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The Sun, March 31, 1906 - "Can Trustees Save the Land" by Napoleon B. Broward
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102918/00009
Finding Guide: A Guide to the Napoleon Bonaparte Broward Papers
 Material Information
Title: The Sun, March 31, 1906 - "Can Trustees Save the Land" by Napoleon B. Broward
Series Title: 2003 Addition: News Clippings and Articles
Physical Description: Archival
Publication Date: 1906
Physical Location:
Box: 14
Folder: The Sun, March 31, 1906 - "Can Trustees Save the Land" by Broward
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Broward, Napoleon Bonaparte, 1857-1910.
Drainage -- Florida -- Everglades
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UF00102918:00009

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Volume 1-No. 20 JAGKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, MARGH 31, 1906 Single Gopy 5 Gents


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IF WE MUST HAVE THEODORE I., WE HAVE THE CROWN READY


If It's Right, We Are For It


A Journal of Cartoon and Comment






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SHT'S ROGHT-, WE ARE FOR IT-


TIE SUN


A. K. TAY L R
Cartoonist


AN ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY WITH A WILL OF ITS OWN, PRINTED FOR THE PEOPLE OF FLORIDA, BY THE SUN COMPANY, AT 31 WEST FORSYTH STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
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Volume I-No. 20 JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, MARCH 31, 1906 5 Cents per Copy, $2 per Year
I it 1. .I I t tl .- [' t 1 'itlie.'e .t J 'qCksonville, Fla., j. s(cionl.-clahI matter


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~---~---~-----~---~


CLAUDE L'EEN'LLE
Editor


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March. 31, 1906


THE SUN


1IT.':d- Tr ge


Little doubt exists that the next Legislature of
Florida will again take up the question of providing
State insurance, and in view of such event, discus-
S sion of insurance business in this State is timely.
According to the population of Florida the bill
for life insurance is heavy, and a large sum is taken
from the State annually never to be brought back,
thus reducing the volume of money in circulation.
By means of State insiurranr.e advocates of the
plan claim that not only would the premium rate be
lower on account of economy of management, but
that the money paid in would be invested as far as
possible within the limits of Florida.
With lower premiums on life insurance better
protection could be given the people, as payment
would be more easily made and fewer policies would
lapse.
Last year was an extremely profitable season for



*Life insurance companies held risks in
Florida last year of $10,972,183, on which
S premiums of $1,711,403.80 were paid.
If this condition obtained for ten years
the insured would have paid $6,141,855
more than, the guaranteed liability of the
companies.
. If the amount of premium paid last
year was inv\steda each year for ten y-a ri
at 4 per cen', at t'lih end of that prri..1l
the investors would have the principal of
S $17,114,038 and interest of $3,744,4~-2.



the insurance companies doing business in Florida.
Both fire and life companies show a heavy balance of
receipts against expenditures; more than two mil-
lion dollars, less commissions paid agents, having
S been drawn from the State in excess of losses paid.
This does not include the many thousands of dol-
lars paid to accident, surety and other insurance
companies, besides the many fraternal organizations
which draw heavily from Floridians.
Of the 111 insurance companies of all kinds au-
thorized to do business in this State, only two show
a loss for 1905. These were the United States Cas-
ualty Company, which paid losses in excess of re-
ceipts of $603.86, and the Guarantee Company of
North America, which exhibits a loss of $862.70.
The amount paid for fire losses in the State last
year was but $669,941.15, while the receipts of the
various companies reached a total of $1,577,915.81,
giving the insurers a favorable balance of $907,-
974.66. The fire risk assumed was about eighty-five
million dollars.
While the fire risk in Florida is nearly nine times
greater than that of life insurance, yet it is the
latter that is of deeper import to the people.
The value of line insurance as a provision for in-
ture needs has been so hammered into the public
mind, both by solicitation and advertising, that the
habit of becoming insured may be considered a na-
tional trait.
It is looked upon as a form of banking, where
the deposit may be secured in old age or in providing
for family at death of a policy holder. By dwelling
upon auc1h benefits the business of life insurance has
a attained magnitude beyond all other commercial
&/ e enterprises depending for existence upon direct toll
i lom the people.
The amount of life insurance risk in Florida for
1.05j 3 as $10,972,183, divided among nineteen com-


State's Insurance Bill Last Year.

Fire Insurance-
Premiums paid .........1,577,915.81
Losses i.a.1 . 669,941.15
Balance in favor of
Companies ......... '.l, 974.6(6(

Life Insurance-
Premiums paid .........$1,711,- I -
Losses paid............... 501, *. '11
Balance in favor of
Companies ...... 1,2*i. , -. ' 11

panies. Only one of these was a State concern, and
which had qualified for business October 8, showing
December 31, risks of $146,775, on which premiums
of $1,721.62 had been paid.
The eighteen foreign companies received $1,709,-
682.18 in premiums during 1905. They paid claims
of $501,896.91, showing receipts of $1,207,785.27 in
excess of losses.
A striking feature of the year's business is that
the premiums paid the New York Life alone were but
$671.93 less than the total losses paid by all the comn--
panies.
Of the three big companies doing business in this
State the Mutual Life shows receipts above losses
of $328,070.58; the Equitable, $212,816.71; the New
York iLi f?. .:3410.t;.6 . .' 1 -
Thd prellmU.I - .';:. t .l in t,.' State last '' ir
were nearly one-sixth of the total life insurance risk.
If collected at the same ratio for ten years the policy
holders WOULD HAVE PAID $6,141,855 MORE
THAN THE SUM GUARANTEED BY THE TOTAL
OF THE POLICIES.
It cannot be assumed that the present risks would
continue for ten years, as many policies would lapse
because of non-payment of premiums, or be cancelled
on account of death or other reasons for payment
by the companies, but it is probable that sufficient
new business would be acquired to maintain the
present proportions.
In looking at the matter from this view a point
worthy of consideration is the side of profitable in-
vestment, showing how much less is paid by a life
insurance company than in many other forms of
investment.
Taking ten years as the period of iriv..,tin, It on
the basis of last year's business, the holders of in-
surance policies would pay $17,114,038 for the gi.I.-
anteed $10,972,183. But if the premium of $1,711,-
403, paid last year, was deposited each year in sav-
ings banks paying 4 per cent interest, or in other
equally safe kinds of investment at the same per-
centage for ten years, the result would be not only
the possession of the principal at the end of that
period, but interest of $3,744,482, making a total of
$21,488,520, or $10,476,357 more than the sum prom-
ised by the life insurance companies.
It is the feature of speculating with death, pos-
sibly, that naturally gives the charm to life insur-
ance. The chance of obtaining a great deal for little
given is the strong card. On account of the promise
that the amount called for in the policy will be paid
if death ensues within certain time after date of
issuance, without regard to the amount paid by the
insured, the standard of attractive investment has
been reached.
To place this form of investment on a solid foun-
dation, nr-...--ar .1, the premium must be fixed in
accordance with the average expectation of life of
the person insured. No person can complain of such
method, but it appears that the insured besides pay-


ing the real fee for insurance is also contributing
largely to a fund for gaining new business. In 1904
more than fifty million dollars were paid by thirty-
two companies in gaining new business, nearly all
of the money going to agents,
In 1904 the expense of the savings banks of Mas-
sachusetts were 1.45 per cent of the year's deposits,
or about one-tenth of the insurance expense of that
State.
lu spite of all the investigation of the big insur-
ance companies there yet remains much to be learned
of the manner in which the business has been con-
ducted. Now and then a ray of light reveals some of
the darker doings, and to the desire for information
by the New Jersey Legislature is the public indebted
for knowledge of one company-the Prudential. This
company ranks eighth in the amount of risk carried
in Florida--$333,338-iand last year its receipts in
this State were $44,711 ;w'. while its losses were but
$',547.50.



The funds handled by the Treasurer of
Florida last year from all sources was
about -7I 1,000.
The amount paid the New York Life,
the 1I iul1.11 and the Equitable InIII -.,, .
companies over all losses last y(C.il .i1'
>.7 . ,,. .11 1.
T he i. .-. il. - ; f th,. l ,,it.Il. .i 1N 111.M -
t ll.,in I ' '. , .. | i l j, 1 1 , r r ' .-i 'C -
l ., , w which' t,.g,.i ,r v.xcv I. I, y .,.V r:11
thousand dollars the sum handled 1,\ Ii.-
State I'i .i-uir.r.



The investigation shows that the great wealth of
this company is due to the lapse of policies.' In
1904, 94'. 41,4 policies, covering $ 1 -2'*'.. 176 of in-
surance, lapsed because the unfortunate holders were
no longer able to pay the premiums. In five years
the lapses of Prudential policies amounted to 51 per
cent of the total number issued. There was nothing
coming back to the policy holder; what he had paid
in was lost to him forever.
While information of lapse of policies in the other
big companies is not at hand, yet it is reasonable to
suppose that the percentage of lapse was not less
than in the Prudential. That company appears to
be of good standing as the others, and the premium
rate is about the same in all. When this phase of
life insurance is considered it is easy to see ho)
the enormous accumulations of the various companies
have been gained, and why the activity in seeking
new business is unceasing. In order for the com-
panies to continue constant effort is exerted to re-
place the lapsed policies with new holders of insur-
ance, many of whom will pay for a time, and then
will drop out as the burden of annual assessment is
beyond -Ih. Ir financial strength.
The real cost of insurance is overloaded with the
commissions to agents, the enormous salaries paid
officers of the companies and contributions for polit-
ical purposes and lobbying. Were these expenses
eliminated the premiums could be so reduced that
fewer policy holders would surrender in despair, and
life insurance would be a form of investment that
the poor man could more easily undertake.
Under State insurance it is declared that such
economy would be practiced. Insurance would be
furnished at reasonable cost and every protection
and aid be given the policy holder. Then, too, the
annual flow of money from the State would be
checked, to the benefit of every citizen,


tart ling Fnogia Figu

Showing Enormous Drain of Ca sh From tLhe State Made by l sliorsr=
ance Comripanies Each Year-G-et !blAfiflirns /&ire Thn JT'\}~y P'ut- In


IJ


I I 'I


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Fourtllh Page


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__ �


Can .Trustees Sav ean

ByGOVERNOgR N. B.'. BROtA " ' "

Of Fifth e Rebple Want Schbools in Every Cod ..'~j an.i"Hn.rd Roadls... ,
S Built, They Must Aid thi.e Trustees of thie Internidi, Ilnprove=":...
. ment Fundi To Carty Out Tll'eir Trust,-a iKt4'ed by ihe,
-- - -- -- Power Creating Thetm'" .":.;-; - "
� �' - " .' .... '. ..,, ' *,..2 ,' . .'*' -! .- S'_, E'. '_- ,


'p


Tallahassee, Fla.. March 26, 1000.
.Mr. Cl.ude L'Erngle, Editor of THE SUN, Jackson
ville, Fla:
I noticed some statements in the Jasper News
Which statements were copied in the Times-Union, t
the etlert that the Trustees of the Internal Improve
mernt Fund of the State of Floridar were violation
Lnapter 5245, LIws uof Florida. which statute read
as follows.

CHAPTER 5243. (No. 140.)
"An Act Providing for- the' Building of County.-EaI
Roads and Protiding Appropriations therefiir.
"Be it enacted by the legislature of the State&,o
Florida: .
"Section 1. AJ1 ~moais now in the'Interial Im
provement Funa, 'fteJ tihe payment of all legal obli
gAtions against, the said moneys, shall'be Iplaced
pleased by the Trustees of the Internal Imprrve
mrint F un- .'- � tate Treasurer, *ho.shell there
S_ . .iJ '. * -dr.f Dhe several conii
- " p aw the same tc e L. , assase1 ra4 n -,
u... . .-. r.....t . .I ...ji,.u....rth -p
roads' in such county.
' "Sec. 2. All lands granted to the State of Florfd
by tile United, States under the act of Congre-s o
18.50. known as tlie Swamp and Overtloned Act fo
Internal Improve t, anall be sold by the Trustee
of the Internal I? rouinent Fund, at such timd
and under - uch coniitifds as said Trustees may .e
treimin-; the proceeds thi-refrom sihnli bie Iy there
ldepuoited with tihe .Nltc Treasurer and by hir
placed to the credit ulwdid -county road find, a
Sr,.-ie-l n S,-i tin I of thii Act: Provided, Tha
nothing herein shall be so Icon-trued) construete
's to prevent the payment in lands by the said Trus
/ te s of the Internal Improvemenent Funl of all legal
O ligations now existing against said fund.
S 'oufrt -See. 3. All m.'nets approprintl to the several
M1, .i..'iintit' a- Iproided by Sections I and "2 of this A.t
Shall be paidl to the 'reiasure-r of sucih county upo
requiiition by tli County Commii~aroners of sai
l,,unty, t r.n.J.tionetc l upon its heing us-d exclriivcel
for thie building and conitructing a system of hnr
ma.-adamized .-r other hardi-surfactdl road�l. sai
renluiiititon shall 1i.' .Ico:Lmpa.nied by cert ii.aite under
s ol of the Clerk of the 'Circuit Court that the Coul
iy Commias'io-ners make said applin:tion solely fo
tler purpose of building hard, nacead.mized or othi
hard-surfaced roaiis.
"SSe:'. 4. This Act shall take exset immcdiatel
upon its passage and approval by the (Governor.
"Approved June 8, 1003."
I have printed the ahibe st. tute in full that th
people may know -exactly iNat it i-. The first elau
of Section 1 limit- thle \whble law; in other word
the first clau-e of-Pr tion 1, in effeit, says that a
moneys now in the Internal Improvement Fun
after the payna-nt of all legal obligations again
the said mio,-neLy. shall be placed by the Tru-.teees
the Internal Iniprotiemn-nt Fund with the State Trea
urer. In other [nirhl. that !rme tinir, whenever tha
may be-TIHAT IS, WHEN TH-IE OPERATIONS 1
DRAINAGE AND RECLAMATION ARE C(O
PLETED. AND \\'HEN ALL OBLIGATIONS ID
TERMINED TO BE LF.G:AL ARE SATISFIED AN
RELEASEID-IF T'IERE IS ANY MONEY LEF
AFTER ALL THIE LEGAL OBLIGATION
AGAINST the said nionyr c-y ihll ice Fpid, then t
remainder. if any, -ihall be plated with the Sta
Treasurer, wvho .'ia ll thlereuponn pla,. lie same to t
credit of tile -sever.il counties of the State for t
purpose of building county hard roads. -''-
Section 2 say.- "All ihnds granted td9pb Sta
of Florida lIv the United States, under'the Act
Congress of 185), known as Swamp and Overflow
Act for Internal Iniprovement. shall be sold by t
Trustees of the Internal Improiement Fund.-at su
-. times and under such conditions as such Truste


DRAINAGE AND RECLAMATION.

Re-olution in Relation to Draining the Everglade3.
i No. 14.)

- \\'llreas. Laige tracts of the public land s lying
in tihe vicnity of Lake Okeeclobee. and in that region
-.lith of s.ra lake c-alled "the Everglades,' being
,,v.-r.,d nith water, are incapable of being surveyed
inlI -ubhdiilted, ania are thelrcfore valueless to tihe
I nted.l State- :
-AnR \\Whereais. It is believed that a large portion
*i -aidl land:ri may i.e drained by canals, claimed.
and made valuablee for the cultivation of tropical
plants and fruits:
-And \Wherean, It i ;,-li ieved that theiee lands, if
I'l Inintd.. wouldd not only remunenrate this State
for thie expense of suchli riitlarnations, but would yield
a c..n-iderablle surplh i above -urb expense; therefore,
-"Re.olved lby the Senate and House of Repreaenta.
lives of the State of Florida in General Assemhly
Convened, That Conrec s be requested to grant to
this State all of said lands lying south of Carloo-sa-
hatchee river and of the northern shore of Lake Okee-
cholee. and between the Gulf of Mexico and the
Atlantic ocean, on condition that the State will drain
them and apply the proceeds bf the sale thereof,


.. THEIR DUTIES.

The following sections of the Revised Statutes of
Florida, originally enacted in Chapter 610, Laws of
Florida. Acts of 1855-the act which created the
Trustees of the Internal Improvement Fund-clearly
define the duties of the Trustees relative to the drain-
age and rerlnmation of the swamp and overflowed
laI t.1 -:
"Se.-tion 420. Trustees, Their Powers and Duties.
-For the purpose of assuring a proper application
of said fund for the purposes herein declared, said
lands and all the funds arising from the sale thereof,
nfter paying the 'necessary expenses of selection,
management and sale. are irrevocably vested in flee
trustees., to-wit: In the Governor of the State, the
Comptruller. the State Treasurer. the Attorney-Gen-
eral and tlie Commissioner of Agriculture, and their
Suct-3Isor- in office, to Ihold the s.arie in trust for
the us-.s andi purposes herinaiter provided, with the
pno-r to sell and transfer said lands to the pur-
chasers nald receive payment for the ganme and invest
the surplus moneys arising theefrom, from time to
time, in etncks of the United States, stocks of.the
several States, or the Internal Improvement' bonds
issued under the provisions of law, and drawing not.
(Continued on Twelfth Page)


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nm.y du't0iminie. and tihe iroceedls therefronm shall be after, defraying't;g i.etx. -of draiing, to purposes
Iby thlin ldepr.sited witl ite- Sfate Treasurer, and ' of educatiop." ".; ' . .' ,..
1lnI pla:dto the to tle tredJt of tlie sald .-ounty road fund, "Pased bythe, Shae tte'mee b I0,,1847. Passed
., pl..lt,-1 n II ,tion 1 4f thi, Act.' lby House of ERprdae ftin? a"4isy' 6, 1848. Ap-
S I'- .-t .is a.1 .l.v q.,ted, says what shall be done, proved by theo r January4 6, 48i)
.iftr'a .ill l-al ollig-ations. against the said moneys "Pagesa-O8 a d& ofthe-Laws.of847. '..
h.aver beLen palidl i lt-enev\e lhat inay be), whieh legal ""By an act -o a iseepteber 28,
.lliigatiFn-ls are: l-'irt, t.he .oet of proving up and 15'.a it is.provs . :S en the State. . .
,'-tting paut-nt- t-, t~Ip land. the operating of the to construct thp -enesaay levee a~d'droains to re-
lurid. by p..inag employees, et':.; next, paying prin- claim the swamp and overflowed 'lands therein, the ..-
.ipIl and inteie-t on-all bonds under the Internal, whole of thos.oeg-wamp gL.deoverflowed lands, made'..
liimprovennet Act for railroads, and the payment in'"' ntitthereby fo.cultivatioj: wbrihh ihall zl inn un-
landi or nimotney to all of the railroads or canal comr- sold at the passage of thi Act, 'hallb6e,'and. the
panies, who-have received land grants by legislative same aretereby;.gragitd dto aid Stat".'. '
- enaetmtents, or through eoutracts made by the Trus-" "The Act ftiheayrotides,' 'That.the proceeds of
tees, -hich grants now aggregate more than seven said'lands, wh~er..n; ..saleor by 'f ect approprifwa~-t
s inllii.'n- acr-es of land, and the claims against the tion in kind, gliaRl beipppliedI.f:ef'fie.vel, a4ar � - ...a. s
money in bonds of $10l,000, and'a claim in suit. by necessary, to tih purpose of.reimng at~lads.by.
the Louisrile andlashvilla Railroad, $224,000. Th meaens:,of the leveeaai. drains o id. .' ."
g total amount of Tri- fund in the hands of the Trua- he tate I1 F'lof.d aceptedth rai e-
S tees is less than three million acres of Ilnd, and abted r lQ o w a' lo ,. 85,'d in
about $350,000 in money, dredges, etc., with which .th of tA Iternal mjioeef Fua of
to pay-provided. of course, that these obligations., t b loid, and p.ved fq liberall eye- -
are declared legal by the courts, A& WE PROPOSE- ~ m .al'0 l promen, wh Iaw tite Supreme
' NOT TO PAY THEM UN.rB .. ,T .Th P.,'j . "(Ai:O IN tdFR; f o'e of Bailde .e Trustees
d DECLARED; Athen A isEI; .upn trued .: eiong our laiws
' TLED,.this.s tti ; '-..: .d " .' upod'thr e . b carry out the
S. Sectior- 2,. begnt g.Vw tJhA.'i .word, " ade s.g e wamp .and over-
after the quotation. .Amd. above isi, "ProveiA .de T ~'dA ..T " T i pre-me Court also, in the case
- nothing -heriatslL , dib6ntrned as t..r]ev.t; :p,/'". T3-ru ete, which read as follows:
; payment in t.Mds b;~ 'Tfte-"f ti' eo.f-Si- " ', .
S. Imprq'emen Fund ofl tereaobeitio1ie. i l T. -S- :DE SION BY ' SUPREME
S ing against shida.fund: ..or i.iei"de toifierpie'l . COO1RT. OF'.FLOBIDA.
e- the statute. correctly, he should now be.'a.priLsed of . .
. the legal. out.safding oblfgatlone againsatlaid fiid, '"The Trustees 'o.tie Internal Improvement Fun. .
_s - ,ar as. enactments df the 1. ipslotfire pre br.- . a..o�! tts:t va .WtNirm H. GIr son. ,'er-n(lept.
"L d.-" - '- ':.. - � .$-i- S"'.'" r -ttle provisionn..'--., mnnrr.' nm...
.._; #:a, ..,,.J .. . -.,,- - -.i: �
there was paid out fo' C J. A 'enderson, Tor dorm- f thernd to inmke such ai raingreen for thL drain-
a missions, selecting land, 97.000 acres, and to Mr. age of the swamp and overflowed lands as is most
3f . I. \Wales,- commission on selection and procuring advantagerus to the fund. Page 384, Vol. XV
)r patents to the lands, for the State. over $5,001 in Florida Reports."
money and about 5,000 acres in lands, besides the The Supreme Court of the United States has
g regular expenses of operating the fund. decided that the above enactments by Congreas and
The J. A. Henderson estate holds about $100.000 the State constitute a contract, and that the Legis-
m of bonds that, tihey,asked payment for, through nature has no power to violate that contract. I
m their attorney, Mr. T. L. Clarke tSee page 249, Vol. here quote the decision as follows:
s 5. Minutes Trustees of the I. I. Fund), but they , 'Ln the Supreme Court of the United States-Mc-
t have not yet been paid. Gee vs. Mtatlhs.
d "The Chief Juste:e delivered the opinion of the
9- THE DUTY TO DRAIN. court, and after stating the case, proceeded:
al "The first question which requires consideration
The first thing to be done with the money and in the case before us is: Was the levee tax imposed
l the land. after paying for selection and getting pat- in v;olnion of any contract between the State and
t. ents to lands and administering the fund, is the duty the United States?
n of the Trustees to drain and reclaim tie lands. "'It is not doubted that the grant by the United
iI These lands were obtained from the United States States to the Stale upon conditions, and the accept-
1 Government ONLY AFTER THE STATE HAD SOL- ance of the grant by the State constituted a contract.
. ELY, OFFICIALLY PLEDGED ITSELF TO All the elements of a contract met in the trans-
I, DR.-IN THEM. The grant from Congress *as passed action. competent parties, proper subject-matter,
r in response 4tg this solemn pledge made by the Legis- .ulicient consideration, and consent of minds. This
n. nature of FloPida, with the approval of the Governor contract wa- binding upon the State and could not
,or .f th State. in 1S47. That ledge IS AS BINDING be violatdil by its legislation without infringement
er UPON THE STATE OF FLORIDA THIS DAY as.it rf its Constitution. See 16 Fla. 541-542."
was on the day it was made. It is embodied in the
vl following resolution: LA.\W CREATING TRUSTEES AND DEFINING


