(For the General We/lrce of the People of Donminica, theurt/her ocdv,,,ceimenit o, the We.Il Iadies and the C( ilbhran Areao s a whlie)
ESTABLISHED 1955 SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1963 PRICE lo.0
LONG HOLIDAY CROWNS CARNIVAL TIME
"Carnival City" Lit Up
LIGHTS WENT ON in Dominica's Carnival
Windsor Park this week, making a bright ring
from hills nearby. First night (Monday) was not v
tended, but repeat shows by Trinidad performers on
day drew fair crowds.
Canada Council Gift
The D-minica Free Library
was presented last Tuesday with
a fine collection of reference!
books and novels (some in,
French), also poems and biogra-i
phies, by Mr. A.C. Foubister onj
behalf of the Canada Council.
Mrs. Riviere, chief Librarian,
chaired the presentation, andi
Government thanks were deliver-
ed by Hoo. W.S. Stevens.
Saturday, February 23rd
is Federation Day and a
Statutory Ho i da y. Offi-
ciall gazetted (S.R.O 7 of
selling articles of food and
drink to open between the
hours of 8.00 am and iI.oo
am. on Saturday February 23.
The HERALD is going to
press on Friday morning for
its Saturday issue and hopes
to distribute to its subscribers
on Friday evening. The
paper will be on public sale
on Saturday morning.
Sat. 23 Feb. from 9 pm to M.night
Mon. 25 "8 am. to 4 am.
Tues. 26 8 am. to M-night
Sponsored by Mrs. John LaRonde
DOMINICA TRADE UNION HALL
Calyso King I-
James won the crow
silver cup for the seco
running, with his
Old Sam" and "E
Africa". He will a
ceive a cheque lat
modest a nd unas
Calypsonian, Mr. J
composes his calyp
home, alone with his
contest was "The
Jackson, with "Mr.
land" a fine road
- and the topical ":
Third prizc went
~ami L' t-hi -gossipy
dal" a n d "Our
Only Two Steel Ba
The steel band
was limited, with or
"Sound Channel Sy
ettes" beat the "V
Harmonicats" into fir
Queen will be chos
we go to press; we s
portkthe contest in o
Decor of Carniv
is the brilliant work
Mrs. Gilda Nassief.
Queen Elizabeth an
Phillip are now on a
tour of Australia. (CP)
PEOPLE IN THE NEWS
SISSEROU lost her t il-feather; in
City at the Chronicle this week* HAROLD
visible Wilson is going to Russia to see
veil at- Khruschev* STEVE Moosai (son of
Tues- a Trinidad school principal, former-
ly P.S. to Mrs. Allfrey) won an
Essay contest and ,5,ooo in Trini-
dad Bonds at 6i* JOHN Osborn is
-lerman to be the new Parliamentarty P.S. to
Vn and Duncan Sandys* Woo Ming, gen-
nd ya eral surgeon front U.W,I. operated
"d year on s patients, at the P.M,H. ad-
S"Poor vised on 36 cases and arranged for
lack to operative treatment for 6 other Dom-
also re- inicans in Jamaica* w.I. Scout
er. A Commissioner Newby, who married
su Guide Commissioner Horncastle,
suming has accepted a Scout Training job
a m e s in Canada* DORIS Royer's charm-
soes at ing daughters have arrived here for
r in the S.S. France Flaunts
Idol" Her Beauty
Cope- With majenic glace the world's
I-march longest passenger liner, the French
Bobol". Line's "Franre," gave Roseau
to The thousands magnificent v ew of her
,orld half-an-hour as the sun was setting.
W ord Past Roseau once at a mere ro knots,
she then turned and executed a
hands wonderful "S" right in front of
the Post Office.
contest The Frace is th third largest
nly two passenger liner in the world (at 66,
church's 348 tons built in 1961): the
mphon- British "Queens" are still the largest
Tauxhall at 83,673 for the Q,E. (194o) and
st place. 81,237 for the Q.M, (1936). These
S a tonnages are a mere nothing compared
niv al to that of many modern tankers
en after (mostly bnilt in Japan) which dis-
hall re- place well over the 1oo,ooo ton
ur next mark with ships now on the stocks
nearing i5o,ooc ton displacement.
YOUTH TRUST NEWS
Dominica came in fourth this month in the Youth Trust race,
having reached a total of $617 on February 12. Among the contributions,
many of which were paid in anonymously to Barclays Bank, were the
Social League of Catholic Women ... $76.20
Police Welfare Association ., 30.00
J.N. Buffonge Esq. (U.S A.) . 42.36
Govt. House Ball, (proceeds) etc. . 365.07
Grand Fond Villager Council . 5.00
L. Rose & Co, . 10.00
Mrs.Sylvia Burton 3.00
N.E.B. Watty Esq. . 5.00
North Dist. Fruit Growers Assn. . 6.59
To these kind donors and the many others who contributed to the
Bank or put donations into collection boxes, the Secretary-Treasurer, local
Chairman and Committee extend their warm thanks. We are really
going ahead at last! All sums have been forwarded to Youth Trust
19th February, 1963.
Local Examinations Syn-
Higher School Examination
The following candidates have
been awarded certificates in the
1962 Higher School Certificate
St, Mary's Academy
Michael D. Boyd.
Convent High School
Candia L. Alleyne
Thirteen students did not qualify
for a Higher School Certificate,
and will receive a statement show-
ing the subjects in which they
Copra Price Unchanged
The Hon. N.A.N. Ducreay,
Minister for Trade and Production,
Mr. Wyllis LeBlanc and Mr.
A.E.L. Pugh, who attended the
Oils and Fats Conference held in
Barbados from r4th to i5th Eebru.
ary, returned to the Island on Satur-
Subject to the approval of the
unit governments, and the formation
ofa Federation. the area export price
on copra for the year 1963, would
remain unchanged at $340,00 per
ton f.o.b.,and the price of raw oil
$2.46 per imperial gallon f.o.b. in
sellers drums and $2.36 per imperial
gallon in buyers drums.
Two features of the new agree-
ment (which will continue for 3
..... ...... n- 0- A -4 4l
surpluses and a o1% liberalization
on exports outside the area without
The necessary quorum was
changed from 9 to 6, as the number
of countries bound by the agree-
ment has been r-duccd (GIS)
MINIMUM WEIGHT OF
Banana Growers are noti-
fied that as from Monday
25th February, 1963 the
minimum weight of bananas
acceptable at the Company's
Reception Stations will be
Umor years) iae t location o BO
quotas of copra for individual teri- A. Y
stories on the basis of exportable General Manager
Dominica Banana Growers
Tenders, For Supply Of Truck
Tenders gaq Invited f-r.tlIe ugpf of one truck as follows:-
Truck with Cab, 4 to 5 Tons Capacity, [Long -Chassis.
Heavy Duty Springs, Front and Rear,
Heavy Duty Shock Absorbers, Front and Rear.
Heavy Duty Clutch
Heavy Duty Engine
Extra Cooling System
Tenders which should be in sealed envelopes and marked "Ten-
ders for Supply of Truck" should be addressed to the Generall Manager,
Dominica Banana Growers Association, and should reach the Office of the
Association not later than 12 noon on 2nd March, 1963.
The Association does not bind itself to accept the lowest or any
A. D. BOYD
19th, February 1963
I SELLING OUT
1, 1 Electric Plant (3500 Watts)
2. 1 Tappan Gas Range Stove
3. 1 Amateur Radio Ham Rig
) 4, Camera, projector and screen,
8 mm. projector
5. 1 Tape Recorder.
STel. Goodwill 85
! Owner leaving for U.S. A
Adding Machines, Calculators,
ADDISON T. COLAIRE, GRAD. ,. P.R.E.
1 REMINGTON RAND FACTORY-TRAINED
b 14, FRANKLIN LANE, GOODWILL.
SFeb. 16 -
HERALD SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 23, 1963
Britain And The Notice Of Application
Common Market For Liquor Licences
To The Magistrate Dist, "E" &
By the Chief of Police.
I, DOREEN EUGENE, now residing
J. M. G. 'TOM' ADAMS at St. Joseph Parish of St. Joseph do
hereby give you notice that it my in-
St last! After sixteen mnths th etenuon to apply at the Magistrate's
Sit's over at last! After sixteen months the negoiaions Court to be held at Roseau on Tues-
S between the UK and the European Economic Com- day the znd day of April 1963, ensu-
munity have ended in final breakdown, and (according to ng for a retail LIQUOR LICENCE in
opponents of the Common Market) the Commonwealth can respect of my premises at St. Joseph.
breathe again. What lies behind the collapse, Britain's bid Dated the 4th day of FebruarY
to join Europe, perhaps the greatest peacetime 'defeat' ever D963.
suffered in the country's long history? DOREEN EUGENE
The story of the efforts made by the nations of Europe
to come closer together, first in economic relationships and
later in political action, goes back to the days just after the To the Magistrate Dist, "E"
second world War when a number of the nations of We,- & the Chief of Police
tern Europe resolved that never again would they be driven I MYRL' MORANCIE now resid-
to War by national rivalries, either economic of political. erefal g, Parishof tc. George.
do hereby give you notice thatjit
These countries had one thing in common-they had all is my intention to apply at the
been beaten in the War, four of them by Germany while Magistrate's Court to be held at
Italy and Germany itself were occupied by the Western Roseau, on Tuesday, the 2nd day
Allies. They all shared a common, interest in reconstruc- of April 1963, ensuing for a re-
tion, and they joined to promote the European Coal and ailfy pL s Lt Trfalgar Parishct
of my ptemisesat Tr,fatgar Parish
Steel community, the European Atomic organisation and, cfSt. George.
in 1956, the European Economic Community, widely Dated the 15th day of February,
known as the Common Market. 1963.
