Dominica herald
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102878/00116
 Material Information
Title: Dominica herald
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 42 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Publisher: Dominica Herald
Place of Publication: Roseau, Dominica
Roseau, Dominica
Publication Date: 11-17-1962
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Dominica -- Newspapers   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Dominica
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1955? Cf. caption.
General Note: Editor, <1963-1964>: Phyllis Shand Allfrey.
General Note: "For the General Welfare of the People of Dominica, the further advancement of the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole."
General Note: Description based on: Jan. 12, 1963; title from caption.
General Note: Last issue consulted: December 31, 1964.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 82144654
lccn - 2007229365
System ID: UF00102878:00116

Full Text

NEW yORK 21, N, Y

SW sland b;hlinJ
'he U.N C"arter
which upholds:



(For the General Welfare o the People of Dominica, the further a lvancement o the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole)




How It Happened
ON THURSDAY, December 6, there will be a formal opening of
Dominica's new technical workshop school adjoining the
partly completed enlarged grammar school in Windsor Park. Of
the five West Indian Islands to whom United States funds and
equipment were granted for such a purpose by I. C. A. (Now
A.I.D.), Dominica is the last to finish the job. It is possible
that the Minister concerned with Education will give an explana-
tion of this during his opening-day speech.
History And' Origin Eastern Caribbean. At first only three
Seis schools were contemplated by ICA; but
The existence of such a technical after much pleading, centers in Antigua,
wing is due to two main causes: (i) the Dominica, Grenada, St. Lucia and
generosity of of the American Govern- St. Vincent were promised.
meant and (2) the determination of the V t w p .
ex-Federal Minister of Labour and So- Federal Education Adviser
cial Affairs that it would come about. The Federal Education Adviser, Mr.

._ 1, 95s8 Mr..Allfrey brought to ihe
attention ot rhe' Teeral V. I. (.abine-
the grave lack of instruction in indus-
trial arts throughout the smaller islands
of the then Federation. "By industrial
arts," she said, "we mean the manual
techniques which impart skills and crafts
to eager hands and brains and many
of our young people are eager for just
this type of knowledge; such skills
would give greater employment oppor-
tunities to the young." It was also en-
visaged that the hoped-for technical cen-
tres would provide evening classes for
young adults who had missed a full for-
mal education.
Next Steps

Regina!d Murray (now with UNESCO

in Lt-miopia) Went on tour wJU ie
ICA Building Officer and talked to'
Governments concerned, investigating
suitable sites. In Dominica the $78,559
W.I. building and equipment provided
by the U.S. A.I.D. was erected for the
Government (at first D.U.P.P.) who
were responsible for site, building found-
ation, utilities, installation of equipment,
and all operational costs including salar-
Dominica is extra fortunate because
attached to her Technical Centre is a
Vocational Agricultural School which
cost the U. S. $1r,900 W. I.; the
Dominica Grammar School (to which
it is attached) and its students are major

Discussions were held with the then beneficiaries, and an agricultural chem-
Technical Education Adviser (Mr. F. istry laboratory will be available to our
Mitchell, a Can dian), who indicated Agricultural Department for soil analy-
what was most gravely needed in this sis and quality determination of agri-
field, and how we mig h t get it. cultural products.
UNESCO was approached, also other Procrastination
U.N. Agencies; but these organizations
rarely provide material goods such as Dominica, the first island to receive
buildings. The, search persisted, building materials, is the last to open
In June 1959 Federal Government her technical training w i n g and go
signed an agreement with ICA for a into action. Final touches to the
West Indies-American Co-operative building are still required before the
Service to be financed by a contribution deadline date. In May, 1960, Gren-
from U. S. funds. After many discus- ada o p e n e d her new wing with a
sions in the Ministry' of Labour and flourish, in time for Commonwealth
Social Affairs, a generous offer was made Technical Training W ee k. This
by ICA to donate 200,000o WI for opening was attended by some of the
providing equipment and buildings for original ICA consultants who had
technical training institutions. (Later promoted the fine regional scheme, and
this sum was considerably augmented.) a plaque bearing the n a m e of Mrs.
The Federal Ministry then consulted Allfrey was affixed to the wall. We
with Unit Governments and, together reproduce here some words she spoke
with ICA, laid down specific proposals before cutting the ribbon of Grenada's
for establishing technical wings as exten- new wing and receiving a golden key;
sions to existing secondary schools in the after thanking the American donors,


Mr. Newton Shiiingford in 100 Foot

Geest's Give Springfied Par't

The biggest social event of the month took place on Wed-
nesday night up at Springfield when Mr. J. Van Geest enter
trained at a cocktail party. A near tragedy happened just when
the party was getting under way, when Mr. Newton Shillingford
ran off the road in his jeep and plung- attended Mr. Newton Shillingford) Mr.
ed nearly to the Springfield riverbed, and Mrs. E. C. Richardson, Mrs. Elma
Ioo feet below. Mr. Ted Honey- Napier, Mrs. Daphne A ga r, Mrs.
church and a band of helpers were quick- Mary Narodny, Mr. Hughes Shilling-
ly on the scene with lights, rope and a ford, Mr. Tony Brown (who is shortly
hammock and after climbing down the leaving his post at Bath Estate,) Mr.
cliff about 75 feet Honevchurch was Gerard Winston and mny others.
able to reportthat Mr. Shillingford was, .
_si tg in the driver's seat of'the Land flwPanFn ahont

Rover, which % as the right, way up,
and that he was apparently u n h u r t.
Ambulances rushed from Roseau and
Marigot but were not really needed.
Mr. Shillinmford was tough and after
one quick drink at the p a rt y a few
yards away, he returned for medical
observation to Roseau and was released
from hospital after attention to one or
two minor bruises and abrasions.. The
next day he was up and ab out his
business as though nothing had hap-
Administrator Present
Mr. Van Geest's party was given to
introduce the new directors and allow
them to meet the Chief Minister, the
Minister of Trade and Pooduction and
Members of the Boards of the Banana
Association and the Citrus Growers
Association. The Party was graced
by H. H. The Administrator and Mrs.
Lovelace and among those seen were
"Roddy" Rodriguez and his w i f e
Rosa, the S M. 0. Col. Foster (who

she said:
"This industrial wing will give a
new dignity and status to craftsmdlnship
and is going to be very he p fu 1 to
national industry and commerce . It
is not to be a place for 'left over' stud
ents who fall behind in academic work,
but will provide early specialist pre-
paration for a good career . I am
glad to learn that there will be night
classes a d u t education -- two or
three times a week."
Now we congratulate the people of
Dominica on achieving their techical
workshop school at last.

Sir Garnet Gordon met many old
friends, often persons whom he had met
in London when Commissioner for the
last Federal Government of the W e s t
Indies. Sir Garnet is the new Chairman
of the Board of Directors, Mr. J, van
G e e s t is the Managing Director and
Messrs. Thomas and Cox are new mem-
bers of the Board. Many people were
hoping to see Mr. Oweson Flynn, retiring
Managing Director, who for so m-iny
years lived in Dominica before moving
Geest's headquarters to St. Lucia: sad
to say, he had had a sudden collapse and
had been flown to England for medical

Dominica U. W. I. Students
An association of Dominica students
at the University of the West Indies is
being formed on Sunday, November I8,
for the promotion of unity among them-
selves, to bring ti, students closer to
their homciand while away, and to study
Do,nnica problems, developing there-
by a deeper spirit of patriotism so that they
nay eventually sh.lrc in the development
of their home island. The HERALD wish-
es this youthful non-political association a
fine and lasting success.

"Printer's Devil"
We regret that in the French Poetry
Competition there are some misprints
including the misplacement of worcs
(altered by hand).---Ed.

~---~- ----






Making Better Use Of The Products
Of Nature

By S. E. Schattmann

The banana is the fourth largest fruit crop in the w o r 1 d, but can the wax
present in its skin be used productively? How can we step up the war against
insects which devour more than one-sixth of the world's food production. Why
does pineapple juice vary in flavour according to the part of the world it comes
from: What new substances can be i s o la te d from tropical plants to provide
drugs and other products of commercial value and thus new sources of i n c o m e
for the countries that grow them:
These are some of the questions to which the Tropical Products Institute in
London tries to find answers.

Acting For 70 Years
The Institute had its beginning in the Imperial Institute nearly 70 years ago.
The highly-qualified scientists in the Institute have 20 well-equipped laboratories
at their disposal. Recently I spent some time at the Intsitute trying to learn about
its work and I shall try to give, though necessarily briefly, the general picture that
was sketched for me by Mr. E. L. Hiscocks, M. Sc., F.R.I.C., the Director of
the Tropical Products Institute.
Over the years, the work of the Institute has changed considerably. Fifty
or 60 years ago few tropical countries tended to send to the Institute vegetable and
animal products for examination. Today most countries have their own labora-
tories which do much of the simpler analytical work and a good deal that is more
complex. But frequently examination by the most advanced methods of present-
day science is required and many tropical countries have not the necessary equip-
ment which is extremely expensive and w o u I d not find sufficient use in any one
country. Thus i is convenient and 'economic for one centre to have, or to have
access to, the complex arid costly instruments, and for the laboratories in the tro-
pical countries to resort to it when necessary.

