|UFDC Home||myUFDC Home | Help ||
ALL ISSUES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
OR ES.;-: 7 .i ;. -:-'r Ti .-
.62 -AS1 A
ae .'jnd behind
,he U.N. Charter
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS
FREnOrOM OF WORSHIP
FREEDOM FROM WANT \h
FREEDOM FROM FEAR I tlt
(For the General Welfare oa the People of Dominica, he further further c v "mer o7 the West Indies and the Caribbean Area os a whole)
ESTABLISHED 1955 FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1962 PRICE o00
RENEWED ANXIETY IN CARIBBEAN
U Thant Rebuffed
IT WAS ANNOUNCED yesterday morning that U Thant and his
team of observers who were to check on the dismantling of
the Soviet missiles launching sites in Cuba had returned to New
York. The reason is believed to be that Castro insists upon the
removal of the U.S Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay on the east-
ermost tip of the island.
Caribbean Nurses In
A gay round of social activities, in-
cludiug several cocktail parties, illumin-
ated serious far reaching discussions of
the Caribbean N u r s.e s Organisation
which opened on Monday, October 29
and was opened by Miss Harrison of
D.N.A. Nearly sixty delegates from
Secretary Mrs Mavis Harney Brown (An-
tigua). C.N.O. President Mrs Blanc-
hmtte of St. Croix described in her in-
augural speech the Organisation's strug-
gle for survival and expansion.
The many delegates (which included
35 from the host territory) comprised al-
so 4 from Martinique, 6 from Guade-
loupe, 2 from Puerto Ri co, I from Haiti,
I from Bermuda. Trinidad, Jamaica,
and Barbados as well as some small is-
lands were well represented.
Mental health had a notable place
in the discussion, and Nursing guests
from the WH.O. and the U.S. were
presented to delegates, some of whom
For several days the new (yet un-
occupied) T.B. ward of Princess Mar-
garet Hospital has been blazing with
lights and humming with activity as the
C.N.O. ladies and gentlemen continu-
ed their vital delebrations, which will un-
doubtedly help the Caribbean people to
get well and stay well through improv-
ed nursing methods. This Conference
is truely an historic step forward in
Sabotage in Venezuela
Saboteurs, believed to be followers of
Fidel Castro, last Sunday blew up four
oil company power stations on Lake Mar-
acaibo knocking out one sixth of Ven-
ezuela's oil production. A Creole
Petroleum Company spokesman said
that the whole of the Tijuana Oilfield
in the lake was now inoperable and it
would be a month before it could get
back to its daily production figure of
In the meantime President
Kennedy has re-imposed his
naval blockade andlthe resumpt-
i o n of aerial surveillance of
Cuba. This had been lifted
on Tuesday for a preliminary
two-day period during the talks
w hic h Secretary General U
Thant was having with Fidel
-auL.u. u iL ant arrlvea in
Havana midday on the 30th
and had two meetings with
Castro, but returned to New
X7 1 . ,. -I hA L -
Labour Party Badly Beaten
Less Than Half Voters Vote
The Roseau Town Council Election which had, for more than a w ee e l
been the subject of bitter and acrimonious speeches from leaders and candidates
of both political parties, arouse so little interest that iess than half of the voters
who had taken the trouble to rcgisttr eventually went to the poll. Originally
oo09 had registered, but deaths and challenges had reduced the figure to 1072;
of these 525 cast votes and included in this figure were 30 spoilt ballot papers and
three were disallowed.
As forecast by many, the a Labour voters were confused or resentful and did
not turn out in strength, allowing the D. U. P. P. an e a s y cleain-seep win.
No independents got w i t h i n striking distance of a seat, but then none of them
campaigned; four lost their deposits.
The results are given below:-
D. U. P.. Labour Independent
R. H. Lockhaft 249 E. C. Loblack 177 J. B. Charles 89
S. Lestrade 246 C. 0. James 156 R. M. Green 86
D. Lawrence 240 A. Active i R. Casimir ..
'" :--- 1 Ja.uiS 155 J. Laronde 52
S. Williams 189 A. Trocard 138 J. Osborne 42
(subject to final official count) J. A. James 37
Election Competition Results
Winner (first correct forecast opened) Paul Durand, 68 Cork St, Roseau,
.ULt uIc I.L u WIuIUi Ce- De Gaulle Wins
ceiving a satisfactory reply other Referendum
than a verbal assurance that the In the eferendumheld last Sunday
w b mIn the referendum, held last Sunday
missile bases would be removed in France, around three-quarters of the
"within a day or two". eligible voters went to the polls. The
subject of the referendum was that the
Russia Had Agreed President of France should be elected
by universal popular vote,
On Saturday, October 27, the U. (as is the President of the U. S. A.)
S. S. R. had defended itself in the and would help to confirm the consti-
Security Council by requesting the tutional powers already held "on arn
removal of U. S. bises in Turkey as a emergency basis" by President de Gaulle.
quid pro quo, bnt dropped this line in Sixty-two percent of the voters said
the face of hostile opinion and agreed "Yes", so that the General will not
(without strings) to remove their missile have to make good his threat "to resign
sites from. Cuba under the eyes of if the vote went against" his suggestion.
United Nations observers. Castro -
appears to have agreed but not to the Negro Leader On Trial
removal under observation. Russia has in S. A.
despatched Soviet Vice-President Miko- In Pretoria, South Africa, the un-
yan to Cuba to talk to Premier Castro. derground leader of the banned African
In the meantime U Thant is reporting National Congress, Nelson Mandela
to the Security Council for further went on trial last week for alleged in-
instructions, citement to subversive activities. Ir
November 3rd 1495
The article on page 3 e n t i t 1 e d
"October 3rd 1493" should read as
above and the same date" November
3rd" instead of October 3rd should
should appear in the first paragraph.
The passage in 'brackets "a record .
to be believed" should be deleted'
We apologise for such an obvious error.
court, he attacked "white discrimina-
tion" criticised the existing system of
justice as unfair and said "I consider
myself neither morally nor legally ob
liged to obey laws made by a parlia-
ment in which I am not represented."
