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R ."ARC :STITUTE
FOR -il L STUDY OF MAN
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NEW YORK 21, N,
We stand behind
,he U.N. Charter
which upholds :
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS
FREEDOM OF WORSHIP
FREEDOM FROM WANT
FREEDOM FROM FEAR
(For the General Welfare of the People of Dominica, the further advancement o0 the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole)
ESTABLISHED 1955 SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1962 PRICE 100
TENSION OVER CUBA EASES SLIGHTLY
Security Council Discussions Initiated
THE mounting war t e n s i o n between the U. S. A. and the
U. S. S. R over Cuba was eased slightly Thursday night
following an appeal from United Nations Secretary-General U
Thant and a meeting of the Security Council. Angry words
passed between Soviet Ambassador Zorin and U. S Ambassa-
dor Adlai Stevenson across the Security Council t a b 1 e, but at
least U. Thant had started s o in e sort of negotiation. Khrus-
chev agreed to suspend all arms shipments to C u b a "for two
or three weeks" if Kennedy would agree to suspend the block.
ade. Kennedy refused to start negotiations until he h a d an
assurance from the U. S. S. R. and Cuba that all o ff e n s i v e
weapon installations in C u b a had been dismantled. Photo-
graphs taken of long-range missile firing bases were passed across
the table at the United Nations by Stevenson whilst Z o r i n
'_omnlaned of "nirav on tihr hih seais So far only one shin
has been stopped, it is reported, and that was an oil a nk er
which was able to satisfy the U. S. naval vessel that she was not
carrying armaments without any board-and-search being carried
Olfensive, Not Defensive
President Kennedy announced Mon-
day night the United States has "un
mistakable evidence" that the Soviet
Union has secretly built offensive nuclear
missile sites in Cuba. To protect the
security of the Western Hemisphere and
world peace, Mr. K e n n e d y said a
"strict quarantine on all offensive mil-
itary equipment u n d e r shipment to
Cuba is being initiated."
The President's announcement, in a
radio-television address, said, that "all
ships bound for Cuba, from whatever
nation or port, will iffo u n d to
contain cargoes of offensive weapons-
be turned back."
Mr. Kennedy revealed that the Sov-
iet installations are for medium range
ballistic missiles "capable of carrying nu-
clear warhead for .. more than I,ooo
Mr. Kennedy noted that these offen-
sive bases were built swiftly and secretly
while the Soviet Union and Cuban
regime were claiming, publicly and pri-
vately, that the arms build-up in Cuba
was purely defensive.
The British Government are backing
Kennedy's stand as also are the NATO
powers (albeit somewhat lukewarmly).
Prime Minister Macmillan said that the
Russian action in C u b a "can be re-
garded only as a test of the ability and
determination of the United States" and
felt that the news was better since
Khrushchev's statement was
moderate in intention." Mr. H u g h
Gaitskell said it was regrettable that the
United States did not consult her allies
before taking such a serious step.
The British Labour Party has called
for an impartial united Nations com-
mission to examine the U. S. c I a i m
that long-range missile bases are being
installed in Cuba (the Pentagon had
released fourteen aerial photographs pur-
porting to be Soviet missile sites, heavy
bomber fields and patrol v e s s els in
Cuba). Several newspapers including
the Manchester Guardian were highly
critical accusing Kennedy of playing
into Kbrushchev's hands and angry
demonstrations took place outside the
U. S. Embassy in London.
0. A..S. Supports U, S.
In an emergency session of the Or-
ganisation of American States the Cen-
tral and So u t h American countries
voted to support the U. S. with armed
force, if necessary, and called for the
dismantling and withdrawal from Cuba
of missiles and other offensive weapons,
Mexico and Brazil v o t e d against the
motion and Uruguay only voted "yes"
at the last moment.
The Jamaican Cabinet met in special
session to consider the position and the
possible effect of an armed blockade on
the island's economy.
Welcome To G. N. 0.
The HERALD extends a warm wel-
come to all delegates of the Caribbean
Nurses Organisation who h a v e come
from many p a r t s of the Caribbean to
hold a conference in Dominica for the
first time. We hope they will be comfor-
table and happy in this island, and that
the results of their work and discussions
will be historically significant and a fur-
ther step in the upward progress of the
(Full report ofCNO Conference next
Voters Of Roseau
The HERALD hopes that you will do
you duty and turnout to v o t e in the
Town Council elections.
C .... .. . .... .. ....
SNUST make five crosses and vote for five
petsoon This is not so. You are democra-
tically free to vote for one, two, three,
four or five persons (but not more than
five), and they need not necessarily be
members of the same P a r t y or of any
Party. Remember to put one cross against
each name and symbol. Your vote is
Nobel Prize For Literature
Famed American Novelist and cham-
pion of the underprivileged, John Stein-
beck was announced Friday from Stock-
holm as the Nobel Prize winner for Litera-
ture for 1962. Two of his best k n o w
books, "Of Mice and Men" and "The
Grapes of Wrath" were sensations in the
Russia And Cuba
Defence Minister of the U. S. S. R.
Rodion Malinovsky told Soviet Army
officer that the armed forces were in a
state of the highest battle readiness and
the Soviet newsagency, Tass, reported
that Russia is now able to destroy hostile
missiles in flight.
Castro has mobilised the Cuban for-
ces and declared to the people that the
blockade is "total" and that all arms in
Cuba are "purely defensive".
Call From Pope
Pope John called on all rulers to "do
everything in their power to save peace"
and said (without mentioning the Cuba
crisis by name) that world leaders should
negotiate at all levels and at all times.
In reply to a telegram by British philoso-
pher Bertannd Russell, it is reported that
Khrushchev has a g r e e d to pursue a
cautious course on the basis of a summit
Right Wing Of Labour
Party Challenges Gaitskell
LONDON 14 Oct. (CP):- Hugh
Gaitskell leader of the British Labour
Party faces an open revolt by powerful
party veterans who insist that the coun-
try must get into the Common Market.
The challenge comes from the right
wing led by George Brown. The
official Labour line says that Britain
should join the E.C.M. only under the
strictest conditions but the right wing
believes the this carries grave risks for
both Party and nation.
Lionel Laville's House Burned
The Marigot home of Ex-Minister
Laville nwas destroyed on Monday by
Ia of, oi uIiuniu ---I
LlkV U &MAAUW1 lUL" ," "
Wheat For China
MELBOURNE CP: Australia has sold
twentyfive million bushels ofwheat to
Communist China. The terms were to
% cash and the balance within a year.
More than one third of Australia's
wheat exports this year are expected to
be sold to China.
The paragraph quoted below was
printed on 5000 victorious Labour
Party of Dominica leaflets in the Fed-
eral elections of 1958. On this leaflet
were reproduced the photographs of the
two candidates, Edward O. LeBlanc
and Phyllis Shand Allfrey, with their
names subscribed boldly beneath. One
or two copies of this leaflet are still on
view at the HERALD office, for the bene-
fit of those who were under 21 in 1958
or who may have short memories.
"Like Edward LeBlanc, Phyllis
Allfrey makes no secret of her sympathy
for the poor and distressed people of
Dominica, and that is why so many
LIES have told against her. Do not
believe those who say that she is against
religion. Do not believe those who
say that she is only an Englishwoman
coming to take your money. Do not
believe those who call her a Communist
--that is their wickedness. Ask your-
selves whether people who tell you such
untruths are not working againstyoujand
yonr families "
Only four years ago-do You
P, S. A.
SATURDAY,,OCTOBER 27, 1962
PAGE TWX DOMINICA HERALD
BOOK REVIEW Busta In The Gardens of] Marlborough House
by R.E.Allfrey, A.M.I.Meoh.E., A.I.I.A. z ...." ^
(Continued from our last issue) '. .:.
Mr. L. Braithwaite's lecture on "Attitudes to Work and Society" is a pro- "
vocative one and must have lead to an interesting discussion. One of the first "- .-
points he makes relates to punctuality-"The point I want to make is that Jama-
ica is primarily an agricultural society and the pace of life and the setting of life -
are such that people adjust to the sun and the moon and the changes of the sea-
son. This is common to all agricultural peoples." He goes on to say that "
even the towns .re affected by this agricultural rhythm "It is true you don't see ,".,;.' : ' '
cows in King Street but I don't think you would be too surprised if you saw.
some there." Come and see our goats in Roseau, Mr. Braithwaite!
He makes a further challenging statement after referring to mal-nutrition as a .
factor keeping down labour productivity, "even more important is the gener- J ; ,
al pervasive effect ot generally low standards of living on a community,. .% .
(which) leads to sloppiness in many different ways.. .. to a slower pace of life-
to setting goals at a lower level."
Mr. Braithwaite blames Crown Colony rule for the ;fostering of many false '
social attitudes. Standards set by an "outside" government, but not arising as an i
indigenous good. Absence of a sense of responsibility in the Jamaican working
man due to paternalism. An image of government "which has practically in- '
exhaustible resources and which can do many things." The danger lies not only .
in plain illiteracy but in the lack of knowledge among all classes of the real econ- .
omic plight of the country and the realities of the economic situation. This lee- M,
ture is closely knit and of great interest.
