.FOR THE STUDY OF MAN
162 EAST 78 STREET
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ESTABLISHED 1955 SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1963 PRICE I ^ ~
FIRE MURDER CASE SETS DOMINICA AFLAME
Isaac Freed, Joseph To Hang
THE temperate phrases of Mr. Justice St. Bernard,
elucidating the legal definitions of murder and man,
slaughter, malice aforethought and "all reasonable doubt",
were listened to with tense attention by the jury and a large
working-class crowd, as he summed up at the end of the
Balson fire-murder trial on Tharsday morning,
Harold Joseph, itinerant
salesman was, at noon, found
guilty of murder on July s5,
1963 of Rosalind Balson.
Mrs. Gertrude Isaac, who
had been charged jointly
with Joseph had been found
not guilty, by direction of the
Judge, on Tuesday afternoon,
and discharged a fr e
woman. After a subnrission
by Counsel for Mrs. Isaar,
Barrister Clifton A. H.
Dupigny, the judge inform,
ed the jury that the Crown
* Gertrude Isaac with the
murder beyond all reasonable
doubt; they therefore found
her "not guilty" unanimous-
ly without retiring.
The Summing Up
During his niominute
summing up in the case of
Harold Joseph the Judge
advised the jury: "We are
now reaching the cov.:lusion
of this triel which started on
Monday. It has aroused a
great deal of public interest
and feeling. I want you to
beat in mind the sanctity oft
your oath, that you give a
true verdict according to the
evidence. YOU are not to
allow public feeling to inter,
fere with your deliberations.
You will come to certain
conclusions which must be
based on reasonable grounds
irom the evidence deduced
from the witness box. The
ac-cused has not given
evidence on oath from the
dock. Take that into con,
Counselling objectivity the
Judge said, "wherever sym,
pathy e n t er s, reason is
dethroned..... you are the
sole judges of fact. Any
expressions of opinion made,
whether by Counsel or by me,
you may entirely reject."
Since the burden of proof
rests with the prosecution he
adjured them, "If all of the
evidence in the case leaves
you in any reasonable doubt,
you must resolve that doubt
in favour of the accused".
Acquitted of Murder
Mrs. Gertrude Isaac
The Evidence Presented
Commenting on the evi/
dance of possible meetings
near Goodwill and in Pointe
Michel between Joseph and
Gertrude Isaac, he said that
at the Goodwill visit Mrs.
Isaac had the opportunity
only to see Joseph at River
Street and that on the Sunday
at Pointe Michel he may have
spoken to the husband and
the wife. The accused said
he spoke to them; "that is
evidence against the accused.
He's telling you he was im-
plicated in a conspiracy."
D e fi ni ng "murder",
"manslaughter", "m a i c e
aforethought" and "reason,
able doubt" he emphasised
"where an accused person
ought to have foreseen that
the act which caused the
death of the person would
have either caused death or
grievous bodily harm to that
person, if the person dies as
a result of the act, that is
murder: that is malice ., ..
If you are satisfied that the
accused looked in that win/
dow and saw somebody
Joseph Accuses Gertrude
According to Joseph's statement,
the Judge went on, he did not go
home after the planning of the burn-
ing, but sat there while Ralph Isaac
said "I don't know, I don't know."
He wat-hed Mrs. Isaac as she poured
gasoline from the big tin to the
"cheese tin", then they went with it
on Tussaint's flat roof-- but he
did nothing about it. When Ger,
trude Isaac guided the broom with
a "'composition" on it and pushed
it in, he heard "the scratch of a
-.- A" I 1 -
Not Guilty If.,,
"If you find yourselves in reasonable'
doubt that what he intended to do
was to rush and take the broom away
from Gertrude Isaac, then he would
be "not guilty' of any crime. If
having heard it, you are left in
reasonable doubt, then you must
bring in a verdict of "not guilty"
of murder or manslaughter. It is
entirely a matter for you. Those are
the facts. If they arouse such a doubt
iu your minds, resolve the case in
sleeping there and then took ma en ana rushe to take theI
broom away. Then, the Isaacs door ui, I . ..
gasoline to burn the house, being shut, the accused went away "If you are satisfied that the acec
it is a matter for you to de/ according to his version. His move- ussd was the one who put the fire
cide that he could ha-ve fore, ments back to Roseau are amply in the window, or uear the bed of
seen that death was likely to attested by witnesses, as the Judge the sleeping woman, then you have
result, and under those ci, went over the evidence. to ask yourselve: 'would not a
result, and under those cirreasonable man have contemplated
cumstances it wou 1 d be Joseph's Earlier Statements that she would be burned, though
murder, perhaps not to death?'.. .. and.
Joseph From The Dock Going over the preacher's the judg, repeating his earlier.legal
definitions, directed the jury that in
Quoting. "I went to evidence and Joseph's earlier finitions, ireted they r that in
ertf- -Saac' s 'homer an -i i-"'tt-" L 1 l e- police, verdict of guilty of murder.
discussed burning down this which he had later said was a The Verdict
woman s house" from lie, the Judge said "that
ooseph's insworn statement, should not interfere with your Atier nearly an' hour, the jury re-
turned and the foreman delivered
the Judge said that this could accepting his court statement their verdict: of GcaIt Mr Justice
be used as evidence, but or hearing his defence favour- E. L. St. Bernard then put on his
doubted the accused's proviso ably", He pointed out that black cap and sentenced Harold Jo,
'provided Mrs Balson was not there was no evidence t h a t seph to be hanged on some day or
there" since it was not reason, Joseph bought any gasoline date to be named. The waiting
crowd appeared disturbed by theno eon
able to suppose that the and accused had said that he verdict.
house would be empty at did not intend to burn the (See p. 2 for Full Report of Trial
midnight -- the time .f the house with people in it, but pictures of Harold Joseph will
burning. Soon after one the Judge repeated his com, appear shortly).
o'clock Valentine John had ments about endangering life. SEMPERIT TYRES
een him in the vicinity re, (At this point Crown Pro, and
ognizing him by his back sector Crevelie was seen to TUBES IN STOCK
and walk: despite Counsel ilax considerably.) 750 x 20
Armour's objection, th The main defence was 700 x 20
Judge stated "people can be that (and the Judge read): 750 x 16
quite recognizable by their "though I intended to burn 650 x 16
backs and walk" and point/ the empty house, I never 600 x 16
ed out that the identification intended to throw fire on that 640 x 13
was unchallenged during the woman." "1 n o t h e r Very attractive prices
giving of the evidence. words", said the Jude, ".,e S.P. MUSSON, SON
The Conspiracy is telling you that Gertrude & CO. LTD.
"MThe C racy Isaac did it, she had the Corner Queen Mary &
"Mammie, I am a poor motive, and because he would King Geo. V Street
fellow, I have not a cent d it, se did i Roseau
* *"not do it, she did it"
I Know you can do business
with me" was what Joseph
reported he had said at the
meeting at the Isaacs on
Sunday night and Gertrude
Isaac said 'come let me show
you where she is'. The
accused said "I looked in
and saw the woman sleeping
on the bed" and he said that
the husband said 'What she
do, she do'. Later they sat
in the house without speak,
SDOMINICA ELECTRICITY SERVICES^
The Dominica Electricity Services are proud to
announce the electrification of Grand Bay on Satur,
I day 23rd. November. The public is cordially invited
Sto the switching on ceremony by the Hon. Minister
of Communication & Works, which will take place I
i at 5:30 p.m. in the Main Street at Graud Bay.
\ W.S. RICHARDSON,
Nov. 16 \
PAGE TWO DOMINICA HERALD SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1963
GERTRUDE ISAAC AND HAROLD JOSEPH IN HIGH COURT
Drama In Packed Court Room
Y nine o'clock on Monday morning this week the doors
of the Court House were closed and the Courtroom
was full. At 9.30 when the trial of Grtrude Isaac and
Harold Joseph for the murder of Rosalind Catherine Bal,
son commenced, there was a crowd of over a hundred out'
side the already overfilled Court House.
As Mr. Justice E. L. St. Bernard took his lace, the
five barristers present hitched up their gjwns and adjusted
their wis in preparation for the legal battle before them.
The two prisoners standing together in the little dock
appeared unmoved. Gertrude Isaac was dressed in a
white dress and white hat and started impassively from
behind her modern spectacles as the jury was empannelled:
Harold Joseph had on a dark suit and a white shirt button,
ed at the throat without a tie. His slight frame and thin
face with small moustache and tuft of beard contrasted with
the complacent respectability of his co/accused.
Prosecuting for the Crown was the Legal Assistant,
burly Trinidadian Clyde C. Crevelle, Clifton A. H.
Dupigny Esq., supported by his daughter Vanya, defended
Mrs. Isaac whilst the dapper youthful Armour brothers,
Jenner and Rcnald, represented Harold Joseph.
Four Shillingfords On Jury
Cadets Balson's Evidence
Husband Lucien Balson (also known as Cadet or
Nathaniel) was next called to the witnessbox. His
evidence (in patois) was mostly given composedly, except
when describing the details of the fire when his voice broke
and his eyes filled with tears. A lot of his evidence was
about the construction of tie house (concrete twostorey)
and its proximity to the Isaacs' house and the smill house
orn the other side which gave access to his two bedrooms.
Great difficulty was experienced in obtaining a tcpographi,
cal description of the relationship between the various
houses in Siboulie through an interpreter. Balson then
described the events of the early hours of Monday morning,
Tulr 15. At 2.0 a. m. he saw his wife slcping on her
back in the next bedroom; returning to bed he dozed until
he heard his wife screaming "Cadet, fire on me." Rush,
ing into her room, he dragged her up from the bed by her
arms and her sl-.in came away in his hands. He took her
into his own room and went for help.
Gasoline Tin Identified
The Crown Prosecutor then asked him to identify his
wife's partburnt mattress, a tincan found under his wife's
bed which smelt (at the time, he said,) of gasoline and a
gallon oil tin wh ch had been found the next morning on
his neighbour Johnnie Emanuel's doorstep which (now
empty) had then contained nearly half a gallon of gasoline.
