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Dominica herald
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102878/00111
 Material Information
Title: Dominica herald
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 42 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Publisher: Dominica Herald
Place of Publication: Roseau, Dominica
Roseau, Dominica
Publication Date: 10-06-1962
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Dominica -- Newspapers   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Dominica
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1955? Cf. caption.
General Note: Editor, <1963-1964>: Phyllis Shand Allfrey.
General Note: "For the General Welfare of the People of Dominica, the further advancement of the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole."
General Note: Description based on: Jan. 12, 1963; title from caption.
General Note: Last issue consulted: December 31, 1964.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 82144654
lccn - 2007229365
System ID: UF00102878:00111

Full Text


RESEARCH INSTITUTE
FOR THE STUDY OF MAN
,162 EAST 78 STREEli
NEW YORK 21, N. .


SWe stand behind'
the .U.N. Charter .
'wfitch u li'o ds: ':t L. ", "' -
I REEDOM OF ,TIHEPRESS FRt- W.1 OF WORSHIP '
PREO'- t OM FROM WANT
FREEDOM FROM FEAR ''

(For the General Welfare of the People of Dominica, the further, advancemen or the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole)
ESTABLISHED 1955 SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1962 PRICE 100


ALLFREY EXPULSION UPHELD


Appeal Points Rejected

FOR AN HOUR and -a quarter yesterday afternoon, the Labour
Paity Executive discussed the expulsion of their. Founder and
ex-President, Mrs. Phyllis Shand Allfrey, before her appearance
to make her appeal. This was heard and dismissed by nine
votes to one and 3 abstentions. One member walked out in pro-
test against the undemocratic voting procedure.
Among the points made by Mrs. British Labour Party Condlenls
Allfrey against charges that she had cri- E C MI And Nuclear Tests
ticised the policy of Government, and At Brighton this week th: BritishLa-
brought it into disrepute were the fol- bour Party Conference confirmed by an
lowing:- over whelming majority the policy state-
That bhe had not ar.t.l .'.ithe Party ment of the Executive on the European
and in rl. in I pr.agriplh tle editrial Common Market (see story p. 5). They
under contention had praised the politi- also condemned all nuclear testing whe-
cal stability of Dominica. Conversely other do ne by the U. S. S. R., the
the officers of the Party had by their U. S. A. or France.
- "t t-[-...,. .;.l,_an hrnou'hr Ct tecl nmtitt ; the political im-.
into tit r.-icr di'rFputc: plications of the U. K. joining with the
t'a.: the editorial's real attack was -European Economic Community were
against the old Colonial foolishness of implemented it would mean the end of
imposing, any export tax at all-such the Commonwealth.
imposition being a disincentive to pro-
dution whichhad been going on in French Government Falls
Dominica for ovec a hundred years. For the first time in four years the
She agr-ed that the editorial could French:Government has f a 1I e n. De-
have beer better worded, since it .gave feated in a censure motion in the Na-
an implicit minor criticism of Govern-, tional Assembly, the Premier and Cab-
ment in paragraph three, which she inet submitted their resignation to Presi
regretted. The editorial appeared on dent de Gaulle. Elections will ta k e
August iS, yet harsh action was not place in' which politicall commentators
taken until September z2, after opposi- state) parties will sink their ideological
tion gibes, differences to combat de Gaulle's pro-
"It is an unheard of 'thing," Mrs. pular vote. In a radio broadcast he said
Allfrey said, "for the '"Founder and he would submit his proposal to, the
President of a Party to be expglledwith- People in a referendum to be held Oct.
out any preamble of courtesy, prior 28 if the people did not accept his'
discussion or warnirig~." She pointed proposal he threatened to resign.
out that she had been constantly elected -. .----- --.-
President by the Annual General Meet- did expulsion would cause lack of trust
ing of the Party and such a serious move and damgae not confined to Dominica
should have been preceded by a resolu- alone, she appealed for the mending of
tion to be discussed'first by the Execu- "broken good relations" for the sake of
tive and then by the soon-forthcoming the party and the people. She asked
A. G.. M. the executive to compromise by with-
Describing the Officers behaviour as drawing the expulsion decision in fav-
"shockingly. unkind" and, "inhuman our of a mild vote of censure, since
treatment of the first friend the Party no-one was superhuman or perfect.
ever had," Mrs Allfrey went on to speak The Executive rejected her appeal
of freedom of the press and pointed out after strongly worded resistance by certain
that salaried M.P.s. in Britain were members.
quick to publish in the press minor One member left the room before
criticisms of both party and Government. The final vote i protest against un-
She held no such position. Mrs Allfrey democratic procedure.
quoted a recent letter received by her
from Dominica's Public Relation Offic- '1S'i be judge, I'll be jury,
er which includes the words "'it is not Said cunning old Fury,
the policy of Government to interfere in "I'll try the whole case
the running ofa free press." and condemn you to death."
Saying that the outcome of this sor- From: ALICE IN WONDERLAND,


Meredith Enrolls At University Ot Mississippi

Oxford, Mis0. Oct. U.S.I.S. James H. Meredith enrolled Monday
morning as the first Negro student at the University of Mississippi.
His registration climaxed another controversy in the long contest over the is.
sue of public education facilities for Negroes and whites in the southern area of the
United States.
Mississippi state law calls for separate schools for whites and Negroes sta-
tutes which the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled are unconstitutional. State au-
thorities, headed by Governor Ross Barnett, refused to admit Mr. Meredith to the
all-white university, despite federal court orders that he be enrolled.
When Mississippi Officials continued adamant in refusing toladmit Mr.
Meredith and public feeling was running high, President Kennedy on Sunday
directed the State National Guard to help carry out the court orders.'Governor Bar-
nett' thereupon said, "We are ,. physically overpowered" but indicated he would
continue to press the issue in the courts.
Several hundred U.S. Marshalls and ,000o troops, on orders from Preside"t
Kennedy, were stationed on the campus at Oxford, Mississippi, as Mr. Meredith

Brigadier General Charles Billingslea, Comir.ndct ol troops in Missi'Wp7,
said Monday morning, "I now declare this area secure."
Mr. Meredit h's arrival Sunday night and his assignment to a campus apart-
ment touched off rioting which left two persons dead and 75 injured.
In Washington, the Justice Department announced that foS persons had been
arrested in Oxford and would be charged with obstruction of a court order and
insurrection.
Also in Washington, White House Piess Secretary Pierre Salinger said both
President Kennedy and Attorney General Robert Kennedy have made it clear that
the Federal Government is willing to do anything necessary to maintain law and
order in Mississipi.
University Chancellor J.D. Williams appealed to the students to "keep the
university operating."
One of the two persons killed was Paul Cuihard, 30 years old, a reporter
fior the New York Bureau of Agency France Presse.
The other fatality was Ray Gunter, 23, of Oxford.
Disorder broke out in Oxford Sunday night even as President Kennedy from
his WhiteHouse office addressed the nation by radio and television. He appealed
for calm and law and order in the university area.
Mr. Kennedy pointed out that he had been obliged to take prompt action to ul.-
hold the law when state officials defied the federal court orders. He expressed deep re-
gret that it was necessary to intervene and to call into federal service the Mississippi
State National Guard,
State officials, including Governor Barnett, had refused to obey a U.S. Cir-
cuit Court of Appeals Order in New Orleans, Louisiana, to register Mr. Meredith
at the University. The underlying issue was the U.S. Supreme Court decision
of 1954 declaring segregation unconstitutional, versus Mississippi State law uphold-
ing segregation.
Earlier Sunday, President Kennedy had issued an executive order and
Proclamation calling federal military forces into the case and putting the Mississi-
ppi National and Air Guard into active duty under federal government control.
A Federal Circuit Court ordered the Governor to .purge himself of con-
tempt of court by ceasing to resist Mr. Meredith's enrollment. or face arrest. Tile
court, in New Orleans, rul:d last Friday that he was guilty ofcontcmi-t for in-
terfering in the racial desegregation of the university.
The Governor sought to justify his action by invoking \;the legal doctrine of
'interposition' which federal courts have nullified on other occasions .- by
tryi ng to pace the sovreigLly of tlc tate of Mississippi Letweci the federal
courts and the people of the state.








PAGETWO OMINCA HRALDSATUDAYOCTOER 6 196


A "Shocking" House
Since some publicity in the market
s quate, the press and the radio has been
given to the three-cornered issue be
tween the Roseau Town Council, the
Dominica Electricity Services (C.D.C.)
and the Administraor-in-Council, the
HERALD sent their reporter to the site in
question, namely tie three-storey build-
ing in Queen Mary Street at preseim be-
ing erected on behalf of Mr.D.P. Law
rence, who is himself a nm:mo; r of
Roseau Town Council. A quick touu
around the town showed that three-stoicy
buildings are rare and also that the CDC
distribution lines (.t Z30 volts) are alrea-
dy strung in the safest possible .ianuer
with the pols on public property be-
twcen the roadway and the sidewalk.
These lines being already in place, Mr.
Lawrence's building is being constructed
with a verandah on the top story (as
well as the second) with the uprights
about fourteen inches away frornthi ca-
bles and the lowest pitch of the roof
about two feet away. Since the wires
are uninsulated we are wondering what
the building contractor had to pay for
insurance for his workmen whilst on
the job.'
It is clear that,politics apart,thi is a test
case. The :CDC abides by, British
Standards which state that distribution
lines should be not less than ten feet
away from any portion of a building or
construction. The Roseau Town Coun-
-twfT a--rts any-persmr-btfn&d
ing over public property (e.g. the side-
walk). must obtain permission from the
Council. Things have come to an imr
passe where the Council can give per-
missioh to any citizen to endanger him-
self or the general public if (and it is an
important if) the CDC refuses to move
its lines. A situation could arise forcing
the CDC (whether at its own or at
house owner's expense is not decided)
to move lines every month in order to
avoid contravening their own ordinance
(a safety measure for the benefit of the
public).
It appears to be within the province
of Government to override a decision of
the Roseau Town Council, if the letter
from the Minister for Labour & Social
Services is any criterion. In this letter,
dated August 29, the Chairman of
the R. T.C. is requested to "order the
demolition of that part of the said build
ing, which on account of its proximity
to the high tension electricity lines, consti-
tutes a serious hazard to life and property".
Readers who are interested in legal as-
pects can refer to the Roseau Byelaw
uNo. I of 1933, particularly Sections
13 and 14 and 32 to 39.