"Managerial Efficiency" by A.E Mills lays great stress on the role of the Here, in the gardens of Marlborough House Sir Alex-
Manager being dynamic rather than static, in order that the whole economy may ander Bustamante, Prime Minister of Jamaica, shakes hands with
move forward. The lecture is technical and gives in a few words some of the Mr. Kwcsi Armah, High Commissioner for Ghana in London,
.best analyses of the functions of management that this reviewer has read. watched by Mr. F. K. D. Goka, Ghana's Minister of Finance and
His lecture does not attempt to give signposts for government, university or Trade, who is representing the Prime Minister of Ghana at the
other non-industrial activities- -"management" is confined to profit making concerns T r
-buti-he insists that one ofthe elements ofManageial Efficiency shall be "to pre- Conference.
-duceiand'sell a product or service that has social value .. which assists the
process of growth in the economy.'"
Among other interesting comments he gives a list of"Sources of Inefficiency"
whYnxic -mct "lailiur to traill a saee5ob-he^Hiapd wnef w qnL--C.'iaadcn llwq atc'----C-- -iW- hBOies ATSOHCiU rh
technical knowledge of product and market", also "lack of finance for sales pro-, (Episcopa
motion (i. e. advertising), re-equipment, or working capital during expansion. (Episcopal)
He pleads for more information (statistics etc.) from government and warns Roseau
"We must not assume that everything that is being done now is perfect, or that List of Services
existing institutions are the best in present circumstances. We havevested interests First Sunday in Month: 7,00 a.m Mattins & Litany
to resist." 7.30 am Holy Communion with Hymns (No Sermon)
The last lecture (by Mr. G. E. Eaton) records some attempts at solutions o, 9.30 a.m Solemn Eucharist & Sermon
the "Productivity Issue." He lists Nationalisation, Scientific Management, pro- 7.15 p.m Evensong & Devotions
fit Sharing, Joint Consultation, Co-Management in Industry and National Pro- Second Sunday: 9.30 a.m Morning Prayer (Rector at St John's Ports nouth)
ductivity Movements. Exhaustive analyses cannot be given in a short paper, but 7.15 p.m Evening Prayer
Mr. Eaton gives brief sketches set in a framework of political economy which are Thiird Sunday: 7.oo a.m Mattins & Litany
extremely valuable. He is pessimistic about incentive systems, saying that trade 7.30 a.m Holy Communion with Hymns (No Sel non)
unions have a deep-rooted suspicion of them. The reviewer's experience (mostly 9.30 a.m Solemn Eucharist & Sermon
in the U. K.) is that an open approach and an assurance that the worker will 7.15 p.m Evensong & Devotions
get the full product of his increased productivity (leaving the lowered overhead as Fourth Sundey: 7.15 a.m The Litany
the bonus to the employer) dissipates such reaction. Most of the schemes men- 7.30 a.m Holy Communion with Hymns (No Sermon)
tioned, says Mr. Eaton, "depict capitalism on the defensive." This is one of 9.30 a.m Morning Prayer & Sermon
the most refreshing features of the whole series of lectures no fixed attitudes are 7.15 p.m Evensong & Devotions
taken up Free enterprise, capitalism, socialism and communism are all treated Fifth Sunday: 7.00 a.m Mattins & Litany
with an inquiring mind. This booklet should be required reading by politicians, 7.30 a.m Holy Communion with Hymns (No Sermon)
civil servants, jaycees and businessmen. 9.30 a.m Solemn Eucharist & Sermon
7.15 p.m Evensong & Address
SAll visitors are welcome. Please feel free to sit wherever you wish.
^\ ^ V ^ .--- -IX _. - -rlt n- r~> Ti r l T t Inn ,X A r 'I'
G. u, IE. Relsuts
NAME SUBJECT PASSES
Laville, B. Botany
Four candidates entered for the exam at this level; two sat.
NAME SUBJECT PASSES
Alexander, M. Mathematics
Charles, C. A. History, Commerce
Dalrymple, C. English Language
Pond, W. O. M. History, Religious Knowledge
Thirteen candidates entered for the exam at this level; twelve sat,
Kector: ne Kev. Canon H. Lane, MIVI..E., I.A.., L. in.
We propose to publish lists of Services of the various denominations from time
to time Ed,
In Greenville, Pennsylvania a veterinari-
an says that the recent birth of twenty
four pigs to a purebred sow is "unheard of
previously". The piglets were born to
a Landrace sow owned by Blaine Dick
of nearby Hadley. Dr. Harold Nich-
ols said that the largest litter know be-
fore is eighteen.
U. N. Security Couucil
The United Nations General Assem-
bly has elected four new members for the
eleven nation Security Council. Norway
Brazil. Philippines a n d Morocco
were chosen to succeed Ireland, Chile
and Roumania. Morocco takes over
the seat traditionally held by a Middle
East Country. (CP)
We Are Reaching New Customers
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1962
Fish Probe In Tropical Atlantic
Vessels from seven nations will investigate the Tropical Atlantic next year to
determine its potential fishery resources.
This has been decided by the 44-nation Inter-Governmental Oceanographic
Commission, meeting recently at the Paris headquarters of the U n i t e d Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
The Commission, created by UNESCO to investigate the nature and re-
sources of the oceans, named as survey co-ordinator Dr. Vernou Brock, Director
of the Biological Laboratory of the 0. S. Bureau of Commercial Fisheries.
Vessels from Argentina, Brazil, the Congo Republic (Brazzaville,) the Ivory
Coast, Nigeria, the USSR and the United States rescheduled to study the area
bounded roughly by the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. Within the last five
years this has become one of the world's leading Tuna-fishing areas.
The survey will be divided into two phases-a winter campaign from mid-
February to early April, and a two-week summer campaign beginning August i.
This survey, the first of its kind in the Tropical Atlantic, will enable scien-
tists to take simultaneous measurements of the ocean's physical, chemical, biologi-
cal, meteorological, geological and geophysical properties.
Splitting ofthe study into summer and winter phases will shed Ii g h t or
seasonal change in ocean currents that affect the movements of such food fish a;
Tuna or tropical Sardines.
To compare current-measuring instruments and method', a Soviet research
vessl, the Lomonosov, and an American research vessel, the C h a i n, will run
co-operative buoy survey March 3-18. American and Soviet buoys bearing cur
tent meters at various'depths will be anchored near each other so that results ca,
Plans are also being discussed for a mid-ocean meeting of the two vessel
to enable them to exchange scientific workers for a short period.
Next Governor-General Of Jamaica:
It was announced on Friday from Buckingham Palace that the Queen, on
the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Jamaica, had approved the appoint-
llcoT otSeao C. Oampbi as Lovcnor-L ra i Ja ca i succession to
Sir Keineth Blackburne. (BIS)
:: .. : -,. . 7:
British Guiana Delegates Prepare For
The Secretary of State for the Colonies Mr. Duncan Sandys will preside at
the British Guiana Independence Conference which will open at Lancaster House
in London tomorrow (Tuesday) morning. He will be accompanied by Mr.
Nigel Fisher, Paliamentary Under-Secretary, and Sir Hilton Poynton, Permanent,
Under-Secretary and Sir Ralph Grey, Governor of British Guiana. Sir Ralph's
plane was delayed in Bermuda and he arrived in London only today. The Bri-
tish Guiana delegations arrived by air yesterday (Sunday).
In London the delegates of the people's Progressive Patty are staying at St.
Ermyn's Hotel; the peoples' National Congress delegation at Mount Royal and
delegates of the United Force Party at the Reubens Hotel.
This evening the Secretary of Ssate will be h o s t at a reception at Marl-
borough House to which all the visiting delegates have been invited.
Tomorrow the conference will open at half past eleven when the opening
speech will be made by the Secretary of State who will be followed by the Lead-
ers of the three delegations. It is expected that the conference will then go into
private session to discuss the conference agenda and general procedure. (BIS)
e zirPl eboN Winners U.S. Condemns S. Africa
STOCKHOLM, Oct. 18th (CP):.- The
nincteensixtytwo Nobel Prize for medic-
ine has been awarded jointly to two Bri-
tons and one American Dr. Francis Har-
ry Compton Crick, Dr. James Dewey
Watson and Dr. Maurice Hugh Freder-
ick Wilkins "for their discoveries con-
cerning the molecular structure of nucleic
;cids and its significance. Dr. Crick is from
Cambridge Institute of Molecular Biology,
Dr.Watson is Professor of biology at
Harvard and Dr. Wilkins is Deputy-
Director of the biophysics lab at Kings
United Nations, Oct. 20 CP: The
United States yesterday condemned
South Africa's policy of apartheid but
refused to approve sanctions against the
Union or its expulsion from the United
Nations. United States Ambassador
Fraicis T. P. Plimpton said in his
speech that United States was "Unal-
terably and irrevocably opposed to
apartheid in all its aspects."
