Dominica herald
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102878/00117
 Material Information
Title: Dominica herald
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 42 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Publisher: Dominica Herald
Place of Publication: Roseau, Dominica
Roseau, Dominica
Publication Date: 11-24-1962
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Dominica -- Newspapers   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Dominica
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1955? Cf. caption.
General Note: Editor, <1963-1964>: Phyllis Shand Allfrey.
General Note: "For the General Welfare of the People of Dominica, the further advancement of the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole."
General Note: Description based on: Jan. 12, 1963; title from caption.
General Note: Last issue consulted: December 31, 1964.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 82144654
lccn - 2007229365
System ID: UF00102878:00117

Full Text

RES Ar- I' ;T'.TU.TE
NEW. YORK 21, Na L

he U4 nlie
*lch up ilo.cs :
IRtlt')lIN OF W'lRSH1P

(For the General Welfare ofthe People of Dominica, he further vhnrncemenr or the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole)


Dominica's Youth Trust Fund
Committee Formed
A CAMPAIGN in Dominica to raise money towards the ,2,500,
ooo target set for the West Indies Youth Trust Fund (which
will in due course greatly benefit the children of this te ritory) got
underway last Wednesday. Patrons of the local Funds Com-
mittee are: His Honour Colonel Lovelace, Administrator, and
Hon. W. S. Stevens, Minister of Labour and Soc al Services.

The meeting took place at Govern-
ment House, and was opened by 'His
,Hoiour; Mrs. Lovelace (Chairman of
SLocal, Charities), was also present.
After a. few remarks by the Admin-
'istraioi ad: Mr.' Stevens, officers were
elected and initial plans were quickly
History ofthe .WIIYT.F.
During reaerai- oays, -an experienced
social worker from Britain-(Miss Monica
Green) visited these islands to' survey
'the condition of West Indian children.
,:er report was received with shocked
concern. It revealed that; children' in
poverty were unprotected, that there was
a desperate need for child clinics, day
nurseries, health centres and welfare
foods; in addi'iori, handicapped child-
ren (blind, deaf or disabled) were un-
trained and often uncared-for. At
least 50o,ooo children in the various
territories are in need of help, indeed
up to 75 per cent of infant deaths in
our region are attiibutale to malnr-
tilt on and d seases ;,rising out of poor
Lady Hailes-- Founder
Than' s tj the efforts of Lady Hailes
Founder-President of W.I.Y.T.F., t!'
Britisn Save the Children Fund becani
'interested and donated k5,ooo. In St
Vincent a pilot projet-model children'
creche, and traimng centre for chili
care workers (some from other islands
is being wied out.
Canadian organizations are becoming
very much interested in the Trust Fun(
and some have already promised assist
S'Three anonymous friends relieve
the Trust of any immediate finance
worry and manifested their faith durir
its early days, by guaranteeing an ove
draft of 15,ooo.
Local Officers
At the Government House meeting
Mrs. A.frey was elected Chairman ,
the Dominica Youth Trust Committe
and Mr. Eustace B u tI e r was elect

Treasurer-Secretary. w i t h powers to an
co-opt Mrs. But l e r and some other stat
interested person to help him. pre
Other members of the Committee no,
are:'Mrs: Lovelace, Rev. Sister Mary c 1
A1 i c i a (assisted by Miss Sewick), d e
-Mrs. Abbott Shiliingford, Mrs. Lorna pet
Robinson, and Rev. Canon L a n e. ber
Grand Formal Bail

A ball oW dance at \whch fo i m a-
dress will be de rigueur will take place
shortly:at Government House through
ehe 'courtesy of H. H. The Adminis-
trator and M1rs. Lovelice. Admission
will be by invitation o n I y, and the
cost will .be$.ioloo a couple, reserved
tables costing an additional $5.oo per
Collecting Tins, Car Stickers
Distribution of collecting envelopes
and tins will shortly be started, and
the tins will be placed in certain pro-
m.nent places. of business; and other
spots. All proceeds will ultimately be
.landed into Barclays -ank D. C. 0.
Car o w nr er s are in,'ited to buy the
attractive Youtri 'iudl s(i&krs at 25
ce.ts (wit Windiil symbol) to help
the dive for funds.
The Press
The WestIndies Press has been
most sympathetic to the launching of
This appeal; to sum up in the words of
the St Lucia Crusader:
"Its success .depends entirely upon
S the sympathy, inttrst and gener-
S osity of those who are concerned
about the welfare of the future
citizens of the West Indies."

Dutch Warship Pays
Courtesy Visit
The Dutch Warship HN.L.S. v..n
E w ij c k (commander W.P.Sal 1)
anchors off Roseau today at 8.0 a. n.
The ship will, be open to public .view
tomorrow: between Ohe hours of 3 aad
'5 p.m.. and th re will be a football
match in Windsor Park vj. a Domin-
ica team this afternoon kick-off4.30.

Rubber-Stamp Labour Meeting
Castle Bruce Conference
The Vice-President of the La b o u r Party of Dominica
moved into the President's seat which he, Ducreay, had avidly
lped to empty, when a crowd of members, friends and sight-
rs crammed into the Methodist schoolroom at Castle Bruce
t Sunday.
It seems that just over 60 paid-up ee Idia
mbers were able to m o v e forward C e-F n India
i vote, although the official release Chinese Overrun Indian Troops
ed that 160 members were present: A cease-fire has-been iput into opera-
sumably about ioo-members were tion by the Chinese Communist forces
n-financial. The rest, w hi c h ii- which have, during the last ten days,
ud e d Mr. Pat Stevens (welcome mounted a successful 'offensive along the
s pi t e his expulsion), were local Eastern and Northeastern Border of In-
)ple and others who were not mem- dia. From reports received the Chinese
:s at all. The Press was not en- have succeeded in their objectives which
A1ddj o aicnd. at.:
l'isieait-.-nc.at ~. T Ieg 'o fTorce ildia lii its position
e 15-me- r eriectuiie rl. bll'C'C3 of "non algnmn;at",
're" [ri the constitution, for which 2. To discredit India with-the
, ,suggestions for amendments Bandoong countries.
ert invited: ratification will t a k e 3.- To enforce Chinese non-recog-
ace at a general meeting in Roseau. nition of the McMahon Line and
The Secretary's somewhat pathetic bargain for a frontier revision from
port admitted that Party branches had strength.
own 1 i t 1 e interest during the last In the course of the week, despite
riod since no reports or subscriptions urgent arms lifts from Germany of U. S.
d been sent in except from Castle military equipment and the despatch of
r u c e, and blamed the loss of the several hundreds of tons from England,
oseau Town Council Election on the the Chinese succeeded in surrounding
n-registration of Labour Supporters and cutting off an Indian force in the
Sdid not mention the hundreds re- North West, capturing an important
stered who did not vote). Although pass and the only available airstrip at
.ctive s t a te d that only 16 members Chuchul. In the East the Indians
ined (in Roseau) in 1962, this was had yielded :Walong and Bombila,
idently to the 1 i k i n g of the new leading to the Assam Plain.
resident who had declared previously
at the important t h i n g was not a Mr. Newton Shillingford A Correction
rge membership of doubtful sincerity in n tt
id loyalty but a smaller one w h i c h e egr the rm n that was
'as reliable, sincere and loyal to the given in last week's HERALD that Mr.
arty in every wa Periaps a nu- Newton Shillingford "was released from
arys in every way. hospital etc. etc. "was incorrect and over-
eus of Yes-men?)
Half of the Secretary's fragile speech optumstic. At the ime of g o i n to
vas taken up by a repeat of the "story press Mr. Shillingford was still in hos-
fthe Federal financial bill and pur- itl. He kindly gave our reporter an
uant Labour resolution--that and the interview in which he stated that he was
one-cent on a b u n c h of bananas" eling luc t afl r veral X rays
heme were the main excuses for the and treatment on Thursday.
expulsion of ex-President Mrs. Allfrey. sole heroic voter against Mis Allfrey's
The White Paper on the little Eight, expulsion, by Patrick John, young clerk,
far from perfect document, was rub- cricketer and carnival-band associate of
er-stamped without any constructive the Secretary.
criticism, The Political Leader gave Three notable absentees were Hon.
n address and the Treasurer a report. Members of Legislative Coincil R.P.St.

