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the U.N. Charter
_, m imcall trail
FREEDU.o F .i.M V.,7
FRE OM FROM FEAR
(For the General Welfare o.
0D;owmi.ca), -he J..-.- -r advancermen, oC thA W"s: '- i.e -,a .he C.i.: .la. A.re- as a whole)
S 4TURDAY, JUNE 2, 1962 PRICE 100
FARE :V'ELL FIRST FEDERATION!
THE first Federation of the West Indies breathed its last on
Thursday, May 31, 1962, at Midnight. This is one of the
tragedies of West Indian History an episode that is indelibly
recorded on the history of a people composed of all the races oi
mankind. Last Thursday evening closed a chapter in the history
of West Indians who originated from East and West. They had
pledged "to dwell together in soil who spared not himself
unity". But this was an ideal and gave his life to link ex-
too high for them; they could slaves from Africa, Indians
S ll not attain unto it. Inspite ifom Asia and America, Chin-
of this undertaking among ese from the Far East and
themselves, .t wo territories insist, Europeans from across the At-
aed on their differences. E'Like lanuc into a nation that bade
Sthe hypocritical I.arisee right fair.,tomake a contribution to
at the altar, Jamaica and Trini- a sin-sick 'vo6rld.
dad and Tobago flattered ..But alas! the things all West Indians
themselves that they were unlike hae ini common-tradition, custom,
and aov o .s in th der i. uanguage, culture, laws, social structure
an. aoV. 'o ers teerf s ie allowed .to, go: overboard,, be-
aton" .nd: .. natural to sUp- cause the one .difference-the' econo-
,p.ose .thy, in going by them- mic-was regarded as the one thing
.:elves lone, will have a rankling needfulfor d'.dliog together in unity.
'ir thyiureasy breasts, and they It reins* to *wish lhe Secoid
S. .," Indian F'deAtiien.. sucic. Its
... .. .. ..- ... .- ,j-'''A ^ -'- .ai -iJ -c i .t. -Z .-.. L ,*
[erein lies the danger of failings of the first Federauon rt large
and dly possessions.- before its eyes. Its,' most formidable
-,.,so n -.fo pthe rem ain- ,,em y is en
.rlls o ns s i e n e m y Is se lfis h ae ss .' T h d p o lb tc a l I
L 9l- o e remain- drs hae shown commendable
S-Litdi Ei gt".- Already -courage and determination in holding
ang them is'the tendency for on to an ideal which, was no' more
elementinGrenada, to con- than a.wrcckage. This demonstration
'r themselves bigger and o. do ution ant grit 'ii the face of
after than the rest ggemuch opposluon by political oppor-
ater than the rest.tunts will ever be forgotten. Al-
At this juncture all- true- ready world opinion is strong on the
arted a d greful West i side of )the second Federatiqn, and
i an grate West with consistency, foresight and unsel-
dians remember the late fishness in the interest of peace, progress
'. Albert Marryshow of Gren- and prosperity, posterity will bless the
da, "the Father of Federation". buffetted believers and architects who
knd we ask Grenada to re- picked up the broken bits of the first'
number a great West Indin Federation and resolve to construct
ember a great West Indian from them an edifice which the world
atrot and prophet, son of their may yet admire and respect.
THE FABULOUS CASTAWAYS HOTEL
Presents another GRAND DANCE featur-
ing the finest Orchestra in Dominica
THE TIP TOPPERS
Dancing fromi 9,30 until ?? ?
SAWDZSSION $5 PER COUPLE
RESERVATIONSS ALSO TAKEN FOR DINNERS', DIHFIER
PARTIES, WEtDING RECEPTIONS ETC.
A parade will take place at the
Botanic Gardens on Saturday the 2nd
day of June to oberve the Queen's
birthday. (Her Majesty was born on
the 2ist April, 1926.) The parade
will consist, of a contingent of the
Police Force, the Dominica Grammar
School C.ad.t Cu os. a :n ex service
men. The G(vernmcnt Music Lovers'
Band will be in attendance. His
Honour the Admistrator, Colonel Alec
Lovelace, will take the salu'e at the
March Past, and there will be the
usual feu de joie and breaking : of
the standard, followed in the evening
by the usual "At Home" at Govern-
--, - -' . f -
BARGLAYS BANK D..O.
BANK'S 'DVID~ L
0T THE COLONY
The Dominica delegation, comr
prising of Hon. E. LerBlanc, Chief
Minister; Hon. N. A. N. Ducreay,
Minister of Trade and Production;
Hon. N. A. Berridge, Attorney Gen-
eral and Mr. A, D. W, Johnson,
financial Secretary, returned to the
territory on Tuesday afternoon from
tle WVest Indiaa Conference .recently
held in London.
The Hon. W. S. Stc''ins arid Mr.
Farley, Horticulturist. w..1o happened
to have been at-the Air Port at the
time incidentally met the Delegates on
SUNDAY JUNE 3, 1962
Services in all the Churches. Youth
Rally 4 p.m. -at Benjamin's Park,
-All schools and Youth Organiza-
tions in the North will hear The
Cueen's M~iac e re h.by H Honour
Barclays Bank D. C, 0. have declared minister of Labour and Social Services
Interim dividcnrd 5s% Actual in Or i'llowed' by March Past Pjlice Bani
dinary Stock payable 2nd July less in Attendance Songs by. schools..
Income Tax at Standard R.,. '7-9d. Vote ptf Thaiua s by Youth.
in the pound. 1'. :I kHiarty Invitation To Ali! !
. .......... ...... "' .; .... .... ..... I . .. ....... ... .... ...... ........ **
MUSIC LOVERS, ATTENTION I!
A CANTAA entitled '",iO1 OE VICTORY"'
The Mithodist Church on Friday night June 1, at 8'oclock.
SYou Tiissed t Last Time!
Silver CGlc2tion at the CDor, A Musical Treat Awaits Every-
body who ioves Good isUSiG,
... ... ... .. ... ... .. ... ... ... .. ... ... .. ...... .. .........n........
SHIPVGLR PETS 11 N W -
Included in the WIindward Islands
Cricket Team are the following five
Dominici' ns.--L. Shillingford (capt.),
J. Mellow, C. La ocque, A. Gregoire,
and I;vin Shilinrford. Others in-
cluded.- A. NVilliams, T. Redhead,
A, Clout ., C. 1 da ,. A. Brain
ble, j. S:cle and G. Brisbane.
On Wednesday morning, the
Dominica team arrived here after being
defeated by St. Vincent with scores
321 and 32, ?-d St. Vincent zoo and
:54 for 6. However, irvQ: Shillia--.
ford, the :9 year old D. G. S. 'ad
accumulated a commendable innings
of ro3 runsaDoeminica's fist innings.
Sz. Viiccict's Frank Masoil ended
with a Lrilliant 9 wiclcts for 13 runs
Party officials of the Dom-
inica United People's Party
will be visiting and holding a
series of public meetings in the
Northern District of Dominica
on Sunday the 3rd June.
The i ihabitants of the vil-
lages cF" ieille Case, Calibishie
at 10 a.m-., Wesley and Marigot
at 3.00 .m. are invited to these
meetings which will deal pri-
marily with the proposed feder-
ation of the "Little Fighl"'
PACE TWODOMIIGA ERAD SAURDA. JUE argY
THROUGH THE LOOKING GLASS
F the people living on the "Little Eight" West Indian islands want to know how
they are regarded by "Mother Englard", we suggest they read Hugh Fraser's
White Paper handed out at the conference at Marlborough House on Thursday,
May l7th. Of course the paper was withdrawn as Mr. Fraser knew it would be
when he wrote it, and the new paper submitted yesterday only asks removal of one
Minister instead of all four.
