<%BANNER%>

Rethinking Culture History in Florida: An Analysis of Ceramics from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island in Volu...

xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID E20101220_AAAAAY INGEST_TIME 2010-12-20T11:13:32Z PACKAGE UFE0015407_00001
AGREEMENT_INFO ACCOUNT UF PROJECT UFDC
FILES
FILE SIZE 12630 DFID F20101220_AAAYQU ORIGIN DEPOSITOR PATH jenks_c_Page_52.QC.jpg GLOBAL false PRESERVATION BIT MESSAGE_DIGEST ALGORITHM MD5
f22294a3302ba312ae2222851331dce9
SHA-1
eaf4ca86ad262c10e471700893f1f46ac5f551e5
305 F20101220_AAAYLW jenks_c_Page_36.txt
f268a70a5ac5d13a0aea2bf085ea89fc
45dcfa9c1fb78f0dfa6981315dc3af8a9b06e9cb
116409 F20101220_AAAYEB jenks_c_Page_46.jp2
a30270054264495df3e13c49a12e5704
35db85ae180aa71a8783e6b60e188ed0649d2bee
25271604 F20101220_AAAYGZ jenks_c_Page_53.tif
a2850d88a50d3fdac0fd8683116203f2
5ae3e6601844a151d58e218268d21630fd5721ae
3816 F20101220_AAAYQV jenks_c_Page_52thm.jpg
7ed148922248ac6703b870b16752e520
63487321a98e8945308faf14e34388a0377909b3
2120 F20101220_AAAYLX jenks_c_Page_37.txt
773472c6c71d5977c2fee357492a8857
0e6dfaa57af10074c413f87442749107d23982f7
76404 F20101220_AAAYEC jenks_c_Page_47.jp2
1e5e8c1db080263b09c213e63fbca1e5
1aa71841143d9fef534d62d4bc03d298be527f1d
11203 F20101220_AAAYQW jenks_c_Page_53.QC.jpg
fa761606765989d6ffb9a8bb3bb78b10
263e11064cfa048dc6ad427cdff9c998f685843e
2076 F20101220_AAAYLY jenks_c_Page_38.txt
a8888b0dd41d618e5f290357c8850e99
d05c82441db953028b677168900239c263757e72
92311 F20101220_AAAYED jenks_c_Page_48.jp2
8d493ce6e39986e4446266ad90df2a29
513a7af5a9132e0b3dd0859d9b4768516454e2b8
29019 F20101220_AAAYJA jenks_c_Page_34.pro
3337a247ecd5966617730fb608da7853
ecd95777b5f147c5314289b486f9a282f70fd7c2
12496 F20101220_AAAYQX jenks_c_Page_54.QC.jpg
c1304a591b887c811abbf87b604c9804
81ee6d24018868a172718b7ec3d0f195df2614bb
2087 F20101220_AAAYLZ jenks_c_Page_39.txt
ea45667efa0e1ac8d3ce9f8358ce67a3
7ff17e924e72f509e90fc135c81512ac1f094709
77765 F20101220_AAAYEE jenks_c_Page_49.jp2
2c21e6c38f2f1a6a44adb92cef2c2a45
f3db0625db37e80ee0dcfe353d008ee6812346bb
7391 F20101220_AAAYJB jenks_c_Page_35.pro
0d4f7e4cb5e15fbc278e55fb3c9b3d88
a5df2599d40bd05c9ca62278743c83765249ed50
3931 F20101220_AAAYQY jenks_c_Page_54thm.jpg
e5f1c204778387a18edc8313b00835b7
74512726a73b3f2adc325213d0fa9fbff84186ca
77049 F20101220_AAAYEF jenks_c_Page_50.jp2
2ab57fe42f1f004d9ba02164146eedbb
401ced554e96b996c6f1e459f59a468fc13efd62
6029 F20101220_AAAYJC jenks_c_Page_36.pro
d6319f2228e61cd29dbe7093940bd075
a4fb9a2ae94739939aa75791e3c9b84c6fc73670
12462 F20101220_AAAYQZ jenks_c_Page_55.QC.jpg
4650d53c127e73b49550388208305e2e
98130008c4f5838d351bafabf57f18afa079c08b
27136 F20101220_AAAYOA jenks_c_Page_12.QC.jpg
dbcaadfbcc1fc6846758656c5fa8f1a4
a33779ef2e67cfdaed976ffce1f98e902255dd18
736082 F20101220_AAAYEG jenks_c_Page_51.jp2
b51fbf913e495093db03e12388e88289
a53f45c949974dcc562d07542b7d3432bd4d3c59
51394 F20101220_AAAYJD jenks_c_Page_37.pro
6c5a9e0a5f9c719718d5966a0694805f
c7c7f3a906ce0db2ce9aed657d5c4156709b02e2
6713 F20101220_AAAYOB jenks_c_Page_12thm.jpg
4fdc34224e342e5604d9bf69e8e7094a
a07e2aa90931ebd733ebb081ba552dea42b6e03d
418352 F20101220_AAAYEH jenks_c_Page_52.jp2
790095e789251bd64d6ebf80a1d0d63a
7367d9f624936db11c7516e6b1c748102011de99
52537 F20101220_AAAYJE jenks_c_Page_38.pro
eb7f487e44be9df9f3f945862fe9ff97
f980a102d78eaa64057856385e0adc894f6848e1
29269 F20101220_AAAYOC jenks_c_Page_13.QC.jpg
cfa63d6cb7b8096828b44ee1b194527c
ed905fec24051ee196f251620b6fc6054e772c34
325899 F20101220_AAAYEI jenks_c_Page_53.jp2
69f1ed661f617e55572e76d94b1640e5
7c8847923611085b4bff200e2373f72db691edc7
52448 F20101220_AAAYJF jenks_c_Page_39.pro
4e5ae61d9cbfd4910546b73c5ddb4f61
a6803375925e8d86b3d0d1f9a1e9ceb0327fa6d7
6988 F20101220_AAAYOD jenks_c_Page_13thm.jpg
4b436d9637e92922a7c44872d1a9bff1
683b3d88d5e450965ea6ed6645840a028ed7cb12
428858 F20101220_AAAYEJ jenks_c_Page_54.jp2
d74152db067f0b2fd70e1d3031a26854
530abe4cd11a4fc72b1d00148709931fa8e3e608
51758 F20101220_AAAYJG jenks_c_Page_40.pro
f39e26091beb121add97fa2662bc11f9
2709d128831757b58d149da0cce5add85a5c45ea
28717 F20101220_AAAYOE jenks_c_Page_14.QC.jpg
1d03f988438fe50a670f1170a309d7c0
bb48fc863b165e521b277d01ee81d04e40006902
426735 F20101220_AAAYEK jenks_c_Page_55.jp2
493c43e036ddc9b17ecb58f2b337d505
6673923f4cfb882c70b7524126d4c4c8995d1cee
52231 F20101220_AAAYJH jenks_c_Page_41.pro
df312ebb8542bce2d5efb21d15994e7f
a7e09cf68e7779826cd1527cbd72578c22d96d94
6886 F20101220_AAAYOF jenks_c_Page_14thm.jpg
63aa7cddee00edde323f245331ca2ef8
444caf3849d4439ff91a6211a8c7c21d14400f06
447205 F20101220_AAAYEL jenks_c_Page_56.jp2
0af030abc29500e224d975cd23404a58
3bc3a368106eed0f618436deddfacc023c109255
56599 F20101220_AAAYJI jenks_c_Page_42.pro
e0e2c203dc646d32a47edd1a735e394e
dacb71b938dd19827502018fc7dbb97951f52354
29229 F20101220_AAAYOG jenks_c_Page_15.QC.jpg
921d7b0b8d5ec23915498e8b0199841f
3caf1604fb4d925f568e437e72851379e48e1dcb
361801 F20101220_AAAYEM jenks_c_Page_57.jp2
921286afc09d814f4aa58afda2744a84
565425774b09236adda35c990fd4ab8dea5e1ac5
56188 F20101220_AAAYJJ jenks_c_Page_43.pro
3a4717aa2e3c81aa59f461624dcf0d29
52b94b2dc70e921d18ba4f804fca5b1d28f142c4
7145 F20101220_AAAYOH jenks_c_Page_15thm.jpg
c11dbc0207530d20db91f5b484709a8c
4fcf36bfc9f8f3ce2733515c35d6384f6479b13b
425738 F20101220_AAAYEN jenks_c_Page_58.jp2
42e7cdfb5495196cbef38435522a4563
a37740b960e6d29188158d89ca2a6002aa0de3e1
55116 F20101220_AAAYJK jenks_c_Page_45.pro
9bf05bdf749b718958584e176c87f373
166070a7857385f5e3324a56f8f35564fa6f3bbe
28766 F20101220_AAAYOI jenks_c_Page_16.QC.jpg
5e7e2d4c40885d6a1b339f4c21d58485
2b2e307e0f323b729c665a8a77127af2cbf8a5bf
424148 F20101220_AAAYEO jenks_c_Page_59.jp2
ea3be5d8185973c0dd3320f1e3c54494
4dd1b6930ec51863830fe61b5b56023d0c89c53e
53740 F20101220_AAAYJL jenks_c_Page_46.pro
02d534614e27542efd1be3e20805076b
a2a24d0a0712d0c03a51c9f557037ca8f39a6cbb
7015 F20101220_AAAYOJ jenks_c_Page_16thm.jpg
dd8c85dc9cf0bec49d228e2a90931a61
66d7cd9de6a2c54ee823e8fb5ce2f8b27f5f6eca
34552 F20101220_AAAYJM jenks_c_Page_47.pro
9c3239ee1c17f27c04c47f8d5e781e5a
edde164981541b159199fb14d12101c10b2703cb
28428 F20101220_AAAYOK jenks_c_Page_17.QC.jpg
d44b3fe4fb82974023434ef7a3280143
5f122323e6ce756214a8c2a27495e32ec91d1fec
112692 F20101220_AAAYEP jenks_c_Page_60.jp2
2708cd9e96b3e64bf75a107ba343d1a3
3c393ecd2f06f2be5c319f81fffbcefde53f4e65
37556 F20101220_AAAYJN jenks_c_Page_48.pro
f48d64049ec092d6a3758eab944ad873
eb73d7b256a7ad28ba0809a88270fb85e5164014
6828 F20101220_AAAYOL jenks_c_Page_17thm.jpg
503df5f173a14dea77955f87e3af85ce
a870aa9e3c26f48ed166274cb17b6945f94aa3d0
119239 F20101220_AAAYEQ jenks_c_Page_62.jp2
29cc03bd47c6bfe22d11271f73475249
a02d7122dea1ee5ab0df5aa1502c74f7227d2fb5
29230 F20101220_AAAYJO jenks_c_Page_49.pro
d59191b8b91312cc7197d34bc56d288d
9174e1f84b8f7ea65926e59ada275697b278551f
28164 F20101220_AAAYOM jenks_c_Page_18.QC.jpg
82c5af37327e91142c7d3238ac44148a
0c6dfe812aee27f6ce83c212f83ab0505d7315da
33003 F20101220_AAAYJP jenks_c_Page_50.pro
c8bb2556da94d35961be109377ffca8c
10dad648b7134479fbae18f6608f632715fb0da2
112959 F20101220_AAAYER jenks_c_Page_63.jp2
b08ab81239008501573589ab22ff7bae
ad79409f826a5c80627dc87b2d7a20eeb5e3f408
6711 F20101220_AAAYON jenks_c_Page_18thm.jpg
4a6f68d13b8c72ab495e2c57138ee668
76f89a56bf815f02fecb30dbddf073e7e9a03f92
25414 F20101220_AAAYJQ jenks_c_Page_51.pro
78e3797ec3d210bcdefc6832e3082adc
c2e351c4c75e933e397ea517d4a274ebdc1a680d
27440 F20101220_AAAYES jenks_c_Page_66.jp2
dd8ef8bb477256953c0431f9ce0b3d5b
fb6fc643485de7ae6aa123612004b17b334dca22
27897 F20101220_AAAYOO jenks_c_Page_19.QC.jpg
0525074d0543071d343e57c931f1f8de
b866381b14a91f1aa0e927ef92b9bb9e55cb1056
10767 F20101220_AAAYJR jenks_c_Page_52.pro
26e3f65a02ec1d64c4029bdd596e34b6
93370e422553463d8a41b7c4256cfce48227263a
1051979 F20101220_AAAYET jenks_c_Page_67.jp2
a0af7c2907fa55c756da80d9a0b56095
61bfcf97fb84eb59f392ddb3dab86bc9dda10022
6844 F20101220_AAAYOP jenks_c_Page_19thm.jpg
c8d00dfa4be2d20151ac5a039611bbb4
9919becc7ed755847ba1c6691a8a5b129979d170
9760 F20101220_AAAYJS jenks_c_Page_54.pro
b23d78575ce02dd7f7da9acb1efea8c9
84136ddb2481f5667803adc1b75f01981573e320
966403 F20101220_AAAYEU jenks_c_Page_68.jp2
1d899d39cc162bf64a60c13ecde2fdb5
e6354f7b8694ac044db242003c3563faa586a0cc
27803 F20101220_AAAYOQ jenks_c_Page_20.QC.jpg
13717d0d0a0d67149d3bd304f17664e7
6f3a62ea8597d487573eb95c9543f5e43d7cadad
12185 F20101220_AAAYJT jenks_c_Page_55.pro
35fa15bc3c4bae67d25fcd597df311e7
fa1f9750e1756c124755de14839e1675c14bcc4a
747564 F20101220_AAAYEV jenks_c_Page_69.jp2
ed8db73b85715d65091f6989cc11024d
8b2840c1f69221e59f3727e260a2674650359b83
6437 F20101220_AAAYOR jenks_c_Page_20thm.jpg
da9397d717eabdf0ba7a61aba42aea5d
3e6c2d08a41e906fc4a42b9ef6a578b1f19ea57e
578431 F20101220_AAAYEW jenks_c_Page_70.jp2
e588180afb719d08bd7fe9302fce7837
9d9cafbf6f70dd44150b2d6a86757b4d5e2126d9
28732 F20101220_AAAYOS jenks_c_Page_21.QC.jpg
c9319e0637560af0df0509aeec67df1a
591de8f77b649804578deed35d9309c4f967764b
9934 F20101220_AAAYJU jenks_c_Page_56.pro
b897b554354aefb961e922e12012619d
40e65152da1ce5952b4744fe0dc1c9ee7a3678ef
445604 F20101220_AAAYEX jenks_c_Page_71.jp2
e9bf0f2fe47e29de89ecdbd41eb27dce
cb4b49b20e7c949d7dc16a8c1bd5c32395514b32
6882 F20101220_AAAYOT jenks_c_Page_21thm.jpg
94657005656777a9622f5239497cf7f6
a57d8fa38c12703ab317895615c65b0b68fab85a
6490 F20101220_AAAYJV jenks_c_Page_58.pro
689c15ebccd3a7d831c4a7bcc63a5045
b95aef2185a2fae90660812529f6bcfa651f6875
73267 F20101220_AAAYCA jenks_c_Page_67.jpg
0aa7c4a078939fdc21b4d75209d35fe5
1c69053bcc33a845842b91f7cc080a7d62c2fda8
1051934 F20101220_AAAYEY jenks_c_Page_73.jp2
46cda229734c6ee9c6e2b374410e6f2e
2d9b27c9f778d58c2f8308afbed3e98306b88eca
28298 F20101220_AAAYOU jenks_c_Page_22.QC.jpg
8164b764b2f6754ffc740c39fdd3ea23
1b31e4e1d3795ffbb79b44a2c0d7c88a45b45df2
12793 F20101220_AAAYJW jenks_c_Page_59.pro
c7f552939098bf52f883d10756fcefbe
43f9e94543a327923171a3f4c56d53d37788a3e2
58875 F20101220_AAAYCB jenks_c_Page_68.jpg
8753077805e5d2eebdaf9da0f0a27ae7
616fbe8b7757274f80b063b686d6034353a90df3
106937 F20101220_AAAYEZ jenks_c_Page_74.jp2
4d75cef30ff2cddd162f86077f1a57ba
2aba00c9b0e9d67b28cd3b26036373a598412e21
6921 F20101220_AAAYOV jenks_c_Page_22thm.jpg
9a7edefd01bcdedfaa4fe4628416c872
42c9668a47a6b1527ea77410c1dfe7a9e8206d49
52008 F20101220_AAAYJX jenks_c_Page_60.pro
cfbba0aeac397419010a1334c14f2e3f
8ae598a4514299bd7705a09ac3c154cea8e5e12c
53745 F20101220_AAAYCC jenks_c_Page_69.jpg
1a230b90d2fc17625804850cc064c44c
33bed92df165c5146e1f74b31bcababe4e8f0529
28244 F20101220_AAAYOW jenks_c_Page_23.QC.jpg
3c7e97bc220237cbc4b63880ff70a955
70e7202b984b6622d921382e4d1df45f2af28ac3
F20101220_AAAYHA jenks_c_Page_54.tif
d5035c1a48e7fdb3cd6fc08f11654044
7ccfb6b8a8a30b7488a6f3cc3ffefa8aeb2ea143
54684 F20101220_AAAYJY jenks_c_Page_61.pro
dcc7c73077151b0e3a0dc7fdb6232c8a
3f4897087f5826105a4913b674524b7e0ef036a7
43502 F20101220_AAAYCD jenks_c_Page_70.jpg
fa6b3778232dd60cf7888a6d1d3c44c0
0425b27416d94a955dbda47ed3f2572c7358a8f9
6741 F20101220_AAAYOX jenks_c_Page_23thm.jpg
e5c3be21ef78e4d85df8e7d56f6ad6a9
2c9fa7d6a91f05de5d0532fd53b3819a290f5f35
F20101220_AAAYHB jenks_c_Page_55.tif
a36b86ec4aeb9c4b180301e0e0869de8
c9600fc272ba12af1c384372ca044e8ee911b6de
54184 F20101220_AAAYJZ jenks_c_Page_62.pro
c12d8d692a711ed06bbf7b9cc186897c
3a2116cc0a839322d6859b45c8eafd8daf22c386
46903 F20101220_AAAYCE jenks_c_Page_71.jpg
dfa8e997a9957ee86533a9a7e8a8371e
611cf5fff495dbbc90d5c3375b5891c0e5c71925
29583 F20101220_AAAYOY jenks_c_Page_24.QC.jpg
6de54ec94b0d886be2041110f00f2d1a
a6ae581e717e38d1ff7f6af982971c5aec5d151a
F20101220_AAAYHC jenks_c_Page_56.tif
af6b5d409190d0aed643ea704f4110a2
04c82f5ecf25d07b26f3639d942f1357f39f3f6e
41278 F20101220_AAAYCF jenks_c_Page_72.jpg
5e11f8f69b94e86efde07eaac43fe9bd
77b967d3b93b6cc4247a7f1c52f0220f8e99cb98
F20101220_AAAYHD jenks_c_Page_57.tif
16bbf2f72878665ef1f7d0af3a565950
691e0a5e7b5a51b687b3da5261c0b09734a79feb
44516 F20101220_AAAYCG jenks_c_Page_73.jpg
e541bfa015157023b722857006944fed
18676f90dbd112f47d900e7ed62cde827549e1f2
2042 F20101220_AAAYMA jenks_c_Page_40.txt
ca6103cb94adb4e02a8b92ce3e61d263
247c5ba9cc5acd58bccd587163618ee93f93f156
7007 F20101220_AAAYOZ jenks_c_Page_24thm.jpg
a8411aade828f5bcb4588cce782f705d
ae6bb7feb0790d728fb8e6bb7c9a978f554059de
F20101220_AAAYHE jenks_c_Page_58.tif
6a0d93fa0a47f5b8599d924868049c03
21abae2ed151f670495f85ef1574dfb77520dac9
78456 F20101220_AAAYCH jenks_c_Page_74.jpg
b76aaeac2e667d872cc83c5a68f0091d
74af219e3fe3f82b8fa2d803197e89fa37a5a431
2069 F20101220_AAAYMB jenks_c_Page_41.txt
3bfa46f794544c0bd1ad9e4c3972a790
3195a92042012e3eab6deceac2851170800b618e
F20101220_AAAYHF jenks_c_Page_59.tif
84e7aeace024a5dc4b395ea91be28970
f8ed0ab127a475528a41e424cf3625fea2b06d9f
43290 F20101220_AAAYCI jenks_c_Page_75.jpg
8bb90262ab68e19a0d21d84693f9f9de
2ec27ee4bcc46079059b863187b26e0a62f35ccb
2216 F20101220_AAAYMC jenks_c_Page_42.txt
8a3b84c51c4486d476972cb23026c3b1
acbd9c0f35692f99ffb53ce0643a17dc62dd1924
3526 F20101220_AAAYRA jenks_c_Page_55thm.jpg
0620ddd0ad2eaf81e6e15bc023e1c1d8
f49e0f90663edb9e4d9e4d054481c0d277e076df
1053954 F20101220_AAAYHG jenks_c_Page_60.tif
819a823a0c4b569d1da138cbf179072f
338ea9bd143e949b2d06dbc54e3f251c8a5f2ece
66065 F20101220_AAAYCJ jenks_c_Page_76.jpg
7c17f2163c92f8f5f659c0c3fba35834
5d3b6b976ec38d116df133b5ae751241e4439b72
2203 F20101220_AAAYMD jenks_c_Page_43.txt
91d73e84a7f452fa7804726ad7c15915
0ede2f0fdc62d4fe7f6dc508b781eaa7e58b6d64
12505 F20101220_AAAYRB jenks_c_Page_56.QC.jpg
8f8175236537352876924be8d2cc653d
ab1a2b15f95749b214e0ffacea2170a18869e17f
F20101220_AAAYHH jenks_c_Page_61.tif
bd00c1c0398cc33f1968ad158b8d57e9
79c3eae8b7d20b0cc6b1935416bf98ce37b5190a
28368 F20101220_AAAYCK jenks_c_Page_01.jp2
dde931e05e650f47d8a0d4618d14a871
9ea7d032b9ad795989f8741d73df9c16fb85676b
2100 F20101220_AAAYME jenks_c_Page_44.txt
a37abfec9dceee7bff1d5481f7cfeea5
06b1829538be1c0ab53360130cd2e347270209f3
3694 F20101220_AAAYRC jenks_c_Page_56thm.jpg
34c7876d2111f2af16a22e6f8acc87d6
c01a447b112510d60c053b74cd8415e81d5e645c
F20101220_AAAYHI jenks_c_Page_63.tif
0e2677812f9da0264fbdbe272e100f4e
7cd24bcef68182af27d28d5df45d2e638c90da5f
4625 F20101220_AAAXYA jenks_c_Page_02.jpg
a0ab8de197098b75590c0edd7db1cf03
3804084dd0b3a6b2a6263f99ca41d93205d40e7b
6389 F20101220_AAAYCL jenks_c_Page_02.jp2
4c4989684c0c2c9aca8e6bd80eb6162e
317d81d1b91fce78ca852d0b153a42ba4e98e59d
2159 F20101220_AAAYMF jenks_c_Page_45.txt
a70de68282920304bbab119f188ef8c7
8a41c6797ac62de0b038ccc1a907f101af5c9edf
11233 F20101220_AAAYRD jenks_c_Page_57.QC.jpg
8e377d865000be2f93c076c4f7611be6
e86a82567b6411d58608208265d04ad74d93b0b0
F20101220_AAAYHJ jenks_c_Page_64.tif
e46a85c08caceffea0bd62bf3775ac7f
a6ada6c31e02061a9e4f332d6a61ba9cabfea0e5
3750 F20101220_AAAXYB jenks_c_Page_36thm.jpg
af9bb974e630d3a253c30920a6d91750
e24e746ba710425e97683e284b69c9be7fb566b8
1051965 F20101220_AAAYCM jenks_c_Page_03.jp2
a4dcdc3134a0023b6456e1259ca71d47
0466921c9df1acf84ac3a7798a85af5affb42292
2114 F20101220_AAAYMG jenks_c_Page_46.txt
651552d99a67faa0b8491b2f4df9898b
a7d5259339522508c6c1bbf6b30957b241ff122d
3452 F20101220_AAAYRE jenks_c_Page_57thm.jpg
a3256d59392c6053a48398239dcb6fcb
25f11dc6ef90a9db148cb1fccc8b5dc3df576c5c
F20101220_AAAYHK jenks_c_Page_65.tif
fd0449fef7e5120863b009470a2e96fa
1f59bae2ccdd2dbbe98c2875c2e4e1a2cfb0ecff
6797 F20101220_AAAXYC jenks_c_Page_40thm.jpg
579de82332d2ec5cb3f83955e5b411ce
f11a232d8b530863babff230e8244752345ed144
1841 F20101220_AAAYMH jenks_c_Page_48.txt
c5f01e8dfa807d25bb23972b1f4f12f0
ea11a244ea2c7ad34a903fc1b65d9138b4a6075f
12154 F20101220_AAAYRF jenks_c_Page_58.QC.jpg
6b0dde8f1dad37c6a9d490682fdb006e
342547bfc1e72f325c9992ad2a5b254d171e971e
F20101220_AAAYHL jenks_c_Page_66.tif
606e84d3acc4e9a020638e04c1a8f395
668e30e84e527b2bed98880af3015d92ee9573dc
118422 F20101220_AAAXYD jenks_c_Page_61.jp2
ea3f91907f7d6d0e81e262d6a5a0c0a9
0ff62cebe0e9382a5071c57c8202184eb5268850
587964 F20101220_AAAYCN jenks_c_Page_04.jp2
2e3ca7d92b792d2abdb280af7cece0b0
4c9d3df54221c669fc41778bd86a059751bd9cf2
1279 F20101220_AAAYMI jenks_c_Page_49.txt
d754f962dea9c9a2456824184324f60d
37831782805cbed7c99b2cea41bca84325adf319
3719 F20101220_AAAYRG jenks_c_Page_58thm.jpg
13aeeff49106dd4fc6dae1c31e7fb509
37083fa00bbe64d977cd13ea50b834008763313d
F20101220_AAAYHM jenks_c_Page_68.tif
ecd223d54873729156e0bc56d982a1c3
0bceebd1f2b294f4974a1e2d8a9ad69a3eda1c82
920184 F20101220_AAAYCO jenks_c_Page_05.jp2
24e46cbfbbb45a8af587f1d2ec909866
bf0edbf0b5b2725dad37ece9ec93f24579cff92e
1491 F20101220_AAAYMJ jenks_c_Page_50.txt
d282ed90401a83d3a6cddf77de34ec28
d8cb3a6adf0db569fabda23fb63565330e89f90b
11721 F20101220_AAAYRH jenks_c_Page_59.QC.jpg
cd366e3ce4335296c522b97d7ad15faa
28d1d31c0474d2b31495accc4cdfaa27bf04ddea
F20101220_AAAYHN jenks_c_Page_69.tif
5067b9ed6f3c3605b0caf3c89d4ec17f
fed72e5dea5162081551c38d5dd4a3e8a3dda84e
52368 F20101220_AAAXYE jenks_c_Page_44.pro
6af301c55574ec609047a1b8e96f9361
e58a60cd743140cc164edafb5ea20cd9d1b7a7b9
F20101220_AAAYCP jenks_c_Page_06.jp2
50bce21242bdc6cf5f1899b334dfbf13
84241e25e2bb3799b6f3489b1851a635bd716ed7
1144 F20101220_AAAYMK jenks_c_Page_51.txt
2251cf9f2489565ec0b4d06f4578eaa9
98b3eee6487fcf27bc379beeff1e702b8547adc4
3461 F20101220_AAAYRI jenks_c_Page_59thm.jpg
79fe88b51bf549f4626480780d8a46d1
91ac40bdd8b91b1d7b4af9da57d11a3a82ac7e13
24104 F20101220_AAAXYF jenks_c_Page_48.QC.jpg
045dbd651a0beee96213d17377a2c91e
e437884d0162abbd81c5282339c56580736be42c
1051980 F20101220_AAAYCQ jenks_c_Page_07.jp2
89f4ce80657297962afd8d3013c4c60c
82026563c72bdeae4f9e52d724f17c00d2aa053c
509 F20101220_AAAYML jenks_c_Page_52.txt
efa4e9a877944d727fa7c42a324a1a53
afbe876b7a27632292c314db3d77d6d139acdc38
F20101220_AAAYHO jenks_c_Page_70.tif
7b68a2e67008ee8c03665ee8681857b6
80c696a30baa72953ebb666cbb4f88cfc7180ae6
26676 F20101220_AAAYRJ jenks_c_Page_60.QC.jpg
53f8d0c05231836dcb5810a02cee3c7f
9d3312ae600543f7f3113bcda563b5c3d20f4be0
20741 F20101220_AAAXYG jenks_c_Page_76.QC.jpg
1d78eb6032c7d649df0ead8d78f15e39
f460fb168823b58896e7c416a269d5a872267630
97134 F20101220_AAAYCR jenks_c_Page_08.jp2
46f23a1fcbd4eb8c0057c48b7bd5a1ae
7391563c66df00d68a37ebbc8a99dec0c946f047
459 F20101220_AAAYMM jenks_c_Page_53.txt
494b73f79f129827766da2e263039c76
3a024ca6c8a2703b014d33427fe9f4c2910feef7
F20101220_AAAYHP jenks_c_Page_71.tif
dfa6169c31ac4403d601b9b7e3680b8d
4e2bfe558d65a37ce7ffcd88aa4c0910b97bb772
6275 F20101220_AAAYRK jenks_c_Page_60thm.jpg
4e9bebeece4d1a8f52d788d5c0781548
55508af6976a1857858565023e197662656c1f5e
119125 F20101220_AAAXYH jenks_c_Page_28.jp2
050ecbc6836e19c285d16ed12280c4af
3300981a04dc3967208f4ddc5b21796baeae940d
28306 F20101220_AAAYCS jenks_c_Page_09.jp2
2a5330b54383b28e154123687b3f0f2f
2b75cd8d11a8b03c06bf859f13be390499684e59
554 F20101220_AAAYMN jenks_c_Page_54.txt
404398be5930563fedfe0c9001dcb82c
9f81270077efceab50ece9e79b65e81d73fd1437
F20101220_AAAYHQ jenks_c_Page_72.tif
ab5ab56e072dbc6d116e7134d1a6f8de
f915c33e3cd1fb0de57d9adc91e4e17a6cf49242
28076 F20101220_AAAYRL jenks_c_Page_61.QC.jpg
26246cdb8ecdc2b83885f6d18b03c805
468e52049babbd7dae69317ee80e26f0f005bb4a
119122 F20101220_AAAXYI jenks_c_Page_29.jp2
96775ca6f6885723dbfc34e85c75ecac
c7f5784162fb6c0f667afa8d0f62991d3ff3cf67
114947 F20101220_AAAYCT jenks_c_Page_10.jp2
97808114084234015fbdbcde42966778
4d4ddf28a9308aa6225d36073b63f2062495d68f
524 F20101220_AAAYMO jenks_c_Page_55.txt
86b272df912e4e75ba566fbf17fb9ec6
7ecb2bbc60c8d9546202be3c818f034b8e633f61
F20101220_AAAYHR jenks_c_Page_73.tif
1882eb5c75bc86b073aa117f225687b1
3e621d4acec2886923710a0fe9a36f1f1e3b708b
6687 F20101220_AAAYRM jenks_c_Page_61thm.jpg
c9e05dc9532e44b9716f2854723e0c4a
0bc6cee1cbebb55aed2a8dcd23c5556643530b8b
F20101220_AAAXYJ jenks_c_Page_60.txt
5ec2156526a3bbd1ed800e1ebc35b8a0
54e19c6e89f83870db734d667ec2c4249dae4f26
107592 F20101220_AAAYCU jenks_c_Page_11.jp2
96a501ec8addedb3b6b4d3170ee23ac8
5c0acbc3b40a6481efe90bd27f71fa82980836a8
458 F20101220_AAAYMP jenks_c_Page_56.txt
350990e0d5e334b660bf0dfb3ec63fb8
baa20e005bd03ace173c2b17c8d6f9344c3f7b8c
F20101220_AAAYRN jenks_c_Page_62thm.jpg
aff35ae4600fae19f909535bf2f53440
7575872beb29c370bc3aa96f1fb4d9d1d9159924
883366 F20101220_AAAXYK jenks_c_Page_72.jp2
65058d7e065e4e7403bc005db1f8dd2f
fc0c5929be7f145dc82d39b8117f08148de872b9
113049 F20101220_AAAYCV jenks_c_Page_12.jp2
1db414fedc6889410e0df90eccb4a815
95b65d2d1f60607ae7b1e5d09d4d020c95eac7e0
636 F20101220_AAAYMQ jenks_c_Page_57.txt
9cde0b1635820097e50402dac66993a8
710878ab5670e3bfad3b911df2d581b1d99474da
F20101220_AAAYHS jenks_c_Page_74.tif
f0fde78ade759632af8cb5f0f9aed524
f9ac6374094d883b4ba6b6deac7a1531368cb942
27402 F20101220_AAAYRO jenks_c_Page_63.QC.jpg
fcd4ad8ceb7d1184f276e7c22552f944
cd5725e3c6f4b40eac61dfd10888928b75dd99cd
3460 F20101220_AAAXYL jenks_c_Page_53thm.jpg
ac7f66e4ba14611e0a9b578214c359b3
3a67c10a04b9dc342a356233ccffbec605775632
121648 F20101220_AAAYCW jenks_c_Page_13.jp2
0ace1840d52ea44420c3707995acb083
ee3d6c9daf81072553b7c633a0012e50e8553b75
565 F20101220_AAAYMR jenks_c_Page_59.txt
13e59936ba3aef743f21598ac97646c2
2f24728a63b2e1ffc502640e31fafb6e1bd81297
F20101220_AAAYHT jenks_c_Page_75.tif
1f628acfe528b1e7b2dac655a18ee2b4
a67997ec99b737b09b1e770a140013380b22cda4
6774 F20101220_AAAYRP jenks_c_Page_63thm.jpg
b3f6863529d0450505bd98295e7a2909
d63532d1f0791be48cc66384094ca59f8b7f990b
28010 F20101220_AAAXYM jenks_c_Page_28.QC.jpg
ed90a3557765368603420830bcdac900
669eea9a538ee075db557a5454758e7433e39bd0
118756 F20101220_AAAYCX jenks_c_Page_14.jp2
3aefe48d899435d3f0f68119dd7a4c0b
0322e5386c896e109570e8642aa0fb92193aeca8
2182 F20101220_AAAYMS jenks_c_Page_61.txt
e9d244179262e9ec2afa2ed38637b37c
173192d8f94bcabefb0d751321dd2d4ff75eafad
F20101220_AAAYHU jenks_c_Page_76.tif
a96626825e6a6f86a13f35e925198856
ea5f1951b79c1bdda072eb825df69da55e547789
27842 F20101220_AAAYRQ jenks_c_Page_64.QC.jpg
ed6216073cf46e2f64cf5dce56778d1b
f3c71176f01eac7db957f5113adea7c9db8eae11
76999 F20101220_AAAYAA jenks_c_Page_08.jpg
a1835333d1022a50e31d0441106b6c6e
cb36d48d9a49a4c63c06ae2dde35ad9d30c3930a
F20101220_AAAXYN jenks_c_Page_62.tif
726166519ee808261cd2439ebbac163b
a22b57536ac29c6d978a0ae87dd3ba46f67f56ea
120375 F20101220_AAAYCY jenks_c_Page_15.jp2
8e12f2c67591ece7dc208e815d5ae51f
9bd3728f25927051636f55c4ce7ed5c82697549f
2116 F20101220_AAAYMT jenks_c_Page_63.txt
9fe8c765ad5b8bd9e88fc04581f43bf2
1bc8b2657d592e3813d48feeaa81d4e3b4f69f97
9657 F20101220_AAAYHV jenks_c_Page_01.pro
975ba7a23665764c499467aba32c8d3a
636f638b1766829777ec99ec3dbc382420611024
6665 F20101220_AAAYRR jenks_c_Page_64thm.jpg
b5a5ba10a1e16dc35aaaa796071a61ff
fc6a182fe56831ae7848ad1a13f8f5a8a3cdbc8e
5083 F20101220_AAAXYO jenks_c_Page_03thm.jpg
ec6b32e8427c9fa65486aa5b9338a52d
5beb0c5c292ed8672c04289c8db06d53df7a6864
118887 F20101220_AAAYCZ jenks_c_Page_16.jp2
906156c512bd14fa58412a2294033bc2
a56a2d67233a7f4eba76c3dd07fec959e675ccb3
F20101220_AAAYMU jenks_c_Page_64.txt
07f637e62ce5642b3cda8e17f58bb592
20767e7981858a1e76dc438f2f609ddc2a8fc126
54039 F20101220_AAAYHW jenks_c_Page_03.pro
1355e5a7314611868b3012c2b8ad739c
4d747d6db34298fbb6c6305b4362c45fb376f989
21732 F20101220_AAAYAB jenks_c_Page_09.jpg
fd4ca7f10a8b61ddea2469f21a297d42
989c1913f83da80735b137928ec91ea841ed2494
26874 F20101220_AAAYRS jenks_c_Page_65.QC.jpg
68b035b2f8a96859d25294108a78521a
84f438d31d79fc08ac22084f273f6a2d729ec1a5
2263 F20101220_AAAXYP jenks_c_Page_04thm.jpg
422f669aee3240e93caffc98ab2329e8
7112bb06ae94d5bafe5cb12180a51392bbfe8287
2095 F20101220_AAAYMV jenks_c_Page_65.txt
bd48111149eeb1e18ce5cd7ea91cbde7
b9589cbcaf4772f33fc1244b159eab4f51f89c5b
13074 F20101220_AAAYHX jenks_c_Page_04.pro
7fff3a833003f8f5e336bbd494dcf1c7
dcf113df696680f84008740f868c9e3336e8f8e7
82297 F20101220_AAAYAC jenks_c_Page_11.jpg
8db0cca9fa94b4653a608cd1ba5b006e
f4254a750eefd9da49f043381b8d2138d354f431
6475 F20101220_AAAYRT jenks_c_Page_65thm.jpg
86f1a855dc6ae785e8b40f56fae4500c
f2beb6c094d290c31dfdf4a90ed7d9f432dc776a
5289 F20101220_AAAXYQ jenks_c_Page_25thm.jpg
f0dee6db867ac989a07c532c1018362d
8541190c230c10a25482664efaa9a29043159a7a
456 F20101220_AAAYMW jenks_c_Page_66.txt
af98511c2c325ab12ccd1ccde7e51cc3
236ade2cc9b7c1012bd2cfbaea8a4916c00bb44e
58609 F20101220_AAAYFA jenks_c_Page_75.jp2
42437d0c5062e59b1bb26bbe0ab89491
1fdf7b3adf0f65583c786479f312493b5cca425b
22588 F20101220_AAAYHY jenks_c_Page_05.pro
7be811f0408cd1ab047ff1f52dbf6583
6d1379e349445e7ecb34e0e5eee463a8f616e7d7
87644 F20101220_AAAYAD jenks_c_Page_12.jpg
7060b82a781e54196b051d011fda82f2
a3419ad55049bc669a713bad0ccf8665c8810df8
6723 F20101220_AAAYRU jenks_c_Page_66.QC.jpg
d0b552d39e2f002f241ce2c05fd7e0ac
afce9518b90f5b1d4eae691636a421243eca698d
2129 F20101220_AAAXYR jenks_c_Page_62.txt
820a905aec48bf408c6d45772f8d90b5
e1a18d9184c4469d6bc8a5295a8afe7f07e61cf6
84523 F20101220_AAAYFB jenks_c_Page_76.jp2
19b7fd2f78f1d604afa22066a6d00789
097fd5fed6989ea7a8fbf7c9c1919a4c9944ec94
55134 F20101220_AAAYHZ jenks_c_Page_06.pro
23fc1a804f443daea809c4af943d173e
3549185a6caa5463c7b09f410e0d15a737019bc2
93927 F20101220_AAAYAE jenks_c_Page_13.jpg
c14b78c0004389ab67e7a69c3772e6f4
89af5cf9d68c2339b9e7217a954a3d926516b722
1731 F20101220_AAAYRV jenks_c_Page_66thm.jpg
d9d2dad7e862a70e2dd0219f1c4cdb85
81f2bcbfebdade18dafbd4c446525f64886e6a7d
8423998 F20101220_AAAXYS jenks_c_Page_67.tif
0a609761f0c66848618fa8dc7978b30f
4c640b293f986772db6225e0389520f7644bd239
289 F20101220_AAAYMX jenks_c_Page_67.txt
7faee77a044712c216f0fd7e3edcc8fd
59eb52b5199c11360b1920451cadee89d9098b37
F20101220_AAAYFC jenks_c_Page_02.tif
17ce83bd298b282fd0bd858f7901efec
5994350cbf2dc92b05aeffdb26a1c84fee1c9a61
91924 F20101220_AAAYAF jenks_c_Page_14.jpg
fde7c02de54d9886e25ab28dd570cb25
66859fb219632ea9a38f34723a3327f5cff7f174
21584 F20101220_AAAYRW jenks_c_Page_67.QC.jpg
a555e92c804f6bea13cc597582ce3c28
f6f78f804c13604731bd0220ecc6ac3a83b6df26
87975 F20101220_AAAXYT jenks_c_Page_46.jpg
c8a1afa85bcefa8c56a05316009fe619
7670bbadd47c5f49215fa420b35bd95de88362da
53216 F20101220_AAAYKA jenks_c_Page_63.pro
0226981873b3cdbde62d2f1ff1eb1c79
afdd59410e197101ed54a01aaac16c64595291d1
262 F20101220_AAAYMY jenks_c_Page_68.txt
5167017c41cb230f6d6822ed6439d807
e93693de541b96f01037ef3d255588546babe827
F20101220_AAAYFD jenks_c_Page_03.tif
61ce204f7c0d31eda5faa6fab2719875
1ca015022f4cc534c9d4e9770e373a1b6bb62d1a
93854 F20101220_AAAYAG jenks_c_Page_15.jpg
6e835a01f469a930d6d782f5d9e120cf
a5889be83a85216a258deee4f5afb094133d9312
6061 F20101220_AAAYRX jenks_c_Page_67thm.jpg
361ae0b13fca59db531df2c751adebb9
00474fc3ee6c9656b863a354c8288f46a7600d84
113865 F20101220_AAAXYU jenks_c_Page_65.jp2
205054b9c5cb066e6df5a70c695175dc
b3ade82f8f382ab445addc7b38ded1033163e34c
54584 F20101220_AAAYKB jenks_c_Page_64.pro
c47954a6038c9966b4ffc2b3f95242ff
af598fce435900a1bfa677a1bcf5398b3fd6a895
161 F20101220_AAAYMZ jenks_c_Page_69.txt
360e69bb3a5d51944408e00dc9814c73
c6f3ee4929bb44e212fae843ee1fd0eb3e36e8b9
F20101220_AAAYFE jenks_c_Page_04.tif
0e1cbfad73e62f7f37461cd856ece883
407a6db1ef41fed4f95dfe95e78375fda1c5e9c9
89233 F20101220_AAAYAH jenks_c_Page_17.jpg
cd8bf9c4ae0207684821d77e5e0e7ec9
11e34d1f05555850895dfa23a862e433d22efb97
18563 F20101220_AAAYRY jenks_c_Page_68.QC.jpg
a92668423a505bc7d66500d62402525e
bcd5e5731fcae8603e14074a58dfd5bdc13206e7
11444 F20101220_AAAXYV jenks_c_Page_66.pro
e5ea58b41a7c245084b4dc0981041f1b
1ca550383a4ff53c292d7b30a43a649d29f98722
53265 F20101220_AAAYKC jenks_c_Page_65.pro
76c4a9ba7401221304b72c7e091e4009
3656e554506770ce69ac49b25ea6123797d50558
F20101220_AAAYFF jenks_c_Page_05.tif
d01f2e28b156c1889276b9e827e14756
fd1e879f408a25a8d5a7b28209586abab3a406c0
90895 F20101220_AAAYAI jenks_c_Page_18.jpg
927a811ca38f6d230bde4682f3343f90
ead961d18362463bd1b8826a219013c417a8da28
5990 F20101220_AAAYRZ jenks_c_Page_68thm.jpg
28aadb0385ff4e114ba6943e26a5282d
af1cf914b3b5145bdd5be35e838eca3f7d8a1a6e
21501 F20101220_AAAYPA jenks_c_Page_25.QC.jpg
c66f0ebeb1cba51b4ca72e809bb565c0
43387d2398758f5e87c8bd6cef3679079bc81946
117293 F20101220_AAAXYW jenks_c_Page_64.jp2
69c81f0f9289a89cddcc218882473128
6d1b876f6020eabfa774856df2eced3e8acbc063
4242 F20101220_AAAYKD jenks_c_Page_67.pro
48b151af6a3bc81a51e8e9dc192a5890
b7e20799cffb6f601a4af447d269839b81a8f51c
F20101220_AAAYFG jenks_c_Page_06.tif
a46f60bf9cbd119929efdea72cc64867
e88f427302a55961665cc4ed7936407616726e78
89560 F20101220_AAAYAJ jenks_c_Page_19.jpg
d601d0fde765b3f7a5a44d4f1763aa73
1d1e2c8f42a76c7f701deff290a3f6dcfb572a44
27677 F20101220_AAAYPB jenks_c_Page_26.QC.jpg
20b533543f2d08f3d778ea3d9137a3f4
4d307bc9e5e53467804de901b2b873118536f691
1378 F20101220_AAAXYX jenks_c_Page_02.pro
048ca8890822e8cea022376bb47d1695
36c169ac58fd161608fd3c4bf1c685f8607c7b7e
2721 F20101220_AAAYKE jenks_c_Page_68.pro
13623a24de8038cfa61c0139f45fb015
d5cc11dc90ac7ab13021d0e4670f8071ffb1bb22
F20101220_AAAYFH jenks_c_Page_07.tif
63802635dde911cd7db880678a9b42e9
369fcf97fe448775b62301dfe5884a92b068c12a
87828 F20101220_AAAYAK jenks_c_Page_20.jpg
8170dda1b2c468b18b83cc246a26b2b5
1e4b98f102ce65c0e36277d365858950b81d77c4
6622 F20101220_AAAYPC jenks_c_Page_26thm.jpg
01fdc78eb0901e3573ab27cf8d565df2
f9a23fe35e30f6deab50a0d2e17552fd3200db51
11264 F20101220_AAAXYY jenks_c_Page_57.pro
c1c4d9371de1e604382932d33f4b6294
d3b5193fe65b9eed633b0bdf8d108dd74fa42d68
3674 F20101220_AAAYKF jenks_c_Page_69.pro
adb12358a75c5beed646355a8b8f5914
eb90044ada08e78e6d663df6115268a607d2b03d
F20101220_AAAYFI jenks_c_Page_08.tif
a5d718a41a61ba46b7acc96456af6012
c7eb608b8ba483f3f5c3e9f116b8ba267dd05a2e
6987 F20101220_AAAYPD jenks_c_Page_27thm.jpg
655604ab04d7bc0ad6f32e6d9d406e3d
13de7552ce76bfb163b7aa4be2fc01705405f479
88880 F20101220_AAAXYZ jenks_c_Page_10.jpg
974ab80f6add68d008a5b431af1348a2
e7c4835da00a8952558b1a9a54fd82b250a45170
3343 F20101220_AAAYKG jenks_c_Page_70.pro
285d0affd2a0eb420dcae8ab2941132a
6f500100c75dae6d677d4b8b23f18d7b8136ce30
F20101220_AAAYFJ jenks_c_Page_09.tif
1abe451cdcfffdf4cdc130a173caa2c7
b0e31dde6678d02d05f79a109a6169ed0f67e3b8
90161 F20101220_AAAYAL jenks_c_Page_21.jpg
65b0bc5f409f8cb8749288e23cf170aa
901abe8e1ec2eaa335dfd211c62e29b8f432e334
6924 F20101220_AAAYPE jenks_c_Page_28thm.jpg
5b00f94faa21d2fc913fab3214b20f85
e5ad7ab636a7a999d1fd2a87bbd1066e8f9d4d8f
10496 F20101220_AAAYKH jenks_c_Page_71.pro
04dd8b39f351452c213fc75d2e1d6e0e
a8579f967b116086ff72cd5bcd0acbcb0b848efc
F20101220_AAAYFK jenks_c_Page_10.tif
30d3de79358d1c7a07915c287acac600
c82be9d3e81a7fe9b00202c6e73dce02d60c15ac
91120 F20101220_AAAYAM jenks_c_Page_22.jpg
30c031720f9cba59b624ff8d4e26772f
7f7d7bf7b823f20b4173a5f271ca3deb65cc6870
28547 F20101220_AAAYPF jenks_c_Page_29.QC.jpg
58e6f48c472910f0d317768b610a495a
486b81609852616d06b60008b6b45e55dc5e76f2
5504 F20101220_AAAYKI jenks_c_Page_72.pro
12641bf722d04239241a9a0a9dc72781
ca6c3c0a0f9259b288771f01f9be0326ed70adbd
F20101220_AAAYFL jenks_c_Page_11.tif
0ede8d0047379561f83bdeb92895a2be
4384db9af858495e83a427d17c80b488c4bacae1
91435 F20101220_AAAYAN jenks_c_Page_23.jpg
48e741c637f0a783814d560732d0bd0e
e56745d172d86b7eee665cb7ce5d2d076ad34259
6871 F20101220_AAAYPG jenks_c_Page_29thm.jpg
1d0d2971578816ef721750c186759071
3913909a802c35d2633ac50e40e8c06d30e53643
4582 F20101220_AAAYKJ jenks_c_Page_73.pro
be78e59ac01a22d4075981e84bf1ef91
ec6b8db04ea894c1be219615c2c93557da84a233
F20101220_AAAYFM jenks_c_Page_12.tif
9b24aef5a80ab6f7e57a57dd5887ba35
2ba6a083b41f4d40793d7eb1aae808668db86f32
94299 F20101220_AAAYAO jenks_c_Page_24.jpg
02bc686d080d2c92b8ef09a1a4a626f8
b37f4eff82f38bee127a2fb124d565ebb7ebfc0b
29457 F20101220_AAAYPH jenks_c_Page_30.QC.jpg
2a7a9e11a206ca315c7e30b752b5d892
129f3b246e8fe304b2941f36bc7f48506a96a356
F20101220_AAAYFN jenks_c_Page_13.tif
19c382ef653c69dc9beadab1906b096e
c84a4c67768926e4ebb92db76a3cb86ca11aeb32
71931 F20101220_AAAYAP jenks_c_Page_25.jpg