Widened Scope
Three years ago the Institute was transferred from the control of the Colonial
Office to the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. That change was
made so that the Institute could work for countries after they achieved indepen-
dence and also serve countries o u t s i de the Commonwealth. This, of course,
includes the special agencies of the United Nations.
To be interested in tropical raw materials, Mr. Hiscocks emphasised, means
that one's work never stands sull. The state of science and technology in Europe
and North America is such that many of the materials required for their industries
can now be synthesised. Hence scientists working on the natural products of the
tropics should be always several steps ahead of the needs of industry.
One of the Institute's important projects is the examination of large numbers
of plants, their wood, bark and leaves, to see if they contain chemical compounds
which could be used in the pharmaceutical industry, either directly or as the basis
of synthetic drugs. Some years ago, for example, it was found that sisal conta ned
hecogenin. This turned out to be one of the starting materials from w h i c h the
valuable drug cortisone could be produced more cheaply. Chemicals of com-
m e r c i a 1 use in other directions may also be found when plants not previously
examined are studied at the Institute.

Utilising By-Products

Books For Sale
"A wicked and pernicious act -
thus did the Minister of Labour and
Social Services describe the fact t h a t
some unprincipled boys ofthe Dominica
Grammar School had sold text-books
belonging to the school to pupils of
other schools in a follow-up release after
his recent broadcast. In the first broad-
cast he had announced that henceforth
D. G. S. pupils will have to purchase
text-books at cost (they have been hereto-
for supplied free) but will be able to
resell books in good condition to the
school after use at two-thirds the origi-
nal price. This is in line with Govern-
ment's austerity programme, especially
since it is found that the annual vote
for school books does not cover the cost
of virtually total replacement which is
now necessary. The move has given
ammunition to the D. U. P. P. opposi-
tion, who have attacked the government
publicly, stating that they haAe g o n e
back on the Labour Party's election
promise to w o r k towards providing
"free secondary education for all". The
new policy was defended at a public
meeting of the Labour P a r t y in the
market on Thursday night.
Interviewed by the HERALD, o 1 d
DGS boys have stated that such ill-
treatment of books would not have gone
oni during, the time of Mr. V i c t o r
Archer: and boy still at the school have
said that discipline is poor but improving.
Hardest hit will b, those scholarship boys
tbm the country uiisricl wl-meii pciLas,
,in many cases, have to make h ea v y
sacrifices to m a i n t,a i n their boys in

Garnet Gordon Guides
Geest Industries (W. I.) Ltd. an-
nounces the following changes on its
Board of Directors:
Mr. 0. A. Flynn retires as from
the 3ist October, 1962.
As from the Ist November 1962,
the following appointments will take
Sir Garnet Gordon C. B. E., Q. C.,
Mr. B. R. Thomas,
Mr. E, W. Box, O, B. E.
Sir Garnet Gordon, who was until

U. S. Elections
Democrats In Power

On Tuesday, November 6, some 50
million Americans went to the polls in
a mid-term election in which all 435
seats in the House of Representative
were up for election, 39 seats in the ioo
member Senate and thirty-five States
were to elect Governors. Local offi-
cials from town clerks to tax collectors
were also up for election.
On the whole it was a victory for
President Kennedy and his Democratic
Party in that he only losts 4 seats in' the
House (from 261 to 257 over the Re-
publicans 178, still a clear majority)
and gained 4 Senate seats, making his
majority 68 to 32. A further Demo-
cratic triumph was the total defeat of
Richard Nixon, 1960 Republican
Presidential candidate, who ran for the
post he once held, Governor of Califor-
nia, his home state. As expected
Governor Nelson Rockefeller was re-
elected in New York State and the
Kennedy family scored again when
young Edward Kennedy, still in his
twenties, was elected Senator for Mass-

Chances In
SFarming Outiuuk

New staff appointments at the head-
quarters office of the Royal Agricultuial
Society of England in London reflect
the modern trend of agricultural think-
ing by the leaders of the oldest organi-
sation of its kind in existence whose
chief function is the staging of the an-
nual Royal Show, world-famous "shop
window" for all aspects of British farm-
The association announce the policy
change in recent years they have recog-
nised the challenge facing British agri-
culture and that they have carried their
policy further by the appointments of a
Technical Director and Secretary to the
Society with a Deputy Secretary and
Administrative Officer as his "number

The utilisation of by-products of main crops is another aspect of the Insti- Kin m for e West Inds, t twoe as f w h
tute'si interest in peanut (or groundnuts) because their Kingdom for the West Indics, British The appointments follow e move
the's activities. There is great interest in peanut (or groundnuts) because their Guiana and British Honduras, has been of the Royal Show's new site to Stone-
oil is the basic material for the manufacture of margarine. Once the oil has been a Charma of the r. h r hr. A s
appointed Chairman of the Board, leigh in Warwickshire. A showground
passed out of them the meal left behind is an important constituent of feeding stuff for Mr. Thomas was Financial Sre- with this scope will give the Society full
animals and poultry. The shell is waste material which due to its bulk and resis- r intent prior to joining the op nity o e ping its tivities
tary of St. Vincent prior to joining the opportunity of developing its activities
tance to decay, is difficult to dispose of, but at the Institute building boards have Company in 1959 as its Secretary He alongthelines of its motto: "practice
been mads by pressing these shells together with various adhesives. In fact peanut will combine the duties of Secretary of with science".
board is quite an attractive looking material, and Mr. Hiscocks told me that he for the Company with those of Director. (B.I.S.)
one would quite like to see a room in his own home lined with it. Mr. Box, umtil he joined the Com-
Again, the fibre from coconuts is known as coir and the Institute is trying to pany in 1957 as its St. Vincent Mana-
find more uses fo this fibre othet than as the well-known coconut m a t ting. ge, was te Genel Manager of Ban Maintain Freedom f the
Among other things, the fibre has been coated with rubber to produce a material na Production of the Cameroons
suitable for the filling of mattresses. Development Corporation. He has Press-
One of the most important contributions the Institute can make to the deve- had over thirty years experience in the
lopment of tropical countries is to help them to grow crops they can either use Banana Industry. read your Herald week
themselves or sell. Many African tribes suffer from protein deficiency which would "_ ........._ '
be avoided if they would grew different crops and if they could be persuaded to crop, in assessing its value and in finding outlets. As Mr. Hiscocks said: "If one
change their feeding habits. has success in only 20 per cent.-of one's efforts in'this sort of ol k they are well
The Institute has-done much for the economic development of tropical coun- rewarded. The future scope of the Institute's work is aim ost unlimited. Our in-
tries. For instance, they advised and encouraged Kenya to grow the white daisy terest in tropical products ranges over the whole of the vegetable and' animal king-
from which pyrethrum is produced. This is now one of Kenya's principal crops. dom, a n d o u r ultimate objective is to improve the economies of the countries
The pyrethrum industry has been helped in a number of ways, both in growing the from which they come."




French Poetry Competition

The gratifying number of ten entries for this rather difficult contest gave the
judges memberss of the Cercle Francais Council) quite a lot of work. Several
of the attempts had defects in common, and virtues in general; two of the defects
were (a) an attemptt to be too exactly "dictionary" literal, and (b) failure to translate
the simple title Tam-Tam by its equivalent, Tom-Tom.
The French original was written in vers libre, and out of the three adjudged
"top" free-verse entries, G.K Richards of St Mary's Academy was slightly ahead
of Francis Gregoire and Naamah Richards of Wesley High School, the two last
named receiving bonourable mention for their translation. The word m o d u 1 e
cause all these three competitors (and others) trouble: few of them thought of trans-
lating it in a tonal sense, but used an exact Euglish replica of this rather forbidding
At the last moment before closing time, however an entry came in from Errol
Joseph of River Street, which is a lovely little poem on its own merit although the
translation took considerable liberties with verse 3.
We have therefore decided to divide the $5.oo prize as follows: $3.00 to
G.K. Richards for the best literal translation, and $2.oo to Errol Joseph for the
best poem. Will the winners please call at the HERALD office at o1 am, for their
It is regretted that two sets of competitors submitted duplicate poems and had
to be disqualified; there were points of resemblance between some of these verses
and Mr. Joseph's attempt, but they fell short. We congratulate all the young con-
testants on their endeavours.

Prizewinner-Best Translation

TOM TOM-By G. K. Richards
Climb into the darkness,
Tom-tom, bewitcher--
Go, go, take to men the notes of life:
Jerky, hard and implacable. '
You burst the forest,
You brave the night and climb
Towards a clear sky, luminous and serene.

Climb in the clear night,
Tom-tom, comforter-
Go, go and bring this precious message to men,
That a sorcerer modulates a spell on your body.
SKnock, knock louder,
O untiring sorcerer!
Let the forest resound, its inhabitants tremble;
Knock and knock again
Until light descends at last
Upon an appeased world.

Prizewinner Best Poem

TOM TOM-By Errol Joseph

Beat, tom-tom beat
Beat your bewitching tattoo,
Waft to men a treat
of your staccato notes anew.
Break, tom-to bear
The stillness of t eight,
Shatter the forests and make
For the sky serene and bright.
Bear, tom-tom break
Clear soothing sounds to all;
Let, through the atmosphere
The wizard's rhythms fall.
Beat louder yet, and stronger--
O wizard who wearies not:
The forest now re-echoes,
Its denizens tremble at their lot.
Beat, baat on, until
Dawn at last is unfurled
Upon a, peaceful world.