The United States has forbidden the
sale of arms to the Sou t h African
Government which, could be used to
enforce apartheid he said,
Developing Countries: Woet Affriin Rionlnturn
Underwater Channel Swim Record
r.r~B ~.;q; ;.p
.., ~.:. .. -~d~..:~:I..x~.....*..c_;~:. .-.~~,,-s~
W Surrounded by other underwater swimmers, British frogman
Simon Paterson (nearest camera) comes a s h o r e at Dover after
swimming the English Channel from France to England under-
water, and beating the time set up by AmericanFred Baldasare
only two weeks previously.
,Paterson made the crossing from Calais in I3 h o u r s 50
minutes, against Baldasare's time of 18 hours i minute.
PAGE THERE E
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11V~~ rsrrrVUrr VUHlrlUIV
Britain imported from developing
countries four t i n e s as much as the
whole of Communist Eastern Europe,
Britain's Minister of State for Foreign
Affairs, Mr. j.B. Cudber, told the
United Nations second committee de-
bating economic development and trade
last week. The European Economic
Community and the European Free
Trade Area togcthlc imported 12 times
as much as the Communists, he said,
Mr. Godber said he gave these figures
because of the Sovit representative's
attempt to paint a sombre picture of the
economic performance of the Western
World. The fact was the Soviet trading
figures again this year s h o we d how
insignificant was the Soviet contribution.
The enormous gap between Western
financial and t e c h n i cal assistance to
developing countries and t h a t of the
Soviet group was well-know. But in
commerce too- -which was just as vital
to developing countries-the S o v i t
SUnion was depressingly far from practis-
ing what it preached.
In 1962 Soviet imports from Africa
were halved- from 856,ro-,ooo (US)
in 1969. to $28,900,000oo (US).
He cited an article by Mr. Khrushchev
on the subject of the Communist Mut-
ual Economic Assistance Council which
Three pieces of West African sculp-
ture including a Benin bronze mask,
have been acquired by the British Museum
from the collection of the late Sir Jacob
Epstein, the sculptor.
The mask was worn at the waist of
a chief of Benin, in ceremonial dress,
and is ascribed to the early 16th century.
It is a type of Benin work not hitherto
represe uted in the British national collec-
The other pieces are a wooden figure
from the Fang tribe of the Southern Ca-
meroons, and an ancestor figure from the
Baga tribe of the coast of Guinea. (BIS)
BAGHDAD IRAQ Oct. 8 CP: TheIraqi
Government has banned all the films of
Frank Sinatra. An announcement said
that the ban was imposed because Sina-
tra expressed sympathy with Israel dur-
ing his recent visit here.
regretted that goods which were often
purchased from other countries could
with proper organisation be Lought from
Communist countries. Mr. Godber said
he hoped this did not indicate that
retrogressive Communist ideas of self-
sufficiency were now being transferred
from. the national level to the eastern
DOMINICA HERALD SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1962
The Conflict With Socialism
By William Pickles
(Continuedr from our last issue)
Attitude Of Mind p
This remark of Bernstein's is not as well known as it should be, but there o
is no doubt that it accurately represents the attitude of many millions of Socialists
today, for whom Socialism becomes more and more an attitude of mind, and less
and less a belief in any precisely defined type of social and economic organisation. s
Socialism does not put its emphasis on the State, as Communism does, but on
the individual as a member of society, and its aim to free human personality-all
human personalities-to allow them to fulfil and develop themselves to the maxi- c
mum point that is compatible with the eqnal right of self-fulfilment of other per- a
sonalities, and we cannot see how one helps any human being towards self-fulfil-
ment by imposing bonds on his mind and limits on his right to think freely, f
I have already noted that one important result of Socialism's belief in free- s
dom is that its doctrine is much less rigid than that of Communism. Much of t
the content of the Socialist concept itself has changed enormously and will go on
changing. There are many hundreds of definitions of Socialism (since we are
all free to make our own,) but mine would run something like this: Socialism is c
the belief that it is possible to move towards a free and democratic society, in
which institutions and education ensure that all the resources of the community t
are used for the benefit of all the members of the community. That is a wide-
ranging definition, covering many possible views of how we shall move towards t
the Socialist society and what it will look like when-if ever-we get there. For
opinions on both those points have changed a great deal over the years.
Many of the early Socialists put their emphasis on the abolition of private
property, which was seen as a Christian principle and which they believed would
help to make men more Christian and so better fitted to the new society. Towards e
the middle of the last century, as the development of capitalism made private pro-
perty less individual, the idea of State control of economic life became important
and Marx turned this into a belief in State ownership of all the means of pro-
dtiction, distribution and exchange. As a result, State ownership has been tried
in a great many countries and in some cases has worked well. But disappoint-
neaet -wth its warkingija other cases has led to new shifts of thinking, as for in-
stance to the idea of State guidance of economic'if by various devices Coper
tion both in production and in distribution have also been tried, and are certain
forms of Socialist action.
It should be noted that although all these ideas put their emphasis on econo-
mic change, the purpose of all of them, except Marxism, is basically a spiritual
one, and it is probably because the insistently materialist basis of Marxism is dis
tasteful to the kind of idealist who is drawn to Socialism that all Socialist Patties
outside the Communist bloc have long ago abandoned Marxism, either in fact or
in name, or in both. In so doing, they have been able to come to terms with
some aspects of human nature which Marxism and Communism either refused to
recognize of expected to abolish;
Thus they have discovered that patriotism, in the sense of love of one's coun-
try and of its distinctive ways of life and thought, is not only one of the most
deep-rooted instincts of all men, but can be an admirable force for good, if it is
dissociated from excessive pride, narrow-mindedness and aggressiveness. In th.
same way, Socialism has come to terms with religion. Most of the early Socialists
were Christians, and many were Socialists because they were Christians. Marx-
ism made enemies of all the Churches by proclaiming that r e i g i o n was "the
opium of the people," but the Christian-Socialist movement 1 i v e d on. It was
strongest in Britain where the Labour Party has always included adeiieuts of al-
most every religion including Roman Catholicism. Since the war, the Dutch
Labour Party has opened its ranks to Catholics and in most other non-Commun-
ist countries the old enmity between Socialism and the Churches has ended or is
ending-which is as it should be in a movement which, as I have said, believes
in freedom of the mind.
Not a Religion
It must be emphasised, however, that Socialism is not in itself a religion
One of the reasons for Communism's hostility to religion is that it is in itself, in
some ways, a rival of religion, demanding the same d e v o t i o n and adherence to
doctrine. Socialism, though its basic appeal is ethical, differs from all religions
in one or two important ways.
It welcomes atheists, agnostics and free-thinkers as well as the religious-
minded, and its purpose is not to save men's souls, or to convert them to a belief
in a particular relationship with God, but to find on earth the forms of political,
economic and social organisation which will free the greatest n u m b e r of men's
minds by distributing more reasonably the products of human effort. That is
them; neither have they annexed vast territories and forcibly "converted" their in-
habitants. But these practical differences arise from the basic theoretical differences
I have described, differences which have arisen and become greater as the y e a r s
have gone on and transformed the words "Socialism" and "Co mmunism" from
the interchangeable terms they once were into the descriptions of totally opposite
Culture For Everybody
The Royal BanK of Canada kindly sent us an advance copy of their October
monthly Letter on the above subject. We consider the article so excellent that
re have adapted it (by permission) to Dominican circumstances. Later we shall
publish another set of excerpts with special relation to the cultural achievements
f our great neighbour, the Dominion of Canada -Ed.
SCIENCE is not the be-all and end all of life. You may know all about the
un and all about the atmosphere and all about the rotation of the earth, and yet
niss the radiance of the sunset.
Culture has to do with the less material aspects of life, like intellectual profi-
iency and the love of beautiful things. It includes knowledge, belief, art, morals,
ind other attributes acquired by man in the shared existence we call society.
It is false to think of culture as something we seek merely as a distraction
rom the workaday world. Neither is it a craving for sensation, a fastidious
each for strange refinement, or a jealous cultivation of art as a thing preserved for
Culture is also an individual thing. Man does not live by bread alone.
He turns from labour to look inward, examining himself, and outward, speculating
in life and what is beyond life. These thoughts he expresses through speech and
drama, music and ballet, painting and sculpture, poetry and literature. There are
he things which give us our status as human beings.
Culture, as interpreted by these media, is a means to help people to appreciate
he first rate and seek it instinctively.
Not all things culturally good in other parts of the world are acceptable
everywhere. Lapis lazuli, the deep blue stone which is so beautiful against the sun
and the sand of Egypt, may be a dull, darkish bead under a northern sky-
But we have assembled the vivid and adventurous spirits of many races in an
environment favourable to the creation of a great culture,
Some forms of culture
Music. Darwin claimed that the power of producing and appreciating
nusic existed among the human race long before the power of speech was arrived
it. Shakespeare, when he had to express the inexpressible, laid down his pen and
alld ff ma-._- A nd Friedich Nietzsche, author of the creed-of the superman,
wrote in 19io: "Without music, life would be a mistake.'
