form cylindrical, integument shining. An tennae with fourth segment very much shorter than fifth. Pronotum with sides n early straight; proste rnum with anterior coxae distinctly separated. Legs with femora suddenly clavate. Abdomen with first segment as long as followi ng 3 together. (Linsley, 1963: 135) Additions to Linsleys redescription Pronotum with sides nearly straight to gl obose. Legs with femora gradually to pedunculate clavate. Type species : Obrium dentatum J. E. LeConte, 1824 (Linsley designation, 1963: 135) [= Callidium dentipes Olivier, 1790]. Geographic distribution : SE USA, Mexico, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua Costa Rica, and Panama.

PAGE 84

69 Discussion : The genus Plectromerus Haldeman (1847) was first treated by LeConte (1873), LeConte & Horn (1883), and Leng (1885). There has been some confusion about the generic attributes of this genus and Pentomacrus White (Linsley 1963, Micheli 1983), but no thorough revisionary work has been done. Cameron (1910) described two species in Pentomacrus and provided a key for species of this genus only. Cazier & Lacey (1952) commented on the taxonomic problem clouding these two genera and included the species a ssigned to both within a single key. Subsequently, Giesbert (1985) stated that the suppos ed differences were not sufficient to justify two genera and synonymized Pentomacrus with Plectromerus Vitali & Rezbanyai-Reser (2003) pr ovided a key for all species of Plectromerus which later was modified by Vitali (2004) to include a new fossil species and to subdivide the genus into two groups, Plectromerus and Pentomacrus (Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 23) Plectromerus acunai (Fisher, 1936: 344) = Pentomacrus acuai Fisher, 1936: 344 Original description : Slender, subcylindrical, subopaque, uniform ly brownish yellow, the pronotum and elytra ornamented with dark brown markings. Head with front transverse, flat between the antennal tubercles, which are widely separated and feebly elevated ; surface feebly, coarsely, irregularly punctate, with a few long, erect hairs; eyes coarsely granulated, strongl y convex, elongate, feebly emarginate, widely separated from each ot her on the top. Antenna about as long as the body, unarmed, feebly, longitudinally cari nate, rather densely ciliate beneath with short, erect hairs. Pronotum distinctly longer than wide, cy lindrical, subequal in width at base and apex; sides nearly parallel, feebly sinuate ; disk slightly uneven, strongly convex; surface glabrous, feebly, coarsely, irregul arly punctate, ornamented with dark brown as follows: A small median spot a nd a narrow, sinuate, longitudinal vitta on each side. Scutellum transverse, broa dly rounded at apex, with the surface glabrous. Elytra three times as long as pronotum, di stinctly wider than pronotum; sides nearly parallel from base to apical fourth, then arcuately narrowed to the tips, which are separately arcuately, obliquely emarginate, with a large tooth at each outer angle; disk slightly flattened; surface glabrous, de nsely, coarsely punctate basally, finely, obsoletely punctate toward apices, and each elytron ornamented with three dark brown spots, one at basal fourth, one at middle, and one at apical fourth.

PAGE 85

70 Body beneath glabrous, impunctate; last abdominal segment broadly rounded at apex. Legs clothed with short, inco nspicuous yellowish pubescence; femora strongly, abruptly clavate, petiolate at ba ses, each femur armed on the under side near apex with a large tooth, which is smooth on posterior margin. Length, 9-9.5 mm.; width, 1.75-2 mm. Type locality. Loma del Gato, Sierra del Cobre, Oriente Province, Cuba. Type. United States National Museum, Cat. No. 51749. Paratype in the collection of S. C. Bruner. Described from two specimens collected by J. Acua (E. E. A. Entom. Cuba, No. 10815). The type was collected at the type locality, July 4-7, 1936, and the paratype was collected at Pico Turquino, Oriente Province, Cuba, at an elevation of 3,750 feet, June 10-29, 1936. (Fisher, 1936: 344) Holotype : female (Figure 3-6a), CUBA, Loma de l Gato, Sierra del Cobre, Oriente, July 4-7/36, J. Acuna, Col., E.E.A. C uba, Ento. No.10815, Type No. 51749 U.S.N.M. (USNM). Material examined : Holotype, female (Figure 36a), CUBA, Loma del Gato, Sierra del Cobre, Oriente, July 4-7/3 6, J. Acuna, Col., E.E.A. Cuba, Ento. No.10815, Type No. 51749 U.S.N.M. (USNM). Specimens, 24 (all from CUBA): 1 male, paratype, Pico Turquino, 3750 feet, E.E.A. Cuba, Ent o. No. 10815, Junio 10-29/36, J. Acua Col. (IESC); 1 male and 1 female, Soledad, Cien fuegos, XI-16 1927, Gavinas Wilson (FSCA); 2 females, Cardero, Turquino, Ote., X 1966, Col. I. Garcia (IESC); 1 female, Casa de Visita FAME, Topes de Collantes, S. Sp ritus, Luz, Fecha 30-IV-9-V.2002, Col. L. Garcia (IESC); 1 male, Casa de Visita FAME Topes de Collantes, S. Spritus, Luz, Fecha 30-IV-9-V.2002, Col. R. Nunez (IESC); 17 specimens, sex undetermined (FDZC). Geographic distribution : Known from Cienfuegos, Sancti Spritus, and Santiago de Cuba provinces, Cuba (Greater Antilles). Discussion : This species (Figure 3-6a-c) is endemic to Cuba. Zayas (1975) redescribed this species in his revision of th e family and stated that he had collected a series at the following localities: Sierra Cr istal, Gran Piedra, Loma del Gato, Buenos

PAGE 86

71 Aires, and Topes de Collantes. Pia et al (2004) listed this speci es from the Trinidad Mountains, Cuba. The holotype measures : length 8.7 mm, width 1.8 mm (measured across humeri). This species most closely resembles P. bidentatus but can be easily distinguished by the metafemora armed with a single acute tooth (metafemora with two distinct acute teeth in P. bidentatus ). From P. dentipes this species can be easily distinguished by the apex of each elytron armed with a strong, acu te spine (elytral apices subtruncate to strongly truncate in P. dentipes ). Plectromerus bidentatus Fisher, 1942: 16 Original description : Slender, subcylindrical, rather strongly shining, uniformly pale brownish yellow, pronotum and elytra ornamented with dark brown markings. Head with the front transverse, flat be tween the antennal tubercles, which are widely separated and feebly elevated; su rface feebly, coarsely, irregularly punctate, finely densely granulose, with a few l ong, erect hairs; eyes feebly emarginate, strongly convex, coarsely granulated, and very widely separated from each other on the top. Antenna about as long as the body, unarmed, slightly flattened, ciliate beneath with moderately long, erect hairs, the segments feebly, obtusely angulate on inner margins at apices. Pronotum distinctly longer than wide, cy lindrical, subequal in width at base and apex; sides parallel, feebly, broadly, arcuately constricte d on basal half; disk even, strongly convex; surface nearly smooth at middle, coarsely, sparsely, irregularly punctate at sides, indistinctly pubescent, ornamented with dark-brown markings as follows: A narrow, elongate, median spot, and a narrow, sinuate vitta on each side, the vitta not extending to base or apex, and more or less interrupted at the middle, Scutellum transverse, broadly rounded at apex, with the surface glabrous. Elytra nearly three times as long and dis tinctly wider than pronotum; sides nearly parallel from humeral angles to apical fifth, then feeb ly converging to the tips, which are separately feebly, broadly, arcuately emarginate with a large, acute tooth at the outer angle; disk s lightly flattened; surface rath er densely, coarsely punctate basally, more obsoletely punctate toward ap ices, with a few scattered, erect hairs, and each elytron ornamented with three narrow, transverse, zigzag, dark-brown markings, one at basal third, one near middle, and the other at apical third.

PAGE 87

72 Body beneath nearly glabrous, strongly shining; abdomen impunctate, the last visible sternite broadly r ounded at apex; prosternum coarsely, very sparsely, irregularly punctate. Legs clothed with short, inc onspicuous pubescence; femora petiolate, strongly, abruptly clavate, the anterior and middle pairs armed on the under sides near apices with a short, acute tooth, and th e posterior pair each armed with two acute teeth, which are not serrate on posterior margins; tibiae arcuate or sinuate. Length 7-8 mm., width 1.5-1.75 mm. Type local ity. Loma de la Pena, northwest of Constanza, Dominican Republic. Type and paratype. In the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Mass., No. 23773. Paratype in the United States National Museum, No. 53735. Descri bed from three specimens (one type, sex not determined) collected at the type locality at an elevation of 5,000 feet, during August 1938 by P. J. Darlington, Jr. (Fisher, 1942: 16) Holotype : (sex not determined), DOMINIC AN REPUBLIC, Constanza: Loma de la Pea, northwest of Constanza, No. 23773 (MCZ). Material examined : Specimens 9 (all from DOMINICAN REPUBLIC): 2 males and 3 females, Duarte. Reserva Loma, Quita Espuela, Camelo, 13.2 km NNE San Francisco de Macoris, 19.46'N, 70 .52'W., 515 m. 6 Apr 2004, C. Young, R. Davidson, J. Rawlins, edge of wet broadl eaf forest, canopy trap, Sample 11293 (CMNH); 1 male, Duarte. Reserva Loma, Quita Espue la, Camelo, 13.1 km NNE San Francisco de Macoris, 19.44'N, 70.47'W., 512 m. 6 Apr 2004, C. Young, R. Davidson, J. Rawlins, burned patch in broadleaf fore st, canopy trap, Sample 11393 (CMNH); 1 male, La Vega. Cordillera Central, 4.1 km SW El Convento, 18-5038N, 70-42-51W., 1733 m. 31 May 2003, J. Rawlins, R. Davidson, C. Youn g, C. Nunez, P. Acevedo, montane forest with pines near pasture, canopy trap, Sa mple 22192 (CMNH); 1 male, Monsenor Nouel Prov., Cabo Vito 19-01.165N, 70.197W, 4 July 2004, beating C. J. Micheli, coll. (JAMC); 1 male, Prov. La Vega, ca. 10km E. Constanza, 1295m, 31AUG1988, beating in pine, guava forest, M.A. Ivie, T.K. Philips & K.A. Johnson (WIBF).

PAGE 88

73 Geographic distribution : Known from Duarte, La Vega, and Monseor Nouel provinces, Dominican Republic (Greater Antilles). Discussion : This species (Figure 3-7a-c) is endemic to Hispaniola and has been collected beating vegetation and in canopy trap s. Male specimens examined measured: length 6.2-8.5 mm, width 1.5-1.9 mm (measur ed across humeri); female specimens examined measured: length 7.8-8.1 mm; width 1.7-1.8 mm (measured across humeri). The prosternal process between the procox ae is very distinctive in this species, being abruptly declivous instead of gradually declivous and not expanded distally as in all other known Plectromerus species (Figure 3-7c). Plectromerus bidentatus most closely resembles P. dentipes but can be easily distinguishe d by the apex of each elytron armed with a strong, acute spine (elytral ap ices subtruncate to strongly truncate in P. dentipes ). Plectromerus bidentatus and P. acunai both have the apex of each elytron armed with a strong, acute spine however, P. bidentatus can be easily distinguished by the metafemora armed with a two distinct acu te teeth (Figure 3-7b) (metafemora with one acute tooth in P. acunai ). Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790: 268) = Callidium dentipes Olivier, 1790: 268 = Obrium dentatum J.E. LeConte, 1824: 172 = Curius scambus Newman, 1840: 79 = Plectromerus costatus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 30, new synonymy Original description : Callidium thorace cylindrico, testaceum, elytris fasciis duabus fuscis, femribus dentatis, Ent. ou hist. nat. des ins. Il es t de la grandeur du Callidie mystique. Les antennes sont testaces, de la longueur du corps. Les antennules sont testaces, filiformes, avec le dernier article un peu plus gros que les autres. La tte est testace, & les yeux sont bruns; ils ont une petite chancrure co t de linsertion des antennas. Le corcelet est testac, arrondi, presque cylindrique. Lecusson est petit & arrondi postrieu ement. Les l ytres sont pointilles, testaces, avec des bandes obscures. Le dessous du corps & les pattes sont testaces. Les cuisses sont

PAGE 89

74 un peu rensles, & a mes chacune dune de nt, dont celle des postrieures est la plus longue. Il se trouve da ns lAmrique Septentriona le, la Gorgie. (Olivier, 1790: 268) Linsleys redescription : Male. Form elongate; subcylindrical; integument shining, brown or reddish-brown, pronotum and elytra with pale r areas; sparsely and very obscurely pubescent. Head finely, not densely punctate above; antenn ae exceeding elytral apices by about 2 segments, basal segments cylindrical, out er segments a little expanded at apex, scape a little longer than third segment, second segment longer than wide; fourth segment a little more than half as long as long as third segment, fifth segment 1 times as long as third segment, 2 ti mes as long as fourth, segments 5 to 10 successively decreasing in length, eleventh segment longer than tenth. Pronotum subcylindrical, 1 times as long as basal width, but little wider at middle, surface polished, shining, very sparsely punct ate; prosternum polished, glabrous, impunctate except for a group of coarse punctu res on each side in front of coxae. Elytra a little more than 2 times as l ong as basal width; surface coarsely punctate, punctures dense at base and in dark areas of basal 3/5, sparser in pale areas, very sparse and much finer over posterior 2/5; ap ices feebly truncate. Legs with femora suddenly clavate, armed beneath with a t ooth, finely punctate, thinly clothed with fine appressed pubescence. Abdomen shining, subglabrous, impunctate; fifth sternite broadly rounde d. Length, 6-8 mm. Female Antennae barely attaining elytral apices; prosternum glabrous and impunctate; abdomen with fifth sternite rounded at apex. (Linsley, 1963: 135) Holotype : USA, Georgia (depository unknown). Material examined : Holotype of Curius scambus Newman (= P. dentipes (Olivier)), male (BMNH). Specimens, 9 (all from ALABAMA, US A): 1 male, 16-V-1948, W. Rosenberg (USNM); 1 male and 1 female, 19-V-1949, W. Rosenberg (USNM); 1 female, 6-V-1949, W. Rosenberg (USNM); 1 female, 14-V-1948, W. Rosenberg (USNM); 1 male, Baldwin Co., reared, pecan, 1971 (JEWC); 1 male, Baldwin Co., Rd: Pecan, 1972 (USNM); 1 female, Baldwin Co., 1972, Rd: Pecan (JEWC) ; 1 female, Highlands Co., H. Hammock St. Pk., 7-VII-94, RF Morris II (USNM). 1 male, CALIFORNIA, Orange Co., Palo s Verdes Peninsula, July 1995, F.T. Hovore, coll., inside hotel restaurant, alive on tabletop, walking on butter (ENPC).

PAGE 90

75 Specimens, 222 (all from FLORIDA, USA) : 1 male, L. Worth, 2.6, Coll Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Orlando, bred from pecan, 15 May 08, Chittenden No 317, Russell Coll (USNM); 1 male, Escambia Co., Sta. Rosa Isl., Ft. Pickens, 30.5N, 87W, MV UV light, 27-28 May 2003, A.K. & M.A. Tishechkin (LSAM); 1 male, Gainesville, 5-14-1947, H.V. Weems, Jr., at lig ht (FSCA); 1 male, Babson Park, R.E. Vild Coll. 12-X-61, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 male, Collection of Msr. A.T. Slosson, Ac. 26226 (AMNH); 1 male, L. Worth, 5-6, Schwar z, M.A. Cazier Collection Acc. 38903 (AMNH); 1 male, Crescent City, IV-24-08, Van Duzee Coll (AMNH); 1 male, Key Largo, C. Schaeffer Collection (AMNH); 1 male, Key Largo Key, Monroe Co., H.V. Weems, Jr. Coll. 3 IV 66, beating hammock vegetation at night (FSCA); 1 male, 3368, Hopk. U.S., May 8/05 reared, WF Fiske Collect or, Apalchcla [sic], evergreen scrub oak (USNM); 1 male, Paradise Key, Feb. 27, 1919, A Wetmore Collector (AMNH); 1 female, Everglade, Apr. 9(AMNH); 1 male, Ellio ts Key, C. Schaeffer Collection (AMNH); 1 male, L. Worth, C. Schaeffer Collecti on (AMNH); 1 male, Taylor Co., Williams Landing, 24-25-VII-1967, R. Smith (USNM); 1 female, 2-IX-77, Alachua Co., T.H. Atkinson, in window-pane trap with ethanol in hardwood hammock (USNM); 1 female, 23-V-78, Flagler Co., T.H. Atkinson, in window-p ane trap with ethanol in slash pine plantation (USNM); 1 female, 22-VI-78, Fl agler Co., T.H. Atkinson, in window-pane trap with ethanol in slash pine plantati on (USNM); 1 female, Key Largo, F.W. Mead Coll., 2 V 57 (FSCA); 1 male, Key Largo, Ma rch 23-24, 1973, ex brush pile, J.S. Ashe (TAMU); 1 female, St. Petersburg, W.C. Carroll Coll. 9 X 64, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 female, Long Key, VIII-24-70 (TAMU); 1 female, Royal Palm Park, 9-IX-31, L Bottimer (USNM); 1 female, Ft. Lauderdale, 926-1962, Cat. No. 11109 (FSCA); 1 female,

PAGE 91

76 Knights Key, Marathon, XII-1-1970 (USNM); 1 female, Knights Key, Marathon, II-11971 (JEWC); 1 female, Marathon, Fla. Keys V-24-1971 (USNM); 1 female, Biscayne, 36.4, Coll Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 fema le, DeLand, G.W. Desin Coll. 10-X-61 (FSCA); 1 female, Paradise Key, Feb. 26. (USN M); 1 female, Miami, O.D. Link Coll., 26 III 49, S.P.B. Acc. 104064 (FSCA); 1 female, Ga inesville, 5-11-1947, H.V. Weems, Jr., 14279 (FSCA); 1 female, Matheson Hamm., D. R. Paulson Coll. II-15-57 (FSCA); 1 female, Jackson Co., F.W. Mead coll. 4 VIII 54, coll. at light (FSCA); 1 female, Courtnay, G.W. Desin Coll. 5 XI 63, in Stei ner Trap (FSCA); 1 female, Miami, XII 15 1961, B.K. Dozier (FSCA); 3 females, Mi ami, V-27-1963, B.K. Dozier (FSCA); 2 females, Monroe Co., Flamingo, Florida Bay, 26 November 1990, S. Thompson (CMNH); 1 female, Miami, V-2, H. Klages Colln, C.M. Acc. 11414 (CMNH); 1 male and 2 females, Carn. Mus. Acc. 349 (CMNH); 1 female, ex Rhacoma crossopetim [sic], Big Pine, Schwarz & Barber (USNM); 1 female, no label data (AMNH); 1 female, Paradise Key, Mar. 1-, H Barber colle ctor (USNM); 1 female, Ormond Beach, John N. Pott Coll. 3-XI-67, in Stei ner Trap (FSCA); 4 females, Sea Horse Key, Levy Co., H.A. Denmark coll. 7 IX 57, at black light (FSCA) ; 2 females, Destin, G.W. Desin coll. 10 V 62, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 male and 2 fe males, Destin, R.E. Woodruff coll. 16 V 60 (FSCA); 1 female, 10087d, Hopk. U.S., H.S. Ba rber, Colr., Martha, Mar. 7/10 (USNM); 1 female, Dade Co., 10-XII-36, O.D. Link Coll. (FSCA); 1 female, Palmetto, VI-8-45, on weed, #45-13816 (USNM); 1 female, South Miami, IV-17-45, In Cassia pod, #45-7861 (USNM); 1 female, Highlands Co., Archbold Bi ol. Sta., 14-18-IX-1978, H.V. Weems, Jr. & Fred E. Lohrer, insect flight trap (FSC A); 1 female, Monroe Co., Key Largo, emerged 24-31 Dec. 1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 fe male, Long Key, Cotton Bloom, XI-11-32,

PAGE 92

77 CF Rainwater Coll., #88 (USNM); 1 male, Highl ands Co., Archbold Biol Sta., 8 mi. S of Lk. Placid, 7-VII-1988, P. Skelley, blacklight trap (FSCA); 1 female, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Sta., UVL 1-X-1977, L.L. Lamp ert, Jr. (FSCA); 1 male and 1 female, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Sta., 29-IX-1980, UVL, L.L. Lampert, Jr. (FSCA); 1 male and 1 female, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol Sta., UVL 20-IV-1976, L.L. Lampert, Jr. (FSCA); 1 male, Highlands Co., Archbold Bi ol. Sta., 24-IX-1978, L.L. Lampert, Jr. (FSCA); 1 male, Highlands Co., Archbold Bi ol. Sta., 25-IX-1978, L.L. Lampert, Jr. (FSCA); 1 male, Archbold Biol. Sta., Lake Placid, 17-IX-1975, Rosenberg Collection (USNM); 1 female, Highlands Co., Archbold Bi ol. Sta., 8 mi. S of Lk. Placid, 30-VI1988, P. Skelley, beating bushes (FSCA); 1 fe male, Fort Pierce, St. Lucie Co., E.W. Campbell Coll. 31-XII-80, Jackson trap (FSCA) ; 1 female, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key, 5V-1990, M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 female, Da de Co., Miami, L.D. Howarton, 16-IV-84, Jackson Trap (FSCA); 1 female, Cudjoe Key, W.H. Pierce coll. 4-V-71, in McPhail trap (FSCA); 1 female, Monroe Co., Key Largo, emerged 11-20 Aug. 1979, R. Turnbow, ex Mastichodendron foetidissimum (Jacq.) Cronquist (FSCA); 1 female, Kissimmee, R.E. Vild, Coll. 19-XI-61 (FSCA); 2 females, Mascotte, C.L. Felshaw coll. 20-V-63, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 female, Key La rgo, 16-III-1972, J. Wappes, UVL (FSCA); 1 female, Broward Co., Hollywood, 4-V-1994, B. Coy, X Citrofortunella microcarpa (FSCA): 1 female, Brevard Co., Merritt Isl ., F.A. Smith, 1-XII-81, Calamondin (FSCA); 1 female, Marathon, Fla. Keys, VII-10-1971 (AMNH); 1 female, Jupiter, XII.17.38, Acc. 36406, Collectors F.E. Watson, L.J. Sanford (AMNH); 1 female, Miami, Nov. 5.1911 (AMNH); 1 female, Fort Myers, Apr. 20-12 (A MNH); 1 male and 2 females, Marco, Apr. 19, (AMNH); 2 males and 2 females, Key Largo, Ac. 5409, Coll Chas Palm

PAGE 93

78 (AMNH); 1 male and 2 females, Marco, Ap r. 17 12, Wm. T. Davis Collection, from Sapodilla, M.A. Cazier Collection Acc. 38903 (AMNH); 1 female, Sanford, IV-26-08, Van Duzee Coll (AMNH); 1 female, Key Largo, M.A. Cazier Collection Acc. 38903 (AMNH); 1 female, Leng, M.A. Cazier Collection Acc. 38903 (AMNH); 1 female, Key Largo, Fla. Keys, III-22-1971 (AMNH); 1 fema le, St. Petersburg, W.E. Wynn Coll. 10 XI 64, in Steiner Trap (EMEC); 2 females, Ma natee Co., D.C. Chancey Coll. 30-VI-64, in Steiner Trap (EMEC); 1 female, East Braden ton, D.C. Chancey and Frederick Coll. 21V-64 (EMEC); 2 females, Miami, VI-13-1963, B.K. Dozier, Va. Key (EMEC); 1 female, Lake Placid, 7-13-1948, B.T. McDermott (E MEC); 1 male, St. Lucie, 20.4, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 female, Biscayne, 17.5, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Monroe Co., VII.6.1961, Big Pine Key lights, C.F. Harbison, Nat. Hist. Mus. San Diego, Calif. Accn. No. 1961.c (EMEC); 1 female, Everglades N.P. XII.4.1961, Flamingo Prairie, C.F. Harbison, Na t. Hist. Mus. San Diego, Calif. Accn. No. 1961.c (EMEC); 2 females, L. Worth (AM NH); 1 male and 1 female, L. Worth, IV1918, 14.278, H. Klages colln, C.M. Acc. 11414 (CMNH); 1 male, Miami, V-4, H. Klages Colln, C.M. Acc. 11414 (CMNH); 1 ma le, Coral Gables, IV-, from Jamaica, R.W. Swanson coll. (FSCA); 1 female, 3369, Hopk. U.S., reared Nov. 10/05, Fiske WF Collector, Apalachicola, Taxodium distichum (USNM); 1 male and 2 females, 3367, Hopk. U.S., June 19/08 reared, WF Fiske Collector, Apalchcla [sic], Juniperus (USNM); 1 male, Biscayne, 21-5, Coll. Hubbard & Sc hwarz (USNM); 1 male, Key Largo, R.E. Woodruff coll. 7 XII 66, J.H. Knowles Coll. 7 XII 66, beating at night (FSCA); 1 female, Longwood, G.W. Desin coll. 18 X 61, in Stei ner Trap (FSCA); 1 male, Orange City, G.W. Desin coll. 9 X 61, in Steiner Trap ( FSCA); 1 male, Big Pine, iii Schwarz (USNM);

PAGE 94

79 1 male, Paradise Key, Mar. 10 (USNM); 1 male, Miami, VI-1-1963, B.K. Dozier (FSCA); 1 male, Miami, VI-13-1963, Va. Key, B.K. Dozier (FSCA); 1 male, Paradise Key, 22-26-iii-19, CA Mosier (USNM); 1 male, Paradise Key, 13.3.19, HS Barber, Shoemaker Collection 1956 (USNM); 1 ma le, Key West, 20-III-12, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 male, U.S.N.M. A cc. 10725, Wing mounted HG Good (USNM); 1 male, Bay Co., St. Andrews St. Rec. Ar ea, 13 May 1984, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 male, Pinellas Co.: Weedon Key, 7-iv-1995, W. Lu (ENPC); 1male, Ft. Meyers, May 3-5, Van Duzee Wickham Collection 1933 (USNM); 1 male, L. Worth, Schwarz (AMNH); 2 males and 3 females, Key Largo, Catal. No. 1610, Brooklyn Museum Coll. 1929 (UNSM); 1 male, Key West, IV, Coll. Hubba rd & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Tampa, 21.4, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 2 male s, Miami, VI-13-1963, B.K. Dozier, Va. Key (FSCA); 2 males and 1 female, Center Hill, E.W. Holder, Jr. coll. 20-IV-65, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 female, Volusia C o., H.A. Denmark coll. 11-VIII-56 (FSCA); 1 male, Jefferson Co., Aucilla Wldlf. Mgt. Area jct. hwys 59 & 98, 11 June 1988, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 male, Pinellas C o., St. Petersburg, 10-VI-1982, K. Hickman, Calomondin (FSCA); 1 male and 1 female Up. Key Largo, Fla. Keys, III-18-1972 (JEWC); 1 male, Bradford Co., S. of Ke ystone Heights, G.B. Edwards, 13-X-1979 (FSCA); 1 female, Orlando, J.R. Woodley co ll. 25-X-61 (FSCA); 1 female, Monroe Co., Upper Key Largo, 10-VI-1994, R. Morris (FSCA); 1 male, Alachua Co., Gainesville, Doyle Conner Building, 6-VIII1990, P. Skelley, light (FSCA) ; 2 males, Broward Co., V17-1937, Pampano, D.R. Paulson coll., on P. clausa (FSCA); 3 males, Monroe Co., Key Largo, March 23, 1973, J.R. Ables (TAMU); 1 ma le, Dixie Co., 4 mi. N. Old Town, May 18-20 1978, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 male, Dade Co., Matheson Hammock, Dec 15

PAGE 95

80 1978, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 female Dade Co., Matheson Hammock, Dec 16 1978, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 male and 1 fe male, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key, May 1 1977, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 male, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key, Emgd Oct 19, 1977, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 female, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key, Emgd Jan, 1978, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 female, Monr oe Co., Upper Key Largo, May 13-15 1979, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 male, Hernando Co., Withlacoochee State Forest, beating dead oak branches, Croom Moto. Area, near Brooksville, SpecmenID 1463, Gino Nearns 07/26/2003 (ENPC); 1 female, Hernando Co., With lacoochee State Forest, beating dead oak branches, Croom Moto. Area, near Brooksville, SpecmenID 1466, Gino Nearns 07/26/2003 (ENPC); 1 male, Hernando Co., With lacoochee State Forest, beating dead oak branches, Croom Moto. Area, near Brooksville, SpecmenID 1464, Gino Nearns 07/26/2003 (ENPC); 1 female, Hernando Co., W ithlacoochee S.F., Croom Area, beating dead oak branches, Croom Moto. Area, near Brooksville, SpecmenID 1469, Gino Nearns 07/26/2003 (ENPC); 1 male, Monroe Co., Sugarloaf Key, along CR 939, beating mangrove & buttonwood, SpecID: 6119, 26-II I-2005, Nearns & Leavengood (ENPC); 1 female, Dade Co., Miami Bch, 16-XI-1989, W. Fr anchillon & D. Storch, sticky board in Terminalia catappa (FSCA); 1 male, Dade Co., Matheson Hammack Park, May 8, 1990, coll. E. G. Riely (TAMU); 1 female, Pascoe Co., Holiday, 10-10-1993, W.H. Yackley (CMHN); 1 male and 1 female, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key, Cactus Hammock, V-151990: Coll. E.G. Riley, night beating (TAM U); 1 male, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key, Watsons Nature Trail & vic., V-14-1990: E. Riley (TAMU); 1 female, Monroe Co., Marathon, Point Crane Hammock, 5-V-1990, M. C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 male and 1 female, Jefferson Co., Aucilla Wldlf. Mgt. Area, jct. hwys. 59 & 98, 11 June 1988, R.

PAGE 96

81 Turnbow (FSCA); 1 male, Dade Co., Miami, 3-X-1988, D. Gruber, F.F.D trap (FSCA); 1 female, Key Largo, 18-III-1972, L.L. Lampert, UVL (FSCA); 1 female, Alachua County, Gainesville, NW 42nd Terrace, September 2000, JL Foltz (Frontalin + Turp. Lindgren Funnel) (ENPC); 1 male, Monroe Co., Uppe r Key Largo, VI-3-5-1993, Androw, Brattain, Keeney & Morris (CMNH); 1 male, Dade Co., Camp Mahachee, 8-IV-1991, M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 female, Charlotte C o., Charlotte Harbor, 11-IV-1991, S. Wilson, Jackson trap (FSCA); 1 male, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. St a.18-X-1980, UVL, L.L. Lampert, Jr. (FSCA); 1 male, Escambia Co., Sta. Rosa Isl., Ft. Pickens, 30.5N, 87W, beating dead twigs, 28 May 2003, A. K. Tishechkin (LSAM); 1 male, Orange Co., V-28-29, H Clark, Florida Fr uit Fly Trap Surv (USNM); 1 male, St. Augustine, CW Johnson Collector (USNM); 1 male, Paradi se Key, Mar 1-19, H Barber Collector (USNM); 2 males, Paradise Key, Apr. 27, CA Mosier (USNM); 1 male, Sebastian, Feb, 10, 1919, A Wetmore Collector (USNM) ; 1 male, Key Largo, M.A. Cazier Collector, Acc. 38903 (AMNH); 1 male, St. Pe tersbug, S.O. Storms Coll. 12-XI-64, in McPhail trap (FSCA); 1 male, Levy Co., H.V. Weems, Jr. Coll. 9-IX-55, coll. at light (FSCA); 5 males, Miami, VI-13-1963, B. K. Dozier, Va. Key (FSCA); 1 male, Hallandale, VII-1-1962, B.K. Dozier (FSCA); 2 males, Monroe Co., Fla. Keys, IV-3-51953, coll. E.L. Mockford (FSCA); 1 male, W ildwood, E.W. Holder, Jr., coll. 6-V-65, in Steiner trap (FSCA); 2 males, Henry Ul ke Beetle Collection, CMNH Acc. No. 1645 (CMNH); 1 male, John Pennekamp St. Par k, Key Largo, VI-17-1965, Collectors: L. & C.W. OBrien (EMEC); 1 male L. Harney, May 4, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Biscayne, 27-4, Coll. Hubbard & Schw arz (USNM); 1 male, Marco, Apr. 19. (AMNH); 1 male, Dade Co., X 1953, L.N. Be ll, UA (EMEC); 1 male, Paradise Key, 27-

PAGE 97

82 II-, EA Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, St. Ni cholas, Collection WH Ashmead (USNM); 1 male, Bartow, 16.7, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 female, Crescent City, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Bi scayne, 17-5, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Biscayne, 29-4, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Homestead, VIII-12-1960, R.M. Baronow ski (FSCA); 1 male, Key Largo, 14278, Shoemaker Collection 1956 (USNM); 1 male Monroe Co., 3 mi. NE Tavernier, Plantation Key, 12 DEC 1985, M.A. Ivie (W IBF); 1 male, 20-III-12, EA Schwartz Collector (USNM); 1 male, Hopk. U.S., Jun-1/ 05 reared, WFFiske collector, Apalchola, evergreen scrub oak (USNM). Specimens, 6 (all from GEORGIA, USA) : 1 female, Greene Co., Rd pecan, V1972 J. Wappes (JEWC); 1 female, Clinch Co., Rd pecan, VI+VII-1972 J. Wappes (JEWC); 1 male, Lowndes Co., VII-62 (FSCA) ; 1 male, Henry Ulke Beetle Coll. CMNH Acc. No. 1645 (CMNH); 1 male and 1 female, 16108, Hopk. U.S., Apr. 25/03, WF Fiske Collector, Brunswick, Cupressus (USNM). Specimens, 26 (all from L OUISIANA, USA): 1 female, E. Baton Rouge Parish, 26IX-1972, Coll. D.F. Andrews (LSAM); 1 female, Henry Ulke Beetle Coll. CMNH No. 1645 (CMNH); 1 female, Baton Rouge, 8-18-28, Attrahent Butyrald ehyde, CE Smith Coll, Norman Allen Coll (LSAM); 1 female in pecan limb, Bellechase, V-12-1935, J.C. Pritchett, N.O. # 12024 (USNM); 1 male and 1 female, Cameron Par., Grand Chenier, Dead limbs coll., III-11-82: E. Riley, rear ed from dead limbs, emerged VIII-10-20, 1982 (TAMU); 1 female, E. Baton Rouge, Par ., Baton Rouge, VI-1987, Coll. E.G. Riley (TAMU); 1 female, E. Baton Rouge, Par ., Baton Rouge, VI-1987, Coll. E.G. Riley, reared from dead Cypress, T. disticum (TAMU); 1 male, Cameron Par., Grand Chenier,

PAGE 98

83 Dead limbs coll., III-11-82: E. Riley, reared from dead limbs, emerged V-9-, 1982 (TAMU); 1 female, M.A. Cazier Collector, Acc. 38903 (AMNH); 1 male, New Orleans, 24-IX-1974, V.A. Brou (FSCA); 1 male, Ne w Iberia, 16/6/45, Collection H. Soltau (USNM); 1 male, Grant Parish, 23-3-V-1972, Bo ll Weevil Sex Attractant Trap (LSAM); 1 male, Baton Rouge, East B.R. Parish, 6VII-1982, R. Levy collector (LSAM); 1 male and 1 female, Rapides Parish, 6-V-1973, Bo ll Weevil Sex Attracta nt Trap (LSAM); 1 male and 1 female, E. Baton Rouge, Baton Rouge, LSU, 9-11-V-1986, Coll. D.A. Rider, collected at light (LSAM); 1 male, W. Felic iana Par., 5 mi. E Hwy 61; cabin, 15 Sept 2000, coll. A.R. Cline, MV light (ENPC); 1 female, EBR Par. nr. LSU campus, 31 July 2003, D. Henne collr. ex. Quercus virginiana (ENPC); 1 male and 1 female, New Orleans, 31-III-45, Rau, in Cercis canadensis 45-8777 (USNM); 1 male, St. Landry Parish, 18-V-1974, C.E. Eastmand, in soy bean s (LSAM); 1 female, St. Landry Parish, 13-VI-1974, C.E. Eastmand, in soy beans (L SAM); 1 female, St. Landry Parish, 30-V1974, C.E. Eastmand (LSAM); 1 female, Lat ourche Parish, near Chackbay, November 10, 2000, Coll. Sadie L. Granier (ENPC); 1 female, EBR Par., LSU Campus, 28 May 2001, A. Tishechkin, hand collected at lights (ENPC). Specimens, 58 (all from TEXAS, USA): 20 males and 29 females, Brazos Col, College Station, Riley Estate, 30 N, 96W, emerged by IX-2003, Coll. E.G. Riley, ex. Juniperus virginiana limbs cut, IV-2001 (TAMU); 2 males and 1 female, Brazos Col, College Station, Riley Estate 30N, 96W, emerged by V-152002, E.G. Riley, ex. Juniperus (TAMU); 1 female, Oragne Co., Orange, 30N, 93W, V-25-1997, Coll. E.G. Riley 5 33 (TAMU); 1 female, Brazos Co, College Station, Lick Creek Pk., X-31-XI-11-1998, M. Yoder, G. Gorena, B. Rodriguez & I.

PAGE 99

84 Warriner, malaise trap (TAMU); 2 females, Br azos Col, College Station, Lick Creek Pk., IX-2-3-1995, R.R. Garces, Malaise trap (TAM U); 1 female, Brazos Col, College Station, Lick Creek Pk., IX-23-30-1995, R.R. Garces Malaise trap (TAMU); 1 female, M.A. Cazier Collection Acc. 38903 (AMNH). Specimens, 18 (all from BAHAMAS): Holotype of P. costatus Cazier (= P. dentipes (Olivier)), male (Figure 2-1a), Sout h Bimini Isl., B.W.I., V-25-1951, Cazier & Gertch (AMNH), 1 male, paratype of P. costatus Cazier (= P. dentipes (Olivier)), South Bimini Isl., June 1951, M. Cazier, C. & P. Vaurie collectors (AMNH); 2 males, Gladstone Road, Nassau, XI-24-1959, A.M. Nadler (AMNH); 1 male and 1 female, Eleuthera, Rainbow Bay, XI-1986, D.B. & R.W. Wiley, malaise trap (FSCA); 4 females, Eleuthera, Rainbow Bay, 1-VII-1987, J.R. Wiley, malaise trap (FSCA); 1 female, Eleuthera, 9-15, Wickham collection, 1933 (U SNM); 2 males and 1 female, Man-O-War Cay, nr Abaco, Aug. 15-24, 1971, H. & A. Howd en (WIBF); 1 male, Andros Isl., San Andros, June 22, 1976, J.W. Smith and F.D.Bennett (TAMU); 1 male and 1 female, Andros Island, Nicolls Town, 6-VI-2001, coll. M.C. Thomas, beating palmetto & slash (FSCA); 1 female, Andros Island, Bowen S ound, 8-VI-2001, coll. M.C. Thomas, beating (FSCA). Specimens, 67 (all from CUBA): 1 male, Holguin, 1904, Sharp Coll. 1905-313 (WIBF); 1 male, Cayamas, 1-6, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 male, Cayamas, 10-1, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 male, Cayamas, 12-5, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 2 males, Cayamas, 10-6, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 female, Cayamas, 6-6, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 male Cayamas, 14-2, EA Schwarz Collector (AMNH); 1 male, Camaguey, Col. J. Acuna, Julio 19 1923 (USNM); 1 male and 2

PAGE 100

85 females, Cayamas, 29-5, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 male and 1 female, Cayamas, 23-5, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 female Cayamas, ?, EA Schwarz Collector, 290 (USNM); 1 female, coll. Geitner, Tippman Coll. 213112 (USNM); 1 male, Soledad, Cienfuegos, J. Bot. v. 1986, Las Villas (FSC A); 1 male, Soledad, 2-VI-1925, Museum of Comparative Zoology (EMEC); 1 male, So ledad (Cienfuegos) May, 1936, Darlington, Museum of Comparative Zool ogy (USNM); 1 female, Florida Bianca, nr. Alto Songo, Oriente Prov., 23-24 MAY 1959, M.W. Sanders on, C59-3 (WIBF); 1 male, Smithsonian Parish Expedition, Port Moa, Feb. 8, 1930, #14, 109546 (USNM); 1 female, Camagey, Sept. 26-21, Col. J. Rutz, finca La Ciegas vino a luz por noche (IESC); 2 males, Camagey, Col. J. Acua, Julio 19, 1923 (IESC); 1 female, Niguero Cabo Cruz, Ote., VI1965, Col. Zayas-Valds (IESC); 1 male, Lo ma la Llaga, Najasa, Cam., X-1964, Col. Zayas (IESC); 1 female, Loma la Llaga, Najasa, Cam., V-1964, Col. Zayas (IESC); 1 male, San Felipe, Arroyo Blanco, L.V. 10-IV-1975, L.F. Armas (IESC); 1 male, Tortuguilla, XII 1965, Prov. Ote, Zayas-Garcia (IE SC); 1 female, Cienaga de Zapata, P. Larga, V 1963, Las Villas, Alayo-Zayas-Garcia (IESC); 1 male, Ci enaga de Zapata, V 1963, Las Villas, Alayo-Garcia (IESC); 1 male Cienaga de Zapata, V 1963, Las Villas, Alayo-Zayas-Garcia (IESC); 1 female, no label data (IESC); 1 female, Cuabitas, Stgo. de Cuba Ote., P. Alayao, Col., VII-1950 (IESC ); 1 male, Soledad, Cienfuegos, J. Bot, V 19?6, Las Villas, Col. Coralia Sanchez (IE SC); 1 male, Cayo Canuco, Caibarien, L.V.II 1974, L.F. Armas (IESC); 30 specimens (F DZC); 1 specimen, sex undetermined (MNHN); 1 specimen, sex undetermined, Playa La rgaCinaga de ZapataMatanzas. 15 X 1999, col. Sergio Devesa (SDPC); 1 specimen, sex undetermined, Estacin JaricoBanaoSancti Spritus. 15 III 2006, col. Sergio Devesa (SDPC).

PAGE 101

86 Geographic distribution : Widely distributed in SE USA (AL, FL, GA, LA, TX), Cuba (Camagey, Cienfuegos, Guantnamo, Ho lgun, Santiago de Cuba, and Villa Clara provinces), and Bahamas, new country record (Abaco, Eleuthera, New Providence, and South Bimini Island). Discussion : This species (Figure 3-8a-c, 3-18e) is widely distributed in the SE USA, Bahamas, and Cuba. A single specimen r ecently collected in California is believed to be introduced (F.T. Hovore, pers. comm.). Zayas (1975) stated that P. dentipes is commonly collected throughout Cuba. Linsle y & Chemsak (1997) listed the following host plants: Carya pecan Cercis canadensis Conocarpus erectus Crossopetalum rhacoma Lysiloma latisliqua Metopium toxiferum and Quercus Plectomerus dentipes is attracted to lights and ha s been collected in a variety of traps (Lindgren funnel, McPhail trap, Jackson trap, fli ght intercept, FFD, Steiner tr ap, boll weevil sex attractant trap, traps baited with attrahent Butyraldehyde, and traps baited with frontalin + turp), and associated with various plants (ma ngrove & buttonwood, oak branches, sticky board in Terminalia catappa Juniperus virginiana in soy beans, Cupressus Pinus clausa Taxodium distichum calamondin, Sapodilla Citrofortunella and Mastichodendron foetidissimum ). Ree (2003) list this sp ecies as attacking pecan. Plectromerus dentipes ranges in size from 4.5 mm-9.0 mm in length. Male specimens examined measured: length 4.3-8.7 mm, width 1.0-2.2 mm (measured across humeri); female specimens examined m easured: length 4.5-9.0 mm; width 1.0-2.1 mm (measured across humeri). This species most closely resembles P. acunai and P. bidentatus but can easily be separated from both by the subtruncate to strongly truncate elytral apices (apex of each elytr on armed with a strong, acute spine in P. acunai and P.

PAGE 102

87 bidentatus ). In addition, the metafemora of P. dentipes are armed with a single acute tooth (metafemora armed with two distinct acute teeth in P. bidentatus ). Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron, 1910: 186) = Pentomacrus distinctus Cameron, 1910: 186 = Plectromerus crenulatus Cazier, 1952: 1, new synonymy Original description : Testaceous, rather shining. Head shallowly punctured, slightly infuscate on the front. Thorax almost cylindrical, mu ch longer than broad, with shallow puncturation, disc marked on either with ill-defined ferrugineus spot. Elytra shining testaceous, rather coarsely pu nctured, each marked with two ferruginous bands, one situated before the middle a nd convex backwards, the other placed behind the middle and slightly convex forw ards, each pair meets its fellow at the suture. Antennae and legs testaceous, all the femora armed with a tooth, that of the middle and posterior, larger and having the pos terior edge of the tooth of the hinder femora serrated. All the tibiae distinc tly sinuated. Length, 5 mm. Taken by sweeping near Port au Prince, Haiti, in February, 1908. (Cameron, 1910: 186) Redescription : Male. Length 4.0-6.0 mm, wi dth 0.9-1.3 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Fi gure 3-9a. General form sma ll, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of h ead and pronotum ferrugineus; each elytron testaceous with two vaguely defined macular re gions as follows: (1) basal third with one narrow, transverse to slightly oblique, fe rrugineus, macula not reaching epipleural margins, and (2) apical third with one broa der, subcircular, ferrugineus, macula not reaching epipleural margins. Head with front nearly flat, tr ansverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just be yond vertex, slightly conc ave between antennal tubercles, which are separated by about the wi dth of two antennal sockets, vertex with dense, shallow punctures; vertex with short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, shallowl y emarginate. Antennae eleven segmented, about as long as body; scape bowed, third ante nnomere equal to or slightly shorter than scape, a little longer than fourth, fifth antennom ere longest, about twic e as long as fourth,

PAGE 103

88 slightly longer than scape, basal antennomeres subcylindr ical, from fifth slightly flattened, from sixth progressive ly shorter; apices of antennomeres 5-8 slightly produced externally. Scape with short, pale, recumbent pubescence, rarely with long, suberect setae; antennomeres 2-6 ciliate beneath w ith coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.5 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly wider at apex than base, sides s lightly inflated, nearly parallel, slightly constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; disk convex; lateral margins of pr onotum with patch of coarse, deep punctures, with one long, recumbent seta anterolaterall y. Surface with portions microsculptured, moderately shining; disk with granulose punc tures (for example Figure 3-9b), basal third of disk with two long, pale, recumbent set ae positioned submedially, arising from deep punctures. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.8 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly parallel, very slightly sinuate, evenly rounded to ape x, elytral apices indivi dually, broadly rounded to nearly subtruncate; epipleural margin sli ghtly sinuate. Elytral disk slightly concave medially, subsuturally, creating a faint costa on e ach elytron; base of each slightly raised. Elytral surface strongly shini ng; punctation moderately dense, rather evenly spaced, deep at basal third; punctures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; punctures each with a short, fine, pa le, recumbent hair, with sparse to dense scattered long, suberect setae ( each about as long as scape). Underside with prosternum strongly shining; one irregular patch of coarse, deep punctures in front of each procoxa; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as

PAGE 104

89 procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; prosternal process be tween procoxae gradually declivous; procoxal cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface stro ngly shining, sparsely punctate with coarse, shallow punctures. Metasternum su rface strongly shining, with sparse, fine punctures, with a few suberect, pale hairs in terspersed. Metepister num sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, whic h is denser posteriorly. Abdomen strongly shining; finely, shallowly punctate; with sp arse long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth st ernite broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, metafemoral club slightly longer than basal portion, mesoand metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with sparse, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; und erside of each femoral club with a broad, acute triangular tooth; metafe moral teeth with posterior edge moderately to strongly, deeply serrate, with about 10 irregular serra tion peaks; each peak w ith a short, curved, pale hair; metatibiae strongly sinuate, s lightly flattened, about 0.7 times long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer a nd coarser distally (for example Figure 39c). Female (Figure 3-9a-c, 3-18a, 3-18c, 3-21b, 3-21h). Length 4.1-6.7 mm; width 0.9-1.5 mm (measured across humeri). Very si milar to male except pronotal sides lacking coarse punctures and prosternum lackin g irregular patch of punctures in front of each procoxa. Abdomen with terminal ster nite evenly, broadly rounded, about 1.5 times longer than preceding sternite. Holotype : female (Figure 3-9a), HAITI, Dr. Cameron (BMNH).

