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Dominica herald
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102878/00107
 Material Information
Title: Dominica herald
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 42 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Publisher: Dominica Herald
Place of Publication: Roseau, Dominica
Roseau, Dominica
Publication Date: 09-15-1962
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Dominica -- Newspapers   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Dominica
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1955? Cf. caption.
General Note: Editor, <1963-1964>: Phyllis Shand Allfrey.
General Note: "For the General Welfare of the People of Dominica, the further advancement of the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole."
General Note: Description based on: Jan. 12, 1963; title from caption.
General Note: Last issue consulted: December 31, 1964.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 82144654
lccn - 2007229365
System ID: UF00102878:00107

Full Text

J OR T-H S'TUD!Y C, M
[162 EAST 78 STREET
VEW. YQRtI %" .Y,,





We stana behind
the U.N. Charter
which upholds:
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS
FREEDOM OF WORSHIP
FREEDOM FROM WANT 1
FREEDOM FROM FEAR

(For the General Welfare of the
ESTABLISHED 1955


Fiat Tyusim 1&
i.A^ -r i . .
People of Dominica, the further advancement or the Wess Indies and the Caribbean Area as a. whole)
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1962 PRICE 100


TRINIDAD WINS GRENADA ELECTION?


Four To Five, One To Come

A SIX TO FOUR election victory for Blaize's Grenada National
Party is possible and may end the ministerial hopes of Eric
Gairy, leader of the Grenada United Labour Party, and reduced
the "Little Eight" to seven. The reco unt in the constituency of
St. John may give that seat either to the G.N.P. or the G.U.L.P.
Final result will not be known until later today.


Whatever the result, it seems to be a the electorate of approx. 31,00 voting. Canada
win for the idea of Unitary Statehood Since Blaize was returned unopposed India,'Paki
with Trinidad, the main platform of in Carriacou, this 68% would ap- all joined ti
the G. N. P. Cohdrts of P. N. M.- proximate t a poll of nearly 80%. they emerg
trained Grenadians from Trinidad de- The G. U. L. P. vote was reduced a Sir Alexan
scended on the island and turned, the little as can be seen from round figures as saying th
G. N. P. organisation into a smooth- in previous elections 1957 (67% to join wh
running machine: Grenada was'lavishly poll II,ooo; 1958 Federal (46%) is takeerto
treated to "political" calypsoes, Trini- 1o,ooo; 1961 (55%) rI,ooo and 1962 Commonw
dad National flags and colourful and (68%) 9,815 n the prelminar l .
important personal'es: Duiingit~th count. It follows that the G. N. P. of the term
campaign and on polling-day the peo. scored by getting their supporters out to from the B
pie 6f Grenada behaved in a law-abid- vote.
ing and exemplary fashion. We give below the full returns on
IHBavy Poll the prliminry count:- Ghana,
It wasa heavy poll, some 68%/ of political in
G. U. L. P. G. N. P. Constituency rbhip sm
E. M. GAIR 1,243--Cruickshank 988 St. Joseph policy of
CYNTHIA GAY 1,2z85 C. Hippolyte 1,098 St. David pt orwar
EZRA MARK 6zi E. M. MITCHELL 1,500 St. George Brusses to
Elfrida James 1,364 L. A. PURCELL 1,526 St.George N. in the Col
J. SYLVESTER 1,455 R. M. BOLER 2,o43 StAndrew S, Ghan,
ALAN WILLIAMS 1,186 L. C. J. THOMAS 1,120 St. Andrew N. yia, Ja
R. J. MOSES 1,060 W. E COPLAND 1,773 St. Patrick i a fJ
A.C FORSYTH 633 WALTER DUNCAN 495 St. Mark to Briish
unopposed HERBERT A. BLAIZE Carriacou Barbados
H. PRUDHOMME 1000 1 MCDONALD WELSH\ 1000 wards ho
(plus Independent Clarence Ferguson---6r who lost his deposit) St. John recounting
1. T


Unitary State
Gairy started his campaign on the
squandermaniaa" issue, but seeing that
the feeling for Union with Trinidad
was so strong he later made a'statement
That he would (if elected) discuss Union
. with Dr. Williams. The G.N.P. sup-
'poted the Unitary State from the start.
Under these circumstances it is doubtful
whether Grenada, whoever may win,
would long remain with the "Little
Eight". The remaining sevenislands-
Barbados, St. Vincent, St Lucia, Dom-
inica, Antigua, St. Kitts-Nevis and
Montscrrat mayhave to do some
swift and serious re-thinking about their
national and economic future in order to
make. Federation work; statements from
the chiefs of these territories are :expect-
ed but cannotbe anticipated.
Vosper's Statement
At the time of Tiinidad's Independence
Celebrations Mr. Dennis Vosper British
Minister for Technical Co-operation
4'z


stated that independence for the Little
Eight depended principally on agreement
among the te r r r i e ies and the
matter of e co no m ic viability ...
Grenada's joining with Trinidad would
make the task even more difficult, he
thought.
Moral Victory For Lloyd ,
SThe Grenada debacle is also regard-
ed as a moral victory for Administrator
Lloyd who, with the ,support of the
Colonial Office, broke the grip of the
Gairy regime. It is not known wheth-
er Grenada will recover her constitution-
al parity with the other non-independent
territories at an early moment: probably
talks on unification with Trinidad and
Tobago will take place 'first, making
the issue academic.'
Oneof the problems which will have
to be tackled will be thq position of the
Windward, Islands Broadcasting Stat-
ion, which 'with its wide coverage of
Trinidad news crcently and reporting of


At the
Conference
groups or
a different
als in the
First are
ada, New
discussing
that is fi
are also
countries.
group wi
as the ma
tropical
with trop.
most im]
& Barbad
Eric Wi
present al
Cheddi J
Barrow ol
visits by 1
idad, mu
on the pa


Commonwealth Or Common Market
Macmillan Under Fire
The week has been a busy one for Prime Minister Macmillian, Mr. Duncan
Sandys and Mr. Heath at Malborough House, London. After a day of official
welcoming and an explanatory speech from Mr. Macmillan, the meeting of the
Commonwealth Prime Ministers moved into plenary session and almost immediately
the British team were harassed by unexpectedly heavy Commonwealth resistance
to Britain's nronorl entrv in th llo mnon Rhnnnt -mi Cnmr.tr..r


Australia, New Zealand,
istan, Ceylon and Ghana
together in criticism. When
ed from the conference room,
def Bustamante was quoted
at Britain was "Hell bound
atever anyone says" and this
reflect the views of other
health leaders, Criticism was

Which had so far emerged
russels negotiations.
Non-alignment
S Nigeria are concerned'at the
iplications of Associate Mem-
nee they are committed to a
'non alignment". Associated
territoriess is a protective device
d as a tentative agreement at
offer services to many countries
mmonwealth(to be specific--
igeria, Sierra Leone, Tangan-
lica and Trinidad & Tobago).
Ilt that the E.C.M. may agree
Colonial Territories such as
and the Windwards and Lee-'
ding A.O. T. status.
three Sub- committees
time of going to press the
:e had been split into three
subcommittees each studying
facet of the E. C. M. propos-
light of their respective exports.
the larger Dominions (Can-
SZealand, Australia) who are
"temperate zone" products,
*uit and dairy products which
produced by the European
Second is the Afro-Asian
ith palm oils, fibres and cocoa
tin topics. Third come the
countries who are concerned
ical fruits such as citrons and
portant to Jamaica, Trinidad
los'-sugar. Prime Ministers,
lliams and Bustamante are
long with "observer" Premiers
Jagan of British Guian. and
f Barbados.
leading Grenadians from Trin-
st have made a strong impact'
ople of Grenada.


Bulls And Goats
At noon last Saturday an anxious
group of officials, including the Minister
of Trade and Production, Hon. N.A.N
Ducreav, latched closely an unfamiliar
plane touch dow n at Melville Hall
On board were twenty nine V.I.P.s.
from Pennsylvania,' U.S.A. come to
improve our breed of].Lsoc&La __Eirst
in importance were two magnificent Bra-.
hma bulls, aristocrats bothi ready to do
their duty for Dominica. The rest were
goats, but not just ordinary goats, these
are Toggenbirg Goats asuredly hand-
some looking to our nanny-goats here.
All were the gift of a nori-profit or-
ganisation called Heifer Projects Inc.
whose aim it is to assist in developing
better breeds oflivestock in poorer countries
Government had ro pay the cost oftrans.
portation and negotiated thewhole trans.
action through the Pennsylvania Rotary
Club, a branch of the International Rot-
ary. Rotaries are associations of busi-
nessmen with a creed of service to the
-community: The nearest Rotary Club
is believed to be the Trinidad Rotary.
It will be remembered that St. Lucia
received a gift of pigs and other livestock
some months ago from Heifer Inc.
Our Marine Post Office
On Tuesday this week, a Portsmouth
fishing boat was hailed by another boat
from a vessel passing by (later tentatively
identified as the M.V. Durban) and
the fishern:n handed two cans and
a parcel. One can was to "the finder"
and contained bottles of beFr and some
money-a reward for services to be ren-
dered the other can and the parcel
were addressed to the "Postmaster Domn
inica." The Northern District Officer
allowed the fishermen to keep their re-
ward andforwarded the rest to the office
of the Colonial Postmaster, Roseau.
The Postmaster found inside private let.
ters for foiwairding to New Z a'and, with
sufficient money to cover'postage. H
pointed out that this was not the first
time that sailors far from ho.nc or a port
have passed letters to their nearest aii
dearest in this manner,


LI1* YULVYCI~LI YIVLIVYI~ UUIlIILlUIlII)









PAG TW foIIA _AI AIWA, SPlMBR1,r6


Free Jamaica Faces The Future

With Acknowledgments 7'o The British Weekly
By Clifford S. Hill

JAMAICANis a land of amazing contrasts, where the gap between rich and
poor is so vast that the lives of ecch could well belong to different planets; where
no one is in a hurry until they step into a car, whereupon they drive like Jehu
pursued by a thousand mad Jezebels.
It is a land where men who cannot read and write can quote the Scriptures
with amazing spiritual insight; where the churches are full and so are the brothels;
where smoking is considered a greater sin than adultery; and where in the absence
of any form ofwelfare state, children are looked upon by the unmarried mother as
an insurance for old age despite the heavy premiums of poverty, hunger and disease
she has to pay.

