Title: Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants : An Oral History Collection ( Libraries' mini grant proposal )
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00103016/00001
 Material Information
Title: Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants : An Oral History Collection ( Libraries' mini grant proposal )
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Saltzburg, Richard
Publisher: UF Libraries
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: October 13, 2010
Copyright Date: 2010
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00103016
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

2010-2011 Smathers Libraries Mini Grant
Application due: Friday, October 1, 2010, 5:00 PM

X_ Check here if this is your first grant application where you will be serving as a principal investigator

Principal Investigator (PI) Name: Richard Saltzburg

Department: Library West Email: ricsalt@uflib. ufl.edu Phone: 273-2648

Additional project applicants, please give name, email, and brief role for each:

Title of grant application project: Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants: An Oral History Collection

Project abstract (no more than 100 words):

Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants: An Oral History Collection project has 3 goals: to develop a
digital oral history collection focused on the daily lives and struggles of Arab immigrant families who
have made Florida their home, to demonstrate a proof of concept for future oral history initiatives in
the UF Libraries, and to create original material for a new course taught by Arabic faculty at UF. This
proposal requests funds for travel to Arab Communities, for hiring a transcriptionist and for the services
of a DLC employee and student to work with born digital files to create a digital collection.

Funds requested (Limit of $5,000): _$1749.00

Describe how thel0% mandatory cost share will be met (be specific):
Cost share will be contributed by DLC for labor at a total of $731. Additional cost share is being
contributed by Dr. alHady, faculty in the Dept. of World Languages and Literature, however his effort
is not included in the budget.

Please list the library resources to be used in this project and the name of the person authorizing the
intended use and date authorized. Each authorizing person must initial their approval and availability of
resources for this project. If you need more room, continue on a separate page.

Resources Required for Project as Authorizing Approving Initials Date Authorized
applicable including cost share Individual

DLC-Digtization Larile Talo ,- vt/1,}f/ ./Zf
IT Rachel Schipper fa, / f

Approved by:

De~pt. Chair Signature



Pl Signature

Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants: An Oral History Project

Project Description: goals, objectives, activities.

The Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants project will collect Oral Histories from Arab immigrants living in Florida
who have come from Arab speaking countries throughout the Middle East and North Mfrica and whose stories
provide information about their country of origin along with their current unique but mostly invisible ethnic
community where they now reside. We wish to discover these rich cultural legacies which are not available from
traditional sources such as official State records. At the same, the UF Libraries are not currently prepared or
equipped to capture this type of valuable information that can be used for scholarly learning and research.
Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants proposes to meet three distinct goals: 1) To develop a digital oral history
collection focused on the daily lives and struggles of Arab immigrant families who have made Florida their home; 2)
To demonstrate a proof of concept for future oral history initiatives in the UF Libraries; 3) To create original
material for a new course taught by Arabic faculty at UF.

Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants seeks to demystify the Arab immigrant experience of those who are living
among us as well as whose culture occupies a prominent position in world affairs. Carrying out this project will
provide current, primary material for creating a new class within World Languages Department to meet future needs
of a changing student population and will help foster a community of multiculturalism on campus. This also creates
an opportunity for the Library to refine and expand its role by demonstrating the effectiveness of library staff as a
convener and collector of contemporary cultural currents, and other future oral history needs.

The PI will identify 25-30 potential interviewees representing the following Arab countries of origin: Algeria |
Bahrain | Comoros | Djibouti | Egypt | Iraq | Jordan | Kuwait | Lebanon | Libya | Mauritania | Morocco | Oman |
Palestine | Qatar | Saudi | Somalia | Sudan | Syria | Tunisia | UAE | and Yemen in North Florida and seek interview
schedules for a maximum of 25 interviewees with each interview lasting 25 minutes. The project team will develop
interview questions and gather digital oral histories and 60 digital photographs of memorabilia to include in a digital
collection in UFDC for the purpose of supporting Dr. Alhadi's research and plan to develop a new course based on
this new collection. Our educational objectives are to preserve and make available both in the classroom and in a
digital library the lives of Arab immigrants who can teach us vital lessons about equal citizenship, spiritual striving,
and community-building. The project team will share its experiences in terms of methods and results with Libraries'
staff and promote availability of the equipment for other Library-related oral history initiatives.

