Group Title: Contribution (Florida. Division of Plant Industry) ;
Title: Florida law concerning threatened and endangered plants /
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 Material Information
Title: Florida law concerning threatened and endangered plants /
Series Title: Contribution (Florida. Division of Plant Industry) ;
Physical Description: 1 leaf (2 p.) : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Langdon, Kenneth R., 1928-
Florida -- Division of Plant Industry
Publisher: Fla. Dept. Agric. & Consumer Serv., Division of Plant Industry
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: 1982
Subject: Endangered plants -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Rare plants -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Statement of Responsibility: Kenneth R. Langdon.
General Note: "March 1982."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00102886
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 50703239

Full Text
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* Botany Circular
March 1982

Florida is
species are cor
to tropical in
which normally
northward or in
else endemicss)

Ceitrai Sc;ese
No. 16 Fla. Dept. Agric. 4ECjp uner Servic s
Division of Plant Indus y


Kenneth R. Langdon i i, 01 nr Ja

unique in the United States as far as climate and the range of plant
ncerned. The climatic range from temperate in parts of the panhandle
extreme South Florida and the Keys allows some plants to grow here
grow in such widely separated places as the Appalachian Mountains
tropical America. Florida also has a few plants which occur nowhere
as well as many plants of wide distribution.

Fig. 1. Prickly-apple, Cereus
gracilis (DPI Neg. #702411-3)

For example,
as Fuch's
(L.) Rusby
Encyclia py
American tro
in Dade and
We also h
pagoda dogw(
common in
isolated po]
River in We
dron, Rhod(
three separ
Clay County
scrub plum,
scattered Ic
of Central
plants grow
endangered s
and small nu
Cereus grac
Florida and
in Jamaica
and a numb
in Florida.
of becoming
if not prote

Ward (2) has edited a book on threatened and e
gives a slightly different list of plants from those
The differences in plants listed result from the so
two lists. Several other lists exist, including the E
Prior to 1978, a degree of protection was give
Section 865.06, Florida Statutes. The main featui
permission from the property owner was required b
could be collected. In effect, this amounted to
S which was better covered elsewhere. For all practi
forceable, and few, if any, prosecutions were made un(

Contribution No. 16, Office of Systematic Botany,

we have such endangered plants
)romeliad, Guzmania monostachia
ex Mez, and dwarf epidendrum,
maea (Hook.) Dressler, from the
pics just extending into Florida
Collier counties, respectively.
ave plants like rue-anemone,
Lhalictroides (L.) Spach, and
,od, Cornus alternifolia L. f.,
centrall and northern U.S. with
ulations along the Apalachicola
;t Florida. Chapman's rhododen-
,dendron chapmanii Gray, with
ate small populations, one in
and two in West Florida, and
Prunus geniculata Harper, in
cations in the sand ridge scrub
Florida are examples of endemic
ing only in Florida. Another
Decies with a narrow distribution
mber of plants is prickly-apple,
ilis Mill. (Fig. 1), with two
long the southwest coast of
the Keys. A third variety grows
and the Cayman Islands. These
er of other species are rare
Several of them are in danger
extinct within the near future
endangered plants of Florida. It
listed in the Florida statutes.
mewhat different purposes of the
mithsonian list (1).
n to some of our rarer plants by
e of this law was that written
before any of the listed plants
a prohibition against stealing,
cal purposes, this law was unen-
ler it.

P.O. Box 1269, Gainesville, FL

The Florida State Legislature in 1978 repealed Section 865.06 and passed a new
.law, Section 581.185, Florida Statutes, intended to do a more effective job of pro-
tecting *.-threatened and endangered plants. This law divides the listed plants
into two groups, threatened and endangered. The provisions concerning plants on the
-threatened plant list are very similar to those in the repealed Section 865.06. The
provisions ocpncerning endangered plants, however, require both written permission
from the owner or legal representative and a permit issued by the Florida Department
Of Agriculture znd Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, P.O. Box 1269,
Gainesvillbe, FL 32602. This law provides a means of controlling what, where, and
Sb0amay parts are collected. Permits are issued or refused according to the plant
involved and other pertinent factors. No permits are issued for extremely rare
plants, such as Rhododendron chapmanii (Chapman's rhododendron) and Ribes echinellum
(Coville) Rehder (Miccosukee gooseberry). Both species are also on the federal
endangered plant list.
There is a provision in the law which allows registered nurseries to propagate
endangered plants and sell their nursery propagated material, although they might be
prohibited from collecting and selling these same species from the wild. This way,
it is hoped to be able to satisfy the horticultural demand for such plants without
further endangering the natural populations.
An Endangered Plant Advisory Council was formed to make recommendations to the
legislature through the Division of Plant Industry. That council presently consists
of a representative from each of the following: the Committee for Rare and Endanger-
ed Plants and Animals, the Florida Federation of Garden Clubs, botanists of the
Florida universities, the Florida Forestry Association, and the Florida Nurserymen
and Growers Association. Also normally in attendance at council meetings, though
not members of the council, are Mr. R. E. Brown, Coordinator between the council and
the Division of Plant Industry, and Dr. K. R. Langdon, Botanist for the Division,
handling most of the endangered plant work except permitting. Meetings are adver-
tised and are open to interested citizens.
The council is charged with reviewing the endangered and threatened plant lists
and advising the legislature on additions, deletions, and other changes which need
to be made to the lists .or suggestions concerning the law itself. Citizens wishing
to give input can contact any member of the council or work through the organizations
represented by the council members.
On the advice of the council, the legislature revised Section 581.185 in 1980.
The revision consisted of an alphabetizing of plant names, some additions and dele-
tions, and transfer of some plants from one list to the other. The statute now
lists more than 40 endangered species and a larger list of threatened plants. The
council is scheduled to make a report in January 1984 and at 4-year intervals, but
other reports can be given, if needed.
This new law (Section 581.185) has been an important step in the right direction
for protecting our endangered plants. One major task now is to acquaint people with
this law and its provisions. Once citizens become more familiar with this law and
enforcement is better developed, depredations of our rare plants should diminish,
and those plants should have an improved chance for survival. This law, however,
has no bearing on the problem of habitat destruction, which is probably the greatest
threat to most of our endangered species. This is an area which needs much work in
the future.


1. Ayensu, E. S., and R. A. DeFilipps. 1978. Endangered and threatened plants of
the United States. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, D.C. 403p.
2. Ward, D. B., editor. 1978. Rare and endangered biota of Florida. Vol. 5. Plants.
University Presses of Florida, Gainesville. 175p.

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