Front Cover
 Title Page
 In memoriam
 Table of Contents
 1971 agriculture fair staff
 2001 agriculture and food fair...
 Message from Governor Charles W....
 Message from Commissioner Henry...
 Message from Dr. Orville E....
 Eric E. Dawnson, Former Commissioner...
 Message from Patrick N. Williams,...
 What a difference 30 years...
 Message from Arthur C. Petersen...
 An historical reflection on fairs...
 1971 message from the late Governor...
 1977 messages from the late Governor...
 Cultural icons
 Introduction to composting
 Native crops
 Photo album
 Back Cover

Group Title: Virgin Islands Agriculture and Food Fair ...
Title: Virgin Islands Agriculture and Food Fair 2001
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102617/00013
 Material Information
Title: Virgin Islands Agriculture and Food Fair 2001
Series Title: Virgin Islands Agriculture and Food Fair ...
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 26 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Virgin Islands of the United States -- Dept. of Agriculture
University of the Virgin Islands
Conference: Agriculture and Food Fair of the Virgin Islands
Publisher: Virgin Islands Agriculture and Food Fair
Place of Publication: St. Thomas, V.I
Publication Date: 2001
Frequency: annual
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Virgin Islands of the United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: Periodicals   ( lcsh )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States Virgin Islands
Dates or Sequential Designation: No. 1 (1986)-
Issuing Body: Sponsored by the V.I. Dept. of Agriculture and the University of the Virgin Islands.
General Note: Vols. for 1986-<1988> are also a publication of the 16th- annual Agriculture and Food Fair.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: No. 2 (1987).
Statement of Responsibility: Virgin Islands, Agriculture and Food Fair.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00102617
Volume ID: VID00013
Source Institution: University of the Virgin Islands
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 17962776
lccn - sn 88033223
 Related Items
Preceded by: Annual Agriculture and Food Fair of the Virgin Islands


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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
    In memoriam
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Table of Contents
        Page 5
        Page 6
    1971 agriculture fair staff
        Page 7
    2001 agriculture and food fair board of directors
        Page 8
    Message from Governor Charles W. Turnbull
        Page 9
    Message from Commissioner Henry P. Schuster
        Page 10
    Message from Dr. Orville E. Kean
        Page 11
    Eric E. Dawnson, Former Commissioner of agriculture reflects on agriculture and the fair
        Page 12
    Message from Patrick N. Williams, former Commissioner of agriculture
        Page 13
    What a difference 30 years make
        Page 14
        Page 15
    Message from Arthur C. Petersen Jr., former Commissioner of Agriculture
        Page 16
    An historical reflection on fairs of the past
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    1971 message from the late Governor Melvin H. Evans
        Page 21
    1977 messages from the late Governor Cyril E. King
        Page 22
        Page 23
    Cultural icons
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    Introduction to composting
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
    Native crops
        Page 45
    Photo album
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
    Back Cover
        Page 78
Full Text


VAD 1.3:

February 17-19, 2001

ntly sponsored by the VI. Department of Agriculture INNOVATIVE
and Corporate /


University of the Virgin Islands Cooperative Extension Service

VI Agriculture: Reflections of the Past, Visions of the Future


: i '; .1 IF;
;::' iM


INNOVATIVE Business Systems
VIPowerNet An INNOVATIVE Company

779-9999 For all INNOVATIVE Services


Dedicated to

V. A: Refllpetin the at iin the tre

7. Agricluture: Reflections of the Past, Visions of the Future

Layout & Design Bronze Level Sponsors
Clarice C. Clarke The West Indian Company LTD
Public Information Specialist Banco Popular Virgin Islands
University of the Virgin Islands
Cooperative Extension Service Platinum Level Sponsor

Editorial Board
Marvin E. Williams, Clarice C. Clarke,
D1Lr T C Irrncra T L-c


Corporate Sponsor

rt^t. t^UVV It, LAVTIt j_

9T. CROiX .-a .Y6ltL -E .....
Reprinting of articles kf as long as the Agriculture and-Food Fair Bulletin is credited; mention of product names in this book in no
way implies endorsement bylthe authors or the Agriculture and Food Fair Board of Directors. Desktop published by the University of the
Virgin Islands Cooperative Extension Service. The Fair Bulletin is the official publication of the Agriculture and Food Fair of the U.S. Virgin
Islands. 1 099
1 038699

h 1I

The real


of a






...proud to be a part
of this community



Z uw

w emoIam

The Board of Directors
of the
30th Annual Agriculture and Food Fair
of the
U.S. Virgin Islands




For her hard work and devotion to the preservation
of the Virgin Islands' rich agricultural heritage.
She will be truly missed.






Mr. Oscar E. Henry, former Commissioner of Agriculture, with the late Governor Cyril E. King, Mrs. Agnes King, Ms.
Lilia King, Mrs. Olivia Henry and Dr. Darshan S. Padda at the 1977 Agfair







1971 Agriculture Fair Staff ............................................................................................................... 7

2001 Agriculture and Food Fair Board of Directors............................................ ...................8

Message from Governor Charles W Turnbull................................................................................ 9

Message from Commissioner Henry P Schuster........................................................................ 10

M message from Dr. Orville E. Kean.................................................................................................. 11

Eric E. Dawson, Former Commissioner of Agriculture Reflects on Agriculture and the Fair.........12

Message from Patrick N. Williams, Former Commissioner of Agriculture .....................................13

W hat a Difference 30 Years M ake.................................................................................................. 14
Henry P. Schuster

Message from Arthur C. Petersen Jr., Former Commissioner of Agriculture .........................16

An Historical Reflection on Fairs of the Past ............................................................................ 17
Olasee Davis

1971 Message from the late Governor Melvin H. Evans......................................... ................... 21

1977 Message from the late Governor Cyril E. King.............................. ..........................................22

C cultural Icons................................................................................................................................. 24
Clarice C. Clarke

Introduction to Composting............................................................................ ............................... 27
Stafford Crossman
Native Crops................................... ...................................................................... ....................... 45
Marvin E. Williams




Isabelle Williams

Reuben Roebuck
Owen Schjang

Erica Wulff

Henry Williamson
Bent Lawaetz

Otis Hicks
Doug Covey

Annie J. Postell
Charlotte Palmer

Samuel Whitaker

Honorable Rudolph Shulterbrandt, Chairman

Samuel Whitaker Harold Clum

Lauritz E. Gibbs Edith Bond Charlotte Sosa
Austin W. Fisher, Jr. Isabelle Williams

Otis Hicks Henry Carter
Edith Bond Roy Rodgers

Jean D. Larsen
Charlotte Whittaker

F. F. A. 4-H Clubs
Boy & Girl Scouts F. H. A.

Wilfred Finch and Staff V. I. Department of Agriculture

Lena Shulterbrandt Theodore Coley Charles Petersen
Herbert Grigg Georgene Whitney
St. Croix Mobile X-Ray Unit Service & Display
Frank Peterson, Supervisor X-Ray Services
Julia Pankey Winifred Jarrell Nancy Kelley
Agatha Ross Freya Noah Carlos Rodriguez
Helen I. Joseph, Music Dept. of Education

Austin W. Fisher, Jr. Cedric Gardine Isabelle Williams

Betty-Mae Petersen Lorraine S. Todmann

Robert Lattin

Morris Henderson V. I. Extension Service


Charlotte Amalie, V.I. 00802


On behalf of the people of the United States Virgin Islands I extend greetings and best
wishes to the Board of Directors and the Department of Agriculture for organizing and host-
ing this 30th Annual Agriculture and Food Fair, February 17-19, 2001. I also offer sincere
congratulations to the Farmer of the Year and commend the participants and contributors of
this year's Agrifest.