Aloof Feb. 23 March 9
Britain held aloof from all this. The United King-
dom was a victor in the War; it was the centre of a mighty
Empire, and in those days. it had a Sociaist Government HUig
with its own formulas for prosperity. It had, or appeared H
to have, great individual economic ,power, and after the DOmi
Common Market come into being, Britaih promoted the
fOrt-miff~i of a rival ':rganirsaion-tc--Europe;ndI1 Ti a1ETdc "--r
Association. In time this failed, and no doubt provided' Dominical
one of the reasons why Britain sought, in 1962, membership fori 67s
of the Common Market. Harmers
Other Reasons showing tl
-_^i..! .. A
n Postage stamp was sold
(WI $3,24)' at a sale of
commonwealth stamps at
in London recently.
on a piece of envelope
he words"Essex, England',
", Tn, R6 "
The Government of Dominica has been notified
that the Department of Citizenship and In migra-
t'on in Canada has approved of the admission into
Canada during the course of this year of nine (9)
household helps from Dominica,
2. The requirements are as follows:-
i (a) Persons selected must be single women
without children, in good health, of good
character, and will be required to give
a written undertaking to remain at dom-
estic employment for a period of one
year, and further not to change their em-
ployment without the consent o f the
Minister of Labour. Canada, or his aut-
b) Persons must be within the age group
ii. A minimum of five (5) years formal ed-
ucation is necessary, but preference will
normally be given to those possessing
higher qualifications. Credit shall be
given to those persons who undertaken
special courses of training i n house-
craft a nd domestic science. Exper-
ience, particularly with modern house-
hold appliances, will also be taken in ac-
iii Each person selected will be required to
unde, go a complete medical examination
which shall include full-size X ray exam-
ation of the chest as well as VDRL test.
iv. Each person selected must be in passes-
sion of a valid passport.
v. The cost of transportation ito Montreal,
and rail fare to final destination in Cana-
da, will be borne by the immigrant.
:k rbruumin wuhp vnmmi)ud 0;01 Rele a-
J=. LCI Ii WTU WI11 ISt o L tw _Br&** l l.
tion must apply to the Labour Commlssionea,
Department of Labour, not later than 2Sst
Application forms are obtainable at this Department,
J C. BRUNEY
t 4LnU catea z J7. o u5
Other reasons have also been suggested. One is that The stamp was sent for sale by Department of Labour,
Mr. Macmillan wanted to find an issue on which the Con- the administrators of the late Roseau.
servative Party could win its fourth straight election; (the Mr.A. H Gilbert of London and 14th February, 1963.
general Conservative wish to make Britain free once and for was bought by a dealer. Feb. 23, March. 2, 9, 16.
all of the possibility of more socialism could be achieved by
way of the Common Market since the restiction on sovereignty- ------
involved in the Treaty of Rome could rule out many of the
planning measures that a Labour Government might wish Classified Advt. COLONY OF DOMINICA
to introduce). Another is that there was a wish to turn
away from the Commonwealth now that many African and HEINEKEN'S GIVEAWAY TITLE BY REGISTRATION ACT
Asian countries were becoming independent. REGISTRY OF TITLES ISLAND OF DOMINICA
Those were of course reasons given by the opponents For The Months Of February; Schedule of Applications for Certificates of Title and Notings
March and April, You will get ONE thereon and Caveats for the week ending the 9th day of February, 1963.
of the Common Market. nni An (r1nflnr pvArv Marked
f) 001$(RALLOfo[ every Marif kwehnth
Those in favour of Britain's joining argued that Europe
was the most 'dynamic' market in the world; that the econo-
mies of the Common Market countries were growing faster
than Britain's and that a new United Europe could have a
voice in the world equal to America's and Russia's. Despite
the higher standard of living, Britain, it was said, would
stagnate if it did not join and its manufacturers did not step
up their methods to compete with the European producers.
The latter half of the statement was widely accepted in
Britain, but as the late Hugh Gaitskell pointed out, Britain
did not need to "join 'em to beat 'em."
With this background, the Common Market negotia-
tions started. These negotiations were unlike any others that
have ever been conducted on a subject of such tremendous
importance to the participants. One French diplomat red
marked that the delegation of the Six wanted to talk
(Cont. onpage 3)
Heineken Cap you bring in to our
Heineken's Beer is sold in nearly
every Shop in Dominica
J. ASTAPHAN & CO. LTD.
Jan. 5-26, Feb. 2-23,
WHOLE CHICKEN WINGS
Lots of 1000 ib & over .520 per lb
WHOLESALE .58o "
RETAIL 67P "
BACKS & NECKS
Lots of 1000 lb & over .31o per ft
WHOLESALE .340 "
RETAIL ,39o "
J, ASTAPHAN & CO
Feb. 16, 23, Mar z
Nature of request wiet er
Date of Request Person Presenting for Certificate of Title or
Noting thereon or Caveat.
Request dated Brendra Alexandra Request for the issue of a
Mrulon as.personal First Certificate of Title in
6th Feb, 1963 representative of respect of that portion of
Leo Moulon, deceased land situate in the Parish o
Presented by her Solicitor St. Andrew, in the Colony
7th Feb., 1963 of Dominica containing
at 3.40 p.m Vanya Dup;gny 41,650 sq uare feet and
bounded as follows:--On the
North-East and North-West by the Sea; On the South Fast by lands of
Heirs of Leo Moulon and on the South-West by lands of Sonny George.
Registrar's Office A. B. MAt IE
Roseau, 7th Feb., 1963 Ag. Registrar of Titles
NOTE:-Any person who desires to object to the issuing of a Certi-
ficate of ritle on the above application may enter a Caveat i the above
office within four veeks from the date of the first appearance of the
above Schedule in the Oiffcial Gazette and the DOMINICA HERALD news-
paper published in this Island.
SUPPORT THE HERALD
PAG-E TWO DOMINICA
(Continued from page 2)
about working out a grand design for real unity; the British
wished to settle the question of imports of k:,ngaroo meat.
The British Government, in fact, publicly put "the
interests of the Commonwealth" high on the list of things
that had to be "safeguarded". On the other hand, critics of
the Common Market, led by Lord Beaverbrook and the
Express group of newspapers said that the Commonwealth
had already been sold down the river. Observers in the
middle of of the road, however, said that the crunch would
come on two points; first, the British subsidies to domestic
agriculture and secondly the political plans 'of General
Agricultural subsidies are, in general, forbidden by the
T'..,.. ,, r>_ /-.l~D~.,.l .. l .h. .. hAT hir,,t.,\ ,'M-, ;it
Earl Attlee 80 Years Old
friday P t ome acwiullc set upeL e t e ommon e IIS. ar.aUrE &lTr. i
was well understood that the 300 million a year that the
British Government pays British farmers in order to reduce :.i
food prices -to British housewives would in time have to be
stopped with a possibly devastating effect on the cost of food.
In the event, this formidable problem was never settled .. t
for President De Gaule torpedoed the negotiations on more Earl Attlee, Labour Prime Minister from 1945 to 1951, and now an elder
general grounds. In one stroke he ended the growing doubts British statesman, celebrated his 8oth birthday on January 3, 1963. Despite re-
of the British people, as revealed by the public opinion polls, cent serious illness which forced him to spend his last year's birthday in hos-
as to the necessity or wisdom ofjoining the EEC, and the pital Earl Attlee regularly attends the House of Lords, frequently participa-
perhaps greater doubts of the Conservative party as to Whether ting in the debates.
the Market was still an election winner. For some months During thr second world war 'Clem' Attlee as he is universally known
the collapse had been foreseen by many observers in Britain, was deputy Prime Minister, directly under Britain's wartime Premier Winston
and despite the constant stream of propaganda from official Churchill. With the cessation of hostilities he led the Labour Party to a
government sources right up to the very end, it became more landslide victory. His term of office, six years and 92 days, is the longest in the
and more obvious that the negotiations were going to break last fifty years since the Asquith Government.
down, more or less finally. After the first world war, during which he became an Army major, 'Clem'
With ackno ledgement to the B acon", Bartados. Mr. Towe At lee entered local politics in Stepney, London, becoming Mayor in 1919. In
Adams is the barrier son of Sir Gantle' AdamI.. November he was elected ember Prlament for the same area, .e
for 33 yeats until he accepted an earldom in x955, at the age of 72.