Twelve jurors were called, six of them Shillingfords, "Objection Sustained !"
before an acceptable panel could be sworn. Cuthbert Shil/ An elderly seamstress, Marie St. Etieane, was next
lingford was excused and Spencer Shillingford challenged called. She testified that on the morning in question she
on behalf of Joseph, Neil Steadman of Laudat was chalb had been awakened by shouts of "Fire," got up, dressed
Jleiged for Gertrude Isaac. Wilfred :Shilhngford was and was et at her door (she lives i a house a few feet
chosen lby the nine-ian aury as tneir iArerr\n. o 'v_;a---:ay-o -To __B-lin4q_-so.L
The Crown's opening statement was to the effect that She started t repeat wha t Mrs. tEalson had said t6 her;
it would be shown that the Balsons and. the Isaacs returned Counsel Dupigny.6bjected on the grounds that the statement
from Curacoa as friends sometime in the early 1960s, that "she was about to make" was hearsay and not in the res
their houses were adjacent, that there was another house on gesta. Since the statement .had not yet been made, the
the other side of the Balson's house which had a flat roof, Judge ordered the jury to retire; the statement was then
from which, leading from a wall, access could be obtained made and a legal argument ensued in which the Crown
to Rosalind Balsor's first floor bedroom; that a ftw weeks and the. defending counsel for Joseph joined in trying to
before the murder there had been "bad blood" between the persuade the Court to admit it as evidence. The objection
two women, resulting in a quarrel and threats from Ger/ was, however, upheld, and the Judge warned the Press that
trude Isaac which had caused the Balsons to report the to report the statement would be "contempt of court".
matter to the police. On Sunday July 14 Gertrude had The jury then returned and Marie St. Etienne continued
been visited by Harold Joseph and a man with "a foreign with her evidence which was largely concerned with the
accent" had that same day bought gasoline in a tin. In quarrel which had occurred earlier between Gertrude Isaac
the early hours of Monday morning Harold Joseph had and Rosalind Balson. The previous Sunday, she said, she
been seen in Siboulie; after the fire, on Monday morning, heard the two women quarrelling and later she saw GeT,
Joseph had been seen returning to Roseau where he had trude Isaac with a cutlass in h e r hand and heard her
later been treated for burns on the inside of his arms and a say to Rosalind "I will mash you up today with the cut,
fractured heelbone. lass" --Ralph Isaac took the cutlass away from his wife.
This last statement was corroborated by the first wit,
ness for the Crown, Dr. Johannes H. Wisse who remem,
bered seeing the accused Joseph at the Princess Margaret
Hospital around noon on July 15.
After testimony by a nurse of the admittance of Mrs.
Balson to the hospital at 4.00 a. m. on the Monday, Dr.
Edward Armour gave the Court the unpleasant details
(reading from his notes, as is permissible for an expert
witness) of the post mortem examination. He stated that
the only injuries were from burns which covered 65 to
70% of the skin surface; these were "not compatible with
continuation of life" and the deceased, Rosalind Balson,
had died from acute cardiac failure. Next called was Dr.
Vincent Winston, impeccably dressed, who had attended
the dying Rosalind. Asked, as an expert witness, whether
she would have sensed "impending death" he gave as his
opinion that such would always be the case with such
severe burns. Crossexamined by Counsel Dupigny as to
whether she had been asked that question he said "No";
"Did she make any statement" --.answer "No."
The Man With A Foreign Accent
After the testimony of Bright Blaize and Insurance
Agent Olivacci, Valentia Phaeton said that she had seen
a man in Point Michel "creeping towards Roseau": he had
nothing in his hands and no shoes or hat, she maintained;
then George Casimir, a gas station attendant, told how the
night before the fire (Sunday night) he was approached by
a man as he was shutting up the station who requested
some gas "to wash out a rusty tin". He said the man had
an Antiguan or Barbadian accent, but when Casimir was
taken by the police to see Joseph two days later he could
not identify him as the same man although he had a similar
Called to testify by the Crown, Hubert George of
Goodwill said that be was visited by Gertrude Isaac in the
afternoon of the day before the fire. They had been friends
in Curacoa, and after she had left his home for about
twenty minutes, she returned and they visited Coney Island.
By introducing this evidence the Crown suggested that
Gertrude Isaac .had had time to visit Harold Joseph in River
Joseph's Girl Friend
Next, Katherine Peltier, a neigh-
bour of the Balsons, identified Joseph
as the man who had, on Sunday
July I5 in the evening, asked the
way to Isaac's house in Pointe
Michel, and entered their backyard.
Milotine Farquahar of River Street,
Roseau, then testified (in patios)
that Harold Jseph was "the person
to whom I am fr end y", nani d
his irade as a salesman told how he
left her on July 14 'to sup witl
another girl" but retu ned quite
soon and "lay in bed". She fell
asleep around 9..30 p.m and d d not
see Harold'until she awakened the
next morning. When she sa"' him
in hospital later he did ntt answer
her queries as to how he got burnt.
Prosecutor Crevelle told Justice St.
Ber:ard that he felt thrt he n:ght
regard her as a "hostile witness".
Valentine John, a baker, got Lp at
one o'clock on the morning of the
i5th to call her assistant and when
she returned half-an-hour later she
saw a manstanding on l'er verandah
and a strac.ge bag on the top step
(ve-y like one produced by the
Police). The man rushed past her
as she entered her house, picking up
the bag as he went, and went to,
wards the Balson's, From "his back
and his walk" she identified him as
Harold Joseph whom she knew.
Later she ran out to view the fire at
the Balson's bu did not see Gertrude
Isaac, who lived next door to the
I[W Th"yf Ldemia'tirTrr -
Josephine Lilit (Ma Jo), a shop-
keLper living next to the Isaacs,
said that she saw Harold Joseph
in Siboulie on the Sunday before
the fire. When she saw him, he was
going towards Mis. Ralph's.
(Gertrude Laac's) steps. She related
how she saw the badly-burnt Mrs.
Balson the next morning in Mrs. St.
Etienne's house and how she said
'*****" (Again Lawyer
Dupigny objected). Again the jury
was sent out, This time Rosalind
Balson's words were claimed by
prosecution and Harold Joseph's
counsel as a "Dying declaration",
but again the Judge ruled that it
was not so (after legal citations by-
Dupigny) since there was no evld/
ence that Mrs. Balson was at the
solemn point where a deathbed de-
claration of inspired truth could be
accepted: in fact the Judge stated
that i: was merely "a mischievous
statement" after telling Counsel
Dupigny "Don't generate any more
heat, the room is hot enough al-
ready". The jury was then recalled.
Grand-daughter of Marie St.
Etienne, Lucy Jolly, then gave.evi-
dence accompanied by some embar,
rassed giggles. Particularly did she
state that she knew Harold Joseph
(had bought things from him) and
had helped him to find his way to.
theIsaacs' house on Sunday July 14;
Gertrude Isaac had herself opened
the door to him.
Naet, Paulina St. John, living
at 7, Stebers Road, Pottersville, said
that Joseph had asked for a tin to
get some kerosene in on the previous
Saturday afternoon. She could not
help him but had directed him' to
the filling station next to Shilling-
(Cont. on page ii)
SATURDAY, NOVEM3~R 16, 1963 DOMNICA HERALD
LIFE HAS A HAPPY FLAVOUR
From OVALTINE,your growing youngsters get all the wonder-
ful, dairy-fresh goodness of Malt, Milk and Eggs.
And OVALTINE contains lots of extra vitamins too. Helps the
young ones grow big and strong.Keeps them happy, healthy
and brimful of vitality. Equally delicious hot or cold.
NOTHING ELSE IS JUST AS GOOD
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1963
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1963
PAGE FOUR DOMINICA HERALD
DTU Ancient History
Audited Accounts 1945--1946
At the request of the General Secretary, Dominica Trade Union, we
publish below the Principal Audi.or's report for the period 19 May, 1945 to 30
(Concluded from last ireek)
16. Expenditure totalled 4349. 9. I Payments
have been made in accordance with the Rules, and expen,
diture on salaries of Officers authorised by the Executive
Committee as provided for in Rule Io (e).
17. The following is a Summary of Expenditure for
3 years on the most important items of Expenditure:--
Sick Pay -- 303.I2.4 Medical Attendance .i.:'. -.4 .
Death Benefits 3Irs. 6.1 Subsistence S9.i6.4
Salaries 477. 6.9 Stationery :5.i6.S
Transportation 6175. o o Commiss on -1.1r(.3
s8, Medical Attendance. The Union's doctor is
required to keep a record of members attended by him,
which is checked by the Secretary before paymiltus are
made, There is some measure of control over this expcn,
19. Bank Accounts, Pass Books for Savincs Ac-
counts at Barclays Bank and the Dominica Savings Bank
have been examined with the accounts. A Savings Ac-
count is kept with the Dominica Co-operative Bank for
the Political Fund.
20. Assets of this Union consist of the Registered
Office building which was purchased and repaired at a
cost ofz1223, also a typewriter and office furnituic of the
Registered Office and all Branches.
.::;' 1. ;-At the date of this report, audit was informed
--by the-Sec yaray- L36f the 24 Branches forie.l had
- been disbanded. ,' :
While this i irn accordance with Rule 14 (b), it will
be observed that under Rule 14 (k), all money, books and
other property of any Branch, which shall secede or be dis-
banded, shall be at once sent to Head Office by the offi,
cers of such Branch, together with a detailed statement of
receipts and expenditure.
22. Inventories of such property of the Union have
not been seen, and the detailed statements of receipts and
expenditure are required for examination in audit.
23. Massacre Branch. The records of the Massacre
Branch which had not been examined, were destroyed by
lire on IIth June, 1949.
Summary And Recommendations
24. The audit of these accounts must be considered
as incomplete, in view of the few records received for
Accounting arrangements at the Registered Office
were not entirely satisfactory, and those of the Branches
wcre not in form for audit.
A serious view must be taken of the failure of the
Union to produce the records of 12 Brauches for audit.
It is understood that a proper system of accounting
has been introduced since January, 1949.
Audit of the accounts to 31st December, 1949, will
be undertakc! and reported upon as soon as possible.