We were touched rather deeply byMr, Paul Southwell's (of St. Kitts) remarks:
"Keep your Grant in-Aid and let my people go," We have not been informed
what the Dominican delegate. said to Mr, Fraser's first White Paper, but if he was
speechless at very nearly losing h+is job we can sympathize with him, By rights
Dominicans should have the privilege of voting him out of office when te time
comes. We hope the time is not far off
As everyone knows this is the t.me of year when every peasant with a plot of
land plants "his garden". The season of the year has been a long time coming but
we are sure theD apartmentt of Agriculture must have a calendar-in one of their
many offices to'have alerted them to the fact that March follows February and
April follows March, etc. Now, would you believe it The Dominican Depart-
ment of Agriculture had the following /seeds for sale one day last week (during the
height of the planting season) --celery, 'lettuce, kohlrabi. We were told that this
has been their inventory for the past three months. They also have-some Barbados
Lisbon yam plants which are advertsed ar 12z cents a pound.. But ,one fact not
advertised is that you must buy a minimum of 20 pounds. Those calling at the
Gardens aski,.g for less than this amount have been refused.
All the Government Ministers have included in their speeches the platitude
"Dominicans should raise m6re food", and yet the Department of Agriculture is so
poorly managed and operated as to be oui oi important food crop seeds at the most
critical time of the year. How can such a blunder happen' Will anyone be
fired. Will there even be a reprimand by the C.M. to those persons responsible
Or, more nearly to the truth, does anyone in Government even know that a seed
.l ortage exists?
entitled "Government Projects". T ie sentence that hit us very hard is .one that
could be made a full editorial: "We are well aware how difficult it is in Dom-
inica, and in the West Indies as a.whole, to work up a body of public opinion
for or against any practice of a public nature." If this lethargy to complain as a
group or a body, and to demand intelligent use of tne tax dollars, could be
changed just a little bit, you would see great progress almost overnight. If you
are tired of having your child attend school in a building that was erected as a
French arsenal 179 yev:s .r;o, why not complain abiut it in a body to theMinister
for Social Welfare and Education If you are tired of seeing four men patch a
small hc le in a pavemei.t with four m re watching, why not get up a petition of a
thousand names of your neighbcurs who agree with yo4 that this is waste of public
money, and presrit it to the Minister whose job it is to correct such things. 'In a
democratic form of government it is public opinion brought to bear on the politi-
cians that gets action-not always rightly so but it gets action nonetheless.
While'it is true the ineffciency of labour kihl enterprise in- many spheres of
our industrial and official undertaking, there are the usual nuniber of 'intelligent
people of Public Service as in any other form of endeavour. These above-the
average, people are literally terrified to voice an opinion on anything concerning
Government. These people are '"public servants" but at the sarie time they want
to keep their paychecks. If.a system of beneficial suggestions could be, put into
effect in all Government offices, offering cash awards for those ideas adopted,
and let the cash payment bear some proportion to the cash value of the idea. For
example, if an above-the average Customs Clerk-discovers a shortcut that saves
hundreds of dollars a year, he should be encouraged to submit his plan by letter,.
and if it is adopted, receive a cash award. In this way, the very people who make
Dominica what it is will be looking for ways to make -it better because of- the
cash.incentive, and because they can do so without fear of reprisal.
Big corporations all over the world know that the best source of improving
their efficiericy will come from their own employees -if the opportunity is made
available.. A small locked letter box, painltd red, with the inscription "Put your
benefiial su;esti:i-us here for cash awards co; Id be put up in evgry v Government
Office -this includes the Police Department a;-d the Library, as well as the biggest
offenders (and spenders) such as Public Works, Customs and the Post Office.
And let's not forget the main Government Office itself, where our Ministers are
supposed to be working! .
Of course it will be up to the Deprtmtent. heads themselves to "allow" such
a box, because it s barely possible thit one employee might' submit a Beneficial
Suggestion to save the taxpayers' dollars in ti.:re little words: "Fire the boss!"
Quiz On Towns And Cities
Here are some questions about towns and cities. FRANK LAMBE has
set them and given the answers. Score a mark for each connect answer and see
how well you can do.
x. What places are known as (a) the Eternal City; (b) the Athens of the
North; (c) the City of Dream.rng Spires;. (d) the Faithful City; (e) the
Diamond City; (f) the City of Brotherly Lovei
2. What do Londoners mean when ih:y talk about "the 'City'e
3, WVhich are the two cities in the campus novel by Charles Dickens called
"A Tale of Two Cities". <
4. What is the difference between a town and a c'tyi
5, For what are the following towns and cities especially famous (a)
Stratford-upon-Avon; (b) Hastings; (c) Mecca; (d) Bethlehem (e)
Calais; (f) Assisi; (g) Yalta.
6. Which are the six largest cities in the world?
7. Car, you name four of Shakespeare's plays in which the name of a
town or city figures in the titles
8. What is the present-day name of the towns and cities that 'were former-
ly called (a) 'Eboracum; (b) Constantionople;- (c) Christiania; (d)
Deva; (e) Petrogrgd or St. Petersburg; (f) Angora; (g) Tsaritsyn:
S ( he Answers will appear in our next isste.)
( ---------- *
Rabbits m n t f h* *t .
but relief front Utg- M0 g t
coine out qf a IUt e d
When fou nave A aough 3
hangs on .it OiM' tiat wi
resistance it low. hMlUh 'tbh double CttlB a
Ferrol Compou"t OgNlpow aw th tS "ouad
remedy thit g-14r10 Ai.UfsU It eawr 9
S PAR K L I NG
G R AP R 'S A L I N E
An elegant and refreshing drink combining GRAPE JUICE
derivative with SALINE to prod!^e EFFERVESCENCE.
WEX is a Natural, Gentle La tivt
FOR ALL AGES.
It relieves Constipation, Biliousness, Rheumatism
etc, anid is an Invigorating Blood IPurifiir.
Sluggish Liver and Inactive KidnTys readily respond to the
Invigorating effect of WEX.
During the hat weather, a teasp;.~4: of & WEX in a tumbler
flt of cold water makes a rafr J;1ing and thirstquenching
H e althl Drinks
Small and Large bottles at 75 and $1.20
Wf E DOMINICA DISPENSAR' 00. I
PACEr TWO -
SATURDAY, JUNE z, 1962
1 OMINICA HERALD PACGE I-REE
TELEGRAM R. 7ED FF
SECRETARY Qi- 3ATE F
THE 0 I .
25th May, 1962.
The following telegram ias been receive
Secretary of State foror 8 t ol nies :-
ISTHE final Plenary Session ofthe East Caribbean Federatior
I held at Malborough House, London t day (Thursday,
the Secretary of State for the Colonies in the Chair. Full detai
mendations of the Conference will be pIti;is':1J within the next
White Paper. After allowing a reason:mb! interval for full
these recommendations will be referred to t ie Legislatures of the
for consideration and approval.
The Conference recommended that t'".:re should be a F
Eight Territories to be called "The West lid es Federation" wit
Barbados. The West Indian Governments expressed the de
attainment of Independence the new Fedration should seek
Membership and that the-currency of he new Federation should
poutid sterliiig.. i
Other important reconiniendations included in the Confei
summarised 'blow. .. ., -
,. .. ... i.'. GOVERINO-IGENERAL:
There should be a 9vernot-General'for the Federation.
dence he would be appointed by the Qieen on the advice of
State for the Colonies and his 'powers would be those appropria
tio~ conferring Internal Self Government in the Federal' sph
setting up of the Federation and its att'-inment of Independ
continue to be Queen's'representatives in t.ie units. Arrangemer
Spendence would be for consideration at a later Conference.'