PAGE 105

90 Material examined : Holotype, female (Figure 3-9a), HAITI, Dr. Cameron (BMNH). Holotype of P. crenulatus Cazier (= P. distinctus ), female, HAITI, about 60 ft. alt. F. 4629 L., Manville, Feb. 6.10.1922 (A MNH). Specimens, 70 (all from DOMINICAN REPUBLIC): 1 female, San Pe dro Prov., 13 km. E. Boca Chica, 27-V1992, coll. M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 male, San Pedro Prov., 13 km. E. Boca Chica, 15-V1992, coll. M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 5 males a nd 1 female, Barahona, 4.5 km. S. Barahona, 22-V-1992, coll. M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 fema le, San Pedro Prov., 4 km, E Tintero, 15V-1992, coll. M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 female, Puerto Plata Prov., 14 km. W. P. Plata, V11-1985, J.E. Wappes (USNM); 1 male and 3 fe males, San Pedro Prov., Nr. Juan Dolio, V-13, 18-1985, J.E. Wappes (JEWC); 2 females, Prov. Pedernales, 24 km. N. Cabo Rojo, 610m., 21 AUG 1988, wet forest at light & ni ght beating, M. Ivie, Philips & Johnson (WIBF); 1 female, Prov. Barahona, 32 km. S. Barahona, nr. coast, 29 AUG 1988, on dead logs, M.A. Ivie, T.K. Philips & K.A. Johns on colrs (WIBF); 1 female, Prov. Pedernales, P.N. Sierra de Baoruco, Las Abej as, 1240m., 1809.023N, 7137.387W, 09 AUG 1999, M.A. Ivie (WIBF); 1 female, Prov. Bara hona, hill above Barahona, 19 JULY 1999, 75m, M.A. Ivie colr., beating at night (WIBF); 1 male and 1 female, Prov. La Altagracia, P.N. del Este, Boca de Yuma entrance, 05 AUG 1999, at night, 18.904N, 6837.087W, M.A. Ivie, beating veget. (WIBF); 1 male, Prov. La Altagracia, P.N. del Este, Boca de Yuma entrance, 05 AUG 1999, 18.904N, 6837.087 W, M.A. Ivie, beating at night (WIBF); 2 males and 2 females, Prov. Barahona, E. of Cachon, Hotel Oasis, 18.029N, 71.379W, 26 JULY 1999, at light, M. A. Ivie & K.A. Guerrero (WIBF); 2 males and 8 females, Barahona, 4.5 km. S Barahona, 17 May 1992, R. Turnbow (RFTC); 5 males and 2 females Barahona, 4.5 km. S Barahona, 22 May 1992, R.

PAGE 106

91 Turnbow (RFTC); 1 female, Barahona, 4.5 km. S Barahona, 16 May 1992, R. Turnbow (RFTC); 2 females, San Pedro, 13 km. E Boca Chica, 27 May 1992, R. Turnbow (RFTC); 1 female, Pedernales, 25.5 km. N Cabo Rojo, 21 May 1992, R. Turnbow (RFTC); 1 male and 1 female, Barahona, 4-5 km. S Barahona, 13 July 1996, R. Turnbow (RFTC); 3 males and 2 females, 12 km W San Pedro de Macoris, May 5-19 1985, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 female, Prov. Pede rnales, Km. 24 N. Cabo Rojo 3000ft, 2-VII98 blacklight trap, R.E. Woodruff & R.M. Baranowski (REWC); 1 female, Prov. Pedernales, Cabo Rojo, Alcoa headquart ers, 10-VI-1998 blacklight trap, R.E. Woodruff, P.H. Freytag (REWC); 1 male, Pede rnales Prov., PN Jaragua, trail to Carlitos ca. 6 km S of Hwy 44, 106 meters, blackli ght, 17.932N, 71.271W, 8 July 2004 Perez, Lingafelter (USNM); 1 male, Prov. Mont e Cristi, 13 km. N. Villa Elisa, 31-V1994, coll. M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 male, Prov La Altagracia, 5 km. W. La Laguna Nisibon, 17-VI-98, R.E. Woodruff, citrus (REW C); 1 male, Prov. La Altagracia, P.N. del Este, Boca de Yuma, 1821.904N, 6837.094W, 05 AUG 1999, 2m, at light, M.A. Ivie & K.A. Guerrero (WIBF); 1 male, Prov. La Alta gracia, Boca de Yuma entr., Par. Nac. del Este, 06 AUG 1999, 12m, 1821.904N, 6837.094W, M.A. Ivie, beating vegetation (WIBF); 1 male, Barahona Prov., 4.5 km. S Barahona, 22 May 1992, R. Turnbow (RFTC); 1 male, Barahona, Punta Prieta, 13 July 1996, R. Turnbow (RFTC); 2 males, San Pedro, 4 km. E Tintero, 15 May 1992, R. Turnbow (RFTC); 1 male, Pedernales, 14.5 km N Cabo Rojo, 165 m., 18-03N, 71-39W, 26-27 September 1991, C. Young, S. Thompson, R. Davidson, J. Rawlins, arid thornscrub (CMNH); 1 male, Pedernales, 26 km N Cabo Rojo, 18-06N, 7138W, 730m, 13 July 1990, J. Rawlins, C. Young, S. Thompson (CMNH); 1 male, Pedernales, al ong Rio Mulito, 13 km N Pedernales., 18-

PAGE 107

92 09N, 71-46W, 230m, 17 July 1992, J. Rawlins, S. Thompson, C. Young, R. Davidson, riparian woodland (CMNH); 1 male, Barahona, 5 km SE Polo, slopes of Loma la Torre, 18-03N, 71-16W, 980m, 18 July 1992, disturbe d forest with coffee, C. Young, R. Davidson, S. Thompson, J. Rawlins, Ca rnegie Museum Specimen Number CMNH239,093 (CMNH); 1 female, Pedernales, 26 km N Cabo Rojo, 760m, 17 July 1987, J. Rawlins, R. Davidson (CMNH); 1 female Pedernales, 14.5 km N Cabo Rojo, 18-03N, 71-39W, 165 m., 19 July 1990, J. Rawlins, C. Young, S. Thompson (CMNH); 1 female, Pedernales, Sierra de Baoruco, Aceitill ar, 25.2 km ENE Pedernales, 18-05-29N, 71-3116W, 1272 m, 14 June 2003, C. Young, J. Rawlin s, C. Nunez, R. Davidson, P. Acevedo, M. de la Cruz, dense broadleaf fore st, pine, UV light, sample 42212 (CMNH); 5 specimens, sex undetermined, La Altagracia, Punta Cana near Ecol ogical Reserve, 0-5 meters, beating, Nearns&Lingafelter 12-V I-2005 (ENPC), 1 specimen, sex undetermined, La Altagracia, Boca de Yuma, 3-20 mete rs, beating, Nearns&Lingafelter 27-VI-2005 (ENPC). Geographic distribution : Known from Haiti and Dominican Republic (Barahona, La Altagracia, Monte Cristi, Pedernales, Puer to Plata, and San Pedr o provinces) (Greater Antilles). Discussion : This species is endemic to Hispaniola and has been collected at UV light and beating vegetation. Vitali & Rezbanyai-Reser (2003) synonymized P. distinctus with P. serratus and Micheli & Nearns (2005) subsequently revalidated P. distinctus after comparing type specimens for both species (Figs. 3-18a-d). Plectromerus distinctus is one of the smallest species in the genus, ranging in length from 4.0 mm-6.7 mm. From congeners, P. distinctus can be distinguished by the

PAGE 108

93 combination of the following characters: elyt ra with scattered l ong, suberect setae; pronotal disk granulose; and metafemoral teet h moderately to str ongly, deeply serrate. This species is very similar to P. wappesi but can be distingui shed by the granulose pronotal disk (pronotal disk with dense, round, shallow punctures in P. wappesi ). Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli, 1983: 262), new combination = Curiosa dominicana Micheli, 1983: 262 Original description : Holotype female: Length 5.7 mm; gr eatest width 1.6 mm at apical of elytra. General appearance Small, moderately narrow, integument dark reddish-brown, becoming feebly lighter in color on antennae, portions of underside, palpi and legs; moderately sparsely clothed with long and short, recumbent and suberect whitish hairs on head, pronotum and elytra; each elytron ornamented at basal with a small, transverse, yellowish spot, which is placed within a large, subtriangular, blackish, glabrous area. Head Front about 1 times broader than long, feebly convex, shallowly foveate on each side, w ith a feeble, narrow, median groove extending from about anterior to beyond vertex; antennal tubercles widely separated at base. Surface feebly shin ing, alutaceous in part; front shallowly, irregularly, moderately fine ly punctate and finely rugos e; vertex and posteriorly shagreened and sparsely, very inconspi cuously punctate; mandibles coarsely rugose-punctate on external face; vent ral surface moderately shining, with transverse rugae. Eyes ovate, transverse narrowing posteriorly, feebly emarginate on upper margin. Pubescence short, fine, recumbent, moderately sparse on vertex and posteriorly, elsewhere long, coarse, s uberect and very sparse. Antennae reaching to about apical of elytra; scape about 4 tim es longer than broad and about 1 times as long as the distance be tween antennal socket s, slightly longer than next 2 segments together; 2nd segment twice as long as broad, 3rd about 1 times length of 4th, 5th about 1 times length of 3rd, 6th to 9th becoming progressively slightly shorter, 7th subequal in length to 3rd, 10th slightly longer than 9th. All segments feebly shining, alutace ous; punctures fine on basal segments becoming finer on distal ones; pubescen ce sparse on basal segments becoming denser on distal ones and c onsisting of short, fine, recumbent, inconspicuous hairs with long, coarse, suber ect ciliae intermixed. Prothorax strongly arched in lateral view. Pronotum : One and times longer than broad, widest at middle, a li ttle narrower at base than at apex. Lateral outline broadly arcuately expanded from anterola teral angle to middle, thence broadly rounded to basal 1/5 where it is strongly constricted, thereafte r sinuate to basal margin. Basal margin straight; anteri or margin broadly arcuately produced. Surface subopaque, finely granulose-rugos e dorsally, becoming very finely

PAGE 109

94 granulose on sides; punctation sparse, ve ry fine. Pubescence consisting of long, suberect hairs which are sparse on disk, very sparse on sides, and short, fine, recumbent hairs which are moderately dens ely distributed along base. Scutellum subtruncate at apex; moderately densel y clothed with long, recumbent hairs. Elytra Two and times longer than subbasal width; 2 times longer, and about 1 times broader basally than pronotum at middle. Disk unevenly depressed from base to basal each elytron tumid centrobasally; posterior two-thirds strongly convex. Humeral angels not prominent. Outline of sides slightly convergent from posthumeral region to basal thence slightly dive rgent to about apical thereafter broadly, evenly rounded to api ces, which are separately and moderately narrowly rounded. Epipleural margin moderately sinuate. Each elytron ornamented at basal with a small, transverse, yellowish spot which is placed within a large, subtriangular, blackish area, the anterior margin of which is obliquely, arcuately expanded forward, th e posterior margin extending obliquely from subsutural basal to about lateroapical Surface deeply, moderately coarsely, closely and occasionally conflu ently punctate basally in front of subtriangular areas, punctures becoming finer toward sides, but coarse along margins; humeri impunctate; subtriangular ar eas finely alveolat e; regions extending from posterior margins of subtriangular ar eas to apices finely rugose with sparse, inconspicuous punctures. Pubescence moderately sparse, becoming very sparse around humeral angles and si des anteriorly, and consis ting of moderately long, recumbent hairs with a few longer, subere ct hairs intermixed; subtriangular areas and yellowish spots glabrous. Prosternum Anterior margin narrowly, feebly emarginate a middle; prosternal process between coxae about as broad as width of coxal cavity. Surface along anterior margin shining, with transverse rugae and a few fine punctures; remaining portion subopaque, shagreened, very finely, very sparsely punctate; process sulcate between raised margins of coxal cavities. Pubescence c onsisting of a few scattered hairs. Mesosternum Surface shining, very sparsely and very finely punctate; very sparsely clothed with a few short, except outer portion of mesepisternum which is moderately densely clothed. Metasternum Surface shining, very sparsely and very finely punctate; very sparsely clothed with a few short and long hairs, becoming moderately densely clothed about posterolateral angles. Legs Anterior legs with femora longer th an tibiae; ventral fe moral tooth small, acute, feebly compressed basally; tibiae mode rately sinuate. Intermediate legs with femora and tibiae subequal in length; femoral ventral tooth acute, broad at base, strongly compressed; tibiae feebly sinuate. Posterior legs with femoral ventral tooth acute, obliquely dir ected backward, compressed, smaller and narrower than same on mesofemora; femora barely reaching 5th abdominal sternite in female; tibiae slender, feebly arcuat e, feebly compressed apically, subequal in length to

PAGE 110

95 femora. Surface on all legs moderately st rongly shining, finely wrinkled in part, very finely and sparsely punctate. Pube scence on femora and tibiae consisting of sparse, short, fine, recumbent hairs with l onger, coarser, suber ect hairs intermixed. Abdomen Surface shining, very sparsely, very finely punctate and clothed with a few short and long hairs; 5th sternite broadly, ev enly rounded at apex. (Micheli, 1983: 262) Holotype : female (Figure 3-11a), DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: La Vega, 20 km. SE. Constanza, May 26, 1978, C.W. & L.B. OBrien & Marshall (USNM). Material examined : Holotype, female (Figure 3-11a), DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: La Vega, 20 km. SE. Constanza, May 26, 1978, C. W. & L. B. OBrien & Marshall (USNM). Specimens, 2 (all from DOMINI CAN REPUBLIC): 1 female, Pico Duarte Trail 8000 ft., Below La Compartici on, beating vegetation, 19.254N, 70.155'W, 1 July 2004 S. W. Lingafelter (USNM); 1 sp ecimen, sex undetermined, Prov. La Vega, Trail from La Comparticion-La Pelona, P. N. A. Bermudez, 2450-3070 m, 18 July 2002, coll. D. Perez, B. Hierro, R. Bastardo (MCZWeb, 2006). Geographic distribution : Known only from La Vega province, Dominican Republic (Greater Antilles). Discussion : Plectromerus dominicanus (= Curiosa dominicana ) is endemic to Hispaniola and is known only from three specim ens, all collected at high altitude in the Sierra Central region of the Dominican Republic (Figure 3-10, 3-11a-d). This species has been collected beating dead Pinus occidentalis branches (S.W. Lingafelter, pers. comm.). The finely faceted eyes of this species sugge st that it may be diurnal. All other known curiine species have coarsely faceted eyes and are thought to be nocturnal. Micheli (1983) described Curiosa dominicana from a single female specimen, noting that it presented unusual characters fo r a curiine. Lingaf elter & Nearns (2005) provided a color habitus photograph of the holot ype. A phylogenetic analysis of the tribe

PAGE 111

96 suggests that this specie s is a highly derived Plectromerus with several autapomorphies. The combination of the following characters make this the most distinctive species in the genus: antennae with 10 segments, scape distin ctly longest antennomere, finely faceted eyes, and each elytron ornamented with a small, yellowish marking (Figure 3-11a-d). Plectromerus exis Zayas, 1975: 123 Original description : Estrecho, alargado, color castao-ferruginoso amarillento, brillante, marcado con manchas castao oscuras en el pronoto y en los litros. La cabeza es corta y est fuertemente punzada, y marcada con dos manc has en forma de Y invertida entre los tubrculos antenales, cuyas ramas laterals se unen en la base. Antenas como de una y media vez el largo del cuerpo, finas, anilladas y algo compresas. Pronoto alargado, subcilindrico, ensanchado delant e del medio, la superficie lisa y con fuertes punciones por los lados, manchado en el dorso con manchitas ms o menos alargadas que adoptan distintas formas en los individuos. Elitros como del ancho de los ojos, con los hombros brevemente redondeados, moderadamente prominentes, lados paralelos, aguzadam ente redondeados hacia el extreme, y truncados en el pice. Son aplanados en el dorso con una costilla amplia poco elevada, situada a lo largo y por el centr o poco conspicua; en la base y el pice stan fuerte, gruesa y esparcidamente punzados, y manchados con una banda en zigzag en la base, un manchn en cada elitro detras de esta, otra franja transversal delante del pice y un manchn a cado lado, ms o menos cuadrados. Las patas con los fmurs engrosados; la maza oscure cida, con el consabido dienticito, fmurs arqueados. El diente de los metafmures es aserrado en su borde exterior, y las metatibias son sumamente aqueadas. Largo: 5-8 mm. (Zayas, 1975: 123) Redescription : Male (Figure 3-12a-c, 3-18f). Length 6.7-8.2 mm, width 1.3-1.5 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 3-12a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument te staceous, with head, apices of antennomeres 3-11, portions of pronotum, elytra, and femo ral apices ferrugineus. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, concave between antennal tubercles, which are sligh tly to moderately raised and separated by about the width of two antennal sockets; ve rtex microsculptured, with dense, shallow punctures; vertex with short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted,

PAGE 112

97 transverse, subreniform, deeply emarginate Antennae eleven segmented, antennomere 8 surpassing elytral apices; scape bowed, thir d antennomere slightly longer than scape, about twice as long as fourt h, fifth antennomere longest, slig htly longer than width of elytra at humeri, about 3 times longer than fourth, about 1.5 times longer than third, antennomeres 6-10 becoming progressively shorter, eleventh slightly longer than tenth, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fift h slightly flattened. Scape with short, recumbent, pale pubescence; antennomeres 27 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.8 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly br oader at apex than base, side s nearly parallel, arcuately constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; disk convex, with one strongly rais ed, median tubercle (Figure 3-12b); lateral margins of pronotum with two long, suberect setae anterolaterally. Surface strongly microsculptured, with scattered, shallow punctu res; surface ornamented with a narrow, longitudinal, irregular, ferrugineus vitta on either side of median tubercle; median tubercle ferrugineus. Scutellum small, rounded, distinctly lo nger than broad, impunctate. Elytra about 3 times as long as width at humer i, about 2.5 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.5 times broader basally than pr onotum at widest poi nt (at middle); sides strongly sinuate around middle; el ytral apices individually, br oadly rounded; epipleural margin moderately sinuate. Elytral disk sli ghtly concave medially, subsuturally, creating a faint costa on each elytron; base of each elytron moderately raised. Elytral surface microsculptured, with portions glabrous and strongly shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punc tures becoming more shallow toward apex and sides, almost obsolete at apic al third; each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair.

PAGE 113

98 Underside with prosternum strongly shining, with moderately dense, fine punctures; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.1 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.3 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners, prosternal process be tween procoxae gradually declivous; procoxal cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface stro ngly shining, very sparsely and finely punctate. Metasternum surface strongly shinin g, very sparsely and finely punctate, with scattered deeper punctures and sparse suberect pale hairs interspe rsed. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pa le pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen shining; finely, sha llowly punctate; abdomen with sparse long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fine, pa le hair; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, basal portion of metafemora distinctly longer th an metafemoral club; mesoand metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, cl othed with moderately densel y, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; clavate portion darker; unders ide of each femoral club with a small triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with pos terior edge nearly smooth, very weakly serrate; metatibiae very slightly sinuate, nearly straight slightly flattened, about 0.7 times as long as metafemora, gradually expanded dist ally; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longe r and coarser dista lly (Figure 3-12c); metalegs with first tarsomere about twice as long or longer than second. Holotype : male, CUBA, Col. F. de Zayas, Loma del Gato, 6-1959, Oriente (FDZC).

PAGE 114

99 Material examined : Holotype, male, CUBA, Col. F. de Zayas, Loma del Gato, 61959, Oriente (FDZC). Specimens, 7 (all from CU BA): 1 male, Col. F. de Zayas, Sierra Maestra, Turquino, 8 1964, Oriente (FDZC); 2 specimens, Col. F. de Zayas, Sierra Cristal, 6 1959, Oriente (FDZC); 1 specime n, sex undetermined, Col. F. de Zayas, Jiguan, Oriente (FDZC); 1 male, P. Guija ibn, P. Rio, 5-1953 (FDZC); 1 male, Pico Turquino, Ote., VI 1964, Zayas Gracia (IESC); 1 specimen, sex undetermined (MNHN). Specimens, 2 (all from DOMINICA N REPUBLIC): 1 male, Pedernales, 25.5 km., N Cabo Rojo, 20 May 1992, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 male, Dajabon, 13km. S. Loma de Cabrera, V-27-1978, O'Briens & Marsha ll (JAMC). 1 specimen, JAMAICA, sex undetermined (FVPC). Geographic distribution : Known from Cuba (Granma, Pinar del Rio, and Santiago de Cuba provinces), Dominican Re public (Dajabn and Pedernales provinces), and Jamaica, new country record (Greater Antilles). Discussion : Zayas (1975) stated that this species was common throughout Cuba and that all of the type specimens colle cted were perching on vegetation, but no host information was provided. Nearns (2006) listed P. exis and Nearns et al (2006) provided a color habitus photograph of the holotype de posited in the FDZC. Nearns & Turnbow (2005) provided the first reco rd of this species outside of Cuba. Subsequently, a photograph of a specimen collected in Jamai ca (sex undetermined) was provided to the author by F. Vitali (FVPC). This species is easily distinguished fro m all other presently known congeners by the distinctly elongate pronotal dimensions and distinctly elevated tubercle on the pronotal disk (Figure 3-12b).

PAGE 115

100 Plectromerus fasciatus (Gahan, 1895: 109) = Pentomacrus fasciatus Gahan, 1895: 109 = Plectromerus n. sp., Chalumeau & Touroult, 2005b: 113 Original description : Fulvous-testaceous; elytra subnitid, each with three ferruginous brown bands, the first a little behind the base, and crossing in a slightly oblique direction, the second behind the middle and transverse, the third near the apex. Prothorax distinctly longer than broad, somewhat rounded at the middle of each side, punctured above, and having a not very distinct oblong brow nish spot on each side of the disk. Elytra strongly and rather thickly punctured, each almo st rounded at the apex. Femora each armed underneath with a shar p and distinct toot h. Antennae about half as long again as the body, with the thir d joint twice as long as the fourth, and distinctly shorter than the fifth. Long. 6-9 mm. Hab. Grenada-Balthazar, on the Windward si de and St. Vincent-Leeward side (H. H. Smith). Var. Bands of elytra obsolete. One of the St. Vincent specimens. (Gahan, 1895: 109) Redescription : Male (Figure 3-13a-c). Le ngth 8.0-10.2 mm, width 1.9-2.2 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Fi gure 3-13a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of head, pronotum, and elytra ferrugineus. Head with front nearly flat, transverse with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, slightly concave between antennal tubercles, which are slightly raised and separated by about th e width of two antennal sockets; surface of vertex microsculptured, with moderately de nse, irregular, shallow, punctures. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform. Antennae eleven segmented, about 1.3 times longer than body; scape bowed, third antennomere slightly longer than scape, more than twice the length of fourth, fifth antennomer e longest, more than 3 times longer than fourth, antennomeres 6-11 becoming progr essively shorter, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth slightly fla ttened, apices of antennomeres 6-10 produced externally. Scape with few long, suberect, pa le hairs; antennomeres 2-7 ciliate beneath

PAGE 116

101 with coarse, moderately l ong, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly broader at ba se than apex, sides moderately inflated, arcuately c onstricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; disk c onvex, with scattered, long, suberect, pale hairs arising from deep punctures; each side of pr onotum with coarse, deep punctures laterally and one or two long, suberect setae antero laterally. Surface microsculptured, densely, shallowly punctate, sl ightly shining. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.8 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader ba sally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly parallel, very sligh tly sinuate around middle, evenly rounded to apex, elytral apices strongly subtruncate to truncate; epipleural margin moderately sinuate. Elytral disk sligh tly concave medially, subsutur ally, creating a faint costa on each elytron; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface moderately shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punc tures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apic al third; each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair; elytra with moderately dense, scattered, long, suberect, pale hairs. Underside with prosternum strongly shining, one irregular patch of coarse, deep punctures in front of procoxae; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; procoxa l cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface strongly shining, sparsely a nd finely punctate. Metasternum surface strongly shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with few d eeper punctures and suberect, pale hairs interspersed. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence,

PAGE 117

102 which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen strongl y shining; very fine ly, shallowly punctate; abdomen with sparse, long, suberect, pale ha irs and punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly subtruncat e, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora gradually clavate, mesoand me tafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with sparsely to moderately densely, recu mbent, short, pale pubescence and with scattered, suberect, pale hairs arising from shallow punctures; underside of each femoral club with a broad, acute triangul ar tooth with posterior ed ge weakly serrate, with irregular, indistinct peaks ; mesoand metatibiae nearly straight; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pa le pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally (Figure 3-13c). Female. Length 7.3-10.2 mm; width 1.7-2.2 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to male except pronotal sides lack ing coarse punctures and prosternum lacking irregular patch of punctures in front of procoxae. Abdomen w ith terminal sternite evenly, broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Lectotype : male (Figure 3-13a), GRENADA, Balthazar, (Windward side), W.I., H.H. Smith, 107 (BMNH). Material examined : Lectotype, male (Figure 3-13a), GRENADA, Balthazar, (Windward side), W. I., H. H. Smith 107 (BMNH). Specimens, 13 (all from MONTSERRAT): 1 female, Cassava Ghaut, Beattie House, 16.91N, 62.95W, 23-03 Apr Mar 2002, 632 ft, A. Krakower, u. v. light (WIBF); 1 male and 1 female, Cassava Ghaut, Beattie House, 16.91 N, 62.95W, 08-17 Apr 2002, 632 ft, A. Krakower, Malaise tr. (WIBF); 1 male: Ca ssava Ghaut, Beattie House, 16.91N, 62.95W, 14-21 June 2002, 632 ft, A. Krakower light trap (WIBF); 1 male, Cassava

PAGE 118

103 Ghaut, Beattie House, 16.91N, 62.95W, 21 Jan 15 Feb 2002, 632 ft, A. Krakower, u. v. light (WIBF); 1 male and 1 female, Cassava Ghaut, Beattie House, 16.91N, 62.95W, 05-15 Feb 2002, 632 ft, A. Krakower, Malaise tr. (WIBF); 1 male and 1 female, Cassava Ghaut, Beattie House, 16.91N, 62.95W, 11-23 Mar 2002, 632 ft, A. Krakower, u.v. light (WIBF); 1 male, Trail from Cassava Ghaut south to waterpipe, 22 May 2003, K.A. Marske colr. (WIBF); 1 female, Cassava Ghaut to Lawyers Mountain, 28 May 2003, M.A. Marske colr. (WIBF); 1 female, Cassava Ghaut, Beattie House, 30 May-06 June 2002, A. Kra kower, uv light (WIBF); 1 female, between Anne-Maries and Beattie house, 28 J une 2002, M.A. Ivie colr. (WIBF). Geographic distribution : Known from Grenada, St. Vincent, and Montserrat, new country record (Lesser Antilles). Discussion : Plectromerus fasciatus is endemic to the Lesser Antilles and has been collected at UV light and in Malaise traps. Chalumeau & Touroult (2005b) provided a color habitus photograph and stated that it had been reared from pois doux ( Inga ingoides ) branches girdled by Oncideres amputator (Fabricius) (Cerambycidae: Lamiinae: Onciderini) collected on Saint Vincent at 450 m elevation. Chalumeau & Touroult (2005a) designated the lectotype fo r this species and W oodruff et al. (1998) listed this species from Grenada. A series of specimens from Montserrat (WIBF), mentioned by Chalumeau & Touroult (2005b, p. 113) as a new species, was examined by the author and identified as P. fasciatus Although the Montserrat specimens ha ve less dense setae on the elytra, femora, and tibiae compared to the holotype of P. fasciatus the series otherwise has very similar antennal segment proportions, pronotal and elytral puncta tion, elytral apices,

PAGE 119

104 metafemoral club shape, and metafemoral t ooth serrations. Three additional specimens collected on Martinique (moist forest near Fort-de-France, emerged in June-July 2006) are also believed to be P. fasciatus (J. Touroult, pers. comm.). Vitali (2004) correctly noted th at Zayas (1975) listing of P. fasciatus from Cuba was ncorrect. Chalumeau & Touroult (2005b) al so commented on this in their treatment of P. fasciatus The specimens in the FDZC were examined by the author, confirming Vitalis (2004) statement that these were instead P. pumilus (Figure 3-24b). This distinctively large species is most similar to Plectromerus new species 8 in several characters including an tennal segment proportions, gr adually clavate metafemora, and very weakly serrate metafemoral teeth. However, P. fasciatus differs in having the pronotum with dense, confluent, very sh allow punctation (pro notum with dense, moderately deep, somewhat evenly spaced punctation in Plectromerus new species 8), elytral apices strongly subt runcate to truncate (rounded to weakly subtruncate in Plectromerus new species 8), elytra with scattere d to moderately dense, long, pale, suberect setae (elytra with fe w long, pale, suberect setae in Plectromerus new species 8). Plectromerus femoratus (Fabricius, 1792: 316) = Saperda femoratus Fabricius, 1792: 316 = Pentomacrus femoratus White, 1855: 297 Original description : S. thorace antice fusco postice testaceo, elyt ris fasciis tribus nigris testaceisque, antennis longissimis. Habitat Mus. Britann. Media. Caput nigrum, antennis longis, flavis, anticulis apice subspinosis. Elytra obtussa fasciis tribus testaceisque alternis: fascia prima nigra, puncto flavo. Pedes flavi, femoribus incrassatis, apice unidentatus. (Fabricius, 1792: 316)

PAGE 120

105 Redescription : Male (holotype) (Fi gure 3-14a-c). Lengt h 17.0 mm, width 4.0 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 3-14a. General form medium-sized, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous with head, portions of scape, anterior portion of pronotum, and portions of elytra ferrugineus. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, concave between antennal tubercles, which are modera tely raised and separated by about the width of two antennal sockets. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform. Antennae eleven segmented, about twice as long as body; scape bowed, third antennomere almost twice the length of scape, about twice the length of fourth; fifth antennomere longest, more than twice as long as fourth, distinc tly longer than pronotum; antennomeres 6-11 becoming progressively shorter, seventh sligh tly bowed, sixth through eleventh distinctly longer than scape, antennomeres subcylindric al, 4-11 very slightly flattened, apices of antennomeres 5-6 very slightly produced ex ternally. Scape with distinct dorsal and ventral excavation at base (Figure 3-14b); s cape with sparse, shor t, pale, recumbent pubescence; antennomeres 2-3 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum globose, about as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly broader at base than apex, sides broadly and evenly rounde d, abruptly constricte d at basal third, and a very slight inflation just before apex; di sk convex, somewhat flattened, with one very slightly raised, median callus immediately poste rior to center, about as long as pedicel, and two very slightly raised, submedial calli slightly anterior to center, and two smaller slightly raised, submedial calli slightly posteri or to center; basal third of disk with two long, pale, recumbent or suberect seta pos itioned submedially, arising from deep punctures; lateral margins of pronotum with pa tch of coarse, deep punctures, and one or

PAGE 121

106 two long, suberect setae anterolaterally. Surface opaque, microsculptured, weakly shining, with dense, shallow punctation. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as long as width at humeri, slightly more than 3 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.2 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly para llel, slightly sinuat e around middle, evenly rounded to apex; elytral apices individua lly, evenly rounded; epipleural margin moderately sinuate. Elytral di sk slightly concave medially, subsuturally, cr eating a faint costa on each elytron; base of each elytr on slightly raised. Elytral surface opaque; punctation moderately dense, rather evenly spaced, and deep at ba sal third; punctures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almo st obsolete at apical third; each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair. Underside with prosternum mode rately shining, one irregular patch of coarse, shallow punctures in front of procoxae; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.7 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; prosternal process between procoxae graduall y declivous; procoxal cav ities open behind. Mesosternum surface moderately shining, spar sely and shallowly punctate. Metasternum surface moderately shining, microsculptured, sparsely punctate, with short, pale, recumbent seta arising from each puncture. Me tepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen moderately shining, very finely, shallowly punctate; abdomen w ith sparse long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fi ne, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora gradually clavate; clavate portion distinctly elongate, distinc tly longer than basal porti on (Figure 3-14c); mesoand

PAGE 122

107 metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clot hed with sparse, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a small triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge very weakly serra te, with about 12 very small and irregular serration peaks; each peak with a short, curved, pale hair ; metatibiae nearly straight, very slightly sinuate, slightly flattened, about as long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally. Holotype : male (Figure 3-14a), JAMAICA, handwritten labe l states: this specimen is almost certainly the type of Saperda femorata Fabr., Ent. Syst. I. 2. P. 316 signed C.J.G. (BMNH). Material examined : Holotype, male (Figure 3-14a) JAMAICA, handwritten label states: this specimen is almo st certainly the type of Saperda femorata Fabr., Ent. Syst. I. 2. P. 316 signed C.J.G. (BMNH). Geographic distribution : Known only from Jamai ca (Greater Antilles). Discussion : At 17 mm, Plectromerus femoratus is distinctly larger than any other species in the tribe. The holotype is the only known specimen and nothing is known about its biology. A handwritten label on the ho lotype, signed C.J.G., is believed to have been placed by C.J. Gahan, who stated: The Fabrician description of this species seems to have been overlooked by White and other authors. I have little doubt that one of Whites type specimens was the original type described by Fabricius (who st ates that it was in the British Museum). The species is one that may be easily identified. (Gahan, 1895: 109) In addition to its size, the combination of the following characters will serve to distinguish this species from all congeners : antennae about twice the body length; scape with deep excavation on dorsal surface (Fi gure 3-14b); fifth antennomere distinctly

PAGE 123

108 longer than pronotum; pronotum globose, sides strongly, evenly rounded; and metafemoral club gradually clavate, distinctly elongate (Figure 3-14c). Plectromerus grimaldii Nearns & Branham, 2005: 19 Introduction : Dominican amber is renowned for its we ll-preserved and highly diverse insect inclusions. These ancient resins formed from extinct Hymenaea trees from the mid-Miocene, approximately 17-20 MYO, and have yielded a rich fauna of over 400 families and 1,500 species of insects (Grimaldi, 1996; Grimaldi & Engel, 2005). However, specimens of the beetle family Cerambycidae are not especially common in Dominican amber. Linsley ( 1961) observed that although cerambycid fossils were known from various parts of the world, they were generally not well studied. Approximately two dozen species of cerambycids were described from compression fossils of the Florissant (Meyer, 2003) and a cerambycid in Dominican amber has been described by Ma rtins & Galileo (1999). Vitali (2004) described the first Curiini fossil, Plectromerus tertiarius from a partial specimen included in Dominican amber (Fig. 3-15b). Micheli & Nearns (2005) recently reviewed the genus Plectromerus Haldeman (1847), a genus distributed throughout th e Caribbean, southeastern USA, and southeastern Mexico (Micheli & Near ns, 2005; Monn, 2005; Monn & Hovore, 2003). Plectromerus is one of three gene ra currently recognized in the tribe Curiini and it is perhaps best characterized by me tafemora armed with one or more large teeth (plectrum, Latin for spur; meros, Greek for femur). The paper herein describes a second Plectromerus species known from Dominican amber. In addition, a comparison is made between our new fossil species P. grimaldii and the fossil described by Vitali, P. tertiarius (Nearns & Branham, 2005: 17) Original description : Female. Length 7.1 mm, width 1.8 mm (measur ed across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 3-15a. General form small, narro w, subcylindrical. Elytra with two indistinctly defined and very faint, tran sverse ferruginous fasciae on each elytron, one at basal third and anot her just behind middle. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line fr om between eyes to just beyond vertex, slightly concave between antennal tubercles, which are somewhat raised and widely separated. Much of head surface is obscured by an opaque film, exposed areas with surface opaque, alveolate-punctate. Eyes coarsely faceted, prominent, transverse, subreniform (Fig. 3-16b). An tennae eleven-segmented, slightly longer than body, impunctate; scape bowed, third ante nnomere subequal to scape, almost twice as long as fourth, fifth antenno mere longest, about 2.6 times longer than fourth, antennomeres 6-11 becoming progr essively shorter, sixth through eighth slightly longer than third, eleventh sligh tly longer than fourt h, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth slightly fla ttened, apices of antennomeres 6-10 produced

PAGE 124

109 externally, antennomeres 7-9 slightly bow ed (Fig. 3-17b, 3-17d). Antennomeres 26 ciliate beneath with coarse, m oderately long, suberect, hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.5 times as long as wi de, widest at middle, slightly broader at apex than base, sides broadly inflated, ar cuately constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; disk convex. Surface opaque, alveolate-punctate. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.7 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.5 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest (at middle); sides nearly parallel slightly sinuate ar ound middle, evenly rounded to apex which is subtruncate; ep ipleural margin moderately sinuate. Elytral disk slightly concav e medially, subsuturally, cr eating a faint costa on each elytron Surface shining; punctation dense, coarse, punctures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almost obs olete on apical third; glabrous. Underside with prosternum shining; narrowe st area of prosternal pr ocess between coxae about 0.25 times as wide as coxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is cordate (emarginated at middle of apex). Mesosternum surface shining, sparsely and finely punctate (Fig. 3-16b) Metasternum surface shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with a few suberect hairs; first visible abdominal ventrite longest, about 2.5 times longer than second, about as long as next three visible abdominal ventrites combined, fifth visi ble abdominal ventrite evenly, broadly rounded, slightly longer than fourth. Legs very finely punctate, with femora clavate, mesoand metafemora arcuate, underside of each femoral club with a small triangular tooth with posterior edge smooth; metafemora about 1.2 times longer than metatibiae; tibiae slightly fl attened, expanded apically, base of tibiae slightly arcuate (Fig. 3-16c) (Nearns & Branham, 2005: 19) Holotype : female (Figure 3-15a), in the co llection of the AMNH, No. DR-16-535. Included in a piece of Dominican am ber from the Dominican Republic. Material examined : Holotype, female, in the collection of the AMNH, No. DR-16-535. Included in a piece of Dominican amber (Oligo-Miocene) from the Dominican Republic. Amber yellow-brownish, moderately clear; cu t and polished to a flat, oval shape, measuring 18.5 X 15 X 8 mm. Specimen is in good condition except damage to left antenna: antennomere 7 is incomplete antennomeres 8-11 are missing. (Nearns & Branham, 2005: 22) Geographic distribution : Known only from Dominican amber, Dominican Republic (Greater Antilles). Discussion : Although gender cannot be dete rmined conclusively, we believe the holotype of P. grimaldii to be female based on the evenly, broadly rounded fifth visible abdominal

PAGE 125

110 ventrite and the lack of an irregular patch of coarse punctures in front of each prosternal coxa (a male characteris tic seen in many extant species of Plectromerus ). From other congeners, P. grimaldii can be distinguished by the following combination of characters: the shape and punctation of pronotum (widest at middle, alveolate-punctate), the el ytral punctation (dense, coarse ), the glabrous pronotum and elytra, and the small, non-serrat e metafemoral tooth (Fig. 3-16c). Curius punctatus (Fisher) and P. exis Zayas also have small me tafemoral teeth which are not serrate, however these species ca n be distinguished by having the third antennomere longest (fifth longest in P. grimaldii ) and different pronotal dimensions: in C. punctatus the pronotum is almost as wide as long, in P. exis the pronotum has a distinct tubercle in the cen ter and the length is about 1.8 times the width (1.5 times as long as wide in P. grimaldii ). Plectromerus grimaldii superficially resembles P. tertiarius in pronotal shape and elytral punctation. They differ, however, with respect to elytral apices (subtruncate in P. grimaldii evenly rounded in P. tertiarius ) and visible abdominal ventrite relationships (first ventrite as long as next 3 visible abdominal ventrites combined in P. grimaldii first ventrite slightly longer than next 2 visi ble abdominal ventrites combined in P. tertiarius ). In addition, significant di fferences can be seen in antennomere morphology. These differences exceed the variation in antennal morphology seen in extant species and across gender in Plectromerus In P. grimaldii the fifth antennomere is about 1.9 times longer than the tenth (about 1.6 times longer in P. tertiarius ), fifth antennomere about 1.5 times longer than seventh (about 1.1 times longer in P. tertiarius ). In P. tertiarius the seventh antennomere is slightly longer than the sixth (subequal in P. grimaldii ) and the eleventh antennomere is slightly longer than the tenth (subequal in P. grimaldii ). In addition, antennomeres 5-10 are distinctly produced externally in P. tertiarius whereas in P. grimaldii antennomeres 6-10 are only moderately produced externally (Fig. 3-17b-d). (N earns & Branham, 2005: 22) Plectromerus lingafelteri Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 25 Introduction : Increased interest in the rich diversity of the Caribbean region has generated indepth studies of its cerambycid fauna (Lingafelter & Micheli 2004, Micheli 2003, Micheli & Micheli 2004, V itali & Rezbanyai-Reser 2003, Zayas 1975). Recent extensive collecting in the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands has resulted in the discovery of new species, with estimated faunal counts of 131, 71, and 45 longhorned beetle species, respectively, for the three areas. Continued surveys of varied habitats within the region ar e necessary for any future analyses of biodiversity a nd biogeography of West Indi an Cerambycidae. (Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 23)

PAGE 126

111 Original description : Male. Length 5.5-7.2 mm, width 1.2-1.7 mm (measured across humeri). Small, narrow, subcylindrical. Head, antennae, and pronotum ferrugineus, with some areas of pronotum, clavate portion of femo ra, apex of tibiae, and underside usually much darker; scape underneath, palpi, base of distal four antennomeres, femoral pedicle, and tarsi testaceus; each elytron w ith a dark macula just beneath humerus, this sometimes reaching basal third, hume ral angle pale; dorsum with three major macular regions (Fig. 3-19a) as follows: (1) basal third dark with posterior margin irregular, obliquely reachi ng suture, with another dar k, oblique, narrow, irregular macula just beneath separated by a pale i rregular fascia, and not reaching suture; (2) an irregular, median dark macula not reaching suture, partially interrupted by a narrow, pale longitudinal area, and bordered posteriorly by an oblique, pale fascia; and (3) apical third ferrugine us, anterior margin obliquely reaching suture. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, slightly concave between antennal tubercles, which are somewhat raised and widely separated. Surface feebly shining, microsculptured, with some fine wrinkles and irregular, shallow punctation. Pubescence short, pale, recumbent, sparse to moderately dense with a few scattered long, suberect hairs. Eyes prominent, transverse, subreniform. Antennae 11-segmented, slightly longer than body, impunctate; third antennomere sube qual to scape, almost twice as long as fourth, fifth antennomere 1.3 longer than third, 2.6 longer than fourth, sixth to tenth becoming progressively shorter, eight h subequal to third, eleventh slightly longer than tenth, subequal to ninth; basa l antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth slightly flattened, apices of antennom eres 5-10 produced externally, more pronounced on antennomeres 7-10. Antennomer es feebly shining, clothed with fine, short, recumbent, pale pubescence with slightly long er, suberect hairs intermixed and antennomeres 2-6 ciliate beneath with coarse moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcyli ndrical, about 1.5-1.6 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly br oader at base than apex, si des feebly inflated, broadly arcuately constricted at basa l fifth, and a slight inflati on just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate, apical margin nearly straight; disk convex, slightly depressed posteriorly, sometimes with th ree feeble tumescences, one centrally on disk and two anterior to this one, one on each side (these are barely discernible in some specimens). Surface opaque, microsculptured, with fine, sparse punctures, each of these with a fine, short, pale hair; punctation much coarser and deeper laterally (as large as on base of elytra) and shining. Pubescence slightly denser towards margins; each side of pronotum with two long, suberect setae, one anterolateral, the other one discal at ba sal third. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, shining, impunctate, with sparse, short pale pubescence. Elytra about 2.6 to 3 times as long as width at humeri, 2.5 to 3 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.5 broader basally than pronotum at widest (at middle); sides nearly parallel, very slightly si nuate around middle, evenly rounded to apex which is rounded; epipleural margin moderately si nuate. Disk slightly concave medially, subsuturally; base of each elytron sligh tly raised. Surface shining, except basal macula which is matte; punctation moderately dense, coarse, shallow at basal third,

PAGE 127

112 punctures becoming finer towards apex and si des, almost obsolete at apical third; each puncture with a short, fine pale ha ir (some appear to have fallen off). Underside with prosternum shining, slight ly rugose, apical fourth impunctate and one irregular patch of coarse, deep punc tures in front of each coxa (Fig. 3-19b); with sparse, short, fine, pale hairs; narro west area of prosternal process between coxae about 0.17 to 0.2 as wide as coxal cav ity, and about 0.3 the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners. Mesosternum shining, impunctate, very sparsely clothed with short, fine, pale hairs. Mesepisternum with denser pubescence than mesosternum. Meta sternum shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with short, pale, moderately dense pubescence, much sparser on centroposterior area, much denser at poste ro-lateral angles, and with very few longer, pale hairs intermixed. Metepi sternum clothed with moderately dense pubescence, denser posteriorly. Abdomen sh ining, clothed with sparse, short, pale pubescence, and with a few longer, suberect pale hairs; fift h sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly longer than precedi ng sternite. Legs with femora pedunculateclavate, mesoand metafemora arcuate, shining, impunctate, clothed with sparsely to moderately densely, recumbent, shor t, pale pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a broad tr iangular tooth with posterio r edge smooth, not serrate; tibiae slightly arcuate, sinuate though not strongly; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becomi ng longer and coarser apically. Genitalia see Fig. 3-20a. Female. Length 5.5-8.3 mm; width 1.2-1.9 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to male except pronotal sides lacking coarse punctures and prosternum impunctate (Fig. 3-19c). Abdomen with te rminal sternite evenly, broadly rounded. (Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 25) Holotype : male (Figure 3-19a), DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, Pico Duarte Trail, 3300 ft., Los Tablones, beating, 19.222'N, 7027.736'W, 29 June 2004, S. Lingafelter (USNM). Material examined : Holotype, male, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, Pico Duarte Trail, 3300 ft., Los Tablones, beating, 19.222'N, 70.736' W, 29 June 2004, S. Lingafelter (USNM). Allotype, female, DOMINIC AN REPUBLIC, Pedernales Prov., PN Sierra Baoruco, Las Abejas, 18.011' N, 71.342'W, 1150 meters, 11 July 2004, blacklight, C. J. Micheli, coll. (U SNM). Paratypes, 14 (all from the Dominican Republic): 1 male, same data as holotype, except day coll. (USNM); 2 males, Pico Duarte Trail, Cinaga to Los Tablones, beating, 19.222'N, 70.736'W, 29 June 2004, C. J. Micheli (JAMC); 1 male and 1 female, Pedernales Prov., PN Sierra Baor uco, Las Abejas, 1150 m, 18.011'N, 71.342'W, ex. dead log w/ white fungus, 11 July 2004, S. Lingafelter (USNM); 2 males and 1 female, Pico Duarte Tr ail, 3300 ft., Los Tablones, blacklighting, 19.222'N, 70.736'W, 17 July 2004, S. W. Lingafelter (USNM); 1 male,

PAGE 128

113 Pedernales Prov., 25.5 km N. Cabo Rojo, 12-21-V-1992, coll. M. C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 female, Azua, East side of cr est, Sierra Martn Garca, 7 km WNW Barrero, 18-21 N, 70-58W, 860m, 25-26 July 1992, C. Young, R. Davidson, S. Thompson, J. Rawlins, cloud forest adjacent to disturbed forest (CMNH); 2 males, Prov. Hato Mayor, Par. Nac. Los Haitises, 01-02 Apr 1992, bosque humido, W. Sabana dl Mar, M. Ivie, D. Sikes, Lanier (WIBF); 1 male, Barahona, 4.5 km. S Barahona, 22 May 1992, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 male, Pedernales, 25.5 km. N Cabo Rojo, 21 May 1992, R. Turnbow (RHT C). (Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 29) Geographic distribution : Known from Azua, Barahona, La Vega, and Pedernales provinces, Dominican Republic (Greater Antilles). Discussion : The intensity and breadth of maculations seem to be variable among specimens. Some specimens are mostly ferrugineus w ithout any very dark areas but with the described light elytral pattern. This species can be distinguished fr om the presently known congeners by the combination of the following characters : the opaque, microsculptured, finely punctate pronotum, the smooth metafemoral tooth, and the elytral maculation. At first glance, P. lingafelteri resembles Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790) (Fig. 318e) but this species has a shiny pronotum, the metafemoral tooth is serrate, and the elytral apex is moderately subtruncate (rounded in P. lingafelteri ). Another species with a rather intricate elytral pattern is P. exis Zayas (1975) (Fig. 3-18f), but P. lingafelteri can be easily recognized by the shap e and length of the pronotum, the length of the third antennomere, and the elytral punctation. In P. exis the pronotum has a distinct tubercle in the cen ter and the length is about 1.8 times the width (1.5 to 1.6 in P. lingafelteri ), the third antennomere is distinctly longer than the scape (subequal in P. lingafelteri ), and the elytral dark areas are opaque and microsculptured (not so in P. lingafelteri ). (Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 30) Plectromerus navassae Nearns & Steiner, 2006: 63 Introduction : Navassa Island is located approximately 160 km south of Guantanamo, Cuba and 56 km west of Haiti. The uninhabited, beach less island rises abruptly from the sea with cliffs reaching heights of more than 20 m and covers a mere 5 km2. An unincorporated territory of the U.S. sin ce 1857, the tiny island is now home to the Navassa National Wildlife Refuge, esta blished in 1999 by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to preserve and protect the islands biodiversity. The island, estimated to be between 2 and 5 million years old, has never been connected to another larger land mass, and is composed of Eocene limestone with rugged karst surface characterized by red oolitic soil. A recent expedition organized by the Center for Marine Conservation (Was hington, DC), which also included