(Sgd) D. I. BLANCHARD,
For Principal Auditor,
Voting Age ing age will have effects be,
yond Barbados, because it is
Reduced In certain that this development
Barbados will make the youth of the
other islands stand up and
THE voting age in Barbados take note.
has been reduced from There are, quite naturally,
21 to 18 years. Therefore, differences of opinion on the
at the next election there will move that has been made in
be an army of young people Barbados; some people are
ready to cast their votes, advancing the agerold argu-*
This reduction in the vote/ ment that youth is immature,
too emotional and the rest; ciation with her in the federal,
others consider the granting tion.
of the privilege of the vote to Many things will change.
the youth as the surest means The tactics of the politicians
to develop a greater sense of will never be the same again;
responsibility among them. the approach to a youthful
Whatever the pros and electorate will have to take
cons, the fact remains that a into account youth's more
social revolution has begun critical judgement and youth's
in Barbados, and it will be greater sense of impatience
felt throughout the other with the failings of aduds.
islands working towards asso, It may not be the intettion
of other unit governments to
extend the vote to their youth;
but one thing seems likely:
it will be difficult to surpress
the desire when it comes;
especially if the Federation
becomes a reality. The youth
of Montscrrat, St. Kits and
the others will never be satis,
fied, unless they too can vote
at unit and federal elections.
From the "Mjntserrat Mirror"
'' THE WORLD-FAMOUS
QUALITY SHOE POLISH
- -- ^ ^ ,, - -- - ----- - , '* -...:.. i^ :. :.
IT'S A FACT
SThe U.S. Telstar communica,
tions satellite, launched July 0o, 1962,
to relay radio and Television signals
across the Atlantic Ocean, became
silent after four months of experi-
mental operation. A team of experts
from the American Telephone and
Telegraph Company diagnosed the
difficulty and divide a corrective
signal that revived its response to
ground command. This feat is pro-
probably the longest-distance' repair
job ever known
Cuban farm production is repor-
ted to have fallen off 20 per cent
since the communist regime seized
power. The big estates have not been
divided among the landless as pro-
mised but have been organised into
commumst-type farms. The small,
privately owned farms, however,
provide about the only foodstuffs
produced on. the island-which is
far below the country's requirements.
Poor wages and inexperienced man-
agement have created an indifferent
by Bill Wilson--USIS'
Al C Y/
When Christopher Columbus see
sail fzom Spain for the New World
in r492, his expedition consisted of
three vessels, Nina, the Pinta and the
Santa Maria. A replica of the Nina,
the smallest of the three, was recently
built in Spain and equipped to re-
peat Columbus's voyage. Using
only i5th century instruments, the
nine-man crew made the voyage in
77 days. This was more than double
the time Columbus's more experi,
enced crew required.
SATURDAY NOVEMBER 16, 1963
Correspondents are avked t< submit their .'ll names and clcdressess as
aguar.ntee of good faith, bu' no. necessarily' fr ptt.'icatior Letter should
he as shot as possible. Con.'rove'-sia politlral letter will not ,e pub-
lished anonymous/v '/i.ws expressed in Pclple's Psrt do not necessarily
reflect the policy of the Ed. tor or the Propr.icto'
That P.W.D. Issue
Now that the P.W.
D. issue is over, 1 think that
I should begi, by congratu,
lating your paper on the
correct attitude it adopted by
not commenting on the ma,
tter while it was before the
I am convinced now more
than ever before that the
DOMINICA HERALD apart
from living to its motto Fiat
Justitia, also tries to be a true
reflection of all that a journal
should stand for in a demo,
cratic society. It is therefore
without hesitation that I say
that the Dominica Chronicle
would profit immensely if
only it would take a few tips
from the DOMINICA HERALD.
In a recent issue the DoIn-
inica Chronicle carried a news
item captioned "Identificationr
Trouble In P.W.D. Case."
I will not dilate on the de,
merits,of commenting on a
matter which is sub judice,
Seiec ally in a small comrni
lmty and the likely effects on
a. juty, bearing in mind the
maxim that "Justice should
not only be done, but it
should also appear to be
done," but I am bound to
make mention of the fact
that this statement by the
Dominica Chronicle was an
exaggerated untruth. On the
other hand, the truth is that
when questioned about cer,
tain names, witnesses for the
prosecution were either des/
cribe the physiogomies of
people who worked and in
whims and fancies of t.ce
prosecution were "ficricious"
or they would reply' "fThe
names are f-miliar."
How on earth could the
Dominica Unronicle arrive at
the fact that there was trouble
in identification? Were the
"oldsters" who had trouble
identifying a product of the
Dominica' Chronicle's own
It is a good thing that
people were able to follow
the various testimonies of ati
the witnesses for themselves.
This has definitely exploded
the multiplicity of heresay
myths and misrepresentations
which had previously done
so much to malign the good
name of the boys.
The first point which must
have struck the impartial ob,
server forcibly is that there is
and Death Ce-tificates.
in relation to the issu.:. If
you want a Birth Certificate
ofa particular pc:son, you
must know the person's
nlace of birrh dite nof irth
I obsolutey nothing "% V1. . UL'
absolutely nothing wrong and the names of the person's
with the two paysheets which parents. If y o u want a
were produced and the two Death Cettificate you must
supporting Tim e Sheets. also give particulars. And
Each Time Sheet related i. in many instances you give
every material particular to full particulars and more,
the respective payshcct. and you are still not able to
As the case progressed, obtain on of those
the second point which ceruficates.
struck one even mor, forci It is significant to note that
bly w as the unimpressive all through te case not
evidence which was adduced shre of evidence was prot
t try to make out a case. duced to throw even the
The following are examples. slightest suspicion on tihe
One witness stated on party who was alleged to
oath that he "combed" the have ".tokln". As for the
whole island looking for two other gentlemen, charged
people answering to certain with forging, the proseci/
names, I am not even think' tion's fallacy was that they
ng of the fact that this wit- should not have made out
ness did not visit several pay lists. I am only pre/
villages (which is quite true), pared to .ccept this urgu/
but when we know that our ment when, and only when
police have no legal training, it can be proven to me that
Jhow safe would it be for us the prosecution was at some
to rely on the method this
this man employed iM his -
"combing" In tlact his fl
method was extremely un. COUGH
sound, because the same GOT YOU L. :
person he concluded to be SI Hiffg N
-, ,rafitlt coughing-
described by another prose, ciokiing-cycie.
S .- ,. in seconds with A /
cu'ion witnessing these words, BIt KLEr 'S'
"I know him. He was FAS -AcNG
short etc." Another ridui-u, i Y IXTURE
lous attempt was the eifrt ,The first sip of BUCKLEY'S powerful
made to introduce Electoral elscato re evs congtoson, eeshroa
Irritation, stops the tickle that makes you
Lists to make comparisons. ,rIIh--elts you breathe freely.
1UC(: KIEY' i 18 completely different-
This was most improper for go --: for diaetlc. n aa's bst
even the illiterate among us iPlng cough and ,old remedy for over 20
would know that apart from TAKE
the many who are eligible to COUGH
vote and are not registered as M URE
voters, there are quite a few 7 MIXTURE
workers on all projects who
have not ye; acaained voting
A prosecution w i t n e s s
c a meJ ctnt he had fouid
three persons answering to
the name of "Mattliew
Joseph" and two answering
to che. name of "Tiomas
Joseph." I know dozens of
pairs of persons here who
havw the same names and
surnames. In many cases,
three, iour, live and cvn
morr. people have identical
names and surnames. Was
it really proper for the prose,
cini nmto try to establish that
the three of one name and
the two of another name are
the only persons answering
to those names? These were
those o ne witness had
"found". What about th3se
he had not found?
An other consider a t i o n
worthy of mention is the In.e amou, umt, rowe
question of Birth Certificates provisions for Migrants are nov
time or other in the past,
their Supe.ior Au'hority and
had given them specific
instructions that under no
circumstances and at no time
at all should they have made
As the case unravelled
what a far cry one found it
to be from the allegations of
misinformed a nd mis-in/
forming people. Little
wonder then, that the small
crowd warmly applauded the
Thanking you very much,
I am, Yours respectfully,
HILLARY VICTOR, Roseau
John For Captain
bone of the team in 1962
when he played at Centre/
hiff; and as I am informed
by a member of that team he
controlled the game on the
field. It is long time now
that this young man should
be given an important post
in the field of sports in Dom
inica. There is absolutely
nobody better than him.
He'll learn as thel otichrs did.
(Ted Dextnr, for cx:mrpic):
Men like Vvilfred Shiuli1vnr
ford, Inspector ~ ..!. wc,
Phillip Alleyne and I ,d.ic
Robinson will certainly guide
him along in doii.g a good
job. Give the boy what he
Madam, Cont. ,n page 7
I full heartedly endorse TE OF
F.A. Joseph's statement in QUOTE OF THF
the last edition, when he WEEK
chose Clcm John as captain
for the forthcoming football Tension is not between
tournament to be held at white people and Negro
home. In addition to the people. The tension is, at
fact that John is the most bottom, between justice and
competent tootballer in the injustice, and not between
island he also has the good Negroes and wh't- people
knowledge of the game. who may be. unjust.-
Remember be was the backk" ,Pr. Mati Lur ; tber Sinfi
'-:' : :7 : '' .... -
STl GEORGE'S CHURCHi'
SUNDAY NOV. 17
Solemn Mass 5.00 a m.
Holy Communion 7.30 a.m.
Morning prayer and Sermon 9.30 a.m.
Children's service 4.00 p.m.
Evening prayer (said) 7.15 p.m.
Cantata 8.00 p.m.
Covent Garden Market
mmmBimmi-m ~fI H
er and vegetable market in London to which breadfruit and ground
v being shipped from the West Indict.-
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1961
D MINICA HERALD
AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY
31 New Street, Roseau. Tel. 307
Published by j. MARGARTSON CHARLES, Proprietor
Editor MRS. PHYLLIS SHAND ALLFREY
U.K. & European Rrpresentative Colin Turter (London) Ltd
122, Sha'tesburv Ave Loilnon W. I
Annual '<,iscriptioas : Town 85.00 Country S6.00
Overseas (Surface Mail) $7.50
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16I, i93
THE SWITCH OVER
It was therefore with much surprise that the Editor of
this newspaper learned that last Sunday, in a Nonconfor,
mist Church in Roseau. a certain lay preacher uttered
accusatory words against unnamed teachers of an unnamed
school who are connected with an unnamed press. As
guardians of the press and of freedom of speech, we note
the lay preacher's "warning" and hope we may have a
verbatim report of any further political utterances hf or any
otherr preacher may be disposed to make from a pulpit.