a2148f370dbfd12cd7bc49a78220ab4a
8f276c57b3c52900a0ea991a4c27704aa6cde7d9
47722 F20101220_AAAYKK jenks_c_Page_74.pro
a35c175960a801d501bde5ad61d73104
c079d0f4b396aacf7da1249ea41b3b6c9c1bcdb2
7071 F20101220_AAAYPI jenks_c_Page_30thm.jpg
3c4195f13f025c6b01ced808148a74ae
8f4279776d6e70ebeecb944d580ecba733023bd7
F20101220_AAAYFO jenks_c_Page_14.tif
e1b2ffdbaebe33c9340f7940b43fae2f
07f48c2f98985916b44b81248b162379b9bdb01b
88628 F20101220_AAAYAQ jenks_c_Page_26.jpg
c5a350a62356b612dc4b32905c09fbd0
347dc2b7b609f6eb40631c439e548002c5fb5920
24179 F20101220_AAAYKL jenks_c_Page_75.pro
711e7324c5ecbdd5c2850d300b435c02
661f1402d1af6cd95f3c13c703fa05c1bb514602
28852 F20101220_AAAYPJ jenks_c_Page_31.QC.jpg
603c5e14f56bd75aed10657aba839c12
aa4fd1fa83af54004d43a07210528cf015d3ed21
F20101220_AAAYFP jenks_c_Page_15.tif
744e10a5072d41316941608774923b76
1c5a56e4540881f4e4a1064d6469d13608b675d4
90429 F20101220_AAAYAR jenks_c_Page_28.jpg
d70db7ed99dd99ba93c1ce0158a15e6d
4895c8a3eae15575888e2d954ab97cc7ce2a11ca
37871 F20101220_AAAYKM jenks_c_Page_76.pro
39f265e2269bf91eedb7d53ff8150b84
06a610815d4144441e6053e73aca4739f0642612
6869 F20101220_AAAYPK jenks_c_Page_31thm.jpg
5a7a1ab7a04679c8cd7a216147018e24
35d5096b40a3bfe9141ff0295939e734467517de
90796 F20101220_AAAYAS jenks_c_Page_29.jpg
b5450314c00053ee1b8c3af3d6fe1bf2
d6e44480ce3c7b5d97c1b212ded9e8a18e9c3af8
537 F20101220_AAAYKN jenks_c_Page_01.txt
80eeb65a9b67c4d8e73a7a940639de95
ee3a1480d23134e9b2c2fd912ea5c8c631faf1c2
28771 F20101220_AAAYPL jenks_c_Page_32.QC.jpg
6c12a4e0b526a27e3ce6cee8acf5f9f0
dc6fde4972763fa07d60cd254943e268b1a9fd27
F20101220_AAAYFQ jenks_c_Page_16.tif
54d88c40b7d095e4be8d08a27fdf46db
b499c82018d44a24025d93f059b5cdaeb5e71446
93081 F20101220_AAAYAT jenks_c_Page_30.jpg
1a3f6dc88027c297d006aafae0fa726e
bd54bacf1881a6945c4129438717e00e1ab72997
106 F20101220_AAAYKO jenks_c_Page_02.txt
6492c55ab4b3dcb4cd7a9d460a619247
02886929739ef03695c28a426749db639be67241
7008 F20101220_AAAYPM jenks_c_Page_32thm.jpg
12a710ac42ae2ef346106485296f5dc6
15001542f90df1b370d7fb4b5339a7362d8943dd
F20101220_AAAYFR jenks_c_Page_17.tif
15faf6dbb5941b4210766160e34ddac2
1758c876c797f05b6d9ce76a420b5750987180ea
91167 F20101220_AAAYAU jenks_c_Page_31.jpg
b68318bd3034658f99758f01cddec770
ba12ef3c24b52ee2977c46749de03cc7b52feabe
2394 F20101220_AAAYKP jenks_c_Page_03.txt
42d691c536a7ef24f74c3fd6bcd8863b
403e49ab1662f202bae1f86435ed15a8e6573601
28246 F20101220_AAAYPN jenks_c_Page_33.QC.jpg
6a0eaf9262e6d321f8808e94dc310fa8
004c73eb4bbdaabf418c85b5d55beb609c5deb92
F20101220_AAAYFS jenks_c_Page_18.tif
314675cbfa1f0b6f54bd19b70b7332f7
17d1be4e44077e522f650c3182a62fdf688d8505
91691 F20101220_AAAYAV jenks_c_Page_32.jpg
d46ca12d42adf541aa2897dc471ae686
6f1d179a6f460e385a60a5079ae5d84fbda832d8
F20101220_AAAYKQ jenks_c_Page_04.txt
f35025d7c16727db815aeb9e0c168b5a
ca1428cf951cbfc476df0c7eda3c46c8dffa9de6
16128 F20101220_AAAYPO jenks_c_Page_34.QC.jpg
5fc887d0a03688a07b0b4f51d33b3352
d84e82c4c9d93b9bc4231ea36d7fb0fb588dea24
F20101220_AAAYFT jenks_c_Page_19.tif
d50cfca647147e49987f5477fee81137
f3d492a16bb2ce7afad01434f3b77240b8fa5c2b
89690 F20101220_AAAYAW jenks_c_Page_33.jpg
536a9c9631a007660a30b6e00f94999d
72aa6d744f14a5b81816839d0e1bfceb327f0ba9
922 F20101220_AAAYKR jenks_c_Page_05.txt
8590e5b749bb1fc1649c084348c57ecf
d576f378b6cb8880011541482bb141d861fc0b6b
3741 F20101220_AAAYPP jenks_c_Page_34thm.jpg
19fd4a72ff8c6c3f0146391503ea65d5
0b2b5792880fa3a5a34f65e48535a89abf420f93
F20101220_AAAYFU jenks_c_Page_20.tif
d7e4c2bb1182dcc69bbc7aacb623bbd6
ef4a72d571bc410b050fe9b0d8e40dba81d2dc01
50628 F20101220_AAAYAX jenks_c_Page_34.jpg
e1417bf4531fd4b4b8713d12635d236b
f5eac827173b5ae53d1cb8c42468c5ad45a9f39d
2150 F20101220_AAAYKS jenks_c_Page_06.txt
94023904e62a3edfcb8811a6806169e7
c1f0cd8ec13b5c2e7f6606f283cb4ff787451155
14726 F20101220_AAAYPQ jenks_c_Page_35.QC.jpg
0f5a3fd3939b5d0714c1dddf958e9ef6
000a583c823f99cc4146cb5d3c918420cf151b09
F20101220_AAAYFV jenks_c_Page_21.tif
559d6bf7c4e8509f6b305d1043fc9de5
2667d98b9789a1d6b7dbb2a2509488a0e9e8de06
48848 F20101220_AAAYAY jenks_c_Page_35.jpg
8cb9ed1d645a83083d6bad6e51605d19
7185a66822b31207fce3a35cbd71445c748fe5ac
2439 F20101220_AAAYKT jenks_c_Page_07.txt
0cb48b33b711a5dcbc8d3fd6e94d44c0
f83ceef03e7e7c7626f263f1d5cc78b60d306ea7
4623 F20101220_AAAYPR jenks_c_Page_35thm.jpg
5306a0372f1aaea6d171fa5cc7b410b2
83d64fe155e0957baeac0396e05ac7344318fd04
F20101220_AAAYFW jenks_c_Page_22.tif
7d03e50be0c332113abd83e3545f4fd5
90d195a048ea702254360b3dc1b5d4c60698e804
43916 F20101220_AAAYAZ jenks_c_Page_36.jpg
344c5f595fed44c530ff5f5e3b214b93
fcd643840cbc5506f166c5620e274a3d7ac45eed
1940 F20101220_AAAYKU jenks_c_Page_08.txt
cd3f62aea3039f86de0c2e2ee6d79c57
b982cc3e1285cd5240ab9b6cce6c876f0af3fcd7
13744 F20101220_AAAYPS jenks_c_Page_36.QC.jpg
fd89acd716f389ec54e42cfac190ac81
bb50f6c546cfb5ac609ecd33abebb722f29f2cad
F20101220_AAAYFX jenks_c_Page_23.tif
8bcd85a56ecded1caffcae061a1d1b90
b0b8e9a226d0c05fcffadb748c3d6977642da1fe
27592 F20101220_AAAYPT jenks_c_Page_37.QC.jpg
157c579801b1cd4c79107e899a87eda6
782c9e753c3af51a5eeb16143f6168e9c3434fa1
F20101220_AAAYFY jenks_c_Page_24.tif
33e6ea7ca8f5d0e911d9983a6c74e0c5
80fa3993454f64e1bc60875ca52156c2d1252bfd
451 F20101220_AAAYKV jenks_c_Page_09.txt
634e30e3b4d4a6213e95add90c77bc0c
39ddb65f831e60f3df50cfafa19760aaa2a5c428
115816 F20101220_AAAYDA jenks_c_Page_17.jp2
f4096030b323667071892e6021e12d36
82b216474a1e7bea62f1fa0b82db2497a85cc67b
7009 F20101220_AAAYPU jenks_c_Page_37thm.jpg
363e8afd58150938549d26e6e8aeb581
59903f4d771276a694d26649efb804fcf76d8001
F20101220_AAAYFZ jenks_c_Page_25.tif
c7350abb98e02b497385220c9055debd
afcd72eee4d1fd23fd21fe4204dcd101ad1be1ea
2191 F20101220_AAAYKW jenks_c_Page_10.txt
e33f6d9841d88d426342780f07ca090c
67f1b2364e596bd26efa9f6d481be3e4d3532678
117686 F20101220_AAAYDB jenks_c_Page_18.jp2
76965a72e09a073bef21ce913f9dbfb8
2e8f1655be8752bb4ee5054e426f521d63797fc4
27997 F20101220_AAAYPV jenks_c_Page_38.QC.jpg
4fca1c55de75049f4fc063468c7b8f77
a26388f8f0f7edce52e6134ad3f8daa91ef9907a
1976 F20101220_AAAYKX jenks_c_Page_11.txt
e810a1f75f2a00c3bda25880f826647f
9b54d2f669f40e85260ebd222d87ef24c62dac74
116348 F20101220_AAAYDC jenks_c_Page_19.jp2
e02d9c0e7915d12c406fecf4168a4f56
65c502cdeb3422be6fee8f32e91792ef980359dc
29370 F20101220_AAAYPW jenks_c_Page_39.QC.jpg
d76a7a79a8147cd1d98fd12db9081902
14c52e3eeb218b2b0e6338b3fa822f13018e27b1
62533 F20101220_AAAYIA jenks_c_Page_07.pro
c765f5755f10463817519c210afbcb2c
27ae7a903398757f991a8e9c7af04c47d02b0c20
2160 F20101220_AAAYKY jenks_c_Page_12.txt
0278dc51d3ded8e764b0f3d12254997a
670a9430ee78e0d71cda8c6e7c848e4f82941218
114801 F20101220_AAAYDD jenks_c_Page_20.jp2
499174bc144071c0a768350f6d209633
48f996faebb782e807f33bfe2c45dd1606586839
6957 F20101220_AAAYPX jenks_c_Page_39thm.jpg
4f2351f4a2c06729bb36515677a3a0fa
f7578793043550ac04a05f1193e2f4c078daa593
44078 F20101220_AAAYIB jenks_c_Page_08.pro
4aec00d71a6c54fdafce4688b5104949
333bace776a48c87c06c7366587750420efda1a5
2232 F20101220_AAAYKZ jenks_c_Page_13.txt
24e8acac8c539a2844587a3f52efe12d
55b2f2f7116e17dc846f34aa1cdd6457d873e896
115194 F20101220_AAAYDE jenks_c_Page_21.jp2
4c73216879fc7be0aaea7189f7edaccf
e1feaf0d989205a92bef3a50af2c693e4b3129ca
28218 F20101220_AAAYPY jenks_c_Page_40.QC.jpg
c8bc3ce30687653a051c77cc22acba83
ca0b3b5f31cacbcbcb3bb506136884c82b71e140
11258 F20101220_AAAYIC jenks_c_Page_09.pro
0109962b23a5d920ecb9a417f088a727
040d881f62abc61af3271ba42bc4941b27047391
118014 F20101220_AAAYDF jenks_c_Page_22.jp2
33f0334ba135b0a7aadbd8c6f2125dfe
0be1079ccbc51989e7001c4d26f63b3a7ce3bcf8
28660 F20101220_AAAYPZ jenks_c_Page_41.QC.jpg
80f59696cb6a5cd11929ab52ae9513c9
d6230a19bb9c771d9bdbcba5dc66c3ee406f440e
133 F20101220_AAAYNA jenks_c_Page_70.txt
a1837c51aeb0c3a26967ec46e19dca47
29282913df54a7c7676a123190ba6d8f14231dba
53626 F20101220_AAAYID jenks_c_Page_10.pro
a83fdf82ce3c9a28f95f8e52c4f9dbc5
3559e7ce079729aa353f1b2e5cb4697e488e7ae6
117466 F20101220_AAAYDG jenks_c_Page_23.jp2
d3588d6f6e48a6d58ceb65a9dd707a6c
20a96b2d8433e9ad3c373691cd08e90f44142033
562 F20101220_AAAYNB jenks_c_Page_71.txt
4d27b0d30a7b9983f0ed262d604b1a16
ba519a2879738758a2bfd0f84d9c2aa3b736fd2e
49991 F20101220_AAAYIE jenks_c_Page_11.pro
6c7c2b609a395033effe6e43b4dc3449
3dee278004f7ffe4f79ae8a99d4ac840006a15ac
122359 F20101220_AAAYDH jenks_c_Page_24.jp2
6bac3f39a15304143dbac1596fd2560c
295d14b8d865373800ab1f1e8d9af3d3dd945b27
234 F20101220_AAAYNC jenks_c_Page_72.txt
284400fc028dfc2de94e6e4e863f0b8d
3b2da0c1e63af61fdba35913f025e350f50a2946
52296 F20101220_AAAYIF jenks_c_Page_12.pro
799d7e0f9d9a2bbf7f9008fba383ee7e
8cac20af853cfd644ebc3c117a2f771f6828ef7a
89328 F20101220_AAAYDI jenks_c_Page_25.jp2
33c8e3ad60a7a7872e5079c2e98f3dd2
8004c752a4b15b3e996f908345b7d5567a36d187
17523 F20101220_AAAYSA jenks_c_Page_69.QC.jpg
feb7188c1c7276420f145d2556228c73
417e83034b9d65033f8a96a06b872a9f708f957c
291 F20101220_AAAYND jenks_c_Page_73.txt
309b200db89b4a1972fa9ef2df43c6a1
3a20d8a21d0f7d57c5b38df0ead3bc6cf25624c2
57044 F20101220_AAAYIG jenks_c_Page_13.pro
bf9ff89b0f7cab8741806eea723dda5d
a644e670aa9d85d79889af83e84a4948567a84c6
116366 F20101220_AAAYDJ jenks_c_Page_26.jp2
52afaa10b4224a52545499a987e96d27
7fce6df840b542ae6f604844175ef94def85e3c6
4424 F20101220_AAAYSB jenks_c_Page_69thm.jpg
e03812d8f95ef4e60b37cc242ffbd030
07ce1d5b6d8f8a636f69bde291eb998176fc9321
2049 F20101220_AAAYNE jenks_c_Page_74.txt
7102d80648e12cfd74c2ec6c56fe3b6b
92c5bbdd2040efd13d801469728dce2793b2f1b4
56308 F20101220_AAAYIH jenks_c_Page_14.pro
d4e35f0dfbdadc4c8705c076b860c435
14ce6aa2e19a716c7116584822df9bf1ea08e2a7
122916 F20101220_AAAYDK jenks_c_Page_27.jp2
e9849dd7c7f162ed76d2b96c8b767916
1c829ab85c60c6da0a5969c453c010d326ff1da9
15621 F20101220_AAAYSC jenks_c_Page_70.QC.jpg
0c79946755e6a8d6f71ba4fb5ab5fa4d
16b1b862616fba75e89169bdb2152d1021c429ca
1025 F20101220_AAAYNF jenks_c_Page_75.txt
5a7fd0c91ce2af4d438412785d2d9601
59a8da0abc9fd2841cd017894508d62086b55007
56464 F20101220_AAAYII jenks_c_Page_15.pro
b223a82744702ec71bfecdb6a8aad799
4673caf3008ced2b16dfaf2584e27e61234e9194
94133 F20101220_AAAXZA jenks_c_Page_27.jpg
3c98118cbc058e1f51f7b5c5801d7b7d
72624d9018f335c867548fb5c18994812cb1c3fe
1051926 F20101220_AAAYDL jenks_c_Page_30.jp2
d23bdd24d0dd6d46430ffc64be039e2c
6311b2bd50f8e21cc9b7268e9ecff863ab93c1e4
4813 F20101220_AAAYSD jenks_c_Page_70thm.jpg
862b59d10f2d7c978a2e59eaf89a0a3d
0b8071b4d6a3bf9be65568216e30d103dc7833f5
55400 F20101220_AAAYIJ jenks_c_Page_16.pro
711a45c5612081403c28fd053b9ba645
6a1f26ea36dc8042312144a9cf406e688fd6d56c
F20101220_AAAXZB jenks_c_Page_51.tif
2e249601e82b228abc8c1ba97d9b24f4
d7b42ab5a27ae8f1fb62fd2393f58e3c2c0077d1
121317 F20101220_AAAYDM jenks_c_Page_31.jp2
e9b3687d1a1ea31888adc8321aa4f6ad
f2aaa4f0080f046ac09767da38c713592f6f9154
1563 F20101220_AAAYNG jenks_c_Page_76.txt
4b142ee2d3485c1dc0184e14bc9a6366
85456cacb457ae0360ef00ab8eceb310f724560b
17937 F20101220_AAAYSE jenks_c_Page_71.QC.jpg
225d1121fe3b52e244cd295d6a38bb14
c7dcb20788d2557ccb3ba693a8e2ed6ad73ca0ad
54149 F20101220_AAAYIK jenks_c_Page_17.pro
2a922391f55e2537cd65f1c5c975ad14
571802b6331314abcf74f0967c43615a37980ce4
365 F20101220_AAAXZC jenks_c_Page_58.txt
df445eb3115f33351a43aa54e3f5f5b8
b4539ff0ab653f4b749d7a3c4c8e0ea52c91f54d
1051958 F20101220_AAAYDN jenks_c_Page_32.jp2
b184512dbad65dd5f35c9202d90b19ce
6bcb50795b46e162f4ac5d79709b68c6ee62a4b4
1424756 F20101220_AAAYNH jenks_c.pdf
cd6a2b94bc4a54f94a824896674a5a0e
fa556a791f778bbe4b50752621dd53f39e16b6cd
6155 F20101220_AAAYSF jenks_c_Page_71thm.jpg
7a1c74f7194b408a8e3df3b9908de021
8f0c567b4fd1cedde40b173a7102e4157e64ffe8
55028 F20101220_AAAYIL jenks_c_Page_18.pro
35b5f45b2723967b1891263c61df67b1
f65dd3634e6aee5f95d1a4352cf3578eeb21052e
91134 F20101220_AAAXZD jenks_c_Page_16.jpg
b458ff5bcee4670271707ff303c307f3
af87b59e7dce1a35f11f38bb7cb93b33286f8c74
1850 F20101220_AAAYNI jenks_c_Page_01thm.jpg
7e30ed9e0b6df3acf8439f077713d02e
379c404487cbdeaad3865185407f15d62055b058
12652 F20101220_AAAYSG jenks_c_Page_72.QC.jpg
c4d1511a01b0ac9747822b356726287a
0e20b33bc32b8cb4c7b349f9d078b8f44a91be82
54503 F20101220_AAAYIM jenks_c_Page_19.pro
54af354f56a965fc4db8646a0a4541de
1bc865f22f4bdf61b3f9ac0a00b69c5466fba573
88869 F20101220_AAAXZE jenks_c_Page_38.jpg
f3ba300db1c03b94f980bc17c45fc9b8
0e51b7ae4fdb5859be4ba0d6c6c8028c97a88c79
1051970 F20101220_AAAYDO jenks_c_Page_33.jp2
5f1edfb4801c857f60b0eb8ddf1c697e
5ada8d000ad6328ea7954c3cccaa38d069dbaa0b
6598 F20101220_AAAYNJ jenks_c_Page_01.QC.jpg
9c185941081ea00088972d12f18b372e
6254500fad5c075fbe9824a775849984187dc225
3877 F20101220_AAAYSH jenks_c_Page_72thm.jpg
c43eb880b709e9d7c8ddd4bfdb838a61
18ad75ac37567142374a4e01c444214efe989493
53669 F20101220_AAAYIN jenks_c_Page_21.pro
a4b5245bd6c5e48cc667c699ab993ae0
e4fa77e522163f558107f1cc41c4306b9db880ac
65492 F20101220_AAAYDP jenks_c_Page_34.jp2
38189295f8603faf180fb2ebf55a00e7
38381888041cd3b3db37a0b6166be73730d7a5ac
1546 F20101220_AAAYNK jenks_c_Page_02.QC.jpg
74806a2fb302d67863f72436d3a139ae
2cb3475232e108510aa47fcabd10b4b1b5714cde
12524 F20101220_AAAYSI jenks_c_Page_73.QC.jpg
d9fd166d92bb84f671ebee63c9120060
11f710e55de34c679e97eb315f0a83369d572f0d
55199 F20101220_AAAYIO jenks_c_Page_22.pro
b0062e2f5840c26962983ea43d41cf1f
df2586dd5289e0d8db6e73675ddc4dfa0404c33a
6992 F20101220_AAAXZF jenks_c_Page_38thm.jpg
39abc059dc3e756a2a240700f639538c
168edc760510df162156ed9bf5347f3f90431e1d
898192 F20101220_AAAYDQ jenks_c_Page_35.jp2
1f961bc04eb0346f75065b908cfd31c5
0434262b18e047345fed7ac3958e0bd981c9f0d1
566 F20101220_AAAYNL jenks_c_Page_02thm.jpg
53d52ad3870b14267935928f39870c85
a8368d135803cfabe6ee8ab17675bac03dd0f466
3971 F20101220_AAAYSJ jenks_c_Page_73thm.jpg
be3657c039ccd9300928f96ed6521a9a
c1f74f23e9d73ff81d9667244ecc7850e812e8d2
21627 F20101220_AAAYNM jenks_c_Page_03.QC.jpg
9d0dca3992a526ebfc456a5865328b8e
51344dbfa62521b77a5ef08d9b39d1783f1c4c2c
54431 F20101220_AAAYIP jenks_c_Page_23.pro
02d4f26f67e7f00e6fabc663d16d482f
1c747c5bf7116eaf358d6b18bc07c2517b8933e9
F20101220_AAAXZG jenks_c_Page_46.tif
406f9c16a38aecf7a62320425c539459
bc74e9d699ba9e0f96dc6ddea265571fe85bdfe5
645908 F20101220_AAAYDR jenks_c_Page_36.jp2
944125bcbbdee2d06339b4d54e27b32d
45095b06870a44f8009de9acd2eda237b70c1795
21755 F20101220_AAAYSK jenks_c_Page_74.QC.jpg
22a7bbcf9851851a78a10a4930cdba1e
33424b4d71e561370676f22641fbd5a674f105c0
8638 F20101220_AAAYNN jenks_c_Page_04.QC.jpg
04152bcbb3e96b00804356bcaeee9c5e
d92186b9d3d66622bfb41bc96216328d2436e666
57781 F20101220_AAAYIQ jenks_c_Page_24.pro
07c5041c0ffd47619fe3ed6c60b15ee6
e5cf3dd62af5004a45858b4f2cef2e28bc0a1703
9335 F20101220_AAAXZH jenks_c_Page_53.pro
b8698c4a796d503a5d6531a7b269d796
93e342fec13924e7d6a0f345a6edfa44675cd9a3
1051945 F20101220_AAAYDS jenks_c_Page_37.jp2
ddb352288a188612a6fe5e8fde8c3bf4
6b490bc833089b0a5ddc6c4ba4911b4517df25b7
5525 F20101220_AAAYSL jenks_c_Page_74thm.jpg
468872d1b2b0e73e5ad051909788d2a9
a3c90b7c1d08ea18c9ae01a4afa921cf6fc7b669
12051 F20101220_AAAYNO jenks_c_Page_05.QC.jpg
4224a64b048c9f2fc5d46cd36c5f9a46
72c74a10a0d01c3c30618bc9943901c6a8548053
41436 F20101220_AAAYIR jenks_c_Page_25.pro
9a75157bc07616a22e7043ddaccecc28
10d1faf2733a0b164cee2f7ae0429860b0938db7
5672 F20101220_AAAXZI jenks_c_Page_08thm.jpg
fc9d91ba9dbe7701e6b8b3e25886ffb1
83f2858f6abd51cd0240692e607b35320b15ee2e
1051983 F20101220_AAAYDT jenks_c_Page_38.jp2
ef9c39141c13be39c42f753584ed7ad0
eaca93c7651bb2ac456c49a46bb5b79e8452ee7d
12901 F20101220_AAAYSM jenks_c_Page_75.QC.jpg
718e044e25e31ed90440e8b77424326f
d7d4d414284686eded637cd46a65f958c25050e4
3071 F20101220_AAAYNP jenks_c_Page_05thm.jpg
162595b38bc5d75280ece39fec593d85
a31702430b92f60dca207dfa1cd137bb12343d20
53944 F20101220_AAAYIS jenks_c_Page_26.pro
66e592c77d88c78ec2a7fed6c09d8d56
bc25d8d79dc0d0a7a503e3e5ca9646a13818a29f
F20101220_AAAXZJ jenks_c_Page_47.txt
9ea6e85928ec81e6d0d65335e6448946
076def2864328db1043c6c0ff2f7b03e76dea1f3
1051984 F20101220_AAAYDU jenks_c_Page_39.jp2
1d822a563ba774b3462873f3c1ccfbf6
ed2d6273cabdace1d6b7e0a0cb43390104ebcd38
3240 F20101220_AAAYSN jenks_c_Page_75thm.jpg
22f96435a6ed6d6d3d4515ec2621d4b2
223ca79ab2de3468baab775109c6afa99dcfcb4a
25361 F20101220_AAAYNQ jenks_c_Page_06.QC.jpg
f00245b49f9bc89b70261c68246df36e
19568d509d97967641e560d41c217d29f5e230f1
53330 F20101220_AAAXZK jenks_c_Page_20.pro
3d000cd53f148dcd9554f70d76ebcbed
724ad4179dd5ce2438c869701fae9602e0f17cda
1051973 F20101220_AAAYDV jenks_c_Page_40.jp2
d5d4025e7f75e32f1333f1315a84a116
aa103193483206eb2a6c7475ef74467bc0645173
5026 F20101220_AAAYSO jenks_c_Page_76thm.jpg
b52d11ecadff5d873ee448a8b1768a9b
d752054f18f928b68aa224d3b3ed047ff4d6029d
30598 F20101220_AAAYNR jenks_c_Page_07.QC.jpg
2118ee9e801619cf8ab6d9f9169f4237
bef6ffc35d351a262300492264f9f18498fa6e60
57740 F20101220_AAAYIT jenks_c_Page_27.pro
4cc8965791a5a85552f95dca52700412
e78c2d666b60f91efab082da624b48ca2fcc131d
7020 F20101220_AAAXZL jenks_c_Page_33thm.jpg
a512afc7eee97ef3da61a91fe6b4e846
ab9d0ecec7698fb2d693d89082fd1fe48de3b319
1051986 F20101220_AAAYDW jenks_c_Page_41.jp2
07bfd8eca82557b3bb1f6b431f543a85
f6f215c098ec2917c4e0d6321e431b89ed4ffe4f
89108 F20101220_AAAYSP UFE0015407_00001.mets FULL
4f6d6b7c145ffe4b09d097f67d6c155d
e5bc832282b3c98769538d6cfe7dbd913c22742b
BROKEN_LINK
jenks_c_Page_01.tif
6829 F20101220_AAAYNS jenks_c_Page_07thm.jpg
cecc3dfbe2163a2a83004d47477bec69
1e3af3adf047638fb60f97ee491259b04a4bc242
55463 F20101220_AAAYIU jenks_c_Page_28.pro
90e2f450d8086f30545ebddb571a3803
17a7e60f8c10799e25416eb2e8a35289ebd64b7a
6037 F20101220_AAAXZM jenks_c_Page_06thm.jpg
bfd82e744f9cd19e279953155210a34b
8c36a3415ce0a136c5da01123a075e3a4c83225e
1051925 F20101220_AAAYDX jenks_c_Page_42.jp2
5620a0a00db1ab25eb2bf5fef9c5a7eb
15e1065d026e59591c234bf6bc0b87f9fb31dd73
22958 F20101220_AAAYNT jenks_c_Page_08.QC.jpg
2df7f19940791416a5fe12dd5acc0204
5ed532021bed48af8d0fb3eef5cde55b1c2f6341
56539 F20101220_AAAYIV jenks_c_Page_29.pro
c93e679f5d9155e43f1a586810422d4f
34d71efdb791c21394d0474ba9601a4f353be8fd
89674 F20101220_AAAYBA jenks_c_Page_37.jpg
ec4ffadd32d5b808b353ebe2a26e8c0c
067b6a5978f0751a40946918f7e99859cca92d54
90763 F20101220_AAAXZN jenks_c_Page_45.jpg
44969807c62a99556ea8584ce036c6b3
9b91355adc57488271ccb1c16e094bff09dd2b1c
1051968 F20101220_AAAYDY jenks_c_Page_43.jp2
4b7639f6688563d8ac2466d50a3301d2
6c9f955878bdd3edf0093226df993c07ffa02a74
6836 F20101220_AAAYNU jenks_c_Page_09.QC.jpg
d5b45c6d696d0d0e22c691d43d9c3e0f
9cbd22ebd703e52d9475f38b62055dbc35a4bdd2
55957 F20101220_AAAYIW jenks_c_Page_30.pro
ec450e8bf798ab892150390fd75ee977
ffdd5f1088d8ab29e4bf26f750d86db400d1bcc5
90805 F20101220_AAAYBB jenks_c_Page_39.jpg
798775fd124900d155bf5d6e7b16bae3
2b7a7972d52efbc0d95394e35023d548f95d089f
76456 F20101220_AAAXZO jenks_c_Page_49.jpg
82959114e2ed6ae9f90877172b9456bc
6c367425180e333d5c4c1c41356b1dbf288be47d
1051971 F20101220_AAAYDZ jenks_c_Page_44.jp2
ab65a714ef9134602944e6c0eed76dfc
7d0d44440ec62681a8cd1c49308165d905902a12
1772 F20101220_AAAYNV jenks_c_Page_09thm.jpg
efe0b31a9c7df4c44729347e98c2e2bd
5725c1c4ce9dd0a0241f159a0e4ca005f9d32c8d
56560 F20101220_AAAYIX jenks_c_Page_31.pro
ed84abbbdd5f848f7bd946807dc449ee
092525c0845f2daa95e4d38875896855a817155e
89520 F20101220_AAAYBC jenks_c_Page_40.jpg
3726116afbbd63ab1745555fbc51ec1f
958c0ea64778fec8cb4a748b5a6dc34a382278c8
28308 F20101220_AAAXZP jenks_c_Page_62.QC.jpg
66ee35af36be6ac782ed6eab1587a08c
91cb42255524ce858955ade0921ab914df162904
27484 F20101220_AAAYNW jenks_c_Page_10.QC.jpg
97b78ff34113ac3ba71925b5c1b34f10
fc73b47e94569d0b7108a706b9c852b08a66724a
54992 F20101220_AAAYIY jenks_c_Page_32.pro
77bc8271af136f1320d23225eedcad9c
8957b042314ac457b76ef989ec96c709a9c44e42
91268 F20101220_AAAYBD jenks_c_Page_41.jpg
54cc2260a5697de134d696407ce3d2b2
b4112b7f1f6660850bd6fdb1bc9b69890c993e37
29160 F20101220_AAAXZQ jenks_c_Page_27.QC.jpg
d5806587cce6ed84af3b19c72cb8d47a
bc78e09db7894f737508bcf6f5e7da47a7ae2868
F20101220_AAAYGA jenks_c_Page_26.tif
316d289257001836509de1415f3b438d
fa47e4ea968a2f445c22c4091fcd20b897cc662d
6373 F20101220_AAAYNX jenks_c_Page_10thm.jpg
829fe2330c8a87a2cb1f414a6c8b146e
ea7fef069bd207a6f18e378e4bebfc2f7cbd956d
53109 F20101220_AAAYIZ jenks_c_Page_33.pro
4aee9c613ce75cf778153847d443e737
7000f397dd546a9d9a130a9f3a48b68fdfc0460a
94898 F20101220_AAAYBE jenks_c_Page_42.jpg
0d19008d9672c7cabe93ec6083681d61
f0235b29f885374b676912261b04762604d0bad1
114945 F20101220_AAAXZR UFE0015407_00001.xml
fbe18b58d30d5d898410a692e670f3e9
1bc6c7fe567294f6f9bb4444dd0bc7b338a4e03a
jenks_c_Page_01.tif
F20101220_AAAYGB jenks_c_Page_27.tif
49e8099b2726b775293f6bbfc7bf5836
8e57f03b4ec92d64ade13370be31ed7fb3015f11
95416 F20101220_AAAYBF jenks_c_Page_43.jpg
27d9165dcffd194b8c661f0ac9ef369e
f5de6774a823d8d159796ba1b2c25d957c70e307
F20101220_AAAYGC jenks_c_Page_28.tif
495c6300c604252e39a3bf4eb0c189a4
6313b64f68c43c8123634e95cde3347ca318499d
25846 F20101220_AAAYNY jenks_c_Page_11.QC.jpg
fc850300c52d7024d7abb35a178e9878
04a010d2b7b73b8081451900b8a5019c6ac9419d
89953 F20101220_AAAYBG jenks_c_Page_44.jpg
6250b19f53034eb4816881f377a54cdb
2f5ba58c7808b62ee747477d4dede6dad2f10aef
2212 F20101220_AAAYLA jenks_c_Page_14.txt
33ee48c9ab57cd3f47554a6a3b6b750c
474576c826a8bd6f38f7b5b2373d6f90f432ab0e
F20101220_AAAYGD jenks_c_Page_29.tif
1b33fad822dd1e730eca1acca4b7f375
6a50e584248ed898cfa5116aad08e24db0f54385
5943 F20101220_AAAYNZ jenks_c_Page_11thm.jpg
07d6473f69c332974189423ca8d569e1
9c8fdad97d5265376a7d90f418d424703d45f60a
58064 F20101220_AAAYBH jenks_c_Page_47.jpg
a3130ddca5af99fd87f401229683b13e
2ae2a3ace79f808b08bd1b026574c82d36472010
24659 F20101220_AAAXZU jenks_c_Page_01.jpg
98b3c2ad27e1c5a7764870a2e45719e8
9c026b4d11bf9903d4b7df0ad950372132678f90
F20101220_AAAYLB jenks_c_Page_15.txt
b31c5fd91a97e957f16172f4a1f12028
29d4164d47f60edaff8c36c0872989403e54b52a
F20101220_AAAYGE jenks_c_Page_30.tif
7a3e95573d08bc421f1425ae80b8dc73
d21ac0ed0022ebca340f4ef17dd88aa816a90457
81838 F20101220_AAAYBI jenks_c_Page_48.jpg
21883929e70fe046b6d1747bd04f41bc
5c3f20ab44bd06a4c07e3b00b34052130ca4e37d
82107 F20101220_AAAXZV jenks_c_Page_03.jpg
28cc5cdf67e63e6630e4a94533a0f63a
3841678ae4c92cd511f60cd68dca443f73283b66
2169 F20101220_AAAYLC jenks_c_Page_16.txt
de0f114575bb9ee02ba9771489de7f0e
19d5533393fa4536b3b210ed00002d4d4922693c
F20101220_AAAYGF jenks_c_Page_31.tif
3d3f02761812771f84f21cb8b8d3eddb
66bcb79153d3a359af93c2317999edd5e14b29fd
7004 F20101220_AAAYQA jenks_c_Page_41thm.jpg
7cbd409c1393b1af58753f57ca393aaa
47a46f3f119efaff4dcab7c13299296dc916b91e
77790 F20101220_AAAYBJ jenks_c_Page_50.jpg
ded02bb0970c6feb511d6c9c68df2a83
912c68ffd80d4194ab4d7ef3b2479925206c09f5
29310 F20101220_AAAXZW jenks_c_Page_04.jpg
e6171f0f35eb62934c96c0e162d57e5f
f51ede2abec4cb407b8b4f19f5d4c771b846c7e3
2134 F20101220_AAAYLD jenks_c_Page_17.txt
48917184ff2619bce3acaf5281f5d728
ca4bb058cfe387111592a2739e439eb37c6b4793
F20101220_AAAYGG jenks_c_Page_32.tif
4e2be4ac4e4462f90e5271be5d73e690
c15eda6a37d5e5c75213d30e87b4bafe646897f6
29753 F20101220_AAAYQB jenks_c_Page_42.QC.jpg
c0fd704615761e1754157f0f0aa5705d
2b1f6d430364c8952d5de40d5dab2430effe83e3
67409 F20101220_AAAYBK jenks_c_Page_51.jpg
a9d21cc7cd4edc05ee36407d35fd6078
d9d6ebaf3aa4b555970121c4cbc5973d6291bf8f
40382 F20101220_AAAXZX jenks_c_Page_05.jpg
8644701191b1080cf3d958d6d12cb29d
6001ff86262457a6d6aed4697f14f3506000730b
2163 F20101220_AAAYLE jenks_c_Page_18.txt
ddb4b380a4fa081b6ab7260e7fe4432d
c149f6956da7049f1d1b35e2ea26fc357efe0354
F20101220_AAAYGH jenks_c_Page_33.tif
5d71763bd53bb031a13f731c8491115c
9747f5dad4c69390376f7f173f3dd9fe164f70f9
7316 F20101220_AAAYQC jenks_c_Page_42thm.jpg
457b958b19a99444fd1e1d379aa408bc
b0749f1232c1ccdfaf5c480bbba1920adc24b6e4
36688 F20101220_AAAYBL jenks_c_Page_52.jpg
baef132b02cb90e64aefdc40808c0b62
d5a6e67aa740c59a7603dc1de3169889bf0f06da
89474 F20101220_AAAXZY jenks_c_Page_06.jpg
cd99109261c99b56dceb463b141b6313
4ec35f0238bc6840af3c60ca6aeb39b59f378ef0
F20101220_AAAYLF jenks_c_Page_19.txt
8fe0fa5fc68b287d3cdcb5cee911252f
eeb78b34c54de8f30cc1386599cd04b81961df37
F20101220_AAAYGI jenks_c_Page_34.tif
f7910362457e073e34adedc995664e2b
dd29976c8bb2f1b1e6f9e7821e05c5413f5fffef
29676 F20101220_AAAYQD jenks_c_Page_43.QC.jpg
ecf476550d86d630f138fcca82436e37
82264e8cd31ef075b4060b91c1fdf652024c3d78
112588 F20101220_AAAXZZ jenks_c_Page_07.jpg
d159955dbcfd8a7225f3da2a146db114
3de5f112efcfd60774c2e3ab5a18be82aa63eeba
2138 F20101220_AAAYLG jenks_c_Page_20.txt
e51e03aabf7ba4a0465c76b44ab79b0f
0b13492ff2aa84681ec0579e1b92e790e8dd1643
F20101220_AAAYGJ jenks_c_Page_35.tif
767f983e19d92a8e2502fed1987c7081
605234112802e5026e43df2159845214477de31e
7221 F20101220_AAAYQE jenks_c_Page_43thm.jpg
3f82c34058534158931f818d999cf7a3
934c6f6612eaa0e061cf3348113fda306b383ba3
32404 F20101220_AAAYBM jenks_c_Page_53.jpg
d0312901bd87d1bf335ae8b2540a504b
64bb7d885f42c93576e65df3b2e093d4857aa4ee
2130 F20101220_AAAYLH jenks_c_Page_21.txt
a280b503be178684cbcddee5e2f6e0de
afd98fe107de341d23465fba1b74d47015dab017
F20101220_AAAYGK jenks_c_Page_36.tif
5e9daf90df83da8ba422e7125d2ba37d
eaf4faf4393b56d1ad443f7f88ae002a3d36efd4
28195 F20101220_AAAYQF jenks_c_Page_44.QC.jpg
4103032e39088016cb5202d19eeada6f
ca91d1bb1c830d83edbe03ed1d0a0b2791ec49ee
40535 F20101220_AAAYBN jenks_c_Page_54.jpg
387c4178f742853158d39479ba89fabe
fe85db753e3a8d718f47951c34f8d69d64614ea6
F20101220_AAAYLI jenks_c_Page_22.txt
2f70c2b614428530a9ef2369732cdefc
8a9ca353e35e201418179736865c3a63df359177
F20101220_AAAYGL jenks_c_Page_37.tif
5ac85616a66d03c57d9bc2a5351e9ff2
853e2a4a5bc76dbe4430f4ac27c3a64204242ff7
6717 F20101220_AAAYQG jenks_c_Page_44thm.jpg
633e3875c5f937b802d905ab68172573
7d52b3f026b0d8e43c703e43d063f829cdda5f22
40806 F20101220_AAAYBO jenks_c_Page_55.jpg
9df5b992686c5b9fe55ff5720897787d
b6e6489cb72afed9f5f027440bba9e1c02488582
2139 F20101220_AAAYLJ jenks_c_Page_23.txt
399799163010ca064556f1ca0e274032
c919e43c4a83c318b95160975f3c598af8469d8b
F20101220_AAAYGM jenks_c_Page_38.tif
17c8b483946be279de8257e2f7b6a83d
128f20beab0fd5b87f64bf77f5dadfbdb1fba9ef
28786 F20101220_AAAYQH jenks_c_Page_45.QC.jpg
d7e9dbcf75a715fc99a2c87ccd1d80e9
926e6d32408e13cfd2de34a6c54ce2f818b923ff
42532 F20101220_AAAYBP jenks_c_Page_56.jpg
66c41e92579f9211c2ec9a4f92f40a7c
ee3b59386b9ba9a0afd9f414a2380506190d7474
2268 F20101220_AAAYLK jenks_c_Page_24.txt
21f798dab8f630f85bfcfb74e10fc3c9
b133c4bfe053e77015b7e61f7e62003e034d792b
F20101220_AAAYGN jenks_c_Page_39.tif
feccc08814a2812bd14f5e72d265a2a7
2fb83a5fa5afc6770b47891acbfba5267821b610
6875 F20101220_AAAYQI jenks_c_Page_45thm.jpg
f434ccf9c76ba28e44bd9322669abed5
0a4c19307d3bf33046ea4347bf1f87614655cf76
36594 F20101220_AAAYBQ jenks_c_Page_57.jpg
a0f5570828647b57b437d3dbbe548773
39a9b137fd738cc4a84f7f515ef8ddefbd5756cf
2612 F20101220_AAAYLL jenks_c_Page_25.txt
95d05a6bbebd484f727fe17e27e72028
724e2abf50166e8434c4cbb002a4253a29727a2f
F20101220_AAAYGO jenks_c_Page_40.tif
05db8e3a97409d1ab780114d52d475c0
476c349f175362b4f6cc497fb069ad369f4fe3f8
27822 F20101220_AAAYQJ jenks_c_Page_46.QC.jpg
3433bd7e21ff97048214e585d210915f
cf603e2e3a7209e380bd35fe5a4a9057409406aa
39613 F20101220_AAAYBR jenks_c_Page_58.jpg
622421834986bbecd1fb623c141ea974
7385c90d3875a5c909a6f76e50a6886cbe6df0c5
2198 F20101220_AAAYLM jenks_c_Page_26.txt
e37859fb46a1f32ff66ddf29eb67276e
a0322b2129edefe39f4a8f941904c43ddde32270
F20101220_AAAYGP jenks_c_Page_41.tif
04199e0a7ecdf1cb51550cb02d6feb01
01fad1bffe71eb32fd6f67d3edc61d33ae2b3cf6
6903 F20101220_AAAYQK jenks_c_Page_46thm.jpg
62ec029b6d0424625ea96450e642fd60
e0c0ddad1fce52b54510e15be986cb33ad805d84
37686 F20101220_AAAYBS jenks_c_Page_59.jpg
b8c83165e2219ead40892f9f34d5d77e
56aaeb06a1ac1a49400ff8af8c529787a680d87b
2278 F20101220_AAAYLN jenks_c_Page_27.txt
274cf33655abd97a11e4bb2d6e1c76dc
4935ee201da6bfe88f62a5dccd02b8872e205f4a
F20101220_AAAYGQ jenks_c_Page_42.tif
7d590f1f42b9b50583273ac61c6cb8b7
eb8626a3b1d7868045e206e0e08ac8814d58ee60
18239 F20101220_AAAYQL jenks_c_Page_47.QC.jpg
0baf8b36cccee9f086c15afa7765a9f9
ad26c6c0334b11fce311546408fa8444aff0a279
86748 F20101220_AAAYBT jenks_c_Page_60.jpg
08396da0c0a8ba060baeadc1fed5447e
8e78ef31b86b1c94935904d206dbea0cd90e5c20
2179 F20101220_AAAYLO jenks_c_Page_28.txt
3ff15b2fb799f58facf8cad42f2e794d
56f008cbb2aff67c15fe9b2b8c42573400252b44
4405 F20101220_AAAYQM jenks_c_Page_47thm.jpg
8ee4dffe53a2b150cfd841c58944c066
0851d9e94dcd76e29a6a17809fe88c63e6b16d34
90318 F20101220_AAAYBU jenks_c_Page_61.jpg
cb328ca5cf00bf12c82717cc63f4f425
ed04e19edc1f08022f227a95243069a6fddca5e7
2213 F20101220_AAAYLP jenks_c_Page_29.txt
eb6f37306a2cf81734731a3f19a4c677
3f96cbb144eed34c08b9083627833e1ec51bf9f8
F20101220_AAAYGR jenks_c_Page_43.tif
4b0c890d91b30ba03ad30d7f8550c6f3
b94aff292f4f017af5a608942d58669bf65f1d9d
5737 F20101220_AAAYQN jenks_c_Page_48thm.jpg
a284c543721b4f2f5bf08aec375a8534
3c8a14c06359682b7a39d8f917881008b94916d0
F20101220_AAAYLQ jenks_c_Page_30.txt
918052d0e047f329934e68b32bcec92e
3d3c490a5b0336c9fe924af1994a34e36e4e1143
F20101220_AAAYGS jenks_c_Page_44.tif
0714daf44bf87c0974f56f2de5f6aaaa
c9d8fa785cd22f677882844679694dc32277ec93
90361 F20101220_AAAYBV jenks_c_Page_62.jpg
0b3c08ecf7e7f92513f5a4386202ebc0
64ebd5105afc759a4a654c114e7b56c13378dd9b
23518 F20101220_AAAYQO jenks_c_Page_49.QC.jpg
161d1b24ea492e8601419eec7c8fbec7
b0d070c3597189e084a1e437f260ba8eafafeb66
2230 F20101220_AAAYLR jenks_c_Page_31.txt
fab412cfc9daa8437aecf107706975bc
dff607d0c92170e50c206818b4805502c30a464c
F20101220_AAAYGT jenks_c_Page_45.tif
018ff6c1c17ecd44cf1fa3727d6808e2
6d1238f737718ca5a840f6bc4df10dd08d8ebb3c
87098 F20101220_AAAYBW jenks_c_Page_63.jpg
bce800ce72f1f982d2eeccf02fa43f2c
960a0b1bd53ed3b5b1ce74cab5f3bf0c24642a83
5953 F20101220_AAAYQP jenks_c_Page_49thm.jpg
6d44e840477a36fed1dcd79cf1140d80
307601abeb73af0f8e4823522b0990d7bdf42260
2162 F20101220_AAAYLS jenks_c_Page_32.txt
92c0f35cbd36c69fdc84878683989e4f
89a3810721b53efea9cb98f4559bbb91f898cfd6
F20101220_AAAYGU jenks_c_Page_47.tif
62399784b428d4f3c1b88be79e78ef19
932958ea33d1ce218766bb73d1996e04a6a92e53
89689 F20101220_AAAYBX jenks_c_Page_64.jpg
f84c11c0773b9d1f0f9e138aab7dc550
1487e5ed9786395a9571bcb8987d04d8edd2a867
23476 F20101220_AAAYQQ jenks_c_Page_50.QC.jpg
bb74e0e41578201e04a22a5af425a946
6f973f71a610a268280bdaaaed165b1840c874ec
2104 F20101220_AAAYLT jenks_c_Page_33.txt
4727e87cd4f4b1bdac4a5cf4486e1c57
d1e81fb0cdd54a5a1df1aaba43386efbc84ead9b
F20101220_AAAYGV jenks_c_Page_48.tif
29e1933505611dbb4d3f93d4644a27df
2dea20195d631b37bc04f0b6781e24820ec48555
86265 F20101220_AAAYBY jenks_c_Page_65.jpg
6cbd37bec2c4996bc6795ce5cbacf94a
5071f588a4941a10647f29a148a8e8c54bd83b22
5765 F20101220_AAAYQR jenks_c_Page_50thm.jpg
e2955a71d7a8257f044a950193dba28f
681712c10b1d1ea61c5a07f3c7480544afed37d9
1149 F20101220_AAAYLU jenks_c_Page_34.txt
f247e754ef7bf403a22efd122d3555ae
de6ab301c677ecc666e55a7e79f5188c2c640987
F20101220_AAAYGW jenks_c_Page_49.tif
4933f376814b1c7fe7d1f7ad3eaaf03c
a548816742957d24d0f6fdcecc7b9219061b782b
21565 F20101220_AAAYBZ jenks_c_Page_66.jpg
33e9de3f8e37fb7631009e8c636e8c9f
aa643e29fc1477c5a340ef3432c9eabdb110704b
21243 F20101220_AAAYQS jenks_c_Page_51.QC.jpg
0b4c677ceea6549c953bb8350d0fbb21
593c2a0816066541748b2e53701986ac11f6f4c5
315 F20101220_AAAYLV jenks_c_Page_35.txt
eea94d16e0bc253bf8f581295244cf45
87ddd5872021cce122cacc7e8b5df890b80c21f1
F20101220_AAAYGX jenks_c_Page_50.tif
d5414302ce16fc238c6d4612c93dc17c
c19505a20eedbe71f68ee406ad5d77b840624b71
5440 F20101220_AAAYQT jenks_c_Page_51thm.jpg
b311557373b57d6261626d79ed4bbc7e
e960b0845f72e5cf115affccc44b847647e97901
120366 F20101220_AAAYEA jenks_c_Page_45.jp2
0e3033118a6c6fdea2fa608f39f74ce0
2b4048d393fb6406cf62debd3a6f01eeb8e5cd2d
F20101220_AAAYGY jenks_c_Page_52.tif
e1d124c3426b32f4e25961465528aa43
34d9543ed96f3618eabc2d10d4ea4203ab9d7c29


xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID E20110410_AAAAAE INGEST_TIME 2011-04-10T05:33:12Z PACKAGE UFE0015407_00001
AGREEMENT_INFO ACCOUNT UF PROJECT UFDC
FILES
FILE SIZE 1051986 DFID F20110410_AAAEIX ORIGIN DEPOSITOR PATH jenks_c_Page_41.jp2 GLOBAL false PRESERVATION BIT MESSAGE_DIGEST ALGORITHM MD5
07bfd8eca82557b3bb1f6b431f543a85
SHA-1
f6f215c098ec2917c4e0d6321e431b89ed4ffe4f
262 F20110410_AAADZB jenks_c_Page_68.txt
5167017c41cb230f6d6822ed6439d807
e93693de541b96f01037ef3d255588546babe827
37556 F20110410_AAAEBC jenks_c_Page_48.pro
f48d64049ec092d6a3758eab944ad873
eb73d7b256a7ad28ba0809a88270fb85e5164014
1053954 F20110410_AAADUE jenks_c_Page_09.tif
1abe451cdcfffdf4cdc130a173caa2c7
b0e31dde6678d02d05f79a109a6169ed0f67e3b8
1051925 F20110410_AAAEIY jenks_c_Page_42.jp2
5620a0a00db1ab25eb2bf5fef9c5a7eb
15e1065d026e59591c234bf6bc0b87f9fb31dd73
161 F20110410_AAADZC jenks_c_Page_69.txt
360e69bb3a5d51944408e00dc9814c73
c6f3ee4929bb44e212fae843ee1fd0eb3e36e8b9
29230 F20110410_AAAEBD jenks_c_Page_49.pro
d59191b8b91312cc7197d34bc56d288d
9174e1f84b8f7ea65926e59ada275697b278551f
F20110410_AAADUF jenks_c_Page_10.tif
30d3de79358d1c7a07915c287acac600
c82be9d3e81a7fe9b00202c6e73dce02d60c15ac
11233 F20110410_AAAEGA jenks_c_Page_57.QC.jpg
8e377d865000be2f93c076c4f7611be6
e86a82567b6411d58608208265d04ad74d93b0b0
1051968 F20110410_AAAEIZ jenks_c_Page_43.jp2
4b7639f6688563d8ac2466d50a3301d2
6c9f955878bdd3edf0093226df993c07ffa02a74
133 F20110410_AAADZD jenks_c_Page_70.txt
a1837c51aeb0c3a26967ec46e19dca47
29282913df54a7c7676a123190ba6d8f14231dba
33003 F20110410_AAAEBE jenks_c_Page_50.pro
c8bb2556da94d35961be109377ffca8c
10dad648b7134479fbae18f6608f632715fb0da2
F20110410_AAADUG jenks_c_Page_11.tif
0ede8d0047379561f83bdeb92895a2be
4384db9af858495e83a427d17c80b488c4bacae1
39613 F20110410_AAAEGB jenks_c_Page_58.jpg
622421834986bbecd1fb623c141ea974
7385c90d3875a5c909a6f76e50a6886cbe6df0c5
562 F20110410_AAADZE jenks_c_Page_71.txt
4d27b0d30a7b9983f0ed262d604b1a16
ba519a2879738758a2bfd0f84d9c2aa3b736fd2e
F20110410_AAADUH jenks_c_Page_12.tif
9b24aef5a80ab6f7e57a57dd5887ba35
2ba6a083b41f4d40793d7eb1aae808668db86f32
12154 F20110410_AAAEGC jenks_c_Page_58.QC.jpg
6b0dde8f1dad37c6a9d490682fdb006e
342547bfc1e72f325c9992ad2a5b254d171e971e
6871 F20110410_AAAELA jenks_c_Page_29thm.jpg
1d0d2971578816ef721750c186759071
3913909a802c35d2633ac50e40e8c06d30e53643
234 F20110410_AAADZF jenks_c_Page_72.txt
284400fc028dfc2de94e6e4e863f0b8d
3b2da0c1e63af61fdba35913f025e350f50a2946
25414 F20110410_AAAEBF jenks_c_Page_51.pro
78e3797ec3d210bcdefc6832e3082adc
c2e351c4c75e933e397ea517d4a274ebdc1a680d
F20110410_AAADUI jenks_c_Page_13.tif
19c382ef653c69dc9beadab1906b096e
c84a4c67768926e4ebb92db76a3cb86ca11aeb32
37686 F20110410_AAAEGD jenks_c_Page_59.jpg
b8c83165e2219ead40892f9f34d5d77e
56aaeb06a1ac1a49400ff8af8c529787a680d87b
7071 F20110410_AAAELB jenks_c_Page_30thm.jpg
3c4195f13f025c6b01ced808148a74ae
8f4279776d6e70ebeecb944d580ecba733023bd7
291 F20110410_AAADZG jenks_c_Page_73.txt
309b200db89b4a1972fa9ef2df43c6a1
3a20d8a21d0f7d57c5b38df0ead3bc6cf25624c2
10767 F20110410_AAAEBG jenks_c_Page_52.pro
26e3f65a02ec1d64c4029bdd596e34b6
93370e422553463d8a41b7c4256cfce48227263a
F20110410_AAADUJ jenks_c_Page_14.tif
e1b2ffdbaebe33c9340f7940b43fae2f
07f48c2f98985916b44b81248b162379b9bdb01b
11721 F20110410_AAAEGE jenks_c_Page_59.QC.jpg
cd366e3ce4335296c522b97d7ad15faa
28d1d31c0474d2b31495accc4cdfaa27bf04ddea
6869 F20110410_AAAELC jenks_c_Page_31thm.jpg
5a7a1ab7a04679c8cd7a216147018e24
35d5096b40a3bfe9141ff0295939e734467517de
2049 F20110410_AAADZH jenks_c_Page_74.txt
7102d80648e12cfd74c2ec6c56fe3b6b
92c5bbdd2040efd13d801469728dce2793b2f1b4
9760 F20110410_AAAEBH jenks_c_Page_54.pro
b23d78575ce02dd7f7da9acb1efea8c9
84136ddb2481f5667803adc1b75f01981573e320
F20110410_AAADUK jenks_c_Page_15.tif
744e10a5072d41316941608774923b76
1c5a56e4540881f4e4a1064d6469d13608b675d4
86748 F20110410_AAAEGF jenks_c_Page_60.jpg
08396da0c0a8ba060baeadc1fed5447e
8e78ef31b86b1c94935904d206dbea0cd90e5c20
7008 F20110410_AAAELD jenks_c_Page_32thm.jpg
12a710ac42ae2ef346106485296f5dc6
15001542f90df1b370d7fb4b5339a7362d8943dd
1025 F20110410_AAADZI jenks_c_Page_75.txt
5a7fd0c91ce2af4d438412785d2d9601
59a8da0abc9fd2841cd017894508d62086b55007
12185 F20110410_AAAEBI jenks_c_Page_55.pro
35fa15bc3c4bae67d25fcd597df311e7
fa1f9750e1756c124755de14839e1675c14bcc4a
F20110410_AAADUL jenks_c_Page_16.tif
54d88c40b7d095e4be8d08a27fdf46db
b499c82018d44a24025d93f059b5cdaeb5e71446
26676 F20110410_AAAEGG jenks_c_Page_60.QC.jpg
53f8d0c05231836dcb5810a02cee3c7f
9d3312ae600543f7f3113bcda563b5c3d20f4be0
3741 F20110410_AAAELE jenks_c_Page_34thm.jpg
19fd4a72ff8c6c3f0146391503ea65d5
0b2b5792880fa3a5a34f65e48535a89abf420f93
1563 F20110410_AAADZJ jenks_c_Page_76.txt
4b142ee2d3485c1dc0184e14bc9a6366
85456cacb457ae0360ef00ab8eceb310f724560b
9934 F20110410_AAAEBJ jenks_c_Page_56.pro
b897b554354aefb961e922e12012619d
40e65152da1ce5952b4744fe0dc1c9ee7a3678ef
F20110410_AAADUM jenks_c_Page_17.tif
15faf6dbb5941b4210766160e34ddac2
1758c876c797f05b6d9ce76a420b5750987180ea
90318 F20110410_AAAEGH jenks_c_Page_61.jpg
cb328ca5cf00bf12c82717cc63f4f425
ed04e19edc1f08022f227a95243069a6fddca5e7
4623 F20110410_AAAELF jenks_c_Page_35thm.jpg
5306a0372f1aaea6d171fa5cc7b410b2
83d64fe155e0957baeac0396e05ac7344318fd04
9657 F20110410_AAADZK jenks_c_Page_01.pro
975ba7a23665764c499467aba32c8d3a
636f638b1766829777ec99ec3dbc382420611024
6490 F20110410_AAAEBK jenks_c_Page_58.pro
689c15ebccd3a7d831c4a7bcc63a5045
b95aef2185a2fae90660812529f6bcfa651f6875
F20110410_AAADUN jenks_c_Page_18.tif
314675cbfa1f0b6f54bd19b70b7332f7
17d1be4e44077e522f650c3182a62fdf688d8505
28076 F20110410_AAAEGI jenks_c_Page_61.QC.jpg
26246cdb8ecdc2b83885f6d18b03c805
468e52049babbd7dae69317ee80e26f0f005bb4a
7009 F20110410_AAAELG jenks_c_Page_37thm.jpg
363e8afd58150938549d26e6e8aeb581
59903f4d771276a694d26649efb804fcf76d8001
54039 F20110410_AAADZL jenks_c_Page_03.pro
1355e5a7314611868b3012c2b8ad739c
4d747d6db34298fbb6c6305b4362c45fb376f989
12793 F20110410_AAAEBL jenks_c_Page_59.pro
c7f552939098bf52f883d10756fcefbe
43f9e94543a327923171a3f4c56d53d37788a3e2
F20110410_AAADUO jenks_c_Page_19.tif
d50cfca647147e49987f5477fee81137
f3d492a16bb2ce7afad01434f3b77240b8fa5c2b
90361 F20110410_AAAEGJ jenks_c_Page_62.jpg
0b3c08ecf7e7f92513f5a4386202ebc0
64ebd5105afc759a4a654c114e7b56c13378dd9b
6957 F20110410_AAAELH jenks_c_Page_39thm.jpg
4f2351f4a2c06729bb36515677a3a0fa
f7578793043550ac04a05f1193e2f4c078daa593
13074 F20110410_AAADZM jenks_c_Page_04.pro
7fff3a833003f8f5e336bbd494dcf1c7
dcf113df696680f84008740f868c9e3336e8f8e7
52008 F20110410_AAAEBM jenks_c_Page_60.pro
cfbba0aeac397419010a1334c14f2e3f
8ae598a4514299bd7705a09ac3c154cea8e5e12c
F20110410_AAADUP jenks_c_Page_20.tif
d7e4c2bb1182dcc69bbc7aacb623bbd6
ef4a72d571bc410b050fe9b0d8e40dba81d2dc01
7004 F20110410_AAAELI jenks_c_Page_41thm.jpg
7cbd409c1393b1af58753f57ca393aaa
47a46f3f119efaff4dcab7c13299296dc916b91e
22588 F20110410_AAADZN jenks_c_Page_05.pro
7be811f0408cd1ab047ff1f52dbf6583
6d1379e349445e7ecb34e0e5eee463a8f616e7d7
54684 F20110410_AAAEBN jenks_c_Page_61.pro
dcc7c73077151b0e3a0dc7fdb6232c8a
3f4897087f5826105a4913b674524b7e0ef036a7
F20110410_AAADUQ jenks_c_Page_21.tif
559d6bf7c4e8509f6b305d1043fc9de5
2667d98b9789a1d6b7dbb2a2509488a0e9e8de06
87098 F20110410_AAAEGK jenks_c_Page_63.jpg
bce800ce72f1f982d2eeccf02fa43f2c
960a0b1bd53ed3b5b1ce74cab5f3bf0c24642a83
7316 F20110410_AAAELJ jenks_c_Page_42thm.jpg
457b958b19a99444fd1e1d379aa408bc
b0749f1232c1ccdfaf5c480bbba1920adc24b6e4
55134 F20110410_AAADZO jenks_c_Page_06.pro
23fc1a804f443daea809c4af943d173e
3549185a6caa5463c7b09f410e0d15a737019bc2
54184 F20110410_AAAEBO jenks_c_Page_62.pro
c12d8d692a711ed06bbf7b9cc186897c
3a2116cc0a839322d6859b45c8eafd8daf22c386
F20110410_AAADUR jenks_c_Page_22.tif
7d03e50be0c332113abd83e3545f4fd5
90d195a048ea702254360b3dc1b5d4c60698e804
27402 F20110410_AAAEGL jenks_c_Page_63.QC.jpg
fcd4ad8ceb7d1184f276e7c22552f944
cd5725e3c6f4b40eac61dfd10888928b75dd99cd
7221 F20110410_AAAELK jenks_c_Page_43thm.jpg
3f82c34058534158931f818d999cf7a3
934c6f6612eaa0e061cf3348113fda306b383ba3
62533 F20110410_AAADZP jenks_c_Page_07.pro
c765f5755f10463817519c210afbcb2c
27ae7a903398757f991a8e9c7af04c47d02b0c20
53216 F20110410_AAAEBP jenks_c_Page_63.pro
0226981873b3cdbde62d2f1ff1eb1c79
afdd59410e197101ed54a01aaac16c64595291d1
F20110410_AAADUS jenks_c_Page_23.tif
8bcd85a56ecded1caffcae061a1d1b90
b0b8e9a226d0c05fcffadb748c3d6977642da1fe
89689 F20110410_AAAEGM jenks_c_Page_64.jpg
f84c11c0773b9d1f0f9e138aab7dc550
1487e5ed9786395a9571bcb8987d04d8edd2a867
6717 F20110410_AAAELL jenks_c_Page_44thm.jpg
633e3875c5f937b802d905ab68172573
7d52b3f026b0d8e43c703e43d063f829cdda5f22
44078 F20110410_AAADZQ jenks_c_Page_08.pro
4aec00d71a6c54fdafce4688b5104949
333bace776a48c87c06c7366587750420efda1a5
54584 F20110410_AAAEBQ jenks_c_Page_64.pro
c47954a6038c9966b4ffc2b3f95242ff
af598fce435900a1bfa677a1bcf5398b3fd6a895
F20110410_AAADUT jenks_c_Page_24.tif
33e6ea7ca8f5d0e911d9983a6c74e0c5
80fa3993454f64e1bc60875ca52156c2d1252bfd
27842 F20110410_AAAEGN jenks_c_Page_64.QC.jpg
ed6216073cf46e2f64cf5dce56778d1b
f3c71176f01eac7db957f5113adea7c9db8eae11
6875 F20110410_AAAELM jenks_c_Page_45thm.jpg
f434ccf9c76ba28e44bd9322669abed5
0a4c19307d3bf33046ea4347bf1f87614655cf76
11258 F20110410_AAADZR jenks_c_Page_09.pro
0109962b23a5d920ecb9a417f088a727
040d881f62abc61af3271ba42bc4941b27047391
53265 F20110410_AAAEBR jenks_c_Page_65.pro
76c4a9ba7401221304b72c7e091e4009
3656e554506770ce69ac49b25ea6123797d50558
F20110410_AAADUU jenks_c_Page_25.tif
c7350abb98e02b497385220c9055debd
afcd72eee4d1fd23fd21fe4204dcd101ad1be1ea
86265 F20110410_AAAEGO jenks_c_Page_65.jpg
6cbd37bec2c4996bc6795ce5cbacf94a
5071f588a4941a10647f29a148a8e8c54bd83b22
6903 F20110410_AAAELN jenks_c_Page_46thm.jpg
62ec029b6d0424625ea96450e642fd60
e0c0ddad1fce52b54510e15be986cb33ad805d84
53626 F20110410_AAADZS jenks_c_Page_10.pro
a83fdf82ce3c9a28f95f8e52c4f9dbc5
3559e7ce079729aa353f1b2e5cb4697e488e7ae6
4242 F20110410_AAAEBS jenks_c_Page_67.pro
48b151af6a3bc81a51e8e9dc192a5890
b7e20799cffb6f601a4af447d269839b81a8f51c
F20110410_AAADUV jenks_c_Page_26.tif
316d289257001836509de1415f3b438d
fa47e4ea968a2f445c22c4091fcd20b897cc662d
26874 F20110410_AAAEGP jenks_c_Page_65.QC.jpg
68b035b2f8a96859d25294108a78521a
84f438d31d79fc08ac22084f273f6a2d729ec1a5
4405 F20110410_AAAELO jenks_c_Page_47thm.jpg
8ee4dffe53a2b150cfd841c58944c066
0851d9e94dcd76e29a6a17809fe88c63e6b16d34
2721 F20110410_AAAEBT jenks_c_Page_68.pro
13623a24de8038cfa61c0139f45fb015
d5cc11dc90ac7ab13021d0e4670f8071ffb1bb22
F20110410_AAADUW jenks_c_Page_27.tif
49e8099b2726b775293f6bbfc7bf5836
8e57f03b4ec92d64ade13370be31ed7fb3015f11
21565 F20110410_AAAEGQ jenks_c_Page_66.jpg
33e9de3f8e37fb7631009e8c636e8c9f
aa643e29fc1477c5a340ef3432c9eabdb110704b
49991 F20110410_AAADZT jenks_c_Page_11.pro
6c7c2b609a395033effe6e43b4dc3449
3dee278004f7ffe4f79ae8a99d4ac840006a15ac
3674 F20110410_AAAEBU jenks_c_Page_69.pro
adb12358a75c5beed646355a8b8f5914
eb90044ada08e78e6d663df6115268a607d2b03d
F20110410_AAADUX jenks_c_Page_28.tif
495c6300c604252e39a3bf4eb0c189a4
6313b64f68c43c8123634e95cde3347ca318499d
6723 F20110410_AAAEGR jenks_c_Page_66.QC.jpg
d0b552d39e2f002f241ce2c05fd7e0ac
afce9518b90f5b1d4eae691636a421243eca698d
52296 F20110410_AAADZU jenks_c_Page_12.pro
799d7e0f9d9a2bbf7f9008fba383ee7e
8cac20af853cfd644ebc3c117a2f771f6828ef7a
5737 F20110410_AAAELP jenks_c_Page_48thm.jpg
a284c543721b4f2f5bf08aec375a8534
3c8a14c06359682b7a39d8f917881008b94916d0
3343 F20110410_AAAEBV jenks_c_Page_70.pro
285d0affd2a0eb420dcae8ab2941132a
6f500100c75dae6d677d4b8b23f18d7b8136ce30
F20110410_AAADUY jenks_c_Page_29.tif
1b33fad822dd1e730eca1acca4b7f375
6a50e584248ed898cfa5116aad08e24db0f54385
73267 F20110410_AAAEGS jenks_c_Page_67.jpg
0aa7c4a078939fdc21b4d75209d35fe5
1c69053bcc33a845842b91f7cc080a7d62c2fda8
57044 F20110410_AAADZV jenks_c_Page_13.pro
bf9ff89b0f7cab8741806eea723dda5d
a644e670aa9d85d79889af83e84a4948567a84c6
5953 F20110410_AAAELQ jenks_c_Page_49thm.jpg
6d44e840477a36fed1dcd79cf1140d80
307601abeb73af0f8e4823522b0990d7bdf42260
10496 F20110410_AAAEBW jenks_c_Page_71.pro
04dd8b39f351452c213fc75d2e1d6e0e
a8579f967b116086ff72cd5bcd0acbcb0b848efc
21584 F20110410_AAAEGT jenks_c_Page_67.QC.jpg
a555e92c804f6bea13cc597582ce3c28
f6f78f804c13604731bd0220ecc6ac3a83b6df26
56308 F20110410_AAADZW jenks_c_Page_14.pro
d4e35f0dfbdadc4c8705c076b860c435
14ce6aa2e19a716c7116584822df9bf1ea08e2a7
5765 F20110410_AAAELR jenks_c_Page_50thm.jpg
e2955a71d7a8257f044a950193dba28f
681712c10b1d1ea61c5a07f3c7480544afed37d9
5504 F20110410_AAAEBX jenks_c_Page_72.pro
12641bf722d04239241a9a0a9dc72781
ca6c3c0a0f9259b288771f01f9be0326ed70adbd
25271604 F20110410_AAADUZ jenks_c_Page_30.tif
7a3e95573d08bc421f1425ae80b8dc73
d21ac0ed0022ebca340f4ef17dd88aa816a90457
58875 F20110410_AAAEGU jenks_c_Page_68.jpg
8753077805e5d2eebdaf9da0f0a27ae7
616fbe8b7757274f80b063b686d6034353a90df3
56464 F20110410_AAADZX jenks_c_Page_15.pro
b223a82744702ec71bfecdb6a8aad799
4673caf3008ced2b16dfaf2584e27e61234e9194
5440 F20110410_AAAELS jenks_c_Page_51thm.jpg
b311557373b57d6261626d79ed4bbc7e
e960b0845f72e5cf115affccc44b847647e97901
4582 F20110410_AAAEBY jenks_c_Page_73.pro
be78e59ac01a22d4075981e84bf1ef91
ec6b8db04ea894c1be219615c2c93557da84a233
18563 F20110410_AAAEGV jenks_c_Page_68.QC.jpg
a92668423a505bc7d66500d62402525e
bcd5e5731fcae8603e14074a58dfd5bdc13206e7
55400 F20110410_AAADZY jenks_c_Page_16.pro
711a45c5612081403c28fd053b9ba645
6a1f26ea36dc8042312144a9cf406e688fd6d56c
3816 F20110410_AAAELT jenks_c_Page_52thm.jpg
7ed148922248ac6703b870b16752e520
63487321a98e8945308faf14e34388a0377909b3
47722 F20110410_AAAEBZ jenks_c_Page_74.pro
a35c175960a801d501bde5ad61d73104
c079d0f4b396aacf7da1249ea41b3b6c9c1bcdb2
4625 F20110410_AAADSD jenks_c_Page_02.jpg
a0ab8de197098b75590c0edd7db1cf03
3804084dd0b3a6b2a6263f99ca41d93205d40e7b
53745 F20110410_AAAEGW jenks_c_Page_69.jpg
1a230b90d2fc17625804850cc064c44c
33bed92df165c5146e1f74b31bcababe4e8f0529
1976 F20110410_AAADXA jenks_c_Page_11.txt
e810a1f75f2a00c3bda25880f826647f
9b54d2f669f40e85260ebd222d87ef24c62dac74
54149 F20110410_AAADZZ jenks_c_Page_17.pro
2a922391f55e2537cd65f1c5c975ad14
571802b6331314abcf74f0967c43615a37980ce4
3931 F20110410_AAAELU jenks_c_Page_54thm.jpg
e5f1c204778387a18edc8313b00835b7
74512726a73b3f2adc325213d0fa9fbff84186ca
3750 F20110410_AAADSE jenks_c_Page_36thm.jpg
af9bb974e630d3a253c30920a6d91750
e24e746ba710425e97683e284b69c9be7fb566b8
17523 F20110410_AAAEGX jenks_c_Page_69.QC.jpg
feb7188c1c7276420f145d2556228c73
417e83034b9d65033f8a96a06b872a9f708f957c
2160 F20110410_AAADXB jenks_c_Page_12.txt
0278dc51d3ded8e764b0f3d12254997a
670a9430ee78e0d71cda8c6e7c848e4f82941218
3526 F20110410_AAAELV jenks_c_Page_55thm.jpg
0620ddd0ad2eaf81e6e15bc023e1c1d8
f49e0f90663edb9e4d9e4d054481c0d277e076df
6797 F20110410_AAADSF jenks_c_Page_40thm.jpg
579de82332d2ec5cb3f83955e5b411ce
f11a232d8b530863babff230e8244752345ed144
90796 F20110410_AAAEEA jenks_c_Page_29.jpg
b5450314c00053ee1b8c3af3d6fe1bf2
d6e44480ce3c7b5d97c1b212ded9e8a18e9c3af8
43502 F20110410_AAAEGY jenks_c_Page_70.jpg
fa6b3778232dd60cf7888a6d1d3c44c0
0425b27416d94a955dbda47ed3f2572c7358a8f9
2232 F20110410_AAADXC jenks_c_Page_13.txt
24e8acac8c539a2844587a3f52efe12d
55b2f2f7116e17dc846f34aa1cdd6457d873e896
3694 F20110410_AAAELW jenks_c_Page_56thm.jpg
34c7876d2111f2af16a22e6f8acc87d6
c01a447b112510d60c053b74cd8415e81d5e645c
28547 F20110410_AAAEEB jenks_c_Page_29.QC.jpg
58e6f48c472910f0d317768b610a495a
486b81609852616d06b60008b6b45e55dc5e76f2
15621 F20110410_AAAEGZ jenks_c_Page_70.QC.jpg
0c79946755e6a8d6f71ba4fb5ab5fa4d
16b1b862616fba75e89169bdb2152d1021c429ca
2212 F20110410_AAADXD jenks_c_Page_14.txt
33ee48c9ab57cd3f47554a6a3b6b750c
474576c826a8bd6f38f7b5b2373d6f90f432ab0e
118422 F20110410_AAADSG jenks_c_Page_61.jp2
ea3f91907f7d6d0e81e262d6a5a0c0a9
0ff62cebe0e9382a5071c57c8202184eb5268850
3452 F20110410_AAAELX jenks_c_Page_57thm.jpg
a3256d59392c6053a48398239dcb6fcb
25f11dc6ef90a9db148cb1fccc8b5dc3df576c5c
93081 F20110410_AAAEEC jenks_c_Page_30.jpg
1a3f6dc88027c297d006aafae0fa726e
bd54bacf1881a6945c4129438717e00e1ab72997
F20110410_AAADXE jenks_c_Page_15.txt
b31c5fd91a97e957f16172f4a1f12028
29d4164d47f60edaff8c36c0872989403e54b52a
52368 F20110410_AAADSH jenks_c_Page_44.pro
6af301c55574ec609047a1b8e96f9361
e58a60cd743140cc164edafb5ea20cd9d1b7a7b9
3719 F20110410_AAAELY jenks_c_Page_58thm.jpg
13aeeff49106dd4fc6dae1c31e7fb509
37083fa00bbe64d977cd13ea50b834008763313d
1051971 F20110410_AAAEJA jenks_c_Page_44.jp2
ab65a714ef9134602944e6c0eed76dfc
7d0d44440ec62681a8cd1c49308165d905902a12
29457 F20110410_AAAEED jenks_c_Page_30.QC.jpg
2a7a9e11a206ca315c7e30b752b5d892
129f3b246e8fe304b2941f36bc7f48506a96a356
2169 F20110410_AAADXF jenks_c_Page_16.txt
de0f114575bb9ee02ba9771489de7f0e
19d5533393fa4536b3b210ed00002d4d4922693c
24104 F20110410_AAADSI jenks_c_Page_48.QC.jpg
045dbd651a0beee96213d17377a2c91e
e437884d0162abbd81c5282339c56580736be42c
3461 F20110410_AAAELZ jenks_c_Page_59thm.jpg
79fe88b51bf549f4626480780d8a46d1
91ac40bdd8b91b1d7b4af9da57d11a3a82ac7e13
120366 F20110410_AAAEJB jenks_c_Page_45.jp2
0e3033118a6c6fdea2fa608f39f74ce0
2b4048d393fb6406cf62debd3a6f01eeb8e5cd2d
91167 F20110410_AAAEEE jenks_c_Page_31.jpg
b68318bd3034658f99758f01cddec770
ba12ef3c24b52ee2977c46749de03cc7b52feabe
2134 F20110410_AAADXG jenks_c_Page_17.txt
48917184ff2619bce3acaf5281f5d728
ca4bb058cfe387111592a2739e439eb37c6b4793
20741 F20110410_AAADSJ jenks_c_Page_76.QC.jpg
1d78eb6032c7d649df0ead8d78f15e39
f460fb168823b58896e7c416a269d5a872267630
116409 F20110410_AAAEJC jenks_c_Page_46.jp2
a30270054264495df3e13c49a12e5704
35db85ae180aa71a8783e6b60e188ed0649d2bee
28852 F20110410_AAAEEF jenks_c_Page_31.QC.jpg
603c5e14f56bd75aed10657aba839c12
aa4fd1fa83af54004d43a07210528cf015d3ed21
2163 F20110410_AAADXH jenks_c_Page_18.txt
ddb4b380a4fa081b6ab7260e7fe4432d
c149f6956da7049f1d1b35e2ea26fc357efe0354
119125 F20110410_AAADSK jenks_c_Page_28.jp2
050ecbc6836e19c285d16ed12280c4af
3300981a04dc3967208f4ddc5b21796baeae940d
76404 F20110410_AAAEJD jenks_c_Page_47.jp2
1e5e8c1db080263b09c213e63fbca1e5
1aa71841143d9fef534d62d4bc03d298be527f1d
91691 F20110410_AAAEEG jenks_c_Page_32.jpg
d46ca12d42adf541aa2897dc471ae686
6f1d179a6f460e385a60a5079ae5d84fbda832d8
2150 F20110410_AAADXI jenks_c_Page_19.txt
8fe0fa5fc68b287d3cdcb5cee911252f
eeb78b34c54de8f30cc1386599cd04b81961df37
119122 F20110410_AAADSL jenks_c_Page_29.jp2
96775ca6f6885723dbfc34e85c75ecac
c7f5784162fb6c0f667afa8d0f62991d3ff3cf67
92311 F20110410_AAAEJE jenks_c_Page_48.jp2
8d493ce6e39986e4446266ad90df2a29
513a7af5a9132e0b3dd0859d9b4768516454e2b8
28771 F20110410_AAAEEH jenks_c_Page_32.QC.jpg
6c12a4e0b526a27e3ce6cee8acf5f9f0
dc6fde4972763fa07d60cd254943e268b1a9fd27
2138 F20110410_AAADXJ jenks_c_Page_20.txt
e51e03aabf7ba4a0465c76b44ab79b0f
0b13492ff2aa84681ec0579e1b92e790e8dd1643
2114 F20110410_AAADSM jenks_c_Page_60.txt
5ec2156526a3bbd1ed800e1ebc35b8a0
54e19c6e89f83870db734d667ec2c4249dae4f26
77765 F20110410_AAAEJF jenks_c_Page_49.jp2
2c21e6c38f2f1a6a44adb92cef2c2a45
f3db0625db37e80ee0dcfe353d008ee6812346bb
2130 F20110410_AAADXK jenks_c_Page_21.txt
a280b503be178684cbcddee5e2f6e0de
afd98fe107de341d23465fba1b74d47015dab017
883366 F20110410_AAADSN jenks_c_Page_72.jp2
65058d7e065e4e7403bc005db1f8dd2f
fc0c5929be7f145dc82d39b8117f08148de872b9
77049 F20110410_AAAEJG jenks_c_Page_50.jp2
2ab57fe42f1f004d9ba02164146eedbb
401ced554e96b996c6f1e459f59a468fc13efd62
89690 F20110410_AAAEEI jenks_c_Page_33.jpg
536a9c9631a007660a30b6e00f94999d
72aa6d744f14a5b81816839d0e1bfceb327f0ba9
F20110410_AAADXL jenks_c_Page_22.txt
2f70c2b614428530a9ef2369732cdefc
8a9ca353e35e201418179736865c3a63df359177
3460 F20110410_AAADSO jenks_c_Page_53thm.jpg
ac7f66e4ba14611e0a9b578214c359b3
3a67c10a04b9dc342a356233ccffbec605775632
736082 F20110410_AAAEJH jenks_c_Page_51.jp2
b51fbf913e495093db03e12388e88289
a53f45c949974dcc562d07542b7d3432bd4d3c59
28246 F20110410_AAAEEJ jenks_c_Page_33.QC.jpg
6a0eaf9262e6d321f8808e94dc310fa8
004c73eb4bbdaabf418c85b5d55beb609c5deb92
2139 F20110410_AAADXM jenks_c_Page_23.txt
399799163010ca064556f1ca0e274032
c919e43c4a83c318b95160975f3c598af8469d8b
28010 F20110410_AAADSP jenks_c_Page_28.QC.jpg
ed90a3557765368603420830bcdac900
669eea9a538ee075db557a5454758e7433e39bd0
418352 F20110410_AAAEJI jenks_c_Page_52.jp2
790095e789251bd64d6ebf80a1d0d63a
7367d9f624936db11c7516e6b1c748102011de99
50628 F20110410_AAAEEK jenks_c_Page_34.jpg
e1417bf4531fd4b4b8713d12635d236b
f5eac827173b5ae53d1cb8c42468c5ad45a9f39d
2268 F20110410_AAADXN jenks_c_Page_24.txt
21f798dab8f630f85bfcfb74e10fc3c9
b133c4bfe053e77015b7e61f7e62003e034d792b
F20110410_AAADSQ jenks_c_Page_62.tif
726166519ee808261cd2439ebbac163b
a22b57536ac29c6d978a0ae87dd3ba46f67f56ea
325899 F20110410_AAAEJJ jenks_c_Page_53.jp2
69f1ed661f617e55572e76d94b1640e5
7c8847923611085b4bff200e2373f72db691edc7
16128 F20110410_AAAEEL jenks_c_Page_34.QC.jpg
5fc887d0a03688a07b0b4f51d33b3352
d84e82c4c9d93b9bc4231ea36d7fb0fb588dea24
2612 F20110410_AAADXO jenks_c_Page_25.txt
95d05a6bbebd484f727fe17e27e72028
724e2abf50166e8434c4cbb002a4253a29727a2f
5083 F20110410_AAADSR jenks_c_Page_03thm.jpg
ec6b32e8427c9fa65486aa5b9338a52d
5beb0c5c292ed8672c04289c8db06d53df7a6864
428858 F20110410_AAAEJK jenks_c_Page_54.jp2
d74152db067f0b2fd70e1d3031a26854
530abe4cd11a4fc72b1d00148709931fa8e3e608
48848 F20110410_AAAEEM jenks_c_Page_35.jpg
8cb9ed1d645a83083d6bad6e51605d19
7185a66822b31207fce3a35cbd71445c748fe5ac
2198 F20110410_AAADXP jenks_c_Page_26.txt
e37859fb46a1f32ff66ddf29eb67276e
a0322b2129edefe39f4a8f941904c43ddde32270
2263 F20110410_AAADSS jenks_c_Page_04thm.jpg
422f669aee3240e93caffc98ab2329e8
7112bb06ae94d5bafe5cb12180a51392bbfe8287
426735 F20110410_AAAEJL jenks_c_Page_55.jp2
493c43e036ddc9b17ecb58f2b337d505
6673923f4cfb882c70b7524126d4c4c8995d1cee
14726 F20110410_AAAEEN jenks_c_Page_35.QC.jpg
0f5a3fd3939b5d0714c1dddf958e9ef6
000a583c823f99cc4146cb5d3c918420cf151b09
2278 F20110410_AAADXQ jenks_c_Page_27.txt
274cf33655abd97a11e4bb2d6e1c76dc
4935ee201da6bfe88f62a5dccd02b8872e205f4a
5289 F20110410_AAADST jenks_c_Page_25thm.jpg
f0dee6db867ac989a07c532c1018362d
8541190c230c10a25482664efaa9a29043159a7a
447205 F20110410_AAAEJM jenks_c_Page_56.jp2
0af030abc29500e224d975cd23404a58
3bc3a368106eed0f618436deddfacc023c109255
43916 F20110410_AAAEEO jenks_c_Page_36.jpg
344c5f595fed44c530ff5f5e3b214b93
fcd643840cbc5506f166c5620e274a3d7ac45eed
2179 F20110410_AAADXR jenks_c_Page_28.txt
3ff15b2fb799f58facf8cad42f2e794d
56f008cbb2aff67c15fe9b2b8c42573400252b44
2129 F20110410_AAADSU jenks_c_Page_62.txt
820a905aec48bf408c6d45772f8d90b5
e1a18d9184c4469d6bc8a5295a8afe7f07e61cf6
13744 F20110410_AAAEEP jenks_c_Page_36.QC.jpg
fd89acd716f389ec54e42cfac190ac81
bb50f6c546cfb5ac609ecd33abebb722f29f2cad
2213 F20110410_AAADXS jenks_c_Page_29.txt
eb6f37306a2cf81734731a3f19a4c677
3f96cbb144eed34c08b9083627833e1ec51bf9f8
8423998 F20110410_AAADSV jenks_c_Page_67.tif
0a609761f0c66848618fa8dc7978b30f
4c640b293f986772db6225e0389520f7644bd239
361801 F20110410_AAAEJN jenks_c_Page_57.jp2
921286afc09d814f4aa58afda2744a84
565425774b09236adda35c990fd4ab8dea5e1ac5
89674 F20110410_AAAEEQ jenks_c_Page_37.jpg
ec4ffadd32d5b808b353ebe2a26e8c0c
067b6a5978f0751a40946918f7e99859cca92d54
F20110410_AAADXT jenks_c_Page_30.txt
918052d0e047f329934e68b32bcec92e
3d3c490a5b0336c9fe924af1994a34e36e4e1143
87975 F20110410_AAADSW jenks_c_Page_46.jpg
c8a1afa85bcefa8c56a05316009fe619
7670bbadd47c5f49215fa420b35bd95de88362da
425738 F20110410_AAAEJO jenks_c_Page_58.jp2
42e7cdfb5495196cbef38435522a4563
a37740b960e6d29188158d89ca2a6002aa0de3e1
27592 F20110410_AAAEER jenks_c_Page_37.QC.jpg
157c579801b1cd4c79107e899a87eda6
782c9e753c3af51a5eeb16143f6168e9c3434fa1
2230 F20110410_AAADXU jenks_c_Page_31.txt
fab412cfc9daa8437aecf107706975bc
dff607d0c92170e50c206818b4805502c30a464c
424148 F20110410_AAAEJP jenks_c_Page_59.jp2
ea3be5d8185973c0dd3320f1e3c54494
4dd1b6930ec51863830fe61b5b56023d0c89c53e
27997 F20110410_AAAEES jenks_c_Page_38.QC.jpg
4fca1c55de75049f4fc063468c7b8f77
a26388f8f0f7edce52e6134ad3f8daa91ef9907a
2162 F20110410_AAADXV jenks_c_Page_32.txt
92c0f35cbd36c69fdc84878683989e4f
89a3810721b53efea9cb98f4559bbb91f898cfd6
113865 F20110410_AAADSX jenks_c_Page_65.jp2
205054b9c5cb066e6df5a70c695175dc
b3ade82f8f382ab445addc7b38ded1033163e34c
112692 F20110410_AAAEJQ jenks_c_Page_60.jp2
2708cd9e96b3e64bf75a107ba343d1a3
3c393ecd2f06f2be5c319f81fffbcefde53f4e65
90805 F20110410_AAAEET jenks_c_Page_39.jpg
798775fd124900d155bf5d6e7b16bae3
2b7a7972d52efbc0d95394e35023d548f95d089f
2104 F20110410_AAADXW jenks_c_Page_33.txt
4727e87cd4f4b1bdac4a5cf4486e1c57
d1e81fb0cdd54a5a1df1aaba43386efbc84ead9b
11444 F20110410_AAADSY jenks_c_Page_66.pro
e5ea58b41a7c245084b4dc0981041f1b
1ca550383a4ff53c292d7b30a43a649d29f98722
119239 F20110410_AAAEJR jenks_c_Page_62.jp2
29cc03bd47c6bfe22d11271f73475249
a02d7122dea1ee5ab0df5aa1502c74f7227d2fb5
29370 F20110410_AAAEEU jenks_c_Page_39.QC.jpg
d76a7a79a8147cd1d98fd12db9081902
14c52e3eeb218b2b0e6338b3fa822f13018e27b1
1149 F20110410_AAADXX jenks_c_Page_34.txt
f247e754ef7bf403a22efd122d3555ae
de6ab301c677ecc666e55a7e79f5188c2c640987
117293 F20110410_AAADSZ jenks_c_Page_64.jp2
69c81f0f9289a89cddcc218882473128
6d1b876f6020eabfa774856df2eced3e8acbc063
112959 F20110410_AAAEJS jenks_c_Page_63.jp2
b08ab81239008501573589ab22ff7bae
ad79409f826a5c80627dc87b2d7a20eeb5e3f408
89520 F20110410_AAAEEV jenks_c_Page_40.jpg
3726116afbbd63ab1745555fbc51ec1f
958c0ea64778fec8cb4a748b5a6dc34a382278c8
315 F20110410_AAADXY jenks_c_Page_35.txt
eea94d16e0bc253bf8f581295244cf45
87ddd5872021cce122cacc7e8b5df890b80c21f1
27440 F20110410_AAAEJT jenks_c_Page_66.jp2
dd8ef8bb477256953c0431f9ce0b3d5b
fb6fc643485de7ae6aa123612004b17b334dca22
F20110410_AAADVA jenks_c_Page_31.tif
3d3f02761812771f84f21cb8b8d3eddb
66bcb79153d3a359af93c2317999edd5e14b29fd
305 F20110410_AAADXZ jenks_c_Page_36.txt
f268a70a5ac5d13a0aea2bf085ea89fc
45dcfa9c1fb78f0dfa6981315dc3af8a9b06e9cb
28218 F20110410_AAAEEW jenks_c_Page_40.QC.jpg
c8bc3ce30687653a051c77cc22acba83
ca0b3b5f31cacbcbcb3bb506136884c82b71e140
1051979 F20110410_AAAEJU jenks_c_Page_67.jp2
a0af7c2907fa55c756da80d9a0b56095
61bfcf97fb84eb59f392ddb3dab86bc9dda10022
F20110410_AAADVB jenks_c_Page_32.tif
4e2be4ac4e4462f90e5271be5d73e690
c15eda6a37d5e5c75213d30e87b4bafe646897f6
91268 F20110410_AAAEEX jenks_c_Page_41.jpg
54cc2260a5697de134d696407ce3d2b2
b4112b7f1f6660850bd6fdb1bc9b69890c993e37
966403 F20110410_AAAEJV jenks_c_Page_68.jp2
1d899d39cc162bf64a60c13ecde2fdb5
e6354f7b8694ac044db242003c3563faa586a0cc
24179 F20110410_AAAECA jenks_c_Page_75.pro
711e7324c5ecbdd5c2850d300b435c02
661f1402d1af6cd95f3c13c703fa05c1bb514602
28660 F20110410_AAAEEY jenks_c_Page_41.QC.jpg
80f59696cb6a5cd11929ab52ae9513c9
d6230a19bb9c771d9bdbcba5dc66c3ee406f440e
F20110410_AAADVC jenks_c_Page_33.tif
5d71763bd53bb031a13f731c8491115c
9747f5dad4c69390376f7f173f3dd9fe164f70f9
747564 F20110410_AAAEJW jenks_c_Page_69.jp2
ed8db73b85715d65091f6989cc11024d
8b2840c1f69221e59f3727e260a2674650359b83
37871 F20110410_AAAECB jenks_c_Page_76.pro
39f265e2269bf91eedb7d53ff8150b84
06a610815d4144441e6053e73aca4739f0642612
94898 F20110410_AAAEEZ jenks_c_Page_42.jpg
0d19008d9672c7cabe93ec6083681d61
f0235b29f885374b676912261b04762604d0bad1
F20110410_AAADVD jenks_c_Page_34.tif
f7910362457e073e34adedc995664e2b
dd29976c8bb2f1b1e6f9e7821e05c5413f5fffef
578431 F20110410_AAAEJX jenks_c_Page_70.jp2
e588180afb719d08bd7fe9302fce7837
9d9cafbf6f70dd44150b2d6a86757b4d5e2126d9
24659 F20110410_AAAECC jenks_c_Page_01.jpg
98b3c2ad27e1c5a7764870a2e45719e8
9c026b4d11bf9903d4b7df0ad950372132678f90
F20110410_AAADVE jenks_c_Page_35.tif
767f983e19d92a8e2502fed1987c7081
605234112802e5026e43df2159845214477de31e
445604 F20110410_AAAEJY jenks_c_Page_71.jp2
e9bf0f2fe47e29de89ecdbd41eb27dce
cb4b49b20e7c949d7dc16a8c1bd5c32395514b32
46903 F20110410_AAAEHA jenks_c_Page_71.jpg
dfa8e997a9957ee86533a9a7e8a8371e
611cf5fff495dbbc90d5c3375b5891c0e5c71925
6598 F20110410_AAAECD jenks_c_Page_01.QC.jpg
9c185941081ea00088972d12f18b372e
6254500fad5c075fbe9824a775849984187dc225
F20110410_AAADVF jenks_c_Page_36.tif
5e9daf90df83da8ba422e7125d2ba37d
eaf4faf4393b56d1ad443f7f88ae002a3d36efd4
1051934 F20110410_AAAEJZ jenks_c_Page_73.jp2
46cda229734c6ee9c6e2b374410e6f2e
2d9b27c9f778d58c2f8308afbed3e98306b88eca
17937 F20110410_AAAEHB jenks_c_Page_71.QC.jpg
225d1121fe3b52e244cd295d6a38bb14
c7dcb20788d2557ccb3ba693a8e2ed6ad73ca0ad
1546 F20110410_AAAECE jenks_c_Page_02.QC.jpg
74806a2fb302d67863f72436d3a139ae
2cb3475232e108510aa47fcabd10b4b1b5714cde
F20110410_AAADVG jenks_c_Page_37.tif
5ac85616a66d03c57d9bc2a5351e9ff2
853e2a4a5bc76dbe4430f4ac27c3a64204242ff7
41278 F20110410_AAAEHC jenks_c_Page_72.jpg
5e11f8f69b94e86efde07eaac43fe9bd
77b967d3b93b6cc4247a7f1c52f0220f8e99cb98
82107 F20110410_AAAECF jenks_c_Page_03.jpg
28cc5cdf67e63e6630e4a94533a0f63a
3841678ae4c92cd511f60cd68dca443f73283b66
F20110410_AAADVH jenks_c_Page_38.tif
17c8b483946be279de8257e2f7b6a83d
128f20beab0fd5b87f64bf77f5dadfbdb1fba9ef
6275 F20110410_AAAEMA jenks_c_Page_60thm.jpg
4e9bebeece4d1a8f52d788d5c0781548
55508af6976a1857858565023e197662656c1f5e
12652 F20110410_AAAEHD jenks_c_Page_72.QC.jpg
c4d1511a01b0ac9747822b356726287a
0e20b33bc32b8cb4c7b349f9d078b8f44a91be82
F20110410_AAADVI jenks_c_Page_39.tif
feccc08814a2812bd14f5e72d265a2a7
2fb83a5fa5afc6770b47891acbfba5267821b610
6687 F20110410_AAAEMB jenks_c_Page_61thm.jpg
c9e05dc9532e44b9716f2854723e0c4a
0bc6cee1cbebb55aed2a8dcd23c5556643530b8b
44516 F20110410_AAAEHE jenks_c_Page_73.jpg
e541bfa015157023b722857006944fed
18676f90dbd112f47d900e7ed62cde827549e1f2
21627 F20110410_AAAECG jenks_c_Page_03.QC.jpg
9d0dca3992a526ebfc456a5865328b8e
51344dbfa62521b77a5ef08d9b39d1783f1c4c2c
F20110410_AAADVJ jenks_c_Page_40.tif
05db8e3a97409d1ab780114d52d475c0
476c349f175362b4f6cc497fb069ad369f4fe3f8
6711 F20110410_AAAEMC jenks_c_Page_62thm.jpg
aff35ae4600fae19f909535bf2f53440
7575872beb29c370bc3aa96f1fb4d9d1d9159924
12524 F20110410_AAAEHF jenks_c_Page_73.QC.jpg
d9fd166d92bb84f671ebee63c9120060
11f710e55de34c679e97eb315f0a83369d572f0d
29310 F20110410_AAAECH jenks_c_Page_04.jpg
e6171f0f35eb62934c96c0e162d57e5f
f51ede2abec4cb407b8b4f19f5d4c771b846c7e3
F20110410_AAADVK jenks_c_Page_41.tif
04199e0a7ecdf1cb51550cb02d6feb01
01fad1bffe71eb32fd6f67d3edc61d33ae2b3cf6
6774 F20110410_AAAEMD jenks_c_Page_63thm.jpg
b3f6863529d0450505bd98295e7a2909
d63532d1f0791be48cc66384094ca59f8b7f990b
78456 F20110410_AAAEHG jenks_c_Page_74.jpg
b76aaeac2e667d872cc83c5a68f0091d
74af219e3fe3f82b8fa2d803197e89fa37a5a431
8638 F20110410_AAAECI jenks_c_Page_04.QC.jpg
04152bcbb3e96b00804356bcaeee9c5e
d92186b9d3d66622bfb41bc96216328d2436e666
F20110410_AAADVL jenks_c_Page_42.tif
7d590f1f42b9b50583273ac61c6cb8b7
eb8626a3b1d7868045e206e0e08ac8814d58ee60
6665 F20110410_AAAEME jenks_c_Page_64thm.jpg
b5a5ba10a1e16dc35aaaa796071a61ff
fc6a182fe56831ae7848ad1a13f8f5a8a3cdbc8e
21755 F20110410_AAAEHH jenks_c_Page_74.QC.jpg
22a7bbcf9851851a78a10a4930cdba1e
33424b4d71e561370676f22641fbd5a674f105c0
40382 F20110410_AAAECJ jenks_c_Page_05.jpg
8644701191b1080cf3d958d6d12cb29d
6001ff86262457a6d6aed4697f14f3506000730b
F20110410_AAADVM jenks_c_Page_43.tif
4b0c890d91b30ba03ad30d7f8550c6f3
b94aff292f4f017af5a608942d58669bf65f1d9d
6475 F20110410_AAAEMF jenks_c_Page_65thm.jpg
86f1a855dc6ae785e8b40f56fae4500c
f2beb6c094d290c31dfdf4a90ed7d9f432dc776a
43290 F20110410_AAAEHI jenks_c_Page_75.jpg
8bb90262ab68e19a0d21d84693f9f9de
2ec27ee4bcc46079059b863187b26e0a62f35ccb
12051 F20110410_AAAECK jenks_c_Page_05.QC.jpg
4224a64b048c9f2fc5d46cd36c5f9a46
72c74a10a0d01c3c30618bc9943901c6a8548053
