Dominica herald
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102878/00115
 Material Information
Title: Dominica herald
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 42 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Publisher: Dominica Herald
Place of Publication: Roseau, Dominica
Roseau, Dominica
Publication Date: 11-10-1962
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Dominica -- Newspapers   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Dominica
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1955? Cf. caption.
General Note: Editor, <1963-1964>: Phyllis Shand Allfrey.
General Note: "For the General Welfare of the People of Dominica, the further advancement of the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole."
General Note: Description based on: Jan. 12, 1963; title from caption.
General Note: Last issue consulted: December 31, 1964.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 82144654
lccn - 2007229365
System ID: UF00102878:00115

Full Text

FOR T;-I'ibE MAr '
162 EA/ T 78 STREET,' ; .
NEW /ORK ,, N. Y '. ,1J A

lhe U N Charter
which utphoids:
j UttPlttD: .F WpSllttP l .Vt*' a

(For the General Wrfare of th People of Dominica, -he furthicr ,avancermnnt of.the West Indies and the Caribbean Area s a whole)

'D Y E T6

Constitutional Talks Break Downr
FTER FIFTEEN DAYs discussion and many months of prelini -
ary work, the British Guiana Constitutional Conference h-
deadlocked.and on Tuesdq the Chairman, Mr. Duncain Sandl~y
Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations and for the Co-
onies adjourned the.conference indefinitely. This was after a c ,:
hour plenary session in which the discussion centered mainly ci,
the clauses referring to election ordinances.
f lia -N SottiAmaOt I Proportional Representation

Missile Sites Reported Removed
Latest despatches from Washington,
indicate that all is not absolutely settled
in the Cuban crisis.. Air recconnai-
sance shows that all k n o w n nuclear
missile sites (some I1) have been dis-
mantled, but no agreement has been
..Li h ,, mrln,' ;cei n, tr"wt ris .

tral observers. Three points are now
in dispute and are the subject of tough
over-the-table discussions b et w e n
Adlai Stevenson aid' Kitzenov at the
United Nations: these are
I. Full inspection of disma ited
missile sites
2. Removal'of Soviet long-tange;
jet bombers (and any potential
nuclear bomb loads) from
3. Castro's demand for the
evacuation of the U. S. Naval
Base at Guantanamo Bay.
President Kennedy believes in ngo-
tiating from strength and has reinforced
the U. S. Fleet in the Caribbean and
built up a large force in Florida, in-
'eluding parachute t ro p s and several
assault divisions. Ca s t r o is still re-
ceiving moral support fr om the pro
ience of Vice-Premier M i k o y a n in
Havana.; It is reported, on the hope-
ful side, that the U. S. has prepared a
draft treaty with Cuba upon which she
is Dreared tonegotiate, thus admitting

The Government Party, Dr. Cheidd
Jagan's People's Progressive Pany, I.
iq power on a minority total vote. Dr.
Jagan wishes to preserve the BritiilS
Electoral system of "first past the po,'I"
and figures on securing further votes
among the rural East Indin grouping
byowe-ing the' ing age to i s rum.i
-z7.; oi tlie pposmiuon Partues,
iForbes Burnham's People's National
Congress and Peter D'Aguiar's United
Front are coming out boldly for Pro"
polar lRepresetation, which mnigh
giF them a, better chance at the polls
In a radio commentary given by Mr
Tom McKitrick over the B. B. C. last
week, it was stated that the Opposition,
did not want Independence so long asi
there was any chance of the pro-Com-
munist Jagan party staying in power
Their tactics appear to have succeeded

French Poetry Competition
Results- of the above conmptition
will be published next week. The
following entrants are asked to name
their school: F. Francis, i. Cuffy,
V. Francis, F. Cuffy, T. Butler and E.
Joseph. E. Joseph and C. K. Richards
are asked to state their age.
Auntie Fran-Due to lack of space
results will be printed next week.

-ile possibility of a de fact and de jure The intended consignment is expected
recognition of the Castro-Commun- to be s h i p p e d on the 15th of this
ist regime in Cuba. month,
A price of four cents (.040) will be
Shipment Of Produce To U. SA A i paid for coconuts of 41 diameter, (deli-
F oll o wing discussions with Mr. veered at the Depot.) Nuts must be
Iouis Sousa, a United States dealer in fully dried, must not be old, and must
tropical ground provisions and other contain water.
produce, he Government of Dominica The price payable at the Depot for
hopes h o r t y to send a shipmentof tannias is six cents (,o6Z) per 11; andr
coconuts and t a n n i a s to the United hey must be of the smooth variety.
States, Mr. Louis Sousa has already estab-
: All persons willing to supply co shed an import trade in ground pro-
nts and tannias for this shipment should visions and other produce with British
contact the Manager of the GovernmentlGuiana, St. Lucia and St. Vincent.
Marketing Depot as early as possible(GIS)

Nest Indies Youth Trust Fund
Thi message Rrinted below is t&ken
I;1ii lii forewordd to the. appeal bro-
chure ofrthe W. I. Youth Trust Fund,
ftiiled 'Deprived Children of the West
.Cildren in all parts of the world are
becoming our personal concern. The
,'S-l Indiec is an area of great natural
b e a u t-y, with cha1i.ing aid rilcnie
people. Unfortunately it is a' o .an i i
where theie is much poverty, where the
problems of children are very great in-
deed. Grave conditions exist and are be-
ing tackled -- but not swiftly coughi.
Much more help is needed.
Biture l kli the W~i r i nhdI ,

1 i i % -.. I.. L- =L e -a__

^* I 11 U , n at u M .01
of his term as o ver nor-
General, the West Indies Youth Trust
Fund was established and is now seek-
ing your help to do something for'thes e
children. The governments ,:of all the
territories concerned are supporting the
development of the Trust. They have
expressed great interest and enthusiasm
fo its., )objectsand in many cases have
given valuable assistance.
The Trust covers the island of the
former West Indies Federation which
are now becoming independent English-
speaking c o m mu n i t i e s. If
those territories are to be stable
politically and viable economically, one
of their greatest needs will be for a heal-
thy, happy and educated youth.
I confidently appeal to the humanity,
foresight and generosity of all people
both within and outside th: West Indies
to ensure the success of the Trust's work
by contributing as generously a> they
possibly can to this Fund.
L a d y Hailes also broadcast over
WIBS on Saturday and Sunday, Nov.
3rd and 4th. Next week we sh.ill re-

"1 7th N O V E
Keep that dale in min

Sponsored by the Dominioa
At the UN
Admission $1.00 (enitWiles
Jackpot Same) TiUe L.

Visit By F"scal Commis-
sionera Mrs. Ursula Hicks
Mrs. Ursula Hicks, Fiscal Coj..
Srissioncri who alone' w sit .a' a e-
cial appointed. Civil Se r-
vice Commission, is examining the
financial and Public Service aspect of
ithe establishment of a Fede iion of the
"Little Eight" with a view ;ta making
recommendations for the consideration
of Governments concerned, is expected
to arrive in Dominica on rith Novem-
ber for a four day visit, (CIS).

Oil Refinery
The West Indiea Oil Company, Ltd
a petroleum rciniinu and marketing
i i, i -iL r ai l i.,ii iiL of '7 ,

in 18 months' time.
A refinery capable of producing: o,ooo
barrels of il per day will be constructed
on lands at Friars Hill early in 1963.
The engineering contract has been
awarded Universal Oil Products. Com-
pany, a firm of specialists in petroleum
refinery designs.' (Antigua Star)
Principal Presented
A reception in honour of Miss Mary
Beswick, B.A., new Principal of the
Wesley High School, was held in the
Methodist Manse on Friday, November 9,
the hosts b e i ng Rev. and Mrs. F.A.

print the text of this broadcast for the
benefit of those who did not hear it.
Meanwhile, the HERALD whose Editor
Mrs. Allfrey is a Trustee of the Fund,
will be pleased to accept and acknbw-
ledge any donations, large or small,' at
the HERALD office for forwarding, br
they can be sent d i r e c to The Lady
Hailes, West Indies Youth Trust Fund,
c/o Barclays Bank D. C. O., Roseau.

SBER, 1962
d its the date of the

Civil Service Association
youi to -~75 asfrd for
J p.Sl t3,i' ", k if n ai

rIw o

Za G.


