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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
the U.N. CT arte r
FOR IRON PAR7
which uphdol :
FReOM or mW= "as
1ReBE0i nni WANT KIr
FIaRoEDOMtim MAR 40 a
(For the General WeMIe o ip Pople f Doadca Ie further advancement of the West hdiMEsand te Carlbbeu Aea as a whole)
ESTABLISHED 1955 SATURDAY, AUGUST 25, 1962 PRICE 100
DOMINICA CITRUS GETS A TONIC
S 8o. Aprtrus Scheme
How MANY DOMINICANS have eaten oranges from Spain, South
Africa, Florida or Trinidad I Have they tried grapefruit
grown in other countries ? Then they will know that our oranges
and grapefruit are the tastiest in the world ...... with no except-
ions. Lately we have sadly neglected this wonderful quality crop
but at last a government has-
come up with a plan and ob-
tained the money from C.D. &
W. Funds. The Minister for
Trade and Production, Hon.
N. A,. N. Ducreay, announces
that the plan has now the Ap-
proval ohe Seretay f Ste
and details have now beeD re-
The scheme provides for the
-frie4w'en ettilizca n frc
spraying of orchards. Both the
fertilizers and the control spray
for lichens and epiphytes used
will be those most suited ,by
trial to the crop and the soils,
and the issue of these adjuncts
to good husbandry will be
chosen and striply controlled
by a Citrus Ficld Officer and
a Citrus Committee. The ad-
ministration of the scheme will
be effected by the Agricultural
Superintendent. Mr. E. S.
Lancaster has been appointed
temporary Citrus Field Officer.
The Citrus Committee ap-
pointed consists of the Ag.
Agricul t ur ;l Superintendent
(Chairman), Messrs. Stafford
Shillingford and E. R. I. Shil-
lingford as representatives of the
Citrus Growers Association,
and Messrs. J. B. Charles and
Sterns Rossi. The purpose of
the committee will be to keep
check on the progress of the
scheme and to encourage as
many growers as possible to
qualify and participate.
Growers wishing to be con-
sidered for assistance must regis-
ter their orchards by making a
Statutory Declaration before a
Justice of the Peace or Com-
W, IL Youth Trust Fund
Mt. Fred Morgan, Secretary of the
Wes Indies Youth Trust Fund, visited
Dominica from August zo--23 to see
various citizens in connection with the
orgasation qf an Appeal Committee
1orbthe Trust Fund. His Honour the
Admiatitrator hasconsented t act as
chairman of this committee. Mrt
Morgap discussed the outlook with
members of the Dominica Charities
Committee, and trusts that the response
IV *u mUCT.ppO- *ar* ........ Q --
An allout drive will be launched
within the next few weeks simultaneously
in all the Islands and, in Brtai.. It is
also expected that the appeal 'will be
extended, to Canada. ;One of the
W. I. Trust Fund's projects is a trani
centre in St. Vincent for Nursery
Nurses; young girls (one from each
Island) will be accepted for a year's
training in the care of young children.
"Shared service" for handicapped,
blind and deaf-and-dumb children in
the West Indies would also be assisted
by the Fund.
missioner of Oaths. Only two
categories of orchards will qua-
lify for assistance viz. young
orchards 5 to io years old just
about coming into bearing and
older orchards already in bear-
ing OVER TEN YEARS OLD.
The free fertilizer will only be
issued to registered growers, who can
produce a certificate of husbandry
issued by the Citrus Field Offi-
cer and who have during the
current season exported a min.
imum of twenty boxes of fruit
(either through agents or through
the Government Packing Plant).
The amount of fertilizer issued
will depend on the yield per
tree in the current crop season.
Declaration Forms for obtaining
assistance can be obtained from
the Agricultural Superintendent.
Legco Debates Pumice Mining
Possible New Industry
PUMICE Mining was the chief topic for debate in.the Le-
gislative Council yesterday afternoon, when the Government
passed, "An Ordinance to Regulate the Mining of Pumice is
Dominica", (the opposition having walked out.)
The possibilities of Pumice (vol-
canic lava, either in the form of a light-
weight stone or as a fine grey or pink
powder, often k no w n locally as
"tarrish") were first mooted afier the
geological survey by Mr. Martin Kay6
and for some time, two years ago, great
interest was shown by Mr. Lee Lum,
well known Trinidad entrepreneur and
Managing Director of Bestcrere Ltd. :'
many samples were shipped to Trinidad
but eventually nothing happened.
The matter has now been re-opened
by the arrival here of two operators who
, .L .d.-j .y r -. w --- ji'ljt'
Caribbean islands, the pumice being.
used for.lightweight building blocks for
erecting higher buildings on the swamps
of Miami. Messrs. Crawford and Francis
are very impressed by our pumice depo-
sits and their relative availability and it
is hoped that they will be persuaded to
start. operations here.
SThe actual' mining operation must be
fully mechanised, and loaded direct from
site to ship or barge by conveyor belt.
This means that the number of persons
employed will be small. However, the,
owner of the land where the pumice is
situated will get royalties as also will the
government and this might reduce
our grant-in-aid considerably.
A future project which might be of
great economic value is the manufac-
ture of lightweight building blocks here
in Dominica. This would not only
provide work for quite a few persons
but would also help in our own build-
ing programmes and provide a valuable
export of a finished product.
Town Councillors Too Busy To
Meet Ratepayers ?
At 4.15 p.m- last Wednesday, a
large crowd assembled at the Roseau
Town Council Offices to have heard their
complaints against the assessments pro-
posed for the levying of rates. All had
written in the substance of their comp-
laints and had been told to come at that
At 4.20 Mr. Deveril Lawrence arrived,
apologising for his lateness, but when
he looked around he realized that he
Kiife Attack On Dutch oat
Ira John, ,the friendly stevedote, is,
luckily for him, brave, and quick
thinking. Last week he :wvas just
about to leave a Dutch boat to go
ashore for lunch when' he met a Dutch
West Indian and tried to make friends;
to stress a point he laidhis hand on his
new friend's shoulder. 'A Dutchman
nearby promptly threatened Ira with a
knife, but the Domiican boy snatched
_-_ p ch.J ~ utrh n__
When.he got ashore he coritacted the
General Secretary of thu D.TU. and
then reported, to the police. Mean-
Swhile the-pifdl Secretary .reported the
matter in'wdtihg to the Agets and the
Captain. A meeting of the persons
involved,; the Agent's representative, the
Captain, General Secretary nd the
Police took place on board. The
attacker explained that he thought that
John was attacking the other seaman
since there had been some altercation
between members of the crew and the
stevedores during the morning. It
appeared that the altercation had taken
place in another hold to the one where
Ira John was working and the Dutch
seaman was reprimanded by his Cap-
tain for not adopting the correct proce-
dure laid down for disputes; it) was
agreed that John was entitled to redress.,
Ira John was the stevedore who was
wounded in the head last year by a
stray shot fired from a boat in Rosea
was the ONLY MEMBER OF THE
COUNCIL PRESENT. After wait.
ing a few minutes in which more mem*
bers of the public arrived but no more
councillors,he instructed the Town Clerk,
Mr. A. Royer, to postpone the meeting
to a later date and notify people,to come
in groups, in alphabetical order of name,
each group at a different time, since
there is insufficient seating accommodation
in the R.T.C. offices for the number of
persons who are opposing their assss*
- _2T" a-*iiU- iMI* *- -- -JM^N I-T
PAGE TWO tMNC IRL AUDY UUT2,16
Dominica's Criminals Better Attended Than
Mental Patients -- Hornick Report
By Phyllis Shand Allfrey
We have just been privileged to read the report submitted by Dr. Hornick,
noted New York Psychiatrist, to the Government of Dominica. As is well
known, Dr. Hornick donated his summer holiday to consultancy and practical.
work among the mentally ill in our island. Here are some of his findings.