The Dawbiney Literary Club has
voted a sum of money as a contribution
to the defense of the African lawyer to
be given to the Defense and Aid Fund,
set up in the U. K. fbr the defense of
political offenders in the African
Commission Of Inquiry
The Commission of Inquiry i n t o
the operation of the Government Mar-
keting Dept, and Marketing shed ad-
journed on Wednesday, October 31st
sine die. All the evidence had been
taken save for examination of paid Bank
cheques to be submitted; after which the
Commission will submit its report
All Saints Day
November i, All Saints Day, was
commemorated in Dominica with cus-
tomary solemn religious pageantry.
1st Prize-Ekco Radio--
Mrs. Brinette John, Grand Bay
2nd Prize (consolation) 1 China
Dinner Set Polly Letang,
37 Great George St., Roseau.'
3rd Prize consolationn) 1 Elec-
tric Lamp -- Milutin Woodman,
2nd Nov I
i a II II i I Jr il ,lt,@ II li
I I I I
Freh Water From The Sea
Latest Distilling Plants Produce Millions of
Gallons a. Day
More than two-thirds of the earth's surface is covered by water, yet there are
many parts of the woril where fresh water for growing crops and even for drink-
ing is desperately short. Where there is plenty, Fresh water is taken for granted
and often goes to waste. In dry land, where in a bad y:ar cattle may die, the
lives of whole populations can be affected by a few centimetres of rainfall more or
Fresh water is beo.ning scarcer in the world as a whole:the total population is
increasing so fast that'it is outgrowing existing supplies For this reason engineers
are seeking new and better ways of producing more fresh water. .
Their main source is the sea. For although it is unfit for drinking and ir-
rigation, and useless fir most industrial purpose, the sea is the indirect source of all
our water. The heat of the sun evaporates sea water, leaving the salt behind and
the moisture condenses to fall as rain. But rain does not always fall where it is
needed-much of it, in fact, goes back into the sea.
4 ; ,. Z
There'll ue no germs anywhere hen you use Mw
O-Pine. the strongest, safest, all-purpose dlM 6f
you can buy. Smell-O-PIe wMI
Your home free from gtemi aa 9WS
t11. Iwice as strong-lasts twice as iMg
NOTTINGICLM, ENGLAND, Oct. 22 CP:
The visiiinp Polish Radio Symphony
an' Pihnist Wladislaw -Kedra-; w\a
niiwy throlghthR-Pjanini n a
sody when a piecof wood fell off the
boom of the piano. Then the soft
pedal broke and more wood f e 1 off.
KeOra p I a ye d on. Then thesecond
pedal broke and Kedra stopped. A
piano tuner came to effect repairs.
Kedra started again but as he played the
fidal bars the pedal strut collapsed and
the whole pedal mechanism fell out:
Kedra finished and said it would take
a man of steel to play that piano again!
The plant in Guernsey, Channel Islands, wlich has a daily output of 50,0000
gallons (2,273,000 litres) of fresh water, built to safeguard the island's tomato
and flower crops against drought.
It was on board ship that the idea of distilling sea water a way of renewing
fresh water supplies was first used to any extent. As long ago as 1884, the Glasgow
engineering firm of G. and J. Weir Ltd. produced a simple distilling plant
for the Royal Navy, and they they began to specialise in frrsh water distillers for
In 1912 they were asked to build a plant on land to provide water at Safaga
Bay, in Egypt. Fifty years later, the plant is still in use, producing 16,80o gallons
(76,000 litres) of fresh water a day.
But modern methods and new processes can now provide fresh water in
vastly greater quantities, and at lower cost. A plant Weirs installed in Kuwait,
on the Persian Gulf, in i9go produces 2,000,000 gallons (more than 9,ooo,ooo
lites) a day.
This is by no means the largest possible. Units can now be built with a
capacity of up to 5,000,000 gallons (22,700,000 litres) and these can be grouped
together to give any capacity required.
Weirs, together with an associated company have built more than 80 per
cent. of the world's sea water distillation machinery. Their plants are now work-
ing in such far-flung parts of the world as Curacao and Aruba in the Caribbean,
Aden, Gibraltar, the Bahamas, and Guernsey in the Channel Islands.
The Guernsey plant was as an insurance. The island has a C7,500,ooo
tomato and flower growing industry and though there is plenty of rain in most
years the islanders decided to take no chances with their main source of income.
As well as these land base sea 'va'e: distilling plants, those now installed on
many ships have gone a lon; way from the tiny machine Weirs built for the Bri-
tish Admiralty in 1884. The Glasg)w firm equipped the new Canberra, Britain's
largestluxury liner since the Queen Elizabeth, with plant producing 750 tons of
fresh water a-day.
1 I.......-.........'".... '- "-
At OAS Meeting
The Secretary-General of the Carib-
-Fearr' orgairsaton, 24I";r'. .: t---
gard, attended the First Meeting of the
Inter-America Economic and Social
Council at Ministerial Level which
opened in Mexico City on October 22.
The Secretary-General was invited to
be an Observer at this meeting which
is being held under the suspices of the
Council of the Organisation ef Ameri-
can States, and which follows a similar
conference at the Expert Level that be-
gan on October I. (CAT'IBO)
PORTSMOUTH CREDIT UNION
The Board of directors of the Portsmouth Co-operative
Credit Union Ltd, wish to inform members that the 7th Annual
General Meeting of the Society will be held at the Credit Union
Hall, Portsmonth at 7,30 p.m. on Monday the 5th November 1964
All members are urged to attend this important meeting,
Members arriving on time i.e at 7,30 p.m will be eligible
to participate in a game of Bingo in respect of which three
(3) cash prizes will be awarded.
Highlights of the meeting will include:-
Declaration of dividend on shares;
Rebate on interest paid on loans;
Short addresses by the Redistrar of Co-operatives and the
President of the Dominica Credit Union League.
'.^^^^.^^..<^.^. -4- .0 ^ ^. ^^ .^ ._ .-_
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1962
FRIDAY,~~-- NOVMBE 3,tga
FRIDAY NOVEMBER, 2, 1962,
October 3rd 1495
The First Dominicans .
Four hundred and sixty-nine years ago, a Genoese navigator called Cristo-
foro Colombo sailed Westward from Spain for his secorid voyage of dicqvrty,
to the Americas. Instead of the three ships he had used for his first voyage (the
Santa Maria he had left grounded in Hispaniola) he sailed with seventeen ships
on September 24th 1493 from the Azores and made his first landfall on Sunday,
October 3rd (a record ten-day crossing if the account is to be believed,) when he
went ashore for water to the island of Wykitibouli naming it Dominica.