F20110410_AAADVN jenks_c_Page_44.tif
0714daf44bf87c0974f56f2de5f6aaaa
c9d8fa785cd22f677882844679694dc32277ec93
1731 F20110410_AAAEMG jenks_c_Page_66thm.jpg
d9d2dad7e862a70e2dd0219f1c4cdb85
81f2bcbfebdade18dafbd4c446525f64886e6a7d
12901 F20110410_AAAEHJ jenks_c_Page_75.QC.jpg
718e044e25e31ed90440e8b77424326f
d7d4d414284686eded637cd46a65f958c25050e4
89474 F20110410_AAAECL jenks_c_Page_06.jpg
cd99109261c99b56dceb463b141b6313
4ec35f0238bc6840af3c60ca6aeb39b59f378ef0
F20110410_AAADVO jenks_c_Page_45.tif
018ff6c1c17ecd44cf1fa3727d6808e2
6d1238f737718ca5a840f6bc4df10dd08d8ebb3c
6061 F20110410_AAAEMH jenks_c_Page_67thm.jpg
361ae0b13fca59db531df2c751adebb9
00474fc3ee6c9656b863a354c8288f46a7600d84
66065 F20110410_AAAEHK jenks_c_Page_76.jpg
7c17f2163c92f8f5f659c0c3fba35834
5d3b6b976ec38d116df133b5ae751241e4439b72
25361 F20110410_AAAECM jenks_c_Page_06.QC.jpg
f00245b49f9bc89b70261c68246df36e
19568d509d97967641e560d41c217d29f5e230f1
F20110410_AAADVP jenks_c_Page_47.tif
62399784b428d4f3c1b88be79e78ef19
932958ea33d1ce218766bb73d1996e04a6a92e53
5990 F20110410_AAAEMI jenks_c_Page_68thm.jpg
28aadb0385ff4e114ba6943e26a5282d
af1cf914b3b5145bdd5be35e838eca3f7d8a1a6e
112588 F20110410_AAAECN jenks_c_Page_07.jpg
d159955dbcfd8a7225f3da2a146db114
3de5f112efcfd60774c2e3ab5a18be82aa63eeba
F20110410_AAADVQ jenks_c_Page_48.tif
29e1933505611dbb4d3f93d4644a27df
2dea20195d631b37bc04f0b6781e24820ec48555
4424 F20110410_AAAEMJ jenks_c_Page_69thm.jpg
e03812d8f95ef4e60b37cc242ffbd030
07ce1d5b6d8f8a636f69bde291eb998176fc9321
28368 F20110410_AAAEHL jenks_c_Page_01.jp2
dde931e05e650f47d8a0d4618d14a871
9ea7d032b9ad795989f8741d73df9c16fb85676b
30598 F20110410_AAAECO jenks_c_Page_07.QC.jpg
2118ee9e801619cf8ab6d9f9169f4237
bef6ffc35d351a262300492264f9f18498fa6e60
F20110410_AAADVR jenks_c_Page_49.tif
4933f376814b1c7fe7d1f7ad3eaaf03c
a548816742957d24d0f6fdcecc7b9219061b782b
4813 F20110410_AAAEMK jenks_c_Page_70thm.jpg
862b59d10f2d7c978a2e59eaf89a0a3d
0b8071b4d6a3bf9be65568216e30d103dc7833f5
6389 F20110410_AAAEHM jenks_c_Page_02.jp2
4c4989684c0c2c9aca8e6bd80eb6162e
317d81d1b91fce78ca852d0b153a42ba4e98e59d
76999 F20110410_AAAECP jenks_c_Page_08.jpg
a1835333d1022a50e31d0441106b6c6e
cb36d48d9a49a4c63c06ae2dde35ad9d30c3930a
F20110410_AAADVS jenks_c_Page_50.tif
d5414302ce16fc238c6d4612c93dc17c
c19505a20eedbe71f68ee406ad5d77b840624b71
6155 F20110410_AAAEML jenks_c_Page_71thm.jpg
7a1c74f7194b408a8e3df3b9908de021
8f0c567b4fd1cedde40b173a7102e4157e64ffe8
1051965 F20110410_AAAEHN jenks_c_Page_03.jp2
a4dcdc3134a0023b6456e1259ca71d47
0466921c9df1acf84ac3a7798a85af5affb42292
22958 F20110410_AAAECQ jenks_c_Page_08.QC.jpg
2df7f19940791416a5fe12dd5acc0204
5ed532021bed48af8d0fb3eef5cde55b1c2f6341
F20110410_AAADVT jenks_c_Page_52.tif
e1d124c3426b32f4e25961465528aa43
34d9543ed96f3618eabc2d10d4ea4203ab9d7c29
3877 F20110410_AAAEMM jenks_c_Page_72thm.jpg
c43eb880b709e9d7c8ddd4bfdb838a61
18ad75ac37567142374a4e01c444214efe989493
587964 F20110410_AAAEHO jenks_c_Page_04.jp2
2e3ca7d92b792d2abdb280af7cece0b0
4c9d3df54221c669fc41778bd86a059751bd9cf2
21732 F20110410_AAAECR jenks_c_Page_09.jpg
fd4ca7f10a8b61ddea2469f21a297d42
989c1913f83da80735b137928ec91ea841ed2494
F20110410_AAADVU jenks_c_Page_53.tif
a2850d88a50d3fdac0fd8683116203f2
5ae3e6601844a151d58e218268d21630fd5721ae
3971 F20110410_AAAEMN jenks_c_Page_73thm.jpg
be3657c039ccd9300928f96ed6521a9a
c1f74f23e9d73ff81d9667244ecc7850e812e8d2
920184 F20110410_AAAEHP jenks_c_Page_05.jp2
24e46cbfbbb45a8af587f1d2ec909866
bf0edbf0b5b2725dad37ece9ec93f24579cff92e
6836 F20110410_AAAECS jenks_c_Page_09.QC.jpg
d5b45c6d696d0d0e22c691d43d9c3e0f
9cbd22ebd703e52d9475f38b62055dbc35a4bdd2
F20110410_AAADVV jenks_c_Page_54.tif
d5035c1a48e7fdb3cd6fc08f11654044
7ccfb6b8a8a30b7488a6f3cc3ffefa8aeb2ea143
5525 F20110410_AAAEMO jenks_c_Page_74thm.jpg
468872d1b2b0e73e5ad051909788d2a9
a3c90b7c1d08ea18c9ae01a4afa921cf6fc7b669
F20110410_AAAEHQ jenks_c_Page_06.jp2
50bce21242bdc6cf5f1899b334dfbf13
84241e25e2bb3799b6f3489b1851a635bd716ed7
27484 F20110410_AAAECT jenks_c_Page_10.QC.jpg
97b78ff34113ac3ba71925b5c1b34f10
fc73b47e94569d0b7108a706b9c852b08a66724a
F20110410_AAADVW jenks_c_Page_55.tif
a36b86ec4aeb9c4b180301e0e0869de8
c9600fc272ba12af1c384372ca044e8ee911b6de
3240 F20110410_AAAEMP jenks_c_Page_75thm.jpg
22f96435a6ed6d6d3d4515ec2621d4b2
223ca79ab2de3468baab775109c6afa99dcfcb4a
1051980 F20110410_AAAEHR jenks_c_Page_07.jp2
89f4ce80657297962afd8d3013c4c60c
82026563c72bdeae4f9e52d724f17c00d2aa053c
82297 F20110410_AAAECU jenks_c_Page_11.jpg
8db0cca9fa94b4653a608cd1ba5b006e
f4254a750eefd9da49f043381b8d2138d354f431
F20110410_AAADVX jenks_c_Page_56.tif
af6b5d409190d0aed643ea704f4110a2
04c82f5ecf25d07b26f3639d942f1357f39f3f6e
97134 F20110410_AAAEHS jenks_c_Page_08.jp2
46f23a1fcbd4eb8c0057c48b7bd5a1ae
7391563c66df00d68a37ebbc8a99dec0c946f047
25846 F20110410_AAAECV jenks_c_Page_11.QC.jpg
fc850300c52d7024d7abb35a178e9878
04a010d2b7b73b8081451900b8a5019c6ac9419d
F20110410_AAADVY jenks_c_Page_57.tif
16bbf2f72878665ef1f7d0af3a565950
691e0a5e7b5a51b687b3da5261c0b09734a79feb
5026 F20110410_AAAEMQ jenks_c_Page_76thm.jpg
b52d11ecadff5d873ee448a8b1768a9b
d752054f18f928b68aa224d3b3ed047ff4d6029d
28306 F20110410_AAAEHT jenks_c_Page_09.jp2
2a5330b54383b28e154123687b3f0f2f
2b75cd8d11a8b03c06bf859f13be390499684e59
87644 F20110410_AAAECW jenks_c_Page_12.jpg
7060b82a781e54196b051d011fda82f2
a3419ad55049bc669a713bad0ccf8665c8810df8
1378 F20110410_AAADTA jenks_c_Page_02.pro
048ca8890822e8cea022376bb47d1695
36c169ac58fd161608fd3c4bf1c685f8607c7b7e
F20110410_AAADVZ jenks_c_Page_58.tif
6a0d93fa0a47f5b8599d924868049c03
21abae2ed151f670495f85ef1574dfb77520dac9
1424756 F20110410_AAAEMR jenks_c.pdf
cd6a2b94bc4a54f94a824896674a5a0e
fa556a791f778bbe4b50752621dd53f39e16b6cd
114947 F20110410_AAAEHU jenks_c_Page_10.jp2
97808114084234015fbdbcde42966778
4d4ddf28a9308aa6225d36073b63f2062495d68f
27136 F20110410_AAAECX jenks_c_Page_12.QC.jpg
dbcaadfbcc1fc6846758656c5fa8f1a4
a33779ef2e67cfdaed976ffce1f98e902255dd18
11264 F20110410_AAADTB jenks_c_Page_57.pro
c1c4d9371de1e604382932d33f4b6294
d3b5193fe65b9eed633b0bdf8d108dd74fa42d68
89108 F20110410_AAAEMS UFE0015407_00001.mets FULL
4f6d6b7c145ffe4b09d097f67d6c155d
e5bc832282b3c98769538d6cfe7dbd913c22742b
BROKEN_LINK
jenks_c_Page_01.tif
107592 F20110410_AAAEHV jenks_c_Page_11.jp2
96a501ec8addedb3b6b4d3170ee23ac8
5c0acbc3b40a6481efe90bd27f71fa82980836a8
55028 F20110410_AAAEAA jenks_c_Page_18.pro
35b5f45b2723967b1891263c61df67b1
f65dd3634e6aee5f95d1a4352cf3578eeb21052e
93927 F20110410_AAAECY jenks_c_Page_13.jpg
c14b78c0004389ab67e7a69c3772e6f4
89af5cf9d68c2339b9e7217a954a3d926516b722
88880 F20110410_AAADTC jenks_c_Page_10.jpg
974ab80f6add68d008a5b431af1348a2
e7c4835da00a8952558b1a9a54fd82b250a45170
113049 F20110410_AAAEHW jenks_c_Page_12.jp2
1db414fedc6889410e0df90eccb4a815
95b65d2d1f60607ae7b1e5d09d4d020c95eac7e0
54503 F20110410_AAAEAB jenks_c_Page_19.pro
54af354f56a965fc4db8646a0a4541de
1bc865f22f4bdf61b3f9ac0a00b69c5466fba573
29269 F20110410_AAAECZ jenks_c_Page_13.QC.jpg
cfa63d6cb7b8096828b44ee1b194527c
ed905fec24051ee196f251620b6fc6054e772c34
94133 F20110410_AAADTD jenks_c_Page_27.jpg
3c98118cbc058e1f51f7b5c5801d7b7d
72624d9018f335c867548fb5c18994812cb1c3fe
2120 F20110410_AAADYA jenks_c_Page_37.txt
773472c6c71d5977c2fee357492a8857
0e6dfaa57af10074c413f87442749107d23982f7
121648 F20110410_AAAEHX jenks_c_Page_13.jp2
0ace1840d52ea44420c3707995acb083
ee3d6c9daf81072553b7c633a0012e50e8553b75
53669 F20110410_AAAEAC jenks_c_Page_21.pro
a4b5245bd6c5e48cc667c699ab993ae0
e4fa77e522163f558107f1cc41c4306b9db880ac
F20110410_AAADTE jenks_c_Page_51.tif
2e249601e82b228abc8c1ba97d9b24f4
d7b42ab5a27ae8f1fb62fd2393f58e3c2c0077d1
2076 F20110410_AAADYB jenks_c_Page_38.txt
a8888b0dd41d618e5f290357c8850e99
d05c82441db953028b677168900239c263757e72
118756 F20110410_AAAEHY jenks_c_Page_14.jp2
3aefe48d899435d3f0f68119dd7a4c0b
0322e5386c896e109570e8642aa0fb92193aeca8
55199 F20110410_AAAEAD jenks_c_Page_22.pro
b0062e2f5840c26962983ea43d41cf1f
df2586dd5289e0d8db6e73675ddc4dfa0404c33a
365 F20110410_AAADTF jenks_c_Page_58.txt
df445eb3115f33351a43aa54e3f5f5b8
b4539ff0ab653f4b749d7a3c4c8e0ea52c91f54d
29753 F20110410_AAAEFA jenks_c_Page_42.QC.jpg
c0fd704615761e1754157f0f0aa5705d
2b1f6d430364c8952d5de40d5dab2430effe83e3
2087 F20110410_AAADYC jenks_c_Page_39.txt
ea45667efa0e1ac8d3ce9f8358ce67a3
7ff17e924e72f509e90fc135c81512ac1f094709
120375 F20110410_AAAEHZ jenks_c_Page_15.jp2
8e12f2c67591ece7dc208e815d5ae51f
9bd3728f25927051636f55c4ce7ed5c82697549f
91134 F20110410_AAADTG jenks_c_Page_16.jpg
b458ff5bcee4670271707ff303c307f3
af87b59e7dce1a35f11f38bb7cb93b33286f8c74
95416 F20110410_AAAEFB jenks_c_Page_43.jpg
27d9165dcffd194b8c661f0ac9ef369e
f5de6774a823d8d159796ba1b2c25d957c70e307
2042 F20110410_AAADYD jenks_c_Page_40.txt
ca6103cb94adb4e02a8b92ce3e61d263
247c5ba9cc5acd58bccd587163618ee93f93f156
54431 F20110410_AAAEAE jenks_c_Page_23.pro
02d4f26f67e7f00e6fabc663d16d482f
1c747c5bf7116eaf358d6b18bc07c2517b8933e9
88869 F20110410_AAADTH jenks_c_Page_38.jpg
f3ba300db1c03b94f980bc17c45fc9b8
0e51b7ae4fdb5859be4ba0d6c6c8028c97a88c79
29676 F20110410_AAAEFC jenks_c_Page_43.QC.jpg
ecf476550d86d630f138fcca82436e37
82264e8cd31ef075b4060b91c1fdf652024c3d78
2069 F20110410_AAADYE jenks_c_Page_41.txt
3bfa46f794544c0bd1ad9e4c3972a790
3195a92042012e3eab6deceac2851170800b618e
106937 F20110410_AAAEKA jenks_c_Page_74.jp2
4d75cef30ff2cddd162f86077f1a57ba
2aba00c9b0e9d67b28cd3b26036373a598412e21
6992 F20110410_AAADTI jenks_c_Page_38thm.jpg
39abc059dc3e756a2a240700f639538c
168edc760510df162156ed9bf5347f3f90431e1d
89953 F20110410_AAAEFD jenks_c_Page_44.jpg
6250b19f53034eb4816881f377a54cdb
2f5ba58c7808b62ee747477d4dede6dad2f10aef
2216 F20110410_AAADYF jenks_c_Page_42.txt
8a3b84c51c4486d476972cb23026c3b1
acbd9c0f35692f99ffb53ce0643a17dc62dd1924
57781 F20110410_AAAEAF jenks_c_Page_24.pro
07c5041c0ffd47619fe3ed6c60b15ee6
e5cf3dd62af5004a45858b4f2cef2e28bc0a1703
58609 F20110410_AAAEKB jenks_c_Page_75.jp2
42437d0c5062e59b1bb26bbe0ab89491
1fdf7b3adf0f65583c786479f312493b5cca425b
F20110410_AAADTJ jenks_c_Page_46.tif
406f9c16a38aecf7a62320425c539459
bc74e9d699ba9e0f96dc6ddea265571fe85bdfe5
28195 F20110410_AAAEFE jenks_c_Page_44.QC.jpg
4103032e39088016cb5202d19eeada6f
ca91d1bb1c830d83edbe03ed1d0a0b2791ec49ee
2203 F20110410_AAADYG jenks_c_Page_43.txt
91d73e84a7f452fa7804726ad7c15915
0ede2f0fdc62d4fe7f6dc508b781eaa7e58b6d64
41436 F20110410_AAAEAG jenks_c_Page_25.pro
9a75157bc07616a22e7043ddaccecc28
10d1faf2733a0b164cee2f7ae0429860b0938db7
84523 F20110410_AAAEKC jenks_c_Page_76.jp2
19b7fd2f78f1d604afa22066a6d00789
097fd5fed6989ea7a8fbf7c9c1919a4c9944ec94
9335 F20110410_AAADTK jenks_c_Page_53.pro
b8698c4a796d503a5d6531a7b269d796
93e342fec13924e7d6a0f345a6edfa44675cd9a3
28786 F20110410_AAAEFF jenks_c_Page_45.QC.jpg
d7e9dbcf75a715fc99a2c87ccd1d80e9
926e6d32408e13cfd2de34a6c54ce2f818b923ff
2100 F20110410_AAADYH jenks_c_Page_44.txt
a37abfec9dceee7bff1d5481f7cfeea5
06b1829538be1c0ab53360130cd2e347270209f3
53944 F20110410_AAAEAH jenks_c_Page_26.pro
66e592c77d88c78ec2a7fed6c09d8d56
bc25d8d79dc0d0a7a503e3e5ca9646a13818a29f
1850 F20110410_AAAEKD jenks_c_Page_01thm.jpg
7e30ed9e0b6df3acf8439f077713d02e
379c404487cbdeaad3865185407f15d62055b058
5672 F20110410_AAADTL jenks_c_Page_08thm.jpg
fc9d91ba9dbe7701e6b8b3e25886ffb1
83f2858f6abd51cd0240692e607b35320b15ee2e
27822 F20110410_AAAEFG jenks_c_Page_46.QC.jpg
3433bd7e21ff97048214e585d210915f
cf603e2e3a7209e380bd35fe5a4a9057409406aa
2159 F20110410_AAADYI jenks_c_Page_45.txt
a70de68282920304bbab119f188ef8c7
8a41c6797ac62de0b038ccc1a907f101af5c9edf
57740 F20110410_AAAEAI jenks_c_Page_27.pro
4cc8965791a5a85552f95dca52700412
e78c2d666b60f91efab082da624b48ca2fcc131d
566 F20110410_AAAEKE jenks_c_Page_02thm.jpg
53d52ad3870b14267935928f39870c85
a8368d135803cfabe6ee8ab17675bac03dd0f466
F20110410_AAADTM jenks_c_Page_47.txt
9ea6e85928ec81e6d0d65335e6448946
076def2864328db1043c6c0ff2f7b03e76dea1f3
58064 F20110410_AAAEFH jenks_c_Page_47.jpg
a3130ddca5af99fd87f401229683b13e
2ae2a3ace79f808b08bd1b026574c82d36472010
F20110410_AAADYJ jenks_c_Page_46.txt
651552d99a67faa0b8491b2f4df9898b
a7d5259339522508c6c1bbf6b30957b241ff122d
55463 F20110410_AAAEAJ jenks_c_Page_28.pro
90e2f450d8086f30545ebddb571a3803
17a7e60f8c10799e25416eb2e8a35289ebd64b7a
3071 F20110410_AAAEKF jenks_c_Page_05thm.jpg
162595b38bc5d75280ece39fec593d85
a31702430b92f60dca207dfa1cd137bb12343d20
53330 F20110410_AAADTN jenks_c_Page_20.pro
3d000cd53f148dcd9554f70d76ebcbed
724ad4179dd5ce2438c869701fae9602e0f17cda
18239 F20110410_AAAEFI jenks_c_Page_47.QC.jpg
0baf8b36cccee9f086c15afa7765a9f9
ad26c6c0334b11fce311546408fa8444aff0a279
1841 F20110410_AAADYK jenks_c_Page_48.txt
c5f01e8dfa807d25bb23972b1f4f12f0
ea11a244ea2c7ad34a903fc1b65d9138b4a6075f
56539 F20110410_AAAEAK jenks_c_Page_29.pro
c93e679f5d9155e43f1a586810422d4f
34d71efdb791c21394d0474ba9601a4f353be8fd
6829 F20110410_AAAEKG jenks_c_Page_07thm.jpg
cecc3dfbe2163a2a83004d47477bec69
1e3af3adf047638fb60f97ee491259b04a4bc242
7020 F20110410_AAADTO jenks_c_Page_33thm.jpg
a512afc7eee97ef3da61a91fe6b4e846
ab9d0ecec7698fb2d693d89082fd1fe48de3b319
1279 F20110410_AAADYL jenks_c_Page_49.txt
d754f962dea9c9a2456824184324f60d
37831782805cbed7c99b2cea41bca84325adf319
55957 F20110410_AAAEAL jenks_c_Page_30.pro
ec450e8bf798ab892150390fd75ee977
ffdd5f1088d8ab29e4bf26f750d86db400d1bcc5
1772 F20110410_AAAEKH jenks_c_Page_09thm.jpg
efe0b31a9c7df4c44729347e98c2e2bd
5725c1c4ce9dd0a0241f159a0e4ca005f9d32c8d
6037 F20110410_AAADTP jenks_c_Page_06thm.jpg
bfd82e744f9cd19e279953155210a34b
8c36a3415ce0a136c5da01123a075e3a4c83225e
81838 F20110410_AAAEFJ jenks_c_Page_48.jpg
21883929e70fe046b6d1747bd04f41bc
5c3f20ab44bd06a4c07e3b00b34052130ca4e37d
1491 F20110410_AAADYM jenks_c_Page_50.txt
d282ed90401a83d3a6cddf77de34ec28
d8cb3a6adf0db569fabda23fb63565330e89f90b
56560 F20110410_AAAEAM jenks_c_Page_31.pro
ed84abbbdd5f848f7bd946807dc449ee
092525c0845f2daa95e4d38875896855a817155e
6373 F20110410_AAAEKI jenks_c_Page_10thm.jpg
829fe2330c8a87a2cb1f414a6c8b146e
ea7fef069bd207a6f18e378e4bebfc2f7cbd956d
90763 F20110410_AAADTQ jenks_c_Page_45.jpg
44969807c62a99556ea8584ce036c6b3
9b91355adc57488271ccb1c16e094bff09dd2b1c
23518 F20110410_AAAEFK jenks_c_Page_49.QC.jpg
161d1b24ea492e8601419eec7c8fbec7
b0d070c3597189e084a1e437f260ba8eafafeb66
1144 F20110410_AAADYN jenks_c_Page_51.txt
2251cf9f2489565ec0b4d06f4578eaa9
98b3eee6487fcf27bc379beeff1e702b8547adc4
54992 F20110410_AAAEAN jenks_c_Page_32.pro
77bc8271af136f1320d23225eedcad9c
8957b042314ac457b76ef989ec96c709a9c44e42
5943 F20110410_AAAEKJ jenks_c_Page_11thm.jpg
07d6473f69c332974189423ca8d569e1
9c8fdad97d5265376a7d90f418d424703d45f60a
76456 F20110410_AAADTR jenks_c_Page_49.jpg
82959114e2ed6ae9f90877172b9456bc
6c367425180e333d5c4c1c41356b1dbf288be47d
77790 F20110410_AAAEFL jenks_c_Page_50.jpg
ded02bb0970c6feb511d6c9c68df2a83
912c68ffd80d4194ab4d7ef3b2479925206c09f5
509 F20110410_AAADYO jenks_c_Page_52.txt
efa4e9a877944d727fa7c42a324a1a53
afbe876b7a27632292c314db3d77d6d139acdc38
53109 F20110410_AAAEAO jenks_c_Page_33.pro
4aee9c613ce75cf778153847d443e737
7000f397dd546a9d9a130a9f3a48b68fdfc0460a
6713 F20110410_AAAEKK jenks_c_Page_12thm.jpg
4fdc34224e342e5604d9bf69e8e7094a
a07e2aa90931ebd733ebb081ba552dea42b6e03d
28308 F20110410_AAADTS jenks_c_Page_62.QC.jpg
66ee35af36be6ac782ed6eab1587a08c
91cb42255524ce858955ade0921ab914df162904
23476 F20110410_AAAEFM jenks_c_Page_50.QC.jpg
bb74e0e41578201e04a22a5af425a946
6f973f71a610a268280bdaaaed165b1840c874ec
459 F20110410_AAADYP jenks_c_Page_53.txt
494b73f79f129827766da2e263039c76
3a024ca6c8a2703b014d33427fe9f4c2910feef7
29019 F20110410_AAAEAP jenks_c_Page_34.pro
3337a247ecd5966617730fb608da7853
ecd95777b5f147c5314289b486f9a282f70fd7c2
6988 F20110410_AAAEKL jenks_c_Page_13thm.jpg
4b436d9637e92922a7c44872d1a9bff1
683b3d88d5e450965ea6ed6645840a028ed7cb12
29160 F20110410_AAADTT jenks_c_Page_27.QC.jpg
d5806587cce6ed84af3b19c72cb8d47a
bc78e09db7894f737508bcf6f5e7da47a7ae2868
67409 F20110410_AAAEFN jenks_c_Page_51.jpg
a9d21cc7cd4edc05ee36407d35fd6078
d9d6ebaf3aa4b555970121c4cbc5973d6291bf8f
554 F20110410_AAADYQ jenks_c_Page_54.txt
404398be5930563fedfe0c9001dcb82c
9f81270077efceab50ece9e79b65e81d73fd1437
7391 F20110410_AAAEAQ jenks_c_Page_35.pro
0d4f7e4cb5e15fbc278e55fb3c9b3d88
a5df2599d40bd05c9ca62278743c83765249ed50
6886 F20110410_AAAEKM jenks_c_Page_14thm.jpg
63aa7cddee00edde323f245331ca2ef8
444caf3849d4439ff91a6211a8c7c21d14400f06
123475 F20110410_AAADTU UFE0015407_00001.xml
f5d3b52ed934b5dba1c968b74a9833a2
959a6ab133bd7cf53dbd394765c61cbcdbdaaf6d
jenks_c_Page_01.tif
21243 F20110410_AAAEFO jenks_c_Page_51.QC.jpg
0b4c677ceea6549c953bb8350d0fbb21
593c2a0816066541748b2e53701986ac11f6f4c5
524 F20110410_AAADYR jenks_c_Page_55.txt
86b272df912e4e75ba566fbf17fb9ec6
7ecb2bbc60c8d9546202be3c818f034b8e633f61
6029 F20110410_AAAEAR jenks_c_Page_36.pro
d6319f2228e61cd29dbe7093940bd075
a4fb9a2ae94739939aa75791e3c9b84c6fc73670
7145 F20110410_AAAEKN jenks_c_Page_15thm.jpg
c11dbc0207530d20db91f5b484709a8c
4fcf36bfc9f8f3ce2733515c35d6384f6479b13b
36688 F20110410_AAAEFP jenks_c_Page_52.jpg
baef132b02cb90e64aefdc40808c0b62
d5a6e67aa740c59a7603dc1de3169889bf0f06da
458 F20110410_AAADYS jenks_c_Page_56.txt
350990e0d5e334b660bf0dfb3ec63fb8
baa20e005bd03ace173c2b17c8d6f9344c3f7b8c
51394 F20110410_AAAEAS jenks_c_Page_37.pro
6c5a9e0a5f9c719718d5966a0694805f
c7c7f3a906ce0db2ce9aed657d5c4156709b02e2
12630 F20110410_AAAEFQ jenks_c_Page_52.QC.jpg
f22294a3302ba312ae2222851331dce9
eaf4ca86ad262c10e471700893f1f46ac5f551e5
636 F20110410_AAADYT jenks_c_Page_57.txt
9cde0b1635820097e50402dac66993a8
710878ab5670e3bfad3b911df2d581b1d99474da
52537 F20110410_AAAEAT jenks_c_Page_38.pro
eb7f487e44be9df9f3f945862fe9ff97
f980a102d78eaa64057856385e0adc894f6848e1
7015 F20110410_AAAEKO jenks_c_Page_16thm.jpg
dd8c85dc9cf0bec49d228e2a90931a61
66d7cd9de6a2c54ee823e8fb5ce2f8b27f5f6eca
F20110410_AAADTX jenks_c_Page_02.tif
17ce83bd298b282fd0bd858f7901efec
5994350cbf2dc92b05aeffdb26a1c84fee1c9a61
32404 F20110410_AAAEFR jenks_c_Page_53.jpg
d0312901bd87d1bf335ae8b2540a504b
64bb7d885f42c93576e65df3b2e093d4857aa4ee
565 F20110410_AAADYU jenks_c_Page_59.txt
13e59936ba3aef743f21598ac97646c2
2f24728a63b2e1ffc502640e31fafb6e1bd81297
52448 F20110410_AAAEAU jenks_c_Page_39.pro
4e5ae61d9cbfd4910546b73c5ddb4f61
a6803375925e8d86b3d0d1f9a1e9ceb0327fa6d7
6828 F20110410_AAAEKP jenks_c_Page_17thm.jpg
503df5f173a14dea77955f87e3af85ce
a870aa9e3c26f48ed166274cb17b6945f94aa3d0
11203 F20110410_AAAEFS jenks_c_Page_53.QC.jpg
fa761606765989d6ffb9a8bb3bb78b10
263e11064cfa048dc6ad427cdff9c998f685843e
2182 F20110410_AAADYV jenks_c_Page_61.txt
e9d244179262e9ec2afa2ed38637b37c
173192d8f94bcabefb0d751321dd2d4ff75eafad
51758 F20110410_AAAEAV jenks_c_Page_40.pro
f39e26091beb121add97fa2662bc11f9
2709d128831757b58d149da0cce5add85a5c45ea
F20110410_AAAEKQ jenks_c_Page_18thm.jpg
4a6f68d13b8c72ab495e2c57138ee668
76f89a56bf815f02fecb30dbddf073e7e9a03f92
F20110410_AAADTY jenks_c_Page_03.tif
61ce204f7c0d31eda5faa6fab2719875
1ca015022f4cc534c9d4e9770e373a1b6bb62d1a
40535 F20110410_AAAEFT jenks_c_Page_54.jpg
387c4178f742853158d39479ba89fabe
fe85db753e3a8d718f47951c34f8d69d64614ea6
2116 F20110410_AAADYW jenks_c_Page_63.txt
9fe8c765ad5b8bd9e88fc04581f43bf2
1bc8b2657d592e3813d48feeaa81d4e3b4f69f97
52231 F20110410_AAAEAW jenks_c_Page_41.pro
df312ebb8542bce2d5efb21d15994e7f
a7e09cf68e7779826cd1527cbd72578c22d96d94
6844 F20110410_AAAEKR jenks_c_Page_19thm.jpg
c8d00dfa4be2d20151ac5a039611bbb4
9919becc7ed755847ba1c6691a8a5b129979d170
F20110410_AAADTZ jenks_c_Page_04.tif
0e1cbfad73e62f7f37461cd856ece883
407a6db1ef41fed4f95dfe95e78375fda1c5e9c9
12496 F20110410_AAAEFU jenks_c_Page_54.QC.jpg
c1304a591b887c811abbf87b604c9804
81ee6d24018868a172718b7ec3d0f195df2614bb
F20110410_AAADYX jenks_c_Page_64.txt
07f637e62ce5642b3cda8e17f58bb592
20767e7981858a1e76dc438f2f609ddc2a8fc126
56599 F20110410_AAAEAX jenks_c_Page_42.pro
e0e2c203dc646d32a47edd1a735e394e
dacb71b938dd19827502018fc7dbb97951f52354
6437 F20110410_AAAEKS jenks_c_Page_20thm.jpg
da9397d717eabdf0ba7a61aba42aea5d
3e6c2d08a41e906fc4a42b9ef6a578b1f19ea57e
40806 F20110410_AAAEFV jenks_c_Page_55.jpg
9df5b992686c5b9fe55ff5720897787d
b6e6489cb72afed9f5f027440bba9e1c02488582
2095 F20110410_AAADYY jenks_c_Page_65.txt
bd48111149eeb1e18ce5cd7ea91cbde7
b9589cbcaf4772f33fc1244b159eab4f51f89c5b
56188 F20110410_AAAEAY jenks_c_Page_43.pro
3a4717aa2e3c81aa59f461624dcf0d29
52b94b2dc70e921d18ba4f804fca5b1d28f142c4
6882 F20110410_AAAEKT jenks_c_Page_21thm.jpg
94657005656777a9622f5239497cf7f6
a57d8fa38c12703ab317895615c65b0b68fab85a
12462 F20110410_AAAEFW jenks_c_Page_55.QC.jpg
4650d53c127e73b49550388208305e2e
98130008c4f5838d351bafabf57f18afa079c08b
F20110410_AAADWA jenks_c_Page_59.tif
84e7aeace024a5dc4b395ea91be28970
f8ed0ab127a475528a41e424cf3625fea2b06d9f
456 F20110410_AAADYZ jenks_c_Page_66.txt
af98511c2c325ab12ccd1ccde7e51cc3
236ade2cc9b7c1012bd2cfbaea8a4916c00bb44e
55116 F20110410_AAAEAZ jenks_c_Page_45.pro
9bf05bdf749b718958584e176c87f373
166070a7857385f5e3324a56f8f35564fa6f3bbe
6921 F20110410_AAAEKU jenks_c_Page_22thm.jpg
9a7edefd01bcdedfaa4fe4628416c872
42c9668a47a6b1527ea77410c1dfe7a9e8206d49
42532 F20110410_AAAEFX jenks_c_Page_56.jpg
66c41e92579f9211c2ec9a4f92f40a7c
ee3b59386b9ba9a0afd9f414a2380506190d7474
F20110410_AAADWB jenks_c_Page_60.tif
819a823a0c4b569d1da138cbf179072f
338ea9bd143e949b2d06dbc54e3f251c8a5f2ece
6741 F20110410_AAAEKV jenks_c_Page_23thm.jpg
e5c3be21ef78e4d85df8e7d56f6ad6a9
2c9fa7d6a91f05de5d0532fd53b3819a290f5f35
91924 F20110410_AAAEDA jenks_c_Page_14.jpg
fde7c02de54d9886e25ab28dd570cb25
66859fb219632ea9a38f34723a3327f5cff7f174
12505 F20110410_AAAEFY jenks_c_Page_56.QC.jpg
8f8175236537352876924be8d2cc653d
ab1a2b15f95749b214e0ffacea2170a18869e17f
F20110410_AAADWC jenks_c_Page_61.tif
bd00c1c0398cc33f1968ad158b8d57e9
79c3eae8b7d20b0cc6b1935416bf98ce37b5190a
7007 F20110410_AAAEKW jenks_c_Page_24thm.jpg
a8411aade828f5bcb4588cce782f705d
ae6bb7feb0790d728fb8e6bb7c9a978f554059de
28717 F20110410_AAAEDB jenks_c_Page_14.QC.jpg
1d03f988438fe50a670f1170a309d7c0
bb48fc863b165e521b277d01ee81d04e40006902
36594 F20110410_AAAEFZ jenks_c_Page_57.jpg
a0f5570828647b57b437d3dbbe548773
39a9b137fd738cc4a84f7f515ef8ddefbd5756cf
F20110410_AAADWD jenks_c_Page_63.tif
0e2677812f9da0264fbdbe272e100f4e
7cd24bcef68182af27d28d5df45d2e638c90da5f
6622 F20110410_AAAEKX jenks_c_Page_26thm.jpg
01fdc78eb0901e3573ab27cf8d565df2
f9a23fe35e30f6deab50a0d2e17552fd3200db51
F20110410_AAADWE jenks_c_Page_64.tif
e46a85c08caceffea0bd62bf3775ac7f
a6ada6c31e02061a9e4f332d6a61ba9cabfea0e5
93854 F20110410_AAAEDC jenks_c_Page_15.jpg
6e835a01f469a930d6d782f5d9e120cf
a5889be83a85216a258deee4f5afb094133d9312
6987 F20110410_AAAEKY jenks_c_Page_27thm.jpg
655604ab04d7bc0ad6f32e6d9d406e3d
13de7552ce76bfb163b7aa4be2fc01705405f479
118887 F20110410_AAAEIA jenks_c_Page_16.jp2
906156c512bd14fa58412a2294033bc2
a56a2d67233a7f4eba76c3dd07fec959e675ccb3
F20110410_AAADWF jenks_c_Page_65.tif
fd0449fef7e5120863b009470a2e96fa
1f59bae2ccdd2dbbe98c2875c2e4e1a2cfb0ecff
29229 F20110410_AAAEDD jenks_c_Page_15.QC.jpg
921d7b0b8d5ec23915498e8b0199841f
3caf1604fb4d925f568e437e72851379e48e1dcb
6924 F20110410_AAAEKZ jenks_c_Page_28thm.jpg
5b00f94faa21d2fc913fab3214b20f85
e5ad7ab636a7a999d1fd2a87bbd1066e8f9d4d8f
115816 F20110410_AAAEIB jenks_c_Page_17.jp2
f4096030b323667071892e6021e12d36
82b216474a1e7bea62f1fa0b82db2497a85cc67b
F20110410_AAADWG jenks_c_Page_66.tif
606e84d3acc4e9a020638e04c1a8f395
668e30e84e527b2bed98880af3015d92ee9573dc
28766 F20110410_AAAEDE jenks_c_Page_16.QC.jpg
5e7e2d4c40885d6a1b339f4c21d58485
2b2e307e0f323b729c665a8a77127af2cbf8a5bf
117686 F20110410_AAAEIC jenks_c_Page_18.jp2
76965a72e09a073bef21ce913f9dbfb8
2e8f1655be8752bb4ee5054e426f521d63797fc4
F20110410_AAADWH jenks_c_Page_68.tif
ecd223d54873729156e0bc56d982a1c3
0bceebd1f2b294f4974a1e2d8a9ad69a3eda1c82
89233 F20110410_AAAEDF jenks_c_Page_17.jpg
cd8bf9c4ae0207684821d77e5e0e7ec9
11e34d1f05555850895dfa23a862e433d22efb97
116348 F20110410_AAAEID jenks_c_Page_19.jp2
e02d9c0e7915d12c406fecf4168a4f56
65c502cdeb3422be6fee8f32e91792ef980359dc
F20110410_AAADWI jenks_c_Page_69.tif
5067b9ed6f3c3605b0caf3c89d4ec17f
fed72e5dea5162081551c38d5dd4a3e8a3dda84e
28428 F20110410_AAAEDG jenks_c_Page_17.QC.jpg
d44b3fe4fb82974023434ef7a3280143
5f122323e6ce756214a8c2a27495e32ec91d1fec
114801 F20110410_AAAEIE jenks_c_Page_20.jp2
499174bc144071c0a768350f6d209633
48f996faebb782e807f33bfe2c45dd1606586839
F20110410_AAADWJ jenks_c_Page_70.tif
7b68a2e67008ee8c03665ee8681857b6
80c696a30baa72953ebb666cbb4f88cfc7180ae6
115194 F20110410_AAAEIF jenks_c_Page_21.jp2
4c73216879fc7be0aaea7189f7edaccf
e1feaf0d989205a92bef3a50af2c693e4b3129ca
F20110410_AAADWK jenks_c_Page_71.tif
dfa6169c31ac4403d601b9b7e3680b8d
4e2bfe558d65a37ce7ffcd88aa4c0910b97bb772
90895 F20110410_AAAEDH jenks_c_Page_18.jpg
927a811ca38f6d230bde4682f3343f90
ead961d18362463bd1b8826a219013c417a8da28
118014 F20110410_AAAEIG jenks_c_Page_22.jp2
33f0334ba135b0a7aadbd8c6f2125dfe
0be1079ccbc51989e7001c4d26f63b3a7ce3bcf8
F20110410_AAADWL jenks_c_Page_72.tif
ab5ab56e072dbc6d116e7134d1a6f8de
f915c33e3cd1fb0de57d9adc91e4e17a6cf49242
28164 F20110410_AAAEDI jenks_c_Page_18.QC.jpg
82c5af37327e91142c7d3238ac44148a
0c6dfe812aee27f6ce83c212f83ab0505d7315da
117466 F20110410_AAAEIH jenks_c_Page_23.jp2
d3588d6f6e48a6d58ceb65a9dd707a6c
20a96b2d8433e9ad3c373691cd08e90f44142033
F20110410_AAADWM jenks_c_Page_73.tif
1882eb5c75bc86b073aa117f225687b1
3e621d4acec2886923710a0fe9a36f1f1e3b708b
89560 F20110410_AAAEDJ jenks_c_Page_19.jpg
d601d0fde765b3f7a5a44d4f1763aa73
1d1e2c8f42a76c7f701deff290a3f6dcfb572a44
122359 F20110410_AAAEII jenks_c_Page_24.jp2
6bac3f39a15304143dbac1596fd2560c
295d14b8d865373800ab1f1e8d9af3d3dd945b27
F20110410_AAADWN jenks_c_Page_74.tif
f0fde78ade759632af8cb5f0f9aed524
f9ac6374094d883b4ba6b6deac7a1531368cb942
27897 F20110410_AAAEDK jenks_c_Page_19.QC.jpg
0525074d0543071d343e57c931f1f8de
b866381b14a91f1aa0e927ef92b9bb9e55cb1056
89328 F20110410_AAAEIJ jenks_c_Page_25.jp2
33c8e3ad60a7a7872e5079c2e98f3dd2
8004c752a4b15b3e996f908345b7d5567a36d187
F20110410_AAADWO jenks_c_Page_75.tif
1f628acfe528b1e7b2dac655a18ee2b4
a67997ec99b737b09b1e770a140013380b22cda4
87828 F20110410_AAAEDL jenks_c_Page_20.jpg
8170dda1b2c468b18b83cc246a26b2b5
1e4b98f102ce65c0e36277d365858950b81d77c4
116366 F20110410_AAAEIK jenks_c_Page_26.jp2
52afaa10b4224a52545499a987e96d27
7fce6df840b542ae6f604844175ef94def85e3c6
F20110410_AAADWP jenks_c_Page_76.tif
a96626825e6a6f86a13f35e925198856
ea5f1951b79c1bdda072eb825df69da55e547789
27803 F20110410_AAAEDM jenks_c_Page_20.QC.jpg
13717d0d0a0d67149d3bd304f17664e7
6f3a62ea8597d487573eb95c9543f5e43d7cadad
122916 F20110410_AAAEIL jenks_c_Page_27.jp2
e9849dd7c7f162ed76d2b96c8b767916
1c829ab85c60c6da0a5969c453c010d326ff1da9
537 F20110410_AAADWQ jenks_c_Page_01.txt
80eeb65a9b67c4d8e73a7a940639de95
ee3a1480d23134e9b2c2fd912ea5c8c631faf1c2
90161 F20110410_AAAEDN jenks_c_Page_21.jpg
65b0bc5f409f8cb8749288e23cf170aa
901abe8e1ec2eaa335dfd211c62e29b8f432e334
106 F20110410_AAADWR jenks_c_Page_02.txt
6492c55ab4b3dcb4cd7a9d460a619247
02886929739ef03695c28a426749db639be67241
28732 F20110410_AAAEDO jenks_c_Page_21.QC.jpg
c9319e0637560af0df0509aeec67df1a
591de8f77b649804578deed35d9309c4f967764b
1051926 F20110410_AAAEIM jenks_c_Page_30.jp2
d23bdd24d0dd6d46430ffc64be039e2c
6311b2bd50f8e21cc9b7268e9ecff863ab93c1e4
2394 F20110410_AAADWS jenks_c_Page_03.txt
42d691c536a7ef24f74c3fd6bcd8863b
403e49ab1662f202bae1f86435ed15a8e6573601
91120 F20110410_AAAEDP jenks_c_Page_22.jpg
30c031720f9cba59b624ff8d4e26772f
7f7d7bf7b823f20b4173a5f271ca3deb65cc6870
121317 F20110410_AAAEIN jenks_c_Page_31.jp2
e9b3687d1a1ea31888adc8321aa4f6ad
f2aaa4f0080f046ac09767da38c713592f6f9154
F20110410_AAADWT jenks_c_Page_04.txt
f35025d7c16727db815aeb9e0c168b5a
ca1428cf951cbfc476df0c7eda3c46c8dffa9de6
28298 F20110410_AAAEDQ jenks_c_Page_22.QC.jpg
8164b764b2f6754ffc740c39fdd3ea23
1b31e4e1d3795ffbb79b44a2c0d7c88a45b45df2
1051958 F20110410_AAAEIO jenks_c_Page_32.jp2
b184512dbad65dd5f35c9202d90b19ce
6bcb50795b46e162f4ac5d79709b68c6ee62a4b4
922 F20110410_AAADWU jenks_c_Page_05.txt
8590e5b749bb1fc1649c084348c57ecf
d576f378b6cb8880011541482bb141d861fc0b6b
91435 F20110410_AAAEDR jenks_c_Page_23.jpg
48e741c637f0a783814d560732d0bd0e
e56745d172d86b7eee665cb7ce5d2d076ad34259
1051970 F20110410_AAAEIP jenks_c_Page_33.jp2
5f1edfb4801c857f60b0eb8ddf1c697e
5ada8d000ad6328ea7954c3cccaa38d069dbaa0b
F20110410_AAADWV jenks_c_Page_06.txt
94023904e62a3edfcb8811a6806169e7
c1f0cd8ec13b5c2e7f6606f283cb4ff787451155
28244 F20110410_AAAEDS jenks_c_Page_23.QC.jpg
3c7e97bc220237cbc4b63880ff70a955
70e7202b984b6622d921382e4d1df45f2af28ac3
65492 F20110410_AAAEIQ jenks_c_Page_34.jp2
38189295f8603faf180fb2ebf55a00e7
38381888041cd3b3db37a0b6166be73730d7a5ac
2439 F20110410_AAADWW jenks_c_Page_07.txt
0cb48b33b711a5dcbc8d3fd6e94d44c0
f83ceef03e7e7c7626f263f1d5cc78b60d306ea7
94299 F20110410_AAAEDT jenks_c_Page_24.jpg
02bc686d080d2c92b8ef09a1a4a626f8
b37f4eff82f38bee127a2fb124d565ebb7ebfc0b
898192 F20110410_AAAEIR jenks_c_Page_35.jp2
1f961bc04eb0346f75065b908cfd31c5
0434262b18e047345fed7ac3958e0bd981c9f0d1
29583 F20110410_AAAEDU jenks_c_Page_24.QC.jpg
6de54ec94b0d886be2041110f00f2d1a
a6ae581e717e38d1ff7f6af982971c5aec5d151a
1940 F20110410_AAADWX jenks_c_Page_08.txt
cd3f62aea3039f86de0c2e2ee6d79c57
b982cc3e1285cd5240ab9b6cce6c876f0af3fcd7
645908 F20110410_AAAEIS jenks_c_Page_36.jp2
944125bcbbdee2d06339b4d54e27b32d
45095b06870a44f8009de9acd2eda237b70c1795
71931 F20110410_AAAEDV jenks_c_Page_25.jpg
a2148f370dbfd12cd7bc49a78220ab4a
8f276c57b3c52900a0ea991a4c27704aa6cde7d9
451 F20110410_AAADWY jenks_c_Page_09.txt
634e30e3b4d4a6213e95add90c77bc0c
39ddb65f831e60f3df50cfafa19760aaa2a5c428
1051945 F20110410_AAAEIT jenks_c_Page_37.jp2
ddb352288a188612a6fe5e8fde8c3bf4
6b490bc833089b0a5ddc6c4ba4911b4517df25b7
21501 F20110410_AAAEDW jenks_c_Page_25.QC.jpg
c66f0ebeb1cba51b4ca72e809bb565c0
43387d2398758f5e87c8bd6cef3679079bc81946
F20110410_AAADUA jenks_c_Page_05.tif
d01f2e28b156c1889276b9e827e14756
fd1e879f408a25a8d5a7b28209586abab3a406c0
2191 F20110410_AAADWZ jenks_c_Page_10.txt
e33f6d9841d88d426342780f07ca090c
67f1b2364e596bd26efa9f6d481be3e4d3532678
1051983 F20110410_AAAEIU jenks_c_Page_38.jp2
ef9c39141c13be39c42f753584ed7ad0
eaca93c7651bb2ac456c49a46bb5b79e8452ee7d
88628 F20110410_AAAEDX jenks_c_Page_26.jpg
c5a350a62356b612dc4b32905c09fbd0
347dc2b7b609f6eb40631c439e548002c5fb5920
F20110410_AAADUB jenks_c_Page_06.tif
a46f60bf9cbd119929efdea72cc64867
e88f427302a55961665cc4ed7936407616726e78
1051984 F20110410_AAAEIV jenks_c_Page_39.jp2
1d822a563ba774b3462873f3c1ccfbf6
ed2d6273cabdace1d6b7e0a0cb43390104ebcd38
53740 F20110410_AAAEBA jenks_c_Page_46.pro
02d534614e27542efd1be3e20805076b
a2a24d0a0712d0c03a51c9f557037ca8f39a6cbb
27677 F20110410_AAAEDY jenks_c_Page_26.QC.jpg
20b533543f2d08f3d778ea3d9137a3f4
4d307bc9e5e53467804de901b2b873118536f691
F20110410_AAADUC jenks_c_Page_07.tif
63802635dde911cd7db880678a9b42e9
369fcf97fe448775b62301dfe5884a92b068c12a
1051973 F20110410_AAAEIW jenks_c_Page_40.jp2
d5d4025e7f75e32f1333f1315a84a116
aa103193483206eb2a6c7475ef74467bc0645173
289 F20110410_AAADZA jenks_c_Page_67.txt
7faee77a044712c216f0fd7e3edcc8fd
59eb52b5199c11360b1920451cadee89d9098b37
34552 F20110410_AAAEBB jenks_c_Page_47.pro
9c3239ee1c17f27c04c47f8d5e781e5a
edde164981541b159199fb14d12101c10b2703cb
90429 F20110410_AAAEDZ jenks_c_Page_28.jpg
d70db7ed99dd99ba93c1ce0158a15e6d
4895c8a3eae15575888e2d954ab97cc7ce2a11ca
F20110410_AAADUD jenks_c_Page_08.tif
a5d718a41a61ba46b7acc96456af6012
c7eb608b8ba483f3f5c3e9f116b8ba267dd05a2e