PAGE 129

114 entomologists from the National Park Service and Smithsonian Institution, documented a rich diversity of plants and animals, 30% of which may be endemic to the island. The island has significant forest cover, dominated by four species of tropical-subtropical trees: Sideroxylon foetidissimum Jacquin, Ficus populnea Willdenow var. brevifolia (Nuttall) Warb, Coccoloba diversifolia Jacquin, and Metopium brownei (Jacquin) (Burne et al., 1974; Grace et al., 2000; Powell, 1999; Steiner & Swearingen, 1998, 2000; Swearingen, 1999). Of the 541 morphospecies of insects captu red on the Navassa expedition mentioned above, 10 were Cerambycidae (Steiner & Swearingen, 2000), including the species described here. Micheli & Nearns (2005) recently reviewed the genus Plectromerus Haldeman (1847), a genus distri buted throughout the Caribbean, southeastern USA, and southeastern Mexico (Micheli & Nearns, 2005; Monn, 2005; Monn & Hovore, 2005). Plectromerus is one of three genera currently recognized in the tribe Curiini and it is perhaps best characterized by metafemora armed with one or more large teeth (ple ctrum, Latin for spur; meros, Greek for femur). Additional works have come from Vitali & Rezbanyai-Reser (2003), Nearns & Turnbow (2005), and Nearns et al. (2005). Two species of fossil Plectromerus have also recently been de scribed from Dominican amber: Plectromerus tertiarius Vitali (2004) and Plectromerus grimaldii Nearns & Branham (2005). (Nearns & Steiner, 2006: 61) Original description : Male. Length 5.1-6.7 mm, width 1.2-1.6 mm (m easured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 3-21a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with head, antennae, and basal four th of elytra ferrugineus. Apical half of each elytron and visible abdominal segments distinctly darker, dark brown to black (Fig. 3-21a, 3-21d). Head with front nearly flat, tr ansverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, slightly concave between antennal tubercles, which are somewhat rais ed and widely separated. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform. Antenn ae eleven segmented, slightly longer than body; scape bowed, third antennomere subequal to scape, only slightly longer than fourth, fifth antennomere longest, almost 2 times longer than fourth, antennomeres 6-11 becoming progressively shorter, sixth through eleventh sl ightly longer than third, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, fr om fifth slightly fl attened, apices of antennomeres 6-10 produced externally. S cape with few long, suberect, pale hairs; antennomeres 2-7 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.5 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly broader at apex than base, sides broadly inflated, arcuately constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; disk convex, with scattered, long, suberect, pale hairs; each side of pronotum with coarse, deep punctures laterally and one or two long, s uberect setae anterolaterally. Surface opaque, alveolate-punctate. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.75 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.3 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly parallel, slightly sinuate around middle,

PAGE 130

115 evenly rounded to apex which is very s lightly subtruncate; epipleural margin moderately sinuate. Elytral disk slightly concave media lly, subsutura lly; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral su rface shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punctures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; each punctu re with a short, fine, pale hair; elytra with scattered, long, sube rect, pale hairs. Underside with prosternum shining, one irregular patch of coarse, deep punctures in front of each coxa; narrowest area of prosternal process between coxae about 0.17 times as wide as coxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of pro cess which is subtriangular with rounded corners; coxal cavities open behind (Fi g. 3-21e). Mesosternum surface shining, sparsely and finely punctate. Metasternum surface shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with moderately dense deeper punctures and suberect, pale hairs interspersed. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen shining, dark brown to black in color; finely, shallowly punctate; abdome n with moderately dense long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora clavate, mesoand metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed wi th sparsely to moderately densely, recumbent, short, pale pubescence a nd with scattered, suberect, pale hairs arising from shallo w punctures; underside of each femoral club with a broad triangular tooth with posterio r edge moderately se rrate, with about 12 serration peaks; tibiae slight ly arcuate, sinuate though not strongly; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pa le pubescence, becoming longer and coarser apically (Fig. 3-21g). Female. Length 5.3-7.3 mm; width 1.3-1.7 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to male except pronotal sides lacking coarse punctures and prosternum lacking irregular patch of punctures in fr ont of each coxa (Fig. 3-21f). Abdomen with terminal sternite evenly, broa dly rounded, about 1.5 times longer than preceding sternite. (Nearns & Steiner, 2006: 63) Holotype : male (Figure 3-21a), NAVASSA ISLAND, near lighthouse, 80 m., 18.82N, 75.74W, 3 August 1998, Collrs. W. E. Steiner, J. M. Swearingen, et al., at black light in open weedy scrub near mixed forest ( Ficus Metopium Thrinax ) on limestone and red oolitic soil (USNM). Material examined : Holotype, male (Fig. 3-21a), NAVASSA ISLAND, near lighthouse, 80 m., 18.82N, 75.74W, 3 August 1998, Collrs. W. E. Steiner, J. M. Swearingen, et al., at black light in open weedy scrub near mixed forest ( Ficus Metopium Thrinax ) on limestone and red oolitic soil (USNM). Allo type, female, NAVASSA ISLAND, central forest area, 70 m., 18.08N, 75.69W, 28 July 1998, Collrs. W. E. Steiner, J. M. Swearingen, et al., at black light in gap of mixed forest ( Ficus

PAGE 131

116 Metopium Thrinax ) on limestone (USNM). Paratypes, 15 (all from Navassa Island, collected by W. E. Steiner, J. M. Swear ingen, et al. except as noted): 2 males, central forest area, 70 m., 18.99N, 75.67W, 26 July 4 August 1998, Collrs. W. E. Steiner, J. M. Swearingen, et al., Malaise trap in gap of mixed forest ( Ficus Metopium Coccoloba Sideroxylon Thrinax ) on limestone (USNM); 1 male, central forest area, 70 m., 18 3.99N, 75.67W, 26 July 4 August 1998, Collrs. W. E. Steiner, J. M. Swearingen, et al., Malaise trap in gap of mixed forest ( Ficus Metopium Coccoloba Sideroxylon Thrinax ) on limestone (UCRC); 1 female, same data as allotype (USNM); 1 male and 1 female, near lighthouse, 80 m., 18.82N, 75.74W, 24 July 4 Aug. 1998, taken in Malaise trap, edge of open weedy scrub and mixed forest ( Ficus Metopium Thrinax ) on limestone (FSCA); 1 male (dissected), near li ghthouse, 80 m., 18.82N, 75.74W, 26 July 1998, at black light in open we edy scrub near mixed forest ( Ficus Metopium Thrinax ) on limestone and red ool itic soil (ENPC); 1 female, near lighthouse, 80 m., 18.82N, 75.74W, 31 July 1998, at bl ack light in open weedy scrub near mixed forest ( Ficus Metopium Thrinax ) on limestone and red oolitic soil (FTHC); 1 female, near lighthouse, 80 m., 18 23.82N, 75.74W, 2 August 1998, at black light in open weedy scrub near mixed forest ( Ficus Metopium Thrinax ) on limestone and red oolitic soil (CMNH); 1 male, E. end of east savanna, 65 m., 18.75N, 75.52W, 1 August 1998, at black light in open weedy scrub near mixed forest ( Ficus Metopium Thrinax ) on limestone and red oolitic soil (CMNH); 1 female, forest west of li ghthouse, 75 m., 18.91N, 75.81W, 30 July 4 Aug. 1998, Malaise trap in moist depression of mixed interior forest ( Ficus Sideroxylon Metopium Coccoloba ) (EMEC); 2 females, forest west of lighthouse, 75 m., 18.91N, 75.81W, 30 July 1998, at black light in moist depression of mixed interior forest ( Ficus, Sideroxylon Metopium Coccoloba ) (AMNH, WIBF); 1 female, bluff of southwest rim, 65 m., 18.75N, 75.94W, 25-30 July 1998, Malaise trap in open mixed forest ( Ficus, Metopium, Coccoloba ) at rim of upper terrace on limestone and red oolitic so il (TAMU); 1 female, 7 May 1999, S. Navarro (USNM). (Nearns & Steiner, 2006: 66) Geographic distribution : Known only from Navassa Island (Greater Antilles). Discussion : We believe Plectromerus navassae to be endemic to Navassa Island and the type series described herein repr esents the only known specimens This species is very distinctive from the known congeners and can be distinguished by the combination of the following characters: the alveolate-punctate pronotu m, the presence of long, suberect hairs on elytra, apic al half of elytra and abdominal segments dark brown or black, and moderately serrate metafemoral teeth. Three other known species, Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron, 1910) (Fig. 3-21b), Plectromerus fasciatus (Gahan, 1895) (Fig. 3-13a), and Plectromerus wappesi Giesbert, 1985 (Fig. 3-21c) also possess long, suberect elytral hairs and serrate metafemoral teeth. From P. distinctus the new species can easily be recognized by the alveolate-punctate pronotum (granulose punctures in P. distinctus ) and elytral

PAGE 132

117 coloration (elytra with small, ferrugineus fasciae in P. distinctus and P. fasciatus ). From P. wappesi the new species can easily be recognized by elytral coloration (elytra with small, ferrugineus fasciae in P. wappesi ). The clavate metafemora and slightly sinuate metatibiae in P. navassae (Fig. 3-21g) are somewhat similar to P. distinctus (Fig. 3-21h) but differ significantly from P. wappesi which possess pedunculate-clavate metafemora and more st rongly sinuate metatibiae (Fig. 3-21i). (Nearns & Steiner, 2006: 67) Plectromerus ornatus Fisher, 1947: 34 Original description : Slender; subcylindrical, pronotum subopaque, elytra moderately shining, pale brownish yellow, the pronotum and elytra ornamented with dark-brown markings. Head with front transverse, flat between the antennal tubercles, which are widely separated and slightly elevated; surface sparsely, finely punctate, obsoletely granulose, sparsely clothed with short, inconspicuous hairs, with a few long, erect hairs intermixed; eyes slightly emargi nate, strongly convex, strongly granulated, and widely separated from each other on the top. Antenna about as long as the body, unarmed, slightly flattened, sparsely ci liate beneath with short, erect hairs; segments 7 to 10 obtusely angulat e at apices on inner margins. Pronotum distinctly longer than wide, cy lindrical, subequal in width at base and apex, vaguely expanded at middle; sides nearly parallel; disk even, strongly convex; surface finely, sparsely, irregularly punctate, densely, finely granulose, clothed with very short, i ndistinct recumbent hairs, a nd ornamented with numerous small dark-brown spots. Scutellum transv erse, broadly rounded at apex, the surface glabrous. Elytra nearly three times as long as a nd distinctly wider than pronotum; sides nearly parallel from humeral angels to ap ical fifth, then arcuately converging to the tips, which are separately broadly rounded; disk slightly flattened; surface densely, coarsely punctate basa lly, more finely punctate toward apices, each puncture with a short, recumbent, yellowish hair, and each elytron ornamented with three broad, zigzag, dark-brown fasciae, one at basal third, one near middle, and the other at apical third. Body beneath sparsely clothed with short recumbent and long erect, inconspicuous hairs; abdomen not punctate, last visible sternite broadly rounded at apex. Legs sparsely clothed with short, recumb ent, inconspicuous pubescence; femora petiolate, strongly, abruptly cl avate, each armed on inner side near apices with a short, obtuse tooth, which is not serrate on posterior margin; tibi ae nearly straight. Length 5.5mm., width 1.2mm. Type locality. Moa, Oriente, Cuba. Described from a single specimen (sex not determin ed) collected November 3-16, 1945, by J. Acua. (Fisher, 1947: 34)

PAGE 133

118 Holotype : male (Figure 3-22a), CUBA, Moa, Oriente, Nov. 3-16 / 45, J. Acuna, Col., Type. No. 58119 U.S.N.M. (USNM). Material examined : Holotype, male (Figure 3-22a) CUBA, Moa, Oriente, Nov. 316 / 45, J. Acuna, Col., Type. No. 58119 U.S.N. M. (USNM). Specimens, 2 (all from CUBA): 2 females, Matanzas Prov., Cienag a Zapata, at Playa Larga, 11 & 12 Feb. 1981, P. Spangler, A. Vega, Collect ed in malaise trap (WIBF). Geographic distribution : Known from Holgun and Matanzas provinces, Cuba (Greater Antilles). Discussion : Fisher (1947) described this small species from a single male specimen and Lingafelter & Nearns (2005) provided a color habitus photograph of the holotype. This species is very rarely collected and only three specimens were available for study (including two females collected in Malaise tr aps). No specimens were found in the three largest collections in Cuba (FDZC, IESC, MNHN) and Zayas (1975) stated that he had never collected it. From congeners, P. ornatus (Figure 3-22a-c) can be distinguished by the combination of the following char acters: antennomeres 5-11 equa l to or longer than third; pronotum microsculptured, with scattered, large, shallow punctures; pron otum with distinct, small dark maculae; metafemoral gradually clavate; metafemoral teeth very small, not serrate. Plectromerus pinicola Zayas, 1975: 125 Original description : Alargado, paralelo, subcompreso, de color am arillo ocre, con la cabeza ms oscura, tres manchitas poco conspicuas en el disco del pronoto, el borde apical de sta, y en los litros cuartro manchas ms oscuras, y su cuarto apical, de color castao.

PAGE 134

119 Cabeza anchamente acanalada entre los tub rculos antenales, transversalmente compresa detrs de stos, antennas finas, apeneas ms largas que le cuerpo, con sus segmentos como conviene al gnero en que se ubica. Pronoto como dos veces ms largo que ancho, subcilndr ico, apenas abultado en el medio por los lados, y constrenido en la base, liso, con alguna s punciones laterals; en algunos ejemplares las tres manchas sealadas pueden unirse formando una sola discal, o de otro modo estar casi borradas; escutelo diminuto, re dondeado por detrs; litros ms anchos que el pronoto en la base, subpara lelos, poco convexos, separadamente redondeadas y en corto declive en el p ice, fina, homognea y esparcidamente punzados. Cada litro con dos mancha s separadas de los bordes, y a veces encorvadas, y el pice, de castao oscuro ; de stas manchas, la primera situada delante del medio, y la segunda estrechament e separada del rea apical oscurecida. Patas moderadas, con el diente usual de los fmures pequeo, y situado ms bien hacia el pice de los mismos. Mide 5-6 mm. Descrita la especies de cuatro ejempl ares comunicados por el Dr. R. Hochmut como emergidas de trozos de pinos recole ctados en Malas Aguas, Pinar de Rio, en marzo 19, 1969. Tipo en mi coleccion. (Zayas, 1975: 125) Redescription : Male (Figure 3-23a-c). Length 6.0-6.7 mm, width 1.5-1.6 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Fi gure 3-23a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with head, basa l antennomeres, portions of pronotum ferrugineus; each elytron testace ous with three major macular regions as follows: (1) basal third with a ferrugineus, arcuate, broad, irregul ar macula beginning below humerus and not reaching elytral sutu re; (2) a ferrugineus, transverse, narrow macula not reaching elytral suture; and (3) apical third testaceous, almost entirely occupied by a large, ferrugi neus, irregular macula. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, slightly concave between antennal tubercles, which ar e slightly raised and separated by about the width of two antennal sockets; vertex weakly microsculptu red, with scattered, deep punctures; vertex with short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, shallowly emargina te. Antennae eleven segmented, slightly longer than body; scape bowed, third antennomer e about as long as scape, almost twice

PAGE 135

120 as long as fourth, fifth antennomere longest, about 2.5 times longer than fourth, about 1.5 times longer than third, antennomeres 6-10 b ecoming progressively shorter, eleventh slightly longer than tenth, basal antennom eres subcylindrical, from third moderately flattened, apices of antennomeres 5-10 pr oduced externally. Antennae with short, recumbent, pale pubescence; antennomeres 211 ciliate above and beneath with coarse, short, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly br oader at apex than base, side s slightly inflated, arcuately constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; disk convex; each side of pronotum with patc h of coarse, deep punctures laterally. Basal third of di sk with one long, pale, recumbent seta positioned submedially, arising from a deep puncture; one long, recu mbent seta anterolaterally. Surface weakly microsculptured, sparsely, finely, sha llowly punctate, strongly shining. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.7 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.7 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times br oader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly parallel, evenly rounded to apex, elytral apices broadly rounded; epipleural margin moderate ly sinuate. Elytral disk slightly concave medially, subsuturally, crea ting a faint costa on each elytron; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surf ace strongly shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punc tures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; each punc ture with a short, fine, pale hair. Underside with prosternum strongly shining, one irregular patch of coarse, deep punctures in front of each procoxa; narrowest ar ea of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is

PAGE 136

121 subtriangular with rounded corners; procoxa l cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface strongly shining, sparsely a nd finely punctate. Metasternum surface strongly shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with few d eeper punctures and suberect, pale hairs interspersed. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen strongl y shining; very fine ly, shallowly punctate; abdomen with sparse, long, suberect, pale ha irs and punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly subtrun cate, about as long as preceding sternite. Legs with femora gradually clavate, mesoand me tafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with sparsely to moderately densely, recumb ent, short, pale pube scence; underside of each femoral club with a broad, acute triangular tooth with posterior edge nearly smooth, very weakly serrate, with i rregular, indistinct peaks; mesoand metatibiae nearly straight; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally (Figure 3-23c). Female. Very similar to male except pr onotal sides lacking coarse punctures and prosternum lacking irregular patch of punctu res in front of procoxae. Abdomen with terminal sternite evenly, broadly rounde d, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Lectotype : male, CUBA, Hochmut, Malas Aguas, P. Rio, det F. de Zayas, 3-1969 (FDZC). Material examined : Lectotype, male, CUBA, Hochmut, Malas Aguas, P. Rio, det F. de Zayas, 3-1969 (FDZC). Specimens, 10 (a ll from CUBA): 1 male, 12 1/2 K., S. of Pinar Rio, Sept. 12-23 '13 (AMNH); 1 male, 12 1/2 K., S. of Pinar Rio, Sept. 12-23 '13 (USNM); 1 male, Bermejales, Pi nar Galalon, Los Palacios, PR, Pinus tropicalis 19801981, IV-III Marz (IESC); 1 female, Bermej ales, Pinar Galalon, Los Palacios, PR, Pinus

PAGE 137

122 tropicalis (Morelet), 1980-1981, V-IV Apr. (IESC); 1 male, Bermejales, Pinar Galalon, Los Palacios, PR, Pinus tropicalis (Morelet), 1980-1981, VII-II May. (IESC); 1 female, Bermejales, Pinar Galalon, Los Palacios, PR, Pinus tropicalis 1980-1981, V-IV Apr. (IESC); 3 specimens, sex undetermined, same data as lectotype (FDZC); 1 specimen, sex undetermined, El MoncadaVialesPina r del Ro, 15 V 2003, col. Sergio Devesa (SDPC). Geographic distribution : Known only from Pinar del Rio province, Cuba (Greater Antilles). Discussion : Plectromerus pinicola is endemic to Cuba and known only from Pinar del Rio province in the wester n portion of the island. Zaya s (1975) stated that this species was reared from cut pine bran ches and label data indicates that Pinus tropicalis is probable host. Nearns (2006) listed P pinicola and Nearns et al. ( 2006) studied the four specimens in the syntype series at the FD ZC, designated the lectotype, and provided a color habitus photograp h of the lectotype. From congeners, P. pinicola can be distinguished by the combination of the following characters: strongly shining integument; metafemora with teeth very weakly serrate, nearly smooth; metatibiae nearly straig ht (Figure 3-23c). This species is most similar to P. pumilus but can be easily disti nguished by its larger si ze, lack of two dark pronotal maculae (present in P. pumilus ), and prosterna in males with patch of coarse punctures in front of procoxae (p rosterna in males without on e distinct patch of coarse punctures in front of each procoxa in P. pumilus ).

PAGE 138

123 Plectromerus pumilus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 33 = Pentomacrus fasciatus Gahan (Zayas, 1975: 127) = Plectromerus fasciatus (Gahan) (Nearns, 2006: 55) Original description : Small, narrow, head and pronotum rufous, elytra testaceous, with three rufous, transverse bands, legs testaceous, pronotum with two small, round, median, dark spots, one on either side; an tennae slightly longer than body. Male: Head with anterior portion of front slightly convex, shallowly, irregularly punctate, front between antennae shallowl y concave, deeply, rugosely punctate, finely alutaceous, posterior portion transv ersely crenulate; anterior margin of epistoma truncate; antennae a little longe r than body, first segment evenly rounded, a little longer than th ird, fourth segment tw o-thirds of length of third, fifth segment longer than third, following segments gra dually decreasing in length, first segment sparsely, shallowly punctate and clothed w ith short, decumbent, yellowish pile, segments 2 to 11 moderately densely clothe d with short, decumbent, yellowish pile, with few scattered, longer, suberect, yellowi sh hairs. Pronotum glabrous except for subapical, lateral hairs on either side, and hair laterally on either side of disc at base; distinctly longer than wide, widest just behind anterior margin which is slightly produced medially, lateral margin s almost parallel to basal third, gradually sinuate to base, basal margin truncate, di sc with slightly elevated median area, which has two rounded dark spots one on e ither side, surface sparsely, finely punctate, more deeply but sparsely punc tate on anterior lateral two-thirds; scutellum evenly rounded apically, glab rous. Elytra glabrous, wider than pronotum, side margins subparallel, slightly sinuate before middle, evenly rounded to apex which is feebly truncate, surface sl ightly concave media lly, basal half with large, sparsely placed pu nctures, punctures smaller and more sparsely placed apically, maculate, with transverse fuscous spot on basal third, not reaching suture or side margin, median transverse band extending from side margin to near suture, subapical lighter and wider spot extending from margin to suture. Under surface testaceous, with only a few scattered punctures and long erect hairs on the abdomen; legs sparsely clothed with shor t decumbent yellowish pile, petiolate, clavate portion with sharp postmedian ventra l spine, posterior margin of spine on hind legs not serrate, tibi ae nearly straight, apical abdominal segment evenly rounded. Female: Similar to the male except that lateral margins of pronotum are nearly impunctate, only a few very fine scattered punctures are evident, and the apical abdominal segment is more broadly rounded. Male, length, 3.5 mm.; width, 1.0 mm. Female, length, 4.0 mm.; width, 1.2 mm.

PAGE 139

124 Type Material: Holotype, ma le, collected on South Bimini Island, Bahamas, June, 1951 (M. Cazier, C. and P. Vaurie); alloty pe, female, same locality, July, 1951 (C. and P. Vaurie). (Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 33) Holotype : male (Figure 3-24a), BAHAMAS, S outh Bimini Isl., B.W.I., June 1951, M. Cazier, C. & P. Va urie collectors (AMNH). Material examined : Holotype, male (Figure 3-24a), BAHAMAS, South Bimini Isl., B.W.I., June 1951, M. Cazier, C. & P. Vaurie collectors (AMNH). Specimens, 35 (all from BAHAMAS): 2 females, Andros Is ., Behring Point, 8 June 2001, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 male and 1 female, Andros Is., Behring Point, 5 June 2004, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 male, Andros Is., Bowen Sounds, 8 June 2001, R. Turnbow (JEWC); 1 male, Andros Is., Maidenhair Coppice, 4 June 2001, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 male, Andros Is., Money Point, 7 June 2004, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 male, Andros Is., Mastic Point, 9 June 2004, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 female, Andros Is ., Forfar Field Station, 6 June 2004, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 male and 5 females, Eleuthera, Rainbow Bay, 1-VII-1987, D.B. & R.W. Wiley, malaise trap (FSCA); 1 male Eleuthera, Rainbow Bay, 11-XI-19-XII-1986, D.B. & R.W. Wiley, malaise trap (FSCA); 1 male and 1 female, Eleuthera, Rainbow Bay, XI-1986, J.R. Wiley, malaise trap (FSCA); 2 females, Eleuthera, Rainbow Bay, 5-10-XI1986, J.R. Wiley, malaise trap (FSCA); 1 female, Eleuthera, Rainbow Bay, 16-26-X1985, J.R. Wiley (FSCA); 1 male, Eleuth era, Rainbow Bay, 21-X-1985, J.R. Wiley (FSCA); 1 female, Andros Is., Behring Point, 5 VI 2004, M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 female, Andros Is., Behring Point, 8 VI 2001, M.C. Thomas, beating (FSCA); 1 female, Andros Is., Maidenhair Coppice, 11 VI 2004, M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 male and 1 female, B.W.I., Exuma, VI11-1968, Hummingbird Cay, W. of Georgetown, B.K. Dozier coll. (FSCA); 2 males and 1 female, B.W.I ., South Bimini, June 14, 1967, B.K. Dozier coll. (FSCA, EMEC); 2 males and 1 female B.W.I., South Bimini, June 15, 1967, B.K.

PAGE 140

125 Dozier coll. (FSCA); 1 male New Providence Is., 5mi. E. Clifton Pier IV-10-11-65, Bahama Is. B.W.I., B. D. Valentine & R.W. Hamilton Co llectors (WIBF); 1 male, Ragged Is. Group, Buena Vista Cay, III-22-65, Bahama Is. B.W.I., B.D. Valentine & R.D. Hamilton Collectors (WIBF). Specimens, 10 (all from CUBA): 1 specimen, sex undetermined, Col. F. de Zayas, Cinaga de Zapata, Matanzas, 5-1962 (F DZC); 3 specimens, sex undetermined, Pen. Guanacahabibes [sic], Pinar del Rio, Jul. 1955, F. de Zayas (FDZC); 1 specimen, sex undetermined, no label data (FDZC); 1 specimen, sex undetermined, P. Mendoza, PR 553 (FDZC); 2 specimens, sex undetermined, Camping Peas BlancasJibacoaSanta Cruz del NorteProvincia de La Habana. 07 IV 2003, a la luz (250 W vapor Hg), col. Sergio Devesa (SDPC); 1 specimen, sex undete rmined, Boca de CanasSanta Cruz del NorteProvincia de La Habana, 24 IX 2004, a la luz (250 W vapor Hg), col. Sergio Devesa (SDPC). Geographic distribution : Known from Bahamas (A ndros Island, Eleuthera, Exuma, New Providence, Ragged Isla nd Group, and South Bimini) and Cuba, new country record (La Habana, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio provinces) (Greater Antilles). Discussion : This species has been collected at lights, beating vegetation, and in Malaise traps. Vitali (2004) correctly noted that Zayas (1975) listing of P. fasciatus from Cuba was instead P. pumilus (for example Figure 3-24b). Zayas (1975) stated that this species was not commonly collected in Cuba and did not list any host information. Plectromerus pumilus (Figure 3-24a-c) is the smalle st species in the genus, ranging in size from 3.5-5.2 mm in leng th. Male specimens examined measured: length 3.5-5.1 mm, width 0.9-1.2 mm (measured across humeri); female specimens examined measured:

PAGE 141

126 length 3.8-5.2 mm; width 0.9-1.3 mm (measur ed across humeri). From congeners, P. pumilus can be separated by the combination of the following characters: pronotal disk with two distinct, small, round, dark, granul ose maculae; strongly shining integument; males with lateral margins of pronotum with patch of coarse punctures, but prosternum without patch of coarse punctu res in front of procoxae (Fig ure 3-24c); and metafemora with teeth nearly smooth, very weakly serrate (Figure 3-24d). This species is similar to P. dentipes but can be easily distinguished by th e two dark pronotal maculae (absent in P. dentipes ); metafemoral teeth with edge nearly smooth, very weakly serrate (metafemoral tooth very slightly serrate to moderately serrate in P. dentipes ); prosterna in males lacking patch of coarse punctu res in front of procoxae (pro sterna in males with one distinct patch of coarse puncture s in front of each procoxa in P. dentipes ). Plectromerus ramosi Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 30 = Plectromerus n. sp. Chalumeau & Touroult, 2005b: 113 Original description : Male. Length 4.3-6.5 mm, width 1.0-1.6 mm (measured across humeri). Small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument ferrugi neus, varying from light to dark, with two testaceus maculae (sometimes transverse fasciae) on each elytron, one at basal third, small, and oblong, and another just behind middle, this one oblique. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes and antennal tubercles, slightly concav e between antennal tubercles, which are slightly raised and widely separated. Surface moderately shining, with fine wrinkles, coarsely, rugosel y, densely, confluently punctate, punctures shallower beyond vertex. Head with a fine, short pale seta in each puncture and a few scattered long, pale, suberect hairs. Ey es prominent, transverse, subreniform. Antennae 11-segmented, slightly longer than body, third antennomere subequal to scape, about 1.3 to 1.8 longer than fourt h, fifth antennomere about 1.4 longer than third, varying from slightly less than twice to three times the length of fourth, sixth subequal to seventh, eighth to tenth b ecoming progressively shorter, eleventh slightly longer than tenth; basal antenn omeres subcylindrical, from antennomere 5 slightly flattened, with apices of ante nnomeres 5-10 produced ex ternally (fifth only very slightly), more pronounced on an tennomeres 7-10. Antennomeres feebly shining, scape moderately coarsely, m oderately densely, shallowly punctate; clothed with fine, short, recumbent, pale pubescence with slightly longer, suberect

PAGE 142

127 hairs intermixed, sparser on basal segm ents, becoming denser on distal ones, antennomeres 2-6 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum about 1.3 longer than broad, widest at middle, slightly broader at base than apex, sides arcuately inflated, with a broad constriction at basal fifth, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal a nd apical margins slightly arcuate; disk slightly flattened medially, sometimes w ith three broad, rounded raised areas, one medial and two anterior to middle, one on each side. Surface moderately shining, often with fine wrinkles, sparse to m oderately densely, shallowly, moderately coarse punctation on disk, laterally alutac eus with deeper punctures. Pronotum mostly glabrous except each side with two long, suberect setae, one anterolateral, the other one discal at basal third. Scut ellum small, rounded, shining, impunctate. Elytra about 2.7 to 3 times as long as widt h at humeri, about 2.6 to 3 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.2 to 1.4 times br oader basally than pronotum at widest (at middle); sides slightly sinuate, even ly rounded to apex which is rounded; epipleural margin sinuate. Disk slightly concave medially, s ubsuturally, creating a faint costa on each elytron. Surface shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, punctures becoming finer towards apex and si des, almost obsolete at apical third; glabrous except for a few very fine, in conspicuous short hairs in punctures near apex. Underside with prosternum shini ng, rugose; apical fourth impunctate and one irregular patch of coarse punctures in front of each coxa (Fig. -3-19e); with very sparse, short, inconspi cuous, pale hairs; narrowest area of prosternal process between coxae about 0.25 to 0.3 as wide as coxal cavity, and about 0.25 to 0.5 the width of apex of process which is su btriangular with rounded corners. Mesosternum shining; moderately finely to moderately coarsely punctate; with few short, inconspicuous pale ha irs. Mesepisternum sparsely punctate; sparsely clothed with fine, short, pale hairs. Mesepime ron with denser pubescence. Metasternum shining; moderately finely to moderate ly coarsely, sparsely punctate; punctures with a fine, short, pale hair. Metepister num moderately densely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen shining; finely, shallowly punctate; abdomen with a few long, suberect pale hairs and punctures with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth ster nite broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pe dunculate-clavate, mesoand metafemora arcuate, shining, finely, shallowly punctate clothed with sparsely to moderately densely, recumbent, short, pale pubescence ; underside of each femoral club with a broad triangular tooth with posterior edge strongly serra te; tibiae slightly arcuate, sinuate; clothed with sparse to moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer and coarser apica lly. Genitalia see Fig. 3-20b. Female. Length 5.0-7.2 mm; width 1.2-1.7 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to male. Antennae about as l ong as body. Lateral punctures on pronotum not distinctly deep and prosternum only fi nely punctate, lacking patches of coarse punctation (Fig. 3-19f). Narrowest area of prosternal process between coxae about 0.25 to 0.4 as wide as coxal cavity, and a bout 0.3 to 0.6 the width of apex of process. (Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 30)

PAGE 143

128 Holotype : male (Figure 3-19d), PUERTO RICO, Maricao, Rd. 120, Km. 13.8, 26IV-1980, J. & N. Micheli, coll., beating foliage (USNM). Material examined : Holotype, male, PUERTO RICO, Maricao, Rd. 120, Km. 13.8, 26-IV-1980, J. & N. Micheli, coll., beating foliage (USN M). Allotype, female, PUERTO RICO, Maricao, Rd. 120, Km. 15.9, ex twigs Eugenia nr. ligustrina coll. 17-X-1981, emerged XII-81, J. Micheli, coll. (USNM). Paratypes, 56: 1 female, same data as holotype (JAMC); 1 male, PUERTO RICO, Maricao, Rd. 120, Km. 13.8, 3-V1980, J. Micheli, coll., beating dead foliage (JAMC); 1 male, same data as previous except, 10-V-1980 (JAMC); 3 males, PUERTO RICO, Maricao, Rd. 120, Km. 15.9, ex twigs Eugenia nr. ligustrina coll. 17-X-1981, emerged XI-81, J. Micheli, coll. (JAMC, ENPC); 14 males and 2 fema les, same data as previous except, emerged XII-81 (JAMC, USNM, ENPC; 2 dissected); 1 male and 1 female, same data as previous except, emerged II-82 (J AMC); 4 males and 4 females, same data as previous except, emerged III-82 (JAM C, ENPC; 1 dissected); 1 male, PUERTO RICO, Maricao, Rd. 120, Km. 15.9, 18-X-1981, bea ting foliage, J. Micheli, coll. (JAMC); 1 male, PUERTO RICO, Maricao For., Water Filtration Plant, 18'N, 66W, 17 June 2002, Turpenia paniculata Steven W. Lingafelter (USNM); 1 female, PUERTO RICO, Maricao, Bos que Estatal de Maricao, 3.3 km SW Maricao, 18-09-39N, 67-00-05W forest, 550 m, 10-11 June 1996, J. Rawlins, C. Young, R. Davidson, W. Zanol, S. Thompson, M. Klingler (CMNH); 1 female, PUERTO RICO, Hwy 120, km. 16.2, Hdqts. Maricao St. For. 8-8-1999, C. W. Obrien (DHPC); 1 female, PUERTO RI CO, Hwy. 120, K10H2, Maricao For. Res., July 26, 1979, L.B. O'Brien (JEWC); 1 ma le, PUERTO RICO, Gunica Forest, 6IV-2001, ex dead log, Charyn J. Micheli, coll. (JAMC); 1 female, PUERTO RICO, Gunica Forest, Ballena trail, bea ting, 17'49"N, 66'74"W, 16 June 2002, Steven W. Lingafelter (USNM); 1 male, PUERTO RICO, Gunica Forest, Ballena trail, UV light, Spec ID:4228, Nearns & Lingafelter, 27-VII-2004 (ENPC); 1 male, PUERTO RICO, Ponce, Rd. 132, Km. 20, 26VI-1972, J. Micheli, coll., at lights (JAMC); 2 males, PUERTO RICO, Ponce dry forest at Holiday Inn, 17'N, 66'W, 20 June 2002, beating, Steven W. Lingafelter (USNM, ENPC; 1 dissected); 1 male, PUERTO RICO, Ponce dr y forest behind Holiday Inn, 17'N, 66'W, 1 July 2002, Thouinia portoricensis Steven W. Lingafelter (USNM); 2 males and 2 females, PUERTO RICO, Guani ca, Bosque Estatal de Guanica, 3.6 km E Guanica, 17-58-11N, 66-52-28W, thorns crub, 100 m, 12 June 1996, J. Rawlins, R. Davidson, C. Young, M. K lingler, W. Zanol, S. Th ompson (CMNH); 1 female, 17'50"N, 066'48"W, PUERTO RICO, Guan ica, Bosque Estatal de Guanica, just W. Punta Ballena on Rt. 333, 9.VIII .1999, P. W. Kovarik, collector, beating (WIBF); 1 female, PUERTO RICO, Hu macao Dist., Casa Cabuy, Hwy.191 nr. Florida, 31-VII-2-VIII-1999, J. E. Eger, MV & UV lights (RFMC); 1 female, VIRGIN ISLANDS, St. John, Lameshur Bay VIERS, 09 March 1984, at UV light, W. B. Muchmore colr. (WIBF); 1 female, VIRGIN ISLANDS, St. John, Est. Caneel Bay, Lind Point, December 1992, J. Comisky colr. (WIBF); 1 male and 1

PAGE 144

129 female, VIRGIN ISLANDS, St. John, Lameshure Bay, VIERS, 21-28 July 1994, M. S. Becker colr, ultraviolet light (WIBF); 2 males, BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS, Guana Island, Sugarloaf trail, 100-800 ft., 09 OCT 1994, M. A. & L. L. Ivie (WIBF). (Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 32) Geographic distribution : Known from Puerto Rico, St. John, US Virgin Islands, Guana Island, and British Virg in Islands (West Indies). Discussion : Throughout the series there is some variati on in color and slight variation in the shape of pronotal margins, pronotal texture, punctation on pronotum and mesosternum, and proportion and shape of the prosternal process. Specimens collected in the wet forest of Maricao are quite dark and the pale maculae on the elytra tend to be rather compact (Fig. 3-19d). Those from the drier areas of Gunica and Ponce (in Puerto Rico) and the Virgin Islands are lighter colored with the pale areas on the elytra more like fasc iae (Fig. 3-19g). Except for color, other variation is slight and there is much overl ap. To further invest igate the possibility of two distinct species, dissections of male genitalia of se veral specimens from each phenotype were made by the junior author. Detailed study of the tegmen including the parameres (lateral lobes) and phallobase (basal piece) revealed no consistent morphological characters (Fig. 3-20b). Since we ca n find no significant differences between specimens from wet and dry areas, only a single species will be proposed. This species can be confused with Plectromerus serratus (Cameron) but can be distinguished by the punctat ion of the pronotum: in P. serratus the pronotum is impunctate and dull, whereas P. ramosi has a shiny pronotum and distinct punctation. Also, the fifth antennomere in P. serratus (Fig. 3-19i) is distinctly pronounced externally at apex whereas in P. ramosi (Fig. 3-19h) it is only slightly expanded. Some small, light specimens of P. ramosi are similar to P. distinctus (Cameron) but the latter species has long, s uberect hairs on the elytra and granulose punctures on the pronotum, both lacking in P. ramosi From other congeners, P. ramosi can be distinguished by the following combination of characters: the shape and punctation of pronotum (widest at mi ddle, shallow, moderately coarse punctures), the punctation and macular pattern of elytra, the glabrous pronotum and elytra, and the serrate metafemora l tooth. (Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 33)

PAGE 145

130 Plectromerus serratus (Cameron, 1910: 185) = Pentomacrus serratus Cameron, 1910: 185 Original description : Reddish-testaceous, head and thorax dull, very obsoletely and diffusely punctured, the latter much longer than br oad, slightly rounded at th e sides. Elytra rather shining, coarsely and thickly punctured, less so at apex. Anterior femora armed with a tooth, middle and posterior femora armed with a strong tooth, the posterior edge of the tooth on the hinder femora bei ng finely but distinc tly serrated for its whole length. Anterior and middle tibiae s lightly, posterior distinctly, sinuated. Legs and antennae reddish-testaceous. (Cameron, 1910: 135) Redescription : Male (holotype) (Figure 3-18b, 3-18d, 3-19i, 3-25a-c). Length 5.4 mm, width 1.2 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 3-25a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical Integument testaceous. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, nearly flat between antennal tubercles, which are very slightly rais ed and separated by about the width of two antennal sockets; vertex microsculptured, with a few sparse, fine, shallow punctures; vertex with sparse, short, recumben t, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, very shallowly emarginate. Ante nnae eleven segmented, about as long as body; scape bowed, third antennomere slightly longer than scape, almost twice as long as fourth, fifth antennomere longest, abou t twice as long as fourth, slightly longer than third, basal antennomeres s ubcylindrical, from fifth slightly flattened, apices of antennomeres 5-10 produced externally. Scap e with short, pale, recumbent pubescence; antennomeres 2-7 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly broader at apex than base, sides broadly infl ated, arcuately constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; basa l third of disk with two long, pale, recumbent setae positioned s ubmedially, arising from deep punctures

PAGE 146

131 (left seta is broken); lateral margins of pronot um with patch of coarse, deep punctures, with one long, suberect seta anterolaterally. Surface, microsculptured, weakly shining, very sparsely, faintly, and shallowly punctate, with a slightly raised median callus, and two slightly raised, submedial calli slightly anterior to cente r (Figure 3-25b) ; surface with very sparse, short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.6 times as long as wi dth at humeri, about 3.5 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broa der basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly parallel, evenly rounded to apex, elytra l apices individually, narrowly rounded; epipleural margin strongly sinuate. Elytral disk shallowly concave medially, subsuturally, creating a faint costa on each elytron; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface strongly shining; puncta tion moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punctures becoming finer towards ap ex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair. Underside with prosternum strongly shining, area in front of procoxae with patc h of coarse punctures; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae not visi ble (specimen glued to board); procoxal cavities open behind. Mesoand metasternum surface strongly shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with sparse, short, recumben t, pale pubescence. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumben t, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen moderately shining, finely, shallowly punctate; abdomen with sparse, long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fine pale hair; fifth sternite broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, basal portion of metafemoral about as long as metafemoral club, mesoand metafemora moderately arcuate, shining, clothed with sp arsely to moderately densely, recumbent,

PAGE 147

132 short, pale pubescence; underside of each fe moral club with a broad triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge str ongly serrate, with about 12 serration peaks, each serration peak with a short, pale, curved hair; metatibi ae strongly sinuate, slightly flattened, about half as long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pa le pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally (Figure 3-25c). Female. Length 6.5 mm; width 1.5 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to male except pronotal sides lacking coarse punctures and prosternum lacking irregular patch of punctures in front of each procoxa. Narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is subtria ngular with rounded corn ers; procoxal cavities open behind. Abdomen with terminal sterni te evenly, broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Metafemoral teeth with posterior edge st rongly serrate, with about 18 serration peaks. Holotype : male (Figure 3-25a), HAITI (BMNH). Material examined : Holotype, male (Figure 3-25 a), HAITI (BMNH). 1 female, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, 2000, 9 km NE Ja rabacoa, May 8-12, 1985, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC). Geographic distribution : Known from Port au Prince, Haiti; and La Vega province, Dominican Republic (Greater Antilles). Discussion : Cameron (1910) stated that the holo type was collected sweeping near Port au Prince, Haiti, in February, 1908 but the holotype specimen does not bear this information. This species is rarely collected and nothi ng is known about its biology.

PAGE 148

133 Plectromerus serratus can be distinguished from congeners by the combination of the following characters: head with vertex microsculptured, very sparsely, finely punctate; pronotal disk microsculptured; elytra testaceous, without ferrugineus maculae; and metafemoral teeth strongly, deeply serrate. This species is most similar to Plectromerus new species 2 but can be distinguished by the pronotal surface with very sparse, short, recumbent, pale pubescence (pr onotal surface with moderately dense short, recumbent, pale pubescence in Plectromerus new species 2), elytra with faint costae (elytra with distinct costae in Plectromerus new species 2), and the metafemoral teeth with 12-18 serrations peaks (metafemoral teeth with 20-24 serrations peaks in Plectromerus new species 2). Plectromerus tertiarius Vitali, 2004: 453 Original description : Male. Length 8,8 mm. Elongated; pitc h-brown, except for the elytra, reddish brown without pattern apparently, and for reddish testaceous palpi. Head transverse, broader than the prothorax; antennal tubercles widely separated, scarcely elevated; eyes big, prominent, a pproached at the basis of the mandibles, coarsely faceted; palpi shor t, least joint api cally widened, as long as the second least. Antennae 11-segmented, sc arcely longer than the body (10th joint reaches the apex of the elytra), joints 1-4 with few semi-erect setae at inner side, 5-10 outer dentate, 6-11 slightly bowed. Scape bowed, its outer apex prominent; pedicle scarcely longer than broad; 3rd joint scarcely shorter than the scape, nearly twice as long as the fourth; 6th joint one-third longer than the third; 7th joint one-half longer than the third; 8th and 9th joint one-fourth longer than the third; 10th joint as long as the scape; 11th joint one-third longer than the third. Prothorax very elongate, 1 times longer than broad, sub-cordate, bowed in front part of sides, constricted at about one-third of their length from the basis. Elytra elongate, 2 times longer than broad at basis, almost parallel-sides, slightly constr icted at the middle of their length, then sparsely and finely punctured from the basis until the middle of their length, then sparsely and finely puncture d toward the tips. Hind wings hyaline, their veins reddish testaceous ; two cubital veins develope d, first cubital vein with two branches (cu1a, cu1b); cubital cross-veins cu1a-c1b delimiting a cell, cross-vein cu2, a1 delimiting a cell; stigma very small, hyaline. Underside surface covered by fine, erect, black pubescence. Meta sternum longitudinally grooved. Fist abdominal sternite three times longer than other visible sternites; pygidium evenly rounded. Legs long, slender; femora club-shaped, armed by one sharp, smooth,

PAGE 149

134 well developed tooth at the middle of hind side; tibiae straight, linear, only at the basis suddenly bowed, provided by fine, little to oth at the apex; tars i short, sparsely pubescent. Hind legs lacking. Holotype. male, Dominican Republic Lower Miocene (25-20.000.000 BP), ex. coll. Y. R. Goldman (autho rs coll.). (V itali, 2004: 453) Holotype : male (Figure 3-15b), DOMINICA N REPUBLIC, Lower Miocene (2520.000.000 BP), ex. coll. Y. R. Goldman (FVPC). Material examined : Holotype, male (Figure 3-15b), DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, Lower Miocene (25-20.000.000 BP), ex. coll. Y. R. Goldman (FVPC). Geographic distribution : Known only from Dominican amber (Lower Miocene), Dominican Republic (Greater Antilles). Discussion : Notes on Plectromerus tertiarius Vitali holotype: ventral habitus as in Fig. 3-15b (dorsal habitus completely obscured), length approximately 7 mm (exact measurement not possible since abdomen is bent up through open elytra), included in a piece of Dominican amber (Lower Miocene) from the Dominican Republic. Amber yellow-brownish, partially obscur ed by numerous, small bubbles; cut and polished in a near-oval shape, measuri ng 42 X 22 X 15 mm. Specimen is damaged as follows: metathoracic legs are missing ex cept coxae and trochanters; left antenna is damaged, missing part of antennomere 8, completely missing antennomeres 911. One important character in particular, the prosternal process between coxae, is not visible due to position of proand me sothoracic legs. Elytral punctation can be inferred from ventral view due to open elyt ra which are semi-translucent. Vitali (2004) states that the holotype is a male however, we see nothing to support this. In our opinion, the broadly r ounded fifth abdominal segment is more indicative of a female Plectromerus (irregular patches of coar se punctures in front of each prosternal coxa are also not visible but the view is partially obscured). Vitali (2004) also states that the first abdominal ventrite is 3 times longer than other visible ventrites, however, our measuremen ts show it to be about 2 times longer. (Nearns & Branham, 2005: 23) Plectromerus unidentatus Fisher, 1942: 17 Original description : Slender, subcylindrical, rather strongly sh ining, dark brownish yellow, the head and pronotum more reddish brown, and the elytra ornamented with dark reddish-brown markings.