Some four or five hundred years before, the island, along with most of the
islands of the Greater and Lesser Antilles had been occupied by an American-
Indian tribe from the Orinoco basin called the Arawaks. Around 3oo A. D.
a branch of-the same ethnic group of an adventurous and warlike nature called
the Caribs had swept up the Lesser Antilles from the mainland of the Guianas
in their dug-out canoes and seized possession of the islands. Bringing no women
with them, they had killed the Arawak men and taken the w o m en for their
wives.. : .; ,
Both Arawaks and Caribs had a culture and religion basically 'similar,
though that of the Arawaks, being a more settled agrarian people, was slightly
more advanced. Since Columbus did not investigate Dominica on his second:
voyage, most of our knowledge of the Caribs then comes from observations made
in the: neighboring island of Martinique as set down by his scribe, Peter Manyr.
The observations of Pcre Labat at the end of the i7th century are concise
and full, and interested persons can get d e t a i 1 s from the translation by John
Eaden.. three languages were spoken, the first, Carib, by men only, but used by
the womeniwhen- addressing the men; the second, Arawak, by the women; this
was known to the men but was beneath their dignity to'speak. Thethird.was
a secret "jargon",known only to the elders and proved w a r r i o rrs, ar d.was
used for cpupcils of war.
Sihe oldim 64 e Catib rose before sunrise and bathed in the river (or sea if no
fiah water was near by), sat in th centre. of the family house or 'carbet" to le
the wind dry him and was'then anointed with a mixture of"roucou" (ar.ed
--b ,mej mlaa nd nr... ka L-oman Tfhis t Jrhf L o
protecting him from the heat of the sun and the insects in the forest. Breaclr
cons sted 'of cassava and fish. or crabs (no salt. was ever used by the Catriibs, n
did they eat the eels that abounded in the rivers.) No man would ac~pt', ordis
'nor were they.incliued to any but the most desultory wbrk,isuch as base' a ak~
,1 the matkig.of clubs, fisi-pots, bows and. arrows, Convttsatisnti a,1iat,
minimum, oiily. one'man holding forth'at a time, the others Signifying thir .ap
proval by a huiimming nose, bnt never was there argument or quarrelling. 'Veh
geance was-restricted to the "vins" or feasts called for an expedition of trade or 't
whernafter a state of intoxication had taken place, it was customary to despatcl
anyone against whom a warrior had a grievance by a blow from b e h i nd'-witl
a dub; it was bad manners for anyone else to make any c o mmen t; If th
"feast" was called for a war-. expedition, one of the elder women, would appea
at a suitable moment, dall for vengeance and ilroiw .:morg the assembld warrior
a "bouccanned" limb of the enemy.
The men are described as "above average height" (in 1698 the .averat
height of a Eropean was about 5'4") and well proportioned. Good-lookipl
except that their foreheadssloped back due to the flattening of the skull in infant
by. tying a board on to the forehead when borh.' "Their eyes: were small at
black .. and they had beautiful white teeth and long straight black hair." F
clothes the'men wore nothing but a cord around the loins to hold a knife ,
which was attached a cloth five inches wide and reaching to the .ground.. TI
women, smaller than the men,. plump and good-looklng, wore ;also :only oi
garment, a "camisa" or apron of cloth 8" long and 4" wide, embroidered wq
beads and with a z" deep bead fringe at the bottom. The men are described ,
sullen and morose but the women as modest, reserved and smiling. For ,Ern
ments the men wore "caracolis" and feathers. The caracolis:are made of a co
per, gold and silver mixture (states Labat) and come fr.,m the S. American, mai
land. They are in the form of crescents, depending from the ears, nose and. low
lip. A larger caracoli made of black wood with metal ends hung from a co
around the neck. When on a war expedition the women would paint. bla
moustaches and lines on the faces and bodies of the 'men.
Their weapons, club, bows and arrows were beautifully fashioned and when
war the arrows were tipped with the poisonous manchineel sap. For hunting
barb or poison was used and for fishing the arrow was barbed and had a std
and float attached." The accuracy and skill of their shooting was a wonder to :t
Two main types of Boats (pirogues or piraguas) were observed. The fishiri
pirogue was about 29' long with a beam of 4A' both ends pointed and dug out
from a single silk-cotton tree trunk. Bow and stern were raised 15-- 0" above
the level of the centre. There were 9 thwarts and a backrest above each thwart
which also stayed the sides of the boat. It was propelled by paddles with a larger
steering paddle. The gunwales were pierced with holes through which lashings
.were passed to secure any goods or chauls; this was necessary since the Caribs
were inclined to upset their canioes very easily, either from drunkeness or from
crowding on too much sail-howe-ver it was very rare that a Carib was ever drowned.
The larger war-canoe or "bacassa" was 42' long and 7' beam carrying a
mast and sail. Boards 15" wide were bent around tme top of the dugout to in-
crease the size. The bows and thwart arrangements were the same as the pirogue
but the stern was squared off like a poop and had on it a bas-relief carving (of no
artistic metit) of a monkey.
The family house or "carbet" differs in Lal-at's description fro n the rund
one described by Peter Martyr in Guadeloupe 200 years earlier. It is described as
being like a barn, 60' long by 25' wide. The rafters reached the ground on
either side and the.smallest inside supporting post as 9' high. It was thatched
with palmiste leaves supported by lathes of roscau (thick reeds). One end open
the other end closed by a wall of roseau and palmiste except for an opening to
the kitchen. This was a shed ten paces away of similar construction but half
the size and with a division down the centre. One half sen ed as kitchen, the
othera, bedroom for the women and children. The foor wa> of beaten eart'1
andi the only furniture consisted of hammocks and baskets, the latter when closely
woven and upended on four wooden legs being used as tables (one for meat and
the.otl'er fgr vegetable produce like cassava). They would t r a d e anything for
Pui, says Pare Labat, but their own alcoholic drink (only imbibed at "vins") was
called "Ouicou" and was made of fermented manioc, sweet potatoes, sugar and
water. Their preparation,ofcassava,(miioc) is by grating the root, mixing with
,water and suspending the wet mixture in a "press" of basketwork hung from a
tree with. a heavy rock tied at the bottom. The attenuation of the basket squeezed
out the liquid; this method is still occasionally used to this day.