In keeping with the theme, "Virgin Islands Agriculture: Reflections of the Past, Visions
of the Future," let us reflect on past events and the growth since the first published fair bul-
letin in 1971. As Governor Cyril Emmanuel King said, "Self sufficiency in food production
is vital to the future of all these islands."

Through the University of the Virgin Islands' Land Grant Programs, its partnership with
the Department of Agriculture, the Agriculture and Food Fair Board, and local farmers, ag-
riculture in the Virgin Islands has withstood the test of time. The cultivation of the earth is
said to be the most important labor of mankind. In order to revitalize our economy, we must
begin this new century by continuing to place greater emphasis on marketing local farmers
and the many different uses of local fruits and vegetables.

Further, I encourage the people of this territory and our neighbors in the region to sup-
port, participate in and enjoy the benefits of this cultural tradition. I commend the
Commissioner of Agriculture, Henry P. Schuster, his able and hard working staff and the
Agriculture and Food Fair Board for their diligence and planning for Agrifest 2001.

I wish you continued success!

Charles W. Turnbull, Ph.D.


Message from Henry P. Schuster
Commissioner, Department of Agriculture

This is my second fair that I greet you as President of the Agri-
culture and Food Fair of the U.S. Virgin Islands Board of Directors.
It gives me great pleasure to welcome you to the first fair of the 21st
century and trust that you do enjoy yourselves and appreciate the hard work that the Board has
done to bring you a better fair.

Our theme, VI. Agriculture: Reflections of the Past, Visions of the Future, begs us to look at
the past as we envision the future. If we must improve the fair, and indeed we are doing so, our
Virgin Islands must avoid the pitfalls of the past and climb new mountains in the future. The
fair must continue to sustain itself and use its profits to realize positive changes. This year we
have worked at improving upon the layout of the fair and have constructed a new bridge that
joins the two sides of the fair grounds. As we do these things, we remain ever mindful of our
farmers who toil endlessly to bring food to our tables.

I would like to use this opportunity to urge us all to purchase local beef and drink local milk.
I say this because our propensity to buy cheap may not reflect our desire to buy nutritious.
Moreover, when we buy local our dollar goes further toward the betterment of our society. The
propensity to other than buy local has recently driven one beef farmer out of the market. A look
at our animal display and a walk through the farmers' market will assure you that our capacity
to produce quality animals is great and we need to cherish and protect the industry.

I would therefore like to take this opportunity to thank our corporate sponsor, INNOVATIVE
and its subsidiaries, for supporting this year's fair. We truly appreciate their support and assis-
tance. I also take this opportunity to thank our platinum sponsor Hovensa and our bronze level
sponsors, The West Indian Company LTD and Banco Popular-Virgin Islands for their generous
support of Agrifest 2001; without their support we would have been unable to incorporate many
of the activities that we have packed into this weekend.

On behalf of the Department of Agriculture and the Food Fair Board, I must thank Governor
Charles W. Turnbull and Lieutenant Governor Gerard Luz James II for their continued support
of Agriculture and the Agriculture and Food Fair.

Henry P. Schuster
Commissioner of Agriculture &
President, Board of Directors, Agrifest 2001

Inow -

Message from Dr. Orville E. Kean
President, University of the Virgin Islands

It is with great joy that I extend a heartfelt welcome to everyone as we celebrate the 30th
Anniversary of the Virgin Islands Agriculture and Food Fair. We begin the new millennium
with the benefit of knowing that the past 30 years have been a period of continued develop-
ment in agricultural research and community engagement emanating from the University of
the Virgin Islands. This year's theme, VI Agriculture: Reflections of the Past Visions of the
Future, calls to mind the many notable contributions that the University of the Virgin Islands'
Land Grant Programs have made to agricultural research and development in our islands.
This gives me a tremendous sense of pride in the accomplishments of our faculty and staff.

The University's Land Grant Program, in particular the Cooperative Extension Service,
has played an active role in the management and supervision of the Fair's activities. Nearly
half of the Fair's Board Members are either faculty or staff of the University. In partnership
with the staff of the Virgin Islands Department of Agriculture, we have been successful in
making the Agriculture and Food Fair one of the most family-oriented events in the U.S.
Virgin Islands, and probably the most celebrated agricultural fair in the eastern Caribbean.
Since its rebirth in 1971, the Fair has grown from approximately 5,000 to over 35,000 atten-
dees for the three-day event. This six-fold increase in participants depicts near total commu-
nity acceptance of the Agriculture and Food Fair.

As a primary Land-grant university in the English-speaking Caribbean, we are commit-
ted to advancing knowledge through research and public service, and understanding and
resolving issues and problems unique to the Virgin Islands and the Caribbean. We are com-
mitted to excellence in teaching, research, and public service. And we promise to redouble
our efforts to contribute toward the improvement of the lives of Virgin Islanders and to make
our island communities a paradise for future generations to inherit with pride.

I commend the Board of Directors for its diligent efforts in making this 30th Anniversa-
ry of the Agriculture and Food Fair a tremendous success. And I again welcome you all, and
invite you to share the next three days with us.

Orville Kean, Ph.D.

Ono -

Eric E. Dawson
Former Commisioner of Agriculture
Reflects on Agriculture and the Fair

A s I reflect on my tenure as the Commissioner of Economic
development and Agriculture, I remember my first distinct
challenge. My very first task even before I was sworn in was
to negotiate and modify the contract to build and relocate the new
Abattoir from Estate Castle Coakley to Estate Lower Love. It was not easy because several play-
ers were involved and I had the task of coordinating the efforts to bring this project to fruition.
Governor Alexander Farrelly expected action and we had no time to ponder. Finally, it was done
and St. Croix had a new Abattoir and the old facility at Estate Anguilla was closed.

The next formidable task was the recovery from Hurricane Hugo which affected every inch
of St. Croix's farmland. The local budget was insufficient to give the farmers emergency relief
and appeals to the U. S. Department of Agriculture yielded no help. It was a devastation to those
whose livelihood depended on the soil which was soaked in salt water and the population which
depended on the local crops for their sustenance. However, the farmers were determined to con-
tinue farming and, even though there were temporary set-backs, they prevailed. Hurricane Hugo
adversely affected the Food Fair for 1990, but by 1991, everyone came back with vigor, pride and
joy for what they had accomplished under trying circumstances.

It is a fact that farmers on St. Croix are as determined as farmers anywhere else, and in spite
of limited resources, they have still moved ahead with their programs. From 1991 onward, each
Agricultural Food Fair grew bigger and stronger. Food production continued with fervor even
though the resources from the government was shrinking continuously.

The Agricultural Food Fairs on St. Croix were always a success on account of the hard work-
ing men and women of the department. They were innovative and skillful. When we could not get
new equipment, they cannibilized equipment so that the missions of the department could be
accomplished. This was the spirit and determination with which the staff of the department func-
tioned. It was simply dedication to the cause of building a better future in agriculture. Agriculture
has a future in the Virgin Islands, but the resources must be positioned so that the industry can grow.
When the tractors, trucks and other equipment cannot be purchased on account of a budget short-
fall or freeze, agricultural programs suffer. Commercial Agriculture is perhaps the future hope of
the industry, and that is to suggest that the concentration of certain items might be a means of gen-
erating cash on a faster basis. Such items as ornamentals, which are in high demand on the main-
land, should be explored for future potential.