Common 'Market Debate '__ -__ -_
As expected, the House of Commons last week endorsed the Govern-
ment motion asking it to declare 'full confidence in'(its) determination and
aLility . to deal with the . situation arising from the breakdown of
Brussels negotiations" by a majority of 103. The Opposition no-con-
fidence amendment was defeated by a similar majority. Commenting on
this the London "Times" in a long leader said what the House thinks hardly
matters: it is what the nation thinks that will determine everything." Re-
ferring to the underdeveloped countries, the writer went on to say "it is no
use buying raw commodities at cut-throat prices if the result is to impover-
ish prospective customers..... Whatever Communism's fortunes, there
will be no lasting peace while half the world live in plenty and the other
half in huugry squalor. The European Economic Community may not
recognize this truth. Britain must . ..
Mr. Harold Wilson (who was later in the week elected leader of the Parlia-
mentary Labour 'arty), in proposing the Opposition "no confidence"
amendment strongly criticised the Government's handling oftheE.C.M.
negotiations, saying that the idea put forward by Mr. Macmillan that the
Government was within an ace of achieving a satisf.c-ory agreement only to
have the prize snatched away by an intransigent Frenchman was a "myth',
which must be killed. The terms which had already been. negotiated con-
stituted "national humiliation."
Mr, Wilson called for a new Commonwealth Prime Minisser's Con-
ference "to restore confidence" and he urged that links with EFTA
(the seven) should be strengthened "until something better comes along."
(In opening the debate Mr. Macmillan proposed that a meeting of com-
monwealth Trade Ministers in London should be held shortly).
The Leader of the Opposition went on to say that the Brussels break-
down should not be regarded as a disaster, but they should go forward with
the "Kennedy round." "Instead of a confrontation with the United States
on one side of the table and the enlarged Six including Britain on the other,
we should have the Six on one side and the U.S. and Britain, our EFTA
partners and our Commonwealth on the other."
United States View
Mr. Wilson views were echoed officially by the U.S. in a statement by the
U.S. Representative for Trade Negotiatiohs Mr. Christian A. Herter, who
also said: "The vast majority of European people and, with only isolated
exceptions the leaders who represent them, realize that the Common Market
is a European movement and must be opened to all European countries
prepare to adhere to its principals. It cannot be used to serve national poli-
cies." Improvement of production and trade efficiency through competi-
tion, he said, it is crucial, because will enable the free world to better
compete with the Soviet Union and so enhance European-American oppor-
tunity to assist developing nations.
Maudling Winds Up Debate
Mr. Duncan Sandys was sanguine that the decision taken at Brussels
was not final or that it would long endure. The talks had given them A11,
in any case, a much clearer understanding of one another's problems and
needs. They had emphasised the close connection between trade and aid.
Winding up the debate for the Govertnment, Mr. Reginald Maudling
Chancellor of the Exchequer ag-eed that they must proceed with the
"Kennedy round." To ensure that the liquidity of the world's financial
system was adequate. It was a bold conception but would take time. In
the meantime, he said, we must hold down cur costs to make a sound basis
for export competition with the E.C.M. countries.
COLONY OF DOMINICA
TITLE BY REGISTRATION ACT
REGISTRY OF TITLES ISLAND OF DOMINICA
Schedule of Applications for Certfica es of Title and Notings
tbereonand Caveats for the week ending the 9th day of Feb., 1963.
Nature of Request whether
Date of Request Person Presenting for Certificate of Title or
Noting thereon or Caveat.
Request for the issue of a
Request dated Florisca Robinson first Certificate of Title in res-
pect of a portion of land
24th Jan, 1963 situate at Fagan, in the Village
by her Solicitor of Marigot, in the Parish of
Presented St Andrew, in the Colony of
Dominica, containing 4160
5th Feb, 1963 Vanya Dupigny square feet and bounded as
at 3.00 p.m follows: On the North by
the Public Koad; On the East
by landsof Florisca Robinson; On the South by lands of Irene Sylvestre
and On the West by lands of Arthur Jones. ___
Reg strar's Office, A. B MARIE
Roseau, 5th Feb., 1963 Ag. Registrar of Titles,
NoTE:-Any person who desires to object to the issuing of a
Certificate of Title on the above application may enter a Caveat at
the above office within four weeks from the date of the first appear-
ance of the above Schedule in the Official Gazette and in the
DOMINICA HeRALD newspaper published in this Island.
By Mahatma Gandi
Fearlessness connotes freedom
from all external fear--far of
disease, bodily injury and deaths,
of dispossession, of losing one's
nearest and dearest, of losing re-
putation or giving offence, and
so on. One who overcomes the
fear of death does not surmount
all other fears as is commonly
but erroneously supposed. Some
of us do. not fear death, but flee
from the minor ill's of life. Some
are ready to die themselves, but
cannot bear their loved ones
being taken away from them.
Some misers will put up with all
this, will part even with their
lives, but not their property;
othe s will do any number of
black deeds, in Order to uphold
their supposed prestige. Some
will swerve from the straight and
narrow path, which lies clear be-
fore them simply because they
are afraid of incurring the
world's odium. The seeker after
Truth must. conquer all these
One cannot follow Truth or
Love so long as one is subject
to fear. A seeker after Truth
must g:ve up the fear of parents,
caste, government, robbers, etc..
and he must not be frightened
by poverty or deatb.
Fearlessness does not mean
arrogance .or aggressiveness.
This in itself is a sign of fear.
Fearle ineFs presuppose claim-
lessness and peace of mind. For
this, it is necessary to have
living faith in God.
(Taken from "My Philosophy
of life" by M.K. Gandi.)
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1963
P'A.i F.OUR DOMINICA HERALD
AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY
31 New Street. Roseau. Tel. 307
Published by j. MARGARTSON CHARLES, Proprietor
Editor MRS. PHYLLIS SHAND ALLFREY
Annual Subscriptions: Town $5.00 Country $6.00
Overseas (Surface Mail) $7.50
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 963
MASQUERADE OR CARNIVAL
MASQUERADE OR CARNIVAL
ERE wE are again, approaching the
gay bacchanalia which means
"goodbye to the flesh" Carne vale
-fundamentally an exuberance of human
nature before the serious religious abstin-
ence of forty days of Lent.
This festival, born and nurtured in
Latin countries and eminently suited to
the tropical temperament, has changed its
trend in the lands of the Caribbean. In
Dominica it used to be simply "masquer-
ade": opening up a two-day fantasy
world to the inhabitants of this magnifi-
cent criss-cross mountain range which juts
up out of a cobalt sea. In such time of
escape and indulgence, nearly everyone
wished to be different than he or she was
in everyday life. The conventional well-
to-do masqueraded as Lapeau-cabwuits
in crocus bags, while the poor dressed in
satin and sparkle--emperors for forty-eight
hours. Short men occasionally climbed
up on bois-bois (stilts) and thin men
stuffed pillows into blouses and pretended
to be stout countrywomen. The obscene
fouid pituUy uypUtftutyU fULr inAulAing
their kind .of humour.
But masquerade has now become Car-
nival with a side-glance at Trinidad and
the tourist trade, and it is yearly being Im-
proved. Our eyes and cars will absorb
with appreciation what the Improvers
have done to the old folk-festival, in
which the Junior Chamber of Commerce
and the business community take consi-
derable interest. Donations to carnival
funds, for example, often exceed hand-
outs to charities. The wonderful dazzling
bands will be there, some individualistic,
some craftily advertising popular produces;
and "sponsored" beauty queens, who
blushed unseen in the days when we
might almost have qualified, have become
the mode. The festival has taken on a
plastic and sateen gloss and has become
more respectable, more barefaced and less
escapist; if we continue to follow the
Trinidad pattern closely enough, it will
become a spectacle rather than an all-out
Even before the fascination or Jouvet
(jour ouvert), a difference in preparation
may be noted. Where are the songs of
yesteryear? In no spots around Roseau
can old-time tomtom beating, particularly
on moonlight lights months ahead of the
event, be heard spurring on the composer
of gossipy verses and his hangers-on.
True, we now have "radio renditions" in
advance, and the old glancing patois
mepwis is still at work, but it has a spar-
rovian flavour. Young persons today
jump about at night and say they are
"practising for carnival": but this prac-
tice is feckless and without a folk-lore
And the sideshows! Ancient people
remind us with nostalgia of the puppet
boxes, the belt dances at street corners,
the trays ofpistache and denies and the
terrifying earthenware masks, revealed
when ghostly sheets were stripped off at
Jouvert and long arms, gleaning with
treacly ochre or blueing, reached 'out to
seize (or pretend to seize) the Bowery -
douilettes of the ladies, who all wore
pik-cheeked wire masks with slanting
blue eyes. Nobly plumed Indians, with
mirrors gleaming from their foreheads,
have vanished into retrospect. Everyone
then "ran mask", and the clang of buckets,
bells and triangles made falsetto sounds
against the tremendous thump-thump of
drums and feet and the concurrent beating
of thousands of excited hearts. One or
two steel bands have replaced most of that.