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Another entry has been made in the race for Rail-
road Commissioners, and if the last, by no means
is it the least-Thomas J. Appleyard, editor of the
Lake City Index and one of the best known men in
Florida. More humor for the campaign, but in mate-
rial sense, as Mr. Appleyard declares that he will be
"the best-natured candidate" that ever solicited a
vote.
His love of funmaking is a characteristic, but
there is no joke in his (.-,ri.l.i ,-.. On the contrary,
it means work and a great deal of it to those who
have preceded him in announcing for the office. It
causes an upset of calculations and makes necessary
a revision of estimates in the vote schedule of the
other candidates, who now have a campaign of en-
ergy before them.
The contest for the Commissionerships four years
ago was lively and full of spirit, but the forecast
of this campaign indicates one of far greater
interest.
One reason for this is found in the direct atten-
tion now being paid the Commission by the public,
which is anxiously inquiring if it is beneficial, and
to what extent, and if the question be answered in
the affirmative the desire is expressed that the scope
of its usefulness be expanded.
Then, too, the personnel of the candidates and
their number combines the elements required for an
exciting political struggle.
Although Mr. Appleyard has been active in the
political highway for many years this is the first
office he has ever sought, but if his acquaintanceship
and general popularity can be reckoned as political
assets he can already count many milestones on the
road to success in this race.
While he has not been a holder of an elective
office he has for a number of years been Secretary
of the Senate, and in this position he has served with
every degree of satisfaction. Many times he has
been commended by the Senate for the excellence of
his work and the journals of the upper House, under
his direction, are models of accuracy.
And it is worthy of note that in his capacity of
Secretary of the Senate lie has never been
charged with dereliction of duty. He left politics
aside when he entered the Senate chamber and
addressed himself to the task of performing his
duties with all care and fidelity.
Mr. Appleyard has twice been a delegate from
Florida to Democratic National Conventions-in 1896
and 1904, and as a worker in many State campaigns
he has been prominent.
As to his fitness for the office of Railroad Com-
missioner he is undoubtedly well qualified if a knowl-
edge of conditions governing the work of that burea.i
be considered, because since the existence of the Com-
mission'he has devoted much time in patient study
of its decisions and informing himself of beneficial
results that might be accomplished.
In this connection it may be said, too, that how-
ever great his desire for the office it would not lead
him to promise reforms that he would know were im-
possible of achievement. If elected he will be a po-
tent factor in shaping the policy of the Commis-


sion, and the people can rest in the belief that his
part will not be one of masterful inactivity.
This is a favorable season for newspaper men to
enter the political pit, judging at least by the many
who have announced their intention to run. After
pointing out the way for many years it looks as if
the newspaper men r * ir ir-t. i-nir_. as far a possible,
to abandon theoretic..l I. -i iir- . and try for practi-
cal demonstration of the beliefs they hold.
The candidacy of the brilliant Win. A. Russell of
the Palatka News has been noticed, and now comes
his contemporary of the Times-Herald-H. A. B.
McKenzie-who signifies his wish to serve Putnam
County as Representative. Mr. McKenzie, too, is an
able editor, with many friends to urge his election,
and it will be fortunate for the people of that county
if both can be elected. It would be worthy tribute
to the two men who have worked unceasingly for the
upbuilding of Palatka and Putnam County.
Another newspaper man who is deserving of recog-
nition by his fellows is Hugh Sparkman, the talented
young editor of the Zolfo Advertiser, who is a candi-
date for Representative from DeSoto County. Mr.
Sparkman has lived the greater portion of his life
in that county and his newspaper work has been a
constant effort to improve the welfare of those among
whom he has toiled. He is opposed by J. B. Coch-
ran, at present County Judge, and a brother of Mis-
sissippi's noted jurist, Judge Cochran.
C. L. Bittinger, editor of the Ocala Star and one
of the State's well-known newspaper workers, is a
candidate for Representative from Marion County.
-He has many friends in all parts of Florida to wish
him success and to hope that the voters of the ''"an-
ner" county will take this occasion to show their
regard for one who has so long and cheerfully labored
in their interests.
H. H. McCreary of Alachua, whlo had announced
for re-election and then ). ill .ir. ., has reconsidered
the matter and again asks for consideration by tihe
people. Mr. McCreary is editor of the Gainesville
Sun, and there is no record of his ever failing to
push the interests of that section or ..iii;llini .- call
attention to the many advantages l....-. -,-;' I by
Gainesville and Alachua County.
E. S. Mathews, editor of the Starke Telegraph, is
a candidate for re-election as Representative from
Bradford County, and if his constituents show just
appreciation of his work last session lhe need have
no fear of their failure to choose him, and that by
a large vote.
Individual platforms and self-made issues con-
tinue to flow freely. It seems to be a necessary bit
of furniture accompanying the primary, and one that
is made much use of by every candidate appealing for
the suffrage of the people. While platforms and dec-
laration of principles are so common now, it may
not perhaps be n. i..i.1ll known tlat the first plat-
form of any party in the United States was declared
in 1832 in the second campaign of Andrew Jack-
son, when the Democratic party made the following
official declaration: "Resolved, That an adequate


protection to Amerincan industry is indispensable to
*1, ii',-,. I.,i of the country, and that an aban-
I. .....iii ,1 i Ii. policy at this period would be attend-
ed with consequences ruinous to the best interests
of the nation."

Too much law is productive of obnoxious govern-
ment, yet each session of a Legislature adds to ,ih '~
Ibuirden. Ideas for the restraint of the people lare
poured into the 1. i-1 I;", , hopper and mnixcd grist
of oppression is .1- iiril out. Many persons, however,
are recognizingll II, f, t hat it is futile to promote
goodness by act of tlhe 1 ._1.,i.,. .anld the following
taken from the New Y.it . -i, iii, the ease exactly:
"llis is one of the bright political minds of St. Paul
Iandl e said: "I'hlrc arre so iinany political doctors
prescribing for all ills just now that lone grows diizy-
t i.i,._ to decipher the Iprescriptions. The individual
should get a iove on. o That would inean the simplest
and most lasting kind of reform after all, for as the
man improves so so o will the conditions which sur-
round him. That rule applies to everything in life,
even to creating a taste in bathtubs. It is a sure
sign of weakness when a people shriek for more laws
to make them behave.' "

It is pleasure to note that lIon. Park Tramimell
has side-stepped the snares laii( for the wreckage of
his political existence and thlit lie declines to oppose
Steve Sparkman for Congress. Advice of real friends
and consideration of the folly involved in his ecoum-
ing a candidate for ( ..i.i. - in this ' -.. .ii,; , will
maintain Mr. Tranimell in the position lie now occu-
pies-that of a bright, and ambitions young man,
with a political future t rosy aspect. In his case
patience alone is necessary, as the current of events
to come will carry him in strong tide to exalted
office.

P. A. Vans-Agnew of Kissinmmee is at anlidate
for Representative from Osceola County. Iln passing
on this bit of news, it is also worthy of mention
that Mr. Vans-Agnew is also chief counsel of the
big land company fighting the State Drainage Com-
mission.

One of the duties of the State press during the
next session of the Legislature will be to keep an
eye on those members wlho then or in the late past
have been '1,,1... ,1 .,' interests not in harmony with
the public :......I \1.,., a little joker is born unseen
and its being never revealed until after a bill has
become plw, when it is too late to stop the trick of
the Legislator who is serving two masters to the dis-
comfiture of one-the people.

Alfred St. (Cliir-Abrams of Lake County, who is
a candidate for the Senla.e oilers a lengthy platform
in his appeal for nomination. Prominent among the
reforms urged by Mr. Abranms is enactment of ia
law placing the assessment of railroad property in
the hands of the Railroad Commission. He has
[Continued on Thirteenth Page]


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/March .3n, n9,'0',6.


FRth Page


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THE SUINLI


Sh maPi(:g 8tih e


Old TOlum-




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THE SUN


Zo3w7


March 31, 11906


To


By 'GEN. FRED, L. ROBERTSON

Tlhee D'eser'j-ing Corfedlerate Sol.dielr in Ne.ed oSf State Ai-a-d is Classed Withll D eserters on
Pension RIlO-fAlbout Ounie= Halfa oi Eachi-The R-emdy, a State Pension Cominnmissionier


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I


The qiu-tne-.n .~f State qiuestion.- is one c-f ah;.irb-
il. Initi-r-. t to the taxpay r. to the p-nrion,-r' aind t.,
thl.' Cenfe,.iate- V .etran, k ho are niot p.:nrniln,-i
,..1i n i.,c% r expect to bI,. Tlie p.ttan'e thlt ti e pe,..
[.I- -i lirnly hand out qut1irt-rly to tlhe iiiln wh\.
rii.idh Florida -,Iri..u-_ ,.en in d.-feat. i - but -i t ii.m ll
i, - ard f..r tlh,- -cr ii r-.r, . i Tre:.d, but it is all tbhat
t... cp'ple -an afford under the- xi-ting ''.-ndition;.
I'-irl ip- Iitii tlh i al ,ful lw lding rut *,,f Iunw..rtli
I.n-.ii.-I:;;ir- If \vu , ULD 1E POSS.IBLE TO IN-
i T;l.\-xEl-: TI1TK PRESENT PENSION FIFTY PEIR
I N' F: " n iiil.h .t I. nli tih - .pen_ inir. i, y c'(onomiv.
1,]_hl i . t 11 ,.1._,- t... e, i-t. biut hic, are thc-ie iinr orth[;y
l.i .- i.- li.i - t-, i .. .,.I t,:-n ,It. i. l kept ,,11 t hei rill~ ,
.\i e .-ry 'I.,t. *i ,. n nirPii l, ir of the Fi.:.ri.i.a Divi--
-i , I " i' . \" f i,.r -i ..-i.I :,.-ar; pa't, the p--nsion
,ir',-ti,, .Inl it' n ..lt, ha,' h en under di.,.u .ihI , IhL'- i rl Ilh li iiaw ti i.-i n tu. '"e teid for the
pi -ti- ti.n i of tlh.- ifuni ind th.l worthli t'iionfd.'rate
..lli.-r ilt in,..' ,if the i ii,.neri i la-l remel;-- d th-
Sil. In p .r.,'. m. otf tim e .i.inic.ni cry't i illiz. ,l. until
tl.. t4c,.- lI -t inr- .,npmnt; una Inimu'ly r. - onmm.i ended
II. , :r-.itin of the -lp,:-e of tlhe Prnsi. n Crnmis
-im.i r It e, i urc.-,i in tlie irntrest f..f the Stat'
anI i-f ,'Airliy p n i.nrII-,r,. Such ain i.l'i.- er wouldd
r.-liv I, thi Sti'-, of it' pr,.--nt li't olf iit','orthy
p ri-i' .':r and prote: t it i , in-t frail, in th,-
iitiure. The irrniii-irn, r -h,.uld r e i I onfielreite
i,,ili ,r., i m n ..,f hi'liie-t infI I e ity. i,-arle.-- an-d
ii-It. Si-h'li ni.li i,,iil.l guard tthi fund and help
hie nm-el3 npp[liiant I-,y pr:'mnpt atItentio:n to the ,ap
le.'atrl'.n. iofnint-lr li th it i; niow impo-vihlp, be,' u-i-
the e-ntleni'n tli.r t . tihe Pensio.ni Bo3:ardl ..rni
ll diop~.rtni-nt oii. '-r-. , n..n i- very h...ur of c-a.-li lay
is full of d,.--prtmeni t duti--. It ik n f.i t-knom n
only to a f'-wr outsiIo'e .fti thJe capiitl--that for ni-arly
tlire -vear the Prn--.n R irdl hi.ii hr-ol it;' ;ttin_-
,t ni;ht, eCic.in- thler-? .a. ni, time Jur;nm the day
in '.-lhich tm. att-rnd to pi-niin matt-r- Thisi iq an
i-ir -tii-, t, l the-' .. ii 'ers Thi-y iIhiul -i he allrow-l- d
.i cn- t tle night for re't and recr-ration.
In consid-ring appli aiti.,n- f-r pension, the Board
ii--l.i its het jildmni-nt. but it niatter' not hoiw ar:..r
fully they examine the .oli.lmnt.oa before then, frau-dI
,iil -lip in jullt an I-rno na the prr-n-ent '-ten co-n
tinii,.- in vogue. Thr- B,--ira ha' hb.-forre it only do. u-
ini-ntarv c-vidence. nand thi- ha- in a nluhelr of in.
.t.inc:es li-'ein nm le to t h.tw nnythinr butt the truth.
Ihe, B.oard nmut takr- the, eviioen-e that is siihmitted.-
*111l they i o.. :.-.'prt in rare- c-ase; r,.here . menil,-er
.Ip'p-ni.' t, havt,. r me, per�.-nil kno,\ilelp.- orf the
anrpli-. nt. The dliillriilties that c.-.nfr.,-nt thie Board.
'.. -. Il dif appi ear iief.- re an I'"r.nru isim.nlr. lh,-c-ani-
.,i1. ,in offi( li '-r oii ld I, v -.,t-d il ith full pr.'.etr t,
il.., -tigtat ev,.-ry ,l~im promente-d. andtiatil- pro-pe.t
..I prs.mnal int.i.:i woitni eer\t a mii-,lity intfliunme
or the Iuppre-ii-n .,f fraud. The fa; t that the C-om-


nii4.;olrmr v.i,-ild p-Iironally investigate every ea-e
tlit hi- hiad tlie s-lihtetst reason )to 0 uspc.-t,. and that
- ndii._-n puin-hali.irit iliId prm:,mptly f-.l--iw et-ery
att'1empt t,. d.I. ii.t.i thiet S.tate would deter impiopi.-r
Spplicati;- n.
It 1.i - iim'n a .k.-i. "' Why, if thi veteranss know
c-i t in pa1 rt . ,i-,.i ii,, iiiinm ir..perly on the roll, de,o
thliy nit lii p.t tl.- nm.tt-,.r to tIP Bioard " Tlhi.
aJ li.'1 r I-. . I:-V. 1I. lnlakl. u tch rrp[ i'rt w.OulId put
tlh-mn in thei .itlttii.d i-f tIhe- c.iiirnll:ii;ri t anmd a volun.l
t.itV witn.--. %11Dit 1 u - ld -.ul.i-t t the'-rn at once to
I he- cc.v.-rt ilt-k ..f the- fraudtuhrlit pjensio-ner. The
mi,.In l..o '..ill.1 -...-i ar i.tl-cly to .i. iI]-re a pen- ion
fir iiim--I .f r fi...r h - nrighbir. -oul, hate no ihe-i-.
t iu--y in--lrl, I t..l iIn the dI:-i limiinr of the night
t t ht he hmi..nt thie .nirni r. indl not only birnir.L
the lihou-. lit nil the. iniiite~-: ri..r would he he-i
tate tio ci.,iniit niiir lm-r frocni th'e iu-heli, orr fence
:-rner, ti.--,i.. thlat, nI tiie main like- to a-sumne
th.- roll of the iifnrmiii-r. **T ll tale"' i" a stimuia
thai i --ir t. lilrc-n dr..iid. It may I.L. argiiued that it i,
.. dlut. anrd that i- true-. I'lt -ha the State any right
t.. a-k ur ie p'.e. t a :.'....,1 ,i,: .n to put hii, life. the
iil'e of hii f.inillf . inn l hli - p]il.pri- in i-opniarll- to
inve the St:Lte' a fi-.' doll r Nut \ihlln it i- in
lhei pw..m :r ,.,f tihe Si te to pr.:.t-. ,t it.ifl w;tihouit in
any way endiinigring it' -ci.,id citi--n-.
In Eme --ceti-on' o thil State i there are net;
It derter, and tih-- filin.' : an-r i,-nt.intll making
ai-.iults m..n thle PI'-n-i..r BR'arui TlIu' s,''i.ir i-.r
'.ri.n an other; tii- r-..- r, -I e '. - thi-ii in egr-uI , '. '.it.,-i
if' three . . .\ ring fo.r ea. h ...tl.i-r 1111 ~moln.-r . r ]at, r
nil pet '.n the p-'ni'.n roii. pr...i-i...l leat.h d-e; nrot
!i t. rien-- ti pire ive t I ' .i I- ; i. ,-r. 1 ,1 .- ll.i hit
rm.nio.te conirtir.-n.a.y, bleeiii-e nmn of tl.it -tilIip are
1-n o-livedi i-othi on ali i ,i the p-'n-ir.n roll. Tihey
\\ere n-ever expo;--d dmiur[nt tihe o ar to any no-ndition-
that wn-muull telid to briik dirwn th. ir utility: iliire.
-.: tle p-,i'. -od ldim-r met round .iand dli-ease. wadred
fr,--'ting riir-. nm-ir. hedi for dii- in -ni- nai.l i-.
almot., if not quiti-. t.rifariefoted aud in e he tlinneat
or well-worn ra"f, slept night after ni't'ht on the wet
anil fr-eozing ground ,.ith onyi an apolrocgy for a
I. ink-. I. .r toodi ,In pic,-ket in bth.- pouring rain or-
kept \ gilanev- in ritle piit- hall filled -Im ith mud andi
- at-r. oii'i li'vel f.r nmo.nthl oin the- m-eagpr(-.t of ra-
to.n-. riti'mn -o, -ti.rt ind ,, jor th,,t one ,of the-se
Ili r r-r [,p-i-n -ion or.il.ber.t-r '. il.l have thr.'),.n them
.-a.,,iA ap %ln Iunt fi-ond fIr his doiS Placed alon.g-
-iblc- -.f th- oi:l s -..ibicr, it is little wonder that
th,;.- m.n arme hale'l .rd -tr-,np aInd Il-rn of v'anrc.
There' is a p-.'iliar fR.--ture nlctri-able in the pc-n-
:-i-n appli.-tic-n of goid -,l-,dier- Tlhe men who did
tl..ir .-Ih1l1 diity mn-r- oiiftn than n,,t. tin.1 'on-i-l-
i.-alle diciiimflly in .iti-fa,.-iorly (:�tahli-hing their
,l.ini. Thiii is u trin' t., the fact that they nev-er
apply until tie w-olf is cla. ining at their door., then


TfluHIK' n& CH'4CARLES BATTEL LOOGIMOS


Thpe Rleadl.r of No-el '.ta- \�nrit to judl-.e- of a
nm.in'. chara te-r by a. fi: . sharply Idein d -.tmi.' n� -. t
f..rth by the n- l nn-lint l thr- .-n.main '.hlo ii .l.- ,
lic.r ihili.Irr n in ti.' fir-t, titl i. ani d -I'v -ni i - ihalpt.-i
I% .i' ol i i lr-,-. ,% INx-n. So alh ... th.- inIn whi -p.'ki'--
iingrammatir-ally i-.ich time Iihe mai--e hii appeirar'i..
in the bo.-,k wa S a iirin of low ~,i.iil pc-ition, arn-
ti,- fillow who refu-e.l' tm iiike 'Chii-tmli-t [pre-eril
.,1a .in inciir.bly mr in ma11 n.
Having bhiome' u ed to tlie-e -mnap lutgm.-int sof
hlis fell''.os ,y a ie'-,imtant readiijg of no,-ls. tin-
R.-ader ilattered himns'lf that lie -ould i-idle of a
m,-n's I hara:et-r 1Iy thr- tir t thing lii- h ,ii or :by th.
first tling that \was gaid if him tby Iii n-iphl,.r.
And 'io it haliippened thatt tihe Re...ier ,f N-.ve-l-
f.iind hinim:lf in -trance pla' . that .1oil nit -,-enm
to I... orn i this P.irth at all. andI a niiin v. ithi -I nii'li.
.r,.w andil , wak ,:mIn and a -Ironm ; nmnlithl :nil ne-r-
.-,t andt lu ls rnii- i *.'- rind a l.tr.l're ii .- and c. n.-r.- i-
-a.ir- ni-,,I I.lr-' f-e't and sm ll hand a.i rid a ii1Ill nr--k
-[..n. l i>r l.y. inid .-n.. w ho ],oki-d like , jil yi, .: \ i-
tilkl in. a oliu til hin i :.nd . l aIIUing l n .1 11,1ia teri'ti,-.
"H,. w.i oft- i .n i.rc .- t, his ,.' i-." -,id the jldp-
'" .-\ . nuil.- -i ll ." ,- idl tlhe R.,.h-r r.f N- .'.- .
r,.,, i ly .
"I H, i ii -.-rv I..n, ,i .. ildren."
"V\h.it's iliat'" -im d thle i:l- .rl.- of N N h-s. sieolnt-
ing znimetliin-. ininongruuu-.
"One time hi, heart wai 'i t to murder hi- brother,
and only his brother's flight prevented his death."