During the afternoon elections of
officers and executive members the only
'noteworthy change was the displacement
of early-member J. S. Traill, the

Luce, Earl Leslie and John Royer.
One of the speeches circulated at the
conference is being examined by coun-



Triaidad'Delegate Criticises Britain happen in my own country when by an Order in Council of the i4th March
1 1962, the British Government amended the Constitution of the Federation of The
At U. h. West Indies to enable the Governor-General to act contrary to the advice of the
Ministers, and to refuse consent to bills, particularly one bill which gave rise to the
whole incident. I am not referring to the dissolution of the Federation itself, which
(Contin.rded from last week) [t may be mentioned in passing that Her came considerably later.
Majesty's Opposition does not appear to subscribe to this theory of constitutional It may also be useful to note.... ..that whereas the 1923 Constitution of
law, because at its recent conference the Labour Party passed a resolution calling Southern Rhodesia was promulgated in the form of Letters Patent granted by an
on the British Government to "initiate discussions with the Southern Rhodesia Act of Parliament, almost all subsequent colonial constitutions, including the 1961
Government immediately so that a new and more acceptable constitution may be Constitution of Southern Rhodesia, have been promulgated by Order in Council
brought into operation." issued on the strength of enabling legislation. The effect of this is that these Con-
However, the refutation of this theory lies also in the facts .. ... it is stitutions are much more easily amended or repealed, singly or even in bunches,
clear (from the 1923 Constitution) that specific reservations were inserted in mat- as a simple Act of Parliament enabled the British Government to alter by Orders
ters concerning natives affairs because the possibility of having to make use of in Council the Constitutions of Grenada, Trinidad and Jamaica and to g r a n t
these reservations was foreseen. The British argument with regard to the alleged Barbados a written constitution.
atrophy of these powers through disuse is invalid in this regard because it is cir- Much emphasis has been laid by the distinguished delegation of the United
cumstances and not time that constitute the main factor in convention. No mat- Kingdom, and by certain of the petitioners, on the prospects afforded for the poli-
ter how much time elapsed without these powers being put into operation, they tical advancement of the African population within the framework of the 1961
cannot be said to have atrophied unless there were circumstances in which they Constitution.
were required but not used. Such circumstances, especially in the s p h e r e of Mr. Gaibskell in a debate on this subject in the British Parliament said:-
native affairs, have now arisen for the first time ..... "Partnership... must be on the basis of equal rights and status.
The 1923 Constitution states that the Governor has p o w e r to withhold It must not be regarded as a device to justify de fact white supremacy.
assent to all laws, and that he must withhold assent on: The only ultimate principle is that in these territories the Continition and
(a) any Law. . whereby Natives may be subjected or made liable to Government must eventually rest on the foundation of one man, one vote. It
any conditions, disabilities or restrictions to which p e r s o n s of is imperative that Britain should make that ,clear." . . .
European descent are not also subjected or made liable; In the name of my delegation, I therefore urge the United Kingdom Govern-
(b) any Law which may repeal, alter or amend, or is in any way re- ment to comply with the terms of the United Nations Declaration on the Grant-
pugnant to or inconsistent with such provisions of these Our Letters ing of Independence to Colonial countries and people, and to, take immediate steps,
Patent, as may under these our Letters Patent be r e p e a 1 e d or under the terms of Resolution No. 1747 (xvi), to confer with representatives of all
altered by the Legislature; the people of Southern Rhodesia and take all possible steps to ensure full political
(c) any Law which may repeal, alter or m e n d, or is in any way rights for all sections of the population. It is not often that a c o u n t r y has the
repugnant to or inconsistent with tbe Land Apportionment Act, opportunity to do what is right with no diminution of its own interests and at the
1930 of the Legislature of the Colony. .. same timeenjoy the support and approval ofallright-thining nations. Britain is in
In all its submissions to this Assembly on its constitutional relauonship with that position now and it is the earnest hope of all countries who hold her in res-
Southern Rhodesia, the United Kingdom Government has implied a connection pect that she will take advantage of the opportunity.
between internal legislative authority and the power to annul or amend the consti-
tution itself. Legally no such connection exists. Whatever the degree of author-
ity enjoyed by the United Kingdom Gowernment over legislation within a colea-
ial territory, T-rn--&n -ir-nr --f :ir ITI7 y -o Prl is A m t, h-iSiug h ton__is -- -
result of an act of the United Kingdom Parliament,
with or without an Order in Council, and can be amended or repealed, by that HOLLYWOOD, Nov. 15, CP: The condition of Charles Laughton who is
Parliament, In most instances where. colonial canstitutions have been amended suffering from spinal cancer has worsened, th: Cedars of Lebanon Hospital reports.
it is true that the British Government did enjoy certain internal legislative authority,,SU B CI
or reserve power; but there is in fact an instance of suspension by the British Gov- SUBSCRIPTIONS
ernment of constitutional powers in a country that was, so completely self-govern. SUBSCRIBERS TO THE HERALD ARE REMINDED THAT ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS
ing internally as Southern Rhodesia will be under the new constitution, and the ARE PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. Town: $.oo per year. Country $6.oo per year
suspension took place without the agreement of the elected Government. This (including postage).

The Commonwealth I

An English View
ANYBODY can see that the Com-
monwealth is not what it was. And
the changes are not merely those implied
in the old Imperial Institute's new name
and in the d r o p p i n g of the adjective
"British." These are the positive as-
pects, symbols of the conversion of em-
pire- the domination by one country
of others into a free association of
sovereign States with equal rights, who
stay together because they want to.
The change was a great political ac-
hievement by all the countries concerned.
Nevertheless, much of the old closeness
of association has inevitably been lost.
Who would have supposed, twenty years
ago, that a member would be left to fight
alone against an agressor.
The diversity of the problem facing
Sthe-Commonwealth nations has led to a
wide range of systems of government.
One country resorted to military dicta-
(Continued on p. 4)




CANADIAN SARDINES "Silver King", "Supremo" "Triple C," 150 per tin.

MON JARDIN GARDEN PEAS 1 tild 30, I f tin 200.
MON JARDIN PEAS & CARROTS 1 ,b. tin 350, I tt. tin 220,

NESTLE'S COCOA I t. tin 256, I lb. tin 45.
SYEATMAN'S JAMS Strawberry, Raspberry, Apricot, Apple & Strawberry, Stoneless

Plum, Black currant all at 530 per 1 lt. pot.


Nov. 24, Dec. I.
fc. "on ^.r.-^--^.- *. ^^

Hi im Waftii

_ ____ ___

*Want'>'- .'M tla '


Frank Speaking At Lagos Conference


Rob Mansfield
On November 5 the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association opened it
annual conference in Lagos, the capital of Nigeria. There was a dry humour in t
the date, for that was the day when Britain celebrated the foiling of Guy Fawkes' s
plot to blow up the House of Parliament in 1605. f
Most of the 130 delegates from 53 branches who are attending the conference E
arrived in Lagos early and toured Nigeria until the opening of the conference. I
Theo have found much to talk about in this key state of Africa, with its popula-
tion of about 37,000,000 -- nearly a sixth of the population of Africa,

Three Main Subjects

The first of the subjects on the conference agenda was "The Role of the
Commonwealth in the Modern World." The impact of the European Economic
Community, the tendency towards regionalism in the world and the increasing
gap between the "Have" and the "Have-not" nations all bear on that role.
The second subject is "Regional Co-operation in the Commonwealth"
divided into three parts, political and economic co operation, the European
Economic Community and educational and technical co-operation. Thirdly, in-
ternational affairs and defence are being discussed, "with special reference to align-
ment and non- alignment, disarmament, the Commonwealth and the United Na-
tion.s" Finally the character, scope and potentiality of the Common wealth As-
sociation itself will be discussed. Together, the subjects give an opportunity for
assessing what the Commonwealth can achieve in the changing pattern of the ma-
dern world.

