MONTICELLO, FLORIDA: TOWNSCALE DEVELOPMENT
Prof. F. Blair Reeves, Instructor
Charles Edwin Chase
December 3, 1973
The report submitted herein traces the development of Monticello, Florida,
county seat and the single major town of Jefferson County. Situated in the
heart of Florida's 'plantation district' Monticello has its foundation in the
frontier agrarian society of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century
when Florida was but a wilderness territory.
This area, although only thirty miles from Tallahassee, the State capital,
has until recently been overlooked by land developers and the increasing popu-
lation of the state. Within its two square mile area there is represented a
variety of fine examples of early to mid nineteenth century building types.
It also represents a town which sprang up as a result of plantation society
and the commercial needs of Jefferson County. This community and society has
changed little in relation to the rest of Florida,as the central and southern
areas have steadily climbed in importance and population.
The purpose then of this study is three fold; to indicate the history
and the influences of the period which shaped the growth of Monticello, to
trace its development through mapping and photographs, and thirdly as a by-
product, to record the character, scale and quality which reflects its past
within the context of 1973.
The historical survey of facts and influences are not meant to be a com-
plete history, but to indicate pertinent data which has determined Monticello's
growth. The maps portrayed in photographic form are the Sanborn Maps which
were produced as a result of surveys done by the Sanborn Mapping and Publish-
ing Co. The photographs of structures of architectural significance are the
result of numerous visits by the author, and have been produced to respond to
the need of visual commentary to the reader on the quality and significance
of its structures.
part 1 IA OEVW
MIDDLE FLORIDA AND JEFFERSON COUNTY AN HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
The land between the Appilachicola and Suwannee rivers,or better known
during Florida's territorial period as Middle Florida,was settled as early
as 1702 by Spanish missionaries. However, thier colonization lasted less than
two years with the success of British and Creek Indian raids. The region was
left to its prior inhabitants the Apalachee Indians and later the steady crush
of western and southern migrations from coastal America inhabited the area.
The planters who had left Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia found in
the early 1820's fertile soils similar to what they had left behind. The
accounts of Prince Achille Murat who settled in Jefferson County on Econchattie,
later known as Lipona in 1824 described the migration of planters as "came with
resolution of founding a new country."2 They brought their possessions in
wagons, with slaves on foot opening roads into the virgin countryside.
Their first homes were simple wooden cabins which were to be replaced by
more substantial and stately mansions. These settlements were to grow into the
plantations of the region which during the second quarter of the nineteenth
century accommodated one half the population and wealth of the territory.
The establishment of civil government in territorial Florida came while
Andrew Jackson swept through the region eliminating British holdings. The
third district court was seated in Middle Florida in 1822,and inaugurated the
movement toward statehood patterned after the NorthWest Ordinance of 1787.3
In March of 1824,Tallahassee became the capital with this distinction came
rapid growth and within twenty years the region surpassed the older settlements
such as Pensacola and St. Augustine in population and wealth.
The treaty of 1823 saw removal of the Seminole Indians and free for
settlement. The rectangular coordinate system established by the federal
government in 1785 for the territory,was laid out and land sales offices opened
in 1825 selling public lands from the Tallahassee land office. Land acquisi-
tion was easier in the region because there were fewer private land grant dis-
putes to settle as compared to such areas as St. Augustine and Newnansville.
It was during 1827 that land east of the Appilachicola River broke away
from Leon County and was designated Jefferson County. The distinction of being
named after President Thomas Jefferson,along with its county seat Monticello
named after his homestead,has never been fully established, however, there were
very strong ties through the Eppes Family. His direct descendants did maintain
land holdings in the county.
Middle Florida's economy was rooted in the plantation system where the
land was good for growing cotton. There were limited commercial services and
survival meant self sufficiency. The smaller planters were soon pushed out
or absorbed by wealthier and more productive plantations. The plantations on
the whole in Jefferson County were not of the grand scale associated with the
Antebellum era and the Civil War although Lyndhurst is an exception. They were
primarily modest attempts at accommodation and comfort on the frontier.
However, their prosperity produced an increase in wealth and political
power which the planters used in Tallahassee. Cash land values increased in
the farming region and crop production was ever increasing, leaving the owners
to take an interest in politics. The 1840's saw these men hold sixteen of
thirty-nine lower house seats and five of nineteen senate seats. Their in-
fluence in this newly established and growing governmental body was to set the
tenon for agricultural considerations in the future growth of the state.
Rapid expansion of the cotton industry and the plantation system was due
to the slave labor force which was the backbone of large scale farming. Not
only did the labor bring the product to market, but it also supplied the self
sufficiency needed to survive the lack of adequate communication, transporta-
tion and with it commercial enterprise. Slave labor was the craftsman, the
carpenter, the blacksmith and the wheelwright along with the spinner and the
weaver which completed the independence of the frontier plantation.