Wood And Water
Jamaica is a beautiful land. It is well described in the guide books as "The
land of wood and water." A central range of mountains runs right through the
Island giving breath-taking views of wooded valleys, waving palm trees and cas.
cading water-falls, Yet amid all this.exquisite beauty the majority of people live
in extreme poverty. -
Kingston, Montego Bay.and Spanish Town have some of the worst slums
ih the world. In Kingsion slums, of which I made an extensive tour, there is
only one water tap per 500 of the population. There are no drains, no
electricity or gas, in fact none of the amenities of life that we would consider essent-
ial for minimum standards of health and hygiene.
There are no proper houses, simply rough shacks and..shanties built by the
people, themselves out of rusty bits of tin, odd scraps of timber, cardboard and
leaves. The huts are alldclpse together and there are no streets, jpst rough, muddy'
alleyways. Here the half-starved dogs, chickens, pigs and goats roam at 'will,, aid
little children compete with the pigs in the mud for scraps of food,

Very Poor
In- .Ki-ni gs iian cthrc-ate-saidtb- nmo r.-th a aa4--:ple i h-incomes -
of less than 30os per yeai. (The cost of living in Jamaica is higher than it is in
Englarid.) ,
In the country districts the picture is very different. Here no one starves be-
cause food grows in abundance. Byt the people are very poor.
The women carry heavy baskets on their heads, ladenrwith perhaps a hun-
dredweight of fruit and vegetables., They walk down.fom' the hill to the market
with their children. There they spend the night,, sleeping .on' the. sidewalk or in
the ditch by the roadside with their children huddled close beside them. They
are on the spot ready to start selling in the: market first thing in the 'morning.
When they have sold their goods at the end of the day they walk back up into the
hills singing loudly as they go.
Evil Spirits
Most country people sing or talk loudly to themselves if they have to go out
in the dark. This is puppoed to keep the "duppies" (evil spirits) away,
Tropical nights are notoriously noisy, but one night my sleep was disturbed more
than usual by the incessant beating of drums arid monotonous chanting that conon-
ued right through the night. In the morning I'heard that someone had died during
the day and the relatives had gathered for the traditional first night of mourning. I
was surprised to learn that they had actually been singing a hymn, "Rock of Ages,"
for it had been indistinguishable as such. The beat and rhythm were quite foreign
to me. They had sung it over and over again, accompanied by flute and drums,
right through the night.
This is just one of the many examples I found of the blend of African cus-
toms with, the Christian religion.
Life in the,rural districts is very simple. The people either work their, own
little plot of land or they work on the big banana or sugar plantations. An average
labourer's wage is about 2 or 3 per week.
Tiny Huts
Most of the country people live in tiny wooden houses which they have built
for themselves. Hardly any of them have main water, drainage, or electricity.
The poorest families simply live in a one-room hut, as they do in the urban-
slum shacks. The whole family, mother, father and perhaps six or seven children
all sleep together on the floor.
Some of the villages have a water stand pipe in the main street, but some of
the remoter places have no water at, all. They.;,have to depend entirely upon stor-
ing rain-water in large open pools. Their only 'frm of sanitation is. the "pit
latrine." This is simply a hole dug in, the back yard and covered with twigs and
leaves.
Most of the people in the country and many of the urban-slum dwellert are
either almost, or completely illiterate. This is true of about 75 per cent of the
total population of Jamaici in spite of misleading official figures, which are based


upon an oral question (no proof is required) at the census, "Can you sign your
own name?" Most men spend hours practising to write their names with letters
they do not understand. Even so, about 20 per cent admit they cannot perform
this simple test of literacy.
It is the illiterate migrant : who constitutes one of the most serious problems
in Britain. It is difficult to integrate him into a fully literate society. He tends
to withdraw himself more and more from British people to save himself from many
embarrassing situations. Even in church he feels,lost an4 out of place when kindly
worshippers keep finding the place inthe hymn book for him, so he stops going
to church.
Moreover, he finds himself practically unemployable. Many employers will
not take the risk of employing a man to sweep up the factory floor when they can-
not read simple warning notices, "Danger do not touch."
I met very very few people in Jamaica who had any grumbles about the
Commonwealth Immigration Bill. Most intelligent Jamaicans were of the opin-
ion that Britain had been very tolerant in allowing unrestricted migration to contain.
ue so long. They freely admitted that many of their citizens who had migrated to
Britain were illiterate and totally unprepared for life in our big cities. Many mig-
rants were simply picked up by. truck from the remote country districts and taken
to the air port and flown to Britain, their fares having been paid by relatives already
in the U.K. Many of them had never even seen a flush toilet or used electricity
before landing in Britain.
There is considerable anxiety for the future in Jamaica now that the door to
Britain has been virtually closed. The widespread poverty, enormous unemployment
and economic plight of the Island is not an encouraging beginning for Independ-
ence. The Jamaican Government is desperately keen to find an outlet for her sui;
plus population. The high birth rate on the Island is nnlifying every endeavour to.
wards social improvement.
Today the population is 1.6, million. With the present rate of natural in-
crease it will have risen to, mre than.5 million by the endof the century..
All responsible Jamaicans realise that migration is not the real answer to the
Problem of ov- population. With illegittmacy as high, as 70 per. cent to 8soper
,cent of all babies born on the Island, the greatest need is for a tremendous drive to
, establish the principles of Christian marriage and the Christian concept of the fam-
ily.
This is a work on which both Government and Churches need to co-operate
to the fullest extent. There is no doubt that both are aware of the problem and'
the need to built up the family lifeof the nation on sound Christian lines, and to
gc ifV lTrom-tIe old moiriftyr t iheg aCide -jswlw iii'mariagewas illegal.-

Condoning Immorality

One comment I heard from many leaders of church and communityis that
the British Government has done a dis-sqrvice to Jamaica in allowing migrants ,to
send for their "mistresses" as though they were their wives. Not only arewe .in
Britain condoning the immorality of the "common-law-wife" system- whereby a
man simply lives with the woman (or women) of his choice, but we are helping to.:
perpetuate the very thing that is abhorrent to responsible Jamaicansi and hindering
the drive towards Christian standards that we ought to be fostering,
(Continued on page 9)


F U~


YoU am. b' 'em M


You can't lose i Whllm is passed WISth to MiMW A
headaches. feve,. muIcllaI a8l h'AW andll.
and oianful cold DmaierSi PrAFT

tlat u:n wthils does the w eii MeAp OMMN



NO TI E E

Subscribers are kindly asked to submit their pay-
ments as soon as possible so as to avoid any incon.
venience. Editor.


SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 5S, 1962


PAGE TWO


, DOMINICA. HERALD '








SATURDAY stPTfMBeR, ts, d9id, boMlNicA tieikALD

.AN OFFICE GIRL WA1TE M

Applications are invited from girls
whose parents are active members of U S OU
the Dominica Trade Union.
Applicants' educational level must
not be below that of a normal Sevetmhr
Standard pupil or that of a Third Formn
girl ofa Secondary School. .........
Applicants must present their apphli-
cations in their own handwriting noi
later than Tuesday the 8rth September,
1962. .
The candidate selected will be ow
training trial for a month before her.
employment actually starts,
Write to:
The Executive 'Board,
c-o The Generial Secretary.!
Advt, Dominica Trade Unio&

T.U.C. Woman Silt",
Govt.


PAGE THREE
.4~PYIL - :] .. 2:.. . .


Blackpool, Sept 3 (CP):-Damn
Edith Godwin President of 'Britains
Trades Union Congress saidrthat th,
Government policy of'keeping income
in line with rises in national productive
ity was inadequate. Addressing the
the annual congress at its opening she
said that any incomes policy would have
to cover all forms of income including'
land speculation, uncontrolled rents an
advertising.