Applications are invited for the post of Assistant Lecturer or Lecturer in
English. Applicants should possess special qualifications in English Language.
The duties of the post will include teaching for an Honours degree in English.
Salary scales: Lecturer 1,o5ox50o- r,400x75-41i,850, Assistant Lectu-
rer 8oox5o--,C95o, plus pensionable U. W. I. supplement of 2, o per annum
'd-Da allowance, 150o for first child, Czoo for second child, 50o for each
subsequent child. F. S. S. U. Unfurnished-accomodation at rental of lo% of
pensionable salary. Up to five full passages on appointment, on normal termina-
tion, and on study leave (once every three years).
Detailed applications (six copies), giving particulars of qualifications and
experience, date of birth, and the names of three referees by December 17, 1962,
to the Secretary, Inter-University Council for Higher Education Overseas, 29
Woburn Square, London, W. C. I, from whom further particulars may be ob.

Application are invited for the post of Lecturer in Chemical Engineering.
Applicants should have an interest in Physical Metallurgy. Duties to be assumed
by April I, 1963, or as soon as possible thereafter.
Salary in the scale iosoxso- 1400oox75- 185o plus pensionable U. W.
I. supplement of C25o per annum. Child allowance, 150o for first child, zoo
for second child, /5o for each subsequent child. F. S. S. U. Unfurnished
accommodation at rental of io % of pensionable salary. Up to five full passages on
appointment, on normal termination, and on study leave (once every three years).
Detailed applications (six copies) giving particulars of qualifications and
experience, date of birth, and the names of three r e fe r e e s Inter-University
Council for Higher Education Overseas, 29 Woburn Square, London, W. C. I.
from whom further particulars may be obtained.

Results cf Ci c' Factual Test
Of November 2 Issue

Ist. prize $1.25 won by Doreen Registe (Pichelin Govt. School)-2nd prize
$i. oo won by Tony John Lewis (Mahaut Govt. School)-3rd prize $0.75 won
by Jean Delsol (Grand Bay Govt. School)
Con. 500 Neville Nicholas (Dominica Grammar School)-2. Albert Jones
(Roseau Boys' School)-3. Lauraine Hill (Convent High School).

We Are Reaching: New Customers

Politician Poet
The Chief Minister of Dominica is reported to have said in Barbados that
he was a poet, but few HERALD readers of today have been privileged to read his
verses. The stanzas printed below were dedicated and given to Phyllis Shand All-
frey during the Federal election campaign of 1958. Their author is, of course,
Edward O. LeBlanc.

Why waste your breath on this enchanted isle
To teach your kind what mankind ought to know -
Where harshness reaps a kind and friendly smile
While human love deceit and hatred sow?
Enchanted! Yes! With nature's carpet spread,
With foliage and flowers dyed with dew,
But where the poor must live in fear and dread
Under a rich unsympathetic few.
Can you succeed where others would have failed,
And break the tyrants' rod, the poor to save?
If so, 1 shall proclaim (as I have hailed)
Your message, though it make the tyrants rave.
And when the curtain falls and all is done,
The pathway cleared and all obstructions flung,
We'll see the goal illumined by the sun
And hand in hand will keep the fortress strong.

University Of The West Indies




Co-operation Brings Success To
Hongkogg's Fishermen and Market

By Margaret Digby
Nowhere have co-operative movements been more successful than in the small
island of Hongkong off the mainland of China, and the most striking examples of
this success can be seen among the territory's fishermen and gardeners.
Hongkong teems with a population of more than 3,000,000 nearly all of them
townspeople. There are, however, a large number of fishermen who go deep-sea
fishing in their own boats.
Until the end of the World War 1 these fishermen sold all their catch through
middlemen and were generally exploited. .Socially, economically and educationally
they were a long way behind other sections of the community. After the war the
government appointed a Director of Marketing to control the landing and sales o.
fish, and a non-government body, the Fish Marketing Organisation, was set up.
I through these wholesale fish markets and collecting depots it arranges for the tran-
sport of fish, provides ice and pure water, undertakes the salting and drying of fish,
makes loans to fishermen and has provided schools both for fishermen's children
and the fishermen themselves.
Running Their Own Show
At the same time a rather similar Vegetable Marketing Organisation was.
created to handle produce from market gardeners. From
the beginn ng it was intended that, as soon a possible, the the Fish Mark e ti n g
Organ.sation should be run by fishermen and the Vegetable Marketing Organisa-
tion by gardeners. As neither group had much business experience, this could
only be brought about step by step.
SThe fishermen began with the formation of thrift and loan co-operative socie-
ties.. There ,are now between 40 and 50 of these societies with accumulatedavings
of 23,000, and loans, derived in part from the Fish Marketing Organisation, of
more than 62,o000. One credit society also undertakes fish marketing on behalf
of inshore trawler members, another is concerned with housing and a third manages
a -is lponaid- Thee socieieshave for-me4 three-federations which provide extension
services and hold area meetings for fishermen.
The market gardeners have gone little further. They have set up "z2 vege-
table marketing societies with a membership of more than 7,000 growers. To-
gether with farmers' collecting centres, not yet registered as co-operatives, they handle
more than two-thirds of all locally grown vegetables trarketed through the organisa
ion during the year and r e c e i v e a commission for'their services. They have
encouraged members' thrift by accepting deposits and have recently formed their
own federation which, among other things, helps growers with pest control on their
Housing Too

The success of these experiments in co-operation has led to others. Thirty-
eight pig-keeping societies have been formed and have set up their own federation.
Pi prices have improved and the bulk purchase of pig food has been urganised.
Many housing societies have been formed, mostly by local government emplk-
yees, and have received large government loans. Salaried and other workers in thi
town have b-gun to form their own thrift and loan societies.
Vi.lage societies have been formed under the name of Better Living Socictic,
to improve hygiene, w a t e r supplies, drainage and facilities for recreation. Tnc
projects now in hand include the building of pig stick incinerators, a cattle shed, a
ca:te sbilc, .1 community hall and playgrounds, and the provision of a fresh water
supply to an entire village. (BIS)


The Tree Planting Week Committee appointed by the Hon-
ourable Minister for Social Services has requested that all per-
Sons who hold themselves responsible for derelict vehicles ly-
ing along the New Town Savannah should remove them by No-
Svember 26th 1962 after which date, they will be dumped in
San appropriate place,
Acting Agricultural Superintendent.
Nov. Io, 17, 24 Ref. 357 Ag.

i-- --- ---- I- wWMW^W^^W*^S^^v~ r^>^ V w w..

Methodist Services For November

ROSEAU 9.00 a.m.
7.15 p.m.
LAYOU 11.30 a.m.
7,30 p m.
GRD. BAY 11 30 am.
P/MOUTH 11.00 a.m.
7.15 p.m.
HMP/SIEAD 9.00 a.m,
MARIGOT 11,00 a.m
7.15 p.m.
WESLEY 9 00 a.m.
7.15 p.m.
CLIFTON 11 00 a m.
3.00 p.m.

J. Roberts
Roberts HF
O Theodore
E. Dodds
Hodge HF
G Timothy

Hodge SSA
W. Theodore
A. T/maque
H. Andrew

HE Harvest Festival S - Sacrament of the Lord's Supper
SSA Sunday School Anniversary

17th NOVEMBER, 1962
Keep that date in mind its the date of the

Sponsored by the Dominica Civil Service Association
Admission $1.00 (entitles you to Bingo Card for
Jackpot Game) Time 1.00 pm. Dress: Informal
. ................ . ........ .............*.

Duke Of Kent On State Drive
Through Kampala
"-Crenr,.. "," a,' . ''_,., tii ,-,' .-i " ,J" ;. '"" 4SOi^OSi

.S.. .: .. .. .
After performing the State Opening of Uganda's first Parliament, the Duke
aud Duchess of Kent wave'to the crowds during the 'State Drive through the city.
The Duke represented Her Majesty the 'Queen at the Independence celebration.

Read The






Busta Shorts
Electric Supply


Prime Minister Bustamente has
blasted the Canadian owned Jamaica
Public Service Company for what he
calls an attempt to pressure Government
into raising the electricity rate. He said
he would instruct Trade Minister Robert
Lightbourne to suspend the financial
facilities that government had planned
in order to extend the company's system.
He also told the Jamaican Legislature
that he is still determined to become
Governor-General. He ,said he
wants to fulfill the predictions of his
early youth that he would be.Mayor of
Kingston, Member of the Legislature.
first Chief Minister of a Colonial Jama-
ica, first Prime Minister of an Indepen
dent Jamaica, and Governor-General.

Hints Manley's Party 'Subversive'
Sir Alexander, who is head of the
ruling Jamaica Labour Party, also
attacked the Opposition P. N. P,
declaring: "Lots ofsubversive agitation
is being preached throughout the coun-
try by certain persons connected to the
party which lost the recent elections.
,'This is an act of disloyalty to the
country. It creates disaffection and
hate. I vi w this matter very seriously
and my silence must not be taken as a
----gn of ekllths.
"Let me issue this solemn warning:
I will relentlessly put down any at-
tempt at disorder from whatever source
it may come and whosoever may take
part in it."

counsel" These w o r d s of President
Sennedy are a fitting epitaph for one of
he famous w o m e n of this century,
Eleanor Roosevelt, who d i e d in her
seventy e i g h t h year last Wednesday.
Wife of President Franklin D. Roose-
velt, she was a w r i t e r, lecturer and
United S t a t e s Representative to the
United Nations d u r i n g the Truman
administration, Anaemia complicated
by tuberculosis caused her death after a
short illness.