However, commercial ventures did arise out of the need for goods that
the plantations could not produce or were agriculture oriented. In 1853, John
Finlayson and General William Bailey founded the Southern Rights Manufacturing
Association in Monticello in which produced cotton fabric on 1500 spindles and
fifty looms. It was a substantial boom to Monticello, thus creating the commer-
cialsm needed to maintain the growth of the town.
The Civil War produced fewer effects in this mid-region than it did in the
coastal areas. Jefferson County,and especially the Monticello vicinity,was
never invaded or destroyed. This was not peculiar in the light that Tallahassee,
the State Capital,was never captured as in many of the other confederate states.
The reduction of commercial manufacturing and availability of goods were
not severely felt because of the insulation in the independence of the planta-
tions. Production was redirected into needs for home use. The war did not mean
destruction, however,it did alter the lives of its people with husbands and the
male position vacant leaving the ladies to take charge. To some extent the
desire to help in the war effort is reflected in the Monticello ladies' theatrical
productions to benefit soldiers and families. Further, Dr. Thomas M. Palmer
(resident of Monticello) along with Mary Martha Reid converted a Richmond,
Virginia home into a 150 bed hospital in 1862.5
The production of foodstuff in this area caused the confederate Impress-
ment Act of 1863 to use Monticello as a commissary warehouse depot for corn,
beef, pork, rice, potatoes, peas, molasses, sugar, and forage. The emphasis
on food production due to the shortages reduced cotton production, and the
blockades impeded their movement to market. Cotton still produced good prices
during wartime, thus its growth and the manufacture of textiles was not ignored.
After the war, federal troops were stationed in the Monticello area, but
it was to maintain law and order due to reports of robberies and violence in
the communities including Tallahassee, Madison, Lake City, Gainesville and
Palatka. This was to mark the beginning of a period in which the influences
of cotton production gave way to industry and the landed gentry were to wane
in importance politically and socially. Slavery as a labor force, the power
structure as well as the social structure of the land owner, and land value
decline due to neglect, are all effects of the Civil War. So strong were these
effects that the plantation system never fully recovered,and gave away to new
industry and business. The Civil War impeded Florida's movement toward a
'cotton state' and its direction was aimed toward capturing the property of
The railroads which had started to develop prior to the Civil War began
to flourish, opening the central and southern areas to further development.
The former Florida Central and Peninsular Railroad,now a part of the Seaboard
Train Line established tracks from Drifton to Monticello in 1856 and completed
the Monticello Branch to Thomasville, Georgia in 1886. The rail systems of
Florida by the end of the century were effectively regulated in the region.
Rail travel of both goods and passengers from Pensacola and Tallahassee to
St. Augustine increased communication with one day round trip service. Lloyd,
Florida,a dining stop, prospered due to the railroad,and Monticello with its
agricultural impetus depended,upon rail served to send its agricultural products
to market. The rail was the economic lifeline to which there is little remain-
ing evidence with the advent of the semi tractor trailer.
The boom of the twentieth century in Florida capitalized upon the natural
wealth, its resources and beauty to attract the economic prosperity it desired.
However, the great impact of this inflow was felt primarily on the coast,such
as Jacksonville, Miami, Key West, Tampa Bay and Pensacola. The middle region
of northern central Florida was to remain within the agrarian context.
World War I saw the railroads contribute to the cause by planting castor
beans along the railroad routes. The Seaboard Air Line planted 10,000 acres
for the U.S. Signal Corp to provide the needed oil for the allied forces.
Little or no evidence other than possible redistribution of agricultural pro-
duction was felt by the Monticello area.
The depression in 1926 deflated property values, increased the public debt,
and closed most of the state's banking. The state's financial institutions and
businesses, including the railroads, were weakened in this early depression
making it almost impossible to withstand the Economic Collapse of 1929. Statis-
tically Florida did not suffer as much, but the amount of recovery was more
severe. Time and the New Deal Era of F. D. Roosevelt began to heal the economy.
These depressed times saw 139 W.P.A. projects within the state to provide work
for the populace. The farmer was again tightening his belt, although agriculture
and textile manufacturing never shared the prosperity the rest of Florida saw
during the twenties. Florida State Farms, located in Monticello, sought to aid
the distressed farmer rather than have him relocate. Contemporary development
in this region has maintained an agricultural basis. The seed companies formed
in the 1830's are the major income producers in the 70's. Gro-Plant Industries
was established in Monticello and continues to be the backbone of economic
life for many of the areas residents.
It is within these influences that Monticello, Florida, has developed.
The events of state and regional which are historical facts, give evidence to
the physical changes which have shaped the growth of this community. The rise
and decline of the plantation system, the growth of Tallahassee as the state
capital, the influence of the natural resources of the region and its associated
industries such as textiles and seed products, have all contributed to the
development of Monticello.