Caribbean Nurses Association

Its Beginnings
In An:igua, in 1957, twelve individual nurses met at the invitation of the
Antigua Nurses Association, the President of which was Mrs. Mavis Harney-Brown
then acting Matron of the Holberton Hospital, Antigua.
Invitations had been issued to the existing Nurses Associations but as the
response was poor, Mrs. Harney-Brown invited individual nurses who she felt by
their activities were inte rested in the nursing needs of the area.
These twelve dedicated nurses two of whom were male nurses, with no
mandate from any Association, spoke as individuals, uninhibited or stultified
by the nagging fear of over-stepping the prescribed paths laid down by their Home
Association,. They discussed things in their stark reality; what neened to be done
and how they can, and may be done.
Thus, The Caribbean Nurses Organisation," so-named at its Ist Biennial
Conference held in Grenada, was conceived. Its Founder Members were:- six-
teen individual nurses from eight areas with no Association affiliated.
Five of these Founder Members were present in Roseau at the 3rd Biennial Con-
ference -President, Miss Flora Blanchette, Assistant Director of Nursing Service
St. Croix, Virgin Islands - Miss Violet Findley, 2nd Vice-President, retired
acting Matron, Colony Hospital Grenada - Mrs. Harney-Brown, General Secre-
tary -- Mrs. Aida Lizard M.A. Nurse Consultant, Medical Centre Service Cor-
poration, President of The Nursing Service Administrators Section, Puerto Rican
Nurses Association Miss Elisa Carpena, M.A, Consultant Nnrse for Mental
Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Catholic University of Puerto Rico, Chairman of
the Educational Administrators and Teachers Section, Puerto Rico Nurses, Associa-

S, Its Composition
''The. membership of the Caribbean Nurses Organisation is composed of
Nurses Associations of areas within the Caribbean, individual ni rs r \ ithin these

XAssc'Ttirons 1"ffd-tom areas- where no Association exists or 71 likely-to -exist
due to limited number of nurses and 'Associates'-persons who are notr nurses.

Itf Aime Andr Af +uitiieo

The C N O seeks through its member Associations to implement its recom-
mendations, though it can become, from the data always being collected, a consult-
ative body which can be directly approached.

An example of one way in which the C N O can work has been demon-
strated and is'of special interest to Dominica.
The education program of the C N O is carried out by and through its
Nursing Education Committee, the Chairman of which is Miss Gertrude Swaby,
R G N; C. M, (Jamaica) P. H. N. Cert. (University of Toronto), S. T. dip.
(University of London), B. S, (Columbia University), Senior Sister Tutor, King-
ston Public Hospital, Jamaica.

Nursing in Dominica
Through the C. N. O the Dominica Nurses Association asked the Jamaica
General Trained Nurses Association to assist them in raising the educational
standard of nursing in Dominica. The governments of the two countries were
approached; as a result Miss Swaby, with the approval of the Jamaica Government
visited Dominica ro assess the standard of Basic General Nursing Education at the
School of Nursing, Princess Margaret Hospital.
Miss Swaby spent from 27th to 3Ist August during which time she con-
ducted an intensive over-al survey of conditions under which student nurses in
Dominica worked, studied, learned and lived during their training. She has
made recommendations to the Dominica Government which, if implemented, as
we feel sure this Government which has shown such active interest initially, will
do, then soon Dominica nurses can hope to have a standard of education which
will enable them to enjoy reciprocity with other more advanced countries.

Confer ce Activity

In its short span of life the C N 0 has held three Biennial Conferences.
These Conferences not only help to brcik down insular barriers and carry on
specified tasks, but they serve, on the one hand, to create an awareness of our
limitations, and on the other hand, to bring out unsuspected latent talent.
Even the social act ivitics are not purely entertainment; here the nurse meets
her "public" on a different plane, as a person with social graces and speaking a
language other than technical.

Its membership hs grown fiom the brave pioneering sixteen individual mem-
bers to fifteen Associations in membership with individual members and Associates
totalling 2,182.
Many areas and islands, through the C N O, have formed or re-activated their
Nurses Associations, have held "Nirses Week" of sLudy, and are trying to set in
motion actively functioning Nursing Councils, the statutory bodies responsible for
the registration of nurses, thus ensuring status for the nurse and, for the people of the
country, acceptable nursing practice. .
3rd Biennial Conference
Thi s Confer- ic-: was held here at the invitation nf the D.)mianic
Nurses Association through their indefatigable President, Miss D. M.
Harrison. The C.N O. is grateful for the warm welcome and gener-
ous hospit.altv extended to them by the Governm -nt and people of
One item of major import discussed during this Conference w s the consti-
tution and by-laws presented for adoption. Its founders had and h a v e their
vision clear of the ends they seek,. the, means. as defined within the framework of
a constitution have now to be finally accepted; Cdnstitutions are ever-amended
documents in which elasticity is desirable rather than r i gi d i t y. Above all the
C N O should not wish to be a miniature pf any other national or international
body, but should keep an identity peculiar to itself and the needs it serves.
Of invaluable assistance d u r i n g the deliberations was Miss M. Hastings,
Directorof Nursing School and Service, Henry Bishop Menmoial School of Nur-
sing, Pittsfield General Hospital,. Massachusetts, U. S, A.
French Delegates
Mrs. John H. P. Could, of Mill Reef, Antigua. an associate member of the
C. N. 0. gave great s-e rv i c e as during sessions she interpreted the proceedings
into French for the delegation fr6m Martinique axid- ,Guadeloupe.
Miss M. Lundell of Dominica was one of the speakers on the theme of the
Conference "The Nurse as an Educator in the Plans of the Future."
Members of the C. N. O. visited the Mental Hospital, if it can be so desi-
gnated. Among them were Mr. C. Bennett, Nurse-Tutor, Mental Hospital, Bar-
bados; Miss J. Daniels, Ward Sister, Mental Hospital, Br. Guiana; Mrs. G, Al-
len, Charge Nurse, Mental Hospital, St. Vincent; Miss E. Carpna, Nurse Con"
sultant for Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Catholic University of Plerto
Rico, and nuin,s fr- Hopital Psychiatrique, Guadeloupe-and Hopital Psychia-
,triqlue Co soil, Martimque. -
An Appreciation
No mention of the Caribbean Nurses Organisation can be made without
saying a word of appreciation of Mrs. Mavis Harney-Brown, its founder and .Gen-
eral Secretary. In addition to-her jbb,,her family, she does, without p a i 'hhelp
all the voluminous correspondence essentially for running this Organisation.
Why does she do it? -- Dedication and a Vision. A vision to see every
"Small Island" equal in nursing status to the most advanced countries.

The Story Of Indian Warner

Last week we told briefly as much as is known about thpearlicil inhabitants
of Dominica. We continue the story tiis week with the strange story ot Carib
(or Indian) Warner, son o, the first English settlerin the West Indies by a re-
markable Carib woman, known to the French as Madame Ouvenarde (since there
is no initiall W in the French language).-Ed.
Labat's report gives the background to a post fascinating story of' Dominica
in the 17th century. When he landed froni Martinique, he stayed at the carbet of
Madame Ouvenarde on the Leeward coast of Dominica. This lady, reputed to
be loo years old, had been the Carib 'mistress of the first Governor of St. igtts Sir
Thomas Warner and had a son by him, also named Thomas. This hall Caiib
was described by his cousin, Daniel Francis. Warner thus:-- "a large forehead
and aquiline nose, his eyes bright large and full, with a peculiar gravity of count-
enance which clearly indicated his noble temper .and courage. "Indian" War-
ner was born in St. Kitts in 1630 and in i645, aged 15, escaped to Dominica,
residing on the Leeward coast and being, friendly towards the English.
The Windward coast was, at that time, iilhibt:d by Caribs more friendly to the
French, who from time to time maintained missions there. Indian Warner was soon
raised by the Caribs to be their chief and maintained, contact with the Eiglish,
especially with Lord Francis Willoughby, then Governgr,, (in Barbados) of the
"British Possessions in the Caribbee". According to Sonthey (Vol.rI, p.32)
in 1664 "The English, having purchased St. Lucia from the Caribs, sent 14oo
men in five ships of war to that island, attended by Mr (later referred
to as Colone ) Thomas Warner (sun of Sir' Thomas Warner ..
by a Carib woman) and' 600 Caribs in I7i piraguas who were to
deliver up the i s. a n d to the .English; they landed in June . and .
the French garrison of fourteen surrendered." Lord Willoughby (who died at sda
in a hurricane in r666) appointed Indian Warner, Governor of Dominica the same
year. Two years later Indian Warner was captured by the French and treated
harshly in Guadeloupe and St. Kitts, but released two years after when a peace was
(Continued on page 9)