S Social Customs
t . *
S The social customs of the Dominica Caribs have changed a lot since the 17th
S.anrir..T when far hm tinhr. ,-. r..-Ahn -g--:" -"Q .linrnhin were rhC
t 'f'~ hetsister and son-mother. Wives wcre simply v.varis and often a man
r w uld i saarry 3 or 4 sisters at the same time. Engagement or bchrothal often
.: totikpae when agirl was 4 or 5, years old. It was always said that the women
g Ia BoiP rjdle-. ,Tetre quotes the proverb, however, "Frown at an Indian
a ,adyo;ht, im. Figt an Indian and you must kill him or be killed."
hwt inordately jealous and would kill their woman on the slightest sus.
Spacion, so vinictive, that if offended they never failed to take vengeance and so
r, f'oniiforum that they would give all they possess to get it; "apart from all these
h ithings;no power on earth will be capable of moving them."
h 'NEXT WEEK -- "The Story of Indian Warner".
iay never happen
" Good advice-if you can take
- it. But life today has so many
worries. They come in assorted
sizes . from the atom bomb
to the dozen anxieties, large and
small, that daily prey upon our
nervous systems. Nerves
stretched to breaking point need
Nutrophos, the n e r v e tonic
that soothes frayed nerves,
brings sound sleep and
*a* tones up the vital
N T, IROPBOS
THE NERVE TONIC makes you eat well,
sleep well, feel well.
_ __ __ ___
~UYluu~ur*r -rrr. r^~--l~
PAUL FOU DOMINIA HERAL FRDYNVEBR i, 6
I Al v L'N i CA HERALD
'.AT 7I 1 T I A
': C: )Si .:PT IONS,
Yearly Town: $5.O. Country 6.0(,
Overseas: '7.5i. Single Copies: o10
Advertisemnuts at Reasonable Rates.
MRS. PHYLLIS SHAN-' ALLFREY, Editor.
Put 'islec at the HERALD PRINI ERY, 31 New Street, Roseau, Dominica, W.1
All subscriptions and other payments must be made at the above
address to J. 'MARGARTSON CHARLES,-Manager-.Poprielor
ROSEAU, FRIDAY NOVEMBER 2, 1962
THE RIGHTS OF MINORITIES
UNITED Nations Day (Oct 24) occurred this year in an at-
mosphere of gloom and anxiety. It was in fact hardly cele-
brated here at all. Voices were heard saying "What's the good
of the U. N., after all!" The day was damp and g r e y, over-
cast particularly by the news about Cuba. But not everybody
was discouraged. A gleam of light s h o n e through the mist.
That light was the beacon of international security.
Acting General Secretary U Thant wears the mantle of the
late Dag Hammarskjold with dignity and good s e n se. His
U. N. Security Council called upon the United S t a te s and
Russia to postpone any provocative action for two weeks;, and
ordered the dismantling of Soviet-equipped nuclear missile sites
in Cuiba. If these reasonable requests are complied with (and
they are reasonable for the s a k e of precarious humanity), the
situation may be s a ye d, and we in the Caribbean can breathe
vo~re freely ._ .
These is another matter with w--Tiitc"i~
concerned: that is the rights of minorities. West Indian 'i-
grants ,n Britain are a m i n o r i t y group. So are indigenous
Caribs in Dominica. So are European or "White" individuals,
few in number, Americans, and other' persons of minority' iaces
within the 'West Indian islands. Several such persons, in DP6i-
inica at least, belong to religious orders; a few are in commerce
or official positions; there are just a few individuals in this cate-
gory who were born, like their forebears, citizens of the territory.
The HERALD is, like the United Nations, interested in the
rights of minority groupings wherever t h e y may be. We are
interested when a coloured student stands up for his right to en-
ter a Southern U. S. University or high school. We are in-
tereste'A that when West Indians in Britain are treated shabbily
or violently, justice is done and reparation made, we are inter-
ested that human beings of all shades in this would-be, paradise,
Dominica. (which celebrates her Discovery D a y or Niovember
3), should be treated with egalitarian principle, -both by Goverri-
ment and by their fellow men. We are especially interested in
the wellbeing of the last of the Caribs. And, so, whenever one
of God's creatures is treated unfairly, w h e th e the or she be
"bronze or pinko gray," as a great English novelist o n c e de-
scribed superficial ethnic differences, we shall speak out, we shall
write, and we shall publish. This is the manner in which ive
shall make our contribution to the concord of a great family of
ROSEAU TOWN COUNCIL ELECTION III
The results of the Town Council election indicate even more
than a.triumph for the D.U.P.P., the defeat of the Labour Party
in its capital city. This city is the birthplace of .the Founder
of the Party, and her expulsion left its mark in the aunds of La-
bour supporters and sympathisers, many of whom -did' not turn
out to vote at all. This is the primary reason for Labour's dis-
comforture, and they cannot say they were not warned, since at the
.Appeal from Expulsion meeting of the Patty on October 5,the cx-
President said: "What of the Town Council election? My ex-
pulsion will definitely damage the return of Labour candidates.
Its confirmation would be an offence against political solidarity ...
It will bring about lack of trust in human kindness and decency
. . Can we not mend the broken good relations?" These re-
marks are from ihe written statement which she read to the La-
There will be talk, inquests and post mortems around itand
about. Out of a total electorate of 1072, that is of people who
took the trouble to register as voters, only 525 could bring
themselves to go to the polls and make their crosses (4.16%/).,
The majority of those who made this effort voted D.U.P.P.; in
our opinion, those who abstained were mainly Labour sup-
porters and vulnerable "floating voters". We do not accept that
the, CZ.D.C. issue told in favour of DUPP save in the immediate
vicinity of high tension house. We do, however believe that the
question of co-operation between Government and the Town
Council ranked high in tipping the controversial balance. And
we think the tone of candidates' speeches played a significant part
On this question of co-operation between central and local
Government, e Editor was once told by a Commissioner for
Canada that no central or federal government would be justified
in withholding fiscal or other support from a subsidiary or provin-
cial government simply on grounds of political disgreeiient with'
Sthe persons concerned. This was said during an informal dis-
cussion on the Federal Government's role in assisting the ,territo-
ries,, some of whom had returned "pro-Fedetal Labotr -Party"
maoriti, and some of whom had not. The late Federal Gov.'
t :was a fair one, and.t h s nfeS-
paper agrees with the Commissioner's remark, The new -"-
aui Town Council has been democratically elected. We want
to see them go ahead and clean up our city. We shall .waitr
'tleiip iformance. We hope it will be better "th a r the last
Council's although the personnel is much the same. We do
not expect the Central Government to obstruct the Councillors
in any p r o p e r measures which they may see fit to undertake.