West AfricaEardy

The prodlem of constructing a'crodn
ology for the early history of West Af
ica is discussed in the "Journal of African
History" just published in, Lopdon. .
The Journal reports onithe conference
on African Histoty and 'Archaeology0
held in London last year in which the I
problem was a major theme of discuss-
on.
The Journal quotes Professor P.L.
Shinnie of the University of Ghana as
emphasising the fact that there were still
all too few archaeologists working in!
West Africa. ;;
Commenting on the urgent necessity of
excavation in Nubia in the brief'period,
which remained before flooding, Profess-"
or Shinnie, who planned to lead expedi-
tions to the area, stressedtht opportun-
ity this presented of obtaining a firmly
based chronological framework for
Nubia. This was vitally important in
view of the region's probable influence
on areas of tropical Africa to the'Wcst
and South. '

U.K. Nazi Loses Job
The Coventry Education Commis-
sion have decided to dismiss olin Jor-
dan, leader of the: British :National
.Socialist Movement, fiom his .teaching
;job, effective December 3ist. (CP)

African Congress -ead-
er Arrested
The Mosr Wanted man in Soith
Africa, Nelson Mandela, has been be.
trayed and arrested in the land of apart-
heid and the African leader faces a harsh


sentence. Arrested at Howick near
Durban, South Africa, on August It,
Mandela had been the subject ofa nation-
wide manhunt by the Security police,
For two years he had been successful in
evading arrest until the betrayal. In
May, 1960, Mandela was the key figure
in the partially successful national stay at
home...
At the time of his arrest, Mandela
was dressed as a chauffeur. A white
man was with him in the car. At first
de denied his identity when stopped by
a police road block, claiming that he was
Matzimai. A senior security police
officer was summoned and he (Mandela)
was identified. When Mandela appear-
ed in the Harrisburi magistrate's court
he was manacled and under heavy guard
by two white and two African police'
men. .


The arrest of Mandela strikes a serious
blow at the banned African Congress
leaving the organisation dismayed and dis.
ntembered. In the underground move-
ment, a major battle for control of the
party affected rages. It is suspected that
the betrayal of Mandela is the work of
the Communist wing of the congress,
which seeks to gain control of the en.
tire Congress movement. In terms of
the new Bill, it will be impossible to re-
port what Mandela has to say in his de-
fense when he goes on trial. (ANP)
Demonstration
Negroes, Whites and Asians staged a
loud demonstration as Mandela the ex-
clusive "black pimpernel" appeared in
court for the first time afrer his arrest
eleven days earlier. He wa: remanded in
custody until October 15 on charge of
iciatement,


Police Raids In
S, Rhodesia
Salisbury Sept. 8 CP: Security police
raided the headquarters of Southern
Rhodesia's chief African nationalist party
the Zimbabwe African Peoples Union.
The head of the party, Joshua Nkomo,
who seeks independence for Southern
Rhodesia and a government dominated by
the 'Negro majority is en route to
London to attend the Prime Miisters
Conference.
Correction Mi. beIsol
With reference to our st-. ii *he sup-
plement to last week's H'i. '\ D head-
ed "Criminals strikes again'' tlr. Louis
Delsol wishes to make clear t'.:! ;I is not
he that made the remark (abl- "" police
and motorists attributed t, .ina,


I It








PAGE1_3* FOU DOINIC HEAL SAUDY ETEBR1,1


DOMINICA HERALD
': AT J () 8 T' I A
SUB S c R Ii' T o N ou
Yearly Town: $5.00. Country $6.00
Overseas: $7.50. Single Copies: lO
Advertisements at. Re.at~. able Rates.
MRS. PHYLLIS SAND ALLFIRLY, Editor.
SPutlItbed at the HERALD PRINIERY, 31 New Street, Roseau, Dominica, W.I.
All subscriptions and other payments must be made at the above
address to J. MAROART SON CHARLk.s,-Maniager-Ptoprie'or
ROSEAU. SA;rTUDAY SEP'rM M3r 15, 1962

THE FAWi iiF THE C ARIN

SENSUS figures state that there are 395 Caribs in Dominica, pre-
sumably nearly all of them living in the Carib Reserve. So
'far the statistics do not reveal how many persons actually reside
in the Reserve, or what proportion of Carib ancestry qualifies
anybody to be called a Carib; we have only a record that there
are 192 Carib males and 205 'females. .: -
The dilemma which faces the Caribs, and incidentally faces
the Government of Dominica, is whether this attenuated remnant
of the race which gave these islands their regional name should
remain "a once great race waiting to die" or should, with the,
longed for opening up of roads and possibility of new industries,
break out of its semi-isolation (ridiculous term) and integrate with
'the rest of mankind.
SThe advantage to the Caribs of having a Reserve "is, pre-
sumably, protection Most of them have: a fierce possssive tribal:
pride which everybody can respect. It ,was supposedly in recog-
niuon of this pride and the Caribs Jsire to be isolated that, un-
der the Traty ot-Aix-la-T-flpelir (r -'- =o- mm ., I--.
entirely to Carib occupation. jut both France and .Britain
actually ceded Dominica to the Caribs because they could not
then conquer those warriors. Later the Treaty was violated by
both nations; the Caribs were defeated, and they retreated to moun-
tain strongholds in the north-east of the .island. Out of this
:situation arose the creation of the Carib Reserve after the British
became possessors of Dominica. Both Sir Henry Nicholls, and
Sir Hesketh Bell have referred in publications to the immunity of
the Caribs from taxation, but no official evidence to support this
claim to such immunity has ever been unearthed, though it is a
fact that for long years the Caribs successfully resisted the payment
of taxes.
r.- The brave Caribs have been beaten down and reduced to a
small community, not just by armies of the past, but recently by
disease, neglect, poverty and malnutrition. They long to have all
the advantages of civilisation but cling to the safety and privacy of
their spacious compound. Their position is quite different from
that of the American Indian, around whom a protective barrier oa
regulation, privilege and prohibition has been created.
As we see it, the Caribs will have to choose between remain
ing a rare ethnic group preserved in an area of communal land
and nursing a deepening sense of grievance,-and becoming indivi-
dual citizens entitled to the normal privileges and sharing the civic
responsibilities of the average Dominican. It is not an easy choice
to make and it would take courage for any Government to sit
down in conclave with the Caribs and help them to work it out,
since there are subtle questions of property and tradition involved.
We understand that a genlernan named Smith from the U.S.A
has written a report after a brief visit to Carib territory. Cannot
this report be made public? There are many stupid remarks
made about the Caribs, for exaniple that they are lacking in
intelligence, that they cannot take strong drink (how many people
can?) that they are lazy (indefensible), and so forth. We despise
these trivial charges. If Caribs are uneducated, it is because their
scholastic opportunities are so limited; if they are often iunhealthy;


it is because they have no clinic ahi only rare visits from doctors
who travel along their dangerous red clay track; they have never,
as far as we are aware, been given courses in sanitation or dietetics.
We know that they have special personal qualities which add
spice to the wisdom of the island community, and that a little
Carib child, given the opportunity early in life, is second to none
in healthy gaiety and intelligence.
The youthful Carib Chief will be invited to England as a
guest of the British Council next year. Perhaps his journey will
be symbolic of the essential break-through.
CIVIL SERVANTS AND POLITICS II
On Saturday Septemb;er.8, a broadcast from WIBS, Roseau
referring to the Editorial in; the HERALD which said "C. S. A.
cannot affiliate itselfto any political party .. ." quoted the fol-
lowing from a pamphletissued by H. M. Treasury, referring to
the U. K. Civil Service; -entitled "Staff Relations in the Civil
Service"-"There is nothing to prevent a staff association from
affiliating to the T. U-, C.or aiiy'political party". This is appli-
cable m the U.K. only to non-administrative staff, such as
labourers. Post Office sortdrs and mail-deliverers, telephone lines-
men and other "industrial staff", also the clerical grades. It has
no over-riding validity inthe Windward Islands over GENERAL
ORDERS which are issued as, Colonial Regulations.
We q-uote Para. 155 of General Orders:-
"No Public. Officer is permitted to be the editor of a news-
paper or, directly or indirectly, to take any part in the manage-
mere ofit. -He may not contribute anonymously to any newspa-
per in the Colony or elsewhere, nor may he write on questions
which can properly be called political or administrative, though
he may furnish signed articles upon subjects of general interest of
a non controversial nature."
--"~turt-her we quote fq-n- a "'Memorantdi-tOf T-Th Do-vmrsoAr-
CIVIL SERVICE ASSOCIATION On The Report Of The Eastern
Caribbean Conference 1962"
"35. We now come to consider the question of the Public
Service. We must make it abundantly 'clear at the outset that
in any proposals'for the Public Service which willserve the area
under consideration two main factors must gain prominence. In
th,- first place the impartiality of the Civil Service must be clearly
uli lerlined and promoted. Secondly the non-political character
oft he Civil Seivant must be clearly understood and accepted,
To quote from the SCA 'report paragraph 93:
'By this we do not mean that the Legislature shall have no
say in the size, organisation,~'emoluments etc. of the public ser-
vice it will in fact havercomplete general control of all these
throughh its power of the purse but experience has shown that
it is essential in the interests of efficient administration that the
individual civil servant.should not be. subject to direct political
influence, and that his work should not be a the subject-matter of
political controversy. Incorrupt and efficient service is only pos-
sible when the civil service knows' that loyal and honest service to
the government of today will not be penalised by the govern.
menc of to-morrow. It is essential to keep the civil service out
of politics, and politics out of the civil service.' "