51 Years Old

The Parliamentarians will carry back to their oyn countries the trend of the
discussions, "sparking off" public, parliamentary and press discussion in,turn.
The G.P.A. is one'of the most energetic and important organs of Commonwealth
consultation and co-operation, It has been in existence for 5r years, and has more
than 5,ooo members and 70 branches throughout the legislatures of the Common-
wet.-- r .... ... .... t he inehnd.
ent members, the auxiliary branches are in the countries approaching independence
and, the affiliates are in dependent territories which have responsible or representative
government, or where there is an "unofficial" majority. Finally, in certain couri
tries there are state, provincial or territorial branches.
'The major aim of the C.P.A. is to promote understanding and co-operation
between Commonwealth parliamentarians. It does this not only by its major
conferences, but by meetings at regional level, constant interchange of visits, by pub-
lications and by yearly courses in London on parliamentary practice and procedure.

The Westminster Model

Nobody would claim that parliamentary government has established itself
exactly on the Westminster model round the Commonwealth, but the strength of
the C. P. A. proves not only how much there is of common tradition, but that
different varieties of democracy are not only possible, but can derive much mutual
benefit from this intimate parliamentary a;'ociat on peculiar to th: Commonwealth.
It is fitting that Africa should provide the venue, because in this emergent,
complex continent some of the more difficult problems of our time present them-
selves in their sharpest form-economic hardship, natural disadvantages of terrain
and climate, political uncertainties. But, behind it all is the ambition and the
will ru advance.
At Lagos the members of the C.P. A. meet-as once w.s slid by the Chair-
man of the General Council, Sir Roland Robinson- -"not as strangers, but a friends
seeking an understanding of each other and each other's problems." (BIS)

An Appreciation
From The Nurses
The Dominica Nurses' Associntion
extends its warmest appreciation to all
those who have helped in any way with
the fund-raising efforts, planning for
and management of the Caribbean
Nurses' Organization Conference, which
was held recently in Dominica, and
which-thanks largely to them-proved
to be most successful
It is intended that the resolutions and
assessments arrived at by the delegates

during the conference will shortly be
published for the interest of the general
One of the more immediate effects of
the conference on the nurses of Domin-
ica, has been the stimulation of interest
in the local Association, and an aw; :e-
ness of their disadvantages and sui rt-
comings, coupled with an evi'-:nt
determination to work harder for their
self-improvement, and a rc-dedic:lton
to their profession, which carinot fail
to benefit their patients, and potential
patients, and thus the community as a

Yr r _-:

last week, Mr. Franklyn A. Baron's
country home was broken into and a
radio and other personal property, val.
ued at about $75.00, were reported stol-
en. The police issued a search warrant
and the stolen articles were recovered at
a certain house at Pte. Michel. In
consequence, two men and a woman
have been arrested.

Success Successful

On Sunday the iith November the
Success Team, captained by Perry
Seraphin, defeated a Mahaut Team,
captained by Irvon Defoe by a wide
margin of 469 points during a competi-
tion which took place at Mahaut.

SYDNEY, Nov 19, CP: The M.C.C.
touring team in Australia lost to New
South Wales by an inning and eigLAy
runs. The first time inliving memory that
the English side has lost to a provincial





Governor O f ienya irom now onwaras wi assume
more of a political and displomadtic than
Kenya Retires an administrative character."
Official sousces in London firmly dis-
counted any suggestion that Sir Patrick's
The retirement of Sir Patrick Reni- resignation was due to any difference of
)n as Governor of Kenya was announ- opinion about Kenya's future.
ed on Saturday (17th November) by "There has been no disagreement
he Colonial Office. He is to be between Sir Patrick and the British
succeeded by Mr. Malcolm MacDonald, Government on policy", a Colonial
former Commissioner-General in South Office spokesman said.
Last Asia and High Commissioner in Sir Patrick became Governor of
ndia. Kenya late in 1959, succeeding Sir
The announcement said: "It is Evelyn Baring on his retirement.
announced by the Secretary of State for Mr. Malcolm MacDonald is the son
he Colonies (Mr. Duncan Sandys) of Mr. Ramsay MacDonald, Britain's
that Sir Patrick Renison, K. C. M. G., first Labour Prime Minister.
will relinquish his appointment as Gov-
ernor and Commander-in-Chief of
Kenya in the latter part of December.
"Her Majesty the Queen has been eest scholar hips
pleased to approve the appointment, as Ge t S holarships
his successor, of the Right Honourable
Malcolm MacDonald with effect from Dominica is to benefit from Geest
the beginning of the New Year. Industries in a further way besides their
"The Queen has been pleased to successful operations in shipping and
promote Sir Patrick Renison, on the marketing our bananas. A generous gesture
occasion of his retirement, to be a will help three scholars over the next
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of seven years: each scholar will get a $ioo
St. Michael and St. George." grant for five years, the first starting next
A statement issued simultaneously by year and the other two in successive years.
the Colonial Secretary, Mr. Duncan This scheme, which will be handled
Sandys, said: through the Ministry of Labour and So-
"Sir Patrick Renison, who had already cial Services, will c o s t Geest's $15oo.
served with distinction in a number of Board and lodging will not be included.
different territories, and had rendered Further details will be announced at a later
outstanding service as Governor of :the date.
British Honduras and later of British
Guiam, took up his appointment as f
Govnilor of Keenya at a crucial time in

"It fell to him to guide Kenyathrough en i
the testing period which followed the end- cwie ustlLs
ing of the emergency and the i960 Con-
stitutidnal Conference. and to prepare the CANBERRA, Nov. 2 CP: Prince Phi.
way with great patience and courage for lip gently chided scientists'for maintaining
the Conference, of this year, at which the an "ivory tower" attitude towards the
constitutional pattern for self-government science of human endeavour, in an ad-
and subsequent independence was devised. dress to the Australian Academy of
"Now that the arrangements for bring- Science, to which he had just been ad.
ing into force the next Constitution are mitted as a Fellow. He said that Soc-
well in'hand, the Secretary of State feels ial Science is still looked down upon,
that the duties falling to the Governor of yet "we spend an immense amount of
scientific time imploiing friction in bear-
ings but nothing like enough time on
the scientific study of friction in indus-
Thieves Doing Good trial and community life."
For Xmas MIC.C, Loses To
A. -cle Cmfnrt on Fr;id nioht N. .W

The Commonwealth i
Institution S I .. ,

An English View
(Cont. from page 2)
torship (but has made efforts to move on
from it); another is rapidly developing
the defects associated with one-party rule,
including the ruthless suppression of
opposition; others seem to find the bat-
tle cf party politics an obstacle to their
economic development or to their growth
as integrated communities.
The attainment of independence by
the former dependencies has not meant,
as many assume, a setback to parliament-
ary democracy but a rapid expansion of it.
Rule in Ghana, or what is now Pakis.
tan, was always authoritarian. The re-
sults of independence are not that res-
ponsible self-govermncnt has faded out
there but that it has been extended to
millions- in India Malaya, and else-
where- who never had it before. Even
economic ties within the Common-
wealth are weakening.
What then remains: The Common-
wealth is an association of States whose
citizens feel that they have something in
common not shared by other States-
we must start as vaguely as that. And
what they have in common is of course,
a historical link: the have all been ruled
by London. From this common experi-:
ence they acquired certain habits in com.
mon, and some of these they have chos-,ji

and methods in the Civil Service, theK'
judiciary, and the armed forces; English
as a language of administration; cricket;
respect for Oxford and Cambridge; old
trade associations. Men with responsi-
bility in these countries know more or
less how their colleagues in other coun-
tries will react to what they say or do;
they "speak the same language."
Sooner or later ihe men with person-
al experience of these common links will
retire and die. Already univeral suffr-
age and nationalism are transferring the
monopoly of powtr away from them to
men and women who did not study in
Britain, who were not in the old Civil
Service, who were more interested mn, say
Sinhalese classics than in Shelley
and Thackeray. This is inevitable, and
need not nmcisarily lead to a weakening
of the Commonwealth ideal. For it will
give members an opportunity ot evolv-
ing new habits of common thought and
association, suitable to the new condi-
tions. The emphasis now laid oa
racial equality is one such development;
this can hardly be considered a vestigial
relic of the philosophy of the old colon-
ial administrators.
:Butt these new potentialities, whose
promise is unlimited, will require stern-
-wous efforts -if they are to come to any-
thing at all. We shall have to continue
to seek, experience in common and of
those experiences the most seminal is
e4ication. Not only should we in
Biitain welcome to our universities and
other institutions as many students and
lecturers fro m other Commonwealth
countries as we can manage (and en-
able them to live .lives as .normal as
possible while they are here); it is just

as important that our own students and
l.cturers should go to their universities.
Nor can the term "education" be restrict-
ed to academic courses of studies; all
c o n t a c t s are educational, and the
m ,re and the more varied the
bchec. One cn ouraging development
s:.ice the Empire became the Common-
vea!th i that its citizens with experi-
ence of more than their own country
are no longer confined to the old range
of types "Empire-builders,"- admin-
istrators, missionaries, soldiers, students,
settlers, planters, and merchants. They
now come from every section of society;
Canadians technicians and skilled trades-
men helping to consttuct Pakistani dams,
West Indian nurses and doctors at
work in English hospitals, an so on.
These are the foundations on which the
new Commonwealth must be built:
it must be first and foremost an educa-