But everything was nor sweetness and
light in the old days, especially when
dusk was falling; it was the moment of
saturation, obstinacy and sometimes even
of revenge. We hope those shady inci-
dents are improved away forever, so that
as Ash Wednesday approaches and the
people of Dominica cool their aching feet
under taps or in the Roseau river, there
will be nothing to regret during the long
prayerful days ahead.
We are celebrating today, probably
because of some official oversight, a once.
proud concept of nationhood which no
longer exists: the first Federation of the
West Indies. True, the date has been
turned into a shopping half-holiday by
local decree. But the anniversary is there.
as a reminder and (in some measure) a
reproach. The first Federation failed be-
cause f faulty human relationships and
economics. But many good things were
started in those days not all of them as
visible as the Federal ships which bene-
fit us still. So while we regret the waste,
we may yet be thankful to those who
made efforts and even sacrifices in an
attempt to turn polyglot and far-flung
communities into a nation, and forgive
those who made selfish mistakes.
The lesson is there for the new smaller
Federation: we cannot succeed in federa-
ting unless we admit that the whole is
greater than the part, and work together
unstintingly toward that end..
SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 23, 1963
Correspondents are adced te submit their full names and addresses as
a guarantee of goodfaith, but not necessarily for publication. Letters should
be as shot as possible. Controversial political letters will not be pub-
lished anonymously. Views expressed in People's Post do not necessarily
reflect the policy of the Editor or the Proprietor.
"A NUN'S STORY"
We print below (unabridged) the
letter sent by Sister Mary Alicia,
C. S. S. A. to the "Catholic News",
Catholic Social Centre
February i8, 1963
The Catholic News,
34 Belmont Circular Road,
An article entitled "A
Nun's Story" which appeared
in the January 5 issue ot your
paper, was recently brought
to my attention. This arti-
cle was supposedly based on
my work with credit unions
The article as it was printed
has about as much relation-
ship to the Credit Union
Movement in Dominica now
as the man in the moon. It
is extremely out-dated, dis-
torted and presents an extreme.
ly unfair picture ot Dominica
and our work here.
In the first paragraph-you'
say I have been fr-fmred to as
"The Saviour of the Island."
This simply is not true and
is a sad reflection on all the
many Dominicans who have
worked so hard for their
In the second paragraph-
you write, "The financial
needs of families were so
great and the people knew
so little about savings."
This was possibly the situa-
tion many years ago, but
certainly is not so today.
Even the humblest person
saviug 25 cents a week is
well aware of the value of
In the third paragraph-it
is stated that the Credit
Unions here have 6,000
members. At present, there
are 7,500 members with sav-
ings of $6oo,ooo.oo.
In the seventh paragraph-
it says that Dominica has
one high school when, in
fact, there are four high
In the eighth paragraph--
it is stated that people who
work on estates are paid 7S5
to $1.oo a day. This was
true 1o-15 years ago, but
certainly not today. Wages
for labourers are much higher
and living standards have
In the ninth paragraph-
the travelling from village to
village which is described in
the present tense, was done
in the first few years of work
here, but none has been done
by me for at least eight years.
Also it is stated that Moth-
er Mary Elizabeth (inciden-
tally, our proper tide has been
Sister, not Mother, for the
past several years) was assign-
ed as an assistant last year.
Up until last October,
Sister Mary Elizabeth had
been a member ofthe Catho-
lic Social Centre Staff for
6-7 years. In addition,
Sister Mary Adele (n o t
Abele) has not worked with
Children's Credit Unions
since 1953-54. The figure
of $2,ooo.oo, said to have
already been saved by children
in one primary school, is far
too low. Children in one
of our smaller villages have
saved over $3,ooo.oo, and in
Roseau schools the figure
would be comparably higher.
In the tenth paragraph-we
have had our own transport
since 1959. As to "several
excursions through dangerous
waters," this occurred. only
once and was one of the
first trips I took, 1o years ago,
Inf!the eleventh paragraph
-in discussing methods used
to teach the people about
credit unions, I must take
strong exception to the fol-
lowing sentence: "Now some
of the early credit union
members are experienced
enough to go with her as
Voluntary assistants in this
extension programme." I
have not been connected with
the management of the credit
unions here since 1956-57.
It has been excellently run
by loool leaders since that
time, and expansion has been
going on under their able
In the twelfth paragraph-
this entire paragraph is mis-
leading. In the first place,
there are three banks in Ro
seau and several in other
communities on the Island.
Also, it is unheard of now
to have to pay ioo% interest
on a loan, as is suggested in
In the thirteenth paragraph
-the statement, "They don't
borrow much, they just live
in misery" just is not true
here today. Not only do
Cont. on p. 7
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1963
Boys Brigade Week
Carnival Week is also an important week to the Boys Brigade, and in
the Open Letter published below an appeal is made to all to pause in their
celebrations and give generously to an organisation which above all cares
about our young boys, keeps them off the streets and gives them a mean-
ing and purpose in life. In the sober days after Carnival the B. B. will
still be asking for your help-the week is from Fell uary 25th to March
4th- please give all you can afford -with a prayer.
Dear Friends, ..
Caribbean Boys Brigade
Week is here. The date "
set is February 25 to March ...
4. Over 5,ooo Officers '
and Boys of the Caribbean
will go out collecting dur- t
ing this week. Although .
Boys Brigade or "B. B." '
Week is not a National ..
appeal to the public, but.,
rather an opportunity for -'.
friends and supporters cf
the Boys Brigade to give
their financial backing, yet
we feel it best to give the ,..
week wide publication.
B. B. Week is more Patron, H H Col. Lovelace
important than ever before if the Brigade is to go on advanc-
ing in the Caribbean. We must ensure that we can sup-
port our own training organiser and also be able to build up
company funds for many purposes such as training, equip-
ment, literature and camp.
One of the most outstanding and memorable B. B.
events this year will be the International Camp to be held in
the Highlands of Scotland at Glenalmond, Perthshire,
August 14-22. It is hoped that the Caribbean will be
well represented and,that officers and N. C. O.s will avail
themselves of the opportunity of attending t lining courses
at Feldcn Lodge, near London, and Carronvale near Glass-
For over 70 years the Boys Brigade' has been serving
the needs of the Caribbean with its twin pillars of Discipline
and Religion. Never before in the history of these territories
has there been more pressing need for dedicated Christian
men-a splendid challenge for the Boys Brigade, a challenge
which gives the heart urgency and passion for the spiritual
welfare of our young boys.
B. B. Week enables you to play a part in serving the
Youth of your territory. Last year the response was magni-
ficent, but we are not resting on our laurels, we have fresh
heights to conquer.
I therefore beseech all Officers and Boys and Old Boys,
also parents and friends to give generously and help the
Brigade to further its work of advancing Christ's Kingdom
Greetings and good wishes for a successful B. B.
Lieut. & Sec.-The Dominica B. B.
THE "VARIETY" STOREI
i C. G. PHILLIP & CO. LTD,
i LATEST ARRIVALS:-
.Dressing Table Mirrors, Chairs, Sewers)
Complete with Fittings; Soil Pipes, Clayi
)Pipes, Spades & Shovels, Forks; Facel
jBasins, Porcelain Kitchen Si:ks; Floor!
, Tiles and Cement, Scales and
1 Weights, etc.
Allows Self To Be
When E. Nassief & Co.
closel their s:,ire at nimddgy
on Saturday last, they were
cock-sure that every door
was well locked and more
sure too that everyone had
left for lunch. But they were
surprised on their return at
2p m. to find that though
doors were well closed, the
cashier's drawer was open
and ransacked. Along with
employees, the manager
headed for upstairs upon
hearing a movement, where
they found former employer
18 year old Vincent Joseph
of River Street. Joseph had
secreted himself before lunch
hoping to escape later in the
hustle of business. He had
two wrist watches on him
and $243.00 hidden in his
Stone Laid Out
The morning wh'ch was
cloudy and rainy finally
broke into sunlight when on
February 10th a very im-
pressive ceremony was held
at Soufriere. The occasion
was the laying of the Corner
stone of the C h r i s t i a n
The District Superinten-
dent-Rev W.B. Surbrook
was in charge of the Service
which was the first seen by
Rev. John A. Tipton of
Roseau led the opening
prayer. A beautiful message
in song was rendered by tne
Bible School Quartet. The
speaker was Rev G C.John-
son General Missionary
Supt. whilst the actual lay-
ing was dore by Re'. Clyde
Serret Director of the Bible
School. Amor.- those
present was Rev. Paul
Brown of ith U S. There
was also a fair reoresenta-
tion of the surrounding
churches and as far as Cas-
In Ghana Schools
ACCRA, (ANP)- School
pupils throughout Ghana
will be supplied with free
textbooks beginning with the
next school year. The Gha-
na government proposes to
spend something like 3.5
million pounds for a selected
and basic number of text-
books to be given children in
the primary and middle
schools. Essential textbooks
will be provided for use free
by students in secondary
THREE FULL MINUTES SHOPPING TIME IN OUR
GROCERY SELF SERVICE DEPARTMENT
HERE IS WHAT YOU HAVE TO DO
Commencing February 1st to March 30th, 1963
Write your name and full address on the back
of all Cash Slips of $2.00 or more in value
and place in drums conveniently situated throughout I
ASTAPHAN'S SHOPPING CENTRE /
The BIG DRAW will take place on
Saturday 30th March, at 8.00 p.m.