FORM OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
The' Legislative power of the Federation would 1:
Legislature which would consist ofHer Majesty, A S(
sentatives would be defined in the Federal Constitution. *
Each Unit would be represented in the Senate by o
would not be paid salaries.a
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES:
The House uf Representatives would be elected in ac
'(a) The number of members of the House of Represent;
in a territory will be one. member plus an addition
complete unit of population in that territory: and
(b) The Unit of Pbpulation will be 5o,ooo,
THE FEDERAL EXECUTIVE:
The Federal Cabinet would consist of a Prime M nisi
of other Ministers as the Prime Minister might decide, subject
that th- number of Fed ral Ministers shall not exceed six. Tl
would assign Portfoli6s to Ministers on the ,advice of the Pri
S FORM OFUNIT GOVERNMENTS,
The number of Chambers in the Unit Legislitures w
present. The question of nominated members of the Legislatur
would be settled at a later Conference.
The present constitutional provision vesting the Exechti
unit i a Her 'Majesty would be retained and the Chief Exec
continue to have general control and direction of the, Cov
collectively responsible therefore to the Legislature. The
Executive Body and of the leading Minister in each unit wou
on the setting up of the Federation; but the titles to be acc
Independence would be decided at a later conference.- The
of the Legislatures to be appointed Ministers would remain
the first unit elections fcil'oi',: the establishment of the new
most of the units there vo-:-.i be some reduction in the nun
We'SION Or POWERS AND FUNCTIONS BETW
GOVERNMENT AND UNIT GOVERN:.
There would b: exclusive' and concurrent Legislative
Legislature wouid have power to legislate with respect to any
federal Law Prevailingin the event oF inconsistency wit
Tnit legislatures would have power' to legislate on subjects o
I not on matters on the exclusive list. Legislation on mn
.er list would be for the unit legislatures.
?OM Research Institute For The SwL.y Of i an
OR A group of forty Peace Corps Volunteers is Lei, tran rd in Yew Ycrk City
or service in Jamaica, it was learned here recently.
At the request.ofth Jamaican Government, Volunteers will be assigned to
OFFI teaching posts in a number of fields including industrial arts, vocational skills,
FFICE, commercial subjects, health, education, agriculture, science instruction and library
The training of the group in the United Sta) b,.ig conducted by the
d from the Research Institute for the Study of Man and is under general supervision of the '
Institute's director, Dr. Vera ,Rubin. This. organization was chosen for'the task
n Conference was because of its specialization in Caribbean research.- It has spoonoicd social science
ay 24th,). with research and training projects in Barbados, Jamaica, St Lucia, I rinidad, 'lobago, the
ls of 2the reom- Dutch Windward Islands, British Guiana, Marunique and Haiti.
few days as a The first phase 6f the training program extends from April 2nd through May
public discussion 30h in New York City. The trainees are studying Jamaican sociology and ways
Eight Tritri of life, and receive refresher training in their technical skills, geared to the teaching
Eight Territories situations and facilities in Jamaica. The director-of Area Studies is Dr. Lambros
federationn of the Comita'of Columbia University, who has carried out field research in Barbados and
federation of Jamaica. ,
h its Capital in Jamaica.
sire that on the Faculty members for the training program have been selected Yith experience in
SCommonwealth the West Indies wherever possible. A special guide on Jamaican Creole has been
be linked to the written by Mrs. Beryl Bailey, the language instructor.
The Area Stud-es lecture include a number' of distinguished West Indian
fence Report are scholars such as Dr. M.G. Smith, Miss Edith Clarke, Mr. George Cartey, Mr.
nce por are Chamberlain Hope and Dr. Hugh Springer.. Miss Nita Barrow is in charge of
nurse-health education; Dr. Ken etP Standard, lecturer in Social and'Preventive
Before Indepen- Medicine on the Faculty of Medie, University Collegeaof the. West, Ifiies,-has
the Secretary of given the lectures in public h~th. A course in.cricket is being given by West
te to a Constitu- Indian students presently residing in New York City.. The course in library
ere. Between the instruction is under the direction of Dr. Dorothy Collings, Educational Liaison
ence there would Officer at the UNi. The agricultural training program has been supervised by
nts for after Inde- Dr. David hdwards ot the University College of the West Indies and Mr, G.F.
Gayle, headmaster of the Jamaica School of Agriculture.
Continued on page 8
a INCOME TAX AND EXTERNAL LOANS
the Federal The collection of Income Tax within the Federation would be the responsi-
douse of ability of a Federal Income Tax Department and there would be iF Federal In"-onr
5.wu, i U --X-c- la Law tor tbe wbuie area. 'Ine i,.ieral ovTiinmentvculd Lte.cE nowtrcd to
raise loans both for its own requirements and for those of the units andwould have
e Senator. exclusive powers in relation to the raising of External Loans.
ne enator hey TRANSFER OF SERVICES FROM UNIT GOVERNMENTS TO THE
.On the establishment of the Federation the following serQices wodid be
cordance' with the transferred to the Federal"Goiernment from unit Governments (i) Aud't,'
S(ii) Customs and Excise, (iii) Income Tax, (iv) Judiciary, including not only
natives to be elected judges, but also Magistrates and the Administration of Courts, (v) Police, (vi)
member for each Postal Services, (vii) Prisons, (viii) Tekcommunications (other than Broadcasting,:
television and unit telephone services).
FEDERAL COGMIIlSSIONS OF EliQUIRY:
ter and such number T'he Federal Government would have power to appoint a Commission of
toan undersea Enquiry to investigate any matter tending to undermine financial stability and good
re Governor-General Government in any part of the Federatior.
hneGv G Minister. ECONOMiC AND FINANCIAL MATTERS
There was general discussion on the Economic prospects of the area. It ws,
agreed/that one of the advantages to be gained from the establishment of a Federaion
ou re n as at would be theqpportunity to encourage economic developmentlby thecreation
eoulda remain as at of a single market and of machinery for economic co-operation and consultation
es.afer Independence between the units. It was recognised that. before the Federation was established
consideration would have to be given to what external assistance might be mad.
ve Authority of each available to it. The United Kingdom Government indicated thet they would be will
cutive Body would ing to help'within the limits of the resources which they were able to make avail-
curment and to be able but that the amount and nature of their assistance would require further con-
titles ofand the Chie sderation in'the light of a detailed survey of the economic needs and potential
d remain unchane Chi development of the area which the United Kingdom Government proposed to pu
Id remain unchan trainee
eoroea to mtem ar.er
e number of members
unchanged until after
Federation when in
EEN THE FEDERAL
Lists. The Federal
matter on either list,
h the law .of a Unit.
n the concurrent list
matters not contained in
The Federal Government would establish a Federal Econothic Development
Council to ensure that Federal and Unit Governments pursued complementary'
rather than competitive policies, this would include representativess of the Federal
and Uni Governments.
A Federal Industrial Development Board would also be establish to advise on
the distribution of any public loan funds which might be made availablefor indus.
try either by the proposed Federal Loans Council or by a Federal Development
Bank or similar institution
Continued o( p'age 7
SATURDAY JUNE 2, T962,
SATURDAY, JUNE 2, 162
FIAT J U8 TI TIA
Yearly Town: $5.00. Country $6.(i
Overseas: $7.50. Single Copies: 10l
Advertisements at Reasonable Rates.
Put 1 lbe at the HERALD PRINTERY, 31 New Street, Roseau, Dominica, W.I.
All subscriptions and other payments must be made at the above
Address to J. MAROARTSON CHARLEs,-Edi'o,
ROSEAU. SAIU'DAY JUNE 2, 1962
ROSEAU AND GOODWILL
THE SANITATION and cleanliness of home surroundings can
never make sense to boys and girls at school when they see
the standards of sanitation grown-ups-tolerate in Roseau and its en-
virons. Time was when we made mock at the outrageous sani-
tary conditions of a neighboring French city.. Today the city of
Roseau is not any better in the. matter of sanitation.