Ben Bella Algeria's First Premier

Algier z6 Sept. (CP) Ahmed Ben
Bella was appointed Algeria's first Pre-
mier by the National Assembly today,
The 45-year old leader of the
country' ruling Political Bureau received
141 votes from the 195 mnn Assembly
He was proposed for the office follow
ing a heated two-hour debate on poli-
tical matters.


Africans Suspect Foul
Play

How a Rhodesian Lead-
er Died

Salisbury, September ii. A British
inspector of accidents is to be flown to
Southern Rhodesia by (he Zimbabwe
African People's Union to assist the
Party to disprove the police statement
that Dr.T.S. Parirenyatwa deputy presi-
dent of the union, died in a h:vclcrossing
road accident on August 14.
Mr. Nkomo, president of the ZAP U
now on his way to London expects to
make contact with the expert, who has
not yet been named. There is tremen-
dous interest here in the inquest which
opened on Saturday in Bulawayo and is
to be resumed on Thursday.
Mr. Edward Dawn;gr Sibanda, the
driver of Dr Parircnyatwa's car who has
been in hiding since he left the hospital,
is to give evidence on Tnursday. He
told a press conference yesterday that he
and the doctor were stopped and beaten
up by five unknown Europeans at Shen-
gani, 42 miles from the level-crossing
where the accident is alleged to have
taken place. He said that he was un-
conscious for two days: he does not re-
member what happen after Sliangani.
His press comments have created a
widespread impression among Africans
sentiment shared and expressed be Mr.
Nkomo this week in Dar cs Salaam,
where the ln'mg arm of the Law and
Order Maintenance Act cannot reach
him.
The Southern Rhodesia Government
has flatly denied all the allegations as
"prosperous and nonsensical" and is
awaiting the result of the inquest.
The engine driver Mr John Wilham
Authors, said in his evidence on Satur-
day that Mr Parirenyatwa's car tried to
beat his train to the crossing. When
he saw it was not going to stop he
sounded the horn continuouly and ap-
plied the brakes. There was a terrific
crash and odour of petrol, and he feared
a fire. He found Sibanda in the car
with a big gash on his head. It was
not until 50 minutes later that the body
of Dr Parirenyawa was found some fifty
yards from the level crossing,
Dr Hastings Banda, Minister for
Natural Resources in Nyasaland, has re-
fused to see Dr Toure, the Secretary-
General of the Conmmission of techni-
cal co-operation in Africa South of the
Sahara, on the grounds that he was not
prepared to see anyone arriving in Nyas-
aland at the invitation of the Federal
Government. Dr Toure returned to
Salisbury today at the end of a two-
week tour of the Federation.
-Guardian(U.K,)

Achille Pinard
Mr. L.A. Pinard, at present Secretary
of the Barbabos Cabinet, has been ap-
pointed Administrator of Grenada iii
succession to Mr. J.M. Lloyd, it wds
announced by the Colonial Office in
London.


JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES TO ATTEND THREE-DAY CONFERENCE
S It is reported by a spokesman for Jehovah's witnesses that their annual
District conference to be held at the Portsmouth Government School, Octo-
her 5, 6, and 7 will be of interest to the public in general.
S Spokesman, Mr. Samuel S. Joseph said the conference is o0 e of a
world-wide series covering over 188 countries and islands of the sea. "These
conferences", he said, "are particularly important in view of the ever in-
creasing thr-it of iitc,;atiola Communism, and the program is designed
so that we can put on a united and courageous front against this menace.
S"We need 1o be better equipped in the pracicai use of the Bible", Mr.
Joseph said, "so that we cai help fortify the spiritual morale of the people
in our conununity, and the conference is arranged to accomplish tIns."
Mr. Joseph said. "We are very much concerned ab.ut peace ind lat- "
ing unity, and this will be achieved by and through God's Kingdom which
we all pray for in the 'Our Father Prayer.' i
I Just how this will come about will be pointed out by an official
speaker for the group on Sunday Oct. 7, at p. m. We invite you to
hearthis hour-long discourse on the striking subject, 'TAKE COUR-
AGE--GOD'S KINGDOM IS AT HAND!', which comes as a climax
for the 3 d:.y conference."
Sept. 29-Oct. 6
t ,. -



The "Variety" Store


C, G. PHILLIP & CO, LTD,

LATEST ARRIIALS:-

Water Heaters; Fishingi Twine; HairClippers;

SIcales and Weights; Rim and Mortice Locks;

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Maintain Freedom of the

Press-

read your Her'ald weekly!

Mr. Lloyd, at the request of the
Government of Jamaica, is retiring in
order to take up an appointment as
Permanent Secretaryin Jamaica.
Mr. Lionel Achille Pinard was born
in Dominica in 1912. He was edu-
cated there and joined the local civil
servicein 1933. After serving in vari-
ous posts, Mr. Pinard transferred to St.
Lucia in 1953. as Assistant AdminiL-
trator; he was appointed Permanent
Secretary Barbados in r155 and in 1958
became Secretary to the Cabinet.
Mr. James Montcith Lloyd was born
in Jam.ica in 19r1, became a Barrister -
at-law in Lincolus'Inn, and served in
the local civil service in Jamaica from
1931, onwards. He was made Perma-
nent Secretary in 1956. Mr. Lloyd
has been 'Administrator of Grenada
since 1957. (BIS)


"WIN-A-RADIO" I
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Sept 29-Oct 13
"'*'* M'^~ru~iM' ^19tVh f


SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, g962


DOMINICA HERALD


PAGE TWO







SATURDAY OCTOBER, 6, 1962,
- 0iW6ll 00. -.4 ,


DOMINICA HERALD


PAGE THREE


Meeting With Fisher-
men At Scotts Head
The fishermen of Scots Head showed
very encouraging response towards pro.
jects proposed under the revised fisher-
ies scheme when they came together last
week during the meeting with the
Minister for Trade & Production, Hoo.
N.A.N. Ducreay; the Co-operative
officer, M. J.A. Barzey; Community
Development Officer, Mr. L.J. Simon;
the Fisheries Officer, Mr, L.M. Sorh-
aindo and Mrs. Oliver James of the
Labour Party Executive and Mr. Everard
Charles of Pottersville were also
included in the visiting party.
The Minister after being introduced
by Mr. Simon, who was in the chair,
went on to explain the proposed work-
ing of the revised fishery scheme, tell-
ing the fishermen of the manner in
which Government intended to render
assistance, to what was expected of them.
In that regard he pointed out that the
best approach to a solution of the fishing
problem of the island would be co-
operation by all concerned, and that it
would be far better 'if the fishermen
could come together and become mem-
bers of a newly formed fishermen's
co-operative. By so doing the task of
dealing with matters, concerning the
fishing cum.nunity would be made far
simpler than it is at preseot;and greater
all round benefits could be thus secured.
The Co operative Officer explain the
r(nliO i .- fithErTmen's r-oninrative
and the Fisheries Officer gave a short talk
on proper methods and techniques in
the use of simple implements in fishing
; he f u r t y or fifty fishermen asked
several questions about the manner of
ope:tion of the scheme and particularly
about the type. of outboard engines that
were to be issued under it. All ques-
tion received adequate replies.
The co-operative Officer promise to
make weekly visits to Scotts Head to
help the establshment of the Co-opera-
tive branch there.
And At Pottersville
The Scotts Head meeting was follow-
ed up by a similar meeting with the
fishermen of Pottersville this week.
The meeting was well attended and the
situato i was explained to an attentive
audience who appeared to have grasped
the conception of co-operation. One
or two fishermen agreed to go to Scotts
Head for the next meeting to be held
thee (for the setting up of the co-opera-
tive) as observers.


Federalism For Kenya
Says KADU Leader
The President of Kenya's second
largest Political Party declared last week
that Kenyans had tried a unitary form
of government for 60 years under British
colonial rule and that type of govern.
meat had proved unsuccessful.
Ronald Ngala, minister of state for
constitutional affairs and government
administration and president of the
Kenya Afiican Democratic Party, said
that an independent Kemya will have a
federal type of constitution, ope that


Used throughout the West Ind es


"avoids day-to-day begging of consent
from the central government."
Ngala said the type of constitution for
Kenya was the fundamental difference
between his party, KADU, and the
majority Kenya African National Union
(KADU), headed by Jomo Keny-
atta.
He criticized the press both inside
Kenya and outside for exaggerating the
differences between KADU and
KANDU.