_ _





A Scene From Martiniquan Life

By Island Tisal, Second Year Student of
:',~Lyoee, Schoelcher, Fort de Frane;i

Half-past. six sounds from the great capricious clock of the Lycc. This
College, as you may know, is the one "l1 has" on the wesataidof the .town.
Its doors swallow'"p not less than 2,500 boys, and when midday strikes, they are
ejected in less than five minutes, Just now as I write, the College is absolutely
empty it being holiday time; and the.clock sounds hollow. Queen Clock is
well enthroaed above seen blocks of yellow cement attached, to -'tle slope of the
bill her kingdom; but she does not coimman4 us'hier-e- she;iannot .;b control
the movement of all tnosr little ihul made of'bits addipijes 5 f wood. which sweep
down like driftwood rd the Rivei: Madathie. whierthe right bkr halts them-
idiots. That is because, inf order to cross over to the other side, th left btnk, you
have to be in business or of the aristocracy or. someone: connected ir ht 'ite Uiivedr-
sity; your hom3 must be at least three stories high, iiid, accordingg to'tie new law);
it must be built of concrete. :7
I, the, writer, have woken up in oue of the little huts. My shack is easily
distinguished'from the' others: it is stipend greetand id red ke .ne of the sugary
sweets called 'here "philitots." The green paint soniehat, overlaps the red, and.
the red (here and there)ithe green; the sun has blistered the paint-- but what does
it ma'ted! The effect might have pleased the illustridt is Vidn van Gogh." For
a longish i.while,i anyhow, I haven't taken .ntictce iof'the" iamfti er-stObctk ,of the
University clock.. Beiia vacation: time, '' prefer the ralcousoiabralyq*vio d boom-
mug from ani old' ishermnii's" cok -sh'dl. Do .I- Sett Bttij g adi tothcradio
switch No!' Enough ofith~atitomnatic stuff- .?Ic^ir diifuis case.* ,.
In a few minutes your lesson in physical education will start. .. a '.':you' will
have news direct from Paris. ,.. etc. .etc. . Enough! Leave me a little
longer in half darkness!
0 iUte .eiM .11, 11 .. mny bed, a ray ofsunlight brighten, up soIme modern
diubs, West Indi.ni result at a class in Cubism. In my class, nobody under-
stoud a itinag; we iiarltiy iLtindi to the professor; butieveryone painted a master-
piece. Atert tie course I ltule the best designs for decorating my room.
Urand surprise .1 opened my winaoswano reeved fju suupinu. . .r
face. 'This after four days ofrain... At lastthe sea is calm; at last it will be
.possible to have that boating party with my pals.
PaItly blotted-out by the leaves of young coconutsi there is a brown and grey.
tide of blackened tiles and corrugated sheet-iron- the roof of neighboring huts.
On :. filthy beach, erected like gallows against the blue sky are the high forks of
bamboos, waiting for nets to be dried.
Men's voices are calling the canoes together:
"Ralez bois canots! Ralez!
Ralez, ralez a t6!"
Gleaming with sweat, bent in a semicircle, the men are Adragging in the nets.
In the streets folks go laughing by'to'the fountain; dockers pas by, mess
tins swinging from their arms: they are in a hurry;
"Well how goes?" a young lad calls out, without slowing down. Serge isia
student, son of a large family; he has interrupted his:holiday to' work in town to
help his father make ends meet, brave boy.. A group of women ru,sb forward:
water is coming into the pipes!' This compact and mobile group.of e maeks let-
ting out piercing vociferous cries, fills up-" ihe other side of the pavement- what
a jostling! They have no pity for the weaker ones or;the; children., Ipn make
out Rose, a young woman of twenty: she tries to break through the thrpugf in one
hand she holds high'above'her head an-empty pail, with the other hand shs tucks
up the red hem of what was once a carnival costume. I can see her ni longer- -
adroit and impudent -as he is, she has already.grabbed the first place at the hydr-'
ant. It is that founiaim which rules here. ierybody sues for its favors. And
just think, the fountain only dispenses such faivors once a day, and only ifit
chooses to doso-- and then only a' ti n t r ck le. How can you satisfy
in one short half-hour such a numerous .and :undisciplined crowd! Happy
are those who 'laire waier in their homes. .Nonetheless it is disgusting that
such a shortage should exist in a' country withn:so many'rivers, and'in an epoch;
when men can be sent tip into the stratosphere! '
This is the right bank, where one fights for water; on the other side, the left
bank, there is an other sort of struggle, other cries: fighting to die just the same;
the grief, the despair of pigs having their throats cut splits the blue sky into streaks
before the sounds reaches us., "You must eat to live, and you must kill to eat."
Come on no useless sentimentality. . The boat and my friends are ready for
me. so long! (translated by P.S.A.)
i i
Halt Nuclear Tests Says U.N.
UNITED NATIONS Nov. 5, CP: A demand that all nuclear tests be
halted by January I was overwhelmingly approved by the Political Committee of
the United Nations General Assembly today but the nuclear powers abstained
from a yes or no stand.


Presented by the Federal German Consul-General
in Jamaica, Baron von Mullenheim.
The technical excellence for which German workmanship is noted shows to
great advantage in the production of books and magazines. Their average maga-
zines are printed on beautiful paper of which we in Dominica are rather envious;
the lay out is c 1 e a r and'a'riasting, and the photography marvellous. Germamy,
magazine of the Federal 'Republic of' Germany, is an. example of this all-round
skill in 'produtcioni; it is published in English, and Roseau readers will be able to
look at copies in the public library as from this week. Articles are on many sub-
jects the architecture'of Belin, the growth of industry, the European Common
Market, and countless other topics.
Even more striking-is a b,..,k by K. A. Sinnhuber on Germany, its Geogra-
pby and Growth.. (Pub. AlacGibbon & Kee.) Ifother countries presented their
geographic studies in such an ittractivetopical manner, bfiniful of photographs
and written in clear simple language, the study of geography would be a pleasure.*
Roseau ind Portsiiouth LibrariesI'will' ndo. ach possess a copy of this fine book.
Modern Germian Poetry -- .19101960. (Pub. John Murray). This antho-
Slogygisof special, ilterst u yo. is rid, writers. and might well be helpful to those
W.\:bo .*.autendindg the Extra Mural classes in Germin, since the German and En-
,glishext gare published on opposite pages, and'6ne of the loveliest ways oflein"
i' a language is through the transition of verse. If some of these modern poems
sotad'to us'a little mad, full ofsirange imagery, hung with the cobwebs of two wars
'(iblib'r nal:and inte n 1),. t il d eyinight liberate somecf our own.verse-makers from
'tl*fehtlne pattern of Victuri ap 'yri >. Many of the poets are intensely psycho
,aualytical, sqme ae rnderstandby melincholic, all have a vivid sense of land-
scape and .o!,u,, You 'will find Wailli the covers. this 'book, R i 1 k e, Georg
.Gro z Btiio.d BreCLIl. a fAw o!i"er ieats and a hoist of 'god mrunors;'-but, above
ll,' the Wesi Ii,din readoe will fitid:ane ieSi)3sf Iratment anad terminology,:p nd
through reading these poems, will com: a little closer to understanding the Austrian
'andi Gernan', minds Ii' ... crei~rd them. 'The Englsh translations are all com
patent, aid soint areoupiLa:ively cxacz.
:,. The United States las indred produced a similar volume on Amerlean geo-
--~1 ----- ---
St. 1r lebr'ates Discovery Day
(by our Soufriere Correspondent)
Various committees worked untiringly for two weeks prior to the dawn of
this great day to make its celebration programme the unqualified success it has been.
SThe villagee leaders and Parish Priest very thoughtfully arranged to synchronize
their thanksgiving programme for 'their new toad with Discovery Day.
Naturally' nbugh, the new road which hasben a great innovation and boon
has been to them a source of dicgqries. a in;,, .. id
Never before. did many o4hem eaiz i tha heyhad hidden many great talents
which came out as a great surprise ib timselv s and their neighbours ont 3rd
;November, 1962. '. "
The Thanksgiving exeriises-haberi'ienn:idisputable great gesture and token,
of their appreciation and grtitudeTto.Go.d. theGooveinment andR& the. workers: for
the new road which has,reorientated the yvilage agdgiyep it a new base of, cutural,
economic, social and-.educa ife ....
Hence the pqrish is quit: justified in mniee'iing its graditide and appreciation
to all concerned with the poip afiA'eclat w h characterized the day's prdgrSiime
which started'with a iMais at ,t'aih: ro .
T' T Thanksgiving Mass; aiasicelebrated by Rev; Father. Bergs with; Fathers
Vanderbery as Deacon and Chauvet as sub-Deacon respectively. The choir ren-
dered the Mass in, polyhopic music without a hitch..
'The Festive sermon was given by athe lae wo spoke in terms appro-
priate to. the occasion.
A very colourful pageant with Floats and performances depicting the 'Discovery
of the island by Columbus took place in,the morning.. The actors had the'spectators
really thrilled. This of course was the highlight of the activities.
The processing wis made up of Columpbus and his crew, gorgeously dressed
in.gay, colours, Caribs with drum beating, Early French settlers dressed in special l
French style, Co; operative Groups, Scouts, Guides, Village Cricket Leage Ju-
nior Red Cross Link applying First Aid to an injured person and then'' -school
children all singing a Marching song composed by a budding poet, Mr. Augustine.
When a Civic meeting,at the Church Hall took .place addre ses gushed from
the hearts of the contented Village Leaders with Hon'ble Pemberton in the Chair,
Present to listen to the speeches were distinguished guests in the persons of
Messrs. R. Lockharn, F. A. Baron, he Director of&Works, Engineer Lawrence, and
the assistant Social Welfar( Officer, that rlie'following personages also gracing the
grand occasion with their presence: Hon. L. C. D dier Minister for Com-
munication and Works, The Social Welfare OfFce and the Rev; Brothers whi
took pictures.
(Continued on page 7)