My best wishes for a great and grand Agricultural Food Fair 2001.

Eric E. Dawson, Esq.

Patrick N. Williams
RFD2 Box 10461, KingAill
St. Crox, U.S. Virgin IsIand 00850

January 11, 2001

The Honorable Henry P. Schuster
Department of Agriculture
Estate Lower Love, Frederiksted
St. Croix, VI 00840

Dear Commissioner Schuster:

It is an honor to have been asked by the Commissioner of Agriculture and President of
the Agfair Board to place this little article in the Fair Booklet.

I begin by congratulating Commissioner Schuster and the members of the Board, along
with the entire staff of the Department of Agriculture for the fabulous job they undertake
during the three official days of the fair. The Agriculture and Food Fair is one of the
events that bring people together.

Commissioner Schuster and his staff have done a remarkable job in the past years, and I
am certain that it will be no less this year. I look forward anxiously to being there and
enjoying every moment of the festivities, God's willing.

Congratulations Commissioner Schuster and your hardworking staff.


What a Difference 30 Years Make
Henry P. Schuster
Commissioner of Agriculture

As most everyone knows, I started working at the Virgin Islands Department of Agriculture as
a Laborer in 1972. The Fair was two years old....and far different from the fair as we know it
today. I keep wondering, however, what did we do in February before we had a fair as we know

In 1972, the garage building was the area of major activity. It housed vegetables, ornamentals, fruits,
food and refreshment activities. I do not recall how much school participation there was, but that build-
ing was the fair. I also recall that food preparation demonstrations were also a part of the fair. This activ-
ity was conducted in the building where the St. Croix Lions and the Health Department now conduct
their health screenings. The livestock pavilion was then housed in the southwestern corner of the fair

From 1970, the fair was
always perceived as a good idea, -.
and as most good ideas, the fair
grew to realize a fundamental
place in our society.

The growth included refresh-
ment booths consisting of 2x4
structures with coconut-thatched
roofs. When the activities of the
garage became too many, a sepa-
rate food pavilion was established
in the marketing building-a place
it still occupies.

With the fair now occupying
both sides of the grounds, a bridge
was constructed to enable pedestrians to cross the gut at all times during the fair. Amusement park-type
activities were utilized to enhance children's enjoyment of the fair and workshops were conducted to sat-
isfy the academic and sociocultural yearnings of some fairgoers.

However, I think the transformation of the fair from what it was to what it is now occurred in 1995
when Commissioner Arthur C. Petersen, Jr. utilized funds to buy materials to make modular food and
refreshment booths. He also purchased many single stand exhibitor tents, and placed electrical outlets
to facilitate those who needed it in 1997. Three large tents to house entertainment, UVI exhibits and V.I.
Department of Agriculture exhibits were added. To top it all, two 10ft x 30ft banks of sanitary bathroom
facilities that make coming to the fair a real picnic were established. The bathrooms, the opening cere-
monies tent and UVI with its own big top speak to progress. Though some might say what a difference
a day makes, I must say what a difference 30 years make. The fair has grown from a little to a big thing.
Further, the inclusion of the V.I. Police in the planning of the fair has made the event peaceful for the
most part, and a place to bring the family.


This year the big difference
will be fewer tents with multiple
vendors and the construction of a
brand new steel bridge. I trust
that these changes will make the
first fair of the 21st century fun
for us all and bring pleasant
memories for at least the next 30

Message from Arthur C. Petersen
Former Commissioner of Agriculture

A anniversaries are as American as mom, apple pie, and base ball.

Anniversaries are a time to take stock, to look at our strengths
and our weaknesses. They are a celebration of the past and a
pep rally for the future. The founders of the Agriculture and
Food Fair of the U.S. Virgin Islands certainly must have enjoyed exer-
cising their rights and their God-given talents to foresee a need for this
annual event particularly on St. Croix, to highlight the invaluable contri-
butions of farmers. The late Mr. Rudolph Shulterbrandt saw something
worth doing when he envisioned the need to recognize the farmers
throughout the territory-particularly on St. Croix-for their invaluable contributions to the devel-
opment of agriculture in the U.S. Virgin Islands.

As you can see from the growth and expansion of the Agriculture and Food Fair of the U.S.
Virgin Islands through the years, the leadership of this organization hasn't just asked its mem-
bership to put their names on the roll and bring their bodies to meetings. We've asked them to
put their hearts into our purpose and bring their ideas and enthusiasm for the endless chal-
lenges and hard work that are required to bring focus on the need of the farming community. The
spirit is still glowing-the spirit in the hearts of the founders of this organization over thirty years
ago. That spirit still lives in those committee members here who make better things happen for
a brighter tomorrow. We recognize that spirit. We respect it. We appreciate it.

I'm an optimist when it comes to the future of agriculture in the U.S. Virgin Islands. You've
heard it said that the pessimist is the guy who, when opportunity knocks, complains about the
noise. Thank goodness that's not the style of those who work with the U.S. Virgin Islands
Department of Agriculture. A challenge to the employees simply means opportunity-opportuni-
ty to cooperate and improve performance on quality and responsiveness. I look at the growth of
agriculture for the coming years and see a wide-open window of opportunity for the territory's
growth and development I say the last thirty years have positioned us better than ever to come out
winners. I say the new millennium will be a time of great innovation and excitement in the area
of agriculture. I say let's put on a face of enthusiasm and walk with a spring in our step. Let's
congratulate ourselves and then move ahead to the next big project.

Your commitment to the goals of excellence is based on more than thirty years of progress
generated by thousands of dedicated people who were determined to move forward. You, the peo-
ple who now work here, know better than anyone else how important the Agriculture and Food
Fair is to your esteem and personal pride of accomplishment.

I wish the Board of Directors of the Agriculture and Food Fair of the U.S. Virgin Islands suc-
cess with its future endeavors as it strives to grow the Fair into an enviable world-class event for
the people of the U.S. Virgin Islands. Let us resolve to keep this achievement and ideal before us
as business, community and university leaders.

Arthur C. Petersen, Jr., Ph.D.

An Historical Reflection on Fairs of the Past

Olasee Davis
Extension Specialist-Natural Resources
UVI Cooperative Extension Service

According to Morris R. Henderson, the agricultural fairs started during the 1930's. Some old

timers would suggest that the fairs started before Denmark sold the islands to the United States
in 1917. Whatever date the fair started, it has been celebrated for years with local farmers dis-
playing their produce. Today, the fair is held at Estate Lower Love. In the 1930's, it was held
at the former Agricultural Experiment Station, Estate Anna'a Hope. In those days, the fairs were called
Agricultural Field Days.

The fair, which was held every year in February at Estate Anna's Hope, attracted more than five thou-
sand persons which was a considerable number, comparatively speaking, since the population of St. Croix
was hardly more than twelve to fourteen thousand people. The 1950 agricultural census reported a total of
508 farms on St. Croix, of which 372, or 73 percent, were under 20 acres. These small family farms grew
all kinds of fruit trees and vegetables. In addition, there were those producers who raised large and small
livestock including a large numbers of goats, cattle, sheep, swine and poultry.

The Agricultural Field Day attracted almost every producer on the island, especially those who grew
food crops. Literally speaking, there was always an over abundance of agricultural produce, vegetables and
fruits of very good quality and of every description possible. The producers looked forward to the "Field
Day" because it was, as today, one of the highlights of the year and the time when residents could not only
get first-hand exposure to what the producers were growing, but were also able to purchase any amount and
kind of produce they were interested in.