Furthermore we wish all members of the newly-elected R. T. C.
4well in their endeavours.
Correspondents are asked to submit their full names and addresses as a guar-
antee of good faith, but not necessarily for publication. Letters should be as shoi t
as possible Controversial political letters will not be published anonymously
Views expressed in People's Post do not necessarily reflect the policy of the Editor
or the Proprietor.
I I-- Il
Dear Mrs. Editor,-I must tell you
how shocked and disturbed I am on
hearing of this sad news which befeld
you, I am telling you, you have my
fullest support in whatever steps or
move you are about to make, and I am
sure many Dominicans will go with you
'too. I would not advise you to leave
Dominica your native land at this time,
because they have acted in this way;
do not let these people make you run
"away from Dominica, no never! You
must stand up and fight. One thing I
know they have made a very bad
mistake. I am very interested to know
Do not give up the Dominica'
SDear Madame Editor,-I know you
will be surprised to hear from me, .:bu
there is so much to tell I scarcely know
where to begin, but I must say how
shocked and sorry I was to hear of the
break with you and your Party. I give
myself the liberty of saying that its not
something you have done, but a ques-
tion of colour. Unfortunately, there is
a group in our West Indies who still
cannot accept people different from
them in colour, regardless of how liberal
the white person may be,' I repeat that
I am very sorry.
Ex Minister of Government
Dear Mrs Editor,
I wish to thank yon
for publishing my letter. It has bad it
S(Contirued 6np. 5)
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1962
FRIDAY NOVEMBER, 2, 1962,
PA GE FIVE
- -III-IC ---L- .----~L
People's Post pnsse for which even the little ones must
(Cont. from page 4) feel the pinch:
In other words where do the Cinema
effect in the most satisfactory manner, authorities show any love of art or take
The marketplace had much vendors but pride in making their contribution to
few customers as the product being stale cultural advancement when they adopt
could not attract even the most faithful the policy of extracting every ounce of
supporters. Quite a queer picture the the pound of flesh
subject of bobol by honest to goodness Must we the admirers of the Cinema
men whose conduct must not be quest- paint them just bagmen, peddlers, shop-
ioned! *They found a ccss for flies" keepers etc. who show no sense of ap-
said a passer by as the fly swatter found preciation for the pleasure, amusement,
time to take a nap when a Vendor an- and educational value of the Cinema on
nounced the next speaker this the minds of children and its artistic and
time procrastination filled the air. This creative contribution in the development
great man began by saying "when I was of their minds? If so then why make
a little boy wearing three-quarter pants, the prices prohibitive?
people used to .. ." the rest he will ex- This may well be to their undoing
plain to you when he read this letter. as most parent will have to seek other
Their sins are beginning to find them forms of amusement for their children in
out much too early. Surprises of this order to off set this large drain on their
kind ate shocking! You will hear more pocket which may severely affect attend-
now that election is over. ance by children.
DOMINICAN, Roseau. "DISGUSTED*', Rosea
Party Politics For A Cleaner City
l of te P y m Dear Sir,-By the time this article
I listened to several of the Party meet- appears the election of the members for
ng in the municipality of Roseau, and the Rosea. Town Council will have
I dare say the standard of most of the already taken place, and to those hon-
Speeches border on Vulgarity in the ourable gentlemen and or ladies in
extreme, whose hands the affairs of this mnnici-
This was especially so with some of the pality will be entrustedfor the next three
candidates put up the Labour Party and yearJ, we take the opportunity t bring
it was regreable to note that even some of to their attention certain facts which
the minister of Government were not have greatly retarded the progress of this
above indulging in low and Vulgar par- island.
lance. I Relationship between Governm en
3.Umnc of iAL M.n.iup s of L, LjLu i nd LIC ouguluWg Guuiinf LA i L<> -- -- -
Party like the A,** T,*,, type a'e a extremely poor; in fact, it had reached
direct insult to our intelligence and her an all time low, and this has brought
pernicious and evil remarks especially a- much misery and suffering to the citizens Whenever you visit
bout those who have been good to her of Roseau and to the ildnd in general, to take a bottle o
and, her distortion of facts are Scandalous One would expect these two bodies tootl and comfort
to an extreme and will do 'the Labour to work together for the general good cools and comforts
Party no good. of the community, but instead, they re. from fever and hea
Some of the candidates are blandly mained at opposends while the holes in freshing sponge b,
ignorant ofthe mechanics of Government our streets gct larger and deeper; while have too much
or of the laws of economics. piles of rubbish remain in the drains Lotion with a mu
I fear me since the Labour Party ex- and on the streets for days, and while
pelted Fouder-President Mrs Allfrey things pigs, goats, sheep, dogs and fowls roam everyone, sick or
have taken a turn for the worse and are about freely spreading that rubbish all gft that's always v
now as a ship without a rubber. The ten- over,
or of their views on. Mumcipal Govern- We blame our scavengers, but we
ment as addressed to us the citizens we know quite well that they are not the 64
found anachronistic, amoral and dan- ones to be blamed. Instead we should
gerous this c o n v i u c e d even the sympathize with them for the arduous
most dense among us that now there task which they have to face to collect
is no leader with any real hold on the rubbish all over the streets and drains
the pary's high principles nor to pay instead of from proper bins and boxes.
due regard to its integrity and probity Roseau today is undoubtedly the ing affair is a bit of organization to see
without which no party c a n long shabbiest and filthiest town in the West that bins or rubbish containing. rubbish
survive. Indies; the condition of her streets is are cleared at regular intervals in various
In fact the way some of the Labour disgraceful, yet the people who have sections of the town and to enact pro-
Party candidates have shocked us with pledged to look after her welfare waste per legislation that would keep animals
their utterances take us far back into more time in settling their petty differ- off the streets and also prevent people
history for a similitude and that was ences than in rectifying her blemishes. from throwing rubbish in the drains
when the Roman Emperor "Caligula" We are not ignorant of the fact that and on the streets.
made his horse a Senator of Rome. the residents themselves have contributed As regards the holes in the streets we
AMAZED CITIZEN, Roseau. greatly to the filthy condition of the observe a complete halt in the tempo-
town, but we contend that had govern- ry that were being carried out.