This is.a problem to be thoroughly analysed before it can be
If we wish to have a cleaner city we must be prepared to pay
for it. As soon as a small increased rate is imposed to pay for
the services ,f the town, city dwellers raise a hue and cry that
taxes have been increased beyond their ability to pay. And so.
citizens maintain a sinful silence over insanitary' conditions fearing
that, if they grumble over muck, rubbish land garbage rotting, de-
caying and disintegrating\at their front:doors, the next thing will
be a small increase in rates; but they neVei realize that it is better
to pay a little more for their health and happiness than to end up
,.in hospital with Typhoid or. T.B.
Then- --enerai-y.e d Lth at.today_ there vjore
people living in Roseau than yesterday. In consequence garbage
has increased. Today more people eat more fruit and vegetables.
More people eat tinned foods. More people:-are forced into-
the modern way of life. :
Roseau is not the,only city where the disposal of garbage
offers a big problem. All over the civilized world the dispo-
sal of waste is a special study. But- Rosead, and, i fact, Domin--
ica is a place where it is confidently expected that problems should
SCity Fathers have always tended to take their duties and respon
sibilities lightly. Many of us can remember the problem of rats
in the legendary town of Hamelii.where the townsfolk declared:
"Our Mayor's a noddy"
"And as for our Corporation, shocking"!
Even in spite of limitation of funds, by organization and
proper methods much can be done to improve conditions both in
Roseau and its sister town, Goodwill. Rubbish remains too long
on the streets, breeding flies and spreading disease. And clear-
ing rubbish should be done in the early hours of the day.
Sanitary Officers say, when their attention is invited to intolerable
conditions, that is for the town of Roseau and that they are for
duty in the country districts. Yet they have office in Roseau.
A sanitary officer should be in the same position as a policeman
who, where ever he is, he is a guardian of the Queen's peace and
protector of her citizens.
At present Goodwill is infested with mosquitoes, because
there appears to be no one to see that drains are kept clear, of
grass and rubbish. Patients at the P. M. Hospital are plagued
at nights with mosquitoes. But it is a sin to complain because
the person whose duty it is to make constant war on mosquitoes
will get angry. We have too many officers, in the service who
get highly annoyed when the tax-payer- grum'.-,s be::ause he
does not get value for his taxes.
In a highly technical and scientific age men can not fold
hands and bow down to mosquitoes. Even primitive man
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENT
C.L.F. JAMES (Marigot)-In
the light of present day conditions
we don't believe that your letter
advocating "Crown Colony
Rule" for Dominica will be
worthy of consideration; not with-
standing' any information you
may have gathered from our Co-
tem; However, we would advise
you to read and study the Secretary
of State's telegram published on
page three and seven of this issue.
At any rate we would gladly wel-
come the Marigdt Tobaco Factory
Club's opinion on the matter-Ed.
Ti;is is inform the General Public
that I will not be responsible for any
cebt or debts contracted by my wife
ROSEMARY SYLVAN, nee NICHOLAS,
she having left my home without
my consent or anyjust cauie,
(Sgd. ALPHONSO SYLVAN
31 Elot Avenue,
29th May, 1962.
mt bresa o* coup I'n0-chokt1er-
OM stl-Batlert Pwaertu: s.eDleits
1.:icKly loo0en thlok. tlUln rl A m
sri;.m rAw, Daintul membriBeal Wky
c~ik.', ";ae BUCKLEY'SB bedlttm
"'nai '*nr 'lay breathlI ..l pe llM,
I I:p' .reThat why Wto' C.rA's r
-.' ,... ror 20 yeara---7
m, --y's elntsirre reo .mnfs--
.n '*nr f*'ai.
CIL~-, ------- ~_
used fire and smoke to hold down these parasites. When we
consider the present situation in health matters, we must come
to the conclusion that there is a marked deterioration in Domin-
ican affairs. This is an age when young men take particular
pleasure in the adventure of conquering disease, eliminating
pests and even triumphing over the inexorable laws of space.
And so we look to our sanitary officers to use all their skill and
all the resources at their disposal to lessen mosquitoes which
plague, the community.
At Goodwill there is need for attention to streets. Some
of them need stop signs to curb reckless drivers shooting ,out
on major roads to the menace of life and limb. Builders more
often than not arrogate to themselves the right to block up the
street completely so that users of the road must reverse and find
another way out. One wonders if there is any authority to see
that things go orderly.
Perhaps it can be argued cogently that office work is more
important these days,so that field work should be able to take
care of itself. We want an answer to all these questions. May
be all stems from a dislike to field work and work with the hand.
We think that there is always three or four times more work to
be done in the field than in the office. At any rate the conse-
quence of work not done- outside is of more far reaching import-
ance than work not done inside. In a developing. Dominica
what happens outside is of tremendous importance.
We appreciate indications on the streets of Roseau for pedes-
trians. But of far more importance to them is, the control by
the paoice of drivers who hit 30 40 miles per hour in the very.
leart of Roseau.' Often.traffic gets -congested at certain. .points
of the City and a police man is having his ,hat with his friend
quite iridifferent to the difficulties of drivers under' his very nose.
In -the enior officers are extremely busy it Head-
-iai-a ... le._..desks :
All our troubles in Dominica in these troubled times~ ae
.cue to lack of a sense of values. We don't sepm to know what
iW'important, what is more important and what is most important. The clerk at his
desk believes his work on his books is more'important than the
person at the counter waidng to be' served. Another officer
places more: value on a nicely written report than on work well
done in the field. We can multiply instances. But we do ask
that persons employed, elected or nominated to look after our.
.city and its surbuibs will do just what is needed at the right
time and place.
SATURDAY JUNE 2, igdP,
THE MOTHER IN LAW COMPLEX i
YOUNG WIV~|i *il.T SUPPRESS THEIR
( THE German ITribme Q APRIL 28, 1962 )
S it really necessary that youbg irobhleih or dte Best part of the.r lives must live
under the contiruous rule-hatS,tr tay'ifi fEar of the terror-of their mothers-
in-law? Matrimonial consultants, nriw-a iper columnists and divorce judges will
hear the very same old stories and cdonhli'its day after day: "My mother in-law
thinks she knows everything better and sil bosses me around all the time." "She
wants to play the mostimportant role everywhere, and makes my husband believe
that I educate the children wrongly." "When I ask her to babysit once a
month, as we have been invited to a.pary, this iq too much for her; but if I ask
our neighbotirs' di augi rs t u, r she will be insulted"; "I cannot get
along with ln mother-id-law any longer, she iakes me sick."
Are mothers-in-law really so bad. Surely they must be blamed most for
hese foolish, absurband nierve*wrieking cold wars that go on between mothers-
and daughters-in-law. Mothers mn-law have a fearful inclination to bossy rule
and to whining jealousy. Often, howeirer; it is also the behavior of the your
wives of their sons that'mak~esrthe 0eiflict arise, for every struggle and any fighting
require at least tw parties. These coninuous tensions, and strains will become
unbearable fidrtheiyoung wif ififsheis.riddienby complexes that make her unable
to hold her ownagaiiteT ii mother-in-law. The indignant, insulted and self-
pitying tone of their iess shwthat young wivesall to often are weak and give
in all the time. ,. Ni matter.whether there is a fight at all, or whether they win or
lose, they feel that they are podr victims deserving compassion.
Psychiatrist hold that in every young woman there is an unrecognized sub-
consicous, sub-threshold fear of mothers-in-law. No more than one unkind word
or one incident are required' to trigger off this complex. This mother-in-lawx
complex is a kind offer that the little shortcomings, ofwhich everyone has a few,
will be discovered. Young wives know that their husbands also love their
mothers, and that 'this relationship is older and very strong,; indeed. Young wives
and mothers, moreover, are insecure and inexperienced. This gives rise to an
inferiority complex that will be intensified ..other causes.