Music is not alone an instrument of entertainment, but also one of personal
FOLK-SONGS. Folk-songs, which were once a feature of the daily life of
our p66ple, could enjoy a revival even though the preoccupations of the folk.song-
novement have tended to be a little far out for the ordinary man. We shrug offthe
rudely honest songs our forebears sang in favour of records and songs from the cur-
ent shows. But these folk-songs are part of our culture as was recognized by the
ate John Murry Gibbon when he organized a series of folk-song festivals for the
Canadian Pacific Railway thirty years ago.
LITERATURE. Language is indispensable to culture. Individuals die, but
the culture which flow through them, and which they help to create and to change
is all but immortal. Without literature the flow would cease, th: cultu.e would
wither. A static world has no need for new writing, but if men are to take part
in a process of progressive self-liberation, a process of culture, then an expanding
literature is a fundamental necessity.
Some things offered as cultural seem not only miles but light years away
from what we are accustomed to, but we must keep in mind that culture means
change. Ours is no guarded citadel in which to dwell, but a road passing into wider
fields, leading to things more and more wonderful and unknown. The experie-
nces and standards of past generations have been handed down, and have been
added to by newcomers and are being changed by all of us.
We may, if we wish, disregard this or that sort of cultural expression if it
does not appeal to us, but we must must not, on that ground merely, condemn it.
It any event, let us make sure that there is music somewhere in our lives the
music of orchestras, of poetry, of the dance, of painting. Thus by participation
as an artist or by being part of an appreciative audience, we contribute to an eager,
more vivid way of living.
why in my attempt at a definition I made a special reference to institutions. Soci-
alists have long ago abandoned the belief, which some held in the i8th and i9th
centuries and which Communism still holds, that changing political and economic
institutions will itself change men's minds. Where they differ from religions, on
the one hand, and from Communism, on the other, is that they beheve in seeking
new institutions as well as creating new attitudes, and that they will try to do bot'
empirically, constantly adapting their methods both to the needs and prejudices o'
the men and women for whom Socialism is intended and to the material world,
which itself changes around us all the time.
There are, i of course, also many practical ways, too, in which Socialism
differs from Communism. Socialist -governments, where they have been set up,
have not thrown millions of their opponents into prison, or tortured or k i 11 e d
* The traffic department must see to it that chauffeurs respects a pedestrian's
rights over the striped line.
* Let us be modern! All policemen should be able to ride even a bicycle,
but above all larn not to nurse resentment. One even told me rhat he would
beat me at any time (witnessed). Let the police secure their respect.
* Cannot Doctors, Trade Unions and the Chamber of Commerce come to
some agreement on continuous service? Our Town is badly in need of a Doc-
tor and a Pharmacy available to the public on Sundays and holidays.
* What about giving our Roseau riverside a better outlook by removing the
latrine aud planting grass under the flamboyants, with benches for comfort and
lights for evening leisure?
* We know that it is hard to get rid of those "penny breads" but at least
tell us something about the weight! A bag of flour is over eleven dollars, a cord
of wood is over eight dollars and the rent of an oven is about five dollars a mcnt ;
a baker and helper's wages total about three dollars a bag. A bunch of balisier
of twelve leaves costs twenty-five celts; per bag of flour:- I x1i of salt an cunce and
a half of yeast, one pint of kerosene- and the bread-seller charges over three
dollars a week. (Note; Eric,s Bakery is excluded from these calculations).
The Roseau Town Council should increase their revenue by offering people
such tins as are used in the public latrines, and the use of trucks; people would
pay monthly, and that would eliminate the moving of "pots de chambre" daily.
*, Besides having a price control list in the shops, let us see a tag on every
Our Religious Leaders should open their eyes- and not give Holy Com-
munion to any man or woman who is not living together with wife or husband.
Let all of us try to secure improved morals in our community:
JAMES O. PAUL.
W I. Youth Trust sent in acceptance of their nominations
tothe Board of Trustees. Both were
Fund regrettably absent, as also was Mr. W.
A. Richardson, recent Federal Informa-
tion Officer (now in England.)
A meeting of the Board of Trustees
of the West Indies Youth Trust Fund Meanwhile, in Britain the following
was held on October 4, 1962, in Port life Members have agreed to become
of Spain, with Sir Patrick Hobson in Trustees of the United Kingdom Fund
the chair. The launching of an appeal for W. I. children:
for funds in the West Indies will take The Rt. Hon. The Lady Hailes
place on Dominica's Discovery Day- (President);
November 3; in the United Kingdom The Rt. Hon, Viscount Boyd of
the appeal was launched on October Merton, C. H.;
23rd, Sir Jock Campbell, and
._ C... h ,,A F MrI Sir Patrick Hobson.
.nc occiciary Ui t .
Fred Morgan, has had his contract
renewed for a further year from Decem-
ber g962. Trinidad Government is
providing the Trust Fund with an
Office at a rental of $115 per month.
The Fund will be providing I,000oo
per annum towards the cost of a Train-
ing Centre and Creche in St. Vincent.
Mr. Gerry Gomez, famous cricketer,
will be commentator ofa film which
will be regionally circulated to support
the appeal. The film will show some
poignant shots ofunderprivileged child-
ren and what can be done to help them.
The Canadian Save The Children
Fund has indicated the likelihood of
providing some financial assistance to
the Fund for assisting needy West In-
Worrell And Allfrey
Mr. Frank Worrell and Mrs. Al!frey
Brochure And Posters
A beautiful brochure has been printed
and will soon be available throughout
the Islands. The poster and cover
show a beautiful little girl with her eyes
raised in appeal. It is expected that
Dominica's Charities Committee, like
other organizations in the region, will
soon get into action so that every citizen
-.L -d- iL ... 11 L.... L
Deputy Inspector General N. G. Morris (left), C. M. G., of
the Colonial Police, talks to police officers after the "Passing Out
Parade" of the Overseas Police Officers' Training C o u r s e at
The successful officers are (left to right): Station Sergeant C.
Lawrence, St. Vincent; Sergeant L. W. Hilton and Sergeant A.
E. Richards, Jamaica.
Twenty four officers attended the course at the Metropolitan
Police Training School at Hendon. They came fiom seventeen
different countries to study modern police practices. The total
nlunr of oaicers who have ten d-tbse-c.rses h -past
eleven years is 6o6.
In RomeThis Week Mau Mau Successors
VATICAN CITY Oct 22 CP:-The NAIROBI Oct. 5th (CP):- Kenya
Ecumenical Council today began work Police arrested at least twentysix persons
on the Liturgry of the Church including' in a swoop on members of the Land
the prayers of the mass and forms of Freedom Army, regarded as the sue cessor
worship. Previously sixty-one Roman to the Mau Mau terrorists. Large stores
Catholic bishops of Africa, seeking to of home made guns and ammunition
overcome their vast continent's Ian were seized. The is an anti-European
guage and national differences, were terrorist movement.
reported to have joined together to
present a single stand in the Ecumenical
Council discussion on the proposed A fi n elt
changes in masses. A gican relate
Honoured By R. C.
Palestine Refugee University
UN. Proposes Solution
whno can uo so wl, nave a nce
Damascus, Oct.5, (CP) Syria's Prime
help this great project. A copy of the mascus, Oct., (CP) Sym sas thtte
poster is on view in the HERALD I Minister Khaled el Azm says that the
office. iU.N. Conciliation Commission plan to
settle the Palestine Arab refugee problem
is "only a prelude to the liquidation of the'
entire Palestine issue in Israel's favor",
No British Boycott The plan would give more that one mill-
ion Arab refuges the choice between re
LONDON Oct. SCP: Britain has re- turning to Israel or rehabilitation in other
fused to bow to United States pressure Arab countries with financial compen-
aimed at future restrictions on British station.
today. All British newspapers said Brit-
ain w o u d nor join the U. S. in its
shipping boycott. SUPPORT THE HERALD
WINDSOR, ONT. CP: The most
Reverend Geoffrey Francis Fisher,.
former Archbishop of Canterbury,
received an honorary doctorate of law
at the fall Convocation of the Roman
Catholic University of the Assumption
The entrance examinations to the
Dominica Grammar School will be held
at the School on Saturday 10th Novem-
ber 1962 at 9 a. in,
Applicants should bring their birth
certificate with them,
(Sgd) C M, BOLAND
SATURDAY OCTOBER, 27, 1962,
L_ ___' -- ,
1, GE six_ M R
i-AT .1 ST T STITIA
'i'3 J SCRIPT IONS
Yr'rly Town: $5.10. Country $6.0
Oveneaa: ?7.50. Single Copies 10o
\rvertisemeutf at Reasonable-Rates.
MRS. PHYLLIS SHANI ALLFREY, Editor.
Put 'thcd at the HERALD PRINTERY, 31 New Street, Roseau, Dominica, W.1
All subscriptions and other payments must be made at the above
address to J. MARGARTSON CHARLIS,-Manager-Pioprie'or
ROSEB1. SATURDAY OCTOBER 27, 1962
YOUTH IS THE CRY
IN.this precarious existence, 1 i v i n g as we do in the precarious
Caribbean area, we may still take a few moments off to con-
sider the young. Old people, hearing the news of the blockade
of Cuba and its possible consequences, say: "Well at least we've
had our lives: but what about the little ones?" Otherwise there
appears to be no panic just a s e n s e of fatalistic equanimity,
since the matter is beyond our control.