First, the Doctor is clear about one thing: "They (the patients) are mentally
ill human beings and deserve our most tolerant concern". Dr. Hornick finds the
Dominica prison a model one, and admirable for rehabilitation; but the poor
"disturbed" sufferers are walled-into a compound, the sexes be:ng separated by a
high cement wall which hides all scenery and the natural healing beauty of the coun-
tryside. Male mental patients have four cubicles and one dormitory with beds for
nine; there are five cubicles for women patients and a dormitory of seven beds;
no screens are provided, and patients are badly bitten by bugs and mosquitoes
This report is not an indictment of the present Government. The mental
wing in its present form and with its present-disabilities was planned by earlier
regimes. It is to the credit of the Dominica Government of today that they have
concerned themselves about the well-being of their less fortunate citizens and have
encouraged a man of.Dr Hornick's stature to come here and look into the. situa-
tion. We trust that Government will examine and attempt to implement his
Compared with the attention given to prisoners, there are in Dominica only
nine male and five female attendants for the mentally ill; the Prison has twenty
warders for the same total of persons. Those who care for the emotionally dis-
turbed work two days round the clock, with one full day off, a II4-hour week of
work. They use warders' clothing and maintain a sort of penal .discipline,
While it is considered in advanced circles that all criminals are to some extent
deranged, the fact is that those innocent sufferers who have committed, no crime
sive' that of being ill and helpless are penned up under worse conditions that those
who have sinned against society. They have no trained Psychiat;st to look -after
them or to see that they get some of the marvellous new drugs which bring unbalanced
people back to their senses or at least into a state of calm, although Dr. Watty. has
done his best in the circumstances, largactil is being used, and Prison Superinten-
dent Mr. Clarke comes in foi his quota 'of praise.
the attendants, consists mainly of dashine and rice; half of these poor human beings
are anaemic. They get a little salt fish and salt pork, with fresh fish or meat once
a week. Their clothing is in rags and they are shoeless; no efforts have been made
to see that they get new garments." They do their own laundry in the claustrop-
'Worst of all, these sufferers have no occupational facilities-they are deprived
of on of the best of therapeutic measures for the mentally ill. Among the present
batch of patients are three ca r p e n t e r s who might be able to do useful work.
None of the mental patients see movies; they have two loudspeakers. -but no radio!
They are hardly ever visited by Ministers of religion. It was Dr. Hornick him-
self who rose at 5 a.m. to take some of the mental patients to Mass last Sunday.
A team of friendly visitors is badly needed to put some spark of hope into sudh
dreadfully sad lives.
Much of the cruelty thht is practised against mental patients is unintentional:
*normal' people are afraid of them. Dr. Hornick deplores-the fact that the men-
tally afflicted are certified as "lunatics" (horrible m e d i e v al word, redolent
of s u p r s tit io n). Such patients are supposed to be "re-certi-
fied" every six months but are they. Not at all. They may rot
away in the mental wiug forever, yet with modern treatment and proper occupational
therapy, many of these people would be out of the hospital as cured within a few
months, thereby saving much agony and the taxpayers' money.
What can ordinary human beings do to help the good Doctor in his camp-
aign against neglect and non-humane attitudes towards the sick in mind, so that
the time, he has given us, (and them) is not wasted? We must press for a change
ofattitude, of opinion: for open doors, decent food and clothing, medical and
dental care, and reassure our fellow citizens that only those patients who need to
be kept apart for self-protection should be locked-up. The dangerousness of
mental patients is vastly operated; let the men and women mix in chapel, at
movies and (under gentle supervision) play games, garden and take walks.
From an economical point of view, sipce the Government of Dominica is
now spending $30,000 a year (in addition to $18,0oo on the mental wing) on
sending mental patients to Antigua and keeping them there, why not spend the
money at home, engage a good Psychiatrist, hospitalise patients in their homeland
and use the money to improve staff and amenities"
Dr. Hornick suggests the following: that patients be called mentally ill per.
sons, and not lunatics. That admission be voluntary (this would remove a stigma,
and people would come forward to be treated early); that the British Wolfenden
Report be studied, particularly in regard to homosexuality; and that families might
hbei dents out financially. All this would meau quicker rehabilitation.
The report is written in clear strong language, It should strike with belated
compassion all kind people who would Ino wish their fellow human beings to be
condemned to a living death.
New Ideas, New Wealth
Danger In'One Crop Economy
If a man finds that bananas grow ,very well on his estates, there is a great tem-
ptation for him to grow nothing else. One bad season, and he is in trouble.
The same is true of nations, as many tropical countries have found in the past.
If everyone grows or sells the same product, when there is bad season, they
will all be poor together. But when there is a particularly good season, the op-
posite is not always true. There is often, then, a glut on the market and prices fall,
as recently happened in Dominica.
The answer is, of course "more thar oone crop" -and there is the Tropi-
cal Products Institute, in London, that has been able to help many Commonwealth
countries in this way. Not only do they help in the growing of new crops; they also
show how to make better use of the old ones.
New Crops, New Industries
Antigua is an example. Only a short.time ago, its people relied on the growing
of sugar-cane and cotton. Following the advice of the Institute, cotton seed (which
used to be wasted) is now crushed in a mill on the island with a number of im-
portant results. The cotton seed oil is now used for cooking, and helps to improve
the health-giving properties of the local food. The seed cake that is left after the
crushing is a first-class animal food; some is exported.and some is kept to provide
cheap feed for an increasing number of animals kept on the island.
Both these benefits are new, but they come frdm new uses of the cotton seed
which was there all the time.
Another idea in Antigua worked out rather 'differently. Crushed maize has
long been one of the main items of food for the,islanders, but most of :what they
required had to be imported from other countries. Naturally, this was, expensive.
The Institute suggested a type of maize plant that would grow well on thie, island,
and also recommended the building of a maize-crushing plant. At once, the
local people were able to grow their own maize at much lower cost than they could
'import it from overseas. At the same xime, .it. became easier for the islanders to
keep poultry, because the waste products of the maize-crushing plant make a good
poultry foao. .
-- this t small West Indian'island, developments suggested by the institutee
worked two ways. In one case, a crop brought in a new industrial' plant. In
the other, an industrial plant made the growing cf a new crop worthwhile, The
two unite to' make Antigua a more prosperous place than,it has ever been before.
Dominican estate owners.and peasant proprietors should Jake.,notice. of the
dangers inherent in a one-crop economy, Our rich soil -can surely -produce a
greater variety of crops than Antigua and we should NEVER have to iCport ve-
getables, fruit or ground provisions, either tinned or fresh. Ed.
You ca bet 'em e
W HI ZZ"
You can't lose i vhizz L vactite with power to relieve
headaches. fever muscular aches and pains, neuralgia
arnd Dalnful cold miserles FAST I
Just out tWhi'b., ,loes the wortk o a ordinary tabletL
It Will Be Safer, It Will Be Regular
If You Only Take A Subscription with
The DOMINICA HERALD.
DOMINICA fERA LD
SATURDAY, AUGUST zS, t962
SATURDAY AUGUST 2i, t962,
16tb August, 1962.
Commonwealth Seholarship-And Fellowship Plan
Canadian Awards 1963 64
the Canadian Commonwealth and Fellowship Committee
hopes to award 100 Scholarships for the 1963 64'academic
year under the Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship
This Commonwealth Plan aims at providMig opportunities
for Commonwealth Students to pirsie ad:'~aned coasesmin
other Commonwealth countries. The Scdhotashipsare intended
for men andi women of high intellectual promise who :mtay be
expected to make a significaiintonttnbutionto 9thir. own cq.ur
tries on their ieturnfrm romorad. ,*ad
They will normally' be awarded for advanced study or re-
search, and will be opened to students who, before they take up
a scholarship, hold or will hold, a bachelor's or master's. degree
from a reiognii!ci iersity, orspma u., .uaIf on.
Schelatshbi.are iormallydinteil rirQdi liWiW are
not in Canada at the time of applicatiod. Stud6its'- already in
Canada however, who desire to apply, should obtain application
forms from the Registrar's Office in their university, but must
then apply through the appropriate agency in their own country.
The scholarships are open to men and womern'o w illnot
have reached their 35th birthday by the 1st of' October ofthe
year in which they take upd the award: In special circumstances
this age limit may be raised.
tie continuance of all awards from year to year will be
subject to the sa isfactpry progress and conduct of the h 'Ider.
lbach scholarsh i i intended to cover thb expenses of travel,
living pnd study during its tenure, andacludes.:-
-.-s)- a tp'rato- to Canad antid Petyn. ___
(b) approved tuition and other university Lfes (excludin
board and residence )
(c) a personal mainter ance allowance at the rate of '$65:00
per month for graduates. and $150.00 per month foi
(d) approved medical and h, spital expenses.
(e) where appropriate an allowance f6r clothing, books
ard equipment of up to $30000'
(f) in special cases provision for travel within Canada, il
it is an essentialpart of the scholar's academic'course.
