blisher's book bindi
is defined as a mass-pro-
/ duced cover or casing created on the order of and
t the expense of the publisher and attached to the
text block before sale of the individual book. Before the
books were bound in paper covers and if the pur-
chaser or bookseller so desired, he could have the book
bound in leather by a binder.
In the 820's book cloth became available as a covering
The thin, woven, muslin-like cloth was dyed and
stiffened by filling the spaces in the cloth-weave with starch
and then the cloth was glued to stiff boards and attached
to the text block. A paper label printed with the title was af-
fixed to the spine and/or front cover.
From the i830's
through the end of the 18o0'
binding industry was perfecting the technologies of dyeing,
printing, sizing, graining, gluing and stamping the cloth
A C-. *- fL4. 4-, rl- 1 A
fore-edge painting is a scene painted on the page
edges of a book that is not visible when the book
.is closed. To view the painting the book must be
ened and the pages fanned.
To create the painting, the pages were
rounded and the cover was attached. T
sewn, backed and
ie text block was
then fanned and clamped in the fanned position. The
fanned edges were then painted by the artist us
tercolors. After the painting was set, the clamp was re-
moved and the text block returned to the norma
The edges were then gilded, or covered in gold. The painting
was then hidden until the book block was fanned.
Portraits, landscapes, scenery,
Iious images, buildings
and even erotica were hidden on the edges of books. Early
examples were monochrome but after 7i 5o the images were
in full color.