In considering the young against the background of today,
there will be found in this newspaper various i t e m s relating to
youth. The Boy Scouts and Girl Guides, the Boys Brigade, the
neglected children of migrants and the West Indies Youth Trust
Fund are given space in the HERALD. We consider these mat-
ters so important that we must take time from looking anxiously
oceanwards or skywards or commenting on international risks, to
give them our attention.
Lady Hales has left the West Indies, but she has left some-
tng enduring behind. Her legacy is the- i Youth Tru
Fund, and now is the time for us to start p u t t i ng aside a few
pence so that when the great financial drive for support starts on
November 3 we may make it Rediscovery Day the rediscovery of
childhood's needs and joys through the little children around us.
The'Governments. of the Territories concerned are supporting the
development of the Trust. If we are to encourage the nations of
the Commonwealth and elsewhere to do likewise, we must show
our decency and pride by doing something to help our own child-
These are dangerous times; but early life is always dangerous
for children, who are so defenceless. Trust is a beautiful word:
if you want to know fully what it means, look into the eyes of a
little child who knows you and trusts you: they will s p e a k
better than any dictionary. We may not be able to save ourselves
from extermination, but reports show that many of the children
who die before they are one year old could be saved from death.
A glance inside the Princess Margaret Hospital or the I n fa n t
Jesus Nursery home will show you how. "Whoso loseth his life
shall find it" and by losing our selfish preoccupations to help
the young to live, we may find the answer to our fears.
ROSEAU TOWN COUNCIL ELECTION -- II
The three major topics of this unusual election campaign are
(I) Mrs, Allfrey's expulsion; (2) the "high-tension house"; (3)
the town, its condition and taxes. None of the candidates clari-
fied appreciably Roseau's taxation and assessment system. The
results should be interesting; and what is a s o interesting is the
tone of the campaign meetings. D. U. P. P., which in the past
had quite a r e c o r d for vituperation, led off with a reasonably
dignified series ofstatements last Monday night. The L a b o ur
Party was inclined to trail its hat in the gutter on Tuesday; their
final speaker, Mr. W. S. Stevens, said in an inoffensive s h o r t
statement, "all kids,.of nasty things meet you in Roseau" how
* *** ; P'- .,. i'1 .;.'. i, i :. $ ; y i -a sU fj
right he is. The Chief M i n i s t e r, Mr. E. O. LI Blanc, was
chairman, and he made a speech between every candji,:e's de-
At both these meetings editorial and other items from the
HERALD were lavishly quoted. D. U. P. P., delighted at the
confusion in the Labour Party caused by Mrs. Allfrey's expul-
sion, shed some crocodile tears, prefacing their commiserations
by saying, "of course we hold no brief for Mrs. Allfrey, but..."
Nevertheless, we muse respect their boast that they have n e v e r
treated any members of their own Party in such a manner.
Two sad things emerged from the ruling Labour Party's
amalgam of tirades. One was the possible deterrent e ffe c t on
kind and charitable individuals who le a r n how spontaneous
gifts to needy persons, touchingly accepted, m i g h t later be de-
scribed as bribes. This may well cause people of generous dis-
position, even if they are not "in politics", to be extremely cau-
tious about sharing their worldly goods with anyone.
The Second was a statement made by a candidate, and re-
peated in another form by a non-candidate, that he would sacri-
fice even his own mother for the Dominica Labour P a r t y or
for political economic principles. There is no political Party in
the world whose value is above the worth of one solitary breath-
ing human being, nor above all of a mother. There is no econ-
omic principle higher than common, decent human affection.
There are three women (all mothers) standing for this elec-
tion. It is good to have a woman on the Roseau Town Council,
and we hope one of them will get in, and that she will have some
gentle womanly attributes left by the end of this campaign. We
do not like to hear the word "stinking" pronounced in accents of
studied gentility. Neither do we enjoy hearing one woman call-
ing another a traitor. By this time the electorate is so confused
hat they-begirto-aslr "wlho -irator to whom."
Finally, the candidates who tried to compare the ratio of
0ocidtinal married couples in the British 640-strong Parliament
to that of a married couple in the pint-sized Roseau Town Coun-
cil should re-read last week's editorial, which spoke of the possi-
ble ill effects of such a family combination on "so limited a body
as the R.T.C."
The Independents have no organised platform and are pro-
bably relying on their past and private reputations and on their
friends. Nonetheless, it would not surprise us if one or two of
them got in, because of the bewildered public malaise due to
(n) the condition of Roseau and (b) the condition of the Labour
Party. The electorate of Roseau will follow their inclination,
and we trust, their conscience.
Correspondents are asked to submit their full names and addresses as a guar-
antee of good faith, buit not necessarily for publication. Letters should be as shot
as possible Controversial political letters will not be published anonymously.
Visws expressed in People's Post do not necessarily reflect the policy of the Editor
or the Proprietor.
i bers for his frankness and the impartial
ROSeau Is Our City manner in,which he approaches impor-
tant questions and problems of the R.
Sir:-Please allow me this space to T. C. He is, indeed, a keen watchdog
remind my friends and other voters of of the R. T. C. and as such does not
s I t 11 .I nt r A.t*r A i nta t t lr
this town that ROSEAU IS UUR kITY
and sincs it is our city, we should make
it our duty to elect on Tuesday 3oth
October councillors who are going to
Make sincere and serious effort to give
this town the attractive appearance
which we are all longing to see.
Why should we allow St. Lucia
with its Town Hall to get ahead of us,
Those who have been following
events and meetings at the Roseau Town
Council will not hesitate to give their
votes to Councillor J. A. James who
commands the respect of the other mem-
aLluw alny ry U val v g t a- nu
of anyone whether he happens to be a
member of the staff or a member of the
Council or just an ordinary employee.
When it comes to paying taxes his
attitude is this: "You either pay taxes
and get good service from Central
Government through the R. T. C. or
he sees to it that your taxes are reduced."
Recently he moved and Miss Nicholas
seconded that Municipal and House
Taxes be reduced by 25 per cent. He
was ably supported by the Council.
(Continued on p. 7)
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1962
SATURD Y OCTBER 27, 1962 DOIC HEALPGESEE
PAT STEVENS NOTE BOOK
Editor's Foreword, The contribution by Mr. Pat Stevens printed be-
neath is substantially the same one which was withheld last week, two of
its major errors concerning Her Majesty the Queen, and Oliver Cromwell,
having been deleted.
It may interest our readers to know the history of the expulsion clause
in the Labour Party constitution.
The original clause, drafted by Mrs. Allfrey read as follows:- "(6)
Any member who breaks the rules of this Party or offends against its con-
stitution and policy will be liable to immediate expulsion, but will be giv-
en a chance to state his case to the Executive Committee."
Nothing was said in this original text about the Executive's decision
At the Annual General Meeting of 1957, two amendments to this
Clause were moved, The first was by Mr. E. C. Loblack. It read:-
"Any member who breaks the rules of this Party or offends against its
constitution and policy will be liable to immediate expulsion by the Officers
of the Party, but will be entitled to appeal to the Executive Committee of
the party, whose decision will be final."
A counter motion moved by Mr. J. Austell James - then a Party
member - was put to the House It read: -
"Any member who breaks the rules of this Party or offends against
its constitution and policy should be brought before the Executive and if
the case against him is proved he will beliadle to immediate expulsion."
The counter-motion was defeated by 13 votes to 46, and the original
resolution stood and was incorporated into the Party Constitution.
"Let justice be done though the Heavens may fall"
"Who lives by the sword must perish by the sword"
I was trying my utmost to evade making a statement on the issue but public
opinion was more than I could ignore, therefore I am forced to issue a statement
concerning this surprised question.
However it grieves me very much to have to leave off my series of letters on
"Political Economy" to have to indulge in such frivolities and political humour.
But my next edition should discuss Political Economy Part IT.
Fir.stof al-ns5-sarcad ..idu.ly .ud J JiLCy
ing on my view point on the case. When a law is made regardless of whom i
be, such a law must be obeyed. We in Ddminica must move into civilization
based on principks and not on sentiment. That the law is for me and not for
the other doei not serve the purpose. Or, in other words s o m e are exempted,
while others have to pay the penalty is not business. We must face the facts.
SIllustrious people have passed away to e te r n i t y by the execution route.
They are Charles I, Mary Queen of Scots, Sir Walter Raleigh, Anne Boleyn
wife of Henry VIII. In the case of the first three for treason. The law must
be obeyed Henry V was ordered to prison when he was then Prince Hal for con-
tempt of court. Not long ago Mr. Maudling dismissed the whole Grenada
Cabinet Ministers. We ought to be acquainted with the knowledge of Mr. Mac
Millan's sacking of seven British Ministers. Among them were Mr. S. Lloyd
the Chancellor of the Exchequer who was at one time Foreign Secretary, or Min -
ister for Foreign Affairs, and Sir David Ecles Minister for Education, who was at
one time President of the Board of Trade.