Roy Thomson Helps Under-
developed Countries
London Nov. 8th (CP):-- Pubhsh-
er Roy Thomson announced today the
formation of a Charitable Trust aimed
at using mass media for education in
underdeveloped countries. The found
ation will provide qualified journalists
and technicians to help countries in
training personnel to develop news-
papers and magazines.
Roy Thomson and the government
backed Jamaica Broadcast ng Corpora-
tion have just formed a syndicate to pro-
vide television services to Jamaica. The
syndicate was awarded the franchise by
Government yester .y to start television
services onAugust 1, 1963.

British Biologist
Shares Nobel Prize

r'.. .
e 'd ,.; j .'... .-' ".'., ..

"umbers Of Stud-N' : 4
ents At U. W. I.

A preliminary analysis of the students -. -.
at the University of the West Indies for
the current session has been prepared. 4
This shows that there are just over I,4, '

students in the six faculties and itn h.
Department of Education. 145 are at
Augustine and 1,264 at Mona. hry
are divided thus:
Arts -382
Natural Sciences -295
Medicine -297
Social Sciences -196*
Agriculture -78
Engineering -67
Non-Degree Courses -94

Including sixteen engineering students
taking the Preliminary Science course so.
ds to qualify for entry into the Faculty
of Engineering.

Eleanor Roosevelt Dead

"One of the great ladies of history
in this country has p a s s e d from the
scene. Her loss will be deeply felt by all
those who admired her tireless idealism
or benefitted from her good works and

e .

Doctor Francis Crick, a molecule
biologist at Britain's Cavendish Labo
r a t o r y, Cambridge, has been jointly
awarded this year's Nobel P r i z e fo
medicine for w o r k on heredity wit
fellow Briton Doctor Maurice. Willrn
and America's DoctorJames Wat on

Maintain Freedom of i


The Lesson Of Cuba


Derek Peyton-Smith

The Cuban crisis has given the world a fright. Many p e o p I e, in theirr
relief that it is over, seem to feel that g r a t i t u d e is due to Mr. Khrushchev for
agreeing to dismantle his Cuban rocket base, so averting further American action.
This is a very understandable reaction -- but a dangerous one for the non-Com-
munist world. In a climate of this kind it would be easy to conclude that the
Soviet leader's "concession" over Cuba should be balanced by some equivalent
fundamental concession by the West elsewhere in Berlin, for instance. And
to make any concession without an adequate quid pro quo would be to misun-
derstand totally the lesson of the crisis. For we must not for g e t that it was
Mr. Khrushchev's own initiative that b r o u g h t the world to the brisk of war in
the first place, and that, in his subsequent moves during the fateful six days, he
was simply r e a c t i n g to his opponent's initiatives in a situation where he was,
militarily, at a tactical disadvantage. There is, so far at 1 e a s t, no reason to as-
sume that he would be equally "Itatesmanlike" and "forebearing" if this sort of
confrontation were repeated on ground where the going' was more in -his fav-
The fundamental fact to bear in mind surely, is that in placing his nuclear
strike force in Cuba, Mr. Khrushchev was making a forward move in the cold
war against the West. His claim that it was placed there for "defensive" pur-
poses, to ward off a threatened invasion fom the United State;, fails to stand up
to critical analysis. Ture, the Americans dislike the Castro regime. They have
good grounds to do so, for that Government has never troubled to c o n c e a its
almost pathological hatred of the United States. But President Kennedy con-
sistently made it made it clear, during the weeks preceding the c r i s i s, that the
politics of the Cuban Government were uot in themselves going to be regarded'
as a casus belli by the Unted States. And there can be little doubt that the
Soviet Government took due note of this American attitude. Can anyone be.
lieve that, if it had thought that an American invasion of Cuba was 1 i k e I y, it
wstjd have plced Russian rockets is in a place where they would
be over-run by American troops? It was only after the Americans had discoveaed
the rocket sites that a U. S. invasion was really on the cards.
But in any case, how would weapons of this kind be used "defensivdy"I
,Uncamourflaged and vulnerable as they were, they w o u 1 d have been the firt
target for destruction by any surprise invader. The Cuban missiles would have
Shad to have been used in pursuance of a "first strike" strategy, or not used at all.
And, in fact, it is impossible to believe that the Soviet officers in charge would
have treated them as other than an integral part of the Soviet strike force: tha
it ovLld have been Cuban, as distinct from Soviet strategic needs, that would
have dictated their use.
It seems clear, then that in calling these weapons "defensive" Mr. Khru.
shchev was playing with words. Ballistic missiles are the most patently "offen-
si% e" weapons in the armoury of mankind. And the Russians p lace d such
cJa pons in Cnba for the definite purpose of tipping the balance of n u c ea r
po..ci in their own favour, and that they hoped, by acting quickly and without
publicity, to steal a march on the United States. The advantage to be gained
w ,a considerable. For the first time the Soviet Union would have been able
to threaten the United States itself with short and medium range missiles, thus
almost doubling its "nuclear strike capacity" against its principal enemy by the
end of the year. It would also have exposed the Americans to m i s s i I e attack
tiom a completely new direction, outflanking their existing warning system, and
reducing the length of warning which could, in any case, be provided. One
may surmise that Mr. Khrushchev would have used this advantage for all it was
worth in the battle of wills over Berlin.
Faced with this forward Russian move, the Americans felt that they had no
option but to react strongly. Quite apar: fajm the new nuclear threat, they felt
that their nerve and resolution were under test. If they had done nothing when
at touched in so sensitive a spot, Mr. Khrushchev might have d r a w n dangerous
- conclusions about their readiness to defend West Berlin. The Monroe Doctrine
ly may have no significance in international law, but it has a political significance
r and the flouting of it in so provocative a way could have had profound political
h consequences.
Faced by the fact of the American blockade and obvious readiness to
take matters further Mr. Khrushchev decided to wind up the whole adven-
e ture. He did not come to this decision for the reason that he claims he did
because the rockets were no longer needed to defend Cuba in view of the asur-
rnces given by President Kennedy. This argument stems from the earlier one"

read your Herald weekly




Continued on page 10


VIA T J U0 7' 1 T I 1
Yrarly Town: $5.00. Country $6.00
Overseas: $7.50. Single Copies: 10t
S Advertisements at Reasonable Rates.
Putl: the at the HERALD PRINTERY, 31 New Street, Roseau, Dominica, W.I
1ll subscriptions and other payments must be made at the above
address to J. MAROARTSON CHARLES,-Manager-Py opriefor


N O'VEMBER is the month when we celebrate the greai and
S humble dead: the saints, the souls of the departed, the pat-
riots who died for their countries and for a cause.
In Dominica it is the month of candles like blazing daffo'
dils at sunset; of special prayers and loving memories. By such
symbols we declare that we are not just animals, but spiritual
beings. We keep all these things in our hearts and reject the
trite saying 'here today and gone tomorrow'. We remember.
Otherwise how can we ever through word and thought perpet-
uate the eternal
There are.many ways of commemorating the glorious dead.
One, f them took place last Sunday whenthe brave and valiant
who were slain in two world wars received civic honours. On
Remembrance Day, in all p a rt s of the Commonwealth
some of those who bore arms and survived, or t h o s e who lost
relatives and friends, foregather officially. The: young in their
scuis L -^ -ze-iIrap-apprlisai- of never-
experienced devastations. Others who have suffered steal aiway
to be writh someone who shared the dreadful w h i n e of falling
bombs, the shatter of glass and the spatter of human blood. It
is good that heroism should not be forgotten.
The'first world war (it is said) was an army.and navy war:
the second was mainly an air force and civilian war: the third-
and we trust there will never be a third may annihilate us or
turn us into monsters.
Meanwhile in Westminister Abbey, as if symbolic of the
democracy of death, a little nameless soldier lies a few feet away
from a departed King of England, surrounded by monuments to
illustrious and royal persons. And in Dominica, as if to illus-
trate the internationalism of courage, a gentle young lady lays a
a wreath before the memorial to our allies the French who died
for freedom.


This Sunday the decapitated Domi:nica Labour Party is
holding its annual conference or convention at Castle Bruce.
Patty conventions are a good excuse for happy excursions, and few
settings could be finer than the s-lty wind-s wet seacoast of Cas-
tle Bruce, now approachable by road, scene of many controversial
meetings in the past.
On this occasion the Founder of the Party (because of a
contrived expulsion) will be absent. Nobody can rise and say
that she is with the assembly in spirit. The true absentee at the
conference will indeed be a spirit: for political parties are made
alive by creative vision and idealism. When such a spirit is sup-
pressed, ill-treated or coerced, a political Party dwindles in value
and becomes something entirely different.
Our estimate is that at this convention efforts will be made
to change the very nature and structure of the Labour Party.

There will be need to fill a definite void with other ideas and
methods. The Party will never be the same, and the people of
Dominica are beginning to realise it, just as the people of Roseau
have shown their awareness.
It is not generally known that on Thursday September 20,
just before her expulsion, the then President complained to the
Executive that the Dominica Labour Party was falling down on
basic principles as well as organisation: in particular over their
attitude to human rights. The last words of her circulated paper
"Labour supporters should be told what is their Party's atti-
tude to Federation and to the White Paper, all over the country.
A far wider need, however, is this: no socialist party has ever
survived which has gone away from the brotherhood of man and
equality of the races and sexes. All successful Labour Parties
have been based on a crusade, on sharing, and on fraternal kind-
The real absentee at this convention, which cannot truly be
called a national one because the Party branches are so few and
ill-organised, is the spirit of that early crusade founded on fraternal
kindness towards all mankind. If that is missing, what is left
save opportunism.