Th: Editor asks those who follow the publication of'-In The Cab-
inct" with interest to excuse the omission of this feature from our present
issue, owing to her attendance in the Supreme Court as a reporter of the
WE LISTENED to an interesting southh such fa m o u s characters t h a t t e Balson murder irial, and her consequert absence from her desk. A
quiz this week and were rather students' liking for "bold characters" be/ long instalment will be prepared for next isue.-P.S.A.
pleased with a young gentleman's know, comes indulged. Our chronicle is devoid O -
ledge of Keats and Coleridge and a young also of such redoubtable feminine person 'SO THEY SA Y --
lady's acquaintance with Greek mythology, alities as Boadicea, Elizabeta I, Margaret
among'other bright answers. We did of Anjou and Lucretia Borgia. The real BY BOB RAY
notice, however, remarkable hesitations protagonists of those early days remain IE always suspected Christopher Columbus to be a bit
when the Quizleader enquired how King anonymous groups of people in their V mixed up but we had this thought confirmed the
Charles I met his death and what were sufferings, their h e r o s mn and their other day when we read in the CHRONICLE that "after
the names of nominated members of triumphs. The early Spanish colonisers, rounding the northern tip of Dominica, Columbus went
Dominica's Legislative Council. We their courageous fanaticism and pioneer north to Martinique . . And then he probably sailed
should have thought that "King Charles's' empirebuilding, probably make less im' due west for Spain to report to Queen Isabella In the
Head"-- an expression immortalised by pact in small territories where Spanish round-bottom tubs they sailed in those days, its difficult to
Charles Dickens in David Copperfield influence was nil, although our neigh' understand how Columbus ever sailed east against the
would have fixed that obsessional event in bours the French have left their eternal roaring trade winds in order to get home. And he sure
everybody's head for all time. Turning imprint on our annals, our citizens and had his nerve to venture around the Caribbean twice, both
to contemporary history, only one nomin, their ways. times in the autumn season of the year when hurricanes
ated member, Mr. Loblack, was named If only one of the resilient West like Edith, Flora and Helena are hissing over the briny
by a student. Africans who were dragged protestingly deep. Or maybe 500 years ago there were no hurricanes'
Speaking of history, we observed that across oceans to these fair isles under sub, no trade winds and no West Indies either But we
-me a - estions --a beeu e keep think it more likely that these things were all here five cen-
on English History. Nowadays British a diarywhat a difference,': it wo ave wturnes ago onn-' c .r
examination boards are doing all they can made to our history records Yet even Its a good yarn, anyway, and fires the imagination as well
to bring local history to the forefront by the audacious Maroons of Jamaica remain as makes good reading for the small fry who see great
presenting alternative sets of history ques- largely unnamed, and who can compare romance in exploring unknown lands.
tons based on the various Commonwealth Jenkins' ear with King Charles' head Another myth that ought to be exploded is the one
regions. There iS a West Indies history; One cannot dissociate English history alluded to by the Scandinavian newspaper man who re,
and next time there isa quiz, we hope from West Indian history. The strands cently visited Pointe Mulatre to see how big a story Erland
that one or two questions on this subject which were woven by Drake and Haw, Blomqvist was spinning back home in Sweeden, This
may be posed. kins became rauter and gleamed more visitor reported that the Swedes couldn't get along on such
It is, we are aware, hard for pupils who brightly when Wilberforce rose o his feet a primitive land as Mulatre but that perhaps Americans
have been steeped, like some of the senior in the British House of Commons. The might be able to do so Then he adds that America is
students, entirely in the rich lengthy tapestry basket-weave of Caribbean records, de/ closer anyhow . which doesn't mean much as people in
of English history to make the great change- scried b a high school student to this La Plaine are a lot closer still and they are having rather
over or switch to the younger account o editor (somewhat wistfully) as "mostly difficult time making both ends meet in Pointe Multre.
For one thing, the period in our case is ailing around, fighting, t r a d e and But the thing that most people fail to understand about
much shorter, asso few records of the industry" becomes properly knitted into "developing underdeveloped places" is that you just dor_'t
Cioneys, the Arawaks and theCaribs the tapestry of Britain's past: the filaments find paved streets, lights, running water and the patrolman-
have survived. Ourhistory is generally are joined, and cannot be denied. on his beat in underdeveloped places. That's why they are
Ssuvied. O hitora i w We have or h ry: i i r n, underdeveloped. If the Scandinavians, or anyone else for
considered to have begun in 1492, wih We have our history: it is our own, that matter, want to retire to a place that has "all the
the advent of Columbus. Another great drawn from afar, like America's, yet amenities" then they better be prepared to pay ten times as
contrast is the lack ofdramatis personae in individualistic. What is more, we are much and to watch both ways when they cross the street
the early years. It is when we come to still making and writing it, and the best else the heavy vehicular traffic may knock them flat !
men like Thomas Warner, "Indian" part of it may yet be recorded. The great Miami makes a good retirement place. It has all the
Warner, Toussaint L'Ouverture, Pere switch/over, so protracted in our case, is amenitier including television, supermarkets and lifeguards
Labat, Henri Christophe and in process. on the bathing beaches.
There are several good businesses around that people
might look into with the eye that they may try to do it for
a living: what about contract spraying ? There are some
PULPIT POLITICS very effective grass and weed killers available now and if
Si: some fellows wanted to be really enterprising, they might
get one or two power sprayers (or even the hand-pump
T is a fact that occasionally in the past claim to have outgrown a proclivity which type) and go around various estates offering to periodically
in Dominica is frowned upon throughout Her Majesty's spray the cultivations to keep the weeds and grass in check.
members of the Clergy in Dominica is frowne upon throughout Her Majetys A "crew of four or five men could be kept very busy
t(whatsoever their denomination) have Commonwealth. There is a time and a every day all year long by taking contracts to spray the land
thought fit to use the pulpits of this island
for denunciations, prohibitions and other place for political parlance, and the time and then to return in five or six weeks to spray it again.
political utterances illconnected with the of the Sunday service and the place of the If the rates are based on common sense and not "getrich,
principles of Christianity. It is also a fact pulpit are even less seemly for such quick" ideas, they could line up several dozen places that
that of recent years.this tendency has so emissions than.the classroom, where poli, would be very glad indeed to have this service.
diminished in our Island that we may tical talk is outlawed. (Cont. on p. 7)
SATURDAY NOVEMBER 16, 1963
Cont, from page 5
Dear Editor, -- Please permit me space As a reader
of your magazine I am very interested in poem, and would
like to take p;.rt in publishing a few poems in your
column. I also, would be grateful if you on my behalf
publish the following questions: -
A MOMENT AGO
They said goodbye only a moment ago
The whole of life was concentrated here,
The last laugh sounded in this green place,
And the first tear froze Eden's clownwhitc/face-
Here, only a moment ago.
Yet in all that blueness of sky
And urbanity of gently/waving tree,
And curving of swallows, flying high,
There's nothing to show
Of the strange calamity.
And nothing to show
Where the grass shivered and cried;
Nor the exact blade where the world died
Only a moment ago.
By Cyril G. Taylor.
(1) Will the British Taxpayers be pleased to know
the way in which their money is being lavished in
(2) Will Enaland not allow Dominica to fight her
way and get her own money after the three P. W. D. Men
who were set free in such a glaring case :
Is it not discouraging the policemen, when their pay
Bob & Ray
(Cont. fiom page 6)
Another business that may take more capital is the
drycleaning business. People in Roseau are buying more
expensive clothing year by year and realize that dunking in
the Roseau River and beating on rocks doesn't help the
garment keep its shape or colour very well. But modern
dryclepning methods will and can make the garments look
as good as new.- All this takes is (again) an enterprising
group of Dominicans with some drive to set up a shop, go
out and solicit business. If they do the work well, they
are bound to get r-peat business and the success of it will
spread all over the island bringing them grateful customers
who want their clothes dry,/leaned and pressed. Anyone
who has ever had their good quality jacket or d:essy dress
dry/cleaned instead of washed can appreciate the difference
. . and what's more, will be willing to pay the extra price
to have their garments looking nicer.
A third new business someone might find both in/
teresting and profitable might be -he "rent/a/tool" business.
Anyone who wants to thread a few pieces of pipe needn't
go to the expense of buying his own pipe threader; he sim/
ply rents it for so much per day; or a floor sander; or a
blowtorch to do same soldering; or an aluminum exten/
sion ladder to reach the tip of his roof. Yes, to rc.t these
"tools" instead of trying to bo:row them from friend, is lots
easier and helps you to keep your friends too. Of course
on something rather expensive like an ekc:ric saw, a82o.oo
deposit might be required in the event the saw was da,
magcd in addition to the regular rental of say $5.oo per
day. Roseau could use several "RentA-Tooi" companies
and they might even expand to retrt things like wheelchairs,
o100 hairs for a party or 65 coffee cups for so me gathering,
or wigs for the learned men and women at "high court".
So they say.
is so small, and that their ability is being broken down by --
Magistrates ir .in Doiica .Se
(3) Can the Government ay whether the Carnival A Prime n
Firearid P. D, cases are finished. Marries T
If no! make ,haste, if yes, will the' Government The Prime Minister of Uganda, iThiE IF'/AR
agree that every man in this Island carry a gun : Hon. Milton Obote last week
(4) What about the Airfield money that was wast, married Maria Kalule, former secret C PH
tary of Uganda Mission to the C, G. PHIL.
ed, is there no inquiry to be made about that United Nations. 20,000 guests were
Yours trttly, invited and the Anglican service LA TEST
ALBERT JULIAN, Marigot. was being telecast. (cp) .
Dear Madam Editor, I am tired
of haring ridiculous remarks about
the W.H.S. uniform especially the
tie. However, the gossippers ought
to be pitied for they do not know
better. I say, my people, just as it
takes all kinds of people to make a
world, so it takes different groups to
form a community.