What is so wrong therefore and strange in dismising Mrs. Allfrey if accord.
ing to "Her Law"- tbe law of the Party she violated. Readers reason deeply
and sensibly and do not allow floating and drifting opinions to make you mental-
ly unbalanced in thought.
Some say I have been accompanied. That's just "Old tilk" and humour.
When I was expelled for casling Government's attention to the evil of Radio
Propaganda, and the irregularities that prevailed, this was merely in the national
interest of the country. But in Mrs. Allfrey's case according to her editorial re-
opened a question which at one time involved threats to Ministers and their families,
and what is even more offensive, strongly criticized Government's policy in find-
ing additional necessary funds with a view to balance its budget. I wonld like
to make it absolutely clear that I am not seeking sympathy with the party, or de-
fending it in any way, put I am dealing specifically on circumstantial evidence
I should suggest that this clause that provides for expulsion, and which seeks
to create an atmosphere of dictatorship should be revised and amended in the gen-
eral interest of all members of the party, And that to appeal from "Caesar to
Caesar" which I condemned in principle at the Market Square last year Septem-
ber is a waste of time, and would be of no avail. Britain has handed down to us
the ethics of Justice, and it must be practiced in all departments.
S To talk of a recent incident which took place on Friday 5th October was no
less than smuggling of Police Officers into a newly built Treasury and Police Sta-
tion. Again'I argue not on the question of its not officially opened, but on the
question of the Disconrtesy of Government ?to the public and particularly to the
SCominmity ofDistr'ct "G" which theMarigot Police Station serves. The Min-
ister responsible for Police Affairs--His Honour the Administrator and the Public
Relaaion Division of the C.M's office are to be I.eld responsible for the failure
to inform the public of the change of residence of the officers,
Many unfavourable conditions could be pronmted while seeking police assis-
tance only to find the building closed and no policemen around. At least the
people could be informed by radio or by press.
I do hope that this is the last time that people in the territory are so badly and
grossly insulted. The simple mannerisms of etiquette and decency must not escape
Government in its dealings with its people.
(Cont. from page 6)
This is why many in this second half
of 1962 are paying less than they ever
did for the past three years. It is for
the same reason why those who are
paying increases have not been asked to
pay far more.
Why was this step taken Says M:.
James: "You cannot tax the people
on the g oand that they are going to gets
clean and beautiful strects, a Town Hall,
a proper market, a spacious pavilion
and other civil amenities or conveniences
and just when they expect to get these
good things tell them they must wait a
little longer or pay more taxes." Voters,
have the r.git and it is their duty to
stop this sort of thing by electing men
who know how to fight the issue and
bring about a realisation of thee good
The Secretary of-State for the Colo
nies is quite in favour ofihe R. T. C;
bLing emipwer.d to rjl I La own loans
By the issue of debentures. Why' has
the Central Go,'etrinti- tai l'n so long
to implement til: m0oe ,I a quomiuin ...c
should like to l.;,r -i iJ y 'lIovrtn.
ment Authorities. It is high time that
Roseau should develop the appearance
of an auracdi\e city--high time to get
rid of the slummy aspect.
Is is not quite unfair to keep back the
money provided or the scheme by which
it is to be provided for improving and
upkeeping the city and then appeal to
the public saying: "You see the pre-
sent condition ot Roseau!-these coun-
cillors are no darn good; get them out."
This method of appealing to the
public cannot be associated with hones-
ty. Let us instead try the spirit of co-
operation and see how soon Roseau
will put on a bright municipal appear-
Mr. Editor I do not wish to exceed
the space allowed me. So in conclu-
sion I will advise my follow citizens to
go to the polls on Tuesday and get their
votes registered. It is only thus that
we can express our determination to
bring about the new conditions we are
all longing to see in Roseau which is
OUR CITY. Those who fail to go to
vote may find their taxes being increased
in 1963 whilst conditions continue to
Thank you Mr. Editor.
CHARLES WILLIAMS, Roseau
8 rue Papin-Dupont,
The Editor DOMINICA HERALD.
Madame,-I was very touched to see
that you have been good enough to
take the trouble to publish the few lines
which I sent you through Mr, Lucette.
Having heard of the creation of a
Club Francais in Dominica, and in-
spired by Mr. Lucette, I became inter-
ested at once. Some day I hope to
make your acquaintance through the
medium of the Club,
I thank you for your most kind
attention and ask you to accept my
(Student of LycCe Schoelcher)
Tr. P. S.A.
St. Joseph Dominoe
Team Explains Defeat
Sir, We would like to explain to our
suporters at our recently held Competition
an J to our many Friends outsids exactly
wl.y we failed them.
We fought hard and well and when
'semi-finally' there were four teams re
m.,ining two were safely ours. But just
then an unfortunate incident occurred.
It was Portsmouth playing St. Joseph
I on table B. POKiSm.ULh v. ho :di al-
rcad) one Dow'n had now Liok idc the
iicold. Eryorit was surprised, nclud-'
ing even the the Player who did t(judg-
ing by the look on his face). One of our
players feeling confident'quickly exposed
his Cards on the table which were hheck-
ed, rechecked and pronounced as Iz
(twelve) points by the Steward, Mr. C.
A. Sorhaindo, The Portsmouth Player
who did the Job then solemnly announc-
ed that the 12 points were even with his,
but could not produce his Cards for he
had already thrown them among the
Played Cards on the table whilst the
Steward was doing the Checking
This, in our opinion, is a B&each of
the Rules and should justly forfeit him to
the Game. Moreover, we feel that the
checked twelve points were the lowest,
and therefore, entitled us to the Game-
This of course would make the score
I:I; and the Pause being ours, anything
But unfortunately the Ruling of the
Steward was otherwise. He ordered the
Game to be replayed with Portsmouth's,
I down still intact. Very dutifully we
obeyed, and very crisply we took six:no.
Our A table though beat them six:five.
We would like to mention here that
we believe this Ruling be an error on
the Part of the Steward in question for
which the Promoters should not be held
responsible. We also want to congratu-
late the Winners of the Cup and to thank
all those who contributed to make the
Competition the success it was, not least
of these was Mr. Brian Blatcher who
donated the Cup.
V. J. CHARLES
Sect. St. Joseph Dominoe Team
(Cont. on p. 12)
SATURDAY OCTOBER, 27, 1962,
J IIDAF EGT
Boys' Brigade Found-
ers Day sed throughout est Indies
Special BB.C, Programme P T L ... B I
On Sunday, October 28th, the Boy's
Brigade celebrates founder's Day. It
is a time when all Members give thanks
for the life and inspiration of Sir Will-
iam Alexander Smith, the Founder,who
started the Movement in Scotland in
1883 with thirty Boys in a Glasgow
This year marks the 8oth year of the
Movement. It now embraces thousands
of Boys in mo-c thano50 countries. In
she Caribbean Area there are some 5,000
Members. It has extended to every
territory here with British associations,
In addition it is used by Churches in
Haiti, the Netherlands Antilles, Suri-
name, and the United States Virgin
The B.B.C. Caribbia., Service will spe-
cially mark the occasion. Its programme
"Hymms and their Music" by the St.
Martin Singers, heard on Sunday at 22:
15 houts Greenwich Mean Time, 6:
15 P.M local time' will be devoted to
Boys' Brigade Founder's Day. It will
be conducted by Rev. Errol C Wilt-
shire, a West Indian and a,Boy s brigade
Chaplin arid Methodist Minister in Trin-
-itiad, wirh 1i i.irct 3: lead-
quarters in LJiondon .,I,) ia .; pa.t. It'
is our fond hope .that all relatives,
and. ej! wishers of local Boys' Brigade
Members will tune in to this progamme.
Sport Rally November 3
Mr. H.Andrew, Secretary of the Boys
Brigade Group Council, extends a
warm welcome, to the public to witness
a competition of Sport (athletics and
cricket) planned by The Boys' Brigade
Group Council. It is to be held on the
Methodist Church grounds, Marigot,
on Saturday 3rd November. The
competitors willbe amongst Boys of the
Ist, 2nd&3rd Dominica. Highlight of the
day will be a cricket match played a-
gainst the 3rd Dominica (Roseau).
tion By Scouts
The Scouts are setting an example
to other Dominicans. At a meeting
at Calibishie on Sunday the r4th, the
Executive of the Boy Scouts L o c a 1
Association (Northern District) decid-
ed to meet together with the Southern
District, and the scouts of both dis-
tricts would erect a Scout and Guide
Headquarters in Roseau on Novem-
The Chairman of the meeting point-
ed out that the aim of the committee.
must be to encourage parents, scouters
and the general community to support
and uphold an organisation w h i c h
Should do so much to guide and train
the y o u:t h of Dominica in ways of
worthwhile living and the virtues of
Union Holds Two
The Technical, Clerical and Com-
mercial Workers Union held a dance
last night at the Mahaut School with
the popular G-J Orchestra and will
be giving another on Friday Nov. 3rd
in which the up-and-coming Tip Top-
pers Band will provide the music. The,
object of the dances is to raise funds for
a very serious purpose, name y the-
sending of the President of the Union,
Mr, A. F. Joseph, to Venezuela to at-
tend the Congress and Semihiar of the
Latin-American Christian Trade Union
(CLASC) which starts on Saturday,'
This ,ill 'be the jth !Congress of
CLASC and the 5th International
Seminar. Lecturers for the seminar on
Economics and Humanism will be
drawn from CLASC, ECLA (Econ-
omic Commission for Latin America),
UNESCO, and the Food and Agricul-
tural Organisation (FAO).