Correspondents are asked to submit their full names,and addresses as a gr-
antee of good faith, but not necessarily for publication., Letters should be as short
as possible. Controversial political letters will not be published anonymously.
Views expressed in People's Post do not necessarily reflect the policy of the Editor
or the Proprietor.

The Unexpected
Of Labour

To the Editor,
Dominica Herald.
Dear Mrs. Editor,
The fact that your recent misfortune
with rebuttal coming from your own
Labour Party caused much surprise and
dissatisfaction in the land, must he some
consolation to you. It is a sure sign that
their treatment of you was undeserving.
To us all who heard it, it'came like a
blow, and the same obviously, was felt
abroad s i n c e you were also the first
Federal Minister of Labour, and to all
appearances, a popular one.
Yes, no one would countenance the
clay vessel finding fault and even des-
pising the potter who fashioned it. Such
is life.
The reason they gave as your having
spoken against taxation of certain exports
is too flimsy a cause to have g i v e n
offence, any unbiased mind would think
Besides, what harm can be in the pet
word "foolishness". As we see it, the
mere mention of tax removal was just to
benefit banana growers, and the people
in general. And even your apologising;
why was it disregarded? It is indeed, a
pity that personal feelings are allowed to
cree p into politics. One's education
must be found not only in the head but
in the h e a r t; there must be reserves.
However, the Labour executives seem
to have cut their nose to spite their face;
and which is reason that they should
guard against becoming unpopular.
Of course, the ordinary members con-

Britain's first-Wo-
man Envoy ap-
Britain has appointed her first wo-
man ambassador. She is Miss Barbara
Salt, 58, whose appointment as British
Ambassador to Israel in succession to
Mr. P. F. Hancock has been approved
by the Queen.
Mr. Hancock becomes Ambassador to
Norway on the retirement of Sir John
Walker from the Foreign Service.
At present, Miss Salt is on leave from
her last post as U.K. Representative on
the Economic and Social Council of
United Nations, to which she was ap-
pointed in 1961 and in which she rank.
ed as a Minister. She had previously
been Deputy Head of the U.K. Dis-
armament Delegation at Geneva from
March, 1960. (BIS)

Novelist's Sight
London Nov. 9 (CP):-- Surgeons
saved the remaining sight of the left
eye of novelist-scientist Sir Charles
Snow last, week said his wife, novelist
Pamela Hansford Johnson, today.

sider the loss of you as a betrayal. Yet
you must not stop doing good. Take
fresh courage, please.
14. 11. 62.


-- -- ---' '-



Dawbiney Club A Pressure Group

Says Mr., B. Roberts

"A pressure group is any collection of people with similar aims or aspirations
exerting a degree of influence or control over the ways or actions of any country in
the world," said Mr. B. Roberts, leader of a discussion on Pressure Groups, at a
meeting of the Dawbiney Literary Society on Thursday Novemb.r 7.
Taking the affluent elements in the U. S. society as his example he went on
to show how capitalists can greatly influence the thinking and. decisions of a
The most powerful pressure group he continued, advocates the doctrine of
the brotherhood of man, is a system of beliefunited in the bond of truth and justice,
and a doctrine which has transformed and reformed many nations; all times, it is
Christianity. -
Localising the topic, the speaker showed how the Dawbiney Club is a pres-
sure group and recalled to mind the topics "Man and the Supernatural" and' the
"W. I. Middle Class" which provoked widespread public discussion.
A lengthy discussion followed Mr. Robert's opening remarks. Among the
amusing points generally agreed on was a statement that wives are a pressure group,
in that they have influenced man's actions since the time of Adam and Eve in the
Garden of Eden.
The chairman Miss Severin announced that for the next meeting the club
will discuss "Cuba and the Caribbean."
----~-I ----------I I-


(a) "Discipline in the Civil Service"
.(b) "Efficiency wanted"
A more intellectual society has resulted since the General Elections of '1961r
We, cannot gainsay the fact that there is greater political awareness, and a higher
sense of values among the peoples of this territory. Some people believe in taking
advantage of the fact that owing to the complacency and unconcerned attitude of
our people anything will do. .
Here is where they make a fatal mistake; According to the accusation levelled
against the Civil Servants, and various top officials of Government by Ministers
in their platform speeches, it stands to reason that all is not well in the general
"anatomy" and. "lpysiology" of the structure of the service. .That Ministers com-
pliin that there is little or no co-operation given by various top officials indicates
that there is lack of discipline in the service. Before I proceed to discuss in details
the implications involve I wish to infer emphatically on behalf of the people of this
country that we will'not be sympathetic in any way, and we will reject the regular
excuse that some officials do not co-operate when the time comes.
Whoever is responsible for'disciplining Civil Servants and fails in that
respect should not be tolerated any longer in the territory. It is a known fact that
His Hon. the Administrator is responsible for Civil Servants and is supposed to
be the disciplinary force of action, but I am afraid that his social nicetudes. create
an impediment in respect of his official duties as Her Majesty's representative in this
British and local tax payers' money should be protected in all departments,
and that the country's backwardness is not only due primarily to irregularities of
expenditure, but to a great extent to maladministration. Whether there are those
who may want to agree with me or not, Pat Stevens is least concerned, but above
all my national interest comes first. 1 am prepared to take my life in my hand at
the mercy of frankness. My integrity in this particular field authorises me to quote.
"1 may not and will not recant; to act against conscience is unholy and, unsafe"
to go further I quote, "I will not allow my reticence and want of frankness to
prove me a fatal impediment." The diversion of funds by the Director of Works
without consulting the Minister responsible desires much to be accomplished.
The inconsistency of promotion in various departments especially the Police
Department is absolutely shocking, and disgraceful. The greatest menace to so-
ciety is to have a dissatisfied Police Force.
The department responsible for maintaining law and order of a country
should be properly taken care of. The question of qualifications does not seem
.to work here in Dominica, and if such is the case Government should save tax.-
payers' money by withholding courses and training abroad with a view to qualify.
I hereby call on Cabinet to accept my genuine recommendations with a vic.v
to'improve conditions, and to prevent you Hon. gendemen from having to be
embarrassed in speech in public places.
You owe a responsibility to the:people of this country and are possessed with
a mandate from,the people to act in the wisdom of judgement and to counsel -for
the benefit of the entire community. I will proceed (a) that no employee of
Government especially in the capacity for ensuring the decency and morals of the
community should be, connected in any way to a Liquor Licence shop.

(b) To ensure proper functioning of an establishment, a commission should
be appointed to inquire into the qualifications of applicants seeking employment in
the service.
(c) That a similar committee should be appointed to enquire when neces-
sary into the cases of dissatisfaction in the service
(d) Such committees should be voluntary organizations.
(f) That Government should make it its duty to ensure respect to heads of
department, therefore such heads should be fully qualified, and persons of integrity
in its full connotation.
(g) Last but not least perhaps most important of all, a commission of
inquiry should be set up to investigate into the entire running pf all departments.
I call on Government to have released the Secretary of State's report on the
Civil Service Association's attitude on the question of the inemoranduni for the
"Little Eight." Government should not fail to wash its hands, when the time
comes. You-mutt remember that the C. S. A meant to discredit the Ministerial
system. The public would be happy to see the Chief Minister make good use
of his Public Relations Division in this respect.
Note: Contributed articles do not necessarily reflect the views of the Editor or

Agricultural Soc-
iety To Be Revived
A steering Committee of about. 30
key farmers fr o m Northern, Eastern,
Western and Southern Agricultural
Districts of Dominica has been ap-
pointed to meet on NMonday November
19th 1962 at Fort' Young at o10. a.m.
to consider the formation of an Island
Wide Agricultural Society, to draft plans
and activities for the functioning of the.
Society, and to elect Council for ad-
ministration of such an orgenisation.

Yard-Boy Qets

- u RMU aN-

For unlawful possession, Heskirh
Sabroach a yard boy ofReseau, was this
week sent to jail for 12 months hard
labour. Sabroach was found guilty of
possessing an electric iron the property
of his former employer Mary Harris, a
housewife of Morne Bruce.

Wayward Jeep
Manslaughter Case
The case of the manslaughter of Paul
Calm against Clyde Davis a jeep -driv-
er of Calibishie was this week dismissed
in the High Court before Mr. Justice St.
Bernard. Like a wayward mule, the
jeep bucked its way up a hill and on
almost reaching the brow, stalled, refus-
ing to go further. In an effort to assist

Carpenter Jailed
For Wounding
Willix Defoe a carpenter of Fond
St. Jean whd pleaded not guilty to a
charge of wounding before Mr. Justice
St. Bernard in the High Court was
found guilty by a nine-man jury of
unlawfully wounding with intent. It
was'allIed that Corriette was sprink-
ling what was mentioned as 'Obeah'
on the road before the accused Defoe.
Defoe asked him what he was doing -
and he replied "ah 'wint to kill you
so an so." Sometime after while Cor-
riette was in his kitchen looking, the
accused rushed in with a cutlass, and
*i' hP Wm hout,. totaste his me n u.

blood was already streaming down his
head into the pot. Corriette dropped
the spoon, held onto the accused and
shouted "Murder! Murder! Murder!"
Several persons then came to his rescue.
They met Corriette still holding on to
him, praying for his-lif According
to the evidence Defoe intended to make
a clean job of him first, with his cutlass
before Corriette could with his so-called
obeab. However the judge in passing
the sentence told him that he could have
been brought in on a different charge,
and that he was a very lucky man.
Defoe was sentenced to 18 months hard
labour. Mr. Clifton Dupigny prose-
cuted for the Crown.
Davis, Calm jumped off from behind:
Suddenly the jeep rolled back and one
of the wheels crushed the unfort-
unate man. He died shortly after at
the Roseau Hospital.