Not only were vegetables and fruits available at the Agricultural Field Day as were livestock and poul-
try, but also their products and by-products, to include meat, milk, eggs, etc. Animals were also on sale in
addition to being on exhibition. One could purchase a young animal such as a calf or lamb, and poultry was
also sold. Also on sale in abundance were vegetable seeds, transplants(slips as they are called locally) orna-
mental and fruit trees in quantity.

Another attraction during the Agricultural Field Day was the display and sale of local beverages of all
kinds, baked goods and all types of native foods, sometimes prepared at home, but often times on the prem-
ises as is done today. Music on the fair ground also made the day as is the case today. Like today, there were
programs at which government officials and other dignitaries made speeches and many outstanding farm-
ers were recognized.
There were various types of awards and prizes for outstanding quality of produce or livestock and
homemade goods, food, handicraft, etc. The greatest tribute that could be given to those Field Days of
yesteryears was the fact that they attracted hundreds of agricultural producers and that agricultural pro-
duce was in such abundance and in such wide variety as to impress on the fair goers the potential which
agriculture has on the island, and the appreciation shown for the efforts of those who engaged in produc-
ing food for local consumption.

At the Field Day celebration at Anna's Hope Agricultural Experiment Station on February 19, 1943,
Franklyn M. Glover, soil conservation specialist, made this statement in regard to the fair. "The ultimate
goal of the Soil and Water Conservation Service is what the name of this Federal department implies: To

conserve the soil and water on the island of St. Croix. If the soil is fertile and moisture is available to cane
and other crops, the production is unlimited: if moisture is available to the pastures, and stock water is suf-
ficient, the production of cattle could be increased two or three-fold. Dr. George Washington Carver.
famed Negro scientist and professor at Tuskegee Institute, credits his success to this formula. 'Take
advantage of what you have and start where you are.' If advantage was taken of the rainfall St. Croix
receives, if soil was made more fertile with green manure crops, and if pastures were cleaned and
improved, then the dry seasons would not affect this island to a great extent. A great portion of water that
runs to the sea can be retained or 'stored up' in the soil. A portion of the water saved will percolate to
the underground water supply to increase the production of wells, and the remainder will keep the topsoil
and the subsoil moist to be used by plants, grass and trees. It is a proven fact that contour cultivation and
terraces of all kinds will conserve rainfall, conserve the soil and increase the production of crop land. It
is a proven fact that contour furrows, improved pastures, and controlled grazing will conserve rainfall.
conserve the soil and increase grass production on pasture lands. These are the recommendations of the
Soil and Water Conservation Service."

Federal agricultural agencies on the island were heavily involved in the Field Day and farming gen-
erally. After about a decade or two, and possibly with the shift in the economic situation experienced local-
ly, agricultural Field Days phased out. However, during the mid fifties, the former Federal Experiment
Station endeavored to revive an interest in such activities. To take the place of the old-time Field Day. live-
stock shows and competition were held periodically. These attracted the livestock farmers.

In addition, field demonstrations and tours of the Agricultural Experiment Station were conducted
periodically, but these were geared basically to encourage the local producers to visit in order to observe
what was being done in agricultural research, and should not be interpreted as taking the place of an agri-
cultural fair.

In 1971, former Commissioner Rudolph Shulterbrandt along with a number of other people started the
agriculture fair again. This time, the fair was held at Estate Lower Love at the local Department of
Agriculture. The fair was successively called Field Day, St. Croix Agricultural and Food Fair, and, today.
the Virgin Islands Agriculture and Food Fair. The fairs of the 1970's basically retained the same tradition
of yesteryear's fairs at Estate Anna's Hope.

The tradition of selling plants, homemade goods, vegetables, and local drink continued. The social
atmosphere remained where families and friends met and discussed whatever were on their minds. Like
long ago, native drinks and baked goods were available. At the turn of the 1980's, the abundance of fresh
vegetables, fruits, and ground provision began to decline. The number of farmers reduced tremendous-
ly as compared to the 1950's.

By the 1990's and beyond, the fair changed tremendously. T-shirts, handmade jewelry of all kinds, as
well as imported ones, cars on display, and many tents carry items relative to agriculture education and
production. The Agriculture and Food Fair of today reflects some of the tradition of agriculture in the past
fairs, but no one knows the future's outcome.

"I must point out, however, that agricultural fairs today are certainly much more sophisticated, with a
great deal more insight into the technology of agriculture as a basic industry; but the atmosphere and con-
geniality of farmers, participants and fair goers to the Field Days were something to experience. It used
to be as though St. Croix were just a small island of one big happy family; where everybody pitched in
and had one good hell of a time," Morris R. Henderson recalled.


1. Fair Committee, 1943. St. Croix Agricultural Fair, Experiment Station Anna's Hope.

2. Henderson, Morris R. no date, Recollections of Past Agricultural Fairs.

3. USDA, Agricultural Research Service 1954. An Economic Survey of Family Farms on St. Croix
Virgin Islands page 2.

nii0. aI 04 "i U.I"&4 L I aIui, I l.UU7ID S .

Now Two St. Croix Stores to Serve you Better

Come visit our new Plaza Extra just west of the Agriculture Fair Grounds on
Queen Mary Highway. Plenty of Parking. Open 7AM to 10 PM 7 Days
Of course, our Sion Farm store continues to serve you; open 7AM to11PM.
For a large variety of additional shopping and services, come into our:

United Shopping Plaza

Located in Sion Farm next to Plaza Extra, there are 30 Shops, Businesses and
Professional Offices to serve you. Spaces are available-Call Tom at 778-6240 x 29


Men and Ladies Tailor- Suits made in 3 days


P.O. BOX 2935

-si ^


Although the passing years have dimmed the importance of farming here, and the fields of cultivat-
ed sugar cane have vanished from the scene, the soil of our native land is still a precious possession. The
farmers, who have remained close to the earth, must be admired for their appreciation and understanding
of the more basic values of life. Their yields are not only a material reward of such endeavors, but also
the spiritual and aesthetic benefits. A well kept garden, whether of flowers or vegetables and fruit trees,
adorns any landscape.

The Agricultural and Food Fair serves as an admirable vehicle for informing the public of new devel-
opments in agricultural techniques and equipment, and of stimulating interest in their adaptation. I hope
it will continue to be an annual event in the Virgin Islands for many years to come.

The staff of the Agriculture Department is to be commended for its constant dedicated effort to bring
new and more productive records to the growing of vegetables, plants and fruit trees, and the raising of




AL, _MrL
Aff Wk

A Message From Honorable Cyril E. King
Governor of the Virgin Islands

Once again, the people of the Virgin Islands have been
given a unique opportunity to observe, first hand, the po-
tential that exists for a vibrant, viable farming industry in
our Islands.
The wide variety of produce and livestock displayed
at this Seventh Annual Agriculture and Food Fair bears
ample testimony to what can be accomplished with a
greater measure of effort, imagination, and perseverance.
There is no question that agriculture can play a signi-
ficant role as a vital sector of our economy. The need for
diversification is not only desirable, it is essential. Tourism,
our main industry, fluctuates with changing conditions both
at home and abroad. And the harsh reality of our fiscal
dilemma is both obvious and frightening. It is therefore
necessary that every conceivable effort be intensified to
broaden the base of the insular economy.