The Sweetest Expensive Fool-
Little House ishness

MIAMI Nov 13, CP: Richarc
Webster:|had a problem whenihoney
started to drip from the ceilingjin his
bedroom. He had the ceiling ripped
open and gallons of honey oozed out.
Mrs. Webster said she called the bee
people, insurance people and real estate
people who decided to open up the
whole ceiling. Bees Ihad flown in
through the veniilating holes and built
combs between ceiling and roof.

tional institution if it is to survive as
anything more.

PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 14, CP-Sebas-
tain Barone who ignored 270 parking
tickets, over two years was given ten
days for each one. It added up to
seven and half years- -the longest sen-
tence ever given in the traffic court,

Please send your Adver-
tisements to the HERALD
on or before Wednesday
morning of any week if
you wish your Advertise-
ment to appear on the
following Saturday.

_ 1~-1111~11 1







Immigrants Act
An Obstacle To TourismP

Lord Mabane, chairman of the British Travel and Holidays Association,
said in his annual address to the association that the Commonwealth Immigrants
Act was first among the obstacles which the British tourist industry has had to
face this year. He said:
"I am naturally much concerned with the operation of the Commonwealth
Immigrants Act, which appears to have been received with some apprehension in
the Southern Dominions. This is one reason why the board wishes me to visit
Australia and New Zealand this winter."
He explained that the Commonwealth was the largest s o u r c e of tourist
revenue. Commonwealth 'visitors stayed longest in Britain, and spent and tra-
velled most. (Manchester Cuardian)
As if to illustrate Lord Mabate's anxiety, here is a short story from the
Fabrian Publication "Venture."

The Tory And The Immigrant
Several wet Friday mornings ago I was travelling down Regent Street by bus.
I had just left a fellow Australian who had been in England for a little over a
year'and in that time had achieved a remarkable English accent. At any rate
it fooled me. I do not know what an Englishman would have thought of it,
but I felt there was a challenge here, so as I sat in the bus I recited to myself the
letters in the correspondence column of Tribune as I hoped they w o u d be pro-
nounced. While I was doing this a man sat next to me and immediately started
to talk about the weather. As soon as he spoke I knew he was the sort who
would be a keen judge of accent. He was wearing a tie which I took to be
regimental, and although I had been told ,ihat 'EigliS h genilemen do not speak
to strangers, I felt sure he was of the upper classes.
He said: "It's very wet."
I surreptitiously slid my Socialist newspaper inside The Times. After a momtnt's
silent practice I summoned my most pukka'English yoice arid answered him.
"Yes," I said.
"Oh, I say, you're from overseas," he exclaimed with some joy, "how nice
to meet you. Which part do you come from?"
'jA&--zA j.," I w-v.iad ;. my ,,.r,,l trnh.
"First class fighting man the Australian. I served with them in France in
World War One." He looked at me closely and then said rather duibiusly, "I
suppose you were too young for the first show, Anyof your -family .there?"
I told him there were several.
"Jolly good. Cavalry? Infantry? Gunners! Sappers?"
I said they were all in the infantry.
"Ah," he said with enthusiasm. "Splendid r e c.o r d the Australian foot
regiments." He.became confidential. "You know, 'however 'different we may
s em, people like the English and Australians have a tremendous lot in common.
I've just come back from France. Glad to get it~ of the. place. Got very funny
habits the Frogs. And the Wogs, too. Wonderful thing the *Empire. With
chaps like you we can understand the way you're thinking. It's a vcy settling
influence on the world."
I told him I appreciated the way he felt.
"I've just been on the Continent myself,' I went on. "I had a very dis-
tres'ing experience in Dover or the way back."
"Oh, really"
"Yes. When I came to the Customs, for the first time I was not allowed
to fall in with the people with British passports. I1 had to q u e u e up with the
foreigners. The Frogs and the Wogs, in'fact."
"How on earth did that happen" He was appalled.
"It's this new Commonwealth Immigrants Act, It cut pretty deep I can
tell you."
"It would. It would. I can't imagine that happening to a chap with
your background."
"Yes, And the cruellest part was thatwthis has happened under a Con-
servative government. We always "thought he- Tories were devoted to the Em-
pire. You could imagine a thing like this happening under the radicals or the
socialists. But with a government that calls itself Conservativel"'
His expression was lugubrious. "One just doesn't know what to think,"
he said sadly.
"Well, I know one thing," I confided, "the Conservatives would not get
my vote after what they've done to the' Commonwealth."
"Dammit! You're right. After what you've told me I don't think I'll
vote for them either,"
We had reached his stop and as he rose he shook me by the hand. "Would
you accept my personal apologies, for what happened?"

We Are Reaching Hew CuStomers

Lot Of Cuban
Negroes Worsens
Under Havana

Chicago, November '16- Cuba's
Negroes, who once looked on Fidel
Castro as a saviour, are bitterly disillu-
today, a refugee Cuban writer says.
The statement was made by Guiller-
mo Portuondo, member of a noted
Havana literary family, in an interview
published by JET, a Negro-owed week-
ly published here.
Mr. Portuondo, once a staff member
on two Havana daily newspapers, left
his homeland a year ago, disillusioned.
"Castro concentrates on selling him-
self o non-whites," said Mr. Portuondo,
himself a Negro. "He uses a fake
desegregation record to win support
around the world. When Castro won,
many Negro Cubans looked to him as
a saviour against tyranny. But we were
fooled. He smashed the educated
white class and he smashed the educated
Negro class."
Mr. Portuondo said that the Havana
regime won support by promising agra-
rian reform, "but the change wiped out
our Negro leadership and swept away
personal freedom. Now as a;Negro, I
fight not on terms of race but because I
hate communism.''
Referring to the Communist 'leader-
ship's talk of desegregation, the writer
the issue because "we've had Negroes
in every phase of government and in all
walks of life for years inm Cuba. We'
ve had college professors, professional
people, military commanders, business-
He added, "we have fewer Negroes
in high places now that we ever had.
Most of the educated Negroes have
been chased from Cuba. The others
are silenced, living in fear."
The writer said that Negro Ameri-
cans should forget the issue of segrega-
tion or desegregation in Cuba in relation
to the Havana regime and think of the
Cuban struggle in terms of systems-
communism versus democracy.
"Under Castro," Mr. Portuondo
concluded, "the democratic institutions
have been destroyed, affecting both
white and Negro freedom lovers."