Trinidad Delegate Criticises Britain
At U. N

We publish below an abbreviated versions of a speech made by the Dele-,
gate of Trinidad and Tobago, ii. Denis Solomon, to the Fourth Committee of
the United Nations General Assem ly oil ihe Question of Southern Rhodesia. Both
young Denis Solomon and his bride (a Jamaican) were diplomatic trainees wlo
served in the Federal Government of ihe West Indies. Denis is the son of Dr.
Patrick Solomon, Minister of Home Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister of Trinidad
and Tobago.
Mr. Chairman -
So much has been said already on this question of Southern Rhodesia that
my delegation would not have intervened in the debate were it not for the serious-
ness of the problem and the fact that as a new:mnember nation which has just
become independent of colonial rule, we feel we must make our position clear on
issues concerning colonialism.
(Continui'd on page 12) .





Recovery Of Cocoa

World cocoa prices have made a
"surprisingly swift recovery" from their
recent sharp drop and have remained
very firm again over the last week or so,
says the "Financial Times" (London).
On a long-term basis, though, prices
are still very low and if the West Afri-
can crop does prove to be very large,
they are likely to continue at the same
This is the view held by the majority
of the trade but there is also a growing
belief that the West African crop may
be smaller than expected. Estimates
for the Ghana crop, for instance, are
now. ranging from 400,ooo tons to
430,000 tons instead of the 460,000 or
500,000 tons previously forecast.
There are two factors helping to
keep the market in a cautious frame of
mind. One is the latest, very much
reduced estimates of the Brazilian crop
due to prolonged drought. The other
is the rate of selling of both the Niger-
ian and Ghanaian marketing boards.
"Both crops are still well sold for the
present stage of the season, encouraging
optimism about the disposal of the bulk
of the crop, as it appears on the market"
the paper states. (BIS)

British Scientists
Develop Delayed
Fruit Ripening

British scientists have found that a
simple chemical can be used to pre-
serve fresh fruit.
Experiments at the Cambridge Low
Temperature Research Laboratory have
shown that when green a p p 1 e s and
_tomatoes are exposed for 16 to 22 hours
to air containing half to three-quarters
of one-per cent of ethylene oxide gas,
ripening does not take place for at least
sevendays. Care has to betaken that
the fruit has not already started to ripen
because the gas is then ineffective.
If the experiments are successful fru it
ships may no longer need complicated
air-conditioning plant.
One of the research team, Dr, L. W.
Mapson, told'the B. I. S. science cor-
respondent, however, that the gas was
not successful with bananas. He be-
lieved that the e x i s t i n g treatment to
which imported bananas were subjected
was the reason for this. Dr. Mapson
said he hoped ethylene oxide would be
effective with fr u i t straight from the
trees, (BIS).

Child's Satellite P
A toy balloon released in Sheffield
England landed in a rice paddy help
in,central Japan a week later,

Used throughout the West Indies y

British Firan in- Radar For Weather Surprise, Surprisel
vents Forecasting
Forecasti3g A London sneak thief must h a ve
POWer M Br Radarequipment which can deter- had shock when he o p eneda brown
Pow r M o minethespeed and direction of the paper bag stolen from Mr. D. Foxwell
or mine the speed and direction of the of Leicester while the latter was in a
wind at heights ut to oo00ooo000 feet is .

A British company has introduced a
new mist blower and duster,. for con-
rolling pests and diseases in crops, which
is carried on the back like a knapsack.
The machine (called the CP4o) uses
a centrifugal fan to disperse the chemi-
cal in a powerful conical spray.
Power is provided by a 34cc engine
coupled directly to the fan and control
is by a hand throttle. The impeller is
made of a combination of aluminium
and steel. (BIS)

to be supplied for' weather forecasting
in Britain and the Mediterranean under
an Air Ministry contract announced
The contract is for twelve Cossor
CR 353 windfinding radar sets made
by Cossor Radar and Electronics Li-
mited. They will double the range
of wind finding equipment at present
used by the Air Ministry at meteorolo-
gical stations in Britain, Malta, Gibral-
tar and Tobruk. The information
obtained will be especially important for
jet aircraft flying, which is bein carried

restaurant having tea. inside the bag
was a glass box, inside the box was
"Mygalomorpha" a poisonous spider as
b i g as a man's hand. Foxwell was
taking it to, thc London Zoo when it
was stolen. (C.P.)

out at ever increasing altitudes.
In designing the equipment the firm
have paid close attention to the reqnire-
ments and recommendations of meteo-
rological authorities throughout the





Fewer Barriers Against Schooling For

By Mrs. Richard Greenough

Although thucc has been a spectacular rise in the number of girls receiving
elementary education all round the world, schooling for girls is still a serious pro-
blem in many countries.
rhis is a general conclusion reached in survey carried out by UNESCO for the
UN Commission on the Status of Women, regarding the opportunities for girls in
elementary education in 32 countries and territories. The Commission has adopted
a resolution urging the UN Economics and Social Council to recommend to all
UN-members State equal educational rights and facilities for boys and girls alike.
As the survey covered some 400 million children of elementary school age,
the information supplied to UNESCO, chiefly in the form of answers to a ques-
tionnaire addressed to members and associate member States, gives a fairly clear idea
of the present position of girls in elementary education and recent developments and
significant trends in this field.
THE REPORT ON the results of the survey of states that, since girls generally
constitute about 49 to 50 percent of the population aged s to 14, it may be con-

~as\ 4wur .r.lm.rla-..............-..-.....-- -=i.~r- u-

Don't let the heat get you down! When thd
iight is close and sultry, drift away to dream-
land cooled and relaxed by Limacol. Dur-
ing the day, when you're hot and jaded, Lima-
ol will refresh and revive you. Yes, night
and day keep cool with Limacol, plain or
mentholated (it's extra cooling).


... -.

sidered thatelementry school enrolment of girls, in relation to that of boys, is satisfac-
tory if they make up 46 percent or more of the total number of children enrolled.
On this basis, the survey shows that in 50 countries and territories the situa-
tion is "satisfactory," in rI others, girls constituted between 40 and 45 percent of
the enrollment, in 12, between 30 and 39 percent; in six between 20 and 29 per-
cent. In one country the percentage was down to between o1 and 19 percent and
in one other it was below io percent.
Top of the list, ahead of countries such as the United States, the United
Kingdom, France, Norway, Czechoslovakia and Chile, all with 49 percent' is
Basutoland with 63 percent though this mainly because the boys have to work on
The report notes that there is a "definite trend" nowadays towards an increase
in the number of girl pupils and, in the majority of countries for which compara-
tive data was available, this trend has been evidence for the past ten or twenry-
Analysing the situation in many countries where the elementary schooling of
girls is still a serious problem, the UNESCO survey found that a large number
of girls never finish school.
"Among the countries which replied to the enquiry," the report states, "this
obtains mainly in the developing countries, particularly Asia, Africa, and the Arab
States, which deplore the fact that the number of girls attending e 1 e m e n t a r y
school- small in any case- is often seriously r e d u c e d by the dropping
out of large a number of pupils."
This dropping out mentioned with varying degrees of importance by half of
the countries that replied to the questionnaire, cynstituted one of the most serious
problems in elementary education.
According to the Report the reasons a;e usually economic (the cost of studies,
need for 'child lab:.ut at home or in the fields) or related to the way in which the
education service, are o:ganised shortagee ;nd remotenrss of schools, lack of teachers
and School equipment). The factors most Lften mentioned are the need to work in
She home, prejudice against school education for girls in particular, traditions confiin-
ing wcmen to the home and housework, superstition, and over-early marriage.
(Continued on page 10)'

Another Attempt
The third fullscale :rim i this )a.r to establish the existence of the Loch
Ness Monster began with powerful underwater searchlights and cameras. David
Jeames Conservative M.P. hopes the: beams will.attract the monster to the surface
where it can be photographed. (C.P.)

New Water Speed Record Attempt.


S"" .ry

Norman Buckley is secn at the control of Miss Windermere IV, 'with which
he hopes to sei up a uew water speed record of one hour for unlimited class in-
board engine boats shortly, on Lake Windermere, England,
-he boat is powered by a 3 8 litre Jaguar engine.