PAGE 150

135 Head with the front transverse, feebly concave between the antennal tubercles, which are widely separated and slightly elevated; surface glabrous, coarsely, densely, uniformly punctate; eyes vaguely emarginate, and very strongly convex. Antenna about as long as the body, unarmed, ciliate beneath with a few moderately long, erect hairs; basal segments, subcylindr ical, feebly expanded at apices; apical segments slightly flattened, feebly, obtuse ly angulated on inner margins at apices. Pronotum distinctly longer than wide, cy lindrical, subequal in width at base and apex; sides sinuate and parallel, feebly, br oadly constricted in front of and behind the middle; disk slightly uneven, strongly convex; surface glabrous, coarsely, rather densely, shallowly, uniformly punctate, the intervals finely, densely granulose. Scutellum transverse, broadly rounded at apex, with the surface glabrous. Elytra nearly three times as long and dis tinctly wider then pronotum; sides nearly parallel from humeral angles to apical fifth, then arcu ately converging to the tips, which are conjointly broadly rounded; disk moderately convex; surface glabrous, coarsely, densely, uniformly punctate, the punctures very deep and elongate basally, becoming finer near apices, a nd each elytron ornamented with dark reddish-brown markings as follows: A transv erse spot at basal fourth along lateral margin, but not extending to sutural marg in, and a transverse, narrow, irregular fascia at the apical fourth. Body beneath glabrous, strongly shining; abdomen impunctate, the last visible sternite broadly rounded at ap ex; prosternum smooth ante riorly, sparsely, coarsely punctate posteriorly. Legs sparsely clot hed with short, inc onspicuous pubescence; femora strongly petiolate, strongly, abruptly clavate, a nd each armed with a large, triangular tooth, which is not serrat e on posterior margin; tibiae sinuate. Length 5.5-7 mm., width 1.25-1.5 mm. Type lo cality. Mandeville, Jamaica. Type and paratypes. In the Museum of Co mparative Zoology, Cambridge, Mass., No. 53734. Described from five specimens (one type, sex not determined) collected at the type locality by A. E. Wight. (Fisher, 1942: 17) Holotype : sex undetermined, JAMAIC A, Mandeville (MCZ). Material examined : Specimens, 6 (all from JAMAICA): 1 female, Balaclava, 24.27.III.1937, M. Savariau Collr. (USNM); 1 female, paratype, Mandeville., A.E.Wight, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Paratype 53734 (USNM); 2 males, 4000' Hardwar Gap, VII-21-1966, A. T. Howden (WIBF); 1 male, Kingston, 16 Jun 1958, M. W. Sanderson, at light (WIBF); 1 male and 1 fema le, St. Cath. Par., Mt. Diablo, Hollymount,

PAGE 151

136 2754ft. 21-24 April '73, Don & Mignon Davis (WIBF on loan from USNM); 1 male, Try., Barbecue Bottom, VIII 10 1966, A. T. Howden (WIBF). Geographic distribution : Known from the Parishes of Kingston, Manchester, Saint Catherine, Saint-Elizabeth, and Trelawny, Jamaica (Greater Antilles). Discussion : This species (Figure 3-26a-c) is endemic to Jamaica and has been collected at lights. Nothing else is kn own about its biology. The holotype measures: length 7.0 mm, width 1.6 mm (measured across humeri). Males specimens measured: length 5.4-7.4 mm, width 1.3-1.5 mm (measur ed across humeri), female specimens measured at: length 6.3-7.4 mm, widt h 1.4-1.7 mm (measured across humeri). Plectromerus unidentatus is most similar to P. wappesi but can be distinguished by the very weakly, irregularly serrate metafemo ral teeth (Figure 3-26b) (moderately, evenly serrate metafemoral teeth in P. wappesi ), elytral punctures somewh at elongate and evenly spaced (elytral punctures rounded, not evenly spaced in P. wappesi ), and scape, pronotal disk, and metafemora without long, suberect se tae (scape, pronotal disk, and metafemora with long, suberect setae in P. wappesi ). Plectromerus wappesi Giesbert, 1985: 81 Original description : Male. Form small, subcylindrical; inte gument testaceous, with head, antennae, base and apex of pronotum, bases of tibi ae, and tarsi slight ly more ferruginous; eyes and tips of mandibles black; elytra with 2 wide, usually indistinctly defined, common, transverse ferruginous fasciae, one behind base, the other at apical ; long erect hairs sparsely s cattered on entire body. Head rather small, front nearly flat, with median line shallowly impr essed, slightly concave between antennal tubercles; surface closely, subrugosely punc tate, with punctures nearly contiguous and subalveolate on vertex; eyes prominent, transverse, subreniform; antennae slightly longer than body, scape finely punctate, 3rd segment slightly shorter than scape, longer than 4th, 5th segment 1 times as long as 4th, segments 6 to 11 subequal with apical segments slightly shorter, basal segments cylindrical, segments from 5th slightly flattened, with segments 5 to 10 somewhat produced externally at apices, segments 2 to 5 spar sely fringed beneath with pale hairs.

PAGE 152

137 Pronotum subcylindrical, with sides slightly si nuate, narrowed in front of base and at apex, hind margin emarginate; disk convex; surface opaque, alveolate-punctate, with a few scattered pale flying hairs. Scutellum small, rounded, shining, impunctate. Elytra 2 times as long as broad, sides very slightly si nuate medially, apices rounded to suture (rarely subtr uncate); surface shining, deeply, moderately densely punctate, with punctures becoming sm aller and sparser at apical 2/5, apical nearly impunctate, glabrous with excep tion of scattered long flying hairs. Underside with prosternum glabrous, moderately finely punctate on basal with an indistinct patch of co arser punctures superimposed in front of each coxa; prosternal process narrow; metasternum with apical half medially impressed and moderately sparsely punctate with scattered, erect, pale hairs; abdomen sparsely punctate with erect, pale hairs, terminal sternite rounded at ap ex, about as long as penultimate sternite, termin al tergite subtruncate. Legs with femora pedunculateclavate, shining, sparsely clothed with short, extremely fine, recumbent, golden pubescence and scattered long flying hairs; underside of each femoral club armed with a broad triangular tooth, metafemora w ith hind edges of teeth finely crenulate; tibiae curved, metatibiae sinuate. Length 5.0-6.5 mm, width 1.0-1.5 mm. Female. Very similar to male. Proster num simply punctate, lacking patches of coarser punctures; antennae as long as body; abdomen with terminal sternite visibly longer than penultimate sternite Length 5.0-8.0 mm, width 1.0-1.75 mm. Types. Holotype male and allotype female (both in California Academy of Sciences) and 4 male paratypes from 10 km N Puerto Morelos, Quintana Roo, MEXICO, 15-16-VI-1983 (E. Giesbe rt). Additional paratypes: 4 7 from 15-18 km N Tulum, Quintana R oo, 11-12-X-1982 (J. Wappes); 2 from Isla Mujeres, Quintana Roo, 29 -III-1960 (J.F.G. Clarke); 1 from 2 mi NE San Miguel, Cozumel Island, Quintana Roo, 3 -IV-1960. Paratypes are deposited in the USNM and the collections of James E. Wa ppes and the author. (Giesbert, 1985: 81) Holotype : male, MEXICO, Quintana Roo, 10 km N Puerto Morelos, 15-16-VI1983 (EMEC). Material examined : 12 paratype specimens (all from MEXICO): 4 males and 4 females, Quin. Roo., 15-18 km N Tulu m, X-11,12-1982, JE Wappes (EFGC, FSCA, JEWC, USNM, RFTC); 4 males, Quintana R oo, 10 km N Puerto Morelos, June 15-16, 1983, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 4 specimens (all from MEXICO): 1 male, Q. Roo, 15 km W Pto. Morelos, June 1218, 1993, E. Giesbert, coll. (E FGC); 1 male, Q.R., 14mi. NE. Tulum, Aug. 8, 1974, C.W. & L. OBr ien & Marshall (TAMU); 1 male and 1

PAGE 153

138 female, Quintana Roo, Cancun, Moon Palace, em. 25/V/02, R. Morris, ex. Buttonwood girdles (ENPC). Specimens, 5 (all from JAMAICA): 1 male ,Clar. Par., Portland Ridge, nr. Jackson Bay Cave, 40ft., 4 May 1973, Don & Mignon Da vis (WIBF, on loan from USNM); 1 female, Try., Duncans, VIII-9-1966, A.T. Howden, collected at light (WIBF); 1 female, W.I., C.M.Acc.2522, Rae Town, VII-16-99 (CM NH); 2 males, Kingston, Tip Top Hotel, Ruthven Rd., R.E. Woodruff, 7-V-69, blackli ght trap (WIBF, on loan from FSCA). One female, HONDURAS, intercepted under bark of unidentified wood at Mobile, Alabama, from Honduras, 12-19-1939, Mobile 6682 (USNM). Geographic distribution : Known from Quintana Roo, Mexico; Honduras, new country record (Central America); and Jamaica, new country record (Greater Antilles). Discussion : Giesbert (1983) stated that this species was collected beating dead branches. It has also been collected at lights and reared from buttonwood girdles (R.F. Morris, pers. comm.). Giesbert (1985) commented on the variability of the elytral markings, stating that . . in a number of specimens the two da rk fasciae are reduced to four indistinct ferruginous spots and that . . in the Cozumel specimen, the markings are darker and more distinct (Giesbert, 1985: 81). This species (Figs. 321c, 3-21i, 3-27a-c) is very similar to Plectromerus new species 6 in several charac ters including antennal segment proportions, pronotal disk puncta tion, shape of elytral ap ices, and metafemoral and metatibial shape. However, P. wappesi can be distinguished from Plectromerus new species 6 by the moderately, evenly serrate metafemoral teeth (very weakly, irregularly serrate metafemoral teeth in Plectromerus new species 6), and scape, pronotal disk, and

PAGE 154

139 metafemora with long, suberect setae (scape, pronotal disk, and metafemora without long, suberect setae in Plectromerus new species 6). Key to the Species of Plectromerus Keys to the species of Plectromerus (= Pentomacrus ) have been provided by several workers (Cameron, 1910; Cazier and Lacey, 1952; Vitali, 2004; Vitali & Rezbanyai-Reser, 2003). 1 Eyes finely faceted; antennae 10-segemented (Dominican Republic). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . dominicanus (Figure 3-10, 3-11) 1 Eyes coarsely faceted; antennae 11-segmented. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 2 Outer angles of elytra form acute spine (Figur e 4-25e). . . . . . . . . . . .3 2 Outer angles of elytra not as a bove. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3(2) Metafemora with two distinct teeth (Domini can Republic). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . bidentatus (Figure 3-7) -Metafemora with one tooth (Cuba). . . . . . . . . . . acunai (Figure 3-6) 4(2) Elytra with long, pale, erect or suberect setae. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 4 Elytra without scattered, long, pale, erect or suberect setae. . . . . . . . . 10 5(4) Head, elytral apices, and abdominal se gments distinctly black or dark brown (Navassa Island). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . navassae (Figure 3-21) 5 Head, elytral apices, and abdominal segments not as above. . . . . . . . . .6 6(5) Metafemoral tooth weakly serrate; me tatibiae nearly straight; elytral apices subtruncate (Lesser Antilles). . . . . . . . . . . . fasciatus (Figure 3-13) 6 Metafemoral tooth moderately to strongl y serrate; metatibiae slightly to strongly bowed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7(6) Scape, pronotal disk, elytra, and meta femora with long, suberect setae; pronotal disk with dense, round, shallow puncture s; metafemoral club longer than basal portion; metatibiae strongly bowed (SE Mexic o, Jamaica, Honduras). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . wappesi (Figure 3-27) 7 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 8(7) Metatibiae strongly bowed; metafemo ral club shorter than basal portion; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge st rongly, deeply serra te, with about 14-17 serration peaks (Panama). . . . . . . . . . . new species 7 (Figure 2-8) 8 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

PAGE 155

140 9(8) Pronotum microsculptured; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge weakly, very shallowly serrate; metatibiae slightly sinuate (C ayman Islands). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . new species 6 (Figure 2-7) -Pronotal disk granulose; metafemoral te eth moderately to st rongly, deeply serrate; metatibiae strongly sinuate (Dominican Republic). . . distinctus (Figure 3-11) 10(4) Pronotal disk with two distinct, small, round, dark, granulose maculae; metafemoral teeth with edge nearly smoot h, very weakly serrate; prosterna in males lacking patch of coarse punctures in front of procoxae (Bahamas, Cuba). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pumilus (Figure 3-24) 10 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 11(10) Large species (17 mm); antennae ab out twice the body lengt h in males; scape with deep excavation on dorsal surf ace (Figure 3-14b); fifth antennomere distinctly longer than pronotum; pronot um globose, sides strongly, evenly rounded; metafemoral club gradually clavate, distinctly elongate (Jamaica). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . femoratus (Figure 3-14) 11 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 12(11) Pronotal disk with distinctly elevat ed tubercle (Figure 3-12b) (Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . exis (Figure 3-12) 12 Pronotal disk without distinctly elevated tuberc le. . . . . . . . . . . . .13 13(12) Scape with shallow to moderately deep excavation dorsally; pronotal disk with slightly to moderately raised calli; metafemora gradually clavate; metafemoral teeth very weakly serrate (D ominican Republic). . . new species 8 (Figure 2-9) 13 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 14(13) Third antennomere only s lightly longer than fourth ; pronotal disk with dark reddish-brown to black maculae and with strongly raised calli; metafemoral club small, with tooth very weakly serrate (Haiti). . . . . new species 5 (Figure 2-6) 14 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 15(14) Scape with shallow excavation dorsally ; pronotal disk with moderately raised calli; metafemoral teeth very weakly serrate, almost smooth (Dominican Republic). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . new species 4 (Figure 2-5) 15 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 16(15) Head with vertex microsculptured, very sparsely, finely punctate; pronotal disk microsculptured; elytra testaceous, w ithout ferrugineus maculae; metafemoral teeth strongly, deeply serrate (Dominican Republic). . . serratus (Figure 3-25) 16 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 17(16) Pronotum strongly shining, sparsely, finely, shallowly punctate; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge very weakly serrate, nearly smooth (Cuba). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pinicola (Figure 3-23)

PAGE 156

141 17 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 18(17) Elytral punctures somewhat elongate an d evenly spaced; metafemoral teeth very weakly, irregularly serrate (Jamaica). . . . . . . . unidentatus (Figure 3-26) 18 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 19(18) Pronotum opaque, microsculptured, finely punctate; metafemoral teeth smooth, not serrate; elytral maculation forming di stinct X pattern (Dominican Republic). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . lingafelteri (Figure 3-19a-c) 19 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 20(19) Pronotal surface with moderately dense, short pubescence; each elytron with two distinct oblique maculae and one arcuat e-transverse macula; and metafemora strongly pedunculate-clavate with moderately serrate teeth (Guatemala). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . new species 2 (Figure 2-3) 20 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 21(20) Elytra with intricate pa ttern; pronotal disk with m oderately raised calli; fifth antennomere almost 4 times longer than f ourth and about 1.5 times longer than third; metafemoral teeth strongly, deeply serrat e (Nicaragua). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . new species 1 (Figure 2-2) 21 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 22(21) Elytral apices subtrunc ate to strongly truncate; meta femoral teeth very slightly serrate to moderately serrate; prosterna in males with one distinct patch of coarse punctures in front of each procoxa (Bahamas, C uba, SE USA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . dentipes (Figure 3-10) 22 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 23(22) Pronotum moderately shining, somewhat flattened, with shallow, moderately coarse punctures; metafemoral teeth st rongly serrate; metatibiae slightly to strongly sinuate (Puerto Rico, Vi rgin Islands). . . . . ramosi (Figure 3-19d-h) 23 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 24(23) Pronotal surface opaque, microsculpture d; each elytron with one distinct oblique macula and one arcuate-transverse ba nd; metafemora strongly pedunculateclavate with strongly, deeply se rrate teeth (Costa Rica, Hondur as). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . new species 3 (Figure 2-4a-c) 24 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 25(24) Antennomeres 5-11 equal to or longer than third; pronotum microsculptured, with scattered, large, sh allow punctures; pronotum with distinct, small dark maculae; metafemoral gradually clavate; me tafemoral teeth very small, not serrate (Cuba). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ornatus (Figure 3-22) 25 Not with above combination of characters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

PAGE 157

142 26(25) Fossil in Dominican amber; pronotu m with shallow, moderately coarse punctures; metafemoral teeth small, not serr ate (Dominican Republic). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . grimaldii (Figure 3-15a, 3-16) Fossil in Dominican amber, dorsal habitus not visible but illustrated by Vitali (2004) (Dominican Republic). . . . . . . . . . . tertiarius (Figure 3-15b)

PAGE 158

143 Figure 3-1. Four species of Curius A) Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray, holotype, male, dorsal habitus. B) Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray, allotype, female, dorsal habitus. C) Curius dentatus Newman, male, dorsal habitus. D) Curius punctatus (Fisher), holotype, male, dorsal habitus; e, Curius panamensis Bates, male, dorsal habitus.

PAGE 159

144 Figure 3-2. Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray. A) Holotype, male, closeup of prosternum. B) Allotype, female, closeup of proste rnum. C) Holotype, male, prosternal gland pores (430 magnifi cation). D) Allotype, fe male, prosternal punctation (400 magnification).

PAGE 160

145 Figure 3-3. Curius dentatus Newman, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of prosternum (125 magnification). C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 161

146 Figure 3-4. Curius panamensis Bates, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of prosternum (84 magnification). C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 162

147 Figure 3-5. Curius punctatus (Fisher). A) Holotype, male, dorsal habitus. B) Holotype, male, closeup of pronotum. C) Male, closeup of metafemur, ventral view.

PAGE 163

148 Figure 3-6. Plectromerus acunai (Fisher). A) Holotype, female, dorsal habitus. B) Male, closeup of prosternum. C) Holo type, female, closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 164

149 Figure 3-7. Plectromerus bidentatus Fisher, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of metafemur, ventral view. C) Closeup of prosternal.

PAGE 165

150 Figure 3-8. Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier), male. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of prosternum. C) Closeup of metafe mur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 166

151 Figure 3-9. Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron), holotype, female. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of pronotum. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, dorsal view.

PAGE 167

152 Figure 3-10. Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli) (= Curiosa dominicana ), dorsal habitus, illustration by Julio Micheli (1983).

PAGE 168

153 Figure 3-11. Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli) (= Curiosa dominicana ). A) Holotype, female, dorsal habitus. B) Holotype, female, lateral habitus. C) Female, closeup of metafemur and meta tibia, ventral view. D) Holotype, female, closeup of head.

PAGE 169

154 Figure 3-12. Plectromerus exis Zayas, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of pronotum, lateral view. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 170

155 Figure 3-13. Plectromerus fasciatus (Gahan). A) Holotype, male, dorsal habitus. B) Male, closeup of pronotum. C) Male, closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 171

156 Figure 3-14. Plectromerus femoratus (Fabricius), holotype, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of scape with dorsal excavat ion. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 172

157 Figure 3-15. Two Plectromerus species in Dominican amber. A) Plectromerus grimaldii Nearns & Branham, holotype dorsal habitus. B) Plectromerus tertiarius Vitali, holotype ventral habitus.

PAGE 173

158 Figure 3-16. Plectromerus grimaldii Nearns & Branham, holotype. A) Closeup of mesosternum. B) Closeup of prosternum C) Closeup of right metafemur and metatibia, ventral view. D) Close up of pronotum and elytral punctation.

PAGE 174

159 Figure 3-17. Comparison of antennal morphology. A) Plectromerus tertiarius Vitali, illustration of antennomeres 4-11, arrow points to fifth antennomere. B) Plectromerus grimaldii Nearns & Branham, illustration of antennomeres 4-11, arrow points to fifth antennomere. C) Plectromerus tertiarius Vitali, holotype, right antenna, ventral view, a rrow points to fifth antennomere. D) Plectromerus grimaldii Nearns & Branham, holot ype, right antenna, dorsal view, arrow points to fifth antennomere.

PAGE 175

160 Figure 3-18. Four species of Plectromerus A) Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron), holotype. B) Plectromerus serratus (Cameron), holotype. C) Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron), view of pronotum and base of elytron. D) Plectromerus serratus (Cameron), view of pronotum and base of elytron. E) Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier). F) Plectromerus exis Zayas.

PAGE 176

161 Figure 3-19. Two species of Plectromerus A-C) Plectromerus lingafelteri Micheli & Nearns. A) Holotype. B) Closeup of prosternum male. C) Closeup of prosternum, female. D-H) Plectromerus ramosi Micheli & Nearns. D) Holotype. E) Closeup of prosternum male. F) Closeup of prosternum, female. G) Lighter phenotype. H) Closeup of fifth antennomere. I) Plectromerus serratus (Cameron), closeup of fifth antennomere of holotype.

PAGE 177

162 Figure 3-20. Tegmen and parameres, ventral view. A) Plectromerus lingafelteri Micheli & Nearns. B) Plectromerus ramosi Micheli & Nearns.

PAGE 178

163 Figure 3-21. Three species of Plectromerus A) Plectromerus navassae Nearns & Steiner, holotype, male, dorsal habitus. B) Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron), holotype, female, dorsal habitus. C) Plectromerus wappesi Giesbert, paratype, male, dorsal habitus. D-G) Plectromerus navassae Nearns & Steiner. D) Holotype, male, lateral view. E) Holotype male, closeup of prosternum. F) Allotype, female, close up of prosternum. G) Holotype, male, metafemur and metatibia, ventral view. H) Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron), holotype, female, metafemur and metatibia, ventral view. I) Plectromerus wappesi Giesbert, paratype, male metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 179

164 Figure 3-22. Plectromerus ornatus Fisher. A) Holotype, male, dorsal habitus. B) Holotype, male, closeup of pronotum, la teral view. C) Female, closeup of metafemur and metatibia, dorsal view.

PAGE 180

165 Figure 3-23. Plectromerus pinicola Zayas, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of prosternum. C) Closeup of metafe mur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 181

166 Figure 3-24. Plectromerus pumilus Cazier & Lacey. A) Holot ype, male, dorsal habitus. B) Specimen from FDZC, dorsal habitus. C) Male, closeup of prosternum. D) Male, closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 182

167 Figure 3-25. Plectromerus serratus (Cameron), holotype, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of pronotum, lateral view. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, dorsal view.

PAGE 183

168 Figure 3-26. Plectromerus unidentatus Fisher, paratype, female. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ve ntral view. C) Closeup of pronotum.

PAGE 184

169 Figure 3-27. Plectromerus wappesi Giesbert, paratype, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B) Closeup of prosternum. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

PAGE 185

170 CHAPTER 4 PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS Introduction Phylogenetic analysis is a t echnique used to reconstruct the evolutionary history of organisms. The benefit over similar methods (such as phenetic approaches) is that a phylogenetic (cladistic) analysis groups taxa not only on simila rity, but on shared derived traits (synapomorphies). Othe r methods define groups based on overall similarity (which may or may not be shared) and produce grouping s which therefore might be artificial or not representative of common ancestry. One of the greatest strengths of phylogenetic reconstructions is that this t ype of analysis generates a patt ern of similarity (hypothesized relatedness) by a simultaneous analysis of all characters included in the analysis. The most parsimonious solution is generated given all of the data rather than a select few characters that might be pr eferred by the investigator. Although the family Cerambycidae (Coleopt era) has received significant taxonomic attention over the last century, very few phyl ogenetic analyses of have been conducted to date. Napp (1994) employed adult and larval morphological characters to test the phylogenetic relationships among subfamilies. The Oxypeltinae and Disteniidae were found to be distinct from Cerambycidae and two monophyletic subgroups were found within the Cerambycidae (Napp, 1994). Linga felter (1998) conducted a generic-level phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Ela phidionini (Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae) employing morphological characters and imp lied weighting parsimony. The monophyly of the tribe Elaphidionini wa s weakly supported by three char acters (Lingafelter, 1998).

PAGE 186

171 Monn (2005) conducted a phyloge netic analysis on the genus Coccoderus (Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae: Torneutini) based on 31 mor phological characters and 12 taxa and found that the monophyly of the genus was supported by five characters. Monn & Napp (2005) conducted a generic-level cl adistic analysis of the tribe Torneutini (Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae) based on 72 morphological characte rs and 31 ingroup taxa and found the tribe to be paraphyl etic. The monophyly of the Curiini has not previously been tested. Materials and Methods Taxon Sampling Approximately 800 specimens from various entomological collections were studied (Table 2-1). Observations of the sp ecimens were made using a Nikon SMZ800 stereomicroscope with 20 eyepie ces equipped with a drawing tube. Ingroup Taxa The ingroup consisted of 31 described sp ecies of Curiini, including two fossil species from Dominican amber (Lower Miocene), P. tertiarius Vitali and P. grimaldii Nearns & Branham (Table 4-1). Outgroup Taxa A total of five outgroup taxa we re selected from tribes tr aditionally near Curiini in the subfamily Cerambycinae (Nixon & Carpenter, 1993): Obrium maculatum (Olivier) in the tribe Obriini was chosen as the root ta xon; two species in the tribe Callidiopini, Coscinedes gracilis Bates and Parommidion extricatum Martins, and two species in the tribe Graciliini, Hypexilis pallida Horn, and Perigracilia delicata Knull (Table 4-1).

PAGE 187

172 Specimen Preparation Specimens were prepared for dissection by relaxing them in hot water for one hour. The aedeagus was extracted using a technique described by McDermott & Buck (1959). A #0 insect pin was modified to have a be nt tip forming a tiny hook. The bent-tip pin was inserted into the abdominal opening and carefully retracted so that the hook caught the aedeagus, which is gently pulled from the abdomen. Using this technique, the aedeagus was extracted without damaging the exoskeleton. The extracted aedeagus was then prepared using a technique described by Li ngafelter (1998) wherei n it was placed in 10% KOH solution and heated for 30 minutes. This procedure removed tissues that would otherwise obscure the structures. It was observed that leaving the aedeagus in KOH solution longer than 30 minutes caused ex cessive clearing of the structures and distorted the setae at the tips of the parame res. The cleared aedeagus was placed in a watch glass containing 95% ethy l alcohol and the tegmen was separated from the median lobe using forceps and a camelhair br ush under a Nikon SMZ800 stereo dissection microscope. A temporary slide was prep ared to view the tegmen under a compound microscope. The tegmen was placed on a glass well-slide with the well filled with 95% ethyl alcohol and covered with a cover slip and positioned by carefully sliding the cover slip over the well, rotating the tegmen into the correct alignment. The temporary slide was viewed under a Nikon Eclipse E600 compou nd microscope with 2 Plan Apo bright field, 10 DIC Plan Apo, and 20 DIC Plan Apo compound objectives fitted with a drawing tube.

PAGE 188

173 Character Sampling A total of 41 morphological characters were coded (16 binary, 25 multi-state). Twelve characters (32 states) were coded fr om the head, including eyes and antennae; 10 characters (38 states) were coded from the pr othorax; five characte rs (21 states) were coded from the elytra and scutellum; nine characters (25 states) were coded from the metafemora and metatibiae; four characters ( 11 states) was coded from the mesosternum; and one character (four states) was coded from male genitalic structures. All characters were run as non-additive and unweighted. Characters Used in Analyses The following is a description of the morphological characters used in the phylogenetic analysis. Morphological charac ters were coded from both males and females (as little sexual dimorphism is pres ent) unless indicated ot herwise. Character and character state numbers refer to data c oded in the data matrix for each taxon (Table 4-1). Characters were coded using WinC lada version 1.00.08 (Nixon, 1999) and saved in a .NEX file. Inapplicable data was c oded as missing data (Strong & Lipscomb, 1999). Character 1 : Head with two or more long, subere ct setae posterior to antennae: (0) absent, (1) present (Figure 42a). This character is pr esent in all ingroup and outgroup taxa except the two fossil species ( P. grimaldii and P. tertiarius ), in which the character could not be observed due to the po sition or condition of the specimen. Character 2 : Eye shape: (0) ovate (Figure 4-1a ), (1) ovate-emarginate (Figure 41b), (2) subreniform (Figure 4-1c). State 2 is the general condition in Plectromerus

PAGE 189

174 Figure 4-1. Character 2: eye shape. A) Ovate ( Plectromerus dominicanus (= Curiosa dominicana )). B) Ovate-emarginate ( Coscinedes gracilis ). C) Subreniform ( Plectromerus fasciatus ). Character 3 : Number of antennomeres: (0) 10, (1) 11, (2) 12. Within Cerambycidae, the ancestral state for number of antennomeres is thought to be 11. With the exception of P. dominicanus (= Curiosa dominicana ), which has 10 antennomeres, all presently known curiine speci es have 11 antennomeres. Character 4 : Longest antennomere(s): (0) scape, (1) third, (2) fifth, (3) eleventh, (4) third and fifth longest. Plectromerus dominicanus (= Curiosa dominicana ) is unique among curiines for having the scape as the longest antennomere. In all other known species of Plectromerus the fifth antennomere is the longest. In Curius the third is longest ( C. dentatus C. panamensis C. punctatus ) or third is equal to fifth ( C. chemsaki ). This character has been used historically to separate Curius and Plectromerus Character 5 : Scape with long, suberect or erect setae on dorsal surface: (0) absent, (1) present (Figure 4-2b).

PAGE 190

175 Figure 4-2. Characters 1 and 5 (a rrows point to setae). A) ch aracter 1: head with two or more long, suberect setae posterior to an tennae. B) Character 5: scape with long, suberect or erect setae on dorsal surface. Character 6 : Scape with excavation on dorsal surface: (0) absent (Figure 4-3a), (1) shallow (Figure 4-3b), (2) deep (Figure 4-3c). This charact er is present in only three species: P. femoratus Plectromerus new species 4, and Plectromerus new species 8, all from the Greater Antilles. Figure 4-3. Character 6: scape with excav ation on dorsal surface (arrow points to excavation). A) Absent ( Plectromerus acunai ). B) Shallow ( Plectromerus new species 8). C) Deep ( Plectromerus femoratus ). Character 7 : Length of third antennomere compar ed to fourth: (0) about 1.3 times longer or less (Figure 4-4a), (1) about 1.5 times longer (Figure 4-4b), (2) about 1.7 times longer or more (Figure 4-4c).

PAGE 191

176 Figure 4-4. Character 7: length of third antennomere compared to fourth (arrow points to fourth antennomere). A) About 1.3 times longer or less (Plectromerus new species 5). B) About 1.5 times longer ( Plectromerus exis ). C) About 1.7 times longer or more ( Plectromerus new species 1) Character 8 : Length of fifth antennomere compar ed to fourth: (0) about 1.3 times longer or less (Figure 4-5a), (1) about 1.5 times longer (Figure 4-5b), (2) about 1.7 times longer or more (Figure 4-5c). Curius dentatus and C. punctatus have the fifth antennomere equal to or only slightly longer th an fourth. The fifth antennomere is about twice as long as fourth in C. chemsaki and C. panamensis and is a good character for separating those species from the other two species in the genus. Figure 4-5. Character 8: lengt h of fifth antennomere compared to fourth (arrow points to fourth antennomere). A) About 1.3 times longer or less ( Curius punctatus ). B) About 1.5 times longer ( Plectromerus dominicanus (= Curiosa dominicana )). C) About 1.7 times longer or more ( Plectromerus femoratus ). Character 9 : Antennae annulate: (0) absent (Fig ure 4-6a), (1) pr esent (Figure 46b). State 1 is the general condition in all Curius species but is also present in two Plectromerus species ( P dentipes and P exis ).

PAGE 192

177 Figure 4-6. Character 9: ante nnae annulate. A) Absent ( Plectromerus new species 8). B) Present ( Curius chemsaki ). Character 10 : Antennomeres 6-10 flattened: (0) abse nt, (1) present. State 0 is the general condition in Curius ; state 1 is the general condition in Plectromerus Character 11 : Antennomeres 6-10 produced externa lly at apices on outer margins: (0) absent (Figure 4-7a), (1) present (Figure 4-7b). State 0 is th e general condition in Curius ; state 1 is the general condition in Plectromerus Figure 4-7. Character 11: antennomeres 6-10 produced externally at apices on outer margins. A) Absent ( Curius dentatus ). B) Present ( Plectromerus new species 1). Character 12 : Antennae about 1.3 times longer th an body or more: (0) absent, (1) present. Character 13 : Pronotum with long, suberect setae anterolaterally: (0) absent, (1) present (Figure 4-8a). State 1 is the general condition in all curiines. Character 14 : Pronotum, sub-medial, basal third of disk with 1-4 long, suberect setae arising from deep puncture: (0) absent, (1) present (Figure 4-8b). State 1 is the general condition in Plectromerus

PAGE 193

178 Figure 4-8. Characters 13 a nd 14 (arrows point to setae). A) Pronotum with long, suberect setae anterolaterally ( Plectromerus new species 3). B) Pronotum, sub-medial, basal third of disk with 14 long, suberect setae arising from deep puncture ( Plectromerus acunai ). Character 15 : Pronotum, anterior portion of disk strongly shining (glossy): (0) absent, (1) present. Character 16 : Pronotum, dorsal surface: (0) microsculptured with very sparse, shallow punctation (Figure 4-9a), (1) granulose (Figure 4-9b), (2) punctate with glabrous areas (Figure 4-9c), (3) microsculptured with punctures interspers ed (Figure 4-9d), (4) heavily, evenly punctate (Figure 4-9e). State 1 is the general condition in Curius Figure 4-9. Character 16: pronotum, dorsal su rface. A) Microsculptured with very sparse, shallow punctation ( Plectromerus new species 5). B) Granulose ( Curius dentatus ). C) Punctate with glabrous areas ( Plectromerus acunai ). D) Microsculptured with punctures interspersed ( Plectromerus new species 8). E) Heavily, evenly punctate ( Coscinedes gracilis ). Character 17 : Pronotum, dorsal surface setae: (0) very short, recumbent setae (no long, suberect setae), (1) very short, recumb ent setae with few long, suberect setae, (2) very short, recumbent setae with dense long, suberect setae, (3) short, recumbent setae (no long, suberect setae), (4) short, recumbent setae with sparse long, suberect setae, (5)

PAGE 194

179 short, recumbent setae mixed with dense, l ong, suberect setae, (6) dense, long suberect setae. Character 18 : Pronotum ornamented with distin ct inverted Y marking: (0) absent (Figure 4-10a), (1) pr esent (Figure 4-10b). The pres ence of this ch aracter is a synapomorphy of Curius and is not present in any known Plectromerus species. Figure 4-10. Character 18: pronot um ornamented with distinct inverted Y marking. A) Absent ( Plectromerus new species 8). B) Present ( Curius chemsaki ). Character 19 : Pronotal sides: (0) near ly parallel, slightly inflated (widest) at middle (Figure 4-11a), (1) widest area distin ctly behind middle (Figure 4-11b), (2) evenly rounded, nearly cylindrical (Figure 4-11c), (3) sides tuberculate or protuberate (Figure 411d), (4) globose, sides broadly rounded (Figur e 4-11e). State 2 is the general condition in Curius ; state 0 is the general condition in Plectromerus Figure 4-11. Character 19: pronotal sides. A) Nearly parallel, slightly inflated (widest) at middle ( Plectromerus fasciatus ). B) Widest area di stinctly behind middle ( Hypexilis pallida ). C) Evenly rounded, nearly cylindrical ( Curius dentatus ). D) Sides tuberculat e or protuberate ( Obrium maculatum ). E) Globose, sides broadly rounded ( Plectromerus femoratus ).

PAGE 195

180 Character 20 : Pronotal constriction: (0) somewhat evenly constricted at apex and base (Figure 4-12a), (1) slightly more constr icted at base than ap ex (Figure 4-12b), (2) slightly more constricted at apex than base (Figure 4-12c), (3) very strongly constricted at base (Figure 4-12d). State 0 is the general condition in Curius ; state 1 is the general condition in Plectromerus Figure 4-12. Character 20: pr onotal constriction. A) Some what evenly constricted at apex and base ( Curius dentatus ). B) Slightly more constricted at base than apex ( Plectromerus fasciatus ). C) Slightly more constricted at apex than base ( Plectromerus new species 5). D) Very st rongly constricted at base ( Obrium maculatum ). Character 21 : Pronotal disk with callus: (0) ab sent (Figure 4-13a), (1) median callus, slightly raised or ab sent calli, two anterior and two posterior (Figure 4-13b), (2) five moderately raised calli, one in center, tw o anterior and two posterior (Figure 4-13c). State 0 is the ge neral condition in Curius Figure 4-13. Character 21: pronotal disk with scar or callus. A) Absent ( Curius panamensis ). B) Median scar, slightly raised or absent calli, two anterior and two posterior ( Plectromerus serratus ). C) Five moderately raised calli, one in center, two anterior and two posterior ( Plectromerus new species 4).

PAGE 196

181 Character 22 : Males with sexually dimorphic pr othoracic punctation: (0) absent (Figure 4-14a), (1) one large pa tch of coarse punctures in fr ont of procoxae; one patch of coarse punctures on each pronotal lateral margin (Figure 4-14 b), (2) two distinct patches of coarse punctures in front of procoxae; one patch of coarse punctures on each pronotal lateral margin (Figure 4-14c), (3) pronotum and prosternum with rounded, elevated tubercles with circular median impressions (Figure 4-14d) (4) two distinct patches of coarse punctures in front of procoxae; la teral margins of pronotum without patch of coarse punctures (Figure 4-14e ), (5) prosternum without pa tches of coarse punctures in front of procoxae; lateral margins of pronotum with patch of coarse punctures (Figure 414f). The presence of sexually dimorphic, prothoracic punctation in male cerambycines has been noted by several workers. State 3 is the general condition for Curius

PAGE 197

182 Figure 4-14. Character 22: males with sexua lly dimorphic prothoracic punctation. A) Absent ( Plectromerus exis ). B) One large patch of coarse punctures in front of procoxae; one patch of coarse punct ures on each pronotal lateral margin ( Plectromerus new species 1). C) Two distinct patches of coarse punctures in front of procoxae; one patch of coar se punctures on each pronotal lateral margin ( Plectromerus pinicola ). D) Pronotum and prosternum with donutshaped punctures ( Curius punctatus ). E) Two distinct patches of coarse punctures in front of proc oxae; lateral margins of pronotum without patch of coarse punctures ( Parommidion extricatum ). F) Lateral margins of pronotum with patch of coarse punctures; pros ternum without patches of coarse punctures ( Plectromerus pumilus ). Character 23 : Scutellum surface granulose: (0) abse nt, (1) present. This character is present in two species of Curius ( C. chemsaki and C. panamensis ). Character 24 : Scutellum with dense setae: (0) absent, (1) present. Character 25 : Elytral disk concave medially, s ubsuturally: (0) ab sent, (1) very shallow, no costae present, (2) shallow to moderately dee p, costae present. Character 26 : Elytral apices: (0) broadly round ed (Figure 4-15a), (1) narrowly rounded (very slightly constricted or point ed) (Figure 4-15b), (2) subtruncate / rounded (Figure 4-15c), (3) strongly tr uncate, straight across (Figur e 4-15d), (4) strongly truncate, concave across (Figure 4-15e), (4) outer margin s with large, acute spine (Figure 4-15f), (5) inner margins forming a blunt, curved point (Figure 4-15g).

PAGE 198

183 Figure 4-15. Character 26: elytral apices. A) Broadly rounded ( Plectromerus new species 1). B) Narrowl y rounded (very slightly constricted or pointed) ( Plectromerus serratus ). C) Subtrun cate / rounded ( Plectromerus new species 8). D) Strongly truncate, straight across ( Plectromerus dentipes ). E) Strongly truncate, concave across ( Parommidion extricatum ). F) Outer margins with large, acute spine ( Plectromerus bidentatus ). G) Inner margins forming a blunt, curved point ( Curius chemsaki ). Character 27 : Elytral setae: (0) very short, recumbent setae arising from punctures, (1) very short, recumbent setae ar ising from punctures with very sparse, long, suberect setae only at apical third, (2) very short, recumben t setae arising from punctures with sparse, long, suberect set ae, (3) very short, recumben t setae arising from punctures with dense, long, suberect setae, (4) dense, short, recumbent setae arising from punctures, (5) dense, med. length suberect setae mixe d with dense long setae, (6) dense, long suberect setae. Character 28 : Prosternal process between procox ae: (0) very thin, about 0.1 times width of procoxal cavity (Figure 4-16a), (1 ) medium, about 0.2 times width of procoxal cavity (Figure 4-16b), (2) wide about 0.3 times width of pr ocoxal cavity (Figure 4-16c).

PAGE 199

184 Figure 4-16. Character 28: pros ternal process between procoxae. A) (0) very thin, about 0.1 times width of procoxal cavity ( Obrium maculatum ). B) Medium, about 0.2 times width of procoxal cavity ( Plectromerus fasciatus ). C) Wide, about 0.3 times width of procoxal cavity ( Curius punctatus ). Character 29 : Procoxal cavities open behind: (0 ) absent (Figure 4-17a), (1) narrowly open, nearly closed (Figure 4-17b), (2 ) widely open (Figure 4-17c). State 2 is the general condition in the curiines. Figure 4-17. Character 29: procoxal cavities open behind. A) Absent ( Coscinedes gracilis ). B) Narrowly open, nearly closed ( Plectromerus new species 7). C) Widely open ( Plectromerus new species 8). Character 30 : Prosternal process between procox ae: (0) nearly flat, not declivous (Figure 4-18a), (1) gradually declivous (Fi gure 4-18b), (2) abruptly declivous (Figure 418c). State 0 is the general condition in Curius ; state 1 is the general condition in Plectromerus

PAGE 200

185 Figure 4-18. Character 30: pr osternal process between proc oxae. A) Nearly flat, not declivous ( Coscinedes gracilis ). B) Gradually declivous ( Plectromerus dentipes ). C) Abruptly declivous ( Plectromerus bidentatus ). Character 31 : Mesosternal process shape as in Figure 4-19: (0) absent, (1) present (Figure 4-19). The presence of this ch aracter is a synapomorphy for the tribe. Figure 4-19. Character 31: mesosternal process shape ( Plectromerus new species 8). Character 32 : Metafemoral armature: (0) no tooth present (Figure 4-20a), (1) with one sharp tooth (Figure 4-20b), (2) with two sharp teeth (Fig ure 4-20c). State 1 is the general condition for the tribe. Figure 4-20. Character 32: metafemora l armature. A) No tooth present ( Parommidion extricatum ). B) With one sharp tooth ( Plectromerus dentipes ). C) With two sharp teeth ( Plectromerus bidentatus ). Character 33 : If metafemora armed with one sharp tooth, then tooth with serrations on posterior margin: (0) absent ( no serration peaks) (Figur e 4-21a), (1) feebly

PAGE 201

186 serrate (very small, indistinct peaks) (Fi gure 4-21b), (2) moderately serrate (moderate sized) (Figure 4-21c), (3) st rongly serrate (deep, distin ct peaks) (Figure 4-21d). Figure 4-21. Character 33: if metafemora armed with one sharp tooth, then tooth with serrations on posterior margin. A) Ab sent (no peaks, edge is smooth) ( Curius punctatus ). B) Feebly serrate (very small, indistinct peaks) ( Plectromerus new species 6). C) Moderate ly serrate (moderate sized) ( Plectromerus distinctus ). D) Strongly serrate (deep, distinct peaks) ( Plectromerus new species 1). Character 34 : Metafemora with long, erect setae: (0) absent, (1) present (Figure 422a). Character 35 : Metafemora: distal portion distinc tly darker than basal: (0) absent, (1) present (Figure 4-22b). Stat e 1 is the general condition in Curius Figure 4-22. Characters 34 and 35. A) Metafemora with long, erect setae ( Plectromerus wappesi ). B) Metafemora: distal porti on distinctly darker than basal ( Curius dentatus ).

PAGE 202

187 Character 36 : Basal (non-clavate) portion of metafemora compared to metafemoral club: (0) distinctly longer (Figure 4-23a), (1) about equal (Figure 4-23b), (2) distinctly shorter (Figur e 4-23c). State 1 is the general condition in Plectromerus Figure 4-23. Character 36: basal (non-clavate) portion of metafemora compared to metafemoral club. A) Distinctly longer ( Plectromerus exis ). B) About equal ( Plectromerus serratus ). C) Distinctly shorter ( Plectromerus femoratus ). Character 37 : Metafemoral shape: (0) gradually enlarged from base, not pedunculate-clavate (Figure 4-24a ), (1) pedunculate clavate (Figure 4-24b). State 0 is the general condition in Curius Figure 4-24. Character 37: metafemoral shap e. A) Gradually enlarged from base ( Plectromerus fasciatus ). B) Pedunculate clavate ( Plectromerus new species 7). Character 38 : Metatibial shape: (0) nearly strai ght (Figure 4-25a), (1) moderately sinuate (Figure 4-25b), (2) strong ly sinuate (Figure 4-25c), (3 ) squared, nearly straight. State 3 is present on ly in outgroup taxa.

PAGE 203

188 Figure 4-25. Character 38: metatibia l shape. A) Nearly straight ( Plectromerus pinicola ). B) Moderately sinuate ( Plectromerus new species 4). C) Strongly sinuate ( Plectromerus new species 7). Character 39 : Length of metatibia in relation to metafemur: (0) about equal length (Figure 4-26a), (1) slightly shorter, about 0.7 times length (Figure 4-26b), (2) distinctly shorter, about 0.5 times length (Figure 4-26c). Figure 4-26. Character 39: leng th of metatibia in relation to metafemur. A) About equal length ( Plectromerus dominicanus (= Curiosa dominicana )). B) Slightly shorter, about 0.7 times length ( Plectromerus new species 5). C) Distinctly shorter, about 0.5 times length ( Plectromerus new species 4). Character 40 : Metatarsi with first tarsomere a bout twice as long as second: (0) absent (Figure 4-27a), (1) pr esent (Figure 4-27b). The pres ence of this ch aracter is a synapomorphy of Curius

PAGE 204

189 Figure 4-27. Character 40: meta legs with first tarsomere at least twice as long as second. A) Absent ( Plectromerus dentatus ). B) Present ( Curius panamensis ). Character 41 : Male genitalia: (0) parameres with more than three short setae projecting from tips of lateral lobes (Figure 4-28a), (1) pa rameres with two long setae projecting from tips of lateral lobes (Figure 4-28b), (2) para meres with more than three long setae projecting from tips of lateral lobes, (3) parame res with three short setae projecting from tips of lateral lobes. Several authors have employed characters of the parameres (Entwistle, 1963; Fragoso, 1978; Franceschini, 2002; Komiya & Nylander, 2005; Lingafelter, 1998; Marques & Napp, 2003; Mermudes & Napp, 2004; Micheli & Nearns, 2005; Monn, 2005; Monn & Na pp, 2005; Veiga-Ferreira, 1964). The morphological characters present in the parame res of male Curiini were not found to be useful for species identification however, the nu mber and length of setae at the tips of the parameres were useful as a generic-level ch aracter. No male specimens were available for dissection for P. acunai P. dominicanus (= Curiosa dominicana ), P. femoratus Plectromerus new species 2, P. grimaldii Plectromerus new species 3, Plectromerus new species 4, Plectromerus new species 5, Plectromerus new species 6, P. serratus P. tertiarius P. unidentatus

PAGE 205

190 Figure 4-28. Character 41: male genitalia. A) Parameres with several short setae projecting from tips of lateral lobes ( Curius dentatus ). B) Parameres with two long setae projecting from tips of lateral lobes ( Plectromerus dentatus ). Phylogenetic Methods Phylogenetic analyses were performed us ing parsimony as the optimality criterion implemented in TNT 1.0 (Goloboff, Farris & Nixon, 2003) using New Technology Tree Search (rather than heuristic search) with the following options selected: Sectorial Search, Ratchet, Drift, and Tree Fusing (Goloboff, 2002). Consistency Index (CI) and Retention Index (RI) were computed in WinCla da. Analyses were run on a Dell Latitude D810, Intel Pentium M processor 1.73GHz with 512 MB RAM, running Windows XP Professional operating system. Bremer suppor t and bootstrap values were computed in PAUP* 4.0b10 (Swofford, 2001) via batch file s created using TreeRot.v2c (Sorenson, 1999) on a 700MHz G4 iMac running Mac OS X with 1 GB RAM. Bremer support values were computed based on the strict cons ensus tree of four most parsimonious trees, using five random additions, 20 replicates, and 1,000 trees held per replicate. Bootstrap support values were computed by resampling all characters, with 1,000 replicates and 1,000 maximum trees per replicate.

PAGE 206

191 Results Phylogenetic analyses of 36 taxa and 41 morphological characters produced four most parsimonious trees of length 205. Of 41 morphological ch aracters, 39 were parsimony informative. The strict consensus of the four most parsimonious trees (L = 207 steps, CI = 43, RI = 61) suggests that the genus Curius is a monophyletic group and is defined by seven synapomorphi es (Figure 4-29). The genus Plectromerus is supported by six synapomorphies and is para phyletic with the monotypic genus Curiosa falling out within the Plectromerus clade. The tribe Curiini is paraphyletic due to four outgroup taxa ( Coscinedes gracilis Hypexilis pallida Parommidion extricatum and Perigracilia delicata ) being placed between the Curius and Plectromerus clades (Figure 4-29). Bremer support values of branch support ranged from 0 to 5, and four nodes were supported by bootstrap values of greater than 70% (Figure 4-30). Discussion Phylogenetic analyses produced a well resolved strict consensus tree (Figure 4-29). A strict consensus tree was computed from th ese four trees as it contains all the nodes present in all four most parsimonious trees. This method is superior to simply selecting one of the most parsimonious trees and ignori ng the rest. CI and RI are both low (43 and 61, respectively), indicating hi gh levels of homoplasy among the characters coded. Bootstrap support values greater than 70% were reported for the Curius clade, the node containing C. chemsaki and C. panamensis (within the Curius clade), the node containing the two outgroup taxa from the tribe Graciliini ( Hypexilis pallida and Perigracilia delicata ), and the Plectromerus clade (Figure 4-30). The Plectromerus clade also has a Bremer support value of 4, which indicates this clade is st rongly supported by the characters included in this analysis.