Civil Service Com-
mission For Eas-
tern Caribbean

Sir Richard Mankteiow, K. B. E.,
C. B., and Mr- T. M. Skinner,C.M.G.,
M. B. E.. have been appointed Civil
Service Commissioners following the
report of the East Caribbean Federation
Conference and are expected to leave
London for Barbados on isth Novem-
In the House of 'Commons today
S(Friday). Sir R. Robinson asked the

Secretary of State for the Colonis,
what steps he has taken to appoint the
Civil Service Commission referred to
in paragraph 53 of the Report of the
East Caribbean Federation Conference.
Mr. Sandys replied: "Sir Richard
Manktelow, and Mr. T.M. Skinner
have now been appointed as Commissi-
oners. They expect to leave for Barba-'
dos on I8th November. Her Majesty's
Government h a v e agreed to make a
grant of (3,500 (WI S16,8oo) to the
Government of Barbados as a contri-
bution towards the cost. This sum will
be advanced from the Civil Conting-
encies Fund. Provision will be made in
the Spring Supplementary Estimates to
repay the Fund."
Sir Richard Manktelow who is 6j
entered the British Civil Service before
the First World War and served in the
London Irish Rifles and the Machine
Gun Corps before returning to the Minis-
try of Agriculture after the War. He
rose steadily in the service to the position
of Deputy Secretary in the Ministry be-
fore his retirement in 1960. Immediately
after the Second World War he was
awarded the honour of Knighthood of
the Order of Saint Olav of Norway
for his services in the Second World
War. He was made C.B. m 1958 and
knighted in 1957.
Mr. Skinner is 49 and served during
the greater part of his career: in East
Africa, having been a cadet in Tan-
ganyika and becoming Directot of Easta-
blishment, Kenya, in 1955; he 1 a t e r
joined the East Africa hi-gh Commiss-
ded the C. M G. in 1958. (BIS)

Adenauer Sees

man Chancellor Adenaoer went to the
White House today for conferences with
President Kennedy. Kennedy is be-
leved to want to sonnd out Adenauer
on the possibility of Western overtures
for settlement of the troublesome Berlin

16, CP:-Mrs. Jay Solomon is called
the absent-minded grandma by h e r
family: she couldn't fi n d her contact
lenses. A visit to the doctor disclosed
that she had both lenses in one eye.

Marriage Record

CP:-Sixteen widows mourned the
death of one husband, an eighty year old
village headman who left 65 children
behind him.



Yearly Town: $5.00. country y $6.ot
Overseas: $7.5b. Sgien Copies : 10C
Advertisements at reasonable Rates.
Putflibed at the HERALD PRINTERY, 31 New Street, Roseau, Dominica, W.1
All subscriptions and other payments must be made at the above
address to J. MARGARTISON CHARLEs,-Manager-Pioprietor


THIS editorial is not an attack on any Dominican political party.
It is simply a commentary on the present state of affairs
in Domirica, and refers specifically to the outburst of burglaries
in Roseau and to the desecration, of shrines in our Island. It may
-be wondered what connection there is between the two. The
answer is plain. Both types of behaviour indicate a destructive and
predatory frame of mind.
Let us speak of the thieves first. Why do people steal They
steal from want, and they steal from greed, although t h e r e are
moral and judicial laws, absorbed by them from childhood, which
act as.deterrents to most people, unless the urge to grab somebody
else's belongings becomes too strong. Psychologists tell us that
human beings steal because they have lacked love as children.
They also say that although mental patients should not be con-
fined behind prison walls, nearly all criminals should be mental
What is alarming about the outbreak of smash and grab

gang activity, from.which we have been mercifully, almost clear
in the past. One may also blame crime s t o r ie s and films for
pointing the way. But the dormant impulse was there anyhow:
and what is to be done about ita o u n g meni who get an
accomplice to roll drums to cover up their noise, while they splin-
ter a shop-window and steal hard-working merchant's goods
are behaving in an,organised way: they planned the act before-
hard, and it was not the immediate craving for a crust of bread
which drove them to the deed. Those who stole a poor pea
sant farmer's bull in Pottersville and butcher d it clumsily for
sale must have had transport and customers. r is good' at ithe
Police are on the alert and apprehended some suspects in certain
recent burglaries.
In the end, the root of these c r i m e s goes deep into ou r
society. One of the saddest excuses made by a captured thief is
"I do it. for the Christmas." If all Christmas means is spend-
ing money on show, something is bitterly wrong with our way
of life. Yet we must admit that there are y o u n g men and
women who are not properly and gainfully employed in Dom-
inica, and who want to work. They live dead-end lives, cheated
of the opportunity to make an honest 1 i v i n g. Therein lies a
grave danger not only to property but to the quality of the na-
tion. Even as these words are being written at a s e c 1 u d\e d
countryside desk, t-h r e e teen-age boys have appeared together
asking for "a job as yard-boy." If Dominica d o e s not find
work for every willing hand, there will be further t r o u b 1 e,
especially now that the great M e c c a for the adventurous and
dissatisfied Britain has virtually c 1 os e d her doors. Has
Government a manpower plan. If so, we should like to know
what it' is.
Allied. to t h e s e distressing burglaries is the vandalism of
-other criminals who have no respect for the religious symbols
and statues which mean so much to the majority of Dominica's
inhabitants. Such persons wantonly break into holy s h r i ne s
and desecrate them, whether for fanatical reasons or through an

unbalanced state of mind (or both), we do not yet know. Even
if they have no sense of reverence for the ritualcustoms of others,
they may have some sort of civic sense, and might be made to
realise that they are offending against the United Nations pre-
cept that every man has an inalienable right to worship God in
his own way.


Last and largest, and we are certain not least, of the non-
independent West Indian Islands to swing into action on behalf
of the West Indies Youth Trust Fund is our owin Dominica.
On the front page of the HERALD, readers will see that a com-
mittee to motivate a drive for funds has had its first sitting; also
that plans worthy of the charity and festivity of the Christmas
season have already been made.
The whole success of this operation is based on trust. The
Youth Trust committee is in no sense a rival of any other -chari-
table enterprises, which have their own enduring value. It is a
campaign to benefit the weak and tender victims of ill-fortune,
poor homes, sickness and depriva:ion: the children. We have
faith that Dominican children will gain immeasurably through
the success of the Fund. ,We want generous d o n o r s to this
Fund throughout the Commonwealth to k h o w that we, too,
are playing our part. From the man and woman in the street
we ask for a few cents, and larger, snms from t h o s e who have
resources. Barcays Bank will look after all the money: received
and hand it over to Trust lPindd headquarters, to be spent for the
good of the young., What we give in Dominica:will be only
a portion of what our children: will ultimately receive from this
-Fu 44 -^s d ofur .iest.- .Reme-mber.- yo11thi j --
trusting you.


Correspondents are asked to submit their full names and addresses as a guar-
antee of goodfaith, but not necessarily for publication. Letters should be as short
as possible. Controversial political letters will not be published anonymously.
Views expressed in People's Post do not necessarily reflect the policy of the Editor
or the Proprietor.

lorkless Women
Sir, Women are the biggest number
f electors. Election come and go, not
rich is done for them. 'Women need
work. I know streets in town where
young women sit by the street and call
men for io or 25 cents daily and nearly
always a child on their shoulder. What
good you can expect to come out of this?
Gi ee them honest jobs or even teach them
how to work. Laziness and neglectfulness
causes these bad things. What kind of
children will these girls raise up: Please
bring to notice of the public.
"In Favour of Decency'

An Appreciation
Dear Mrs. Editor,--This short letter
of mine is to let you know that I am
one of your sympathisers who have read
with displeasure the way you,have been
expelled from your founded Labour
Party in this island a few weeks ago.
There is a consensus of opinion that
you have not been treated in the way
you should have been, and I am one
among this group.

Please 'do not be downhearted, as a
lady of education, knowing now what.
the ungrateful people of the world give
to those who have served them faithfully.
This spirit and act of ingratitude
shown to you by the members of the,
Labour Party in Roseau who are respon-
sible, must not daunt your spirit in any
way. The treatment which they have
shown to you may be due to some fear
of your becoming popular in the edito-
rial sphere of the Island, for since you
have taken over the HERALD as Editor,
all the educated intelligent people of this
Colony have become interested readers,
so far as general news are concerned.
The HERALD has become very educa-
tive in its various articles, with all the
explanations give in regard to commu-
nism, socialism, etc. It is the general
belief in our Island that should you
organise a Party other than the Labour
Party, you would get a great following.
I am glad personally for the reference to
the late R.E.A. Nicholls in the HERALD
editorial of Saturday October o2, for he
has done a lot of good for the 'welfare
of Roseau and of Dominica. Dr.
Nicholls, in his day, acted as Adminis-
(Continued on p. 7)





-~ __,



People's Post
trator. You come from a family who
have helped Dominica in the past in all
ways, which should be taken into con-
sideration by all those who at present
believe they can brush you aside very
easily. You are a Dominican, as they
themselves are. Please accept my sin-
cere wishes for peaceful and prosperous
Yours very truly.
Loblack's Behaviour
Sir, I crave space in your columns to
draw the attention of the public and
that of the Government in particular to
the most serious threat that the attitude
and behaviour of Mr, Loblack is to this
It is public knowledge now that this
man is doing all in his power to destroy
both the incentive to Trade Unionism
in this country and the esprit-de-corps
between the Trade U n i o n and the
Government of Dominica.
I wish therefore to re-affirm that the
Trade Union as an organized body of
the w o r k ers of this country, is not a
'political body but rather a social organi-
zation through which medium the case.
of the working people will be heard,
analysed and parsed.
STo achieve this, we recognize the in-
despensable co-operation of every Gover-
nment and strive to do nothing that may
interrupt this. Time and again, this man
Lohlack has been using the Govern-