I- -----..~~~~~iCCnll~






The Lesson Of Cuba


Derek Payton-Smith

(Continued from page 5)
that their nature was purely defensive, and deserves no more credence. He with-
drew because the alternative before him was to stand by' and watch the Americans
destroy the missiles, or to unleash the nuclear holocaust. Russia had nothing at
stake in the Caribbean that was worth fighting a nuclear war foi, and Mr. Khru-
shchev sensibly drew back. We must be glad that he did so, but we should
beware of giving him undue moral credit for what he did. It was he who stirred
up the hornets' nest in the first place: his withdrawal was the action of a, political
realist abandoning- an untenable position, not that of a moral idealist making a
sacrifice in the cause of peace.
And what are we to conclude from this whole episode., Surely it is that
the menace of nuclear war cannot be conjured away by invoking moral principles
to justify concessions yielded without an adequate quid pro quo. Firmness in
public life as in private, is the springboard to constructive negotiation. The
American firmness over Cuba may well have shown the Communists that a solu
tion based on genuine give-and-take is the only way out of the present dreadful
The crisis has certainly given both sides a fresh awareness of the dangers of
:the present situation. President Kennedy's frank apology for the intrusion of a
Uz aircraft into Soviet air-space and his invitation to the Soviet leader to join the
SWestin a renewed effort to achieve disarmament shows that he is tully aware of
die.need to make the most of the pyschological c Ii m a t e created at such risk.
Mr. Krshchev's own communications have revealed a sober and constructive mood.
.As Prime Minister Macmillai said in a letter to the Soviet leader: "'This. is an
opportunity the world must seize,"
We can only say amen to that. (BIS)

Fewer Barriers Against Schooling For

By Mrs. Richard Greenough
(Continued from page 9)

For EXAMPLE, the reply from Togo mentions a prejudice according to which
education corrupts women and makes them permanent rebels against maternal a'nd
parental authority. India notes that marriage is regarded as the culmination of a
girl's existence and that education is sometimes seen as an obstacle to marria;:..
Since in some areas, the role of women in public life is not yet accepted, pa:d
work by women cannot be sanctioned and consequently cannot justify their edu;-I-
tion or arouse the desire for it. Resistence to girls' education, notes Nigeria
(Northern Region) is not only due to the parents: it also exists in the minds of
the girls themselves, who do not see the value of education.
Quite a number of countries, according to t'e repol, 1 ave taken steps to
correct the imbalance between the enrolment of boys and irls in elementary schools.
These efforts have been made on a psychological level, c 'mbating prejudice, a id
trying to make the parents understand the purpose and value of education.
Many measures have also been taken to improve the administration of eduo..-
tion, better distribution of schools, transport of pup Is; training ol a larger number
of school mistresses; creation of girls schools when the opposition to co-education
is so strong that no positive results can be achieved by a direct attack, and by bet-
ter adaptation of curricula to local needs
.Economic prosperity and the improvement in the standard oC living achi ed
in many countries have made elementary education more accessible to girls, the
survey finds. It has been seen how much the decision as to whether or not girls
shall be-sent to school depends on how much the family has to live on. As a
result of these economic changes, which are closely linked with social changes,
women are called on more and more either to take up new professions, or to take
posts which formerly were held only by men.
"Parents, who are becoming increasingly conscious of their duties to their
daughters," notes the reply from Morocco, "send them to school to give them an
opportunity of learning a skill or receiving instruction which will e able them to
find a position in the future, realizing that women nowadays are able to play an
important role in society." Or again from the Philippines, "even professions such
as engineering, agriculture, law and medicine, which hitherto were pursued only
by men are now open to women as well. Social prejudice against women parti-

No Bags For Nuts

The Ministry of Trade and Produc-
tion whies to express r e c p e t that the
shipment of coconuts and ground provi-
sions which was scheduled for the i5th
of this month, has had to be cancclled,
owing to the fact that the right size of
bags in which the shipment m u s t be
made, could not be obtained on time
from Trinidad.
The Ministry further states that another

Ecumenical Council
VATICAN, Nov. 12, CP: The se-
cond session of the Ecumenical Coun-
cil will start on May 12 and June 29
it was 'announced today. The first
session will end on December 8.
opportunity for making a similar ship-
ment will be given during December,
and plans are in the making for taking
e v e r y advantage of that opportunity.

The "Variety" Store



Dressing Table Mirrors, Chairs, Sewers,
Complete with Fittings; Soil Pipes, Clay
SPipes, Spades & Shovels, Forks; Face Basins, I
i Porcelain Kitchen Sinks;' Floor Tiles and I
SCement. Scales and Weights,. et.. I

.S '

17, t you like-

whenl you like

Eat without fear of indigestion,
gas, distention or heartburn. JifSt
Schew two pleasant-tast-
ing Quikeze Tablets
After every meal.

ulken fike
Envelopes of 2 .
foil-wrapped DIGESTIVE
Tablets. Economy
Bottles of 30 a"b d TABLETS
120 Tablets. ABL

cipating in politics or going out of the home, to seek employment: ini government
or private firms no longer exists,"
The UNESCO survey shows that great progress has been made in many
countries to provide elementary education for girls. It should not be forgotten,
however, that there are still more than 1,ooo,ooo,ooo illiterates among the world's
population and that the majority ofthem are women. This gtves some measure
of the task to be achieved.
(From Women On The March.)



University Of The West Indies
Admission Of Undergraduates In October 1963.
1. Applications are invited for admission to the University
of the West Indies in October 1963.
2. Courses for degrees of this University (all degrees may
be awarded with Honours) are available as follows:-
FACULTY OF ARTS: (a) B. A. (General Honours) Degree
Subjects; English, Latin, French,
Econ omics or Government or
Sociology, History, Greek, Spanish.
(b) B. A (Special Honours) Degree Sub-
jects: English, Classics, French, His-
tory, Latin, Mathematics, Spanish,
Modern Languages.
FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES: (a) B. Sc. (Economics) Degree
FACULTY OF NATURAL SCIENCES: (a) B. Sc. (General) Degree.
Subjects: Chemistry, Botany, Mathe-
matics, Physics, Zoology Geology.
(b) B. Sc. (Special) Degree Subjects:
Biochemistry, Botany, Mathematics,
FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE: B.Sc. (Agriculture) General Honours.
FACULTY OF ENGINEERING B. Sc. (Engineering) Honours: in th,
Branches, Civil Engineering, Mec-
hanical Engineering, Electrical Eugi-
neering, and Chemical Engineering.
3, All applications for scholarships and-or enuy as paying
students to the Faculties of Agriculture and Engineering should
be sent to the Secretary, University of the West Indies, St.
Augustine, Trinidad, Applications for scholarship and-or entry
as paying students of all other faculties should be, sent to the
Registrar, Unversity of ne W nt
4. Applicants must state thl faculty for 'which- they are
seeking entry when requesting application forms from the Regis-
try at Mona or St. Augustine, or from the Resident Tutors in
the various territories.
5. A number of Open Scholarships, Government Exhibi-
tions, Bursaries and other awards will be offered in 1963 as a
result of the University Scholarship examination wh:ch will be
held in each territory from February 25 to March 1, 1963. The
entry fee to the Scholarship examination is 1. 0. 0. 'his fee
will not be refunded in cases of withdrawals.
6. Candidates may qualify under the normal Matriculation
(Minimum Entrance) Requirements for Admission to iugree
Courses with:
(a) Passes infive subjects at the G. C. E. of wh-ch at
least two must be passed at Advanced level; or
(b) Passes in four subjects at the G. C E. of which at
least three must be passed at advanced lcvel
Normally a credit at a Cambridge or other approved School
Certificate Examination is equivalent to an Orjiwary luvul Pass;
a pass at Principal Standard in a Higher School Ccrtificate Ex-
amination is equivalent to a pass at Advanced level.
7. (a) Candidates with five passes at Credit Standard
or five Ordinary level subjects G. C. E., including iEglish Lan-
guage, Mathematics, and a foreign language may be considered
for entry to the Pre-Medical (1st M. B.) course in the Faculty of
Medicine, or the Preliminary Course in Science for the Faculties
of Natural Sciences, Agriculture or Engineering
(b) Candidates who hold a Cambridge or other
approved School Certificate with five credits and only a pass in
Elementary Mathematics or German or French or Spanish may
also be considered for admission to these .courses.
8. Candidates wvho are holders of Certificates or Diplomas
from Agricultural Teacher Training, Commercial and Technical
institutions of higher education recognized by the Senate for this
purpose, who present evidence of a satisfactory standard of
achievement and who satisfy such other requirements as may be
prescribed for the particular Faculty in relation to, the courses

which were taken at the particular institution may be considered
as satisfying the normal minimum entrance requirements. (Such
candidates will at present be considered individually).
9. Candidates for courses in the Faculty of Arts should
have included among their qualifications:
(1) passes in either two languages other than English at
Ordinary or Advanced level at least one of which must be a
classical language; or tngiish Language at Ordinary level or
English Literature at Advanced level; and in one foreign language
at Ordinary or Advanced level.
10. For the degree courses in the Faculties of Arts, Natu-
ral Sciences, Agriculture and Engineering there are certain sub,
ject requirements which must be included in the qualifications.
IDetails may, be obtained on application.
11. Application forms and brochures containing further
information about courses, scholarships and requirements, may
be obtained from the Registry, UWI, Mona, Jamaica, or the
Registry, Faculty of Agriculture, I rinidad, or from the Resident
Tutor, Extra-Mural Studies and the Education Officers in other
12. The closing date for applications is January 7, 1963.
13. Please note that in the Scholarship examination to be
held from February 18 to 22. 1963 edch candidate will be
required to write a General Paper and any two of the following;.
subjects irrespective of the Faculty for which he is applying
Biology English Economic History Latin
Botany French Mathematics (App.)
British Constitution Geography Mathematics IPure)
Chemistry Geology Mathematics (P.&A.)
Economics Greek Physics
English History Spanish
Candidates silting the Scholarship examination are required to note
1. Biology is not taken with Botany or Zoology
2k Pure and Applied Mathematics is not taken with
Pure -Mfathemalics Ur Apped MTialumtic,----------
i, 3. British Constitution and English Economic History cannot be
taken with History. .
Nov. 10. 17.-Dec. 8
r -

There'll ue no germs anywhere when you use I
O-Pine, the strongest, safest, all-purpose disil
you can buy. Smell-O-Pine will
your home free from germs, and
DIsiFEcGT fragrant.