(g) for a male scholar Who .Aas married when the awarc
was offered to him, a marriage allowance of $50.00 !
month while his wife is in Canada, plus two-thirds a
ihe cost of the wlt's fate to Canada and return, a
arranged by the Canadian Authorities
The final date for itceipt ol applications locally is I15t
Further information can' be obtained from the Educatiol
Department, Roseau.A. WAKER
SEducatin OKffER .
A LITERARY MARRIAGE. When Robert Browing oped with Eliz-
beth Barrett in Victorian days, it was quite a sensation. Marriages between well-
known writers always make news, since it seems almost incredible that one roof
could cover so.great a profusion of words on paper, or two sensitive talents.
When therefore a writer named C. P. Snow married a best-selling woman nove-
list named Pamela Hansford Johnson at the end of the last world war, a London
bus was chartered to convey their distinguished literary friends to Cambridge for
the wedding. Sir Charles Snow (as he now is), Cambridge Don and Fellow,
civil servant, famed physicist and company director, is'a less popular wre than
his wife. But their joint works make singularly interesting reading, and both are
authors of distinction .,
Snow is a classicist-that is, he writes in the narrative tradition of Dickns
and Thackeray, though not in their heavier style. He is amassing a life-work
though. series oinovds d mpplete in themsdeves, but allinpeirlted. His-. qui
penetrating studies in human relations and the effect of cliques on personal beha.
viour reach a peak in THE MASTERS, a novel exosinghow jealous and vul-
nerable even professors can be when it comes to dediingone of their number to
high office. Snow also underlines the dangers and problems of the 1Vew Men
-the higher technocracy which may rule our lives in future.
Pamela Hansford Johnson has more picong in her numerous works, which
have the elegance of French writing (she is a scholar and keenly understands the
great Proust). Picking up her widely-read books, one might imagine "here is
another dear little woman writer"-and expect conventional treatment. Far from
it. She faces all sorts of social issues in her novels, even (indirectly) political
ones. To read either of the Snows is an adventure which will cause you to think.
You are bound to come across some of their books. .seize them and enter new
EPB U SI DAUM
i Thursday 29th November
When one and all will be treated to tons
of fun and good bargaipsat the
Jr ffi, __
Ghana Bishop Expelled
"Youth Movement Godless"
Accra, July 13th CP:- Ghana ex- Ministry said that Roseveare's presence
pulled two leading Anglican church-. was no longer considered "conducive to
nen today after a weeklong clash between the public good His departure cli-
Stat and' cHurch over Ghana's Nation- maxed a campaign by progovernment
al YuT~ h movement. Dr. Richard Ghanaian newspapers for Roseveatr's
Rb2verkej, Bishop of West Africa and expulsion after he had criticized the
the nost Revi Cecil J. Patterson left by "godlessness" of the Youth Pioneers,
air after the expulsion orders were disclos- the national youth movement. Arch-
ed. They will attend a previously bishop Patterson has described the cri-
scheduled Church Conference at Lagos ticism as "temperate and necessary."
qigtia'. A statement from the Interior
S..................... .............. ........................ .... ...........
DOMINICA BANANA GROWERS ASSOCIATION
GroweEs who sll the i .R* f1t Imperjal Road Buying
Agent bp~ittinflefweethioe'l-Cfl af-Roger are notified i
that after the shipment on 22nd August, 1962 the Imperial
Road Buying Area will be closed down and the Buying Agent
will no longer purchase bauanas along the road.
As from the week commencing 27th August, 1962 The
Growers affected Will have to arrange transportation of their
bananas to the Fond Cole Receptiof-Statioltn
A. D. BOYD -
*** ..************ ***** *** ***** ** *****
PAfJ _()TTD fUMnfA M O SAGU- ---ST
DM INI CA ERALD
IArT J t 8 T I TI A
SUs CR I tr IONS 1
Yearly Town: 5.00.9 Coamtry 6.0
Overneas $.0. Single Copies 10U
Advertisements at Reasonable Rates.
MRS. PHYLLIS 8HANr ALLPREY, Editor.
Put 11sbee at the HERALD PasavM y, 31 New Street, Roseau, Dominica, W.I
All subscriptions and other payments must be made at the above
address to J. MAROA sON CARL s,-Manager-Poprie*or
ROSEAU. SATURDAY AUGUST 25, 1962
THE GREAT JUMP UP
N THE LAST DAY of this month the West Indian island most
famous for fetes and carnival will engage in the biggest jump-
up of all. Trinidad will run herself right out of colonial status
into full independence ... and there is no higher leap, unless i
long jump into republicanism might possibly be predicted. We
can no longer think of Trinidad and her island ward Tobago as
part of the Eastern Caribbean. Rather we see her as she is on
the map, in geopolitical terms, as a broken off piece of the main-
land of South America, but with her own historical pride astd
prejudices; interlaced with Spanish, Freich,, British, African and
Indian influences, the last two being now paramount, and still
part of the Commonwealth.
This beautiful polygot or cosmopolis was at her. best in the
recent role pf Federal capital in those early days when goodwill
nearly prevailed. Whyt Because Trinidad had all the accout-
rements of a truly splendid liberal mixed society. The gay hospi
Wality and insouciance of the Trinidadians, before some of it be-
came soured by big-island jealousies. L--4 to be experienced to I
"be believed. These quick--oving many-shaled people, tolerant
of religious differences, proud of their newfound powers, burning-
ly' desirous of making a name in the arts and acting as Caribbcan
ringleaders, longing to shake free of the shackles of a socially inhi-:
biting past, merit our congratulations ian4 best wishes, even though
the manner in which their leaders brqtk away from the Federal
idea was a disappointment not only to us but to many of them.
There are certain associations which'will forever link us ecco-
nomically and emotionally with Trinidad and Tobago; fot exam-
ple some 40,000 Grenadians migrated there to work on the U .S.
cases and other projects, and they have settled; in Grenada itself
the minority party favours becoming a ward of Trinidad and lies
the new Trinidad flag. Other "small island" people once looked
upon Trinidad as a Mecca of opportunity.
After Carnival comes Lent, but we do not know whether
after the Big Jump Up on August 31, the Trinidad planners have
assigned any period for fasting or contemplation. From this quiet
retreat, we wish the new little nation a secure happiness which
will outlast elation.
WHEN IS GAMBLING WICKED P
Tremendons controversies have been going on in the islands
of St. Lucia and Montscreat over the proposed installations of
casinos or luxury gambling dens. In Montserrat, four members
of the ruling Labour Party resigned last June in protest against
Government measure to facilitate the creation of a gambling casino.
Two are members of the Montserrat Legislative Council. In St.
Lucia, where the Government is backing the installation of a
Casino in the Beanfield area, furious agitation has blown up and
religious censures are being brought to bear upon the project.
The question which occurs to us is, when is gambling wick-
edl It is well known that many Churches use mild f9rms of
Correspondents are asked to submit their full names
and addresses as a guarantee of good faith, but not neces-
sarily for poblicaibon. Letters should be kept as short as
possible. Controversial political letters will not be published
art m .
African Ainist r
From The Hon. Dr. Karefa
Smart, Freetown, Sierra
To the Editor, ,
How very kind of you to write to me
about my fate at the Supreme' Court.
Let me hasten to report that I have again
won my seat in Parliament (unopposed
or the third time), and have again
been sworn in as Minister of External
Affairs. The whole experience has
been a very valuable one, and my only
regret is that I' missed attending the
Jamaica Celebration to which I had
been invited as Sierra Leone's representa-
I shall be accompanying our Prime
Minister, Sir Milton Margai, to the
Commonwealth P. M.'s Conference in
London, after which I shall go to the
United Nations, Once more my family
is accompanying me-but we plan to
leave the two older ones in boarding
schools in England.
Thank you very much for sending
me the kind words written in your
paperahout me and my family. I
f between the lines that you are
fic as we are in West Afica, with
problems of integrity in family life,
especially among the "leaders". My
wife and I are doing our best to set as
good an example as we can.
I enclose ten dollars for a subscrip-
tion to your paper as far as it goes.
Your very sincerely.
Dear Sir or Madam,- I saw from
become a new industry in Dominica,
But what about my sad case which I
intend reporting personal to the Forestry
Adviser when he. return from family
holiday, Imagine in 1946 I paid Gov-
ernmnt $4o on account of some Crown
lands to by: in my name. They gave
me a receipt and never return me my mo-
ney saying I would hear more. I cul-
tivated the land as mine since that time.