An expanded, healthy agriculture industry not only
would provide additional employment opportunities, but
fresh, reasonably-priced food, and a greater measure of
To encourage more local food production, the De-
partment of Agriculture has distributed to St. Croix resi-
dents more than 240 community garden plots to grow
food and vegetables. A similar program is underway in
St. Thomas where 47 acres of Government-owned land is
currently being prepared for distribution.
Additionally, some of our young people have shown
a renewed interest in farming, particularly the agricultural
club at Charlotte Amalie High School and the young far-
mers' cooperative on St. Croix. This is indeed commend-
able but far from adequate. We must intensify our efforts
to stimulate greater public interest, generate wider com-
munity participation, and foster more positive attitudes
in the schools and throughout the entire community.
While we can take pride in this year's exhibition
we cannot remain complacent. Instead, we must accept
the challenge to strive for more public participation and
greater productivity next year.
I wish to commend all the participants as well as
those persons who worked diligently to insure the success
of this 1977 Agriculture and Food Fair. It is my earnest
hope that the theme of "Food First" would serve as a con-
stant reminder of the grave responsibility that is ours to
make a meaningful contribution toward the goal of making
our Islands self-sufficient in food production.

The late Arona Petersen, St. Thomas author and
renowned cook, dangles a pair of tasty salt fish which
she prepared for food and preserve demonstration at
the 1982 fair


(The Meat Market)

"Get your beef from the source"

Fresh Beef
(Local and U.S. Choice)
Pork [ Chicken [ Fish [ Vegetables
Quality at low prices

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Monday Friday 8:00 5:30, Saturday 8:00 3:00
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FAX: 778-0270

The late Agatha Ross (right) demonstrating canning of
tomatoes and pineapples at the 1982 Agriculture & Food

Cultural Icons
Clarice C. Clarke
4' Public Infomation Specialist
UVI Cooperative Extension Service o

ver the past 15 years, I have kept perhaps the only complete collection of Agriculture & Food

Fair Bulletins. As I thumb through the pages of these booklets, I realize that there are a great
deal of agriculture, as well as cultural history, documented in the booklets. In the booklets are the
social and agricultural concerns that were uppermost in the minds of our leaders. Who can believe
that in the year 2001 we would be addressing the same problems that existed in 1977the need to diversify
our economy so that jobs would be created for the populace? It was surprising to read in the late Governor
Cyril King's message in 1977 that "there is no question that agriculture can play a significant role as a vital
sector of our economy. The need for diversification is not only desirable, it is essential." He added,
"Tourism our main industry fluctuates with changing conditions both here and abroad and the harsh reali-
ty of our fiscal dilemma is both obvious and frightening." As we head into the new millennium we are still
echoing those concerns.

Today, as we reflect on the theme V.I. Agriculture: Reflections of the Past, Visions of the Future, we
remember the cultural and agri-
cultural bearers. Particularly,
Rudolph Shulterbrandt, who in his
honor, we dedicate the 30th
Annual Agriculture and Food Fair
of the U. S. Virgin Islands. It was
Rudy, as he was affectionately
called, who was responsible for
reviving the agricultural fair as we
know it today. In the article enti-
tled "Rudolph Shulterbrant,
Former Commissioner of Agricul- 0o d
ture, Talks About the Fair," he
said, The Agriculture and Food -
Fair dates from the year 1971.
This was the first year of the
rebirth of the new fairs on St.
Croix. From 1995 through 1996
Rudy served on the Board of Di- Governor Juan Luis is presented with a souvenir of the fair in 1982 by 4-H'er
rectors for the Fair. He was al- Germaine Chery, as then Commissioner of Agriculture Rudolph Shulterbrandt
looks on.
ways making suggestions on how
to improve the fair which he saw as one of the best educational and cultural family activities on St. Croix.
He would constantly remind us that demonstrations were great educational hits with the fairgoers and that
both the University and the V.I. Department of Agriculture must continue to take the lead in bringing new
ideas and agricultural information to the people.

In the pages of these books are also interviews
with cultural icons such as Leona Watson and
what a character one that makes your soul smile
and your heart jump for joy as she relates our cul-
tural history of yesteryear. If there is anyone who
makes a room vibrate with enthusiasm and energy,
it's Leona Watson. Mrs. Watson is a Crucian with
a mission to preserve the culture of her homeland.
In an interview for the 1995 Fair Booklet she stat-
ed that songs, food, clothing and morals are all
part of our tradition and culture. Her sense of
West Indian culture is based on personal experi-
ences. She would listen to her grandfather as he
told stories and slowly began to understand the
lessons in them. For instance, she said, "I noticed
that certain people of my village had two syllable
words like ne-ne, me-me, ta-ta, and I never knew
until I was almost grown that they were signals
that came from two different tribes." In terms of
the agriculture fair, she wants the fair to be as she
knew it. At the Experiment Station, she said, what
you saw in the field was alive with healthy veg- Mrs. Leona Watson, a proud Crucian dedicated to preserving
tables, healthy produce, healthy mangoes. That the cultural heritage of the Virgin Islands.
was agriculture. She'd prefer to see a return to the
old days, when children brought the fruits of their labor to the fair and families shared the tarts, sweet
cakes, rayal and bang-bang so rarely seen today.

Heritage is what ties you to the past and steers you to the
future. Some aspects of Virgin Islands culture can be practiced the
love of the land, the art of story telling and the preserving of eth-
nic foods through recipes. Others, however, can only be demon-
strated. Melbourne Petersen is another Crucian who has taken
steps to preserve the baker's art by reviving the use of stone

Stone ovens, such as the one on the grounds at the
Department of Agriculture, once were central to village life.
Petersen explains that kitchens were usually sheds outside the
house. They had hard, dirt floors, and the stove was a hole in the
ground where a fire was built for a coalpot. With the advent of
stoves, cooking moved inside.

Petersen learned about the stone ovens and the neighbor-
hood bakers as a boy. He hung around, watched and was wel-
comed because he'd run errands for the bakers. "I'd get sea grape
leaves or almond leaves for them to put the bread on," he
Melbourne Petersen is another Crucian who explains. The grape and almond leaves served as baking pans and
is taking steps to preserve the baker's art by also added flavor to the bread.
reviving the use of stone ovens.

For the past six years, Petersen has treated fairgoers with freshly baked bread and roast pork from the
stone oven on the agriculture fair grounds. Petersen does not fill the old position of a village baker; how-
ever, he is keeping the tradition of village ovens alive.

With a wisp of the straw, Mrs. Judy Bain and the St. Croix
Handicrafts have revived an old Caribbean craft. In an interview for
the 1995 Fair booklet, she explained that the group's mission is to
teach about and make straw items that reflect not only the Virgin
Islands but also the diverse Caribbean culture. The baskets and other
folkloric items are available locally, however, they are produced main-
ly for the tourist industry. According to Mrs. Bain, the ornaments and
cultural items, such as the Quadrille dancers, are the most popular. She
says the rattan Quadrille dancers were done with the traditional peaked
head ties. "We explain to the tourists that the way the woman wears
the scarf is important--the points are down for a married woman, and
up if she is available. Everything we sell has a story behind it," she
said. Recently, the group has expanded its crafts to include tropical fish
and has a contract with vendors in the Turks & Caicos Islands to pro-
duce those items.