Smentand Town Council work i Surely the taxpayer needs an explana-
"Cinema Prices harmony with each other those sore eyes ion when things are allowed to reach
would be greatly lessened. that stage. We are fed up with the
Sir:- We hote that the Carib We cannot attract strangers under given for makers which
Cinema will after November Ist up its these condition, and we are not in the sp ous excuse given for matters which
prices for matinee the time when the least surprised that tourist boats by pass can easily be rectified.
little attend ones the show. Dominica and call at most of the other We are called upon to pay more
Is this a case of Chauvinism and islands which have fir less to offer than taxes every six months, yet the more we
there is no feeling of love or pleasure for we do. pay the poorer the service we get. A
art and culture except it be for the All that is needed in this town clean- friend once remarked that Dominicans
a sick friend be sure
if Limacol. Limacol
Springs quick relief
daches, makes a re-
ath. You can never
Limacol, the Toilet
altitude of uses for
well. Limacol is the
6t"# t <4 6t
are law abiding to the point of ignor-
ance, and undoubtedly there appears to
be a great truth in that,
We therefore call upon the miallbt
of government, as well as city council.
lors and citizens of Roseau to tart to
work to beautify this town of ours.
TOWN DWELLER, Roseau
One Vanguard Motor Gar In excellent
APPLY to W; G HUTTON
Oct. 27 -Nov. 2
PAGE SIX DOMINICA HERALD
Tow rds Socialism:
By Pav Engstad
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1962
Paul Engstad is Organising Secretary
of the Norwegian Labour Party. Earlier
this year he visited English-speaklug
countries in Africa on behalf on the
'We aresocialists.' Tnis is a remark
often made by African political leaders.
Some of 'tLemn use the word without
defining iti O thcers, such as the Act-
ion Group in Western Nigeria, have
set up a progiamme based on c 1 e a r
social democratic principles. But it
is not surprising ; that tile many African
political parties have difficulties in giv-
ing their mcjiiig of the word 'social-
ism.' All their efforts have been con-
centrated:,;on attaining independence,
and under such conditions it is difficult
for the leaders to find time to discuss
the details of post-independence ideo-
logy, especially in view of the scarcity
of leaders and political tradition.
So it was refreshing to attend the
Party Congress of the N. C. N. C. in
Nigeria,' where delegates showed a keen.
interest in socialist principles. One; I'
remember, asked if it was liht i -fthe
government; to sd' r-'i.-,,' r
state-owped- companies. The Minister
ofFinance answered that nationalisation
meant that industry should belong to
the nation, and when the government
sold shares to Nigerians, industry was
still in the hands of the nation. The
Minister's remarks were greeted by a
storm of protest, questions and jeering,
He stodd up again and declared t h at
whep the government was in need of
capahl it was right to sell some shares
in otded.to get money to b u i 1 d new
inkdtries. This explanation was better
received, bur the leader of the P a r t y
had" to" promise t h a t the question of
nationatiisationi shlbuld lbe -'put on the
a g e i- d a of the next congress. This
exchange of remarks refectedd b ro a d
discussions on socialist principles be
'twe& the rival Action G r o u p and
N: C. N. C., and which was carried
out in newspapLrs, inagazines and at
p 0litical. meetings. How much of this
reaches the rank and file is difficult to
.'Socialist ideas should have a very
6god chance of being realized in the
new African states, since they are able
to blanch out from'a ne v angle, not
being tied to old-established institutions.
The need'for planning in the new Afti-
can states is so obvious that no political
party can 'oppose it. Education, fur
example, is a tremendous task w h r C
"l t:rw e e n. 70 and 90 per cent of the
population is illit2rate. ,In Kcnya about
a million childrci are w i t h o u t any
form of education whatsoever. Thu;,
whenKenya at tins her indepcndencs
one of the 'first problems to solve will
bee hat of educat'ug these children :,n J
at the. same ime raising the standard.
tfo thse already attending school. This
kind of problem can only be solved at
The Public Needs
ing about foreign capital being a new
form of colonisation. The responsible
leaders realise, of course, that foreign
capital is needed. At the same time
they wish to keep it u n d e r control.
It is possible that the African expe-
rience in applying socialist principles
to their overwhelming internal problems
will contribute to our own conceptions
of socialist practice. In any event it is
Another problem awaiting treatment Government a c t i o n is therefore, also certainly important tor European social-
is transport, which is i n a d e q u a t.e necessary in this field. ists to contribute actively to the current
throughout Africa. There is also a Af ch African experiments. (Venture)
tremendous amount to work' to be done TheAfrican approach to ownership
on telegraph and telephone ic of land is again necessarily different from
both' within and between the' different that in Europe. On the whole, land Red Cross Youth Trust
states. Communications between.Afri- belongs tothe chief or to the tribe, and Visitor
can States and the metropolitan power is not the property of the African farmer En route back to Trinidad from a
are often better than those acro s the himself. In most cas:s agriculture is Red Cross conference in Puerto Rico,
borders to neighboring c o i n t ies. he mainstay of the economy. When Dr. S. Moosai-Miharaj ill spend Nov-
A g a i n these problems can only b. the system of ownership is so different emb:r in Dominica as the guest of Mr.
handled by the governments thcmseles from ours, it is obvious that the Africans and Mrs. Allfrey: he"arrives on Nov. in.
and not by p ate co mpanes have to find different ways of solving Dr. Moosai, Trinidad organiser of the
p mp their -agricultural problems. African Junior Red.Crossind a Trustee of the
Other problems, are the building up' political I e a.d e r s talk enthusiastically W.I. Youth Trust Fund, was formerly
of industries, whether -state-owned4 or about co-operative farming,. and it is Permanent'Secretary, Federal Ministry of
privately-owned. -We ought, n0o.t;f o be, to be expected that they will find their Labou' arid Social Affairs. He is now
surprised when we hear Africans talk- solution along these lines. the: riiicipal of Trinidad High School
FRIDAY NOVEMBER, f, 1962, DOMINICA h'kALD
+Jr l J. -- t II .. -.-..
Tree Planting Week In November
In a radio address on Tuesday, the Minister for Labour and Social Services
Hon. W. S. Stevens, announced the holding of a Tree Planting Week to take
place at the end of November this year.