These forces are reflected in physical planning and development. The grid
pattern established and laid out by the Surveyor General in 1827 is the basis
uponwhich the fabric of this community life has been built and continues to
be maintained today.
0.rt S: TOWN DepE
For the purposes of this study the town has been divided into sections
approximating divisions established by the Sanborn Map and Publishing Company.
To facilitate tracing the changes indicated on the map series, they have been
divided into seven sections. They are outlined on the following map to indicate
their relationship and physical interfacing.
This series traces the development of Monticello from 1884 to 1929,which
supplements the data available during this period. Inferences have been made
to this period in the light of the preceding written historical development;
however, it is not the purpose to spell out dates, but to indicate the result-
ing effects of influences during development.
, ;. .. X ..
l*i ^ ,
COPYRIGHTED & PUBLISHED BY NDRF NELLEE & CD.N- 07 WELLS 5T.MILWAU KEE,W15.i
I County (t 'rt liHase
2 Jefferson Academy.
4 Presbyterib- tChureh
8 African M. E
9 Colored Methodil Church.
11 Post Office
12 TIh Constitution Office, T. R. Fildes, Ed. and Prop.
BEC F9,AUiLI, Ltlo. Jvhliaulee ,Wis
13 The Jrflerson House
14 Partridge B. W Partridge, Prop
15 Palmer ae, p P op
16 61rkias & Turnbul!, (eneia Merchadiw
18 J. T Budd & Son
19.'C. T. Carroll,
20D S. A. o attorneys t. --
21 T. L. Clark, Attorney&Solicitor.
22 T. B Simkins, Livery
COUNTY-SEAT oFJEFFERSON CY.
-- *l-- ,' ^ _
1. Town Square
2. Jefferson Street North
3. Syndicate and High Streets Northeast of Square
4. Waukeenah Road and Washington Streets East of Square
5. Wirick and Chestnut Streets Northeastern City Limits
6. Industrial Area/Railroad Streets
7. East Washington Street Eastern Extension
|-..~~ ~-c::..JL^fl III~ r|L
7. East Washington Street Eastern Extension
The town laid out in 1827 and established as Monticello in 1828,was
from the outset the county seat of Jefferson County. The growth of this town
is coupled with the development and success of the agricultural environs.
Commercial development dates as early as 1827 with Robinson's general store
and postal station. Indications are that the location of Monticello was
an indian village with a topographical location on higher ground (202 feet
above sea level) than seen in the immediate swamps and farming areas.
..i....... "f t'0 \r\ 17*J t(t t 'tIAlt
S -- *, e, ...<......
0 Lp5. I ve
'f 'Lik y G"w novyw^
G Lf o* Me-ito
SOILS CLASSIFICATION MAP
S1907 PKY #631
The crossroad of the major east-west and north-south arteries was dedi-
cated to the establishment of the county courthouse. Reports indicate that
a blockhouse was previously located here,and John G. Robinson, proprietor of
the general store, ran the postal station, first social center and courtroom
within this building. The courthouse portrayed in the preceding 1885 litho-
graph was replaced in 1910 with the present Greek Revival brick and stone
structure which some have indicated was modeled after Jefferson's homestead,
Commercial development began to fill in the square and its surrounding
streets. Rectangular structures with short end to the street was common
practice to accommodate as many stone fronts as possible.
The second story of many of these shops was utilized as storage for
cotton, grains or products sold in the stores below. They were not used as
residential units as was the practice in larger cities in the south.
Transportation and thechange in mode from horse and carriage to the
automobile can be seen by the disappearance of the livery and replaced by the
auto repair and gasoline pump station. It is ironic that Lot 15, a cotton
warehouse, gave way to such a facility. This too indicates that cotton had
declined in economic importance for the town, although there are remnants
The public well within the square was abandoned when the underground water
system appeared in 1900. So,too,shortly thereafter the wells behind many
homes were covered over.
1 -1 8
> JS / y y 4 7
~tr~r g bp.Dqm
...d C..p.., Nb
LINW CO(LioWS14 wiN &=Ot, to po"-. 9
Am lit is to be mW -1 1 N by r Sam"
o r LoW gmt md wrW theto areemen
lba Y it ow so Wed.9" ef a two cbpwe rin
fie allid compsay
F'~~I ~)~ -'7
~e ~a ~4 37:
er o ~
The rise of tourism is also indicated with the number of guest homes and
hotels within the city limits. The St. Elmo Hotel was being built in 1884 and
its demise was seen between 1909 and 1922.
Social functions in Bailey's Hall on the second floor of the general
store (Lot 11), indicates a rise in community civic life. Stage scenery was
not available, but it is indicated that travelling troupes performed here and
later across the street at the Opera House above the Perkins Block (Lot 14).