13-day visit as the guest of the African-
American Institute, said that both par-
ties agreed on the federal constitution
after lengthy talks in London earlier
this year. He said this constitution would
be a departure from the normal British
party constitution.
"It takes Kenya from the transitional
period of the colonial regime to indep-
endence, he asserted. Under the unitary
constitution, he continued, all powe's ;re
centered on the governor and the coun-


Kenyatta's party, Ngala explained, cil of ministers.
favours the unitary form of constitution, The proposed constitution was
which provides a strong centralized worked out in London in March after
government. Ngala added that KADU eight weeks of deliberations with the
feels that a unitary constitution would KADU version being accepted. Both
create a dictatorship type of government parties signed agreements and Kenyatta
concentrating powers on one person or agreed to the coalition government.
one group. Ngala said the present obligations of the
.*Ngala, in the United States on a coalition are mainly the forming of the


constitution and creating political stabil-
ity in order to encourage foreign invest.
ment in Kenya.
He pointed out that the constitution
provides a two-chamber legislature, a
central government, and six regional
assemblies. Under this set-up, he con-
tinued, there will be a de-centralization
of powers with the central government
dealing chiefly with major economic
developments.
Ngala said that the regional govern-
ments will hare significant powers in-
cluding administrative authority and the
enforcement of laws. Nairobi, the Kenya
capital, will be federal territory. (ANP)

Support (-he
HERALD


- -o.ll- ---









V l. HERALD SAURY O--CR-- -- --


Music Review
"Jaycees Talent Contest" by Prof. Pierre Lucette
It was a duty for me.to be present at the important festival organized by the
Jaycees last week-end: I should say that I am a music teacher in Fort-de-France,
and have organized many such music-competitions and concerts for youth. I
was very glad to go to St. Gerad's Hall to confirm in my mind certain impress-
ions of the music of young Dominica, and to discover something new.
The Jaycees do not need any congratulations from me; the interest and high
enthusiasm of their numerous and distinguished audiences show that they are on
the right track in attempting to make it a regular event.
According to Mr. J. B. Yankey, the Jaycees welcome criticism; and, since I
am a stranger an unaquainted with any persons involved, I do not hesitate to offer
my views in the columns of the HERALD.
You had announced "A Music Festival". The most inexperienced con-
cert-goer would hasten to accept the invitation. First deception: before a single
note was heard, The President of the Jaycees declared "You should enjoy 'the
show' to the fullest." And then, running rapidly through the programme, one
discovers that The Festival is nothing but a variety "Talent Show." The ex-
pressions "Music Festival" is internationally significant (to reasonably cultivated
persons) as a series of concerts of classical music, and for this type of performance
one does not use the word "show". In all the islands of the West Indies the
same confusion of terms is r e p ea te d: they mix up without distinct-
ion good and bad music, jazz and classics, dance music and spirituals although
far be it from me to decry "popular" and dance music. Like any other well-
balanced person, I recognize that each has its place. It is also a reflection on our
civilisation. Music is part of nature. Classical music is a reflection in its high-
est form of that phenomenon called Music; popular and dance music are just
other forms. And the people, after all, have a right to culture. It is your duty
to clear up these confusions.
So I heard a variety concert, with pleasure. I preferred the singers to the
pianists. I found that our young ladies (despite the clear accompanists counselor
devoted Mrs. Cools Lartigue) did not really search in the depths of the piano for
music. They just stroked -- afraid to touch, Although Beethoven's Minuet is
so brief, there is yet plenty of music to be found in it. Music is like poetry, it
has a constant need of variety but this must be based on a solid architectural form.
TThe Minuet is a entle dance of the i8th century with, at the end of each phrase,
a little 'dip". The other Saturday nearly all _i iianists omititetlthe "dnp"-
and the marquis and marquise who, in our imagination, were dancing had great,
trouble to follow the rhythm; when the second part of the Minuet, the Trio, came,
it.was played at a pace impossible to dance to. Our young ladies went too fast.
The last part of the trio in 'canon' was rarely included. I noticed particularly
the sonority of Mile Judith Garroway and the artistic feeling of Mlle. Toni Bellot,
She has what it takes and should try to develop her tone with some of the good
fugues in The Well-Tempered Clavier of J. S. Bach. Mile Hill seemed to have
forgotten completely her creole origins. Where was the secret charm, where the
poetry of La Paloma: M. Martin gave us great pleasure with his artful delineation
of this piece.
Boys who play the piano and perform in public are so rare in the trop.:s
tht one must salute Mr. Derek Garroway. Despite his faults and timidity we
detected a certain sensibility which he should foster and bring under control.
The Guest Pianist for the Festival was Fr. Berghs, With what good hum-
our he played for us a sonatina ofthe 19th century and how the public (and this
was the proof that they are ready to appreciate classical music and that one should
not be afraid of presenting it to them) really strongly appreciated the scherzo and
the final rondo, full of delicious mischievousness. Real minutes of pure joy for
the musician thank you Father pray continue!
But we had to be content to hear soags. What a collection young of artistes!
Dominica is a rich country; truly the most beautiful treasures are difficult to get:
what is needed is more work and more polish and that is the lack in all the
voices I heard polish. Singing is an art. It would seem that love of music
can only be sustained by either a reai natural bent or by a wide knowledge. But
even if there is a natural bent, one must use it with intelligence. Many of
the competitors were graced with excellent talents, which they used with little in-
telligence but I don't mean to say that they are imbeciles! What is sought in
a performance above all is evenness in vocal range and homogeneity: the rest is
only music and a little theatre. Among the young girls of Group C, Mile.
Sybil Joseph should be glad to know that she has a talent for jazz and possesses
nearly the same toNal quality as the great blues singer Flla Fitzgerald. Monsieur
Clifton Bell sounds rather delicate and should place his voice elsewhere than in
his throat; he is certainly a light and sensitive tenor. I was moved by the efforts
and the enthusiasm displayed by Milles. Peters and Matthieuz; their voices will
grow stronger with age. Mile. Toni Bellot is a complete artist. One day she
plays the piano the next day, she sings a melody. What musical joys are in
store for her! Moreover, she is lovely a fact which spoils nothing.
The revelation of the last evening, for me, the musician: Mile, Lawrence.
She has a very taking voice which she gives over entirely to music. And wasn't
she the only one to sing a work by a great Master, aside from the two young ladies
who sang the Berceuse by Mozart? Bravo! I was astonished that Mlle Lawrence
only gained a second prize. From the bottom of my heart, I awarded her my


Reintroduction Of Prices Control Schedule
Following the publication in the Dominica ChroniCle and HERALD on 29th
September, 1962, of a Schedule of Prices on Controlled Articles, and the numerous
enquiries since received from the public on the subject, the Ministry of Trade &
Production now has to make the following explanation to clear up certain misun-
derstandings.
2. The Controlled Articles and the various maximum percentages which
may be added to the landed cost of those articles by the Wholesaler, and also the
max mum percentages which may be added to the wholesale price by the Retailer,
are clearly set out on the Schedule (Section, 3A) of the Prices Control Order, S. R.
& O. No. 4 of 1962, and it is this law which governs Price Control in the territory.
3. The Wholesaler is allowed 8 % maximum turnover on the landed cost
of all the Controlled Articles while the Retailer is allowed a further 15 % maximum
turnover on the wholesale price on all items except Bloaters, Codfish, Frozen Beef
and Mutton, and Chicken parts on which the maximum percentage allowed is
I2 /0
4. The current maximum prices appearing on the Schedule in circulation art
intended only as a guide to the public, the Wholesaler and Retailer and these prices
were arrived at by applying the maximum percentage allowed by law to the land-
ed cost on the articles specified on the Schedule. At the time of preparing the
figures for the Schedule the prices were correct, but in some instances these prices
have since changed. It follows therefore, that the prices listed on the Schedule
are liable to change and these changes will be published as they occur.
5. Further, the prices appearing on the Schedule are in respect of prices
obtaining in Roseau. The maximum prices on Controlled Articles sold in the
Country Distrcts are arrived at by adding theactual transportation charges from
Roseau to destination, to the wholesale price.
6. Finally it should be understood that the Schedule of Prices published is
an attempted at enlightening the Community on the application of the Price Con-
trol Order, and does not therefore, supersede the law (S. R. & 0. No. 4 of 962).


Commonwealth Teach-
er Training Scheme

Applications are invited for Teacher
Train i Lz '. o
wealth Teacher Training Scheme
.936&64.
There are no formal qualifications for
Commonwealth Bursars although ea.i-
didates for certain types of course may
need to hold specific academic qualifica-.
tions.
Candidates should normally be be-
tween the ages of 18 and 45 years. These
bursaries will cover all tuition costs and
personal and maintenance grants accord-
ing to the course for which a successful
candidate is selected.
Application forms can be obtained
from the Education Department, and
completed application forms must reach
the Chief Secretary, Government Office
by 7th October.

O.A. WALKER,
Education .Ofiser
;;""" "" -" > .


Solomon Islands Rescuer
Visits Kennedy
Washington, -September 25-Pre-.
sident Kennedy and Benjamin Kevu
of Wana Wana Island in the Pacific,
whose friendship dates back, to World
x- hday. ba nioniTnesday iu-
etTeWhite House.
They reminisced about the time when
Mr. Kennedy was a young Navy Officcr
in command of a:: mototr orpedo boat
in thetSolomon Islands campaign. The
craft, PTIo9, was sunk in an engagement
with a Japanese destroyer. Mr. Kevu,
then headman of a village, befriended
Mr. Kennedy and several member of his
crew and played a key role in their rescue.
President Kennedy received an up-to-
date report on condition sin the Solomon
islands from his visitor. Now retired,
Mr. Kevu lives with his family in Ram-
amana village on Wana Waha island
in the Western Solomons.
The President gave his rescuer golden
tie-clasps which are replicas of the PTro9
He asked Mr. Kevu to keep one and
give others to the men from his village
who helded in the rescue.
Mr. Kevu arrived inWashington last
week. He will leave for home by plane
Tuesday (U.S.I.S)


Save yourself the trouble of washing Let Us Do Your Wash-

ing For You... Special Rate For The Time, Being."

Of .500 per 9 lb Of Clothes ... We use hot water

Our LAUNDROMAT is situated on the East side of our

Self-Service Dept.