Commenting on the paucity of shade trees in our parks and open spaces, he
appealed to the people of Dominica to co-operate in this new venture to beauti-
fy our towns and villages.. Mr. Stevens confused some of, his listeners, by re-
ferring to the planting of "artificial" trees (dictionary definition "not natural, not
real") but we gather from the context that he is referring to trees planted by the
hand of man, rather than by fortuitous nature. We take
it that he refers to such trees that beautify a place
like T r ini d a d so greatly - Spathodia (African Tulip), Immortelles
(so few are seen here nowadays), Flamboyant, Pink and Yellow Poui, Almond
(that most beautiful tree for shade) and the many varieties of Cassia. These
flowering trees, which are indigenous to the Caribbean, are seen in all-year-round
profusion along the new roads of Trinidad, ringing the Queen's Park Savannah
and growing in all the private gardens. .
The Minister stated that thanks to co-operation with the Ministry of Trade
and Production, the Agricultural and Forestry Departments will be providing, the
plants, "and the Government is appealing to owners of lands to do three things:--
(i) to offer your land on the roadside to plant any tree you like,
(ii) to co-operate with the Agricultural and Forestry Departments and to
any social oganisation who may come along to get this great work done,
(iii) to regard the plants as your property and assist in caring and protect-
ing them for yourselves, your children and your children's children."
Referring to the Botanical Gardens, (a show piece of the Caribbean), he
said "It is a pity the tomb of Curator Joseph Jones is placed on the Morne where
many cannot often connect this great benefactor of Dominica with the splendid
monitment he left us in our Botanical Gardens. But all of us will in this exercise
show an imponant qualification for nationhood by undertaking to do something to
benefit those who come after us."
It is understood that the Minister of Trade and Production will make a
radio- address 'on the subject at a later date.
Atantic City, Oct I6 (CP): Dr. T .C. King of the University ofKansas
told the America College of surgeons that cold water is winning medical favor as
the best treatment for burns. It relieves pain faster and promotes healing better
Import Of W.I. Fruit Buy The HERALD To Read
West Indies bananas imported into -
Britain for the first pine months of this
year showed substantial increases both. *.. .......
trom Jamaica and the Windward Islands. I w ish to it
The monthly report of the Common- to II
wealth Economic Commitee on fruit
imports states that bananas arrivals in I e ] j
U,K. fiom Jamaica in September to-
talled 1,o68,ooo bunches, bringing the Of our 1
total for the first nine months of this
year to 8,700,000 bunches as against
7, 8oo,ooo in the period Jamuary to VENIMOS Leaving New
September last year. The report also
states that 2,400 cases of grapefruit were VIAJERO "
received via the Netherlands early in the
month, and at the end of the month a 'VAMOS "
direct shipment of approximately 4,000
cases arrived. VELOZ "
Receipts of Windward Islands ban- VELOZ
anas were again relatively light in Sep-
tember. The year's total so far amount Be sure6 you are
to 7,300,000 bunches against 6,5oo,ooo000 R uiem
in the first threequartersofi 961 Re- Christmas Requireme
ceipts from individual islands in Sep-
tember were: Grenada 60,000 bunches; I i
St. Vincent 138,ooo bunches; St. Lucia J
351,000 bunches; Dominica 169,000
bunches; and Montserrat 1,500 bunches.
In the latter half of the -month deliveries
ofgtapefruit from Dominica commenced, BO&
totalling 4,500 c a ses and further
consignments were expected, .. .,....,,
The Dawbiney Literary Club
(Vincere Possunt Qni Volunt Vincere)
Nov. ,st PANEL DISCUSSION:-
CUBA AND THE CARIBBEAN
R. St. hf. Shillingford, Esq.-Chairman
M. White, Esq.
Miss Y. Montoute
P. E. Pierre, Esq.
Nov. 8th- Open Discussion:- Pressure Groups
Led by B. St. C. Rolerts' Esq.
Chairman:-Miss A. Severin
Nov. i5th--Mock Legislative Assembly
F. M. Alie, Esq. 0. Symes, Esq
M. E. John Lewis, Esq. J. Harris, Esq.
SPEAKER . C. A. Sorhaindo, Esq.
Nov. 22nd--Talk by Rev. Father Jolly
Chairman . .. A. B. L. Zare, Esq.
Nov. 29th- Talk by Hon. E. B. Henry-The Use of the Past
Chairman ..... .M. White, Esq.
Dec. 7th- -pen Night
Chairman ..... The President
POST OFFICE NOTICE
NUMBERING OF -HOUSES AT GOODWILL
Now that's ie houses at Goodwill are being numbered, mentbers
of the public are kindly asked to co-operate with the Post Office
by displaying their full and correct postal addresses plainly on their
--tft-p~pti r +Juinss eo..iiflun.cation &.,, which ohoMtld-lnohu,-
lilUp~~t-- UOIIO0 OUII~~llU I~ltI W LI 01 --&.~t riu l l-a
NUMBER OF HOUSE
NAME OF STREET, ROAD, &C.
NAME. OF TOWN
NAME OF COUNTRY
N. W, RoYER
General Post Office, Dominica, Oct., t92,.
form all Importers of our
vessels from New York :
York Oct. 24th Arriving Dominica About Nov. 3rd.
Nov. 7th Nov. 16th
Nov. 28th Dec. 8th
Dec. 19th Dee. 18th
booked early for these vessels for all your
its. Make sure you quote shipment by:
T. D. SHILLINGFORD (Agent.)
THl AMERICAN SHIPPING/ CORPH.
Jl*wrowwwwwww -***^ .. ,u* 'c Is Ulri-h
DOMINICA HE,RALD FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1962
Children's (Factual Test) Corner
Dea- Boys and Girls, How many of you can swim? Those who cannot
must decide to learn right away. Everyone should be able to swim. Here you
can learn in he sea ur in the rivea. In some places there are swimming pools,
even in schools, whleie children are taught to swim.
Swimming is an exercise for the body. A swim is also relaxing, to the
mind. Tha; is why many people flock to the sea or river on holiday.