It has good trees. It is in the Pont
Cassee area. A Forest Guard came in
recent days and cut down my wood.
He never showed me paper to give him
such authority. When I challenged
him he insultes me, saying "I am the
Government by control." He further
threatened me. In' the month of July
s959, I also lost zoo boards which was
ready for export. What good will forest
industry do to the poor peasant if some-
one come and take it? I am askirg that
Government give such Forest Guards
a badge along with a paper of authority
stating the lands from which wood can
I am, Yours faithfully,
(Full name and address supplied).
Sir, I believe that the time is part
when what happened in one island was
solely its own business. In view of at-
tempts at at closer association I do not
thinkrthat it could be otherwise.
With regard to the letter singed by
West Indianin the issue of July 28 I
would like to sympathize with the views
(Continued on p. 7)
SATURDAY, AUGUST ia. reos
gambling as a source of revenue: raffles, bingo parties, lucky dips
and the profits front certain betting activities have been welcomed
by most religious organizations. West Indians appear to love a
litde friendly gamble, and feel righteouss if it is in a good cause.
Come to think of it, every politician is in some sense a gambler...
he not only gambles his own career but also the people's future,
in the enigmatic lottery of elections. The Vatican City weekly
Sunday Observer "Osservatore della Domenica" stated recently
"Gamlling is not immoral in itself but may become so if the
gambler risks beyond his means". But who is going to judge
when that stage has been reached?
In our view, what is worrying the alarmists over this gam-
bling threat in islands which have never known organised casinos
is not just the throw of the dice or the turn of the wheel, but the
attendant vices which creep in when gaudy amusement palaces are
set up ... most cheap American thrillers will tell you what these
'evils are. So we have posed the question, when, and under what
circumstances, is a game of chance wicked?
SATURflA!l AUGUST ~s. 1962, DOMINICA HERALD PAGE IIV~
Report On A Visit To Guadeloupe & Martinique
In Connection With The Banana Industry Of
(Continued from our last issue).
General Field Observations And Field Practices
As already mentioned several plantations were visited and :i liumbcr of
cultivation were seen along the roadsides.
Varieties Grown: In Guadeloupe the variety of banana grown tor export is
the 'Poyo' known as the 'Porto Rique' in Dominica and Robusta; in the o.her
islands. The odd field of'Grande Naime' (Giant Cavendish) was osarved with
the persistent bracts, but this variety contributes a negligible quantity to the total
In Martinique 'Grande Naime' which contributes 60o, of the exports is
grown chiefly in the southern part of the island and 'Poyo' contributing 400" of
the exports is grown chiefly in the north.
Planting Material: Large acreages of newly planted fields in which the bull
head and 3 feet of the pseudostem, planted in a vertical manner were seen. Other
planting material seen was sword suckers on a small scale and 'maiden' rhizomes.
Preparation: The land where possible, was mechanically prepared by
subsoiling and or ploughing. Holes 18" x 18" were used in most instances.
For the large bull heads hdles were larger and deeper.
Density: The density of plants per acre varies between I, 200 and ,500oo.
Several plantations were visited where the population density varied between I,-oo
and 1,5oo0. The plants under good management were robust and had a healthy
appearance; and the bunches hanging would weigh approximately 35 to 40 tbs.
I.F.A.C. recommends that at low elevations, especially where it is possible to
cultivate mechanically, the plant density per acre should vary approximately
between ,500 to 5,000 plants per hectare, equivalent to 1,417 to 2,024 plants
per ace. *
At'high elevations where it is difficult to mebhanise I.F.A.C. recommends
densities of A50 to 3,30oo plants per hectare, equivalent to 9ro to 1,336 plants
per acre. Under such conditions a permanent crop such as coffee can be inter-,
Spacing: Several methods of spacing were observed. Little or no square
planting is adopted and the general rule 'is to plant close in the row with a wider
-,pacing between the rows.
I.F.A.Cirecomhiienid tile double ruw fmeihuds ;;.f pLhi:g,-4ahi- w-rows
close together with the plants alternating in the double row, with awider spacing
between the double r6ws. This method of planting facilitates spraying, the con-
trol of leaf spot, the application of insecticides and pesticides, and the harvesting
of the fiuit.
Double row sparing recommended by I.F.A.C. are as follows:--
3.3 6.5 9.9 o132
3.9 4.9 9.9 1282
3.9 4.9 7.7 1457
3.2 4,9 7-7 1542
Yields: The production of the small peasant farms vaiies foim 10 to 20
tons per hectare, equivalent to 4 to 8 tons per acre. On the large farms (planta-
tions) yields vary between 20 to 40 tons per hectare, equivalent to S to 16 tons
Yields on the better managed plantations are higher and yields as high as
6o tons per hectare (24 tons per acre) are obtained.
It is of interest to note that the average yield in til -\Vindward Islands
is about 4.5 tons per acre, with the best estates, of which trl i .are very few, pro-
ducing 8-Io tons per acre.
Exports: The export of bananas for the years I91b lo 1961 from the two
islands in metric tons were as follows:-
S1958 1959 1960o r196
121,991 T:2,- 1
15 5,400 140, 7
The Windward Islands exported o02,219 long : ,., ictric tons),
Bunch Weight: The average weight of bunches :~o:.e fiuim Guadcioupe
in 1960 was 17 kilos or 37 Its. and the minimum weigh- pi-c bunii shipped was
8 kiles or 17.6 lbs.
The average bunch weight of the fruit exported trulom ;Mairuquc in 1961
was 36.0 is.
For comparison the average bunch weight ported from the Windward
Islands in 196r was 26.3 fls.
Fertilizer Application: Compound fertilizers are used with low to medium
N and P and high K. Typical formulations used are 5:8:30, 8:8:28, 10:8:3o.
In addition to the complete fertilizer nitrogen is also applied. It is to recom-
mended that the nitrogenous fertilizer (Sulphate of ammonia) should be applied
towards the ending of the rainy season,
The rates of application varies between I to r1 kilos equivalent to approxi-
mately 2 to 3 lbs. of fertilizer per mat per year.
On plant mats most of the fertilizer is applied during the first 4 to 5 months,
during which time the plant is developing rapidly and the bunch is being
Leaf Spot control: The control ofleafspot was excellentin some areas and
poor in others in both islands. In Guadeloupe there are approximately 8,000
hectares (17,760 acres) of bananas 50% of which are sprayed and the balance is
not treated. 800 hectares (1,976 acres) are sprayed by air craft and 3,200 heetare
(7,904 acres) are sprayed by knapsack low volume spraying machines.. Both Eso
and Shell oils are used throughout the island. The comparative figures frt Mat-
tinique are not yet available.
(Continued on page 9)
TITLE 'BY REGISTRATION ACT
REGISTRY OF TITLES ISLAND OF DOMINICA
Schedule of Applications for Certificates of Title and Notings thereon and
Caveats for the week ending the 18th day of Aug., 1962.
Nature of request whether for
Date of Request Person Presenting Certificate of Title or Noting
thereon or Caveat.
Request dated Veronica Thomas Request for the issue of a FitstCer-
tificate of Title in respect, of, a
9th May, 1962 portion of land situate at
SRoseau, in the Parish
S Presented by her Solicitor of St. George, in the Colony of
17th Aug., 1962 Dominica containing 1,216 sq.
at 11.00 am. Vanya Dupigoy feet and bounded as follows:-
a biJOn the North-West by lands of
TheresaHurtault, On the North-
East by lands of Gretta Joseph, On the South West by Upper Lane, and
ltrbeS auth-PFnastye, renat Marlborough Street.
Roseau, 17th Aug. 1962
T. A. BOYD,
-Relgstrar of Titles
NOTE:-Any person who desires to object to the issuing of a Certificate of
Title on the above application may enter a Caveat in the above office within four
weeks from the date of the first appearance of the above Schedule in the
Oqficial Gazette and the DommeCA HiEALD newspaper published in this Island.
TITLE BY REGISTRATION ACT
REGISTRY OF TITLES ISLAND 01- DOMINICA
Schedule of Applications for Certificates of Title and Notings -hereon and
Caveats for the week ending 18th day of Aug, 1962.