Project Significance/Rational

Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants will be a new resource for UF students wanting to learn about Arab language,
culture, politics and history from the vantage point of immigrants who have unique perspectives and stories from
their native countries which when synthesized with their new experiences in Florida create histories unavailable
from any other sources. Arab communities exist all over the United States but they are not highly visible nor are
they part of the ebb and flow of daily life. Mohamed-Eslam Mohamed, a Gainesville resident, called attention to this
when he took part in "a national photography project called "Unseen America", which aims to show the lives of
people and groups misrepresented ignored or stereotyped by mass society." (Stinson Curry, 2010) This over looked
segment of the population has taken on an increasingly more important role in the future of our country and
Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants project will allow the University of Florida Library to take part in bridging
this gap by creating an online, fully accessible Digital Library of Arabic language interviews, an English translation
and accompanying transcription. The Department of World languages currently teaches five beginning Arabic
classes along with several intermediate and advanced level classes with an enrollment of well over one hundred
students who frequently use the library for access to films, grammars, Arabic fiction and the "prayer room" for
those who practice Islam.

The Arabic department also teaches classes on the Quran as Literature and a traditional Arabic Culture class using
official records and published materials. The Arabic culture class focuses on the traditions of various countries while
the syllabus for a new class based on Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants will rely on the collected Oral Histories
of Arabic speakers from various countries and will provide an additional course in an increasingly popular area of

Comparison/Contrast to other similar projects in academic libraries

The PI searched HW Wilson' s Library Literature & Information Science Full Text for examples of Oral Histories
created by librarians in collaboration with University faculty and archived in a digital collection. There are an
abundance of articles on the topic of oral histories and libraries but most deal with the technical issues of storage and
access. The Caltech Collection of Open Digital Archives (CODA) hosted by the Caltech Library System is "a
collection of Oral Histories Online that brings selected interviews to the public in digital form" and are about "the
distinguished scientists, teachers and administrators of the Institute." ("About the Archive," 2004) In Revealing
Florida's Arab Immigrants project, librarians work in the field with university faculty recording oral histories of
Arab immigrants so that future UF students have access to the experiences of individual Arab immigrants and their
country of origin both in the classroom and the library. The PI called the American Library Association main offices
in Chicago and asked if a librarian had ever worked with a faculty member to create an oral history project which
was used to create a new class taught on campus and to become a digital library-the answer was no. When the PI
asked another ALA source seeking the same information-again the answer was "no." The PI spoke to a third person
a person at ALA working with oral histories but was told that they worked with children and educators in a program
called Association for Library Service to Children.

The topic of Arab immigration has been studied in a limited way at different universities. Although these four
projects deal with Arab immigration in Florida, the most recent was produced 13 years ago, and does not reflect
recent events such as the wars in Iraq, Afghanistan or 9/11. The oldest work was completed 60 years ago but has
value as a reference source.

Baker, Khawla Abu. 1997. The impact of. inup o,,r,. , on Arab families in south Florida. Thesis (Ph. D.)--
Nova Southeastern University, 1997.
David, Joseph Kaleel. 1950. The Near East settlers ofJacksonville &~ Duval Country.
Howell, Gladys David. 1980. Assimilation and acculturation in the Middle Eastern community of
Jacksonville, Florida.
Kazaleh, Fadwa Ann. 1986. Biculturalism and adjustment a study ofRamallah-American adolescents in
Jacksonville, Florida. Thesis (Ph. D.)--Florida State University, 1986.

In contrast, the oral histories recorded from the Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants project will be original and
unavailable from any other source because they will be responses to interview questions designed by the PI in
collaboration with Dr. Esam Alhadi.

Resources Needed/Impacts on Other Departments

In addition to the funding requested to hire one student, the project will require existing computer equipment and the
Marantz digital voice recorder in the DLC and the use of the library van. Once all needed materials are submitted to
the Digital Library Center, the DLC will create a collection code and Lourdes Santamaria-Wheeler will create a
collection landing page for the collection on the University of Florida' s Digital Collections website. Randall Renner
will supervise OPS personnel in the preparation, ingest and scanning of all photographs either in analog or born
digital formats. Randall will also import all provided metadata for the interviews, transcripts, and photographs into
the DLC's tracking system and UFDC, and will normalize and create derivatives of the provided files where
appropriate for ingest and loading to UFDC. All materials will be freely and openly available on UFDC, and all
provided materials will be permanently archived for the DLC by University of Florida' s Computer Networking
Services TIVOLI storage, a duplicate archive will also be maintained in the Florida Digital Archive hosted by the
Florida Center for Library Automation (FCLA). All materials will be submitted to the DLC by June 1, 2011, and
will be ingested, loaded, and archived by July 31, 2011.