Every young girl grows up knowing that one day-she may,, not know ii
consciously-she will be a rival of her mother's. Men will look at her rather thar
at mother. And the girls will have romantic experiences, will' marry, and wil
have babies, while their mothers will be pushed into a secondary position. This nat.
natural and subconsciousrivalry will offen find expression in youqg girls bein;
definance and of a superior and lofty behaviour towards their! mothers. If thi
young girl has been educated,strictly, the reaction to this rivalry situation will b
a complex of guilt and of bad'conscience. Such girls will give in, even whei
they are absolutely in,the right..
This sensitiveness is even greater vis a-vis mothers-in-law. For the young:
wife feels that she has. taken thl son away from his mother. Selfconfident youni
women will not experience difficulties in that respect. But an overconscientiou
daughter-in-law will ofite feel guilty, above all, if her mother-in-law has
tendency to be excessively jealous and bossy.
(To be continued in onr next issue.)
Come in and: se oli lovely I('Wi E Refrigerators, just re-
ceived, Available in various sizes at very low.prices.
We offer you also NORGE Washing Machines, 4-burner
Ranges (Gas and Electric). You will be delighted with the
ciousness of the Oven and storage space.
To be sold pursuant to an Ordzr maJ- 'by the
Honourable Mr. Justice W. B. Chennery on the 6 th day
of Ap il, 1962, in the Colony of Dominica in Suit 1961
S. No. 25 Between Isaac Newton Shillingford as Business
Trustee of A. C. Shillingford & Co. versus Albert Edwa'd
Oliver, Norman Miller Dunn, Daphne Taylor and Do m-
inica Properties Ltd. upon the Application of the above-
named Plaintiff for the sale of the Defendant Daphne
Taylor's land under Section 4 of the Judgments Act at
Public Auction by the Registrar of the Colony of Dom-
inica at the Court House Roseau at 2.30 p m. on Thuira
day the 26th day of July, 1962.
All that portion of land containing 4.58 Acres part
of the Mero Estate and bounded as follows:- On the
North by land of Edwin Lionel. Pinard. on the South by
a dry ravine separating it from larid of Marsden Romain,
on the East by a Public Road, on the West by the sea
and rec<'rded in pook of Deeds A. No. 8 folio 218.
Subject to a mortgage in favour of Normandie Cor-
poration Services LimitedNo. 150,1960 and dated the
2nd day of August, 1960:
Particulars and conditions of sale may be obtained
SfromrClifton A. H Dupignyof Chambers, New Sreet,
Roseau, iDominica, the Solicitor having the carriage of
the sale and at the place Qf sale.
Dated the 19th day of April, 1962.
T. A. Boyd,--Registrar.
The 'Str1eaWt 4 B5fet yoe en buy
TERMS : Cash' with discount, or down-payment with regular
Be wise, buy the best -- buy NORGE,
ST. D.. SHILLINGFORD,
The Inspector of Weights and Measures will attend at the various District
Police Stations on the dates'and time stated hereunder for the purpose of verifying
all wcil.ts, measures, and weighing machines used in trade in each districtof the
Tuesday 5 "
June 1962 from 9.00 a.m. to I2 noon
". 9.00 a.m. to I.oopm.
and 2.oo p.m. to 4 p.m.
June 1962 from 9.00 a.m. to I.oo pm
29 9 93 s> so.
Tuesday 12" "
and 2.0o p.m. to 4.00 p.m.
A. G. COUSINS
,Chief Of P.icr.
SATURDAY, JUNE 2, r19z
Red Gross Week Most
Profit Surpasse: Last:
The 1962 fund-raising week held
by the Dominica Branch of the British
,Red Cross Society has realized to date a
net proti of $1,659.14, a total which
has already surpassed last year's result, by
over $1oo, with Flag Day receipts
from 28 country schools not yet in.
Proceeds from Flag Day so far totol
$x53.62 and the Cinema Benefit night
Receipts from the children' Fun and
Frolic Patty staged on Thursday, '~My
Ioth, by he members of the 'Voluntary
Aid Detachments anqourited to S59.oo.
The VADs wish to extend their warm
thanks to Bottklrs (Dominica). Linited,
he Coca Cola Company iandthe ,C.
.C. for donating ice and' sweet
drinks and to Mr. Medfbrd,. Acting
Headmaster, for permission'to use the
Grammar School premises .'; .r'
Gross receipts of the Dance., It Fort'
Young amounted to $1,o85.56' and
expenses to $468.33, a ,fiet. profit of
$617.23; Ir. uhich Mr. J. W. A.'
Osborne cont'riiutcd no small measure
by donating a pig for the 'supper.:
To date a total of $604.oo has been
received in all unprecedented generous
response to the Red Cross appeal
letter. Furth r donations have been,
_rpr-; ,rA r, M.-ri0 L; t r1-,'Z,
Industries, Mr. and Mrs. David .Hunter,
Dr. and Mrs. R. B. Blatcher, Dr. i and
Mrs, P. N. Griffin, 'Mls IF. Baptiste,
an anonymous donor, Miss Irene Davis,
Dr.iandiMrs. W. E. ;,V. jGreen, the
Staff ofthe Royal Bank of Canada,
Mr. G. M. Clarke, Mr, and 'Mrs. -H.
C. Sinson, Mr. Hiyden Casimir, the
Dominica Trade Union, Mr. Justice e
and Mrs. St. Bernard, and Miss
: 4. Mother's Faith --
And Her 5 Babies.
-BY iARBARA MARKS
tor, warnings that she was risking
her life pretty Mrs. Mary Warner
has Just had her Fifth'child.
And as she gazed lovingly at her
baby son lyiqg in cot at her bedside
at the Canadian Red Cross Memo-
rial Hospital lap low, Bukes, she
"If it is God's will that I should
have another child, I shall have one".
"I'm not brave-I regard having
children as a natural event and I am
convinced that 11sball never die in
"Cbildbirth". All Mrs. Warner's
babies she has four daughters
aged 12,11. 9 and 4 as well as her
baby son' have beed- born by
SCaesarian operation.- "
: After the birth of herithird daugh-
tfr.,:doqctors warned her that life
Smight been'dargered if she had
.They advised sterilisation.
But'35-year-old Mrs. W arner is
a woman witbhdeep religious convic-
lions. A Roman Catholic, ihe be-:
lie\Ls that her own Guardian Angepl
is looking after her and that St.-
Gerard Majelia the patron' Saint of
mGthlers. in difficult childbirth is
Ai s. e lies in hospital she. cannot
-help worrying about bow her daugh-
ters arc managing without her.
But she said resignedly: "There's
nothing I can do about it. God has
now blessed us with a son and made
'A t eir Home-a two-bedroomed
pcollage to Fdrnham Common, Bucks
--M OlIver' Warner, a 13 a'week
carpenter rcld me: "Neither of us
waried, st'ri hsartun because it is
against tit, uics of :ur Church.
"We ,id .'t plan to have John .but
our laith won't permit usto take
artificial, steps to stop us' having
"We belive that it was part of
God's pian for us to have a boy.
Now it may be His will that' we
have no more children".
The "Variety" Store
C. G. PHILLIP & CO. LTD.
/Ironing Tables; Danish and St. Lucia Pots;
Linoleum; ice Creami Freezers; Wire Net-,
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Advertise in the BERALD
For economy, dependability, and smooth,
easy and comfortable driving, the RENAULT is
the car for you.
Yes, this is a car with a lot'' of 'ep", and
witn its AODSTABL E suspension, it is the abso-
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Call in fos' d FREE demonstrat-iri and prove
it for yourself.