PAGE 1

1 RETHINKING CULTURE HISTORY IN FLORIDA; AN ANALYSIS OF CERAMICS FROM THE HARRIS CREEK SITE (8VO24) ON TICK ISLAND IN VOLUS IA COUNTY, FLORIDA By CLIFFORD JOSEPH JENKS A THESIS PRESENTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORI DA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 2006

PAGE 2

2 Copyright 2006 By Clifford Joseph Jenks

PAGE 3

3 TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES..... LIST OF FIGURES...........6 ABSTRACT... ...8 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION.........10 2 ORANGE AND ST. JOHNS POTTERY, THE LATE ARCHAIC, AND TICK ISLAND.....12 The Ceramic Types of Harris Creek (8VO24) and Related Sites...... The Late Archaic a nd its Contextual Relationship to Tick Island and the Harris Creek Site (8VO24)... 0 The Archaeology of Harris Creek (8VO24) on Tick Island..21 The Geography and Environmental Setting of the Harris Creek Site (8VO24).. ..23 3 ANALYTICAL METHODS.. ...26 Physical Attributes of Harris Creek (8VO24) Vessels.. 7 Stylistic Attr ibutes of Harris Creek (8VO24) Vessels.......................................31 AMS Dates from th e Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island......33 4 ANALYTICAL RESULTS... ..37 AMS Dating from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on TickIsland.. .37 Stylistic Results from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island.....39 Techno-Functional Results from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island.. .41 Summary of Results......44 5 DISCU SSION AND CONCLUDING STATEMENTS... Discussion of Results........61 Social Implications of Ceramic Analytical Results from Tick Island.. 3 Conclusion.. 64

PAGE 4

4 APPENDIX A FIBER-TEMPERED AND DUAL-TEMPERED INCISED VESSEL MOTIFS.....67 B SPONGE-TEMPERED INCISED VESSEL MOTIFS.. .69 C VESSEL PROFILE FORMS FROM TICK ISLAND... .71 D PHOTOGRAPHS OF INCISED VESSELS FROM TICK ISLAND2 REFERENCES..... ...74 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH.......76

PAGE 5

5 LIST OF TABLES Table page 2-1. Data on AMS Assays of Soot Samples from Orange Fiber-Tempered Sherds from Middle St. Johns Valley Sites25 4-2. AMS Dates of St. Johns Ceramics from The Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island............................................................................................48 4-3. Vessel Type and the Care Taken in Design Application.....48 4-4. Vessel Type and the Complexity of Elements Applied to Vessel...49 4-5. Location of Rim Bands on Different Vessel Types.49 4-6. Type and Function as Evident by Soot Deposits.50 4-7. Form and Vessel Temper.....50 4-8. Form and Temper of Vesse l as it Related to Function .. ..51

PAGE 6

6 LIST OF FIGURES Figure page 3-1. Examples of (a) bowl form; (b) flat wall form; (c) jar form.. 3-2. Photographs of (a) boat shaped vessels form; (b) tray vessel forms.. 5 3-3. Examples of designs with co mplex elements from Tick Island.. ...35 3-4. Examples of designs with simple elements from Tick Island.. ..36 3-5. Example of designs with band ed prologues to decorative motifs. 36 3-6. Example of designs with banded epilogues to decorative motifs. 36 4-7. Profile Form and Pattern Design for Vessel #A349.007.. 51 4-8. Profile of Vessel A348.030 From Tick Island. ..51 4-9. Profile of Vessel A 348.003 From Tick Island.. 52 4-10. Pattern design found on AMS dated vessel # 103272.016.. ..52 4-11. Incised Surface Design on Vessel #99921.020.....52 4-12. Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on fiber-tempered pottery. Min: 3, Max: 10, Av: 4.8 lines, STD: +/2.7 4-13. Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on sponge-tempered Pottery. Min: 1, Max: 2, Av: 1.8 lines, STD: +/.4...53 4-14. Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on dual-tempered pottery. Min: 1, Max: 8, Av: 2.35 lines, STD: +/1.5 4-15. Wall thickness of Harris Creek (8VO24) vessel sherds. Max: 19 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, A vg: 9.37 mm, STD: +/2.87 mm 4-16. Wall thickness frequency for fiber-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24). Max: 14 mm, Min: 7 mm,Avg: 10.28 mm, STD: +/1.97 mm..54 4-17. Wall thickness frequency fo r dual-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24). Max: 19 mm, Min: 5.25 mm, Avg: 11.73 mm, STD: +/2.65mm.

PAGE 7

7 4-18. Wall thickness frequency for sponge-t empered vessels at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24). Max: 16 mm, Min: 2.5 mm Avg: 8.22 mm, STD: +/2.4 mm.. 55 4-19. Wall thickness frequency of cooki ng vessels at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 18 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, Avg: 8.95 mm ST D: +/2.64 mm..56 4-20. Wall thickness frequency of unsoot ed vessels at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 19 mm, Min: 4.25 mm, Avg: 9.84 mm ST D: +/3.06 mm.........................56 4-21. Wall thickness frequency of sooted fibertempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 12 mm, Min: 8 mm, Avg: 10.25 mm STD: +/1.79 mm..57 4-22. Wall thickness frequency of unsooted fibe r-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 14 mm, Min: 7 mm, Avg: 10.29 mm STD: +/2.1 mm...57 4-23. Wall thickness frequency of sooted dualtempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 18 mm, Min: 5.25 mm, Avg: 11.17 mm STD: +/2.7 mm...58 4-24. Wall thickness frequency of unsooted dualtempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 19 mm, Min: 6.5 mm, Avg: 12.06 mm ST D: +/2.62 mm...58 4-25. Wall thickness frequency of sooted s ponge-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 16 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, Avg: 8.31 mm STD: +/2.35 mm.59 4-26. Wall thickness frequency of unsooted sponge -tempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 13.75 mm, Min: 4.25 mm, Avg: 8.08 mm STD: +/2.5 mm A-1. Examples of fiber-tempered and dual-tempered incised vessel designs.. ...67 A-2. Additional examples of fiber-tempered and dual-tempered incised vessel design ... 68 B-1. An example of an incised motif applied to a sponge-tempered vessel....69 B-2. Additional examples of motifs found on sponge-tempered vessels ...70 C-1. Examples of vessel profiles from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island...... D-1. Photographs of dual-tempered and fi ber-tempered incised ceramics from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island..72 D-2. Photographs of sponge-tempered incised ceramics from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island..73

PAGE 8

8 Abstract of Thesis Presented to the Graduate School of the University of Florida in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts RETHINKING CULTURE HISTORY IN FLORIDA; AN ANALYSIS OF CERAMICS FROM THE HARRIS CREEK SITE (8VO24) ON TICK ISLAND IN VOLUS IA COUNTY, FLORIDA By Clifford Joseph Jenks August 2006 Chair: Kenneth E. Sassaman Cochair: Michael Heckenberger Major Department: Anthropology This study is an analysis of ceramic material found in northeast Fl orida at the Harris Creek archaeological site on Tick Island, which is lo cated on the St. Johns River in Volusia County Florida. The primary purposes of this study were to better refine th e current artifact-type chronology currently used, and to type artifacts by examining aesthetic style rather than intentional additives to pre-fired clay. Pottery from two chronological types were analyzed and compared for the purposes of this study; namel y, the Orange and St. Johns ceramic variations. These pottery types are thought to be sequential in chronology, with Orange pottery being an earlier variant than St. Johns, but recent studies suggest that they may be more contemporaneous than originally thought. In order to test the possible contempora neousness of the two vessel types, more radiocarbon dates were gathered from the St. Jo hns variant, and compared with dates from Orange ceramics which are readily available in the current literature. When a contemporary nature of the two ceramic types was confirmed, th e study turned to account for stylistic variation between two ceramic types existing together at the same time. This analysis focused on

PAGE 9

9 comparing the complexity and care of design a pplication between the ceramic types, and found a correlation between design applic ation and vessel functionality. Ceramics with more complex and careful design application were found to be less functiona lprobably reserved for more ceremonial purposes and conversely, vessels with less complex and hastily applied designs were found to exhibit traits of a functional usage.

PAGE 10

10 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Recently, the cultural-historic schemes of eastern and central Florida (Milanich 1994:243274) have been called into question as a resu lt of new AMS carbon dating of Orange fibertempered ceramics from the middle St. Johns valley (Sassaman 2003). The schemes, first established in the 1950s then further refined in 1972 by Ripley Bullen (Bullen 1972), have sustained a wide utilization a nd long adherence by archaeologi sts practicing in northeastern Florida. The results of new dating efforts may fo rce Florida archaeologist s to rethink ways in which sites and artifacts are anal yzed, interpreted, and reported. The strict adherence to the stratigraphic cont exts provided is problematic because they are highly unilineal in sequence. There have been po sitive steps to alleviate stratigraphic dependency through the use of radiometric dating and seriation, but the s uperimposition of archaeological assemblages into envisioned stratified deposits is still the primary method used to infer sequence. Often, these sequences are used to create regi onal chronologies where se parate assemblages are arranged in an order of early to late culture-periods, with little consideration given to possible overlap. Through the rules of problematic normativ e culture-history, distinct assemblages are equated to units of distinct culture. Presently archaeology has been involved in the deconstruction of cultural-historic sequences formulated under the precepts of unili nearity and normative culture. This thesis is a contribution to refining the culture-history of northeast Florida. Formulated by Goggin (1952) and Bullen (1972), the cultural-hist orical sequence of the Late Archaic period (ca. 5000-3000 radiocarbon years before present [B .P.]) in the region is problema tic. This era of early pottery development in the greater southe ast is known in northeaste rn Florida for the tr aditions of Orange and St. Johns pottery as the key diagnostic featur es of ceramic development. Based on composite

PAGE 11

11 stratigraphic data and limited ra diometric assays, Bullen (1972) de veloped a cultur al-historical sequence with four phases of the Orange Period, a transitional phase, followed by a St. Johns phase. However, recent radiometric dating, petr ographic analysis, and intersite comparisons (Cordell 2004; Sassaman 2003) suggest that phase s of the Orange period are contemporaneous rather than sequential, and a growing body of evid ence suggests that the St. Johns tradition pottery is as old as ceramics of the Orange period. This paper has as its primary objectives to pr ovide dates to further refine the culturalhistoric sequence of northeastern Florida; to be tter understand the more complex paste variation identified by Cordell (2004); a nd to provide alternative means fo r identifying cultural and temporal variation other than pasteas it has been demons trated that many of the petrographic features thought to be mutually exclusive to either Orange or St. Johns pottery types are not necessarily true. Many of the paste inclusi ons thought to belong only to St. Johns wares are now being found in the pastes of Orange pottery alongside the palme tto fiber (Cordell 2004). Style offers an excellent opport unity to understand culture and its change ove r time and space, for it is style that is a direct expression of culture Using a stylistic analys is in conjunction with different temper types (rather than overall pa ste), newly acquired dates, form, thickness, and function (cooking/non-cooking), it is the hope here to offer a better pi cture of the culture-history at Tick Islands Harris Creek Site (8VO24) during the Late Archaic. This is a site-specific study, but used with the available literature and hopefully future studi es of northeastern Floridas Late Archaic sites archaeologists wi ll be able to make some wellfounded generalizations concerning the regions culture history.

PAGE 12

12 CHAPTER 2 ORANGE AND ST. JOHNS POTTERY, THE LATE ARCHAIC, AND TICK ISLAND As a preface to this analysis it is important to provide some background perspective on the Orange and St. Johns ceramic types found at the Harris Creek site (8VO24). This will be followed by a historical look at previous work conducted at Tick Island, including its initial identification by archaeologists, and the archaeol ogical activity on and off the site up to the present day. A generous amount of the informati on gathered concerning th e sites archaeological history comes from research conducted by Lawren ce Aten (1999). Also significant is the sites context in relation to geographic location, its rela tionship to the greater So utheast, and the time periods in which it was i nhabited and utilized. The Ceramic Types of Harris Creek (8VO24) and Related Sites Orange ceramics: Orange pottery was first identi fied by Jeffries Wyman, who, in 1875, noted the use of palmetto fibers in the temper ing of the vessels. It was through C.B. Moores expeditions and detailed notes th at clued archaeologists into the general context of fibertempered pottery in Florida. Moores excavati ons in Florida demonstr ated that the fibertempered pottery overlay a preceramic deposit and was, in turn, overlain by a more fine-grained check-stamped deposit of ceramic artifacts. Jame s B. Griffin is credited with first noting the significance of the Orange period in Florida in 1945, defining what has been considered its most important type, which was the incised variety. He also noted it as sim ilar to later St. Johns incised pottery, which have many of the same incised design elements and motifs (Bullen 1972). From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, Ripley Bullen began expanding the knowledge of this pottery type by dividing it into a chronological sequen ce based on form and style. The changes of these forms and style marked different subperiods of Orange potte ry and were used as

PAGE 13

13 chronological markers. In his work, Bullen discusse s Orange period sites as they relate to Orange chronology and not the time frame of fi eldwork conducted at these sites. Bullens chronology begins with what he dubbed Orange 1, ranging in age from approximately 4000 B.P. to about 3650 B.P. These wares were described as hand-molded pottery with thin walls ranging from 6-7 mm in thickne ss. They exhibited simple rounded lips and had the form of shallow, flat-base d, and straight-sided bowls alon gside some rectangular-shaped vessels. Some of these ceramics had lug like appendages, and all were untreated with surface decoration. Ceramics of this type were discovered at the Blufft on Site on the St. Johns River in the 1951 work of John W. Griffin in conjunction w ith Bullen and the Florida Park Service, where they conducted a large scale stratigraphic test. Here is where they found th eir first evidence of a plain fiber-tempered midden on top of 30 feet of pre-ceramic freshwater shell midden (Bullen 1972). Bullen interprets these vessels as being pseudomorphs of pr eviously used wood trays, and baskets, a form which would be us eful in the collection of Vivipa rous shells, a dominants species of St. Johns River middens. Orange 2 vessels were said to appear at 3650 B.P, and lasted until about 3450 B.P. The forms of these vessels were identical to that of the Orange 1 phase, however, these vessels exhibited incised surface treatment with mo tifs of concentric vertical diamonds with horizontal lines. Vessels from Tick Island are an exception to this phases motifs, with renditions of spir als with background punctations, though th is motif is rare, even on Tick Island itself (Milanich 1994). These vessels were also found at Bluffton and found with undecorated material, but not in any manner of stratigraphic superposition. Bullen mentions, though, that there is no noticeable temporal break, but a distinct difference in surface treatment and an increase in circular vessels as opposed to rectangular vessels (Bullen 1972). The surface treatment of the Orange 2 vesse ls at Bluffton includes incised concentric diamond motifs and a

PAGE 14

14 Tick Island incised variant. St. Johns plain and check-stamped vessels were found in a disturbed overlaying context which also includ ed some fiber-tempered pottery. At the Palmer site in Osprey was the s econd instance where Bullen found a plain fibertempered zone in the upper portions of a Late Archaic shell midden. The midden is described by Bullen as two parallel middens each 400 feet in length which are fused into an apex at the southern ends. Here, however, the majority of shells found at the midden belonged to marine species as opposed to freshwater shells. Th e maximum height of this midden site was approximately 5.3 m at maximum elevation. Many tests were placed in between the parallel middens and at its northern ends, and they were fo und to be sterile of mate rial culture besides the shell refuse (Bullen 1972). Bullen attributes the sterility of these areas to the fact that the inhabitants would have been caref ul not to block the outlet. One major test and three minor ones were placed in the midden by Bullen and company, three being placed in the western part (Tests A-C), and one being placed in th e eastern line of shell (Test D). Test A was, by far, the largest test, reaching a depth of approximately 4 m. The highest portion of this excavation block consisted of sand-tempered plain sherds, and those of the Norwood Plain variety. The next level of the block consisted of both Orange incise d pottery and a sherd of St. Johns plain ceramic. In the next level betw een, approximately 50-60 cm, the only ceramic content was Orange incised, and in the last ar bitrary level at about 2 m below surface the only ceramic type to be found was Orange Plain. In th e level where only incised Orange vessels were found, there was no curvature in th e sherds, which indicated to Bu llen that these vessels were flat-bottomed, straight-sided, rectangular contai ners. Incised motifs were difficult to identify on these vessels due to the fact th at many of the sherds were very fragmented. However, it was ascertained to a certain degree th at the incised designs on the vesse ls contained lines that were

PAGE 15

15 straight and close together. On e sherd did suggest a concentric diamond motif. The other tests conducted at Palmer yielded comparatively fewer sherds than were found in Test A. Test B, which was placed in the highest portion of the midden and dug to a depth of approximately 2 m, produced one Orange incised sherd at about 1 m below surface. Test C on the on the other side was dug to a little over 2 meters, and produced on ly one sand-tempered plain sherd in the higher levels of the test. In the eastern portion of the site, Test D was excavat ed to a little less than 2 m, and produced an Orange plain sherd as well as a sand tempered plain piece in the upper portion of the unit. At about 1 m below the surface there were four Orange plain sherds and two Orange incised sherds. Of importance concerning Palmer a nd its significance to the present study is that Bullen mentions that there does not appear to be any sort of break at th e times of the introduction of, or changes in, ceramics at the site (Bullen 1972). To Bullen, the Orange 3 phase is typified best by the Summer Haven, Cotton, and South Indian Field sites (Bullen 1972). Summer Haven was considered im portant because it was one of the few Orange period sites located to the east of the inland waterway, making the environmental situation different from much of the St. Johns River where most Orange period sites are found (Bullen and Bullen 1961). Summer Haven is said to be largely destroyed by the mining of its shell for the construction of road beds. Bullen an d associates worked on the eastern, undisturbed portion of the site which was be ing threatened by the widening of Route A1A. The midden in this portion was a little over 1 m in thickne ss. The excavations conducted at Summer Haven consisted of two adjoining 3x3 m excavation bl ocks (Bullen and Bulle n 1961). This midden contained mostly Orange Plai n and Orange Incised wares, though a Norwood Plain and a St. Johns Plain sherd were also found within thei r excavations (Bullen 1972). Aside from the ceramic assemblage recovered, the deposit was found to consist of shells with which were mixed

PAGE 16

16 fluctuating degrees of charcoal, food bones, and occasional shell, bone, and stone tools (Bullen and Bullen 1961). The forms of Orange Plain and Incised vessels were a mix of straight-sided, round-mouthed, vessels with flat bottoms, and those that were not curved but had flat walls along with flat bottoms. Walls of these vessels rang ed from 4-13 mm in thickness, and the bases were mostly 13 mm in thickness. The junction between the bases and walls were considered to be very thick, averaging 25 mm, and many of the walls we re described to be wedge-shaped (Bullen 1972). Rims and lips of the Orange vessels from Summer Haven were desc ribed as simple and slightly rounded or wide and flat. Of the 354 rims examined by Bullen from Summer Haven, a little over half were decorated. The Summer Ha ven Orange incised vessels had a very wide variety of decorative motifs, according to Bullen. They were made up of different combinations of straight lines, ticks, and punctations. Ther e were no curved lines, punctuated backgrounds, or concentric geometric figures found in examin ing these sherds. Designs described by Bullen include vessels with 6 to 9 pa rallel slanting lines, sometimes bordered by ticks, crosshatching, pendant hatched triangles, narrow hatched bands, and running frets (Bullen 1972). Rim decoration largely coincided with the overall surface trea tment of the walls. These attributes differed enough from those listed by Bluffton and Palmer to warrant the designation of a new Bullen sequence. Summer Haven was also considered by the Bulle ns to offer a new view of the way of life of peoples of the Late Orange peri od in east Florida. The pottery is considered here to vary little when compared to the ceramics at Cotton and So uth Indian Field. Variations that do occur are considered to be minute decorative differences of little significance (B ullen and Bullen 1961), further justifying the designation of a third sub-period in his Or ange phase sequence. The Cotton Site and South Indian field sites were said to be extremely similar in their ceramic composition

PAGE 17

17 as well as other forms of artifact assemblages. Bullen identified the Orange 4 phase at the Sunday Bluff site, which he desc ribed as containing the first, pure Orange 4 deposits (Bullen 1972). Sunday Bluff is described as series of sm all shell middens located along a small tributary of the St. Johns River. In Bullens test, the midden proper was a li ttle under a meter in thickness and underlaid by soft sand containing pre-ceramic bifaces. The midden was overlaid as we ll by soft sand, and it contained Formative period artifacts such as St Johns, and Deptford ceramics and more recent pottery and biface types. The midden itself contai ned Orange Plain and Orange Incised sherds exclusively, except for some St. Johns Plain sh erds, usually in higher levels (Bullen 1972). Both Orange Plain and Orange Incised sherds from Sunday Bluff almost exclusively take the form of flat bottomed containers with thin wall s, which are described to be approximately 6-9 mm in thickness. Traits of the Orange 3 phase are described as being absent from this site. Style at the Sunday Bluff site is desc ribed as being simplistic incised designs when the ceramics were decorated at all. Sunday Bluff, according to Bull ens descriptions, represented a terminal fibertempered phase of the Florida northeast culture region because of similarities between shapes and decorations of the, succeeding St. Johns Plain and Incised vessels. This situationplain chalky ware in otherwise fiber-t empered levelshas been reported for both the South Indian Field and Cotton Sites (Bullen 1972). At a nearby site called the Colby Site Bullen states that Dr. Thomas Couchmore of Jacksonville had also found St. Johns sherds in fiber-tempered levels of his tests. Also found at the Colby site were, St. Johns Plain Sherds containing a little fibertempering (Bullen 1972). Bullen discusses a period which was dubbed Transitional, and believed that the Orange period ended by about 3,000 B.P. He further discusse s a site which he belie ves to represent this

PAGE 18

18 transitional period which he had identified. The Za bski site is described as originally being a one-period midden, and there was not a single fi ber tempered sherd to be found. There were, however, St. Johns Plain, Incised, Pinched, Tria ngular Punctated, indent ed, and side lugged; Pasco and Perico Plain, Perico Li near Punctated; and sand-temper ed plain sherds (Bullen 1972). The St. Johns vessels here are considered to be similar in form and decorative treatment to many of the Orange vessels, but the site lacked any fiber-tempered vessels, si gnifying to Bullen the close of the Orange period and the transition to a new phase of Florida ceramic assemblages. St. Johns phase ceramics: The St. Johns cultural seque nce is described as, The Formative Stage, denoting a beginning of form al, settled communities, with the gradual development of more complex forms of politic al and religious community organization, is marked by a great deal more region al diversity than the earlier st ages as (Milanic h and Fairbanks 1980). It is believed that this diversity resulted from local ad aptations to varied ecological conditions within the state (J anus Research 1996). The same seasonal pattern involving movement between the coast and river, said to be established during the Or ange phase, is said to have continued during the early St. Johns period This seasonal patterning, however, can be challenged, since there may have been more th an one culture occupying differing environmental niches, one being on the coast and the other on the riveri ne interior. This ma y have earlier roots in a sedentary lifestyle that be gan in the Orange and continue d through to the early St. Johns period. These can be marked in differences in ceramic assemblages and other artifacts between the interior and coastal settlements. Further work is warranted to determine whether or not coastal and interior sites represent a seasonal m ovement of a single people, or the habitation of differing environmental niches by tw o groups of people similar in so me regards, but different in many others.

PAGE 19

19 The St. Johns culture is said to be probably developed out of the fiber-tempered Orange culture found in the same region du ring the Late Archaic period, with great continuity in relation to the Timucuan speaking groups who lived in the region during the colo nial period (Milanich 1994). The basic life-ways of St. Johns I culture are described as not t oo different from its Orange Late Archaic predecessor, who are said to have had a hunter-gatherer economy, while occupying villages and camps adjacent to many coastal and freshwater resources (Milanich 1994). Numerous archaeological surveys and excavat ions have significantly demonstrated that many Orange and St. Johns I period artifacts are of ten found at the same locales, and often at the same sites (Milanich 1994)! This is attributed to continuity of a culturalchronolog ical sequence, but may, in fact, represent a contemporaneous ra ther than a sequential relationship between the two ceramic types. The first recognized St. Johns Ceramic type is that of the St. Johns I (2500-1900 B.P.) variety, and is described as a vi llage ware with both plain surf aces and incised surface treatment (Milanich 1994). Forming techniques attributed to this ware desc ribe a ceramic type that is coiled for all known wares. Some of the pottery is punctated or pinched, and the vessels, in a very few instances, exhibit the appearance of si de-lug appendages. St. Johns Ia (1900-1500 B.P.) describes village pottery that consists, for the most part, of undecorated wares found in association with Late Deptfo rd and Swift Creek Pottery. St. Johns Ib (1500-1350 B.P.) is described si milarly as undecorated village pottery, often found with other ceramic types such as Weeden Island and Dunns Creek Red. These phases of St. Johns I pottery both are defined as a type by a surrounding context, and not by any traits inherent within the ceramics themselves. St. Jo hns IIa (1350-950 B.P.) is where the first checkstamped St. Johns wares were identified. This potte ry is said to be found often in association

PAGE 20

20 with Weeden Island variety ceramics. St. Johns IIb (950-487 B.P.) is once again defined by its context, and not by any traits inherent within the ceramics themselves. This type is checkstamped pottery like its predecesso r but found in association with Fort Walton and Safety Harbor pottery along with South eastern ceremonial complex objects. Also noted of this ceramic type is a Mississippian influence at the site s in which they are found. St. Johns IIc is also described as check-stamped pottery, but in this case, in association with European artifacts in some middens and mounds. This pottery is said to belong to th e various Timucuan-speaking groups described in European documentation (Milanich: 1994) The Late Archaic and its Contextual Relationship to Tick Island and the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) The Late Archaic (5500-3000 B.P.): The most important development during the Late Archaic, as far as the subject of this paper is concerned, is the selectiv e regional development of fiber-tempered ceramics throughout the Southeast. The word selective is used here because, although there was widespread population growth a nd a profusion of sites in the region, ceramics only seemed to be innovated and utilized in certain co re areas. These core areas were along the St. Johns River with Orange Phase ceramics, in South Carolina with the Stallings Island variety of fiber-tempered pottery, and Thoms Creek a littl e north of the Stallings Island area (Sassaman 1993). With the widespread occupation and inte rregional interaction of the time, people would most certainly be aware of th is innovation in cooking and se rving technology, but for some reason its spread was being hindered. This once again suggests the possibility that some vested interests were at work to stifle this innovation. It also lends add itional support to a main theme of this paper; that is, that not all traits and innovations will auto matically be adopted within a culture, regardless of their func tionality or expedience.

PAGE 21

21 The Archaeology of Harris C reek (8VO24) on Tick Island Tick Island, bordered by Lake Dexter, Lake Woodruff, and Mud Lake on the 440 km stretch of the St. Johns River (Jahn and Bullen 1978), was initi ally identified during the 19th century expeditions of Clarence B. Moore on the middle portion of the river. The Harris Creek Site (8VO24) is a ceremonial shell midden w ith materials ranging from the Middle Archaic period (7000-5000 BP), up to the St. Johns IIb (1950-487 BP) period of Florida cultural chronology (Jahn and Bullen 1978). It was described by its initial inve stigator as having a wild appearance, covered as it is with gnarled live oa k and towering palmetto with trailing vine and tangled undergrowth. (Moore 1892a in Aten 19 99). Moore reported his fieldwork conducted in February, March, and April of 1891 at the island and its northernmo st site (8VO25), but it wasnt until 1893 that he discussed the main southern site the Harris Creek Site (8VO24), which is the subject of this current study. Moores initial description of the Harris Creek site (8VO24) referred to a circular heap of shell converging to an apex at the cente r. (Jahn and Bullen 1978). The excavation conducted at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) was a 2.1x1.2 m te st block, which was excav ated to a depth of 2.7 m. In his excavation block, Moore encountered a layer of humus in the first .4 m, and in the remaining 2.3 m, was a thick layer of shell depos it with a heavy concentration of plain and decorated fiber-tempered pottery (Moore 1892 in Aten 1999). A review of further documentation by Moore revealed that there were additional exca vations that he conducted at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24). In these excavations, Moore uncover ed bone tools, and proj ectile points alongside the ornamented pottery, at a depth of 2.4-3 m. Another pit excavated by Moore revealed four burials, one of which is described as flexed an d directly over a fireplace, but gave no evidence of contact with flames (Moore 1892 in Aten 1999).

PAGE 22

22 Francis Bushnell did additional work at Tick Island in 1959, and furthered the archaeological knowledge base con cerning it by mapping the island in relation to its cultural and natural features (Aten 1999). During his work th ere, he conducted controlled surface collections, and divided the site into four separate areas differentiated by th e letters A-D, which are still referred to today when discussing the site. Of particular significance was Area D, which consisted of 18-20 burials beneath shell at a depth of approximately 1.5 m below the surface. One of these skeletons was found to have several pr ojectile points embedded in it. Several of the skulls have been interpreted to have been crus hed in a violent manner. It is possible, however, that they were crushed by the weight and pre ssure of the overlying se diment over a long period of time. Area A was where the greatest divers ity of ceramic types were found, ranging from Orange period ceramics to the St. Johns II peri od. Area C of Bushnells observations was a mortuary segment of the site with three sm all inland shell mounds, each containing a single burial. The only area that was not as substantially destroyed as the other areas was Area D, and Bushnell conducted controlled excavations of this area. He described it as follows: A striking hill or rise which might at firs t be mistaken for a temple mound st ructure. In this rise, sherds of the St. Johns Period are almost absent, being found only on the direct su rface. Orange plain appears only at a shallow depth, with a possi ble preceramic region showing up at about two feet. Later work at Tick Island includes controlled surface collections and observations made by Otto Jahn between 1964 and 1969 at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24). In the 1980s, there were also core samples taken from archaeological depo sits and well-preserved organic materials (Aten 1999). The sites integrity has b een highly compromised as of today, since the island was heavily damaged by shell mining conducted throughout the 19th century up to the 1970s. Tick Island is

PAGE 23

23 heavily inundated and just a li ttle shell is exposed over the waters surf ace. Luckily, salvage excavations have preserved a great many of the ar tifacts from the site, and they are available for study at the Florida Museum of Natural History in Gainesvi lle, Florida. New AMS dating techniques make it possible to determine accurate dates from just a small amount of soot deposits from ceramics used over an open flame. This valu able technology now make s it easier to get an idea of context concerning these ceramics since the sherds can be more precisely dated. This advance has allowed archaeologists to make new in terpretations concerning sites like Tick Island in which a stratigraphic context is no longer av ailable. Recent work done concerning Tick Island, was the dating of northeastern Floridas Orange ce ramics to obtain a more refined and accurate chronology regarding these types. The majority of these sherds came from Tick Island and Mouth of Silver Glen Run (Sassaman 2003). Thes e new dates have inspired further research, included here, into the nature of Orange-period ce ramics as they relate to surrounding St. Johns ceramics, as well as currently held cultural-historic beliefs concerning Archaic and formative Florida ceramics. The Geography and Environmental Setting of the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) The Harris Creek site (8VO24) is located on Tick Island in the St. Johns valley between Lake Dexter and Lake Woodruff. Th e valley at this location is broa d compared to the areas to the north and south (Jahn and Bullen 1978). Tick Is land was described at the time of Jahn and Bullens report as being forest ed, except for marsh on the western end, with a wooded swamp along the edges and a pine and palmetto forest in the central higher el evations. A wooded swamp to the north of the island runs across to the mainland. This geogr aphic description was made in 1978 by Otto Jahn and Ripley Bullen, but land alterations over the years since then could have changed the sites present physiogr aphic and geographic appearance.

PAGE 24

24 More current descriptions of the sites ge ography include references to a 16-Km expanse of streams, shallow lakes, vast marshes, a nd tree hammocks (Aten 1999). The Harris Creek Site (8VO24) itself is located on the southeast portion of the island. It is described as having very little current flow, and a good habitat for the Vivipa rus georgianus freshwater snail, the dominant species of shell found at Tick Island. The predominan t soil type f ound across the floodplain at Tick Island is a Terra Ceia Muck, which is a hi ghly organic and hydrated deposit. Elevations in the floodplain surrounding Tick Isla nd and its associated sites are estimated to be below 1.5 m (Aten 1999). This floodplain soil type plays host to a wide range of vegetation including; saw grass marshes, cordgrass marshes, and hammocks containing a variety of hardwood tree species. The center of the island has the areas highest el evation of 3.3 m and is defined in county soil surveys as nearly level with poor ly drained, Farmton fine sand. This type of sand is described as being developed on top of clayey and silty ma rine sands that underlie the floodplain deposits around the islands borders. Be tween the aforementioned so ils found in Tick Islands environmental setting is a third type that transitions between the tw o as the island slopes into the flood plain. This soil type is defined by county soil surveys as Tuscawilla fine sand which, logically, is a mixture of the soil types on the island and in the floodplain. Lowland hardwood hammock vegetation is considered more typical on this transito ry soil type (Aten 1999). The surrounding middle and upper reaches of the St. Johns River valley are well-known for a series of shell midden sites. Tick Isla nd is probably the larges t and best-known. A postglacial rise in sea level during the Middle Holoce ne backed up the St. Johns River to leave a series of shallow lakes, oxbows, and dead rivers This was an ideal environment for freshwater shellfish such as the Viviparus georgianus, menti oned previously, as well as large apple snails (Pomacea paludosa), and an array of mussels and fr eshwater clams (Jahn and Bullen 1978). This

PAGE 25

25 change in environment opened up a cornucopia for aboriginal peoples of the region to exploit, and is most likely responsible for the utilizati on of Tick Island as well as the various other midden sites found in the St. Johns River valley (Jahn and Bullen 1978). Table 2-1 Data on AMS Assays of Soot Samples from Orange Fiber-Tempered Sherds from Middle St. Johns Valley Sites *8LA-1 Mouth of Silver Glen Run; 8LA 28-Mosquito Hammock; 8VO24-Tick Island Sassaman 2003: New AMS Dates on Orange Fiber-T empered Pottery from the Middle St. Johns Valley and Their Implications for Cultu re History in Northeast Florida. The Florida Anthropologist 56(1):6-13 Calibration Measured C13/C12 Conventi onal Intercept Intercept 2Sigma 2Sigma Lab Number Site Sample* Material C14 Age (BP) Ratio (0/00) C14 Age (BP) (Cal BC) (Cal BP) (Cal BC) (Cal BP) Beta166671 8LA112 soot 3690+/60 -25.8 3680 +/60 2040 3990 22101900 41603850 Beta166672 8LA1-6 soot 4020 +/60 -25.2 4020 +/60 2560 4510 28502820 48004770 2520 4480 28602430 46304380 2500 4440 Beta166673 8LA127 soot 4060 +/40 -24.4 4070 +/40 2580 4540 28602810 48104760 26902480 46404430 Beta166674 8LA282 soot 3600+/40 -24.6 3610 +/40 1950 3900 21202100 40604050 20401880 39903830 Beta166675 8LA2421 soot 3600+/40 -23.3 3630 +/40 1970 3920 21302180 40804030 Beta166676 8LA241 soot 3730+/40 -24.4 3740 +/40 2140 4090 22802030 42303980 Beta166677 8LA24252-1 soot 3920+/40 -24.1 3930 +/40 2460 4410 25502540 45004480 24902300 44404250

PAGE 26

26 CHAPTER 3 ANALYTICAL METHODS All of the ceramics studied for this analys is were cleaned, processed, and curated at the Florida Museum of Natural Hist ory long before this analysis was undertaken. These ceramics were collected over many years during several expe ditions made to Tick Island and the Harris Creeks site (8VO24), and have long since resided at the museum. Since this analysis was focused on a vessel unit of study, the sample chosen for ex amination was confined to rim sherds. Vessels chosen to be studied included Orange and St. Jo hns Incised vessel sherds, typed as such based on macroscopic and tactile properties of the paste. Although one of the primary concerns of this study was style, the St. Johns plain vessels were chosen in order to have something to compare vessels with both decorative and non-decorative su rface treatments as they relate to issues of form and function. There were no Orange vessels that were undecorated in order to make a similar selection. Analyzed vessels were coded according to se veral physical and stylistic attributes to be used to compare and contrast the different cer amics. Physical attri butes included temper, body thickness, form and function. St ylistic attributes were code d for presence or absence of decoration, and stylistic elements -both simple and complex. Simple elements are considered those that take one stroke of a stylus such as a ho rizontal line, vertical lin e, diagonal line, or tick mark. Complex elements were those combining simp le elements to provide different shapes and figures. Certain vessel sherds of the St. Johns type that had soot deposits present on the exterior were chosen in order to get dir ect dates associated with that pottery to help further refine the cultural-chronological sequence. Orange vessels were not incl uded in the AMS dating, since dates have already been acquired from several Orange sherds w ithin the region (Sassaman 2003). The reason for studying physical at tributes in conjunction with stylistic ones is that the

PAGE 27

27 present study believes style and f unction are not mutually exclusive categories. Stylistic traits applied to vessel surfaces may in fact be related to the type of function for which the ceramic may have been intended. Differing vessel forms, although more conducive to different functions (Hally 1986), can be considered a stylistic and functional trait. Style ha s long been used as a descriptor of exterior decorative surface treat ment, but may not be so easily separated from function. It is hoped that the following evidence pr ovided by this analysis will demonstrate that. Physical Attributes of Ha rris Creek (8VO24) Vessels Temper: This attribute refers to th e inclusion of extra materials in the clay before firing a vessel in order to alter the perf ormance characteristics or other phys ical properties of the vessel. As a noun, it refers to the components within the paste of a vessel assumed to have been added intentionally, and as a ve rb, it refers to the action of addi ng components not naturally occurring in the clay (Rice 1987: 406). These tempering agen ts were used to change the properties of the clay during the various stages of its production throughout and after its firing. Tempers used over various times and locations, have va ried greatly according to the intentions of the potter. Agents used to temper vessels have includ ed plant: grass, or plant fibers chaff or straw, cattail fuzz, and plant silica. Tempering materials derived from animals have included shell, sponge spicules, and dung. Mineral tempering has been used as well, a nd has included various types of crushed rock, such as limestone, sandstone, andesite, trachyte, basalt, sand (as it is co mposed of quartz), and volcanic ash. Material of human origin, such as former potsherds and brick remnants, have also been cited as examples of tempering elemen ts used by some potters (Rice 1987:407). Of key significance is the clear evidence that tempering agents were deliberately chosen by potters for specific purposes. This leads to the obvious question of what those purposes might have been (Rye 1976). What technological a dvantages did one tempering mate rial provide over another?