J. ASTAPHAN & CO. LTD.
Sept. 1--Oct. 20


first prize.
(To be continued in our next issue)


SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1962


nnMrNTCA HERALD


PAGE FOUR








SAURAY -OTOE 6, 196 DOINC HEAL PAG I


Whizz is, thy tablet that contalas no less
ht 1FORTR ingredients to kill si d


Commonwealth Premiers Meet In London

" ., ;' r- -.,_ .... :;
.. ,,
.4 "- E,
~6


The leJeris of Commonwealth countries gather round the
confrer.cc tbie on the second cay of the Commonwealth Pre-
rn-ies' c.ntLi. i-f.c at iiarlborough House, London. From left
are: Sir Norr-r.n -,rk.:, Secretary to the Conference; Britain's
Premier, Mr. l-laro!d Macmillan; Mr. Duncan S,andys, Britain's
Secretary of S;aie ;.i Cor mmonwcalth Relations; Dr. Eric Wil-
lams, Prcr.ier of Ti.:[dad and Tobago; Mr. Kawawa, .Prime
Minister of Tanr irnyik,; Archbishop Makarios, Prime Miiister of
Cyprus; Tun A..bdlil Razzak, Prime Minister of the Federation of
Mlalaa; Mr. ii.ti, ; ,e. Indian Premier; Mr. Robert Menzies,
lrrim-e blinis... ,' .iralia; Mr. John Diefenbakcr, Prime Min-
istei ofCain a. i! .eith Holy.ke, Premier of New Zealand;
President A,- m-K h J' iPakistan; Mr. o a, Finance Miinistur
of Ghina, w\ho i, i C.,:;enting his country at the Coterence; and
Sir Abulbikii T !-'i L Balawa, Prime Minister of the federation
of Nigeria.


soothe nrves. That's power! And Whizz White Paper- IlldiVidual Com-
ects 15 timess faster than standard tablets. ments Invited
hat's oe er s ed! . that's e tPowr us vd ed
why Whizz gives you the fastest, surest A letter received from the Public Rela-
uslief from the pain of headaches, fever.
,'u neuralgia, colds, monthly and alcoholic tion Division of the C. M. s Office
ahobs. refers to comment in the press (not the
iAsk Whizz tablets a you drualist Inadl. HERALD). We are not concerned with
vidbially foil-wrapped aid In cartons of 12'and this, but certain points of public interest
economy: bottles of 25. i touched on in the release are reprint-
Sed here.
W hizz' tops pain fastest! An impression had been given that
A ,- ., __. comment from individuals on the White
Paper of the East Caribbean Conference
would not be accepted. The letter
quotes the following from a Communi-
British PubicSchool Chooses Nigerian cation sentout by Government to various
organisations:--
lead Boy "'It is the earnest wish of Govern-
. ment that the proposed Federation should
SNierian has ust been made head boy of a British get the whole hearted support of every
A young Nigerian has just been made head boy o a British section of the community. To this end
public school believed.to be the first African ever to achieve comments are invited from various
this coveted distinction. organizations as well as individuals in
He is 19-year-old Peter Thomas, son of a Lagos High this island and I shall accordingly be
Court Judge, and. Fe is now head boy of Taunton School in grateful if your organisation will discuss
Somerset where he has been educated since he was eight years'old. in a memoraudum any comments you
"Of course I am very pleased aid honoured at having been may wish to offer".
made head boy", Peter told a B. I. S. correspondent. In his radio broadcast on the same
"The school system allows every boy to develop according subject the Chief Minister, Hon. E. O.
to his natural ability and I would certainly not wished to have LeBlao c concluded by making the
been educated anywhere else", he added, (BIS). following appeal to the island at large:
been educated anywhere else he added (BIS)"The success of any federation rests
Ultimately with the people who live
Read The H E R A LD within the area and it is for tlis re.son
SIthat the views of the people are sought


on these proposals. It is.hoped tl.at
the earnestness, which charecterised the
Mailborough House deliberations will
be exercised by' those who stt:dy this
White Paper."
The letter goes on to say, 'On tl:-
evidence of the foregoing it is logical to
to conclude that everyone .... was
surely invited to express his views to
Government on the White Paper, his
right to do so being equal to that o.
anyone else whether specially invited a~
not.'

British Labour Execu-
tive
Say ECM Terms Unacceptable
BRIGHTON, ENGLAND, Oct. I, (C.P):
Opposition Leader Hugh .Gait;hll
made a policy statement on the eve of
the Labour Party's Annual Conference
com niting the Party ty nor- u.r rt
of the present Common Market terms
for England. The policy declai: t n
which was produced- after .t'n hiurs
of discussion by the National EFxecutive
said that the present terms for Brit-'in's
entry were inadequate but the Pi:rty
would approve' the entry if better terms
were forthcoming. The- stat ment cn-
dors-s Caitske'l's position and will prr-
b bly lrecive stron. support f. m T (0
delegates to the five-day gathcing h1


I Illi'l'll`mos~-~u~u~ ar--~r~l~pOlD~lILls~~Y~hlLQ5rl*~~;


SATURDAY,-OCTOBER 6, 1962


DOMINICA HERALD


PACE I:IVE


\1~48~il









GE X DOMINICA HERALD_


DOMINICA HERALD
If AT I't 8 T I A4
S IBSC / 1' T ; VS
Yearly Town: aS.Jt. Country -- tO.
Overseas: S7.5t. Single Copies : Ilv
Advertisements at Ruaso nauie states
MRS. PHYLLIS SHANI. ALLFREY, Editor.
Put hillN at the HERALD PRINTEaY, 31 New Street, Roseau, DoL'inica, v .i
All subscriptions and other payments must be made at the above
address to J. MAROARTSON CHARLES,-- Manager P oprie'or
ROSEAU, SATURDAY OCTOBER 6, 1962


THE PRESS

EVERY free country jealously guards the rights and privileges of
its free press, and this careful watchfulness is expressed in
different ways throughout the world. In Britain, the Royal
Commission on the Press, led by Sir Hartley Shawcross, has just
submitted its report. It is a long and interesting document, deal-
ing thoroughly with a current anxiety about the "gobbling up"
of financially weak newspapers through amalgamation with mono-
polistic concerns. The Commission has recommended a Press
Amalgamations Court, consisting of High Court and Court of
Sessions Judges, with lay members appointed by the Lord Chan-
cellor after consultation with the TUC and the Press Council.
The Press Council owes its origin in 1953 to another Royal
Commission which reported in 1949, and among the functions
drawn up for its performance were these: "to study developments
tending towards monopoly, to represent the Press in its relations
with Government and with bodies like the United Nations; and
to publish periodic reports." Another recommendation asked
the Council to keep an eye on anything thlatf might prevent the
free flow of information.
The present Royal Commission would like a reformed Press
Council to undertake additional functions, one of which is to
secure enforcement of the requirements that newspapers should
bear the name of the company or individual in ultimate control
of their affairs. "The proper discharge of these functions" the
Report states, "should assist in enlarging the public knowledge
of developments which must be of concern to the citizens of a
free country." This clause goes on to comment on possible dan
gers to the free expression of opinion. In another section the
hearing of complaints by editors or other journalists is suggested
when they have "been improperly obliged by their employers or
superiors to supress opinion, distort truth, or otherwise engage in
unprofessional conduct."
Great Britain is a large country, and our press problems in
this little island are not all the same as hers. A primal condi-
tion for freedom of the press in Dominica is the maintenance of
more than one newspaper, so that more than one point of view
may be presented to the reading public. As the 1962 Royal
Commission says, "In most instances, a publication stands or falls
on its own merits, whether it is one of a number under common
ownership or not. It will survive only if it is profitable, or likely
to become profitable within a reasonable period without involving
disproportionate losses in the meantime .. Moreover the wil
to keep a publication alive may be weaker when it is a relatively]
unimportant member of a multiple .undertaking than it is where
the publication provides the sole livelihood of the proprietor an
staff of a small undertaking."
The HERALD is a small undertaking, struggling to kele
going amidst adverse conditions, and grateful for the increasing!
goodwill of its supporters. In the last few weeks it has gained i'
strength and circulation. It has had a chequered career, in which]
the only constant has been the tenacity of its proprietor: havin
passed from Independence to DUPP (or late PNM) control, bac


to Independence with some Labour sympathy, to its present stand
in support of liberal literary expression, guided in policy by an
Editor who is as impartial as any human can be after twenty
years of membership of the British Labour Party and over seven
years as Founder-President of a younger Labour Party in Domin-
ica.
The HERALD therefore welcomes the Report of the Royal
Commission on the Press, and in particular the phrase "Good
industrial machinery is no substitute for good relations." We
are poor, our paper is hand-produced in a sort of chicken-coop
with painstaking work, but our survival is necessary for the gen-
eral welfare of the people of Dominica. FIAT JUSTITIA.


PEOPLk'S POST

Correspondents a e asked to submit their fnll names and addresses as a guar-
antee of good faith, but not necessarily for publication. L letters should be as sho, t
as possible. Controversial political letters will not be published anonymously
Views expressed in People's Post do not necessarily reflect the policy of the Ed tor
or the Proprietor.


N.E.B. Watty
Writes
Sir,
Many of my friends who know the
stand I took in politics at the time of
our deceased friends O.A. Baron and
C.E.A. Rawle, have been asking me
why I keep quiet now when Dominica
would like to have" my views in what
seem to be erratic actions and ominous
moments.
Among my many reasons are; age


aIlU HIn tI utY tti - LU-bai % aIU
see the changes increased education has
brought to the thinking and behaviour of
the present generation: and whether
there is a sincere and united effort to
pull our Dominica out of the slough of
despond into which the selfishness of
class, colour and creed threw her, now
that they have the opportunity.
In the Federation of the West Indies,
I began to flatter myself with the idea
that their e sign, of emancipa-
tion of the West Indies and of our
Dominica, but the Federation has prov-
ed a failure and I am told it was due to
a weak centre and a too. strong circum-
ference, and this fact has led to the
secession of Jamaica and Triuidad. I
am not a politician but I always believed
that Democracy abhors a strong centre.
And now there is t a k of a ne w
Federation, again our lo cal politi-
cians have detected a circumference that is
too strong as though those who are resp-
onsible do not know their job.
I may be too neda.ogic, but to me a
centre should not require a weak cir-
cumferen, e to function, but should be
able to measure up as necessity requires
hence if Sir Grantley as Prime Minister
of the Federation had served notice on
Jamaica .nd the Colonial Office that
inasmuch as the const tuition did not
provide for the secession of a unit
there would be no secession of Jamaica
without the consent of all the units con-
cerned in making the constitution, or
the decision of the Privy Council and
I am reasonably suite that there would
have been no breaking up of the Fed-
eration. It was more failure to apply
the strength of the unit governments that
seems to be the cause of the dissolution.