(Cont. from p. 6)
ment political platform to say all sorts of
unpleasant untruths about the Domin-
ica Trade Union and its officers; things
which can have no other effect but to
destroy the government's hitherto good
disposition towards the Trade Union.
What seems to strike people more
forcefully is the apparent endorsement
by the Labour Government of this be-
haviour by Mr. Loblack; since no Min-
ister of Government, even when one is
the Chairman at those political meeting
objects to the Trade Union attacks from
Mr. Loblack,
The last instance was the last meeting
convened by the Government party at
Market. This meeting was intended to
thank those voters who supported La-
bour candidates in the recent Roseau
Town Council elections.
Loblack who spoke the longest on
that occasion spent most of his time in
chastising the Trade U n i o n and its
officers. The Honourable Chief Minis-
ter presided at this dishonourable meet-
ing at which three Ministers of Govern -
me.t spoke. Nobody objected to what
Mr. Loblack said or clarified Govern-
ment's position in hat matter in any way.
I therefore appeal to the Laboar G,.v
eminent to take steps tu prevent a rec
urrence ofsuch dishonour.hbi behaviour.
Yours faithfully.
1st Vice President Oca.
Trade Union

Traffic Hazrrds
There have recently been serious
discussions regarding numerous traffic
hazards around the city, as hereunder.
The north-east corner of the Fort
Young Barracks, which extends to the
extreme end of the street, prevents a per-
son walking along the highway from
having a clear unobstructed view from
a point opposite the Free Library to a
distance approaching the Peebles Park,
and vice versa. Some time ago, a child
and also an old woman, nearly got in-
jured in this area.
Several motorists are of the opin-
ion that safety lies in having the over-a-
century-old obstruction promptly remov-
ed, by causing a 5-ft. widening to be.
cut away, and the side neatly rounded
at 180 degrees.
Likewise, the north-east corner of the
wall of the Old Hospital causes danger:
and pedestrians are liable to be crushed
to d e a t h on the Old Bridge of the
Roseau River. Re me dia 1 measures
should be, after measuring and making
due allowance for the widest motor-
vehicles in the territory, to have two side
w.ilks, four inches high, strongly con-
structed forthwith. There are also some
dangerous corners on the Morne Bruce,
Death distant No, alas he he is
ever with us. We cannot ride, or sit,
or travel, but he is near by to "seize us
when we list."
_OBSERVER. Roseau.


U. W. I, Admission
Of Undergraduates
--Oct 1963 (Advt.)

Paragraph 2-"Faculty of Natural
Under B. Sc. (Special) Degree sub-
jects, please list Chemistry instead of

French Groups
Through the kindness of Dr. Mueller,
U. W. I. Extra-Mural Professor now
working in Dominica, members of the
Cercle Francais are invited to attend
final French Sessions b e i n g held bi-
weekly in her office, for the remainder
of this term.

Canada Should
Help W.I.
TORONTO, Nov. 21 CP: Donald,
Macdonald Liberal Member of Parlia-
ment for Rosedale (Toronto) says., that:
Canada should make immediate increases
in aid to the West Indies. He said that
assistance should take the form of long
te:m, low-interest loans as well as help
in the educational field.



ov. 24 Dec.

Nov. 24 & Dec. i


Frozen Turkeys Pow available. Sizes 6 b to 12 %l
Also Fresh Apples Ripe Poars Red Grapes
Danish Roquefort Chcese 1tb Pkts.
EGGS at $1.03 dozen --
--- DANISH GOUDA Cheese --
Plumrose Danish Table Butter i- 1, I & 1 t Packets
Mussels in Brine 600 & 800 Tins-- Barbecue Sauce $1.12
Swifts Canned Half Chicken 2 i 2 oz. $1.80. Chicken Stews 11 tb $1.60
--- Corned Beef Hash Ii 1b $1.20 Irish & Beef Stew 670
SWIFT PICNIC HAI1S 4 to 6 ) $1.12
6 8 ) per ft
PREMIUM HAM 10-14 f at $1.56 1b


I ,-.-- -,-, -.,-' I113(b~~ell~



-- ---


S- II F--l " .1 l



.... ___~ .- -- -- -. --*******



Grenada Wins Popham Cup
In this the fourth year of the renewed struggle for the Popham Cup,
ada again won outright beating St. Vincent in the final by z--. Only
ada, St. Lucia and St. Vincent took part this year, the Dominican tern
had been already selected having to be withdrawn due to lack of funds.

Flying Footballers


Blackburnes Win 2-0
In the F. S. A. knockout competition which started last Sunday, Black-
burne on Monday defeated Shamrock by 2 goals to nil in a rather dull match
at the Windsor Park.
The most outstanding player was Clem John at left wing for Blackburne.
Normally he plays inside forward but the change was a success and he scored the
first goal from a pass from centre Lester Warrington.

............ ............... .................................... ........................
Person or Persons requiring Empty Lots, for. House Building,
can apply from now on and in tie future, to me The Sole Pro-
prietor of the Lots in question. These various House Lots
Share situated very close, to Salisbury Proper, just a few steps
From the main Road in The Village,
;.Boundaries of the above Empty House Lots in question are as
I follows:-
i On-the North by land of late Jack Larocque
i South the main public road
East Crown land
West Land of late Augustus Peter.
( Ter msnifO urateri ---.--- -
ELLIS JNO. CHARLES, Sole Proprietor,
Nov. 24 Jan. 19

The "Variety" Store



Dressing Table Mirrors, Chairs, Sewers,
Complete with Fittings; Soil Pipes, Clay
Pipes, Spades & Shovels, Forks; Face Basins,
Porcelain Kitchen Si'ks; Floor Tiles and
Cement, Scales and Weights, etc. 1

Tennis Champ Retires
TORQUAY, ENGLAND Nov. ii CP: -- Britain's Angela Mortimer winner of
Wimbledon women's title last year announced her retirement from major singles
play in lawn tennis. Miss Mortimer, 30, said, "I do not get thesame kick out of
it any more.

Read 7The HER ALD

The goalkeeper won this jumping duel during an
English second division football match between Grimsby
Town and Charlton at the latter's Valley Stadium in
London recently.
Here goalkeeper Wakeham is head and shoulders a-
bove Grimsby's centre-forward McLean and his own de-
fenders, to tip the ball safely away from the goalmouth,



Tree Planting Week

The following areas have been selected for Tree Planting during Tree
Planting Week which, starts on November 26, according to a release 'from the
Chairman, Mr. J, B. Yankey, Acting Agricultural Superintenent:-
ROSEAU -- Lndo Paik, Monday November 26th at 5.oo p. m.
Federation Drive
Windsor Park
Savannah New Town

PORTSMOUTH- Benjamin Park Monday November z6th
Burrough's Square

at 5.00 p. m.

COLIHAUT Square opposite cemetery
COULIBISTRIE Bridge to School area
SALISBURY -Along ridge up the village
MARICOT -Airport Stretch to Terminal building
Hospital and Treasury area,
GRANDBAY -Hospital area
CASTLE BRUCE Church lands and Savannah Monday November 26th
at 8.00 a. m.

LA PLAINE -Playground and Church area
This short selection is due mainly to the limited supply of available plants.
Official launching programme area
PROGRAMME: (I) Address by Honourable Ministe
(2) Addresss by Ag. Agricultural Superintendent and
Agricultural Officer ,
(3) Planting of tee by Honourable Minister
(4) Vote of thanks.

lei DomAlotr -
air onubt-l .

Prince Andrew In The Nursery
SAt Buckingham Palace

A recent photograph of Prince Andrew, youngest son
of the Queen, in the nursery at Buckingham Palace. This
is one of a series of photographs taken of Prince Andrew
by Lisa Sheridan.