There is too much selfishness and
jealousy in this little island of Domi-
nica, and this is what is keeping our
standard down. Those who are
supposed to be showing an example
are those who are dragging down the
tone of the island.
Suppose all the schools wore the
same uniform, how would they be
distinguished? Or if they all belong-
ed to one school, who would be left
to compete, or cause them to aim
I hope those concerned will think
of it on this line, and stop display,
ing their obvious ignorance.
Thanks for space.
Cont. cn page 8
S A limited quantity of back numbers of the
S Herald tor some 2- years are available at
"P the Office.
S PHONE 307 CIRCULATION MANAGER
FRESH as a breeze
with the fragrance of
Limacol, your favour-
ite toilet lotion.
COOL and soothing to your
skin. Protects against pers-
piration. Gives you confi-
dence on the hottest day.
FINE as face powder. Clings
lovingly. Lightens the tone
of the skin. A member of
the famous Limacol family.
*.......... - _
S dressing Tabie
Freezers, Saw Fili
!Mixed Putty, Turpi
fI. C, I. Paints, El
This excellent description of Social
Tolerance is published in te Royal
Bank of Canada's Monthly Newsletter
The Athenians gave us the first
example of the explicit recognition
of the importance of social tolerance.
They had minds open to new ideas
and thoughts. We recall thai on his
journey up and down the coast of
Asia Minor Saint Paul was mobb-
ed, imprisoned and ridicul-ed and
beaten. but when he came to
Athens they brought him to Mars'
Hill, their highest court, and said:
"May we know what this new
doctrine, whereof thou speakest, is?"
Ope.n-micdedness is not empty,
headedness. It means having a desire
to learn as well as having freedom
from prejudice, partisanship and
other mindclosing habits. If you
have an open mind you are not
content to uncover errors: you.go a
step farther in an attempt to establish
true opinion to take their place.
And when you come upon some-
hing excellent you like it, no matter
whose it is.
* FOLLOW THE STAR B
LIP & CO. LTD.
Mirrors, Ice Cream!
es, Floor Tiles, Readyi
entire, Linseed Oil,!
electric Wire, Tools,
ASTAPHANS SHOPPING CENTRE
ARE PLEASED TO ANNOUNCE
THE OPENING OF THEIR
t ON NOVEMBER 1ST.
I Visit our DRUGS DEPARTMENT on the
first floor for a large variety of
Drugs and Patent Medicines
PRESCRIPTIONS A SPECIALTY
FREE!! GIFTS TO EVERY CUSTOMER
FOR A LIMITED PERIOD
REMEMBER!! FOR DRUGS SEE
ASTAPHANS SHOPPING CENTRE
DESIGNED FOR YOUR SHOPPING PLEASURE
Oct. 12-Nov. 30
-f i *i. a ^* >
|n i J-~ ---
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1963
Cont. from page 7
I hope the follow
ing will prove of some slight
amusement to Bob and Ray and
others, although I must confess
that while going through the ordeal
I was far from amused.
Tips To Strangers
On The Art Of Air-
Mailing Small Gift
By One Who Found Out
The Hard Bay
1. Inquire at Paicel Post for De-
claration forms- directed to General
P.O. for Air Mailing.
2. General P.O direct me back
to Parcel Post.
3. Parcel Post direct me to Picard
4. Picard Office direct me down-
wards to B.W.I.A. Office.
5. B.W.I.A. office.agree parcels
can go for $3.45-bui where is the
Export Warrant-directed to office
above Parcel Post.
6. Wrong office-directed to Cus-
7. Kind boy in Customs directs
me to Export Office--two flights of
stairs Liter-wrong office-!ady clerk
points out correct building.
8. Tariff office--pay 4 collect
four green forms-clerk kindly helps
to fill in Ist one--I recopy this three
times-directed downstairs to Cus,
9. Customs initial and enter
cubic measurement-directed back
to Tariff office.
o1. Clerk keeps one green copy-
directed to Cashier to pay 2g leaving
and green copy--redirected to Cus-
In. Customs keep 3rd green
copy--directed to B.W.I.A. office.
12. B.W..A. office --pay $3.45
hand over last green copy- wait for
Waybill o be typed ont- HORRORS
-laoels d covered to be Par eel Post
--but no others available.
ALLS WELL THAT ENDS WELL
--nearly two hours and thirteen
people later I succeeded in Air-
Mailh:g the parcels-I hope! !
N.B. The parcels although small (jointly
weighing approx 411s and cont.iinig
iner.1y chocolates, cake decorations and
two small Birthday gifts and addressed
to Barbadis) were of necessity tarried
throughout the entire manoeuvres.
Asked To Submit
Copy By Noon
Day At Soufriere
The Soufriere Govt. School Staftf
the N. C. O. in charge of the Sou-
friere Pclice Station and the Parish
Priest a.e to be congratulated fo: the
fine and impressive little ceremony
put up in observance of Reme:m-
Afer a sAlemn chu ch service dur-
ing wh:ch a remembrance sermon
was ably preached by the Pariah
Priest, the entire congregation watch-
ed and took part in a grand po--
pramme on im chaitch grounds.
Giving the scene a cok-urful ap
pearance were the neatly uniformed
Police of the district, the Scouts,
Guides and Red Cross link of Scotts
After the Union Jack was brok-
en, the Head Teacher addressed the
gathering, taking as his theme "It
is expedient that some should die l sc
This was followed by the report
of a gun which sign lied the com-
mencement of the two mn t s silence.
When the gun went again to signal
tl;e cessation of this solemn period
the school choir under the direc iin
of the Head Teacher sang the Hymn:
'' Cod Our Help in Ages Past". Making this announcement, the
Miss Colita OlivaceC very ably ac, Premier told the House of Assembly
companies with the hand organ. that the full cost ofepual pay would
Hon'ble Pemberton was then the be 240,000 dollars a year. The five
rext speaker and he treated his list- -year equalisation plan was related
eners to a verylucid and iillm'nating to the island's ability to meet this
pariotic address. additional financial burden, be said.
Miss Lucita Etienne, a sc h o o -T.U.C. News
c',ilc, rendered a patriotic poem .nd
the choir again came in w i t h the
Hymn "A mighty Foutress is Our Aid For Hurricane
Afier the Head --eacier's closing
remarks, the National Anthem end- The British T. U. C. Is
(d a ceremony which will linger long e Btis U. C.
in the memory of those who took made a donation of 0soo to
part. Congratulation Soufriere!! the T o b a g o Hurricane
Co:n.entatoPr Relief Fund sponsored in
____London by -he High Corn
E missioncr for Trinidad 2nd
Equal Pay In Tobago.
Women in the Civil Service in
Barbados are to ,e given equa; pay. Another Shinment Of
As was the case in Iritain, it is to VITTORIA KNAPSACK SPR YERS
come in stages. Each yearfor five Ideal For "Gramoxone And Reljl0ne"
years, beginning in August 1964, Application.
Etey will receive increases equal to
one-fifth of the difference between S.P. MUSSON, SON & CO. LTD.
their salaries and those of men in Roseau,
the same categories of employment. Tel. 360,
i- Br tam there was seven stages. Nov. 9-
f--* --- -____--~.
We hate to do this!
ANNOUNCING A PRICE INCREASE
SMost businesses keep quiet about increasing their plics i
but we think we owe you an explanation.
Our poultry feed costs are up more than 8% over a year
ago; freight rates have also risen. Medication is higher i
Sand so is labour. Such things as kerosene lamps, ciuck
repair parts, poultry wire, polythene bags, egg boxes
and a score of other items have been creepi.Lg up in
price for the past 18 months.
i UP TO NOW, WE'VE BEEN A SPONGE
SBy sharpening our efficiency we have
.L .... .... -....-. -.... L, ...hi ,
I neqn't m-rI
tnese cost increases montuil uy onILtlln. I uLtLoen ti ma.l
Good sense to continue to do this. We will share
These increases with you but we must raise some prices
Modestly at this time. Here's how:
SSYLVANIAFRESH Eggs up 8,ioths of cent each.
SYLVANIAFRESH Broilers under 3 Ibs, up 44 per lb.
SSYLVANIAFRESH Roasters over 3 lbs, up 6p per lb.
NO INCREASES PLANNED ON
SSYLVANIAFRESH Stewng Chickens,
ISYLVANIAFRESH Duckling and Duck Eggs,
,All live fowl, piglets and pork.
SSylvania Poultry Farms--Imperial Road
ROSEAU. Tel: 224--5 rings,
, . ...n .. l .. l...... l..... . i
AVAILABLE AT THE FOLLOWS HARDWARE STORES
SL. A. DUPIGNY Esq.,
SJ. W. EDWARDS
iC. G. PHILLIP & COMPANY
t .. T. D.SHILLINGFORD
SATURDAY NOVEMBER 16, 1963
Shakespeare The finds himself in circumstances to his imnortality. His dramatic '" -.. ...-
e p are T that arouse his weakness works could not have been effective
Immortal Artist II jealousy. This consumingor t d J U S
S consuming whica the characters express their
Macbethemotion blinds his senses. feelings, his control of verw, i mauery
He finally kills the object of and his command of the language. NESTL
Making mention of speci, his love. Iago is there to
fic plays, Miss Sorhando had spur him on: the evil man River Of Life
this to say, in Macbeth one Always t hand to add his Shakesoeare's plays will continue I
sees a man whose ambition story, one wh' takes pleasure to appeal to every society and all INESCAFE D
dulls his conscience as he in the misfortune of others. ages. His characters are alive, corn- Coffee mad(
progresses in crime. The He is not a mere symbol. plex because they are always chang- Coffee Bear
hardening process of a mur/ He is a living man whom we and never sustain o.e attitude: they keeps the fl
deer's heart, his fears before recognize t o d a y. Shakes, a mysteries, man ors a yster tio takes out th
and after the deed is com eare's characters are indivi bue the very mystery that Enobarbus Thanks t
mitted, the torment of inde- duals but they reveal the nticedin Cleopatra's charm, CAFE op
cision is revealed to us. essentials, the basic fLelings in "Age cannot wither nor custum -CAkE, o r
Macbeth is the deliberate m a n. The circumstances sta!e her infinite variety". His works take as mla
murder. But yet h e is change but man remains the accepting lfe, rejecting nothing, .want at any
murdererr. But yet > e is c un ring the real and poetic, estacy or
human, his innermost fears same. The essentials satire wial continue to appeal to all
are exposed. A man yet, remain. types of man. His work is indeed a
in spite of his unnatural Shakespeare was a genera/ great River of Life.