--.\ t .Iig." -.i;dI thie i'aR .I.r -if N.1t-I.s alw'ay. to'
h li i- -.If
I I-. .l-nii. : iini- llI .1II 1 tlin mal e- life- wo!it liv.
ilin. i , ..ih.-r t-. rn:ik,, tl.- 1-t I 11i .-, hi- m o lther cr-m .
f..it i1.le, anld 1 ror. , by. , .1 t .'.,,d imlpul-- le divi.ied the
,- ,,te ith I.I br..th.'i r altl.im.v'lih it had all been left
,', liihi."
-iThe -.llrnei- man . " .- i.d th.- Re:adelr of Novels.
lii nb-f..-h.u nded
.'He dlid a dc pi-lll:11, in-an a-.t in bu.ine-s and
.ia rn-i. er -'.rr. fr.r it.'
.\i,. I h..ii. .h -." ,-,id tlie R tr.der iof Nove.i-.
] iI- trlle ihMla i ,-'l,'r iV >,,nol , i-".ll
"H-I t-'ld a t\iiilgar t-ry to a fri.-nl nd lbothi
I iiil -'.i . .it tlhe ul di.lu, trnIi u ili :I r ,nr of it."
"Ah. 1Ii!" 1|vl t1. R,.flrr ,of N\,-,-I. "He is hbe
I, : ra. .'.n a little , tio .r to lil'- "
*"H ,- '.a, - - .lrepl v ii..v.,dl hb � i piilt'ill p.-:mll arnd
111.r,-. i:i t'-d it .-'; -;i:- i t-.i\ that lie w rot.- it out an-d
' irr--dt it i hi .n hini. .-l lii-. lv ienarne-d it by heart
.ild tried t, govern - lil ;l .. .r- ling to it- prei-'-epls."
"1'he deu,-e hi id'" -i;. tlin- R'-ader of Novelis,
ir.--i-liilou-ly.
'lie tmold , ir'tl...r .'. i.-ar .=tory."
"IHe',. 1 .m-ti-r h.I'.- L'i'-n lip 'iamniriing." -ani-l the
[Reader of N...t.-'.
"He- 'dranlk mm..re thitn \.ia good for iini, and m,'a_
-men in a condition of ine-briety by young people \who,
had respected him a. a governor of the church."


"lOfli .r-,.." .auI the Reader :of Novel'. "He ie
gttirn trut.r anil triuer to Ilis char-icter."
*'T,- -r ilblihtr-d a cliih to wrhiih \ioinr mnin werer
i krone an1 :iat Ihich no into icating li.li.-,rs were
.hil. and riaid in all -incerity that be believed inm-
modl,-rate drinline tor, I- a neure--."
"The hvlririle." said the PReader i f Nov'el-"
"It ,r \I t..l tlhe Republican ticket."
S'Gn-id." -naid the Reader of Novel', \who wai a
V.rmliontt-r.
"He voted the Democratie ti,:ket."
"Turni.c.at." .aid the Realder of Novi.-I
"'IIi- iv\e generoiily o f hii niean' to help a p,:,or
mai.n who hail heen lmuffeted by thie world, and spoke
wi-I o li hm when to do so e po-ied him to ern-.
t u. rn m ."
"W\hi v.ans this. anyhom''" -aid tihe Readcr of
Novels. mor,- and more pulm.zl-ld.
"Hi- said malimnanit thin'-is l.-liiind a mnn'- back.
thing tlihat worked. thin- man's dwi.mifall., althliough lie
n .-cr ki,''.t ti:hat."
"Pity hle didn't. lie woull have exult.d.," said
thei R.iadhc.r :iof Nov\-el-.
"He reproai-hed na . n in all -inc-rity for saying
like thinr-- of another lb-hird his I.ia k, and.l had a
liinr i.pinion i .f that ba:.kt.iter fr-irn that time on.''
"Tl,-i ii haryond me," said tlie Reader of Novels.
"He refused night after night to give up his seat
(Continued on Eleventh Page)


lthiy find that the comrades that knew them best
li.r-e die)d ,r in the changes that ha\e occurred they
l'i'. lost all trace of them. Memory has failed
and tll--y cannot recall at will material facts. dates,
nanmep and oin'olidation of commands, changes in
.-iiermt. letters. i of companies and numbers of riei-
tii'lt-1 halvi to a ion-ilderable extent caused a lor,
li idmleltity. \hen the re-urds are at their -m.ii-
n.inid. the applications are alruost invariably brief
tc, turtne.-. Tliy set down the bare fact of. er-
vice, injury and dates, and the comrades or corn
n l.'-irinel otjlim:er- are equally as brief. The spaces
in the appli nations allowed for answers are more
than ample , for .all tlheir purposee. but the other
f llao--he ie never at a lo-s, he and his eiolleaguies
kn,., ieactly m1wlire they were--on paper-and every
partick- ,.if .anailablh- pace on the appli-ation ii
.ia-I for ti-lling the story of faithful i 1 service and
iii.-:\pre-�ible snffiring. and of his affliction., whii-h
nre many. and all the direct result of "expc ure and
,li;iea " 'contracted during the war I they rarely ever
.*i.upll.ian of wounds, whifn they are hurt it is fr.min
fallin-. -tf from a wagonl. As one read the record.
tli mni l comment o 'iimn unavnidalble. "what a splen-
did -pe.-inmon of manhood, if it -ouldl haie only e<-
i..iped the blighting hand of war."
It is asking rather much of the B.oardo of County
i.mnmi.n'ioners and of :county orffiers, familiar with
the parties, to discourage applicants or turn down
.ipplicatior.n fur pepiion. They want to keep their
Cli.ffi - or to get better ones, and in etery instance the
man who applies ha- not only his own vote, but con
trois several others. all of whi- h will be used again-t
thi unfriendly o.tficial. Again, this feature o-f th,
nl.itter presents it-elf- The applicant is a pauper.
.r will he: he will be on the county if he dre. not
;et .-.n the pension roll. and many of these ollicials
Ihink the State better able to hear the burden than
is the county.
Repeal all exiitini pension laws and enact a new
:,ne providing for a Pension Commissioner, endowed
with full powers for investigation: do away with the
Pen-ion Bonrd as now constitute-d, but leave all the
ornerating machinery where it is-with the Comp-
tro:ller-and the grounds fir complaint as to dlay
in action and the danger of getting improper parties
i-n the pensi,,n roll of the State will be minimized.
The -bhi.-- tion will he raised in some quarters thtt
thii is rr.iting a new otfi..e. It is true. but the
t.'rnre' of tlh- Pensi,.,n Comimrssioner cannot. in the
nature of tliing. be for verv many vear. br-cniase
with very. v\er frve exceptirnns, the soldierss of the
South hav i :ll passed their sixtiith year. andl tl
large nmaijritv of widows are equnllv as old: none-
are und,-r fr-rty Sears of .iag. This condition of
ni.-.-;ity put, a period to the exi-tence of the office
(i0 Pieniion Ci..rnimisicioner.


II."I"'









r















IE -
IL


I!


Pensioons


Hot


Pay


RVe


loeena











March 31, w1'06


THE SUN


;ewijntll Page


"oUi i/,r ,, L Ici'n d ,o




l steak nervously with the coal shovel. It
SI ,was her night out.


"RUNNING S Fi--; - I THROUGH ''- TI.E EEL- - - S ON IS TOP KN-OT.
"RUNNING HIS FINGFlI.S THROUGH THE EEL-GRASS ON HIS TOPKNOT."


I've got a friend in the literary busi-
ness.
He writes books and wears hair
enough to put the Brotherhood of Bar-
bers on the bum.
When he isn't running a serial story
through the magazines he's running his
fingers through the eel-grass on his top-
knot and looking wise.
I hate to knock a friend, but simply
because a guy is a genius does he have
to rush around with a mop on his ko-
ko, and butt into a public building every
time he thinks in the open air?
ily friend's name is Newton Wither-
ingham Hurtuboise in print, but at home
they call him Bud for short.
Bud's father says the lad with the
literary bug ought to be driving a cart
in the direction of the dump, but Bud
only smiles and asks mother to pass the
fish.
A fish diet is said to be the real cheese
for the brain.
I think if Bud would only eat a shark
or a whale he might be able to write
something warm.
I'm not knocking, remember; I'm only
saying what I think.
I hate a knocker.
I used to go to school with Bud.
While he was inside licking up loga-
rithms and beating Caesar's Commen-
taries to a pulp, I was always loafing


"A HATFUL OF Mll INLY."
around the outside of the Knowledge
Factory, printing my name on the fence
with a jackknife, and acting just like
the village cut-up.
And look at the difference between us
today!
Bud can sit down and write a novel
that will stand you up in the corner, but
when he wants to get downtown he has


to touch the old lady for the price of a
car fare.
I never got beyond the Fifth Reader,
and I couldn't dig up a Latin word to
save my soul, so all I can do is to
squeeze into a pool-room, bury my face
in the dope and crawl out a little later
with a hatful of money.
I tell you it's all dead wrong to give
the little old red schoolhouse the glassy
grin. That's right.
Anyway, I bumped into Bud the other
evening and I led him to a '.n.l_.
I coughed for a couple of throat teas-
ers and Bud warmed up with the gab.
He was out to tell me how hard it is
to write a novel, but I cut in on his
circuit.
"It's a cinch!" I says. "All a dub has
to do is to pound out a parcel of para-
graphs, drag them down to the starter
and let them get away in a bunch."
I was ready to buy again, so Bud
didn't contradict me and delay the game.
After I had filled his reservoir he
turns the hot-air into his pipes and
comes down the lane with the assertion
that I couldn't write a postal-card to a
friend and finish right.
I call that ingratitude.
To give me a steer like that after I
mobiled with him across the Plaza and
helped him to six bowls of Anheuser
milk!
Well, there's no literary fiff that can
give me the elbow.
Just to show Bud what a clever brute
I am I went home and wrote a novel.
The reason it's so good is because I
took my hunch from Rud. Kipling's
style.
It isn't quite as chesty as "David
Harum," but there's more poetry in it.
When Bud sees it he'll put up tihe
shutters and take to the lumber camps.
Here's the gag:

THE BEAUTIFUL SNOW.

(A study from life in a great,'great city)
Chapter. I.
Vy am 1 waiting alone
Mit all dese udder folks?
Stob rr ik;n laughing ven you see
Dot I am making cliokes?
-Sam Bernard.

Sorrowfully the snowflakes sat upon
the sidewalk.
A tall, wide man moved thoughtfully
down the street in an opposite direction
to that which he had come from.
Suddenly, and sorrowfully, withal, he
emulated the snowflakes and sat upon
slaewalk.
While at home the wife waited
wearily.

Chapter II.
He rubbered hard to see the stage,
But only saw a hat;
Next day he heard the play was bad,
And he was glad of that.
-Andrew Mack's Irish Melodies.


The sea hath many perils for those
who go down in ships; but hath not the
sidewalks perils for those who go down
in slips?
Esoteric Science leads one to suppose
so.
Meanwhile the wife waited wearily
at home, and the cook tapped the beef-


Chapter III.
"My mother was a lady," so
She said, but just the same
She ate boiled cabbage with a knife
Except when company came.
DeWolf copper.


Presently the first section of the tall,
wide man pulled in on the home *;.l.-_ i Il' l
The second section, consisting ..I .
boot heel and several portions of over- '. "
coat and trousers, rema ined out on tie NO '
sidewalk.
"Oh, Harold!" the wife exelaimed pas- -
sionately, "how did you fall?" I
"WhAten I have fully recovered," lie
said, not unkindly, "I nmay demonstrate
for your benefit the various convolutions
through which I passed. At the present
moment, however, an illustration of my
method is impossible for obvious rea-
sons. Therefore, you must let your
imagination feed your curiosity until
such time as I am better able to tie my-
self in a bow knot for your instruction
and edification." "Oil, IT'S I 'ERlFECTLY LOVELY."
Then lie swore fitfully, and yelled for
the arnica bottle, the brute! "Oh, it's perfectly .... I:, '" says she.
The End. Ale!-to the roll-top desk! Me!-
I showed the novel to Clara ,Tanleand with a fountain-pen in each hand and a
she threw the most ladylike fit you ever hanl-sewed novel hot oil the stean pipes
saw. cvrv week.


(ot/y


(Jasper News, March 23.)
On \l ..I.I ,; :.,fiII. ii.., the 5th of this
month, the editor of this paper and Sen-
ator Frank Adams stood in the Tax Col-
lector's office in the courthouse at Mi-
ami, in Dade County, waiting their turn
to make inquiries about taxes.
An old woman was '..;i ill, likewise.
When her tax receipt was*Awritten out
and handed to her, she remarked that
there must be some mistake, as hereto-
fore her taxes had been between three
and four dollars, and now it had reached
between seven and eight dollars. She
was informed by the Tax Collector that
a "drainage tax" had been imposed, and
that this tax constituted the difference.
The Tax Collector further informed her
that some persons had refused to pay
this "drainage tax," but that his in-
structions were not to issue a receipt
unless such tax was paid. lhe old wo-
man said she couldn't go to law, that
she would pay it, but not having money
enough, she would leave the receipt and
return for it the next day. Then she
departed.
This occurrence was after the decision
of the United States District Court had
decided the act declaring the drainage
commission null and void, and after that
court's decision that the drainage com-
mission had no power to assess and col-
lect taxes.
This "drainage tax" is still being col-
lected in Dade County from the poor and
-,,.id, ,III. and helpless.
I, ..I ory ones who should be protected
1.\ the law are robbed under forms of
law, about the ill. _. i.., of which they
know nothing.
It is a fearful state of agairs when
those to whom is entrusted the execu-
tion of the laws ignore the laws and
oppress the poor because of their ignor-
ance and poverty.
It is a shame.
It is a burning shame.


,.) i' . h,'
1,� (,. (),()


(Miamni Record, March 24.)
T'he imagination of the gifted editor
of the Jasper News must have been se-
verely strained to evoke the editorial
quoted. from the actual facts.
Mr. Glautier. , wen asked as to the oc-
cuirrence, says lthat while the "old wo-
man." who, by thie way, is (on of tihe
brightest of the elderly ladies of Miami,
ind who does not own a foot of land
affected by the drainage tax, was in his
office at the time pointed out by the
,.1, - there was not a word uttered in
relation to the drainage tax question.
There was no complaint on her part as
to higher taxes. The only complaint
made by her was that she inadvertently
brought less money that she ought to
have done in order to pay the small
amount assessed against her property.
If the News man had been entirely
fair he would have ascertained that in
Dade I'mI.Hl the i'..iii, Commission-
ers have raised the millage from 19 to
31 mills, and that in many cases the
valuations have been raised, making on
the property a possible doubling-up of
taxes.
While there is much complaint that
local taxes have been largely increased,
there is no complaint from actual resi-
dents of )ade County of the drainage
tax, and none is ever heard except from
those who live elsewhere, own property
here which they are 1i,.1,1;i,. as a spec-
ulation and whlio are opposed to the poli-
cies of Florida's Governor.
lThe perversion of a simple incident
into a mendacious attack on a great im-
provement is unworthy the editor oe the
News, and indicates that all his argu-
ments against the drainage proposition
are based on false premises.
The News has perpetrated the shame.


Seems like in this instance the Mi;:ni editor should know

best what happened in his town.


L


' O "o 11 ()i11; ' l ii':l;iL-.ltia Vi /S e ' 0 1 .:
































.A ; 1 .iptl,.,b l f,,r thi - .v lirt.,ial it -.-- A, i- l .1 l. ' - -1 h . . ! f't il * I t l -l ,
llOr,1 .:.f L t, -.,:,; ,%' illk: im -l,-r 1-i v.- !,t i - .,i litn:i ,-
l illI 1 1) ' .! i. I .. .,L -ri " l i t t u . 1 ' l l.l ll.? :l : I...,'. \' I.. ,.ll, ,lr I. ,., *li.. ,.1 l n g i',
. .. ii , n .irnmn to LiIrn thti r ..oni -din " \ lhat i- it." -...i I... 'I .i t " e.ar - fi. I tli-r-.
h i l, l:_., i r,..d r.*n b aand .,iirs. annd bIirk, like a .Jo ." OI'f ..,.ii -i thi- ..ti,.-r
" n e it up." "It's a r,.no-ter." iiJi the t'i t one. *.-But \ .hlid ;n'iu 'aj it
i .rk,-d lil.' a ,e., " i,-,. d, t the othi r. *.Just put that in to mA.lk: it ili i.l. " ' is
thlie r-pI. -.
\\e . . - I.. I. ir niil..I.:rl i.' thi]s .-...[iin.1 drii i % lih n \w - p i. kc d i . i O ldin,- l- .e N .. H]-
.1 ,-' tit,? 1:',i v .1 ,.. k , rivi ll�. t , - I. i t ].iI n o f % , h i,: i i . '.\ n i 1 .1 i ,! n,. a11 t lit. r
l .'ir I I- ! w i ,. ]'. .lo-l h " '--f t I,- S . I~t, l A i r L i nL I.all . .I , I " i_.l't - ._, t,..I.d I thl ,,A
,ii i r. .: t ,n i l ,.-t ,.- n B- i n .l e Stri.et a1ii ll. ,;n in St r,.-.t "
'h r,-- , , theI -' ,:itt ,n . in t i . :. r.]r-i I r- .,. Sit.tion 1 I ,i l id, -d 1 nt, ..i t
ilt. Tli,. - ,ti II prt ,.f .S-rti,-.n 1 AUTHORIZES TIIE sIAiBO\D AI' R LIN E
Ti' USE. THE FOT[ OF HO;_AN STREET FROM THE SHIRE LINE 11O


'EEPl'' \\'.\lt 'iL"ME .;',n FE'T. FOP TIHE TERM OF THIRTY YEARS,
\\il'HO)Li PAYINGt ONE CEI'N I IF l 1'.
ThL:.-th .in-r -.-neven '.aiu-es I.i.t S.-t .:.n 1 anill the remaining two sectionS of th,?
...iJiltn'.:e- .utiic. ti;z tie S.:iba..iid .\ir Line R.ailiny to do, other thing,i all of
S ii. Ii � - th- , ,1.iil lave il.-ne - tioutl ti .e a-id *f the ordinane-.-.
Tinhe Seal....ard Air Liin,: frail,-,.', WANTED TO GRAB THE FOOT OF
H ;A .\N STRIEET aid rftiu,.-t up tIe 0 -i'tlh part of Si-tir-n 1 for that purpro '.
Ihe- u.thr [wi t-, of tiH - ..il. i, .. .-,., put in f...r the purpose. of cof er nig up
th. .l.'-irn ol S -.trion I;
In a . ,-,dan, ie ith tiI. pr il...n ,f tl.at .rdin.thoi . v.'n1hi %h .a. [,paq ed on1
., I t'l, A\tirn.yv Barr-. lI. 5e-.,tl.ii-, lt .Air Line i-, pro.i-eding to I.nild a whnrf
it tLhr. i....t Hoi-.in StI'.tL. 'l'l.'PYING PRACTICALLY TIE ENTIRE
SFIhlEEiT. ST.nie ' uclih - ir.i :'i ' ,l\,i'wa" Is u-ed in the ordinnneei. but no one
i.,-ii,- .-.r c l be mai' t .Ie i .-- tli t thi? .-aboard Air Line Railway will build
tlhii, '.Iri F,., THE 'L U5sK OF THE PUBLIC.


It L ; the .- ai z -- tlh i.t" ii n tI-.. \I. Ild for .;, i ...ip.:r at ..rn I '..' t)o t'..rt thI u-IL
oi any stlie:t in the l :.it, y .-,,:, u-, Ci'' Ly A.tton.- 1 11 ,i - I- r.ad.ly t) i). K. all *.i,-.p
ui.siti,,ns "tof thi, kind.
Hei gralil,.-il th;e f'.,l-t If Ma rin Street for i- i..'.. rn prliat, i.- u , \L]thi. t t payi ing
the i. ity one ... nt f,.,r it. arid be i , tliheref.,re-. ..:ripI-lled t.:, lIok '.. ith a favLoring
i-ye upon thie tr.-Lt gral.Iliiig pro:positi.:ns 5 f ti ith:r-.
The reas'onis pre-e-niti- t,.: the C(ity C...un il. Ly t.'t .\tt-.rne.- Bari . for the
granting of this ordiinavce were thiit their Sei.:..air Air Linr- Raii\n.y would l"...n
up 2so-me strePt. on itL pr,:-prrty outlih tof PBay ~treie.t t,.Lt .'.I n B llji. anu Hoga.n.
The ordinance d,,,:'. -, pi,-,pid--.
No ,.ne r any int-tre-t in tli.? Oleninr;' up iof ilthel- -tr:-rt- ex\. pt t he S-'p"
I....ird Air Line Ra ail v., nd it want..d fth- .tr . t- r..,-..,.,- i. ee i-e ITS BUSI.
NESS WOULD BE FA('ILFATED THEREBY.
After tI-be l strect-, ,are op-neid no one .:.in u-- tlien fir anyi- .tiher pilrpr.
than Seaboard Air Line. bulsin-es. The- irnipanr,:, GETS A ITHTITY.EEAR- :RAN


Dig Before You Tax
W h-n our well-I- > ning fr i, pl.. l, p ,ar; - a ni ..: litti: pr..,_,.,In l r u- .. . r I.,
I,,l , i ,, t .h .:ak in ,-o it ir .ian , v. n i'.. It is thi r,--f.,re w ith <'ti-, u ii ].'il'h I1t,1.- ' ,
th , . r.- .ri-I,-, l.Iil ,-l I t ,- .len,...li-h the ni. :- tru. tr re % h% ieh .le ,..r t ..- , . ,f i .ir
1[r.lll r I, * I. r.... I . .1 f-.r u-, unind-r .lii.:ii ,.- bIa-e I .-e-n piinre.l a _ -i itiri, in
I,.. ,- ..niI .n...n .'.ltil ;;,.l .in.-r P.r..Iarnl. FENlIDORSING_ ALL OIF HIS \A'i S'
T'. tLii..i..-t . i.. I, i de. ..i. tlh- t 'e, -lind spuon-...r lf.r theI G(...ern.:r. an,l ti th .-,
r.l,.'. uln, 1.-l,. th,,i-.I. t it . h hout txpro--. _2 ti.,, th,:.u ht. '.' a[...l,'giz.- f.,r 1& in.r!_
I-. nir,'ll'l tn i -l.i l tlii-. -.ALtiful rIl .tur-'-.
WE A L-E N-T N FAVi'"lR OF 11E IOLLEI'TION AT PRESENT OF ITHEE
FX \Vill.'l I.tAS BE-EN LEVIED) AGAINST TiiHE LANDS IN T-IE EVElR-
I;Li.DES FOR TFIIH PI'IRPO1,SE OF DRAINAGE.
W\e i-. not think it i- proper to olle. t a -p.-:.ial tix on ln.rid. liNTI1L THE
BENEFIT IL_\S AC.C:'RIED.
W\\e are n.t n-i, .ll d-itulrb,. 1l .l.-,it the ConlJiti,... .1" tho i- poor" l .Ir" o l.. h,io
l -. i ;i r.. .c th, .\ ni.pati .ies .l **-mn e of i lr l10.tl1.*r . " no 1. ', ,. m- ,.ni.:- ,-f t .,
I.in.i- -ul.:.- t tii lhi- taL . Our infn,-rrn iti.n abo-it tLi? i-u-r.. rn ip o. tli,- ].In.]
in the area affected by the tax confirms ua--in tih. sata:.-Lnrnt that tith tliltd
amount to be collected from small and poor lar-d ownrni- IS SO) INCONi-ID.
ERABLE THAT IT WILL NOT BE A BUP13DEN upon the aforesaid poor land
owners.
All but a very small part of this large area is owned by rich corporations;
so, our opposition to the tax comes not from any hysterical idea that the poor
are being ground down into further poverty.
We are opposed to the collection of this tax because we do not think it a
correct principle to collect special taxes on property UNTIL THE BENEFIT
HAS ACCRUED.
Particularly are we opposed to the collection of special taxes until tihe
land is benefited, when there is an element of doubt that the land WILL BE
benefited.
Eminent engineers have said that the drainage of the F'- r ,i.lr- is entirely
feasible and practicable and that the lands which are now pr-i. Lii ill\ worthless
will be made very valuable, but before the collection of a special tax is justifia-
ble the ULTIMATE BENEFIT SHOULD BE CERTAIN, and it would be better
to. wait until the benefit has actually taken place.
We have arrived at another conclusion in regard to the Everglades drain-
age proposition.
It is the duty of the present Board of Trustees of the Internal Improvement
Fund to drain the Everglades.
The Act of Congress by which the lands were granted to the State expressly
directs thle work of drainage and reclamation. The Act of the Legislature cre-
ating the Board is specific in pointing out this duty of the Trustees. Every
Governor and every Board since 1855 has r.. ..ni..,.l the binding force of this
obligation. Every Governor has made some . IT. t I.- drain the Everglades.
Governor Bloxham, dmiu;r.._ his first term, tried to carry out this -'lli. iH.f~li.
Governor Perry recognized it and made efforts to perform the work; i .....--r,..
Mitchell in his turn took up the question of drainage and reclamation and by his
acts recognized the binding force of the obligation; Governor Fleming did what
he could to carry on the work his predecessors had done.
Governor Bloxham, during his second term, not only reaffirmed his recogni-
tion of this obligation, BUT ' I IF F: i) INTO A CONTRACT with a corpora-
tion by which it was proposed to drain the entire area. All of these Governors
and all of the Boards preceding the present Governor and Board have held the
one opinion, THAT IT IS THE DUTY OF THE TRUSTEES TO DRAIN THE
EVERGLADES.
The only difference between the present Governor and Board and those that
have preceded is THE MANNER IN WHICH THE WORK SHALL BE DONE.
Governor Bloxham tried to do it by contract. Other Governors made efforts
along this line. All failed, and but very little drainage was done during the
fifty years that have elapsed between the time of the creation of the Board of
Trustees and the present.
Napoleon B. Broward, candidate for Governor, conceived the idea THAT THE
STATE SHOULD DRAIN THE EVERGLADES. He announced it on the stump.
The people elected him Governor, giving Broward's idea the endorsement which
was necessary to raise it into a question of State policy.
Not only is the obligation to drain the Everglades just as great upon
Governor Broward and the present Board of Trustees as it has ever been on
other Governors and other Boards, but Broward and the present Board are
placed under an ADDITIONAL OBLIGATION WHICH IS OF FAR GREATER
WEIGHT AND IS IMPOSED BY MUCH MORE COMPETENT AUTHORITY
than that of any Act of any Legislature, be it State or national.
IT IS THE DIRECT INSTRUCTION OF THE PEOPLE, THROUGH THE
BALLOT, that the work of draining and reclaiming the Everglades should be
prosecuted by the State, acting through the Board of Trustees.