PAGE 28

28 In order to determine the tempering agents us ed in the ceramics examined for this study, all specimens were viewed microscopically. Before viewing, a sample was taken from the least intrusive portion of the sherd in order to avoid damaging th e surface treatment of such specimens. It was important to collect as much information as possible while incurring the least possible damage. It is often necessary to ma ke a break in the ceramic before viewing it microscopically because when they are taken out of their original archaeological context, many of the surrounding minerals and debris end up mixing with the exposed core. In order to minimize the risk of including material from the surrounding environment in which the sherd was found, a break was needed to view the core as it was at the time of its original deposition into the archaeological record. Tempering agents seen in the sherds studi ed at Harris Creek (8VO24) include sponge spicules, and plant fibers (presumably from Spanis h moss and palmetto plants). Both agents have been noted as creating different qualities within a vessel intended for a par ticular type of use. Experiments conducted on organic tempered ceramic s have revealed some of the advantageous qualities of using plant fibers as an additive to clay (Skibo, Schiffer, and Reid 1989). The main advantage that fiber-tempered vessels appear to have provided was an ease of portability because of their light weight, which would have made th em an ideal pottery type for mobile or semimobile hunter-gatherer groups. Fiber-tempered potte ry, as opposed to those vessels tempered by sand, has been shown to be up to 34% lighter in ove rall weight. This reduc tion in weight is also credited with making the vessels less likely to break when accidentally dropped. Another advantage of porous vessels is that the pores pa rticularly larger pores work to inhibit the propagation of cracks as a reaction to temperature change. If a cr ack begins, it is halted by the pore (Rye 1976). Disadvantages of fiber-tempered po ttery are that they ar e more susceptible to

PAGE 29

29 abrasion than mineral or un-tempered vessels due to the porous nature of their pastes. Organictempered vessels also did not have efficient hea ting effectiveness. Because they were thick and porous, it was difficult for heat to transfer from the ex terior to the interior. It is of interest to note, however, that these vessels were still used ov er an open flame to a lesser extent in spite of this inefficiency (Sassaman 2003). Although e xperimental studies have not been done on sponge-tempered vessels to the extent that they have on those of organic-tempering, one can infer that these would have similar properties to either the untempered or mineral-tempered vessels. (Skibo et al. 1989). Thes e vessels would have been more effective for heating, less susceptible to abrasion, and heavier. Wall thickness: The attribute of wall thickness is related to a containers size, and intended use (Rice 1987:227), as well as the strength of the clay being used to craft a particular vessel. Wall thickness for this analysis was measur ed three centimeters belo w the lip with a pair of calipers. The thickness of a wall is said to affect three main aspects of mechanical performance; namely, thermal conductivity, flexural strength (breakage load), and resistance to thermal shock (Braun 1983). It has generally been thought that thicker vessels are more appropriate for storage purposes sinc e a thicker base is said to increase stability as well as keep moisture in or out of the vesse l (Rice 1987:227). Thicker walls are al so said to be stronger and more resistant to sharp blows during pounding, stir ring, or mixing. They serve as a disadvantage during cooking due to the fact that it takes much longer for them to conduct heat, as opposed to their thinner counterparts. Thin walls are quicker conductors of heat, and th ey benefit their users by increasing the vessels potential for resi stance to thermal shock (Braun 1983). The disadvantage of these thin walls is their decrea sed flexural strength, but this weakness can be counteracted by the curvature of th e vessel (Braun 1983). It is thought that the smaller the radius

PAGE 30

30 of curvature of any given wall, the higher its resi stance will be to mechanically induced fracture. Thick walls are said to be useful in transfer f unctions because the walls are slow to conduct heat from the inside out, making the vessel easier to grasp, but their disadvantag e is their heavier weight which makes the vessel difficult to handl e despite being cool to the touch (Rice 1987: 228). This disadvantage could, however, be counte racted by thick-walled, fiber-tempered vessels in which the porosity would make them about a th ird lighter than most vessels tempered with other agents (Skibo et al. 1989) Wall thickness from the Harris Creek (8VO24) vessels, was measured with calipers. All thickne ss measurements of the ceramics studied here were taken at 3 cm below the lip of each sherd. Rim form: Form was recorded for each sherd usi ng a contour gauge, a tool made up of wire bristles in which an objects form is duplic ated when pressed into the bristles, leaving a replica of the objects shape w ithin the gauge. After the contour gauge was utilized, the shape was traced onto graph paper from the shape formed in the bristles. The resulting profiles of each vessel were examined and then coded as a particul ar form based on the attributes of each profile. Different forms are seen as being co nducive to particular functions. Certain physical and morphologi cal features determine the limits of a vessels mechanical performance characteristics, and can therefore be used with a good degree of confidence in making certain inferences about their use (Hal ly 1986). Five vessel forms were identified and recorded from the profiles studied here. These included (Figure 3-1) bowls, trays, boat-shaped vessels, and flat-walled vessels. It was difficult to draw an accur ate vessel profile for trays and boat-shaped vessels due to the inconsistencies on the surface of their rims. These two categories were, therefore, identified directly from the sherds themselves (Figure 3-2) and not from the drawn profiles. These categories were subjectivel y categorized based on sherds that exhibited

PAGE 31

31 characteristics in a consistent manner, but were not readily identifiable from previously identified forms (Hally 1986). Boat-shaped ve ssels were so named, because their walls resembled the sidewall of a canoe, curving upwar d and inward to an end point, or presumed convergence point, with the other wall. A trait not recorded for these boat-shaped vessels, but observed during this analysis, wa s that on the wall near the convergence points there was almost always a purposely drilled hole, which is interp reted here as a suspension hole to place the vessels over an open flame. Some vessel sherds were placed in th e category of trays because of the sharp angle they made when placed against a flat surface to interpre t profile form. Any other sherds, except the boat-shaped variety, would meas ure closer to a 90-degree angle where the rim intersected with a flat surface. Fl at-walled vessel sherds were so classified because they lacked any curvature down the wall when their rim was placed on a flat surface. These types of walls may have met with other walls of the same vessel to form rectangular containers. Such containers have been recorded among undecorate d vessels of the first designated Orange phase, but appear as decorated vessels, si nce all of the Orange vessels stud ied at Tick Island had incised decorative motifs. Undecora ted Orange vessels were absent fr om this mortuary site, but there was a large group of St. Johns vessels that were undecorated and selected as units of study. Stylistic Attributes of Ha rris Creek (8VO24) Vessels After the physical attributes were identif ied and recorded, the focus of the analysis turned to the stylistic tendencies of the ceramics. Style, in this contex t, has been defined as variation in image design, as dist inct from designs that are cons idered to be representational, nature-based, and realistic, which constitute rend itions of subjects seen by the potter (Rice 1987: 247). Other vessels can take on desi gns that are considered abstra ct, iconic, or geometric, in which the style has been reduced to a selection of particular featur es considered in some way as

PAGE 32

32 essential or basic (Rice 1987: 246248). Stylistic designs on incise d vessels at the Harris Creek site (8VO24) were all geometric in nature and applied by the potte rs to achieve various stylistic motifs. All aspects of pottery creation can be cons trued as style, since th e potters make a set of decisions related to such characteristics as fo rm, temper, wall thickness, and surface treatment, all of which are expressions of th e activities and symbolism important to the culture at large. The term culture will be used here to refer to the active use of shared symbols among a given people. These symbols can be manipulated and changed over time in the course of rebellions and assimilation in the ever-present process of cu lture negotiation that takes place among sentient beings that utilize symbols When doing the stylistic analysis, sherds were first coded for the presence or absence of decoration. Vessels sherds were then analyzed fo r the type of design th at was applied upon their surfaces. Pottery design at Tick Island have been categorized as either incised or check-stamped, however, check-stamped sherds have been exclud ed from this study because there were too few specimens available (only two) to draw a ny significant conclusions about stylistic or technological tendencies among these vessel types. In analyzing the quality of design applica tion on the vessels, a subjective category was coded for. It was noted in the initial examinati on of these sherds, that several vessels had their design applied with great care and detail (Figure 3-3) while others were s een to have designs applied in a haphazard fashion with little concern for quality (Figure 3-4) Obviously, these categorizations are based on subjective value ju dgments. However, when the two categories are compared, the distinct differences become appa rent and would certainly seem to support these inferences. Upon this initial observation it was a pparent that new questio ns would have to be raised to account for these differences in th e degree of care taken in the application.

PAGE 33

33 This study coded for simple and complex desi gn elements. A simple element is defined as involving a one-directional str oke of a stylus creating a horizont al, vertical, or diagonal line, or punctation. A complex element is defined as a series of these simple elements to form a patterned design or a shape. It was also found during the analysis that ma ny of the designs had either a prologue of horizontal bands that preceded the main design motif (Figure 3-5 ), or an epilogue that was drawn underneath the design motif (Figure 3-6) Incised sherds were coded for lines preceding the design and lines concluding the design, and a coun t was taken of the number of these bands and recorded for each sherd. It was of interest here whether these preceding or concluding lines had any impact on the overall motif of the vessel in terms of any possible grammatical rules concerning design application belo w or above the band or bands. As it progressed, this analysis focused more specifically on a study of incise d treatments found at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24), since this was the predominant type of stylistic expression occurring on a ll of the vessels regardless of paste differences. AMS Dates From the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island Many sponge-tempered incised sherds, as we ll as some in the fiber-tempered and dualtempered categories, exhibited soot deposits on the exterior surface indicating use over an open flame. Sherds were first coded for the pres ence or absence of this soot, which had two advantages. The first being the strong evidence it provided for cooking function, since it can be reasonably inferred that vessels placed over an open flame were used to heat food. The second advantage is that the presence of soot thanks to recent advances in radiometry makes it possible to ascribe direct dates to ceramics even when found out of their original archaeological context and cultural deposit. Direct radiometric dates can now be taken from sherds with only a

PAGE 34

34 minimal amount of soot present. This is becau se improvements in accelerated mass spectrometry (AMS) technology have made it possible to achieve very accura te dating from even a pin-point sized sample of carbon (Sassaman 2003) This type of dating has proven to be very successful in its utilization thr oughout the Southeast and other areas. In th e course of this study, samplings of soot deposit taken from five St. Johns cooking vessels from th e Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island were sent to AMS labs for dating. These dates were to be used to refine established cultural historic chronology at Tick Island specifically, with possibl e implications for the broader region. These dates, however, should not be ove r-extrapolated to represent a whole Florida sequence. In fact, one of the objectives in acquiring these date s was to support this papers contention that the Florida cultural-chronological sequence may be a case of over-extrapolation of dates from highly separated sites and regions and that pottery forms and types may have changed in different ways over time at these sites.

PAGE 35

35 (a) (b) (c) Figure 3-1. Examples of (a) bowl form; (b) flat wall form(c) jar form. (a) (b) Figure 3-2 Photographs of (a) boat-shaped ve ssel form; (b) tray vessel forms. Figure 3-3. Examples of designs with co mplex elements from Tick Island.

PAGE 36

36 Figure 3-4 Examples of designs with simp le elements from Tick Island. Figure 3-5 Example of designs with banded prologues to decorative motifs. Figure 3-6. Example of designs with ba nded epilogues to decorative motifs.

PAGE 37

37 CHAPTER 4 ANALYTICAL RESULTS Results from this analysis will be discu ssed beginning with the new AMS dates obtained from the selected sherds at Tick Island in order to provide a ch ronological context in which to better position the sherds in culture history. Fo llowing this discussion of the new AMS dates, will be a description of the results of the analysis of the stylistic characteristics of the specimens. Concluding the discussion will be an analysis of the techno-functional aspect s of the ceramics. AMS Dating from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island The AMS dating from vessel sherds tempered onl y with sponge spicules at Tick Island yielded dates as recent as 2700 +/40 B.P., and also yielded a much earlier date of 4110 +/40 B.P. ( Table 4-2 ). As far as the cultural-ch ronological schemes in curr ent use are concerned, this places these sponge-tempered vessels in alignment w ith Bullens Orange I sub-period of the Late Archaic at Tick Island. The most recent dates th at came from spicule-tempered vessels at the Tick Island site placed them in the Orange 5 phase of the Late Archaic. This new data makes it necessary to look at Orange and St Johns vessels in a new light. Vessel # A349.007 (2700 +/40 B.P.): This sherd was a sponge-tempered incised vessel containing only sponge spicules in the paste. The wall thickness of this vessel sherd was approximately 13 mm. The vessel was incised in a hasty fashion, and contained only simple elements. The simple elements incised into the vessel sherds surface were horizontal and vertical lines, and the overall patterni ng was concluded with one horizontal band. (Figure 4-7) Vessel # A348.030 (2700 +/40 B.P): The assay of soot from this vessel sherd matched the same AMS date of the previous one, and wa s a bowl form. It was a sponge-tempered incised vessel, and the wall thickness of this vessel was approximately 8 mm. The design incised on the

PAGE 38

38 exterior of the sherd was interpreted to be hastily applied, but contained both simple and complex elements. Simple design elements include d horizontal lines, diagonal lines moving from the bottom right side to the top left side, and di agonal lines moving from the bottom left side to the top right side. These simple elements came together to form one complex element on the vessel, which was a triangle. The vessel desi gn was preceded by one hor izontal band concluding the decorative motif ( Figure 4-8 ). Vessel # A348.003 (2940 +/40 B.P.): This vessel sherd was an undecorated spongetempered ware that took on the form of a bowl. It was purely tempered with sponge spicules since microscopic analysis did not indicate the present of burnt out plant fibers. The vessel had a wall thickness of about 10.75 mm. (Figure 4-9 ). Vessel # 103272.016 (3370 +/40 B.P.) : This was a boat-shaped vessel sherd with a wall thickness of approximately 9 mm. This partic ular vessel, like the previous two, was only tempered with sponge-spicules. This vessel howev er, unlike the more recent ones, had a careful design application, although the design included onl y simple elements. These were horizontal lines as well as diagonal ones th at went from bottom left to to p right. This vessel, unlike the previous ones, had lines preceding the overall desi gn rather than concluding it. There were two horizontal bands running parallel to the rim ( Figure 4-10 ). Vessel # 99921.020 (4110 +/40 B.P.): This oldest of the vessels studied was boatshaped in form, and was tempered only with sponge spicules. It ha d a wall thickness of approximately 8.25 mm, but the condition and form of this specimen also precluded a measurement of orifice diameter or the creati on of a profile drawing. The design on this spongetempered vessel was carefully applied and in cluded both simple and complex elements contributing to the overall motif. Simple elem ents included diagonal lines running in both

PAGE 39

39 directions, as well as horizontal lines. Complex elements for this vessel included what have been defined here as closed chevrons, as well as tria ngles, and a reverse Y shape. This vessel had two bands running parallel to the rim an d preceding the overall design motif ( Figure 4-11 ). Stylistic Results from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island Vessel type and design application: There was definitely a significant difference as to the manner in which designs were app lied to vessels acco rding to type. ( Table 4-3 ). Of the 19 purely fiber-tempered vessel sherds observed, non e had a hasty application of the design while all 19 had what was considered to be a caref ully applied motif. When looking at the 50 vessel sherds tempered with, both plant fibers and sponge spicules, three (6%) had a hasty design application, and 47 (94%) had designs implem ented with care and precision. Among the 76 vessel sherds purely tempered with sponge spic ules, 71 (93.42 %) were c onsidered to have a hasty application, while only 5 (6.58 %) were considered to have de signs that were applied with care. Design element complexity and type: Fiber-tempered and dualtempered vessel sherds had a much lower number of stand-alone simple elements than those with simple elements coming together to form more complex designs. ( Table 4-4 ). Out of the 19 fiber-tempered vessel sherds examined 6 (31.58%) had simple elemen ts alone, while 13 (68.42%) had simple elements which combined to make a more complex design motif. The dual tempered vessels were similar in their percentage with 15 (30%) of the total 50 vessel sherds having only simple elements, and 35 (70%) having complex elements. Out of the 76 sponge-tempered vessel sherds, 37 (48.68%) had stand-alone simple incised elements, wh ile 39 (51.32%) had simple elements worked together to form more complex elemen ts for the overall vessel motif. There was absolutely no presence of bands on the epilogue of either dual-tempered or

PAGE 40

40 fiber-tempered vessel sherds, and epilogue bands never exceeded one This was a trait reserved totally for sponge-tempered vesse l sherds, since all 47 that exhibited a design epilogue had a pure sponge-spicule tempering. ( Table 4-5 ). Sponge-tempered vessel sherds did have minor representation in those vessels with a banded prologue, with five (14.71%) of the total 34 vessels with prologues being St. Johns. The fiber-tempere d and dual-tempered vessel sherds made up the rest of these motif prologues w ith a representation of six fiber-tempered vessel sherds (17.65%), and 23 dual-tempered vessel sherds (67.64%). Out of the total 52 incise d sponge spicule vessel sherds with banding, 47 (90.38%) had banding below the motif and 5 (9.52%) had it above the motif. Out of the total sample of 81 incised vess els with some sort of banding, 47 (58.02%) had banding below the design and 34 (41.98%) had banding above the design. It is apparent from reviewing the data that bands preceding a design were a trait designated mainly for fiber-tempered ( Figure 4-12 ) and dual-tempered ( Figure 4-14 ) vessel sherds. There was a far greater range in the numbe r of bands applied as well as the frequency of these bands occurring on these t ypes of ceramics. They were found to a far lesser degree on some of the sponge-tempered vessel sherds, and their ra nge of band numbers greatly decreased to one to two bands ( Figure 4-13 ), as opposed to the fiber-tempered prologue bands whose numbers ranged from one to ten bands and the dual-temper ed vessel sherds whose bands ranged from one to eight. As far as concluding design bands are co ncerned, this was a trait reserved specifically for sponge-tempered vessel sherds, and there was no variation in band numbers. All of these sherds were concluded with just one band r unning horizontally below the main design motif. There were a total of 47 sponge-tempered vessel s with a horizontal band running below the rim's design.

PAGE 41

41 Techno-Functional Results From the Harri s Creek Site (8VO24) At Tick Island Temper: Of the total 14 5 vessel sherds ( Table 4-6 ) from the Harris Creek Site that were examined, there were 19 (13.1%) specimens th at were tempered only with fiber, and 76 (52.42%) that were tempered only with sponge spic ules. Dual tempering was represented with 50 (34.48%) vessel sherds. There was a very substantia l use of two tempers in vessel sherds that would normally be classified as Orange ceramic s according to currently utilized macroscopic properties. Function: On looking at function in relation to temper ( Table 4-6 ), it was observed that a large proportion of specimens of fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessel s showed no indication of soot deposits. Out of 19 fibe r-tempered vessels examined only five (26.32%) showed evidence of use over an open-flame, while 14 (65.22%) showed no such evidence. On the other hand, a much greater proportion of the sponge-tempered sp ecimens contained soot as evidence of use over an open flame. When looking at the 50 dua l-tempered vessels 19 (38%) showed clear evidence of soot deposits while the other 31 (62%) showed no signs of such deposits. Of the 118 sponge-tempered vessel sherds examined, 75 (63.56%) showed evidence of use over an open flame, while 43 (48.87%) did not. Form: The majority of fiber-tempered and dual tempered sherds took on the form of either bowls or flat-walled vessels ( Table 4-7 ).There was a very small minority of these vessels that had taken the form of a ja r. Jars were not included in th e analysis of form since their presence was so small that they were unable to relay any significant information. Of the total 19 fiber-tempered vessel sherds under analysis or the 48 dual-tempered vessels, there was no presence of the boat-shaped form. This was found only among the sponge-tempered vessels. There were 6 (31.58%) bowl shapes, and 13 (68.42%) flat-walled vesse l sherds making this latter

PAGE 42

42 form the majority of fiber-tempered vessels. The 48 dual-tempered vessels consisted of only bowls and flat walls. The boat-shaped vessels, as stated earlier, were only found among spongetempered vessels. Of the 48 dual-tempered ve ssels, 14 (29.2%) were found to take on a bowl form, and 34 (70.8%) were flat-walled vessel sh erds. The great majority of dualtempered vessels were those consisting of flat walls as shown by the statis tics. These percentages are very similar to the forms making up purely fiber-tem pered vessels. When viewing the 111 spongetempered vessel sherds, 15 (13.51%) of them were the newly identified boat-shaped vessels, 57 (51.35%) were bowls, and 39 (35.14%) were flat-walle d vessels. The emphasis shifts from flatwalled vessels in the fiber-tempered type, to bow l forms in the sponge-tempered type. However, flat-walled vessels still make up a significant num ber of the sponge-tempered type vessel sherds. Boat-shaped vessels were unique to the sponge-spicule paste. Form and function: There were a total of five fibe r-tempered vessel sherds that had soot deposits present on the exterior ( Table 4-8 ). There were three (6 0%) sooted bowls and 2 (40%) sooted flat-walled vessels. There were a to tal of 14 unsooted, fiber-tempered vessel sherds under study, and of these, 3 (21.43%) were bow l-shaped, and 11 (78.57%) were flat-walled. There was a significantly larger num ber of unsooted flat-walled vessels as far as this sampling is concerned. When looking at dual-tempered vessel sherds, there was once again a lack of boatshaped vessels as stated previ ously. Of the 18 sooted, dual temp ered vessels there were seven (38.89%) bowl shaped vessel sherds, and 11 (61. 11%) flat-walled pieces. When looking at nonsooted, dual-tempered vessel sherds there we re seven (23.33%) bowl profile forms, and 23 (76.67%) flat-walled forms out of a total of 30 vessel sherds in this category. As far as form and function are concerned, sponge-tem pered boat-shaped vessels we re fairly evenly divided between those that were used over an open flame, and those that were no t. Of the total 15 boat-

PAGE 43

43 shaped vessel sherds that were analyzed, eigh t were found to have soot deposits present on the exterior, while seven of the sherds lacked this feature. Of all 71 sponge-tempered, sooted vessel sherds, eight (11.27%), as stated previousl y, were boat-shaped, 36 (50.7%) were bowls, 27 (38.03%) were flat-walled. Sponge-tempered vessel sh erds that lacked soot deposits totaled 40, and seven (17.5%) of these were considered to be boat-shaped vessels, 21 (52.5%) considered to be bowl shapes, and 12 (30%) cons idered to be flat-walled. Wall thickness: Overall, the average wall thickness of vessels from the Harris Creek site (8VO24) on Tick Island was 9.37 +/2.87 mm. ( Figure 4-15 ). When isolating fiber-tempered vessels by themselves ( Figure 4-16 ), this average for wall thickness increases to10.28 +/1.97mm, and when looking at spongetempered vessels, the average wall thickness decreases to 8.22 mm, not substantially less than the overall av erage of vessels from the Harris Creek site (8VO24) but a good deal less than the fiber-temp ered vessel sherds. When looking at vessel sherds with both tempers present ( Figure 4-17 ), the average wall thickness was 11.73 +/2.65 mm greater than both ceramic types with only one temper ( Figure 4-18 ). The average wallthickness for cooking vessels ( Figure 4-19 ) at the Harris Creek site (8VO24), regardless of temper, was a little below the total sample w ith an average wall thic kness of 8.95 +/2.64 mm. Measurements of non-cooking vessels at the site ( Figure 4-20 ) showed averages that compared closely to the overall average of Tick Island vessels at about 9.84 +/ 3.06 mm. Fiber-tempered cooking vessels ( Figure 4-21 ) showed measurements that were above averages for the overall cooking vessels at Tick Island as well as for the overall sample, with an average of 10.25 +/1.79 mm. Unsooted fiber-tempered sherds ( Figure 4-22 ) averaged 10.29 mm +/2.1 mm, which was not significantly above that of fiber-tempe red cooking vessels at Ti ck Island. It was above the average overall thickness of non-cooking vess els at the site as well as the overall wall-

PAGE 44

44 thickness for the entire sample. Dual-tempered cooking sherds ( Figure 4-23 ) had an overall wallthickness average of 11.17 +/2.7 mm, and uns ooted dual-tempered vessel sherds ( Figure 4-24 ) averaged 12.06 +/2.62 mm. Vessel sherds of this temper type seemed the thickest of all regardless of function. Within th e type, dual-tempered sherds we re thinner if used for cooking. Sponge-tempered cooking vessels ( Figure 4-25 ) had an average wall thickness of 8.31 +/2.35 mm, which was thinner than the fiber-tempered and dual-tempered cooki ng vessels, well within the average of overall cooking vessels at the site, and narrower than the overall average thickness of the entire sample of vessel sherds. The av erage wall thickness of unsooted sponge-tempered vessel sherds ( Figure 4-26 ) was 8.08 +/2.5 mm, which was, surprisingly, slightly below the average thickness of sponge-tempered cooking vesse l sherds. This average was well below the average for fiber-tempered and dual-tempered non-cooking vessels, and below the average of the entire sample of non-cooking vessels from the site It was also a little be low the overall average of vessel wall thickness from the entire site. Summary of Results New assays derived from soot deposits in th is analysis yielded dates for sponge-tempered pottery that ranged from as early as 4110 +/40 B.P. to as late as 2700 +/40 B.P. This places purely sponge-tempered ceramics, also known as St. Johns pottery, into a much earlier chronological location when compar ed with current models of cultu re history. This is significant because the earlier dates obtained, place purely s ponge-tempered pottery into the Late Archaic a period once thought to have on ly fiber-tempered ceramics, and sponge tempering as a newly acquired unilineal development. Stylistic tendencies among the vessel sherds an alyzed co-varied very well with attributes associated with overall paste this being te mper. As far as application of designs was

PAGE 45

45 concerned, purely fiber-tempered vessel sherds ha d no examples of designs interpreted to be hastily applied. Dual tempered vessels were si milar in their design application in that an overwhelming majority of them were also care fully applied. On the other hand, vessels purely tempered with sponge spicules had a majority of haphazardly applied designs. The co-variance continues to a lesser extent w ith complex and simple elements. There was far more usage of complex elements with fiber-tempered and dualtempered pottery than there was with sponge tempered. Sponge-tempered vessels were fairly evenly divided between those with complex elements and those with only simple ones, while the other two paste types had mostly complex design elements incised onto their exterior. Of particular signif icance is the application of a concluding epilogue band below th e motif of many vessel sherds. This trait only occurred with sponge-tempered vessels it was nowhere to be found on either fiber-tempered or dualtempered vessel sherds. Conversely, a very small percentage of the sponge-tempered vessels had banding that preceded the overall vessel motif, a nd they ranged from only one to two bands. There was a good deal of prologue banding on fi ber-tempered vessel sherds ranging from 3-5 bands and an outlying sherd with ten bands on it Similarly, the dual-tempered vessels exhibited a good deal of preceding bands and ranged from one to four bands, with one outlying sherd having eight bands preceding the design motif. When looking at attributes that would be c onsidered functional, it was found that there was a much smaller proportion of purely fiber-te mpered vessel sherds than was originally thought from microscopic inspect ion. There were only 19 vessels found without sponge spicules in the paste alongside fiber when viewed microscopically. There was a greater representation of dual-tempered vessels, and a slight majority of vessel sherds tempered only with sponge. As far as cooking function is concerned, the va st majority of fiber-tempered vessels were

PAGE 46

46 unsooted, as was the same with the dual-tempered vessels. Exhibi ting opposite tendencies were the sponge-tempered vessels with the great majority of vessel sherds having soot deposits on the exterior surface. The form of these vessels varied according to paste and temper as we ll. Vessels described earlier as boat-shaped vessels we re exclusive to sponge-tempered sherds. The majority of fibertempered and dual-tempered vessels were flat walled in form with the minority being bowls. Sponge-tempered vessel sherds, on the other hand, we re by and large bowl shaped in form with a minority of flat-walled vessels, and a small repr esentation of the aforementioned boat shape. As far as form and function is concerned among the fiber-tempered vessels, the majority of sherds used over an open flame were bowls with a minor representation of flat -walled vessels. It is important to note, though, that th ere were only five fiber-tempered vessels with soot deposit, so this set of statistics can not ma ke a significant statement concer ning this particular form and temper as far as function is concerned. Dual-t empered sherds had more sooted flat-walled specimens than bowls, as well as more unsooted fl at-walled sherds than bowls, and they were exactly divided between sooted and unsooted bo wls. There were a greater number of unsooted flat-walled sherds than there was sooted among th e dual-tempered vessel sherds. Vessel sherds tempered with sponge had the majority of bowl fo rms being sooted, and the majority of flat-wall forms unsooted. When looking at wall thickness, the fiber-tempe red vessels were found to be thicker than average, and the dual-tempered vessels thicker than that. Sponge -tempered vessels, on the other hand, were thinner than the entire sample's average. All vessel sherds found to be associated with cooking were also thinner than th e overall average, while those th at were not were thicker. The small number of fiber-tempered co oking vessels were thicker than the average, as well as the

PAGE 47

47 substantially larger population of unsooted ones. The dual-tempered cooking vessel sherds were also thicker than the overall av erage, as well as being thicke r than the population of fibertempered cooking vessels. This statement also holds true with the unsooted dual-tempered vessel sherds they were thicker than the overall average and the aver age of unsooted fiber-tempered vessels. Contrasting this were the sponge-tem pered cooking vessel sherds which were thinner than the overall average of ve ssels, but, surprisingly, the non-cooking sponge-tempered sherds were slightly thinner on average th an those with soot deposits. The trends of this analysis point to overall similarities between vessels with dual temper and fiber temper, but contrast starkly with vesse ls tempered only with sponge spicules. Stylistic and functional traits all co-vary rather nicely between those with fiber and dual tempering, and those that are tempered with sponge. This leads one to believe that styl e and techno-function are not mutually exclusive categories, as there are some many interrelated traits that co-vary depending on temper, including sty listic application, vessel form, and cooking function (included in this category are soot-deposits and wall thickn ess). Style could very well be synonymous with function.

PAGE 48

48 Table 4-2. AMS Dates of St. Johns Ceramics from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island Lab Number & Site Sample 2 Sigma Calibration Measured Radio Carbon Age (BP) 13C/12C Ratio Conventional Radiocarbon Age (BP) (Cal BC) (Cal BP) Beta -178484 Sample: 8VO24-A348.3 12701000 32202950 2940 +/40 -25.8 0/00 2930 +/40 Beta -178485 Sample: 8VO24-A348.30 920800 28702750 2700 +/40 -24.8 0/00 2700 +/40 Beta -178486 Sample: 8VO24-A349.7 920800 28702750 2940 +/40 -24.8 0/00 2700 +/40 Beta -178487 Sample: 8VO2499921.20 28702570 and 25202500 48204520 and 44704450 4140 +/40 -27.1 0/00 4110 +/40 Beta -178484 Sample: 8VO24-A348.3 12701000 32202950 2940 +/40 -25.8 0/00 2930 +/40 Analysis:AMS-Standard delivery. Material: soot. Pretreatment: acid/alkali/acid Table 4-3. Vessel Type and the Care Taken in Design Application Vessel Frequency Fiber TemperedSponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total Hasty Application 0713 74 Careful Application 19547 71 Total 197650 145 Row Percentages Fiber TemperedSponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total Hasty Application 095.954.05 100 Careful Application 26.767.0466.2 100 Total 13.152.4234.48 100 Column Percentages Fiber TemperedSponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total Hasty Application 093.426 51.03 Careful Application 1006.5894 48.97 Total 100100100 100

PAGE 49

49 Table 4-4. Vessel Type and the Complexity of Elements Applied to Vessel Vessel Frequency Fiber TemperedSponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total Simple Elements Alone 63715 58 Complex Elements 133935 87 Total 197650 145 Row Percentages Fiber Tempered Sponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total Simple Elements Alone 10.3463.7925.87 100 Complex Elements 14.9444.8340.23 100 Total 13.152.4234.48 100 Column Percentages Fiber Tempered Sponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total Simple Elements Alone 31.5848.6830 40 Complex Elements 68.4251.3270 60 Total 100100100 10 Table 4-5. The Location of Rim Bands on Different Vessel Types Vessel Frequency Fiber Tempered Sponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total Prologue Lines 6523 34 Epilogue Lines 0470 47 Total 65223 81 Row Percentages Fiber Tempered Sponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total Prologue Lines 17.6514.7167.64 100 Epilogue Lines 01000 100 Total 7.464.228.4 100 Column Percentages Fiber Tempered Sponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total Prologue Lines 1009.62100 41.98 Epilogue Lines 090.380 58.02 Total 100100100 100

PAGE 50

50 Table 4-6. Type and Function as Evident by Soot Deposits Vessel Frequency Fiber Tempered Sponge TemperedDual Tempered Total Soot Present 57519 99 Soot Absent 144331 88 Total 1911850 187 Row Percentages Fiber Tempered Sponge TemperedDual Tempered Total Soot Present 5.0575.7619.19 100 Soot Absent 15.948.8735.23 100 Total 10.263.126.7 100 Column Percentages Fiber Tempered Sponge TemperedDual Tempered Total Soot Present 26.3263.5638 52.94 Soot Absent 73.6836.4462 47.06 Total 100100100 100 Table 4-7. Form and Vessel Temper Vessel Frequency Fiber Tempered Sponge TemperedDual Tempered Total Boat Shaped 0150 15 Bowl Shaped 65714 77 Flat Walled 133934 86 Total 1911148 178 Row Percentages Fiber Tempered Sponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total Boat Shaped 01000 100 Bowl Shaped 7.7974.0318.18 100 Flat Walled 15.1245.3539.53 100 Total 10.6762.3626.97 100 Column Percentages Fiber Tempered Sponge Temper ed Dual Tempered Total Boat Shaped 013.510 8.43 Bowl Shaped 31.5851.3529.2 43.26 Flat Walled 68.4235.1470.8 48.31 Total 100100100 100

PAGE 51

51 Table 4-8. Form and Temper of Vessel as it Related to Function Vessel Frequency FTST FTnoST STST STnoST DTST DTnoST Total Boat Shaped 00870 015 Bowl Shaped 3336217 777 Flat Walled 211271211 2386 Total 514714018 30178 Row Percentages FTST FTnoST STST STnoST DTST DTnoST Total Boat Shaped 0053.3346.670 0100 Bowl Shaped 3.93.946.827.49 9100 Flat Walled 2.3312.7931.413.9512.79 26.74100 Total 2.87.939.822.510.1 16.9100 Column Percentages FTST FTnoST STST STnoST DTST DTnoST Total Boat Shaped 0011.2717.50 08.43 Bowl Shaped 6021.4350.752.538.89 23.3343.26 Flat Walled 4078.5738.033061.11 76.6748.31 Total 100100100100100 100100 Figure 4-7. Profile Form and Pattern Design for Vessel #A349.007. Figure 4-8. Vessel Profile of #A348.030 with Exterior Pattern Design

PAGE 52

52 Figure 4-9 Profile of Vessel A348.003 From Tick Island. Figure 4-10. Pattern design found on AMS dated vessel # 103272.016. Figure 4-11 Incised Surface Design on Vessel #99921.020. OccurencesofRimBandsAboveVesselDesign onFiber-temperedPottery0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 12345678910 NumberofPrologueRimsFrequency Frequency 10Number of Prologue Rims 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 123456789 Figure 4-12 Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on fiber-tempered pottery. Min: 3, Max: 10, Av: 4.8 lines, STD: +/2.7.

PAGE 53

53 OccurencesofRimBandsAboveVesselDesign onSponge-temperedPottery0 1 2 3 4 5 12 NumberofPrologueBandsFrequency Number of Prologue Bands 12 Frequency1 0 2 3 4 5 Figure 4-13 Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on sponge-tempered pottery. Min: 1, Max: 2, Av: 1.8 lines, STD: +/.4. Number of Prologue Bands Frequency 2 0 4 6 123456 7 8 8 10 Figure 4-14 Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on dual-tempered pottery. Min: 1, Max: 8, Av: 2.35 lines, STD: +/1.5.

PAGE 54

54 WallThicknessofVesselSherdsFromtheHarris CreekSite(8VO24)0 5 10 15 202 .5 4 .5 5 25 6 25 7 8 25 9 9 75 10 5 1 1. 25 1 2 13 5 15 16(mm)Frequency 0 5 10 20 15Frequency 2 54 55 2 58 2 56 2 59 7 51 0 51 1 2 51 3 51 51 61 279(mm) Figure 4-15. Wall thickness of Harri s Creek (8VO24) vessel sherds. Max: 19 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, A vg: 9.37 mm, STD: +/2.87 mm. WallThicknessofFiber-temperedVesselSherds0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 789.751010.251111.751215.514 (mm)Frequency Frequency 0 0.5 1.5 2.5 3.5 4.5 1 2 3 4 789.751010.25111214 15.5 11.75(mm) Figure 4-16. Wall thickness frequency for fiber-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24). Max: 14 mm, Mi n: 7 mm, Avg: 10.28 mm STD: +/1.97 mm.

PAGE 55

55 WallThicknessofDual-temperedVesselSherds0 1 2 3 4 5 65.25 8 9. 25 9. 75 10. 25 11 11.5 12 13 14 15 .25 1 8(mm)Frequency Frequency 1 0 2 3 4 5 6 5 2 5 89 2 5 9 7 5 1 0 2 5 1 1 1 1 5 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 2 5 1 8(mm) Figure 4-17. Wall thickness frequency for dual-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24). Max: 19 mm, Min: 5.25 mm, Avg: 11.73 mm, STD: +/2.65 mm WallThicknessofSponge-temperedVessel Sherds0 2 4 6 8 10 12 142.5 4.25 4.75 5.25 6 6.5 7 8 8.5 9 9.75 10.3 10.8 11.3 12 13.8(mm)Frequency Frequency 2.5 4.25 4.75 5.25 6 6.5 7 8 8.5 9 9.75 10.3 10.8 11.3 12 13.8(mm) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Figure 4-18. Wall thickness frequency for sponge-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24). Max: 16 mm, Mi n: 2.5 mm, Avg: 8.22 mm, STD: +/2.4 mm.

PAGE 56

56 WallThicknessofCookingVesselSherds0 2 4 6 8 10 122.5 4.75 5.25 6 6.75 7.5 8.25 8.75 9.25 9.75 10.3 10.8 11.3 12 13 15 18(mm)Frequency Frequency 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 2.5 4.75 5.25 6 6.75 7.5 8.25 8.75 9.75 9.25 10.3 10.8 11.3 12 13 15 18 (mm) Figure 4-19. Wall thickness frequency of cooking vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site(8VO24) Max: 18 mm, Mi n: 2.5 mm, Avg: 8.95 mm STD: +/2.64 mm. WallThicknessofUn-sootedVesselSherds0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 94. 2 5 5 5 5 6.25 7 8 8.7 5 9.2 5 9 .7 5 10.2 5 1 1 11.7 5 1 3 13 .75 1 5 15.5(mm)Frequency (mm)4 2 5 5 5 5 6 2 5 7 88 7 5 9 2 59 7 51 0 2 51 1 7 51 3 7 5 1 5 51 3 1 51 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Frequency Figure 4-20 Wall thickness frequency of uns ooted vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 19 mm, Min: 4.25 mm, Avg: 9.84 mm STD: +/3.06 mm.

PAGE 57

57 WallThicknessofFiber-temperedCookingVessel Sherds0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 8910.2512 (mm)Frequency Frequency 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 8 9 10.25 12(mm) Figure 4-21. Wall thickness fre quency of sooted fiber-temp ered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 12 mm, Min: 8 mm, Avg: 10.25 mm STD: +/1.79 mm. WallThicknessofUn-sootedFiber-tempered VesselSherds0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 789.751010.251111.751213.514 (mm)Frequency Frequency 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 10 2.5 3 3.5 (mm)2 8 10 10.25 11 11.75 12 14 13.5 9.75 Figure 4-22. Wall thickness fre quency of unsooted fiber-tempe red vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 14 mm, Min: 7 mm, Avg: 10.29 mm STD: +/2.1 mm.

PAGE 58

58 WallThicknessofDual-temperedCookingVessel Sherds0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.55.2 5 8 9 9.5 10 10.5 11 11 .25 11.75 1 2 1 2.5 13 13.5 15 18(mm)Frequency Frequency 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 5 2 5 8 9 9 5 1 0 1 0 5 1 1 1 1 2 5 1 1 7 5 1 2 1 2 5 1 3 1 3 5 1 5 1 8(mm) Figure 4-23. Wall thickness fre quency of sooted dual-temper ed vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 18 mm, Mi n: 5.25 mm, Avg: 11.17 mm STD: +/2.7 mm. WallThicknessofUn-sootedDual-tempered VesselSherds0 1 2 3 4 56.5 8 9 9.25 9.75 10 10.3 11 11.5 11.8 12 13 13.5 14 15 15.3 15.5 19(mm)Frequency Frequency 0 1 2 3 4 5 (mm)6.5 8 9 9.25 9.75 10 10.3 11 11.5 11.8 12 13 13.5 14 15 15.3 15.5 19 Figure 4-24. Wall thickness fre quency of unsooted dual-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 19 mm, Mi n: 6.5 mm, Avg: 12.06 mm STD: +/2.62 mm.

PAGE 59

59 WallThicknessofSponge-temperedCooking VesselSherds0 2 4 6 8 102 .5 4 .75 5.25 6 6. 7 5 7.5 8.2 5 8. 75 9 .25 1 0 10. 5 1 1 1 1.75 16(mm)Frequency Frequency 0 2 4 6 8 10 (mm)2 5 4 7 5 5 2 5 6 6 7 5 7 5 8 2 5 8 7 5 9 2 5 1 0 1 0 5 1 1 1 1 7 5 1 6 Figure 4-25. Wall thickness freque ncy of sooted sponge-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 16 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, Avg: 8.31 mm STD: +/2.35 mm. WallThicknessofUn-sootedSpongeTempered VesselSherds0 1 2 3 4 54.2 5 5 5. 5 6.2 5 7 8 8.7 5 9.7 5 10.5 1 2(mm)Frequency Frequency 0 1 2 3 4 5 (mm)4 2 5 5 5 5 6 2 5 7 8 8 7 5 9 7 5 1 0 5 1 2 Figure 4-26. Wall thickness freque ncy of unsooted sponge-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) Max: 13.75 mm, Min: 4.25 mm, Avg: 8.08 mm STD: +/2.5 mm.

PAGE 60

60 CHAPTER 5 DISCUSSI ON AND CONCLUDING STATEMENTS It is obvious from recent radiocarbon dati ng of sponge-tempered pot tery at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island that the rela tionship between different forms of tempering needs to be reexamined in a different light. At Tick Island, the new AMS dates clearly show a contemporaneous relationship between sponge-t empered, dual-tempered, and fiber-tempered pottery of the Late Archaic. It is important to note that this is a site-specific study, and its interpretations, therefore, should be applied only to analytical work done on the ceramic specimens from Tick Island and tested with other nearby sites. To extrapolate these findings any further would be inconsistent with one of the main premises of this paper; that is, that data from too few sites have been used to make gross gene ralizations about the behaviors and materials of southeastern peoples, particularly those residi ng in Florida. Only when more site specific analyses are done and dates are re trieved from a wider variety of sites, can there be a more detailed and relevant regional analysis, compar ing sites throughout the St. Johns River Valley and beyond, in order to provide a better ba sis for broader generalizations. These new AMS dates for the sponge-temper ed vessels at Tick Is land clearly indicate that some are contemporaneous with their count erparts of fiber and dual tempering. Questions, therefore, must be answered concerning their relati onship in this light. That was the focus of this analysis; to chart similarities and differences be tween these vessels as to their form, function, and design, and to propose answers to questions co ncerning why these two separate vessel types were used by the same peoples. It is the intent of this discussion to frame an explanatory model that takes into account the soci al and political context in wh ich these vessels were being produced and utilized by the inhabitants of Tick Island.

PAGE 61

61 Discussion of Results Style: The results clearly show both distinct differences and sim ilarities in the application of incised surface designs to both vessel types. The similarities lie in the complex and simple design elements used to produce vessel motifs. They were created using the same design elements, but the differences were defined in th e application of these designs. Fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessel sherds were shown to ha ve a carefully applied de sign with a far greater number of complex elements, while sponge-tempere d vessel sherd designs were shown to have been very haphazardly applied with less complex el ements. Differences also lie in the banding of vessels. Fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessel sherds had a large range of possible band numbers preceding the various vessel motifs ranging from 1-10, while most of the spongetempered vessels had their design concluded at the bottom with one horizontal band. This band usually occurred one-quarter to midway down the vessel with th e rest of the surface left blank. Very few sponge-tempered specimens had precedi ng rim bands, and in the rare instances that they did occur, they were limited to one or two bands. Both vessel types were being made at the same time incorporating the same values inherent in the design elements, yet the degree of care used in application and grammatical approach to applying these designs were distinctly different. It is believed here that this is due to a need to expediently pr oduce certain vessels that were less important in aspects of social/ritual functions. Pots tempered with fiber or both tempers would have served a more ceremonial si gnificance than those tempered with sponge. This is supported by the technofunctional analysis co nducted with th is collection. Techno-function: The tempering of what Bullen would c onsider St. Johns and Orange vessels proved to be as expected, based on the premise of their original typo logy, that is, Orange specimens being tempered with fiber inclusi ons, and St. Johns being tempered with sponge-

PAGE 62

62 spicules. What was unexpected, however, was th e number of what would be typed as Orange vessels that were dual-tempered containing both a fiber and sponge-spicule paste enhancing previous analysis done by Cordell (2004). There were more dual-tempered Orange vessels than there were purely fibered temper vessels. Out of 69 Orange vessels, on ly 19 contained fiber alone, while the remaining 50 had both sponge and fiber inclusions in the paste. As far as function is concerned, it was shown that there were many more spongetempered sherds used over an open flame then there were from the fiber-tempered and dualtempered sample. It can be reasonably inferre d from this that sponge-tempered vessels were more likely to be used in cooking since soot deposits are fairly clea r evidence of a cooking function. When form and function are considered in comparing specimens from the temper categories, there was a much larg er proportion of flat-w alled vessels than th ere were bowl shapes among the fiber-tempered and dual-tempered specimens, and conversely, there was a preponderance of bowl shapes over flat-walled vessels among the sponge-tempered specimens. When looking at these forms as a matter of f unction, fiber-tempered and dual-tempered bowls were evenly divided between those with soot, and those without. Analysis of sponge-tempered bowls, however, showed that there were a far greate r number of these vessel types that were used over an open flame than were not. When looking at the flat-walled vessels represented in this study, fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessels were shown to be used to a much greater extent for non-cooking functions as eviden ced by the lack of soot depos its on most of these vessels. Conversely, specimens of sponge-tempered flat-wa lled vessel sherds included a much larger proportion that were used over an open flame comp ared to a much smaller number that were not. Sponge-tempered boat-shaped vessels were fairly evenly divided between those with exterior soot deposits present and those lacking it.

PAGE 63

63 Measurements of wall-thickness as an at tribute showed fiber-tempered and dualtempered unsooted vessels to be thicker than thos e that had exterior soot deposits, indicating that cooking vessels were thinner than those not used for cooking. Fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessel sherds, on average, also tended to be considerably thicker than the sponge-tempered vessels in the total sample. Social Implications of Ceramic An alytical Results from Tick Island It is inferred from the results of this analysis that the following picture was occurring at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island. Th e site was a place of ceremonial importance. Of this there is little doubt. Also believed here is that mortuary feasts of a very ceremonial nature were an important aspect of this site, and its location had a definite spiritual and social significance to those that utilized it. This belief is based on the evid ence that this site was a place of burial utilized in the pre-ce ramic archaic period (Aten 1999), and it is assumed that the continued utilization of this site in conjunction with these buria ls would have given it great spiritual importance. The period between the Middle and Late Archaic saw a sharp rise in population, increasing the participants in these feasts. With that increase in population and ritual participation developed an increase in the demands on labor among potters, which are assumed here to be women. It is further believed that the ceremonial a nd ritual serving aspects were reserved for the fiber-tempered and dual-tempered ceramics, whos e techno-functional charact eristics make them less conducive to cooking and more conducive to serving and storing food. There were some sooted examples of both. However, the majority of these temper types were lacking in soot. The sponge-tempered vessels were much thinner and more effective at heat transfer from the exterior, making them more useful cooking tools. Also, th ere is a higher degree of soot present on the

PAGE 64

64 sponge-tempered vessel sherds than on the others, lending further cr edence to the idea that they were used over an open flame. Within the fi ber-tempered and dual-tempered population there was a much higher proportion of fl at-walled vessels, a form also more likely to imply a serving function as food can be served readily in flat -walled and flat-bottome d vessels (similar to casserole dishes). The higher number of bowl-sh aped pots within the St. Johns sample would have been better for suspending and cooking foodstuffs over an open flame. A rounded vessel is much better for stirring the contents within than a flat-walled and flat-bottomed vessel in which the heated contents could have been transferred at the ceremonial fe asts. It is theorized here from the data that the sponge-tempered vessels served a more functional or secular purpose at Tick Island mortuary feasts, while contemporary fibertempered and dual-tempered vessels served a ceremonial or sacred function at these events. Fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessel sherds had much more complex and elaborate designs incised onto their exteri or covering the entire vessel, but most of the sponge-tempered samples had very poorly executed designs that did not cover most of the vessel, being abruptly halte d midway down the vessel by a concluding band. It is posited here that the rapidly expanding populati on in the Late Archaic necessitated an increase in production of the more functiona l vessels at the site to cook for a larger number of people. This could explain the hastily appl ied designs on these vessels as they were being produced very rapidly, but there was still an im portance in having these design elements and motifs on the pots, otherwise they would have b een abandoned altogether. Conclusion It has been demonstrated through this study that broad generalizations cannot be made about the St. Johns River valley and neighboring areas during the Late Archaic period given the limited data and dates that are available concerning these periods A minimal number of dates

PAGE 65

65 have been used to make generalizations and form a cultural-chronolog ical sequence based on ceramic typology that has been shown through new AMS dates to need serious revision and rethinking. There is a need for furt her qualitative studies of specific sites a for the collection of as many dates as possible in order to address the ma ny differences found in the nature and rate of cultural development at various sites. Even th e stylistic grammar and use of the same design elements might differ at various locations along the river. Only wh en more qualitative studies are done of individual sites that good, relevant regi onal analyses can be done, and more broad generalizations made As far as style is concerned, this paper ha s not attempted an in-depth analysis of the grammatical rules inherent in de sign application on these pots. It does, however, offer an insight into differences in application and complex ity of designs between three different yet contemporaneous temper-types of po ttery existing at the same site and used (most likely) by the same people. It is the intent here to prom ote development of an effective approach to understanding the grammatical rules of applying de sign elements and creating motifs at this site and at others. The important thing is to improve understand ing of culture history as forms of social process and ideology. People have always had the ability to utilize and manipulate symbols, and this is an area of key interest to anthropologists. It de values the heritage of the native population of this continent to relegate their history to the natural sciences under the false dichotomy of history versus prehistory. Prehis tory has been defined as a pe riod of literacy by the western standards of written language. But literacy can also be defined as the ability to utilize and manipulate symbols actively used within a give n culture. Conventional history views the time before the arrival of European influence as a history of people passively reacting to

PAGE 66

66 environmental circumscription. There is compelli ng evidence, however, sugge sting an alternative perspective involving a wide range of human reactions to envir onmental change, all rooted in culture and ideology. If there truly is a prehi story, it would be defined not by the subjects illiteracy, but by the illiteracy of the observers in understanding the sy mbols and their proper grammatical use within that given culture.

PAGE 67

67 APPENDIX A FIBER-TEMPERED A ND DUAL TEMPERED INCISED VESSEL MOTIFS Figure A-1. Examples of fiber-tempered a nd dual-tempered incised vessel designs

PAGE 68

68 Figure A-2. Additional examples of fiber-tempered and dual-temp ered incised vessel designs

PAGE 69

69 APPENDIX B SPONGE-TEMPERED INCISED VESSEL MOTIFS Figure B-1. An example of an incised mo tif applied to a sponge-tempered vessel

PAGE 70

70 Figure B-2. Additional examples of mo tifs found on sponge-tempered vessels

PAGE 71

71 APPENDIX C VESSEL PROFILE FORMS FROM TICK ISLAND Figure C-1. Examples of vessel profiles from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island

PAGE 72

72 APPENDIX D PHOT OGRAPHS OF INCISED VESSELS FROM TICK ISLAND Figure D-1. Photographs of dual-tempered a nd fiber-tempered incised ceramics from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island.

PAGE 73

73 Figure D-2. Photographs of sponge-tem pered incised ceramics from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island.

