TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO.
AN ORDINANCE to give effect to the measures decided
upon in the International Opium Convention signed at
The Hague on the 23rd day of January, 1912, and to
regulate the importation into and the storage and
disposal of Opium, Morphine, Cocaine and similar
GEORGE R. LE HUNTE,
31st December, 1912.
W HEREAS the Government of this Colony hath
agreed to be bound by the International Opium
Convention signed at The Hague on the 23rd of January,
And whereas it is expedient to regulate the importation
and the storage and disposal of Opium, Morphine, Cocaine
and similar drugs;
Be it enacted by the Governor of Trinidad and Tobago
with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council
thereof as follows:
1. This Ordinance may be cited as the Opium short tle.
i w *
No. 58. Opium. 1912.
Interprea- 2. In this Ordinance the term:-
Raw opium" means the spontaneously coagulated
juice obtained from capsules of the papaver somuiferum
which has only been submitted to the necessary manipu-
lations for packing and transport.
"Prepared Opium" means the product of raw opium,
obtained by a series of special operations, especially by
dissolving, boiling, roasting, and fermentation, designed to
transform it into an extract suitable for consumption; and
includes dross and all other residues remaining when opium
has been smoked.
Medicinal Opium means raw opium which has been
heated to 600 centigrade and contains not less than 10 per
cent. of morphine, whether or not it be powdered or granu-
lated or mixed with indifferent materials.
"Morphine means the principal alkaloid of opium,
having the chemical formula Cu, H,~ N O,.
Heroine" means the diacetyl morphine, having the
formula Ca H,, N O,.
Cocaine means the principal alkaloid of the leaves
of the Erythroxylon Coca, having the formula C, H2 N 04.
Similar drugs include-
(a.) all preparations whether official or non-officinal
as well as the so-called anti-opium remedies,
which contain more than 0-2 per cent. of
morphine, or more than 0-1 per cent. of
(b.) heroine, its salts and preparations containing
more than 0-1 per cent. of heroine.
(c.) all new derivatives of morphine, of cocaine, or
of their respective salts, and every other alkaloid
of opium which has been demonstrated by
scientific research to be liable to similar abuse
and in its abuse productive of like ill-effects.
Opium when used without any qualifying epithet,
shall be taken to include "Raw opium," "Medicinal opium,"
Morphine," "Heroine," "Cocaine," and Similar drugs."
No. 58. Opium. 1912.
Store means any place appointed by the Governor
for the storage of opium on its arrival at any port in the
3. It shall not be lawful to import into the Colony any Importation
prepared opium, opum un-
4. All opium imported into the Colony shall be deposited, opum to b
at the cost, risk, and peril of the person or persons importing "troia i.
the same, in such store as shall be appointed by the
Governor for that purpose.
5. No opium shall be delivered or withdrawn from a store Authority
except on the written authority of the Surgeon-General Sf.omlt r
or Medical Officer authorised by him as hereinafter
6. The Surgeon-General may authorise in writing any s.rgeon.
Government Medical Officer at any port in the Colony Gaer 'mar
to sign the authority required by this Ordinance for the autrity.
withdrawal of opium.
7. It shall not be lawful to authorise any withdrawal To who
of opium from a store except to registered Medical 2emaye~"e
Practitioners, Dentists and Druggists.
8. Where any opium imported into the Colony is, opium not to
without the proper authority, found in the possession of any pla oher
person or kept in a place other than a store, such person or haa store
the occupier of such place, unless he can prove that the authority,
same was deposited there without his knowledge or consent,
and also the owner of, or other person guilty of keeping the
opium, shall be guilty of an offence.
9. Any person contravening the provisions of any of the penalty for
preceding sections shall, on summary conviction before a "cntrventon.
Magistrate be liable to a penalty not exceeding one hundred
pounds or to imprisonment, with or without hard labour,
for any period not exceeding twelve months, and the
Magistrate may order any prepared opium, or opium unlaw-
fully imported or withdrawn from the store, to be forfeited
to His Majesty.
No. 58. Opium. 1912.
Search 10. It shall be lawful for a Magistrate, if satisfied by
Warrant. information on oath that any opium or prepared opium is
being unlawfully kept, conveyed, landed or sold in contra-
vention of this Ordinance at any place, whether a building
or not, or in any vehicle, to grant a warrant to enter at any
time, and if needs be by force, on Sundays as well as on
any other days, the place or vehicle named in such
warrant, and every part thereof, and to examine the same,
and to search for any opium or prepared opium unlawfully
kept therein, and to demand from the owner or occupier
thereof the production of the authority for being in possession
of the same.
sei"ur of When the officer or other person executing such warrant
iirorare has reasonable cause to believe that any prepared opium or
opium opium found by him in any such place or vehicle, is
being kept, conveyed, landed or sold in contravention of this
Ordinance, he may seize and detain the same until the
Magistrate has decided whether the same is liable to be
forfeited or not.
Proceedings in a Magistrate's Court shall be commenced
as soon as possible after the seizure.
protection of 11. Any person acting under the aforementioned warrant
ofes from shall not be liable to any suit for seizing or detaining any
prepared opium or opium.
Accomplies 12. Whoever attempts to commit or aids or abets in the
commission of any offence against this Ordinance may be
dealt with in the same way, and shall be liable in the same
penalty, as if he were charged with the actual offence.
Theopum 13. Whoever shall in this Colony plant, grow or cultivate
PP ." the opium poppy (papaver somniferum) or knowingly permit
the same to be planted, grown or cultivated on land in his
occupation shall be guilty of an offence against this Ordi-
nance and on conviction thereof shall forfeit and pay a
penalty not exceeding Two hundred pounds, and m default
of payment shall be imprisoned either with or without hard
labour for any term not exceeding six months.
Govenor in 14. It shall be lawful for the Governor in Executive
council may Council to make such rules as he may consider expedient
No. 58. Opium. 1912.
for the regulation of the importation, landing, storage,
withdrawal, or conveyance of any opium imported into this
15. All penalties incurred under this Ordinance may be Roovery of
recovered before a Magistrate, for which purpose everypentie .
Magistrate shall have jurisdiction to the extent of the said
16. So much of the Ordinance No. 280 as relates to Roel.
opium as defined by this Ordinance is hereby repealed.
17. This Ordinance shall commence and come into comn..e-
operation on such day as may be fixed by the Governorm~"e
in Executive Council.
Passed in Council this Eleventh day of December, in
the year of Our Lord one thousand nine hundred and twelve.
HARRY L. KNAGGS,
Clerk of the Council.