Nature of Request whether for
Date of Request Person Presenting Certificate of Title or Noting
thereon or Caveat
Request dated Terence Hypolite Request for the issue.of a Pirst
Ceruticate of lfile in respect of
7th April, 1962 that lot of land situate at New.
by his Solicitor Fown in the Town of Roseau in
Presented the Parish of St. George, in the
8th March, 1962 Clifton A.H. Dupigny Colony of Dominica, containing
at 10.25 a. m. 4)00sq. It. and bounded as fol.
lows:- On the North-West by
land of W. Shillingford On the South.East by land of ference Hypolite and
Mrs. Giraud, On the South-West by the Beach and On the Nornh East by
Registrar's Office, T.A. BOYD
Roseau, 18th Aug, 1962 Registrar of Titles
NOTE:-Any person who desires to object to the issuing of a Certificate of
Title on the above application may enter a Caveat in ,he above office within four
weeks from the date of the lirst appearance of the above Schedule in the OfWOda
Gazette and the DOMINICA HERALD newspaper published in this Island
N 0 T I E
Subscribers are kindly asked to submit their pay.
ments as soon as possible so as to avoid any incon-
SATURDAY AUGUST is, 1962,
I is -
... __-U ~ Y U
PAkGE SJ:IXMNC EAf ATRAAGS s g
-- ftem -
Banana Association Meeting
(Cont. from our last issue)
Mr. Lionel Smith then showed samples of banana foliage which evidenced,
by their appearance, deficiencies in nutriment. Two to three feet tall plants over
6 months old had burnt looking leaves and all the leaves were grouped into a ros-
ette indicating phosphate deficiency. Potash deficiency, also is evidenced by rose-
tting and such plants have but four or five leaves. A pink coloration right along
the vein of a leaf indicates nitrogen deficiency. Mr. Smith also showed several
species of weeds (mostly from areas such as Giraudel/Bellevue Chopin and Wood-
ford Hill ) which grow profusely on soil deficient in phosphate. He emphasised
that deficiency in one of the gr9up N.P.K. (i.e. an out of- balance fertilizer) can
produce the same results as soil deficiency.
Mahaut Branch then proposed their resolution that the Price Stabilisation
Fund shuold be "raided" for another $200,000 to be loaned to Government to
build feeder roads for banana growers. Many speakers felt that this should be
given priority over the Fertilizer Credit Scheme since the cost of "heading" some-
times exceeded 5%o of the price received by the grower. In the event, the motion
was lost... 5 for, I2. against.
A resolution from Marigot asking the board to review the price differential
between the North and South was lost nenr. con., after the chairman had explain-
ed the origin of the differential (a question of transport costs). A resolution asking the
Boardto reduce its operating cost was proposed by the St. Joseph Branch and
carried unanimously. From the speech of the Portsmouth delegate, it would
appear that this was aimed at blocking the pay claim of th union. (N.B. The cess
per lb. ofo.7750 is made up of o.z125 for Administration, 0.400 for Leaf Spot
Control and the balance of o.z12 for Insurance.) Finally, the meeting went
through the Report by Mr. D.A. Perryman. on his visit with Mr. R.E.Osborne to
the French Islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique in connection with the Banana
Industry, This report is being printed-in full in :the THE HERALD, and
can be read in last week's issue & page 5 this issue. .
.ThS Strem.4W 4t* 0 b.
New Aid Direcfor
Joh-n L. Stegmaier, 47, career foreign
service officer, will be the new Director
ofthe U.S. Agency for International
Development Mission to the Eastern
Caribbean. The new director succeeds
Harry W. Yoe who headed the mission
for nearly two years be fo re re-
turning to Washington as Special Assis-
tant to Ambassador Teodoro Moscoso.
Mr. Stegmaier's field of responsibility
tensively in the far East. He will be
accompanied by his wife and four child-
Syrians May Block Jews
Damascus ith July (CP): The
Syrian Foreign Minister has instructed
his diplomatic envoys to urge the Europ-
ean Common Market members not to
permit any association of Israel with the
Economic Ccmmunity as Syria would
regard this as an "act of aggression
aga inst ail Arab countries."
I P. H. WILLIAMS & G.
S (Corner Gt. Geo. & Gt. Marlboro' Streets)
From Friday Augus 31st to Saturday Sept. 8th
Slashing Reductions On Price Of All
SItems From The Biggest To The Small-
est Put On Display
Whole stock range, complete lines and sets,
Single articles, and in fact everything must
Sbe cleared to make room for fresh stocks
IA Practical Autumn clearance To1
SMake Room For Christmas ioods
This Is Your Opportunlity Fr
1 Pre Christmas
- r.Wn p - ---~ia,
P. H. WILLIAMS & GO.
...n..o n..s n....r...o....kru I~rru u
The "Variety" Store
C. G.PHILLIP-& CO. LTD.
Flortiles; Electric Irons : Toasters And Fans:
Floor Polishers: Household Deep Freezers
And Refrigerators: Sp r i n g
Paints Etc: Etc:
Meanwhile in London rumblings of
staff discontent seeped out of Bucking-
ham Palace with eighteen of Queen
Elizabeth's servants reported complain-
ing to their union. Bad working hours
and excessive regimentation were given
will include, beside Trinidad and To- AInne' Birthday as chief factors behind the discontent.
bago, where headquarters are located. Ballaer Sco ina July I (CP):- According to one union source the palac
the Windward an Leeward Islands and rincessA celebrated her twelh as warned that unless working cxndi
Barbados. W s
Sara dos birthday at Balmoral Castle, the Royal tions improve "a major crisis will blov
Mr. Stgmaier, a graduate of Harv- Family's nearby summer home. British up",
ard with a Bachelor of Arts degree in ir newspapers published a new closeup
tcrnational relations, 1937, has served ex porrrait of Princess Anne and of Prince SUPPORT THE HERALD
The 1ichest Sotl
SATURDAY, AUGUST as,. tg96
~&TU1~DA't AUUT2,16,fOlrIAADPC EE
THROUGH THE LOOKING GLASS
AT thi historical moment, Dominica could swing favourable public attention on g
her self could materially I help herself, could relieve human suffering of ar
scores of others ---at not one cent of cost to our depleted treasury! Howi 'You
ask how can Dominica do all these things at no expense whatsoever? p
Listen to our story and then honestly ask yourselfjif this is not only true but P
also noble, charitable and democratic: 'There is a British colony that has so many w
People that there are over 8,200 souls to the square mile! Many of these people m
have businesses, brains and ability but they cannot leave their colony. In the past n
ten year, for example, Canada has only taken zo,ooo of these people, the U.S. w
less than 7,ooo-over a ten-year period. Strict quotas on visas keep these indus- a'
trious pl~ce out of most countries in the world.
Who are these people They are citizens of Hong Kong! Yes, of course, i
Chinese. And wh4t would Dominica want with them? Well, we talk of our b
island's economy drying up--or at best, relying on one item, bananas, to keep us P
going. If we wrote Hong Kong's Legislative Council and to the Colonial
Secretary, Claude Burgess, and invited 5,000 families to come to Dominica.,- P
what would happen? Can you imagine the industry, the agriculture, the happi-
ness that would shower on Dominica: Chinese are notoriously hard workers.
They have a world-wide reputation as astute businessmen. They are clean-living
and gentle people. If we open our hearts to these oppressed people little Dominica
will be showing the world real Christianity. We will be one people who practice
"help thy neighbour" instead of just plouthing it idiotically!
The newspaper Tiger Standard in Hong Kong would be more. than happy r
to screen our new arrivals for us making certain they have sufficient funds to begin a
life here without being a burden to our charities. We could, for example, b
specify that there must be at least one doctor for every zoo families who apply to
come here; that there must be at least one qualified school teacher in every forty "
families admitted; that theremust be so many nurses per hundred families; so many r
lawyers, etc. This is Important as if there were only four doctors to apply in the
entire 5,000ooo admitted, our own doctors would be unable to cope with thj new
influx; schools'the same way, etc.
But have no fear that the Chinese to come here would come to sit and idly
look at the Blue Caribbean! No sir! To get the chance to live a-ife without
tyranny, without the spectre of starvation, these people would be a credit to
Dominica--and in so being, would pull Dominica up as a strong, thriving,
growing iatd progressing place. World-renowned organizations iike the ord
Foundation would, we at certain, send in teams of skilled personnel to help esta-
blish our new neighbours and, if need be, purchase Crown land in large blocks
to re-distribute into smaller plots to the thousands of applicants who would need
housing, clothing, food, etc. at the outset. Yes, Britain herself would happily
help this migration since she is more than puzzled at what to do to relieve the.
dangerously swollen population of Hong Kong; Wouldn't it be ironic for
Dominica to open its portals to strangers just as England has closed her's?