PAGE 74

74 REFERENCES Aten, Lawrence E. 1999 Middle Archaic Ceremonialism at Tick Island, Florida: Ripley P. Bullens 1961 Excavation at the Harris Creek Site. The Florida Anthropologist 52:131-200 Braun, David P. 1983 Pots as Tools. In Archaeological Hammers and Theories edited by J.A. Moore and A.S. Keene, pp. 108-134. Academic Press, New York. Bullen, Ripley P. 1972 The Orange Period of Peninsular Florida. In Fiber-Tempered Pottery in Southeastern United States and Northern Colombia: Its Origins, Context, and Significance edited by R.P. Bullen and J.B. Stoltman, pp. 9-33 Florida Anthropological Society Pub lication 6. Gainesville. Bullen, Ripley P., and Adelaide K. Bullen 1961 The Summer Haven Site, St. Johns County, Florida. The Florida Anthropologist 14 (1-2):1-15. Cordell, Ann 2004 Paste Variability and Possible Manuf acturing Origins of Late Archaic FiberTempered Pottery from Selected Sites in Peninsular Florida. Early Pottery: Technology, Style, and Interaction in the Lower Southeast edited by Rebecca Saunders and Christopher Hays. Universi ty of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa. Goggin, John M. 1952 Space and Time Perspectives in Northern St. Johns Archaeology, Florida. Yale University Publications in Anthropology 47. Hally, David J. 1986 The Identification of Vessel Function : A Case Study from Northwest Georgia. American Antiquity 51:267-295. Jahn, Otto L., and Ripley P. Bullen 1978 The Tick Island Site, St. Johns River, Florida Florida Anthropological Society Publication 10. Gainesville Janus Research 1996 Cobblestone Village South (8VO634): Ar chaeological Investigations of an Orange Period and St. Johns Period Midden S ite in Northeastern Volusia County, Florida. Environmental Management O ffice, Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee.

PAGE 75

75 Milanich, Jerald T. 1994 Archaeology of Precolombian Florida Gainesville: University of Florida Press. Milanich, Jerald T., and Charles H. Fairbanks 1980 Florida Archaeology. New York: Academic Press Rice, Prudence M. 1987 Pottery Analysis: A Sourcebook Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Rye, O.S. 1976 Keeping Your Temper Under Control. Archaeology and Physical Anthropology in Oceana 11(2):106-137. Sassaman, Kenneth E. 1993 Early Pottery in the Southeast: Tradi tion and Innovation in Cooking Technology Tuscaloosa and London: The Univer sity of Alabama Press. 2003 New AMS Dates on Orange Fiber-Tempe red Pottery from the Middle St. Johns Valley and Their Implications for Cultu re History in Northeast Florida. The Florida Anthropologist 56(1):6-13 Skibo, James M., Michael B. Schiffer, and Kenneth Reid. 1997 Organic-Tempered Pottery: An Experimental Study, American Antiquity 54:122146.

PAGE 76

76 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Clifford Joseph Jenks was born on December 12, 1975 in Morristown, New Jersey. He was the eldest of four children and grew up in many parts of the country throughout his childhood. Upon his 1994 graduation from Watk ins Mill High School in Gaithersburg, Maryland, he attended college at Northern Illinois University in Dekalb, Illinois. He developed a strong interest in anthropology among his genera l education courses, and decided to pursue a career in one of its subf ields -archaeology. Through the Department of Anthropology at Northern Illinois University, he was able to get his first valuable field experience at an archaeological field school in Hawaii. Excavations were conducted at a prehistoric community structure on the dry side of the Haleakala volcano located on Maui. He graduated from Northern Illinois University in August, 1998 with a B.A. in anthropology. Clifford moved to Sarasota, Florida after obtaining his degree and gained employment with Janus Research, an archaeological survey firm in St. Petersburg, Florida. During his employment with Janus Research, he received a great deal of experience and training in the archaeological survey field, working in practically every corner of the state from the Florida Panhandle to the Florida Keys. He is currently employed in contract archaeo logy with Panamerican Consultants Inc. in Tampa, Florida and makes his home in St. Petersburg, Florida.


Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0015407/00001

Material Information

Title: Rethinking Culture History in Florida: An Analysis of Ceramics from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island in Volusia County, Florida
Physical Description: Mixed Material
Copyright Date: 2008

Record Information

Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UFE0015407:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0015407/00001

Material Information

Title: Rethinking Culture History in Florida: An Analysis of Ceramics from the Harris Creek Site (8VO24) on Tick Island in Volusia County, Florida
Physical Description: Mixed Material
Copyright Date: 2008

Record Information

Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UFE0015407:00001


This item has the following downloads:


Full Text











RETHINKING CULTURE HISTORY IN FLORIDA;
AN ANALYSIS OF CERAMICS FROM THE HARRIS CREEK SITE (8VO'24)
ON TICK ISLAND IN VOLUSIA COUNTY, FLORIDA














By

CLIFFORD JOSEPH JENKS


A THESIS PRESENTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL
OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT
OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF
MASTER OF ARTS

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
2006


























Copyright C 2006

By

Clifford Joseph Jenks











TABLE OF CONTENTS


LIST OF TABLES ............... ............5... ......... ....


LIST OF FIGURES ............... .............6............. ....


AB STRAC T ............... ............8... ..............


CHAPTER


1 INTRODUCTION ............... ............10.. ...............


2 ORANGE AND ST. JOHNS POTTERY, THE LATE ARCHAIC,
AND TICK ISLAND ............... ...........12............. ....


The Ceramic Types of Harris Creek (8VO'24) and Related Sites. ........... ...... ...... 12
The Late Archaic and its Contextual Relationship to Tick Island
and the Harris Creek Site (8VO24). .................. ........... .............20
The Archaeology of Harris Creek (8VO'24) on Tick Island. ............... ............21
The Geography and Environmental Setting of the
Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) ............... ........... ......... .......23

3 ANALYTICAL IVETHODS. ............... ............26.. .......... ....


Physical Attributes of Harris Creek (8VO'24) Vessels ............... ............... 27
Stylistic Attributes of Harris Creek (8VO'24) Vessels ................ .......................3 1
AMS Dates from the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island ............. ..... .......33

4 ANALYTICAL RESULTS ............... ...........37............. ....


AMS Dating from the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on TickIsland ............ ...... .....37
Stylistic Results from the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island. .................. .39
Techno-Functional Results from the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24)
on Tick Island. ............... ...........41............. ....
Summary of Results ............... ............44.. .......... ....

5 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUDING STATEMENTS ............... ..............60


Discussion of Results ............ .... .... .. ........ ....... .... ... ... ........6
Social Implications of Ceramic Analytical Results from Tick Island. ................... 63
Conclusion................ ......... 64











APPENDIX


A FIBER-TEMPERED AND DUAL-TEMPERED INCISED
VESSEL MOTIF S ............... ............67.. .......... ....


B SPONGE-TEMPERED INCISED VES SEL MOTIF S ............... ..............69


C VES SEL PROFILE FORMS FROM TICK ISLAND ............... ...............7 1


D PHOTOGRAPHS OF INCISED VESSELS FROM TICK ISLAND ... ... ... ... ... ... 72


REFERENCES ............... ............74.. ...............


BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. ............... ............76.. ...............










LIST OF TABLES


Table page

2-1. Data on AMS Assays of Soot Samples from Orange Fiber-Tempered Sherds
from Middle St. Johns Valley Sites ............... ............. ......... ...25

4-2. AMS Dates of St. Johns Ceramics from The Harris Creek
Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island............... ...............48.

4-3. Vessel Type and the Care Taken in Design Application. ............... .............. .48

4-4. Vessel Type and the Complexity of Elements Applied to Vessel ............. .... ........49

4-5. Location of Rim Bands on Different Vessel Types ............... ............ .....49

4-6. Type and Function as Evident by Soot Deposits ............... ........... .......50

4-7. Form and Vessel Temper ............... ............50.. .......... ...

4-8. Form and Temper of Vessel as it Related to Function ............... ........__.. ...51










LIST OF FIGURES


Figure page

3-1. Examples of (a) bowl form; (b) flat wall form; (c) jar form. ............... .............35

3-2. Photographs of (a) boat shaped vessels form; (b) tray vessel forms ............. ..... ......35

3-3. Examples of designs with complex elements from Tick Island. ............... ...........35

3-4. Examples of designs with simple elements from Tick Island. ............... .............36

3-5. Example of designs with banded prologues to decorative motifs. .............. .. ........ 36

3-6. Example of designs with banded epilogues to decorative motifs. .............. .. ........ 36

4-7. Profie Form and Pattern Design for Vessel #A349.007 .....___ .......... ......... 51

4-8. Profie of Vessel A348.030 From Tick Island. ............... .............. ...._.5 1

4-9. Profie of Vessel A348.003 From Tick Island. ...._._._.. ......___. .......... 52

4-10. Pattern design found on AMS dated vessel # 103272.016............ ..............5

4-11. Incised Surface Design on Vessel #99921.020. ............... ............... ...._52

4-12. Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on fiber-tempered
pottery. Min: 3, Max: 10, Av: 4.8 lines, STD: +/- 2.7 ............... .......... .........52

4-13. Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on
sponge-tempered Pottery. Min: 1, Max: 2, Av: 1.8 lines, STD: +/- .4 ............... ............53

4-14. Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on
dual-tempered pottery. Min: 1, Max: 8, Av: 2.35 lines, STD: +/- 1.5... ..........._ ..........53

4-15. Wall thickness of Harris Creek (8VO'24) vessel sherds.
Max: 19 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, Avg: 9.37 mm, STD: +/- 2.87 mm ............... ..............54

4-16. Wall thickness frequency for fiber-tempered vessel sherds
at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24).
Max: 14 mm, Min: 7 mm,Avg: 10.28 mm, STD: +/- 1.97 mm ............... ............. ..54

4-17. Wall thickness frequency for dual-tempered vessel sherds
at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24).
Max: 19 mm, Min: 5.25 mm, Avg: 11.73 mm, STD: +/- 2.65mm ............... .............55










4-18. Wall thickness frequency for sponge-tempered vessels at the Harris Creek
Site (8VO24). Max: 16 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, Avg: 8.22 mm, STD: +/- 2.4 mm .................... 55

4-19. Wall thickness frequency of cooking vessels at the Harris Creek
Site (8VO'24) Max: 18 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, Avg: 8.95 mm STD: +/- 2.64 mm. .................. .56

4-20. Wall thickness frequency of unsooted vessels at the Harris Creek
Site (8VO'24) Max: 19 mm, Min: 4.25 mm, Avg: 9.84 mm STD: +/- 3.06 mm.........................56

4-21. Wall thickness frequency of sooted fiber-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris
Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 12 mm, Min: 8 mm, Avg: 10.25 mm STD: +/- 1.79 mm......._......57

4-22. Wall thickness frequency of unsooted fiber-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris
Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 14 mm, Min: 7 mm, Avg: 10.29 mm STD: +/- 2.1 mm...............57

4-23. Wall thickness frequency of sooted dual-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris
Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 18 mm, Min: 5.25 mm, Avg: 11.17 mm STD: +/- 2.7 mm............58

4-24. Wall thickness frequency of unsooted dual-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris
Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 19 mm, Min: 6.5 mm, Avg: 12.06 mm STD: +/- 2.62 mm............58

4-25. Wall thickness frequency of sooted sponge-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris
Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 16 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, Avg: 8.31 mm STD: +/- 2.35 mm.............59

4-26. Wall thickness frequency of unsooted sponge-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris
Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 13.75 mm, Min: 4.25 mm, Avg: 8.08 mm STD: +/- 2.5 mm.........59

A-1. Examples of fiber-tempered and dual-tempered incised vessel designs.............._._... ...67

A-2. Additional examples of fiber-tempered and dual-tempered incised vessel design ......... 68

B-1. An example of an incised motif applied to a sponge-tempered vessel ............ ...... ......69

B-2. Additional examples of motifs found on sponge-tempered vessels ............. .... .......70

C-1. Examples of vessel profiles from the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island............ 71

D-1. Photographs of dual-tempered and fiber-tempered incised ceramics from the
Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island ............... ............. ......... ....72

D-2. Photographs of sponge-tempered incised ceramics from the
Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island ............... ............. ......... ....73









Abstract of Thesis Presented to the Graduate School
of the University of Florida in Partial Fulfillment of the
Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts

RETHINKING CULTURE HISTORY IN FLORIDA;
AN ANALYSIS OF CERAMICS FROM THE HARRIS CREEK SITE (8VO'24)
ON TICK ISLAND IN VOLUSIA COUNTY, FLORIDA

By

Clifford Joseph Jenks

August 2006

Chair: Kenneth E. Sassaman
Cochair: Michael Heckenberger
Maj or Department: Anthropology

This study is an analysis of ceramic material found in northeast Florida at the Harris Creek

archaeological site on Tick Island, which is located on the St. Johns River in Volusia County

Florida. The primary purposes of this study were to better refine the current artifact-type

chronology currently used, and to type artifacts by examining aesthetic style rather than

intentional additives to pre-fired clay. Pottery from two chronological types were analyzed and

compared for the purposes of this study; namely, the Orange and St. Johns ceramic variations.

These pottery types are thought to be sequential in chronology, with Orange pottery being an

earlier variant than St. Johns, but recent studies suggest that they may be more contemporaneous

than originally thought.

In order to test the possible contemporaneousness of the two vessel types, more

radiocarbon dates were gathered from the St. Johns variant, and compared with dates from

Orange ceramics which are readily available in the current literature. When a contemporary

nature of the two ceramic types was confirmed, the study turned to account for stylistic variation

between two ceramic types existing together at the same time. This analysis focused on










comparing the complexity and care of design application between the ceramic types, and found a

correlation between design application and vessel functionality. Ceramics with more complex

and careful design application were found to be less functional--probably reserved for more

ceremonial purposes and conversely, vessels with less complex and hastily applied designs were

found to exhibit traits of a functional usage.









CHAPTER 1
INTTRODUCTION

Recently, the cultural-historic schemes of eastern and central Florida (Milanich 1994:243-

274) have been called into question as a result of new AMS carbon dating of Orange fiber-

tempered ceramics from the middle St. Johns valley (Sassaman 2003). The schemes, first

established in the 1950s then further refined in 1972 by Ripley Bullen (Bullen 1972), have

sustained a wide utilization and long adherence by archaeologists practicing in northeastern

Florida. The results of new dating efforts may force Florida archaeologists to rethink ways in

which sites and artifacts are analyzed, interpreted, and reported.

The strict adherence to the stratigraphic contexts provided is problematic because they are

highly unilineal in sequence. There have been positive steps to alleviate stratigraphic dependency

through the use of radiometric dating and seriation, but the superimposition of archaeological

assemblages into envisioned stratified deposits is still the primary method used to infer sequence.

Often, these sequences are used to create regional chronologies where separate assemblages are

arranged in an order of early to late culture-periods, with little consideration given to possible

overlap. Through the rules of problematic normative culture-history, distinct assemblages are

equated to units of distinct culture.

Presently archaeology has been involved in the deconstruction of cultural-historic

sequences formulated under the precepts of unilinearity and normative culture. This thesis is a

contribution to refining the culture-history of northeast Florida. Formulated by Goggin (1952) and

Bullen (1972), the cultural-historical sequence of the Late Archaic period (ca. 5000-3000

radiocarbon years before present [B.P.]) in the region is problematic. This era of early pottery

development in the greater southeast is known in northeastern Florida for the traditions of Orange

and St. Johns pottery as the key diagnostic features of ceramic development. Based on composite









stratigraphic data and limited radiometric assays, Bullen (1972) developed a cultural-historical

sequence with four phases of the Orange Period, a transitional phase, followed by a St. Johns

phase. However, recent radiometric dating, petrographic analysis, and intersite comparisons

(Cordell 2004; Sassaman 2003) suggest that phases of the Orange period are contemporaneous

rather than sequential, and a growing body of evidence suggests that the St. Johns tradition pottery

is as old as ceramics of the Orange period.

This paper has as its primary obj ectives to provide dates to further refine the cultural-

historic sequence of northeastern Florida; to better understand the more complex paste variation

identified by Cordell (2004); and to provide alternative means for identifying cultural and temporal

variation other than paste--as it has been demonstrated that many of the petrographic features

thought to be mutually exclusive to either Orange or St. Johns pottery types are not necessarily

true. Many of the paste inclusions thought to belong only to St. Johns wares are now being found

in the pastes of Orange pottery alongside the palmetto fiber (Cordell 2004).

Style offers an excellent opportunity to understand culture and its change over time and space, for

it is style that is a direct expression of culture. Using a stylistic analysis in conjunction with

different temper types (rather than overall paste), newly acquired dates, form, thickness, and

function (cooking/non-cooking), it is the hope here to offer a better picture of the culture-history at

Tick Island's Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) during the Late Archaic. This is a site-specific study, but

used with the available literature and hopefully future studies of northeastern Florida' s Late

Archaic sites archaeologists will be able to make some well-founded generalizations concerning

the regions culture history.









CHAPTER 2
ORANGE AND ST. JOHNS POTTERY,
THE LATE ARCHAIC, AND TICK ISLAND

As a preface to this analysis, it is important to provide some background perspective on

the Orange and St. Johns ceramic types found at the Harris Creek site (8VO24). This will be

followed by a historical look at previous work conducted at Tick Island, including its initial

identification by archaeologists, and the archaeological activity on and off the site up to the

present day. A generous amount of the information gathered concerning the sites archaeological

history comes from research conducted by Lawrence Aten (1999). Also significant is the site' s

context in relation to geographic location, its relationship to the greater Southeast, and the time

periods in which it was inhabited and utilized.

The Ceramic Types of Harris Creek (8VO'24) and Related Sites

Orange ceramics: Orange pottery was first identified by Jeffries Wyman, who, in 1875,

noted the use of palmetto fibers in the tempering of the vessels. It was through C.B. Moore' s

expeditions and detailed notes that clued archaeologists into the general context of fiber-

tempered pottery in Florida. Moore's excavations in Florida demonstrated that the fiber-

tempered pottery overlay a preceramic deposit and was, in turn, overlain by a more fine-grained

check-stamped deposit of ceramic artifacts. James B. Griffin is credited with first noting the

significance of the Orange period in Florida in 1945, defining what has been considered its most

important type, which was the incised variety. He also noted it as similar to later St. Johns

incised pottery, which have many of the same incised design elements and motifs (Bullen 1972).

From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, Ripley Bullen began expanding the knowledge of this

pottery type by dividing it into a chronological sequence based on form and style. The changes

of these forms and style marked different sub-periods of Orange pottery and were used as









chronological markers. In his work, Bullen discusses Orange period sites as they relate to Orange

chronology and not the time frame of fieldwork conducted at these sites.

Bullen's chronology begins with what he dubbed Orange 1, ranging in age from

approximately 4000 B.P. to about 3650 B.P. These wares were described as hand-molded pottery

with thin walls ranging from 6-7 mm in thickness. They exhibited simple rounded lips and had

the form of shallow, flat-based, and straight-sided bowls alongside some rectangular-shaped

vessels. Some of these ceramics had lug like appendages, and all were untreated with surface

decoration. Ceramics of this type were discovered at the Bluffton Site on the St. Johns River in

the 1951 work of John W. Griffin in conjunction with Bullen and the Florida Park Service, where

they conducted a large scale stratigraphic test. Here is where they found their first evidence of a

plain fiber-tempered midden on top of 30 feet of pre-ceramic freshwater shell midden (Bullen

1972). Bullen interprets these vessels as being pseudomorphs of previously used wood trays, and

baskets, a form which would be useful in the collection of Viviparous shells, a dominants species

of St. Johns River middens. Orange 2 vessels were said to appear at 3650 B.P, and lasted until

about 3450 B.P. The forms of these vessels were identical to that of the Orange 1 phase,

however, these vessels exhibited incised surface treatment with motifs of concentric vertical

diamonds with horizontal lines. Vessels from Tick Island are an exception to this phase's motifs,

with renditions of spirals with background punctations, though this motif is rare, even on Tick

Island itself (Milanich 1994). These vessels were also found at Bluffton and found with

undecorated material, but not in any manner of stratigraphic superposition. Bullen mentions,

though, that there is no noticeable temporal break, but a distinct difference in surface treatment

and an increase in circular vessels as opposed to rectangular vessels (Bullen 1972). The surface

treatment of the Orange 2 vessels at Bluffton includes incised concentric diamond motifs and a









Tick Island incised variant. St. Johns plain and check-stamped vessels were found in a disturbed

overlaying context which also included some fiber-tempered pottery.

At the Palmer site in Osprey was the second instance where Bullen found a plain fiber-

tempered zone in the upper portions of a Late Archaic shell midden. The midden is described by

Bullen as two parallel middens each 400 feet in length which are fused into an apex at the

southern ends. Here, however, the maj ority of shells found at the midden belonged to marine

species as opposed to freshwater shells. The maximum height of this midden site was

approximately 5.3 m at maximum elevation. Many tests were placed in between the parallel

middens and at its northern ends, and they were found to be sterile of material culture besides the

shell refuse (Bullen 1972). Bullen attributes the sterility of these areas to the fact that the

inhabitants would have been careful not to block the outlet. One maj or test and three minor ones

were placed in the midden by Bullen and company, three being placed in the western part (Tests

A-C), and one being placed in the eastern line of shell (Test D). Test A was, by far, the largest

test, reaching a depth of approximately 4 m. The highest portion of this excavation block

consisted of sand-tempered plain sherds, and those of the Norwood Plain variety.

The next level of the block consisted of both Orange incised pottery and a sherd of St.

Johns plain ceramic. In the next level between, approximately 50-60 cm, the only ceramic

content was Orange incised, and in the last arbitrary level at about 2 m below surface the only

ceramic type to be found was Orange Plain. In the level where only incised Orange vessels were

found, there was no curvature in the sherds, which indicated to Bullen that these vessels were

flat-bottomed, straight-sided, rectangular containers. Incised motifs were difficult to identify on

these vessels due to the fact that many of the sherds were very fragmented. However, it was

ascertained to a certain degree that the incised designs on the vessels contained lines that were









straight and close together. One sherd did suggest a concentric diamond motif. The other tests

conducted at Palmer yielded comparatively fewer sherds than were found in Test A. Test B,

which was placed in the highest portion of the midden and dug to a depth of approximately 2 m,

produced one Orange incised sherd at about 1 m below surface. Test C on the on the other side

was dug to a little over 2 meters, and produced only one sand-tempered plain sherd in the higher

levels of the test. In the eastern portion of the site, Test D was excavated to a little less than 2 m,

and produced an Orange plain sherd as well as a sand tempered plain piece in the upper portion

of the unit. At about 1 m below the surface there were four Orange plain sherds and two Orange

incised sherds. Of importance concerning Palmer and its significance to the present study is that

Bullen mentions that there does not appear to be any sort of break at the times of the introduction

of, or changes in, ceramics at the site (Bullen 1972).

To Bullen, the Orange 3 phase is typified best by the Summer Haven, Cotton, and South

Indian Field sites (Bullen 1972). Summer Haven was considered important because it was one of

the few Orange period sites located to the east of the inland waterway, making the environmental

situation different from much of the St. Johns River where most Orange period sites are found

(Bullen and Bullen 1961). Summer Haven is said to be largely destroyed by the mining of its

shell for the construction of road beds. Bullen and associates worked on the eastern, undisturbed

portion of the site which was being threatened by the widening of Route A1A. The midden in

this portion was a little over 1 m in thickness. The excavations conducted at Summer Haven

consisted of two adjoining 3x3 m excavation blocks (Bullen and Bullen 1961). This midden

contained mostly Orange Plain and Orange Incised wares, though a Norwood Plain and a St.

Johns Plain sherd were also found within their excavations (Bullen 1972). Aside from the

ceramic assemblage recovered, the deposit was found to consist of shells with which were mixed









fluctuating degrees of charcoal, food bones, and occasional shell, bone, and stone tools (Bullen

and Bullen 1961). The forms of Orange Plain and Incised vessels were a mix of straight-sided,

round-mouthed, vessels with flat bottoms, and those that were not curved but had flat walls along

with flat bottoms. Walls of these vessels ranged from 4-13 mm in thickness, and the bases were

mostly 13 mm in thickness. The junction between the bases and walls were considered to be very

thick, averaging 25 mm, and many of the walls were described to be wedge-shaped (Bullen

1972). Rims and lips of the Orange vessels from Summer Haven were described as simple and

slightly rounded or wide and flat. Of the 3 54 rims examined by Bullen from Summer Haven, a

little over half were decorated. The Summer Haven Orange incised vessels had a very wide

variety of decorative motifs, according to Bullen. They were made up of different combinations

of straight lines, ticks, and punctations. There were no curved lines, punctuated backgrounds, or

concentric geometric figures found in examining these sherds. Designs described by Bullen

include vessels with 6 to 9 parallel slanting lines, sometimes bordered by ticks, crosshatching,

pendant hatched triangles, narrow hatched bands, and running frets (Bullen 1972). Rim

decoration largely coincided with the overall surface treatment of the walls. These attributes

differed enough from those listed by Bluffton and Palmer to warrant the designation of a new

Bullen sequence.

Summer Haven was also considered by the Bullens to offer a new view of the way of life

of peoples of the Late Orange period in east Florida. The pottery is considered here to vary little

when compared to the ceramics at Cotton and South Indian Field. Variations that do occur are

considered to be minute decorative differences of little significance (Bullen and Bullen 1961),

further justifying the designation of a third sub-period in his Orange phase sequence. The Cotton

Site and South Indian field sites were said to be extremely similar in their ceramic composition









as well as other forms of artifact assemblages. Bullen identified the Orange 4 phase at the

Sunday Bluff site, which he described as containing the first, "pure" Orange 4 deposits (Bullen

1972). Sunday Bluff is described as series of small shell middens located along a small tributary

of the St. Johns River.

In Bullen's test, the midden proper was a little under a meter in thickness and underlaid

by soft sand containing pre-ceramic bifaces. The midden was overlaid as well by soft sand, and it

contained Formative period artifacts such as St. Johns, and Deptford ceramics and more recent

pottery and biface types. The midden itself contained Orange Plain and Orange Incised sherds

exclusively, "except for some St. Johns Plain sherds, usually in higher levels" (Bullen 1972).

Both Orange Plain and Orange Incised sherds from Sunday Bluff almost exclusively take the

form of flat bottomed containers with thin walls, which are described to be approximately 6-9

mm in thickness. Traits of the Orange 3 phase are described as being absent from this site. Style

at the Sunday Bluff site is described as being simplistic incised designs when the ceramics were

decorated at all. Sunday Bluff, according to Bullen's descriptions, represented a terminal fiber-

tempered phase of the Florida northeast culture region because of similarities between shapes

and decorations of the, "succeeding St. Johns Plain and Incised vessels. This situation--plain

chalky ware in otherwise fiber-tempered levels--has been reported for both the South Indian

Field and Cotton Sites" (Bullen 1972). At a nearby site called the Colby Site Bullen states that

Dr. Thomas Couchmore of Jacksonville had also found St. Johns sherds in fiber-tempered levels

of his tests. Also found at the Colby site were, "St. Johns Plain Sherds containing a little fiber-

tempering" (Bullen 1972).

Bullen discusses a period which was dubbed Transitional, and believed that the Orange

period ended by about 3,000 B.P. He further discusses a site which he believes to represent this










"transitional" period which he had identified. The Zabski site is described as originally being a

one-period midden, and there was not a single fiber tempered sherd to be found. There were,

however, St. Johns Plain, Incised, Pinched, Triangular Punctated, indented, and side lugged;

Pasco and Perico Plain, Perico Linear Punctated; and sand-tempered plain sherds (Bullen 1972).

The St. Johns vessels here are considered to be similar in form and decorative treatment to many

of the Orange vessels, but the site lacked any fiber-tempered vessels, signifying to Bullen the

close of the Orange period and the transition to a new phase of Florida ceramic assemblages.

St. Johns phase ceramics: The St. Johns cultural sequence is described as, "The

Formative Stage," denoting a beginning of formal, settled communities, with the gradual

development of more complex forms of political and religious community organization, is

marked by a great deal more regional diversity than the earlier stages as (Milanich and Fairbanks

1980)." It is believed that this diversity resulted from local adaptations to varied ecological

conditions within the state (Janus Research 1996). The same seasonal pattern involving

movement between the coast and river, said to be established during the Orange phase, is said to

have continued during the early St. Johns period. This seasonal patterning, however, can be

challenged, since there may have been more than one culture occupying differing environmental

niches, one being on the coast and the other on the riverine interior. This may have earlier roots

in a sedentary lifestyle that began in the Orange and continued through to the early St. Johns

period. These can be marked in differences in ceramic assemblages and other artifacts between

the interior and coastal settlements. Further work is warranted to determine whether or not

coastal and interior sites represent a seasonal movement of a single people, or the habitation of

differing environmental niches by two groups of people similar in some regards, but different in

many others.









The St. Johns culture is said to be probably developed out of the fiber-tempered Orange

culture found in the same region during the Late Archaic period, with great continuity in relation

to the Timucuan speaking groups who lived in the region during the colonial period (Milanich

1994). The basic life-ways of St. Johns I culture are described as not too different from its

Orange Late Archaic predecessor, who are said to have had a hunter-gatherer economy, while

occupying villages and camps adj acent to many coastal and freshwater resources (Milanich

1994). Numerous archaeological surveys and excavations have significantly demonstrated that

many Orange and St. Johns I period artifacts are often found at the same locales, and often at the

same sites (Milanich 1994)! This is attributed to continuity of a cultural- chronological sequence,

but may, in fact, represent a contemporaneous rather than a sequential relationship between the

two ceramic types.

The first recognized St. Johns Ceramic type is that of the St. Johns I (2500-1900 B.P.)

variety, and is described as a village ware with both plain surfaces and incised surface treatment

(Milanich 1994). Forming techniques attributed to this ware describe a ceramic type that is

coiled for all known wares. Some of the pottery is punctated or pinched, and the vessels, in a

very few instances, exhibit the appearance of side-lug appendages. St. Johns la (1900-1500 B.P.)

describes village pottery that consists, for the most part, of undecorated wares found in

association with Late Deptford and Swift Creek Pottery.

St. Johns Ib (1500-1350 B.P.) is described similarly as undecorated village pottery, often

found with other ceramic types such as Weeden Island and Dunns Creek Red. These phases of

St. Johns I pottery both are defined as a type by a surrounding context, and not by any traits

inherent within the ceramics themselves. St. Johns IIa (1350-950 B.P.) is where the first check-

stamped St. Johns wares were identified. This pottery is said to be found often in association









with Weeden Island variety ceramics. St. Johns IIb (950-487 B.P.) is once again defined by its

context, and not by any traits inherent within the ceramics themselves. This type is check-

stamped pottery like its predecessor but found in association with Fort Walton and Safety Harbor

pottery along with Southeastern ceremonial complex obj ects. Also noted of this ceramic type is a

Mississippian influence at the sites in which they are found. St. Johns IIc is also described as

check-stamped pottery, but in this case, in association with European artifacts in some middens

and mounds. This pottery is said to belong to the various Timucuan-speaking groups described in

European documentation (Milanich: 1994)

The Late Archaic and its Contextual Relationship
to Tick Island and the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24)

The Late Archaic (5500-3000 B.P.): The most important development during the Late

Archaic, as far as the subj ect of this paper is concerned, is the selective regional development of

fiber-tempered ceramics throughout the Southeast. The word "selective" is used here because,

although there was widespread population growth and a profusion of sites in the region, ceramics

only seemed to be innovated and utilized in certain core areas. These core areas were along the

St. Johns River with Orange Phase ceramics, in South Carolina with the Stallings Island variety

of fiber-tempered pottery, and Thoms Creek a little north of the Stallings Island area (Sassaman

1993). With the widespread occupation and interregional interaction of the time, people would

most certainly be aware of this innovation in cooking and serving technology, but for some

reason its spread was being hindered. This once again suggests the possibility that some vested

interests were at work to stifle this innovation. It also lends additional support to a main theme of

this paper; that is, that not all traits and innovations will automatically be adopted within a

culture, regardless of their functionality or expedience.









The Archaeology of Harris Creek (8VO'24) on Tick Island

Tick Island, bordered by Lake Dexter, Lake Woodruff, and Mud Lake on the 440 km

stretch of the St. Johns River (Jahn and Bullen 1978), was initially identified during the 19

century expeditions of Clarence B. Moore on the middle portion of the river. The Harris Creek

Site (8VO'24) is a ceremonial shell midden with materials ranging from the Middle Archaic

period (7000-5000 BP), up to the St. Johns IIb (1950-487 BP) period of Florida cultural

chronology (Jahn and Bullen 1978). It was described by its initial investigator as having "a wild

appearance, covered as it is with gnarled live oak and towering palmetto with trailing vine and

tangled undergrowth." (Moore 1892a in Aten 1999). Moore reported his Hieldwork conducted in

February, March, and April of 1891 at the island and its northernmost site (8VO25), but it wasn't

until 1893 that he discussed the main southern site, the Harris Creek Site (8VO24), which is the

subj ect of this current study.

Moore' s initial description of the Harris Creek site (8VO'24) referred to "a circular heap

of shell converging to an apex at the center." (Jahn and Bullen 1978). The excavation conducted

at the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) was a 2. 1xl.2 m test block, which was excavated to a depth of

2.7 m. In his excavation block, Moore encountered a layer of humus in the first .4 m, and in the

remaining 2.3 m, was a thick layer of shell deposit with a heavy concentration of plain and

decorated fiber-tempered pottery (Moore 1892 in Aten 1999). A review of further documentation

by Moore revealed that there were additional excavations that he conducted at the Harris Creek

Site (8VO24). In these excavations, Moore uncovered bone tools, and proj ectile points alongside

the ornamented pottery, at a depth of 2.4-3 m. Another pit excavated by Moore revealed four

burials, one of which is described as "flexed and directly over a fireplace, but gave no evidence

of contact with flames" (Moore 1892 in Aten 1999).









Francis Bushnell did additional work at Tick Island in 1959, and furthered the

archaeological knowledge base concerning it by mapping the island in relation to its cultural and

natural features (Aten 1999). During his work there, he conducted controlled surface collections,

and divided the site into four separate areas differentiated by the letters A-D, which are still

referred to today when discussing the site. Of particular significance was Area D, which

consisted of 18-20 burials beneath shell at a depth of approximately 1.5 m below the surface.

One of these skeletons was found to have several projectile points embedded in it. Several of the

skulls have been interpreted to have been crushed in a violent manner. It is possible, however,

that they were crushed by the weight and pressure of the overlying sediment over a long period

of time. Area A was where the greatest diversity of ceramic types were found, ranging from

Orange period ceramics to the St. Johns II period. Area C of Bushnell's observations was a

mortuary segment of the site with three small inland shell mounds, each containing a single

burial. The only area that was not as substantially destroyed as the other areas was Area D, and

Bushnell conducted controlled excavations of this area. He described it as follows: "A striking

'hill' or rise which might at first be mistaken for a temple mound structure. In this rise, sherds of

the St. Johns Period are almost absent, being found only on the direct surface. Orange plain

appears only at a shallow depth, with a possible preceramic region showing up at about two

feet."

Later work at Tick Island includes controlled surface collections and observations made

by Otto Jahn between 1964 and 1969 at the Harris Creek Site (8VO24). In the 1980s, there were

also core samples taken from archaeological deposits and well-preserved organic materials (Aten

1999). The site' s integrity has been highly compromised as of today, since the island was heavily

damaged by shell mining conducted throughout the 19 century up to the 1970s. Tick Island is









heavily inundated and just a little shell is exposed over the water' s surface. Luckily, salvage

excavations have preserved a great many of the artifacts from the site, and they are available for

study at the Florida Museum of Natural History in Gainesville, Florida. New AMS dating

techniques make it possible to determine accurate dates from just a small amount of soot deposits

from ceramics used over an open flame. This valuable technology now makes it easier to get an

idea of context concerning these ceramics since the sherds can be more precisely dated. This

advance has allowed archaeologists to make new interpretations concerning sites like Tick Island

in which a stratigraphic context is no longer available. Recent work done concerning Tick Island,

was the dating of northeastern Florida's Orange ceramics to obtain a more refined and accurate

chronology regarding these types. The maj ority of these sherds came from Tick Island and

Mouth of Silver Glen Run (Sassaman 2003). These new dates have inspired further research,

included here, into the nature of Orange-period ceramics as they relate to surrounding St. Johns

ceramics, as well as currently held cultural-historic beliefs concerning Archaic and formative

Florida ceramics.

The Geography and Environmental Setting of the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24)

The Harris Creek site (8VO'24) is located on Tick Island in the St. Johns valley between

Lake Dexter and Lake Woodruff. The valley at this location is broad compared to the areas to the

north and south (Jahn and Bullen 1978). Tick Island was described at the time of Jahn and

Bullen's report as being forested, except for marsh on the western end, with a wooded swamp

along the edges and a pine and palmetto forest in the central higher elevations. A wooded swamp

to the north of the island runs across to the mainland. This geographic description was made in

1978 by Otto Jahn and Ripley Bullen, but land alterations over the years since then could have

changed the site's present physiographic and geographic appearance.









More current descriptions of the site' s geography include references to a 16-Km expanse

of streams, shallow lakes, vast marshes, and tree hammocks (Aten 1999). The Harris Creek Site

(8VO'24) itself is located on the southeast portion of the island. It is described as having very

little current flow, and a good habitat for the Viviparus georgianus freshwater snail, the dominant

species of shell found at Tick Island. The predominant soil type found across the floodplain at

Tick Island is a Terra Ceia Muck, which is a highly organic and hydrated deposit. Elevations in

the floodplain surrounding Tick Island and its associated sites are estimated to be below 1.5 m

(Aten 1999). This floodplain soil type plays host to a wide range of vegetation including; saw

grass marshes, cordgrass marshes, and hammocks containing a variety of hardwood tree species.

The center of the island has the area' s highest elevation of 3.3 m and is defined in county soil

surveys as nearly level with poorly drained, Farmton fine sand. This type of sand is described as

being developed on top of clayey and silty marine sands that underlie the floodplain deposits

around the island's borders. Between the aforementioned soils found in Tick Island's

environmental setting is a third type that transitions between the two as the island slopes into the

flood plain. This soil type is defined by county soil surveys as Tuscawilla Eine sand which,

logically, is a mixture of the soil types on the island and in the floodplain. Lowland hardwood

hammock vegetation is considered more typical on this transitory soil type (Aten 1999).

The surrounding middle and upper reaches of the St. Johns River valley are well-known

for a series of shell midden sites. Tick Island is probably the largest and best-known. A post-

glacial rise in sea level during the Middle Holocene backed up the St. Johns River to leave a

series of shallow lakes, oxbows, and dead rivers. This was an ideal environment for freshwater

shellfish such as the Viviparus georgianus, mentioned previously, as well as large apple snails

(Pomacea paludosa), and an array of mussels and freshwater clams (Jahn and Bullen 1978). This


























Measured C13/C12 Conventional Intercept Intercept 2- 2-
Sigma Sigma
Lab Site C14 Ratio C14 (Cal BC) (Cal BP) (Cal (Cal
Number Sample* Material Age (BP) (0/00) Age (BP) BC) BP)
Beta- 8LAl- 3690+/- 3680 +/- 2210- 4160-
166671 12 soot 60 -25.8 60 2040 3990 1900 3850
Beta- 4020 +/- 4020 +/- 2850- 4800-
166672 8LAl-6 soot 60 -25.2 60 2560 4510 2820 4770
2860- 4630-
2520 4480 2430 4380
2500 4440
Beta- 8LAl- 4060 +/- 4070 +/- 2860- 4810-
166673 27 soot 40 -24A4 40 2580 4540 2810 4760
2690- 4640-
2480 4430
Beta- 8LA28- 3600+/- 3610 +/- 2120- 4060-
166674 2 soot 40 -24.6 40 1950 3900 2100 4050
2040- 3990-
1880 3830
Beta- 8LA24- 3600+/- 3630 +/- 2130- 4080-
166675 21 soot 40 -23.3 40 1970 3920 2180 4030
Beta- 8LA24- 3730+/- 3740 +/- 2280- 4230-
166676 1 soot 40 -24A4 40 2140 4090 2030 3980
Beta- 8LA24- 3920+/- 3930 +/- 2550- 4500-
166677 252-1 soot 40 -24.1 40 2460 4410 2540 4480
2490- 4440-
2300 4250
*8LA-1 Mouth of Silver Glen Run; 8LA28-Mosquito Hammock; 8VO24-Tick Island
Sassaman 2003: New AMS Dates on Orange Fiber-Tempered Pottery from the Middle St. Johns
Valley and Their Implications for Culture History in Northeast Florida. The Florida
Anthropologist 56(1):6-13


change in environment opened up a cornucopia for aboriginal peoples of the region to exploit,

and is most likely responsible for the utilization of Tick Island as well as the various other


midden sites found in the St. Johns River valley (Jahn and Bullen 1978).

Table 2-1


Data on AMS


Assays of Soot Samples from Orange Fiber-Tempered Sherds
from Middle St. Johns Valley Sites
I I I I Calibration









CHAPTER 3
ANALYTICAL IVETHODS

All of the ceramics studied for this analysis were cleaned, processed, and curated at the

Florida Museum of Natural History long before this analysis was undertaken. These ceramics

were collected over many years during several expeditions made to Tick Island and the Harris

Creeks site (8VO24), and have long since resided at the museum. Since this analysis was focused

on a vessel unit of study, the sample chosen for examination was confined to rim sherds. Vessels

chosen to be studied included Orange and St. Johns Incised vessel sherds, typed as such based on

macroscopic and tactile properties of the paste. Although one of the primary concerns of this

study was style, the St. Johns plain vessels were chosen in order to have something to compare

vessels with both decorative and non-decorative surface treatments as they relate to issues of

form and function. There were no Orange vessels that were undecorated in order to make a

similar selection.

Analyzed vessels were coded according to several physical and stylistic attributes to be

used to compare and contrast the different ceramics. Physical attributes included temper, body

thickness, form and function. Stylistic attributes were coded for presence or absence of

decoration, and stylistic elements -- both simple and complex. Simple elements are considered

those that take one stroke of a stylus such as a horizontal line, vertical line, diagonal line, or tick

mark. Complex elements were those combining simple elements to provide different shapes and

figures. Certain vessel sherds of the St. Johns type that had soot deposits present on the exterior

were chosen in order to get direct dates associated with that pottery to help further refine the

cultural-chronological sequence. Orange vessels were not included in the AMS dating, since

dates have already been acquired from several Orange sherds within the region (Sassaman 2003).

The reason for studying physical attributes in conjunction with stylistic ones is that the










present study believes style and function are not mutually exclusive categories. Stylistic traits

applied to vessel surfaces may in fact be related to the type of function for which the ceramic

may have been intended. Differing vessel forms, although more conducive to different functions

(Hally 1986), can be considered a stylistic and functional trait. Style has long been used as a

descriptor of exterior decorative surface treatment, but may not be so easily separated from

function. It is hoped that the following evidence provided by this analysis will demonstrate that.

Physical Attributes of Harris Creek (8VO'24) Vessels

Temper: This attribute refers to the inclusion of extra materials in the clay before firing a

vessel in order to alter the performance characteristics or other physical properties of the vessel.

As a noun, it refers to the components within the paste of a vessel assumed to have been added

intentionally, and as a verb, it refers to the action of adding components not naturally occurring

in the clay (Rice 1987: 406). These tempering agents were used to change the properties of the

clay during the various stages of its production throughout and after its firing. Tempers used over

various times and locations, have varied greatly according to the intentions of the potter. Agents

used to temper vessels have included plant: grass, or plant fibers, chaff or straw, cattail fuzz, and

plant silica. Tempering materials derived from animals have included shell, sponge spicules, and

dung. Mineral tempering has been used as well, and has included various types of crushed rock,

such as limestone, sandstone, andesite, trachyte, basalt, sand (as it is composed of quartz), and

volcanic ash. Material of human origin, such as former potsherds and brick remnants, have also

been cited as examples of tempering elements used by some potters (Rice 1987:407). Of key

significance is the clear evidence that tempering agents were deliberately chosen by potters for

specific purposes. This leads to the obvious question of what those purposes might have been

(Rye 1976). What technological advantages did one tempering material provide over another?









In order to determine the tempering agents used in the ceramics examined for this study,

all specimens were viewed microscopically. Before viewing, a sample was taken from the least

intrusive portion of the sherd in order to avoid damaging the surface treatment of such

specimens. It was important to collect as much information as possible while incurring the least

possible damage. It is often necessary to make a break in the ceramic before viewing it

microscopically because when they are taken out of their original archaeological context, many

of the surrounding minerals and debris end up mixing with the exposed core. In order to

minimize the risk of including material from the surrounding environment in which the sherd

was found, a break was needed to view the core as it was at the time of its original deposition

into the archaeological record.

Tempering agents seen in the sherds studied at Harris Creek (8VO'24) include sponge

spicules, and plant fibers (presumably from Spanish moss and palmetto plants). Both agents have

been noted as creating different qualities within a vessel intended for a particular type of use.

Experiments conducted on organic tempered ceramics have revealed some of the advantageous

qualities of using plant fibers as an additive to clay (Skibo, Schiffer, and Reid 1989). The main

advantage that fiber-tempered vessels appear to have provided was an ease of portability because

of their light weight, which would have made them an ideal pottery type for mobile or semi-

mobile hunter-gatherer groups. Fiber-tempered pottery, as opposed to those vessels tempered by

sand, has been shown to be up to 34% lighter in overall weight. This reduction in weight is also

credited with making the vessels less likely to break when accidentally dropped. Another

advantage of porous vessels is that the pores particularly larger pores work to inhibit the

propagation of cracks as a reaction to temperature change. If a crack begins, it is halted by the

pore (Rye 1976). Disadvantages of fiber-tempered pottery are that they are more susceptible to









abrasion than mineral or un-tempered vessels due to the porous nature of their pastes. Organic-

tempered vessels also did not have efficient heating effectiveness. Because they were thick and

porous, it was difficult for heat to transfer from the exterior to the interior. It is of interest to

note, however, that these vessels were still used over an open flame to a lesser extent in spite of

this inefficiency (Sassaman 2003). Although experimental studies have not been done on

sponge-tempered vessels to the extent that they have on those of organic-tempering, one can

infer that these would have similar properties to either the untempered or mineral-tempered

vessels. (Skibo et al. 1989). These vessels would have been more effective for heating, less

susceptible to abrasion, and heavier.

Wall thickness: The attribute of wall thickness is related to a containers size, and

intended use (Rice 1987:227), as well as the strength of the clay being used to craft a particular

vessel. Wall thickness for this analysis was measured three centimeters below the lip with a pair

of calipers. The thickness of a wall is said to affect three main aspects of mechanical

performance; namely, thermal conductivity, flexural strength (breakage load), and resistance to

thermal shock (Braun 1983). It has generally been thought that thicker vessels are more

appropriate for storage purposes since a thicker base is said to increase stability as well as keep

moisture in or out of the vessel (Rice 1987:227). Thicker walls are also said to be stronger and

more resistant to sharp blows during pounding, stirring, or mixing. They serve as a disadvantage

during cooking due to the fact that it takes much longer for them to conduct heat, as opposed to

their thinner counterparts. Thin walls are quicker conductors of heat, and they benefit their users

by increasing the vessel's potential for resistance to thermal shock (Braun 1983). The

disadvantage of these thin walls is their decreased flexural strength, but this weakness can be

counteracted by the curvature of the vessel (Braun 1983). It is thought that the smaller the radius









of curvature of any given wall, the higher its resistance will be to mechanically induced fracture.

Thick walls are said to be useful in transfer functions because the walls are slow to conduct heat

from the inside out, making the vessel easier to grasp, but their disadvantage is their heavier

weight which makes the vessel difficult to handle despite being cool to the touch (Rice 1987:

228). This disadvantage could, however, be counteracted by thick-walled, fiber-tempered vessels

in which the porosity would make them about a third lighter than most vessels tempered with

other agents (Skibo et al. 1989). Wall thickness from the Harris Creek (8VO'24) vessels, was

measured with calipers. All thickness measurements of the ceramics studied here were taken at 3

cm below the lip of each sherd.

Rim form: Form was recorded for each sherd using a contour gauge, a tool made up of

wire bristles in which an obj ect' s form is duplicated when pressed into the bristles, leaving a

replica of the obj ect' s shape within the gauge. After the contour gauge was utilized, the shape

was traced onto graph paper from the shape formed in the bristles. The resulting profiles of each

vessel were examined and then coded as a particular form based on the attributes of each profile.

Different forms are seen as being conducive to particular functions.