Again a: regards the Little Eight
there seems to be what can be no other
name but a wilful desire to keep back
the progress of Dominica -Poor Dom-
inica. I cannot but see the Chief Min-
ister in a maze with no clue but that
suggested by ihe Dominica Chronicle of
the 22nd instant; but can he take the
suggestion without disgracing himself
and his party? What could induce him
to deal with the White Paper in that
way.
In the article in the Chronicle referred
to, Grenada's application for- Unitary


,.(.u'w"tzn-i-niau 'appears approuveu
anrd St. Vincent will be wise to follow
suit: St. Lueia will have cause to regret
her determination to go with the remain
ing five, four or how many.
St. Lucia used to be classed with
Dominica in poverty of intelligence and
ability to think. But since St. Lucia
began to emulate such men as the O'Rei-
Ilys (Sir Lennox and his brother Harry
both now dead) and are producing men
like Prof. Arthur Lewis, Sir Garnet
Gordonand Mr Louisy, she has seen
the benefit of thinking for herself, hence
her choice and her progress both econo-
mic and educational.
What we grant-aided units need is
means to educate our people and develop
our potentiality so as to become indepen-
dent one day. And Mr Maudling the
Architect of the White paper told the
House of Commons that the British
Government have the obligation to put
us on our feet before letting us go. Are
we wise to go against the method he
has provided
Dr. Eric Williams shook us off and
said Trininad and Tobago would go
alone for independence. Then after his
independence talks, he turned round and
asked for help and was told he might get
loans but not grants; he came and told
Trinidad that the British Government is
against those who help themselves.
Will he put unitary states on their legs
from loans granted him or will he make
loans to them at greater interest?
I am certain Barbados, Antigua, St.
Kitts-Nevis and Anguilla and Mont-
serrat with St. Lucia will go on if it be
only five to development and become
independent whilst Dominica (if she
(Continued on p. 7)





I1


I


SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1962


DOMINICA HERALD


P AGE SIX







SATURDAY OCTOBER, 4, 9.o,
-- -- -I --


DOMINICA HERALD


PAGE SEVEN


People's Post

will not be wise) will remain rejoicing
in ignorance.
In conclusion I will ask my fellow
countrymen, what means have develop-
ped the now powerful British Parlia
ment. Is it not continual struggles be-
tween centre and circnmferencei It is
the intelligent, industrious, unselfish and
loyal units that constitute the strength of
the central government. Where this
obtains we see good government. And
I close in saying to governments that it
was the custom when Prime Ministers
acted without consulting with or obtain-
ing the approval of their cabinets, and a
motion of lack of confidence was moved
by the opposition, members of the cab-
inet concerned either absented themselves
or if present refuse to vote, and some-
times even voted with the opposition re-
gardless of party. This was regrettable
but it has had a salutary effect and we
don't or hardly ever hear of it today.
I trust Mr Baron's advice to proceed
wif h the Federation and St. Lucia's ex-
ample will be followed.
N.E.B. WATTY, Portsmouth.


"The injustice And
Ingratitude Of A
Party"
Sir,- "I fear me that thy days of
justice and ingratitude be that on which
thy ambition thrive" (Mais). Never in
the realms of' human behavior has such
a col ous and gruesome disregard of
eth. al principles been so brazenly
demonstrated as exemplified by the
manner in which the Officers of the
Labour Party expelled the President and
Founder, Mrs. Allfey.
Putting aside ethnic or other prejudi-
ces that may be levelled against her we
cannot ignore that she it was who found-
ed and worked day night ro make the
party;(and to be blunt thte very people
who expelled her) a foic to be reckoned
with in this country. "Oh; judgement
thou has fled to brutish beast and men
have lost their reason."
I k.Jw that not all of us Dominicans
are unmindful of her services and kind-
ness to the down-trodden which is her
constant care, and we in turn hope
always to support her. Why should
this saying have prophetic exponents
his "Evil usually contains within itself
the seed of its own destruction."
One word to the wise is Sufficient and
I trust that the Labour Patty will take the
clue and honourably re-install the
Founder and President and so be able
to continue the good work. It should
be remembered that she was elected Presi-
dent not by a committee of the Execu-
tive but by all the members of the party,
that her duty as Editor of a newspaper
is distinct and diverse to her obligations
to a political organisitation and these are
not interchangeable. If her duties as an
Editor infringe on her loyalty to the poli-
tical party theu I say without any hesit.
ation that such a party does not recog.
jse the freedom of the press and the


sooner the Constitution of that parAppreciation
amended to embody such fecedom so
much the better for it. This is a democ- Courtesies Extended
racy not a dictatorship.
Musacy not w fdiorever be pgued by th Sir-It is heartily desired to express
Must we forever be plagued by the ough your highly esteemed journal
saying "That nothing good remain through your highly esteemed journal
Dominica?" the warmest appreciation and the most
Is the Labour party of Dominica 'cordial heartfelt thanks to the undermei-
doomed? or must it remain an orphan tioned persons for their spontaneous
and as such be neglected only to die? acts of courtesy: -
These are candid questions which every An official for the respectful manner
genuine Labourte must now answer. inwhich he performed his routine
"PROGRESSIVE DOMINICA" duties.
Two members of the police force
for having stopped their vehicle and
politely enquired if anything was wrong
Christian "Withdrawal" with the owner's Land Rover, so as to
have the necessary help promptly
The Editor asked Mr. Christian rendered.
whether he would care to comment on And to the majority of the members
the non-particlipation of his MUical of the staffs of the commercial csta-
Class in the recent aycees Music Fes- blishments and banking institutions for
Class ine reed tJaycthe public Feion their unfailing courtesies and pleasant
rival. He replied tha demeanour wh attending to cus-
of his letter to the Jaycees Secretary tomers wh ending to us-
would clarity a misinterpretation. We tom deeds of kndn h ...
publish the letter below:-- These deeds ofkindness have certainly
push the letter belocaused the heart to glow with happiness
..... and joy.


TIe ^cUCrtary,
Dominica Junior Chamberof Com-
merce,
Roseau,
Dear Sir,
Looking at the standard of
the performance in this competition, The
Christian Musical Class will not really
participate in any way as we would like
to be members of the audience, and to
observe the growth of Practical Music
in which we are interested. (This inclu.
des NOT taking part inudging iter)
We regret having to tell the truth at
this late hour, but we have to carry out
our wishes.,
Wishing the Festival the anticipated
great success.
I am,
Yours Faithfully,
22.9.62.
(Sgd.) L.M. CHRISTIAN


FARMER

NOTICE
French Club
A meeting of the Council of Cercle
Francais (French Club) will take place
at Baobab, St. Aroment,i on the invi-
tation of the President Mrs. Allfrey, on
Tuesday October 9th at 7 p. m. All
Council members, including student
amf, .11C it Irr .....T.T.-tt-
agenda will include reading of letters
from the French Ambassador in Trini
idad and the General Secretary of the
Alliance, Paris. A date for a French
Poetry recital will be decided and 'also
the commencement of group classes in
French language for members.
YOLANDE COOLS-LARTIGUE
Hon. Secretary.


Dominoes Grips Youit
(From a Y. W. Corres-
pondent)
The National Pastime of Dominc&
gripped our youth. Last Sunday at the
Beach Club, young people's clubs battled
from eleven in the morning until four 'i
the afternoon in a Dominoes Competi-
tion. The occasion was a head-on clash
between the Success Club and ih
Roseau Y. C. W. and resulted in a
win for Success by 1502 to 1225 points'
Terry Seraphin captained Success and
Francis Alie the Y. C. W.. The most
outstanding partners were Alphonse
Etienne and Knight Titre (Success) and
Julius Nicholas and F r a n c i s Alie
(Y. C. W.) who scored 687 and 402
points respectively.
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of our Vessels from New York:


VENIMOS Leaving New York Oct. 24th


VIAJERO


" Nov. 7th


Arriving Dominica About Nov. 3rd.
ov. 16th


VAMOS Nov. 28th De. 5th!

VELOZ Dec. 19th Dec. 28th

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A Woman's View


Tius TWO-PIECE DRESS I This skirt and top in a bust measurement of 36 inches
Is VERY EASY To. MAKEI takes one and three-quarter yards of 54-inch wide
material; two and three-quarter yards of material 36 inches wide; and a length of
wide elastic for the waist.
Make your pattern for the top, from the diagram shown (Figure A), on a
piece of paper 21 inches square. The fiont and back are the same. For the
shoulders measure five inches along the top from each corner and one and a half
inches down. The dotted line joining these is the stitching line. For the arm-
holes measure nine inches down each side to X.
For the gathering which is under the bow on the right side of the blouse
measure five inches along from the right hand corner a:id draw a vertical line
three inches long. This will be for tlhe front of the blouse only.
SFor the sleeves, (see Fig. B) take some paper 13 inches deep by 17 inches
wide; measure two and a half inches down each side and draw from these points a
sliht curve as shown. Ctt off the part shown as shaded in the diagram. Put
your pattern on the blouse material and cut out. Join shoulder and side seam.
Make the sleeves and fit into armhole. Face neck and lower edge of sleeves and
make a' hem. Run a thread through the three-inch vertical line (Figure A),
gather.the material up to about one inch and fasten the thread securely. The
bow over this gathered section is cut from a strip of material eight inches long by
three-and-a-half inches wide. Fold this lengthwise, then fold ends to the middle
to form two loops; cover centre with a narrow folded strip of material.
SThe wrap-over skirt is cut from one width of 54-inch wide material (see Fi-
gure C).' But if 36-inch wide material is used, take two widths, make a seam
centre back and cut off the surphls. When deciding on the length of the skirt
do not forget to allow two inches extra for the hem. Curve the lower corners, as-
shown.. Machine a two inch hem at the top to form a casing for the elastic, leav-
ing seven inches each end. for ihe plain front panel. Machine a little vertical line
at one end of casing and after insetting the: elastic, machine the other end in the
same way. Hem the plain front: panel on the wrong side. Bind or face the edge
of the skirt according to the material used. Finish the wrap of the skirt with press
studs and hooks and eyes; add two press studs lower down on the flap to keep
the front in place, The sidrt rmay be lined or unlined, depending to the material
you use. (BIS).