BE WISE ECONOMISE
FOLLOW THE EVER INCREASING CROWDS TO
ASTAPHAN'S SHOPPING CENTRE
DESIGNED FOR YOUR SOPPIN8GPLEASURE
_.~L~Crr ~...,~5~;llLIZL;;) 5~
CRAZY CRAZY CRAZY
The Lucky Winner Will be allowed
FREE FREE!! FREE!!
J^.- -.- r-- --- ----.----- ~~~L~~~2~~)~~~l~C1 -~-
*-- -- ---
^^ ^ 1409P WNW
PA.~ si~ DOMINICA HERALD SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 23, 1963
Dominica Agricultural Society
With the commencement of the Fertilizer Credit Scheme we would
like all planters to study seriously the following suggestions: -
1. Before signing the agreement for Fertilizer Credit please find out all
the details; remember that Dominica is still in the hurricane zone.
2. Pay cash for what you can and only take on credit the extra bags
whichyou badly need.
3. Only buy the amount of fertilizer you can use in a short time, be-
cause unlike alcohol, it does not mature with age.
4. Make the most use of every pound of fertilizer by using the type best
suited to your cultivation, regardless of price.
This brings us to the type of fertilizer to use. No matter what combna-
tion of fertilizers we may use, we must constantly observe the type of bunch of
bananas we produce, because no single recommendation can possibly be the
best for island wide usage, Fro'n our observation and close co-operation
with our Agricultural Officer and Mr. Lionel Smith, Banana Agronomist,
w: can all eventually discover the fertilizers best suited to each area.
The following is a basic recommendation:--
i. Plant with 8 ozs. Triple Superphosphate in the hole.
2. After weeding, at about 6 weeks apply, to each mat i b1 of Sulphate
Ammonia or a mixed fertilizer high in Nitrogen, e.g. 1o-8-4.
3. Three months afterwards apply I lb. per mat of a fertilizer high ini
Potash (K): e.g. 12-8-24 or 12-2-o30.
4. Desucker all unproductive suckers, especially those "peepers" which
always make water suckers, before they have time of absorb any fertilizer.
But do remember. Any credit scheme is like dynamite: used caut-
tiously it is wonderful, but reck'essly it can blow up in your face.
The Executive Committee of the Dominica Agricultural Society asks
those interested in this Society to help them choose a motto for the Society.
It should embody the objects of the Society, which read as follow:-
"The object of the Society shall be the dessemination of agricultural
knowledge, and the consideration, encouragement and advancement of all
branches of agriculture in the Colony, and of all matters and things incid-
ental or appertaining thereto, in such manner as the Committee shall think
All suggestions should be addressed:- to E L. Honeychurch, Hon.
Secretary, Dominica Agricultural Society, P.O. Box 81,. Roseau; to reach
him by 9th March 1963.
RE LE ASE :
Issued By The Office Of The
Minister For Labour And Soc-
11th February, 1963
The Dominida Chronicle of Wed-
nesday 6th February last contains
the following report as part of a
speech which Hon. E. B. Henry
made in Roseau on the night of
February I, 1963 at a Dominica
United Peoples' P a r t y political
meeting: "He condemned Mr. Stevens
for lying a lie" "by stating that
teacher bursaries were existent, but
unused during the time of the last
govt, when it was only during the
time of the present government that
Commonwealth Education Institute
had decided bursaries were granted".
In the first place the Honourable
Member o f t h e Opposition Mr.
Elkin Henry is confused and ex-
hibits total ignorance of the various
institutions and organizations in con-
nection with the Commonwealth.
There is no such thing as a Com-
monwealth Education Institute in
Britain. There is a Commonwealth
Institute, which is a different organ-
isation from The Commonwealth
Teacher Training Bursary Scheme.
This Scheme was a result of the
Commonwealth Education Confer-
ence held for the first time at Oxford
In a despatch of August 1960
with which Mr. Henry is fully ac-
quainted, mention is made of 308
teacher students from dependent terri-
tories. Dominica was not then in-
cluded. Notice was also then given
that application forms for the 1961
-1962 course were forthcoming.
In a further despatch December
5, 1960 another Savingram from the:
SCcemary.1.o f State ieads thus
"-"ap-p i- r-t-ir -m u s -be
in my hands not later than 16th
January, 1961" This wasjust the
day before the last general election.
Dominica, was again not included.
This Labour Government was
sworn in zast January 1961.
It is the solemn duty of a ministry
to make sure that people who pay
taxes and have to vote set "the truth
and nothing but the truth". Mr.
Henry may now wish to apologise
to the public and make a correction
for the benefit ofthe public of
Dominica, his party, his audience
Mona lisa Draws
NEW YORK, Feb. 10, CP:
The .Metropolitan Museum
of Art recorded its largest
single day attendance, attri-
buting it to the presence of
the famous painting of the
Mona Lisa by Leonardo da
Vinci. At least 101,000 per-
sons visited the museum
with 55,000 filing past the
Asked To Submit
Copy By Noon
U.S. To Preserve
NEW YORK, January 3---The U-,
S. Atomic Energy Commission
(AEC), will seek to demonstrate the
technical and economic feasibility of
preserving fish products through radi-
An irradiator is being built by
the Commission as par of its ra-
diation-pasteurized foods program.
This program is directed toward ex-
tending the refrigerated storage life
of fresh products, such as fish and
fruits, from several days to several
Food successfully pasteurized by
radiation does uot lose its charac-
teristic appearance, taste, or odor,
but does have a longer refrigerated
shelf life, as AEC explained. The
energy gamma radiation emit-
ted by radiocobalt passes through
the food, destroying bacteria and
other spoilage-causing organisms.
With a reduction of over 95 per-
cent of the bacteria as a n-sult of the
process, seafood such as haddock,
clams, or shrimp can be kept in
ocean-fresh condition for over four
weeks under normal refrigeration.
LONDON Feb 6, CP: Soviet
parachutist Major Evgeni
Andreyev who dropped 15.,
miles, last November to set
the world free-fall record has
broken his ankle in a street
fall according to the Russian
news agency "Tass".
Washington, February 7
USIS: U.S Defence Secre-
tary McNamara is convinced
"beyond any reasonable
doubt" that the Soviet Union
has removed all offensive
weapons it secretly installed
in Cuba and that none had
PARIS Feb. 8 CP: The French
press have laughed the British Gov-
erhment to scorn for forbidding
Princess Margaret and the Earl of
Snowdon to visit Paris on March 8
"for reasons of state".
To Fight British
JAKARTA Feb 8 CP; About
10,000 tribesmen plan to enter
Northern Borneo to join the rebels
fighting British troops in the British
protected Sultanate of Brunei, the
official Indonesian news agency
ANTARA has reported.
CARNIVAL TRAFFIC ARRANGEMENTS
To ensure the best possible scope
for marching and traffic on the
"CARNIVAL DAYS" Monday and
Tuesday, z5th and 26th February,
a system ofone-way traffic has been
arranged under the authority of Sec-
tion 78 (1) of Ord;nance No, 21
"SIGNS" will be posted, and po-
licemen in uniform will guide traffic
and bands as to directions of move-
ment. The system becomes effec-
tive from 8.oo00 a.m. on Monday
zath February, and will continue to
1z mid-night on the 26th.
The following are some major
Queen Mary Street -- one-way
only, from the river towards King
George V Stoeet to on Bath Road.
Great George Street one-way
only, from King George V
Street towards the river.
Old Street-- one-way only,
from River Street to New Street.
Bay Street --one-way only from
King George V Street to New
Bath Road one-way only,
from River Street to King George
New Street one-way only,
from Bay Street to Bath Road.
Cork Street one-way only,
from Bath Road to Bay Street.
Hillsbotough Street one-way
only, from Bath Road to Old
King George V Street-one-way
only tiom Bath Road to Bay
rl.r rf) o-I;, -
G.O 22, Feb 16, 23,
First Meeting Elects
Julian N. N. Johnson was elected
President; E. Lambert, Vice-Presi-
dent; E. Walker. Secretary; C.