T. D. SHILLINGFORD,
SQLE Di IlBUTOR
Ie an 'M .e *
You .can'i u.r vVi'lzz I t .,'r t. h py power etorelie
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ird noalnrul :olio ti irlet. t,'AS't '
_ __ _~_ L1
-I---~-~-~, --- -
Just uii. Ainm it402 thk-'.*urh -D' t -ordinary utwiilt
SATURDAY JUNE 2, 1962,
DOMIICA' EERL~ PCE SVEN
TELEGRAM RECEIVED FROM
SECRETARY OF STATE FOR
25th May, 1962.
The following telegram has been received from the
Secretary of State for the Colonies :-
( continuedfrom page 3)
Before the establishment of the Federation a fiscal commission would be
appointed to consider the division of revenues between the Federal and Unit Gov-
ernments, having regard to the initial division ot functions between them, and
any other related questions which might be referred to it.
The Conference agreed that it was of great importance that there should be
adequate provisions in Federal and Unit Constitutions to ensure proper control and
supervision of the expenditure of public funds.
PROCEDURE FOR CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT
After Independence the ordinary p r o v i s io n s of the Federal and
Unit Constitutions would be amendable by the ordinary processes of the Federal
and Unit Legislatures respectively. The more important provisions of the Federal
and Unit Constitutions would, however, be entrenched and would require special
procedures for their amendment.
An amendment of the Federal Constitution by the-special procedure would
be required to permit the accession of further units, and the provision specifying
the units constituting the Federation would be entrenched.
THE PUBLIC SERVICE:
The Conference attached the greatest importance to the general question of
the Public Services of the Federal and Unit Governments. The Conference felt
that there would be great advantages for the Federation as a whole in having a
unified Civil Service for the Unit and Federal Governments 'and decided that an
Ad Hoc Gommission should be appointed as soon as possible to examine the
problems involved in the introduction of a unified Civil Service for the Federation
as a whole. Priority would be given to unification for professional, specialist and
adminstratve statt.- ...
PREPARATORY STEPS FOR THE SETTING UP OF THE FEDERATION:
The Conference recognized that before the new Federation could be esta'
blished much preparatory work needed to be done,.particularly in the financial ~nd
organisational fields and in regard to the establishment of the nucleus of a Federal
Civil Service. At the same time it wds recognized to be extremely important
during the interval which must necessarily elapse between the conference and the
possible establishment of the new Federation that the Governments concerned
should have some machinery capable of representing their collective interests. For
this purpose the Conference agreed that an Advisory Regional Council of Ministers
should be set up composed of representatives of each unit Government to consider
the problems of common interest to the Eight Territories concerned in connection
with the formation of the proposed new Federation. It was agreed that Sir John
Stow (The Governor of Barbados) should be the Chairman and that he should
have administrative responsibility for giving effect to the Council's decisions.
PROGRAMME FOR FUTURE ACTION:
The Conference agreed on the following programme for future action:-
(i) A white Paper would be published outlining the Conference recommen-
dations for the establishmentof the new Federation. This White Paper would be
referred to the Unit Legislatures for discussion and approval, after allowing a
reasonable interval for full public discussion in the territories concerned.
(r ) Fiscal and Civil Service Commissions would be appointed as soon as
(iii) When these steps had been taken there would be a further conference,
to which opposition parties would be invited, between the United Kingdom
Government and the West Indian Governments concerned to reach final decisions
about the form of the new Federation.
(IV) Assuming that this conference reached a satisfactory conclusion, the
necessary draft order in council for establishing the new Federation would be pre-
pared and laid before Parliament.
(V) The usual processes for setting up a new Federation could then be
followed. The Regional Council of Ministers might become an Interim Federal
Government in order to make preparations for the holding of Federal elections
These elections would be held as soon as practicable and-the new Federal Govy
eminent would take office in accordance with -the usual conventions.
(VI) Once the New Federation had been established and a new elected
Federal Government was in office, the Secretary of States for the Cclonies would
be prepared, if that Government so wishes to enter into discussions corcermin
Independc p ce for the Federation. These discussions would include a review c
the provisions of the Federal Constituion.
Community Development At Bicche And
The little village ofBioche has come into the picture of Community Develop-
ment, and is playing its role in awakening Community consciousness among its
people. Quite recently a mixed group consisting of 20 young men and women,
was formed there under the direction ofthe District Development Officer, Mr. L.
On Saturday last, the District Community Development Officer, conducted
a successful Leadership Training Day at- Bioche. The main features of the
Training consisted of Reading Discussions, the role of the group leader, how to
run an effective meeting, preparation of agends, Simple Cash Accounts and Min-
utes, programme planning and Cooking Demonstrations.
On Monday night, the Ag. Social Development Officer, Mr. H.L. Christian
and the District Community Development Officer, Mr. L. Simon, held a success-
ful leaders' meeting at Berricoa, Grand Bay. About o5 persons, representing every
section of the Community were present.
The purpose of the meeting was mainly to reawaken Community interest in
the economic, social, and cultural developments of the village, and to strengthen
the existing Village Committee there, by making stronger representations, in all
sections of interest.
Mr. H.E. Richards, Head Teacher and Chairman of the Village Committee
chaired the meeting. Mr. Christian spoke on the need for a reorientation of the
cultural activities in the district, while Mr. Simon delt briefly on the meaning of
a community and its work in developing a sense of belonging and fostering a
spirit of community consciousness for the benefit of all. After a lengthy discus-
sion in which all participated, the meeting, decided to strengthen the existing
committee by apppinting the following persons:-Messrs John Merrificdd, Hayden
Merrfield, Hulet John, P.F. Jno. Lewis, George Royer, and Mrs, Duverney.
The Honourable R.P. St. Luce and Mr. M.F. Laurent. Head Teacher,
Tete Morne, Government School were also present.
The meeting ended with an enocuraging note of everyone pledging his efforts
towards rebuilding a new Grandbay.
U..W.I, Becomes Degree-Granting University
On April 9 a release was sent to the Caribbean press informing them that
-se noy,, .... erc .m ... #. . .... hd Fben ss:: ',-a--
the Great Seal of the Realm. The Univ rsity of the West Indies, a degree.
granting institution in its own right, is now in existence; however, the Univer-
sity College wil continue to exist'legally until it is formally, incorporated in the
University and its "rights, property, liabilities and engagements" are taken over
by the new University.
H. R. H. the Princess Alice is the first Chancellor of the Uuiversity of the
West Iudies and Dr. W. Arthur Lewis the first Vice-Chancellor.
The new Univtdity will grant its own degrees and students entering from
October next (except those entering direct for the 2nd M. B., B. S.) will read
for these degrees. Present students (exceptthosewho fail in first-year examina-
tions in June of this year) will continue their studies in the courses for which
they have been registered leading to degrees of the University of London. 'These
courses will continue until 1967 when the last students will take the final examin-
ations of Lndon in medicine and surgery, at Mona. The students at St.
Augustine will take the last London examinations in June, 1964, when the
final examinations for the B. Sc. in Agriculture will be held,
It was mentioned in the press release that steps are being taken to ensure
that the medical degrees to be awarded by the University of the West Indies
will be recognrised for registration by the General Medical Council of Britain.
Regulations for degree courses of the University of the West Indies vill be
published in the course of the year. The standard of degrees corresponding to those
under the present scheme of special relation with the University of London will be
essentially the same; it is possible that some new degrees may be introduced. The
system of having external examiners, which is common to all universities of stand-
ing in the British Commonwealth, will be adopted; and the number of examiners
in any subject will be not less than those for Special Honours degrees under the
The first meeting of the Council of the University of the West Indies (which
is the same present Council of the University College) will be held in June next.
The present Senate of the University College constitutes the first Senate of the
d Read The HERALD
It's Your Own Island's Paper
DOMINrIA HERALD SATURDAY, JUNE 2, 1ia.