Caribbean Literature In Germany

It is a tradition in Germany to keep an observing eye on overseas literature.
Johann Gotfried'Herder (i -44- 18o03) was the first European, to collect poetry
from all peoples of the world in this collection "Die Stimmen der Volker." He
included poetry from China and from Peru. This tradition has been maintained
during the centuries until recently there appeared an anthology called "Schwarzes
Orpheus" (Black Orpheus) with modern poetry by Africans and Afro-Americans.
This anthology includes the work of 29 poets from the Caribbean among them
Derek Walco't from St. Lucia; from Barbados, H, A. Vaughan and Frank A.
Collymore: from St. Vincent, Owen Campbell; from Tobago, E. M Roach; from
Trinidad, Harold Telemaque.
This anthology had a big success in Germany, the first edition of 4,000
copies was sold out within a few months after its publication in 1954; there were
two reprints and in 1960 a pocket-book edition of 50,000 copies which are nearly
all sold. There will be in 1963 a new enlarged edition of this anthology with
many more Caribbean poets in it. Another anthology "Runba Macumba"
collects Afro-Cuban poetry. From these anthologies-"Schwarzer Orpheus"
and "Rumba Macumba" -a long play record was made where the peoms arcm
recited accompanied by drums. '
Two aspects become clear from the composition of these anthologies. First,
from Germany, all the Caribbean islands are more easily seen as a whole. While
West Indians in Jamaica, for example, more likely understand as West Indian the
islands where English'is spoken, and a Haitian under term "Antilles" .understands
the French-speaking areas, the German--never having had direct cultural contact"
with the islands prefers to look upon the whole range of islands from Cuba to
Curacao as a geographical and as a cultural unit. And indeed, it is a cultural unit.
It's an area of cultural contact and mixture with two main components the Euro-
pean split up into different sections such as English, French, Spanish and Dutch,
and the African component. The Asian component-Indian Chinese-is .only
apparent in English-speaking islands. When Caribbean literature becomes trans-
lated into German, the local linguistic differences disappear and what is left a,
characteristic for Caribbean peotry and literature is that on all islands, independently
from the language spoken, literature and poetry reflect the close contact and the new
unit which European and African cultural components have created there
Secondly; the African component for the German observer becomes the
more important one. When a German reads Caribbean poetry, his question is:
where is the difference between European and Caribbean poet y? What makes
West Indian poetry sound West Indian. What can be found in West Indian
Continued on page 9


S ay never happen

Good advice-if you can take
it. But life today has so many
S worries. They come in assorted
Sizes . from the atom bomb
Sto the dozen anxieties, large and
S;" ; : small, that daily prey upon our-
n e r v o us systems. 'Nerves
S': 'stretched to breaking point need
S Nutrophos, the nerve tonic
.''" that soothes'frayed nerves,
:brings sound sleep and
toires up the. vital
organs.


THE NERVE mTOIC


makes you eat well,
sleep well, feel well.


Advertise in the HERALD


DOMINICA HERALD


PAGE EIGHT


SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1962







SATURDAY OCTOBER, 6, 1962,
p~- C~Di~ ----- ..I .._--c


DOMINICA HERALD


Caribbean Literature

( Continued from page 8)
poetry that cannot he found in European poetry as well? And the analysis shows
that all thi could be .called unique and characteristic, non-European special to
West In..i n peotry is due to the African component, no matter whether a coloured
or a white auotor has written those poems. From other European countries sharing
a common language with some of the Caribbean islands, the African component
could be overlooked or ignored in the desire to see oneself mirrored somewhere across
the Atlantic ocean. But ahe importance of the African cultural contribution to the
Caribixan becomes obvious when that peotry is translated in German. The style
of that poetry shows the whole of the Caribbean as a great cultural unit.
But it is even more than that. It is in our time one of the richest areas in
literature. I know no other area in the world where so many important writers
and poets are born in so small a population of only twenty millions. Surely, I
have uoicn heard and ,ead complaints in Caribbean papers that there would not be
much literary life in the islands. This may be true, most of the writers and poets
are emigrants, migrants with manuscripts to London, Paris, Mexico or Barcelona,
but still they are born in the Caribbean and their literature in its bigger and better
part is Caribbean. There are journalists and critics comparing the size of Jan;ai-
can or Barbadian literature witr the literature of England, or comparing the btcra-
ture of Martinique or Guadeloupe with the literature of France. They forget to
look across to the other islands: a recently publicated "Literature History of Haiti"
alone fills a volume of 500 pages.
Who are the Caribbean writers who have not only been included into antio-
logies, but have book published in German translations? Let me mention the poets
first: There is Aim6 Cisaire (Martinique) with two volumes of poetry ("Sonnend-
olche" and "Zurfck ins Land der Geburt") and a drama ("Und die Hunde
schwiegen") which saw its first representation on a stage in the German language
at Basel, in Switzerland with great success. Next year a big bilingual edition of
all his poems will be published in Munich. The whole poetry of Saint-John
Perse (Guadeloupe) has been published in German in several volumes. There is
a volume in German by Nicolas Guillin (Cuba) another by Willy Alante-Lima
(Marie-Galante). A volume by Edouard Glissant (Martinique) will soon be pub-
lished.
Much more numerous are the translation of West Indian novels. Even if I
e_gxclude the Guianese writers -like Edgar Mittelholzet and an Carew who have
quite a number of novels in Germa transations- as i da cID ai ts
the Guianese Leon Damas from Cayenne I still can show that the Caribbean
novel m Germany is a success. It; tarted wiith Reri Ma.ai (Martinique) who had
two novels "Biatuala" and:Dschtmna" appearing in German in a192 and 1928.
Th.:n, during the Hitler period and in the first years after the second World War,
thee were no translations published. But then it was like a continuous stream
like the Gulf Stream which is coming from the Caribbean and warming the
coasts of Europe. George Lamming's novel (Barbadia n) "The
Emigrants" got the German title "Mit dem Golfstrom", i. e.
'With the Gulf Stream". John Hearne (Jamaica) got four novels published in
Germany, and his success certainly will continue. The novels are "Voices under
the Window" ("Stimmen unter dem Fenster"), "Stranger at the Gate" ("Der-
Auder"), Faces of Love" ("Gesichter der Liebe ) und "The Autumn Equinox"
which is in print. The first Caribbean novel to cross the ocean after the second
World War was "Gouverneurde le rosie ("Herr fiber den Tau") by Jacques Ro-
umain (Haiti) which in 1948 had a pocket-book edition. The Cuban writer
Alejo Carpentier had two of his novels published in German "Los Pasos Perdi-
dos" "Die Flucht nach Manoa" and "El Acoso" "Finalo in Cuba")
"El reino de este murdo" by the same author will be translated soon. The other
Caribbean novelists have in German translation one novel each; Edris Saint-Amand
(Haiti) "Bon Dieu Rit" in two German editions "Sonne und Schatten fiber
Haiti" and "Dec Flammenbaum' Mayotte Ca peia (Martinique) "Je suis Martin.
iquaise" ("Ein Madchen aus Martinique"); Samuel Selvon "Turn again, Tiger"
("Kehr urn, Tiger") Jacquea Stephen Alexis (Haiti) "Compere GCinral Soleil"
("Es brent wie Dornen in Blut"); Edouard Glissant (Martinique) "La Lezarde"
("Die Sturzflut"); Alston Anderson (Jamaica) "Lover Man." I am certain that
with the independence of the Caribbean territories the interest of the German
public in Caribbean literature will still grow so that there is a good chance that
we in this country will soon be able to read in our language such important Carib-
bean writers as Vic Reid, Roger Mais, Andrew Salkey, Neville Dawes, V. S,
Naipaul, Philip Toby-Marceline, Joseph Zobel, Raphael Tardon. Some of their
works are already in preparation to be published here.
JANHEINZ JAHN


Algeria For U.N.


United Nations, Oct. I (CP)
today to become the Io9th member of
opposition is expected.


Algeria formally applied
the United Nations. No


"Fihy Port~--- ~-~ o--I


"Fishy" Port For Cuba

Russia To Build Base?

Sept 26, CP United Stares sources said
today that the fishing port to be built in
Cuba with Russian assistance is pro-
bably camouflage for a naval base that
could threaten the Panama Canal.
They said that the port which is equip-
ped to overhaul, repair and supply Rus-
sian and Cuban trawlers could also serve
as a support base for submarines and
torpedo boats. Plans to build the port
were announced by Premier Castro in'a
television speech yesterday. Havana re
ports said that Russian crews would in-
struct Cubans in trawler operation
and the fishing fleet would eventually
become the property of the Cuba
government.


Enjoy the

food you like


Qu keze


Tablets


PAGE NINE


U.S. Determined

Meanwhile Congress officially pro-
claimed today the United States' deter-
mination to use troops if necessary to
halt the spread of communism from
Fidel Castro's Cuba to other areas of
the Western Hemisphere. By a sweep-
ing vote of 384 to seven the House of
Representatives approved and sent to
President Kennedy for signature, a joint
resolution endorsing whatever means are
needed to prevent Castro's doctrine from
being exported to other Latin American
countries.
Universal Currency Proposal
The International Monetary Fund
promised recently its "fullest considera-
tion and careful study" of the U.K.
proposal for making' the free world's
currency all one form of exchange. (CP)


(^



6<


are pleasant-

tasting.







DIGESTIVE
TABLETS


.... when you like.

Just have two Quikeze Tablets

ready to chew after every meal

and avoid the pain and discom-

fort of acid indigestion, gas,

distention and heart-burn.