Whatsg t -DUMUMem-
S doe ouo poww ~ New U. S. Organization To Help
4go A fgei Co-ops In Developing Countries

mirror 'u'a, IkatAY
Im roela"r tp the Washington, November 16 The Cooperative League of the U n it e d
ll y ou AIlCosIatl f Wm States will set up at a new international organization to help cooperatives in newly
O1 ? ve O7 a s9oouth, elme developing countries.
ki a A lighter. br i ht I "The task of providing assistance to cooperatives in developing countries
stands as perhaps the greatest challenge for the cooperatives of the Western world,"'
comptexloa 7W I the League said in a resolution adopted at the close of its 23rd biennial meeting.
WroW.L . .dhM-. The resolution did not specify the form the new organization will take. It
merely authorized the board 'to take initiative in creating an organization for
international cooperative development."
END The League already is deeply involved in international work. The non-
SKIN TROUBLeS profit, non-governmental organization has staff members in Southeast Asia, Africa,
A l WITH t and Latin America, training co-op leaders and workers and introducing techni-,
CT m p0 m ques to improve living standards.
Ai 0 'It helped organize and finance the Caribbean Cooperative Confederation, an
LO T I N M efforts* j~ BA Organization of Cooperatives in Latin Am.rica.
and infeetiop h 4g Il _U" i In another resolution the League commended President Kennedy, Congress.
zema. athletS o, prieWy and the Agency for International Development "for the r efforts to bring to the
Srashet of an Lin peoples of the developing countries an understanding of what free people can do
to rise their living standards" through cooperatives.
The resolution recalls that the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and President
Kennedy declared it to be the policy of the United St a t e s "to encourage the
St development and use of cooperatives, credit unions, and savings and loan associa
Crusade Against Voodoo aons."
The League also called for continued use of the Food for Peace program to
The Republic of Haiti has accused the Roman Catholic Bishopof crusading aid the developing nations, and commended the Peace Corps for its work abroad.
against Voodoo and ordered him and three priests to leave the country. They Most of the resolutions adopted by the League dealt with U. S. domettc
charge that French-born Bishop Paul Robert had conducted a defamation campaign problems in which the cooperatives non-profit organizations owned by the
against President Francois Duvalier five years ago while the voodop charges go back people who use them in such fields as credit, utilities, farm supply, h-alth, housing,
twenty years (CP) insurance, and marketing - are vitally interested. (USIS)







Sale Of Produce
Dept. of Agri uilture
As from 15-11-62, the Department
'of Agriculture i'Ill require cash o:l
delivery for sale of all produce-livestock,
stud services, planting materials etc. from
all its Agricultural Stations, Botanic
Gardens, Kings HillExp:riment Sta-
tion, Cocoa Station, Cen'ral Livestock
Farm except milk distribution which
is on a monthly basis.

Dangerous Plant
All farmers' and horticulturists are
instructed that they should destroy all
host plants of the dangerous parasite-
known as love vine, and burn imme-
diately to prevent spreading. This.
plant parasite will kill any tree or culti-
vation if allowed to spread. Immediate
preventative action is necessary..
Acting Agricultural Superintendent
Nov. 24, Dec I 62,357

For Sale
Bosch Refrigerator used only
6 months in excellent condition.
Nov. 24-Dec 15
.. . .. .. . .. . . ... . .

Thieves Rolled
ODum To Make Raid

I Thieves operating in d o w n town
Roseau, last week, had a steel d rum
rolling on the street w h i le someone
smashed the showcase of the Unique
Store and carried away 7 w a t'c he s
valued at about $7500oo Up'to about
midday Mr. Royer was busy with the
carpenter repairing the damage which
he said will cost about $120. A stone
which is believed to have been thrown
n n1 was 1 _. n- -

into tme snow-case .was taKen by me

Lad Gets 3 Years

Jacob Bonie of'Roseau, aged. 20,
who was found guilty in the H i g h
Court of breaking and .entering and
stealing a welding set and a It-volt
battery. set valued at about $2o9 from
Shillingford's Motors was sent to prison
for 3 years. B o ni e had 6 previous
conviction for larceny. Mr. Justice St.
Bernard, in passing sentence, s a i d the
maximum penalty at this s t a g e is 5
years, but he reduced it to three years.


A portion of I a n d situated
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Nov. 24, Dec. 1-8


The Tree Planting Week Committee appointed by the Hon-
ourable Minister for Social Services has requested that all per-
sons who hold themselves responsible for derelict vehicles ly-
ing along the New Town Savannah should remove them by No-
vember 26th 1962 after which date, they will be dumped in
an appropriate place.
Acting Agricultural Superintendent.

Nov. To, 17, 24

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-- -- - -- -- -




- -


-' ,i

Antigua Gets $74,500 (. S.) Ford
Foundation Grant
Mr. Edmund H. Lake, Minister of Social Services, and Education said that
the Ford Foundation in the United States has approved a grant of $74,500 (U, S.)
to the Gov:rnment of Antigua to further the development of Secondary Educatoin
in the island.
Mr. Lake made the announcement last Thursday while addressing an au-
dience at the Princess Margaret School's fifth annual speech day.
He said that the programme will comprise of a Demonstration Mobile
Library, a Demonstration of modern techniques in the teaching of science, In-
service training in vocational educational education and work on a forecast of
education development for the next five years.
He said that a word of thanks has been sent to the Ford Foundation on
behalf (.e Government and people-ofAntigua and added that steps are now
being taken to enlist the cooperation of the University of the West Indies Institute
of Education.
He pointed out that the Government regarded the teaching of science as an
item of priority and assured the gathering that they are urgently and effectively
pursuing the development of science ii the schools.
During his address, Mr. Lake also announced that the Governmment has
received another grant of $10,000 (US) from the Mill Reef for the purchase of
equipment for the science block.
He said that some of the equipment has already begun tfo arrive. The
Minister added, however, that the Government will augment the amount with
anothet:$8,ooo (WI) to make a total of $25,000 (WI).
Speaking about the expansion programme for the school, Mr. Lake said that
the Education Department is considering the possibility of starting a secondary
section of the school early next year.
SHesaid that Government has submitted an application to the Secretary of
State for the Colonies for $2o8,o00 to defray construction cost of four additional
rooms together with a section to train employees in the Hotel Industry.
"Provision for a proper library in the school is also included in tie amount,"
Mr. Lake said that the Government is also. contemplating extending the
Main Hall of the school with an addition to the, front, portion of it.
(Antigua Star)

Harsher Treatment O fiRaoiat
incitement In Great Britain

(The Mancheoter Guardian)
The penalties for provoking a breach of-the peace and for trying to break up
a public meeting in Britain are to bs increased. Annotuninig this in the House
of Commons Mr. Brooke, Home Secreta'y, said that he hadcometo the conclusion
that present penalties were' inadequate.
Legislation will be introduced as soon as possible, but he a d d e d that the
Government will review the situation-in the light of two cases.onwhich appeals
are pending. In addition, Mr. Brooke gave a pointer to the Common Law
misdemeanor of sedition, which may> be taken as a hint that could prove a suita-
ble head under which, charges.could', be made for inciting race-hatred.
Mr. Brooke explained that under the Common Law, a person who speaks
words or publishes matter calculated to provoke a breach of the peace with the in-
tention of stirring up hatred or hostility between, different classes of the Queen's
subjects is guilty of sedition.
This, he explained, extend to the- stirring'up of hatred or hostility on the
ground of race as well as on any other grounds. The offence is punishable by fine
and imprisonment, and there is no limit imposed on these penalties which are
entirely at the discretion of the court.
Bringing up-to-date
The statutory penalties which the Government now intends to bring up-to-
date involve section five of the Public Order Act, 1936, and the Public Meeting
Act 1908. Under the 1936 Act, a penalty of three, months' imprisonment or a
fine of so, or both, may be imposed on someone who uses threatening abise or
insulting words or behaviour, with intent to provoke a breach of the peace.
Under the Public Meetings Act. of 1908, a 5 fine or one month's imprion-
ment may be imposed on any one who tries to break tip a public meeting. From
this, it is clear that the Government believes both the organizers and the disrupters
of controversial meetings should be more harshly treated,