World Cocoa Consump ent increase in world grindings for 1962
Sover iv961, Britain's grinds in the first six
tion Rising months of this year have risen dramatic-
ally to 49,600 tons a 23 per cent in-
The world's consumption of cocoa is crease over the same period last year.
not only running at record levels but is.. Britain's cocoa bean grindings during
:still steadily expanding, Furthermore the second quarter of this year totalled
.the market hasachieved and maintained 410oo tons-19 ptr cent upor the same
al most perfect stability for some time. perid lasn" ye'r compared with a nine
That is the good news for cocoa pro- per 'the cobinedgridings
Per celnse &)i the combined grindings
ducers contained in the latest monthly of .the principal Western consuming
report of the LoAdon cocoa dealers, Gill- countries.
and Duffus, just published. .. "' Thre:has also been a notable rise in
While the stati stis committee bf the BBritain net imports of cocoa beaus, co-
Cocoa Study Group forecast a nine' per co 'cak e, liquor and powder. (BIS)


SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1962


DOMINICA HERALD


PAGE FOUR








SA~U ~ A SETE- t :,_ 29d1- flMIIA k


University Of The West ndies
Applications are invited for men and women graduates for the post of Assis-
tant Registrar. Duties will be to assist in:the gcral administration.
Salary in the scale of Lecturer or Assistant Lecturer, i.e. i, o5o x 5o-
I1, 400 x 75 1,85o or 80oo x So -,95o, plus U.W.I. pensionable supple-
ment of 250 per anum. Child allowance, zSo for first child, oo00 for second
child 50o for each subsequent child, F.S.S.U. up to five full passages on appoint
ment, on normal termination, and on study leave (once every three years),
Applications (6 copies) giving fill particulars of qualification and experi-
ence, date of birth and the name of three referees by October 8, 1962, to the re-
gistrar, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, Jamaica, West Indies,
from whom further particulars may be obtained.
2
Applications are invited for the post of Senior Lecturer or Lecturer in Experi-
mental Physics. Appointees will be expected to engaged in research. Students
are prepared for the B.Sc. General.
Salary Scales : Senior Lecturer i, 50oo x 75--2, 425; Lecturer i, 050 x 50
1I, 400 x 75 -- i, 850, plus U.W.I. pensionable supplement of 25o per annum,
Child allowance: 15o for first child, roo for second and 5o for each subse-
quent child. F.S.S.U. Unfurnished accommodation at ro% of pensionable
salary. UP to five full passages on appointment, on normal termination, and on
study leave (once every three years).
Detailed applications (6 copies) giving particulars of qualifications and ex-
perience, date of birth and the names of three referees by Octobet 15 1962 to the
Secretary, Inter-University Council for- Higher Education Overseas, 29 Woburn
Square, London W.C.I. from whom further partial may be obtained.

Faculty of Agriculture
(Imperial College of-Trefeopio al.glulture, Trinidad)
Applications are invited for the post of Chemist to the Citrus Research
Scheme of the Regional Research Centre for the West Indies, which is situated at
t'fe .iove Fu.iu!ty. The Scteme is for a five year period with the possibility of ex-
teinsion aifit thanime. The programme of work will cover the nutrition of the crop.
with p :rticular reference to fcitilser usage and leaf analysis.
Salary scale: 1,050 x5o- l, 400 x 75- i,85,o plus U.W.I. pension-
able supplement of 25o per annum. Child allowance, ;5o for a first child,
LOo ., ,, n (e, ,.,__ T..-,_.. ..S. U. UtIH4793bKd icotntto-
dation, if available, at rental of IQ0%of pensionable salary.- Up to five full passages
on appointmer.t, on normal termination, and on study leave (once every three years).
Detailed applications (6 copies) giving Vt1ll. particulars of qualifications and
e-p rience, date of birth, and the names of three referees by October I, I962, to
the Secretary, Inter-University Council for Higher Education Overseas, 29 Woburn
Square, London, W C. from whom further particulars may be obtained.
4
Applications are invited for a vacancy ,for a .Plaqt Physiologist at the Re-
gional Research Centre. The successful applicant will be required to, participate in
a programme of research on bananas with partcular reference to nutrition, timing
of crp prductton and pruning.
A Plant Phy .iloist with considerable experience would be preferred and for
a person with adequate experience appointment to the scale of 15bo x 75-
L142j per annum plus pensionable supplement of" 250o per annum will be
offered. Applicants with lesser experience may be considered for appointment onh
the scale of 800oo x 50 950 or 'oo xo 50 1400 x 75 1850 per
annum plus pensionable supplement of 25o per annum. Child -allowance,
150 for first child, zoo for second chid, and 5so for each subsequent child.
F. S. S. U. Unfurnished accommodation at rental of 1o% of pensionable salary.
Up to five full passages on first appointmet,anp, on normal termination. Ap-
pointment will be for two years in the first instance with possibility of extension
for a third year.
Detailed applications (6 copies) giving full particulars of qualifications and
experience, date of birth, and the names of three referees by October I, 1962, to
Secretary, Inter-University Council for Higher Education Overseas, 29 Woburn
Square, London, W. C. i, from whom fIrther particulars may be obtained.
.......................................................................................
Save yourself the trouble of waslin~g L et Us Do Your Wash-

ing For You... Special Rate For The Time Being

Of .500 per 9- lb Of Clothes... We use hot water

Our LAUNDROMAT is situated on the East side of our

Self-Service Dept.

J. ASTAPHAN &CO. LTD.
Sept. 1--Oct. 20
~.._. .. .................... .....


COLONY OF "DOMINICA

TITLE BY REGISTRATION ACT
REGISTRY OF TITLES ISLAND OP DOM.INICA
Schedule of Applications for Certifieaes of Title and Notings theieon and
Caveats for the week ending the Ist day of Sept., 1962.
Y Nature of request whether for
Date of Request Person Presenting Certificate of Title or Noting
_thereon or Caveat.
Request dated Murray Rabess as Request for the issue of a New Cer.
Personal Representative ifcate of Title with Plan attached
27th Aug., 1962 of James O'Brieu, in respect of that Estate situate
'Deceased in the Pa r i sho St. Andrew
Presented by his Solicitor in the Colony of Dominica called
28th Aug, 1962 Felicite .Hall containing: 159
at 11 50 a m Clifton A. H. Dupigny acres and bounded as follow1;-
(On the North by Woodford Hill
E state, On the North-West
by land of Johnson Augustin, On the South-Bast by Eden Estate and Lon-
donderry Estate, On the South by Londonderry Estate, On the South-West by
Burton Estate (owed by Lionel Leslie) On the West by St. Andrew or Lasoye
River separating it from land of James 'Marrie.


Registrar's Office
Roseau, 28th Aug 1962


T.A. BOYD,
Registrar of Titles


NOTE:-Any person who desires to object to the issuing of a Certificate of
Fitle on the above application may enter a Caveat ir the; above office within four
weeks from the: date of the brst appearance of the above Schedule in the
Offiial Gazette and the DOMINJCA HekAw newspaper published in this island


West Indian
SellBritiS h (
At London Fo
.-, ', Si
Twelve beautifill V
finem l:maicatTi[Ad -


St. Kius are attracting
Britain's Food Fair wl
London's Olympia Ha
is to close on. th Septe
The zz2 girls dressed ii
umes, are extending a wa
visitors fiom Britain and
halfof L. Rose andiCom
St. Albanstin Hertfordsl
West Indian-flowers an
one of the firm's specialist
ian Marmalade".
The company are la
West Indian :citrus fruit
in lime juice cordials,
lime marmalade and die
The West Indian


Beatites through the London iJbourexchanges
for the work within 24 hours and in-
;ordials clude stndents, secretaries and housewives
Among the girls are M:ss Moira
od Fair Hedge of St. Katherne's Jamaica, Mis;
SDoreen Chin and Mrs. E. Gill of
lest Indian girls Georgetown, British Guiana, Miss Shir-
large crowds at Cox ofSt.Vincent.
which opened at Rose's products are shipped regularly to
1l last week and over too ,oun-ries all over the wjrld and
ember. the new colourful'display attracted thou-
n national cost. sands of British traders and house vives
Uat welcome to during the first fEw days of the .show.
overseas on be- "The pressure of visitors will increase
pany Limited of as the exhibition continues", Mrs. Gill
hire who import .of Georgetown, who now lives in Bri-
d limes to make tain, told British Information Services
ties "West Ind .recently: "but the girls don't mind. It's
all great fun." (BIS)
rge importers of ___
s and specialist It seems tinfortunite that L, Rose &
fruit squashes, Co could not find any Dominican girls
etic fruit drinks. to abvertise juice from Bath Estate
girls were found limes Ed.