~BLJ~-~C~I~CI~3~9bL-~C"Y3"~I-I-I-- C-~-~----l-


---~


i_ _handy


5
~s~








PAGE TEN DOMINICA HERALD


PAT STEVENS NOTE BOO K

"Political Economy" Part 1

Now that the West Indies Federation has disintegrated, now that Trinidad has
refused to associate itself with the other Units of the Eastern Caribbean, now that
Britain is keenly bent on becoming a member of the E. C. M; and that Grenada
is seeking political affiliation with Trinidad, it is high time that the C. M. of Dom-
inica makes a statement on the political, and economic situation of the territory.
Grenada's eager motive to join Trinidad as a Unitary State makes the question
of forming a "Little Eight" more remote and leaves us to ask a question---what is
out next step? Whether the formation of a "Little Seven" is practicable: And
whether it will be on a profitable basis economically
Britain's attitude to the Commonwealth, in preference to Europe provokes the
desire for courage, zeal and impetus in national affairs. If there is a time in the
history of Dominica that a government can prove its efficiency it is now. We are
in a sad state with an unbalanced economy and in an unstable political situation.
I have a few suggestions to the solution of the problem if Government is willing
and prepared to accept regardless of "Party differences", but will treat the subject
broadly as a "National Issue.''
Before I submit my proposals for development I shall take time off to appeal
to the Chief Minister to acquit himself with the qualities of good statesmanship, and
wake up from the slumber of pressure and with a sincerity of purpose, initnaion
and drive seek external assistance in whatever form possible and stop depending on
colonial grants. Lest my readers should misunderstand what is meant by External
aid, I wish to make it clear-except from Communist Sources. I should be happy
to mention some of those countries from which we should seek help and how such
help can be possibly obtained viz. Canada, U. S. A., Western Germany and if
possible Austrailia and New Zealand and last but not least Britain.
The people of this territory will be willing to approve expenditure involving
technical and economic assistance, but I fail to realise that expenditure pertaining to
constitutional affairs would be satisfactorily welcomed. Nothing is wrong with the
Constitution.
Heaven helps those who help themselves; seeing that Canada has begun to
show interest in Dominica as far as a timber trade is concerned, and is also willing
to erect two of our Primary Schools this is a glorious opportune for the Govcrn-
Ten~ to cling tefiaciuisly to the Dominion, thus seeking either political affiliations
as a provincial state or to try to acquire as much technical and economic assistance
as possible.
Financial assistance alone cannot solve our problem, we also require technical
co-operation. Perhaps long term loans may be arrived at from U. S. A. and Bri-
tain providing there is a stong case made out. There is no" point making a recurr-
ing mention that we have great protentials for development without seeking to explurt
those potentialities. Perhaps nature has been too kind to this island.
Should Government try to negotiate with a view to find out interested persons
to carry out live stock business with the aim to alleviate our meat shortage, and to
further developing trade with a surplus production; this would be an asset to our
economic situation. In this case we should try to interest Australians and New
Zealanders.
Any country whose imports exceed its exports in value can never hope to
balance its budget, and unless government is aware of that, conditions will remain
the same. Perhaps Western Germany and some allied European countries might
be willing to assist us technically and otherwise if only approached manfully on the
subject. We must not forget that Britian is fed up with colonial responsibeliies,
so we must tighten our belts and be prepared to shoulder our national cause Lven
though we are merely sixty-thousand people.
In my next edition I shall discuss "the Principles and Methods of approach
in respect of such n:gotiations."-Where there's a will there's a way aind nothing
is too difficult for mortals to attempt.


St Alphonsus .U. Anniversary
Celebration Plans
SUNDAY 14th OCTOBER


The Aid To Pioneer Industries
Ordinance., 1953

In accordance with provisions of subsection (2) of section 3
of the Aid to Pioneer Industries Ordinance, 1953, (No. 21 of
1953) notice is hereby given that subject to the consideration of
any objection which may be made pursuant to this Notice, the
Administrator in Council proposes by Order in the Fort set
out in the Schedule hereto, to declare the mining of pumice to
be a pioneer industry and any products of pumice to be pioneer
products of that industry.'
2' Any person, who wishes to opject to the making of an
Order in the form set out in the Schedule hereto, is required to
give notice in writing of his objection and of the grounds on
which he relies in support thereof to the Clerk of the Executive
Council on or before the 13th, ddy of October, 1965
(P. FRAMPTON)
Ag. Clerk of the Executive Council

SCHEDULE


AID TO PIONEER INDUSTRIES


S R. O.


DOMINICA
STATUTORY RULES AND ORDERS NO. OF 1962
ORDER
Made by the Administrator in Council under sub-
section (1) of section 3 of the Aid to Pioneer In-
dustries Ordinance, 1953, (Ord. No. 21 of 1953)


S(azetted ,1962

1. SHORT TITLE. This Order may. be cited as the Aid to
Pioneer Indusiries (Mining of Pumice) ORDER, 1962.

2. DECLARATION OF PiONEER INDUSTRY. The
mining of pumice is hereby declared to be a Pioleer Industry for
the ;-'rposes of the Aid to Pioneer Industries Ordinance, 1953
and any products of pumice are hereby declared to be pioneer
products of that industry,
Made by the Administrator in Council this
day of ,1962.
Clerk of thoExecutive Council.
Oc.6--13
THURSDAY 18th OCTOBER
International Credit Union Day
Ali Members, friends and well wishers are invited to Lindo Park at 6.30 p.m.
where an open air High Mass will be offered in thanksgiving for the Credit Un-
ion idea and the Society's ioth successful year of operation.
At 8.30p.m. a Social will be held at the Aquatic club.
During the Social the President will deliver an address marking International Credit
Union Day and the Society's zoth Anniversary. He will also pay tribute to found-
ation mSembers and present the Society's roth Anniversary Scholarship Winner.
Two free drinks will be served, but members will'be invited to patronize the
bar during the dancing which will follow the speech making period of the Social.
FRIDAY 19th' OBTOBER
Members will meet at the church School-room at 8.oo p.m. for entertain-
ment on-


Comic Cricket Match St. Alphonsus vs a combined team. of men and Amateur Night,
women members from the Roseau, St. Luke's, St. Paul's, St. Joseph's Credit Un- As appeal has gone out to members asking them to register for that show-
ions on the Pottersville Savannah at 10.3o a.m. It is expected that registrations for Bellaire dancing; Lancet, Cordrille, The Twist,
MONDAY I5th OCTOBER Hula Hoop and Stories and jokes will be received.
Cocktails at Aquatic 6.30 8.00 p.m, by invitation.
TUESDAY I6th OCTOBER SATURDAY 20TH OCTOBER..
Free Day. 5.30 a. m: Requiem High Mass for the repose of the souls of deceased members
Member are advised to listen in to W.I.B.S Roseau at lunch time and at will be offered at the Pottersville Church.
6.30 p.m
WEDNESDAY 17th OCTOBER SUNDAY 2IST OCTOBER.
Motorcade around Pottersville and Goodwill starting at 4.30 p.m from the Picnic at Scotts Head for the day. Free transportation and ice will be pro.
Society's Office and a Film Show on Savannah at 8.30 p.m. vided by the Society and members are asked to take their snacks- etc. with them,


el


SATURDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1962


DOMINICA HERALD


PAGE TEN








SATURDAY OCTOBER, 6, 1962,
--- --IY n-


Secret Weapons
By ,, HI S, Cressman, MP
F the communique adds nothing, at least it does not cover up the four vital facts
revealed in the course of the Commonwealth Conference.
I. The terms of entry, as at present negotiated, satisfy none of the three
grelt groups of which the new Commonwealth is composed-the old white Dom-
inions and the new nations of Africa and Asia. With three or four minor excep-
tions, every Premier present, in spite of British pressure and blandishments, insisted
on making it clear that his country's vital interests have not been safeguarded.
2, If he enters on these terms, therefore, Mr. Macmillan will be breaking
what his Commonwealth Secretary last October described as "the most solemn
undertaking to Parliament that if we cannot secure special arrangements to protect
vital Commonwealth interests then Britain will not join the Common Market."
3. The decision to break this undertaking had been taken by the Prime
Minister well before the conference began. This was confirmed on the first day,
when Mr. Macmil'an made it clear that nothing anyone said would induce him
to renegotiate the terms already agreed. The conference had been called not for
consultation but to receive the announcement of a British decision, and to hear the
reasons for it.
4. Nevertheless Mr. Heath will go though the formality of going to Brussels
and trying to get better terms, But every Prime Ministea left the conference know-
ing that he will fail; and that, when he has failed, Mr. Macmillan will at once
announce Britain's decision to enter.
The effect of this conference on the Co-amonwealth will take time to show;
the effect on our domestic politics has been immediate and decisive. A few
minutes after the official communique was published Mr. Gaitskell was ready with
his own tetse communique committing the Labour Party to an all out fight against
entry on the Macmillan terms.
War has been declared. And the interval before Mr. Heath returns from
Brussels with the final terms gives the Labour leadership the chance to work out
the strategy for winning it. The Tory strategy is already fixed. Mr Macmillan,
will seek to win this campaign by avoiding a pitched battle,
His aim, I believe, will be to sped most of next year getting 'the necessary
legislation through Parliament. Then when all the excitement has subsided, :and
we find that being in the Common Market doesn't make all 'hat difference either
'. will appeal to the country in a relaxed atmosphere which will make it
difficult to claim that the election was fought on the issue ofirthe Co~morMI
and that the result was a mandate either for or against it,
SIf I am right about Tory strategy it is pretty clear what Labour's first action
must be. We must use the interval before the fipalttertms are brought back from
Brussels to mount a campaign fortan immediate .general election.
Here we, shall be on very strong ground. Whatever the economic pros and
cons, entry to the Common Market would mean the end of our unique, unwritten,
island constitution, and the acceptance, after more than seven hundred years, of a
brand new written constitution on the Continental model. It should be possible
to persuade even thoughtful people who favour entry that a Government cannot
refuse a general election and force this through a stale Parliament, without making
a mockery of the whole idea of democracy.
But what pressure can Mr Gaitskell employ to force an election? There will
be two secret weapons in his armoury. Neither can be used at this stage, but their
mere existence, if discreetly brought to public notice, would have a gucat deterrent
value. In the first place the long and complex legislation will all hive to be
considered clause by clause and line by line by a committee of the whole House of
Commons. And since the issues would be of the" greatest constitutional impor-
tance, the use of the closure would be almost ruled out. It.will, therefore, be im-
possible for the Government to get this legislation through without the co-operation
of the Opposition. Mr Macmillan should be left in no doubt that, if he defies
democratic principles by refusing an immediate general election, this co-operation
will not be forthcoming.
The second secret weapon contains even more fissionable material, and should
be kept in even colder store, Normally treaties passed by one Government are
not repudiated by their successors. If they were, continuity of foreign policy and
the reliability of Britains's pledged word would be impossible. But in this case
Mr. Macmillan would be signing a treaty with the Six in open violation of his
his pledged word to the Commonwealth; and he would be forcing that treaty
through the Commons although the country had given him no mandate to do so.
In such a situation any responsible Opposition Leader must reserve his right
to fight and win the general election, and then to repudiated a treaty passed in
defiance of all democratic proprieties.
One thing the politician can learn from the nuclear strategist is the value of the
pre-emptive strike. The actual used by Mr. Gaitskell of either of his secret wea-
pons might well wreck the constitution he is trying to defend. But it is
only by being obviously and resolutely prepared to use them, as soon as the
Government starts acting undemocratically, that we have a chance of forcing an
election before the treaty is signed.


