Group Title: Gulf Coast architecture : Key West
Title: Gulf Coast architecture : Key West - timelines
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102909/00003
 Material Information
Title: Gulf Coast architecture : Key West - timelines
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Bessette, Ted
Publisher: Ted Bessette
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00102909
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text




















FLORIDA
KEYS **


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Key West


0 0o 20 30
SCI I L
SCALE: IN HILES


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EY WEST,

ltictz.'y Key West was the base for Spanish adventures, pirate
crews and commercial fishermen. It developed as a permanent
settlement in the early 1800's when marine salvage and commercial
fishing became profitable. English and Negroes from the Bahamas
were the first permanent settlers. In 1823 Commodore David Porter
was sent to K6y West with part of the U. S..fleet to drive pirates
from the Keys.
Following his campaign, families from New England, Virginia
and Carolinas settled here, along with Tories who fled to the
Bahamas during the American Revolution. Salvaging-vessels wrecked
on outlying reefs was 'profitable during early days. Key West was
the world's largest cigar manufacturing center in 1870. It was an
important base during the Spanish-American War and World Wars.
The Naval Base at Key West is a permanent installation .


Geography: Monroe County, located at the southern tip of the
Florida Peninsula, covers a mainland area and a series of keys
between the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico extending 120
miles southwest from the mainland to Key West, which is the county
seats The Florida Keys' sub-tropical climate and unique location
attract thousands of vacationists as well as permanent residents.
Key West, incorporated in 1828,.is the southernmost city in the
United States and lies about 90 miles from Havana*
Climate: Monroe County has the most equable climate in the
United States, and Key 'lest is the only station among 24 in
southern Florida checked by the U. S, Weather Bureau at which no
frost ever has been recorded. The lowest temperature recorded
x*as 41 degrees in 1886, while the long-term average monthly mini-
mixm temperature was 69.7 degrees in January to a maximum of 83,6
degrees in August. The average rainfall at Key West over an
83-year period was about 48 inches annually, and the percentage
of relative humidity from 65% in April to 74% in January*


The present city was laid.
out in four hundred footI
squares




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sails past Florida Keys, naming them Los


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1815 Key West, known as Cayo Hueso (Bone Island), is granted to
Juan Pablo Salas, by Don Juan de Estrada, for meritorious serv-
ice to the Crown of Spain.
1822 Key West is bought from Salas by John W. Simonton of Mobile,
Alabama, for $2,000.
"Brethren of the Coast" are driven from Key West and vicinity
and destroyed by Commodore David Porter.
Lieutenant M. C. Perry takes possession of the island as part of
the territory ceded to the United States by Spain.
Naval depot is established.
1824 United States Marines arrive in Key West.
1828 Congress passes bill establishing at Key West the "Superior
Court of the Southern Judicial District of the Territory of
Florida."
Key West is incorporated as a city; later as a town.
1829 Post office is established.
1831 Army Barracks are constructed.
First cigar factory in United States is established by William H.
Wall.
1832 Saint Paul's Church is founded.
Territorial Council replaces town charter with incorporated city
charter.
1845 Construction of Fort Taylor is begun.
1846 Destructive hurricane strikes city.
Fort Jefferson, Dry Tortugas, is established and construction
begins.
.Marine Hospital is established.
1861 East and West Martello Towers are constructed as additional
fortifications.
1861-66 Key West is the only Southern City to remain in hands of
Union throughout duration of War between the States.


1868
1869
1871

1876
1886
1898


Sisters of Holy Names of Jesus and Mary arrive from Canada.
Cuban migration to Key West begins.
First Hall of San Carlos Instituto Patriotico y Docente is dedi-
cated.
First City Hall constructed.
Fire destroys a large part of the city.
Survivors and injured of the U. S. S. Maine are brought from
Havana to Key West by U. S. Lighthouse Tender Mangrove.
First Spanish-American prize of war is brought into port.


11894 Hurricane


1874 First modern cigar factory..


J After the fire of 1886 wooden
"Not-until 184 did masonry make its appearance on the roofs were replaced with metal
island, when schooners brought great cargoes of cement and roofs of the belgian tern type. When the
brick for'construction of Fort Taylor. fire of 1886 razed half the city, citizens lamented the fact
S, that new structures, hastily thrown up, were less stable than
the old, and certainly no less disreputable in appearance.
A. "MI


S 1910 Hurri

1909 Hurricane


.cane :


1919 Hurricane


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1912 Overseas Ralway w is completed.


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1935 Distructive Hurricane

!1935 Dry Yortugas Islands
- proclaimed a National Monu-


mIent U' rr-ooseve


1926
1935

1938
1939


1940 Naval Air Base is opened at Trumbo Island.
Key West Yacht Club is organized.
S Mere tourists visit Key West than during any previous year in
the city's history, and bring about a partial business revival, but
large reductions in the WPA work relief rolls halt economic
recovery.


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Overseas Highwayand Ferry System completed. in 1942 the Florida Keys Aqueduct C oornnission in cooperation with
FloridaEast Coast Railway service to Key West is terminated the U. S. Navy, placed in service an18-inch pipe line with a
after disastrous Labor Day hurricane strikes the keys to the daily capacity of 3,000,000 gallons' of artesian well water ex-
ovrssh y is completed ,tending 130 miles from Homestead to Key West. -
Gvernment re-establishes Naval and Submarine Bases
Government re-establishes Naval and Submarine Bases.


1930 Present United States Customhouse, Post Office, and Court-
house are completed.
1934 Rehabilitation of Key West, impoverished by severe depression,
is begun by Florida Emergency Relief Administration.


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1972 Historic Key West preservati n,
board of trustees created.

HABS drawings made:
of Key West buildings.


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THE OLDEST BOUSEI IN KEY WEST TUE CORNER "BAHAMA HOUSE" AT EATON
THE OLDEST HOUSE IN KEY WEST AND WILLIAM STREETS
This house was floated over entire from the
Bahama Islands


"A HOUSE OF MUCH HISTORY" TIlE STEPHEN LOWE 110
With doors and railings of mahogany. The cupola, even i Ni,, t e windows under the verandaiucd
las in Nantucket, was used for a lookout by the original \ for shade and coolness)
owner, to scan the harbor for his incoming ships. for shade and coolness)


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the owner, is standing on the second
floor balcony. Standing under the arch
at left is head waiter Francisco Sanchez
(Pancho Miseria) and on right is a waiter
named Ovide.
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