- dC~-P~-~13b~ --




Y-qrly Town: $5.0(. Country 86.0
Overeeas: 57.50. Sinae Copie.: 10
Advertisements at Reasonable Rates.
Put '-iee at the HERALD PRINTERY. 31 New Street, Roseau, Dominica, W.
All subscr,,tions and other payments must be made at the above
address to J. MAROARTSON CHARLtt,-Manager-PoprleFor


HERE is a matter with which we are bound to tax the victo-
rious D. U. P. P. after the T o w n Council election cam '
piign: that is, tLe misuse of the dangerous word 'communist' by
its application to their political adversaries. This expression was,
used on election eve against the Dominica Labour Party, in par-
ticular by a barrister-candidate ofD. U. P. P. whose scholarly
voice matched ill with such a crude verbal weapon. The same
voice, and other voices, tried to stab this label onto the Editor of
the HERALD in bygone but unforgotten days: although the in-,
sults have been discredited time and again, some people cannot
resist the use of stale McCarthy smear tactics against their oppon-
The Dominica Labour Party, whatever its faults in current
personal performance, has the m o s t democratic constitution of
any p o i t i c a Party in the West Indies. The nationalisation
clause cottaned in the i ur
ing, because it does not suit individualist W e s t Indian tempera-
ments; in the Dominica Party constitution, aims and objects (draft
ed by the writer of this editorial) are mildly socialist, and it stands
square behind the United Nations. To call such a Party comr
munistic is a worthless gibe.
If only our orators would learn from the great satirists and
literary giants of the world the gentle art of understatement! After
listeners have heard the words 'traitor,' 'communist,' 'dishonest'
(or patois equivalents) a few times, s u ch epithets simply become
It is of course possible that the Dominica Labour Party, after
its preoccupation with management clauses to the exclusion o'
the noble aims propounded at its inception, or through unenvis-
aged associations, may jettison those aims o r e m o d e 1 them at
some future conclave. Then we may reconsider their intentions;
in such c a s e they may however veer towards a chauvinistic or
village-nationalist point of view, and away from broad intenat-
ional or interracial ideals.
It is cold comfort, when considering the use of s h a d y epi-
thets, to know that men of the stature of Mr. Hugh Gaitskell and
his colleagues have suffered much in e a r I i e r days from similar
epithet- slinging; theirs is: a highly liberal s o c i e t y, and the late
Aneurin Bevan won 13,000 damages against a publicist who
tried to besmirch his political and moral character. We live in
a lightheartedly litigious Caribbean dominated at present by fear
of Castro and his ruthless Soviet friends, and it is both wrong
and foolish for local politicians to run a r o u n d howling 'wolf,
'wolf' at their opposition- neighbours, just for the sake of a couple
of dozen votes.

Nearly all our citizer is have either heard or read of the Third
Conference of Caribbean Nurses Organisation which Dominica
had the honour to sponsor r as host last w e e k. It now only re-
mains to say that the Con ference was a splendid success, by all
accounts: a full report apt ?ears in the HERAL)O on page 2. It was

uite an undertaking. Providing hospitality, service, conference
ocumeints transport and amenities for 59 distinguished guests is
no mean assignment. the smiling satisfaction of departing visi-
tors when airporicars drew-up at the new T.B. Wing to whisk
them one stage back to various homelands'was a sign that they had
been happy amongst us. They w e r e entertained cordially, and
appreciated everything.
Regarding the serious and significant intent of their joint pre-
sence here, we know that they did not waste one of the m a n y
hours they s p e n t in keen discussion. The C. N. 0. has been
greatly strengthened by this Dominica conference; the prestige of
our Matronand Nursing Sisters has been further enhanced; and
Princess Margaret Hospital. may, as a result, attain an even more
important status in the future we hope as a regional hospital.
The Dominica Nurses Association, encouraged by this r e c e nt
triumph, will keep nursing standards flying high, in the interim be-
tween area-wide assemblies. Virtually every angle of the nursing
profession was represented at this conference some at such high
level that we wonder how their Territories could have spare t hem!
Mental health provided a strong international contigent, to fan the
fl a m c of interest lit by Dr. Hornick: undoubtedly, benefit will
come of this development.
Finally, although the old big Federation has been destroyed,
these Nurses set an example of federated effort which persists against
every obstacle. We salute rhem all, in deep gratitude.
Sl I I f I ..

,Ictor, I ,a-- a -

There died at Pointe Micheal on the i5th October last almost suddenly, Mr.
Victor Raphael, a very well-known person of the village.
The deceased had spent many years in Curacao in the employ of the Curcao
Petroleum Company.
Arriving back in Dominica some three years ago with a well earned pension,
he spent his time in cultivating his mother's estate at Aberdeen.
Mr. Raphael, who was of a genial disposition, was liked by everyone in his
native village, and also a number of friends and acquaintances sn Roseau.
The funeral service, which took the form of a Requiem High Mass and was
conducted by the Pa Priest, Fr. Proesmans, C. S. S. R., was attended by
numerous friends and sympathisers both from the village itself, and fmrn Roseau.
The funeral procession was perhaps the grandest seen for many a year at
Point Michel.
The deceased who was sixty-one at the time of his death has left to mourn'
his loss his aged mother Mrs. Raphael, his sister Aimee Raphael, four children,
and sixteen grand-children to all of whom the HERALD extends sincere Christian
sympathy. R. L P.
/I ~a~lDP NEW


Mrs. Marie Raphael
Mrs. Marie Raphael, Miss Aimee Raphael, Mrs, Eliza Hurdle, Mrs Octancia
idrlen, and Mr. Garnet Raphael beg through this medium to thank sincerely the
many friends and sympathisers who personally attended the funeral of the de-
ceased Victor Raphael, and all those who sent condolence cards in their recent

Middle East Conflict
DAMAscU SYRIA Nov. 5, CP: -A
deepening crisis over the Yemen threa-
tens to touch off a Middle East conflict

with conservative monarchies v e r s u s
Nasser's United Arab Republic. The
rebel regime in the Yemen has threatened
to invade Saudi A r a b i a and Jordan
unless King Saud calls off his support of
the old monarchy against the Nasser-
backed revolutionary government.