Dr. Alhadi and the PI will conduct the interviews in Arabic and record them on the Marantz digital recorder. Dr.
Alhadi and the PI will then translate the interviews into English and this recording will be sent to a transcriptionist.
The completed transcription will then be given to the DLC. Students, faculty and staff will have access to the fully
searchable oral histories in the original Arabic with English translation to increase accessibility to non-Arabic

Phan of Action
Timeframe Activity Responsible Parties
November Audit Oral History Course Saltzburg, Dr. Ortiz
Planning meeting with DLC, Oral History Dept, Dr. Esam Alhadi Randall Renner, Laurie
Invite interviewees to participate (create a letter) Taylor, Dr. Alhadi
Develop schedule for interviews (create a matrix of people and country Saltzburg, Dr. Alhadi
of origin)
Secure transcriptionist Saltzburg,
December Practice using Marantz digital recorder and saving files to a separate hard Renner, Saltzburg, Dr.
drive in preparation for interviews Alhadi,
Apply for an IRB for 2 people Saltzburg
Develop questions for interviews Saltzburg, Dr. Alhadi
Practice interviewing process Saltzburg, Dr. Alhadi
January Make appointments with interviewees (25) Saltzburg, Dr. Alhadi
April Complete 25 interviews Saltzburg, Dr. Alhadi
*Translate interviews Arabic/English and record to CD Saltzburg, Dr. Alhadi
FebrualT Begin transcription process Transcriber
April -July * Edit transcripts for accuracy Saltzburg, Dr. Alhadi
Submit oral history files, translations, digital photographs, and Saltzburg
transcriptions to the DLC,
DLC creates a collection code, collection landing page on the UFDC
website. Renner
Metadata developmn
July -Sept. * DLC creates derivatives of the provided files where appropriate for Renner
ingest and loading to UFDC
September * Complete work related to loading all files, metadata, etc. Saltzburg, Renner,
Promote collection Barbara Hood
Include article in library newsletter
October Post meeting for acquiring feedback from Oral History Dept., DLC, Dr. Saltzburg, Renner,
Esam Alhadi Barbara Hood, Dr. Alhadi

Who owns the collection, where is it located, copyright issues?

The Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants project will collect Oral Histories from Arab immigrants. The
interviewees will be asked to sign a "Deed of Gift Form" transferring ownership of the interview to the University of
Florida Libraries where a new collection will be created hosted by the DLC. This signed form will protect the
library and the project team from copyright issues. The project team will apply to the IRB for permission to
interview human subjects for academic purposes so that the project will be in compliance with University

Measures of Success, expected results, final product, projected use?

The project will be successful when 1) Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants oral interviews are freely and openly
available on the UFDC and 2) students in Department of World Languages and Literatures become aware of the
collection and begin to access the oral histories on Arab immigrants to work on class assignments.

This proof of concept will demonstrate how a UF librarian can go outside the library and work with a faculty
member to create a new collection benefitting both the library and a teaching department at UF. If the concept is
successful, the experiences of the PI and the faculty member will be shared in the library and at Pugh Hall where the
faculty member is located. Because this collaboration involves partners from the library and the faculty, the
implication for a successful project are far reaching and can have an impact well into the future. Beyond these
strengths, the PI is currently auditing the Oral History class taught by Dr. Paul Ortiz. Researchers who refer to the
Oral Histories will find current information on Florida' s Arab Diasporas. The letters of support outline the potential
for research for linguists, anthropologists, historians and economists who need access to non-traditional information
about Arab communities in Florida.

A successful proof of concept will lead to requests for other grant funds to support expansion of this collection.

Appendix A


Caltech Archives Oral Histories Online. (Born on 2004-09-20). Retrieved October 7, 2010, from
http://oralhistorie s.1ibrary. caltech. edu/information. html

Stinson Curry, L. (2010, September 19). Revisiting 'Unseen America.' The Gainesville Sun, p. D1.

Mini Grant Budget Form

Please add lines to table as needed. If you need help completing this form, please contact Bess de Farber, PH# 273-2519.