But the effects of this migration would be far reaching. We would have
-ietyplittl; language problems since many Hong Kong Chinese speak good English
blt wecould have a problem in such things as Customs, Telephone, airport, etc.
which are just now barely able to cope with their every-day Dominica needs
without having .,,ooo new people descend on their facilities. But again, there
are dozens of groups all over the world ready, willing and able to lend the neces-
sary money, nay GIVE, the money, to build new and larger facilities for such a
So, whether you are the type of person who would like to enjoy better roads,
new schools, shiny modern shops and stores, fatter paychecks for every Domini-
can; or, whether you are the type of person who just wants the satisfaction, the
warm glow that comes with helping another human being who is in real trouble-
then get behind this' scheme and talk it up, write your warm approval and endorse-
ment to the C. M. Have it brought to a vote. Ask your friends and neighbors
what they think about it.
S If you are a merchant on Dominica, are you afraid of competition or do you
welcome nt If you are a housewife, do you fear your child might one day marry
a Chinese? If you are a clergyman, can you say "No. let them starve, let them
die like rats under the heel or Red China's boot.": And if you are a planter,
what would you say a year from now when crops of all kinds ire flooding the
market Two years from now when twice as many ships come here to take (not
bring) food and merchandise! Five years from now when Dominica is now no
longer a Grant In-Aid island but instead is paying her own way with money left
over in the treasury!
Or, if you prefer to forget the glowing economic benefits of admitting 5,ooo
self-supporting Chinese refugees-one in twelve of us would have yellow skin-
then, when you go into your church to pray tomorrow, thank God that the situa-
tion is not reversed, that your homeland was not seized by the Communists in
1949. For that is the only decent thing any of us can do.
SUPPORT THE HERALD
(Cont. from page 4)
:pressed. The situation as explained
ally exists and accounts for the slow pro-
ess in the removal of insularity from
nong our people.
I believe that one way to help tackle the
problem is by way of excursions properly
planned on both sides; in this way there
would be conducted tours and organised
meetings which despite the short time
necessarily available during excursions
wouldd ensure the maximum benefit-and
void any waste of time.
I am a strong supporter of exchang-
ig visits between islands and I would
e happy to be of assistance in any way
The problem is not insuperable but it
probably needs a new approach.
VERNON I. A. WEEKS
Sir In the'current issue of the Ca-
ibbean Challenge of August, 1962,
t page 3 is a very timely article written
iy Miss Rhona George of St. Vincent.
One article is under the heading 'of:
.hoe on the other foot, As it deals
mainly of the behaviour of young men qo-
vards young girls, and there is no doubt
f the facts so candidly exposed by tihe
writer, I;hereby recommend its reading
o all young men and their parents.
Surely, Miss Rhona Geprge has been
courageouss enough to touch upon this
'uhaknightly behaviour" witnessed in
With Balsac I would counsel the
young men, "save the girl from herself"
S. J. LEWIS
Luthuli To Be Uni-
Mr. Albert John Luthuli, the exiled
Zulu Chief and winner of the Nobel
Prize fr 1960 has accepted an invitation
to becoa a non-party cand date in the
Glasgow Uniesity Rectorial election in
October, it is announced :n (lasgow.
He was invited to stand by a non-patty
group of students which iiuudes the
chairman ofthe Universiy Labiour Club,
the president of the Liberal Club and
the president of the University Union.
Four other candidates have been
nominated so far in the Rectorial lec-.
tion Mr. Edward Health, Mr. Stirling
Moss, (the racing driver) Dr. R.D, Mc-
Intyre, Chairman ofthe Scottish Nation-
al Party, and the Earl ofRosebery. (BIS)
Plea To United Nation
expected by many observers Lu-
thuli has been muzzled by the segrega-
tionist white government in South Afri-
da. Luthuli, banned by the recently
approved Sabotage Bill, is how under
even tighter restriction than before. A
British newspaper, the Manchester
Guardian, published a plea from Lu-
thuli for the United Nations to take more
action to obtain basic human rights for
South Africa's 12 million non-whites.
Luthuli's Appeal was one. he 'could
not make in his own country,'since the
harsh terms of the Sabotage Bill prohi-
bit publication of his statements. The
same applies to the ioi others already
silenced hy the measure. A little more
than half of those whose names appear,
on the first "igag" list are whites. Of
the rest s5 are Africans and the rest are
Irdian and persons of mixed blood ....
Luthuli said South Africa tinder the rul-
ing Naonahst teregimela a sik-
ing record among progressive sections of
the world "and "is one of the blbck sheep
of mankind." He said the Sabotage
Act heialds" an era oftyranny and stiffer-
ing harsher than any we have ever ex-
periepced. .However, he, said the bill
also serves as an "admission by the gov-
ernment of the effectiveness of our free-
,dom struggle and of its latent potential-
Co mm en c in g
Saturday August 25th
a Reduction of 15 per cent will be given
on ALL Cash Purchases
This is Your Chance. to Own Your
SChoice of any of the
FAMOUS dlUyY0 WATCHES
Yes, Clocks, Watches, Jewellery, and many
fancy items will be subject to 15 percent
R. A. FRAMPTON'S
KING GEO. V STREET
SATURDAY 'AUGUST i., 1962,
Avv-- I -
PAG ~G~f~'DOMNIA HRAD ATUDA, AGUT z, 96
Notice Of Application
For Liquor Licences
To the Magistrate District "E'
& the Chief of Police
We L. DELSOL & Sons, now
residing at Goodwill, Parish of St.
George, do hereby give you notice that
it is our intention to apply at the Magis-
trate's Court to be held at Roseau, on
Tuesday, the 2nd day of October, 1962,
ensuing for a retail LIQUOR
LICENCE in respect of my premises at
Angle Great George & River Street.
Parish of St. George.
Dated the 9th day of August, 1962
L. DELSOL' & Sons.
To the Magistrate District "E"
-& the Chief of Police
We L. DELSOL & Sons, now re-
siding at Goodwill, Parish of St. George,,
do hereby give you notice that it is our
intention to apply at the Magistrate's
Court to be held at 'Roseau, on Tuesday
the 2nd day of Octoctber 1962 ensuing
for a, retail TAVERN LICENCE in
respect of my premises at Angle Great
George & River Street.
Parish of St. George.
Dated the 9th day of August, 1962
L. DELSOL & Sons,
To the Magistrate Distict. "E"
%.-Ck:enrP1;r re > -
I NELLIE ABRAHAM, now sid-'
ipg at Anse de Mai P4rish of St. Andrew
'do, hereby give you .n'tnce 'that it is my,
intention to apply at the Magisttate's
Court to be held at Portsmouth on'Tues-
day, the and day of Octocber 1962, en-
suing for a retail LIQUOR LICENCE
in respect of my premises at Anse de Mai
Parish of St. Andrew.
Dated the 7th of August, 1962.
To the Magistrate District "G"
& the Chief of Police
I DELICE ETIENNE now resid-
ing at Penville Parish of St. Andrew do
hereby give you notice that it is my in-
sention to apply at the Magistrate's Court
to be held at Portsmouth on Tuesday
2nd day of October 1962, ensuing for a
retail LIQUOR LICENCE in respect
of my premises at Penville Parish of St.
Dated the 18th day of August 1962z
This is to inform the General Public
that I will not be responsible for any
debt or debts contracted by my wife
MAGRITTA HARPER, Nee SAM-
UEL she having left my home without
my consent or any just cause.
(Sgd.) SILAS HARPER
7th Aug, r962
British Press Hails
First African Cultural
Two British newspapers- "The
Times" and thi: "Sunday Times" -
pay tribute to the First Congress on
African Culture nust concluded in
The Conigcs,- as it finally came into
being .ws i;iiumn on almost very
count, s hs 'iTin Tuines". Delegates
were drawn i-oir. t'irc continents and
included m.rny of those who have done
most to present i scientific idea of
African art, music and history.
The upper galleries of the National
Gallery in Salisbury housed an exhibi-
tion of masterpieces of African art that
would have embellished any museum in
the world. Museums and private col-
lectors had rallied unsparingly to the
task of assembling what was by a long
way the finest and most comprehensive
exhibition of African art ever to have
been seen in Africa.