Harris, Treasurer; and I. Alleyne,
Ass. Secretary, of the Dominica
Grammar School Literary and De-
bating Society at the first Meeting
of the Society held on Tuesday
Before the elections Mr. A. Leevy
Patron of the Society addressed the
forty boys assembled in the New
Building. "A literary and deba-
ting Society," he said, "is one of
the best media to train boys in
the at of public speaking. The
world today calls for men who
are able to articulate property, men
who are able to lead, to find and
to work for the betterment of hu-
manity, You boys, by virtue of the
the fact that you obtain a Second-
ary Education have a great respon-
s.b y to Siciety." He then asked
the members of the Society to unite
their efforts in an endeavour to make
the Society the best in the West
In his address, the newly elect-
ed President exhorted members to
take a profound interest in all the
activities of the Society and recalled
to mind prominent personalities, such
as Michael White,* who made use
of the knowledge acquired from the
Society by excelling in public de-
The Society will be celebrating
its 14th Anniversary at a. date to
be announced soon and proposes
t0 cnai igc one ou iz 1n -t-l
Secondary Schools to a public
A vote of thanks by Secretary
Walker ended the meeting which
was chaired by Patron Leevy
*Michael White is rep esenting
U W.I. in a debate against
Pi'eburgh U. in the U.S.A.
NGTICE TO BANANA GROWERS
Growers submitting claims for windstorm damage to the Hur
ricane Insurance Authority are warned that none of the fallen or
broken pseudostems (banana trees) or fruit in respect of which
benefit is claimed should be removed from' the affected holding or
chopped up or otherwise destroyed before assessment by the Local
Officer (or other authorised agent of the HurricanelInsurance.Author-
ity) of the damaged sustained is completed.
Growers are further notified that immediately after such ass-
essment all damage pseudostems and fruit must be chopped up or
removed from the affected holding.
Failure to comply with the above requirements may seriously
prejudice growers claims for benefit.
I iii ....
DOMINICA BANANA GROWERS ASSOCIATION
29th Jan. 1963
SFeb. 16, 23
LARGE VARIETY OF
GOOD HRISTIAN BOOKS
Big Price Reductions
at: Christian Literature Centre
14, Hanover Street
No Soviet Often- The HERALD
sive Weapons In
A.A.- & ^...^. .-a" V
I- IhIM.-- -n. -f 1 14 r HA
.."Ic; W r(jilca
P.A ;Q SIX
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1963
,lSfj ~ l'
SATUDAY FERUR 23 93DMNC EADPG E
Children's (Factual Test) Corner
Dear Girls and Boys,
I heard a little girl from the C.H.S. play a tune
on the mouth organ. This article from B.I.S., Trinidad, comes in just at
the appropriate tirae.
Winning Fame With A Mouth Organ
by "The Three Monarchs"
The mouth organ, or harmonica, is perhaps the most popular of all
instruments with boys and girls, and probably you have all tried blowing
one at some time or other.
But those of you have attempted to play tunes on the instrument will
not need to be told that there is a lot more to it than just blowing and
drawing in your breath.
It does not take a lot of effort to learn to play a few simple tunes. But
one must study music thoroughly to make the most of the mouth organ.
You need only to listen to one of the great harmonica exponents play-
ing a composition to appreciate the beautiful music that can be played with
the correct training.
Despite thorough research, nobody knows who actually invented the
harmonica. It has been said that it was well-known many years ago, be-
cause a character in one of Shakespeare's plays exclaims: "Place this instru-
ment to your lips. You will find its ventricles produce sweet music." Yet
it is fairly certain that the reference was to the "Pipes Of Pan", a series of
pipes of graded length known as syrinxes.
There are many different types of harmonica, and our own collection is
more than 1,ooo, ranging from a one-inch miniature model to one more
than five feet long. We suggest that the beginner should start with a modest
model and go on to more elaborate instruments as progress is made.
It is a sad fact that some young people are just not musically inclined,
and it is a pity for such a child to spend a lot of money on a harmonica if
he or she ends up by giving it away,
The amazing popularity of the mouth organ may be partly due to the
fact that it is a "personal" instrument, fairly simple to play and easy to carry
about. It has been called a pocket band and, as such, it is an ideal solo
instrument, (though it also has its place in certain compositions with full
orchestras.) Allsort of people enjoy playing the mouth organ, and it is
interesting to note that some famous politicians have been enthusiastic play-
In a book on Abraham Lincoln, one ofthe Presidents of the United
State of Amica, Carl Saudburg records how on one occasion during an
election campaign Mr, Lincoln climbed into an old coach and began play-
ng a tunc on a mouth organ r
'When a companion asked why, Mr. Lincolnireplied: "Douglas has
a brass hand with him, buit this will do me." Douglas was a rival can-
didate fbr the Senate.
jYeas later, President Calvin Coolidge often nsd to play his harmon-
ica in the White House in Washington. According to his friends he had
"more than ordinary ability."
Don't Borrow Or Lend
When it comes to harmonica groups, we have found that it is worth.
while introducing other instruments as well as the harmonica to provide
more all-round entertainment.
The harmonica is still our first love, but using other instruments such
as trumpets and guitars, has resulted in more appreciation for our harmonica
work- they provide a contrast.
Finally, a tip we always pass on to the children-- do not let your
friends borrow vyur mouth organ. It may seem mean not to lend it, but it
is unhygienic for it to be passed from mouth to mouth.
Cherio, till next week, Love from Auntie Fran.
This week's questions are as follows:-
r. What ate the three men in the picture called? --- -----
2. What work do they do?--- ------
3. What instrument do they play?- ----- -
(Cont. from page 4)
the credit unions give small
loans that are within the
the reach of everyone, but
the banks do as well.
In the last paragraph-it is
stated that I was instrumen-
tal in starting Family Fast
Day in England. Again,
this is not true. Dominica
was selected by the National
Board of Catholic Women
of England and Wales be-
cause of Dominica's mem-
berships in the World Union
of Catholic Women's Or-
I trust you will under-
stand the point of correcting
this article paragraph by
paragraph. To allow it to
stand as is would have been
a gross insult to Dominica
and the many Dominicans
who have and are working
so hard to improve the living
standard for their fellow
SISTER MARY ALICIA, MSSA
The Three Motarchs, famous recording television and stage "stars" who have reached the
top rank of the entertainment world, playing harmonicas, or month organs. They are all talented
musicians, and their rendering of the classics on their harmonicas has won great praise.
Tax Neglectful (formerly at Coulibistrie), that he care what happens; I am free!"
a N glhad difficulty regarding attendance What ofourchildren, then
Fathers of children at school; that he did It is truck that our society has lost
F enot send children back for non-pay- its sense of self-discipline and holds
Sir, met of school fees; that people had few moral values. Powerful interests
We hear all kinds of talk a- difficulty sending children well clad and influences are at work destroy-
bout tax. I am a mother and would to school; that patois was a great ing accepted standards of morality.
like to see a tax on men who do disadvantage in education; and that and not only that but proper human
not upkeep their children. Let books arc a great want. decency. Boys and girls are reach-
Government tax them hard, give Can he have been an ancestor of ing the point where they hardly
s.sh~m~nr nr m care he child- the present Minister concerned with know the difference between Right
ren, and get a youth counsellor here education? imagine so.- ani lirg. -Uey fiave uielr wo
with the balance, to cause children Yours faithfully, poisoned by evil influence. There
to respect their parents. WESLEYiTE. are many who are just dnfing into
My ownman never helps me immoralty and a life of crime. Arc
with our children, and I know there Ra io Pronuncia- we not betraying them by letting
ate hundreds in such condition. I tion them accept these standards; What
alone raise these children. when I ti are we doing to halt the corruption
am sick they hardly live, and have Sir,- We Dominicans know we of our young people?
no discipline. Put this letter in speak English "with a frenchificd The Church, the School and all
your paper and bring it to the at- accent" as some outsiders say, but at kindred organizations must play their
tendon of Pope John and the poli. least we should give the correct pro. part well in order to check such
tcians. Make men know that they nunciation of the lInger words. alarming condition.
must not give women children and What better medium than the radio In conclusion, I would like to
then disown afier birth. If am for learning the correct pronuncia- remind all Parents, Teachers and
treated so, and I am a married wo- tion? Yet our local and regional an- Youth Leaders that our lives are a
man, how much worse are women nouncers do not apparently take the profession of our Faith which in-
treated who are not married. We trouble to look up th: unfamiliar fluences our children at all times for
help men to make home, shop and words in their pronouncing dictiona- good or ill.
garden, then they take and leave us ries. Heaven forbid that we should EX-TEACHER
sometime for any woman on the call for B.B.C. diction; which is ___ Marigot.
streets. Let young girls take warn- terrible-- I myself like the accent of Name Please!
ing of these things. Instead of one our local announcer very much, but Dear Editor,
cent on bananas, let us have twenty please Mr. Announcer give us cor- In Police Notice
dollars tax a month for every child rect accents on the Fcorrect syllable, "Carnival Traffic arrangements," I
abandoned. Government would NOT, as recently, Ve-neers for Ven-.
get rich in this island. ers. In-vent-tory for In-ventory. note that Bay Street is used, Will you
I am, Yours truly, Mcrch-at.able for Mer-chantabe please enlighten me as to what part
MISERABLE, live in Roseau and De-fic-it for Def-icit. And of Roseau is known as Bay Street.
ck-yard. hy must we have the horrible I know that there is a Bay Street
back-yard why must we have the horrible Dominica but that is in Ports-
_---- .------ Americanism of Pewmiss for good mouth.