actions. This is why we tor of life, a creator, he created There were many questions from THE 0 DO
S him wh we feel horror a world f living creatuesthe floor and some members were
pity him, why we feel horror e a wor of m creaTures Particularly inclined to the view that I
'VHe is on'e of us we see aware of themselves. This the controversy over the authorship
ourselves in him. is why his plays are not dull. of the plays was neither illuminating and
"His evil genius, his wife The characters are consciouss nor rewarding. Some argued it was
urges him on; her acts are of themselves; they possess this all part of the tireless search for truth. Nov. 9-16
even more unnatural than her self knowledge which many
husband's for she speaks of of us today are lacking. A IN IlUN.EMENT .
dashing her babies' head Their self knowledge marks _i SUBS
but she is still a woman, them as creatures of infinite
Unable to stand the, strain, capacity. Man himself is at IN addition to its every Subscribers
she breaks down in the end. once the explanation and the I branch of Music Study- 12 noon 0on
Macbeth, however, increases mystery of t he universe. THE CHRISTIAN MUSICAL delivered,
in strength until he can sin, Shakespeare's conception of CLASS has opened its COM- PHONE0
cerelvysay to himself "I have life is a lbfty one. Essential AMERCIAL STUDY SECTION; PHONE :
almost forgot the taste of humanity is represented in Special Subjeets being Book-
_fears. Thek tinias been his plays. Hi_ immortalitykj seeing Typvi and En/
when my senses would have rests on this. gailh; The most modern
cool'd to hear a night shriek Typewritrs of every make
S.... I have supped n Evare installed; THE C.M. CLASS.:;3 .
full of horrors Direness His plays are not based on any is now a School-leaver's
familiar to my slaughterous abstract philosophy or theory of paradise; Its morals are
thoughts cannot once start right or wrong. His characters act HIGH on every aspect.
me" Those are the words according to their natural instinct. STUDY and be TRAINED
not o me a cbet he thewrly The villain becomes a villain be, THE CHRISTIAN MUICAL
not of Macbeth of the early cause through force of circumstances THE CHRISTIAN MUSICAL
scenes b u t of Macbeth coupled with his own personality CLASS WAY.
alt e r e d by circumstances; and passions he succeeds in killing Nov. 2-16
Macbeth the seasoned mur/ the natural promptings within him-
der who w fri t self. Each character has his own.
derer who was afraid to do philosophy of life, from the kings to Dom nica Evangelist
the deed himselfin the first the clowns, each one judges life in Mii
Acts. This explains to us his own way from his own angle Mission
why some criminals keep on and his remarks may be strikingly
in their crime. Man at his true and profound in many instances. An Evangelist Mis-
lowest point, a mThese reflections are evoked by the
lowest point, a man who has r stances and are sometimesSion Campaign of the
circumstances and are sometimes
succeeded in dulling his self-contradictory. They derive above Mission is now
conscience. This is tragedy strength from the feeling of which
indeed! Macbeth's fi n a 1 they are born. His philosophy of being held at Bath
comment on life is that of a life is based on this statement of Road (Dumas Build-
cynic who sees only failure Heury V. "There is a soul of good ing). The general
before him. ness in all things evil". There are
before him........ n n d ...i.;i hiq ;,.., public is invited.
ECAFFEINATED is Instant^
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is. An exclusive Process)
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Saturday if their papers have not been1
We may be sold out by that time.
CIRCULATION DEPT. 307.
"Life's but a walking hadow
It is a tale told by an idiot
full of sound and fury."
"Macbeth is an individual;
a character in his own right;
but his feelings, emotions are
those of the ambitious man
of all time. A man whose
passions, and lust for power
dull his conscience and blind
him to duty.
"Othello is the lover who
strives to be good, but who
no stern con emnatons n s
Shakespeare's poetry has contributed
By Special Request
The "Greatest" CHARLTON HESTON
According to the Gospel with the De Cormier Chorale
Volume 1- Life of Our Lord Jesus Christ
Volume 2- Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ
Famous Screen & Radio Star in his most sensational
recording should be a "must" in your Record Collection
Supplies are limited AT
OSMOND A. MENDES
Frank Worrel, retiring Captain, takes
.his leave of the retiring Prime Minister.
'SATURDAY, N )VEM3ER 16, 5'63
Excerpts From The Feature Address
DOMINICA AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY
Monday October 25th 1963
J. BERNARD YANKEY D.I.C.T.A.
Acting Agricultural Superintendent
Concluded from last issue
Dominica has a population of approximately 60,000
out of which 22,500 people are working people out o
which 11,479 persons are engaged in agriculture, fishing
and forestry with a balance of 10,998 in commerce and
trade and as employees in the civil service, etc.
As you know a poor agricultural year from the farmer's
income view point means a corresponding year of bac
business, hence a percentage of persons engaged in other
work is indirectly dependent on agriculture for a livelihood
Out of a total land area of approximately 80,000 acres
that has been alienated, 5o,ooo acres are cultivable and sc
far 62% has been cultivated in the following crops:
Bananas 13,000 acres
Citrus 2,200 ,,
Cocoa 6,000 ,,
Coconuts 10,000 ,,
In general, out of the total number of farms in Domn,
iniea, 35.7% are under one acre in extent, and over 75%
of the farming population belong to the peasant group.
This means therefore that more than one third of the farm,
ing population is engaged in subsistence farming and over
mnree quaer or ar rerdlU t. 0. LViL .. ..i
and capital for farm development.
The cultivation of pure stand bananas, unless under,
taken by a highly commercial concern with capital invest/
ments, should not be practiced in Dominica. From ex/
perience and investigation study the minimum unit for the
economic production ofpure stand bananas per annum is
twenty acres. In other words, with anything less than
twenty acres, if you produce bananas only it means you are
not making sufficient cash for a satisfactory standard of
living. This fact is not always acceptable to the average
peasant since he does not realize that he is putting in his
own labour and does noi charge himself for work done as
if he were employed.
The cultivation of bananas in Dominica is by no
means a paying concern in every spot nor on every soil,
and when this is realized by the farmer, small and big alike,
the next consideration should be a further step in determi;n
ing which economic crop is the answer.
With conditions favourable for the .growth of the
economic crops such as cocoa, citrus and limes and coco'
nuts, mixed cultivation with bananas as a cash or nurse
crop during the establishment stages of these crops is the
best answer to the difficult problems brought about by
(1) Hurricanes and high winds
(2) Fluctuation in market prices.
(3) Sudden changes in climatic conditions
effecting certain crops.
(4) Sudden and disastrous outbreaks of diseases
and pests affecting certain crops.
(5) Possible acute labour shortages.
(6) Poor internal communications,
In considering this question of diversification, therefore
with the crops so far mentioned provided that conditions
are suitable, the availability of the minimum economic
acreage must be the deciding factor in determining the most
appropriate combination of crops for cultivation.
From investigational study also, these figures have
I) Bana:as and Grapefruit -- o acres
2) Bananas and Oranges -- 35 acres
3) Bananas and Limes 13 acres
4) Bananas and Coconuts -- Io acres
S 5) Bananas and Cocoa 20 acres
Efficiency Of Production,
From the acreages under cultivation and the annual
production of t.e crops, the following fcts on efficien-y of
production of the various crops call for close study.
With approximately 13,000 acres of bananas under
production and with an average of 600 matts per acre, the
product n should be roughly 8,000,000 million stems per
annum. This in fact was estimated to be 4,000,000 in
1963, which indicates a 50% efficiency of production.
f In the case of cocoa, the 1957 Census survey revealed
Sa total number of 422,770 bearing trees at economic level,
iThe production exported in 1958 was 332,996 ib which
indicates yields of less than one 11 to the tree on averages,
s far below the estimated average of 2-4th dry cocoa per tree,
I annum for Dominica.
r From 1958-1962 with an increase of 64,456 clonal
. plants distributed between 1952-1955 which are now in
s economic bearing, together with the quantity in bearing in
1958 less oo/% which may be now unproductive, the yield
is still less than one lb per tree in 1962-a total of 444,949
bearing trees with a yield of 280,950 lbs. The efficiency
of production is approximately 25 %.
The Citrus Development Scheme has revealed that
there are 1130 acres of citrus in production 530 acres of
oranges, and 600 acres of grapefruit, all qualifying under
In 1957, the acreage of bearing orange trees averaged
933 acres and grapefruit 745 acres, in other words today
with 10% of 1957 figure out of production, there are about
310 acres of oranges and 171 acres ot grapefruit abandoned.
A breakdown of registration under the scheme is as
follows:-- :. --. -
Grapefruit-" over 10 years 441 acres
Oranges over .to years 440 acres
Grapefruit -;5-io years 159 acres
Oranges 5-1o years go acres
With an expected average 3-4 field boxes per annum
for trees in economic bearing over 10 years, the estimated
yields per annum in cultivations of approximately 70 crees
per acre should be for oranges I13,200oo crates and grape,
fruit 123,480 crates. In fact .he export crop of both
oranges and grapefruit for 1962 has been 6,236 crates and
31,031 crates respectively, indicating an efficiency of pro,
duction for oranges as low as 5% and grapefruit 25%.
The estimated acreage of economically bearing coco,
nuts for 1963 is 7,636 acres with a production of 3,577,500
lbs copia exported. Considering an estimated production
of 1,6oo lbs copra/acre/annum for an efficiently managed
cultivation, the total production should be I2,217,600 lbs,
copra/annum. This reveals therefore that the standard of
efficiency of coconut production is approximately 25%.
Summing up all these facts therefore we can note that
there is an overall low efficiency in the production of all
the island's main economic crops and that the standard of
banana production is the highest. This would be obvious
of course. It is imperative therefore that the efficiency
value of all economic crops should increase to 75% level.