Subscribe To The HERALD


COLONY OF DOMINICA

TITLE Mi KRLC.(II RATION ACT
REGISTRY OF I i! ES ISLAND OF DOMlNlt
Schedule of Apphleaiol, for (Cei hcul o. l title and Notings theCeon a.
I Caveats for the week finding nt 2.2'd ua, u, oe I ., 1962.
'"~--------- --~ .,,,
Nature of request whether It
Date of Request Person Presenting Certil.cate of Title or Nounr
S_ b li ron or Caveat.
Request dated Tercrnce Hypolitcas Request for the issue ofa F i r s
Certificate of Title in respcc
9d Apr.i. 1962 of that lot of land situate at Ne.
Towi in the Town o0' Roseau ii
IrC:., I.c b' his S licir the Parish ot St. George in lh:
20th Sept., 1962 ( olonv of Dominica containo,_i
at 12.05 pm. Chfttii A. II I.up;gny 3s04 Square feet and bounded.
Iulitns:--On the NorJi-East b,
iVicloti Strict, On the Nor:;,
Westkhy land of Terence Hyp,.lic anOd Or 'lie South oy a concrete Drain s tpardain4
it from the land of Mrs C(.huutld
"""-------- ~ n- .~~-,,


l(s.istrai's Office
Roscau, 20th Sept. 1962


T. A. BOYD,
RegNutrar of titles


NOTE:-Any person who dcsir.-s t, object to the issuing of a Certificate t
Uitle ( n the above application nii, tuicl a. Caveat i the above ollice witlln t. ur
vecks from the date of the hrst apppc.i .nce of the above Schedule inl i .
Official Gazette and the DOMINiCA I I itLD newspaper puhlshed in this Islaiio



R- .










A. Shiingeivford







i A0essopres Depa tment


SSEPT. 1- OCT. 6







St. Mary's Academy allnounces an Entrlance Examin-

ation to he given at St. Mary's Saturday 13 October 19U2

at 9,00 a.rn, Oandidates should have birth certificates

writing ihnriem nts and a ruler,

Bro. DENNIS P. SULLIVAN

lHeadmaster,

St. Mary's Academy


Sept, 27-29; Oct. 6


DOMINICA HEKRLD


_II_~


rrrrrrv~J~Fr~sw~u\raF\CuY*u~'Jru~Nl~~u~~ 'L--I~nXI


PAGE ELEVEN









PAC TWLV DOMNIC HEAL SAURAY OCOE C


Children's (Factual Test) Corner,

Dear Boys & Girls,-Today we shall speak about a great woman, whose
life was devoted to helping those less fortunate than herself. Her name was
Elizabeth Fry.
Elizabeth Gurney (her maiden name) was, the daughter of a wealthy banker,
brought up in great luxury. She was a Quaker by faith, and one Sunday when
she was only seventeen years old she listened to a sermon by the famous Ameri
can preacher, William Savery, and from that day she decided to "live only to
help the afflicted." She started a school for village children and kept service for
them on Sundays. The Bible became her study and visiting the poor. and sick
her great object.
Mr. Gurney, although himself a devout Quaker, disapproved of his daugh-
ter's code of life. Accordingly, he welcomed Joseph Fry, one of the Society of
Friends (or Quakers) who had fallen in love with her. Elizabeth was not sure
whether it would be right to mariy, Lut Joseph promised never to hinder her in
her good work. In 18oo, at the age of twenty, she married and went to live in
London. For the next few years children kept her busy. Then she began to
visit the poor, and was soon interested in prison life.
Prisoners in those days were treated as animals. Hundreds died of starva-
tion and diseases caused by filthy living. Men and women murderers, lunatics,
debtors, pickpockets and children were thrown together in dirty underground cel-
lars without light or bedding. Drink was sold to anyone who could pay for it.
At every court session criminals in scores were sentenced to death. In 1833 sen-
tence of death was passed on a child of nine who had poked a stick through a
pane of glass and stole some tubes of paint worth twopence. Elizabeth visited
Newgate Prison and was horrified at what she saw. She formed a Society for the
Improvement of Female 'Prisoners.
Meanwhile the condition of: convicts transported to New South Walts in
Australia attracted her attention; '-She induce'd'Government to make proper re-
gtilations for the convict ships. The pitiable condition of beggars and the desti-
tute drew her compassion and she opened a shelter for the homeless and,a soup
kitchen for the poor. She arranged for the supply of ,b9oks for men in lonely
stations like the coast-guard and darted a library service' for. them.
': Herj rfcrms attracted much atdenrion allover' Europe. From everywhere
:ame letters seeking the advice of the "Genius of Mercy."
- i , , hLdh d fitgah_.tte ic o adLg'.rinstm publhlicI
opinion arid fight to thedeath for her convictions: from the day she heard Wlllam,
Savery preach to the day of her death in 1845, she was a faithful and bold \\o, k.r,
in the cause of humanity.
Cherio till next week.
Love from Auntie Fran.
This week's questions are as follows :
(I) How long is it since Elizabeth Fry's death?-----
(2) 'Give the name of the preacher whose sermon influenced Elizabeth's
life---- -

(3) Quakers are a religioussect founded by one George Fox. They are also
known as Society of-- -.---- (supply missing word)

NAME-----------------
SCHOOL----------


Last week's answers were as foll. ws:
William Davis wrote the poem "Leisure".
The poet was born in Wales.
He was 70 years old when he died in 194o.


RESULTS
zst. Prize $r.25 won by John Peter (St. Luke's School)
2nd. $1.00 Francisco Esprit (Mahaut Govt. School)
3rd- .75 Helena Toulon (Roseau Mixed Schohl)
Three Consolation prizes of 5So each.
1. Amella James (Marigot Govt. School)
2. Laurren A. Williams (St. Martin's School)
3. Eric Charles (Roseau Mixed School)

Cash prizes were awarded at the HERALD'S Office on Friday 5th i;ist
at 330 pm,
Those participating iu the contest must send in their answers from
clippings of the HERALD enclosed in an envelope addressed to
The Contest Editor DOMINIC' HERALD.
Closing date for entries of this week's Contest will be at 3.30 pm. on
Thi'isday l'th Oct. in order to allow rime for country entries.


Registrar's Office,
Roseau.
3RD O 1tober, 1962.
NOTICE Is HEREBY GIVEN inF conformity with the provisions
of Section 38 (2) of the Roseau Town C6uncil Ordinance, 1937,
that an Election for the purpose of electing Five persons to serve
as mcinbeis of the Rosea'u T6wit.Council will be held at the.Court
House, Roseau, on Tuesday tht. 30th-day of October, 1962.
No person shall bedeemed a candidate, unless his name
and consent in writing to be,noiiinated with the 'names of! the
persons by whom he has; bhen.nominated, with their signatures
attached, have been lodged with the P'residing Officer- at least
seven days before the openiing pf an electionn'
The last day for noniination,of candidates is Monday the
221nd day of October 1962., ..
A candidate for election,:or'-someone on his beh ait, shall
deposit with the Piesiding OfficerZ, owror, before, the date of his
nomination, the sim of Five pounds, and; if he fails to do so, he
shall,be ,deemed to be withdrawn.
.The Poll will be opened at 8.o'clock in the morning and
closed at 5 o'clock in the, afie'roon.
The attention of intended candidates is drawn to the follow-
ing recent amendments to lht R 'seiai Town Council Ordi-
nance:-
S'3. (b) When tae Presding Officer is' satisfied that a
irecognised political-party has applied to him for party symibl,
he shall allocate one of the symbols numbered 1-5ii the. said
;Schedule to siiciparty and the official candidates or candidates
!of such party shall be entitled to have the party symbol printed
opposite his name"
(c) In the case of other candidates the Presiding Officer
'shall allocate one of the symbols numbered 6-12 in the, said
Schedule to eachisuch' candidate
.. Provided that the order in which such- symbols are. allo-
cafc'hila ll correspond WILIh th order it obhe t!ena- Lff...
c.indidaic,, excluding the official party candidates, appear on the-
ballot aper."
v T WIN TON


Presiding Officer


S II AElwin. nd Hill For Barbados
CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENT Mr.Ji .P.' Elwin and Mr.-Jams
Mr.jA. P.' Elwin ard Mr:' Jamis
FOR SALE Hill of the Public Health Division of
the Medical Department left ithe island
Tomatoes Monday 'for Barblads 'cto pursue 2
Self Service Dept. month fellowship 'in Sanitation spon-
J ASTAPHAN & CO LTD. scored by the Pan' American. Sanitary
Sept 15-22-29- 0ct 6 Buieau. (GIS)

:CARD OF THANKS
MRS. JEMIMA WATTLEY
Garmen Wattley, Ada Monsanto and family and Mrs. Listina James and
family beg to thanK most sincerely all those 'Who by visits, the sending of
cards and wreaths, and in divers othel ways expressed their sympathy in their
recent bereavement, occasioned by the death of vWrs. Jemima Wattley their
mother, grandmother and sister and aunt.

...................... ;... ...... .. ....... . .. .... *.. ................. ...

This 1 ,to inform our Customers and Fri ,ehs that as from Mon-

day 8th October the pprice' of washing at our LAUNDROMAT

will e ninety-five cents (95) per batch of nine (9) pounds

.(N.B This,cancels our offer on p. 4)

J. ASTAPHAN & CO. LTD.
Oct. 6-- 20
."""'"".'. ...... ............I.................I.......................................
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J MARGARTSON CHARLES,
'THE'HERAI D'E PRINTERY. 31, NEW -TRFET ROSEAUI, DOMINICA,
SATURDAY OCTOBER 6, 1962,


DOMINICA HERALD


SATURDAY,; OCTOBER 6; W962


PAGE TWELVE


O- 6; 20