A more detailed investigation reveals modifications and additions to
residential houses and the completion of commercial blocks. The town square
remains the hub of commercialism. Many buildings exist today as those built
in the 1800's, however, their functions have been adapted to the needs of the
46 46 47 4w
a i7"^ Q "J$
21 ^ Z I
-t^ 4^ I
-f7 i z o
PrRKfNS BL. Lt'J rml 3.T
4. |4W 71 7A 4W
MIL L RD
-- r -" -" & -- 1 ..
. *e --. "'F-,
6 63 34"
^ ^. -,/jr ,t , ,
3 A 34 37 3M 3J9
/r- /- 7r /- 779 t-
3 4 Aus189S
26 26 27 J 29 Jo 32 33 3
46- 4 47 4 a s E -0 32 ,
s DOGWOOD Tm
WASHINGTON v, '
,,v3 / Ri
-3 3 3 2
/6 / /7 /8
.- -- -- -- ^ ^ -
.0 47 48 & 4
3 '3 Lti t
62 o 8 & 76'
Scale of Feet
.2 3 34 ,- Sa ,-6
I'ji I .,,--
PERKINS BLOCK & OPERA HOUSE
9 6 7 J7 J9
-- S-%- 7 - - - 2
~~Pf~ e=I P/pe.
50 so -0 0~O 50 00 150G
/5 57 2 22
MILL ROAD -
47 4V X / J,
jy m p
JEFFERSON COUNTY COURTHOUSE
JEFFERSON STREET NORTH OF TOWN SQUARE
The area immediately north on Jefferson Street was and is today primarily
a residential district. The major changes indicated are those which concern
the adaptation of the house.
The detached kitchen and private well were common place. This practice
of out buildings began to fade with the advent of the decrease in wood for
fuel. The houses often as in the case of the Whitfield House (Lot 32) moved
the kitchen or smokehouse and joined it to the mainpart of the house. These
were maintained as kitchens and a probable location for the water system to
Many fine structures exist in this area from the 1840's, such as the
Wirick Simons House (north half of Lot 4), the Episcopal Church (Lot 36) and
the Budd-Braswell House (Lot 37).
The plantation owner often held this type of house as the 'townhouse.'
The usage of such a structure was prevalent in Monticello as indicated by the
owners who were planters and plantation owners.
The most prominent example of the movement of buildings is the Scott-
Billinger House (Lot 3). This house was moved to this site after an indian
raid and a member of the family killed.
The wealth of the plantation owner is seen in the modest but refined
detailing of the townhouse. The Denham Brinson House is a prime example of
Greek Revival detailing done in the 1840's in the frontier town. The house
type did not drastically change during the evolution in architectural style;
its impact was felt in its refinement.
BTooMvW x_ r
-a 4 '5 dae WAUG.I8S
g BLOOMER IE-
4 W6' 4 y6' 4<4? /9 /< '77
.$ ;.X' 3 A
NOTE CHANGES TO WHITFIELD HOUSE
1884 to 1909
fx P J U I, '.
t 1~ I
Ie III .& U 4
36 4 \
S 33 34
33 34 2 &
2 4$ 24 Au
lot 4 (NW)
BLO E ..-...
34 3 |
Scale of Feet
_______ 11 _______-
- f I
PEARL -_ .
--- 2/ .... -
lot 37 (SW)
I I ,
W. BLOOMER .......- ,..-....-i= E. BLOOMER
____________________P ,________________ ___
Scale of Feet
. ',, ,.L.. 'i '" '" W. PEARL R
[- --- ----------------- t
. 1t-- l..i 23
JOHN CUTHBERT HOUSE
lot 3 (NE)
lot 35 (s.e.)
cy'-- 3~3i~ -tl
JOHN TURNBULL-EVANS HOUSE
lot 112 (S)
lot 31 (SE)
EPISCOPAL CHURCH INTERIOR
Joseph Trummer, woodcarver
HIGH AND SYNDICATE STREETS NORTHEAST OF SQUARE
The area immediately surrounding the African Methodist Evangelical Church
(Lot 102) on York Street has by allindicationbeen predominantly Negro. The
smaller scale dwellings which boarder the railroad and industrial section do
not command much attention, however, such areas still exist today. The "ghetto"
of Monticello is one which is not new,but is a result of separatism established
during the plantation impetus and the post Civil War sentiment which has prevailed.
The Negro School (Lot 23) was removed between 1909 and 1922 and the black-
smith (Lot 101) was converted to an auto repair shop.
One house in particular (southeast corner of Lot 104) pictured in the1885
lithograph still exists in 1929 with little modification.
__ t. **'
^ -j:" '."
^1~ *^ '~~
E 7D 7 m
;"~"~P~i-~~ ~-~- "~"- "'
,.I i.~ .- -I---
,~, .i,.., .~ .~~;
,,,,,.. ~. ~.~
a hu r~,I
i~Jnyvi milr *uri *rrl,.r.