This can be achieved, because the reasons for low efficiency
of production are (i) Lack of the application of scientific
techniques and methods and sound management. (2)
Lack of lucrative markets for crops, as a result of which
fields are left abandoned and crop yields to waste.
It is also apparent from this exercise that out of the
11,479 persons engaged in agriculture, approximately 6,359
grow bananas, 5,ooo grow cocoa, 4,670 grow coconuts
and 181 registered under the Citrus Development Scheme.
It is further apparent though that the emphasis remains so
far on banana production.
In the final analysis, gentlemen, your future course,
no matter what your present commitments are, should be
one of diversification and co-operation for efficient pro,
duction and well established marketing organizations to
Let Agiculture Lead,
Zanzibar, the island which has
been a British Protectorate s;nce
1890, just 23 miles offthe eastern
coast of Africa, will become an in,
dependent nation and the i7th
member cfthe British Common-
wealth on December to.
The Sultan, who rules the twin
islands of Zanzibar and Pemba,
will become the constitutional mon,
arch and head of state. The 3oo,ooo
inhabitants of Zanzibar whose main
industry is cloves will probably join
",'th the proposed East African
Federation: Zanzibar isat present a
member of the East African
Common Services Organisation
which includes Kenya, Uganda
At a rather unpretentious function
(in fact during an ordinary Meeting
of The Board of Visitors of the
Princess Margaret Hospital) held
last Wednesday, the Chairman of
The Board, Mr Star S. Lestrade,
presented the Board's prize for the
'highest Academic Attainment' to
Nurse Marie Henderson who had
topped the list of passes at the Nurses
last Annual Examinations,
Nurse Henderson was the only
one to, receive' a .distinction and thc:
pass her examination at such a level.
Awarded By U.W.I.
The very first degree awarded by
the University of the West Indies has
been the Master of Science degree
awarded to John Dyke Acland of
the United Kingdom.
The University of the Wes:
Indies achieved status as a degree-
granting institution in its own right
last year. ,Mr. Acland was accep,
ted as a postgraduate student in the
Faculty of Agriculture in October,
1961, to read for the postgraduate
Diploma in Tropical Agriculture.
Shortly after ihe University s achieve,
ing independent status he registered for
the M.Sc. in Agriculture. His the,
s;s was in two parts: "Some inves,
tigations into the production of toma,
toes in the w.t season in Trinidad,"
and "An investigation of some ofthe
factors controlling the yield of sweet
LITTLE ONES |
OF NEEDED .-.
When such fast relief comes with the first
sip of JACK & IiLL COUGH SYRUP, the kid-
dies' very own remedy. It tastes so good,
they lick the spoon. Clears up those pesky
coughs so fast that it is cherished by de-
voted Mothers in every Province. Contains
that all-important Vitamin C that kiddies
need more of in feverish conditions.
lTH VIT IN C GH
W WITH VITAMIN C
SATURDAY NOVEMBER 16,- 1963
GERTRUDE ISAAC AND HAROLD JOSEPH
(Cont. from .age 2)
The Cutlass Threat
Police evidence was then taken
about the report made by the Bal-
sons on July io at the Pointe
Michel Police Station. Constable
Cuffy took down Rosalirnd Balson's
statement about her having been
threatened by Gertrude Isaac. Th-
Crown did nor ask P.C. Cuffy to
testify to the contents of the report
and was refused permission for
Corporal Valliant to read it. In-
stead the corporal testified to the
warning he later gave Gertrude Isaac
saying to her "Rosalind Balson has
reported that you threatened her
with a cutlass ....." After re,
peating his talk with Mrs. Isaac he
then told of the night of the fire,
that there was no light in the Isaac's
house nor did he see Mrs. Isaac: at
about first light Johnnie Emmanuel
had 4hown him a bag with a can of
'petibl and a man's bath pants in it.
The Good Samaritan
George Greenaway of Loubiere,
who knew Joseph, said that he saw
him and recognized him without
speaking to him early on the Mon,
day morning as he limped towards
Roseau from Loubiere. Young
Irving Shillingford of Snug Corner
said that he picked up Joseph on
his motorcycle on the Monday
morning near Loubiete; he was
groaning with pain and said he had
twisted his ankle going to his gar-
den. Shillingford lefi him in River
Stiret, Rorseau, as Harold Joseph
S3Jc-iu... ,i wUC wOd u ess to go up 0to,
-the hospital. Joseph, who had a,
'long-sleeved shirt 'on' at the time,
did not mention burns to him, but
Shillirigtord saw that Joseph was
burnt when he identified him in the
P.M.H. later in the week.
The Preacher's Testimony
Mr. Justice St. Bernard instructed
the next witness, David Letang,
Goodwill preacher (of whose congre-
gation -Dominica Evangelist Mis,
sion-Harald Joseph was a member)
"I want you to talk as loud as ifyou
are,preaching". The witness said
he knew harold Jos-ph for "almost
a yeaf'. On Thursday I8th July
he called at Princess Margaret Hos-
pital (Alford Ward) and saw the
accused. "I saw the screen with a
notice No visitors allowed. After a
while I was allowed to see him",
"Did you say anything to him?"
'Yes, Sir. I asked him what hap,
opened to himn. He replied the mar-
was very serious. I told him about
the rumours which I heard outside
I persuaded him to tell me more"
Mr. Dupigny: "I object".
At this point the Judge sparred
with Counsel Dupigny, saying that
the evidence was admissible against
the male accused though not admis,
sible against his (Dupigny's) client.
Mr. Dupigny quoted from Cox's
Criminal Cases, vol. 9, p. 332.
'Judge St. Bernard: "I think we
are at cross purposes. Hearsay evi,
dence given by somebody else- -that
somebody else must go into the wit-
ness box and give evidence. "The
male accused and the female accused
are two different people".
(At this stage Mrs. Gertrude Isaac
gazed outwards with calm attention:
Harold Joscph looked anxious).
The Judge stated that since it was
admissible evidence against the male
accused, it was the duty of the Judge
to tell the Jury it was not evidence
against the other accused. "If you
cut it-cut it--cut it-out how is
the Jury to understand what is said?"
asked ;he Judge. Mr. Dupigny re,
peated his legal quotation and asked
that note be taken of his objection.
Witness David Letang: "Yes, he
was involved in some matter..."
Mr. Jenner Armour: I object.
Judge: Let us have the whole state-
"I Will Coniess"
Witness Letang. He said
I will confess the truth to you
and hide nothing from you.
I pressed him to reveal the
matter in detail. I told him
it was dangerous to his soul
not only to his physical body
. He told me "1 was hired
to do the job." Prosecutor
Crevelle: Did he say who
hired him? Witness Letang:
Yes. I then asked him why
he would shield someone
and jeopardise his own soul.
He then said "I am not ihe
one that committed the act
of murder. I was hired to
.6 ihejob" Crevelle: Did
nt psay wnat me jou was he
was hired to doe Letang:
He said he was hired to burn
the house. The woman was
not satisfied with the job that
she had paid for. I asked
him if you were paid to burn
the house, how you managed
to get yourself in this condi,
tion. He said the woman
herself made a composition.
I asked him the third time
how then you managed to
get burned? He replied
"after the woman scattered
the gasoline through a broom
and light the match, he tried
to hold the broom and thus
prevent the fire from going
through the window. He
said "I was too late, the
flame was already in the
gasolene then it run down
through my arm and followed
the fire," I then asked him:
"are you prepared to give the
police some statement"'
Next witness, Inspector
Andrew Joseph (C. 1. D.)
gave details of the burned
room and window dimen,
sions, also how it was possi/
ble to approach the Balsbn
bedroom from Toussaint's
house. He described the
narrow gap between the
buildings, and the drop of
II ft to street level. He told
of how he int erview ed
Gertrude Isaac at her home,
and received from her infor-
mation that she was not
friendly with Rosalind Balson,
but that then he had no sus,
picions about Mrs. Isaac.
He took down what she said
in writing, which statement
he then read.
The Fatal Duel Of Houses
The row appeared to have
started when the Isaacs had
a "christening" of the house
which they built after return,
ing from Curacca and it
was then found that Rosa,
lind's window could not
open to the outside. "from
the date of the christening,"
said Gertrude Iaac, "we
kept away from each other."
Where The Crime
Balsons' house with Toussaint's
roof in foreground. Rosalind's
There was some trouble be-
cause Mrs. Balson passed
through the Isaac's land to
get water. Corporal Daniel
of the Point Michel Police
called on Mrs. Isaac after
receiving a complaint and
warned her to be careful be,
cause she and Mrs. Balson
were neighbours. On the
night of the fire-death, Mrs.
Isaac declared that her hus/
band was fasr asleep "because
he was boozed". She heard
a cry and looked out but
saw nothing from her east
window and had no susp',
cijn as to the said fire. "I
never told Rosalind that if I
could not get her with a cut,
lass I would get her some
other way. . Rosalind and
I are not on good terms."
She signed the statement.
Inspector Joseph then stat,
ed how on the i5th July he
went to P.M.H. and saw
Harold Joseph. "I had no
suspicion against him. He
began to relate to me . ."
(the Inspector then read a
statement of Harold Joseph,
saying that he lived in River
Street with Milotine Farqua,
har, and that his i ur,,s w, e
due to a coalpot accident.)
The Inspector checked the
statement made by Joseph
and on 17th July told him
that he was making invest,
nations into the fire in Rosa,
lind Balson's home, also that
his girl-friend did not corro,
borate his statement. Harold
Joseph then told the Inspec,
tor, "scrap the statement. I
was only trying to make up
something." He added that
he would rather not say any,
thing now, but "you will
know the truth some day". .
On 19th July the Inspector
obtained a warrant for the
arrest of Gertrude Isaac at
her home in Siboulie. He cautioned
her: she made no statement. On
being cautioned, Harold Joseph said:
"I have told Corporal Lawrence the
bulk of what I have to say already."
"Husband. . An Angel"
I Corporal John Lawrence of C.I.
D. said Joseph said to him "Don't
push the husband around, he is an
angel compared with Geitiude."
He added that he didn't want to be
disturbed by a'ny other policemen.
"Where is Gertrude? Is she arrested
yeti" I told him, "No", said the
corporal. "I have been hearing
srme rumours, said Joseph, soI,had.
u ... illmy statement now.