IIOlUUlUl l U. III iulltU1U I UI I.IIE "UI'UJ UI Ilili Two arts.and crafts teachers, one genera shop instructor and one auto mec-
Continued from page'3 hanics instructor will be assigned to the Mico Training College for Teaches, and
i N s, m et one arts and crafts instructor will go to the Shortwood Training College for Wo-
Field visits have been scheduled for the United Nitions, Hyde Park to meet men Teachers.
-Mrs Roosevelt, arid Washington, D.C. to miiet Mi' Sargent Shrii~er and Senator
Humphrey. The group has also held discussions with Mrs. Marietua Tree and with
Lady Edris Allen, Mrs. Joyce Robinson and Mrs. Thelma Campbell, who with Vauxhall and From e Senior High Schools will be assigned instructors in
Miss Editni Clarke are taking part in the Foreign Leader program of the U.S. indusiali arts, a- will t'vo technical high.schools-HIolmwood Technical School
State Department. in Manchester and Vere Technical School in Clarendon. Four vocational teachers
Sic.iigh Foot will be the principal speaker at the grad uiaon ceremony, have been rqu tested by the technical institutes at Port Antonio and Montego Bay.
whlici t6aes place on May oth, at Inrernational House in New York City, where
t e Volunteers are residing. The Jamaica Library Service will ta;c four Peace Corpse workers to help
: Sixteen ofthe Peace Corps Volunteers will be assigned to the' Youth Camps train volunteers in Jamaica in catalogueing and classification. The library of the
for unenploycd youths at Chestervale and Cobbla. Twelve will teach metal wor!, Unive.sity College of the West In4ies has requ'ested'two librarians and one library
carpen y, leccrical trade plumbing, commercial subjects aid the maintenance and assistant.
r:p,ur or autos and farm machinery.. Two will serve as nurse- health educator and
two' as 4-H assistants. TwoPeace Corps members will.be assigned to help in the' On June i-th, the trainees v.ill leave for Jamaini for a fortnight of instruc"
uan!ng of leaders at other 4 H Centcrs. Three 'tier'Volunteers will go to the. tion ae the University College of the West Indies, Mona. The ultimate project
/ Jiaiaica Sc.ool ot Agriculture where two will each chemistry, biology.aiid physics goal is to expand the teaching and service capacity of tie institutions to which the
ard.one will work with audio-visual aids. One worker will be' assigned to6 tlihe Volunteers have been assigned ani to help accelerate the training of skilled
Jaa.naica Coop-rative Deparrtment to train administrators for Jamaica's cooperative personnel which Jamaica's expanding economy urgently requires.
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6 72 driving-seat portions.
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Market ioIr N, Riseau
ti-Pone No. 18
" PAGE EIGHT
a13Q~9YFh ~lnQ~ii~llq~n.'Fn:r fh`d ~Jrr~LI- :3~~ F?~ur
SATURDAY JUNE 2,
In order to assist the Banana Agrc
nomist in selecting suitable sites for tl.
laying down of banana trials in th.
Scheme for Banana Research, interested
persons having land thought suitable f):
this purpose and who would wish tc
offer it for the laying down of an expcr
ment are asked to submit names to tl
General Manager of the Banana Assr-
ciation or to the Agricultural Superin-
The following general conditions and
particulars will pply:--
At least acre of land would Le
required foar lyjg doWn a proper trial.
Any single tzrt would be expected
to last notl than two to "irec
ThI Agronomis would have- come
plete control idihe trial but would
co-6petite~titW y wlth the owner of
the lantd.'' !':'
All fruit harvested from the trial
reverts to the owner of the land,
It will be necessary for the Agrono,
mist to record details such as mea-.
surements at each liarvesting. -
A, D. BOYD
23rd May, 1962.
G. M. St. Kitts-Nevis
DO MIIGCA -iR Ati PAGE NINE
In answer to questions put to him
by Mr. Tom Adams, Mr. Southwell,
Chief Minister of St. Kitts Nevis said:
What it means is that certain investiga-
tions on the ground of necessary aid
for the launching of the proposed
federation and before achievement of
independence. .I think there was
general agreement on the broad
prificiple concerned with both the
establishment of the federation and the
achievement of independence.
A rather satisfactory agreement has
been reached on the powers of the
Unit Governments within the structure
of the Federal Government. The
United Kingdom delegation seem to
have had a misguided notion that the
Unit Governments must be stripped
completely of its structure and powers
'if we are to form this federation. The
Cheif Ministers and leaders of the
delegation from the eight units firmly
and logically repudiated this idea based
on the historical, cultural and geogra-
phical context ofthe areas concerned
and the United Kingdom has firmly
aeed to a potential reduction in the
. I 1T.,-r S
number of Ministers in some of the
unitterritories after the formation of
Tlhe United I.ngdom delegation
did not use Grant-in-Aid as a lever at
any time. The only member who
mentioned it was myself, who suggested
that if the United KiKngdom Govern-
ment was worried awout the grants which
th y we-e_ payin t tn he Unit Govern-
mcntsof r::t; ci territories, they
igllht :consider ,.:;ys nid means of
keeping money and allowing .the
territories to go on to their own destiny.
The general agreement has been that
Grant-in-Aid should continue for a
budgetary assistance, that is, for recurrent
cost of those Gove nments who cannot
meet their own exclusives for about five
years during which time the grant should
trper down to infinity after the five years.
In addition there is to be a system to be,
appointed which would study the'
incidents of taxation in the Unit Go:-;
erhments and the proposed Fed ration
ald which would also examine the
nature of such assistance as might be
required and which the United Kiing-
Od m has p:inlci e agred 0o iroviX e *o
hie eight n unior and t3 the fi:dr,.ion
D. L, P.. Celebrates
The seventh birthday anniversary of
the Labour Party of Dominica took'
place on Thursday May 24th at the
Roseau Girls' School and was well
attended, many founder-members being
pr-s.it. The Hon. E.C. Loblack
took the ci., ;r, .-.d after speeches oC
wicn-c to tlhe Fiesident and guests,
to which Mrs. llfrey and members
of the Exctutive replied, the assembly
adjourned for refreshments, which were
served by the Vvomen's Guild.
Previously members had stood in
silence for one mil.ute in memory of
the late R. E. A. Nicholls, without
whose pioneer activities on behalf of
trade unionism thr Labour Movement
in Dominica could not have advanced,
PAGE TEN DOMINICA HERALD SATURDAY, JUNE 2, i96a
t11 ,-- a-
,hildren;s '(Factual, T ) n r I Examinations in the Caribbein Area will bh discontinued after
nilure ra Ua, i 0o 0or 1963, and will be repl-ced by the Cenieal Certificate of Educa-
Dear Boys & Girls,-While "Book Week" is still fresh in our minds, let us tion Ordinary and advaucd Level Examinations in and after
Speak about newspapers. One of the marks of a civilised country, .is, that it 1964.
has a newspaper, and'that its people read and keep in contact with what is hap- 3. A meeting of the Principals of Secondary Schools was
opening at home and in the outside world. Today, we cannot live in ignorance of held in the Educa: n Department Bulding on Friday 4th May,
what is happening beyond our shores, for outside events have a great influence 1962 when the implications D f the chalngi \ere discussed. Each
o ver ou r liv es. 1 ,
over our lived countries, people rd new school has a copy of the details of the proposed changes.