Fair bulletins also serve as a pho-
tographic archive. From the photos
we can remember with a warm Mrs. Judy Bain with samples of the
smile culinary stalwarts such as group's cultural dolls.
Beatrice Johnson, better known as
"Bea Mopsy," famous for her
pate; Louise Samuel-known for her vienna cakes; Ms.
Farrellywith her peppermint candy; Delita Eastman-known as
the candy lady; lone Pemberton- known for muafe and kalallo;
Gladys Griffin--known for her maufe; Elisa Danielson-known
for souse & potato salad and red peas soup; and Rebecca
George-known for her roast pork. We can remember those
that are still carrying on the culinary tradition such as Dolores
Hansen, Gwendolyn Fludd, Jane Meyers, Debbie Christopher, Charmaine
Phillip, Anna Doward, Eleanor Pemberton, Eleanor Sealey, and Janet Brow. Pho-
tos of farmers such as Eustace Simon, Kirk Benoit, Samuel Moore, Allan Schuster, Angel
Gonzales, James Simmonds, Rupert Barnes and many more represent the reflection of the past and pho-
tos of youth involved in agriculture are representative of the visions of the future.

And, of course, we remember through photographs Dorothy Walcott and Pholoconah
Edwards with their feisty characters.


Introduction to Composting
Stafford Crossman
Program Supervisor-Horticulture
UVI Cooperative Extension Service

C omposting is not a new technology, nor is it new to agriculture. Marcus Cato, a Roman scien-
tist and farmer, developed the first compost formula in recorded history more than 2,000
years ago. Farmers in 18th and 19th century America practiced composting. However, it was
not until the 20th century, beginning with a composting technique called the Indore Method (developed
by Sir Albert Howard in India), that scientific principles were applied to composting. This method
involved the use of selected materials, mechanical devices, and specific methods of constructing com-
posting piles and resulted in a speeding-up of the composting process. Sir Howard got many of his
ideas from China, where wastes were thrown in the roads, crushed by passing carts, and then collected
with human and animal wastes to be returned immediately to the fields.

The 20th century was also the era of mechanization of farming and the use of synthetic fertilizers,
pesticides, etc. Farming methods were then changed and this resulted in composting being considered
unnecessary. Also, at that time, waste
disposal was not yet a major problem.
Composting, therefore, virtually disap-
peared from farms.

These events have now resulted in
our present situation of shrinking land-
fill space and/or overflowing landfills.
Due to increased concerns about the
environment, we now look to compost-
ing as a means of turning problem
materials into a valuable product that
can be utilized in various beneficial

Reducing the waste stream should
be a major part of the solution for our
solid-waste disposal problems.
Backyard composting of our yard, gar-
den, and some food wastes reduce the waste stream and at the same time create a valuable soil amend-
ment. By encouraging home composting, communities can reduce the environmental problems and costs
associated with municipal garbage collection and processing. Composting at home saves transportation
and disposal costs and provides an environmentally sound way to manage wastes. Additionally, com-
posting offers people an opportunity to contribute to, and benefit from, being a part of the solid-waste

Some advantages of composting include:
lower waste disposal costs; a convenient way to handle wastes; reduced fly, weed and odor problems in
organic waste products; a free soil amendment that will increase the health, productivity, and beauty of
the landscape; and a slow release of available plant nutrients in the final product.

Yard waste makes up approximately 20 percent of the residential waste stream nationwide and is a
prime candidate for composting. Food waste is also a candidate for composting. In the U.S. Virgin
Islands organic waste (yard and food waste combined) is responsible for 50% of the waste stream on
both St. Croix and St. Thomas. This indicates that composting these materials will result in a tremen-
dous reduction in the amount of materials being taken to our landfills every day.

We are all fully aware of the problems we presently experience at our landfills, and every effort we
can make to alleviate these problems will be very beneficial to the entire community. Let us all partici-
pate and be involved, along with the following organizations and agencies: the Cooperative Extension
Service; Department of Agriculture; Resource Conservation and Development Council; other
Governmental Agencies; Environmental Associations; Antilitter and Beautification Commissions:
Educators/Teachers; Community Leaders; Service Organizations; Civic Groups; Homeowners
Associations, Neighborhood Groups; Elected Officials; and volunteers.

Site Selection for the Compost Pile

In selecting a suitable location for your compost pile consider the following:

Proximity to Your Garden and Kitchen
Will most of the organic matter for use in the compost pile be generated from your kitchen?
Will the resulting compost material be used in your garden?
Consider whether or not the distance between any of these locations will adversely impact your effort
to practice composting (i.e., the distance materials must be transported might deter you from compost-

Proximity to Place(s) of Residence
We are all, no doubt, concerned about the aesthetic value of our homes and surrounding landscape.
Depending upon the quality and the level of maintenance employed, compost sites can vary or differ in
their attractiveness. For these reasons one must consider the placement of a compost pile with respect to
dwellings. A poorly maintained compost pile may emit odors occasionally, and therefore solicit com-
plaints from neighbors. For these reasons consider placing your bin down wind from your home, and
that of your neighbors. If possible, a backyard location is usually preferable to a front yard site.

Proximity to Water Source
Since moisture is essential to the composting process, a source of water should be available near to
the compost site.

Type of Ground Surface
An earthen or ground surface is preferable to allow proper drainage whenever necessary and to pro-
vide a source of microorganisms for the pile.

Types of Composting Systems

Generally, there are two types of composting systems ----- the open compost approach and con-
tainerized composting. The open approach generally refers to the management of the organic matter in a
free standing pile without any structural confinement. The main advantage of this system is the low start
up cost since construction materials are not utilized. However, open piles tend to sprawl, especially as a

result of wind and rain, if not diligently maintained. In addition, temperature and moisture factors can be
difficult to control. Furthermore, open piles are more subject to invasions by dogs, rodents, etc.

Composting may also be practiced in containerized or holding units made from various materials, for
example, wood, wire, and blocks.

The cost of building a compost bin will be determined by the choice of construction materialss.
However, these units are generally neater in appearance, and provide greater protection from invasion by
rodents, dogs, etc. Compost bins also prevent the movement and sprawl of the pile.

Regardless of the materials used in the building of a compost bin, the construction design should pro-
vide sufficient ventilation/aeration for the composting process. When using wood as your choice of con-
struction material, avoid the use of treated wood which may contain pesticides that can adversely affect
the activity of beneficial soil microorganisms.

Many types of compost bins are available on the market which vary in cost, size, shape, etc. These
types of compost bins are usually completely enclosed, and therefore offer greater protection from the
natural elements and invasion of pets and rodents. Commercial units may also vary in ease of operation
or use. For example, the rotating barrel composer consists of a barrel horizontally positioned on a stand,
and operated by turning a cranking system. This design is especially recommended for the physically

Because of the scientifically engineered design of these commercial compost bins, they perform
much more efficiently than constructed holding bins or free standing open piles, and yield finished com-
post in a comparatively shorter period of time.

Composting Equipment and Tools

In addition to compost structures, other tools and equipment used in composting include the fol-

* Pruning shears, machetes, mowers, and shredders for cutting and reducing the size and bulk of raw
materials to be used in the compost pile.

* Pitch forks, shovels, and aerators for turning, mixing and/or aerating the compost pile.

* Temperature probes, moisture meters, carbon dioxide and oxygen meters to monitor the progress of
the decomposition process by measuring temperature and levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and moisture.

* Goggles, dust masks and gloves for safety and protection, especially when using tools and equipment
such as saws and shredders.
The Compost Pile: What Goes In and What Stays Out?