We Are Reaching New Customers

-z I I-- ~ II





SAT(U RDAY- NOVEMBER.,.o,. 1962,


China's Aggressio In. India

India's Prime Minister Nehru is having his policy of non-alignmentwith any
power bloc badly strained by last month's aggression by Communist China along
the borders oC Tibet (claimed by China). Latest information is that the. Chinese
have penetrated 150 miles into Indian temtoqy, taken several frontier posts. and
villages and are using tanks brought overlandfrom Lhasa. Most of the fighTng is
in mountainous terrain 10,000 to 14,ooo ft. high.

China Not in U. N,
Since China is not a member of the United Nations the aggession, by her
against India cannot be tabledAy the Security Council (ppeial lysiwe the small
Chinese army of Chiang Kaishek stationed on Formosa is stiltrecognized by the
United Nations as the Government of China). Op October,.o a fresh applica-
tion was made for the inclusion of Communist China as a, mmbertof tI U. N.
but was ddiated h(as happens every year) by 42 in favour, 56 against and 12

Nehru Takes Defence Portfolio
Meanwhile Premier Nehru has assumed the portfolio of Minister of Defence
in face ofcriticism that the pacifist Krishna Menon who has held the post for
many years "had allowed ihe Indian Army to be supplied with obsolete, arms."
Menon still retains his seat on the Cabinet as Minister of Defence Supply. Nehru
has stated that he is receiving supplies of small arms from Britain already and the
U. S. has agre"&tJsupply,alhaitms.necessaty if available fat iimediate. delivery
Most of the fighting has taken place along the border between India, Tibet
and Burma, particularly in Ladakh and in part of the frontier be ween Bhutan
and Burma. This frontier, delineated by Sir Henry McMahon in an agreement
in 1914 betwqa Britaig and Tibet, is known as the McMahon Line and has been
recognized as'the official frontier ever since.
The BritisljDaaily Herald'' makes this editorial comment on the situation:
The long-.aan-out frontier squabble between India and China is turning
into a showydpwn. Full scale war between the two counties may still be very
_unlikely, but the danger is there, About the only comforting factor in the situa-

;n. thi, ~winter will snnn ni~lr,. rnnnr~in nti;r s-nmaiavas 1mnos,,ui`

Newsmagnate Wants Honest Press
NEW YORK Oct. 25th (CP):- Roy Thomson, owner of Britihh, Caad
ian and Trinidad newspapers, urged United States publishers at the annual'.AMt-
ing of the Audit Bureau of Circulations to invest technical knowledge and money
to assure new nations an opportunity to develop in the atmosphere of honest,
truthful and factual news".

S '" -.... ................ ....... ....., . ..**********************... ***********.

1, Wolseley Super Swipe $270.00 or offer,:
S(Cost $325.00 New does the work of 20 mencutllasting)
1. International Harvester Tractor. No, 169. Purchased in 19OU,
(Cost $5,000.00 New) (3131 hours running only). Complete
with Hydraulics and P. T. O. Shaft, Ideal opportunity for thv*i
small farmer. Offers invited.
S 1 Austin 7, No' 979, The ideal runabout, also the Mdeal
SChristmas gift-for:youriwife. Try any offer.
Ali the above can, be, inspected at Batb Estate,
-Alloffers shouldlbh: addressed to-

Nov. 2, lo
... ..- .. ... .......- ... ... .. . .*.... ...... ...... ... ...** .

There will be a compulsory breathing space. This would be the oppoetii
ty. for the United Nations to intervene -- if only Communist China were a, mem-
ber of the United Natimons. . .As it is, the only man who might put a brake
on the t.,hnese is MIr. Khrushchev



TiK latest-dates for posting to ensure deiaery at destination beforenG Cristmas, Day, are as follows;-


Great Britain &. Europe

United States of, America


British Guiana

The West Indies (except Jamaica)




-- ----- -------*1 L_ -~I~II--


Novetiber 27th

November I6th

November 13th

DeceMber 4th

December i4th

November 2oth

December i9th


November 27th

November 16th

November 13th

December 4th

December i-4thi

November 20th

December 19th



December t4th

December 14th.

December 14th

December i4th

December: i7th

December i4th

Colonial Postmaster.
I2th OCTOBER, 1962.
Nov. 10, Dec. 1
.. .,, ., .. ...... ... ---r Yf, : "-' --- 77 "-7 ......" : e ...... a _. ._,_.J .- .-._ . . -- ,, . .. .


,;-- 4 that winte wil soon make --i E-- amwa-w- IN105-43 10




Political Economy Part III
Agricultural Economics
Parts one and two dealt with seeking external assistance, but I would like to
spend some time discussing ways and means to solve our local problems. The
science of agriculture is very wide and does not only deal with the care and growth
of plants but also has to deal with the economic side as well. Dominica as we
knov is. an agricultural country or in other words agriculture is the chief aspect
governing the economic structure of the territory. It is not an industrial nor a
mineral country and so we must accept the fact that too little is spent on agricul-
ture; :.
It is very strange to say there is very little encouragement given to farmers in
this island. Production would have been much more increased if working condi-
tions were favourable. The Ministry for Trade and Productions should try to c6n-
cetitraie as much as possible on creating more incentive to farmers. In elemen-
tary economics it is common knowledge that no business can be undertaken with-
out certain amount of capital, and no matter how willing the farmer wants to
cultivate profitably and economically on the advice of the agricultural authorities
he encounters the financial difficulties which make it difficult for him to put into
.practice the advice given. Here is where we feel that the Departmant of Agricul-
ture is somewhat useless. The question of an Agricultural Loan Bank should
work hand in hand with the principle in the laying down of feeder roads. Our
not being privileged to enjoy the values of mineral resources if any, should be no set
:back in our pushing forward in obtaining the necessary revenue to run the country.
While it is true also, what we are not an industrial country we must not fail to
appreciate the fact that we can only be industrial as far as manufacturing our
produce is concerned. Some claim that Dominicans are lazy, but this statement
requires modification and should read some Dominicans are extremely industrious
while others make no effort; and those who are industrious are constantly providing
for the lazy ones directly or indirectly.
-.y Iow that there is the beginning of the banana industry spreading its good
iirgs-ijrew case dxser-shftn-btcavy concernrant grs aguri ura-insirweiurs
intthe area for a short time so as to secure the proper methods of cultivation. That
is tosay, to give more frequent and regular visits to the farmers for it has been
pavedd that it took the already producers almost the whole period of the industry
to stndy growth, care, and handling of fruits.
It is high time that the Minister for Trade and Productions introduces a Land
Reform Bill as far as a land tax is concerned. Such a tax should be applicable
to land owners who are so privileged to own lands adjacent to motorable roads
within a reasonable and appreciable distance from such roads.
Government must understand that the roads are to be maintained and there
should b'eflie' osdbility ofrivenue being obtained from the lands bordering mo-
torable roads. Such lands should not be allowed to lie fallow. This idea was
discussed among us when I was a member of the Party and it form a keynote in
most ofourtcampaign speeches and the minister must have guts and courage to
legislate in the interest of his country regardless of personal and public sentiments.
That. a government is responsible for posterity should form a basic principle
in the attitude:and general deportment of this government. This being the last in
the first of the series of Letters on Political Economy I hope they will leave room
or plenty of thought and discussion until I return on the second leg-next week
we shall discuss discipline in the Civil Service and how its absence affects the
morals ofanation.
'Note: Contributed articles do not necessarily reflect the views of the Editor or

[JIP.R.E, (Eng.) Member, Radio Society
,of Great Britain, Amateur, Radio Station
'VPZDY' Dominica,
Call .14, Franklyn Lane, Goodwill,
Nov. 2, 10
) (

Sister Dulce Of Bahia

The "angel of the slums" of Salva-
dor (Bahia) Brazil, is in the United
States to tell the story of Bahia's needy
to the American people and ask their
support for her work.
Sister Irma Dulce, at a news con-
ference last Thursday, expressed grati-
tude for the help she has already receiv-
ed from the U. S. Food-for-peace Pro-
gram, Catholic R el i e f Services and
American businessmen in Bahia.
"I have come to America on a mis-
sion to say t h a n k you. It is from
America that life is come to Bahia," the
Sister said.
Sister Dulce, a member of the Sisters
of the Immaculate Conception, cares for
thousands of sick and poor who migrate
to the crowded slums of the coastal city
of Bahia when drought makes life im-

possible in-the interior of Brazil's north.
SSister Dulke pointed out that many
of the American businessmen who have
formed organizations to help her set up
daily milk distribution for about 2,so5
children and weekly care for about
00,000ooo unfortunates are Protcstans..
She said Americans and Brazilian
have united to help her cause beyondd
any thought of religious differences or
political barriers." (USIS)

"My Fair Lady"
It has been announced from Holly.
wood that the movie version of "My
Fair Lady" the musical based on
G. B. Shaw's famous play "Pygmal.
ion", which has just finished a record
run on Broadway is to be cast with
Rex Harrison as hero Henry Higgins
and Audrey .Hepburn as ElizaDoo.
little. (CP.)