Rabbits come out of ha .. .

but rlelte from utabbeCsft WUl
comes out t 'dllt
- DOUBRIZ ACTION' '

Ferrol a COPO


When IOu ave o.a b t O 't
hangs a* n.. teaiun as 4W rW
reslstance- lIw I~r T4"0 -'u tm W do(h e WNMW ri
errrol Compoubnt irol Oampoudl r the rtorme loa*h
remedv that rali tlr r~lems a tt cu t.cr I
cough


I


SATURDAY SEPTEMBER t,5, t19


DOMINICA HERALD









PACE SIX


S Prefabs -- Could We Use Them


Quite a number of homes are being delivereJ on trailers
these diys Don't imagine a house of bricks and mortar
being mo, d in that way. even though it does h 'ppen occas
ionally!
Instead, th complete timber framing arrives in sections
on;a lorry. Then all that is necessary is for the wall sections
to be erected (which tikes one day,) for the r.of to be put
on (whici takes another two days), and for the interior
work to be done. ,
Often the building of an ordinary brickhouse in Britain
takes as long as six months and even longer if there is poor
weather. But a family buying one of these new houses,
comriplete with running water, gas, electricity and every sort
of modern finish, has only to wait on an average about six'
k eiksi before; they can move in.
S House For Honeymoones
f,, fait, the new timber houses can be built even more
quickly, as a yonng Brtish couple will shortly find out.
When they go away for their honeymoon after their ;wedding
the spot where their future home is to' be will be only a
bire patch of ground.
Just to see how quickly the job can be done, as soon as
they'leave':a special team will start on their house, and two
weeki later the couple will return to find a lovely cedarwood
home awaiting them..
How is a house built in a factory? All the side and end
sections of the house are put together in the factory, includ-
ring doors and window frames. The glass is not in the
Winddw s at this stage because the sections are loaded 'on to
a lorry, and may have to be transported hundreds of miles to
the site where the house is to Ie build. Th2 chances are
that the glass would break on the joburn:7.
When the lorry reaches the site, theb founditioris will ,al-:
ready have been laid; and the building, % II lit ,ihem exactly -
ha .in been measured to within one -eig'it f a in inch it the
tactoly. .. : -~ ,' -
N Special Skill
lsially brick houses must be erected by' eepcrt builders---
for iaying bricks is not as easy as it loi.is: 'ut many of
these homes built in a factory are made .;Jh:iost entirely of 'r
timber, having cedar boarding on the 6 itde, a.id no specialist
craftsmanship is really needed o' trect: t!fe,.
'Quite a number of parents hive, ith..,:l': i, erectcrd ithir
oWnn homes.w.th the help of friends a'td their o'in childreri
I.givs them a nice feeling to be able to sa"- "I helped to
Wbuildcthis house."
A great many of these homes are erected in rather isolated
.places, such as parts of Scotland, to which it would be diffi-
cult to take lorry-loads of ordinary building' materials.
Sin e t ie men building the houses are probably a long
vay ihom their own homes, often they t (i wit' them a cara-
Y;ni, a.1i !iive in it until the house has been erected. Then
they move on somewhere else to build another house.
It is a good open-air life, and there are no travelling
problems, (BIS)


.a" uw nome ror someone-pacxca nat on a trucK.


* Jpurney's end-The new home erected and. already for occupation within a
few weeks of leaving the factory.


Notice Of Application
Eor Liquor Licences'
To the Magistrate District. "E'' "::
i & the Chiefof' Police
I, HERMAN GACHETTE, now residing
at Scotts Head, Parish of St. Mark,
do hereby give you noticee that it is my
intention to apply at the Magistrate's
Court to be held at Roseau on Tues-
day, the 2nd day. of October i196 ,
ensuing for a TAVERN LIQUOR LICENCE
in respect of my premises at Scotts Head
Parish of St. Mark.
Dated the 25th day of August, 1962.
HERMAN GACHETTE
Sept. 1-15 -

To the Magistrate Disrrict "E"
-.'- & the Chief of Police
I EZEKIEL RNEST now residing


at Layou Parish of Sr. Joseph do here-
by give you notice that it is my intention
fo('aply at the Magistrate's Court to be
held at Roseau, on Tuesday, the znd day
"of October 1.96 ensuing for a retail
IOQUOR LICENCE in respect of
my premises at Layou Parish of St.
T L . - ,


Dated the 7th day of September 1962
JAMES TIMOTHY


Ku Klux Klan Out Again


sepd the st day of Sept, 962 Ku Klux Klan burnt crosses n four-
EZEKIEL ERNES teen Louisiaria towns during 'the night
of Sept. 2nd as.well as in Baton Rouge
-"-T t a r the stat e capital with' an apparent eye to
To the Magistrate Dist.ict E" school opening this week. A Klan leader
& the Chief of Police says that the crossburnings are intended to
I JAMES TIMOTHY now resid- show that the Klan expects to make its
ing at Roseau Parish of St. George do weight felt nation illy in'aicial 'matters.
hereby give you notice that it is my in- Most of the crosses were burnt in front
ton to apply at the Magistrate's Co~rt of schools and ministers house.(CP)
to be held at Roseau on Tuesday the 2nd _
day of October 1962 ensuing for a re- Adve e i
tail LIQUOR LICENCE in rd.spect Advertise
of my premises at (House No. 231, Shop the HL R ALD
Lane) Goodwill Parish of St. George Il EdR A L D


QASPMGTK'-o
BRONCHIAL
IRRATIONSN

COUGHS/
OF COLDS?
rm ket ba cou010nCtfWSae1-

BUCKLEY MIXTURE
O... e-at k rowufM.t t miatS

.. ooti ilnl2ul member WhF
ebLok6? Mke9 BUOKL-r. bmiu
"mat" tor a mu brnethl ..
oah-trf"eie e. That'. w"ly W
Bst ttiT (or 0 Yew,--?
.B 4 'oaltiLM VA I1"M
-**l sa DIxbettML

at BUCKLEY'S today
~'.... a y,|


~' "~'~d~T~:~b~:b"T::.~


Here ?
S:..- . ... -- ,3 ....
.. 2 ba.


SATURDAY,


--


; I -- -- ------- ----- --------------------- -


- ---~---------


DOMINICA HERALD


SEPTEMBER 15, 1962








SAUDA.SPTME1. _96z )M]NCA EADPC EE


PEOPLE'S POST

Correspondents are asked to submit -their full names
and addresses as a guarantee of good.faiih, but not neces-
sarily for publication. Letters shkou ld"b"kept as short as.
possible. Contro versia! political letters will not be published
anonymously.
--.-.....- t T - -- -: :.


"The Meaning Of
Communism"?
Dear Mr. Editor,
Please permit me
a little space in your valued columns to
invite newspaper readers to a semi-head-
line in the Dominica Chronicle of the
8th inst. This appeared on the front
page in connection with the statement
setting forth the areas of study planned
by the Resident Tutor of Extra Mural
Studies, Dr. Elizabeth Muller.
Here in Dominica whenever it is sought
to sabotage or damn anything good for
the enlightment of the community long
kept in darkness you only have to label
it COMMUNISM. People have been so
inflated with that red-herring of
mischief, communism, that the term has:
become a weapon to convey countless
wrong impressions.
Now Mr. Editor, and all readers, who.
can do a bit of thinking for yourselves
a_._ Ioa


what is therein the statement concerning
the Extra Mural Studies to warrant the
expression "The meaning of commun-
ism.'" The ime hja come when peo-
ple must be put on their guard against
the wLiles and strategies of those who pre-
tifd thal they are,ut to guide, instruct,
*and enlighten. -"' 'i
The Government and the University
of. the Wpei Indiei are spending the
taxpayers' .money to .enlighten adults
and youths and woe be unto those who
seek to render void the effort at further
education so much needed in Dominica!
I hope adults and youth will not ibe
misled -as to the purpose of the Extra
Mural Classes, and that they will band
themselves together to improve them-
selves socially, economically and other-
wise.
SFor .several ears past Extra Mural
Classes in Dominica have been a failure
because there was no tutor on the spot
deoting hiis-pr 'her time to the work.
SNowthf sacrifice is in made to


enable adults and youths to derive sub- I made it a point to visit the new Pointe
tantial benefits from further education so Michel-Soufriere road. We motored up
lacking in our community, powerful un- very nicely to Morne La Sorciere and
derground forces are at work, to put it in .there beheld the splendour of the Soufier
local language, to make the whole Bay below us acid the Sc6tts Head
scheme "a white elephant", point. The P. W. D. have done a
Wherever in the world today know- splendid job there, but the terrain from
ledge and enlightmeut have been with- Morne Acouma will be their "problem"
held or distorted there you have the for some time yet, I presume. On anival
switches, which, touched, can trigger off at Soufriere I missedthe familiar faces of
the conflagration to obliterate the human Bobby Bellot, St. Hilaire, Gerald Grell
race from the face of the earth, etc.-just to mention a few. I found
We hope that the Labour Govern- Soufriere quite lively with people rov-
ment which must be congratulated for ing about and we proceeded to Scotts
its brave effort to set many wrong Head where I was most surprised to
things right in D ominic a, see so 'many vehicles. There were
will not be cowed into silence and in- Buses, Trucks, Jeeps and motor cars
potence because of the brandishing of from Roseau, Portsmouth, Grand Bay,
weapons calculated to hold down pro. Morne Prosper, Mahaut, St. Joseph
gress and independent through. The etc. In fact there was hardly a pla ce in
old days are gone forever, and old tactics the island that was not represented.
cannot work now. I estimate that there was a crowd be-
More will be written on this later if tween 400 to 500 people there that
necessary, Mr. Editor. Many thanks for day; regretful to say, there was no sign
space allowed. of control or conveniences of any sort
Yours faithfully, to be seen, and I am writing this in'the
NO BOYCOTTING OF EDUCATION hope that it will catch the eyes of the
Authorities responsible and this is a
The sub-head referred to as being on matter which should be given immedi-
the front page of the Chronicle evi- ate attention., The one of paramount
dently refers to matter on the back page. importance should be WATER, as on
(all of whilc is reproduced from the our way we. noticed crowds of people
the official release 'from the Dept. of with buckets (as in the days of old)
Extra MuralStudies) . .Ed. waiting for their turn at the cistern.
'l r ~, a Another thing noticeable was the in-
CO1S ts H H A Oy.. discriminate uprooting of big shade
trees presumably by the truck and tractor
Sir,--At the invitauon i fsomc friends (Cnt, 10)