Another Echo old.fashioned Pumice to rhyme with KNOWLEDGE SEEKER
rum! Thankr fnr oDace.
Sir,--I too had access to the re-
port quoted in your issue of the
HERALD dated Feb. 9, I mean the
report of the Royal Commission
organised in 1893, reviewed by
"Ancient Civil Servant." It ap-
peared to me that some of the
echoes had a trace of heredity.
While on that subject, I should like
to mention my friend W.S, Stevens,
who is (in my opinion) hardly treat-
ed by publicity sometimes. In that
old report, testimony was given by
Mr. David Stevens, Schoolmaster,
Warning -Our Children
Our community today is sick.
One wonders what is happening--
Parents ,seems to have no control
over their children. Children are
It seems very strange today that
there is nothing happening that
makes one happy- all is trouble
and worries. Are we just to shrug
our shoulders and say "well, I don't
It is notified for general infor-
mation that although February
23rd. 1963, is listed as a Bank
Holiday in the Bank Holidays
Act. an S.R.&O. recently made
by the Administrator-in -Council
permits all shops in Dominica to
remain open for the sale of aoy
article of food or drink on that
day between the bours of 8.00
and 11.00 a.m.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1963
PA ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ E IHTDMIIAHEAD AURAThRAR 3,a
London Letter by Graham Norton
Labour Leadership And Social Glass
The election of the Labour Party's new leader has
thrown an interesting light on the workings of British demo-
cracy. With the office of Prime Minister now ofover-ridivg
importance-he is now no longer, as the old saying had it,
"first among equals", but rather a man standing h ad and
shoulders above his colleagues-the selection procedure of
both of the two main parties has been brought under review.
If it had been Mr. MacMillan, rather than Mr. Gait
sell who had died, then the procedure would have been
very different. The Conservative party does not eleci its
Prime Minister -who is also Party Leader. This is ntomi-
nally left to the Queen. Of course, Her Majesty does not
exercise her purely personal choice in the matter -she relies
upon advice. For example, when Sir Anthony Eden re-
signed in January 1957 the Queen's Secretaries proceeded to
sound feeling: many Conservative M. P's and local party
officers poured in letters and telegrams to the Conservative
Chief Whip, and this was passed on to the Palace, and the
Queen also consulted Sir Winston Churchill and Lord
Salisbury, and they both recommended Mr. MacMillan. If
the Conservatives are the Opposition Party and the leader is
suddenly removed (whi h has not occurred in modern times)
then it is at least possible that the party might have no offi-
cial leader until it won an election, when the Queen might
be asked to choose between the contenders for the highest
For many the interesting thing about the three contenders for the Labour
Party hadership- Mr. George Brown (48), Mr. Harold Wilson (46) and
Mr. James Callaghan (50)- was, apart from their comparative youth (Mr.
MacMillan is 69) the fact that they are all from a working class back-
grcund. Mr. Brown's father was a lorry driver, Mr. Callaghan's a chief
petty officer, and Mr. Wilson's a works Chemist. Only one--- the winner
Mr. Wilson- attended a university, that being Oxford. For the first-time
for twenty-five years, the party of the working class" as it styles itself will
be led by the son of a worker.
This may not be so strange as may at first appear. For as a- Conservative
Pilime Mizniter.LordL-.aL l -ut, -who -wai also- a--con-idat le sehola--a..
philo;ople: slid long ago, the British party and parliamentary system "pre-
supposes a people so fundamentally at one that they can :safely afford to
bicker" over details. On the foundations of sociLy, they are at one. So
that the Labour Party, for all its "socialism" 'has been partly led by
men many of whom have received the traditional education of the British
upper class, which early sets apart, by means of expensive boarding schools
followed by three years at the Universities of Oxford or Cambridge, that
class from the rest of the community. The late Mr. Gaitskell, the E;rl of
Langford, and even the "left wing Socialist"-Mr. Richard Cro;sman-all
share this background with the leaders of the Conservative ard Liberal par-
ties. In the leadership ot the latter two, one school alone- -Eton, the most ex
elusive of all the fee-paying boarding schools (oddly called "public" schools
by the British, owing to historical reasons) dominates. This system oFseg-
regation by education was left unharmed by the Labour Government dur-
ine its ye, r; ofoffice, when it preached a doctrine of social equality. Tho'e
who have been fortunate enough, owing to their parent's wealth, to attend
such schools, undoubtedly have many advantages in Britain's present: society.
Employers themselves from such schools- are inclined to give preference
to applicants from the same educational background. Even form government
service, they have a good advantage-- particularly in the foreign service-
in having been to a "public" school. And, socially, men (for women are
not classed n arly so much by the social standing of their school- there are
far fewer boarding schools for upper-class girls) in Britain are still largely
judged on the school that they attended. The United Kingdom is still a
tribal country. Divided not by geography and blood but by social class.
How is this indicated Not by scarification of the face as in Africa
or ancient Germany though the accent of the voice is often twisted into
strange soun is immediately recognisable to the Englishman as a "class indi-
cator." And, since the end of the last war, the dress of men of all classes
has gown steadily similar. (It was once possible to judge m-n by their
head-gear-- a top hat for the aristocrat, a round bowler hat for the middle
classes, the flat "cloth-cap" for the worker). But one thing remains. A
strip of multi-colour silk- the tie.
This remaining dash of colour in the Englishman's sober clothing, his
town uniform of a dark suit and umbrella is also the surviving remnant of
the badges of social class. For, beside ties, sold purely for adornment, for
their attractiveness, perhaps over half the ties sold in England mean some-
thing, They are, in their hundreds of permutations of stripes and colours
the symbol of regiments, of universities, above all of the "old school." A
black tie with light blue stripes signifies "I go to Eton." No one other
than an "Old Etonian" would dare to wear it. It commands universal
respect, guarantees its wearer effortless social superiority. And all 'the other
major "public" schools equally have their ties. instantly recognized by mem-
bers of the middle and upper classes. Special shops, with obsequious p;-.
prietors, cater for the wearer of these ties in London and the provinces.
Their owners will avoid selling a tie to a man who had no proper claim to
it-- if any Englishman would ever dare to do such a thing.
And yet, .... the leader ofofrthe Conservative Party, Prime Minis Germ Killer
tec MacMillan, speaking to his annual party conf-rence last year, called for
the abolition of this "sort of caste system, . all this has got to be chang-
ed," Even Britain is therefore conscious at last of the old fashioned divisions A drug now undergoing
in her society. Perhaps Mr. Ma:Millan would care to take a little advice hospital trials in Britain will,
from the leader of African States, anxious as most of our leaders are to it is hoped, attack the kind
build up "One Nation and to rid themselves of those vestiges or tribal- of germs which are resistant
ism which hold back national development. President Houbhouet-Boigny pr icillin
of the Ivory Coast recently made tribal marks on the face, and even tribal to penic n.
dress, illegal in the future. Perhaps MacMillan, especially as he is a Scot, This was stated on Friday
would not care to go so far. Most admirers oi Britain would hate to see by a spokesman of Britain's
the kilt disappear. But at least he could throw away his Old Etonian tie, National Research Develop-
and swear never to wear it again, ment Corporation, who sup-
Note: We are pleased to welcome Mr, Norton of Woolwich Polytechnic tth Corportion, wo sp
Dept. of Economic & Mnagement, as a columnist to the HERALD, port e project financially
Oxford University scien-
.--- tists are working, on new
..- --. .,.....-...^...,..--- antibiotics which are more
SI effective th a n penicillin
Spa r against germs, such as typ-
Shoid, and acceptable by the
Smmany people who are allergic
olmBing t OminiCto penicillin. These scien-
End of February Itists are associated in the work
HIBERT ROBERTS, A.dU.I. Mech. E. j- R h Council.
IMBERT ROBERTS, A.M.I. Mech. E. with those of Britain's Medi-
S Specialist on Office Appliances. Business Machines cal Research Council.
i Repairs guaranteed
SPhone 181 for particulars Advertise In
Feb. 23, Mar 2 The HERALD
-~-Or---------- .-~ Is -~--------- -l C HERA-- L*-
AVAILABLE AT THE FOLLOWING HARDWARE STORES:
L. A. DUPIGNY Esq.,
J. W. EDWARDS
G. G. PHILLIP & COMPANY
T. D. SHILLINGFORD
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1563
PA ;E EIGHT
pI(CRMINICA HERALD PAGE NINE
There's much virtue in sticking to a
job. And this is exactly what Marfak
does! Marfak simply refuses to pound
out over the roughest roads, nor does
it wash out in wet weather
-- or, for that matter, thin
out when it's hot. There are
three good re-asons for keep- ,
ing your car well lubricated: Comfort..,.