Compost microorganisms need four (4) elements in order to thrive: nitrogen, carbon, moisture, and
oxygen. Ingredients high in carbon, such as branches, wood chips, sawdust, etc., provide the energy for
the microorganisms. Ingredients that supply the nitrogen needed for growth are materials such as green
leaves, manure, food scraps, etc.

Following is a list of some of the more common ingredients that make up a compost recipe and items
that should not be in the recipe.

What Goes Into the Pile
Animal Manure (chicken, cow, sheep, horse, pig, duck, donkey, etc.)
Kitchen Food Scraps (fruit and vegetable peelings, ground or crushed- peanut, egg shells etc., coffee
grounds and filters, tea bags, etc.)
Untreated Wood Products (saw dust, wood chips, etc.)
Pruning Trimmings
Grass Clippings (green and dried)
Leaves (green and dried)
Paper Products (napkins, toilet paper, paper towel)
Finished Compost or Soil
What Stays Out
Dog and Cat Manure
Untreated Sewage
Meat Scraps and Bones
Treated Wood Products
Fats, Grease, Oil
Dairy Products cheese, milk, etc.
Synthetic Products plastic
Herbicide or Pesticide Treated Plants
Glossy Paper
Invasive Weeds (guana tail or snake plant, water grass, nutsedge, etc.)
Large Branches

For those of you that may be concerned about lead based inks in newspapers and telephone books,
most newspaper organizations and printing establishments currently use non-lead based, including soy,
ink. These types of inks are safe to use as one of the compost ingredients. You can check with your local
newspaper and/or printing shops to find out what type of ink is used in their paper printing.

Other items that can also be added are synthetic fertilizers (urea, ammonium nitrate, calcium nitrate,
calcium nitrate), blood meal, bone meal, and fish meal.

Some unusual items that may also go into the pile are feathers, animal and human hair, shredded nat-
ural clothes fibers (wool, cotton, silk) and cardboard.

Use a variety of items that are available to you in your immediate surroundings.

Worlds of Service





Island Manager


St. Croix
St. Thomas
St. John

(340) 773-8767
(340) 776-8767
(340) 776-8767



Thursday and Friday


Monday and Tuesday


9505 NW 108th AVENUE
Miami, Florida 33178
Phone: 305-687-8767

Port of Palm Beach, FL
4 East Port Road
Riviera Beach, FL 33404-6902


"VI. Agriculture: Reflections of the Past, Visions of the Future."

MtmoirabltIL A r'i tal Momtnts~~

.... .....





Francisco "Sico" Santos accepting the 2000 Special Recognition Award from Governor Charles W. Turnbull and
Lieutenant Governor Gerard Luz A. James II.


Mr. Frits Lawaetz receiving the 2000 Special Recognition Award from Governor Charles W Turnbull and Lieutenant
Governor Gerard Luz A. James II and Commissioner of Agriculture Henry Schuster.

Mr. Oscar E. Henry receiving the 1999 Farmer of the Year Award from Governor Charles W. Turnbull and
Kofi Boateng, Agrifest Livestock Director

Mr. Hampson playing a flute made from local bamboo.

Buffalo Soldiers performing at the 1990 Agriculture Food Fair Day.

Echo Valley Farm

" --

We'll Be There

Antilles Salutes Virgil

See Us For All Your Ti
See our Vehicle Display anc

Get behind the wheel of this new
La Sabre with Bumpy.

Keith says test drive a
wide track Bonneville.

Larry G. has a Monte Carlo
for you!

Mitch is the man to mi
for Impalas.


IM Y~E"'^~B


Do One Thing. Do It Well.

n Islands Agriculture

transportation Needs!
I get a special Ag Fair price

See Larry for a great deal
on this Sierra.

Let LaCane put you in
a new Grand Prix.

See Bernard for all your
Astro Van needs.

Camacho has the right Blazer
for your whole family.





Tffany's Shoes
A step above the rest
Village Mall 113 Barren Spot

P.O. Box 6227
Sunny Isle, St. Croix
U.S. Virgin Islands, 00823

(809) 778-2002

(340) 778-3995
qiie ra Vp
R2 Vifage Mal #16
frinashiff Vi 00850
Custom Framing Craft Supplies Artist Materials
Located in Barren Spot opposite Strawberry

SThe Tool Box

-0- Hardware Store

The Island's Best Selection
Nuts, Bolts, Screws and Tools

Located on North Shore Road
(340) 778-0404

Shetland Pony--as small as they come.

Waterfowl enjoy the fair too.

Asta James recalling Homestead.

Demaurice Mann and Lawrence Lewis sampling the winning entry of the Fair's carrot cake competition.

Native Crops

The cane that ached the land and its tillers
was our first crop in this world which began
with the death of ancestors. The spillers
of our blood through the catonine sieve, the hand
that sought relief in holy books which shunted us
from our gods to sacrilegious sweat, bulging tears
and words without drumthey made us farmers
of our own demise; they made our pores' libations
blasphemous fluids irritating the soil. Pigeon peas
and the seeds of hate that battered our bodies
to irrigate those humane corridors housing Anancy
replenished the earth. Sweet potatoes and yams,
okras, tanyas, and the papalolo provided us arms
against the mange eating into nigger ground,
our backyard farms. Homesteading promised us
sound retreat from dwarfing cane. Time's new deal
and the heated black waves that gave birth
to planters not ravaged by the crop they grew
on their backs sprouted an agriculture that drew
its roots from our hunger that cultivated no anger.
And out of our plots for freedom blossomed
pepper and lime, avocado and thyme, and the hand-
some vine of budding choice. So the wheel
bends and the story begins with a dearth
of tongues and ends with the slow growth
and melodious flowering of stubborn voice.
So tomorrow when we plant the future
we, only we, can be farmers of the sorrow
that catapults us back to our father's salty brow
where slavery cannot be our sacred cower.

Marvin E. Williams

Gloria Felix of Hope Valle Farm peeling sugarcane
for sale at Agrifest.

All types of herbs can be purchased at Agrifest. However to
get the best pot of thyme look for Mr. Parris at the Fair.


2000 Farmer of the Year

Children performing at the 1987 Agrifest.





CALL US AT: (340) 778-7073
FAX TO US AT : (340) 773-0991


P.O. BOX 3117
ST. CROIX, USVI 00841-3117
(340) 772-9033



For 43 years, Island Dairies has supplied Virgin Islanders and the Caribbean with the best dairy products
available. Island Dairies products are the best because they are the freshest.

ISLAND DAIRIES milk is produced by Holstein cows on four (4) state of the art dairy farms here on
St. Croix. The milk is trucked from the farms, processed at Island Dairies state of the art plant in Sion
Farm and delivered to the grocery stores in as little as six (6) hours. The milk is packaged in paper car-
tons with a pull d s0umer Law.
We are happy to eh T n though Island Dan 1 days under
ro er refri erat I date guarantees the consumer a fre 11 nutritional

Imported milk is 4 ays ol -ty re iWarrivwftmthe Miegia 1ands packaged in
clear plastic cont ally has a pull date of 18 days from packaging. -

Milk is not wine, it with age. The palatability and nutriti deteriorates
over time. Clear t to penetrate to the milk tamins in the

Because of its age an pac agig, imposed compare to ts.

ISLAND DAIR ream in Virgin

Island Dairies ice c o several weeks fresh when p 0 res. Imported
ice cream is a few!e old by the time ac .