4 OTIV


26th ANN IVEAY SALE


Starts Monday 17th epte er, 962


Prices have been slashed on 1400 pairs of shoes for all t.3 famiy-- so

there EARLY and make the most of these wel drful SARAINS.

Door Opens at 8.15


b
I


to mark this grand occasion



' ': "'


-~I. --I


~l.,.,..~uc~ru Ii~lr~Lcrru~i~lil~~-LUU~~Ar. L~~LI


nc~erQiiiLI~Cciriui*~r~,rr~oir)~s~61% ~~:g~)~iv~esb~scsf ~~~~~az~r~MI~~~~L(IC2~~


~~L~rsrr~~P~,o~~4rCr~~~D4~1~~~~C~~~~


SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER' i' '-62i


DOMINICA HERALD


PACE SEVEN


~p.,,;,..... .,.., *.,.,..,-,..~..~i ,~-..~~~~3


rs~-9)~sb~-p~~eo~s-B.~Q.C~PCslAILP~








PAGE iIH A A.A P9


Adult Education Under Way

Last week we printed a short resume of the G. I. S. release about the Classes
to be started by Dr. Muller, the new Resident Extra-Mural Tutor (U. W. I.). The
first week has now been completed and to encourage more registrations we print
the G. I. S. statement in full,
The business of the Extra Mural Department is Adult Education, and it is
not necessary to emphasise that the scope of its activity depends overwhelmingly on
the content of the work done by other adult ed .:ation agencies. Eor this reason
and, also, the fact that it has been suggested that there should be for Dominica a
special stress on assistance in Youth Leadership Training the following tentative
programme therefore been suggested.
MONDAY 4,30 p.m. to,5.30 p. m. Infant Psychology
5.30 p, m. to 6.30 p. m, --Methods of Foreign Language
Teaching
8.oo p. m, to 9.00 p. m. Social Studies
WEDNESDAY 4.30 p..m. to 5.30 p. m. Methods of Adult Education
5.30 p. m. to 6.30 p. m. Youth Leadership Training
.8.0o p. m. to 9.oo p. m, Mass Communication
The lectures on Infnt Psychology are specially intended for teachers and
mothers o chiidcen unider7 years old and will cover a range ofabsorting questions
such as: 'How shall arhidren of that age be best taught. "What does discipline
mean for that age'" "Wtiy does a young child steal even though he seems to have
everything he needs." "Early stubbornness" etc.
The periods on Methods of Foreign Language Teaching are designed as re-
fresher courses for teachers of foreign languages (French, Latin, and Spanish) with
special stress on audio-visual aids and the spoken language.
The Youth Leadership Training will explore the world of the Young Adult
and'pay specialattention to the character known as the "drifter" and his relationship
with juvenile delinquency. The discussion on this theme is bound to prove in-
tensely interesting to all youth leaders, both old and young and also future youth
leaders; and one of the features of discussion will centre around, the problems of
attracting "drifters"'and delinquents towards membership in organizations that would
organise them into becoming useful citizens.
For all those involved or interested in Adult Education pertaining to questions
of how the adult mind works, of'literacy and semi-literacy problems, of self-educa-
tion and self bem ent aend or-adi ir k- deliil- -'i.ill-tTih.1-..-Fpk op o.t l-- Car
stimulated thought in the periods on "MAhllods of Adult Educatio'l."
An aspect of the-programme which will appeal strongly to civil servants and
leaders of the community is the topic on Soc al Studies. It entails research into social
and educational needs of the community; elhborates on the meaning of Communism
and Socialism, analyses social aggregations and groupings in a community, the mean-
ing behind a constitution. In short, an analysis of sociological concepts applied to
our social structure.
As regards Mass Communication it should be pointed out that though reading
and writing receive a great deal of emphasis in our schools and in literacy pro-
grammes, some of the greatest influence in the modern world viz. press, radio, and
films are most often left to chance. It is this deficiency that the Mass Communicotion
period seeks to remedy; and the question of how the community can be prepared to
use mass communication media to the utmost benefit will receive exhaustive coverage.
With such a well balanced programme on community betterment being placed
at the disposal of the general public it is the wish of the Extra-Mural Department that
as many groups and organizations as possible will regard this information as a spe-
cial appeal to them to take advantage of the opportunity. Allorganizations, include
ing the Civil Service, whether voluntary or otherwise and the general public ar-
welcome to the services of the Extra-Mural Department.
Lectures will be held at the Assembly Hall at the Dominica Grammar School,
the date of commencement being Monday loth September. Interested persons must
register at the Department of Extra-Mural Studies at the Education Department on
or before Monday ioth September.
The registration fee for each of the six courses is $3.oo for the term. In the
case of the Youth Leadership Training Course the fee is $2.00 for Youth leaders who
are still students or school pupils.


.She Marries Her

Boss

The Second Lady Bustamante
Some years ago a certain Mr. Will-
iam Alexander Clarke, known to the
world as Sir Alexander Bustamante
took his secretary Mi;s Gladys Maude
Longbridge to a Buckingham Palace
garden party and there the Queen took
her to be Lady Bustamante. Now
fiction has become fact and after 27


years of faithful service Miss Longbridge
has become Busta's Lady.
Sir Alexander, Prime Minister of
Jamaica married Miss Longbridge in
a chapel at the residence of the Roman
Catholic Bishop of Kingston. Thi ,
his second marriage, was consecrated by
the Rev. Fr. Stanley Shearer assisted by
the Rt. Rev. Monsignor Gladstone
Wilson. The bride was of the Mora-
vian faith and had to have special in-
struction before the wedding.
Busta, the "Mr. Punch" of Jamaican
politics, called the former cashier in a
restaurant "the woman who made me"


Just mR ived :--







1 1
and








A. C. Shillingford & Go.

I Car Accessories Departmentj


SEPT. 15-OCT. 6


If you have cares prepare to shed them
now. The troubles you have today can oft
be shed tomorrow, If without more Ado you
use Electricity., ry an-ElECTt i -
or TOASTER today and leave the Washing
Machine for





SEPT. 15 & 29, OCT. 13 & 27

................... ............ ..............."....................
and swore that "anyone who hurt her that the Morgan Publishing House,
must reckon with me." Immediately owners of medical and marketing pub-
after the ceremony the bride and groom lications, will take over in the Autumn.
took off for London where Sir Alex- Mr. Don Taylor, Editor for the past
ander is at present attending the Com- eight years and Deputy Editor for the
monwealth Prime Minister's Conference, preceding eight years, will continue in
They will have their honeymoon in charge .of the magazine. Mr. Don
London alter the conference and thence Taylor is widely travelled and was re-
proceed to Pittsburgh, U. S. A. cently in the British Caribbean. His
Sir Alexander is 78 and his bride contributions have appeared in journals
53. Lady Bustamante (the second) is, all over the world.
besides being Sir Alexander's secretary Founded as the "Crown Colonist"
the Treasurer ofthe Bustamiante Indus- in 1931, its name was changed to
trial Trade Union which forms the "New Commonwealth" in 195o.
backbone of the Ruling Jamaica Labour Non-official, its policy has been to pro-
Party. vide an objective forum for expressions
of opinion. With correspondents in
"New Commonwealth" every Commonwealth country, it has
hangs Owcovered chiefly political and economic
Changes Ownership developments.
"'New Commonwealth", well Talking to a B. I. S. correspondent,
known British "monthly journal, will Mr. Taylor said it was his intention to
be under new ownership from the carry on the magazine on its present
November issue. Its present owners, lines. "We have always aimed at
the Odhams-Daily Mirror Group, de- providing a link between Commonwealth
cided recently to close down the journal, countries and we intend to go on
But it is new announced in Lotnon doing just that." (BIS)