Now it is never too late to learn to swim. Some children who 'live near
bodies ofwaer learn to swim very early in life. Swimming used to forrn part of
the activities of Guide. ahd Scouts here. I cannot say if it is still so. Swimming
badges used to be given out to good swimmers by those organizations, a'nd many a
boy and girl learnt to swing by being members of these organizations. Those who
cculd swim taught those who could not. Of course under the watchful eye of al
There are different methods of swimming. The first stroke taup;ht is usually
the. breast stroke, where both arms and legs are used together. Theri, there is the
:r twl, when one hand and arm are pushed forward at a time. This type of swim-
ming is the fastest.
Then ther- is the back stroke. You must first learn to float on your back
before attempting this tyre.
It is very important that you learn to float. It is very very easy. The body
is lighter than water and you relax completely, you will not sink. VWhen swim-
ming long distances, one can just turn on the back and rest.
There is also another stroke-- the butterfly stroke which is just a very fast
breast stroke used by very good swimmers to build up stamina or staying power.
You must have very strong muscles for this type of stroke. *
Now a word or two of warning. Even if you are a good swimmer, never
shove off sometimes, there are dangerous currents which can easily cause drowning.
Beware too of strange waters. Don't just dive in it might be shallower than
you think; you can easily break your neck or got stunned and be drowned.
Lastly, you should learn to give artificial respiration in case .of drowning.
Years ago and I think even today many country people, knew how to per-
form this operation. Many lives have been saved in this way. A few years ago,
an AmeriFan corsple living on the island were saved from drowning by this opera-
There-is a new method-- the mouth to mouth or mouth to noise- that has
bcena litplki-ejioAcc-eily a1 at &-ry-e ad v- --.- -=-- -
Well, here's to a swim during the week-end holiday.
Cherio till next week.
Love from Auntie Fran.
This week's questions are as follows:
I. Name the four different strokes in swimming. --- --
2. Which one should be learnt first?---
3. What name is given to the operation where a drowned person can be
brought back to lifei-- -- -
ist. Prize $1.25 won by Matha Jude (Wesley High School)
nd. $ r oo "Alexander Roberts (Dominica Grammar School).
rd. $0.75 "Irma Peter (Convent High School)
"Three consolation prizes of 50o each.
i. Magdalene Yarde (St. Martin's School)
'2, Newton Shillingford (St. Mary's Academy)
3. Peter Edwards (Dominica Grammar School)
Last week's answers were as follows:
k. .President Baptista ruled Cuba before Castro.
2. Sugar is the main product of Cuba.
3.; It was the invasion of "Bay of Pigs" when the anti-Castro Cubans from
America invaded Cuba.
BUSINESS MACHINES, RADIO--
SSPECIALIST... A D D I S 0 N T. COLAIRE, Graduate,
I.PR.E. (Eng.) Member, Radio Society
of Great Britain. Amateur, Radio Station
) 'VPZDY' Dominica,
Call ... .
Nov. 2, 10
14, Franklyn Lane, Goodwill,
SThe "Variety" Store
C, G. PHILLIP & CO, LTD,
i Dressing Table Mirrors, Chairs, Sewers,
SComplete with Fittings; Soil Pipes, Clay
Pipes, Spades & Shovels, Forks; Face Basins, 1
Porcelain Kitchen Sinks; Floor Tiles and
Cement, Scales and Weights, etc.
. H 1 J C) .~P r C ..p- 1.- **---,- ~
DOMINICA BANANA GROWERS ASSOCIATION
Fresh N P K mixtures expected 2nd November at our v
Roseau, Goodwill and Portsmouth storerooms.
In stock at our Goodwill storerooms- Sulphate of Ammonia.
For MAXIMUM banana production at TOP summer prices
start applying fertilizers NOW.
J. P. Bruney
I, Ag. General Manager
... ....-- .. ............ .. .... .. ..... ......... ........ o ...
1. Wolseley Super Swipe $270.00 or offer,
(Cost $625.00 New does the work of 20 men cutlassing).
1. International Harvester Tractor. No. 169. Purchased in 1958
(Cost $5,000,00 New) (3131 hours running only), Complete
with Hydraulics and P. T. O. Shaft. Ideal opportunity for the
small farmer. Offers invited.
1, Austin 7, No 979, The ideal runabout, also the ideal
Christmas gift for your wife. Try any offer.
All the above can be inspected at Batb Estate.
I All offers should be addressed to:
Nov. 2, io
... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ..
Pat Stevens Note Book
VATICAN CITY, OCT. CP:-Indi- Owing to pressure of space due to
cations are that the Ecumenical Coun- an 8-page issue (holiday reason),
eil will, because of the volume of "Pat Stevens Note Book" will appear
business, last twice as long as expect- next week.
ed-two years instead of one. Three
prelates have died already s i n c e the
opening of the Council. SUPPORT THE HERALD
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J. MARGARTSON CHARLES,
THE HERAIJD'1 PRINTER, 31, NEW STREET ROSBAU, OOM(NICA,
FRIDAY NOVEMBER 2, 1962,
GIANT ANNIVERSARY GIVE AWAY
ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS ($1000.00)
IN VALUE TO BE GIVEN AWAY FREE!!
TO LUCKY WINNERS!!
Commencing November 1st to November 30th print year asp
and address clearly on the back of all Cash Slips of $2.00 or more
in value, and deposit in barrels placed in front of our stora.
The Grand Draw takes place on the evening of Novememr I50t
when Twenty (20) Lucky Customers can win any of the frllowIg
prizes. All prizes must be won.
ize i Bosch Refrigerator
i Dinnette Set 5pcs.
i Sony Radio
i Bed & Mattress
Tropigas Hot Plate
i Water Fountain
i Lawn Mower
Reliance Ice Cream Freezer
i Ironing Board
I Indola Fan
" i Single Burner Kerno Stmu'
I Rotary Picture Lamp
Metal Book Shelf
S Glass Cocktail Set, 5 pieces
Juice Set, 7 pieces
-5 pc. Plain
i set Champagne Glasses,
i set Port Wine Glasses
19th I, Crystal Beverage Mug
4 pc. set.
The Names and addresses of the Lucky Winners will be published in the Press.
Be Wise And Buy At
ASTAPHANS SHOPPING CENTRE where Variety, Quality, PCiies
and Service are unequalled in Dominica- and OomparaMle te aey
where in the World.
JOIN THE EVER INCREASING CROWD
OF SATISFIED CUSTOMERS AT
ASTAPHANS SHOPPING CENTRE
DESIGNED FOR YOUR SHOPPING PLEASUtR