In al civilised countries, people red newspapers regularly; it is like food and Except i subjects ad papers et specially for the
clothes to them. recently, Imet a young maii from the country just returned 4. Except in subjects, ardi papers set specially for the
fiom England and he begged me to. et him have my old newspapers for. said he, Caribbean Area, the syllabuses and question papers will be the'
ihat is one of the things he leami over there, every day he would buy a newspaper sameas those for the General Certifcate of Education Examina-
to read. Even in our own, We~ Indies, you would be surprised to know that 'tion in the United Kingdom. I mtay be assumed that, except
the man on the streets in Barbados : Trinidad teads his newspaper every day. for a few changes the s llabusses are the same as those for the
Sad to relate,ihere only, a few;people, ~amre. handful worry to read the pa- School Certificate and the Higher Scho6i Certificate Examina-
pers. It is also sa. to note that many people are ignorant of what is happening in tions.
the world outside. In other' words 'we Lwe here like people in primitive countries. The examination for the Geeral Certificate of Educa-
A strangeigeiitleman once'rold me that there is something peculiar to our tion s a s ject examination in which no subjects or groups of
social life in Domiaica. He had ita.'eld w widely and this thing struck him as subjcts ars compulsory. There are two levels of examination,
something that.hapipens in unciilisd c6unrries where women are not treated as Advnc and Ordinary in some subjects alternative syllabusest
equels of men. At any g.rhenng or social said he, the men congregate together Advanci an Ordinary; in som subjects alternative syllabuses
talking and the women all huddle together in another part of the rooni. I did a:e st at Urdinary level of which some (referred to as
not tell hini the reason why -',more men read and note and discuss events in tie, v0 tuij .cts) are intended for sixth form candidates and corres-
world around them; the women1 d6~i ttaindcaionly gossip -.men or I would say., on to H.S.C. Subsidiary subjects. A candidate may not offer
most men hate gossips. If a man starts a conversation with one, sooner or later he in any one examination mo:e than one of the-alternatives in any
realises that she is ignorant of cvcr'rhing else but gossip. subject at Ordinary Level.
T This is due to lack of rci:U:,, lnd espcally lack 6f reading 'news pets. 6. That part of the. exami;-ationl which co ponds to the
When women read, they aric abc to discuss things with,. husbands '.ad friends. School Certificate examination comprises, subjects at Ordinary
MMen like to talk.but wormc, must rcmd to talk to th'in, Le el. It is proposed that, .n ori'er' 6 retain'- some of the
You can learn the habit at school, ai home. ,hleire should be.. newspapis ...in.ageS of he cho61 Certificate; examination, a candidate
in the home for children to read.. .Some nemspapers.lave.a section for children; ~r ts 1,f C cho xal erticat. s- uld be-reqnired to. enter for
Parents sold encourage their chil4ern -o rcid the ne', papcr, parents can re h.i .xa .l.oatc. s j' iul. bereir'd toeer for
Parents shoid encourage their chilen o rd h e e prens can a imunimum number ot Ordinary Leve,! subjects (three or four are
with them aiid disiiss what they rie. ,Thtr --Children's Newsaless heer ared ds 'S ool Certificat or has
which is published in England-a'mine 'of information for yopu boys atid girls. t Ujasted) unless he atread, ods. 'a S.-ool Certificate or' as
-Ask for it from the free Librry, and read it i p. sed in at least three subjects of the G.C.E. examination.
'iI look forward to my weekly ] liere; ~.caunmes it:is through the .pages I 'l ne minimum standard required for a pass in an Ordinary,
kInow what is happening In my ow '- hers too, to know what is. Level subject w!0l b0 .ie sa;n as that icquiied at present for ai
nappeinung else here.----. .* credit in the corresponding sutbjct of-the School
Unless we improve in all ihese things, .e cannot take our places along other,' Certifijate examii.ation ( e. Grade 6) .A, :cert!fcate will be
peoplesof the world. We cannor.afftdod..to remain in ignorance. Our i :' isded a candidate %A'o pasa s in at -lea t' one subject.'
fathers come.from Africa; tVel'ihey,ae waking up; we too must wake up. Cji.Get : pass wil not be sth( w, '.r n the certificate.
1L CbtrfO till next week -
S ,to til nextweek 7. That part of the. examindhon i ieh-"corresponds'to
S'. ', v f A E FRAN 'he t.S'C., examination -compris s, subjects at'Advanced Level
This week's questlous areas i..;ow. s: (corresptndihg to H.S'. Principal subjects) and at Ordinary
i. What is the name of the astronaut 'who .verin into space aind circhl' Level I~0- subjects correspondmg to, H.S-,C ubssdiary subjects).
the earth last week--- --_ _-- -' 1he pass standards will be the same sfeiitlvely, as thqse for the
2. -Give the nanee of the mansen. out by tiKc Bitish Governn-ent present H.S.'*;PriLcipa and SubiJiary subjects. t isproposed
Commissioner in the West Indies befoe the hn,v redrtion is set tup: ---- that eniry Qolthis part of the' examiniton'.should be' restricted
,:' 3. Give the name f f .o cf'the men wihoc gave talks Ifi- the ^afternoc to candidates:who hold a School Certiicate or have passed in at
During "Children's Bookt-Week": -- -- --- - least three, G.C.E. Ordinary Level subjects. Candidates will be
NAMEHOO---- -- ------ required to enter for at ieast one A cvaLcd Le\cl subject;
I ... entries for Ordinary Le:vel (O*) subjects only will not be
ist ,Prize $1.25 won by Lennox .: ,.:uel (oseau Boys' School) accepted iii thiirpart of the examination. Candidates who fail
2nd $1.oo" Zena Hcctor Conyvsnt High Schcol) in an Advanced Level subject mpy be awarded a pass at Ordi-
d .75 Clemenine -Brown (Wesley- Government School) nary Level in the same way as those who fail at present in a
Three consolation Priz's of o each. .' -:, H.S.C. Principal subject may be awarded a pass at Subsidiary
Fitzroy Doctrove (St. Mary's Academy). Shirley Riviere .(S.Martins's Sc ool Level. he General Paper will be an Ordinary Level (O*)
jd Jennifer Titre (Wesley HFigh School.) ___ _subjects. 'A certificate will ,be 'awarded to a candidate who
S NOTICE TO BANANA GROWERS passe &ih at least. one'. subject;. t
HOURS OF NECEPTllI AT! BUYINGSTATIONS. 8. Dates of examination., The examination in Advanced
Growers are notified that with caict 'froi. 4th June, 1962. Hours of Recept- and O* subjects, correspohding to the Higher School Certificate
ion at Marigot and Strat Hill Buying Sc-tioisi willbe *as follows:- ,'-.: examination, will prqbable hegin in mid-June shortly before the
MARIGOT First Day: .Reception opens 7 a. m. examination in Ordinary Level subjects, The Oldinary Level
ONLY CLOSES 10o-a. m. examinauon will end abzut the middle of July.
STRAT HILL,- First Day: Reception opens io. o, a. m. Uimvrs.ty Fs.. For each candidate on each occasion
ONLY CLOS pm. of entry a. basic entry fee, together with a fee for Each subject
A. D. BOYD,
Ge..al n anarge .ken,: will be payable. ".
DOMINICA BANANA G ... ...T: 23" 192. T .1betn2eessary fdr all scripts to be sent to Cam-
o.idge by air.
EDUGATiu..i .V-niebOTyiC"- ( O.A. WALKER)
EXAMATrt ..A .I.:At M U AlEA, 1981 E education Officer.
It has alre iJy .. ;i..;I tat in 1"'64 the Caaibridge
Syndicate's scho -! ex :'-li ,ons r; lie Caribbcan Area will be
held in June-Jh-ly iv acco:da.ce with the request of the Carib- PMtED AND PUBLISHED BY J. MAROARTSON CHARLS,
bean Advisory Co,:oi:e. AIT TfI .eALD'S RINTBeRY, 3!. NEW srarBT. ROSe U, COMINCA,
2. The School Ceriticate and Higher Sciool Certific4te Saturday, June 2, 1i62