PAGE EIGHT


DOMINICA iElRALD


SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1962








SATURDAY SE1~'2['EMBEft t~, i96~ DOMINICA H~RALfl PAGE NTh~


Historic Commonwealth Prime Ministers i
Conference
(By the B.I.S. Commonwealth Correspondent).
The Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers which started this week
in London is the largest ever to be held.
It is also one of the most significant in the Post-war history of these gatherings,
because the principal subject for discussion is Britain's negotiations for membership
of the European Economic Commnuity.
There are several historically sign ficant features about the meeting: -
SSince the last gathering of Commonwealth Prime Ministers in March, 1961,
four more countries.- Sierra Leone, Tanganyika, Jamaica and Trinidad and To-
bago have become independent bringing the total membership of the Com-
monwealth to 15. "The Prime Ministers of all these new territories are attending
the Conference.
For the first time, and-because of the tremendous importance to them of Bri-
tain's desire to join the Six, six dependent territories-- Uganda, Kenya, Malta,
British Guiana, Singapore and Hong-Kong- will be represented either by Prime
Ministers or leading Ministers (except for Hong-Kong, which will send an offici-
al). It may be expected.that these representatives will be invited to express their
views, apart from advising the Secretary of State for the Colonies,
Finally, the Conference is for thelirst time taking-place in the new Common-
wealth home in Lqndon, Marlborough House, which the Queen handed over
for use as a meeting place by this family of nations.
Britain's Prime Minister, Mr. Harold Macmillan, who presides over the Con-
ference, has with him several of his colleagues including the Lord Privy Seal Mr.
Edward Heath, Britain's chief negotiator with the "Six", who has been able to
give the Commonwealth Prime Ministers a detailed and frank report about the
negotiations, the stage reached so far, and the problems yet to be surmounted.
Most of the first'week, at least, is expected to be devoted to a frank debate on
Britain's negotiations and what her membership in the Six may mean politically
and economically to each country in the Commonwealth. '
There is no question of the Conference making any decision jn the subject.
Decision would,' in any way, be contrary to the concept of these conferences, which
have always been intended and designed to provide an opportunity for frank ex-
'change of views on matters of common concern.
The-deciSion a whether to join toha Ctar`- l Ma ork t-tnoT is ritainY-=a i
which is fully acknowledged by all the other Commonwealth Governments. Th is
Conference is in fact an opportunity for making sure that Britain understands the
Commonwealth views and vice-versa.
INTERNATIONAL Topics.
The second stage of the Conference will be devoted to the discussion of other
subjects. While no agenda has been prepared, it is expected, for instance, that the
Prime Ministers will range widely over international affairs and perhaps include
such topics as the situations in Berlin and in the Congo.
And bearing in mind the set of principles on disarmament which they unani-
mously enunciated at their hst meeting, they are likely to give some attention to the
current disarmament and nuclear test ban talks in progress at Geneva.
S It is conceivable too that certain aspects of the affairs of the United Nations
will be discussed, for each member of the Commonwealth is concern in the mac-
hinery which runs it and the policies it creates. The Prime Ministers will also dis-
cuss constitutional questions relating to Commonwealth membership, for instance,
Tanganyika's remaining a member after becoming a republic and Uganda's desire
for membership after it achieves independence on 9th October.


OISINFE ,T


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Floor Polishers: Household Deep Free s

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Paints Etc: Etc


Free Jamaica Faces The Future

(Continued from page 2)
There is a clause in the Bill that allows a man to send for his ligl I
bring her to Britain, provided that he marries her within three month.
This clause could well have been made to apply to. the man vr ihso i
living with a woman in Jamaica, If he wants to bring her to Britain, h
be prepared to marry her and'to conform to the standard of society in ti al
where he has chosen to make his home.
Sweated Labour
My 'final picture of Jamaica was the, loading of the Banana heat ~rgvi -
travelled home. For hour after hour women ran-literally an--to and ib S.
the railway siding to the ship with heavy stems of bananas oat thdr nlsag ft
pitiless tropical sun. .
I wondered why they ran the hundred yards from the train to the docbkd~gJ
up the ship gangplank. The answer was for every stem they carry d, sI"a.
one penny!
Every time I eat a banana I remember a woman had to run a hundred A
with it on her head for me ro buy it at the price we pay. I remehffbe to
she had to do a double run 240 times to earn Z:
Slavery may have been abolished in Jamaica in 1838 and Inl e l k
attained in 1961, but sweated labour goes onl


ii


;" I My mummy
keeps our
IhomeM fmee
from germs
with


SMELL-O -PINE
Concentrated Disinfectant,
The 8tromWge 4 '.5fut yo afm buy


_ ~~PLLII~LilCIII-1 ~I-


I _


SATURDAY SEPTEMBER t5, i961


DOMINICA HERALD


- PACE NINE


07=


V.'
L
4rt*
hb
U


s^

$~
6









PXGE TENf DOMINICA ~{ERALD SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER r~, ~x96z


BOOK 'REVIEW
'Here i 1 .: L....:.1 by best-selling writer E.B. Braithwaite, author of TO
SIR, WITH LOVE. It is called A'KIND OF HOMECOMING, and is
published by Prentice Hall.
!: Home is said to be where the heart is. Expatriates who love the West In-
din' lands dearly have continued to called England home, and by his historical
b~~erilafcus Grvey made "home to Africa a popular slogan for another
kd of expatriate -- to use the word in its literal and widest sense.
S'Braithwait's actual home is British Guiana. He is of Negro descent, and
ys .filled with curiosity and desire to visit Africa. The book tells of his excur-
slin to Ghana, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. It is a romantic travelog, brim.
fl of con tasip'a.' The journey cured Braithwaite of a certain illusion that
laisolour .aald be an open passport to acceptance by the African peoples. They
,4re generous hosts, but he found out that he was a'tourist in that huge continent,
saetines being mistaken for an Amlnrican.
.Braidi.atte is kind and sentiicental, but he is critical too, even while sym-
t etic. Big an author who writes from the heart, he became homesick for
pwn country. After all, home is where the heart is.


People's Post Morne Prosper Guides At St. Jo.
'( ,. iu1t. J roin page 7) (from a correspondent)
As a final treat before school began,
vers who co thereto take sand twelve Girl Guides from the Morne Pros.
1d travel. per Company, captained by Miss May
Sn matter is important and should Christian, campedat St. Joseph lasr
telkid, raino' eer Dominica loses, week-end; patrol leader. Geraldine'
again one of its beauty spots. May I Timothy acted as an efficient quarter-
suggettthe formation by Govt. of a master ensuring that appetites were ap-
Control Board and may I further add: pleased. On theSunday they werejoin-
"The, sooner, the. better." cd by a few brownies.
Iazg.kp you for space, Mr. Editor Police Constable Lockhart gave the
SYours, troup some instruction on the tying of
EX-VILLAGER knots and also a demontsration of "rais-
L- th lou.irs" for their Second Class
Test, but it was not allwork -and
'Sir, many enjoyable sea baths were taken,
I goe sightseeing trips made and picnics
I got into an argument with someone held.
who recited to me that the Hon. Chief held.
w ec et mtht e Iln. h A highlight of the trip was a hike
Minister does not like Americans. I A highlight of thetrip was aike
Cannot be when the C.M. to Mero beach, where they met the man-
a sisters living h y i tager of the Castaways (oi is;it Norman.
1. nica and sisters living happy i' die?) Hotel who not only took a colour
iscia and Dominica is getting U picture of the girls but also had them
4u ndit my reply is correct shown round the hotel by members of
p lea" his family.
, ,. rul y, ROGT On;Sunday evening, in the pouring
rain, the Morne Prosper Girl Guides,
-Undoubtedly. Ed. their Captain and the brownies piled in-
to a chartered truck and, singing lustily,
0min N XOt Stop' headed for home after enjoying to the
Gamier N exl Step full their first camp.
Tl A h.... 4b. ...... ....


.e nCxt atep to war s t e poss Uaa
usage of the Dominica Forests was taken
on Tuesday when twelve huge gonner
logs were shipped on consignmnent to
the Forestry Department of the Covern-
ne, t of Canada on board the S. S.
Rogaenes.
A. I1AC IC id the logs will be tested for
.fjtir .peeling qualities, to see if. veneers
"-', b&. pLofia.bly manufactured here in
Dominica. If the tests are a success
the next step will be to. Interest a firm to
build a mill and start operations (see
: y .i~~t n TlHE HERALD of Aug. 18).


.Person In-The News
* I'E, fLEFT 'last week to take courses in Pub-
lic Administration at Cambridge and
'SrCAfoid respectively D.K. Burton
* i'i.rec.;-Comm. & Works) and V. L.
Shaw, Deputy Registrar FEDERAL ex-
rt i-ilinter' of -Trade & Industry Carl la
Corbinniere has resumed practice as an
optometrist in Casrxies; *


notice Of Application
For Liquor Licence
To .the Magistrate District "G'
& the Chief of Police
I Francis D. Benjamin now residing
at Bataca Parish of St. Andrew do here-
by give you notice that it is my intention
to apply at the Magistrate's Court to be
held at Portsmouth on Tuesday the 2nd
day of October i962, ensuing for a re-
tail LIQUOR LICENCE in respect of
my premises at Bataca Parish of St.
Andrew.
Dated the 12th day of September 1962
FRANCIS D. BENJAMIN


Nkrumah Escapes Again
ACCRA Sept 9 CP: A bomb blast near
President Nkrumah's official residence
today killed five people while ooo2000 cele.
brated his escape from a bomb assassina-
tion attempt on August Ist. The Presi-
dent was unhurt.


CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENTS
FOR SALE
SPECIAL OFFER FOR AUGUST
PITCH PINE BOARDS
1" x 6" x 8-20 ft. T & G
AT 30o per ft.
-NO DISCOUNT
J. ASTAPHAN & CO. LTD.
HARDWARE DEPT.

Aug. 11-Sept. 29
GOLD JEWELRY, WIDEST RANGE
AND ASSORTMENT
J. ASTAPHAN.& CO. LTD
DRY GOODS DEPT.

Aug. 11-Sept. 29
We would like to inform our
Friends and customers that
Our self-service department
Will remain open during
Lunch hours on Saturday
Only.
J. ASTAPHAN & CO. LTD,
Aug. 18-Oct. 6
FOR SALE

1 Austin Bus No. 1104 in Good condition
Apply :
R. E. PHILLIP
Marigot
Sent. 1+5 __ ___
NEW CARS
Triumph Herald Saloon
Agent E, Hassief & Co
__ Tel. 18
Vanguard Six
Owner-Driven Exeilent Condition,
Apply J. E Nassief
Te. 159
THE FOLLOWING CAN BE HAD
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
FROZEN MEAT
.Back And Necks
New Zealand Table Butter, i -t.,
i--b, pkgs,
Danish Table Butter, i-lb.
1-ltb.. -ib
Eggs
Cheddar Cheese
Tomatoes
Self Service Dept.
J. ASTAPHAN & CO. LTD.
Sept. 15-22-29- Oct 6

News From Martinique

(from our Martinique correspondent)
Mayor Cesaire. Off To France
Monsieur Aim6 Cesaire, Member
of the Chamber of Deputies and'Mayor
of Fort-de-France. who has just returned
from the, Trinidad' Independence
Celebrations left for France on Sept.
io by S.S Colombie.

Death Of Famed Musician


in Paris and later of the c:cbrard
dance baid "Select Tango" in For-
de-France. M. St. Hilaire's death'last
mdnth meant the loss to Martlncue
and music of a brilliant tiombcn:s,
one of the finest exponents of folk-lore
'and an ardent interpreter of the Be-,
guine.
Martiniquais Feted in Trinidad
Among private visitors who were
nevertheless officially entertained by the
Government of Trinidad during Inde-
pendence week were Dr. Aliker and
M. Maug6e (professor at the Lyc6
Schoelcher and Mayor of Gros Morne).
On their return to Martinique they
said that they were magnificently treated
and were very enthusiastic over the
respect the people "la bas" had for Dr.
Eric Williams. They think that Dr.
Williams, ith his slogan "Discipline
Production and Tolerance", is Trini-
dad's good fortune and that Trinidad
may well make a valuable contribution
to the area.

Schoolboys Contributions
Our correspondent also writes: "I'send
you some essays by young Martiniquans
the ones who went on holiday to Bar-
bados. Another has written a poem,
another a little tale about his neigh-
bourhood, I think you will not have
much trouble to translate them for the
paper.
.- .i u b'ihed. please be so-
good as to send me the numbers-thiat
would be a formidable means of em-
barking on the Club Francais de la
Dominique here-the people would ..be
so pleased to know that in Dominica
someone translates the text of the young
people of..Martiniqu'e."
These essays will be published in
translation in future editions of THE
HERALD. We propose to publish the
peom in French and offer a prize for
the best translation by a schoolboy or
schoolgirl.

Le Cercle Francais

The second meeting of the French
Club will take place at Government
-HMuse on Monday Sept. 17 af .36 pm.
through the courtesy of His Honour the
Administrator, Patron. New members
are welcome. Proceedings will include
the election of two student members to
the Councilof Le Cercle Francais.
Council members already elected are
requested to attend at the house of Hon.
L. Cools-Lartique, 54 King George V
St., at 4,45 pm. on the same date before
going on to the general meeting.
YOLANDE COOLS-LARTI-
QUE,
Hon. Secretary.



Read The


We regret to announce the death of er
Monsieur St. Hilaire, one-time conduc- H r
tor of the Orchestra of the Boule Rouge
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J. MARGARTSON CHARLES,
THE HERAID'S PRINTER, 31, NEW STREET, ROSEAU, DOMINICA,
SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 15, 1962,


I


DOMINICA HERALD


SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, -1962


i....g PAGE TEN








D.B.6.A.
HIGH EFFICIENCY BANANA GULTIVATr IN GUADELOUPE & MARTINIQUE
(Fom the Report on a visit, to Guadeloupe and Martinique in aonneetion
with the ..Baiasna e -. ** ^se ^s") *
THE'VISIT of the Manager Winban and Mr. Osborne to the'two French islands was a demonstration of how to obtain a high
efficiency of production, at least,, far higher than that obtained in the Windward Islands. It is only .on account of this high stand-
ard of efficiency that the banana growers in the French Islands are in business. Their labour wage rates are higher and the average
annual price is considerably less than that received by Windward Islands producers.
The U.K. green boat price is on the downward trend and is likely to be further depressed when the U.K. joins the: Common
Market, -To survive in this ever competitive market every, effort must be made to increase efficiency, that is TO INCREASE THE YIELD
OF BANANAS PER UNIT AREA OF LAND. -,
These are Mr. Perryman's conclusions -now let us see how the French grower obtains this greater efficiency. First let us see
what the figures for '6Si show :-
SMartinique & Guadeloupe Dominica
Average Price to Grower per bt 3.0o .
Average Bunch Weight -- .J 2 -6 6
.Yields pep acre- averagee per year 8 to 16 tons 4 tons
S: From the above figures it can be seen that the average weight is nearly* 40% greater than that in Dominica and the average yield
,,per acre is twice to four times more. This can only be due to the superior farming methods of the French growers.
S Let us move on therefore to a survey of the planting methods used in Guadeloupe and Martinique.
S VARIETIES GROWN : What we call' "Porto Rique" in Dpminica (alsb known as"Robusta") is called "Payo"' i; the French
islands and is the main crop in Guadeloupe; it also supplies 40%'of the iMaltinique 'expoits. In the South f Martinique "Giant
Cavendish" supplies the 60Bd balance it is known to the French as "Grand Naime."
PLANTINC MATERIAL : on the recommendation of the .F.A.C. (The French Institute of Research in Overseas'Fruit) the larger
new plantings are with, Bull heads with three feet of the old- stl ek attached : these are planted vertically. Other planting
materials seen on a'sniall scale were sword suckers and "maiden" plants. .
PREPARATION : Where possible the land %ias mechanically prepared but it should be noted that in mountainous. country good
results are being obtained' by manual tillage. Holes 8" x 1S" were used in most instances but for the big Bull Heads holes were
larger and deeper.' _________'
DENSITY; the number of plants per acre varies between 1,200 and i:,oo., The I.F.A.C. recommendations are as follows:-
Low elevations 1,400 to 2,000 plants per acre
High elevations' 910 to 1,3oo plants per acre with a,permanent crop such as coffee or grape-fruit interplanted.
SPACING : the dimensions for the double row spacing used are given :---
Distance between close planted instance along the Distance between double Plant Population
.rowsin ft. ..,; rows in ft.. inft. per acre
3.3 6 99. 1012
.9 4-9 9.9 122
3.9 49 1457
3.3' ' 49 1542 '
FERTILIZER APPLCATION :' compound fertilizers with a very high potash content are being used (as is being recom-
mended for Dominica). Typical formulations areZ5:8:3o, 8:8:28: and 10:8:30. In addition qitrogenjin the formof sulphate of ammonia
is applied towards the end -of the rainy season. About 3 lb of fertilizer are applied permat per year, most. of which during the first
4 to 5 months when the plant is developing rapidly and the bunch is being formed.
S LEAF SPOT CONTROL: both Shell and.Esso oils are used in the French islands,. some sprayed by aircraft but mostly by knap-
sack low-volume spraying, machines. An increasing use is being made of the product HD4I 3 which gives ex.elleti control of leaf spot:
it is natisable fhath'fields sprayed with HD4i 3 have a darker green appearance than oil-sprayed fields.

From the Perryman Report it is clear.that the higher yields obtained by the French-are due to :-,-
(i) Betteripreparation of the land before planting i.e. ploughing or forking and draining.
(ii) Careful.selection of planting material.
(iii) A much greater plant population per acre.
(iv) Heavy an0 f~,P"quent applications of fertilizers with r: : Potash content with additional
later apgicsatinr s oft Nitrogen (sulphate of ammonia.
and.it must be added a, '' t' is not specifically mentioned in this e ..-.
(v) Rigc .... -. s. -l J a' kering.

Hard work has JeP'. the French island's Banana til'' i. ;- anpetition d~ pite the ow prices obtained. The same must be
done for our Banana irindstrn as we face the di~;- m;i s nd year ahead .
The Mard Fact.Of Life In The Bannan Industrv Today --
OR; ;JNG EA SE d t U it-Aq6d a, UNDER