0111TA w A cough that

hangs on may,
lead to s serious

trouble. You

CU. p0 1 need thdo 'A@
action of Ferrol

Compound, the
Tonic Cough

Remedy that
builds you up as

it cures your '

cough. 7

~ __ __

h.. ......wsms-a- -.-.-, ~ ~ C



I____ __


--~Hcnrrs P~-~~E~i~-~&

... v ai a ,- .



-- T--~----r------

St. Mark Celebrates Discovery Day

(by our Soufriere Correspondent)
( Continued from page 3)
A grand trat was put on for all who had direct contact with the building of
the road.
Needless to mention the presence of a flood of people who poured in from all
parts of the island greatly enhanced the beauty of the village and celebrations.
The streets were appropriately decorated all helping to give Soufriere a festive
appearance and make it the centre of attraction.
Congratulations go to the committees for that programme which will remain
indelible in the minds ofall and which made the visitors'go with happy reminiscences
of Soufiiere.

University Of The West Indies

Applications are invited for a post of Lecturer or Assistant Lecturer in the
Department oGovernment of the University of the West Indies. Applicants
should have a special interest in, or knowledge of, at least two of the following
subjects: political thought and theory, government and politics in the West
Indies, comparative polities, international relations, public opinion and propaganda.
The appointment will initially be for a period of three years. Duties to be
assumed as soon as possible.
Salary scales: Lecturer I,o5o x So -,1,400 x 75 ~x,85o, Assis-
tant Lecturer 80oo x o 95o, plus pensionable U. W. I. supplement of
25o per annum. Child allowance, z5o for first child, zoo for second
child, so for each subsequent child. F. S. S. U. Unfurnished accommoda.
tion at rental ofro% of pensionable salary. Up to five full passages on appoint-
ment and -on normal teuminaron.
Detailed applications (six copies) giving particulars of qualifications and
experience, date of birth, and the names of three referees by December 17, 1962,
to the Secretary, Intet-Univetsity Council for Higher Education Overseas, 29
Wnhnm Sn.re.. T-ndon, W. C. t, fiom whom further particulars may be

obtained. 0 :

Elightening Report On R. T. 0.

Powers Ill-Defined
The recently sued report of an investigation which was made into the affairs o0
the Council and staft,the accounting procedures and administration of the City of
Roseau makes extriely interesting reading and goes far to explain why the capital
city of Dominica is such a ramshackle city. Many interesting points as to the
relevant powers of Government, Council and Council employees are brought to
light of which the public should be advised.
In the fst place, whether the Central Government should finance to some
extent the coffers of the Town Council or not, the Executive Council has over-
riding powers on financial matters, supervising the budget and having the right
to alter votes under the various headings. Secondly, under paragraphs so and I
of the Roseau Town Council Ordinance (1937) the Chairman of the Council
(i. e. the Mayor) has such powers "as may be agreed by the Council" (meaning
the Town Council.) Thirdly, the Town Clerk, as Chief Executive Officer, is
not responsible to fny persons or person, and cannot therefore be called to account
by the Mayor or the Council as a body. The appointments of the Senior Offiici-
als Town Clerk, Chief Sanitary Inspector, Assistant Town Clerk and Town
Overseer are subject to the approval of the Administrator in Council. Junior
officials are appointed at the pleasure of the Town Council.
Bad Organisation
Thus, with all these curious anomalies, we have, as the report points out, an
extremely ill-organised body running the city. In the day-to-day running of its
business, the junior employees cannot be effectively disciplined by the Chief Exe-
cutive Officer since their jobs are by favour of the Council. On the other hand,
if the Mayor or Council sees inefficiency or laxness a m o n g the-Senior Officers
nothing can be done, since the Council has no jurisdiction (except possibly a re-
port to the Administrator.)
The Town of eight (s elected and 3 nominated) is a policy-making b o d y
and as such must lean on its permanent civil staff for technical advice, just in the
same way as Ministers and other elected members of the Central Legislative body
must lean on their civil servants. In the case of the Roseau Town Counc.l, it
is stated that the advice wa either not forthcoming, or resented if offered. This
was particularly the case where the Town C 1 e r k and the Mayor were involved.
The Mayor (rightly according to the Committee of I n q u i r y) felt that the Town

Clerk's Office was inefficintly run, that the staff, although paid at eil Mri
rates, were not doing a fair day's work for a f ir day's pay, and that the saemedin
and office procedures were absolete and time-wasting.
Petty Squabbles
Examples of petty squabbles between members of the staff and also of quntre
between the Town Clerk and the Mayor are given in detail; these could ba h*ve
been committed in the interest of better future relations, whatever their validity. "Th
point that human relations are bad from top to bottom is stressed thtoulhimH tie
report and suggestions are made that some of this can be rectified by comiMutinsa
legislation, defining the powers of the persons concerned and laying down irpopf
chain of command in order to improve discipline. As a co-ordinating boy' hbit
for hiring, firing and disciplining the staff the Report wisely recommends a MtaSid
pal Public Service Commission.
Among technical recomnmendajiois the Commitree s u g g e s t that the f
highways through the town be th2 responsibility of the Central Government ( ek
might then reduce its allocation from the vehicle tax receipts allowed t~ t
Town Council). Great criticism is made of the lack of proper stores c a e t 1,
office filing and accounting procedures, and the fact that staff can obtain advt ae
for the pettiest reasons and repay at will rather than on a contract for d.made
from salary.
Solicitor for Town Clerk?
The report also suggests that, since so much quasi-legal work i invohi e it
the running of the affairs of the R. T. C., the Town Clerk s h o u I d, a- iu
other cities in the world, have some legal qualifications and should be dproIrtely
paid (the present salary is just under 4,00ooo per annum). The cramped and *aiy
office accomodation also comes in for its fair share of criticism.
This Report is timely and the citizens of Roseau will watch closely tb m ,lm
much of it is implemented, whether relations between Council and t 1i taca.
proved and 1 st, but mcst important of all, what the results will be in tke shape
of a cleaner city, bater roads and more. value for the rate-payers moaey


The Tree Planting VWeei; Committee appointed by the n l -
1 hiod l Mjinvfoh r fnor. Cqin C in' hp rarntnafad that I*M

Sons who hold themselves responsible for derelict vehlecl tr.
Ing along the New Town Savannah should remove them hby I-
vember 26th 1962 after which date, they will be dumptI Ii
an appropriate place.

Acting Agricultural SuportnteUd#st.
SNov. o1, 17, 24 Ref. 357 Ag.


,P, 7 E R

Whizz contains not one, not two. nol. three ,-
FOUR ingredients--that's cncentrated power to *1
pain and soothe nerve-. On.: ir,ni.y. does .the work
two ordinary tablets.