PAGE 207

192 Results suggest that the tribe Curiini is not a monophyletic group. Four outgroup taxa in the closely related tribes Callidiopi ni and Graciliini are placed within Curiini, between Curius and Plectromerus (Figure 4-29). However, traditional ideas of generic designations for Curius and Plectromerus were supported (see the discussion section on the genus Plectromerus in Chapter 3). The synonymy of the genus Pentomacrus with Plectromerus is also supported. Inte restingly, the monotypic genus Curiosa appears to be a highly derived Plectromerus species (Figure 4-29). Wh ile no known males of this species have been collected and only thr ee specimens are known, it is felt that synonymizing Curiosa with Plectromerus is justified based on the amount of data that places it within Plectromerus It is curious that Curiosa has been traditionally treated as a monotypic species, when in fact this analysis which is the first empirical study of this group, suggests it is a highly derived Plectromerus on a comparatively long branch of 10 characters. This long branch is evidence that this species underwent significant evolution in comparison to other Plectromerus species. This may be due to the hypothesis that this species has shifted from a nocturnal habit (a condition of all other Curius and Plectromerus species) to a diurnal ha bit (see discussion of this species in Chapter 3). The two fossil taxa included in this analysis both fall out within the Plectromerus clade, however, P. tertiarius (along with P. femoratus ) appears as the most basal taxon and P. grimaldii as a more derived species. These fi ndings should be viewed in light of the fact that many important characters for P. tertiarius could not be scored due to the condition of the fossil and the missing or inapp licable data which may have had an effect on the placement of this taxon (Strong & Lipscomb, 1999).

PAGE 208

193 Table 4-1. Data matrix of 36 ta xa and 41 morphological characters. Taxa Characters 1 10 20 30 40 Obrium maculatum 111210001 0001112603 3000010600 000-112030 10 Coscinedes gracilis 111300000 1100004004 10?0013020 000-002131 03 Hypexilis pallida 111300010 1010003301 20?0001412 100-002030 10 Perigracilia delicata 112300010 0010001001 2000011002 100-002030 02 Paromm. extricatum 111300000 1101103103 0040114212 110-101030 12 Curiosa dominicana 100010110 1101103500 10?0100521 1110111100 0? Curius chemsaki 121100221 1011001012 0031016012 0111010211 10 Curius dentatus 111100101 1001001012 0030010012 0111012000 10 Curius panamensis 111500221 1011001312 0031011412 0111011001 10 Curius punctatus 111100101 1001001012 0030021012 0110012002 10 Plect. acunai 121200220 1101112100 1120025012 1111011001 0? Plect. bidentatus 121200220 1101112400 1120025212 212?011012 01 Plect. dentipes 121200221 1101112100 1120023012 1112011112 01 Plect. distinctus 121200120 1101113100 1120021312 1112001122 01 Plect. exis 111200121 1111003000 1100022012 1111010102 01 Plect. fasciatus 121210220 1101103200 1120013312 1111101000 01 Plect. femoratus 121202220 1011103004 1150010012 1111002100 0? Plect. grimaldii ?21200220 11011?2?00 1??0012?12 1110001000 0? Plect. lingafelteri 121200220 1101103400 1110020012 1111011111 01 Plect. navassae 121210120 1101103100 1120011212 1112102111 01 Plect. ornatus 121200120 1101103100 1120020012 1111002101 01 Plect. pinicola 121200120 1101112100 1120020012 1111002001 01 Plect. pumilus 121200120 1101112100 1150020012 1111001110 01 Plect. ramosi 121200220 1101102100 1120021012 1113001012 01 Plect. serratus 121200220 1101103100 1120021012 1113001122 0? Plect. tertiarius ??12??220 110??????0 1?????0??? ??1??????? ?? Plect. unidentatus 121200120 1101113100 1120000012 1111001112 0? Plect. wappesi 121210120 1101103200 1120022312 1112102122 01 Plect. new species 1 121200220 1101100100 1210020012 1113011121 01 Plect. new species 2 121200120 1101100400 11?0020012 1113001122 0? Plect. new species 3 121200220 1101103400 1120020012 1113001122 0? Plect. new species 4 121201220 1101103400 1210021012 1111011112 0? Plect. new species 5 121200020 1101110100 22?0010012 1110011101 0? Plect. new species 6 121200120 1101103100 11?0011312 1111001112 0? Plect. new species 7 101210120 1101113200 1120020311 1113111122 01 Plect. new species 8 121201220 1101113100 1120012112 1111002000 01 Missing data is indicated by ?, in applicable data indicated by

PAGE 209

194 Figure 4-29. Strict consensus (L = 207 steps, CI = 43, RI = 61) of four most parsimonious trees with characters stat es mapped. Closed circles represent non-homoplasious character changes, ope n circles represent homoplasious character changes. Numbers above ci rcles are character numbers, numbers below circles are character states.

PAGE 210

195 Figure 4-30. Strict consensus (L = 207 steps, CI = 43, RI = 61) of four most parsimonious trees. Bremer support va lues are reported above the branches, bootstrap support values (> 70%) ar e reported below the branches.

PAGE 211

196 CHAPTER 5 BIOGEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS Introduction Historical biogeography is th e study of the distribution of organisms resulting from long-term historical factors (Schuh, 2000). The geographic di stribution of organisms is altered over space and time by three different processes: extinction, dispersal, and vicariance (allopatric sp eciation) (Crisci, 2001). From observed geographic distributions, hypotheses can be proposed to explain how th e patterns were formed (Liebherr, 1988). Several different approaches to biogeography have been deve loped to explai n patterns of distribution, including center of origin and dispersal, panbiogeography, and cladistic biogeography. The concept that organisms aris e from a single point and disperse from a center of origin is no longer d eemed valid as the center of origin cannot be accurately identified (Crisci, 2001; Schuh, 2000). Croi zats panbiogeography attempted to develop a method of identifying geographic homologi es through track analysis, however this method is no longer considered a rigorous method of biogeographic analysis (Humphries & Parenti, 1999). Hennigs (1966) developmen t of phylogenetic systematics (cladistics) provided workers with a rigorous method for determining relationships among taxa as well as geographic regions. In cladistic biogeography, phylog enetic relationships have the potential to elucidate histor ical distributions as well as the historical relationships among geographic areas occupied (Crisci et al., 2003; Humphries & Parenti, 1999; Liebherr, 1988).

PAGE 212

197 The Caribbean has a long and exciting history of biogeographic study (Allen, 1911; Darlington, 1938; Hedges, 1996a; Hedges, 1996b; Hedges et al., 1992; Iturralde-Vinent & MacPhee, 1999; Rosen, 1975) with a focus on the large, mountainous islands of the Greater Antilles (Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico). Work in the area has often reflected popular notions of the time. Early workers proposed land bridges to explain distributions of the Caribbean mammal fauna (Allen 1911). Subsequent workers supported a passive dispersal model of Caribbean biogeography (Darlington, 1938; Hedges, 1996a; Hedges, 1996b). Recently, howev er, Iturralde-Vinent & MacPhee (1999) discussed two main models of faunal formation in the Greater Antilles: strict dispersal, strict continent-island vicar iance, and proposed one that combines dispersal and vicariance in a two-phase process. Rosen (1975) argued for a vicariance m odel of Caribbean biogeography which incorporated a geophysical model based on Malfait and Dinkelmans plate-tectonic model of Caribbean evolution, in which the Ca ribbean was formed from an original East Pacific Plate intrusion into the western Atlantic Rosens model predic ts that the biota of the Greater Antilles is relatively older than that of the Costa Rican-Panamanian region (Rosen, 1975: 455). It also predicts that lower Central American taxa will be more closely related to mainland (North and South Am erican) taxa than to those of the Antilles (Rosen, 1975: 455). Hedges (1996a, 1996b) and Hedges et al. ( 1992) were critical of Rosens (1975) vicariance model and argued for a passive disp ersal model (i.e., rafting) of Caribbean biogeography. In this model, water currents in the Caribbean generally move in a west, north-west direction, moving water and flotsa m from the Amazon and Orinoco basins to

PAGE 213

198 the Greater Antilles. Hedges predicts that it should be very difficult to colonize islands against the prevailing water currents (from Cuba to Puerto Rico, for example), but very easy to go with the current, for example from Hispaniola to Cuba. Iturralde-Vinent & MacPhee (1999) were critical of Hedges hypothesis of mostly over-water dispersal and proposed the GAARla ndia (Greater Antilles + Aves Ridge) hypothesis which combines elements of both vi cariance and dispersal (Iturralde-Vinent & MacPhee, 1999; MacPhee & IturraldeVinent, 1995). The GAARlandia hypothesis proposes that the developing northern Greater Antilles and northwestern South America were briefly connected by a landspan. Th e uplift event that created these connections was completed by 32 MYO which ended the GAARlandia landspan phase. Subsequently, tectonic activity in the Ca ribbean has resulted in the subdivision of existing land areas (Iturralde-Vinent & MacPhee, 1999). Materials and Methods A phylogenetic analysis of Curiini was conduc ted (for a more detailed explanation of the phylogenetic analysis, see Chapter 4). The strict consensu s tree of four most parsimonious trees (Figure 4-29) was used to create a taxon-ar ea cladogram by mapping geographic areas of distribution for each in group taxon in the analysis (Figure 5-2). Results Results suggest that the more basal taxa within the Curius clade are distributed in North America (SE USA) and the Greater An tilles (Cuba) while the more derived taxa are endemic to Central America (Panama) a nd South America (Venezuela) (Figure 5-2). Within the Plectromerus clade, a similar pattern is obs erved in which the more basal species exhibit an Antillean distribution (G reater and Lesser Antilles) while the more derived taxa occur in North America (SE US A, SE Mexico), Central America (Costa

PAGE 214

199 Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Pa nama), as well as the Greater and Lesser Antilles (Figure 5-2). Discussion The Caribbean (Figure 5-1) is a comple x geographic region and home to a diverse flora and fauna with a high rate of ende micity among insects (Genaro & Tejuca, 2001; Liebherr, 1988; Monn & Hovore, 2005; Pec k, 2005). For example, Swearingen (1999) estimated that as much as 30% of the inve rtebrate fauna on Navassa Island (Greater Antilles) is endemic, and Liebherr (1988) repor ts that as much as 40% of Antillean ant species are single-island endemics. Like many vertebrate and invertebrate ta xa in the Caribbean, the Curiini exhibit high levels of endemicity (Table 5-1). The majority of curiines are found in the Greater Antilles, with 17 of 31 species (55%) occurri ng on the islands of Cuba and Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti). The highest level of diversity is on Hispaniola, with 11 Plectromerus species, 10 of which are endemic to the island. From the two described Plectromerus fossils in Dominican amber, dated fr om mid-Miocene, a minimum date of approximately 17-20 MYO is known for the presence of Plectromerus on Hispaniola. Cuba ranks second with seven species of curiines including four endemic species. Two endemic species of Plectromerus occur on Jamaica. Navassa Island, situated between Jamaica and Haiti, has one endemic species as do the Cayman Islands. Only two species are presently known from the Lesser Antilles (Table 5-1). Four curiine species are widely distributed: C. dentatus is known from SE USA and P dentipes occurs in SE USA, Bahamas, and Cuba. Plectromerus exis is fairly widespread in the Greater Antilles (Cuba, Jamaica, and Hispaniola). Plectromerus

PAGE 215

200 wappesi originally described from SE Mexico, is the only species known to occur in both the Greater Antilles (Jamaica), and Central America (Honduras). Figure 5-1. Map of the Caribbean. Rosens (1975) vicariance m odel of Caribbean biogeography predicts that the biota of the Greater Antilles is relatively older th an that of the Costa Rican-Panamanian region and that the lower Central American taxa will be more closely rela ted to mainland (North and South America) taxa than to those of the Antilles (Rosen, 1975: 455). Rosens (1975) model adequately explains the result s of a biogeographical analysis of Curiini which suggests that the more basal taxa within the Plectromerus clade exhibit an Antillean distribution while the more derive d taxa occur in North America, Central America, as well as the Antilles (Figure 5-2).

PAGE 216

201 Figure 5-2. Area cladogram based on the strict consensus tree of four most parsimonious trees found in a phylogenetic analysis of Curiini.

PAGE 217

202 Table 5-1. Biogeographic di stribution of Curiini. Biogeographic Region Greater Antilles Lesser Ant. Cent. America Taxon SE USA Bahamas Mexico Cuba Hispaniola Jamaica Navassa Island Cayman Islands Puerto Rico Virgin Islands. Montserrat St. Vincent Grenada Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua Costa Rica Panama Venezuela C. dominicana + C. chemsaki + C. dentatus + C. punctatus + C. panamensis + P. acunai + P. bidentatus + P. dentipes + + + P. distinctus + P. exis +++ P. fasciatus +++ P. femoratus + P. grimaldii + P. ornatus + P. pinicola + P. lingafelteri + P. navassae + P. pumilus + + P. ramosi ++ P. serratus + P. tertiarius + P. unidentatus + P. wappesi + + + P. new species 1 + P. new species 2 + P. new species 3 + + P. new species 4 + P. new species 5 + P. new species 6 + P. new species 7 + P. new species 8 + 2 2 1 71141111 11 1 1 2 1 121

PAGE 218

203 LIST OF REFERENCES Allen, G. (1911) Mammals of the West Indies. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 54, 175-263. Arnett, R.H. (1973) The Beetles of the Unite d States (A Manual for Identification). American Entomological Institute, Ann Arbor, MI. 1,112 pp. Arnett, R.H., Thomas, M.C., Skelley, P.E., & Frank, J.H. (editors). (2002) American Beetles. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. Volume 2. CRC Press, New York. 880 pp. Aurivillius, C. (1912) Cerambycidae: Ceram bycinae. In Coleopterorum Catalogus, Vol. XXII. Cerambycidae I. (Ed. S. Sc henkling). Junk, Berlin. 574 pp. Bates, H.W. (1885) Biologia Centrali-Ameri cana, Insecta; Coleoptera, suppl. to Longicornia, London, 5, 249-436, pls. 17-24. Blackwelder, R.E. (1944) Checklist of the Coleopterous Insects of Mexico, Central America, The West Indies, and South Am erica. Part 1. Smithsonian Institution, USNM Bulletin 185, p. 572. Burne, R.V., Horsfield, W.T. & Robinson, E. (1974) The geology of Navassa Island. Caribbean Journal of Science 14, 109-114. Cameron, M. (1910) Description of two new species of the longicorn genus Pentomacrus Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 46, 135-136. Casey, T.L. (1912) Studies in the Longicorn ia of North America. In: Memoirs on the Coleoptera, vol. 3. The New Era Prin ting Company, Lancaster, PA. 215-376 pp. Cazier, M.A. (1952) New West Indian S carabaeidae and Cerambycidae (Coleoptera). American Museum Novitates 566, 1-3. Cazier, M.A. & Lacey, L. (1952) The Cerambyc idae of the Bahama Islands, British West Indies. American Museum Novitates 1588, 1-55. Chalumeau, F. & Touroult, J. (2005a). Nouvea ux longicornes de la Dominique et de la Martinique (Petites Antilles) et notes diverses (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae). Lambillionea 105, 155-159.

PAGE 219

204 Chalumeau, F. & Touroult, J. (2005b) Les Longi cornes des Petites ntilles (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) Taxonomie, Ethologie, Bioge ographie. Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Bulgaria. 241 pp. Craighead, F.C. (1923) North American Cera mbycid Larvae: A Classification and the Biology of North American Cerambycid Larvae. Canada Department Agricultural Technical Bulletin no. 27. Crisci, J.V. (2001) The voice of historical biogeography. Journal of Biogeography 28, 157-168. Crisci, J.V., Katinas, L., & Posadas, P. ( 2003) Historical Bioge ography: An Introduction. Harvard University Press, Cambridge. 250 pp. Darlington, P.J. (1938) The origin of the fauna of the Greater Antilles, with discussion of dispersal of animals over water and through the air. Quarterly Review of Biology 13, 274-300. Downie, N.M. & Arnett, R.H., Jr. (1996) The Beetles of Northeastern North America. The Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, Florida. 1,721 pp. Dusham, E.H. (1921) The painted hickory borer. Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 407, 173-203. Entwistle, P.F. (1963) The identity, variati on and distribution of some members of the genus Tragocephala Castelnau (Coleoptera: Lamiid ae) in West Africa, with descriptions of fi ve new subspecies. The Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 115, 63-98. Evans, A.V. & Bellamy, C.L. (1996) An Inor dinate Fondness for Beetles. Henry Holt and Company, Inc., New York. 208 pp. Fabricius, J.C. (1792) Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta. Tom. I. Christ. Gottl. Proft, Hafniae. 333 pp. Fisher, W.S. (1932) New West Indian Cerambycid Beetles Proceedings of the National Museum 80(22), 1-93. Fisher, W.S. (1936) New cerambycid and buprestid beetles from Cuba. Memorias de la Sociedad Cubana de Historia Natural Felipe Poey ," 10(5), 344-345. Fisher, W.S. (1942) New West I ndian cerambycid beetles III. Torreia 10, 1-43. Fisher, W.S. (1947) New West Indian cerambycid beetles IV. Memorias de la Sociedad Cubana de Historia Natural 19, 29-41.

PAGE 220

205 Fragoso, S.A. (1978) Male and female terminalia as a basis for tribal classification of the subfamily Cerambycinae of America North of Mexico (Cerambycidae, Coleoptera). PhD Thesis, Florida University, 92 pp. Franceschini, A.F. (2002) Revision of the genus Appula (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Cerambycinae, Elaphidiini). Iheringia, Srie Zoologia, Porto Alegre 92, 5-40. Gahan, C.J. (1895) On the longicorn Cole optera of the West Indian Islands. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 79-140. Genaro, J.A. & Tejuca, A.E. (2001) Pattern s of endemism and biogeography of Cuban insects. In: Biogeography of the West In dies: Patterns and Pe rspectives, Second Edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton. 77-83. Giesbert, E.F. (1985) Two new species of Cerambycinae from Quintana Roo, Mexico. The Coleopterists Bulletin 39(1), 80-85. Goloboff, P.A. (2002) Techniques for analyz ing large data sets. In: Techniques in molecular systematics and evolution, ed. R. Desalle, G. Giribet, W. Wheeler. Birkhauser Verlag, Boston, 70-79. Goloboff, P.A., Farris, J.S., & Nixon, K.C. (2005) T.N.T.: Tree analysis using new technology. Available from: http://www.cladistics.com (Accessed on August 1, 2006). Grace, M., Bahnick, M. & Jones, L. (2000) A Preliminary Study of the Marine Biota at Navassa Island, Caribbean Sea. Marine Fisheries Review 62, 43-48. Grimaldi, D.A. (1996) Amber: Window into the Past. American Museum of Natural History, New York, 216 pp. Grimaldi, D. & Engel, M.S. (2005) Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press, New York, 755 pp. Haldeman, S.S. (1847) Material towards a hi story of the Coleoptera Longicornia of the United States. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 10, 27-66. Hedges, S.B. (1996a) Historical bioge ography of West Indian vertebrates. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 27, 163-196. Hedges, S.B. (1996b). The origin of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. In: Contributions to West Indian herpetology: a tribute to Albert Schwartz, ed. R Powell, RW Henderson. Society for the st udy of amphibians and reptiles, Ithaca. 95-128 pp. Hedges, S.B., Hass, C.A., & Maxson, L.R. (1992) Caribbean biogeography: molecular evidence for dispersal in West I ndian terrestrial vertebrates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 89, 1909-1913.

PAGE 221

206 Hennig, W. (1966) Phylogenetic Systematics. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 263 pp. Humphries, C.J. & Parenti, L.R. (1999). Cl adistic Biogeography: Inte rpreting Patterns of Plant and Animal Distributions, Second Edition. Oxford University Press, New York. 187pp. Internation Code of Zoologica l Nomenclature. (2000) Intern ational Trust for Zoological Nomenclature. The Natural History Muse um, London, and University of California Press, Berkeley, 338 pp. Iturralde-Vinent, M.A. & MacPhee, R.D.E. (1999) Paleogeography of the Caribbean region: implications fo r Cenozoic biogeography. Bulletin American Museum of Natural History 238, 1-95. Iwabuchi, K. (1986) Mating behavior of Xylotrechus pyrrhoderus Bates (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) III: Pheromone secretion by male. Applied Entomology and Zoology 21, 606-612. Komiya, Z. & Nylander, U. (2005) A taxonomic revision of the genus Gnathonyx Gahan (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Prioninae). Lambillionea 105, 3-15. Lacey, E.S., Ginzel, M.D., Millar, J.G ., & Hanks, L.M. (2004) Male-produced aggregation pheromone of the cerambycid beetle Neoclytus acuminatus acuminatus Journal of Chemical Ecology 30, 1493-1507. Lacordaire, T. (1869) Histoire Naturelle de s Insectes. Genera des Coloptres. Tome 8. Libraire Encyclopdique de Roret, Paris. 552 pp. LeConte, J.E. (1824) Description of some new species of North American insects. Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist ., 1, 169-173. LeConte, J.L. (1873) New species of Nort h American Coleoptera, prepared for the Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 11(264), 169-238; (265), 279-348. LeConte, J.L. & Horn, G.H. (1883) Classifi cation of the Coleoptera of North America. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collection 26(507), 1-567. LeConte, L. (1850) Journal of the Academy of Natu ral Sciences of Philadelphia (ser. 2) 1, 311-340. Leng, C.W. (1885) Synopses of Cerambycidae. Entomologica Americana 7, 130-136. Leng C.W. (1920) Catalogue of the Coleopter a of America, North of Mexico. John D. Sherman, Jr., Mount Vernon, NY. 470 pp.

PAGE 222

207 Liebherr, J.K. (editor). (1988) Zoogeography of Caribbean Insects Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. 285pp. Lingafelter, S.W. (1998) The Genera of Elaphidiini Thomson 1864 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Memoirs of the Entomologi cal Society of Washington No. 20, 1118. Lingafelter, S.W. & Micheli, C.J. (2004) Ne w species of Cerambycidae from Puerto Rico with records and notes for other species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 112(1), 37-55. Lingafelter, S.W. & Nearns, E.H. (2005) Ce rambycidae holotypes of the Smithsonian Institution. Available from: http://w ww.elaphidion.com (Accessed on August 1, 2006). Linsley, E.G. (1961) The Cerambycidae of North America. Part I. Introduction. University of California Publications in Entomology 135 pp. Linsley, E.G. (1963) The Cerambycidae of North America. Part IV. Taxonomy and classification of the subfamily Ceram bycinae, tribes Elaphidionini through Rhinotragini. University of California Publications in Entomology 21, 1-165. Linsley, E.G. & Chemsak, J.A. (1997) The Cerambycidae of North America. Part VIII: bibliography, index, and host plant index. University of California Publications in Entomology 117, 1-534 pp. Macphee, R.D.E. & Iturralde-Vinent, M.A. (1995) Origin of the Greater Antillean land mammal fauna. 1, New Tertiary fossils from Cuba and Puerto Rico. American Museum Novitates 3141, 1-30. Marques, M.I. & Napp, D.S. (2003) An alise cladistica da tribo Rhopolophorini Blanchard, 1845 (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 47:,491-545. Martins, U.R. & Galileo, M.H.M. (1999) Paleohemilophus a new genus of fossil Cerambycidae from Hispaniola Island (Coleoptera). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 43(3/4), 309-313. MCZWeb (2006) Caribbean Plants & Inse cts Database, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. Available from: http://insects.oeb.harvard.edu/Caribbean/search.htm (Accessed on August 1, 2006). Melsheimer, F.E. (1853) Catalogue of the Described Coleoptera of the United States. Smithsonian Institution, Washington. 174 pp. Mermudes, J.R.M. & Napp, D.S. (2000) Review of the genus Haenkea Tippmann (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Cerambycinae, Cleomenini). The Coleopterists Bulletin 54, 511-519.

PAGE 223

208 Mermudes, J.R.M. & Napp, D.S. (2004) Comparative morphological study of the Neotropical Cleomenini genera and their tranferences to the tribes Rhopalophorini Blanchard and Rhinotragini Thomson (Col eoptera, Cerambycidae, Cerambycinae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 48, 251-272. Meyer, H.W. (2003) The Fossils of Florissant. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 58 pp. McDermott, F.A. & Buck, J.B. (1959) Transactions of the American Entomological Society 85, 1-112. Micheli, C.J. & Nearns, E.H. (2005) Two new species of Plectromerus Haldeman (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) from the West Indies. Zootaxa, 1028, 23-36. Micheli, J. (1983) Curiosa dominicana a new genus and species of Curiini from Dominican Republic. The Coleopterists Bulletin 37(3), 261-266. Micheli, J.A. (2003) New longhorn beetles from Puerto Rico (West Indies) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). The Coleopterists Bulletin 57(2), 191-204. Monn, M.A. (2005) Catalogue of the Ceramb ycidae (Coleoptera) of the Neotropical Region. Part I. Subfamily Cerambycinae. Zootaxa 946, 1-765. Monn, M.A. & Hovore, F.T. (2003) Checklist of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera), of the Western Hemisphere. 385 pp. Monn, M.A. & Hovore, F.T. (2005) Checkli st of the Cerambycidae, or longhorned wood-boring beetles (Coleoptera), of th e Western Hemisphere. BioQuip Products, Rancho Dominguez, CA. 392 pp. Monn, M.L. 2005. Revisao, analise cladistica e biogeografia de Coccoderus Buquet (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 49, 369-391. Monn, M.L. & Napp, D.S. (2005) Cladistic an alysis of the tribe Torneutini Thomson (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Ce rambycinae: Trachyderoinia). Zootaxa 1062, 1-56. Nakamuta, K., Sato, H., & Nakashima, T. ( 1994) Behavioral and morphological evidence for a male-produced sex pheromone in the cryptomeria twig borer, Anaglyptus subfasciatus Pic (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Japanese Journal of Entomology 62, 371-376. Napp, D.S. (1994) Phylogenetic relationships among the subfamilies of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera Chrysomeloidea). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 38, 265-419. Nearns, E.H. (2006) A checklist of the Ce rambycidae (Coleoptera) holdings of the Fernando de Zayas Collection, Havana, Cuba. The Coleopterists Bulletin 60(1), 53-57.

PAGE 224

209 Nearns, E.H. & Branham, M.A. (2005) A new species of Plectromerus Haldeman (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) from Dominican amber with notes on the fossil Plectromerus tertiarius Vitali. Zootaxa 1088, 17-24. Nearns, E.H., Branham, M.A., & Bybee, S. M. (2006) Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) types of the Fernando de Zayas Collection, Havana, Cuba. Zootaxa 1270, 1-17. Nearns, E.H., Branham, M.A., Rodri guez, N.G., & Garcia, I.F. (2005) Curius punctatus (Fisher), new combination (C oleoptera: Cerambycidae). Insecta Mundi 19, 172. Nearns, E.H. & Ray, A.M. (2006) A new species of Curius Newman (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) from Venezuela with notes on sexual punctation. Zootaxa 1256, 49-57. Nearns, E.H. & Steiner, W.E ., Jr. (2006) A new species of Plectromerus Haldeman (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) from Navassa Island, Greater Antilles. Zootaxa 1163, 61-68. Nearns, E.H. & Turnbow, R.H. (2005) First record of Plectromerus exis Zayas in the Dominican Republic (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Insecta Mundi 19, 158. Newman, E. (1840) Entomological notes. The Entomologist 2, 17-19. Nixon, K.C. (1999) The Parsimony Ratche t, a New Method for Rapid Parsimony Analysis. Cladistics 15, 407-414. Nixon, K.C. & Carpenter, J.M. (1993) On Outgroups. Cladistics 9, 413-426. Nixon, K.C. & Wheeler, Q.D. (1990) An am plification of the phylogenetic species concept. Cladistics 6, 211-223. Noldt, U., Fettkther, R., & Dettner, K. ( 1995) Structure of the sex pheromone-producing prothoracic glands of the male old house borer, Hylotrupes bajulus (L.) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 24, 223-234. Olivier, A.G. (1790) Encyclopedie methodique Historie naturelle. Insectes. Vol. 5. Panckoucke, Paris. 793 pp. Peck, S.B. (2005) A Checklist of the Beetle s of Cuba with Data on Distributions and Bionomics (Insecta: Coleoptera). Arth ropods of Florida and Neighboring Land. Vol. 18. Florida Department of Agricultur e and Consumer Services, Gainesville, FL. 241 pp. Pia, A.L., Garcia, I.F., & Anaya, M.T. ( 2004) Lista a preliminar de los Colepteros (Insecta, Coleoptera) de Topes de Colla ntes, Trinida, Sancti Spritus, Cuba. Boletin de la Sociedad Entomolgica Aragonesa 34, 101-106.

PAGE 225

210 Powell, R. (1999) Herpetology of Navassa Island, West Indies. Caribbean Journal of Science 35(1-2), 1-13. Ray, A.M., Lacey, E.S., & Hanks, L.M. (2006) Predicted taxonomic patterns in pheromone production by longhorned beetles. Naturwissenschaften [in press] Ree, B. (2003) A partial list of damaging in sects attacking pecan in the United States. Available from: http://peca nkernel.tamu.edu/insect_list/ PecanInsectList.pdf (last accessed August 1, 2006). Rosen, D.E. (1975) A vicariance model of Caribbean biogeography. Systematic Zoology 24, 431-464. Schuh, R.T. (2000) Biological systematics: principles and applications. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. 236 pp. Sorenson, M.D. (1999) TreeRot, ver. 2. Boston University, Boston, MA. Steiner, W.E., Jr. & Swearingen, J.M. (1998) Entomology on Navassa Island. The Ent. News. Department of Entomology Newsle tter, Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 12(9), 3-4. Steiner, W.E., Jr. & Swearingen, J.M. (2000) An entomological survey of Navassa Island, with notes on species richness and endemism. Abstracts, 27th Annual Natural Areas Conference. Managing th e Mosaic: Connecting People and Natural Diversity. Natural Areas Association (2000), 39. Strong, E.E. & Lipscomb, D. (1999) Char acter coding and inapplicable data. Cladistics 15, 363-371. Swearingen, J.M. (1999) Natural history on a little-known island: Cracking Navassas oyster. Park Science 19, 5-7. Swofford, D.L. (2001) PAUP*: Phylogeneti c Analysis using Parsimony (*and other Methods), ver. 4.0. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA. Veiga-Ferreira, G.D. (1964) Longicornios de Mocambique. I. Revista de Entomologia de Mocambique 4, 451-838. Vitali, F (2004) Plectromerus tertiarius new fossil species from Hispaniola (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Curiini). Lambillionea 104(3), 453-458. Vitali, F. & Rezbanyai-Reser, L. (2003) Beitrge zur Insektenfauna von Jamaika, Westindien (Karabik) 5. Bockkfer I & II. Les cahiers Magellanes No. 26, 1-16; No. 27, 1-27. White, A. (1855) Catalogue of the coleopterous insects in the coll ection of the British Museum: Longicornia 2. London 8, 175-412.

PAGE 226

211 Woodruff, R.E., Beck, B.M., Skelley, P.E ., Schotman, C.Y.L., & Thomas, M.C. (1998) Checklist and bibliography of the insects of Grenada and the Grenadines. Center for Systematic Entomology, Memoir No. 2, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 286 pp. Zayas, F. de. (1975) Revisin de la familia Cerambycidae (Coleoptera, Phytophagoidea). Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, Instit uto de Zoologa, La Habana, Cuba. 443 pp.

PAGE 227

212 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Eugenio (Gino) Nearns was born in 1968 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He grew up abroad (Liberia, Costa Rica, Greece, and the Philippines) before graduating from Marathon High School in the Florida Keys, in 1986. After graduation, Gino attended the University of Florida, where he met his wife, J odi. Two years later he enlisted in the U.S. Navy, where he served aboard the aircraft ca rrier USS Forrestal (CV-59) and worked in a variety of areas including navigation, pub lic relations, and engineering. In 1993, Gino returned to the University of Florida, and 3 years later graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in electronic media. Gino work ed as a 3D animator, graphic designer, and website programmer for several years in Gain esville, FL, before re turning to school in 2004 to pursue his masters degree in entomology.


Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0015621/00001

Material Information

Title: Revision and Phylogeny of the Tribe Curiini LeConte (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae)
Physical Description: Mixed Material
Copyright Date: 2008

Record Information

Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UFE0015621:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0015621/00001

Material Information

Title: Revision and Phylogeny of the Tribe Curiini LeConte (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae)
Physical Description: Mixed Material
Copyright Date: 2008

Record Information

Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UFE0015621:00001


This item has the following downloads:


Full Text












REVISION AND PHYLOGENY OF THE TRIBE CURIINI LECONTE
(COLEOPTERA: CERAMBYCIDAE: CERAMBYCINAE)















By

EUGENIO HERNAN NEARNS


A THESIS PRESENTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL
OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT
OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF
MASTER OF SCIENCE

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


2006

































Copyright 2006

by

Eugenio Hernan Nearns

































To my parents, Joseph Eugene Nearns and Bruna Palanza Nearns















ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I would like to thank my supervisory committee chair (Dr. Marc A. Branham) for

his mentoring throughout my degree program. This work simply would not have been

produced without Dr. Branham's support and guidance. I also thank my other committee

members, Dr. Steven W. Lingafelter for his guidance, generous support, and for

suggesting this project; and Dr. Michael C. Thomas for his guidance and friendship, and

for being the catalyst that led me to study cerambycids.

For their friendship, advice, and encouragement, I am grateful to Joseph E. Nearns,

Bruna P. Nearns, Bobbie Jo Nearns, Roberto Pandolfi, James E. Wappes, Roy F. Morris,

Charyn J. Micheli, Julio Micheli, Frank T. Hovore, Miguel Monne, JC Marvin, Shane

Bouchard, Jose Luis Aramayo, Julieta Ledezma Arias, Antonio Bonasso, Teresita de

Zayas, Donald W. Hall, Pete Coon, Debbie Hall, and my labmates in the Branham Lab:

Jennifer M. Zaspel, Seth M. Bybee, and Kyle A. Buecke.

I appreciate specimen loans and assistance from Michael C. Thomas and Paul E.

Skelley (Florida State Collection of Arthropods); Robert Davidson and Bob Androw

(Carnegie Museum of Natural History); John A. Chemsak and Cheryl Barr (Essig

Museum of Entomology); Sharon Shute (The Natural History Museum); Lee Herman and

David Grimaldi (American Museum of Natural History); Ed Riley (Texas A&M

University); Victoria Bayless and Andrew R. Cline (Louisiana State Arthropod

Museum); James E. Wappes (San Antonio, TX), Roy F. Morris (Lakeland, FL); Robert

H. Turnbow (Ft. Rucker, AL); Frank T. Hovore (Santa Clarita, CA); Steven W.









Lingafelter and Warren Steiner (National Museum of Natural History); Charyn and Julio

Micheli (Ponce, PR); Douglas Yanega (University of California Entomology Research

Collection); Michael A. Ivie (West Indian Beetle Fauna Project); Angel Solis (Instituto

Nacional de Biodiversidad); Nayla Garcia Rodriguez and Ileana Fernandez Garcia

(Instituto de Ecologia y Sistematica); the Zayas family (Havana, Cuba); J. Howard Frank

(University of Florida); Daniel Heffern (Houston, TX); Francesco Vitali (Genova, Italy);

Robert E. Woodruff (Gainesville, FL); Miguel Monne (Museu Nacional, Universidade

Federal do Rio de Janeiro); Kelvin A. Guerrero (Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic);

Sergio Devesa (San Vicente, Spain), Julien Touroult (Paris, France); and Alain Audureau

(Saint Gilles Croix de Vie, France).

Finally, I would like to thank my wife and best friend of nearly 20 years, Jodi

Nearns, for the encouragement and support to pursue my passion.
















TABLE OF CONTENTS

page

A C K N O W L E D G M E N T S ................................................................................................. iv

LIST OF TA BLES .................................................................... ............ .. ix

LIST OF FIGURES ............................... ... ...... ... ................. .x

ABSTRACT ........ .............. ............. ...... ...................... xiv

CHAPTER

1 INTRODUCTION AND LITERATURE REVIEW ....................................................1

L literature R review ..................................................... ................ 1
Life History and Host Plant Associations ......................................... ...............3
F o ssil C u riin i ................................................................................................................ 4
Phylogenetic A analysis .................................................................. ....

2 NEW SPECIES DESCRIPTIONS AND SYNONYMIES ...........................................7

In tro d u ctio n .................................................................................. 7
M materials and M methods ................................................... .................................. 8
Genus Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847 ............................. ..... .... ........................8
Plectromerus costatus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 30 = Plectromerus dentipes
(Olivier, 1790: 268), new synonymy ...................................... ............... 8
Plectromerus crenulatus Cazier, 1952: 1 = Plectromerus distinctus
(Cam eron, 1910: 186), new synonymy...........................................................
Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli, 1983: 262), new combination .................9
Plectromerus new species 1 Neam s ............. ............................................. 10
Plectromerus new species 2 Neam s ............. ............................................. 13
Plectromerus new species 3 Neam s ............. ............................................. 16
Plectromerus new species 4 Nearns ............................ ....................21
Plectromerus new species 5 Neams ............. ............................................. 24
Plectromerus new species 6 Nearms ............ ............................................. 27
Plectromerus new species 7 Neams ............. ............................................. 30
Plectromerus new species 8 Neam s ............. ............................................. 33









3 REVISION OF CURIINI LECONTE ............................ .................... 48

Curiini L eC onte, 1873: 304 ............................................................... .....................48
K ey to the G enera of Curiini ........................................ .......................... 49
G enus Curius N ew m an, 1840: 17 ........................................................... ......50
Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray, 2006: 51 ................................................50
Curius dentatus Newman, 1840: 17........................... ..... ............... 54
Curiuspanamensis Bates, 1885: 268 ................................. ............... 62
Curiuspunctatus (Fisher, 1932: 55).................................. ............... 65
K ey to the Species of Curius............................................... .................. 68
Genus Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847: 43............. .....................................68
Plectromerus acunai (Fisher, 1936: 344)....... ...................................... 69
Plectromerus bidentatus Fisher, 1942: 16............................................ 71
Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790: 268) ...............................................73
Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron, 1910: 186)....................................... 87
Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli, 1983: 262), new combination ..........93
Plectrom erus exis Zayas, 1975: 123 .................................... ............... 96
Plectromerusfasciatus (Gahan, 1895: 109) ............... .................100
Plectromerusfemoratus (Fabricius, 1792: 316)......................................104
Plectromerus grimaldii Nearns & Branham, 2005: 19 ...........................108
Plectromerus lingafelteri Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 25...........................110
Plectromerus navassae Nearns & Steiner, 2006: 63 ...............................113
Plectromerus ornatus Fisher, 1947: 34................................................117
Plectrom eruspinicola Zayas, 1975: 125...................................................118
Plectromeruspumilus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 33 .....................................123
Plectromerus ramosi Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 30 ..................................126
Plectromerus serratus (Cameron, 1910: 185)......................................... 130
Plectromerus tertiarius Vitali, 2004: 453 ..............................................133
Plectromerus unidentatus Fisher, 1942: 17.................................... 134
Plectromerus wappesi Giesbert, 1985: 81...................................... 136
Key to the Species of Plectromerus ................ ...................... ............... 139

4 PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS ........................................ .......................... 170

Introduction .............. .... ......... ............ .............................170
M materials and M methods ........................................... ....................................... 17 1
T ax on S am pling ............ ............................................................ .. .... .. ... .. 17 1
In g rou p T ax a ...............................................................17 1
Outgroup Taxa........................................... 171
Specim en Preparation ......................................................... ............... 172
C character Sam pling ..................... .. ...... ............................................173
Characters U sed in A nalyses ................................... ............................. ....... 173
Phylogenetic M ethods ............................................................. ............ .190
R esu lts ...................................... ...................................................... 19 1
D discussion ....................................................................... .......... 191









5 BIOGEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS............................................... ....................196

In tro d u ctio n .......................................................................................................... 1 9 6
M materials and M methods ............................................ ....................................... 198
R e su lts ........................................... ...........................................................1 9 8
Discussion .......................... ...................... 199

LIST O F R EFER EN CE S ............................... ................. ................... .... ...........203

B IO G R A PH IC A L SK E T C H ........................................ ............................................212













































viii
















LIST OF TABLES


Table pge

1-1 Classification of Curiini LeConte, 1873: 304. .................. ............. ............ ...5

1-2 Revised classification of Curiini LeConte, 1873: 304 as proposed by Nearns (in
p ro g re ss). ........................................................... ................ 6

2-1 Acronyms of entomological collections studied. .............................................. 38

4-1 Data matrix of 36 taxa and 41 morphological characters................ ............. 193

5-1 Biogeographic distribution of Curiini. ...................................... ............... 202
















LIST OF FIGURES

Figure page

2-1 Four species of Plectrom erus ...................................................... ............... 39

2-2 Plectromerus new species 1 Neams, holotype, male...................... ...............40

2-3 Plectromerus new species 2 Neams, holotype, female.................... ..............41

2-4 Plectromerus new species 3 Neams, holotype, male...................... ...............42

2-5 Plectromerus new species 4 Neams, holotype, male...................... ...............43

2-6 Plectromerus new species 5 Neams, holotype, female.........................................44

2-7 Plectromerus new species 6 Neams, holotype, female.................... ..............45

2-8 Plectromerus new species 7 Nearm s................ .............................. ............. .. 46

2-9 Plectromerus new species 8 Neams, holotype, male....................... ...............47

3-1 F our species of C urius ............................................................................. .... .... 143

3-2 Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray. ........................................ ........................ 144

3-3 Curius dentatus Newman, male. ........................................ ........................ 145

3-4 Curiuspanamensis Bates, m ale. ........................................ ........................ 146

3-5 C uriuspunctatus (Fisher) .................................................................................... 147

3-6 Plectrom erus acunai (Fisher).......................................... ........................... 148

3-7 Plectromerus bidentatus Fisher, male ................................ ................ 149

3-8 Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier), male.. ...................................... ...............150

3-9 Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron), holotype, female................. .................... 151

3-10 Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli) (= Curiosa dominicana), dorsal habitus,
illustration by Julio M icheli (1983).................................. ......................... 152









3-11 Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli) (= Curiosa dominicana). ..........................153

3-12 Plectrom erus exis Zayas, m ale ........................................................... .... .......... 154

3-13 Plectromerusfasciatus (Gahan). ......................................................................155

3-14 Plectromerusfemoratus (Fabricius), holotype, male..........................................156

3-15 Two Plectromerus species in Dominican amber..............................157

3-16 Plectromerus grimaldii Nearns & Branham, holotype. .......................................158

3-17 Comparison of antennal morphology. ....................................... ............... 159

3-18 Four species of Plectrom erus ...................................................... .................. 160

3-19 Tw o species of Plectrom erus. ...........................................................................161

3-20 Tegmen and parameres, ventral view................. ...............................................162

3-21 Three species of Plectromerus. ........................................ ......................... 163

3-22 Plectrom erus ornatus Fisher ................................. ............... ............... 164

3-23 Plectromeruspinicola Zayas, male............................................... ...............165

3-24 Plectromeruspumilus Cazier & Lacey. ...................................... ............... 166

3-25 Plectromerus serratus (Cameron), holotype, male .............................................167

3-26 Plectromerus unidentatus Fisher, paratype, female....................... ...............168

3-27 Plectromerus wappesi Giesbert, paratype, male. ................................................169

4 -1 C h aracter 2 : ey e sh ap e............................................. ......................................... 174

4-2 Characters 1 and 5 (arrows point to setae). ................................. .................175

4-3 Character 6: scape with excavation on dorsal surface (arrow points to
ex cav action ...................................................... ................. 17 5

4-4 Character 7: length of third antennomere compared to fourth (arrow points to
fourth antennom ere). ..................................................................... ...................176

4-5 Character 8: length of fifth antennomere compared to fourth (arrow points to
fourth antennom ere). ..................................................................... ...................176

4-6 Character 9: antennae annulate. ........................................ ......................... 177









4-7 Character 11: antennomeres 6-10 produced externally at apices on outer
m margins. .............................................................................177

4-8 Characters 13 and 14 (arrows point to setae). .............................. ......... ...... .178

4-9 Character 16: pronotum, dorsal surface. ..................................... ............... 178

4-10 Character 18: pronotum ornamented with distinct "inverted Y" marking ...........179

4-11 Character 19: pronotal sides ................................. ............... ............... 179

4-12 Character 20: pronotal constriction. ............................... .. ........................ 180

4-13 Character 21: pronotal disk w ith scar or callus. .....................................................180

4-14 Character 22: males with sexually dimorphic prothoracic punctation.................182

4-15 Character 26: elytral apices. ........................................... ............................ 183

4-16 Character 28: prosternal process between procoxae. ...........................................184

4-17 Character 29: procoxal cavities open behind. .............................. ............... .184

4-18 Character 30: prosternal process between procoxae. ...........................................185

4-19 Character 31: mesosternal process shape (Plectromerus new species 8)............. 185

4-20 Character 32: metafemoral armature............................................. ...............185

4-21 Character 33: if metafemora armed with one sharp tooth, then tooth with
serrations on posterior m argin ................................................................... ....... 186

4-22 Characters 34 and 35....... ........................... .........................................186

4-23 Character 36: basal (non-clavate) portion of metafemora compared to
m etafem oral club ............................................ .............. ..... ......... 187

4-24 Character 37: metafemoral shape............... ............... 187

4-25 Character 38: m etatibial shape. ........................................ ......................... 188

4-26 Character 39: length of metatibia in relation to metafemur. ..................................188

4-27 Character 40: metalegs with first tarsomere at least twice as long as second....... 189

4-28 Character 41: m ale genitalia ........................................................ ............... 190

4-29 Strict consensus (L = 207 steps, CI = 43, RI = 61) of four most parsimonious
trees with characters states mapped. ........................................... ............... 194









4-30 Strict consensus (L = 207 steps, CI = 43, RI = 61) of four most parsimonious
trees. Bremer support values are reported above the branches, bootstrap support
values (> 70%) are reported below the branches. .............................................195

5-1 M ap of the C aribbean. ..................................................................................200

5-2 Area cladogram based on the strict consensus tree of four most parsimonious
trees found in a phylogenetic analysis of Curiini .............................................201















Abstract of Thesis Presented to the Graduate School
of the University of Florida in Partial Fulfillment of the
Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science

REVISION AND PHYLOGENY OF THE TRIBE CURIINI LECONTE
(COLEOPTERA: CERAMBYCIDAE: CERAMBYCINAE)

By

Eugenio Hernan Nearns

August 2006

Chair: Marc A. Branham
Major Department: Entomology & Nematology

A revision and phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Curiini LeConte, 1873 is

presented. A phylogenetic analysis of Curiini employing 31 ingroup taxa, 5 outgroup

taxa, and 42 morphological characters was conducted. Results suggest that the tribe is

paraphyletic with respect to the outgroup taxa chosen. The genus Curius is monophyletic

and strongly supported by 7 synapomorphies. The genus Plectromerus is paraphyletic

and strongly supported by 6 synapomorphies. Results of this analysis suggest that

Curiosa dominicana Micheli, 1983 is a highly derived Plectromerus, therefore,

Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli, 1983), new combination, is proposed. Eight new

species of Plectromerus are described and illustrated: Plectromerus new species 1 from

Nicaragua, Plectromerus new species 2 from Guatemala, Plectromerus new species 3

from Costa Rica and Honduras, Plectromerus new species 4 and Plectromerus new

species 8 from Dominican Republic, Plectromerus new species 5 from Haiti,

Plectromerus new species 6 from Cayman Islands, and Plectromerus new species 7 from









Panama. The following new synonymies are proposed: Plectromerus costatus Cazier &

Lacey, 1952 = Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790), and Plectromerus crenulatus

Cazier, 1952 = Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron, 1910). Diagnoses of all known curiine

species are presented with notes on distribution, diversity, and relationships. New

country records are reported for P. dentipes; P. exis Zayas, 1975; P. fasciatus (Gahan,

1895); P. pumilus Cazier & Lacey, 1952; and P. wappesi Giesbert, 1985. Keys to the

tribe as well as the four species of Curius and 27 species of Plectromerus are presented.