\'i~ i.i-iI.'iit Lii a' pre-ient Bi-ard k r.ntini-ly


\\-e l.ei- e that the plan t:t drain a , utlin,-d by the present Board i- entirely
plr,. Li. il- land . iil. We lii.ve formr.-d thii opinion Ifron our owcn stildy of
tLi. u:i.i..t.. X\e i, 1.e bern iilluenc:edl in the forminng of thi_ opinion by the
r.pib.i,.n ..f 11ll of tint- i,.,ern.'.r wh.i l i.:- h pre.:-eded iG.,vernor Bro.ward and all
tli' i,., l ai- *, . ,a , hir- e inn,, i -ia xlxi:au-Li't-l -i rv:u,' -, and full reports on the subieet.
lWE ARE Ni iT IN FA\VOR i-,F THE COLLEIA TION AT PRESENT OF THE
FAX 10o CARRY 1Y Ti1 'lT' IS \WORKI ntill thei I.ni. i- benefited by drainage.
1l.-i ,ll - \n, thinl.: it . 1.uili I.: .In unjut a: t.
iiit th,- ...r.rl of .i .irling tile I-.:rl-lidle? i n .it at ill dIepuenid nt upon tihe
i.oll. tio.n - fr ftli-. iiv Tlh Bo.arid can do it an..-tli-r .ay.
IThe I nl- - . Li. arti .it prl-,i-nt a..\-ilabi., andl those fund- ahichl c n be


secured by the .ale i of lands, added t)ogi:tl.r.r WILL BE SUFFICIENT TO DRAIN
THE EVER(;LADES.
And the w-.rk iill eo on and will he 1 ipr:..:ut-d to n -iu:.i.-- ul i-.n.luli.i ..n. in
our opinion, without the oille-ition of thi t.x. \V. note thit ,-.ne- n.ews-.pap r,'
ha\e suggested that there B:oald .'qia d;in, .a rnl.r ac:t in insi-tlng on the .:ollh...
tion of thiii tax.. \Wr cEa.nnit see it that n iv.
If the tio.ir-l \.- t,) ac,-i-pt , ilr ..i-ili .:.r n itha it \ a. irii.p -...r ti:. - -.le. I t: cii ii
[-.. i..1il tax until there hb nefit to the lind hid i a;:,:rui d.: it nu l.l -till I.i- IMPOSST
BLE FOR THIS BOlARD TO STOP HE COLLECTION OF FIlE TAX. ri,
L 'i-ilaturr irnpouied Lupon thlir- B ard the .-dity i L ns0 l - tiII t.ix. T r-, tix lh -
b,-,.n a..,-sed in accord.anc.- writl th,. lav.. Th'lr.- IS NO LAW FOR TIE BOARD


TO S , ',P TI i'l : 'i, .l.l I l i, N (1.F 11 111 1 1 nr l Ih II ., 11. 1 .1 .u l n .I I ,-
i.rltl l . 1-., I f .o r .,1 , ,h'.l". IhI .," 1. '. . i 1 ,li V . , .II I I. 1-11 ,..,n. I , ] .l . .] 11 h,- Ir l ,l.. l Il

i i - t . . i .. I I . i, i .i n L.1 Ii. 1i 1 II nl. 1.. t . L I- I . -I l lt . h 11* 11 -i- in L l n - 1 .I i III
"1 h,- _ . I -, Io h,- l., . , . ,,I-- . t . .. l ,i . , U ,i..n , i v. IL.. n _, I,, I r-l,, r, 0 1r . .i r
i .rri-'t it. ,Iln i tl i , .. . .e . - 111 i. r t 1 I . - . 1 , -tll I d1 lt..'. Il lll III .n A' t "f ld l '

1.. Ha l'Iti , i,. n't i f ii il I l'. r . 1 .1 . l .

, f,,ll,' |., ,,,. | l ,,ll _ l\ .11 p fl l n , 1 V. l.,_1 l' ., lh, l.. .. I , l . l, ,,,,'
of. i l- this State.. l i . l, , y f t.. . .,, .. f h .. _ ll
Teln thae l refrain il in cill di,.Ltini.r s b-.


The Ty pograpbicall union
\1 ." -ir. t., .ill ati nif on to tie f,f t ta ti tha - nll l .r prilh-,.d ,I tthe Ib k
r, .- -.:. f hl 4H -- I -, . 1 l .1.1 -*I I ,-1 l. lit , i. II f.If . t "rr 11- - ll Ir" 1 , r ' . . 1\\' l-.f l, iI


trial courtesy and "newspaper tos" print this adntvertisement, jusprvet us. e do notuld



think it it necessary for us to exiiress an opinion in order that RIGlIT MAY
pleased to present the side of organized labor whenever thbody of men who iign-
desire to use our circulation for thvie purpose of prews.enting facts to the people
of this State.



We have refrained from comentingzend e ilital ion like diferences between
th e T imes-Union e ofand the newspaper which bore thae explname of that one t
foll courtesy and "newspaper ethics" have intervened to prevented . We do not
think it it necessary for s to express at organion in order their own rotMAY
TRIUMPH OR THAT INJUSTICE MAY NOT BE' DONE.
We will present the side of organized labor whenever the members of organ-
ized labor desire to express their views.


deal withll present the side onions organized capital in like manner, under similar
conditions.






THIS IS OUR POSITION TODAY.
In the first issue of t he newspapers which mithe name of this one th
following paragraph was printed:







IT, no matter which side it may favor.


Keep Good Men in Ofice
Florida has three Congressmen who are doing very well.
No opposition has developed to Mr. Sparkman or Mr. ('1:ril., and they will,
therefore, be continued for ht of all men to organize for rm.heir own protec-
tion, this newspaper will uphold the cause of organieThird District. Forwill
deal with all questions raffectinig orgu anized honest man, is not avery strong







one politically, and we i. n.iuliiy Inr. ii that Mr. Lamar will be returned.
We are not -ilifi.. i-ril I. disturbed about the .1I r.e--r which thlreatens to unseat
Mr. Lamar to give at this tie, any reasons and honesty to tnir s houl e preferr
ploy it."















over his opponent, except the gerT.. r..1 prl .*- i.-l that faithful public servants
THIS IS OUR POSITION TODAY.fe A 1 AE USEFUL ERV
If th time should come when we feel that we might HELP THE Tie, wUMPH
OF RIGHT by expresslpis o opinion on this controversy WE WILL EXPRESS
IT, no ma tter which side it may favor.dy acceptably filled.
Keep Qood Men in Office






Fle congratulate the C congressmen w ho are doing vere is so little . of a






one of these three capable representatives at Washington being disturbed.


It is not the fault of the country papers of Florida if they are tardy in print-
No opposition has developed to Mr. Sproward or in Mr. l:l., an d they will,n the








plan ii. r F' .rgi iii: improvement. Owing to the false lIpI..aLIr iT l.w hr they were
plactherefore, by the TimesUnion it is embarrassing for many of them to change
expere is opposition to Mr. Lamar, who represents he Third District. For

tunately Mr. Johnson of Live t. informs Tan E SUN that hen, is not a very srcandi-
date for Supreme Court Justice, and we i pr that has no intention of entering the
contWe are not -st. disturbed about the est. which threatens to ns
Mr. Lamar to give, at this time, any reasons why Mr. Lamar should be preferred
over his opponent, except the ger. .,.I . Ir,...-ili,.n that faithful public servants
should be continued in office AS .N; AS IIfl'Y ARE USEFUL SERV\ NN'IS,
and that rotation in office, although nice in theory, is bad in practice, when
results are looked for, instead of the ._r if;fl. -if.ii-i, of the personal ambition of one
who may aspire to hold the office already acceptably filled.
We congratulate the State of Florida that there is so little ,1.,n.. i of any
one of these three capable representatives at Washington being disturbed.


It is not the fault of the country papers of Florida if they are tardy in print-
ing ;in\-thinc fivrirable to Governor Broward or in s(-.i, i ;,,, Ihiriv' good in the
plan f,..r Eer l .: improvement. Owing to the false p-il,,l.. in .hi, h they were
placed by the Times-Union it is embarrassing for many of them to change
expression.

Hon. J. B. Johnson of Live Oak informs THE SUN that he is not a candi-
date for Supreme Court Justice, and that he, has no intention of entering the
contest.


TI ,',,f. -1i1 .1 .1 1 1.11. ,-.i 1 Iil .,,u, lt t I, II. I ., i, , I. 1 ] ,A, t h.-. l- ,l I

N ,., n .% I-l\ ' . ,i- L i 1-- .I1t . - .'i t , , 1-,-?. ,I ill. . . . .- , , ,L1 .1 1 ' . 1.h . 1,,. h t t, i 1 1,t
.(lty J:l:I D I I" .C II. ] I i ' I I;.\!;V 1 1 l..\\\tE tl .

. l , ., . ,'1 I "t.:r . .,] aip tP .. I- i - 1 1 1 ',. . .ti ] I',., I, , I II 1 1 I ,. I',.,l., i '.\ .
I 'l, .. Ite n s,. ., It : ,. ., 1I. . f.. , i l .. -1 15 . " ;. I 'i . l r , l. 1. l | . . 1 , .. 1. - t 1 11.t
.- l, . 0, 0. r te ll ..., Ii... . I II t.... I .I . 1 . 11 I t, 11 , . . I, ,lli tt. I I .
] , ll . : \ t l ..-tl t. - .1 nl f .t - 1 t. - h i 1.I 1 1, i tli . 1 1. . .I l |. l l li . ., , , l . . , 1 1, I. ,i
t h, \t. I' I ,. '- i .. 1,. , , h i 1 . . . h h tl l. i .. ' I 1t .- .- 1. , , l ll ll, .. t[ h--, , % | " , 1 I
! , It . '; .ilH fl t i . t , -l, .I T ; 1l l , I l lt1, 'h , Illl. . I .. . 1-... I l1 . 1 i ,, ll I , , Ill l.
I W 1- tr I i. . A tI I.11 1 1I I I lit I- -i t . . I I
\\t cv .il tv . I n v Pt.,l- ., t ~lrllItI. t, Iv- - III, 1 . I.% l.t ,ti.r.; 1 I . , h I,
]t 0' Att. .'r11 t I'.i .rr-. i -i t 1 . I . ` . . .I Il _ i'.hC r il 1 .,,.II..n. r i t Ii i,. tiell -t 1,..i
I' le .L ilti: a l|i,, t, l.> i t"II Ilt


The Governor, About To Di--"Say, Mister, your drainage tax is due."
Land Owner, in the Ganoe-" Drain the land first."