-- ---- -


"""O~l~r~n~a\~i~znua~arnl-rirr*r7 ~Ui~rrP I
- -au-rrur~umrusl"~slmULi~--a,

....... ......- -----~--- ~~--- ~ -- -- ~-~

SHonour For Chief
chief Albert Luthuli of South Africa,
I96q,. winner of the Nobel Prize for
Peace has,been elected Rector of Glas-
go'v university in Scotland.
At he election, on zznd October,
students gave him, a large majority '
ovr'to well-known Scottish candid-
ates'and.a leading Cabinet Minister,
Britaiiqs Lord Privy seal, Mr. Edward
Heatb. .
.Phief Luthuli, who received 1,291 :.
votis,(,45o more an the next candidate) '.
ivill hol'd-heoflfice-. .rgely an honorary
one for three years. Normally the
succes,.fidl .ndidtc ii expected to be
in,t4lled with full .er -mony at the Un- .
i.ertiy within a few months of his el-
.Commmeniing on. Chief Lnthuli's el-
ection, -thle biaiti daily, The Guard-
ian", said, "T hi s, is .striking test-
im.ny t6 the impression which his char-
act.er' and career have made in this
ifie leading Scottish newspaper, the
"",Glasgow HeraldJ"- says the choice
is in keeping with the University's trad-
ition. Since the Rector ceased to be
working head of the University, the
retonrtil jelution has given the students'
a chance to pra se amus men and
idtify themselvess with great causes.,
- .i _t ^.!'-"t-_a,_!_i'.aL ""Mr. Luthuhll ve.'
t.xreetersig the distilictn-o1i of hi- No-'
b Pt- 'and the dignity with which, ,he
hiftced"fTi'e hazards of South Africa~r

i New Cioasi;fLtion For
.;-, S .Rhodesia
The new coqstitrutilU tor Southern
bhodesia came intof-orce yesterday At
e minute :dier midninl, November
t. This is considered as a slap in the
tce for- the United Nations which had
passed resolution a,tlu.n Great Britain
to- withdraw thie proposed constitution
since it disenfrauchised a large portion
of the Afiican 'population. The reso-
Intion, .i1-Il) I|'n;.iid oy the Afro-
Asian group, was passed before mid-
night (4ew Y:,rk- time) on October
3 Ist, ltt the British Government claim
that by that time in Africa midnight
had passed. l
i ^ '* .. iij -

o., eace Prize
SrcK.iOLt., Nov. r. CP:- The
Nobd Chemiury'Prize has been award
(,('to D toArt John Cowdery Kendrick
and Max Ferdinand Perutz, both of
Ca dge,- England for w o r k on
'huxe 'blood. They made structure
teiinafions of large protein molecules,
CKenarick worked on mygolobin and
'Pernti worked on hemoglobin.
- The Committee has decided that no
PRace Prize will b- awarded for 1962.
The Russian scientist Lev Landeu was
awarded iTh Nobel Prize for physics.
The fifiy-four year old professor was a-
waided the p r i z e for pioneeringg
thibries for condensed matter especially
liquid Helium." Landau is siul re-
overing from a car accident last Janu-

Sv :t'. r -
b~~ja1,r sii- ,es^Acies

I. ,, I Rap~~p~ All.

IlUII cIhItCl, L.4UlIgiBaU ,nDl-
SOut Appeal
':- W. I. Youtl Trust Fund
A rousing iacall from His Honour
the Administrator of Montserrat (Mr. D.
A. Wiles, O. B. E. ) for support of the
Youth Trust Fund founded by Lady
Hailes had full publicity on the front
page of the Montserrat Mirror of Nov-
ember 3, launching day. Mr. Wiles
urged Montstrratians to invest in the
future of the West Indies by giving all
possible help to the fi.n.i. Arrangements
are being made for the Royalh Bank of
Canada to receive subs riiptions in Mont-
serrat, all of which will be acknowledged
in the Montserrat Mirror. I.ocal persons
have also been authority to receive
subsc'r i p t i o n s in various parts of
the island, and iu n d e r the
Amin i t r a t o r' s chairmanship)

Ben Bella On Castro

ALGIERS Nov. 3, CP: Premier
Ahmed Ben Bella said today that his
visit to Havana was "inspired by a pro-
found desire for peace". He said Algeria
was sticking to a policy of friendship and
sympathy for the, Cuban Revolution. He
believed his v i s i t with Premier Fidel
Castro shortly before .the :Cuban crisis
helped reduce the tension and may have
paved the way for a peaceful solution.

a committee of even including Mr. J.
C. Lewellyn Wall, two Ministers of
,,Religion, Miss R1ose Kelsick and other
citizens of standing, have pledged them-
selves to raise Montserrat's share of' the
$2,500,000 'target to be applied to the
welfare of West Indian youth.

SWitAnd Wisdom:
Starifiigitn:a new television prbgramme
calledi"Wit had Wisdom" shown every
Suindaynight '.;:in K:e n y-aat, 7 p.m
is' Phina- Sitnmance;,! daugltertof Mr.
and Mrs. Robert Allfrey. The show
(a'Quiz) goes out over Kenya Broad-
casting corporation from Nairobi and is
the'most popular of KBC's five pro-
"ductions. Phina's husband, Alan Sim-
m'ahce, has a leadinw.role in a radio pro-
gramme during his leisure hours. Their
joint interest in drama and acting stems
firon undergraduate days at 0 x fo r d
U nivessity.
CGminmanists Disagree
NEW DELHI.NOV GP:. Tle; national
council of the India, Communist Party
today accused -Communist .China of
aggression by openly cr6ssing,.the frontier
into Indian territory.

--~-I I - ---UI~31~ I

-- I

4W : '

w -*-


Indian Warner
(Continued from page 2)
During those years, there was a great difference of opinion between Barbados,
the Windward Islands and the Leeward Islands about the value of the Caribs as
allies against the French. The planter of the Leewards suffered many depredations
chiefly from the those Caribs on the Windward coast of Dominica: and those
from Martinique and Guadeloupe (who were encouraged by the French).. Barn
bados, as represented by the Governor and Commander in Chief, Lord William
Willoughby, (who had been appointed on the death of Lord Francis) was trying
through Indian Warner to come to a more peaceful arrangement and to win over
the French-influenced Caribs. St. Kitts, which was shared with a F r e n c h
planter called D'Esnambuc, and had already massacred all local Caribs, was the
seat of Sir William Stapleton, island commander of Antigua. Without prior
approval (it is said) of the Governor of Barbados, Antigua and St Kits raised a
militia and sailed for Dominica to "put down" the Caribs. French historiais
have it that Sir Philip Warner, who lead the expedition, treacherously infiltrated
among his half-brother's tribe, plied them with brandy at a fust and then mai-
sacred them; the signal for the massacre was s u p p o s e d to have been given 4y
Philip stabbing his own half-brother. This story was repeated by one Hamlya,
Captain of one of the raiding sloops, and on his evidence (unsupported), Sir
Jonathan Atkins, who had succeeded as Governor of Barbados following the
sudden death of Lord William Willoughby, had Philip Warner arrested. He
was confined in the Tower of London for 18 months and eventually tried and
,acquitted in Barbados, Hamlyn being convicted of perjury. Later researches iy
k1figham ("Leeward Islands, 1660-1685"), states that in 1674, Christopher
Codrington worried the secret of the reputed Dominica gold or silver mine from
Indian Warner and tried to get a patent for it fiom the King: Willoughby, Drak
ad others als aimedd (after g e t t i n g hold of the secret) to be the discoverers.
Thii Cbdrkgt6on (who was both Deputy-Governor of Barbados and ownerIo.
Barbuda) wasat odds with Willoughby. In 1674 the ill-starred expeditionio
SDoininica was undertaken. Indian Warner apparently guided the Engiis force
across to,thetWiindward coast and helped in a successful action against the French-
allied ICas,,. At a celebration feast on board the ship on their return to the
Layou river anchorage, Indian Warner was unfortunately k i 1 e d in a drunken
:brawl which led to a general act of vengeance by his own Caribs and thil'sub -
sequent massacre. In 1683, Stapleton led a raid on Dominica but succ6ded in
Sk-lling -only TCarib -ria-. i- e ..... ani...TI. !t-was- some-1yic-afit-thi
that Pire Labat made his study of the Dominican Caribs. R. E. A.
iI' ii I


SBy Georg Heym
A smile of grief askance that vanishes
Gone through the white gate of his brow.
He sits upon his chair. Hi 'hands uplifted
Break the staff, and have fallen now.
But in bailey dark the King of the Jews
Shines like a flower full of green effulgence,
And like a gem in livid lustre burns
The brow they cumbered with thorns and shadows.
And the God ascends, mounted on giant
Angel shoulders. Small, buoyant,
Swanlike singing he flies his bright path home,
And in upper light his Father prepares his welcome.