20 M, Dollars iont-
MONTREAL, Oct. 22, CP:-Real
estate/ development on the island of
Montserrat expected to involve an in-
vestmeut potential of twenty million
dollars spread over the next three years
was concluded today between Montserrat
Estates Ltd. and Faust Realties Co.
Mutual Admiration Society
Havana 17 Oct. CP-- Algerian
Premier Ben Belle began the second day
of his triumphal visit to Cuba. He
said that the aims of the Cuban and
Algerian revolutions were identical. He
awarded Castro a Medal of Honor given
only once before.
The president of West Indies Planta-
tions which controls Montserrat Estates
said that the dealinvolves seven hundred
acres on, the west coast of the island.
The president of Faust Realties said that
the land will be sold as building lots
for one family dwellings: "We respect to
find customers among b u s i n e s s and
professional men seeking, a place to re-
tire," he said.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1962
SAIRDY OCOE 27 192 OMNCAHEAL AG N
The Story Of Sombrero's Lighthouse
The London firm of Stone Chance Limited lighthouse engineers, have told
the story of their battle to re-erect the lighthouse on Sombrero, the small rocky islet
one hundred miles north of St. Kitts. In spite of being waterless and without
vegetation Sombrero is an important outpost in the Atlantic for all ships bound for
Panama, Venezuela and.other Central American countries.
Nearly one hundred years ago, (in 1868), an iron lighthouse tower was er-
ected on the outpost rock of Sombrero and was re-equipped by Chance Brothers
in 1929, The tower withstood many hurricanes which have driven over the is-
land with tremendous force but in time it was found necessary to encase the base
of the tower with concrete buttressea designed to withstand the sea condition dur-
The effects of corrosion, however, made it necessary to erect a new tower.
Apart from the tower there are only the lighthouse keepers' houses which have im-
mensely thick Tiurricane-proof walls.
Now the firm has issued the story of the re-building of the lighthouse tower by
courtesy of 'the Ministry of Transport who place the contract and maintain the
lighthouse, and of Trinity House who operated as agents of the Ministry of Trans-
port in the design of the foundations and execution of the work.
The. inm whose head office is at Crawley, Sussex, were entrusted with the
task of providing the new tower, lantern and lightning equipment and also the
civil engineering works and installation on the site.
The~ i fe that all went well until August 1960 when 160 miles per hour
hurricane 'Donna" swept the island carrying away cases of lighting apparatus and
causing immense damage. The men working on the island spent agonizing
hours swimming around inside the the roofless keeper's house-for water swept
over the island like an exceptionally high-tide, flooding all the buildings and over-
turning the partially constructed tower and buckling it beyond repair.
Meanwhile, the original tower, protected from the water by its buttresses,
twisted and writhed in the onslaught. Due to careful packing, the cases con-
taining lighting apparatus remaining onthe island (some containing prismatic glass
panels) were salvaged and, following return to Stone-Chance's works, were
cleaned, rebuilt, retested and returned to Sombrero. A second new tower had to be
supplied and the whole contract had now been completed-the final and rather
sad operation being the felling of the old tower.
So a new light shines from Sombrero giving a flashof over a quarter of a
-nilHior cower .very ,, ,,nA' whir' h ;n rfer weather is seen over twenty
miles away. (B.I.S)
The publication of "A Pafhetic Open Letter" in our last issue has aroused
both interest and enquiry. A a result, we print below part of a debate on Child
Care which took place in the final session of the W I, Houce of Representatives
(Monday. April 9, 1962). The motion, put by Mr. A. A. Bellot (then M. P. Domin-
ica,) read as follows:-
WHEREAS, due to historical circumstances, the pattern of family 1ie in the
West Indies is frequently of such a character as to cast a slur on the moral stand-
ards of our people, particularly insofar as the social and financial responsibility for
supporting children, whether born in or out of wedlock, is concerned;
BE IT RESOLVED that this honourable House take notice of the Report of a
Survey entitled "CHILD CARE" published by the West Indies Youth Trust Fund;
AND BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that in the opinion of this Honourable
House it would be commendable if Unit Governments would examine and if
necessary revise such laws as relate to the responsibility of parents for their children.
Part of the address which seconded the motion, made by the then Federal
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs (Mrs. Allfrey) included these remarks:-
"Many members, especially those who sit on the benches across the floor
here today, have from time-to time in the early days hurled Questions at me as to
what could be done in the form of welfare for children whose fathers had
migrated to Britain, leaving them in a state of neglect . I have travelled in the
Unit Territories of the West Indies to find out what could be done to co-ordinate
the laws applying to affiliation orders and maintenance orders and so on, so that
these children would not be left penniless in the care of some grandmother or great
grandmother, especially in cases where the father and mother are abroad.
"We really are fortunate that even at this late stage of our existence as a
Parliament, we can think of something weaker and more distressed than ourselves,
We are thinking of the children, and it is fitting that we should do so . .
"We need, in every territory of the West Indies, ifI may still call it that-
an adviser on the care of young children, and training courses leading to a certifi-
cate of competence in the care of children up to five years . . I do hope that
those Unit Governments who remain loyal to some sort of nationhood will take
action as is suggested in paragraph 3 of the Motion. .
(Continued on page 10)
* -.- .-. '-*---. .
< y ,-^> .
SA )b-%. ^-
i '. '.., % ,
Don't let the neat get you down! When the
night is close and sultry, drift away to dream-
land cooled and relaxed by Limacol. Dur-
ing the day, when you're hot and jaded, Lima-
--cl willf s-and re iey. night
and day- keep cool with Limncol, plain or
mentholated (it's extra cooling).
The "Variety" Store
I, 6. PH!LLIP & CO. LTD.
i LAESI ARRIVALS:--
I Water Heaters; Fishing Twine; HairClippers;
SScales and Weights; Rim and Mortice Locks;
SIroning Combs; Flourescent Lamps and Fitt-
Sings; Floor Varnish; Bath Room Fittings.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1962
rN -'-a, iA
V Li V BiiF
JBHi^BIB ^'yn\ B^^^^f, i
(Continued from page 9)
I have not found the Unit Government in a very great hurry to undertake the
necessary reforms. My role in the Federation has been that of a prodder, having
to prod around trying to push forward reforms. It was very hard work. Now
we have perforce passed it over to them. They must do their own attainment for
it has all fallen from our hands . Certain territories have shown a zeal on be-
half of the children, which zeal must be highly regarded. . In concluding, may
I say that the poor economic structure of most of the islands, the ignorance, the
superstition,a poor knowledge of elementary rules of health, inadequate housing, lack
of parental and family discipline, malnutrition and social apathy, all these are condi-
tions which have contributed to this callous situation. Certainly, we need maohi-
nery legal and voluntary -- to take care of this.
"I therefore recommend with all my heart that we do not let this thing die
with the life of this Parliament, but that we keep on so that the children will have
a proper start and succeed to their proper place in life and in the heart of the nation."
Mr. Clifford Wall-M. P. Montserrat) said: "Our nation has a blight on it in
respect of the situation in which many young women have children. . Many girls,
in fact, many women, just do not know anything about themselves. . Instead of
a girl having self-.espect and pride to belong to one man, there is the tendency to
make her become the football of every man. This situation could be remedied but
it is going to be a long process, and if we can carry it through the school and
the church it will get into the home and in the long run we could have legislation
o care for the children. Then, I think, we would accomplish something."
Mr. Victor Bryan (then Opposition Member for Eastern Counties, Trini-
dad) added: "The people of the nation is its greatest asset. The children therefore
form the beginning of the nation's foundation. If we must build a strong and pro-
per nation, we must reach the children in all details of their life.. I therefore
wish to commend the courage and vigour of the Mover and Seconder of the Motion
and to support it."
Winding up, Mr. Bellot spoke of the advantage of family allowances and
his final words were: "Our problem in the West Indies is that we continue to say
we cannot afford this and we cannot afford that: but we have never really made an
eltort. "- -------~------ -
The Question was put and the Motion agreed to unanimously. All Federal
M. P. s were presented by the Minister of Labour and Social Affairs with a copy
of the Child Care Survey published by the West Indies Youth Trust Fund.
IS YOUR CHILD
Listless, Underweight, or
Does he catch colds or t
anything going around !
If so, then start him to-
day on a course of
oured Extract of
Malt with Cod Liver
REMOGEN is not a drug
but a valuable food supple-
ment rich in Vitamins A,
B, & D, REMOGEN
helps to build sturdy bodies,
strong bones and teeth,
and resistance against
Colds and other infectious
diseases. Your child will
be his sparkling self again
after a course of RE-
MOGEN. 1 tb, and 2 t 1
jars at 90 aud $1,50 re-,
THE DOMINICA DIS-
PENSARY CO. LTD.
t--..-. ... . --.--.