He did so.
Counsel Dupigny made
ar objection to the reading
of this statement (overruled).
The statement was read. It
said that Joseph was accus-
tomed to sell goods in Pointe
Michel; that he knew Ger,
trude Isaac very well, that
he went there to discuss
"something which concerns
what took place", meeting
Gertrude Isaac and her hus,
band for discussion on July
14; Gertrude said "These
people "(the Balsons)" made
me spend to much money"
and Pappy (Mr. Isaac) said
during the commission of the
crime, "what she do, she
do." Joseph described how
he slept at Loubiere after the
fatal event and got a lift from
Irving Shillingford when
daylight came ... "I won'
derea if Gertrude would help
me now." His "deal" was
to burn the house and not to
catch Rosalind on fire, he
Milotine Farquhar would
not identify the bag, tin and
bathing trunks exhibited as
Declaring that "not a rat
could be called upon to de,
fend itself on such evidence",
Counsel C. A. H. Dupigny
said th at Gerttude Isaac
opened the door of her house
to Harold Joseph as a sales/
man. He submitted that
there was no case to answer
and that the female prisoner
should be discharged.
The Crown Prosecutor
intervened: "the position of
the house must be taken into
Judge Directs Jury
But the Judge directed the
Jury to bring in a verdict of
NOT GUILTY, which
was accordingly done by the
nine/man jury unanimously.
Mrs. Isaac was then released
from the little wooden -dock
in which she had been
papned up with her fellow,
accused, Harold Joseph. and
as she emerged into, the sun,
shine the murmurings of the
waiting cro w d in the
s t re et reached threatening
proportions. The woman,
joined by her husband,.cross-
ed the road to the library
railings, where they were piir
sued by curses and menacing
cries. Mrs: Isaac'asked takis
to convey her home, but'Ctle
drivers did not ac ept 'her
mre. ..ultimately a car was
obtainedd former: by Cou'nsel
Dupigny and a way 'Was
cleared by an Inspector 'of
Police so that she eould drive
out to Soufriere. She did not re-
turn to her home at Pointe Michel.
The residents of that village hurled
imprecations at her from buses as
Not On Oath
At the Wednesday morning session,
accused Harold Joseph made a
lengthy statement from the dock
(not on oath), during which he des-
cnbed at dictation speed how
Gertrude Isaac gave him instructions
to enter Rosalind Balson's bedroom
after he had got a message from
Mr. Isaac that Gertrude wished to
see him. He said Mrs. Isaac told him
(as she had told the Inspector)', these
people make me spend too much
money'; he described seeing her
pour gasoline into a round cheese,
can or butter-tin, and said that he
followed Mrs. Isaac to the edge of
the roof on the fatal night. "I saw
her with her foot on the window.
She was holding the upper part of
the window". She turned back, (he
stated) aud at the same time struck
a match. "I made a sudden rush
to stop the broom from going inside
the window..." Declaring his at-
tempt was unsuccessfill, Joseph said
he heard a scream 'of "fire". .. "'I
still had the broom". He said he
ran around to Gertrude's house-door,
but it was locked. "I dropped my
crocus bag and ran back in the
direction of the roof. I saw a drop.
I dropped--I used the broom as a
crutch till I reached at the end of
Pointe Michel. .. I slept. ..When
Cont. on p. 12
DOMILNIC HERRA LD
PATE TWELVE DOMViLNICA HERALD
Gertrude Isaac And Harold Joseph
(Cont. from page 11)
morning was breaking I looked at
my hands and realized I was burned.
I stayed at the side of the road...
Woke up s.me time in bicad
morning. i asked a vehicle for a
drop to River Street, where I could
rest and go to the hosp tal. Inside
the alley some people asked me 'what
is the ma.ter' I told them a few lies
to get rid of them. Then I took a car
and went to the hospital. I saw it
was evil to burn Rosalind Balson
and not the house, that was why I
did not do it. I had the house part
in mind when I went to Pointe
Michel that Sucday. I had a crocus
bag because it was raining. I did
not buy any petrol at Winston's gas
station. I did not have any hand-bag,
tins or bath pants. Gertrude had
those things in her house.
After declaring that he had tried
to prevent the murder by fire, Joseph
concluded his statement by saying
that Gertrude Isaac told him: "If
anything happen, we do not know
Following a few words by Coun-
sel Jenner Armour, the Court rested,
and after a half.hour recess, Mr. Ar-
mour recalled Inspector Joseph to
the witness box gt state how on the
previous day (Nov. 13) he visited
Pointe Michel, describing details
and locations of the burnt room and
the St.Etienne's house, the doorstep
ofJohnnie Emmanuel and the loca-
tion relationship of these places to the
Isac bouse, also the electric lighting
Mr. Armour, beginning on a pedan,
tic note which -ecame graauany
moe inspired, said that he did not
deny that the accused was present
on thescene of the crime, but he
submitted that Harold Joseph did
not murder Rosalind Balson.
The cardinal question is, (he
continued) do you accept the state-
ment of the accused about what took
place on the night of the sth July?
Gertrude Isaac said she had nothing
to do with this business. Remove
Gertrude Isaac completely from the
scene and ask yourselves whether,
Gentlemen of the Jury, Rosalind
Balson would have been dead today!
The story which has been given by
Gertrude Isaac, as put m by Inspec-
tor Joseph, you may find to be untrue.
Gertrude Isaac has said she was in
her house that night: but there were
no lights in the house at any time.
Intervention by the Crown Pro-
secutor: "Gertrude Isaac said she
awakened her husband .. "
Mr. Armour: It is a very rele-
vant factor in this case that, due to
technicalities of the law, there was
not sufficient evidence to convict
her (Gertrude Isaac) of murder.
The Judge sparred with Joseph's
Counsel as to whether Joseph had
gone to visit Gertrude Isaac specifi-
cally: "he said 'out of town' -- not
to Gertrude Isaac," commented His
Mr. i.rmovr: Katherine Peltier
said she directed Harold Joseph to
the Isaac's house. Josephine Lilit
and Lucy Jolly saw him go into
Gertrude Isaac's .... There are very
peculiar circumstances in this case
. . Gertrude Isaac said she woke
qp, but she was seen nowhere around
the fire. although she thought the
fire was in her house. She peeped
out, but at notime emerged. You
don't have to help your neighbour
if her house is burning, you can
remain locked in your house! Why
did she not leave her house? It is
a matter for the jury to decide, why
Gertrude Isaac did not go out to the
scene of the fire. A statement was
made by the accused at the hospital
while he had no contact with cer-
tain witnesses. His statement is
substantiated by those witnesses
These are cardinal points:
I. Joseph went to P o i n te
2. A woman directed him to
the house of Gertrude Isaac (cor,
roborated by Catheri-e Peltier.)
3. He saw a woman in the
opposite house to Isaac. (Corro-
borated by Lucy Joly).
4. The tin, bag and bath
trunks were stated by M. Farquahar
as never having been seen by her in
5. The tin was under the bed
of Rosalind Balson.
6. In Pottersville the accused
was said to have asked fo; kerosene
and was directed to A. C. Shilling-
7. A man with 'a foreign
accent" (ei t h e r Barbadian or
Antiguan) asked for gasoline to
wash out a rusty tin at Winston's
gas station. Does the accused
speak like that
8. M. Farquahar said he was in
her house from 6-9.30 p.m.- some
one else said he was in Pointe
Michel at 7 p,m.
9. Would ynu have half-a-tin
full of netrol left after setting fire to
a house L
After the Judge had referred to
the prejudicial nature of the gas
station evidence, Mr. Armour con-
tinued: Joseph's statement says
Gertrude Isaac declared: "those
people make me spend too much
money". Others made similar
statements as coming from Gertrude;
Joseph was in hospital unknowing
of their remarks. "Do you believe
that .ertrude Isaac said those words
abo'it the dead woman? Is she
the sort of person who would have
donor just the act which Harold Joseoh
said she did ?" Continuing with
Joseph's narrative, Counsel Armour
asked further: Do you accept that
the accused (Joseph) is g;v;ng a
truthful statement His story about
the coalpot incident is one whici
anyone might have made under the
same circumstances. Again, he
told the police, "Don't push the
husband around he is an angel
compared to her".
"I submit," said Mr. Armour,
'that the woman had decided to
burn Rosalind after she had seen her
through the window. Those two
other parties (Ralph Isaac and
Joseph) decided not to do it. It we
accept tha: they should have roused
the neighbourhood, I submit the
normal man's attitude would be to
secrete himself. Up to the last. the
accused and the husband did not
really believe thai Gertrude was
going to burn the deceased woman.
The crucial question is, did the ac-
cused attempt at the last moment to
prevent the crim':? Merely failing to
prevent a crime does not in itself
constitute a crime. Did the accused
intend to burn Rosalind Balson that
night. I submit to you that he did
not. It is a burden on the prosecu-
tion that it must prove the case
beyond a reasonable doubt... I
submit that Gertrude Isaac perpet-
rated the crime and that the accused
and her husband had no part in it,
and that at the last moment the acc-
used tried to prevent it. Mr. Armour
then cited Lord Chief Justice Atkin
"It is the duty or the Prosecution to
to prove prisoner's guilt ..." and
wound up, "I ask you to find the
accused not guilty of the murder of
At 2 p.m. after lucnheon interval,
Mr. Crevelle summed up for the
Crown by saying that because of a
technicality of law one person was
not in the. dock. Asking "does he
look like afool?"in referefice to
taroid Joscpn, avir.: revEe-
answered himself: "No. 'I ay no..
It has been said that he had no
motive for the crime.. He ad a
motive, and that motive was men-
tioned in his statement: filthy lucre
--money.. Indeed,he had a motive.
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He has stated "I did not L:;itate ( this case..."
because Gertrude Isaac was going to After the Crown Prosecutor had
be a great help to me." When he reiterated his argument that the acct
found the woman was to be burned. used Harold Joseph was guilty of'
he did not walk.away, but just pro- murder, the Judge instructed that
tested, and the husband said "what the Court stand adjourned until the
she do, she do". I will not bore you following morning when he would
any longer with sordid details of address them.
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