~~


- I 1 I --











Tenth Page THE SUN March 31, 1906





TThu, C7i? -1 oo SP, Chsevalier Wi iam 1Le� Queuo


"rh.it's v.h [rei they found thle lIn \er. c.nly Macon had tIliw.n it into the t..n-poiiiind not.' That naturally made the weather in Leghorn was now perfe,.t,
tho war marirrd-er-d." ( pl lirnel tle.? -.r- p[i ,te >hi:-st, all dirty a. it \ai. looked it mni irnxi.'us." and e pri es-sing wonder that I did not re-
Nant. who still stod in the i.u..r' ji ip and hid the k--y. 'ihe plate wasa Mr. "'i-i de m ino other remark about the turn. I '.as hi, onily English friend, and
"I know,"' I replied. "I was jiust try.- illrae's. you kkniow, ii nlnd Ma-on was young lidy's death" I inquired I kn1 o 1,r-,i dull he i. ra when alone.
int the gla-es." Then I put thImni JdIOin, rsp.n-tlIe." anxiouisl. Even hlA M iajesty's r'Consuls sometimes
and on turning -a: upo.. n tL,,. mnintle. "ti acted i.iselvy" i ;i.,i. surprised at "No. Only he sighed, andedel surfer from lhomnie-ickn--s, and long for
S.I.i: a small, bright-i.lid iri~le- hiado, tii- donir stics s rtiiry. "\Vliv, the guests steadily tor a long time at the photo- tne -mi ll -I f Ithe London gutters and a
v. which I too-k in my lhid. It ,a mad-, -. .t-.l like a g.i.ng f th-ieve." graph. I aw his lips moving, but his .lI--- if hi.- elyT Littr al.
I lound. to fit upon thle :-- I ir;.:- tatlIc- "Thli.y .'-ere. sir. TI--.y ruined all over worrds were inaudible.d . Init \vu. miy leader, h.vho have liied in
Iamp. the li.u-ie like ,dlnen ns I..t lo-.e, Lind thi-y "'Yo haven't any idea of tile reason a i, .; ain lard for any loen-_th i.f tim-e
S**"Mis iMuri-I v.a- -- i fi..n- ,"i a ri-. ct rt i -tie -s.no i..f ,:.ur tlhin-'. I lost a why he scaledd upon Mr. Leithcourt, I know w:l[ hoi wr. aris-m- e bi..ol'-' the
lightt" explained the y. -n'ii i i' '.rin : a.ntr l r .J i.iiin.' suppi-se; '" hi'. ---rv r trillint. and liv. i-et
n, I h,-l.1 it I wonndred if that ipit id � Anl v.h-it did tih -I ii rier s .vi:n "From what lie said. I've form,?id my .r-at tile rv-l..l.. tiin .of our dar gray old
.-v.rr .-ee-n placed upl-n tI.- t_-"'i-talf'lI,- y''' l i(. ,I i fthi0 --i--ii' . i lir an -r.rIitIn f thii" o -lii'tlrn nt ii. fieldd , her
nnd thie ' lnd druii n up--.iup - tl.-r it hadi "l-i ,I- -m;!.d. It did r..t -r.'-i to -iur. "*An'I hitat is y ur opinion?t ' Inddi.l I.-in:-, and the buI tlin;z streets
ekvt-r I.-:ni u-.c- a- .-i ii rr;.ie rf dan:aer-- :; p n- l i in tin i .- i t. f.r ait-r tr all li, * W -\il. I fe - rti that -r i. r f her ir c-. in y iti-.s. You have -. it
.\A I ex[PIei--t l n dil.:- re to - te the 'l-it .-i thi i: i .-e a till. -u ic , :n briL.i l;- i- w s.. s..ninn- things conieal,-d in thi. Iiou-s on'e 'l.iI.ui." .ind Enl13.1id is ttill yi..ir
.un l_' Ii;' ..li.ii r. tli ni l Cinla r..-ri n' lip of tihe ', i ty, wn n't it." that hi-'s \vri-N anxii ous to obtain. He honei-, eien lthloul ...i y u ' III nn l- b:,om til'
t i.k imi' dov.i n l thei lo uir. us little : "- i.l .1l;.1 v'.u -si'i.e hiin iu vt-r th. il. ni tame tr, d .mand it i f Mr. Leithc.-urt. niit tip -tl of .O o l aitn' anrd ma
r,.,,nt l whi-re, tlhi lir-,t ini-nt I enr ,.ii...-- " I t'1qu.ir.-d. Ibut tv-ha t hiaprp-ned in tlie library \ we ha\v. n.'i .p oiitllinr ty iof -pr-aklmin yo.ur
t.r.I. ..ne I .t -tru. I -: ' a p:ili ir. " Yi-. -;r." rie ,p.- nil.il 11.,. -� ai ant don't l:nriL . iii-.-, liweve-r. b l;ieves that native to.ril.n ' tlit- \ lthi- -e .tr throu llgh.
II, p. ure' vi , ireifl :,1 H..--ith ..-.. i. lon.' r " r -'I ri..u-i .iIn ,in - -h ie- hiI fithhi m . hat M r. Leith.ourt lias not tak-n it a a . Duty- thli , duty ..-f a mon-n h Iot, ha.
th-r-re. 1Th !.ht- ..'r.... ih hai. .l .--n tI k.-n i -I. I.-1 tIo be a i r I- pil.in f tille 'ast.. and th.,t. i lwh ttc r it ninay b-. it is still learned t stranlr . i.,.t-, and knewine that a
fr,'.m itS fli.ih,' and ;n ' it. l.;.- .,- -- the? , nI , %-: v. . :,-nt from r,.,ni to 1 I.01t I,, - i l ,IJ..:n Iere." dIfF.n',,l,: . orm ,-n i'.a victimi---.callh l
p.,rtra.it of :a lr,:,d t...'.., l. ,ll.-,.-b rl,-.. .:o[. -p.,r .l it w th i;i1 plan. le t t- mie to Firinl.ind.l. T h i..f.n , ith im y
nian in 1a f..r- i-gn milit]- itiirfiisi-rm-a .i-: .'-f.r I.:urs. and t...l ii rne e \'..inti-dJ CIl\APTEP X. pa.-'sp--rt pi.pi-rl, vi .1 an my pd pnr-
pi-i uri that, b.i--!in .. ll :,i,.i i 'nd ',.d-,d, ihal I ni ll:e ai tlr oiugh e\tanf iatiion t of th. I all 11 order. I .'n- night l-eft Hull ffir
evil-ntly e,.n ilt..i.l: tl . ii . t- - 11ill th.- pIl ,.-. and - didn't 1tadi.t ti I.,- diiturlo.i-. i n.ow MY M y li D. St-ekli,'-lih hy thi- wt-.'i---kl, \Vilon ir. .
emijity triit-. a H-, ..I-.. 'anil that Ie mii'r irt proba.illy vie. F i.ur .iv; ri rrt.u hi weiatlier in tI,
\\ Ini -. h.l.nd hI .1. - i . � .1 tl it i', i t t k.- t ,' pl.ir. ir n-ext -.i,-,-n. iF h ,i liki-., iin my -lturn to: Le-n.l'.n n-ext dat I North S-a an.l tIe Balti-: r-u Ir: 'h t i,: It.
luii..r. th .- L -itlw -...ui l- ili i . \VV f l. v. in .t I tiunk, l..i.- .r. I- .ni told i-I i ii e i ~i. i.- inquiry .it tiie Adm iraity and the iSwedish caplit.l. \hi.l-nr.-- Fin the fil-
d.--.l . -I,.iuIld I. fi.r tir- ..i...I tim.t . ,i,- thi,- .-, -.iu: e 1-e thli.-u' p t I would h- 1i.: r.. i,.airn t:d thlt thle Battleship Bultir.k I-,win- dlay I took tilh , rmiall 'Lst.ilnier
c t: , r tl.- uirilapipy rl' p.ii ii.r - mi -in;' , i. ii .-n.t i. tl.r h I,:I trk ii, m ikr-i n u r-i rl:rint:- .a-s lying at Palermoo, th, ref.,r,- 1 tel-.'O- i lh . h I li i': three time s a .e a k aroundil
S"II,- th..- , r.-tl-nan .- i .11.-d o tin the ii.l ni..i - hir inv..--ti.at;ior I=-. I-I ri l., l r.[li ted to Ja,.k Durnf-,ii.. and It.i.' tlhe. I t- Aland IIland., and then across the
e-i-i.ni . .'i .I M r. L,.itlh.:,.lii t'i .li- i[t.l,:. ii I -r,- fi .nl ti.-lI e till nei rly -ix o'.i..lt.k, . fime afternoon his repl- y ciiia.i at tlie Iulf rf Bothlria to Korpo. and through
a' 0ll- L.t n I.-- :k I l r,- ? ,,I_' in ,- , it ii ..- t 'I Iril ..eit thri--ii l ei :t.-i r..'in., *v:.n uip i'.-'. - the intrl:-at-e :iannI-ls and among tho;e
thi. ho-1 .l.l :' I iiirlir. i .i . -u.1.1r.i t-, tli,. l rr,.ti ."'' - ' 'Due in London t%.--nti,:thi. Dine tith lo:'.-lying i-landsl to the gray lethargic
, i, .ai- ioc enrr l t*I In-- i **-. .i '. into li i.,,,n. I -uppo-se " me .at i lub that i.rvening .-- .Jr :k.' tu n of AbLo.
"Y -.e- -ir. ]I- .- aTl.- I.i.- I . .1a fly ...n "Y.- -. -r." -sh., r.--p..n.i ., worth ji-t IhI t-ientieth ! Tlihat nmoant nearly a It was not the first ni:t:asrion on which
the *i-y I.,-- u. -l it. lid .at I,- iru i.-l t -l i..ht ihe-itt i..n. I tl-.hoir-il. "This -1, i mo,:inth -f in- 1 tivity. In thit line I 1 hid trod Ruusian a.-.il. nnd I knew too
1 tr..k li' 111111 n . i il, . -lt .- 11-: .. rit in , inr l .i , r,...In r hr, h .t l i iN .l tille l.-.n..-t ,.or ii ,:ur-- to Abo :, m al:e i . il tries nno-.in.:e of. there bureaucracy.
ive litbrar:,' atI.i -i,(.-:'t i il -in hl.i r t ii I Lh- - n- .. - a rpl.t..oL:r:rilph ir. that fr.iin,- inI a- i- rain, prliap-, if F-Inia Ihl-ath Finil.irl. lhow--ver. i; perhaps tlhe moist
Sp.,:ini. a 1111-; it. t kri" nr..-: -ui-rut.r: l i . t -. l. th,.t..-," -sh' - .-id'deil. ind:uii ti:'ri tin i i-er, i u.tIt ll I da:.id I s C('at-r lihad de. i'\cit--.iv -.iernied of any of the Czar's
a inI *-* imhilinn- tlii 1I1; iul.l ul rid in il.,n, i-r thl.t hI,, I h. ld tlh picture l-f Ei ni t lr.-d ,n lorni;rions. and I had my hr-t taste of
Whlihl I- a- r. loi jn. , in-, i-il-i. It . i il. ,i . ". r-.i tr -ir iof a youn' I.iv. T.- fats.t- ll k mi- a rs i i-i rn lrkal.-I.: it's tern. relentless ofi,'ialdorm at the
ra tra.n' a it , -it ." .i .l- d t'-. t ,hn . i l , lie i..:- .-,d mi to ;ive him." Bliou n IiL,,-r:- n as -.i to ,e PIolilih. lile;i moment cf landing on the bilf-des.-:te-d
w ..r -inai. " i-tan't it ." * .-nI \ , ,,, p i,. it t,-i him ?'i" I t r;.i- I .1 1 i. -ll.-.irk -Ir Ied pr tpr- t-.r - of tHie r.-,s quayv.
"l:' Iry," r.plit-i I.N. I;.- t uriant in \Vtetl- rnGroin.- B;riv t is also In the -wooden passport office the uni-
T "'Ihe igentt tiiail itghlt have been in "'\X'We:ll-ve-. Ilr He b,'e'-1 soo hard cif the same nationality. Then I recol- formed official, on examining my pas-
there n-it hd I not cone into tli riry f.r it. i-sivina that it wa the portrait leti-d that pretty little eninimeled cross port. disc.overed that nt there Ru'-1in
Sandit found a I.t iof lliiud!it.-i tl Ip'i -, ,-,t i fr;-i.ndi i f ini. tthaii la.--kenzie hal fi-und in Rsino.-Ii ..-',inrlate.-Gtne-ral tlihe hd forr.,tt,.n to
hichl I nl,.i tiy put in ,I.- tupl,.,r.! t .. .-\r,,, he ,, e , ,v..u , .:ni. thin It hind. e..:l. ianI t it suildenly o.- ur I-ed to lme .ite the i-c whith iId hi-en inipr.-s --i
keep- thli pl... . tidy. thli. irn .,iit or n ti,. ',,,, -,,ri it--, i ' I t . at it miht pi'ibly be the miniature with a r biber stamp. It w-as signTeIl by
II.- r. I i.-nt to p-ut tlhei.. I,-i. l ut di - [ I, - v..un .. . i .ni 1. o h m i kne. -,u il .l loni e a :f the Europe.an olde-ir o-f r-iiv. th, ( O"'.n ul C -oneral. but the date wasc
ti .v.il thil. .,,l.'r lIck,-, Tih k, -v I - . .. . Irv. In the i:IIb iili.r rv It niidruil ,t I nii--in.-. whiereu-ipon t!i man -hook hi
:ft.:rtaIrd - foi.nd in thI:- ::ra,ote. ti-erI - i,,,t t- f.,r al.l f : . --. '-I- I folunid a .-Opy of C i'appellttti- ' Stori- a ,de--,li I1.- 1. and handled ba.:k the document
Mr. -ith-oi lt . l ev l.- ntly ti- lit vn it. .t. r , -. - tt r -iti' ,I - i "rditni Caval-le e-i hi. the -stian.l .lr v.i k ..nrthi',. o u in_, in Ru-s ian uhi..h I under-
and on ope in tir e .Il.....r inian i;ne thl .11 h , ,i tt p.n thi il.ie, t, nnd on c se. - hine tlu - torOd fniirly wi-.ll. although I spoke
shock I had nwhen I f-itind tl.:. i. itor -. illu tration I at length ii-.-ierel a pi b..v-
'i ,J ;,I. sir 1 T f,,, in it ,ipt. - p"i.l ii. lv-
lyving doubled upt. , of co.- urf e, th- ought .u" i- ,iraI, -,l - I it r p,:tir un- tuir of it. It aazi a Rusia.n crd,.r--te i "Tlhis- is no-,t in rirder. It miut be re-
I'he ti- dead." i - I - ov.ted Order of Saint Anne,. lt-tw.ed turned to London and dated before you
-"And when. h,' r,.turn,-.d b.r.. .n ltrs re , I, ' ,, I '-, . ,. . t ty the Czar only upon perons whr hie can pro- eel."
,'.s-rv, did le qul in v,,u " t. . r p i.t.' ,it. i t it lted1 and r,'nder,!?i er intent isernoe.s to- the state "f..IBut it i, not my fault." I protected.
"O hli, ye-. i .I , r-:. n.I - ,l,,bt t le il h v ,t. t t t - .te a ind to the sc-erein. On.- frct wa now ."It is the fault of the clerk at the Con.
.r-ithtC.urlt, aind ,.i- .,-',illl ab,,, M ,- t :1, ,I. *,i l. I itin. nan ely- , that tie- orite r :f tltit -ulate-GC :neral."
SAluri l. I .lie- .-' rnt, --.. t -n ..- - - I . I . tai he. tiny cr,,., . the .mill rephiel of til, fine "You should have examine-d it before
Ih-.r. y tle vhe ay he -p k.r . i.k- - ti o,] , I I .... r. 1 t w,. de . ;ra.ti--tn. imus 't be i-erun . ,f high avino . Yoiu must send it to IT.-on on.
no better or kinder I id r .-'.e- fir.i .tli ,1l ., ' th. Il - uIi ,,-i,.ll i .. tandi ing. i ,] r turn toi St- --li-, Ini v t,-i n Iit'-.
. I'm ut . \r . re .,r al ci- - i ..n ,:I HI th . ,d i! Coi ld it I .- trui Next -,Jv I rent in making ini-;ries i , at " t l
I. Ifor luir." Ti. IT .; ''t , t --.I i .i , i Iiac - h Iunla. l me a f i[ th . vie \i t to di .oi erin .the l t ,i..-tir:,.-ou '" [ eriet ,. a
i "But she hidid n.tl.in. tr 1o .I- i th1 , nhi h r fae . ' , I-' , r imp .sed it.if -,id to be b occupied by Leth,:,urt. .\- I, hd alra' t.-l:-n the- p or- -f a
I a tiait." !i--, an - n.einmr1 It somehc. -,'- m d it \n. not either in the Dir.- ti-r,-.r thi p,,.h-'r hi tii in , a ki
"Of our- not. ut n t iut -h. sri-: in thet l t ir-l - ti tI - n evtr .to pet n-tinte lue l .Book I ci . I n lil thatit I-- 1.1. 1 p.:r -I . t i hn ias , n.king
s.indal and dli- r, .' 1,,ii Y u.ii,,id h ve , ih t-o y. .. l . Hyvlt.,n ChIt. r I'.l I, ,. r nt,.-d it f'rnir hd. and ,ft-.r "t . 'ErtEh' eli r.laiI,. ,i. glaring iat
--.en the elei-t t f the nn:-v.s i il..n the l . I,- r,.l tl.:.t .I-i .. , . Ii'ti rn ie.ni ri i. -I .id , n,,,.n"I in ir . n. , - .r - il, - ,. Y--Y. u , ill return tonig iht. i r if t ol

Sourts had gone. It t,-: a I-, e., l r lp ir, "I 'i n , I . i. ..I.irt h in ti,1t . r .- lnt I I ,:, li ,,p. t.1 i hl,-u,- ,-,f l.,li ',, l iin- _ ith, ,it a pn sport."
dem -onium. They orrd-r,.-i tie ,..-t .-Ii, n . "1 - . i ,t lI ti..r ,. . , - i -.iiI. Hl l i, olc .a -- t I. -l f iew fr.,nl ;r. -\1.. ,-,r ' hi " I I not g ,.-, back' I drl -ltred dr
,p pagTne out of the -:l tr .-,nT d , i k it i. 1 . 0 - 1-i .1 n ,II t r i, 1 .,.i he-r rin,. or i. ti. i. for ti pr . , 1- ..,Itl, '! I nt v Your C n ul-en'erl vsed my
the m en cle. ir,.d il the , i.r:r I,.,,-, . :,r,,I il-,l n 'h l, . r ,. ,i-,llv po, e l .o ,-1 Ie h.,d liv d there lut ver I, itl.. pl:- ,.I and I elaim. under intern.
Ii the w me-.n uin,,,,...-. in ti , v.nrtr.,I,,n ,.i -- th- -i ' .i.tth i HI.,1 h . .ill VW h,-re the fu 'itive, t , re in hiifin-z I , ,nl n. to I., ala mw ed tr. proined
until th.y -me.,ni dl Ik p1a - i: 1,. ,n.ri- - - I * . : .,i wilLh In r ,-whh r, I,,, nt, id,,a I on,..ed t, . n, ,,t ,iA ri t h,,l hindran "'
SwIolv.. Ev',r l..-.od v., nt 'i -,v ...iti, I11- 1t l t thl. l ,',.un, wl oman told a n an.u t.,li h-r th t I iha ,1 .1 i " h slte.ni er le-ti\es at ix o',c -Ir i ."
J their trinks full of thif i I.th.,l ,, . t'- m r-i. i,-t .ill n.,y pr.lan, . If Ilmn Irt.,tht eri l. P -1 t it uas plain tha.t th trio e , r-ma ie ithnIlt lo-ring up. "I
i thing. Tlhv took , wl t.l ,-r Il,.. -,:il,[ '. * e ,.,ii y ,i.,-. i . tlIn sho w:. t.. ,:,n.:,:.ln them el\ve ifrom, H iton C -lia . ,,l r in A io nftl r that it ill he at
lay their liandi on. anr tI ..t. ti. . , r-,nt- , i .'ii-'.v. in.l ti . truth w -,, I Ib l 1-. ter, hnlo I supli'.-Id tr, her n-r.v . ,,.i.k in 'i- r , -nn risk."
couldn't etop thenr I .a r,..r1tr t,' om nEn-lish. r.:-illhe.t." I ' s id.
with one. lady wi lo ., I -i s ..ranntiin. in . I Ie1 hi, d pu- t the ph..t,.._ra-ph in ThI- a llin-n dl.v- . ier.. ull and a.inv. "To rle it ],.1- ni t nlintt,-r itwhnt or
Usher trunk tu% r of MiA,, M riel's l t hii pjioriet, tIi.. pn,, -ti n n,.a ie a rmo- I and te stree,-ts i wer- - nudd.1y anl u n , , .n ,on anr-. Y-,'-mr rpa pr-.rt, undated
ev renin, die. -<.s. but .1l,. told mei to rni;nd i .rtin t.- -. ,I, t in tl.h, ri-ni.m " tli .l.. mr-.- ple.i-.i t. :i- thrv rhl'-av- aren at the- f.il - ,,-,ithl] .. '
nimy ovn busin,L an- d .it.n ,- ti,. r,,,,rn t~ i. ,irt '.n "II, ,onrn islted lhis plan. --f ivi, v, a.r. I.,m p,.llh.,l |II r,'n,.in it **' ~I.-,II -..impl.iin t,, t le \nmbal i-d'r
Oine m111 I sa., on- a i . - i . iVtll l..ur ruf ir t,..,l: -. i. ral n,,.u i r.-mentis., n7iI tth n ,i1 ti e-., I idled in the li.h ui tl th he r.-.ol. ,I Pt,- r., lhii .
Leith:..-nrt'. ,un- i n.i 111t .- .tt 'i- .. i '_ t ii.-..1 ..- n i ll. p .irl-.j iin all a-lne thii- I' .ti t. n of that piturel fa .e Iver l Iei..i' '. . -,,,, \n .I - . il. r io- n. t interr.-t
ular s iimiabhl,. ;n th-. Ilil,.,r. 1 r'..rn ,iu . -, ,11 .1 .:. l .. - I . -- re - i t,: ;n'-i fi..i mn.-- tuli i.a.e oif ith unf,,rtu ni ,te , -,;rl vI.. . - n i Hi . 1,-i- TI[ iP nort .\nib,- n.. r
a set of p-a rl ann I , in r l.i ,, .l.. . 1-- ,i.| ..-n-,.. lt . l..-n .pl....aitdl or i .lin , ' l A i I- 'lid I-r li-t mt . -- n 'e to I. . - ..ni. .- I, ,,,, in Finlinln.i 'l'hre i a (-',:nr Ih re."
that t som ,l,,,i foun ii ii . 1.. i--irii . I 1 ih.... .I it the pl ni . I :i . -..'. ni 'iark in t.. Philip Horirn.il . l \W h I w rni-red. ..l il, \\'h, ; . i ,.- nr ,f ti i- ,, untry.
room . ( ir .- ti. - ii .-t. - 1 1,,I tI..-.. .1 i k i p,.n it Ii. wa.1 tr in.- t ,- ,. '.i her ,r.. , l VI: h.t i.. - , r,..ill hit r ir,-
for then ." , ,i'.-u i .. I -p..It. . nd i , ..- itr atly iI .h. . if t,.-" .I I 'i , F .i, , h . v th.- ('.- .u n , -in n,.iral
"D i.: r,,-eful " I .,ia ,ul ,l...l. "T ri,, n .3 - ,,,.,, d it Vi t b,' ,._" ..i h tr, t d .. . . e 1 1 1 1 ;, l ,lit ,i- I ,, , f r,',o, ...i I,. - un til la n ,l , ,i v h, ,i - .I , . i,, r r,, . h r E .n-.
soon -as thle I .i -t and- iih -t.-' .. h 1 c.n.-. .- . .r. I.ere o\' r .i n h u lio r, andl m a..d. n1 I .,ul.l ii ir i t nI.. I i-._ i I I -it th.it It I1 ,i1 t, - ,. i. i,-- , , f En Ftgh.Il h. Si rn.:ol-
th\ i -ii iil li v rt th r..i-I. tl- l ...-m - In- I,.. tim i- Itn i r . . . . i n, l." n.i- y duty to p t- Fi inl d n n . 1- , , i ,,t i "
nn.- cleared th-m .-n " \\ W explinat ;o did hIe itr. " ieio-..r t-i learn =orneithinit rei un.lli n- tli, -. y, - I ,. ,. mi aniniglv, I shall
"*Yes. ir. They t-ook - vly .ill til t '**II' only paid. 'If I find- what I wrant. TBar-. n Otberg and his niece. Frank -
was valuable. They'd hare had the sil- Ann, I shall make you a present of a' Hutcheson had written me declaring that [Continued on Fourteenth Page]







mI











March 31, 1906


THE SUN


Ele':ienitlh Page


""here is he Cmh? 99

An Editorial by a Sun Readier oon the TMoi-rey QIueisti0noi


Among the many questions that are frequently dis- voters and "boodle and fraud" by the financiers it came to the chickens, the foxes volunteered to
cussed by the people of the United States, the ques- during the past forty years. look after the chickens, as they knew all about the
At the close of the war in 1865 there was nearly chicken business.
tion of "WHERE IS THE CASH1" is a very impor- $50 per capital of money in the United States. At The financial foxes have taken possession of
tant one, and it is interesting to note the opinions that time the National Government was not con- 11. 1, .I.m.Lin_. ...T*r of the Government, and the
of writers and speakers when dealing with the trolled by political buzzards that feast and fatten 1111'iii111'i.lt -)p.1'. I. is seen of a nation ruled by a
money question. on the spoils of special legislation, and for a few II. I ..I \\.11 SI.. I money sharks who hold high
years there was a general prosperity all over the carnival over the remains of the victims who dare
According to the Secretary of the United States country. invade their sacred temple where there is no God
Treasury, there is approximately nearly $32 per There were but few large fortunes at that time but ambition, and the survival of the fittest are
capital of money (cash) that has been issued and and they were not concentrated in industrial enter- the high priests who divide the spoils.
is in the hands of the people of the United States. prises as they are today. If a pirate ship should land at any of our ports
The great national resources were not monopo- and rob the citizens the whole nation would arise
But where is it? Who has it?. What are they lized, and the vast areas of agricultural lands of and demand immediate .. I;..i. and the fate of the
doing with it? the West furnished opportunities to thousands of pirates would be death when captured.
The investigation of the insurance companies willing workers. Not so, however, with the financial pirates who
showed that approximately one billion of cash was It was during this period that the political states- have been robbing widows and orphans, as the recent
man was succeeded by the political buzzard, and insurance investigations have shown.
controlled by three men. It is a safe proposition from that time the "Invisible Empire" has dictated The pirates were caught red-handed, but not one
that the trust companies hold equally as great all legislation while the deluded people bow in hum- of them were punished by even fine or imprisonment.
an amount in their control and the balance, accord- ble servitude to a condition under which chattel The financial pirates made demands on old "Hickory
ing to Mr. Shaw, is in the treasury of the National slavery pales into insignificance. Jackson" and he put them out of business in short
rnmn. i rn i n We have the wealth, but WHERE IS THE CASH order. The next pirate gang took advantage of the
Government. Thispresents a mostcomplicatedcon- by which to measure it? National Government in its most OI,;I' hour for
edition, and all kinds of theories are advanced by Who are those statesmen who tell of our great existence, and "Honest Abe Lincoln" was forced to
financiers in which they try to show that the United prosperity and wealth and point with pride to the compromise with them, and from that day they have
States is in a most prosperous condition when, in condition of the National Treasury that is filled with raided the National Treasury so frequently that ft
y, a m ing e e t n money that has been taken from the people by a has become a standing joke or pastime to get some
reality, thy are making every effort to ge control system of legalized robbery? special 1._i..,li,., by which to rob the people.
of the money-making power of the Government and Who are those cunning ju::-.h.-r. who assembled These same financial pirates forced the Govern-
control the volume of money so that the necessities at Washington a short time before Congress con- ment to give interest-bearing bonds for greenbacks
of the people will be absolutely under their control. vened and passed resolutions favoring an elastic cur- that were bought with gold at from 40 to 60 cents
rency based on any security that counted as an asset on the dollar, and kept up their demands until the
Money rules; but will it rule forever? of national banks? - National Government was forced to issue bonds
The whole world is being agitated as it never was Who are those financial pirates that have de- in time of peace for the benefit of a few political
before, as it becomes more evident that money is manded that all the silver dollars and certificates, pirates who divided the spoils with the Wall Street
being used to pollute the Legislatures where law- treasury notes and grenebacks, be retired by exchang- financiers.
makers assemble to enact legislation, not for the ing them for interest-bearing bonds that may be The Treasury raid in 1895 was a grand success
used by the national banks as a base upon which and Wall Street echoed with the shouts of the suc-
benefit of the people collectively, but for the favored to issue national banknotes in extreme cases of cessful pirates.
few WHO HAVE-THE CASH. emergency? The midnight bond deal of 1895 was conceived in
The people of any nation who permit the financiers These are the people who consider a national iniquity and born in sin.
to control the law-making power are slaves to condi- debt as a national blessing. These are the people, When the news went out to the people a great
who, like the shell juggler, shouts to attract the at- protest was made against the schemers who took
tions of their own creation. tention of the suckers-"here it is, there it is; now part in the deal.
The money question in the United States has it's here, then it's there; sometimes I lose it myself In order to quiet the .. ii ...,- another bond
been threshed over and over during the past forty but always find it, and now if any of you can tell deal was , ,,.-_..1 in which all the people (who
years, and today, although the financiers have made where the little ball is you can double your money;" had any cash) were requested to take a part.
but by that time the juggler's nimble fin,.-rg' have the The scheme worked just as the financiers planned
their position stronger than ever, they are demand- ball in the safe place, not under the shells by any it and the Wall Street pirates gave great receptions
ing that the Government grant them more power to means, and the suckers give up their money and look to those political pirates wl. 1.. I ... .I the people
control the volume of money. upon the juggler as a very superior sort of person. and aided the financiers of 1\11 I..I I in buncoing
It is very evident that the prophecy of Lincoln These financial jugglers are the people who can the people into the idea that the best way to increase
has been fulfilled, answer the question "WHERE IS THE CASH?" the wealth of a nation was to incrcasec the national
The dollar is above the man in the structure of They have it, and that they are using it is not debt.
Government. an empty dream but a plain, solid fact that needs Such 'a financial system is a disgrace to an en-
The recent investigations of the insurance com- no argument for proof. lightened and civilized nation, and it is high time
panics showed most conclusively that the financiers An old fable tells how, at one time, the animals that the people should decide whether the financiers
make the platforms, nominate candidates, control and birds held a convention and were discussing with "boodle and fraud" or the people, with "horse
elections and dictate legislation. This condition is their conditions. It was unanimously decided that sense and the ballot" will control the Government.
the result of magnified ideas on the part of the the strongest should protect the weakest, and when T. M. 1~.\3IILFR.


've Been Thinking
(Continued from Sixth Page)
in the cars to poor tired women, and at last gave his
life to save a poor wretched Magdalen from death by
fire."
At this point the Reader of Novels addressed the
judge, and said:
"What was this person, iii n.-l '
"He was a human being," said the judge, gravely.
"There are many such."