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Mr. Brooke called on members on both sides to "discourage those who imagine
that the right way to deal with speakers whose views they, dislike is to resort to vio-
lence themselves."
The Home Secretary resisted the idea put forward by Sir Bamuet Janner, that
meeting know beforehand,to be racialist should be forbidden before they began.
Mr. Brooke said "we should get into very d.cp water if any Government was given
power to prohibit any kind of political meeting in advance."
From the Opposition front bench, Mr. George Brown welcomed the promised
review of penalties, urging that the Goverinment should not shut its mind to a
possible wide'change in the law.
Mr. -Brooke promised that the closest watch will be kept on the situation until
the currentappeas are heard and "the police can be relied on to make full use
of their powers under the existing law to deal promptly with any threats to the
public peace. I am assured that prosecution will be instituted in every case where
the facts warrant it"
Not surprisingly, the British Government is anxious to take into account the
judgment in the appeals, before the final draft of its a m e n d m e nt s
is published. It may be that amendments wider than a mere
increase of penalties'will be necessary, but in any case, the Government plans to
nave the necessary legislation on the statute book this session.

jl.-.w ii-T-BT'--T--- -*'-"-' i .. ~---.ir --- --


' [ ;


Children's (Factual Test) Corner
Dear Boys and Girls,--Last month on the i8th October we celebrated here
Credit Union Day. Credit Union or Credit Co-operative is today a world wide
movement. Perhaps some of you who read this are members of Junior Credit
Union and krow a lot about the movement. Your parents, too, might be mem-
bers of your local branch.
It is now eleven years since this movemcn; was started here by Sister Alicii.
To mark the Tenth Anniversary, two scholarships were given- one to a boy and
one to a girl- children of members. The Credit Union movement had its be-
gining in Germany, around the middle of the I9th century,' but the. idea was not
new to us in this island. We had the "Sub" which is practised up to this day.
The co-operation idea too was practised. When villagers helped each other to
clear large tracts of land fot planting or co-opciated to move or to build houses,
the term "coupmain" was used. In Credit Union members pool their savings,
and can borrow small sums at low rates ofinterest.
There is also what is called a Consumer Co-operative: This type had its
beginmg in Rochdale, England, in 1844. It was started by 28 workmen with a
saving of 28. They began a business with 14 worth of flour, oatmeal, sugar
and butter. This type of Co-op is purely a shop where goods can be bought
from one's own business. The profits are shared by the members according to in-
dividual patronage. Of course, sales should be cash. There are Consumer Co-
operatives operating in some country villages.
Then, there is the Producer's Co-operative. In this type, workers pool their
funds to own and operate an enterprise. This type of co-op is .probably the old-
est type for it began sometime in the early part of last century and flourished in
France. The French Govenment gave much help to that type of co-operation:
they subsidized them and patronised them by awarding government contracts.
We practised this type before the Credit Union was introduced here: in the
parish of St. Mark a Lime Producers' Co-operative was.established iri'1946.
The Credit Union is an invaluable movement in Dominica. It.teaches and
;encourages thrift. As a people, we are inclined to waste- money, food, clothes
and even time. I think we need:to learn to be less, extravagant. The Credit
Union teaches a sense of values too, for loans are not given for frivolous purposes.
It also gives that sense of independence-- that freedom from the fear of want and
Let us hope the movement continues to flourish in this island

This week's questions are as follows:
1) Name 3 types of Co-operatives in operation in Dominica.- '
2) Name a Co-operative that is probably the oidert type.---- -
3) Whatis the chief lesson Credit Union caches ------ ---
NAME. ------ ..._---
Ist Prize $1.25 won by Jean Jacob (Wesley High' School) '
2nd $.0oo Augustus Lawrence (Roscau Mixed Schobl)
3rd $-.75 Rawlins'Bruney (Roseau Girl's School)
Three Consolation Prizes of 500 each.
1) Kirby Kelshall (Roseau Girl's School)
2) Clementinc Joseph (Convent High School)
3) Rommel Lawrence (St Mary's Academy)

An Article For Ydb ,it'; T 3
We print below the frank views o0 a girl stuiient of iVlartinique on her fem-
inine contemporaries, translated by the Editor. A prize of $2.00 is offered for
an article of similar length but origanal- expression in Eiilish by either girls oi
boys from I5-19 (inclusive) on the mentality and chareor of the young girls o-
Dominica. Closing date for this contest is s,p.m. Thursday December.6th and
all contestants are asked to state i!eoir ages, and schools (if any), and address
their entries to The Editor, DOMlNlIMC HER-ALD, 31, New St. Roseau, marked
''Girls of Dominica"
Some reflections on th;e mentalHty and character of
yuyoug Martshiquan girls
by Marie Andrae Darnal, student of philosophy,
Lycee Schoelcher of Martinique
One day a friend of mine asked me what I thought of the mentality .of the
average young girl of Martinique. All at once I was caught in a trap, for I must
confess that I had never given deep consideration to this most interesting subject.
I did not hesitate, to study the matter, for if the truth be known, I was invited to
know myself better!
One might say that the mentality of the "jeune fille Martiniquaise" has been
Europeanised: she adopts easily, and not without a certain enthusiasm, French cus-
toms: clothing, shoes, hair-styles- these things are greatly developed here. At
popular "surprise parties," and also in the streets and at school, the young ladies
compete in "chic" with their best friends. 'Thus Christiane murmurs in the ear of

"Have you seen the new-style heels on Nicole's shoes? They are awfully
A few days afterwards, behold Christiane buying in her turn the same "aw-
fully fashionable" shoes. She thus becomes as modish as her companions, and
above all "tres nouvelle Vague". Our young lady does not deny herself a visit
to the favourite hairdresser to "try out a floating hair-do." Poise is not' lacking
in our youth!
I have used the expression "nouvelle Vague", which has for some time made
its appearance among us, To illustrate it, for example, consider the new dances.
The Martiniquan girl, like all inhabitants of these islands, has a keenly developed
sense of the dance, of the hot and mysterious rhythm of the Antilles, and quickly
adopts (which is a curious thing) foreign rhythms: calypso, rock & roll, twist ...
she does these naturally and with a surprising rapidity. She is up-to-date in all
the tunes which are the rage in Paris, and buys new records in order to be i
la page" (up to the moment). Other characteristics of the Martinique girls ate
curiosity, gaiety and familiarity.
Young girls who familarise themselves with difficulty with new styles are, on
the whole, rare. The attitude of the young Martiniquan girl is greatly influenced
by the social circle in which she moves. In effect, if the attitude and habits of a
young girl are below par, it simply suffices to examine the education she has receiv-
ed from her'parents, and above all, the influence which they have on her. This
is a primary factor. One can quickly discover that the easy behaviour and some-
times the vulgar habits of a'young girl are due quite simply to the too-free atmos-
phere which reigns in her family. Such a young person shows herself as too fami-
liar with boys, who in turn declare generally that girls are easy to get. Certain
other young girls adopt an acutely opposite attitude: they flee from all forms of
comradeship with boys, and the boys treat them as "proud creatures." If I dwell
on this. point, it is to regret the narrow-mindness of some,parents and other
Martiniquans who do not know their unfortunate effect on the. mentality of young
Martiniquan girls.
STo sum up, rare are the young girls who have a sense of uncommitted comrade
ship that deep sense of friendship which could exist between the young: some-
thing which might be called the "sporting spirit," but which,-wherever'it exists, is
quickly tarnished by gossipy rumours and the mania which everybody has here-
about for seeing wickedness in everything.
However, despite her numerous little faplts, the Martiniquan girl is appreciat-
ed: she is so sympathetic, so affectionate, and often so pretty. The young Martini-
--q-t*-nrJ-'.- .easily amoved;-unhappily, she is too often susceptible. One can hardly
reproach her for this, because we all know what mein are'liktfiidireseitrateithey
are'more like women than the young women themselves!
The crest of the wave of fashion
T ^------~---------^--
Invites you to its dances at FORT YOUNG on Thursday 29th November, and )
Saturday 1st December, 1962. Time: 10 p.m.,
The Famous CYRIL DIAZ & his orchestra from Trinidad
I will play at both dances.
ADMISSION: Couples $2.50
Single $1.50 ,
I These efforts are in aid of Carnival 1963, and we solicit
your full support at both dances.
i .D---- ---- ^------- (~~~ur~~~~r~




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Nov. '24-Dec. I