A biogeographic analysis based on the results of a phylogenetic analysis of the tribe

suggests that more basal species of Curius and Plectromerus are of Antillean distribution

while more derived taxa are of Antillean, Central American, and South American

distribution.














CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION AND LITERATURE REVIEW

The longhorned beetle tribe Curiini LeConte, 1873 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae:

Cerambycinae) is a medium-sized group of Neotropical cerambycid beetles. As currently

defined, the tribe consists of three genera (Curiosa Micheli, 1983; Curius Newman,

1840; and Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847) containing 29 extant and 2 extinct species.

The genus Pentomacrus White, 1855 was synonymized with Plectromerus in 1985.

Based on a phylogenetic analysis of the tribe (Chapter 4), the synonymy of the monotypic

genus, Curiosa Micheli, 1983, is proposed (Chapter 2). The curiines are of

predominantly Antillean distribution and show a high level of endemism, with 17 of 31

species occurring in Hispaniola and Cuba, and they also occur in the SE USA and range

from SE Mexico to Venezuela (Monne & Hovore, 2005).

The tribe has traditionally been defined by the presence of following morphological

characters: coarsely faceted eyes; a flat, transverse head; and strongly clavate femora

armed beneath with a broad tooth. In catalogs, the tribe has been placed in the subfamily

Cerambycinae between the Ibidionini and Obriini.

Literature Review

The type genus of the tribe is Curius Newman, 1840 which currently contains four

species: the type species for the genus Curius dentatus Newman, 1840 known only from

SE USA; Curiuspanamensis Bates, 1885, known only from Panama; and Curius

chemsaki Nearns & Ray, 2006, known only from Venezuela. In his classic work

Cerambycidae of North America, Linsley (1963) expressed doubt about the placement of









C. panamensis in the genus Curius based on the original description and figure.

Craighead (1923) described the larva of C. dentatus and noted that it shared many

morphological characters with Euderces (Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae: Tillomorphini).

Fragoso (1978) illustrated the male and female genitalia of C. dentatus in his analysis of

tribal classification within the subfamily.

The genus Plectromerus was first treated by LeConte (1873), LeConte & Horn

(1883), and Leng (1885). Linsley (1963) designated Obrium dentatum LeConte, 1824 as

the type species (= Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790)). There has been some

confusion about the generic attributes of this genus and Pentomacrus (Linsley, 1963;

Micheli, 1983; Micheli & Nearns, 2005), but no previous revisionary work has been

done. Cameron (1910) described two species in Pentomacrus and provided a key for this

genus only. Cazier and Lacey (1952) commented on the taxonomic problem clouding

these two genera and included both in a single key. Later, Giesbert (1985) stated that the

differences were not sufficient to justify two genera and thus synonymized Pentomacrus

with Plectromerus. Though recent works still mention both genera (Pifia et al., 2004;

Vitali, 2004; Vitali & Rezbanyai-Reser, 2003), no formal discussion about the

revalidation of Pentomacrus has been made. Several workers provided keys to the

Curiini (Arnett, 1973; Arnett et al., 2002; Cameron, 1910; Cazier and Lacey, 1952;

Micheli, 1983; Vitali, 2004; Vitali & Rezbanyai-Reser, 2003).

The monotypic genus Curiosa was created with the description of Curiosa

dominicana Micheli, 1983 from a single female specimen collected in the Dominican

Republic. Micheli (1983) stated that this species fit Linsley's (1963) tribal definition

with a few exceptions, the most significant in his opinion being the lack of coarsely-









faceted eyes (Curiosa has finely-faceted eyes) and the number of antennomeres (Curiosa

has 10-segmented antennae, all other described curiines have 11-segmented antennae).

Only two additional specimens are known to have been collected since Micheli's work,

one female deposited at the National Museum of Natural History (Washington, DC) and

the other (sex undetermined) at the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Cambridge, MA)

(MCZWeb, 2006).

Life History and Host Plant Associations

Little has been published about the life history and host plant associations for the

majority of curiine species. With the exception ofPlectromerus dominicanus (= Curiosa

dominicana), all known curiine species have coarsely faceted eyes and are thought to be

nocturnal. The finely faceted eyes ofPlectromerus dominicanus (= Curiosa dominicana)

suggest that it may be diurnal.

Various authors have listed host plant associations for P. dentipes, a commonly

collected species found in the SE USA (Linsley & Chemsak, 1997; Monne, 1993; Ree,

2003). In general, curiines are attracted to light and may be collected by beating dead

twigs and branches of various trees including pine (Giesbert, 1985; Ree, 2003; Zayas,

1975). Plectromeruspinicola has emerged from cut pine branches (Zayas, 1975),

Plectromerusfasciatus has been reared from girdled Inga ingoides branches (Chalumeau

& Touroult, 2005b), and Plectromerus ramosi has been reared from Eugenia nr.

ligustrina branches (Micheli & Nearns, 2005). Females of Curius dentatus Newman

were collected with pheromone-baited traps in Illinois (Lacey et al., 2004). Life history

and host plant associations for the curiines are not well understood and merit further

study.









Fossil Curiini

At least 8 fossil curiine specimens are known from Dominican amber, dated from

mid-Miocene, approximately 17-20 MYO (Grimaldi, 1996; Grimaldi & Engel, 2005).

The first fossil curiine to be described was Plectromerus tertiarius Vitali from a single

Dominican amber specimen (Vitali, 2004). Nearns & Branham (2005) described the

second fossil curiine, Plectromerus grimaldii, from Dominican amber and provided

additional notes on the holotype of P. tertiarius. Evans & Bellamy (1996) illustrated a

well-preserved curiine fossil (pl. 41) which unfortunately is unavailable for study

(G. Poinar, pers. comm.). Two additional curiine fossils in excellent condition are

deposited in the private collection of Ettore Morone, Italy (D. Grimaldi, pers. comm.),

another undetermined curiine fossil is deposited in the American Meseum of Natural

History (No. DR-10-1857), and two undetermined fossil curiines are deposited in the

private collection ofF. Vitali (Genova, Italy).

Phylogenetic Analysis

The Curiini have been somewhat arbitrarily assigned to various genera (Linsley,

1963) and no previous revisionary work has been done (Micheli & Nearns, 2005). A

thorough revision and phylogeny, using morphological and fossil data is needed to test

the monophyly of the tribe and discover the evolutionary history among the genera and

species. Historical placement of the Curiini within the subfamily Cerambycinae may

provide insight for the selection of outgroup taxa in a phylogenetic analysis. In addition,

a modern key to the tribe is needed, as all existing keys are incomplete and outdated.









Table 1-1. Classification ofCuriini LeConte, 1873: 304.

Curiosa Micheli, 1983: 261
dominicana Micheli, 1983: 262

Curius Newman, 1840: 17
chemsaki Nearns & Ray, 2006: 51
dentatus Newman, 1840: 17
concinnatus Haldeman, 1847: 43
panamensis Bates, 1885: 268
punctatus (Fisher, 1932: 55) *

Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847: 43
Pentomacrus White, 1855: 297
Curius; Lacordaire, 1869: 352 (not Newman, 1840)
acunai (Fisher, 1936: 344)
bidentatus Fisher, 1942: 16
costatus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 30
dentipes (Olivier, 1790: 268)
dentatum J.E. LeConte, 1824: 172
scambus Newman, 1840: 79
distinctus (Cameron, 1910: 186) **
exis Zayas, 1975: 123
fasciatus (Gahan, 1895: 109)
femoratus (Fabricius, 1792: 316)
femoratus White, 1855: 297
grimaldii Nearns & Branham, 2005: 19 (fossil)
lingafelteri Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 25
ornatus Fisher, 1947: 34
pinicola Zayas, 1975: 125
pumilus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 33
ramosi Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 30
serratus (Cameron, 1910: 185)
crenulatus Cazier, 1952: 1
tertiarius Vitali, 2004: 453 (fossil)
unidentatus Fisher, 1942: 17
wappesi Giesbert, 1985: 81


Classification based on Monne & Hovore (2005).
* Curiuspunctatus (Fisher) was transferred from Plectromerus by Nearns et al. (2005).
** Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron) was revalidated by Micheli & Nearns (2005).









Table 1-2. Revised classification of Curiini LeConte, 1873: 304 as proposed by Nearns
(in progress).

Curius Newman, 1840:17
chemsaki Nearns & Ray, 2006: 51
dentatus Newman, 1840: 17
concinnatus Haldeman, 1847: 43
panamensis Bates, 1885: 268
punctatus (Fisher, 1932: 55)
Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847: 43
Pentomacrus White, 1855: 297
Curius Lacordaire, 1869: 352 (not Newman, 1840)
Curiosa Micheli, 1983: 262
acunai (Fisher, 1936: 344)
bidentatus Fisher, 1942: 16
dentipes (Olivier, 1790: 268)
dentatum J.E. LeConte, 1824: 172
scambus Newman, 1840: 79
costatus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 30
distinctus (Cameron, 1910: 186)
crenulatus Cazier, 1952: 1
dominicanus (Micheli, 1983: 262)
exis Zayas, 1975: 123
fasciatus (Gahan, 1895: 109)
femoratus (Fabricius, 1792: 316)
femoratus White, 1855: 297
grimaldii Nearns & Branham, 2005: 19 (fossil)
lingafelteri Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 25
ornatus Fisher, 1947: 34
pinicola Zayas, 1975: 125
pumilus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 33
ramosi Micheli & Nearns, 2005: 30
serratus (Cameron, 1910: 185)
tertiarius Vitali, 2004: 453 (fossil)
unidentatus Fisher, 1942: 17
wappesi Giesbert, 1985: 81
new species 1 Nearns (in progress)
new species 2 Nearns (in progress)
new species 3 Nearns (in progress)
new species 4 Nearns (in progress)
new species 5 Nearns (in progress)
new species 6 Nearns (in progress)
new species 7 Nearns (in progress)
new species 8 Nearns (in progress)














CHAPTER 2
NEW SPECIES DESCRIPTIONS AND SYNONYMIES

Introduction

During the course of this revision, several taxonomic problems in the genus

Plectromerus were identified: Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron) was revalidated by

Micheli & Nearns (2005), Plectromerus crenulatus Cazier was found to be a junior

synonym of P. distinctus, and Plectromerus costatus Cazier & Lacey was found to be a

junior synonym ofPlectromerus dentipes (Olivier). A phylogenetic analysis of Curiini

(Chapter 4) suggests that Curiosa dominicana Micheli is a highly derived Plectromerus.

Therefore, a new combination, Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli) is proposed. In

addition, 12 new species of Plectromerus and one new species of Curius were noticed

among specimens borrowed from various entomological collections. Of these, five have

already been described: Plectromerus lingafelteri Micheli & Nearns, Plectromerus

ramosi Micheli & Nearns, Plectromerus grimaldii Neams & Branham, Plectromerus

navassae Neams & Steiner, and Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray.

The remaining eight new species of Plectromerus are described in this chapter. A

phylogenetic species concept is applied in this study. Species are defined as the smallest

aggregation of populations (sexual) or lineages (asexual) diagnosable by a unique

combination of character states in comparable individuals (semaphoronts) (Nixon &

Wheeler, 1990). Article 9 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (2000)

states that a thesis does not constitute a publication; therefore a manuscript is in

preparation to publish these taxonomic changes and species descriptions.









Materials and Methods

Approximately 800 specimens from various entomological collections were studied

(Table 2-1). Observations of the specimens were made using a Nikon SMZ800

stereomicroscope with 20x eyepieces equipped with a drawing tube. Habitus

photographs were produced with the Microptics Digital Lab XLT photography system, an

Auto-Montage Pro system, and a Nikon Coolpix 995 with an Optem microscope

adapter. Specimens were imaged with a JEOL JSM-5510LV Scanning Electron

Microscope operated at 1.5kV.

Genus Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847

= Pentomacrus White, 1855: 297
= Curius Lacordaire, 1869: 352 (not Newman, 1840)

Plectromerus costatus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 30 = Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier,
1790: 268), new synonymy

Cazier & Lacey (1952) described Plectromerus costatus and stated that it was most

closely related to Plectromerus dentipes but could be separated from it ". .. by the much

larger and more densely placed punctures on the pronotal disk and by the non-serrate, or

but slightly serrate, posterior margin of the femoral spine" (Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 32).

Unfortunately, the depository of the holotype of P. dentipes is unknown (Monne, 2005)

and therefore, unavailable for study. However, after careful examination of the holotype

of P. costatus (Figure 2-la) and approximately 400 specimens of P. dentipes from USA,

Bahamas, and Cuba, the characters mentioned by Cazier & Lacey (1952) were found to

be variable in P. dentipes. In P. dentipes, metafemoral tooth serration ranges from very

slightly serrate to moderately serrate. The size and density of pronotal punctation in P.

dentipes is also variable, suggesting one species instead of two (Figure 2-1b).









Plectromerus crenulatus Cazier, 1952: 1 = Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron, 1910:
186), new synonymy

Vitali & Rezbanyai-Reser (2003) synonymized Plectromerus crenulatus Cazier and

Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron) with Plectromerus serratus (Cameron) without

comparing type specimens. Micheli & Nearns (2005) restored P. distinctus from

synonymy. The type specimens of P. crenulatus (Figure 2-1c) and P. serratus (Figure 3-

25a) were examined carefully and differences between them suggest two species instead

of one. The two species are similar but can be distinguished by the following characters:

P. crenulatus has long, suberect hairs on the elytra and granulose punctures on the

pronotum, whereas P. serratus lacks the hairs and granules and has microsculpturing on

the pronotum.

In addition, the type specimens of P. crenulatus (Figure 2-1c) and P. distinctus

(Figure 2-1d) were carefully examined and P. crenulatus was found to be a junior

synonym ofP. distinctus. Both type specimens are female, collected in Haiti, and have

long, suberect setae on the elytra, granulose punctures on the pronotum, similar

metafemoral serrations, and metatibial curvature.

Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli, 1983: 262), new combination

= Curiosa dominicana Micheli, 1983: 262

Micheli (1983) described Curiosa dominicana from a single female specimen,

noting that it presented unusual characters for a curiine. Indeed, C. dominicana possesses

several autapomorphies which are unique within the tribe, such as antennae with 10

segments (11 segments in Curius and Plectromerus), scape distinctly longest

antennomere (third or fifth distinctly longer than scape in Curius, fifth distinctly longer

than scape in Plectromerus), finely faceted eyes (coarsely faceted in Curius and









Plectromerus), and each elytron ornamented with a small, yellowish marking (absent in

Curius and Plectromerus) (Figure 3-10, 3-1 la-d). However, a phylogenetic analysis of

Curiini (Chapter 4) suggests that C. dominicana is a highly derived Plectromerus (Figure

4-29). Based on this analysis, a new combination, Plectromerus dominicanus (Micheli)

is proposed.

Plectromerus new species 1 Nearns

Description: Male (Figure 2-2a-c). Length 9.9 mm, width 2.2 mm (measured

across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-2a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical.

Integument testaceous, with head, basal antennomeres, portions of pronotum, venter, and

femoral apices ferrugineus; each elytron testaceous with three major macular regions as

follows: (1) basal third with a ferrugineus, oblique, narrow, irregular macula beginning

below humerus and reaching sutural midpoint; (2) a ferrugineus, oblique, narrow,

irregular macula from sutural midpoint to about apical third, not reaching margin; and (3)

apical third testaceous, with broader, ferrugineus, oblique, irregular macula from just

below apical third to about below suture midpoint. Head with front nearly flat,

transverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, slightly

concave between antennal tubercles, which are slightly raised and separated by about the

width of two antennal sockets; vertex microsculptured, with dense, shallow punctures;

vertex with short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse,

subreniform, shallowly emarginate. Antennae eleven segmented, slightly longer than

body; scape bowed, third antennomere about as long as scape, about twice as long as

fourth, fifth antennomere longest, almost 4 times longer than fourth, about 1.5 times

longer than third, antennomeres 6-10 becoming progressively shorter, eleventh slightly

longer than tenth, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth moderately flattened,









apices of antennomeres 5-10 produced externally. Scape with short, recumbent, pale

pubescence; antennomeres 2-8 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect,

pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at middle,

slightly broader at apex than base, sides broadly inflated, arcuately constricted at basal

third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin moderately arcuate; disk

convex, slightly flattened, with one moderately raised, median callus at about the center,

with two moderately raised, submedial calli slightly anterior to center, and two

moderately raised, submedial calli slightly posterior to center; lateral margins of

pronotum with patch of coarse, deep punctures, and two long, suberect setae

anterolaterally. Basal third of disk with two long, pale, recumbent setae positioned

submedially, arising from deep punctures. Surface microsculptured, with dense, shallow

punctures. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about

3 times as long as width at humeri, about 3.3 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3

times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly parallel,

slightly sinuate around middle, somewhat evenly rounded to apex; elytral apices

individually, broadly rounded; epipleural margin strongly sinuate. Elytral disk

moderately concave medially, subsuturally, creating a distinct costa on each elytron; base

of each elytron moderately raised. Elytral surface strongly shining; punctation

moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punctures becoming more shallow

toward apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; each puncture with a short, fine,

pale hair. Underside with portions of prosternum strongly shining, one irregular patch of

coarse, deep punctures front of and spanning the width of the procoxae; narrowest area of

prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and









about 0.3 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded covers

(Figure 2-2b), prosternal process between procoxae gradually declivous; procoxal

cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface shining, sparsely and shallowly punctate.

Metasternum surface shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with scattered deeper

punctures and sparse suberect, pale hairs interspersed. Metepisterum sparsely clothed

with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen shining;

finely, shallowly punctate; abdomen with sparse long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures

each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly shorter than

preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, basal portion of metafemora

slightly shorter than metafemoral club; meso- and metafemora slightly arcuate, shining,

clothed with moderately densely, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; clavate portion

darker; underside of each femoral club with a broad triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth

with posterior edge strongly, deeply serrate, with about 14 serration "peaks" of uneven

height and distribution, each peak with a short, curved, pale hair; metatibiae very slightly

sinuate, nearly straight, slightly flattened, about 0.8 times as long as metafemora,

gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale

pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally (Figure 2-2c).

Type: Holotype, male (Figure 2-2a), NICARAGUA, El. 1400m, Cerro

Chimborazo, 13002'N, 85056'W, 20 Nov. 71, Stockwell, beating dead branches (EMEC).

Geographic distribution: Known only from Jinotega department, Nicaragua

(Central America).









Discussion: This species is described from a single male specimen, collected

beating dead branches at 1,400 m elevation. The holotype described herein represents the

only known specimen and nothing is known about its biology.

From congeners, Plectromerus new species 1 can be distinguished by the

combination of the following characters: intricate elytral pattern; pronotal disk with

moderately raised calli; fifth antennomere almost 4 times longer than fourth and about 1.5

times longer than third; and strongly, deeply serrate metafemoral teeth. Plectromerus

exis (Figure 3-12a-c), Plectromerus new species 4 (Figure 2-5a-c), and P. lingafelteri

(Figure 3-19a-c) also have rather intricate elytral patterns, however, P. exis can easily be

distinguished by the distinct tubercle in the center of the pronotum (Figure 3-12b) and

very weakly serrate (almost smooth) metafemoral teeth in both Plectromerus new species

4 and P. lingafelteri.

Plectromerus new species 2 Nearns

Description: Female (Figure 2-3a-c). Length 7.2-8.0 mm, width 1.7-2.0 mm

(measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-3a. General form small, narrow,

subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of pronotum, scutellum and femoral

apices ferrugineus; each elytron testaceous with three major macular regions as follows:

(1) basal third with a ferrugineus, oblique, narrow, macula beginning below humerus and

reaching sutural midpoint; (2) a ferrugineus, oblique, narrow, macula from sutural

midpoint to just above apical third; and (3) apical third testaceous, with ferrugineus,

arcuate-transverse, macula. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median,

shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, nearly flat between antennal

tubercles, which are very slightly raised and separated by about the width of two antennal

sockets; vertex microsculptured, with moderately dense, shallow punctures; vertex with









short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform,

shallowly emarginate. Antennae eleven segmented, about as long as body; scape bowed,

third antennomere about as long as scape, about 1.5 times longer than fourth, fifth

antennomere longest, slightly more than twice as long as fourth, about 1.3 times longer

than third, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth slightly flattened, apices of

antennomeres 6-10 produced externally, eleventh antennomere slightly longer than tenth.

Scape with short, pale, recumbent pubescence; antennomeres 2-6 ciliate beneath with

coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.5 times

as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly broader at apex than base, sides broadly

inflated, arcuately constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal

margin slightly arcuate; basal third of disk with two long, pale, recumbent setae

positioned submedially, arising from deep punctures; lateral margins of pronotum

without patch of coarse, deep punctures, but with one long, suberect seta anterolaterally.

Surface opaque, microsculptured, very sparsely and shallowly punctate, with a slightly

raised median callus; surface with moderately dense short, recumbent, pale pubescence.

Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as

long as width at humeri, about 2.6 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times

broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides moderately sinuate

around middle (Figure 2-3c), evenly rounded to apex, elytral apices individually, broadly

rounded; epipleural margin strongly sinuate. Elytral disk moderately concave medially,

subsuturally, creating a distinct costa on each elytron; base of each elytron slightly raised.

Elytral surface strongly shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal

third; punctures becoming finer towards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third;









each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair. Underside with prosternum moderately

shining, area in front of procoxae without patch of coarse punctures; narrowest area of

prosternal process between procoxae about 0.3 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and

about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded covers;

prosternal process between procoxae gradually declivous; procoxal cavities open behind.

Meso- and metasternum and surface moderately shining, sparsely and finely punctate,

with dense, short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with

short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen moderately

shining, finely, shallowly punctate; abdomen with sparse long, suberect, pale hairs and

punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly rounded, slightly longer

than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, basal portion of

metafemoral slightly longer than metafemoral club, meso- and metafemora moderately

arcuate, shining, clothed with sparsely to moderately densely, recumbent, short, pale

pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a broad triangular tooth; metafemoral

teeth with posterior edge moderately serrate, with about 20-24 serration "peaks", each

serration peak with a short, pale, curved hair; metatibiae strongly sinuate, slightly

flattened, about half as long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; clothed with

moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer and coarser

distally (Figure 2-3b).

Types: Holotype, female (Figure 2-3a), GUATEMALA, Izabal Dpto., Cerro Negro

Norte, 15021'N, 88041'W, 1180m, 18-19. vii. 2001 DCH, DY, Univ. Calif. Riverside,

Ent. Res. Museum, UCRC ENT 68968 (UCRC). Paratype, 1 female, GUATEMALA,

Izabal, 25km SE Morales, 900m, May 31-June 2, 1997, E. Giesbert, J. Monzon (FSCA).









Geographic distribution: Known only from Izabal department, Guatemala

(Central America).

Discussion: This species is described from two females and the male is unknown.

The type series described herein represents the only known specimens and nothing is

known about its biology.

From congeners, Plectromerus new species 2 can be distinguished by the

combination of the following characters: pronotal surface with moderately dense, short

pubescence; each elytron with two distinct oblique maculae and one arcuate-transverse

macula; and metafemora strongly pedunculate-clavate with moderately serrate teeth.

Plectromerus new species 2 is most similar to Plectromerus new species 3 (Figure 2-4a-

c) but can be distinguished by the moderately serrate teeth with about 20-24 serration

"peaks" (strongly, deeply serrate with about 10-14 serration "peaks" in Plectromerus new

species 3) and the three distinct maculae per elytron (two distinct maculae per elytron in

Plectromerus new species 3).

Plectromerus new species 3 Nearns

Description: Male (Figure 2-4a-c). Length 5.8-6.8 mm, width 1.4-1.7 mm

(measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-4a. General form small, narrow,

subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of head, pronotum ferrugineus; each

elytron testaceous with two major macular regions as follows: (1) basal third with a

ferrugineus, oblique, narrow, macula beginning below humerus and reaching sutural

midpoint; (2) apical third with a ferrugineus, arcuate-transverse, narrow, macula. Head

with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from between eyes to just

beyond vertex, shallowly concave and nearly flat between antennal tubercles, which are

slightly raised and separated by about the width of two antennal sockets, vertex









microsculptured, with scattered, shallow punctures; vertex with short, recumbent, pale

pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, shallowly emarginate.

Antennae eleven segmented, slightly longer than body; scape bowed, third antennomere

about as long as scape, about twice as long as fourth, fifth antennomere longest, about 3

times longer than fourth, about 1.5 times longer than third, basal antennomeres

subcylindrical, from fifth slightly flattened, apices of antennomeres 6-10 produced

externally. Scape with short, pale, recumbent pubescence; antennomeres 2-7 ciliate

beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical,

about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly broader at apex than base,

sides broadly inflated, arcuately constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just

before apex; basal margin moderately arcuate; lateral margins of pronotum with patch of

coarse, deep punctures, and one or two long, suberect setae anterolaterally. Surface

opaque, microsculptured, very sparsely and shallowly punctate, with a slightly raised

median callus; basal third of disk with one or two long, pale, recumbent setae positioned

submedially, arising from deep punctures. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as

broad, impunctate. Elytra about 3 times as long as width at humeri, nearly 3 times as

long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at

middle); sides moderately sinuate around middle, evenly rounded to apex, elytral apices

individually, broadly rounded; epipleural margin strongly sinuate. Elytral disk

moderately concave medially, subsuturally, creating a distinct costa on each elytron; base

of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface strongly shining; punctation moderately

dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punctures becoming finer towards apex and sides,

almost obsolete at apical third; each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair. Underside









with prosternum moderately shining, one irregular patch of coarse, deep punctures in

front of each procoxa (Figure 2-4b); narrowest area of prostemal process between

procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.3 times the width of

apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; prosternal process between

procoxae gradually declivous; procoxal cavities open behind. Mesostemum surface

moderately shining, sparsely and finely punctate. Metasternum surface moderately

shining, sparsely and finely punctate, with sparse deeper punctures and suberect, pale

hairs interspersed. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale

pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen strongly shining; finely, shallowly

punctate; with sparse long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fine, pale

hair; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly longer than preceding stemite. Legs with

femora pedunculate-clavate, metafemoral club about as long as basal portion, meso- and

metafemora moderately arcuate, shining, clothed with sparsely to moderately densely,

recumbent, short, pale pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a broad

triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge very strongly, distinctly serrate,

with about 10-14 serration "peaks", each serration peak with a short, pale, curved hair;

metatibiae strongly arcuate, slightly flattened, about 0.7 times as long as metafemora,

gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale

pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally (Figure 2-4c).

Female. Length 6.2-6.8 mm, width 1.5-1.7 mm (measured across humeri). Very

similar to male except pronotal sides lacking coarse punctures and prosternum lacking

irregular patch of punctures in front of each procoxa. Abdomen with terminal sternite

evenly, broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite.









Types: Holotype, male (Figure 2-4a), HONDURAS: Francisco Morazan, El

Rincon, 1 Dec. 1995, R. Turnbow (FSCA). Allotype, female, COSTA RICA, Est. Cacao,

1000-1400m, Lado suroeste del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan., Tp Malaise, 1990, L-N

323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 070459 (INBio). Paratypes, 15 (all from COSTA

RICA): 1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suroeste del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan.,

MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N-323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 258383(INBio);

1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suroeste del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan.,

MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N-323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 258362 (INBio);

1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suroeste del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan.,

MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N-323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 258102 (INBio);

1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suroeste del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan.,

MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N-323300, 375700, INBIO CRI000 258096 (INBio);

1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suroeste del Volcan Cacao, Prov. Guan.,

MalaiseTp, GNP Biodiv. Surv. Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N-323300, 375700, INBIO

CRI000 247525 (USNM); 1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suroeste del Volcan

Cacao, Prov. Guan., MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N-323300, 375700, INBIO

CRI000 258213 (INBio); 1 female, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, Lado suroeste del Volcan

Cacao, Prov. Guan., MalaiseTp, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, L-N-323300, 375700, INBIO

CRI000 258079 (INBio); 1 male, Est. Maritza, 600m, lado O Vol. Orosi, Prov.

Guanacaste, Tp Malaise, Ene a abr 1992, L-N 326900, 373000, INBIO CRI000 377644

(FSCA); 1 male, Est. Maritza, 600m, lado O Vol. Orosi, Prov. Guanacaste, Tp Malaise,

Ene a abr 1992, L-N 326900, 373000, INBIO CRI000 377788 (ENPC); 1 female, Estac.

Cacao, 1000-1400m, SW side Volcan Cacao, Guanacaste, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, Malaise









Tp. GNP Biod. Survey, INBIO CRI000 168806 (ENPC); 1 female, Estac. Cacao, 1000-

1400m, SW side Volcan Cacao, Guanacaste, Jul 1989 Mar 1990, Malaise Tp. GNP

Biod. Survey, INBIO CRI000 168868 (INBio); 1 female, Estac. Cacao, 1000-1400m, SW

side Volcan Cacao, Guanac. Pr., Malaise Tp. 1988-1989, GNP Biodiv. Survey, 323300,

375700, INBIO CRI000 103614 (INBio); 1 female, Estac. Cacao, 1000-1400m, SW side

Volcan Cacao, Guanac. Pr., Malaise Tp. 1988-1989, GNP Biodiv. Survey, 323300,

375700, INBIO CRI000 073785 (USNM); 1 female, Est. Maritza, 600m, lado O Vol.

Orosi, Prov. Guanacaste, P. Campos, Feb 1992, L-N 326900, 373000, INBIO CRI000

888519 (FSCA); 1 male, Est. Cacao, 1000-1400m, SW side Volcan Cacao, Guanacaste,

Jul 1989 Mar 1990, Malaise Tp. GNP Biod. Survey, NBIO CRI000168807 (INBio).

Geographic distribution: Known only from Francisco Morazan department,

Honduras; and Guanacaste province, Costa Rica (Central America).

Discussion: This species is described from 17 specimens and the type series

described herein represents the only known specimens. All specimens except the

holotype were collected in Malaise traps, most at 600-1,400 m elevation.

From congeners, Plectromerus new species 3 can be distinguished by the

combination of the following characters: pronotal surface opaque, microsculptured; each

elytron with one distinct oblique macula and one arcuate-transverse band; and

metafemora strongly pedunculate-clavate with strongly, deeply serrate teeth.

Plectromerus new species 3 is most similar to Plectromerus new species 2 (Figure 2-3a-

c) but can be distinguished by the strongly, deeply serrate teeth with about 10-14

serration "peaks" (moderately serrate with about 20-24 serration "peaks" in Plectromerus









new species 2) and the two distinct maculae per elytron (three distinct maculae per

elytron in Plectromerus new species 2).

Plectromerus new species 4 Nearns

Description: Male (Figure 2-5a-c). Length 5.6-7.0 mm, width 1.3-1.5 mm

(measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-5a. General form small, narrow,

subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of head, pronotum, and antennae

ferrugineus; each elytron testaceous with three major macular regions as follows: (1)

basal third with a ferrugineus, oblique, narrow, irregular, vaguely defined, macula

beginning below humerus and reaching sutural midpoint; (2) a ferrugineus, oblique,

thicker, irregular, vaguely defined, macula from sutural midpoint to about apical third,

not reaching margin; and (3) apical third testaceous, with narrow, ferrugineus, oblique,

irregular, vaguely defined, macula from just below apical third to about below suture

midpoint. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from

between eyes to just beyond vertex, somewhat concave between antennal tubercles,

which are moderately raised and separated by the width of about 2.3 antennal sockets,

vertex microsculptured, with dense, coarse. shallow punctures; vertex with short,

recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, shallowly

emarginate. Antennae eleven segmented, slightly longer than body; scape bowed, third

antennomere slightly longer than scape, nearly twice as long as fourth, fifth antennomere

longest, almost 3 times longer than fourth, antennomeres 6-10 becoming progressively

shorter, eleventh antennomere slightly longer than tenth, basal antennomeres

subcylindrical, from fifth slightly flattened, apices of antennomeres 5-10 produced

externally. Scape with short, pale, recumbent pubescence; with shallow excavation

dorsally; antennomeres 2-6 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale









hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.5 times as long as wide, widest at middle, apex

about as wide as base, sides broadly inflated, arcuately constricted at basal third, and a

slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; disk convex, somewhat

flattened, with one moderately raised, median callus immediately posterior to center, and

two moderately raised, submedial calli slightly anterior to center, and two smaller slightly

raised, submedial calli slightly posterior to center (Figure 2-5b); basal third of disk with

two long, pale, recumbent setae positioned submedially, arising from deep punctures;

lateral margins of pronotum with patch of coarse, deep punctures, and two long, suberect

setae anterolaterally. Surface opaque, microsculptured, feebly shining, with portions of

calli granulose. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra

about 2.8 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.5 times as long as pronotal length,

about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides nearly

parallel, slightly sinuate around middle, evenly rounded to apex; each elytron

individually, evenly rounded; epipleural margin moderately sinuate. Elytral disk slightly

concave medially, subsuturally, creating a moderately raised costa on each elytron; base

of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface moderately shining; punctation moderately

dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punctures becoming finer towards apex and sides,

almost obsolete at apical third; each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair. Underside

with prosternum moderately shining, one irregular patch of coarse, deep punctures in

front of procoxae; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times

as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is

subtriangular with rounded corners; prosternal process between procoxae gradually

declivous; procoxal cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface moderately shining,









sparsely and finely punctate. Metasternum surface moderately shining, sparsely and

finely punctate, with sparse deeper punctures and suberect, pale hairs interspersed.

Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser

posteriorly. Abdomen strongly shining; finely, shallowly punctate; abdomen with sparse

long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite

broadly subtruncate, slightly longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora gradually

clavate, metafemoral club about as long as basal portion, meso- and metafemora slightly

arcuate, shining, clothed with sparsely to moderately densely, recumbent, short, pale

pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a broad triangular tooth; metafemoral

teeth with posterior edge nearly smooth, very weakly serrate, with indistinctly and

irregular serration "peaks"; metatibiae moderately sinuate, slightly flattened, about 0.7

times as long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense,

fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally (Figure 2-5c).

Female. Length 9.2 mm; width 2.1 mm (measured across humeri). Very similar to

male except pronotal sides lacking coarse punctures and prosternum lacking irregular

patch of punctures in front of each procoxa. Abdomen with terminal sternite evenly,

broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding sternite.

Types: Holotype, male (Figure 2-5a), DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, La Cumbre de

Puerto Plata, 2000', May 8-9, 1985, E. Giesbert, Coll. (FSCA). Allotype, female,

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, La Cumbre, Puerto Plata, Prov., Puerto Plata, R.D., 26-XII-

1978, Cols. Dominguez-Silfa, M.N.H.N. (MNDR). Paratypes, 2 (all from DOMINICAN

REPUBLIC): 1 male, same data as holotype (FSCA); 1 male, P. Plata Prov. 2000', La

Cumbre Rsh. Sta., V-8, 9-1985, J. E. Wappes (JEWC).









Geographic distribution: Known only from Puerto Plata province, Dominican

Republic (Greater Antilles).

Discussion: This species is described from four specimens. The type series

described herein represents the only known specimens and nothing is known about its

biology.

From congeners, Plectromerus new species 4 can be distinguished by the

combination of the following characters: scape with shallow excavation dorsally;

pronotal disk with moderately raised calli; and metafemoral teeth very weakly serrate

(almost smooth). Plectromerus new species 4 is most similar to P. lingafelteri (Figure 3-

19a-c) but can be distinguished by the moderately raised pronotal disk calli (more weakly

raised in P. lingafelteri), testaceous integument (darker in P. lingafelteri), and vertex of

head with moderately dense, coarse, shallow punctation (vertex of head with sparse,

smaller, more shallow punctation in P. lingafelteri).

Plectromerus new species 5 Nearns

Description: Female (Figure 2-6a-c). Length 8.5 mm, width 2.1 mm (measured

across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-6a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical.

Integument testaceous, with portions of head, pronotum, and femoral apices ferrugineus;

pronotum with dark reddish-brown to black maculae; each elytron testaceous with two

large, irregular, ferrugineus macular regions, one at basal third, the other at apical third,

elytral apices testaceous. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow

line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, moderately concave between antennal

tubercles, which are somewhat raised and separated by the width of about 2.5 antennal

sockets, vertex microsculptured, with moderately dense, shallow punctures; vertex with

short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform,









shallowly emarginate. Antennae eleven segmented, slightly longer than body; scape

bowed, third antennomere about as long as scape, only slightly longer than fourth, fifth

antennomere longest, almost twice as long as fourth, about 1.3 times longer than third,

antennomeres 6-10 becoming progressively shorter, eleventh slightly longer than tenth,

basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth slightly flattened, apices of antennomeres

6-10 produced externally. Scape microsculptured with dense, shallow punctation;

antennomeres 2-7 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs.

Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at base, broader at base

than apex, sides nearly parallel, slightly constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation

just before apex; disk convex, with one strongly raised, median callus at about the center,

with two strongly raised, submedial calli slightly anterior to center, and two moderately

raised, submedial calli slightly posterior to center. Basal third of disk with one long,

pale, suberect seta positioned submedially on each side, arising from a deep puncture

setaee broken off); lateral margins of pronotum without patch of coarse, deep punctures;

lateral margins with one slightly raised callus just anterior to middle; pronotum with two

or three long, suberect setae anterolaterally. Surface strongly shining, microsculptured,

with sparse, shallow punctation. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad,

impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as long as width at humeri, about 3.5 times as long as

pronotal length, about 1.7 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at base);

sides nearly parallel, slightly sinuate around middle, evenly rounded to apex; elytral

apices individually, evenly rounded; epipleural margin slightly sinuate. Elytral disk

slightly concave medially, subsuturally, creating a faint costa on each elytron; base of

each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse,









and deep at basal two-thirds; punctures becoming finer towards apex and sides; each

puncture with a short, fine, pale hair; elytra with scattered, long, suberect, pale hairs.

Underside with prosternum strongly shining, with very sparsely and finely punctate,

short, pale pubescence; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.3

times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which

is subtriangular with rounded corners; prosternal process between procoxae gradually

declivous; procoxal cavities open behind (Figure 2-6b). Meso- and metasternum surface

strongly shining, very sparsely and finely punctate. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with

short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen strongly

shining, finely, shallowly punctate; abdomen with few long, suberect, pale hairs and

punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly rounded, slightly longer

than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, basal portion distinctly

longer than metafemoral club, meso- and metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed

with sparsely to moderately densely, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; underside of

each femoral club with a broad, acute, triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior

edge nearly smooth, metatibiae slightly sinuate, slightly flattened, about 0.7 as long as

metafemora, gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine,

recumbent, pale pubescence distally (Figure 2-6c).

Type: Holotype, female (Figure 2-6a), HAITI, Morne Guimy, 22km., SE. Fond

Verrettes, 19 JUL 1956, 6500' B.&B. Valentine, Foret des Pins, Hardwood cloud forest,

beating (WIBF, to be deposited at USNM).

Geographic distribution: Known only from Morne Guimy, Haiti (Greater

Antilles).









Discussion: This species is described from a single female specimen collected

beating at approximately 1,980 m elevation. The holotype described herein represents

the only known specimen and nothing is known about its biology.

This species is a very distinctive from known congeners and can easily be

distinguished by the combination of the following characters: third antennomere only

slightly longer than fourth; pronotal disk with dark reddish-brown to black maculae and

with strongly raised calli; and metafemoral club small, with tooth very weakly serrate

(Figure 2-6a-c).

Plectromerus new species 6 Nearns

Description: Female (Figure 2-7a-c). Length 6.7 mm, width 1.5 mm (measured

across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-7a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical.

Integument testaceous, with portions of antennae, and pronotum ferrugineus; head dark

reddish-brown; each elytron testaceous with two vaguely defined macular regions as

follows: (1) basal third with one narrow, transverse, ferrugineus, macula not reaching

epipleural margins, and (2) apical third with one thicker, subcircular, ferrugineus, macula

not reaching epipleural margins. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median,

shallow line from between eyes to just beyond vertex, nearly flat and very slightly

concave between antennal tubercles, which are separated by about the width of two

antennal sockets, vertex microsculptured, with dense, shallow punctures; vertex with

short, recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform,

shallowly emarginate. Antennae eleven segmented, about as long as body; scape bowed,

third antennomere about as long as scape, a little longer than fourth, fifth antennomere

longest, about twice as long as fourth, about 1.5 times as long as third, basal

antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth slightly flattened, apices of antennomeres 5-8









slightly produced externally (antennomeres 9-11 missing on left antenna, and 5-11

missing on right). Scape with short, pale, recumbent pubescence; antennomeres 2-7

ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum

subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at middle, about as wide at base as

apex, sides slightly inflated, slightly constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation just

before apex; basal margin very slightly arcuate; disk convex, somewhat flattened, with

two very slightly raised, submedial inflations slightly anterior to center, and two smaller

very slightly raised, submedial inflations slightly posterior to center; lateral margins of

pronotum without patch of coarse, deep punctures, with one long, recumbent seta

anterolaterally. Surface opaque, microsculptured, slightly shining, with dense, shallow

punctation, basal third of disk with two long, pale, recumbent setae positioned

submedially, arising from deep punctures. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as

broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.8 times as

long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at

middle); sides nearly parallel, very slightly sinuate, evenly rounded to apex, elytral apices

individually rounded, nearly subtruncate; epipleural margin slightly sinuate (Figure 2-7c).

Elytral disk slightly concave medially, subsuturally, creating a faint costa on each

elytron; base of each slightly raised. Elytral surface moderately shining; punctation

moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punctures becoming finer towards apex

and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; punctures each with a short, fine, pale,

recumbent hair, with scattered long, suberect setae (each about as long as scape) (Figure

2-7c). Underside with prosternum moderately shining, with scattered, coarse, shallow

punctation; narrowest area of prosternal process between procoxae about 0.2 times as









wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is

subtriangular with rounded corners; prosternal process between procoxae gradually

declivous; procoxal cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface moderately shining,

sparsely punctate with coarse, shallow punctures. Metasternum surface moderately

shining, with moderately dense, deep punctures, with a few suberect, pale hairs

interspersed. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence,

which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen moderately shining; finely, shallowly punctate,

with scattered coarse punctures; abdomen with sparse long, suberect, pale hairs and

punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly rounded, slightly longer

than preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, metafemoral club slightly

longer than basal portion, meso- and metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with

sparse, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a broad,

acute triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge weakly, very shallowly

serrate, with about 16 irregular serration "peaks"; each peak with a short, curved, pale

hair; metatibiae nearly straight, very slightly sinuate, slightly flattened, about 0.7 times

long as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine,

recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally (Figure 2-7b).

Type: Holotype, female (Figure 2-7a), CAYMAN ISLANDS, Grand Cayman,

West Bay (Town Hall Cresent), 21-VII-1-VIII-1986, Diderot Gicca, blacklight trap

(FSCA).

Geographic distribution: Known only from Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands

(Greater Antilles).









Discussion: This species is described from a single female specimen collected in a

blacklight trap. The holotype described herein represents the only known specimen and

nothing is known about its biology.

From congeners, Plectromerus new species 6 can be distinguished by the

combination of the following characters: elytra with scattered long, suberect setae;

pronotal disk microsculptured with dense, shallow punctation; and metafemoral teeth

weakly, irregularly serrate. This species is very similar to P. wappesi and P. unidentatus

in several characters including antennal segment proportions, pronotal disk punctation,

shape of elytral apices, and metafemoral and metatibial shape. However, Plectromerus

new species 6 can be easily be distinguished from P. unidentatus by the scattered long,

suberect setae on the elytra elytraa without long, suberect setae P. unidentatus), and from

P. wappesi by the very weakly, irregularly serrate metafemoral teeth (moderately, evenly

serrate in P. wappesi), and lack of scattered long, suberect setae on scape, pronotal disk,

and metafemora (scape, pronotal disk, and metafemora with long, suberect setae in P.

wappesi).

Plectromerus new species 7 Nearns

Description: Female (Figure 2-8a-d). Length 6.2 mm, width 1.4 mm (measured

across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-8a. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical.

Integument testaceous, with portions of head, pronotum, elytra, and femoral apices

ferrugineus. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from

between eyes to just beyond vertex, slightly concave between antennal tubercles, which

are slightly raised and separated by the width of about two antennal sockets; vertex

microsculptured, with dense, shallow punctures; vertex with short, recumbent, pale

pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, ovate, very shallowly emarginate.









Antennae eleven segmented, slightly longer than body; scape bowed, third antennomere

about as long as scape, about 1.5 times longer than fourth, fifth antennomere longest,

slightly more than twice as long as fourth, about 1.5 times longer than third, only slightly

longer than sixth and seventh, eleventh slightly longer than tenth, about as long as scape,

basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from fifth slightly flattened, apices of antennomeres

6-10 produced externally. Scape with short, pale, recumbent pubescence; antennomeres

2-5 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, pale hairs. Pronotum

subcylindrical, about 1.5 times as long as wide, widest at middle, slightly broader at apex

than base, sides broadly inflated, arcuately constricted at basal third, and a slight inflation

just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; disk convex, with scattered, long,

suberect, pale hairs; basal third of disk with two long, pale, recumbent setae positioned

submedially, arising from deep punctures; lateral margins of pronotum with patch of

coarse, deep punctures, and two long, suberect setae anterolaterally. Surface opaque,

slightly shining; pronotal disk somewhat wrinkled, moderately granulose. Scutellum

small, rounded, almost as long as broad, impunctate. Elytra about 2.8 times as long as

width at humeri, about 2.3 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader

basally than pronotum at widest point (at middle); sides slightly sinuate around middle,

evenly rounded to apex, elytral apices individually, sinuately rounded; epipleural margin

strongly sinuate. Elytral disk slightly concave medially, subsuturally, creating a faint

costa on each elytron; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface strongly

shining; punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punctures

becoming finer towards apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; each puncture

with a short, fine, pale hair; elytra with scattered, long, suberect, pale hairs. Underside









with prostemum strongly shining, one irregular patch of coarse, deep punctures in front

of each procoxa; narrowest area of prostemal process between procoxae about 0.2 times

as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.3 times the width of apex of process which is

subtriangular with rounded corners; prosternal process between procoxae gradually

declivous; procoxal cavities very narrowly open behind (Figure 2-8b). Meso- and

metastemum surface strongly shining, sparsely and finely punctate. Metepistemum

sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale pubescence, which is denser posteriorly.

Abdomen strongly shining, sparsely and finely punctate, abdomen with two long,

suberect, pale hairs per sternite; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly longer than

preceding sternite. Legs with femora pedunculate-clavate, metafemoral club slightly

longer than basal portion, meso- and metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with

sparsely to moderately densely, recumbent, short, pale pubescence and with sparse,

scattered, suberect, pale hairs arising from shallow punctures; underside of each femoral

club with a broad triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge strongly, deeply

serrate, with about 14-17 serration "peaks"; each peak with a short, curved, pale hair;

metatibiae moderately sinuate slightly flattened, about 0.5 times as long as metafemora,

gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine, recumbent, pale

pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally (Figure 2-8d).

Male. Length 5.0-6.8 mm; width 1.1-1.5 mm (measured across humeri). Very

similar to male except pronotal sides lacking coarse punctures and prosternum lacking

irregular patch of punctures in front of each procoxa (Figure 2-8c). Abdomen with

terminal sternite evenly, broadly rounded, about 1.5 times longer than preceding stemite.









Types: Holotype, female (Figure 2-8a), PANAMA, Pan. Pr., 12 km N El Llano, 24

Jan 1993, F.T. Hovore, coll (USNM). Allotype, male, PANAMA, Pma Province, Cerro

Campana 850m, 8040'N, 79056'W, 12 Mar. '71 W. Biven (USNM). Paratypes, 2 (all

from PANAMA): 1 female, Pma. Pr., Liano-Carti Rd., Km-9, El. 350m., 16 Feb. '91,

Stockwell (FTHC); 1 female, C.Z., Diablo, 2 April '78, Wm. Biven (FSCA).

Geographic distribution: Known only from Panama province, Panama (Central

America).

Discussion: This species is described from one male and three females. The type

series described herein represents the only known specimens and nothing is known about

its biology.