"Seven Miles to Smith's Shoe Store." "So reads
the half-obliterated legend upon the mile-post oppo-
site my door in the country. It is ten years since in
proud fresh paint it first invited my gaze, and what
a comforter and guide and warning it has been in
that time! Smith's shoe store is in a provincial
town. Smith's shoe store is presumably dark and
dismal and smells of leather and new rubber over-
shoes and patent insoles, and it probably backs upon
a dirty, turgid stream that supplies some half-dozen
mills that might better go thirsty than taste of its
oily waters.
Often when things have gone wrong with me, the
clouds -,,-.iringn to have neither end nor beginning, I
have looked at the little sign and have realized that
whatever else might happen I was still seven miles
away from Smith's shoe store.
The mile-post stands amid a clump of brakes;


black alders shield it from the morning sun, and a
sweetbrier bush has scratched at its paint for seven
summers; in the distance one sees purple mountains
and near at hand are fragrant meadows and inviting
woods and an irresolute brook and half-ruined stone
walls on whose mossy rocks the robins sing in the
morning, and I have seen many a humorous bobolink
pause and seem to read the sign and then fly away
from Smith's shoe store, singing mockingly.
Smith's shoe store will always be a sealed book
to me, thanks to the sign. I have received a friendly
warning and I know where not to go. My feet may
need shoes from time to time, but they will never
come from Smith's emporium. I want to feel that
the worst has not happened for me; that Smith's is
still a terra incognita.
Once I went driving aimlessly and turning a cor-
ner I came on a sister mile-post that read ''"riC Mile
to Smith's Shoe Store." The road was narrow and it
was risky turning, but almost in a panic I pointed
my horse's nose in the way it should go and drove
back at a rattling pace-any pace is a rattling one
with me for I need a new wagon. How cheering it
was when I had ridden some thirty minutes to come
to another mile-post that read "Two Miles to Smith's
Shoe Store!" And as I passed each one in turn I
felt like breaking out into a song of th ril.-'. in::
for the road led me higher and hig-err .-,,ri ni.w
glories of scenery were discovered as Smith's fell
back farther and farther, and at last I came to my
silent comforter and was assured in characters still
legible that it was "Seven Miles to Smith's." Never
again did I take that particular drive.
There are Smith's shoe stores scattered through-
out our lives. Happy we, if it is possible to keep
tile -.*\ 11 nill, ,l'P.l e-ro-t in iri nlll -4i ",-r ,r\ *. .ril,
feel that v.tiat%-r -r othpr evil, may biefa. ll. tm ..i: ...l
leagues of road li'; between u- and Smith's.


Msdkcinim fMAit lUT tCb1tired by State
'Reduaces D, Ustl' a Il'0rtainty
Rome.-The State Drug Store, that is the quinine
monopoly assumed by the state in 1887, has done
wonders in rnl.,1 inr (t.Il mortality from malaria,
and would do till I,-tier if it had not superstition
and ign'ornne., as vicious opponents. The poor peo-
ple in the malaria districts hold to the foolish belief
that quinine is poison, causing loss of appetite, in-
flammation of the stomach and abnormous growth
of the spleen, which latter, by the way, is a symptom
of the disease quinine suppresses-malaria.
Before the state assumed the quinine monopoly
this most necessary medicine for Italy was made
a quarry by unscrupulous and criminal speculators,
who combined to maintain an abnormally high price,
and, besides, adulterated the drug to such an extent
that consumers got scarcely one-tenth of what they
paid for. As a consequence the rnijrt:iily from ma-
laria amounted to over 15,000 per year. After the
quinine monopoly was created by the state there
was a falling off of nearly 6,000 in the space of a
twelvemonth. Last year the mortality was reduced
to 7,392, less than 50 per cent of the mortality pre-
vailing when quinine was "trusted" for the benefit
of speculators instead of for the benefit of the people.
The state sells the drug in sealed glass tubes at
cost, and sells it everywhere, not only drug stores,
but tobacco stores, being obliged by law to keep it
on sale. The law compels city, town and village
authorities to distribute quinine free among the poor,
and to these wholesale customers the state sells the
quinine even below cost. The many large land own-
.r- ,f" It.il .il-' II:._ '.-.- r l"-~.-ij. d tn distribute qui-
r.ir..- fr.-. L.ut a gr-at majority of the noble barons
shirk that. duty, it is charged.











March 31, 11906


0a) 0


io


the


B-: P;' L. IM '[RPE'R'', Orgai er I. T. U.

hir. /ii .0.ii FiF'-ui.iatii iil: D.0o'iittii'` .re inr ih PisiitPrelliSenri L clh airhidl
i.-tHtii'or o' ''Iai r l r Lo'clk'o'i C'irinie to. A'irUpt EEnd--The RFighit Oin


Thie State Fe:..rait,..r n . Ll.. i .r, . ..- I; i.l..lI.i II....,-1 r .i, - l., (.- 'l ud.- i. i.'i- I .i.n-t let -lip iy minid-- st . Ind - L. -k to w i rk in the evening pittfin
annual .ons':ntio-n .4f v..l.ii :l.-., dA I rt L'I-I. I'-. - in i.r '. h liil., -I r,:..l .r.' 1I.' a -ra:..t in.ny other papers- of the's- I i..r-e-il .-, oun the breast and sayir.g *"M
Frid.y' w-eek 1mn this' , t f litl- d to:. l'.h lieru-. ti- r. i- -treir:tl . n iir i..n i- :. ._ tlr.1, Iill- t.' d.it'1 day. pi-r.ld-ged to t ell the - I' IT"-.lind nmost of us knew we
ai and re-olut. ap.gili- tl ti m 1 i ni -r i '.'. . : r-! i.I,_'tlh in lit..t ' -. ; --'1 . tl.I'.- , truth.1 . i-Ia rlTry.t o'diy kno:vw it's abso. e-re IT. \lhnr it c homes to playing the
ie.:-au e. a s.etttl-nent r . .- p..ndirn tiii .t '. l. .Ii.i n .i .r .1 . ; - . '.t.' I mi iiil- i ,l l'i ii1i,1allihlh1 - i: it i4 :i-tiutified in its iin irll ulatte jai .karsi . But we couldn't
nuiilrd haLv r. r:,ie-n - tI-i,,.t .r;,- tc-. tl ..iit i] .. i- l I, I,.: i..l.. - ..- ii rn nr,,. . ..I-- .- :inJ wu.ILl not forr all the- world st ind it .-Imy lniger-- we just had to
Printrs' t ln;l .n in the -nid, aind pr os-ily .\nl Ii l I. - In 1isi. l. .-- ... l Ir. heI .- l.'s tir,: t .-ai ric.y el.i-ved reader: it had -trk.-. \ h'lat eilse could we do when we
would d . ot I h&a - ir1i iui .l to -r-' n rtiv'.-' , '., ttii,.- t. ,I , '.t -v :iif.ur.an dl gi.,o d tith.t it juit hald I'iinIl tIhe door leked and barred?
r. -rs- f tI hat p-p.-r- but it' all i.. . if.,. ..-. i . ti, tph. Ir, .iin idI-,l pi-.- to do I- :i little pi:-.e of d.:-vilni nt in Ilt L.' - liniimulbI.11il and Tom (irresisti-
p.-iitlem.-n- : ri.i. t i. f I i .---I-- .- .- i l -..-u tht .-rd.-r ir. -t.yn n tlha i.:kl-id world at tI..- I.,th ie-re ,i-.i1 sure we would break
inhi- i_ no 11) -..: t n-rl i t in ,-I ..hi t I:It tl;s- uiiii.,' i i , . .. i.- is....t i il-i.l1.- .nr.i fir Ill-- n.I ' h... w.a t.:. p.,g t tihe I: lunt :,i in .arl v.'-'.rk arnyv way. W e had married
S ritiin . 1 I .- au-- thi ,i.:i r.tiI.in a.t tli InI t. t .. I t , l.I.n l ,i,. -i ri li1rri.l'-. thli ..1.1 i nir n'I - l ,oink" I.ut t ie work-' tnro. ,-Is , l,-,-L y-ar- .ago, som e of us, and
Inmiutitalle -ltain.- in ti.,- u., ' .- .,. n ,li, I.r ,i 1.. I. t t i ti th, -r: ,i. r in l ai div-- r-e pr-,.riri'.:-d in old age often
MIr \\_l s ..n mii .i - .L t ...n_- tril, to N . , - .. .'..,. ' ... - ill: hlii ii _ it ..,l.l..- Xith lii- L .I.r. i l .: : t,, A tl i .,., i n ,d-.1 r p rs.- 1tal,.. Bit i- was just like send-
'York t, I land - ', t tlha ' i* . |.r e.-lt i..f ti.. lil tl- -r.n .h I r .l i. , h ' . I. .I n Ir, i. liii; -. I,..t tro -li.'ull. r_ tiie Iurdir- n of .i Ia ti- - ' ii- liun. i- for the summer- we
ls1 iin,'. piri-r- ' -f thl,: r- iri ltir .irt ii, ih ti,- LirrI .-t Fi . . i -- .r , i- 1 i.. i - .,, Ii ,Id l'd . ird l ,ilr'- uus i' -.ii lr . S,:.nie of f-ilt -i fri.- and -iiy, that we never felt
p.-rir. t %.:a:.:rdi i tli I. .: 1il.l-itr i. ..ri . , .l t|..I I . in .1 tii r' I . - ...I,, .1 i.. - i ... p | u- i Ii te-r- li.id g rownli ' *s .I tt ilrhlt d to thl. und-. r I1i - n it f--r thlie key.
i. y r.f tli- Irnt-rrn it i..I il Tyl...' l. .i.rpl .: 1 --.n 1 .1 in II. it , ..,. 1. i i r , .r ,-.l him I .sgl- that i .-- jiist nrat urallvy thoiu.iht I)Only :. f.- . of th.- old T.-U. force have
ULnion. uit1l tl,,t tl,,it . p. I".-I ii . -, i .. r n i -i.- i.-l.. It . . . ill ,: r. .-.. t.- a -.:' -., .,i it, I,-ik. st'--ek and b.arr:l- .- n - g'-..ne .ut into the wide, wide world
ha.is tin.' li i- trn.iillh.l .ilii thi i r 'i. .I; - 1. r n- ... -.... Ilin ti, .- t . I ii . idr tli- fiit l nii .ike i of not wt.,- : ': \ h.t ;t.iiyti- saw in New York
n.,i-ir- in i. I.t. tlIny i t 1 i . I. i rni-tt,-. ,, 1 i.i. l, It, r -i.it i i'.l ', 'plr.. 'rl ihi. I , g I.i. t r.n t... ti.r i raiirod also. 'lhere aind. p.- iil 'ly., fll what Tom felt in Jack-
f.,rnd .ou.it that ths. i,.i rtnin I p.r ., t . i i1, i '! .n , ,. .ri ]. .- i. . .: . i.:r -nt i .- In. qilli]r-t n ab.:.ut us running; the .iii illi- nai.'.ne, nil alone. Out of the
It sI.- p.ip.-r. v,. i. i l..r tlr nr.. -t ..,rt' i'l,,ri l'r,:-i . .iit [.is..i. . ..tii'_' in I.,-,-I tn-.in-- T. n it wa aIu h there were but two
v..rkrlng in I r 1 . lrii..i r i the Ii.. i ri,. i r i i pi...-..l t.i-. in, t. I it..r. tl, thi,-.n.- Itll.lI .... ". i %.. It u~ina ul ti us to run tln tra -it r t-- t e ons- ho caused the trouble
ti.,nll f;,p":grai-'ii . .i l .. I;nlr.li buit Il... .i- i lit I'- . '...i .. i , i..r 1 sl., s .,ndl it , t,-.:= it. Ind. b inig the onl i, uni n on the staff a.nd tli. one whlio i .ootlicked for him . The
3-.t I.lill- t-... -ITIn up ti: Inrt- , ii tin.. I, . .... i, n t..to 1. tI ii , ..I- . -lvlt -n ill -' n..-inglh to operate a great ini.i. Is.-dI then rn: grudg --except that
_A rbtin ti-..n :' r,:.i:n. rnt., ti. t -.nii.1i' a r. : .,,it th. .1 ,,, .1.1., .-. r ,i -i' ' . : ,l.i '. i -. . li -I - r I..-.t to t, i',:h the high- th-vy hid thisir li_.ht beneath the bushel
. ln.i fus.il if tli-' l i -i.'.- ,1 s l. p i. i.r-. t ' sir . i tl., I.,r Iri-. - :,l.i..nii r, iirn.; n , ,r-.l t:-i...r nn rk ..f exIe-I-lit :-. . . , jon, I. Mlnly mni-r are scarce- awfully
Arni-r'a.: ir-- '. it i- in, , i' , ",- ,ri lii,1 i .- hli i.,1..- *i .1,.:- 1 ii it i.i.n ,i-in-t \V - ,r,'.t hanidl-':nme pay f,-rr i'ur pain-.. rcarce- .ind it growls painful when we
ihopr-. nritl Ir- na , I. . i .. thi t thi ..-I , i' ...i Ii .,,1i F. iI r. . t -it .l t11 i .-i -i . i-.- i - I .- f ,ii i,,.i n bru'.wn -tone fronts- riealiz - tla.t ouit of twenty-three only
"i-'l ni-ii -lip" pIa-i,.r- ,. I. - 1 i .-i . . i,-.hII " ,!, . I i .. i;l ur,- ... ' .s-s I.li s11 .I . i h. -iI: ... - I n '--ni - th.ai t u - built with the two haid the i .- urrti, e to go to the great
triill.l- .-.1l tihe i fai : t i 't 1,, . Ir ii.Il, . ....1.1 1 -., n-,. . Ir..l r-'' TI.- .-I. 'Ii. s ' II L ' if iii r ,ni ' .-lli ranked in doing tlie go'ldide e.lf. I..u' dos:.in their heads before
iwau first i4 . . in....l' n ris. Ii ii- i ir ii .. ' , l i in' -, l fl t I.. i -.I t..-n h....i. " nl...Inii r i:" f'-r Imn iiim ta rle Ge-orge- a nd it anil chant:
th,-n pn.reat- r , .pr r, -- f r-- ,p. t iii.t n th. I' , * .. I.- - - ii r.. I . i- I. r.-,. ! i ,, I I n -t Irr. -.. lill- T h hlr.I l',, .. "You -ei-. tli-',
pl.ant thir.i-.'i. thlie :.r-tir s;r t ri ,riifiii, - n i. . . l.,.. -- , .i . ,in , , .- 1 . l..l . ..- 1 liiin , --'i -.. *. to u- v. really e- ild not Alini.ity D) llar looks good to m e,
* rat" printer - I'r ii ..n, 'p. , .i,...p t.. - , It ..r .-, Ir..Pn,, it t,'. , Iiir..', Iri- nu ir, i ,.r-i - ti.: nu..n-;y. Lut you .all knot-v Let me hide my shame in Thee.
inothier ,rps :n -h--p. i iilro. . f in.- ,1irI An.i d .. thnl- r.-i_. i.--riI w ,- ni.l t..,I i i.,il ,--ins :in't :turini pr.-.perity. W\V Le-t the s.corn of ages roll
war'e.i ' r .ai.rvie tI.. - .a- i -.1i i...-Is I. p'ir.--..-.. .. i., - .' .l:- id tie .: - . -.. Ik:l up it - mnii.:h of -.ir v.,eiltlh in O'-r my treachery- but give me gold.
reh.ibl.l- hiion nm - . i....,srIn ,.i ,i .... t 'i i. .: i- ..i . ,n , i .., 11-i ., rs .-,u , i.-.;i,t a i- I.i arr,-l Dolla.r, D',llar-- G od of Lust,
Ii- I' rnmc -d tliat Pr,-il.-nt Lir..I ,I f ,_ i,,. i ,r tl, , t,,ri i- .1. :i r of hIb in: i !in . s - i- - .. u-ld- - ,i nd :l tt-ndJ to riun- (Cod of \Vil- on. G od of Trust;
the Int-rn iti-inal Ir p.._.-i.iapt uii, l lni.ir iI, .1 -si!iiii--- l ,i i .- r I .t- ruisr . ii .\. ,. i n1 I. Ihi- -~.ir. ;ng LI. .ry',' prop-.rlsy--r .v:.n uI r:id <.f Sto'Ckton- and his crew--
is a i'broand nlindedl r.aiIl-a mi n ,a[le I,|.ILc- ! it .'- thli- t ' i'. *' tihe " [n ii..I.p"- - I.ni,4lt lottery tiiklst.. in the fakea l..:ow -d ught by mnny, caught by few.
of grasping the situation at a glan-. ir t.a t, n. i rF-\. 1 =e t ill -c:i.-nsi-. of our Granldpa f'i Gecrpe: bLsard-
and kno.vine what to dr and ii':. to ?.I ,-sr.r.niri-nlt .Ll1 hIl.l: ',,I.o, th t tir d t t \Vino nd II m tIi on fe.itherW But, unlike .luld.as I[scariot of old, they
do it. T.i.l- T .n r . lI .-i;r.' r;a.. a .- t-pr,-i, --'f-r v;ant ofi h.etter--we rilde cu-hion's have nrot had thie decency to go hang
He I-arn-.rI that lIIr.iin, I1- I i.r ..1'. Ti..ir ' 1s.1- %. , i-i.l -...i-i f.. r uth. int , n-t.-r i i, t rod. anid \.'r i iinvitcd to n-au- themls-lie-..
some hi.-re -aidl I f-..-i- is..Inli. t ti-,, .,f it., ]i.:1i th iiisir, p riist.' r oit ..f ti, ,i-,. s -. oft the i . st irrs of thte *tlt_ hr-r he Syim pa.thy ii \wa ted on fools, but
i rf r i f thf e .re- it '1pNl i'.-raphr.i .il I 1,i in. ' -o. i zuI -. ,, . ..- th- is ii n I,'l, . - . l. ,, t. itate wa.i -i ti . b,',- I-fd from-Ifromi- omnihor I just can't help sympathizing
and that rr-.n w illih 'h ,ii, i. ni lv t --l . i.. i .... n it"elI. t.. I Ii p i , - -. ,..n.-rini ,. l. ''1 n.'itti.r; v.' i.en it a I t in b -e nith a man who'-.se intellect is so warped
riate -.m rqanl .o,.i-lly. Ilut s-. til .'li.r -- ,.., -tr_,.' p...s lu.. -. M r S ..- kto n-..r- i. ,I't-1'I for the Stte . 't--t4 in t.lilri i ? prril 's tto renide-r him incapable of under-
he would co.irp.ar. rm ntally ani ut .r u . . .-. '-,i \ %-.. , t.. i -.| w. ii l.- i.,l.l tih. 'n:ry rnc anIt ti -r when ".m,: 'viut-r" ;ta.iniiig that Gl-e,:,orge W . W ilson has no
iqual a-z tihe "i'.i.t-th,.-ni .iiurl th lilt ..il.i l..n t ,i ii . i j. l it., i :- , i.-l-t to' .,,t' . ; .iil.ui t tI, p.ll inorn- s vot,- th.ri i i ni mo - r e I e for a r a ni n who violates an
b lnd" r ft thes .Ja.rk.nvilrl- i r :-. i i.1u. i..r i,-t n-, i .nI - , -'i' l-l piirs.....- "aiiii r.'' n drinl v.e a. ll al kir,'.. that. obligati on to hi- union than he has for
hahihieri-., hav'e :Ion-g inn .- .. i.:dI t-t d ,ii. ut tii t i-u t - I n inrin. I i- f..r I il r t"o ei.-n Tlh-n e -t'd liti.n t-, the sili. ry-tongrilued any other Benedict Arnold- and when
ii th the loade-d r ni le tl..t -1 ti.l- t .-i- .1i 1h, I,- .i. I t ilir,,- ..i iis in, ti hi.r u .rt,-.r .r.at,' .ab iut i ii ,.r iand harl-or .p ltie ,.rue-l "iar" is over will have as
hair-trigger. -r..r..- !is, L,.tt:.r - .nltii .nr- pripri .iti.,ni Senat.torI . .i lP:pi-re--nta- little us-e fcr the '--rt" as he will have
Yes, and he limned thit wlIre: \\iIin. 'IT- rl..iper hi - - ill-pp...-.. to a1run-it- li\ve.'s ii.i "procured" for u:, un.d 'a. nt need of snow sho.t in the hereafter.


Can Trustees



'C...ntinuieJ fir..i, F. irt I'.r . I
Is-A-. than e per ient nniJli i l,.r-,.t: :l-.. th.i -ii
plush iniere, t arcruin. fir ni -i r h ir;.r tni. : lits . . ',i;I
Trusteeo - shall have nil trlli rici'. lt -pr,.prit'. , I ..'. .-
iainim-. renm diei. . action-r , '. tait- -ind tl-in., I.-r .
vper t.. tln-ni belon, ing, or .uf i. 1 it i 'nn.I' 1 ..i . *n .i .i
the tim r of thel en, - (u tni.ir Ilt i .:.-f. ri hIl til..: 1. 1il
remain a ii biijec. t t' nanI , l,-ill piay, fillilll rnir-i p-if..- .ir
and zd:li arige all dL t, . .luti.'- aru l .r.I. i.; ti.... ..f,
tleir trui-t exititin .it tiel tiune .-- tih-. rnI. trl. i,
hel ren-f .-r pr-i le,] fi..r ih r. i n. PI. '-'. . _r,i:s .-
Stat.iit.- of the State .-,- FI ,-.r1 l:l.
"S-**eti..n 432. Triiu-t-.I-. ,l Fi\ P1-ri, ... f l.iri. -
I'e1 Triulte-. u of tIhe Int. Inln ! Ii npr n.ri nl,.iil F.ir'lI
shall ri- tle price of-. thi prlrIi '1 1.1 .1ir] ini l ,ii-d Inu
thi? trust. i.aiin% dsu rd .n 'ir. t, t ih. -n i.I. I tiin, vi l..
for a ii i' uiltiIra l [inn rrI-,'s -.., ,, ,, . .. . .iih; . t-,, in .. i , -.
n.isvil ntoie- . Inud rnin.k-. I:u.ih s i n.iir m. i tr . fl Ir It,.
draminan . -- .f th.0 . -sw n. p -i r ,I,' ..i |hl] ,, I ,n-,1 1 1- in t -, r
jud,,ni tnt m .y bIe ,ri.- t , i va -t .._ .i .-. ill.' ii.'-rn-ir
Implroi im.nit Fund. -Ini th.- l :.I-- l.-ini nt in,,,1 -nit, ,i
tion of tl.- -.lld l.and I . 11i -. si s: ir. .- ipl iu-.rn i ' I.
.- ~1'.: 1 I lel-, '. Ind l '.. I l. I i. l - ,1 .I - t i n. il. ' ,il .1 - 1. .I. j I. . ;I 1
1bl.e Pri.. idJ d, Thiat i, in .-, .=.e -ii i l pr. -nipl i.,n f.
miori hI. n .'rs.: - .:iitr.n .-f iri l I . .i.n.1u i t o i. - .1 -' --,I-,
s.-t tlpr."
**Section 433. Alt1-rni .tr S,- .:ti..ni M.iv I.-. ir: nit.l.
-1he alternate mietirs n of tihe--.i' .am-rnp .l r a ertir..vedi
lands for six mile- on eaeli side Mu.iy be ti.ntedi


i , the L-..- l itLire t.r .i ' L : 1 II r u ir.1l ri, pa r. ;is i '_
Ii t.-, imay -J...r pr.-p.-r " P..2,- * 2.14. Re4. vi s-,J- S. iStuitst,
.( tl .- S t. it.- ..f F lr , r l,.
lr In-t -, ,.tir, i- tihe only p.r ier re-. rv,',1 in th.-
I.'=iati.uri-. - thl. .i..t ..i.n-i\-inp the land t- the
I ri it.t, in tiu:t 'i.r th.- u-e-. tli.-rpi rn -\xrpro ..:.J.
". . l i t... -s .S' t .TJohn- Rly. C'.., pages r - 5.31-54".

i'l:E'EN\T CLAIMS .I\.;.\INS1T THE FTINFD.