2 x"I- wC--
- ,< n r
W Eif .igh: ut;
Scale of Feet
. i- r .
a |" E
S IST eET HOT AM.CD
CE AMTE rr
---- -- -s-----
106 10(4 a
Scale of Feet
g PEARL 'e-s-=
,- S i
C- --- ----- --
CEf METER Y
--- W --- -- T ---
Sca e of Feet
E. PEARL --, P-=
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
lot 24 (S)
WAUKEENAH AND WASHINGTON STREETS EAST OF SQUARE
The 1884 map indicates a fire in this area in 1883, however, the damage
seems to have been isolated to Lot 26.
Cherry Street,adjacent to the square,was further developed as a commer-
cial street housing the post office and stores such as billiard hall, market,
candy store, grocery store and furniture shops.
The county jail was located on Lot 22 in which funds had been sought in
the 1830's for improvements to the existing courthouse and jail facilities.
The territorial congress failed to produce the $4,000.00 requisition.
The old school house was located on Pearl Street. The modern facility
is housed in the old Jefferson Collegiate Instituteattributed to the 1840's
located on the south side of West Washington Street. The school now is a
consolidated system of education for the entire county.
fL7 -l2_ rlW aiT
M ILL ROAD
Scal. of Feet
Note further commercial
development along Cherry St.
xuc' u /ifonts
I: W ;'
-,T-- '-i--i----.- -as
o a I
Skale f Feet.
i i 7 1n
i- 11- 1 ir
.5,es-C. /,RW I
*~sf nLnDW7-J -.
N J _s IO ~
Sc.. l o Fc t file
,? S PEAPR. -
SD G O
7T ------ ----- 7R/
ul uu11 U.$_ 1
0000 i... -
C ". m .. .. ... l. .1
*rn i f r
., t t. o .2 t S ). .
" PIy ,t, t ""J. t'o.' rl at it i Lat[ W. t.o oe t
a _ a *"
Scale of Fet
12/ /9 I
^~ ~ V7 --B -- H -- --- 1 6a'
PERKINS & BERRY he or But rs
4w/ 27 // /22 A /1 /V4 m2 / /27 /1
Scale of Feet
-11 - -
-as ___ u&. _____ 2^
6 / & //7 //8 /IP / / 3
----"--1 ---- --
...3.. ...40.. ....
Sc al of fe-
- - .
..2 ........-- -....
E. PALMER MILL RD. B
Scele f( feet
WIRICK AND CHESTNUT STREETS NORTHEASTERN CITY LIMITS
A relatively small scale residential section, it shows a glimpse of
regular subdivision of blocks indicated on Lot 137. These structures are of
twentieth century growth.
Parker Mays Cotton Gin (1922-1929) indicates industrial growth into the
area. Its office structure was built within the street right of way, indi-
cating an almost lack of concern for rigid definition, the street system and
ownership. Often the sheds and porches extended beyond property lines.
o a -
* .. ,. ,, a n
a S * 7 y
5 0 i.55,6 U 55 5s -W-.. a. 6
R ulnik 5 --5 M -
ga; '^ i^,,l.t;'a -*L"m *
--5 5*~ff^(v^' iA 1i~rrpW~ e, HW 5A/45W.
,VD 4,5. SlL./ A
5' D I?
m )-o0A Awaw A< a* ta& J hoF^_ '^
^j~v/^^.^t.^^daTA~t^ .A f t:: ^ ~ '-k
I 4l -S
4 CHESTNUT %
Scale of feet
s --------------- I-
", 6001 .' I ,i,
,J ., @ .-* 1
f nrE. Mt. ith 160iA
a/om, by e,-ct L .
-. -- aC
SO'--- -.--- ~- S---- ~ at'-
ladka.eu ajy-a Se 1I aaa an.
" CHESTNUT gk'
S'-- - -
Scale of Feet
MAR 2A <"" 4-4
** : ..
*- -- ---
RAILROAD STREET AND INDUSTRIAL AREA
The center of industrial growth and railroad transportation developed in
this area. Boardering the eastern edge of the city limits, the Seaboard Air
Line Railroad established the branch to Drifton in 1856 and extended the
line in 1886. Then called the Florida Central and Peninsular Line, it
carried cotton, textile goods, and produce from the farms to the marketplace.
The 1922 maps indicate the Atlantic Coast Line Located their passenger
and freight station on Pearl Street. It was formerly the South Florida and
Western Railroad. The J. M. Henry Planning Mill was well established and
expanded in the period preceding 1929. However, the Monticello Ice Plant was
removed during the same time. There also was a bottling works established,
indicating further economic development in Monticello. The Jefferson County
Products Company was converted into the Monticello Milling Company where
expanded grain warehouses were located.