DAVENTRY, ENGLAND, 17 Oct CP:-
Constable Robert Quinn collided
with another motorist last week and gave
himself summons fine, t w e n t y
of TWO ordinary
In all but the most stubborn cases it takes onl
one Whizz to kill pain fast. That's because Whkm
is concentrated power. FOUR ingredients work
to kill pain fastest and soothe nerves.
Why take two when one will do I
Methodist Services For 26th October
.' 1.oo a.nm.
Rev. F, A. Roberts
-- Rev. Roberts
Mr. A. Yankey
Rev. S, W. Hodge (Harvest Festival)
Miss E. Samuel
Mr. A. Telemaque
Mr. H. Telemaque
Mr. T. Baptiste
-Mr. W. Scotland
I wish to inform all Importers of our
of our Vessels from New York :
VENIMOS Leaving New York Oct. 24th
VIAJERO Nov. 7th
VAMOS Nnv. 2Rth
Arriving Dominica About Nov. 3rd.
VELOZ Dec. 19th Dec. 28th
Be sure you are booked early for these vessels for all your
Christmas Requirements. Make sure you quote shipment by
iB T(F1 "a
T. D. SHILLINGFORD (Agent.)
BOOTH AMERICAN SHIPPING CORPH.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, x962
r~~uur~.ruurso--- +G U~
d li a
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1962 DOMiPh~A tIERALD
A clear, healthy skin is a real asset to a man. It
gives him extra confidence at business and in his
social life. Aicosuiph Lotion's peii tidingy puva
quickly remove ugly skin blemishes and the dis-
comfort of razor rash. Get Alcosulph Lotion todac
and see how soon you'll face the world with new
Export Of Plants And--Or Plant Products
The General Public is hereby Notified that as from October
1st 1962, All Plants andor Plant Products to be shipped
overseas must be accompanied by a Phytosanitary Certificate
from country of origin, Plants must be free from soil always,
Packing Material must be Peat Moss, or if any other materials
used they must be sterilized,
All Plants andor Plant Pr o d u c t s must be fully inspected
therefore before a Phytosanitary Certificate can be issued
by the field staff of the Department of Agriculture, and all con-
cerned are informed that twenty four (24) hours notice is re-
quired tor thorough inspection of all such materials to be shipped
J, B, YANKEY
Acting Agricultural Superintendent.
New Industry for British
LOTION ,ie effective remedy tor skin okmishes
and infections such as lat mr rks,.
eczema, athlete's foot, orickly hbe and
rashes of all kinds.
If you have cares prepare to shed them
now, The troubles you have today can oft
be shed tomorrow, If without more Ado you
use Electricity. Try an ELECTRIC MIXER
or TOASTER today and leave the Washing
SEPT. 15 & 29, OCT. 13 & 27
S'.. ... .. ,
Marie Wiltshire, a Crafts Instructress from behlze, BrLa,,
Honduras, learns to operate an experimental loom under the
watchful eye of Mr. A. E. Southern.
Miss Wiltshire is learning to weave with the intention of re-
turning home in the autumn, when she will teach her newly-
learned craft to her own people. She aims to create a new indus-
tiy giving opportunities of employment.
Here Marie is working with ramie, a special weaving fibre
from British Honduras.
She is being taught her new craft by the Gospels Weavers
at Ditchling, Sussex.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1962
DOMINICA HERALD SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1962
Children's (Factual Test) Corner
D:ar Boys and Gitis, This week you are all excited over the "clouds"
of war hanging right over our heads, We older folks were filled with anxiety
and sadness. You young; ones were all excited the same thing happens when
news of an approaching hurricane comes over the air. Well who can blame you
The novelty of the experience appeals to you: that is quite natural to youth,
When you have had the experience, then you will have learnt the lesson the hard
way and will not want to have the experience in life again.
Perhaps you will remember in one of my letters some time ago that I men-
tioned that ravages and terrible experiences of the last war were things we only
heard or read about bu warned that in any future war it might not be so. Little
did I dream that Cuba would have brought trouble so near to our doorstep.
We must pray hard that this dark cloud will pass away and somehow peace
will continue for a long time still for war is a terrible thing.
Perhaps you can learn a little lesson from this about the great power for
good or evil that one man or woman can have over others. Castro has brought
all this anxiety to the area for its he who encouraged the Russians to come to the
Caribbean to start all this trouble.
The power we may wield over others should always be for the good- not
eviL Hitler years ago exercised great power over the German people and plunged
the world into the terrible World War II. Let us hope and pray that Castro
does not start a third.
Cherio till next week.
Love from Auntie Fran.
This week's questions are as follows:
(I) Who ruled Cuba before Castro: --- ---- -- -----
(2) What is the main product of Cuba? --------
(3) Some time ago anti-Castro Cubans from America invaded Cuba, it
was the Invasion of ------------ ------
Last week's answers were as follows:
I. The Head Quarters of the Eye-Bank is in New York City.
z..Z- .newo u a ,Ehs-u-te-duath- I~~iscal Ucdi n a n-Door
3. The operationon a dead person for the removal of the eye is called
Ist prize $1.25 won by Maudrina Barrie (Laplaine:Govt. School)
2nd $1.oo Eileen Joseph (Roseau Girls, School)
3rd $0.75 Patricia Garraway (Wesley- High School)
(I) Ewart O. Le Blanc (Dominica Grammar School)
(2) Judith Charles (Roseau Girls' School)
(3) Laura Roberts (Wesley High School)
(4) Raynald Richards (Dominica Grammar Scool)
One Vanguard Motor Car in excellent
APPLY to W G-HUTTON
Oct. 27-Nov. 3
SAN JOSE, CALIF Oct. 15 CP:--
Frank Deckert began his second cen-
tury of life with a glass of cold beer,
"My good wife and beer are the reasons
why I've lived to one hundred and one"
ARNOLD C. ACTIVE:
MALE MOIR JAMES, (Mrs.)
Secretary; 16 members j
C. O, JAMES
E. C. LOBLACK
ACME TROCARD (Miss)
$rou a month Membership L.
joined between Jan.. -Sept. 1962.
Husband of above: treasurer
of L. P.
The workers friend.
ACME of ingratitude?
D. U. P. P. Hand
STAFFORD S. LESTRADE : "Keep the City Clean"!
DEVERILL LAWRENCE : Builder of High Tension House
R. H. LOCKHART : Right-wing Gentleman.
VERONICA NICHOLAS (Miss); Trade Unionist ex L. P.
STUART WILLIAMS : Got one vote in last General Election."
J. B. CHARLES
J. W. OSBORNE
J. A. JAMES
R. M. GREEN
: Old veteran- ex Feds Senator
: Another Trade unionist ex L. P.
: Served as RTC Town Clerk for
: Writes verses.
:Yet another T. U. man, --ex L, P.
Using this form, make your forecast of the five winning candidates. Place
a cross against their names in the left hand margin. The first correct forecast
opened will win a prize of$3,oo. Drawing will take place at the HERALD Office
as soon as final results are known on Wednesday, October 31.
Entries to the HERALD office by 9 p. m. Monday, Oct. 29th.
C. nt. from pag
Dear Mrs. Editor,- I have been
hearing quite a lot about the.power of
Unknown men which you brush into
office of Government Do you see
what it cost to play careless: you wanted
advice you need guidance you knew me
your neighbour during your childhood
days and for reason which you believe
will not serve your cause you went to
strangers, men & women whom you
have bathed, dressed, powdered & per-
fumed thinking that they will give you
the honour, love & praise. See what
they have done, you didn't expect it, but
I did. I knew, what you were in for.
I have run to other people- Rescue-
I would have come to you, but Ma-
dame, you know me I am no stranger,
I am a man not a crab, no you would'nt
trust; now you are sorry There'will not
be a next time the crime have committed. -
I hope you will do as-you say, you
will be judge you will be juror.- You,
I hope, will help to condemn them.
(name and address supplied)
If the person signing himself or her-
self "A would-be friendly American
visitor" would kindly send us his or her
full name and address, we should be
pleased to print the letter even under
a pen name. Controversial political
letters will not be printed anonymously
in the HERALD.-Editor.
@KAD DP ) SF
o make room for the New Arrivals for your Christmas Shopping pleasure
starts today, Sat. 27th October and will last for ONE WEEK only
THERE ARE ONLY THREE PRICES : $1, $2, $3 AND THESE BIG ATTRACTIVE
OFFERS WILL BE ON DISPLAY IN THE LOBBY
WONDERFUL BARGAINS AWAIT YOU---
@ 1* m wt@A 22
Advertise in the HERALD
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J. MARGARTSON CHARLES,
THE HERA D'S PRINTBRY, 31, NEW STREET. ROSBAU, DMINICA,
SATURDAY OCTOBER 27, 1962,
ROSEAU TOWN COUNCIL LOTTERY
"Lines on the Candidates"