1 1. ..I - nr, . I.l l. ' Ia'. ti i t tin- f nd , - n,.i n .
Ir. _' .. rii.-I tih in :'i '-'' ri ill .-.n- f I ,r --s of in I. 1,,
I ll -...i-. I t. ... . :.] tni it under Ie i-,I-l tive r I II nirlitt;.
lhI. - .r. I ;i - llrll if I ..In..-y iln tie fulnl wh'in I
I.. u11111 ( ;. ri'n...r l .- 1 rI l t:'- .i re eni'flin,-J frir',
isir n. .'__ "u.. 1 1. ,-\V r f,,r tie purp.s-l.e r oft lr.ain.ge lnnl
i... I nii t n, Ir..-t.r.- t i ---n.r tmeii nt .-,f C'ihlpt,-r 5.'241..
1hr.l in iriii .rin ; 1, - ,r- ant, d Iv .J.id'. e Sd .iyn-e ,:1f
tii.. I'i t-..ti i t. C..uit ,rnd -;till' pr,.'-.-il... o, that
-. 1111i rn. r, , inrni.t l.i t. .-ihe.l-.. -If the Trnii-zt .
h, 1. ..1 iiiis.I.r- - 1 .. - ,it in it th1 State Tr'riaury.
I ..rv i' ,I i, I.,- li.,l... to 2.,- to i i l f'r c--iiti-nipt of
lI, t ,.1u t
iTh e I.-rnu rln.i.r i.f tih,, n.-i ir,-.v i -in-i ' i-i:-i' by tihe
i' il-t, a - r til.r i - e f.. .l li -:h it v.a- intnrl.,-I.
t.... t : l1 i..-. : 1. ] i ..- l t . r i..n . T 1- P . &. .\
II -. . ..i.1 R' l . -. .ir .r.i-: -. t. ..''2' .._l, r: in mni-.n.,'.
.mii .-r 1. i-Ils , t -,. .. nt. !.417.ffiiil iri r-.7 .f lan.l r in
,.hll i rin I.. I. ...t it Iai- .ia l ..aly I.-,.rii' . Til: F. E .
i' II.- i .. ,i ,liii . uii n.,r thi- i. r I nr l n . rt .,'t f
HI., ] ,. ,i l.e - .rt '.e. '-* OIN I.l.HIII .,ti i ., .,f ir. n.1. an.l a.i ti .i .
i� - .,n l *6'.' I .I I i . . .1.- . I., - fin. .i r . y. ..,.I f i it
-.. t. it h t . ho t.. Iv. -.. i h li , .li. n .tt le th - ,ir.
t-.,o :.l,-ini- in aill. Init Ili re are alrin t f.u. r m illii.'n
:rer: in .tti. r '-l.iirim of railroad and .ann! l enter.
pris-s, ri, under i:othrr legislative enactments.


As t w, ro- passed in the early '80s making grants
,.-i land.t to railroads. andl these take precedence
(i,,-r the Art so glibly quoted by certain newspapers
iand Iy which these certain n newa-papers are attempt-
iI-, to niaki- ther- peopiF h, li.:,ve that the Trustees are
Ipr.-i'rnting themi and their counties from receiving
IarpI - ruu tf r: m'ony frr g.,.r.d ro-ads, when they know,
or ,-ughit to know. that unless the Trustees DEFEAT
llIE R.AILRiAUDS IN THIER SUITS FOR THE
I._\ND. THI-RE WILL NEVER BE A DOLLAR TO
PI'T INTiO GOOD IOlADS, OR INTO THE SCHOOL
1I'MND E lTHER.
.Ab-,:.t 10,111i11i nri re o-f land, composing each
,i\te,-rtii -eition ..f the Evreglades, belongs to the
Siliiii:l Fiundi. but it i vanluele-s unless drained; but
I dit.ine-J anl re- l.iinied, it wo:.uld be worth from
n..-n to: ti\e million dollarr; but the newspapers that
s ie .-pposing drainage and re-:l.imation are willing
thit tie ,-lho:,l iunds should ntver be doubled or
il!adrl[hirl.., -. lohng as their reputed masters and
ri-y g.noi tric-en are p-ermritt-ed to take from thr-
p'irplh- I.,f Fi-.rida the i.2.iii00i.1000 a:res, exclusive of tih
lrI 1.nI. rnds, lir-li h are \\lhi. when drained, )15
I.'r aIr.o, ',r about -ione hundred million dollars, pre.
vi-nl til.e ,ia.inaipe. an- I;naliv buy the school lu in
.at ti,.-ir ..u -r ptio-.
\'.- ,ir- dl.,in r n-ir utnil:.tt to protect the per-ple
in tlirr tlii.t .aind . i- fl.ir the-ni in the end, mo niey
i..r tlhi-r ir.. .1.-. :ri- hard r..ads. Had no lnind
I.-v-r ,i-en .ruiit-il t.i I,.- i.ilr'-tds, outside of the
.;i%. ;1 . l-iniit. Init nii-t.,-ni I,Pe-in ui ed for the purFo-�r
ii.,l ril..i n1. i r tlih. I.itlr.rl . t.-wit: drainage nndl
. I.. i .ntir.n. \VI E itLD ill.1) SCHOOL HOUSES
IN EV\I::IY C()' NTY .\NI) GOOD ROADS .LL
O(C:Iti o NIIE ST.rPE.
(C:ontinue-l o-n Next Page)


THE SUNl


Garret












March 31, 1906


T-irt.en th Page


The "immunity bath" prepared by James R. Gar-
field, Commissioner of Corporations, and given to the
ex-members of the Beef Trust by Federal Judge
Humphreys, has been a severe blow to the adminis-
tration's plans of trust "busting."
As a result, President Roosevelt now holds the
belief long entertained by the common people, that
the Federal judiciary needs reforming. The Wash-
ington correspondent of the New York Herald writes
that "it can be stated that the main reason why the
President and the Attorney-General have opposed
giving wide power of review oi railroad rates to the
courts is that they do not trust the United States
Judges."
The vexation of the administration over its fail-
ure in the courts is causing it to consider means to
raise the standard of United States Judges and vari-
ous suggestions are offered as a remedy, one of the
most significant being a limited term instead of for
life, as at present.
The decision of the court favoring the immunity
plea of the meat packers is causing the Department
of Justice to fear that the same plea will avail in
cases against other trusts, on account of the "immu-
nity" granted individual members of these corpora-
tions by Commissioner Garfield.
The Bureau of Corporations has failed of its
purpose. It was organized tor the purpose of secur-
ing absolute facts concerning corporations, but Gar-
field has failed to extract anything of value. He was
misled and buncoed. He learned nothing new of the
trusts, but has tied the hands of the Government
in the course of his unprofitable work. The Phila-
delphia Record, in commenting on the policy of
Garfield, says: "The materials collected by Com-
missioner Garfield when he went out with sound
of trumpet in his hunt for the Beef Barons have
proved worse than valueless on trial. His report
was little better than an apology, with its remarka-
ble discovery that the Beef Trust in its moderation
was content with the trivial profit of a dollar a
head on cattle. The fact is that the astute fellows
of the Beef Trust, skilled in all the artifices of de-
ception and concealment, were more than a match
for the naive Commissioner. With the pretense that
they were delivering up to him their most important
secrets, they were only making of him a pledge for
their immunity from punishment."
The attempt of the Government to restrain the
trusts, however, is a striking illustration of doing a
thing in the wrong way. Remove the cause and the
evils perpetrated by the trusts will cease. The real
remedy is pointed out by the Philadelphia Record, as
follows: "In the meantime, there is in the hands
of the Government and people the one supreme rem-
edy for the stupendous evils of the Trusts in repeal
of the exorbitant protective duties by which they


are fostered. If this favoritism of Government, by
which these industrial and commercial combinations
have been created, were withdrawn there is not one
of them, including the Beef Trust, that would not
be reduced to comparative harmlessness. Where trade
is free monopoly must perish for want of nourish-
ment. There would then be no need of invoking
the arm of the criminal law to prosecute offenders,
for they would cease to exist. It is idle to com-
plain of the failure of the Government to prosecute
the Trust spoilers to conviction when the Govern-
ment itself furnishes them with the means and the
temptation in its tariff system. The same system
which has bred swarms of smugglers along with the
Trusts is a potential cause of the corruption of pub-
lic morals, while the learned pundits of social econ-
omy are vainly searching for it where it is not to
be found. With the substantial revision of an in-
iquitous tariff there will be no call for a 'Trust
Buster' in the White House or anywhere else. But
how long will the 'stand-patters' in Congress be
able to hold the tariff between the Trusts and a de-
spoiled people?"

The man from Missouri demanded to be shown,
and the time-honored tradition was observed last
week when Attorney-General Hadley of Missouri
forced H. H. Rogers of the Standard Oil Company
to answer questions.
Mr. Rogers's memory was restored by means
of a court order and he was able to remember that
the two oil companies doing business in Missouri,
and which are claiming to be competing with each
other, are really controlled by the Standard. The
business is alleged to be conducted in violation of
the laws of the State against monopoly and it is on
tnis point that the Attorney-ueneral will attempt
to prosecute the officers of the Standard Oil Company.
The Cleveland Plain Dealer thinks that "This is a
great victory from both a legal and moral stand-
point. A virtual confession has been made that the
operations of the monopoly in Missouri would not
stand scrutiny, hence the resort to deception by
conjuring up an entirely shadowy semblance of com-
petition. The trust has passed from impudent defi-
ance of law to evasion and then to confession. The
people of the whole country even more than those
of Missouri have reason to congratulate themselves
on this outcome, for it has been demonstrated that
the law cannot always be ignored or defied with
safety; a state of things which should suggest to
corporation managers the propriety of so conducting
their business that they will have nothing to fear
from a publicity that cannot hereafter be entirely
escaped."

If the recommendations of Assistant Secretary
of the Navy Newberry meet with Government ap-
proval, Key West will be an important naval base.
Mr. Newberry was much impressed with the value
of Key West from a naval viewpoint, particularly
as it is the last station in the United States for


ships going to Panama. As a supply base in war
time it would be easy of access to our navy, and the
railway now building will add much to other desira-
ble features.

A shadow existing in a body disappears with
life, is the discovery made by Prof. Elmer Gates of
Washington. According to a London cable to the
New York Sun, Dr. V...lI, in a lecture before the
1' -.. .1,.. i I, ni . .' .. I. y ,.t London, told of the
'. i". 1'1 - I 'l..f. -..1. I .,.t- with light rays, pro-
ducing a form of waves similar to X-rays. The
report of the experiment relates that "Under these
rays living objects throw a sliadow which exists
only as long as there is life in the object. A live
rat was placed in a hermitically sealed tube and held
in the path of tie rays in front of a sensitized screen.
So long as the rat was alive it threw a shadow. When
it was killed it became suddenly transparent. 'Here,'
said the lecturer, 'there was a strange phenomenon.
At the very instant the rat became transparent a
shadow of exactly the same shape was noticed to
Ii-.- i it were, out of and beyond the glass tube and
vanished as it passed upward on the sensitized
screen."

A new force is IiI c.Iv to be added to the politics
of this country. The American Federation of Labor,
I iiini. linc nearly 5,000,000 members, under the lead
..i i -..-.i. 1i Gompers, has made the following an-
nouncement :
"We I..IIIIii. as one of the cardinal principles
of the trade union movement, that the working peo-
ple must unite and organize, irrespective of creed,
color, sex, nationality, or politics.
"That the American Federation of Labor most
firmly and unequivocally favors the independent
use of the ballot by the trade unionists and working-
men, united regardless of party, that we may elect
men from our own ranks to make new laws and ad-
minister them along the lines laid down in the legis-
lative demands of the American Federation of Labor,
and at the same time secure an impartial judiciary
that will not govern us by arbitrary injunctions of
the courts nor act as the pliant tools of corporate
wealth.
"That our efforts are centered against all forms
of industrial slavery and economic wrong, we must
also direct our utmost energies to remove all forms
to political servitude and party slavery, to the end
that the '... l'ii.v people may act as a unit at the
polls at every election."
This declaration has caused censure by a number
of great newspapers, but the fllei g expression
from the Philadelphia Record, probably more clearly
records the sentiment of the people:
"This movement is in line with the plan of free
government adopted by the people of the United
-t't.-. An appeal to the ballot involves submission
to the will of the people as determined by the ballot.
This is infinitely better than the argument by strikes,
boycotts and occasional dynamite."
Such movement was started in Australia about
ten years ago and so satisfactory has been its prog-
ress that now the labor party is a controlling factor
in the direction of the Government.

The Socialist party of Manatee County will hold
a convention April 21, nrirniru:mlinr n full county
ticket and a candidate ior I' pr,..-ntative to the
Legislature.


CGa Trustees


Save the Land

[Continued from Preceding Page]
The four million acres of land, sold by Governor
Bloxham to get the fund out of the hands of a
receiver, was to pay a debt incurred by the Trus-
tees. under legislative enactment, requiring them to
indi.,rse railroad lbond[s, and in addition t i the pro.
c-eds of the four million acres, there hali been de-d'.Il
t.. the railr,-ad, nl.ouit eight million a're, a. nd tlh'yd
.iniin se.v-n million ncres niore. My opinion is tlhat
thi li-islaitihve grants have n:o force against tlid duty
to drain inmposd on the Tru.tee-s, and that the? curtl
ill sl , decide. If I am right. you then will be Liver
ablut tree milli,:n neres of land. which. ilrainil and.
r-.:laiined. will be worth one hundred million doll.ar..
'1lie lH-s-ian of .hom we read in history v.aas a
rimn hired .l y England to fight our colonists, aIr.
lie .was I l..at(c.I because he had no quarrel . ith us, Ibut
lii,:, doi.vn our people for pay. Ne..'spapers that
will fur pay or for any other cons;iderati,:.n, print
misleading sta.tenmrnts and falsehoods for the pur.
po.;e of deceiving the people, to the advantage of a
few interested persons, are traitors to the people


they pretend to serve, and should occupy that place
in the contempt of our people that traitors have
ever occupied.
Certain newspapers are attempting to make it
appear that the Trustees are depriving the counties
of money that they might have for building hard
roads, when, as a matter of fact, they should know
that the Trustees are working day and night, in
many instances, to save the entire fund from being
gobbled up by the very persons who are willing to
pay the aforesaid newspapers to write misleading
statements.
Your Trustees are doing all in their power to
evx', m ?,-,r iirr.nT.- an,1 m nl,'r . D.-, n,-,t I'o ii 'r .. 1 1,;-
-o.nr :- dilt,-, 'ail..., aI " ll 1.1 t.,, . ,ic . :H . :,,...|
IUnrlder th l Lit . anIi l ,il,, -1,r . , l ... n i . t.i '1 ,I ,
i .h-li ,t .-r 5,2 .15 r,.,!, ri,1 , .r, ,", -, 1 ... t ,, r,, ,i ,,,. t
thi tinr irs , i,,r ,ll* i . 'rii n ,d .. I .I- n i r I. , 1 i II'
[pl .:e. w e miul t I; t Illy , ; l: ! , I ' l . li_ '.til ,rn -. 1,,1
nlle.li n.,t rii i"r vly tin' i o .i-lI .l r " r ' , . I r, ,I-. I,,it.
* i t fr i ll, . I.-..u l1i . I.. . .- t " I. . .. l . .to I.-
C.r iyilr iL I-n tI , I 1f .i,_.. ,l i 1 .,, .ll '-1 ... 1. ll t l. i. n l l l, . 111,


I . t.r]'im ' r r.-i , 1 I 'i -. -m .' ' - In. - h - ri i 'I1 t Ill
[i.,- '.l- d' ,, t i', tl r- I! .ill ll , i d[. -. , i . , . l " ..l iI i . 11
.t lir, 'I Il ll 11 t . , .l i ',i r t il..- ] , I, -. t ,, . . - , , -I


lr. 'I l t.i -. ', t ir i In t hr r Ili I. T-' i , the ' i" " ' i'..I' '. il i
I i '. ' .1 f ll t trlrh'i. a il l,,II iI.. I -.iIm I I ..,] ,'m l . 11 , .i i
rni; y Il: ,.- ..rthli nr l , l ree l.,in -. 1nd 1 .1 , .-', 1: ,i
thle rait o.r. .s ,in, thy t la.i , m ,.,r,.n .,i 1.i


Shaking the


Old Plum Tree
[Continued from Fifth Page]
worked for this change when he was a Representative,
the bill I'.--iii" the oHuse, but was defeated in the
Senate by three votes. Mr. St. Clair-Abrams declares
that it is an injustice to the people that the roads
should be assessed at the rate of $3,000 or $4,000 a
mTil irnd then v.whn lhiippor- pli'd for relief they are
it, I t I v thi,' -... ni .-m rn. i r.ii t ,l r. I Ir . In.inl.II .r that
h1 ,, r.i.. I. , . 1* 1 1 . I 11 . 1 i t *. .' ' i.tll 11 1 n i ,0 "11.1 i m ille
1nI1 th I .- I I l. l iI l - i ,tI -.-.n tl.1', ihiii.,nl. . ,n eu .lhI
S l l ' I t ... .n 11. ll. i.. ' t i' lr ii. l. IoIIul ll arill
ti.i\ , H - **"r.-' - .' t : l.-,' r I'-oi i ' tit, Com nis siii nii
.itlI .ni i ..- iII..i I i i i ,i.i itlv ,';4< only ,o rth $4.,0UU
1 1it0 e ' ,l tir.tl,,n. ,.h l.' ih -..lini.ting passenger
in" I i _'lt ' l.Iar. . the-. '.rtlh i 1 ..2'.i.'I1i a m ile.

ili i . I '.i i - I., .li.].I. ]ni'ii l i h-i announced
I , r , ,im, ... t" -,.. .' ., I. ['.ple o'f Dui il au R.epre
-.ii tn' ,11n I 1.i.- i, in. th. .. .ni pa .ny iav .er-king
1lit hli.n'ri . .M r I'.irii I his e.:.n tru.:te-l an elaborate
Ipi. . i.. . ..' -I if I , . i,''I.t i'd hi- t mrne will be fully
i... ,, i..I ,i '. *l- . ,r i t t ,' .ur n w .L nai tmr ent of hut
:. |.. of II .- Pl,,l.I .- I .t It, . r i ...r the bencllt ul
th : l,, ,.,l ,.h..


WLhat's 9Ag�ai�ng Th people


THE SUN












THE SUN


Political Adver

FOR TlE, S
To the V.:t-r- of ,Duva
.'-'na tc.ri.l D i [ t ri r) :
I Ihereby annrouin, ,' my
date- fo.r tlie State S-nat
l.thi Senatorial 3 1 trI ct,
to hIe v...te- l fr at the it.-
II. IH.

Fpr Gounty Gon
I wi-Sli to: aniinji)ii..t nt y
Coumity uf'om[m'iii.i.,n t-r I.
Di[tri..t ui l-~uv.l C,',unt.t
je. t t.I - thlie ci-.~IIj primi
apprec-jati tihe' sipi -.rt - :if
the t..urity. I.



f r e5 r





Windsor


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and Florida's Largest

and Best Year-Round

Hotel


DODGE & GULLENS
Owners and Managers


Iwr e i


The West End Cafe
FOR LADIES AND GENTLEMEN
221 West Bay St. - Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN MENZIES, Proprietor

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OLD HICKORY and
WHITE HICKORY WAGONS
The easy riding, light running
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Columbus Buggies
Are sold In
Jacksonville, Florida


M'MURRAY& BAKER


I acn-ompan.ied thi,:m to thle p.,ii.-e oflice,
.'.lhre I was ushered into the pre-ence
of the big. bristly IRussian who held the
town nof Abo in terror, the Chlief .of 1'o
liee. The olffiials i. hItlh Rut-ia sends
into Finland are saelc.ted f,:r their harsh
dis-ipline and hide bound bureauracy,
tind this human machine in uinfrm was
no exception. Had he been the Minister
-.f the Interior him-eif. te could not have
fbenr more eelf-opinionated.
"\elI :" hlie snapped., looking up at me
s i vas Fplaced ef.-re him. "'You name
is Gor don Gregg. Engli.h. fr.mru Stock-
holm. No passport. ani dI:eline to leave
even thuglh warned-i--hi
"I have a passport." I sa;d firmly,
produce ing it.
He looked at it, and pointing with hii
finger, said: "It has no date, and is
therefore worthless."
"'The fault is not mine. but that of a
Russian offliial. It you wi-li it to be
d.ited, i.you m.ay s-end it to your C',an-ul
att: eneri.ral in L iondon."
"I -hail not," he cried, glaring at rn-
.ingily. ".\nd] l..r your insult to the
la .. I Ahall .-.mruiit you t-, prison If...r
,"ne tnonith. PI", 1,.1i, you "ill the-n :larn
l:in-l i.in I11 ilnn, r-
"Oh(' - ; ,o 0ii iill Co-nmmit an Engl;ih-
Iman ttc [ripr.in I-i a moniith. without triil
- eh . i ht,'. \.-ry intere-.ting! P'er-
li.ap if -;i..i artt. pt -uch a thing Ai- that
thi.y I. i.y hat.. --urn thing to --ay . tbout it
in Pe,-tei -.ur."
"You defy me'
".N-ot in thle lamt. I .0ve3 pr-.,.nt,.it
ni, [pl,..p.rt ,anIl demand ....nimon court-
,_- i -
Y** -.ur pa--.p,-,rt i' wo.rtleI-,s . I tell
v. ii!" he irTI.. "rThere, that's h,,,.
iniu. h it ii w...rth to me!" And snatch
ing it up e.- t.:,re it in half and ts-.sed
the pi,..,-s of llue paper in ni\ fac,:.
Mly Iie,,Od is. i up at this in-ult, u.yet I
bit ni,' Ip uand:l remained quit-' c.a1n.
"Perhap.s y...u till kindly tell me lrr,1,
.s-o are-" I I a-k-ed in as quiet a \oiic- as
1 co.u1.l co.nimand.
S\\With piea-ui.-. I am Mi-:hael Bor-
nn-i, cie.-f of Po,:li,:ce of the Province .of
Al.hi ior( nil. .urg."
SAh! \\ell. Mi hael Boranski. I shall
tr-riltle you to: pl ik up t my rpa_-iport,
-t kl; it ti,- itt. r :.gain, and apolo gize to
me!"