Housing, too, expanded with further subdivision of property once held
as a single unit (note Lot 37).
This period of 1922 through 1929 is indicated as a prosperous period with
the decline to follow with the Collapse of 1929.
The Monticello Water Works pumping station was located on Pearl Street
(Lot 40) where in 1907 it was expanded to accommodate the electric substation.
Railroad tracks were extended to supply fuel. By 1929 the power plant had
expanded to over fifty percent of the block,indicating expanded electric ser-
vice to the town.
ae f Fewe
0,, ~ i
S E. YORK
S E. BLOOMER i
Scale of Feet
1 /Sr Pv
O=T-Th.T SANIOfMR MA PUB.
USlSni Co (tUH.l) -.1 Il = ,.,.
p irh I
L. Lr U .,t .1 ff.lb, .,
.,.< ,,, i ,. ^ .o l. w,,,
.. . ...
I- ... |
Note changes in Block 40:
additions and complete removal
of the J.M. Henry Mill and
replaced with new structure, and
establishment of waterworks.
Growth is associated with the
advent of electric service .
r i; a
/ -----ONTIft' -
s I s i(EN I
^ 38 9
j0 0 03 400 r1 "0 1
33 3. LJ 3
JOHN HEN r
Co'rrON &6, ~I6 T ftr PL,6 MILL .
to. ,T .f- ,B ,-
41 34 35
30 30,j0 30d W
3 A ffa4 Lai
---- C-- -- 3E a7 --- ~
-- ~--~a---- E-- -H7--
Corron 6H, 6STr & Plnlnrn Mlti
-- a--- ----snr--
---- w- -
r/O Corrow II
2 3 U
-- ------ -..----...
S .' 3 66m
J AHNRy, GIN&A"NIH Afu
-.drL r ramoN
Scale of feet
rt --- -- ^ ----- *' -m -- -a
. ..-.. Pw r ... ...-.. .
PjW O o ST SBN ,-- p\ ,-
ELCCTR/C /IGHT PLIHT ifl/
0 --..- . .
L _, y
Scale of Feet
E. PALMER MILL RD.
Scale of Feet
EAST WASHINGTON STREET
This small extension of the eastern artery of town (U.S. 90) indicates
further residential expansion. The roadway was extended prior to 1929 as a
part of the statewide highway expansion program.
Few of these houses are significant with respect to the early history,
however, they remain a part of the residential quality that is seen throughout
------------ ^7 4
Scle 100 Ft to o nch
Bailey, E. B., "Florida Jefferson County Where it is and what can
be done here," Monticello, 1887.
Gainesville, Florida, P.K. Young Library of Florida History. Manuscript Box,
"Letter to Department of Education concerning Monticello Academy from
Indian Defeat, Boston Recorder, April, 1818.
Jefferson County Business League, "Jefferson County Monticello Section,"
"Towns and Old Plantations," Federal Writers Program, 1939.
Trebeau, Carlton, A History of Florida, Coral Cables: University of Miami,
U.S. Office of Economic Oppoertunity, "Jefferson County, Florida," (1964).
Williamson, ., "Jefferson County," Writers Program, Florida, 1939.
1. Sanborn Mapping and Publishing Co., Monticello, Florida, New York,
New York, (1884-1929).
2. Trebeau, Carlton, A History of Florida, (Coral Gables: University
of Miami), 1971, p. 136.
3. Ibid., p. 121.
4. Ibid., p. 184.
5. Ibid., p. 225.
6. Ibid., p. 241
7. Williamson, ., "Jefferson County, Florida," Federal Writers
Program, 1939, p. (type written)
8. Ibid., p.
9. Ibid., p.
10. Jefferson County Business League, Jefferson County Monticello
11. Trebeau, Carlton W., A History of Florida, (Coral Gables: University
of Miami, 1971), p. 379.
Monticello, Florida, can be seen as an example of the southern agricultural
town which has grown and declined within the same frame work as many other
small communities in the south.
It is a particularly fine example of the community which has through its
development maintained a quality of life that is rural in atmosphere and urban
in context. The population has been stable for many years,and is an indication
that it has adapted to the changes without destroying the quality which it
possesses. The decisions which it makes considering increasing population
and land speculation will determine whether this quality will remain.