This species is unusual among Plectromerus species in having the procoxal cavities

very narrowly open behind (Figure 4-17b), similar only to P. dominicanus (= Curiosa

dominicana). From congeners, Plectromerus new species 7 can be distinguished by the

combination of the following characters: pronotal disk opaque, moderately granulose;

elytral apices individually, sinuately rounded; and metafemoral teeth strongly, deeply

serrate. This species is most similar to P. wappesi but differs from it in having the

pronotal disk somewhat wrinkled, nearly granulose (microsculptured with dense, round,

shallow punctation in P. wappesi), strongly, deeply serrate metafemoral teeth

(moderately, evenly serrate in P. wappesi), and elytra apices individually, sinuately

rounded (jointly rounded to subtruncate in P. wappesi).

Plectromerus new species 8 Nearns

Description: Male (Figure 2-9a-d). Length 8.5-10.2 mm, width 1.9-2.4 mm

(measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 2-9a. General form small, narrow,

subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of head, antennae, and elytra









ferrugineus. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow line from

between eyes to just beyond vertex, shallowly concave between antennal tubercles, which

are slightly raised and separated by the width of about two antennal sockets; vertex

lightly microsculptured, with scattered, moderately deep punctures; vertex with short,

recumbent, pale pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, moderately

emarginate. Antennae eleven segmented, slightly longer than body; scape bowed, third

antennomere about as long as scape, more than twice as long as fourth, fifth antennomere

longest, more than 3 times longer than fourth, basal antennomeres subcylindrical, from

fifth slightly flattened, apices of antennomeres 5-10 produced externally. Scape with

short, pale, recumbent pubescence, with shallow to moderately deep excavation dorsally

(Figure 2-9d); antennomeres 2-7 ciliate beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect,

pale hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.3 times as long as wide, widest at middle,

slightly wider at base than at apex, sides broadly inflated, arcuately constricted at basal

third, and a slight inflation just before apex; basal margin slightly arcuate; disk convex,

somewhat flattened, with one slightly raised, median callus immediately posterior to

center, about as long as the fourth antennomere, and two moderately raised, submedial

calli slightly anterior to center, and two smaller very slightly raised, submedial calli

slightly posterior to center; basal third of disk with one long, pale, recumbent or suberect

seta positioned submedially, arising from deep punctures; lateral margins of pronotum

with patch of coarse, deep punctures, and one or two long, suberect setae anterolaterally.

Surface opaque, microsculptured, moderately shining, with dense, moderately deep,

somewhat evenly spaced punctation. Scutellum small, rounded, almost as long as broad,

impunctate. Elytra nearly 3 times as long as width at humeri, about 3 times as long as









pronotal length, about 1.3 times broader basally than pronotum at widest point (at

middle); sides nearly parallel, very slightly sinuate, evenly rounded to apex, elytral apices

individually rounded to weakly subtruncate; epipleural margin moderately sinuate.

Elytral disk slightly concave medially, subsuturally, creating a faint costa on each

elytron; base of each slightly raised. Elytral surface moderately shining; punctation

moderately dense, coarse, and deep at basal third; punctures becoming finer towards apex

and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; each puncture with a short, fine, pale hair;

elytral apices with few long, pale, suberect hair. Underside with prosternum strongly

shining, with scattered, coarse, deep punctation, one irregular patch of 2-3 coarse, deep

punctures in front of each procoxa; narrowest area of prosternal process between

procoxae about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of

apex of process which is subtriangular with rounded corners; prosternal process between

procoxae gradually declivous, procoxal cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface

strongly shining, sparsely punctate with coarse, deep punctures. Metasternum surface

strongly shining, with moderately dense, deep punctures, with a few suberect, pale hairs

interspersed (Figure 2-9c). Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale

pubescence, which is denser posteriorly. Abdomen strongly shining; finely, shallowly

punctate, with scattered coarse punctures; abdomen with sparse long, suberect, pale hairs

and punctures each with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite broadly subtruncate, slightly

longer than preceding sternite. Legs with femora gradually clavate, metafemoral club

slightly longer than basal portion, meso- and metafemora slightly arcuate, shining,

clothed with sparse, recumbent, short, pale pubescence; underside of each femoral club

with a broad, acute triangular tooth; metafemoral teeth with posterior edge very weakly









serrate, with indistinctly and irregular serration "peaks"; each peak with a short, curved,

pale hair; metatibiae nearly straight, very slightly sinuate, slightly flattened, about as long

as metafemora, gradually expanded distally; clothed with moderately dense, fine,

recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer and coarser distally (Figure 2-9b).

Female. Length 7.4-10.2 mm; width 1.8-2.4 mm (measured across humeri). Very

similar to male except pronotal sides lacking patch of deep, coarse punctures and

prosternum lacking irregular patch of punctures in front of each procoxa. Abdomen with

terminal sternite evenly, broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding stemite.

Types: Holotype, male (Figure 2-9a), DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, Pedernales, PN

Sierra de Bahoruco, Las Abejas, 1150 m. at tree fall, Spec.ID: 6903, E. Nearns & S.

Lingafelter 18-VI-2005 (USNM). Allotype, female, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC:

Independencia, Sierra de Bahoruco, north slope, 13.5 km SE Puerto Escondido, 18-12-

18N, 71-31-08W, 1789 m. 24-26 Mar 2004, R. Davidson, J. Rawlins, C. Young, C.

Nunez, M. Rial, ecotonal Pinus grassland, malaise trap, Sample 41183 (CMNH).

Paratypes, 4 (all from DOMINICAN REPUBLIC): 1 male and 2 females, Pedernales. La

Abeja, 38 kmNNW Cabo Rojo (1809N, 7138W), 1160m. 13 July 1987, J. Rawlins, R.

Davidson (CMNH); 1 male, Payaso, 13 July 1996, R. Turnbow (RHTC).

Geographic distribution: Known from Barahona and Pedernales provinces,

Dominican Republic (Greater Antilles).

Discussion: This species is described from six specimens, several of which were

collected at between 1,150-1,789 m elevation. The type series described herein represent

the only known specimens and nothing is known about its biology.









From congeners, Plectromerus new species 8 can be separated from congeners by

the combination of the following characters: scape with shallow to moderately deep

excavation dorsally; pronotal disk with slightly to moderately raised calli; metafemora

gradually clavate; and metafemoral teeth very weakly serrate. This species is most

similar to P. fasciatus in several characters including antennal segment proportions,

gradually clavate metafemora, and very weakly serrate metafemoral teeth. However,

Plectromerus new species 8 differs in having the pronotum with dense, moderately deep,

somewhat evenly spaced punctation (pronotum with dense, confluent, very shallow

punctation in P. fasciatus), and elytral apices with few long, pale, suberect setae elytraa

with scattered to moderately dense, long, pale, suberect, setae in P. fasciatus).









Table 2-1. Acronyms of entomological collections studied.

AMNH American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, USA
BMNH The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom
CMNH Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
DHPC Daniel Heffern Private Collection, Houston, TX, USA
EFGC Edmund F. Giesbert Collection, Gainesville (at FSCA), FL, USA
EMEC Essig Museum of Entomology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
ENPC Eugenio H. Nearns Private Collection, Gainesville, FL, USA
FDZC Fernando de Zayas Collection, Havana, Cuba
FSCA Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville, FL, USA
FTHC Frank T. Hovore Private Collection, Santa Clarita, CA, USA
FVPC Francesco Vitali Private Collection, Genova, Italy
IESC Instituto de Ecologia y Sistematica, Havana, Cuba
INBio Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Santo Domingo de Heredia, Costa Rica
JAMC Julio and Charyn Micheli Private Collection, Ponce, PR, USA
JEWC James E. Wappes Private Collection, San Antonio, TX, USA
LSAM Louisiana State Arthropod Museum, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
MCZ Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
MNDR Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
MNHN Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Havana, Cuba
MNRJ Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
REWC Robert E. Woodruff Private Collection, Gainesville, FL, USA
RFMC Roy F. Morris Private Collection, Lakeland, FL, USA
RHTC Robert H. Turnbow, Jr. Private Collection, Ft. Rucker, AL, USA
SDPC Sergio Devesa Private Collection, San Vicente, Spain
TAMU Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
UCRC University of California Entomology Research Collection, Riverside, CA, USA
USNM National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Wash., DC, USA
WIBF West Indian Beetle Fauna Project, Michael A. Ivie, Bozeman, MT, USA













































Figure 2-1. Four species of Plectromerus. A) Plectromerus costatus Cazier & Lacey,
holotype, male, dorsal habitus. B) Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier), female,
dorsal habitus. C) Plectromerus crenulatus Cazier, holotype, female, dorsal
habitus. D) Plectromerus distinctus (Cameron), holotype, female, dorsal
habitus.

















































Figure 2-2. Plectromerus new species 1 Nearns, holotype, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B)
Closeup of prosternum. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.

















































Figure 2-3. Plectromerus new species 2 Nearns, holotype, female. A) Dorsal habitus. B)
Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view. C) Lateral habitus.

















































Figure 2-4. Plectromerus new species 3 Nearns, holotype, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B)
Closeup of prosternum. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view.
























'y rf
t ^ w


C1


I S N I
Figure 2-5. Plectromerus new species 4 Nearns, holotype, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B)
Closeup of pronotum, lateral view. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia,
ventral view.




































a J
BbE


Figure 2-6. Plectromerus new species 5 Nearns, holotype, female. A) Dorsal habitus.
B) Closeup of prosternum. C) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral
view.

















































Figure 2-7. Plectromerus new species 6 Nearns, holotype, female. A) Dorsal habitus.
B) Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view. C) Lateral habitus.



















































Figure 2-8. Plectromerus new species 7 Nearns. A) Holotype, female, dorsal habitus.
B) Holotype, female, closeup of prosternum. C) Allotype, male closeup of
prosternum. D) Holotype, female, closeup of metafemur and metatibia,
ventral view.





























c M dA
Figure 2-9. Plectromerus new species 8 Nearns, holotype, male. A) Dorsal habitus. B)
Closeup of metafemur and metatibia, ventral view. C) Closeup of
metasternum. D) Closeup or scape excavation, dorsal view.














CHAPTER 3
REVISION OF CURIINI LECONTE

Curiini LeConte, 1873: 304

The longhorned beetle tribe Curiini LeConte, 1873 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae:

Cerambycinae) is a medium-sized group of Neotropical cerambycid beetles. As currently

defined, the tribe consists of three genera (Curiosa Micheli, 1983; Curius Newman,

1840; and Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847) containing 29 extant and two extinct species.

The genus Pentomacrus White, 1855 was synonymized with Plectromerus in 1985 and

the synonymy of a fourth genus (Curiosa Micheli, 1983) with Plectromerus is proposed

in Chapter 2. The curiines are of predominantly of Antillean distribution but also occur

in the SE USA, and range from SE Mexico to Venezuela.

The tribe has traditionally been defined by the presence of the following

morphological characters: coarsely faceted eyes, a flat, transverse head, and strongly

clavate femora armed beneath with a broad tooth. In catalogs, the tribe has been placed

consistently within the subfamily Cerambycinae between the Ibidionini and Obriini. A

previous phylogenetic analysis of the Curiini has not been conducted and the monophyly

of the tribe is untested. Recent works on the curiines have been provided by Vitali

(2004), Vitali & Rezbanyai-Reser (2003), Micheli & Nearns (2005), Nearns & Branham

(2005), Nearns & Ray (2006), Nearns & Steiner (2006), Nearns & Turnbow (2005), and

Nearns et al. (2005).

The genera of the Curiini were first grouped together by LeConte (1873) who

included the genera Curius and Plectromerus in "Group IV, the Curii" and placed the









tribe before the Obriini. LeConte also provided a description of the unifying characters

for the tribe. In his Coleopterum Catalogus, Aurivillius (1912) listed the Curiini for the

first time and included the genera Curius, Plectromerus, and Pentomacrus. Leng (1920)

and Blackwelder (1944) also placed the Curiini before the Graciliini. Amett (1973)

placed the Curiini between the Ibidionini and the Hyboderini. Linsley (1963) and

Downie & Amett (1996) placed the Curiini between the Ibidionini and the Obriini. The

more recent literature placed the Curiini between the Callidiopini and the Graciliini

(Amett et al., 2002; Monne & Hovore, 2003; Peck, 2005).

Early workers provided very brief, non-specific descriptions of new species and

illustrations were either missing or of poor quality (Bates, 1885; Fabricius, 1792;

Newman, 1840; Olivier, 1790; White, 1855). Improved work began with Gahan's

description of Pentomacrusfasciatus in 1895. Gahan (1895) also recognized that White

(1855) and other workers overlooked Fabricius' description with regard to Pentomacrus

femoratus. Other notable workers include Fisher, Linsley, and Zayas. Fisher was a

prolific worker who described five new species of curiines from 1932 to 1947. Zayas

(1975) described two Cuban species and provided illustrations to all described Cuban

curiines except Plectromerus ornatus in his revision of the family. Linsley (1963) made

a significant contribution when he provided a description of the tribe and keys to genera

as well as species for North America.

Key to the Genera of Curiini

Previous keys to the genera of Curiini were provided by Linsley (1963) and

Micheli (1983).

1 Third antennomere distinctly longer than scape; prosternal process between
procoxae nearly straight (not gradually declivous). ................ .. Curius









Third antennomere about as long or distinctly shorter than scape; prosternal
process between procoxae gradually or abruptly declivous ....... Plectromerus

Genus Curius Newman, 1840: 17

Original description:

Caput porrectum, oculis magnis, fere retundis, ad antennarum basim vix
emarginatis; antennae corpore longicores, graciles, 11-articulatae, articulus lus
caeteris paullo crassior, 2us brevis, 3us caeteris longior, 4us et sequentes
longitudine fere aequales: prothorax capite duplo longior, dorso paullo
complanatus, lateribus convexus: elytra prothorace latiora, lateribus parallel, apice
rotundata: pedes longitudine mediocres, femoribus tumidis, subtus dente magno
median armatis. (Newman, 1840: 17)

Linsley's redescription:

Form depressed; integument opaque. Antennae with fourth segment a little shorter
than fifth. Pronotum rounded at sides; prosternum with anterior coxal cavities
nearly contiguous. Legs with femora gradually clavate. Abdomen with first
segment as long as following 2 together. (Linsley, 1963: 134)

Additions to Linsley's redescription:

Fifth antennomere a little shorter to half as long as fifth. Males with sexually

dimorphic, prothoracic punctation.

Type species: Curius dentatus Newman, 1840.

Geographic distribution: SE USA, Cuba, Panama, and Venezuela.

Curius chemsaki Nearns & Ray, 2006: 51

Introduction:

As currently defined, the genus Curius Newman, 1840 contains three species:
Curius dentatus Newman, 1840, known from southeastern United States, Curius
panamensis Bates, 1885, known only from Panama, and Curiuspunctatus (Fisher,
1932), an endemic Cuban species (Monne, 2005; Monne & Hovore, 2005; Nearns
et al., 2005; Peck, 2005). LeConte (1873) designated the tribe Curiini (= Curii)
with Curius as the type genus and synonymized Plectromerus concinnatus
Haldeman, 1847 with C. dentatus. Linsley (1963) provided a diagnosis of the tribe
and genus based on the two North American species, C. dentatus and Plectromerus
dentipes (Olivier, 1790). Zayas (1975) provided a description and illustration of
Pentomacruspunctatus Fisher, 1932 and Lingafelter & Nearns (2005) provided a









color photograph of the holotype. Nearns et al. (2005) transferred P. punctatus to
Curius.

During the senior author's revisionary work on the tribe Curiini, 23 specimens of a
new species of Curius collected in Aragua, Venezuela were discovered. The
species described herein is the first record of a curiine in South America and
represents a significant range extension for the genus. (Nearns & Ray, 2006: 49)

Original description:

Male. Length 8.4 mm, width 1.7 mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in
Figure 3-la. General form small, narrow, subcylindrical. Integument testaceous,
with portions of head, antennal apices, pronotum, elytra, apical portions of femora
and tibiae, and sternum ferrugineus. Head with front nearly flat, transverse, with a
median, shallow groove from between eyes to just beyond vertex, concave between
antennal tubercles, which are moderately raised and widely separated. Eyes
coarsely faceted, transverse, subreniform, shallowly emarginate. Antennae eleven-
segmented, subcylindrical, about 1.5 times longer than body; scape slightly bowed,
slightly longer than fourth antennomere, third antennomere longest, more than 2
times longer than fourth, slightly longer than fifth, fifth is second longest, seventh
slightly longer than sixth. Antennomeres 2-8 ciliate beneath with coarse,
moderately long, suberect, hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about 1.5 times as long
as wide, evenly rounded at sides, widest at middle, slightly broader at base than
apex, slightly constricted at basal third; disk convex, each side of pronotum with
one long, suberect, pale hair anterolaterally. Surface opaque, granulate-punctate,
with a dense field of gland pores (rounded, elevated tubercles with circular median
impressions, for example, Fig. 3-2c); surface ornamented with ferrugineus
markings as follows: a narrow, longitudinal, median vitta, extending from anterior
margin to middle, where it is divided into two longitudinal vittae, which extend to
the base, a thinner longitudinal sinuate vitta on each side (Fig. 3-la). Lateral
margins of pronotum ferrugineus. Scutellum small, subquadrate, a little longer than
broad, granulose. Elytra about 3 times as long as width at humeri, a little more
than 4 times as long as pronotal length, about 1.4 times broader basally than
pronotum at widest (at middle); sides moderately sinuate around middle; elytral
apices separately pointed; epipleural margin moderately sinuate. Elytral disk
nearly flat; base of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface opaque, with three
irregularly shaped, ferrugineus, lateral vittae arranged as follows: one at basal half,
two at apical half (Fig. 3-la); punctation moderately dense, coarse, and deep at
basal third; punctures becoming shallower towards apex and sides, almost obsolete
at apical third. Underside with prosternum slightly shining, granulate-punctate,
with raised nodules interspersed among a dense field of gland pores (rounded,
elevated tubercles with circular median impressions) (Fig. 3-2a, c); prosternal
process between coxae nearly flat, narrowest area of prosternal process about 0.3
times as wide as coxal cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process
which is cordate (Fig. 3-2a). Mesosternum surface shining, sparsely and finely
punctate. Metasternum surface shining, sparsely punctate, with moderately dense
deeper punctures. Metepisternum sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, pale









pubescence. Abdomen shining; sparsely, shallowly punctate; abdomen with a few
long, suberect, pale hairs and punctures with a short, fine, pale hair; fifth sternite
broadly subtruncate, slightly shorter than preceding stemite. Legs with femora
clavate, meso- and metafemora slightly arcuate, shining, clothed with recumbent,
short, pale pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a small, acute
triangular tooth with posterior edge smooth; metatibiae nearly straight, very slightly
sinuate; clothed with fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming longer apically.

Female. Length 7.5-8.6 mm; width 1.5-1.7 mm (measured across humeri). Very
similar to male except pronotum not as elongate, about 1.3 times as long as wide;
pronotum and prostemum lacking gland pores, prostemum with sparse, shallow
punctures with a short hair (Fig. 3-2d); narrowest area of prostemal process 0.3-0.5
times as wide as coxal cavity (Fig. 3-2b). Abdomen with terminal sternite evenly,
broadly rounded, slightly longer than preceding stemite. (Nearns & Ray, 2006: 51)

Holotype: male (Figure 3-la), VENEZUELA, Rancho Grande, 11-14-21-1969, P.

& P. Spangler, collected at blacklight (USNM).

Material examined:

Holotype, male, VENEZUELA, Arag., Rancho Grande, II-14-21-1969, P. & P.
Spangler, collected at blacklight (USNM). Allotype, female, VENEZUELA, El
Encantado, Arajua [sic] 30-VI-2001, Cope collection (JAMC). Paratypes, 3 (all
from VENEZUELA): 1 female, Aragua, Rancho Grande, 1100 m., 17-20 I 1978,
blacklight, cloud forest, J.B. Heppner (USNM); 2 females, Aragua: Geremba, 2050
m, VII.1991 (MNRJ).

Additional specimens have been reported to us by Alain Audureau (Saint Gilles
Croix de Vie, France), but were not available for study in time for inclusion as part
of the type series: 18 specimens, all from VENEZUELA, Aragua, Geremba
(2050m), Alain Audureau, collection dates: 12/04/1999, 15/05/1999, 07/1999,
09/06/2000, 07/2002, 25/09/2002, 29/09/2002, 15/02/2003, 22/02/2003,
07/04/2003, 21/02/2004, 12/05/2005, 14/05/2005, 28/05/2005. (Nearns & Ray,
2006: 53)

Geographic distribution: Known only from Aragua province, Venezuela (South

America).

Discussion:

This species can be distinguished from its presently known congeners by the
following characters: the third antennomere is longest, slightly longer than the fifth
and without a spine, the fifth antennomere is about twice as long as the fourth, and
the elytral apices are separately pointed. Curius chemsaki can be confused with C.
panamensis and the two species share similar pronotal proportions and markings









(Fig. 3-la-b, e) as well as similar pronotal and prostemal punctation and nodules.
However, the new species can be distinguished by antennal morphology: both
sexes of C. panamensis have a strong spine at the apex of the third antennomere
(absent in C. chemsaki) and the third antennomere is equal to or slightly shorter
than the fifth in C. panamensis (the third antennomere is slightly longer than the
fifth in C. chemsaki). Also, the pronotum and elytra of C. panamensis are clothed
with short, pale, recumbent, moderately dense hairs (absent in C. chemsaki) and the
elytral apices of C. panamensis are rounded (separately pointed in C. chemsaki).

Linsley (1963) defined the genus based on the North American species, C.
dentatus. Based on Bates' original description and figure, Linsley (1963)
expressed doubt about the placement of the only other Curius species at the time of
his writing, C. panamensis. Our detailed examination of the pronotal and
prosternal punctation of C. dentatus, C. panamensis, C. punctatus, and C.
chemsaki, revealed a new synapomorphy for the genus overlooked by previous
workers, male-specific gland pores (rounded, elevated tubercles with circular
median impressions).

Notes on sexual dimorphism seen in gland pores: Sexual dimorphism in pronotal
and/or prosternal punctation has been noted in morphological descriptions of
cerambycine species from several tribes (e.g. LeConte, 1873; Casey 1912; Dusham,
1921; Linsley, 1963; Mermudes & Napp, 2000; Mermudes & Napp, 2004; Monne
& Napp, 2005; Micheli & Nearns, 2005; Nearns & Steiner, 2006). Within
taxonomic literature, male-specific punctures have not previously been linked to
aspects of natural history or behavior. We here include the presence of male-
specific pheromone gland pores as a morphological character and suggest that the
presence of gland pores may indicate that volatile pheromones play a role in the
reproductive behavior of this species. Histology and SEM studies of three
cerambycine species revealed that male-specific punctures contain gland pores that
are pheromone release sites (Iwabuchi, 1986; Nakamuta et al., 1994; Noldt et al.,
1995). We have identified male-specific gland pores (rounded, elevated tubercles
with circular median impressions) on the pronota and prosterna of C. chemsaki
(Fig. 3-2c), as well as on the pronota and prosterna of males of C. dentatus, C.
panamensis, and C. punctatus (unpublished data). In addition, we have identified
male-specific gland pores with a different morphological structure on the prosterna
of another curiine, Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790) (unpublished data).
Volatile pheromone production by curiine species is supported by the presence of
C. dentatus in traps baited with synthetic pheromone (Lacey et al., 2004). A recent
morphological survey by Ray et al. (2006) used SEM to identify male-specific
gland pores in 50 additional cerambycine species, suggesting gland pores are an
informative morphological character that provides information about natural
history. (Nearns & Ray, 2006: 54)









Curius dentatus Newman, 1840: 17

= Plectromerus concinnatus Haldeman, 1847: 43
= Curius concinnatus Melsheimer, 1853: 106

Original description:

Testaceus, obscurus, subtiliter ac crebre punctus; caput fuscum, antennae pallidae,
articulis apice fuscis: prothorax testaceus, vittd longitudinal ante marginem
posticam divisd, fusca: elytra testacea, fusco nubila: femora apice late fusca. (Corp.
long. .275 unc. Lat. .075 unc.) (Newman, 1840: 17)

Linsley's redescription:

Male. Form depressed; integument dull, brownish-testaceous, very obscurely
pubescent; pronotum and elytra with vague longitudinal dark areas. Head densely,
contiguously punctate; antennae exceeding elytral apices by about 3 12 segments,
finely punctate, annulate, second segment much longer than broad, third segment
longest, fourth segment much shorter than third, about 1/10 shorter than fifth.
Pronotum flattened, sides rounded, surface very densely punctate; prosternum
impressed, finely, densely punctate; metasternum minutely punctate, sparsely
pubescent, with scattered very coarse punctures. Elytra nearly 3 times as long as
subbasal width; surface shallowly, moderately coarsely punctate, basal punctures
mostly separated by 1 diameter or less; pubescence very short, obscure, sparse;
apices rounded to suture. Legs with femora finely punctate and pubescent,
gradually clavate, armed beneath with a tooth, larger on anterior pair; tibiae
slender. Abdomen finely punctate, sparsely pubescent, with a few coarse
punctures, particularly at sides; fifth stemite shorter than fourth, subtruncate at
apex. Length, 5-7 mm. Female. Antennae exceeding elytral apices by about 2
segments; abdomen with fifth sternite longer than fourth, rounded at apex. Length,
5-7mm. (Linsley, 1963: 134)

Additions to Linsley's redescription: Males with pronotal and prosternal surface

opaque, granulate-punctate, with a dense field of gland pores (rounded, elevated tubercles

with circular median impressions) (Figure 3-3b); females lacking pronotal and prosternal

gland pores, prosternum with sparse, shallow punctures each with a short hair (for

example, Figure 3-2d). Male specimens examined measured: length 5.0-9.2 mm, width

1.0-2.1 mm (measured across humeri); female specimens examined measured: length 5.0-

10.0 mm; width 1.2-2.3 mm (measured across humeri). Male genitalia with parameres as


in Figure 4-28a.









Holotype: female (BMNH).

Material examined: Specimens, 2 (all from ALABAMA, USA): 1 male, Baldwin

Co., R'd Pecan, VII 1972 (JEWC); 1 male, Mobile, V.12.1957, B.K. Dozier, at light

(FSCA).

Specimens, 38 (all from FLORIDA, USA): 8 males and 1 female, Dixie Co., 4 mi.

N. Old Town, May 18-20 1978, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 2 males, Dixie Co., 4 mi. N.

Old Town, May 11-12 1978, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 3 males and 1 female, 2-IX-77,

Alachua Co., T.H. Atkinson (FSCA); 1 male and 2 females, Miami, V. 1917, 14,278, H.

Klages Coll'n, C.M. Acc. 11414 (CMNH); 1 female, Miami, V. 2, 14,278, H. Klages

Coll'n, C.M. Acc. 11414 (CMNH); 1 male, Miami, IV. 16, 14,278, H. Klages Coll'n,

C.M. Acc. 11414 (CMNH); 1 female, Hernando Co., Withlacoo. S.F., Croom Area,

beating dead branches, SpecimenID: 1459, Gino Nearns 07/26/2003 (ENPC); 1 male,

Liberty Co., Torreya S.P., at UV light, flood plain forest, SpecimenID: 3594, Gino

Nearns 05/22/2004 (ENPC); 1 female, Gadsden Co., Aspalaga Landing, UV light,

SpecID: 6639, Nearns, Morris & Wappes, 29-V-2005 (ENPC); 1 female, Polk Co., vic.

Bartow, along Peace River, 29-IV-1990, R. Morris (FSCA); 1 male, Polk Co., vic.

Bartow, along Peace River, 24-IV-1990, R. Morris (FSCA); 1 male and 1 female, Cam.

Mus. Acc. 349 (CMNH); 1 female, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Stat., 14-18 April

1989, Chen Wen Young (CMNH); 1 female, Indian River Co., SR512 .5mi W 1-95, 1-10-

V-1977, Fla. Med. Ent. Lab., Suction trap (FSCA); 1 female, Lake County, Alexander

Spgs. Cpgd., 6 Mi. S. Astor Park, 21-IV-1975, at (UV) black light, J.B. Heppner collector

(FSCA); 1 female, Leon Co., Tall Timbers Res. Sta., Hammock Wood Yard, 15-VIII-

1972, light trap (FSCA); 1 female, Gainesville, Alachua County, Grace Thomas Coll. V-









1964, at light (FSCA); 1 male, Alachua Co., Gainesville, 22-V-1983, M.C. Thomas

(FSCA); 2 females, 3367 Hopk. U.S., Jun. 19/05 reared, WF Fiske Collector, Apalchcla

[sic], Juniperus (USNM); 2 females, 3369 Hopk. U.S., Reared Nov. 10/05, Fiske WF

Colr., Apalachicola, Taxodium distichum (USNM); 1 male, Crescent City, Coll Hubbard

& Schwarz (USNM).

Specimens, 41 (all from GEORGIA, USA): 1 male, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest,

window trap, 31 July 6 Aug. 1976, R. Turnbow (AMNH); 1 male, Clarke Co., Athens,

25 June 1972, R. Tumbow (AMNH); 1 female, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, 2 July

1973, R. Turnbow (AMNH); 1 male and 1 female, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, window

trap, 6-13 Aug. 1976, R. Tumbow (USNM); 2 females, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest,

window trap, 20-27 Aug. 1976, R. Tumbow (USNM); 1 female, Clarke Co., Whitehall

Forest, 14 July 1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 female, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest,

window trap, 24-31 July 1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 female, Clarke Co., Whitehall

Forest, window trap, 25 June 2 July 1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 female, Clarke Co.,

Whitehall Forest, window trap, 25 June 2 July 1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 male and 1

female, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, window trap, 16-23 July 1976, R. Tumbow

(FSCA); 1 male, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, window trap, 9-16 July 1976, R. Tumbow

(FSCA); 1 male, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, window trap, 6-13 Aug. 1976, R. Turnbow

(USNM); 1 male, Clarke Co., Whitehall Forest, emerged, July 1974, R. Turnbow, ex.

sweet gum (FSCA); 1 female, Jackson Co., Hardeman Forest, 5-7 Aug. 1975, R.

Tumbow (AMNH); 1 female, Thomasville, V-12-1948, Werner-Nutting (EMEC); 4

males and 3 females, Sumter Co., 1982, W.L. Tedders, 83-1134, #33473, Host: Pecan

(USNM); 1 female, Dekalb Co., VI-13-69 (TAMU); 1 female, Dekalb Co., VIII-1-79









(JEWC); 1 male, Buena Vista, 3 VII 46, John Lutz III, J.C. Lutz Collection 1961

(USNM); 1 male, Grady Co., Beachton, 1-7-VII-1967, E.V. Komareck, Sr.(USNM); 1

male, Greene Co., R'd Pecan, VII-1972 (JEWC); 1 male, 3744 Hopk. U.S., July 18/06

reared, WF Fiske Collector, Griffen, Deodar (USNM); 1 male, 3744 Hopk. U.S., Nov.

12/07 reared, WF Fiske Collector, Griffen, Deodar (USNM); 1 female, 3744 Hopk. U.S.,

July 3/07 reared, WF Fiske Collector, Griffen, Deodar (USNM); 2 males and 2 females,

3744a Hopk. U.S., Jun. 26/06 reared, WF Fiske Collector, Griffen, Deodar (USNM); 2

females, 1629b Hopk. U.S., reared, WF Fiske Collector, Jesup, Taxodium ditichum

(USNM); 1 male, 1629c Hopk. U.S., Apr. 29, 03, WF Fiske Collector, Jesup, Cupressus

(USNM); 1 male, 3743 Hopk. U.S., Jun. 1/06 reared, WF Fiske Collector, Griffen,

Deodar (USNM).

Specimens, 5 (all from LOUISIANA, USA): 1 male, Baton Rouge, VII-21-22,

O.W. Rosewall (LSAM); 1 male, St. Martin Par., 4mi S of Belle River, 20-VII-1995,

D.A. Duerr II, 7-20 BP ST8 (LSAM); 1 male, Baton Rouge, X-22 1965, D.K. Pollet

(LSAM); 1 male, Henry Ulke Beetle Coll. CMNH Acc. No. 1645 (CMNH); 1 female,

Covington, 28/5, Collection H. Soltau (USNM).

Specimens, 6 (all from MARYLAND, USA): 1 male, Calvert Co., Sunderland, ex.

oak 1981, J. Glaser (CNMH); 1 male, Balto Co., Towson, 7-VII-81, J. Glaser (CMHN);

1 male, Calvert Co., Battle Creek Cypress Swamp, 18 Aug. 1987, Collectors: A. & B.

Norden & D. Williams (USNM); 1 male, Plummers I, 30.7.'10, EA Schwarz Collector

(USNM); 2 females, Plummer's I., 25.7, HS Barber Collector (USNM).

One male, MISSISSIPPI, Hancock Co., 28.8, Collection H. Soltau (USNM).









Specimens, 22 (all from NORTH CAROLINA, USA): 1 female, Cleveland Co.,

June 7-19, 1970, at light, J.S. Ashe (TAMU); 1 female, Killdevil Hills, Dare Co., 27-VII-

1955, KV Krombein (USNM); 1 female, Killdevil Hills, Dare Co., 24-VII-1955, KV

Krombein (USNM); 3 males, Catawba Co., Hog Hill, bl trap, 20-27-July-1976, R.

Turnbow (FSCA); 2 males and 1 female, 3657 Hopk. U.S., Aug 20/07, reared, WF Fiske

collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 3 males, 3657d Hopk. U.S., Oct 3 '06, reared, WF

Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 1 female, 3188a Hopk. U.S., Apr. 7/06, reared,

WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 2 males and 1 female, 3111G Hopk. U.S.,

Jul. 1-'05, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 1 female, 3111G Hopk.

U.S., Aug. 8 '05, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 1 male, 3646c

Hopk. U.S., Aug. 1-06, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 2 males, 3663

Hopk. U.S., Aug. 20/07, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 1 male,

3663P Hopk. U.S., Jun. 18/06, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM); 1

female, 3663fHopk. U.S., Aug. 1/06, reared, WF Fiske collector, Tryon, Pinus (USNM).

One female, OKLAHOMA, Latimer Co., VII-85, K. Stephan (TAMU).

One male, PENNSYLVANIA, York Co., 5mi NW Davidsburg, 23 VII 1971, PJ

Spangler, black lite (USNM).

Specimens, 19 (all from TENNESSEE, USA): 1 female, Pulaski, July 8, 1946, at

light near farm (USNM); 3 males, Bolivar, Hardeman Co, July 1974, R.D. Ward,

emerged from Cercis canadensis (CMNH); 1 female, Bolivar, Hardeman Co, 20-24 May

1974, R.D. Ward, emerged from Cercis canadensis (CMNH); 1 female Bolivar,

Hardeman Co, 4-11 June 1974, R.D. Ward, emerged from Cercis canadensis (CMNH); 1

male, Bolivar, Hardeman Co, 4-11 June 1974, R.D. Ward, emerged from Cercis









canadensis 1-III 1975 (CMNH); 3 males, Bolivar, Hardeman Co, 27 Mar 1974, R.D.

Ward, emerged from Cercis canadensis 6-IV 1975 (CMNH); 3 females, Bolivar,

Hardeman Co, 27 Dec 1974, R.D. Ward, emerged from Cercis canadensis 8-III 1975

(CMNH); 4 males and 2 females, Bolivar, Hardeman Co, 27 Mar 1974, R.D. Ward,

emerged from Cercis canadensis 12-IV 1975 (CMNH).

Specimens, 15 (all from TEXAS, USA): 1 male and 1 female, San Augustine Co.,

Piney Woods Conserv. Ctr., 14 mi. SE Broaddus, VII-15-21-1993, E.G. Riley, Malaise

trap (TAMU); 1 male, Sabine Co., E. Hemphill, "Beech Bottom", VI-23-VII-2 1989, R.

Anderson & E. Morris, malaise trap (TAMU); 1 female, Tyler Co., Kirby State Forest,

30034'30"N, 94025'03"W, V-19-VI-8-2003, E. Riley, Lindgren funnel trap (TAMU); 2

males, Sabine Co., 9 mi. E Hemphill, "beech bottom" VIII-25-IX-10-1989, R. Anderson

& E. Morris, flight intercept trap, beech-magnolia forest (TAMU); 2 males, Tyler Co.,

Kirby State Forest, 30034'30"N, 94025'03"W, VII-20-VIII-24-2003, E.G. Riley,

Lindgren funnel trap (TAMU); 1 male and 1 female, Sabine Co., 9 mi. E Hemphill,

"Beech Bottom" VIII-6-16-1989, R. Anderson & E. Morris, Malaise trap, beech-

magnolia forest (TAMU); 1 male, Montgomery Co., Jones St. Forest, 8mi. S Conroe, VI-

21-27-1987, R. Wharton, Malaise trap (TAMU); 1 female, Montgomery Co., The

Woodlands, June 20-26 1977, J.E. Wappes (JEWC); 2 males, Chambers Co., I-10 at

Trinity R., emerged IV-28/V-10 1993, D.J. Heffern, reared from Taxodium distichum

coll'd II-12-1993 (TAMU); 1 male, Chambers Co., 1-10 at Trinity R., emerged V-11/V-

31 1993, D.J. Heffern, reared from Taxodium distichum coll'd II-12-1993 (TAMU).

Specimens, 24 (all from VIRGINIA, USA): 2 females, Essex Co., 1 mi. SE

Dunnsville, 37052'N, 76048'W, 24 vi-9 viii 1992, Malaise trap, D.R. Smith (USNM); 1









female, Essex Co., 1 mi. SE Dunnsville, 37052'N, 76048'W, 14 viii 2 ix 1993, Malaise

trap, D.R. Smith (USNM); 4 male and 2 females, Cape Henry, vi-2, J.N. Knull (AMNH);

1 female, Arlington, 27 June 1950, J.G. Franciemont (USNM); 1 male, 6939 Hopk. U.S.,

Reared, A.D. Hopkins Collector, Virginia Beach, Pinus (USNM); 1 male, 11876i, Hopk.

U.S., Aug 28-16 Reared, FC Craighead Collector, Falls Church, Acer rubrum (USNM); 1

male, Hopk. U.S. 12286, Reared Aug. 3-14, H.B. Kirk Collector, Falls Church, Pinus

(USNM); 3 males and 3 females, Hopk. U.S. 12286, Reared 7/21/14 H.B. Kirk, H.B.

Kirk Collector, Falls Church, Pinus (USNM); 4 females, 6923a Hopk. U.S., Reared, AD

Hopkins Collector, Cape Henry, Pinus (USNM); 1 female, Collected on ? suet cage,

Arlington, 7-2-32, FW Poos Coll., Fred W. Poos Collection 1955 (USNM).

Specimens, 10 (all from WASHINGTON, D.C., USA): 5 males and 2 females,

Henry Ulke Beetle Coll. CMNH Acc. No. 1645 (CMNH); 1 female, Coll. ML Linell, Ac.

5409 CollChasPalm (AMNH); 1 male, no label data (USNM); 1 male, 20.6, Coll

Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM).

Geographic distribution: Widely distributed in the SE USA (AL, DC, GA, FL, IL,

LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, PA, TN, VA).

Discussion: This species (3-1c, 3-3a-c) is widely distributed in the SE USA. Lacey

et al. (2004) collected a series of female specimens in pheromone-baited traps in Illinois.

Linsley & Chemsak (1997) listed the following host plants: Acer spp., including A.

rubrum, Celtis, Cupressus, Juniperus, Pinus, and Taxodium distichum. Curius dentatus

is attracted to lights and has been collected in a variety of traps (Lindgren funnel,

Malaise, flight intercept, and window) as well as reared from various hosts, including

Cercis canadensis and sweet gum. Craighead (1923) described the larva of C. dentatus









and noted that it shared many morphological characters with Euderces (Cerambycidae:

Cerambycinae: Tillomorphini). Fragoso (1978) illustrated the male and female genitalia

of this species in his analysis of the tribal classification within the subfamily

Cerambycinae.

In Newman's (1840) description of this species he stated that the holotype "... is in

the cabinet of the Entomological Club." Monne's (2005) catalog does not list where this

type is deposited. However, a curator of Coleoptera at the BMNH stated that the

holotype was included in the material donated to the museum by the Entomological Club

in 1844. The holotype is a female, 8.1 mm in length, and in very poor condition: the

apical segments of the antennae are absent, only the left metaleg is complete, the

remaining legs have missing tarsi and the right proleg is missing the tibia. The holotype

bears the following labels: handwritten number 298 registration Ent. Club/[18]44-12,

handwritten determination label in Newman's hand Curius Newm,/dentatus Newm; a

second handwritten label: Curius dentatus Newman type in Arrow's handwriting (S.

Shute, pers. comm.).

This species ranges in size from 5.0-10.0 mm in length. Male specimens examined

measured: length 5.0-9.2 mm, width 1.0-2.1 mm (measured across humeri); female

specimens examined measured: length 5.0-10.0 mm; width 1.2-2.3 mm (measured across

humeri). This species is very similar to C. punctatus but can be separated by the

following characters: eyes nearly subreniform (eyes ovate-emarginate in C. punctatus);

antennae very slightly flattened (more strongly flattened in C. punctatus); and femora

with distal half distinctly darker in most specimens femoraa with knees distinctly darker

in C. punctatus).









Curiuspanamensis Bates, 1885: 268

Original description:

Oblongo-linearis, depressus, breviter incumbenti-pilosus, opacus, fusco-testaceus;
antennis, articulis apice exceptis, femorum pedunculis, tibias et tarsis elytrorumque
lituris, pallido-testaceis; antennis (o) quam corpus duplo longioribus, tenuibus,
pubescentibus et infra sparsim ciliates, scapo graditim clavate, articulis 30 et 40
apice extus acute products, 50 quam caeteri multo longiori (quam 4u' duplo
longiori); thorace valde elongate, cylindrico subdepresso, punctulato, opaco; elytris
apice conjunctim acute rotundatis passim creberrime punctulatis, fascia angusta
antemediana, macula triangulari suturali versus apicem, apice et vitta irregulari
marginali pallide testaceis; pedibus valde elongates, femoribus long pedunculatis,
clavis subtus acute dentatis. Long. 4 /2 lin. Hab. Panama, Tole (Champion). One
example. (Bates, 1885: 268)

Redescription: Male (Figure 3-le, 3-4a-c). Length 6.4-10.7 mm, width 1.2-2.0

mm (measured across humeri). Habitus as in Figure 3-4a. General form small, narrow,

subcylindrical. Integument testaceous, with portions of head, antennal apices, pronotum,

elytra, distal portions of femora and tibiae, and sternum ferrugineus. Head with front

nearly flat, transverse, with a median, shallow groove from between eyes to just beyond

vertex, concave between antennal tubercles, which are strongly raised and separated by

about the width of two antennal sockets; vertex granulose; with short, recumbent, pale

pubescence. Eyes coarsely faceted, transverse, ovate-emarginate, deeply emarginate.

Antennae eleven-segmented, subcylindrical, almost twice as long as body; scape slightly

bowed, about as long as fourth antennomere; third antennomere equal to or slightly

shorter than fifth, almost twice as long as fourth, armed with acute mesal spine, fifth

antennomere equal to or slightly longer than third. Scape and antennomeres 2-8 ciliate

beneath with coarse, moderately long, suberect, hairs. Pronotum subcylindrical, about

1.7 times as long as wide, evenly rounded at sides, widest at middle, slightly broader at

apex than base, slightly constricted at basal third; disk convex, each side of pronotum

with one long, suberect, pale hair anterolaterally. Surface opaque, granulate-punctate,









with a dense field of gland pores (rounded, elevated tubercles with circular median

impressions) (Figure 3-4b); surface ornamented with ferrugineus markings as follows: a

narrow, longitudinal, median vitta, extending from anterior margin to middle, where it is

divided into two longitudinal vittae, which extend to the base, a thinner longitudinal

sinuate vitta on each side. Lateral margins of pronotum ferrugineus. Scutellum small,

subquadrate, a little longer than broad, granulose, with short, recumbent, pale

pubescence. Elytra about 3 times as long as width at humeri, about 2.3 times as long as

pronotal length, about 1.2 times broader basally than pronotum at widest (at middle);

sides moderately sinuate around middle; elytral apices separately, narrowly rounded,

forming a blunt point; epipleural margin moderately sinuate. Elytral disk nearly flat; base

of each elytron slightly raised. Elytral surface opaque, with three irregularly shaped,

broad, ferrugineus, lateral maculae arranged as follows: one at basal third, one at apical

half, and one at apical third not quite reaching elytral apices; punctation nearly uniformly

spaced, moderately dense, deep at basal third; punctures becoming shallower towards

apex and sides, almost obsolete at apical third; each puncture with a short, recumbent,

pale hair. Underside with prosternum slightly shining, granulate-punctate, with raised

nodules interspersed among a dense field of gland pores (rounded, elevated tubercles

with circular median impressions) (Figure 3-4b); prosternal process between procoxae

nearly flat, narrowest area of prosternal process about 0.2 times as wide as procoxal

cavity, and about 0.5 times the width of apex of process which is subtriangular; procoxal

cavities open behind. Mesosternum surface shining, densely and finely punctate.

Metasternum surface shining, densely and finely punctate, with scattered deeper

punctures and a few long, suberect, pale hairs. Metepistemum clothed with short,









recumbent, pale pubescence. Abdomen shining, clothed with short, recumbent, pale

pubescence; densely and shallowly punctate; with a few long, suberect, pale hairs; fifth

stemite broadly subtruncate, slightly shorter than preceding sternite. Legs with femora

very gradually clavate; distal portion of femora and tibiae distinctly darker; meso- and

metafemora slightly arcuate, weakly shining, clothed with recumbent, short, pale

pubescence; underside of each femoral club with a small, acute triangular tooth with

posterior edge very weakly serrate, nearly smooth; metatibiae nearly straight, very

slightly sinuate (Figure 3-4c); clothed with fine, recumbent, pale pubescence, becoming

longer distally; metalegs with first tarsomere about twice as long or longer than second.

Female. Length 8.5-13.0 mm; width 1.7-2.7 mm (measured across humeri). Very

similar to male except pronotum not as elongate; pronotum and prostemum lacking gland

pores, prosternum with sparse, shallow punctures each with a short hair (for example,

Figure 3-2d). Abdomen with terminal stemite evenly, broadly rounded, slightly longer

than preceding sternite.

Holotype: PANAMA, Chiriqui: Tole. (BMNH).

Material examined: Specimens, 18 (all from PANAMA): 1 male, C.Z., Barro

Colorado Is., 909'N, 79051'W, 05-11-1997, Pickering-Windsor, Lot # 7319 (JEWC); 2

females, Panama Pr., Altos de Pacora, Jan 4-10, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 female,

C.Z., Barro Colorado Is., 909'N, 79051'W, 29-1-1997, Pickering-Windsor, Lot #7295

(USNM); 2 males and 1 female, Panama pr., Cerro Azul, 2200', Jan 4-9, E. Giesbert,

Coll. (EFGC); 1 male and 3 females, Canal Zone, Vic. Ft. San Lorenzo, Jan 5 1983, E.

Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 male, C.Z., Barro Colorado Is., 909'N, 79051'W, 05-11-1997,

Pickering-Windsor, Lot #7819 (JEWC); 1 male, C.Z., Barro Colorado Is., 909'N,









79051'W, 29-1-1997, Pickering-Windsor, Lot #7295 (JEWC); 1 male and 1 female,

Panama, Cerro Azul, em. 26 Dec. 1991, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 female, Panama, Cerro

Azul, em. 20-30 Jan. 1992, R. Turnbow (RHTC); 1 female, Pn Pry, C. Azul Altus de,

Pacoras 4,10-1-94, JE Wappes (JEWC); 1 male, Vie. Ft. San Lorenzo, Jan 2 1983, E.

Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC).

Geographic distribution: Known only from Panama province, Panama (Central

America).

Discussion: Curiuspanamensis is endemic to Panama and nothing is known about

its biology.

This species is most closely related to C. chemsaki but can easily be distinguished

from all congeners by the presence of the mesal spine on the third antennomere.

Curiuspunctatus (Fisher, 1932: 55)

= Pentomacruspunctatus Fisher, 1932: 55
= Plectromeruspunctatus (Fisher, 1932: 55)

Original description:

Male. Broadly elongate, rather strongly flattened above, and feebly shining.
Above and beneath pale yellow, with the head, tips of antennal joints, sides of
sternum, tips of femora, numerous irregular spots on pronotum, and three broad,
transverse, zigzag fasciae on each elytron, black.

Head coarsely, confluently punctate, glabrous, front rather strongly constricted by
the eyes, with a narrow, longitudinal, median groove, broadly concave between the
antennal tubercles, which are widely separated, and rather strongly elevated; eyes
large, strongly convex, feebly emarginate, and widely separated from each other on
the top. Antenna about one and one-half times as long as the body, sparsely
clothed with short, inconspicuous pubescence, with numerous long, erect hairs on
the underside of the joints, which are slightly flattened, but unarmed at apices; first
joint robust, cylindrical, arcuate, slightly expanded toward apex, and one-half as
long as the third joint, which is distinctly longer than the fourth; eleventh joint
subequal in length to the tenth.