"A pIl..hi ',. Me apolJ l.gi-e" 'And the
fellow 1 I.t i li.1 ial.-ud, ] hil;l. the ' poliee
.n- -irsr- on t.ithe-r sid-, of me grinned I rom
oar t.. ear.
"You' refut i,-
" ,---f, .' r ,irtainly I d.-!
�\,ery well, then," I said, re:openinc
my rp:,.tl:th,-,-k and taking out an open
letter. "Perlips y.--iu . ill kindly grlanr--
.'i. that. It i- in Rusian. .- you can
r-.a-i ft "
Ile -,nat-hl..d it fr-om inm with ill gra e.
i t. n..t '. Ihll.ut curiosity. An.] tlhen. na
Ili r-'-id tihe line-, his face rimn.ied andl
he t.ent paler. . R.u iine hlii h-nd h-.
-too:dl staring at rlt:e -..Ipn nmoiuthe-ti inr
ainl zeiamnt
"I ap-i.-giz.- to y,.-ur Exi.,.ll--ny!" he
gasped. blanched to the lips. "I nmoist


tisements The Czar's Spy

NATt (Ci.:.inn u ,iom Tenth Pag-.i
Sr,-illect it." And I turned and ent
-C,:,tnty l lth .,ut ,.f the little w -iled n olace, replacing
lf - pa-fport in my pockettbok.
.erlf as ii I had a leady bnen directed to the ho.
e fr-om ithk, t eI-l. an n, all;ed tihere, but as I did so
lial tiInty, I s n that I % as aireadv under the our.
iTnu' primary. " illinne -..f tie police, for two men in
lI_ iKM.AN. .plain c.iothiie who, were lounging outside
l the fpi-sport olh(ti strolled on after me,
missioner I.-v;idntly t:o natcli Imy movements.
fIuly Finland wv.i under the iron heel
:.indirdacy fir -of atuto-rac.y.
.r the Ft urth After taking nmy rooms, I strolled
abLtut the flat, uninter.-iting town. non
SFl.r-riina, sul.- ,l.ring hIr-w best to i:,oiuuit.nee my search.
ary, 'ini hall if I lad bL ut a ph.it:.-graph to show peo.
Sple it would give ne a great advra.ntage,
thie ' :tizenr *.I but I had nothing. I l:id never, indeed,
L. ACOSTA. :-t ''yes up"on the unfortunate girl.
Six o'clock tameI. I beard the steam
iin.n of the departing buat bound for
N.,ieden. but I was determine-d to, remain
There at whatever coi.t, the'reft re 1 rr.
Sturned to the hotel, and at -seven dined
I.omfort.ibly in company will a Ger
man w lio had been my fellout pas,--ngc-r
a: ro-s f irni Sto.rk li lr n.
33 *- At tight o'clock, h-,tevier, ju-t ns wrt
f .ri,$ idlingl over de-:-,rt, t.vo. gray.c.-IatI-d
Se p..-I .-e oil-.., rs -nter t.i aId .oii r std me
te 1 .. the --eioius - 1rg ,.-,f landing with.
,.,nt a pascpotrt.


Fourteenth Page


humbly apologize. I-I did not know.
You told me nothing!"
"Perhaps you will kindly mend my
passport ann give it a proper vise.'
In an instant he was up from his
chair, and having gathered the torn pa-
per fr'.mn the Iloor, proceeded to paste it
together. On the back he indor-ed that
it lhad been torn by accident, and then
.ave it the propel- vise, afniing the
.tampr.
"I trust. Excellency," he said, bowing
low as he handed it to me, "I trust that
this affair will not trouble you further.
[ assure you I had no intention of in-
sulting you."
"*Yes, you had!" I said. "You in.
-uited me merely because I am English.
But reerolect in future that the man who
insult- an Englishman generally pays
fur it. and I do not intend to let this
pa's. Tlierc is a hialhr power in Fin-
land thal n ev.n thle 'Gvernor General."
,"But. Ex,.ellen:y." whLined the fellow
.itho only ten minutes ago had been suIch
in insulting bully, "I shall lo.e my pofi.
tion. I have a ;wfe and six children-
my wife is delicate, and my pay here i-
not a lirg'e one. You will forgive, won't
yE.u, Excellency, I have apologized-I
umost humbly apologize."
.nd he took up the letter I had given
hini. thl.1ilng it gingerly v.ith trembling
rini;.er-. And ".ll he might, for the doe.
un.ient was headed:
"Minister of the Imperial Household,
Palace of Peterhof.-The bearer of this
is one Gordon Francis Gregg. British
iubje. t. whom it is Our will anid com.
miand that lie shall be Our guest during
his journey through Our dominion. And
ne herleby command all Governors of
Pr--.,in,:es and minor otLeials to afford
him all the facilities he requires and
privil.-ge.s and immunities as Our guest."
The above decree vwas in a neat copper-
plute handwriting in Russian, while be-
neath was the sprawling signature of the
ruler of one hundred and thirty millions
.,f people , that imgnatiure that was all.
Iriv.erful from the Gulf of Bolthnia to
rlh Pr, -iii:-Ni.holas."
The document was the one furnished
to mi? a year before when. at the invita-
tion o:f the Rus;ian Goi.erinent, I had
gone con a mission of inquiry into the
taite of the priswrns in order to see, on
behalf of the British republic, whether
things were as black as some writers
.had painted them. It had benn my in-
trntion to visit tlhe far-oT p'-nal et-tlet
nments in Northern Siberia, but living
._,one through some tterity prisons in
I-jurio.pean RuHiia, my health had failetl
.ind I had been conmp-elied to return t.,-
Italy to re' uu .p-rate. Thie ido'-iuiienrit had
tlh ieiotl. re'mainei in my p,-.--'-rin be-.
.aiirse I intended to re-une imy journey
in the following, su.niuir. It was in .-r-
*ter that I shi.uid be piermitt ted tr. ;.,,
,.here I likedJ and to see vhat I liked
withoutt .-tti ial hindran:.u., that hi; Ma.
e,-ty tih Emperor hail. at the inatitga.
ti.-n of the Mini-try of the Interrir,
giv\-n me that i-,-t "aluable dicumtiient.
Silgt ,of it had. changed the Chief of
Poli-ee from a hurly bully into a whining
wardwarr, for ihe .nu that he had torn t[p
tile ):-i:,ort of a guest of the Czar. and
Lhe I-.,n-.equenite \a.1 nlmot serri-ous if I
i.niplurI-Jd. He teged of n-me to pardon
Iiim. urE-nIg all mi.iiiner ,.f ex, uses, and
hiinilling hni-c-lf before m-.e s i "ll a.
hf-fre hitl tuo inferior-. thom n-,.. re
._.ir.e-d iii-m with iawe.
"[ will atione for the insult in any
'',vy your high Ex-ellency deoires," de-
.l.aried lt- l ol'i.ial. "I % ill serve y.v.ur
I:.,,ll.-n.y in any way Ihe may corni
ina nl."
H; .'.ords -uge-tleod a brilli-int ildei.
I had this man in my power, lie feared
air-.
"Well." I said after som:-e reluctance.
"there is a little matter in which you
rtier t I.:e of stime assi.tanc:e If you
will, I will recon-.iller my di:-ision of
,.oilmlaining to Peter'burg.'
"And what is that. Excellency?" he
gaspredt eaigerly.
"I desire to know the whereabouts of
a youn-' En.gli.;h lilly named Elm.a
Hr.-th." I said. nnl I wrote dwn tihe
niniue for hibn ill..n a i;e-.e of pap"r.
"Ag.e ail-unt tiunty. and wrai at asclltjl at
I. nii:h-ter. in Ernglanld. SIle is a ni-c.e
of t certain Bar-.n Obterg."
"B.itr.n oi.ler-," lie repr-eatred, looking
.at me rather .trange:ly. I thought.
"Yes. a- .he is a foreigner slii will b.,
regi-te-rei, in your booi ks. SIlhe is *.-',ni
witi.re in y-uir provit-ne. but where I do
nut know. Tell me where she is, and I


r. S.-It's 1.rea.J
make.


Yours,
N ED.
like mother used t.-


MARCUS CONANT

Funeral Director
AND

Embalmer
'rirr..r ,-nr i liiari--- [or r:iiii it> rit .nl ,"
tleeiT ph i-rd-i.r -_ r Ir . i -- A rA l in i ir lt l,:nim
16 E. Forsyth St., Jacksonville, Fla.
Telephone 2240


...CONSIGN YOUR...

Fruits and Produce
.....TO.....

W. H. Christopher
PRODUCE AND
COMMISSION MERCHANT
106 E. Bay St. - - Jacksonville, Fla.
Prompt Attention . . Best Prices
Returns Day of Sale
Reference, National Bank of Jackes:n'vi


March 31, 190'6

will say nothing more about my pass-
pnrt," I ndded.
"Then your high Excellen,:y wi[ies to
.iee the young lady?" he said refleetlively,
with the paper in liis hand.
"Yes."
"In that cas. it b:ing c(.rnianded lIy
the Emptiror tit I shali -i.rt.- y.-ur Ex-
icollency, I iill havei iliilu-dilate in.
quirie4 madf."'' was lis aniwi-r "hllhen
I disirover her wherrab,-.uts. I \ ill do nmy
'elf tile plrea.ur,- of (ailing at y.'ur E-x-
crlleney's Ih -tc-l."
And I left thle fellow. ve-ry satitied'
that I had turned his r-iffli'-c.une.sa nndl
hatred of the English to vi-ry g..od an-
i iount.
On tliht grny, drlry r-rnrthrlin coast
the l.ng' winte-r \., w adi t -.'itiint in. Poor
oplirerssd Finland sulier; undir q- hard
..iimate ilth Aurul-t fio't: . an ei'i llt
niintiis' iiiiter in the n rth, and ii
months o fio;t in the Soiuth. inllinr
in sleepy Aloj., hliere tlhe prublic build
inr v.' were o enian -and liin.agter aind tihe
h-,us-,s for the m,-,t part built of wirooid.
I .aw i n -every arind the .i-aitiustui re-
-ult of the attempted Ru--iilctication iof
the country. The hnn.d of the oppress. r.
that official sent fr..ii Pterlbr.urg to
.riush and to coriquer, was upon the
lI..neit Finnish nati--n. Thei Rusiian l.u-
rt.iuc r.ia.y was trying t. dreltrcoy its
weaker but more -u.i.e -' fl n'-i-hbor.
and in ordlir to.i dll ai ia-ipl.,y,.-l the
har-hest and mosn t I ni rni [.lulius :itli al l
it could import.
i'ONTINtED NEXrT WEEK.I


Wm. Burbrid e

REAL ESTATE

Rargaili- in Im prove, I arp.1 Uinimipri.ve l
Property . . . . L'.:.rie-ponde-nc? ir ' li'itlJ.

125 Laura. - Phone 1845.


Dear Dad-I arrivut.l in Jacksonville
nearly i.lirni, and was t uken to the opti-
'.iaii'- whIere I was trtate-..Iby a rnenriIlo-
gist, who p.r. c-ribted dict, and put me ,oi.
a lig for breakfast, ro, Iincli, and a pecan
nut f...r dinner, and after six days' treat-
ment I could see .a la af iof Puokhaber's


- .


Bread five rnil---.










March A1, IN"06



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For $2.75 we will send, express prepaid, 4 full
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Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Cer. Bridle and Bay, - Jacksonville, Fla.
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Broward and t

Just Because the Other Pape
Side, The Sun Publishes the
Comment, in Order That the
The amount of ridiculous stuff that is
being published by the newspapers of
-.e State in relation to Governor Brow-
ard's drainage scheme is amazing, and
goes to show how little is really known
as to the true condition of the Okee-
chobee region, most of these editors hav-
ing obtained their ideas from fairy tales
magazine writers, whose imaginations
have been drawn upon to a greater ex-
tent than any real source of informa-
tion. Among the many stories current
in the Florida press of today is that
there are tides in Lake Okeechobee, an
underground passage from the sea, and
large springs in the lake, all of which
exists only in the minds of tne origina-
tors of these yarns.
As a matter of fact Lake Okeechobee
is a body of fresa water covering a ter-
ritory about 30x40 miles in extent, with
sandy shores, beyond which is the rich
body of sawgrass muck lands, which it
is the purpose of the Drainage Board to
reclaim for cultivation by permanently
lowering tne lake. The water in the
lake is regulated by the wet and dry sea-
sons, invariably falling in the dry sea-
sons, and again rising after the heavy
rains have set in. In normal seasons
there is a difference of several feet be-
tween the low and high water periods.
This season, on account of the unusual
heavy and constant rains throughout
the fall, winter and spring, the lake is
several feet above the normal, but just
as sure as the rains cease the lake will
fall.
With all the information at its com-
mand the Times-Union of last Friday
sets forth a new reason why the lake
cannot be drained. It has discovered
that aquatic plants so choke up the
canals that they must be dredged twice
a year to keep them open, and there-
fore it says, water will "not run down
hill." Why not send a representative
down here and see what a false state-
ment this is. Steamers are plying the
canals regularly from Kissimmee to
Fort Myers, and the largest Caloosa-
hatehee river steamers have made fre-
quent trips into the lake, no less a per-
sonage than Thos. A. Edison and his
family being on a trip now in the lake
on the steamer Suwanee.
Now since the canals were cut by the
Disston Company over twenty years ago,
there has not been a dredge in the
Hicpochee canal, the only canal acting
as a drainage canal out of Lake Okee-
chobee. Far from filling up, it is just
the reverse. The canal has washed itself
out from a 45-foot canal until the width
is 75 to 85 feet, and instead of having
to dredge out this canal to keep it open,
a large sum of money was spent in an
effort to dam up this canal, to prevent
overflows on the Caloosahatchee river.
And right here let us remind the
Times-Union that it is the duty of the
State to relieve the settlers along the
Caloosahatchee (upon whose banks is
the largest continuous body of rich, pro-
ductive lands in the State), from over-
flows. Years ago engineers warned the
State that a canal cut into this river
would cause great overflows, and such
has been proven to be the case, until
unousands of acres of the richest land
are constantly in danger of overflow.
The plan to iower Lake Okeechobee
wouiu at once reclaim thousands of acres
oI muck lands and place the upper Ca-
loosahatchee out of danger.
Why should the Times-Union and oth-
er papers in the State attempt to create
false impressions as to the feasibility of
draining the sawgrass region, which is
really not a part of the Everglades prop-
er? If an unjust tax has been levied
why not make the fight on that. In
fact, the courts have said that the meth-
od of collecting the special tax is not
constitutional. Then, why not have a
law passed Lnat would fall alike upon
all lands to be benefited, the State's as
well as the private land owners? The
muck lands can be drained, thousands
of acres of rich soil can be reclaimed, the
big land companies and the transporta-
tion companies would be benefited, and
South Florida would become one of the


.he State Press

rs Are Publishing the Other
e Brownard Side of the Press
People May Have a Variety
most prosperous sections of the State.-
Fort Myers Press.
Governor Broward has some stout de-
fenders among the Florida editors in his
drainage policy but we are pained to ob-
serve a disposition in a few of them to
unnecessary acrimony in discussing the
subject. It is a question we all have a
right to talk about without imputing
bad motives to each other, and the Gov-
ernor, as the champion and leader of the
big enterprise, cannot reasonably expect
to escape a fire of criticism from many
quarters. Nothing worse has been said
about him than that the success of his
scheme is involved in a serious doubt,
and there seems to be I..l..ily of expert
testimony to justify 1I-. I I( he wins
out, he will be vindicated; if he doesn't
the vindication will be with his critics.
Meanwhile there is no need for crimina-
tion and recriminaLun, ,or it is a pub-
iic issue calling for thorough public dis-
cussion and there are none o0 the ele-
ments of scandal in it, no graft, no
bribery, nor the suspicion of any that
we have ever heard of, hence intemper-
ate writing and talking, on either side
of the issue are out of place. The Ev-
erglades are the property of the people
of Florida and they have a right to
watch with jealous scrutiny any dispo-
sition sought to be made of them and to
express themselves freely on the subject
pro and con.-Live Oak Democrat.
Unless the Times-Union .1, i.'at.i' i
itself the power to stand for tilr Slt.tl,
press, its statements that Governor
Broward in his Jacksonville speech at-
tacked the State press as a whole is as
malicious as it is without foundation.
'he stenographic report of that speech
is even milder than the Governor's state-
ment in the last issue of the Jackson-
ville Sun. He named the "Times-Union,
Metropolis and certain other papers
which you all know." This is far from
an attack on the "State press," and these
papers, which from lapse of memory or
knowledge of the policy of the Times-
Union, have been growing warm under
the collar about the matter should re-
tract and lay the blame where it lies
properly.-DeFuniak Breeze.
Governor Broward, in his now cele-
brated Saturday evening speech in Jack-
sonville, did not charge the press of
Florida with venality, nor that their
opinions had been purchased by rail-
roads, corporations or rings of corrupt
politicians. In that speech he criticised
tne Times-Union and Metropolis of Jack-
sonville, and those newspapers that, by
their truculency to railroads and corpo-
rations, proved that they had been pur-
chased or were purchasable. We base
the above statement upon his explana-
tion made in the Jacksonville Sun last
week. He positively denies charging ve-
nality to the press of the Statb ani we
are bound to accept his statement as cor-
rect.-Southern Argus.

It is amusing and pathetic to see the
Times-Union and Metropolis squirming,
now that they have been caught in the
toils. They both apparently deliber-
ately conspired to misrepresent Govern-
or Broward's recent speech in Jackson-
ville, and throw the charge Governor
Broward made upon the entire press of
the State instead of taking it them-
selves, as it was stated. They have
been shown up in this reprehensible
conduct and both of them are doing all
kinds of peculiar thiirin' to make their
position seem tenable. But the people
of the State of Florida understand those
two papers and give little heed to them.
-Tampa Herald.
It appears that the press of Florida
were deceived in regard to Governor
Broward's denouncing the State press in
his Jacksonville speech. It is said that
he made no reference to any newspapers
in Florida other than the Jacksonville
Times-Union and the Jacksonville Me-
tropolis. Possibly these two great
dailies have become so great and power-


ful as to consider themselves the State
press.-Plant City Courier.
Governor Broward denies that he
i, r.., .1. in his Jacksonville speech, that
th.. SI t.1 press, generally speaking, was
owned by the corporation interests. The
Governor's denial is entitled to respect-
ful consideration. We have waited for
his denial before writing .,,e editorials
with heated ink brought to boiling in a
scraped-out pastepot. Some other State
papers would have done well to have
kept their flin-, i off the hair-trigger till
the Governor had been given a chance
to present his side.-Monticello News.
The Jacksonville Sun is doing valiant
work in defense of Governor Broward.
It now seems that tihe editors of the
State were unnecessairly alarmed at the
Governor's supposed attitude .i:,lil-i
them, for in the speech which i , them
such oflfnse published in full in the Sun
only the Times-Union and Metropolis
were mentioned. It's only another in-
stance where these two great dailies
took snuff and most of tie smaller fry
sneezed their eyes out.-Arcadia Chainm-
pion.
Governor Broward is ;.,1 I.nii . 1Iarged
with prosecuting a work "firiiilll.-n by a
IF"..I iI 1 court." May we venture to -it,-
gest that it (loes not look that way. It
does not seem that the Governor has
been forbidden by any court to drain
the 1: .. i II. -. Ie has been, as we un-
derstand it, temporarily restrained from
1..,;,. and collecting certain special
1.'.. - i..] that purpose-which is a some-
what different thing. Let's play fair.-
Tampa Times.
The Times-Union and the Metropolis
"sicked" us little fellows on the Gov-
ernor-and some "sicked." This paper
did not. It is hardly credible that the
Governor charged the whole State press
with being subsidized, since lie knows
of many whose editorial sentiments are
not purchased or purchasable.-Monti-
cello News.

If the Jacksonville Sun correctly
quotes Governor Broward's speech in
Jacksonville, in which he defended his
11i. 'I . _ scheme, it is very evident that
ih. ,I.". press has been duped by the
Times-Union and Metropolis, which pa-
pers gave out the statement that the
Governor had lambasted the whole Staui
press.-Plant City Courier.


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T HERE has been six weeks of NEGOTIATION between
S Mr. Geo. W. Wilson, editor-in-chief of the Florida
Times-Union, and Mr. James M. Lynch, President of the
International Typographical Union, with the result that


The Times-Union Remains Locked to Organized Workmen


Mr. Wilson met Mr. Lynch in New York City, and agreed
That all the union men who were locked out of the Times-
SUnion office on February 6th and who were still in Jack-
sonville should be given their positions, and that the
office be completely unionized within three months from
date of acceptance of the proposition by the Executive
Board of the I. T. U., the union agreeing to "whitewash"
such of the non-union force as "desired" to remain in the
I, employ of that paper, or as the paper "desired" to retain.


SMr. Wilson Has Repudiated That Agreement

Ii,
'And retains only non-union men in the employ of the
Times-Union, when he had been granted everything he
Asked for from the International Typographical Union.
Had this tentative agreement been signed by Mr. Wilson,
as per his word to Mr. Lynch, at the expiration of ninety
days the International Arbitration Agreement would
Shave been entered into, which would have rendered
strikes impossible for a term of five years on that paper,
thus insuring against "labor troubles," so annoying to
labor and capital alike.




And That's the Whole Story


R. L. HARPER, Organizer.


The Story in a Nutshell


~-------~--~-~-------~-~--- ~