6I I is. h jrr 212
..-- ... ....... ....... E. PEARL ...-1 ........
w W*W w w I W *
I d ll
I 9__________m____> a1 ____________
S ... P..6 M"
1 I 145
Scale 00 Ft o One Inch
p ... I
E. WASHINGTON -...---..J.an.. L,
.I | 11 6
Ub I -
|--i Ir 1 S
IB| "BRANT "PL P. iwnfu f
i~ m r lr~7-3~
3 207 132
* 'i I f
-r r ~~Tpn rr.~ nr~n
E. PEARL "-'- = A. .. ...
.8= -.......== W. WASHINGTON -..'~
2 r 3 j? 9 0 as s
=, -=r. -= ..% w. PALMER MILL
E. DQGWOQQO- 'X- -
JETFCROoN CO'UNT Y ~
/ COURT IOU.,
Scale of Feet
E. WALNUT "'
I.4L~LE~* L! r.. *,, ~=~*.~B~;~E~RI~C~~ :E" :
L ;1' I '
Ambulance Driver Says Man Beaten In Jail
A member of the Jefferson County
Ambulance Service said he witnessed
a prisoner being abused in the county
jail and even though he was called to
render first aid was denied the
opportunity to assist the injured man.
Dave Cone, a member of the
ambulance department for the past
four years, said an ambulance was
called to the rear of Jerry's Restaurant
Tuesday afternoon to assist an injured
When he arrived he was told
sheriff's deputies had taken the man
After six months of negotiations,
the school board and the Jefferson
County Education Association, bar-
gaining agent for teachers, finalized a
two year teacher contract last week.
SThe new contract calls for beginning
teacher salaries of $7802.50 while
teachers with 15 years service and a
masters degree will earn $11,805.63.
These salaries are based on ten
Dr. William French, school board
chairman, said he believed the
negotiations produced a reasonable
contract in keeping with the resources
of the county.
Joan Raley, JCEA president whose
members ratified the contract with a
104 to 2 vote, said the voting results
are a fine example of how important
collective bargaining is to teachers
Highlights of the new contract
include two additional paid holidays
to Dr. Luis Roca's office across the
street. Cone said he checked the
doctor's office but found no injured
When he returned to his ambulance
he received a call over the radio to go
to the county jail because a man was
injured and bleeding.
Cone said he arrived at the jail with
John Davies who also works at the
ambulance department in search of
the person in need of medical
Cone said Edward Strickland
opened a door to summon Sheriff
James Scott and the sheriff shoved
Strickland against the wall while the
sheriff and Sergeant Nelson Blount
approached the two ambulance men.
Cone said while the door was open
he saw Tommy McKown handcuffed
and lying bleeding on the floor with
several people standing around him.
He said this is when he saw at least
one blow and possibly others hit
McKown who was being held down.
. The sheriff and Blount told Cone
and Davies there was no need for them
to be there and to "get the hell out."
Cone said about 30 to 45
minutes later he went to Dr. Roca's
office and saw McKown being treated.
Cone said McKown had severe
lacerations on his head and was still
"The ambulance is no play thing,"
Cone said, "we responded to a call
from Clemmons, the jail dispatcher,
only to be denied the opportunity to
render first aid."
"I don't care what he did, but any
man who is hurt deserves the right to
first aid, but the sheriff wouldn't
permit it," Cone said.
In a brief statement, Sheriff James
Scott said he sent all injured parties to
a medical doctor instead of having
them treated by an ambulance service
With respect to the allegation of a
beating in the jail, the sheriff said
"Those so called witnesses who said
they saw a beating and think I refused
medical care for an injured man
should come forward and testify under
oath when the case comes to court
instead of idly gossiping in the
A major altercation Involving law
enforcement officials and voung
people In the community occurred
Tuesday afternoon behind Jerry's
TW 11i1ioTWS orn A
A Monticello landmark for more
than 100 years, the Marvin Anderson
108TH YEAR, NO.19 JEFFERSON COUNTY, FLORIDA 32344 15 CENTS THURSDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1976 building, fell to bulldozers Thursday
The End Of M A Building
for teachers this year and three next
year, improved grievance procedures
and an opportunity to reopen
negotiations on salaries, supplements
and insurance next year before the two
year contract expires.
Other teacher benefits included in
the contract are $5,000 life insurance,
10 days sick leave of which four may
be used for personal business, full pay
for jury duty or while attending
educational meetings, and assistance
for legal action against teachers.
Since June of 1967, salaries for
beginning teachers have risen from
$4350 to $7802 and salaries for
teachers with 15 years service and a
masters degree have risen from $6305
This is the second year that the
JCEA represented teachers in
negotiations. Last year the
negotiations took almost eight months
before a contract was signed.
Monticello News Receives
"Blue Ribbon" Designation
The Monticello News has been
named a Blue Ribbon Newspaper by
the National Editorial Foundation.
The award is made to newspapers
who maintain high standards of
coverage and service to the
"We're delighted to be honored
with this award as it says our
publishing philosophy meets the
standards of excellence sought by the
Editorial Foundation," said Editor
and Publisher, Ron Cichon.
Twenty-five criteria, measuring
newspapers against a national
standard are employed in the
Included are coverage of local
government, law enforcement agen-
cies, schools, courts, businesses,
religion, civic, social, cultural events
and youth news.