STwice as strong-lasts twice as IN







Children's (Factual Test) Corner
Dear Boys and Girls, Soon you will be seeing Christmas cards with
pictures of reindeer hauling Santa's sleigh, also soon too you will be singing the
Christmas song "Rudolph the Red-nosed Reindeer." So let's talk today about
the'reindeer. In the tropics we have the cow to give us milk and meat but within
the Arctic Circle where the ground is covered with snow "nearly the whole year
and where the Lapps live, the reindeer is their cow.
They supply the Lapps with milk, meat and drive their p u 1 k a or sleigh.
This pulka is like a boat about six feet long, two feet wide and only a foot high.
It skims over the snow.
The female deer will give only about a teacup of milk but this milk is four
times richer than cow's milk. The Lapps freeze it and drop it into coffee in lumps
like sugar.
The reindeer keep moving to find foodand the Lapps follow them. The
deer dig into the snow to find the lichen or reindeer moss which grows ankle deep
during the summer. Besides the moss they will also eat wild mushrooms or wil-
low leaves.
Reindeer do not feel the cold as their coats are water-proof. They are good1
swimmers. The horns are branched and are called antlers. They are found in
the stretches of country across the top of the world Canada, Alaska, Greenland,
Scandinavia and Siberia.
The skin is used as clothing. The hairs are hollow and filled with air, hence
any garment made with reindeer skin is buoyant. The hair is also used for mat-
tresses, and tails for shaving brushes. Parkas, mittens and trousers are made from
the skin, the sinews are used as thread to sew ca noes, knife handles are made from
the antlers, a non-skid leather for shoe-soles for walking on the ice is also made
from the skin.
SThe male is called a buck, the female a doe, and we speak ofa cluster of rein-
deer. The young deer is called a fawn. In Norway, Sweden, Finland and
Russia, reindeer are raised on farms. In Russia they are used for food and trans-
port of goods, They carry mails, pull buses and haul machine guns. Lapland-
ers run trains ofreindeer-sleds, nine or more animals in single file each tied tq the
one a head.
You will see'rom this that nature has provided the people who live in that
cold bleak land with an animal suited to the climate and which gives them all,
their needs,
Cherio till next week. Love fiom Auntie Fran.

nis weeK s questions are as roows;-
I. (a) A Parka is a (b) A Pulka is a
2. Name two countries in

(a) America (b) Europe where the reindeer is found.
3. Give the names of
(a) Male----- (b)Female------- (c)Young-----
Last week's answers were as follows:-
i) Dr. Jenner was an Englishman in Nationality;
2) He was the man who discovered vaccination.
3) Small-pox has been 'practically stamped out by the widespread use of his
.Ist Prize $I.25 won by Norman Shillingford (Roseau Mixed School)
2nd $.oo0 "Stephen Abraham (Doin. Grammar School)
3rd $0.75 Zena Hector (Convent High School)
Three consolation prizes of 50o each.
I) Sylvia Bruney (St. Martin's School)
2) Martin Durand (Roseau Boys' School)
3) Myline Timothy (Convent High School)
See page 3 for winners of contest of Nov, 3.
Cash prizes weie awarded at the HERALD S Oilice on Fliday 5tb inst.
at 3.30 pm
Those participating in the conicsL must scnd, in their answers from
clippings of the HERALD encl od in an c .velope addre sbed tu
The Contest Editor DOMINIC HLiiALD.
Dominicans in Trinidad difficult had been the decision to abandon
Telford Georges A Judge the camaraderie, freedom and adventure
On November 5 Mr. Tellord Geor- of the bar, but his new position was the
ges, Dominica-born barrister practising goalof nearlyall who assistedinthe
in Trinidad, sat on the judicial bench administration ofjusce.
in the San Fernando Courtroom for the Or, R, M. S. Charles
first time. First of the many legal nota- Principal Medical Officer in the
bles present to offer congratulations was Trinidad Government Service, Dr. R.M.
Mr. Rupert Archbald, Q. C., and Mr. Charles, son ofDominica's J.B. Charles,
Justice de la Bastide wound up the sess- will r e p r e s e n t his government at the
ion by saying that the new Judge would CARIBO Nutrional Conference which
a be a valuable asset to the High Court. opens in Puerto Rico on M o n d a y
In reply Mr. Justice Georges told how November 26.

Civil Service Association'
In true Dominican style the Civil
Service Association in soon going to
hold a week of social activities which
will be ten days long.. The "week"
starts November 23 and closes Decem-
ber 2. The theme which appears on
all invitations, tickets and programmes
is "Maintain Efficient Service for a
Better Future."
His Honour, the Administrator, will
participate in the opening ceremony,
and the Honourable Chief Minister has
consented to give an address. His Hon-
our has also agreed to the use of Gov-
ernment House Grounds for many of
the activities, which will include a play
Night, an Amateur Show Night, and
a Film Show Night. Two short West
Indian plays have been chosen for the
Play Night and rehearsals are well
underway, One play 'The One-Eye is
King' by Roderick Walcott is directed
by Mr. A. B. A. Lazare, and the other
'The Bond of Matrimony' by J. S.
Barker is directed by Mr. Joffre Robin-
son. The programme also includes
various morning work sessions at St.
Gerards Hall, a Cricket March, Athle-
tic Sports, an Outing to Scotts Head
and various dances and cocktail parties
including one by His Honour the
The Association hopes that the
week's activities, particularly the morn-
ing work sessions, will contribute
_,-~sm* .T m. h't t rai- '-. t.he cnit lrll r Pf -

cation to duty, the sense of clear direc-
tion of purpose, and the very essential
Service 'morale.'

St. George's Church
Sunday, November 1 8,
1962 :
5.oo a. m. Solemn Eucharist
7.15 a. m. Litany; 7.30 a. m.
S Holy Communion
9.30 a. m. Matins and Sermon
7.15 p. m. Solemn Evensong, Pro-
cession and Sermon.

Court Shorts
BENOIT Francis a St. Lucian former-
ly employed at the Dominica Bottling
Plant was found guilty by a jury on
four counts of embezzlement amounting
to $107.32. He was remanded in
custody pending Mr. Justice St. Ber-
nard's decision on the sentence *
URBAIN Thomas a CDC clerk was
found guilty on 2 counts of embazzle-
ment out of 3 and put on probation. *
FOR stealing a bicycle belonging to
Vivian Rocque, Rudolph Zavier was
jailed for 18 months.* WEEPING Olive
Charles was, in the lower court, fined
$5.00 for keeping a pig on her Potters-
ville premises.

Police Shorts

THREE hundred dollars remitted
through the Accountant General from
a Dominican serving in the British Army
for his mother were alleged to have been
fraudulently converted by three young
men arrested on Tuesday.* A CIVIL
servant employed by the Agricultural
Dept. was arrested,this week, alleged to
have defrauded Govt. of $5oo.oo.*
ERIC Shillingfotd had another break.
and-enter into his Vauxhall Garage on
Monday. Thieves tried to break an
iron safe open with.crowbars, hammers
and acid, without success.* WATTY's
drug store received a thieves' visit Thurse
day night through a window (carefully
removed). Entry to the office was made
with a duplicate key aZia 0joo.oo u. i.
plus $200.oo W. I. stolen. We do
not wish theiA a Happy Christmas.--

People's Post (Cont.)
Wood Ants
Sir, Could you through your new-
paper please ask the United Nations
for some termite or woodant poison or
exterminator for this place? The people's
wooden houses are falling to rot through
these insects, likewise my own.
Thanking you,
Yours truly,
Note: Such requests, if feasible, are up
to the Government of Dominica.-Ed.

Trinidad Delegate Criticises Britain

AtU. N.

(Continued from page 7)
The legal aspects of this question have been fully clarified, both here and
in the Special Committee of Seventeen, by other distinguished delegates, part
cularly the distinguished delegates from India. ..
But what has been shown beyond any doubt is that the Government of the
United Kingdom, under the present Constitution, is responsible for i n t e r n a I
legislation and, under the I961 Constitution, has the power to alter or revoke
the Constitution.
The power of the United Kingdom in these two spheres turns upon three
considerations: first, the restraints existing in favour of the United Kingdom Gov.
ernment on the power of the Southern Rhodesia Government to pass legislation;
secondly, on the Governor's reserve powers; thirdly, on the origins of the consti-
tution itself as a legislative act. The United Kingdom Government has taken
the stand that .it is prevented from acting -to remedy the present situation by a
tradition of non-intervention in the internal affairs 'of Suthern Rhodesia that has
acquired the force of customary law. (Continued next week.)

~f --_ __ ___---~i--~___ .---.---~--..-.~.. .^ .-.-~ ~,~~.-~. I- .r;