1. Salaries and Wage (no fringe benefits reuired)
Name of Person Salary times % of effort Grant Funds Cost Share Total
Saltzburg, Richard 47676.68 X 19.16% $0.00 $9,133.00 $9,133.00
Santamaria-Wheeler, Lourdes 49,789.20 X 0.07% $0.00 $36.00 $36.00
Renner, Randall 60,455.60 X 1.15% $0.00 $695.00 $695.00
OPS labor 6 hrs X $10/hr + fringe $61.00 $0.00 $61.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
SUBTOTAL $61.00 $9,864.00 $9,925.00

2. Equiprment
Item Quantity times Cost Grant Funds Cost Share Total
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
SUBTOTAL $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

3. Supplies
Item Quantity times Cost Grant Funds Cost Share Total
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
SUBTOTAL $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

4. Travel
From/To # of pole/# of day Grant Funds Cost Share Total
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
SUBTOTAL $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

5. Other (services vended, etc.
Item Quantt times cost Grant Funds Cost Share Total
Transcriptionst Services $4.50/page X 375 pages $1,688.00 $0.00 $1,688.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
$0.00 $0.00 $0.00
SUBTOTAL $1,688.00 $0.00 $1,688.00

Grant Funds Cost Share Total
Total Direct Costs (add subtotals of items 1-5) $1,749.00 $9,864.00 $11,613.00


I am writing this letter to express my full support and commitment to working with Mr.
Richard Saltzburg on the oral history proj ect that is destined to document lives and cultures of
Arab communities in Florida. I am making this commitment because I fully understand the
importance and uniqueness of this proj ect. To my knowledge, it is the first of its kind ever
conducted by an academic institution in Florida. Although, Arabic language and Arabic studies
in general are recognized, by the US government and our students alike, as one of a handful of
topic areas that are strategically critical to the country in the 21st century, it is remarkably bizarre
to note that Arabic communities in this country have remained sidelined in the terms of academic
research and studies. Developments in recent times, particularly as a result of the 9/11 events,
have changed the role and status of teaching and learning about Middle Eastern cultures and
communities in the United States. The huge increase of interest in learning Arabic and learning
about Arabic communities and cultures, combined with the varying needs of the learners in the
aftermath of September 11, 2001, has had an impact on the goals, curricula, textbooks, and above
all how class materials are prepared and presented. The importance of understanding Middle
Eastern cultures became an imperative in both government agencies and educational institutions.
I feel this proj ect will make a vital contribution to filling this gap.

There is currently a high demand among American university students to maj or or minor in
Arabic language and other related areas. Many new Arabic language departments and programs
are systematically being opened. According to a study prepared by the American Modern
Language Association, more than 20,000 individuals enrolled in Arabic-related higher-education
programs in 2006 in the USA. This is two times the number of those who signed up to study this
field in the years between 1998 -2002. Here at UF, I have been an eye witness for the past five
years on the rising numbers of students who j oin our classes, and those who travel to the Middle
East for summer or yearlong study programs. I am very confident that this proj ect will provide
them and others with a first-hand material that is coming from their backyard, but still firmly
relates to their areas of focus and interest.

I have already started making plans to use the material from this proj ect in a new course that I
wish to offer. The course that I am proposing will focus on the socio-cultural development and
change among Arab communities in the USA. I am also sure that the "Arabic Culture" course
that we currently offer through the Arabic program will find valuable resources in the material
that will become available through this proj ect.

My commitment to this proj ect will be in different forms. I will dedicate whatever it takes of
time to do the interviews in Arabic. I will do the Arabic typing and the English translation. I
will provide any follow-up that may be needed to make sure that the final product of this proj ect
matches its prescribed purposes and intentions. I will also advertise it through the numerous
mailing lists and other forums that I have access to in order to make it known to the interested
academic community.

I hope to see this proj ect moving forward and I am sure it will be successful and fruitful.

Dr. Esameddin Alhadi


Department of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures

October 7, 2010

Support Letter for the proj ect: Revealing Florida' s Arab Immigrants

George A. Smathers Libraries: Mini Grant Program

Dear Grant Management Committee,

I am writing this letter in support of the proj ect Revealing Florida' s Arab Immigrants. I believe
that this is a unique and excellent proj ect for a number of reasons.

First, it documents in audio digital files the perspectives of Arab Floridians, making available to
scholars, students, and the general public historical and cultural material that single-authored or
even multi-authored scholarly books and textbooks only hope to provide. Whereas it is almost
inevitable for such books to escape the bias of their authors, the audio material that is promised
by this proj ect provides a multilateral dimension to both culture and history by virtue of placing
primary focus on the voices of different Arabs that came to Florida from all Arab states.