Pronotum distinctly longer than wide, and subequal in width at base and apex; sides
feebly, arcuately rounded, slightly constricted at base; disk slightly uneven, and









more or less flattened; surface glabrous, densely, coarsely, irregularly ocellate-
punctate, irregularly scabrous, and ornamented with black or dark brown spots as
follows: A narrow, longitudinal, median vitta, extending from anterior margin to
middle, where it is divided into two longitudinal vittae, which extend to, or nearly
to, the base, and from two to four round or elongate spots on each side. Scutellum
transverse, broadly rounded at apex, and the surface glabrous.

Elytra two and one-half times as long as pronotum, and at base feebly wider than
pronotum at middle; humeri rather strongly elevated; sides nearly parallel from
base to near the tips, which are separately, rather narrowly rounded; surface
coarsely, densely punctate, scabrous in basal regions, with a very short,
inconspicuous hair in the center of each puncture, each elytron ornamented with
three broad, transverse, zigzag fasciae, one near base, one at middle, and the other
one at apical fourth.

Abdomen beneath feebly, sparsely punctate, and clothed with a few long, semierect
hairs; last segment broadly rounded at apex. Prosternum broadly, transversely
concave, glabrous, feebly, coarsely rugose; prosternal process rather narrow
between the coxal cavities, and strongly declivous posteriorly. Legs rather long,
glabrous; femora strongly, abruptly clavate, petiolate at bases, and each femur
armed with a short tooth on underside near the apex; tibiae slightly flattened, and
the anterior pair feebly arcuate.

Female. Differs from the male in having the antennae only slightly longer than the
body, pronotum about as wide as long, and the surface coarsely, uniformly
scabrous.

Length, 5-10 mm.; width, 1.4-2.8 mm. Type locality. Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba.
Type, allotype, and paratypes. U.S.N.M. No. 43736. Paratypes. In American
Museum of Natural History and in S. C. Bruner collection. (Fisher, 1932: 55)

Holotype: male (Figure 3-5a), CUBA, Sep. 7/30, Santiago de las Vegas, Habana,

E.E.A. de Cuba No. 9399, Type No 43736 U.S.N.M. (USNM).

Material examined: Holotype, male (Figure 3-5a), CUBA, Sep. 7/30, Santiago de

las Vegas, Habana, E.E.A. de Cuba No. 9399, Type No 43736 U.S.N.M. (USNM).

Allotype, female, CUBA, E.E.A. de Cuba, No. 9399, Nov.29/30, Santiago de Las Vegas,

Habana, Allotype No 43736 U.S.N.M. (USNM). Specimens, 7 (all from CUBA): 1

female, paratype, E.E.A. de Cuba, No. 9399, Nov.29/30, Santiago de Las Vegas, Habana,

Paratype No 43736 U.S.N.M. (USNM); 1 male, paratype, E.E.A. de Cuba, No. 9399,









Nov.29/30, Santiago de Las Vegas, Habana, Paratype No, Punctatus Fisher (AMNH); 1

female, Minacarloza, Cienfuegos, XII-1-27, Wilson (FSCA); 1 female, paratype, E.E.A.

de Cuba, No. 9399, Nov 29/30, Santiago de las Vegas, Habana, J. Acufia, Col. (IESC); 1

male, Casa de Visita FAME, Topes de Collantes, S. Spiritus, Luz, Fecha 5-VI-2002, Col.

R. Nunez Luz (ENPC); 1 specimen, sex undetermined, Rio Yao, Sierra Maestra, Oct.

25/41, J. Acuna, col. (IESC); 1 specimen, sex undetermined, E.E.A. de Cuba, No. 9399

(IESC).

Geographic distribution: Known from Cienfuegos, Ciudad de la Habana,

Granma, and Sancti Spiritus provinces, Cuba (Greater Antilles).

Discussion: This species (Figure 3-1d, 3-5a-c) is most closely related the C.

dentatus (Figure 4-29). Nearns et al. (2005) transferred this species to Curius from

Plectromerus. Fisher (1932) stated that the eight specimens in the type series emerged

from native (Cuban) wood but the host plant is not reported. Fisher (1932) also stated

that this species is allied to P. femoratus, but it is clear that he never saw the type

specimen of that very large, distinct species (Figure 3-14a). Pifia et al. (2004) listed this

species from the Trinidad Mountains, Cuba.

Male specimens examined: length 8.9-12.0 mm, width 2.0-2.7 mm (measured

across humeri); female specimens examined: length 8.3-11.0 mm; width 2.0-2.5 mm

(measured across humeri). This species is very similar to C. dentatus but can be

separated by the following characters: eyes ovate-emarginate (eyes nearly subreniform in

C. dentatus); antennae more strongly flattened (very slightly flattened in C. dentatus);

and femora with knees distinctly darker femoraa with distal half distinctly darker in most

specimens of C. dentatus).









Key to the Species of Curius

1 Fifth antennomere equal to or only slightly longer than fourth ............... 2
1' Fifth antennomere about twice as long as fourth. ...................... .3

2(1) Antennae not distinctly flattened; distal half of femora distinctly darker than basal
half; body length 5.5-10 mm (SE USA). ....... dentatus Newman (Figure 3-3a)
Antennae distinctly flattened; femoral knees distinctly darker; body length 9.0-
12.5 mm (Cuba). ................... punctatuss (Fisher) (Figure 3-5a)

3(1') Third antennomere armed with spine, equal to or slightly shorter than fifth;
pronotum and elytra clothed with short, pale, recumbent, moderately dense hairs;
body length 6.5-15 mm (Panama) ........... panamensis Bates (Figure 3-4a)
Third antennomere without spine, slightly longer than fifth; pronotum and elytra
not as above; body length 7.5-8.6 mm (Venezuela). ........................
................... .............. .chemsaki Nearns & Ray (Figure 3-la)

Genus Plectromerus Haldeman, 1847: 43

= Pentomacrus White, 1855: 297
= Curius Lacordaire, 1869: 352 (not Newman, 1840)

Linsley's redescription:

Form cylindrical, integument shining. Antennae with fourth segment very much
shorter than fifth. Pronotum with sides nearly straight; prosternum with anterior
coxae distinctly separated. Legs with femora suddenly clavate. Abdomen with
first segment as long as following 3 together. (Linsley, 1963: 135)

Additions to Linsley's redescription

Pronotum with sides nearly straight to globose. Legs with femora gradually to

pedunculate clavate.

Type species: Obrium dentatum J. E. LeConte, 1824 (Linsley designation, 1963:

135) [= Callidium dentipes Olivier, 1790].

Geographic distribution: SE USA, Mexico, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles,


Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.









Discussion:

The genus Plectromerus Haldeman (1847) was first treated by LeConte (1873),
LeConte & Horn (1883), and Leng (1885). There has been some confusion about
the generic attributes of this genus and Pentomacrus White (Linsley 1963, Micheli
1983), but no thorough revisionary work has been done. Cameron (1910)
described two species in Pentomacrus and provided a key for species of this genus
only. Cazier & Lacey (1952) commented on the taxonomic problem clouding these
two genera and included the species assigned to both within a single key.
Subsequently, Giesbert (1985) stated that the supposed differences were not
sufficient to justify two genera and synonymized Pentomacrus with Plectromerus.
Vitali & Rezbanyai-Reser (2003) provided a key for all species of Plectromerus,
which later was modified by Vitali (2004) to include a new fossil species and to
subdivide the genus into two groups, Plectromerus and Pentomacrus. (Micheli &
Nearns, 2005: 23)

Plectromerus acunai (Fisher, 1936: 344)

= Pentomacrus acuhai Fisher, 1936: 344

Original description:

Slender, subcylindrical, subopaque, uniformly brownish yellow, the pronotum and
elytra ornamented with dark brown markings.

Head with front transverse, flat between the antennal tubercles, which are widely
separated and feebly elevated; surface feebly, coarsely, irregularly punctate, with a
few long, erect hairs; eyes coarsely granulated, strongly convex, elongate, feebly
emarginate, widely separated from each other on the top. Antenna about as long as
the body, unarmed, feebly, longitudinally carinate, rather densely ciliate beneath
with short, erect hairs.

Pronotum distinctly longer than wide, cylindrical, subequal in width at base and
apex; sides nearly parallel, feebly sinuate; disk slightly uneven, strongly convex;
surface glabrous, feebly, coarsely, irregularly punctate, ornamented with dark
brown as follows: A small median spot and a narrow, sinuate, longitudinal vitta on
each side. Scutellum transverse, broadly rounded at apex, with the surface
glabrous.

Elytra three times as long as pronotum, distinctly wider than pronotum; sides nearly
parallel from base to apical fourth, then arcuately narrowed to the tips, which are
separately arcuately, obliquely emarginate, with a large tooth at each outer angle;
disk slightly flattened; surface glabrous, densely, coarsely punctate basally, finely,
obsoletely punctate toward apices, and each elytron ornamented with three dark
brown spots, one at basal fourth, one at middle, and one at apical fourth.









Body beneath glabrous, impunctate; last abdominal segment broadly rounded at
apex. Legs clothed with short, inconspicuous yellowish pubescence; femora
strongly, abruptly clavate, petiolate at bases, each femur armed on the under side
near apex with a large tooth, which is smooth on posterior margin.

Length, 9-9.5 mm.; width, 1.75-2 mm. Type locality. Loma del Gato, Sierra del
Cobre, Oriente Province, Cuba. Type. United States National Museum, Cat. No.
51749. Paratype in the collection of S. C. Bruner. Described from two specimens
collected by J. Acufia (E. E. A. Entom. Cuba, No. 10815). The type was collected
at the type locality, July 4-7, 1936, and the paratype was collected at Pico
Turquino, Oriente Province, Cuba, at an elevation of 3,750 feet, June 10-29, 1936.
(Fisher, 1936: 344)

Holotype: female (Figure 3-6a), CUBA, Loma del Gato, Sierra del Cobre, Oriente,

July 4-7/36, J. Acuna, Col., E.E.A. Cuba, Ento. No.10815, Type No. 51749 U.S.N.M.

(USNM).

Material examined: Holotype, female (Figure 3-6a), CUBA, Loma del Gato,

Sierra del Cobre, Oriente, July 4-7/36, J. Acuna, Col., E.E.A. Cuba, Ento. No.10815,

Type No. 51749 U.S.N.M. (USNM). Specimens, 24 (all from CUBA): 1 male, paratype,

Pico Turquino, 3750 feet, E.E.A. Cuba, Ento. No. 10815, Junio 10-29/36, J. Acufia Col.

(IESC); 1 male and 1 female, Soledad, Cienfuegos, XI-16 1927, Gavinas Wilson (FSCA);

2 females, Cardero, Turquino, Ote., X 1966, Col. I. Garcia (IESC); 1 female, Casa de

Visita FAME, Topes de Collantes, S. Spiritus, Luz, Fecha 30-IV-9-V.2002, Col. L.

Garcia (IESC); 1 male, Casa de Visita FAME, Topes de Collantes, S. Spiritus, Luz,

Fecha 30-IV-9-V.2002, Col. R. Nunez (IESC); 17 specimens, sex undetermined (FDZC).

Geographic distribution: Known from Cienfuegos, Sancti Spiritus, and Santiago

de Cuba provinces, Cuba (Greater Antilles).

Discussion: This species (Figure 3-6a-c) is endemic to Cuba. Zayas (1975)

redescribed this species in his revision of the family and stated that he had collected a

series at the following localities: Sierra Cristal, Gran Piedra, Loma del Gato, Buenos









Aires, and Topes de Collantes. Pifia et al. (2004) listed this species from the Trinidad

Mountains, Cuba. The holotype measures: length 8.7 mm, width 1.8 mm (measured

across humeri).

This species most closely resembles P. bidentatus but can be easily distinguished

by the metafemora armed with a single acute tooth (metafemora with two distinct acute

teeth in P. bidentatus). From P. dentipes, this species can be easily distinguished by the

apex of each elytron armed with a strong, acute spine (elytral apices subtruncate to

strongly truncate in P. dentipes).

Plectromerus bidentatus Fisher, 1942: 16

Original description:

Slender, subcylindrical, rather strongly shining, uniformly pale brownish yellow,
pronotum and elytra ornamented with dark brown markings.

Head with the front transverse, flat between the antennal tubercles, which are
widely separated and feebly elevated; surface feebly, coarsely, irregularly punctate,
finely densely granulose, with a few long, erect hairs; eyes feebly emarginate,
strongly convex, coarsely granulated, and very widely separated from each other on
the top. Antenna about as long as the body, unarmed, slightly flattened, ciliate
beneath with moderately long, erect hairs, the segments feebly, obtusely angulate
on inner margins at apices.

Pronotum distinctly longer than wide, cylindrical, subequal in width at base and
apex; sides parallel, feebly, broadly, arcuately constricted on basal half; disk even,
strongly convex; surface nearly smooth at middle, coarsely, sparsely, irregularly
punctate at sides, indistinctly pubescent, ornamented with dark-brown markings as
follows: A narrow, elongate, median spot, and a narrow, sinuate vitta on each side,
the vitta not extending to base or apex, and more or less interrupted at the middle,
Scutellum transverse, broadly rounded at apex, with the surface glabrous.

Elytra nearly three times as long and distinctly wider than pronotum; sides nearly
parallel from humeral angles to apical fifth, then feebly converging to the tips,
which are separately feebly, broadly, arcuately emarginate, with a large, acute tooth
at the outer angle; disk slightly flattened; surface rather densely, coarsely punctate
basally, more obsoletely punctate toward apices, with a few scattered, erect hairs,
and each elytron ornamented with three narrow, transverse, zigzag, dark-brown
markings, one at basal third, one near middle, and the other at apical third.









Body beneath nearly glabrous, strongly shining; abdomen impunctate, the last
visible sternite broadly rounded at apex; prosternum coarsely, very sparsely,
irregularly punctate. Legs clothed with short, inconspicuous pubescence; femora
petiolate, strongly, abruptly clavate, the anterior and middle pairs armed on the
under sides near apices with a short, acute tooth, and the posterior pair each armed
with two acute teeth, which are not serrate on posterior margins; tibiae arcuate or
sinuate.

Length 7-8 mm., width 1.5-1.75 mm. Type locality. Loma de la Pena, northwest of
Constanza, Dominican Republic. Type and paratype. In the Museum of
Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Mass., No. 23773. Paratype in the United
States National Museum, No. 53735. Described from three specimens (one type,
sex not determined) collected at the type locality at an elevation of 5,000 feet,
during August 1938 by P. J. Darlington, Jr. (Fisher, 1942: 16)

Holotype: (sex not determined), DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, Constanza: Loma de

la Pefia, northwest of Constanza, No. 23773 (MCZ).

Material examined: Specimens 9 (all from DOMINICAN REPUBLIC): 2 males

and 3 females, Duarte. Reserva Loma, Quita Espuela, Camelo, 13.2 km NNE San

Francisco de Macoris, 19024.46'N, 70009.52'W., 515 m. 6 Apr 2004, C. Young, R.

Davidson, J. Rawlins, edge of wet broadleaf forest, canopy trap, Sample 11293 (CMNH);

1 male, Duarte. Reserva Loma, Quita Espuela, Camelo, 13.1 km NNE San Francisco de

Macoris, 19024.44'N, 70009.47'W., 512 m. 6 Apr 2004, C. Young, R. Davidson, J.

Rawlins, burned patch in broadleaf forest, canopy trap, Sample 11393 (CMNH); 1 male,

La Vega. Cordillera Central, 4.1 km SW El Convento, 18-50-38N, 70-42-51W., 1733 m.

31 May 2003, J. Rawlins, R. Davidson, C. Young, C. Nunez, P. Acevedo, montane forest

with pines near pasture, canopy trap, Sample 22192 (CMNH); 1 male, Monsenor Nouel

Prov., Cabo Vito 19-01.165'N, 70031.197'W, 4 July 2004, beating C. J. Micheli, coll.

(JAMC); 1 male, Prov. La Vega, ca. 10km E. Constanza, 1295m, 31AUG1988, beating in

pine, guava forest, M.A. Ivie, T.K. Philips & K.A. Johnson (WIBF).









Geographic distribution: Known from Duarte, La Vega, and Monsefior Nouel

provinces, Dominican Republic (Greater Antilles).

Discussion: This species (Figure 3-7a-c) is endemic to Hispaniola and has been

collected beating vegetation and in canopy traps. Male specimens examined measured:

length 6.2-8.5 mm, width 1.5-1.9 mm (measured across humeri); female specimens

examined measured: length 7.8-8.1 mm; width 1.7-1.8 mm (measured across humeri).

The prostemal process between the procoxae is very distinctive in this species,

being abruptly declivous instead of gradually declivous and not expanded distally as in

all other known Plectromerus species (Figure 3-7c). Plectromerus bidentatus most

closely resembles P. dentipes but can be easily distinguished by the apex of each elytron

armed with a strong, acute spine (elytral apices subtruncate to strongly truncate in P.

dentipes). Plectromerus bidentatus and P. acunai both have the apex of each elytron

armed with a strong, acute spine however, P. bidentatus can be easily distinguished by

the metafemora armed with a two distinct acute teeth (Figure 3-7b) (metafemora with one

acute tooth in P. acunai).

Plectromerus dentipes (Olivier, 1790: 268)

= Callidium dentipes Olivier, 1790: 268
= Obrium dentatum J.E. LeConte, 1824: 172
= Curius scambus Newman, 1840: 79
= Plectromerus costatus Cazier & Lacey, 1952: 30, new synonymy

Original description:

Callidium thorace cylindrico, testaceum, elytris fasciis duabus fuscis, femribus
dentatis, Ent. ou hist. nat. des ins. I1 est de la grandeur du Callidie mystique. Les
antennes sont testacees, de la longueur du corps. Les antennules sont testacees,
filiformes, avec le dernier article un peu plus gros que les autres. La tete est
testacee, & les yeux sont bruns; ils ont une petite echancrure a cote de l'insertion
des antennas. Le corcelet est testace, arrondi, presque cylindrique. L'ecusson est
petit & arrondi posterieu ement. Les elytres sont pointillees, testacees, avec des
bandes obscures. Le dessous du corps & les pattes sont testacees. Les cuisses sont









un peu renslees, & a mees chacune d'une dent, don't celle des posterieures est la
plus longue. Il se trouve dans l'Amerique Septentrionale, la Georgie. (Olivier,
1790: 268)

Linsley's redescription:

Male. Form elongate; subcylindrical; integument shining, brown or reddish-brown,
pronotum and elytra with paler areas; sparsely and very obscurely pubescent. Head
finely, not densely punctate above; antennae exceeding elytral apices by about 2
segments, basal segments cylindrical, outer segments a little expanded at apex,
scape a little longer than third segment, second segment longer than wide; fourth
segment a little more than half as long as long as third segment, fifth segment 1 /2
times as long as third segment, 2 /4 times as long as fourth, segments 5 to 10
successively decreasing in length, eleventh segment longer than tenth. Pronotum
subcylindrical, 1 i2 times as long as basal width, but little wider at middle, surface
polished, shining, very sparsely punctate; prosternum polished, glabrous,
impunctate except for a group of coarse punctures on each side in front of coxae.
Elytra a little more than 2 /2 times as long as basal width; surface coarsely punctate,
punctures dense at base and in dark areas of basal 3/5, sparser in pale areas, very
sparse and much finer over posterior 2/5; apices feebly truncate. Legs with femora
suddenly clavate, armed beneath with a tooth, finely punctate, thinly clothed with
fine appressed pubescence. Abdomen shining, subglabrous, impunctate; fifth
stemite broadly rounded. Length, 6-8 mm. Female. Antennae barely attaining
elytral apices; prosternum glabrous and impunctate; abdomen with fifth sternite
rounded at apex. (Linsley, 1963: 135)

Holotype: USA, Georgia (depository unknown).

Material examined: Holotype of Curius scambus Newman (= P. dentipes

(Olivier)), male (BMNH).

Specimens, 9 (all from ALABAMA, USA): 1 male, 16-V-1948, W. Rosenberg

(USNM); 1 male and 1 female, 19-V-1949, W. Rosenberg (USNM); 1 female, 6-V-1949,

W. Rosenberg (USNM); 1 female, 14-V-1948, W. Rosenberg (USNM); 1 male, Baldwin

Co., reared, pecan, 1971 (JEWC); 1 male, Baldwin Co., R'd: Pecan, 1972 (USNM); 1

female, Baldwin Co., 1972, R'd: Pecan (JEWC); 1 female, Highlands Co., H. Hammock

St. Pk., 7-VII-94, RF Morris II (USNM).

1 male, CALIFORNIA, Orange Co., Palos Verdes Peninsula, July 1995, F.T.

Hovore, coll., inside hotel restaurant, alive on tabletop, walking on butter (ENPC).









Specimens, 222 (all from FLORIDA, USA): 1 male, L. Worth, 2.6, Coll Hubbard

& Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Orlando, bred from pecan, 15 May 08, Chittenden No 317,

Russell Coll (USNM); 1 male, Escambia Co., Sta. Rosa Isl., Ft. Pickens, 30019.5'N,

87017'W, MV UV light, 27-28 May 2003, A.K.& M.A. Tishechkin (LSAM); 1 male,

Gainesville, 5-14-1947, H.V. Weems, Jr., at light (FSCA); 1 male, Babson Park, R.E.

Vild Coll. 12-X-61, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 male, Collection of Msr. A.T. Slosson, Ac.

26226 (AMNH); 1 male, L. Worth, 5-6, Schwarz, M.A. Cazier Collection Acc. 38903

(AMNH); 1 male, Crescent City, IV-24-08, Van Duzee Coll (AMNH); 1 male, Key

Largo, C. Schaeffer Collection (AMNH); 1 male, Key Largo Key, Monroe Co., H.V.

Weems, Jr. Coll. 3 IV 66, beating hammock vegetation at night (FSCA); 1 male, 3368,

Hopk. U.S., May 8/05 reared, WF Fiske Collector, Apalchcla [sic], evergreen scrub oak

(USNM); 1 male, Paradise Key, Feb. 27, 1919, A Wetmore Collector (AMNH); 1 female,

Everglade, Apr. 9-'12 (AMNH); 1 male, Elliots Key, C. Schaeffer Collection (AMNH); 1

male, L. Worth, C. Schaeffer Collection (AMNH); 1 male, Taylor Co., Williams

Landing, 24-25-VII-1967, R. Smith (USNM); 1 female, 2-IX-77, Alachua Co., T.H.

Atkinson, in window-pane trap with ethanol in hardwood hammock (USNM); 1 female,

23-V-78, Flagler Co., T.H. Atkinson, in window-pane trap with ethanol in slash pine

plantation (USNM); 1 female, 22-VI-78, Flagler Co., T.H. Atkinson, in window-pane

trap with ethanol in slash pine plantation (USNM); 1 female, Key Largo, F.W. Mead

Coll., 2 V 57 (FSCA); 1 male, Key Largo, March 23-24, 1973, ex brush pile, J.S. Ashe

(TAMU); 1 female, St. Petersburg, W.C. Carroll Coll. 9 X 64, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1

female, Long Key, VIII-24-70 (TAMU); 1 female, Royal Palm Park, 9-IX-31, L Bottimer

(USNM); 1 female, Ft. Lauderdale, 9-26-1962, Cat. No. 11109 (FSCA); 1 female,









Knights Key, Marathon, XII-1-1970 (USNM); 1 female, Knight's Key, Marathon, II-1-

1971 (JEWC); 1 female, Marathon, Fla. Keys, V-24-1971 (USNM); 1 female, Biscayne,

36.4, Coll Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 female, DeLand, G.W. Desin Coll. 10-X-61

(FSCA); 1 female, Paradise Key, Feb. 26. (USNM); 1 female, Miami, O.D. Link Coll., 26

II 49, S.P.B. Ace. 104064 (FSCA); 1 female, Gainesville, 5-11-1947, H.V. Weems, Jr.,

14279 (FSCA); 1 female, Matheson Hamm., D.R. Paulson Coll. II-15-57 (FSCA); 1

female, Jackson Co., F.W. Mead coll. 4 VIII 54, coll. at light (FSCA); 1 female,

Courtnay, G.W. Desin Coll. 5 XI 63, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 female, Miami, XII 15

1961, B.K. Dozier (FSCA); 3 females, Miami, V-27-1963, B.K. Dozier (FSCA); 2

females, Monroe Co., Flamingo, Florida Bay, 26 November 1990, S. Thompson

(CMNH); 1 female, Miami, V-2, H. Klages Coll'n, C.M. Ace. 11414 (CMNH); 1 male

and 2 females, Carn. Mus. Acc. 349 (CMNH); 1 female, ex Rhacoma crossopetim [sic],

Big Pine, Schwarz & Barber '19 (USNM); 1 female, no label data (AMNH); 1 female,

Paradise Key, Mar. 1-' 19, H Barber collector (USNM); 1 female, Ormond Beach, John

N. Pott Coll. 3-XI-67, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 4 females, Sea Horse Key, Levy Co., H.A.

Denmark coll. 7 IX 57, at black light (FSCA); 2 females, Destin, G.W. Desin coll. 10 V

62, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 male and 2 females, Destin, R.E. Woodruff coll. 16 V 60

(FSCA); 1 female, 10087d, Hopk. U.S., H.S. Barber, Colr., Martha, Mar. 7/10 (USNM);

1 female, Dade Co., 10-XII-36, O.D. Link Coll. (FSCA); 1 female, Palmetto, VI-8-45, on

weed, #45-13816 (USNM); 1 female, South Miami, IV-17-45, In Cassia pod, #45-7861

(USNM); 1 female, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Sta., 14-18-IX-1978, H.V. Weems, Jr.

& Fred E. Lohrer, insect flight trap (FSCA); 1 female, Monroe Co., Key Largo, emerged

24-31 Dec. 1976, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 female, Long Key, Cotton Bloom, XI-11-32,









CF Rainwater Coll., #88 (USNM); 1 male, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Sta., 8 mi. S of

Lk. Placid, 7-VII-1988, P. Skelley, blacklight trap (FSCA); 1 female, Highlands Co.,

Archbold Biol. Sta., UVL 1-X-1977, L.L. Lampert, Jr. (FSCA); 1 male and 1 female,

Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Sta., 29-IX-1980, UVL, L.L. Lampert, Jr. (FSCA); 1 male

and 1 female, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Sta., UVL 20-IV-1976, L.L. Lampert, Jr.

(FSCA); 1 male, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Sta., 24-IX-1978, L.L. Lampert, Jr.

(FSCA); 1 male, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Sta., 25-IX-1978, L.L. Lampert, Jr.

(FSCA); 1 male, Archbold Biol. Sta., Lake Placid, 17-IX-1975, Rosenberg Collection

(USNM); 1 female, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Sta., 8 mi. S of Lk. Placid, 30-VI-

1988, P. Skelley, beating bushes (FSCA); 1 female, Fort Pierce, St. Lucie Co., E.W.

Campbell Coll. 31-XII-80, Jackson trap (FSCA); 1 female, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key, 5-

V-1990, M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 female, Dade Co., Miami, L.D. Howarton, 16-IV-84,

Jackson Trap (FSCA); 1 female, Cudjoe Key, W.H. Pierce coll. 4-V-71, in McPhail trap

(FSCA); 1 female, Monroe Co., Key Largo, emerged 11-20 Aug. 1979, R. Turnbow, ex

Mastichodendronfoetidissimum (Jacq.) Cronquist (FSCA); 1 female, Kissimmee, R.E.

Vild, Coll. 19-XI-61 (FSCA); 2 females, Mascotte, C.L. Felshaw coll. 20-V-63, in

Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 female, Key Largo, 16-III-1972, J. Wappes, UVL (FSCA); 1

female, Broward Co., Hollywood, 4-V-1994, B. Coy, X Citrofortunella microcarpa

(FSCA): 1 female, Brevard Co., Merritt Isl., F.A. Smith, 1-XII-81, Calamondin (FSCA);

1 female, Marathon, Fla. Keys, VII-10-1971 (AMNH); 1 female, Jupiter, XII.17.38, Acc.

36406, Collectors F.E. Watson, L.J. Sanford (AMNH); 1 female, Miami, Nov. 5.1911

(AMNH); 1 female, Fort Myers, Apr. 20-12 (AMNH); 1 male and 2 females, Marco, Apr.

19, '12 (AMNH); 2 males and 2 females, Key Largo, Ac. 5409, Coll Chas Palm









(AMNH); 1 male and 2 females, Marco, Apr. 17 12, Wm. T. Davis Collection, from

Sapodilla, M.A. Cazier Collection Acc. 38903 (AMNH); 1 female, Sanford, IV-26-08,

Van Duzee Coll (AMNH); 1 female, Key Largo, M.A. Cazier Collection Acc. 38903

(AMNH); 1 female, Leng, M.A. Cazier Collection Acc. 38903 (AMNH); 1 female, Key

Largo, Fla. Keys, III-22-1971 (AMNH); 1 female, St. Petersburg, W.E. Wynn Coll. 10 XI

64, in Steiner Trap (EMEC); 2 females, Manatee Co., D.C. Chancey Coll. 30-VI-64, in

Steiner Trap (EMEC); 1 female, East Bradenton, D.C. Chancey and Frederick Coll. 21-

V-64 (EMEC); 2 females, Miami, VI-13-1963, B.K. Dozier, Va. Key (EMEC); 1 female,

Lake Placid, 7-13-1948, B.T. McDermott (EMEC); 1 male, St. Lucie, 20.4, Coll.

Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 female, Biscayne, 17.5, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz

(USNM); 1 male, Monroe Co., VII.6.1961, Big Pine Key lights, C.F. Harbison, Nat. Hist.

Mus. San Diego, Calif. Acc'n. No. 1961.c (EMEC); 1 female, Everglades N.P.

XII.4.1961, Flamingo Prairie, C.F. Harbison, Nat. Hist. Mus. San Diego, Calif. Acc'n.

No. 1961.c (EMEC); 2 females, L. Worth (AMNH); 1 male and 1 female, L. Worth, IV-

1918, 14.278, H. Klages coll'n, C.M. Acc. 11414 (CMNH); 1 male, Miami, V-4, H.

Klages Coll'n, C.M. Acc. 11414 (CMNH); 1 male, Coral Gables, IV-'57, from Jamaica,

R.W. Swanson coll. (FSCA); 1 female, 3369, Hopk. U.S., reared Nov. 10/05, Fiske WF

Collector, Apalachicola, Taxodium distichum (USNM); 1 male and 2 females, 3367,

Hopk. U.S., June 19/08 reared, WF Fiske Collector, Apalchcla [sic], Juniperus (USNM);

1 male, Biscayne, 21-5, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Key Largo, R.E.

Woodruff coll. 7 XII 66, J.H. Knowles Coll. 7 XII 66, beating at night (FSCA); 1 female,

Longwood, G.W. Desin coll. 18 X 61, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 male, Orange City,

G.W. Desin coll. 9 X 61, in Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 male, Big Pine, iii Schwarz (USNM);









1 male, Paradise Key, Mar. 10 (USNM); 1 male, Miami, VI-1-1963, B.K. Dozier

(FSCA); 1 male, Miami, VI-13-1963, Va. Key, B.K. Dozier (FSCA); 1 male, Paradise

Key, 22-26-iii-19, CA Mosier (USNM); 1 male, Paradise Key, 13.3.19, HS Barber,

Shoemaker Collection 1956 (USNM); 1 male, Key West, 20-III-12, EA Schwarz

Collector (USNM); 1 male, U.S.N.M. Acc. 10725, Wing mounted HG Good (USNM); 1

male, Bay Co., St. Andrew's St. Rec. Area, 13 May 1984, R. Turnbow (FSCA); 1 male,

Pinellas Co.: Weedon Key, 7-iv-1995, W. Lu (ENPC); Imale, Ft. Meyers, May 3-5, '08,

Van Duzee Wickham Collection 1933 (USNM); 1 male, L. Worth, Schwarz (AMNH); 2

males and 3 females, Key Largo, Catal. No. 1610, Brooklyn Museum Coll. 1929

(UNSM); 1 male, Key West, IV, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Tampa,

21.4, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 2 males, Miami, VI-13-1963, B.K. Dozier, Va.

Key (FSCA); 2 males and 1 female, Center Hill, E.W. Holder, Jr. coll. 20-IV-65, in

Steiner Trap (FSCA); 1 female, Volusia Co., H.A. Denmark coll. 11-VIII-56 (FSCA); 1

male, Jefferson Co., Aucilla Wldlf. Mgt. Areajct. hwys 59 & 98, 11 June 1988, R.

Tumbow (FSCA); 1 male, Pinellas Co., St. Petersburg, 10-VI-1982, K. Hickman,

Calomondin (FSCA); 1 male and 1 female, Up. Key Largo, Fla. Keys, III-18-1972

(JEWC); 1 male, Bradford Co., S. of Keystone Heights, G.B. Edwards, 13-X-1979

(FSCA); 1 female, Orlando, J.R. Woodley coll. 25-X-61 (FSCA); 1 female, Monroe Co.,

Upper Key Largo, 10-VI-1994, R. Morris (FSCA); 1 male, Alachua Co., Gainesville,

Doyle Conner Building, 6-VIII-1990, P. Skelley, light (FSCA); 2 males, Broward Co., V-

17-1937, Pampano, D.R. Paulson coll., on P. clausa (FSCA); 3 males, Monroe Co., Key

Largo, March 23, 1973, J.R. Ables (TAMU); 1 male, Dixie Co., 4 mi. N. Old Town, May

18-20 1978, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 male, Dade Co., Matheson Hammock, Dec 15









1978, E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 female, Dade Co., Matheson Hammock, Dec 16 1978,

E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 male and 1 female, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key, May 1 1977,

E. Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 male, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key, Emg'd Oct 19, 1977, E.

Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 female, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key, Emg'd Jan, 1978, E.

Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 female, Monroe Co., Upper Key Largo, May 13-15 1979, E.

Giesbert, Coll. (EFGC); 1 male, Hernando Co., Withlacoochee State Forest, beating dead

oak branches, Croom Moto. Area, near Brooksville, SpecmenlD 1463, Gino Nearns -

07/26/2003 (ENPC); 1 female, Hernando Co., Withlacoochee State Forest, beating dead

oak branches, Croom Moto. Area, near Brooksville, SpecmenlD 1466, Gino Nearns -

07/26/2003 (ENPC); 1 male, Hernando Co., Withlacoochee State Forest, beating dead

oak branches, Croom Moto. Area, near Brooksville, SpecmenlD 1464, Gino Nearns -

07/26/2003 (ENPC); 1 female, Hernando Co., Withlacoochee S.F., Croom Area, beating

dead oak branches, Croom Moto. Area, near Brooksville, SpecmenlD 1469, Gino Neams

07/26/2003 (ENPC); 1 male, Monroe Co., SugarloafKey, along CR 939, beating

mangrove & buttonwood, SpecID: 6119, 26-III-2005, Neams & Leavengood (ENPC); 1

female, Dade Co., Miami Bch, 16-XI-1989, W. Franchillon & D. Storch, sticky board in

Terminalia catappa (FSCA); 1 male, Dade Co., Matheson Hammack Park, May 8, 1990,

coll. E. G. Riely (TAMU); 1 female, Pascoe Co., Holiday, 10-10-1993, W.H. Yackley

(CMHN); 1 male and 1 female, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key, Cactus Hammock, V-15-

1990: Coll. E.G. Riley, night beating (TAMU); 1 male, Monroe Co., Big Pine Key,

Watson's Nature Trail & vic., V-14-1990: E. Riley (TAMU); 1 female, Monroe Co.,

Marathon, Point Crane Hammock, 5-V-1990, M.C. Thomas (FSCA); 1 male and 1

female, Jefferson Co., Aucilla Wldlf. Mgt. Area, jct. hwys. 59 & 98, 11 June 1988, R.









Turnbow (FSCA); 1 male, Dade Co., Miami, 3-X-1988, D. Gruber, F.F.D trap (FSCA); 1

female, Key Largo, 18-III-1972, L.L. Lampert, UVL (FSCA); 1 female, Alachua County,

Gainesville, NW 42nd Terrace, September 2000, JL Foltz (Frontalin + Turp. Lindgren

Funnel) (ENPC); 1 male, Monroe Co., Upper Key Largo, VI-3-5-1993, Androw, Brattain,

Keeney & Morris (CMNH); 1 male, Dade Co., Camp Mahachee, 8-IV-1991, M.C.

Thomas (FSCA); 1 female, Charlotte Co., Charlotte Harbor, 11-IV-1991, S. Wilson,

Jackson trap (FSCA); 1 male, Highlands Co., Archbold Biol. Sta.18-X-1980, UVL, L.L.

Lampert, Jr. (FSCA); 1 male, Escambia Co., Sta. Rosa Isl., Ft. Pickens, 30019.5'N,

87017'W, beating dead twigs, 28 May 2003, A.K. Tishechkin (LSAM); 1 male, Orange

Co., V-28-29, H Clark, Florida Fruit Fly Trap Surv (USNM); 1 male, St. Augustine, CW

Johnson Collector (USNM); 1 male, Paradise Key, Mar 1-19, H Barber Collector

(USNM); 2 males, Paradise Key, Apr. 27, CA Mosier '19 (USNM); 1 male, Sebastian,

Feb, 10, 1919, A Wetmore Collector (USNM); 1 male, Key Largo, M.A. Cazier

Collector, Acc. 38903 (AMNH); 1 male, St. Petersbug, S.O. Storms Coll. 12-XI-64, in

McPhail trap (FSCA); 1 male, Levy Co., H.V. Weems, Jr. Coll. 9-IX-55, coll. at light

(FSCA); 5 males, Miami, VI-13-1963, B.K. Dozier, Va. Key (FSCA); 1 male,

Hallandale, VII-1-1962, B.K. Dozier (FSCA); 2 males, Monroe Co., Fla. Keys, IV-3-5-

1953, coll. E.L. Mockford (FSCA); 1 male, Wildwood, E.W. Holder, Jr., coll. 6-V-65, in

Steiner trap (FSCA); 2 males, Henry Ulke Beetle Collection, CMNH Acc. No. 1645

(CMNH); 1 male, John Pennekamp St. Park, Key Largo, VI-17-1965, Collectors: L. &

C.W. O'Brien (EMEC); 1 male, L. Harney, May 4, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1

male, Biscayne, 27-4, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Marco, Apr. 19. '12

(AMNH); 1 male, Dade Co., X 1953, L.N. Bell, UA (EMEC); 1 male, Paradise Key, 27-









II-' 19, EA Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, St. Nicholas, Collection WH Ashmead (USNM); 1

male, Bartow, 16.7, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 female, Crescent City, Coll.

Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male, Biscayne, 17-5, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz

(USNM); 1 male, Biscayne, 29-4, Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz (USNM); 1 male,

Homestead, VIII-12-1960, R.M. Baronowski (FSCA); 1 male, Key Largo, 14278,

Shoemaker Collection 1956 (USNM); 1 male, Monroe Co., 3 mi. NE Tavernier,

Plantation Key, 12 DEC 1985, M.A. Ivie (WIBF); 1 male, 20-III-12, EA Schwartz

Collector (USNM); 1 male, Hopk. U.S., Jun-1/05 reared, WFFiske collector, Apalchola,

evergreen scrub oak (USNM).

Specimens, 6 (all from GEORGIA, USA): 1 female, Greene Co., R'd pecan, V-

1972 J. Wappes (JEWC); 1 female, Clinch Co., R'd pecan, VI+VII-1972 J. Wappes

(JEWC); 1 male, Lowndes Co., VII-62 (FSCA); 1 male, Henry Ulke Beetle Coll. CMNH

Acc. No. 1645 (CMNH); 1 male and 1 female, 16108, Hopk. U.S., Apr. 25/03, WF Fiske

Collector, Brunswick, Cupressus (USNM).

Specimens, 26 (all from LOUISIANA, USA): 1 female, E. Baton Rouge Parish, 26-

IX-1972, Coll. D.F. Andrews (LSAM); 1 female, Henry Ulke Beetle Coll. CMNH No.

1645 (CMNH); 1 female, Baton Rouge, 8-18-28, Attrahent Butyraldehyde, CE Smith

Coll, Norman Allen Coll (LSAM); 1 female, in pecan limb, Bellechase, V-12-1935, J.C.

Pritchett, N.O. # 12024 (USNM); 1 male and 1 female, Cameron Par., Grand Chenier,

Dead limbs coll., III-11-82: E. Riley, reared from dead limbs, emerged VIII-10-20, 1982

(TAMU); 1 female, E. Baton Rouge, Par., Baton Rouge, VI-1987, Coll. E.G. Riley

(TAMU); 1 female, E. Baton Rouge, Par., Baton Rouge, VI-1987, Coll. E.G. Riley,

reared from dead Cypress, T. disticum (TAMU); 1 male, Cameron Par., Grand Chenier,









Dead limbs coll., III1-11-82: E. Riley, reared from dead limbs, emerged V-9-, 1982

(TAMU); 1 female, M.A. Cazier Collector, Acc. 38903 (AMNH); 1 male, New Orleans,

24-IX-1974, V.A. Brou (FSCA); 1 male, New Iberia, 16/6/45, Collection H. Soltau

(USNM); 1 male, Grant Parish, 23-3-V-1972, Boll Weevil Sex Attractant Trap (LSAM);

1 male, Baton Rouge, East B.R. Parish, 6-VII-1982, R. Levy collector (LSAM); 1 male

and 1 female, Rapides Parish, 6-V-1973, Boll Weevil Sex Attractant Trap (LSAM); 1

male and 1 female, E. Baton Rouge, Baton Rouge, LSU, 9-11-V-1986, Coll. D.A. Rider,

collected at light (LSAM); 1 male, W. Feliciana Par., 5 mi. E Hwy 61; cabin, 15 Sept

2000, coll. A.R. Cline, MV light (ENPC); 1 female, EBR Par. nr. LSU campus, 31 July

2003, D. Henne collr. ex. Quercus virginiana (ENPC); 1 male and 1 female, New

Orleans, 31-III-45, Rau, in Cercis canadensis, 45-8777 (USNM); 1 male, St. Landry

Parish, 18-V-1974, C.E. Eastmand, in soy beans (LSAM); 1 female, St. Landry Parish,

13-VI-1974, C.E. Eastmand, in soy beans (LSAM); 1 female, St. Landry Parish, 30-V-

1974, C.E. Eastmand (LSAM); 1 female, Latourche Parish, near Chackbay, November

10, 2000, Coll. Sadie L. Granier (ENPC); 1 female, EBR Par., LSU Campus, 28 May

2001, A. Tishechkin, hand collected at lights (ENPC).

Specimens, 58 (all from TEXAS, USA): 20 males and 29 females, Brazos Col,

College Station, Riley Estate, 3035' 18"N, 9615 '12"W, emerged by IX-2003, Coll.

E.G. Riley, ex. Juniperus virginiana limbs cut, IV-2001 (TAMU); 2 males and 1 female,

Brazos Col, College Station, Riley Estate, 30035'18"N, 9615'12"W, emerged by V-15-

2002, E.G. Riley, ex. Juniperus (TAMU); 1 female, Oragne Co., Orange, 3010'25"N,

93045'36"W, V-25-1997, Coll. E.G. Riley 533 (TAMU); 1 female, Brazos Co, College

Station, Lick Creek Pk., X-31-XI-11-1998, M. Yoder, G. Gorena, B. Rodriguez & I.









Warriner, malaise trap (TAMU); 2 females, Brazos Col, College Station, Lick Creek Pk.,

IX-2-3-1995, R.R. Garces, Malaise trap (TAMU); 1 female, Brazos Col, College Station,

Lick Creek Pk., IX-23-30-1995, R.R. Garces, Malaise trap (TAMU); 1 female, M.A.

Cazier Collection Acc. 38903 (AMNH).

Specimens, 18 (all from BAHAMAS): Holotype ofP. costatus Cazier (= P.

dentipes (Olivier)), male (Figure 2-la), South Bimini Isl., B.W.I., V-25-1951, Cazier &

Gertch (AMNH), 1 male, paratype of P. costatus Cazier (= P. dentipes (Olivier)), South

Bimini Isl., June 1951, M. Cazier, C. & P. Vaurie collectors (AMNH); 2 males,

Gladstone Road, Nassau, XI-24-1959, A.M. Nadler (AMNH); 1 male and 1 female,

Eleuthera, Rainbow Bay, XI-1986, D.B. & R.W. Wiley, malaise trap (FSCA); 4 females,

Eleuthera, Rainbow Bay, 1-VII-1987, J.R. Wiley, malaise trap (FSCA); 1 female,

Eleuthera, 9-15, Wickham collection, 1933 (USNM); 2 males and 1 female, Man-O-War

Cay, nr Abaco, Aug. 15-24, 1971, H. & A. Howden (WIBF); 1 male, Andros Isl., San

Andros, June 22, 1976, J.W. Smith and F.D.Bennett (TAMU); 1 male and 1 female,

Andros Island, Nicoll's Town, 6-VI-2001, coll. M.C. Thomas, beating palmetto & slash

(FSCA); 1 female, Andros Island, Bowen Sound, 8-VI-2001, coll. M.C. Thomas, beating

(FSCA).

Specimens, 67 (all from CUBA): 1 male, Holguin, 1904, Sharp Coll. 1905-313

(WIBF); 1 male, Cayamas, 1-6, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 male, Cayamas, 10-1,

EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 male, Cayamas, 12-5, EA Schwarz Collector

(USNM); 2 males, Cayamas, 10-6, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 female, Cayamas,

6-6, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 male, Cayamas, 14-2, EA Schwarz Collector

(AMNH); 1 male, Camaguey, Col. J. Acuna, Julio 19 1923 (USNM); 1 male and 2









females, Cayamas, 29-5, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 male and 1 female, Cayamas,

23-5, EA Schwarz Collector (USNM); 1 female, Cayamas, ?, EA Schwarz Collector, 290

(USNM); 1 female, coll. Geitner, Tippman Coll. '57, 213112 (USNM); 1 male, Soledad,

Cienfuegos, J. Bot. v. 1986, Las Villas (FSCA); 1 male, Soledad, 2-VI-1925, Museum of

Comparative Zoology (EMEC); 1 male, Soledad (Cienfuegos) May, 1936, Darlington,

Museum of Comparative Zoology (USNM); 1 female, Florida Bianca, nr. Alto Songo,

Oriente Prov., 23-24 MAY 1959, M.W. Sanderson, C59-3 (WIBF); 1 male, Smithsonian

Parish Expedition, Port Moa, Feb. 8, 1930, #14, 109546 (USNM); 1 female, Camaguey,

Sept. 26-21, Col. J. Rutz, finca "La Ciegas" vino a luz por noche (IESC); 2 males,

Camaguey, Col. J. Acufia, Julio 19, 1923 (IESC); 1 female, Niguero Cabo Cruz, Ote., VI-

1965, Col. Zayas-Valdes (IESC); 1 male, Loma la Llaga, Najasa, Cam., X-1964, Col.

Zayas (IESC); 1 female, Loma la Llaga, Najasa, Cam., V-1964, Col. Zayas (IESC); 1

male, San Felipe, Arroyo Blanco, L.V. 10-IV-1975, L.F. Armas (IESC); 1 male,

Tortuguilla, XII 1965, Prov. Ote, Zayas-Garcia (IESC); 1 female, Cienaga de Zapata, P.

Larga, V 1963, Las Villas, Alayo-Zayas-Garcia (IESC); 1 male, Cienaga de Zapata, V

1963, Las Villas, Alayo-Garcia (IESC); 1 male, Cienaga de Zapata, V 1963, Las Villas,

Alayo-Zayas-Garcia (IESC); 1 female, no label data (IESC); 1 female, Cuabitas, Stgo. de

Cuba Ote., P. Alayao, Col., VII-1950 (IESC); 1 male, Soledad, Cienfuegos, J. Bot, V

19?6, Las Villas, Col. Coralia Sanchez (IESC); 1 male, Cayo Canuco, Caibarien, L.V.II

1974, L.F. Armas (IESC); 30 specimens (FDZC); 1 specimen, sex undetermined

(MNHN); 1 specimen, sex undetermined, Playa Larga- Cienaga de Zapata- Matanzas. 15

X 1999, col. Sergio Devesa (SDPC); 1 specimen, sex undetermined, Estaci6n Jarico-

Banao- Sancti Spiritus. 15 III 2006, col. Sergio Devesa (SDPC).