Also editorials, columns, features,
photographs, typography, design, and
Comprising the staff of the
Monticello News are Debbie Cooksey,
Paula Hayes, Lonna Cichon, Reathea
Pitts, Cindy Crocker, Sylvia Wom-
mack, Neal DeVane, Jeanette Rucker,
Dena Zaras, Ann Conover and Cichon.
Correspondents who contribute
regular columns are Donna Smith,
Marge Trimble, Sue Gramling,
Sterling Graham, Lester Atkins and
The award is the result of efforts of
every person on the staff, Cichon said.
The support the newspaper has
received from the community has
made the paper grown and enabled
additional coverage and features,
"So while the award carries the
name of the newspaper," Cichon said,
"it is something that reflects on the
I, P iz
HANGING the Blue Ribbon award In the Monticello News office are staff
members Paula Hayes, left and Debble Cooksey. (Staff Photo by Ron Clehon]
Grant Leaves County Post
Ike Grant, director of the
Jefferson Ambulance Service for
the past two and a half years,
presented his resignation to County
Commissioners Wednesday morn-
He will leave his post December
Grant, a former chief deputy in
the Sheriffs Department, took over
the ambulance service when it was
made a separate department.
He plans to enter private
business here representing the
Lincoln American Life Insurance
In his letter, Grant thanked
commissioners for the "outstand-
ing cooperation" he has received
from the board while upgrading the
The board was equally high in
their praise of Grant saying they
appreciated his efforts in making the
ambulance service second to none.
Staff Photos By Ron Clehon and Neal DeVane
Restaurant near a pool hall. Several
arrests were made. Details 4 the
situation were not available\
I ~ I-- I I --
1, I' I '-
Situated on the corner of N. Cherry
and E. -Washington Streets, the
building was to be saved by the owner,
the Farmers and Merchants Bank.
However, when adjacent buildings
were demolished to make way for the
bank's expansion, the old structure
began to crumble and Building
Inspector B.J. Cooksey ordered it
Destruction of the historic building
brought a blast from Esther Connolly,
president of the Historical Association
who claimed the Farmers and
Merchants Bank ruthlessly destroyed
Gary Wright, the bank chief
executive officer, said, "We made
every effort to save the structure but
we were not about to risk the safety of
anydne by attempting to leave the
building as it was."
The bank, which has owned the
Marvin Anderson building for the past
three years had planned to leave the
building standing until March 1 in
order for the Historical Association to
find a way to preserve the building.
The building had been condemned
in November of 1975 but the building
inspector had delayed the time of
demolition in order for students from
the University of Florida School >f
Sture' 0 cud -; ; i I;s. ,; ;
wit r ... group f- at le,4'
two years in an attempt to find scme
alternative to the destruction of thn.
But there were no more extensions for
the old structure on Thursday.
Mrs. Connolly said a preservation
architect had examined the building
and did not consider it really to
She said no opportunity was offered
to salvage the valuable plate glass
windows, the mantels from fireplace
or to save a sample of the wooden
joints in the timbers.
Some people who watched the
destruction said they thought the
building was an eyesore and were glad
to see it torn down.
The building was sold to the bank
(Continued on page 2)
By Ron Clehon
FIRST it was pet rocks that were a
fad. Now it may be pet ropes. Who
knows what's next?
SOWNERS of King-Merritt Ranch
sent a letter to Fire Chief John
Nelson praising the work of the fire
department in extinguishing a fire
last week at the ranch. The skill of
the department is credited with
saving the barn and ranch home.
POSTAL SERVICE has $15
million in surplus. No rate increase
COURTHOUSE Philosopher says
government computers get upset
HIGHWAY Patrol estimates 27
people will die in Florida traffic
accidents during the 78-hour
Christmas holiday. The patrol is
urging defensive driving.
JEFFERSON residents purchas-
ed $6,166 in Savings Bonds during
PHYSICAL arrangement of the
school board meeting room has
been changed. School board
members now sit on one side of the
table and face the audience. They
previously sat around the entire
table. Additional seats have been
added for the public.
FLO FASTOFF, chamber secre-
tary for the past 14 years, is
resigning as of December 31st.
NEW staffer at the Clerk's office
is Sandy Arce. She's the wife of
Rev. Hector Arce, president of the
STOCKINGS for each County
Commissioner are hung on th,
fireplace in the commit'
(Continued from page 1)
three years ago by Joe Anderson, vice
president and comptroller of the bank.
Anderson's father had owned the
building for 50 years.
As demolition crews were destroy-
ing the building, people were taking
bricks and other parts of the building
as souviners of the old structure.
The building had housed a candy
store, insurance agency, pool hall, bar
and cigar factory. County Judge
Charles Anderson once had a law
office located in the building.
Councilman Alfred Foster watched
the demolition and recalled dances
were once held on the second floor of
the Marvin Anderson building.