Shechem, City Of
AMMAN, r9th July, CP:-United
States Archeo o g i s t s have unearth-
ed the remains of the ancient biblical city
of Shechem, a religious centre dating
nearly 2,000 years before Christ, the
Jordan Antiquities Department announ-
ced today. Shechem is mentioned in
Judges ch. 9 as 'having been destroyed
by Abimelech. The team from the
American School of Orientral Research
at Jerusalem found a processional road
leading from the lower city to the earl-
iest temples and a massive altar topped
by a great flat stone.
One building is believed to be the
shrine where Patriarch Abraham wors-
hipped. The Department said that Shec-
hem was "an important administrative
centre ofthe northernrIsraelite kingdom."
Peace Corps In Nyasaland
Dr. Hastings K. Banda, President
Malawi Congress Party said recently
"Anyone who does not like Americans
in Nyasaland can pack up and go.
We want Americans to help us,"
Dr. Banda, speaking in Blantyre, said
that teachers from the U. S. Peace
Corps are to work in the territory next
SATURDAY, AUGUST 2S, 1961
SATUIJ- A AtIUS I 9I lMNC 1E~L AENN
Report On A Visit To Guadeloupe & Martiniqu
In Connection With The Banana Industry Of
(Continued from page 5)
In Martinique both Shell and Esso oils are used for the control-of leaf spot,
and in addition z,oo acres are sprayed with HD-413, and the acreage sprayed
with this product is expanding.
Fields sprayed with HD-413 had a darker green appearance than fields sprayed
with oil and the control of leaf spot was exceedingly good.
In Martinique the oil is applied by both aircraft and misting knapsack
machines. HD4I3 is applied, so far, by misting knapsack sprayers but trials are
being carried out for its application by air.
It was of great interest to note the effective control of leaf spot by the use of
oil or HD413 applied by misting knapsack sprayers on plantations with mat
densities of 1,200 to 1,400 per acre.
The rate of application of oil varies with the method of application; with air-
craft spraying 9 to 12 litres per hectare equivalent 0.83 to 1.1 gallons per acre.
and with knapsack misters 15 to 20 letres per hectare equivalent to 1.3 to 1.8
gallons per acre are used.
Irrigation: A number of the larger estates have irrigation plants laid down
through their fields. Unfortunately qone of the irrigation plants were in operation
at the time the islands were visited as this is the rainy season.
Preparing Fruit For Export: The bunches arc either wrapped or boxed on
the plantations or in sheds near the shipping port. The wrapping procedure is
Pads made of imported straw and sometimes with dry banana trash and
covered with paper, are placed between the hands of the bunch. The bunch is
then wrapped in thin brown paper. This package is then placed on thicker
brown paper with a layer of straw in between the two layers of paper, the bunch
is wrapped and securely tied with string. The completed wrapped bunch has a
For boxing fruit the hands are removed from the stalk in a similar manner as
is done here, the box padded with paper and straw aid the hands packed in.
At Basseterre in Guadeloupe the fruit is loaded on to. barges and towed to
the ship at anchor. In Martinique the fiuit is loaded by several elevator t on to
the ship at the rate of 8,000 bunches per hour.
r."anizati'!n f-Tfe Industry' --Tht -is- o r-ganis-aon le th Bana
Association in the Windward Islands controlling the industry. There are several
large companies that purchase and ship fruit to France on consignment.
A large number of the small growers are now formed into co-operatives by
La Societe d' Assistance Technique et de Credit Social d' Outre-Mer
(S.A.T.E.C.), which is financed by France. S.A.T.E.C. runs a fertilizer
spraying and marketing tcedit scheme for small farmers whose holdings varies from
a minimum of i to a maximum of To hectares (2.5 to 24.7 acres),
Prices: The average prices received by the grower in Guadeloupe in 1961
varied from 18 to 20 francs per kilo (2.7 to 3.2. B.W.I, cents per lb.) with the
range of 45 to o francs (6.8 to o.o B.W.I. cents per lb.)
The average price received for a railway wagon of bananas in France
exwharf during 1961 was o9 NF per kilo (13.6 B.W.I. 0 per 1b.);
the prevailing price for the week ending 24th July, 1962 was 125 NF per 1oo
kilograms equivalent to 2to B.W.P per tb.
The visit to the two French islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique was a
demonstration of how to obtain a high efficiency of production, at least, far higher
than what is obtained in the Windward Islands. It is apparent, that it is only on
account of this high standard of efficiency that the banana growers in the French
islands are still in the banana business. Their labour wage rates are higher than
those prevailing in the Windwards and the annual average price received by the
producer is no better than that received in the Windwards.
The U.K. green boat price over the past years is on the downward trend and
thereis every indication that there will be a further depressing effect on the green-
boat price when the U.K. joins the European Common Market; to survive in this
ever competitive market and to put the banana industry on a sound economic
basis, every effort will have to be made to increase efficency, that is, to increase the
yield of bananas per unit area of land.
The writer is much indebted to Monsieur Guyot, the Director of I.F.A.C, and
his staff in Guadeloupe, and Monsieur Subra in Martinique for conducting the tours
to places of interest and for the kind hospitality extended. Mention must also be
made of Mr. Branche of S.A.T.E.C. who supplied useful information, and to
Monsieur Daudin and Hyot for conducting tours to banana plantations.
D.A. PERRYMAN- Generas Manager
WINDWARD ISLANDS BANANA GROWERS ASSOCIATION
zsth July, 1962.
Miss Violet Harewood, aged 19, working in'CentrallCotton Ginnery A nti-
gua. (See New Ideas, New Wealth on page 2).
--- --- 1
Rabbits come out of hats .
but relie! from stubborn oughs
comes out of a bottle Oa
When you nave a oo'ug that
tiangs on it mean that PoW
resistance la tow You **d the double scticm a
Ferrol Compound Ferrol Compound i the tonic c0o0h
remedy that ralse yovur rea tarnce u It cures 7i W
Quiz Corner . . by Tom Frost (BIS)
Here arc some more questions to test your knowledge. The answers are also
given, so check your answers with them, score a mark foi each correct one and see
how well you can do.
1. The Tapir is a short-legged, pig-like animal and has four "toes" on its
front feet but only three on its hind feet. Where is it usuajy found?
2. Is East Bengal a part of the Pakistan Republic or of the Republic of
3. Which city is the capital (and also the most important seaport) ofCeylon?
4. What is the name of the President of the Republic of Indonesia?
5. In which South American country were the 1962 Association Football
World Cup matches played?
AND HERE ARE THE ANSWERS:
(,ouJEoogS,, ua3n!U satrUauJos) ouJrfns C1Q "tr
Isne sMulo (uessV Jo lr)lsp a JloJ i' 'A" llAS adupnpui) lueuag srg *z
*Ae fi jo uonpalpaJ aqi ut pur 'taJ!oau qinoS puu liua) uj *L
SATURDAY AUGUST il, t96,.
D OMINICA ERAL
SATURDAY, AUGUST s,. z~i6
Courtesy & Salesmanship
Jaycees to hua Seninar
The iominica J .ycc.. arc ',1iv tLo
put into our comuinity Hie tiun cdge oi
a wedge when they uta i, Laemunmr tor
Commercial Lc.ia. e~ 01hop Assistants
on Monday, Sept moet 3: they are hoping,
to raise the standard of COURTESY'
ir the island, particularly in the 'shops.
The first day (after the welcome by the
Presidentand an Opening Address,by
His Honour the. Adminstrator), they
start off with a talk by Fathei Huysmans
on the Cardina Vituesi followed by talks
'by Mr, Oliver.Green, the S.M.O. and
Mr. Bruciie'Robiison. eThe next day
talks (opened by Canon Lane) are on
'"We get:asmuch as we give", "Punctu-
ality", "O.bedience' ahnd'Courtesy and
General Demeqio r"..The third day lead-'
ing members of the Community lecture on'
"Disciplitne" '"Loyalty , efficiency "
,and "Econoniy". The toutth day (Tlurs-.
day) is given over to Civics and aspects
of Commercial Service. and the Friday to
addresses by H. H. the Adniuiistrator,
the Minister of Labour and Social Services
and the AdIlt Education Officer (follow-,
'ed by a:film).
The Seminar starts each day it 5.30
and goes oh until 7.30 (with: time for
questions). The venue is St.' Grard's
Hall and the ,pubic is 'invited to what
should be a useful and instructive week
of talk and discussion.