But the judge down on the blue mountain below
Hangs like a wrinkled fruit in his giant mantle.
Savager sundown comes over deserts of echo,
Mute in a green gorge plunging waters fall.
Translated by Christopher Middleton.
From "Modern German Poetry"

U.N. Critical of S. Africa Uganda Breaks With
UNITED NATION NOV. 2 (CP):- Portugal
South Africa took its worst beating ever KAMPALA, Nov. 4th, CP: NeI
when the United Nations Special Poli- independent Uganda announced tha
tical Committee voted 6o -16 for has broken off consular relations w i
sanctions against South Africa for a- Portugal because of "strong, disapprov
apartheid. The Committe also voted of Portuguese policy in Africa. T
in favour of a Resolution asking the announcement said t h a t Uganda d
General Assembly ro consider expelling approved of the Portuguese, failure
South Africa from the United Nations provide any prospect of sef-determi
unless she changes her racial policies, tion for Angola and Mozambique.

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-- ... . .- ..... ...---

Children's (Factual Test) Corner
L'D r dos c GCrls. A little boy, brought up in the country, loved nature
deeply. H- Ln. thie .ry of every bird, the'names of every plant by the roadside.
In short he grew to be very o:,s:rvant -Id loved nature so much that to him disease
and sickness shoili nor be present. He therefore decided to become a doctor.
This oJy w.vs Edward Jenner, wl! was the son of a minister. He began
his twdies with a surgeon near Bristol. 'Ihere he came upon a local belief that
once a mmn t,,t -o,v-po caught fiom sores on cows' udders when milking, he
could not ge srmll pox. He determined to find out the truth of this. He got
very litcie help Iro o his doctor friends as they they thought this an old wives' tale,
After more tuan 20 years of research he seem to have proved this theory. So on
May 14, 1796, he in inoculated an 8 year old boy with cow-pox germs taken fiom
th hlandi of a dairy mnu. His mc:dical colleagues awaited the result with much
excitement, a few criticising him for the risk lie was taking. The boy escaped the
small-pox. His colleagues turned to praise him greatly. Jenner was a very mod-
est man, but his fLme spread far beyond the shores of Britain. Soon Vaccination was
practised all ovec Europe and even China. He spend a large sum in making his
d.icovery b.it money never attracted him. In those days small-pox was a deadly
epidem c as manin as 300 patients would wait at his door every day to be vaccin-
ated. He otrered tree vaccination to those who could not afford to pay a fee.
His hobby was natural history and geology. He wrote a paper "On The
Migration of Birds" His wife Catherine, was a very gentle woman who had a
gr::at mluence over him. She died in 1815 and Jenner was greatly grieved. He
then retired to the country and devoted his life to his hobbies. On January morn-
ing in 1823, he suffered a stroke and died the next day. Thus ended the life of
a,lover of Nature, poet and benefactor of mankind.
Cherio till next week. Love from Auntie Fran.
This week's questions are as follows:
I. Dr. Jenner was an - --- -(Nationality)
2. What great discovery did he make2-------------
3. .-What deadly disease has been practically stamped out by the wide-
spreadilse of his discovery ----------- --
NW E-------------

University Of The West Indies
Admis.ion Of Undergraduates In- October 1963.-
1. Applications are invited for admission to the University1
of the West Indies in October 1963.
2.. Courses for degrees of this University (all degrees may
be awarded with Honours) are available as follows:-
FACULTY OF ARTS: (a) B. A. (General Honours) Degree
S-' Subjects; English, Latin, French,
Econ o mi cs or Government or
Sociology, History, Greek, Spanish,
(b) B. A (Special Honours) Degree Sub-,
jects: English, Classics, French, His-
tory, Latin, Mathematics, Spanish,
Modern Languages.
FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES: (a) B. Sc. (Economics) Degree
FACULTY OF NATURAL SCIENCES: (a) B. Sc. (General) Degree.
Subjects: Chemistry, Botany, Mathe-
matics, Physics, Zoology Geology.
(b) B. Sc. (Specinl) Degree Subjects:
Biochemistry, botany, Mathematics,
:FfCULTY OF AGRICULTURE: B.Sc. (Agriculture) General Honours.
-FACULTY OF ENGINEERING B Sc (Engineecring) Honours: in the
Branches, Civil Engineering, Mec-
hanical Engineering, Electrical Eugi-
ncering, and Chemical Engineering.
3. All applications for scholarships and-or entry as paying
"students to the Faculties of Agriculture and Engineering should
be sent to the Sccrelary, Liimveisity of the West Indies, St.
i, ugustinc, rinidad, Applic.ations for scholarship and-or entry
as paying students of all o:h!cr i'.:ulties should be sent to the
* Ri.gistralr, Univeissiy of il e West indies, Mona, Kingston 7,
4. Applicants must stae tili faculty for which they are
sz k'-mg entry when r.quetunl g application forms from the Regis-
.try.at lMoua or St. Augustine, o- from the Resident Tutors in
:thi vai,;us IcrritoriLS.
5. A number of Opec: Scholarships, Government Exhibi-

tions, Bursaries and other awards will be offered in 1963 as a
result of the University Scholarship examination which will be
held in each territory from February 25 to March 1, 1963. The
entry fee to the Scholarship examination is 1. 0. 0. fhis fee
will not be refunded in cases of withdrawals.
6. Candidates may qualify under the normal Matriculation
(Minimum Entrance) Requirements for Admission to Degree
Courses with:
S(a) Passes infive sLbjects at the G. C. E. of which at
least two must be passed at Advanced level; or
(b) Passes in four subjects at the G. C. E. of which at
S least three must be passed at Advanced level.
Normally a credit at a Cambridge or other approved School
Certificate Examination is equivalent to an Ordinary level Pass;
a pass at Principal Standard in a Higher School Certificate Ex-
amination is equivalent to a pass at Advanced level.
7. (a) Candidates with five passes at Credit Standard
or five Ordinary level subjects G. C. E., including English Lan-
guage, Mathematics; and a foreign language may be considered
for entry to the Pre-Medical (1st M. B.) course in the Faculty of
Medicine, or the Preliminary Course in Science for the Faculties
of Natural Sciences, Agriculture or Engineering.
(b) Candidates who hold a Cambridge Or other
approved School Certificate with five credits and only a pask" in
Elementary Mathematics or German or French or Spanish iay
also be considered for admission to these courses.
8. Candidates who are holders of Certificates or Diplomas
from Agricultural Teacher Training, Commercial and Techinial
institutions:of higher education recognized by the Senate for this
purpose, who present evidence of a satisfactory standard .of
achievement aid vho. satisfy such other tequirements as may be
prescribed for the particular Faculty in relation to the courses
which were taken at the particular institution may be coiiid ered
as satisfying the normal minimum entrance requirements. (Such
.candidates wil atpresent be considered individually).
9. Candidates for courses in the Faculty ot ` Arts shouia
have included among their qualificatio; s:
(1) passes in either two languages other than English at
Ordinary or Advanced level at least one of which must be a
classical language; or english Language at Ordinary level or
English Literature at Advanced level; and in one foreign language
at Ordinary or Advanced level.
10. For the degree courses in the Faculties of Arts, Natu-
ral Sciences, Agriculture and Engineering there are certain sub-
ject requirements which must be included in the qualifications.
Details may be obtained on application.
11. Application forms and brochures containing further
information about courses, scholarships and requirements, may
be obtained from the Registry, UWI, Mona, Jamaica, or the
Registry, Faculty of Agriculture, I rinidad, or from the Resident
Tutor, Extra-Mural Studies and the Education Officers in other
territories. ,
12. The closing date for applications is January 7, 1963.
13. Please note that in the Scholarship examination to be
held from February 25 to March 1, 1963 each candidate will be
required to write a General Paper and any two of the following:
subjects irrespective of the Faculty for which he is applying
Biology English Economic History Latin
Botany French Mathematics (App.)
British Constitution gGeography Mathematics 4Pure)
Chemistry Geology Mathematics (P.&A.)
Economics Greek Physics
English H:story Spanish


Candidates sitting the S:holarship examination are required t> note

1. Biology is not taken with Botany or Zoology
2. Pure and Applied Mathemat;cs is rot 'aken with
Pure Mathematics or Apphed Mathematics;
3. British Constitution and English Economnic Hi'tory cannot be
taken with History.
Nov. 10. 17.-Dec. 8