Certain physical and morphological features determine the limits of a vessel's mechanical

performance characteristics, and can therefore be used with a good degree of confidence in

making certain inferences about their use (Hally 1986). Five vessel forms were identified and

recorded from the profiles studied here. These included (Figure 3-1) bowls, trays, boat-shaped

vessels, and flat-walled vessels. It was difficult to draw an accurate vessel profile for trays and

boat-shaped vessels due to the inconsistencies on the surface of their rims. These two categories

were, therefore, identified directly from the sherds themselves (Figure 3-2), and not from the

drawn profiles. These categories were subj ectively categorized based on sherds that exhibited









characteristics in a consistent manner, but were not readily identifiable from previously

identified forms (Hally 1986). Boat-shaped vessels were so named, because their walls

resembled the sidewall of a canoe, curving upward and inward to an end point, or presumed

convergence point, with the other wall. A trait not recorded for these boat-shaped vessels, but

observed during this analysis, was that on the wall near the convergence points there was almost

always a purposely drilled hole, which is interpreted here as a suspension hole to place the

vessels over an open flame. Some vessel sherds were placed in the category of trays because of

the sharp angle they made when placed against a flat surface to interpret profile form. Any other

sherds, except the boat-shaped variety, would measure closer to a 90-degree angle where the rim

intersected with a flat surface. Flat-walled vessel sherds were so classified because they lacked

any curvature down the wall when their rim was placed on a flat surface. These types of walls

may have met with other walls of the same vessel to form rectangular containers. Such

containers have been recorded among undecorated vessels of the first designated Orange phase,

but appear as decorated vessels, since all of the Orange vessels studied at Tick Island had incised

decorative motifs. Undecorated Orange vessels were absent from this mortuary site, but there

was a large group of St. Johns vessels that were undecorated and selected as units of study.

Stylistic Attributes of Harris Creek (8VO'24) Vessels

After the physical attributes were identified and recorded, the focus of the analysis

turned to the stylistic tendencies of the ceramics. Style, in this context, has been defined as

variation in image design, as distinct from designs that are considered to be representational,

nature-based, and realistic, which constitute renditions of subj ects seen by the potter (Rice 1987:

247). Other vessels can take on designs that are considered abstract, iconic, or geometric, in

which the style has been reduced to a selection of particular features considered in some way as









essential or basic (Rice 1987: 246-248). Stylistic designs on incised vessels at the Harris Creek

site (8VO'24) were all geometric in nature and applied by the potters to achieve various stylistic

motifs. All aspects of pottery creation can be construed as style, since the potters make a set of

decisions related to such characteristics as form, temper, wall thickness, and surface treatment,

all of which are expressions of the activities and symbolism important to the culture at large. The

term culture will be used here to refer to the active use of shared symbols among a given people.

These symbols can be manipulated and changed over time in the course of rebellions and

assimilation in the ever-present process of culture negotiation that takes place among sentient

beings that utilize symbols

When doing the stylistic analysis, sherds were first coded for the presence or absence of

decoration. Vessels sherds were then analyzed for the type of design that was applied upon their

surfaces. Pottery design at Tick Island have been categorized as either incised or check-stamped,

however, check-stamped sherds have been excluded from this study because there were too few

specimens available (only two) to draw any significant conclusions about stylistic or

technological tendencies among these vessel types.

In analyzing the quality of design application on the vessels, a subj ective category was

coded for. It was noted in the initial examination of these sherds, that several vessels had their

design applied with great care and detail (Figure 3-3), while others were seen to have designs

applied in a haphazard fashion with little concern for quality (Figure 3-4). Obviously, these

categorizations are based on subj ective value judgments. However, when the two categories are

compared, the distinct differences become apparent and would certainly seem to support these

inferences. Upon this initial observation it was apparent that new questions would have to be

raised to account for these differences in the degree of care taken in the application.









This study coded for simple and complex design elements. A simple element is defined

as involving a one-directional stroke of a stylus creating a horizontal, vertical, or diagonal line,

or punctation. A complex element is defined as a series of these simple elements to form a

patterned design or a shape.

It was also found during the analysis that many of the designs had either a prologue of

horizontal bands that preceded the main design motif (Figure 3-5), or an epilogue that was drawn

underneath the design motif (Figure 3-6). Incised sherds were coded for lines preceding the

design and lines concluding the design, and a count was taken of the number of these bands and

recorded for each sherd. It was of interest here whether these preceding or concluding lines had

any impact on the overall motif of the vessel in terms of any possible grammatical rules

concerning design application below or above the band or bands. As it progressed, this analysis

focused more specifically on a study of incised treatments found at the Harris Creek Site

(8VO24), since this was the predominant type of stylistic expression occurring on all of the

vessels regardless of paste differences.

AMS Dates From the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island

Many sponge-tempered incised sherds, as well as some in the fiber-tempered and dual-

tempered categories, exhibited soot deposits on the exterior surface indicating use over an open

flame. Sherds were first coded for the presence or absence of this soot, which had two

advantages. The first being the strong evidence it provided for cooking function, since it can be

reasonably inferred that vessels placed over an open flame were used to heat food. The second

advantage is that the presence of soot thanks to recent advances in radiometry makes it

possible to ascribe direct dates to ceramics even when found out of their original archaeological

context and cultural deposit. Direct radiometric dates can now be taken from sherds with only a









minimal amount of soot present. This is because improvements in accelerated mass spectrometry

(AMS) technology have made it possible to achieve very accurate dating from even a pin-point

sized sample of carbon (Sassaman 2003) This type of dating has proven to be very successful in

its utilization throughout the Southeast and other areas. In the course of this study, samplings of

soot deposit taken from fiye St. Johns cooking vessels from the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on

Tick Island were sent to AMS labs for dating. These dates were to be used to refine established

cultural historic chronology at Tick Island specifically, with possible implications for the broader

region. These dates, however, should not be over-extrapolated to represent a whole Florida

sequence. In fact, one of the obj ectives in acquiring these dates was to support this paper' s

contention that the Florida cultural-chronological sequence may be a case of over-extrapolation

of dates from highly separated sites and regions, and that pottery forms and types may have

changed in different ways over time at these sites.











10351$.020


Figure 3-1_ Examples of (a) bowl form; (b) flat wall form(c) jar form.


IL ~l~r-(b)
Figure 3-2. Photographs of (a) boat-shaped vessel form; (b) tray vessel forms.


Figure 3-3. Examples of designs with complex elements from Tick Island.


I


(a)
















Figure 3-4. Examples of designs with simple elements from Tick Island.













Figure 3-5. Example of designs with banded prologues to decorative motifs.













Figure 3-6. Example of designs with banded epilogues to decorative motifs.









CHAPTER 4
ANALYTICAL RESULTS

Results from this analysis will be discussed beginning with the new AMS dates obtained

from the selected sherds at Tick Island in order to provide a chronological context in which to

better position the sherds in culture history. Following this discussion of the new AMS dates,

will be a description of the results of the analysis of the stylistic characteristics of the specimens.

Concluding the discussion will be an analysis of the techno-functional aspects of the ceramics.


AMS Dating from the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island

The AMS dating from vessel sherds tempered only with sponge spicules at Tick Island

yielded dates as recent as 2700 +/- 40 B.P., and also yielded a much earlier date of 41 10 +/- 40

B.P. (Table 4-2). As far as the cultural-chronological schemes in current use are concerned, this

places these sponge-tempered vessels in alignment with Bullen's Orange I sub-period of the Late

Archaic at Tick Island. The most recent dates that came from spicule-tempered vessels at the

Tick Island site placed them in the Orange 5 phase of the Late Archaic. This new data makes it

necessary to look at Orange and St. Johns vessels in a new light.

Vessel # A349.007 (2700 +/- 40 B.P.): This sherd was a sponge-tempered incised vessel

containing only sponge spicules in the paste. The wall thickness of this vessel sherd was

approximately 13 mm. The vessel was incised in a hasty fashion, and contained only simple

elements. The simple elements incised into the vessel sherd's surface were horizontal and

vertical lines, and the overall patterning was concluded with one horizontal band. (Figure 4-7).

Vessel # A348.030 (2700 +/- 40 B.P): The assay of soot from this vessel sherd matched

the same AMS date of the previous one, and was a bowl form. It was a sponge-tempered incised

vessel, and the wall thickness of this vessel was approximately 8 mm. The design incised on the









exterior of the sherd was interpreted to be hastily applied, but contained both simple and

complex elements. Simple design elements included horizontal lines, diagonal lines moving from

the bottom right side to the top left side, and diagonal lines moving from the bottom left side to

the top right side. These simple elements came together to form one complex element on the

vessel, which was a triangle. The vessel design was preceded by one horizontal band concluding

the decorative motif (Figure 4-8).

Vessel # A348.003 (2940 +/- 40 B.P.): This vessel sherd was an undecorated sponge-

tempered ware that took on the form of a bowl. It was purely tempered with sponge spicules

since microscopic analysis did not indicate the present of burnt out plant fibers. The vessel had a

wall thickness of about 10.75 mm. (Figure 4-9).

Vessel # 103272.016 (3370 +/- 40 B.P. : This was a boat-sha ed vessel sherd with a wall

thickness of approximately 9 mm. This particular vessel, like the previous two, was only

tempered with sponge-spicules. This vessel however, unlike the more recent ones, had a careful

design application, although the design included only simple elements. These were horizontal

lines as well as diagonal ones that went from bottom left to top right. This vessel, unlike the

previous ones, had lines preceding the overall design rather than concluding it. There were two

horizontal bands running parallel to the rim (Figure 4-10).

Vessel # 99921.020 (4110 +/- 40 B.P.): This oldest of the vessels studied was boat-

shaped in form, and was tempered only with sponge spicules. It had a wall thickness of

approximately 8.25 mm, but the condition and form of this specimen also precluded a

measurement of orifice diameter or the creation of a profile drawing. The design on this sponge-

tempered vessel was carefully applied and included both simple and complex elements

contributing to the overall motif. Simple elements included diagonal lines running in both









directions, as well as horizontal lines. Complex elements for this vessel included what have been

defined here as closed chevrons, as well as triangles, and a reverse Y shape. This vessel had two

bands running parallel to the rim and preceding the overall design motif (Figure 4-11).

Stylistic Results from the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island

Vessel type and design application: There was definitely a significant difference as to

the manner in which designs were applied to vessels according to type. (Table 4-3). Of the 19

purely fiber-tempered vessel sherds observed, none had a hasty application of the design while

all 19 had what was considered to be a carefully applied motif. When looking at the 50 vessel

sherds tempered with, both plant fibers and sponge spicules, three (6%) had a hasty design

application, and 47 (94%) had designs implemented with care and precision. Among the 76

vessel sherds purely tempered with sponge spicules, 71 (93.42 %) were considered to have a

hasty application, while only 5 (6.58%) were considered to have designs that were applied with

care.

Design element complexity and type: Fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessel sherds

had a much lower number of stand-alone simple elements than those with simple elements

coming together to form more complex designs. (Table 4-4). Out of the 19 fiber-tempered vessel

sherds examined 6 (31.58%) had simple elements alone, while 13 (68.42%) had simple elements

which combined to make a more complex design motif. The dual tempered vessels were similar

in their percentage with 15 (30%) of the total 50 vessel sherds having only simple elements, and

35 (70%) having complex elements. Out of the 76 sponge-tempered vessel sherds, 37 (48.68%)

had stand-alone simple incised elements, while 39 (51.32%) had simple elements worked

together to form more complex elements for the overall vessel motif.

There was absolutely no presence of bands on the epilogue of either dual-tempered or









fiber-tempered vessel sherds, and epilogue bands never exceeded one. This was a trait reserved

totally for sponge-tempered vessel sherds, since all 47 that exhibited a design epilogue had a

pure sponge-spicule tempering. (Table 4-5). Sponge-tempered vessel sherds did have minor

representation in those vessels with a banded prologue, with Hyve (14.71%) of the total 34 vessels

with prologues being St. Johns. The fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessel sherds made up the

rest of these motif prologues with a representation of six fiber-tempered vessel sherds (17.65%),

and 23 dual-tempered vessel sherds (67.64%). Out of the total 52 incised sponge spicule vessel

sherds with banding, 47 (90.3 8%) had banding below the motif and 5 (9.52%) had it above the

motif. Out of the total sample of 81 incised vessels with some sort of banding, 47 (58.02%) had

banding below the design and 34 (41.98%) had banding above the design.

It is apparent from reviewing the data that bands preceding a design were a trait

designated mainly for fiber-tempered (Figure 4-12) and dual-tempered (Figure 4-14) vessel

sherds. There was a far greater range in the number of bands applied as well as the frequency of

these bands occurring on these types of ceramics. They were found to a far lesser degree on some

of the sponge-tempered vessel sherds, and their range of band numbers greatly decreased to one

to two bands (Figure 4-13), as opposed to the fiber-tempered prologue bands whose numbers

ranged from one to ten bands and the dual-tempered vessel sherds whose bands ranged from one

to eight. As far as concluding design bands are concerned, this was a trait reserved specifically

for sponge-tempered vessel sherds, and there was no variation in band numbers. All of these

sherds were concluded with just one band running horizontally below the main design motif.

There were a total of 47 sponge-tempered vessels with a horizontal band running below the rim's

design.









Techno-Functional Results From the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) At Tick Island

Temper: Of the total 145 vessel sherds (Table 4-6) from the Harris Creek Site that were

examined, there were 19 (13.1%) specimens that were tempered only with fiber, and 76

(52.42%) that were tempered only with sponge spicules. Dual tempering was represented with 50

(34.48%) vessel sherds. There was a very substantial use of two tempers in vessel sherds that

would normally be classified as Orange ceramics according to currently utilized macroscopic

properties.

Function: On looking at function in relation to temper (Table 4-6), it was observed that a

large proportion of specimens of fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessels showed no indication

of soot deposits. Out of 19 fiber-tempered vessels examined only Hyve (26.32%) showed evidence

of use over an open-flame, while 14 (65.22%) showed no such evidence. On the other hand, a

much greater proportion of the sponge-tempered specimens contained soot as evidence of use

over an open flame. When looking at the 50 dual-tempered vessels 19 (3 8%) showed clear

evidence of soot deposits while the other 3 1 (62%) showed no signs of such deposits. Of the 1 18

sponge-tempered vessel sherds examined, 75 (63.56%) showed evidence of use over an open

flame, while 43 (48.87%) did not.

Form: The maj ority of fiber-tempered and dual tempered sherds took on the form of

either bowls or flat-walled vessels (Table 4-7).There was a very small minority of these vessels

that had taken the form of a jar. Jars were not included in the analysis of form since their

presence was so small that they were unable to relay any significant information. Of the total 19

fiber-tempered vessel sherds under analysis or the 48 dual-tempered vessels, there was no

presence of the boat-shaped form. This was found only among the sponge-tempered vessels.

There were 6 (31.58%) bowl shapes, and 13 (68.42%) flat-walled vessel sherds making this latter









form the maj ority of fiber-tempered vessels. The 48 dual-tempered vessels consisted of only

bowls and flat walls. The boat-shaped vessels, as stated earlier, were only found among sponge-

tempered vessels. Of the 48 dual-tempered vessels, 14 (29.2%) were found to take on a bowl

form, and 34 (70.8%) were flat-walled vessel sherds. The great maj ority of dual- tempered

vessels were those consisting of flat walls as shown by the statistics. These percentages are very

similar to the forms making up purely fiber-tempered vessels. When viewing the 111 sponge-

tempered vessel sherds, 15 (13.5 1%) of them were the newly identified boat-shaped vessels, 57

(5 1.3 5%) were bowls, and 3 9 (3 5. 14%) were flat-walled vessels. The emphasis shifts from flat-

walled vessels in the fiber-tempered type, to bowl forms in the sponge-tempered type. However,

flat-walled vessels still make up a significant number of the sponge-tempered type vessel sherds.

Boat-shaped vessels were unique to the sponge-spicule paste.

Form and function: There were a total of five fiber-tempered vessel sherds that had

soot deposits present on the exterior (Table 4-8). There were three (60%) sooted bowls and 2

(40%) sooted flat-walled vessels. There were a total of 14 unsooted, fiber-tempered vessel sherds

under study, and of these, 3 (21.43%) were bowl-shaped, and 11 (78.57%) were flat-walled.

There was a significantly larger number of unsooted flat-walled vessels as far as this sampling is

concerned. When looking at dual-tempered vessel sherds, there was once again a lack of boat-

shaped vessels as stated previously. Of the 18 sooted, dual tempered vessels there were seven

(3 8.89%) bowl shaped vessel sherds, and 1 1 (61.1 1%) flat-walled pieces. When looking at non-

sooted, dual-tempered vessel sherds there were seven (23.33%) bowl profile forms, and 23

(76.67%) flat-walled forms out of a total of 30 vessel sherds in this category. As far as form and

function are concerned, sponge-tempered boat-shaped vessels were fairly evenly divided

between those that were used over an open flame, and those that were not. Of the total 15 boat-










shaped vessel sherds that were analyzed, eight were found to have soot deposits present on the

exterior, while seven of the sherds lacked this feature. Of all 71 sponge-tempered, sooted vessel

sherds, eight (11.27%), as stated previously, were boat-shaped, 36 (50.7%) were bowls, 27

(38.03%) were flat-walled. Sponge-tempered vessel sherds that lacked soot deposits totaled 40,

and seven (17.5%) of these were considered to be boat-shaped vessels, 21 (52.5%) considered to

be bowl shapes, and 12 (30%) considered to be flat-walled.

Wall thickness: Overall, the average wall thickness of vessels from the Harris Creek

site (8VO'24) on Tick Island was 9.37 +/- 2.87 mm. (Figure 4-15). When isolating fiber-tempered

vessels by themselves (Figure 4-16), this average for wall thickness increases tol0.28 +/-

1.97mm, and when looking at sponge-tempered vessels, the average wall thickness decreases to

8.22 mm, not substantially less than the overall average of vessels from the Harris Creek site

(8VO'24) but a good deal less than the fiber-tempered vessel sherds. When looking at vessel

sherds with both tempers present (Figure 4-17), the average wall thickness was 11.73 +/- 2.65

mm greater than both ceramic types with only one temper (Figure 4-18). The average wall-

thickness for cooking vessels (Figure 4-19) at the Harris Creek site (8VO24), regardless of

temper, was a little below the total sample with an average wall thickness of 8.95 +/- 2.64 mm.

Measurements of non-cooking vessels at the site (Figure 4-20) showed averages that compared

closely to the overall average of Tick Island vessels at about 9.84 +/- 3.06 mm. Fiber-tempered

cooking vessels (Figure 4-21) showed measurements that were above averages for the overall

cooking vessels at Tick Island as well as for the overall sample, with an average of 10.25 +/-

1.79 mm. Unsooted fiber-tempered sherds (Figure 4-22) averaged 10.29 mm +/- 2.1 mm, which

was not significantly above that of fiber-tempered cooking vessels at Tick Island. It was above

the average overall thickness of non-cooking vessels at the site as well as the overall wall-









thickness for the entire sample. Dual-tempered cooking sherds (Figure 4-23) had an overall wall-

thickness average of 11.17 +/- 2.7 mm, and unsooted dual-tempered vessel sherds (Figure 4-24)

averaged 12.06 +/- 2.62 mm. Vessel sherds of this temper type seemed the thickest of all

regardless of function. Within the type, dual-tempered sherds were thinner if used for cooking.

Sponge-tempered cooking vessels (Figure 4-25) had an average wall thickness of 8.31 +/- 2.35

mm, which was thinner than the fiber-tempered and dual-tempered cooking vessels, well within

the average of overall cooking vessels at the site, and narrower than the overall average thickness

of the entire sample of vessel sherds. The average wall thickness of unsooted sponge-tempered

vessel sherds (Figure 4-26) was 8.08 +/- 2.5 mm, which was, surprisingly, slightly below the

average thickness of sponge-tempered cooking vessel sherds. This average was well below the

average for fiber-tempered and dual-tempered non-cooking vessels, and below the average of the

entire sample of non-cooking vessels from the site. It was also a little below the overall average

of vessel wall thickness from the entire site.

Summary of Results

New assays derived from soot deposits in this analysis yielded dates for sponge-tempered

pottery that ranged from as early as 4110 +/- 40 B.P. to as late as 2700 +/- 40 B.P. This places

purely sponge-tempered ceramics, also known as St. Johns pottery, into a much earlier

chronological location when compared with current models of culture history. This is significant

because the earlier dates obtained, place purely sponge-tempered pottery into the Late Archaic

- a period once thought to have only fiber-tempered ceramics, and sponge tempering as a newly

acquired unilineal development.

Stylistic tendencies among the vessel sherds analyzed co-varied very well with attributes

associated with overall paste this being temper. As far as application of designs was









concerned, purely fiber-tempered vessel sherds had no examples of designs interpreted to be

hastily applied. Dual tempered vessels were similar in their design application in that an

overwhelming maj ority of them were also carefully applied. On the other hand, vessels purely

tempered with sponge spicules had a maj ority of haphazardly applied designs. The co-variance

continues to a lesser extent with complex and simple elements. There was far more usage of

complex elements with fiber-tempered and dual-tempered pottery than there was with sponge

tempered. Sponge-tempered vessels were fairly evenly divided between those with complex

elements and those with only simple ones, while the other two paste types had mostly complex

design elements incised onto their exterior. Of particular significance is the application of a

concluding epilogue band below the motif of many vessel sherds. This trait only occurred with

sponge-tempered vessels it was nowhere to be found on either fiber-tempered or dual-

tempered vessel sherds. Conversely, a very small percentage of the sponge-tempered vessels had

banding that preceded the overall vessel motif, and they ranged from only one to two bands.

There was a good deal of prologue banding on fiber-tempered vessel sherds ranging from 3-5

bands and an outlying sherd with ten bands on it. Similarly, the dual-tempered vessels exhibited

a good deal of preceding bands and ranged from one to four bands, with one outlying sherd

having eight bands preceding the design motif.

When looking at attributes that would be considered functional, it was found that there

was a much smaller proportion of purely fiber-tempered vessel sherds than was originally

thought from microscopic inspection. There were only 19 vessels found without sponge spicules

in the paste alongside fiber when viewed microscopically. There was a greater representation of

dual-tempered vessels, and a slight maj ority of vessel sherds tempered only with sponge.

As far as cooking function is concerned, the vast maj ority of fiber-tempered vessels were










unsooted, as was the same with the dual-tempered vessels. Exhibiting opposite tendencies were

the sponge-tempered vessels with the great maj ority of vessel sherds having soot deposits on the

exterior surface.

The form of these vessels varied according to paste and temper as well. Vessels described

earlier as boat-shaped vessels were exclusive to sponge-tempered sherds. The maj ority of fiber-

tempered and dual-tempered vessels were flat walled in form with the minority being bowls.

Sponge-tempered vessel sherds, on the other hand, were by and large bowl shaped in form with a

minority of flat-walled vessels, and a small representation of the aforementioned boat shape. As

far as form and function is concerned among the fiber-tempered vessels, the maj ority of sherds

used over an open flame were bowls with a minor representation of flat-walled vessels. It is

important to note, though, that there were only five fiber-tempered vessels with soot deposit, so

this set of statistics can not make a significant statement concerning this particular form and

temper as far as function is concerned. Dual-tempered sherds had more sooted flat-walled

specimens than bowls, as well as more unsooted flat-walled sherds than bowls, and they were

exactly divided between sooted and unsooted bowls. There were a greater number of unsooted

flat-walled sherds than there was sooted among the dual-tempered vessel sherds. Vessel sherds

tempered with sponge had the maj ority of bowl forms being sooted, and the maj ority of flat-wall

forms unsooted.

When looking at wall thickness, the fiber-tempered vessels were found to be thicker than

average, and the dual-tempered vessels thicker than that. Sponge-tempered vessels, on the other

hand, were thinner than the entire sample's average. All vessel sherds found to be associated with

cooking were also thinner than the overall average, while those that were not were thicker. The

small number of fiber-tempered cooking vessels were thicker than the average, as well as the










substantially larger population of unsooted ones. The dual-tempered cooking vessel sherds were

also thicker than the overall average, as well as being thicker than the population of fiber-

tempered cooking vessels. This statement also holds true with the unsooted dual-tempered vessel

sherds they were thicker than the overall average and the average of unsooted fiber-tempered

vessels. Contrasting this were the sponge-tempered cooking vessel sherds which were thinner

than the overall average of vessels, but, surprisingly, the non-cooking sponge-tempered sherds

were slightly thinner on average than those with soot deposits.

The trends of this analysis point to overall similarities between vessels with dual temper

and fiber temper, but contrast starkly with vessels tempered only with sponge spicules. Stylistic

and functional traits all co-vary rather nicely between those with fiber and dual tempering, and

those that are tempered with sponge. This leads one to believe that style and techno-function are

not mutually exclusive categories, as there are some many interrelated traits that co-vary

depending on temper, including stylistic application, vessel form, and cooking function (included

in this category are soot-deposits and wall thickness). Style could very well be synonymous with

function.










Table 4-2.
AMS Dates of St. Johns Ceramics from the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island
Lab Number 2 Sigma Measured 13C/12C Conventional
& Site Sample Calibration Radio Ratio Radiocarbon Age
Carbon Age (BP)
(BP)
(Cal (Cal
BC) BP)
Beta -178484 1270- 3220- 2940 +/- -25.8 2930 +/-
Sample: 8VO24-A348.3 1000 2950 40 0/00 40
Beta -178485 920- 2870- 2700 +/- -24.8 2700 +/-
Sample: 8VO24-A348.30 800 2750 40 0/00 40
Beta -178486 920- 2870- 2940 +/- -24.8 2700 +/-
Sample: 8VO24-A349.7 800 2750 40 0/00 40
Beta -178487 2870- 4820- 4140 +/- -27.1 4110 +/-
Sample: 8VO24- 2570 4520 40 0/00 40
99921.20 and and
2520- 4470-
2500 4450

Beta -178484 1270- 3220- 2940 +/- -25.8 2930 +/-
Sample: 8VO24-A348.3 1000 2950 40 0/00 40
Analysis:AMS-Standard delivery. Materia : soot. Pretreatment: acid/alkali/acid

Table 4-3.
Vessel Typ and the Care Taken in Design Appication
Vessel
Frequenc Fiber Tempeed Sponge Tempeed Dual Tempered Total
Hat Application 0 71 3 74
Careful Appication 19 5 47 71
Total 19 76 50 145

Row
Percentaes Fiber Tempeed Sponge Tempeed Dual Tempered Total
Hat Application 0 95.95 4.05 100
Careful Application 26.76 7.04 66.2 100
Total 13.1 52.42 34.48 100

Column
Percentaes Fiber Tempeed Spone Tempeed Dual Tempered Total
Hasty Application 0 93.42 6 51.03
Careful Aplcation 100 6.58 94 48.97
Total 100 100 100 100












Vessel
Freqenc Fiber Tempeed Spone Tempeed Dual Tempered Total
Simple Elements
Alone 6 37 15 58
Complex Elements 13 39 35 87
Total 19 76 50 145

Row
Percentages Fiber Tempered Sponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total
Simple Elements
Alone 10.34 63.79 25.87 100
Complex Elements 14.94 44.83 40.23 100
Total 13.1 52.42 34.48 100

Column
Percentaes Fiber Tempeed Spone Tempeed Dual Tempered Total
Simple Elements
Alone 31.58 48.68 30 40
Complex Elements 68.42 51.32 70 60
Total 100 100 100 10

Table 4-5.
The Location of Rim Bands on Different Vessel Tye
Vessel
Freqec Fiber Tempeed Sponge Tempeed Dual Tempeed Total
Prologue Lines 6 5 23 34
Eilogue Lines 0 47 0 47
Total 6 52 23 81

Row Percentaes Fiber Tempered Sponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total
Prologue Lines 17.65 14.71 67.64 100
Eilogue Lines 0 100 0 100
Total 7.4 64.2 28.4 100

Column
Percentaes Fiber Tempered Sponge Tempered Dual Tempee Total
Prologue Lines 100 9.62 100 41.98
Eilogue Lines 0 90.38 0 58.02
Total 100 100 100 100


Table 4-4.
Vesse Type and the Conplexity of Elemens


Applied to Vessel










Table 4-6.
Type and Function as Evident by Soot Deposits
Vessel
Freuenc Fiber Tempeed Sponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total
Soot Present 5 75 19 99
Soot Absent 14 43 31 88
Total 19 118 50 187

Row Percentaes Fiber Tempeed Sponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total
Soot Present 5.05 75.76 19.19 100
Soot Absent 15.9 48.87 35.23 100
Total 10.2 63.1 26.7 100

Column
Percentaes Fiber Tempeed Sponge Tempered Dual Tempered Total
Soot Present 26.32 63.56 38 52.94
Soot Absent 73.68 36.44 62 47.06
Total 100 100 100 100

Table 4-7.
Form and Vessel Tempe
Vessel
Frequec Fiber Tempeed Sponge Tempee Dual Tempered Total
Boat Shpd0 15 0 15
Bowl Shaped 6 57 14 77
Flat Walled 13 39 34 86
Total 19 111 48 178

Row Percentaes Fiber Tempee Spne Tempered Dual Tempered Total
Boat Shpd0 100 0 100
BowlShae 7.79 74.03 18.18 100
Flat Walled 15.12 45.35 39.53 100
Total 10.67 62.36 26.97 100

Column
Percentaes Fiber Tempred Spnge Tempred Dual Tempered Total
Boat Shpd0 13.51 0 8.43
BowlShae 31.58 51.35 29.2 43.26
Flat Walled 68.42 35.14 70.8 48.31
Total 100 100 100 100










Table 4-8.
Form and Temper of Vessel as it Related to Function
Vessel
Freuenc FTST FTnoST STST STnoST DTST DTnoST Total
Boat Shpd0 0 8 7 0 0 15
Bowl Shaped 3 3 36 21 7 7 77
Flat Walled 2 11 27 12 11 23 86
Total 5 14 71 40 18 30 178

Row Percentaes FTST FTnoST STST STnoST DTST DTnoST Total
Boat Shpd0 0 53.33 46.67 0 0 100
Bowl Shae 3.9 3.9 46.8 27.4 9 9 100
Flat Walled 2.33 12.79 31.4 13.95 12.79 26.74 100
Total 2.8 7.9 39.8 22.5 10.1 16.9 100

Column
Percentaes FTST FTnoST STST STnoST DTST DTnoST Total
Boat Shpd0 0 11.27 17.5 0 0 8.43
Bowl Shae 60 21.43 50.7 52.5 38.89 23.33 43.26
Flat Walled 40 78.57 38.03 30 61.11 76.67 48.31
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100


Figure 4-7. Profile Form and Pattern Design for Vessel #A349.007.















Figure 4-8. Vessel Profile of #A348.030 with Exterior Pattern Design





A348.003


Figure 4-9. Profile of Vessel A348.003 From Tick Island.







Figure 4-10. Pattern design found on AMS dated vessel # 103272.016.







Figure 4-11. Incised Surface Design on Vessel #99921.020.






2.5
2

1.




1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910
Number of Prologue Rims

Figure 4-12. Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on fiber-tempered pottery.
Min: 3, Max: 10, Av: 4.8 lines, STD: +/- 2.7.






















I
1 2
Number of Prologue Bands

Figure 4-13. Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on sponge-tempered pottery.
Min: 1, Max: 2, Av: 1.8 lines, STD: +/- .4.


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Number of Prologue Bands


Figure 4-14. Frequency of occurrence of preceding band counts on dual-tempered pottery.
Min: 1, Max: 8, Av: 2.35 lines, STD: +/- 1.5.




















145-






(mm)


Figure 4-15. Wall thickness of Harris Creek (8VO'24) vessel sherds.
Max: 19 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, Avg: 9.37 mm, STD: +/- 2.87 mm.





4.5
4-
3.5

g 2.5
S2-




7 8 9.75 10 10.25 11 11.75 12 15.5 14
(m m)


Figure 4-16. Wall thickness frequency for fiber-tempered vessel sherds at the
Harris Creek Site (8VO24). Max: 14 mm, Min: 7 mm, Avg: 10.28 mm, STD: +/- 1.97 mm.

















52' K q?=) q?~. 20~~ ~~


22 ~


(m m)


Figure 4-17. Wall thickness frequency for dual-tempered vessel sherds at the
Harris Creek Site (8VO24). Max: 19 mm, Min: 5.25 mm, Avg: 11.73 mm, STD: +/- 2.65 mm


(mm)


co"C~co
3 CCi
3
3 3


Figure 4-18. Wall thickness frequency for sponge-tempered vessel sherds at the
Harris Creek Site (8VO24). Max: 16 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, Avg: 8.22 mm, STD: +/- 2.4 mm.


.. I I, I, I I, Ill, I I...


,II


11111.11.11..



















.1.11 1.1


(mm)


Figure 4-19. Wall thickness frequency of cooking vessel sherds at the
Harris Creek Site(8VO24) Max: 18 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, Avg: 8.95 mm STD: +/- 2.64 mm.


6-
5-





(mm)


Figure 4-20. Wall thickness frequency of unsooted vessel sherds at the
Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 19 mm, Min: 4.25 mm, Avg: 9.84 mm STD: +/- 3.06 mm.


1.. I II ....


1.1
















2.5-

2-
1.5-






8 9 10.25 12

(m m)


Figure 4-21. Wall thickness frequency of sooted fiber-tempered vessel sherds at the
Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 12 mm, Min: 8 mm, Avg: 10.25 mm STD: +/- 1.79 mm.








3.5
3
~2.5






2 8 9.75 10 10.25 11 11.75 12 13.5 14

(mm)

Figure 4-22. Wall thickness frequency of unsooted fiber-tempered vessel sherds at the
Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 14 mm, Min: 7 mm, Avg: 10.29 mm STD: +/- 2.1 mm.












3-
2.5-
a, 2-
S1.5-







F4

I I I I .


(mm)

Figure 4-24. Wall thickness frequency of sooted dual-tempered vessel sherds at the
Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 19 mm, Min: 6.25 mm, Avg: 12.06 mm STD: +/- 2.62 mm.












8
6

.1 1
0~c


(mm)


~\?2C~~\fO
22


Figure 4-25. Wall thickness frequency of sooted sponge-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris
Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 16 mm, Min: 2.5 mm, Avg: 8.31 mm STD: +/- 2.35 mm.




5-


C) "' h7'C~


"` 8 C\C) C\C) O~)
8 q ~


(mm)


Figure 4-26. Wall thickness frequency of unsooted sponge-tempered vessel sherds at the Harris
Creek Site (8VO'24) Max: 13.75 mm, Min: 4.25 mm, Avg: 8.08 mm STD: +/- 2.5 mm.


1.,11


i ., I 1 1 I I I IlIa .









CHAPTER 5
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUDING STATEMENTS

It is obvious from recent radiocarbon dating of sponge-tempered pottery at the Harris

Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island that the relationship between different forms of tempering

needs to be reexamined in a different light. At Tick Island, the new AMS dates clearly show a

contemporaneous relationship between sponge-tempered, dual-tempered, and fiber-tempered

pottery of the Late Archaic. It is important to note that this is a site-specific study, and its

interpretations, therefore, should be applied only to analytical work done on the ceramic

specimens from Tick Island and tested with other nearby sites. To extrapolate these findings any

further would be inconsistent with one of the main premises of this paper; that is, that data from

too few sites have been used to make gross generalizations about the behaviors and materials of

southeastern peoples, particularly those residing in Florida. Only when more site specific

analyses are done and dates are retrieved from a wider variety of sites, can there be a more

detailed and relevant regional analysis, comparing sites throughout the St. Johns River Valley

and beyond, in order to provide a better basis for broader generalizations.

These new AMS dates for the sponge-tempered vessels at Tick Island clearly indicate

that some are contemporaneous with their counterparts of fiber and dual tempering. Questions,

therefore, must be answered concerning their relationship in this light. That was the focus of this

analysis; to chart similarities and differences between these vessels as to their form, function, and

design, and to propose answers to questions concerning why these two separate vessel types

were used by the same peoples. It is the intent of this discussion to frame an explanatory model

that takes into account the social and political context in which these vessels were being

produced and utilized by the inhabitants of Tick Island.









Discussion of Results

Style: The results clearly show both distinct differences and similarities in the application

of incised surface designs to both vessel types. The similarities lie in the complex and simple

design elements used to produce vessel motifs. They were created using the same design

elements, but the differences were defined in the application of these designs. Fiber-tempered

and dual-tempered vessel sherds were shown to have a carefully applied design with a far greater

number of complex elements, while sponge-tempered vessel sherd designs were shown to have

been very haphazardly applied with less complex elements. Differences also lie in the banding of

vessels. Fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessel sherds had a large range of possible band

numbers preceding the various vessel motifs ranging from 1-10, while most of the sponge-

tempered vessels had their design concluded at the bottom with one horizontal band. This band

usually occurred one-quarter to midway down the vessel with the rest of the surface left blank.

Very few sponge-tempered specimens had preceding rim bands, and in the rare instances that

they did occur, they were limited to one or two bands. Both vessel types were being made at the

same time incorporating the same values inherent in the design elements, yet the degree of care

used in application and grammatical approach to applying these designs were distinctly different.

It is believed here that this is due to a need to expediently produce certain vessels that were less

important in aspects of social/ritual functions. Pots tempered with fiber or both tempers would

have served a more ceremonial significance than those tempered with sponge. This is supported

by the technofunctional analysis conducted with this collection.

Techno-function: The tempering of what Bullen would consider St. Johns and Orange vessels

proved to be as expected, based on the premise of their original typology, that is, Orange

specimens being tempered with fiber inclusions, and St. Johns being tempered with sponge-










spicules. What was unexpected, however, was the number of what would be typed as Orange

vessels that were dual-tempered containing both a fiber and sponge-spicule paste enhancing

previous analysis done by Cordell (2004). There were more dual-tempered Orange vessels than

there were purely fibered temper vessels. Out of 69 Orange vessels, only 19 contained fiber

alone, while the remaining 50 had both sponge and fiber inclusions in the paste.

As far as function is concerned, it was shown that there were many more sponge-

tempered sherds used over an open flame then there were from the fiber-tempered and dual-

tempered sample. It can be reasonably inferred from this that sponge-tempered vessels were

more likely to be used in cooking since soot deposits are fairly clear evidence of a cooking

function. When form and function are considered in comparing specimens from the temper

categories, there was a much larger proportion offlat-walled vessels than there were bowl shapes

among the fiber-tempered and dual-tempered specimens, and conversely, there was a

preponderance of bowl shapes over flat-walled vessels among the sponge-tempered specimens.

When looking at these forms as a matter of function, fiber-tempered and dual-tempered bowls

were evenly divided between those with soot, and those without. Analysis of sponge-tempered

bowls, however, showed that there were a far greater number of these vessel types that were used

over an open flame than were not. When looking at the flat-walled vessels represented in this

study, fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessels were shown to be used to a much greater extent

for non-cooking functions as evidenced by the lack of soot deposits on most of these vessels.

Conversely, specimens of sponge-tempered flat-walled vessel sherds included a much larger

proportion that were used over an open flame compared to a much smaller number that were not.

Sponge-tempered boat-shaped vessels were fairly evenly divided between those with exterior

soot deposits present and those lacking it.









Measurements of wall-thickness as an attribute showed fiber-tempered and dual-

tempered unsooted vessels to be thicker than those that had exterior soot deposits, indicating that

cooking vessels were thinner than those not used for cooking. Fiber-tempered and dual-tempered

vessel sherds, on average, also tended to be considerably thicker than the sponge-tempered

vessels in the total sample.

Social Implications of Ceramic Analytical Results from Tick Island

It is inferred from the results of this analysis that the following picture was occurring at

the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island. The site was a place of ceremonial importance. Of

this there is little doubt. Also believed here is that mortuary feasts of a very ceremonial nature

were an important aspect of this site, and its location had a definite spiritual and social

significance to those that utilized it. This belief is based on the evidence that this site was a place

of burial utilized in the pre-ceramic archaic period (Aten 1999), and it is assumed that the

continued utilization of this site in conjunction with these burials would have given it great

spiritual importance. The period between the Middle and Late Archaic saw a sharp rise in

population, increasing the participants in these feasts. With that increase in population and ritual

participation developed an increase in the demands on labor among potters, which are assumed

here to be women.

It is further believed that the ceremonial and ritual serving aspects were reserved for the

fiber-tempered and dual-tempered ceramics, whose techno-functional characteristics make them

less conducive to cooking and more conducive to serving and storing food. There were some

sooted examples of both. However, the maj ority of these temper types were lacking in soot. The

sponge-tempered vessels were much thinner and more effective at heat transfer from the exterior,

making them more useful cooking tools. Also, there is a higher degree of soot present on the










sponge-tempered vessel sherds than on the others, lending further credence to the idea that they

were used over an open flame. Within the fiber-tempered and dual-tempered population there

was a much higher proportion of flat-walled vessels, a form also more likely to imply a serving

function as food can be served readily in flat-walled and flat-bottomed vessels (similar to

casserole dishes). The higher number of bowl-shaped pots within the St. Johns sample would

have been better for suspending and cooking food-stuffs over an open flame. A rounded vessel is

much better for stirring the contents within than a flat-walled and flat-bottomed vessel in which

the heated contents could have been transferred at the ceremonial feasts. It is theorized here from

the data that the sponge-tempered vessels served a more functional or secular purpose at Tick

Island mortuary feasts, while contemporary fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessels served a

ceremonial or sacred function at these events. Fiber-tempered and dual-tempered vessel sherds

had much more complex and elaborate designs incised onto their exterior covering the entire

vessel, but most of the sponge-tempered samples had very poorly executed designs that did not

cover most of the vessel, being abruptly halted midway down the vessel by a concluding band. It

is posited here that the rapidly expanding population in the Late Archaic necessitated an increase

in production of the more functional vessels at the site to cook for a larger number of people.

This could explain the hastily applied designs on these vessels as they were being produced very

rapidly, but there was still an importance in having these design elements and motifs on the pots,

otherwise they would have been abandoned altogether.

Conclusion

It has been demonstrated through this study that broad generalizations cannot be made

about the St. Johns River valley and neighboring areas during the Late Archaic period given the

limited data and dates that are available concerning these periods. A minimal number of dates









have been used to make generalizations and form a cultural-chronological sequence based on

ceramic typology that has been shown through new AMS dates to need serious revision and

rethinking. There is a need for further qualitative studies of specific sites a for the collection of as

many dates as possible in order to address the many differences found in the nature and rate of

cultural development at various sites. Even the stylistic grammar and use of the same design

elements might differ at various locations along the river. Only when more qualitative studies are

done of individual sites that good, relevant regional analyses can be done, and more broad

generalizations made

As far as style is concerned, this paper has not attempted an in-depth analysis of the

grammatical rules inherent in design application on these pots. It does, however, offer an insight

into differences in application and complexity of designs between three different yet

contemporaneous temper-types of pottery existing at the same site, and used (most likely) by the

same people. It is the intent here to promote development of an effective approach to

understanding the grammatical rules of applying design elements and creating motifs at this site

and at others.

The important thing is to improve understanding of culture history as forms of social

process and ideology. People have always had the ability to utilize and manipulate symbols, and

this is an area of key interest to anthropologists. It devalues the heritage of the native population

of this continent to relegate their history to the natural sciences under the false dichotomy of

history versus prehistory. Prehistory has been defined as a period of literacy by the western

standards of written language. But literacy can also be defined as the ability to utilize and

manipulate symbols actively used within a given culture. Conventional history views the time

before the arrival of European influence as a history of people passively reacting to









environmental circumscription. There is compelling evidence, however, suggesting an alternative

perspective involving a wide range of human reactions to environmental change, all rooted in

culture and ideology. If there truly is a "prehistory," it would be defined not by the subj ect' s

illiteracy, but by the illiteracy of the observers in understanding the symbols and their proper

grammatical use within that given culture.









APPENDIX A
FIBER-TEMPERED AND DUAL TEMPERED INCISED VESSEL MOTIFS











































Figure A-1. Examples of fiber-tempered and dual-tempered incised vessel designs



















































Figure A-2. Additional examples of fiber-tempered and dual-tempered incised vessel designs












68










APPENDIX B
SPONGE-TEMPERED INCISED VESSEL MOTIFS


Figure B-1. An example of an incised motif applied to a sponge-tempered vessel





Figure B-2. Additional examples of motifs found on sponge-tempered vessels


BH~ ~~ ~I~~ ~"i i~i~~


~i~ ~5~1~


--








APPENDIX C
VESSEL PROFILE FORMS FROM TICK ISLAND







99921,018 992102 99921,023 r


rC~i~


99921.024





99 .2


~9021.025


99921.026


rY~


49921.029


94921.031


99921.035


Dst.0% \99821.037:: 9952O1B08 P99921.040i

Figure C-1. Examples of vessel profiles from the Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island


999J21.27 rr


I




99921.034


99921.033 1









APPENDIX D
PHOTOGRAPHS OF INCISED VESSELS FROM TICK ISLAND


Figure D-1. Photographs of dual-tempered and
Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island.


er-tempered incised ceramics from the























































~?j:
::.~~syp:.)_


I.
/'
t.~i~~i:.


Figure D-2. Photographs of sponge-tempered incised ceramics from the

Harris Creek Site (8VO'24) on Tick Island.









REFERENCES


Aten, Lawrence E.
1999 Middle Archaic Ceremonialism at Tick Island, Florida: Ripley P. Bullen's 1961
Excavation at the Harris Creek Site. The Florida Anthropologist 52: 131-200

Braun, David P.
1983 Pots as Tools. In Archaeological Hananers and Theories, edited by J.A. Moore
and A.S. Keene, pp. 108-134. Academic Press, New York.

Bullen, Ripley P.
1 972 The Orange Period of Peninsular Florida. In Fiber-Tenspered Pottery in
.,nlrlmblrasicI Un hited States and Northern Colombia: Its Origins, Context, and
Significance, edited by R.P. Bullen and J.B. Stoltman, pp. 9-33 Florida
Anthropological Society Publication 6. Gainesville.

Bullen, Ripley P., and Adelaide K. Bullen
1961 The Summer Haven Site, St. Johns County, Florida. The Florida Anthropologist
14 (1-2):1-15.

Cordell, Ann
2004 Paste Variability and Possible Manufacturing Origins of Late Archaic Fiber-
Tempered Pottery from Selected Sites in Peninsular Florida. Early Pottely:
Technology, Style, andlnteraction in the Lower .,nlrmbeati, edited by Rebecca
Saunders and Christopher Hays. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

Goggin, John M.
1952 Space and Time Perspectives in Northern St. Johns Archaeology, Florida. Yale
University Publications in Anthropology 47.

Hally, David J.
1986 The Identification of Vessel Function: A Case Study from Northwest Georgia.
Anzerican Antiquity 51:267-295.

Jahn, Otto L., and Ripley P. Bullen
1978 The Tick Island Site, St. Johns River, Florida. Florida Anthropological Society
Publication 10. Gainesville

Janus Research
1996 Cobblestone Village .Limbl (8VO634): Archaeological investigations of an
Orange Period and St. Johns Period Midden Site in Northeastern Vohesia County,
Florida. Environmental Management Office, Florida Department of
Transportation, Tallahassee.










Milanich, Jerald T.
1994 Archaeology ofPrecolombian Florid'a. Gainesville: University of Florida Press.

Milanich, Jerald T., and Charles H. Fairbanks
1980 Florid'a Archaeology. New York: Academic Press

Rice, Prudence M.
1987 Pottery Analysis: A Sourcebook. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rye, O.S.
1976 Keeping Your Temper Under Control. Archaeology and' Physical Anthropology in
Oceana 11(2):106-137.

Sassaman, Kenneth E.
1993 Early Pottery in the .Sambeasr~r Trad'ition and Innovation in Cooking Technology.
Tuscaloosa and London: The University of Alabama Press.
2003 New AMS Dates on Orange Fiber-Tempered Pottery from the Middle St. Johns
Valley and Their Implications for Culture History in Northeast Florida. The
Florid'a Anthropologist 56(1):6-13

Skibo, James M., Michael B. Schiffer, and Kenneth Reid.
1997 Organic-Tempered Pottery: An Experimental Study, American Antiquity 54: 122-
146.









BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

Clifford Joseph Jenks was born on December 12, 1975 in Morristown, New Jersey. He

was the eldest of four children and grew up in many parts of the country throughout his

childhood. Upon his 1994 graduation from Watkins Mill High School in Gaithersburg,

Maryland, he attended college at Northern Illinois University in Dekalb, Illinois.

He developed a strong interest in anthropology among his general education courses, and

decided to pursue a career in one of its subfields -- archaeology. Through the Department of

Anthropology at Northern Illinois University, he was able to get his first valuable Hield

experience at an archaeological field school in Hawaii. Excavations were conducted at a

prehistoric community structure on the dry side of the Haleakala volcano located on Maui. He

graduated from Northern Illinois University in August, 1998 with a B.A. in anthropology.

Clifford moved to Sarasota, Florida after obtaining his degree and gained employment

with Janus Research, an archaeological survey firm in St. Petersburg, Florida. During his

employment with Janus Research, he received a great deal of experience and training in the

archaeological survey field, working in practically every corner of the state from the Florida

Panhandle to the Florida Keys.

He is currently employed in contract archaeology with Panamerican Consultants Inc. in

Tampa, Florida and makes his home in St. Petersburg, Florida.