Safety... and the all-round car care
that pays off handsomely when it's time
to trade-in. With the protection of vital
chassis points at stake,
there is every reason why
4 you should entrust this job
A to Marfak lubrication.
LUBRICATION BY CHART NOT BY CHANGE
FOR THAT SAFER CUSHIONY RIDE c
SATURDAY. FE3RU.\RY 23, T5r5
SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 23. 1963
PAG.E TEN DC
Tr-f C3,BER (Cont, from p 7)
Last week's RESULTS
ist Prize $1. 25 won by Hydrian
Peter, D,G,S.- 2nd Prize $1.00
won by Winston Thomas, Ports-
mouth Government School.-- 3rd
Prize 75 cents won by Josephine 1foll
Giraud, C.H.S.- Only one other
entrant gave correct completed an- me
swers, and the sole consolation prize 0(I.)
this week goes to Garner Trotter,
Convent High School, who gets 5So-
BY EDDIE ROBINSON
Dames Humble Spartans
Patrick Henry, hitherto unknown
to cricket fans, shocked Spartans
with match figures of I1 foc 55.
Winning the toss, Notre Dame I
batted first on an easy paced wicket.
Openers Lewis (41) and Austrie
(35) immediately took command.
Their partnership was worth 84.
Lewis, usually a dour batsman,
showed a surprising array of strokes,
and though he gave two chances,
his innings was an entertaining one. (2)
The other batsmen, Jno. Baptiste
(36), Norris (34), Hector (22) And
Gage (21) all batted steadily, and at
close of play the score was 243 for
9. Norris is a player of definite
promise, though he is a shaky (3)
Notre Dame were all out for
267 next day. By far the best
bowler for Spartans was batsman
Irving Shillingford, who finished- 4)
with 4 for 2z. Scaly alone of the
other bowlers made any impression j ()
with 2 for 62 in I7 overs. )
--lThe iart-oCthe Spatans -Iz- inn- -
ings gave no hitr of what was to (6)
come. At lunch they had lost one
wicket for 23 runs, but afterwards
they were not so much dismissed as
brushed aside for a total of 66. [
More concentration has been (
evinced in many a 2nd Division
match. I am not being wise after
the event. When ist Division status
was given to teams like Spartans
and Varwicks, I said that the i
whole currency of our cricket was
debased. Now we see a false f
coinage in circulation.
Only Irving Shillingford, who
scored 38 glorious runs, showed any
sign of mastering the bowling. Henry
bowled his seamers beautifully and 1(3)
his 6 for 21 was most encourag-
ing. He was aided and abetted by ,
T. Shillingford 3 for 22.
Following on 201 behind, Spar-
tans again gave evidence of their sus-
pect batting. Irving Shillingford
dominated the innings, getting 86 C
out of his side's 149. Only Ren
(20) of the other batsmen reached
double figures. It is interesting to
note that out of the 215 runs scored by
Spartans in this match Shillingford
got 125 of them.
Bowling for Notre Dame, Henry i
was again outstanding with 5 for 34.
The scores: Notre Dame 267, 1(4)
O. Lewis 41, B. Austre 55, E.Jno.
Baptiste 36,J.Noaris 34; I. Shilling-
ford 4 for 22. Spartans 66 Shilling- i
ford 38; P. Henry 6 for 21 and 149,
I. Sbillingford 85; PHenry 5 for 44.
Test Series Drawn ill,
England and Australia drew the
5thTestat Sydney on Wednesday.
Australia therefore retains the ashes
since each side won one and three
were drawn. ..
Dominica Banana Growers
FERTILIZER CREDIT SCHEME
Tile Scheme will be operated in accordance with thej
nwiinn cnditionns aunroved by the Board of Manage-~
UII LI ......I . 1,HII( .I-S -,C....
(1) Each issues of fertilizers on credit shall be;
made in the name of the grower and in respect:
of a holding registered by such grower under.
the Windward Island Banana Insurance Ordin-1
ance 1960, The quantity issued shall depend;
(i) The number of mats planted on the holdings
(ii) The age of the mats.
(iii) The condition of the mats.
(iv) The production of the holding,
The amount of credit issued to a grower tor a
particular holding snail be based on the assum-
ption that the estimated production of the)
holding will be able to repay this amount within
a period not exceeding 12 months commencing(
on the date of issue, For plant mats the max-
imum period shall be 18 months,
The approved quantity of fertilizer in each
case shall be issued at a rate and at intervals;
of time approved by the General Manger based
on the Field Officer's recommendations and "fol-
Fertilizers sold on credit shall bear a service
charge of 45 cents per bag of 112 t to cover:
inspection and accounting costs and insurance!
against bad debts.
A down payment of not less than 20% shall be;
made in respect of each credit sale.
The limit of credit to each grower shall not ex-
There shall be no further credit issues to any;
grower unless lie has reduced his current indeb-
tedness by at least 75%,',
) Repayment shall be in the forms of deductions
from the sale of the debtor grower at the'
time he receives payment and shall be at
the rate of 10 perf 1 of bananas sold,
2) Any debtor grow.r who attempts to evade;
repayment of his debt by selling his bananas
under the name of another grower or under.
an assumed name shall be prosecuted under!
Section 20 (4) ot the Banana Ordinance 1959,j
Such prosecutions shall be mandatory,
To facilitate identification of fertilizer debtors
for the purpose of loan deductions from their)
banana sales, the Hurricane Insurance registra-i
tion card issued in respect of each banana holding
shall be shown on every occasion bananas from
such holding are sold at a Reception or Buying
Station or delivered to a licensed Dealer. ,
Growers shall be required, before the issue to them of fertili.
zers on credit, to turn in their Registration Cards (coiour-
ed white) to this Association. They will then be given;
temporary cards, coloured red, for presentation at Recep-!
tion stations etc, which will identify them as fertilizer
debtors. The original (White) Registration Cards wili beI
returned to the growers upon the settlement of their?
The Secretary-Accountant is authorised to require from
any grower to whom fertilizers have been issued on credit
at any time during which any portion of his debt is out-
standing, regular and true returns of all bananas harvested:
and sold on the holding in respect of which the credit h2,s
been made. j
DEBTORS PREVIOUS FERTILIZER SCHEME
All debtors In respect of the previous Fertilizer Credit?
Scheme shall be excluded from the new Scheme until they
have settled their indebtedness.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J, MARGARTSON CHARLES, THE HERALD'S PRINTER, 31 NEW STREET, ROSEAU, DOMINICA, SATURDAY FEBRUARY 23, 1963.
DON'T GAMBLE TAKE YOUR RADIO AND
I PROBLEMS TO:
S ANDRE'S RADIO NO. 35 KING'S LANE
Transport Of Bananas -- Northern District
Applications are invited for the trucking of bananas under contract
from the Association's Buying Stations at the following places during the
twelve months from 1st April, 1963 to 31st March, 1964 at the undermen-
Dis- Rate Dis- Rate
Station tance per Station tance per
Miles 100 t Miles 100 bf
Crapaud Hall 27 54o Woodford Hill 18 36o
Strathil 21 42o Vieille Case 10 40v
Wesley 18 36v Pte. Ronde 7 40o
Fond Hunt 10 40v
The form of contract may be obtained from the Association's North-
ern District Branch Manager at Portsmouth and the terms and conditions
should be noted by applicants.
Applications should be addressed to the General Manager, Dominica
Banana Growers Association, and should reach the Association's office,
Roseau, not later than 16th March, 1963.
Dominica Banana Growers Association,
19th Februa-y, 1963.
Department Of Agriculture
Monday 4th March
Agricultua l i Field i ay Narthern District
Organized By The Agricnltural D2partment
All interested farmers in Dominica are invited to assem-
ble at Woodford Hill Estate.
Members of Dominica Agricultural Society PLEASE NOTE.
Field Day Commences at 10.00 a.m.
!st Venue Woodford Ilill Istate
Demonstrations (1) Mechanical cultivation on slope,
(2) Planting bananas on terraces.
(3) Irrigation of bananas cultivation,
(4) Weed control in banana cultivating,
(5) Deficiency symptoms Banana Experi-
(6) Commercial growing of sweet peppers.
Commentator Mr. C,A, Winston, O.B.E.
Manager of Woodford Hill Estate. Assis-
tant and Banana Agronomist Dominica
Question Time -
2nd Venue Calibishie,Savanne Pye and Devil's
Corner areas 12.30 p.m.
Demonstrations (1) Pangola cultivation under peasant
(2) Peasant c o c o a cultivation on
(3) Peasant Banana cultivation on slope
(a) Soil Conservation Contour drains.
Commentator Acting Agricultural Superintendent,
(4) Question Time -
(5) Presentation of Prizes to winners of
the northern district in the
1962 Island- Wide Food Produc-
(6) Vote of thanks-by Mr, AE, Samuel
Agricultural Assistant Northern Dis-
Acting Agricultural Superintendent.