Garibo Officers Skip Dorminiicr
San Juan, Puerto Rico-Aunust 17,
-Mr.-aiTug C. Miller; Natrnil Ircsourics
Development Officer of the Ccttial
Secretariat of the Cribbean Organiza-
non, willpay official visits to the islands
of Barbados and St. Vincent over the
period August 19-3i.
-In Barbados and St. Vincknt, Mr.
Miller will bring himself up to date on
agicultural problems and development
plis (including fisheries development)
an will view the major projects in
On a familiarisation visit of Guade-
loupe, Martinique, St. Lucia and Bar-
bados the information Officer of the
Caribbean Organization, Mr. A. J.
Symour, will leave Puerto Rico on
August 19 to return on September 2.
,* He will meet representatives of press
and radio in these islands and discuss
with them ways and means of improv-
ing the two-way flow of information
between the Central Secretariat and the
,countries served by the Organization.
Discussions will centre also on the
radio programmes of music and news
from the Caribbean which it is proposed
to inaugurate in the near future.
SPECIAL OFFER FOR AUGUST
PITCH PINE BOARDS
x 6" x 8-20ft, T&G
AT 30e per ft.
J. ASTAPHAN & CO. LTD.
Aug. 11-Sept. 29
GOLD JEWELRY, WIDEST RANGE
J, ASTAPHAN & CO, LTD
DRY GOODS DEPT.
Aug. 11--Sept. 29
WP would like .to inform our
Friends and customers that.
Our self-service department
Will remain open during
Lunch hours on. Saturday
J. ASTAPHAN & CO. LTD,
Aug. 18 -Ot. 6
One Clerk well versed in Accounis--
Salary according to qualifications and
experience, Apply to Manager, Geest
Industries Ltd., Roseau. .
Aug. 25-Sept. 8
BRITISH NATI f1tALT AT I
Notice is hereby g that Miss Jo-
sian Maria Winston of~bodwill, Dom.
inica, has applied to the Adininstrator of
Dominica for naturalization, and that any
person who knows 'of any reason why
naturalization should .not be granted
should send a written and signed state-
ment to that effect to the Administrator
Rio Air Crash
Rio De Janeiro Aug 21st CP:- A
Brazilian DC-8 Jet Airliner with
more than one hundred persons aboard,
swerved off the runaway-on takeoff last
night and plowed flaming into Guan-
anabara Bay here. The complete toll
of dead and missing are still not known.
today. Thirty bodies were recovered
by this morning from the Bay. The
Plane was bound for Paris and Lon-
don. Many survivors were picked up
by the police launch as they clung to the
wreckage of the plane.
. .............. ......... ................................ .. ...... .... .............
: J. ASTAPHAN & CO
SAnnounces the opening of t;hirh Laundromat on MVonday 26th
," instant. For one we'k v w wli charge 50 cents (half price)
. for the washing and dryi.ig ot a maximum of 91ts. of clothes
I per cycle. This is in keeping with our policy to make your
Shopping a pleasure,
*.*.. ....-.... ................ ..- *........ ...... ...**.. ................
PERfSORS IN THE NEWS
CAN X -'L ~'.N B.roadncasting Corpo
ration I sb :;., 'C.cpIl.cntdr vcs to Bar
bados to ir.tvmilw Sir Grandey Adams
and Hon. Enol Barrow on the future of
the West Iudcs, due to Canada'rsteady.
interest in friendly association and trade
with these islands. *: MR. W. "AN-"
DREW Rose is to be Trinidad's High
Commissioner in Cnapd BUS-.
TAMANTE has saclo"el f nout of
eleven, jen ,otheJa a: 'c ]
Corporation. FOUR' meme of
W.H. 0: staff-- D. Geitle, Mr.
Standifer, Miss Cunningham & Miss
Thamson are currently visiting Domin-
ica, to help solve our' health problems.
*;SIR GRANTLEY ADAMAS,, first
Prime Minister of the Westi nhlies, has
not so far received a cent of te minimal
and terminal pay due to him by agree-
ment with the Colonial Office, and
neither have any of the other Federal
.Ministers: it is not known, wether Sir
Grantley's agreed pension is' also, in
aleyance.-* D. G. S. ldBoy,.Clayton
Shillingford, has .been awarded 'ind.
Class Honours in his B.- ScSt ,,Gneral
Arrived Thuisday, Mii. F eicity. Bol-.
jt6n,; on. Sec; of Bri4ish Ciarbbean`
association, ona five daiyvisit to Dom-
De Gaulle Unhurt
Paris 22 Aug. C'P:-An unsuccess-
ful attempt was made on President de
rGauMll-_ }1;,&. "Ill, euh .nnht
Shots were fired :at dea Gaulle's car as
he drove to Villacoublay military air
port. Nooe was hurt first reports
said. De Gaulle, who had interrupted
his summer vacation at Colombey-les-
Deux-Eglises and returned to Paris to
attend a 'Cabinet meeting, was driving to
the military airport, outside Paris to take
a plane to his country home Colombey
when shots were fired. At a later
meeting stifler measures 'were'decided.on
as to how to deal with opponents of
the regime and gangsters in possession of
firearms and explosives.
T* n bresk aucona b
Sons -Btl<7 O rOWG** *S
seads to heba throat. cet-nMMHB
eoodal Heldps relax tat. nar b-
Q. ..uickly ane thio.s tsl
.. sootths raw. pintfl memibn
sehke: Make BUCKILES a bs-I
"must" for ea0 br t hl ..I
eough-Iree sleep. That' whly iW
b et tler? for 20 yeern--
-". aui-ees:'s onltahi IfrOn
got BUCKLEYS today
all D rgrt
U. W. I. NEWS
Art Courses In The Eastern Caribbean
The Department of Ext.i-Mnrual
Studied. of the University of tie \\'L t In-
dies is airrngng short courses for teachers
of Art and otidi interested in the sub-
ject. These couises will be held during
the month of August in Grenada, St.
Vincent, St. Lucia and Barbados. The
lecturer will be Gloria Escoffy, the well"
known Jamaican artist. At the end of
her tour MissiEs&dfy will' hold an ex-
hibiti6n of her work in Port-of-Spain.
In Grenada and St. Vincent the
coursewill be ftthose who teach art to
children of vatiousages. There will be
lectures, demonstration workshops and
general lectures to'which the public will
be invited.In St Lucia, Miss Escoffery
will give lectures and hold discussions
with persons connected with art, In
Barbados thee will be morning demon-
strations and evening lectures illustrated
withfilms. She will no : e coming to
Errol ill B. A., M. F. A. (Yale),
'who has been n study leave at Yale Un-
iversity has now returned to Trinidad and
:tken up:his duties with the Extra-Mural .
department ofthe University of the West
'Inhdies.-asiStaff Tutor in Creative Arts.
'.He 'will beresponsible for the develop.
mient of the University's programme for
the creative arts in Trinidad, Barbados,
British Guiana & the Windward Islands.
White Paper Memoranda
SThe. ~ LD acknowledges receipt
of memorn.o the Report of the East
C'-aribbeai'sfl toin ProtxIsals White
Paper m i .4os Cifvil Service Assocation
and also fl the D. U. P. P. These
will be'eviewed in a forthcoming issue
-TOWN COUNCIL POLITICAL MEETING
Report by Commentator
On August 17 the Mayor of Roseau
held a public meeting "to enlighten the
people ofRoseau" on the work of the
Town Council. Only two other
members of Council spok-- Miss
Veronica Nicholas, who read correspon-
dence fiom tje Secretary of State and
from. local Government, and Mr.
Deverill Lawrence (who took the chair
in the absence of Mr. J.B. Charles).
The meeting was in effect a political
one, consisting of an attack on the
Government of Dominica for allegedly
frustrating or withholding financial
assistance and collaboration from Roseau
Town Council; it contained the usual
broadsides against ex-Federal Minister
Mrs. Allfrey who was (as is habitual)
misquoted. A moderate crowd listened
to the Mayor's -75-minute tirade.
Admitting the deplorable state of
Roseau's streets, Mr. Lestrade blamed
this condition and other civic miseries
on Dominica's present Labour Govern-
ment. The meeting was a defensive
one; Mr. Lawrence, winding up,
told the audience that after listening to
what was said, it was up to them to
return Labour candidates at the forth-
coming Council elections to repeat the
shortcoming of the present Government.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J. MAROARTSON CHARLES,
THE HERALD'S PRINTERY, 31, NEW ITRmBT, ROSBAU, DOMINICA,
SATURDAY AUGUST 25, 1962,