Second, the digital collection that the proj ect will gather may translate into an outstanding course
that will certainly benefit UF students in general and Arabic students in particular. The reason is
that, unlike the current Arabic Culture class that focuses on the perspective and practices of
Arabs who live in the Arab world (a good course in and of itself), a course based on the digital
oral histories of Arab Floridians focuses on the point of view of Arabs that live between two
different worlds: the Arab World and the United States. In this sense, the course will be able to
answer questions related to cultural shocks, gender differences, religious clashes, and many other
issues in a way that a unilateral analysis (e.g., in the eyes of Arabs OR in the eyes of Americans)
can only partly provide.

Third, the digital collection of the proj ect will most likely prove useful beyond the imagination
of the investigators. For example, as a linguist, I already look forward to the audio files as
invaluable material for research on Arabic dialectology and language variation and change. I can

only imagine how other faculty (e.g., History, Gender Studies, Religion, Archeology, and
Sociology) will employ such material.

Finally, if Smathers Libraries Mini Grant Program decides to support this proj ect, it is my
conviction that external funding to support a related but bigger proj ect is bound to follow.

I wholeheartedly recommend the Revealing Florida' s Arab Immigrants proj ect for the Smathers
Libraries Mini Grant. I make myself available for any questions.


Youssef A. Haddad
Assistant Professor of Arabic Linguistics
Languages, Literatures & Cultures
357 Pugh, PO Box 115565
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611-5565


George A. Smathers Libraries 208 Smathers Library
Department of Special and Area Studies Collections PO Box 117005
www.uflib.ufl.edu/spec/arehome Gainesville, FL 32611-7005
352-846-2746 Fax

October 13, 2010

Bess de Farber

Dear Bess,

Richard Saltzburg has requested that I write a letter of support in regards to his application
for a mini-grant to conduct oral histories with Arab immigrants. Specifically, Richard wishes to
confirm that the services requested for his grant are relevant and that there is a broader need for oral
history to support collection development.
First, let me say that we have often found the need to conduct oral histories to augment
collections we acquire. The current Panama Canal Zone acquisitions campaign is a perfect
example. It was also necessary to conduct oral histories for the Chesterfield Smith Collection. Flo
Turcotte has expressed a willingness and need to conduct oral histories to support her work with
literary and environmental history collections. In short, there will always be an internal need for
library staff trained in oral history interview techniques. Currently we are dependent on the Samuel
Proctor Oral History Program to get the work done. SPOHP charges for their services and those
charges are not insignificant. Furthermore, SPOHP staff is not always available as the program has
its own interviewing schedule.
The Digital Library Center has a Marantz digital voice recorder that can be used by staff. It
is an easy-to-use device and produces a high quality recording in standard Eile formats. Richard's
request for OPS support to load the Hiles is a logical and necessary expense. However, the end
product of oral history is a transcript of the recording which is edited and corrected by the
interviewee before it is made available to the public. Transcription is the costliest part of any oral
history program and must be budgeted. Transcription services are available for oral history
programs that cannot afford to hire and train their own staff.
Richard's grant could serve as a pilot for other library oral histories projects. The budget
items requested for this grant are necessary for any oral history program and will give us a clear
idea of how to budget for future endeavors.


Carl Van Ness
Head of Archives and Manuscripts

The Foundation for The Gator Nation
An Equal Opportunity Institution

October 12, 2010

Support Letter for the project: Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants

George A. Smathers Libraries: Mini Grant Program

Dear Grant Management Committee,

I am pleased to share my excitement about the "Revealing Florida's Arab Immigrants"

project, proposed by Dr Esameddine Alhadi and Mr. Richard Saltzburg. Arab immigrants are

a n importa nt segment of America n society a nd are ma king va luable contributions to the

American social fabric, yet they remain hardly visible. This project, it is hoped, will be a step

towa rd cha nging th is situation.

I anticipate that the interviews with Arab immigrants in Florida will touch upon a wide

variety of topics, including politics, religion, history, gender, environment, media, etc. Many

of these topics a re relevant to cou rses I a m teach ing currently or plan to teach in the futu re.

For example, in my course about women and gender in Arabic literature, new perspectives

can be gained from the personal narratives of both male and female Arab immigrants

whose experiences in the US challenged their assumptions about gender roles, led them to

adjustments they did not anticipate, or helped them see gender issues in a new light.

Relevant material can also be used by students for research papers and class presentations

on the topic. Th is data base will be a n inva lua ble asset for grad uate students in our

department who are conducting research on related topics. I do, therefore, give my

unconditional support to this project.

Sarra Tlili

Assistant Professor, Arabic language and literature
Languages, Literatures, and Cultures,
Phone : 352-392-8678
Ema il : satlili@ ufl.ed u

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