Island Dairies icel -Iorulas devel laa Dairies truly
has that old fashion

Island Dairies is 0ll Llll th -u've tried it,
compare our price it

Island Dairies ice

ISLAND DAIRI1S proO Jit iiof tidrfl.fjd S "F t

Island Dairies Ornmge Juices in00% juice. ,
I re &ram ) Darv Products
Island Dairies Paksion Fruit and Guava Pineapple drinks have become the standard tropical drinks for
Crucians. Island Dairies also produces Fruit Punch, Grape Punch and Ice Tea drinks.

Island Dairies imports and distributes Lurpak Danish Butter, Kerrygold Irish Butter, Dove Bars,
Milkyway Bars, Snicker Bars and a host of other ice cream popsicles.


Henry Nelthropp
Estelle & Linda Skov
Richard Ridgway
Charlie Schuster
St. Croix Dairy Products, Inc.



"The Best is Fresh

"From the farm to the store in hours"
"Milk is not wine; it does not improve with
age. Imported milk can be weeks old when
it reaches the Virgin Islands."



E-MAIL: vteo0441@vLaccew. et
Vi4t our webli: www.vie.-ery.org




Aged in oak, each member of the Cruzan family will leave you
with a sense of unchanging quality and a smooth, rich taste
unsurpassed throughout the Caribbean.

Made with pride in the U.S.V.I

InSt roxwev

Jane Meyers

Gwendolyn Fludd is known for her mouth-watering pates, puddings and
various other dishes and drinks. Her sweet potato pudding was her 1981
winning entry.

HARIPA (Banana Fritters)
by Debbie Christopher

Bananas are one of the most easily obtainable
fruits on St. Croix even during the dry sea-
sons. They are extremely nutritious. They are
considered ripe when some brown spots
appear on the skin. I fondly remember my
grandmother making fritters to accompany
fried fish or just to use up bananas that were
getting too ripe.

6- 8 ripe to over-ripened bananas
1 tbsp. sugar
pinch of grated nutmeg
1 egg well beaten
2/3 cup of milk
a pinch of baking soda
sugar to taste

Peel and mash bananas. Add sugar, nutmeg

Sweet Potato Pudding
by Gwendolyn Fludd

1 lb. sweet potato (grated)
1 lb. pumpkin (grated)
1 lb. tannia (grated)
1 coconut (grated)
1 lb. sugar brown or white
1/4 cup Crisco or shortening
1 tbsp. cinnamon
1 tbsp. mace
1 tbsp. black pepper

Start by peeling potatoes, pumpkin,
and tannia. Wash and grate. After
these ingredients are grated, add your
spice and mix well, then pour in melt-
ed shortening. Place in a greased bak-
ing pan and bake at 300 F. for about
1 1/2 hrs. You could also add a piece
of fat pork. Cooking is done very
slowly. Test to see if done by insert-
ing a knife. If knife comes out clean
then pudding is done.

Debbie Christopher and Ruth Ferdinand.

and egg. Stir well. Add milk and enough flour to
make batter your desired consistency. Add baking
soda while stirring. Spoon mixture into very hot oil
and fry on both sides for several minutes until
browned well. Drain on paper towel.

Vienna Cake
by Louise Samuel

1 cup butter
2 cups sugar
4 to 6 eggs
3 tsp. baking powder
1 1/2 cup milk
1 tsp. vanilla essence
1 tsp. almond essence
4 to 5 preserves
including chopped guavaberry and lime.

SCream butter, add sugar gradually still
creaming about 15 minutes. Add eggs,
one at a time until light. Sift flour and
baking powder and add a little at a time
with milk and essence while folding.

Grease 3 layer cake pans and bake in oven
3500 F. approximately 20 to 25 minutes.
Let cool. Preferable to bake a day before.
Slice each layer into two using 4 to 5 fla-
The late Louise Samuel was known for her award winning vienna cake. vors of preserve, preferably local green
lime, guavaberry, guava jelly or jam,
pineapple preserve. Mix each preserve
with rum or brandy. Put a layer of pre-
serve between each layer and sprinkle
lightly with liquor. Ice cake.

Quick Kalaloo
by Louise Samuel

Approx. 3 fish 3 conch
1/2 lb. ham or 1/2 lb. salt beef
ham bone and skin 4 lbs. spinach (chopped)
3 pig tails
3 lbs. okra (chopped or ground)
kalaloo bush (chopped)
2 crabs or crab meat
3 quarts water

Soak meat overnight. Fry fish and have it boned. Wash crabs well, set aside. Cook meat and conch until
almost tender. Add chopped okra, kalaloo bush and crabs. Let cook for about 30 minutes while skim-
ming occasionally. Add frozen chopped spinach and fish. Let cook for another 10 minutes. Add hot pep-
per to taste and let simmer.

Delores Hansen won many awards for her various dishes and drinks. Here is her 1981
winning Maubi recipe.

Marbi (Maubi)
by Delores Hansen

1 bunch sweet marjoram
1 bunch rosemary
1 bunch anise
1/4 lb. ginger
4-5 sticks maubi bark
1 inch white root
1 dried orange peel
1 1/2 gal. water

Boil the above the day before
you are ready to use it. Later
that night, strain, then add 1
1/2 gal. of water to strained
contents, stir and toss up and
down a few times and sweet-
en to taste. Get a bottle of
stale maubi or 4 tsp. of yeast
then bottle it out and leave it
to work overnight.

r'ttLm-- fLwa"

Charmaine Phillip displaying her locally made candies.


I ~

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' -



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Brothers Fraco

Governor Alexander Farrelly with Miss
Bea Mopsy amid the 1987 Fair crowd.

Ffmiiings' Transport

_V"psnyi^ -C.

Moving Services
Customs Brokerage
Tel: (340) 778-9160

"First In Freight"

Local Delivery
Freight Forwarding
Forklift Rental
Fax: (340) 778-9003

The Management and Staff of Flemings' Transport Co., Inc. express profound thanks to its cus-
tomers and congratulates the Agriculture and Food Fair on its 30th Anniversary.

P.O. Box 4310
Kingshill, St. Croix, U.S.V.I. 00851-4310

P'ted t iIxV


Book Signing:
Saturday, February 17- 1- 3 p.m.
Sunday, February 18:1-3 p.m.
Place: Fair Grounds-Livestock Pavilion

Virgin Islands

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Agriculture Day

1981 Agrifest

1993 Agrifest

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251 Est. Glynn
P. O. Box 6697, Sunny Isle
St. Croix, U. S. Virgin Islands 00823

Tele: (340) 778-2331
Fax: (340) 778-1218


Proudly salutes the 30th Annual Agriculture and Food Fair
Of the Virgin Islands

AARP is the leading organization for people 50 years and over with more than 15,500 members in
the Virgin Islands. AARP Virgin Islands provides education and information programs on consumer issues,
retirement and financial planning, health, Social Security and Medicare. AARP Virgin Islands provides the
direct service programs of 55 Alive Mature Driving Program and Connections for Independent Living.
Legislative advocacy on issues of importance and concern to mature Virgin Islanders is also a major focus of
our program efforts. You are cordially invited to visit our new Business Center at 93B Estate Diamond in
Sunny Island for information and educational materials.

State Director: Denyce E. Singleton

State Officers

Samuel E. Morch, President
Lawrence A. Bastian, Coordinator for Community Operations
Communications Coordinator (Vacant)
Ellen Murraine, Training Coordinator
Health Advocacy Services Coordinator (Vacant)
Grief and Loss Program Coordinator (Vacant)

Local Officers

Edward Phillips, Legislative Committee Chair
Helen Vessup, Economic Security Coordinator
Marcia DeGraff, Consumer Issues Coordinator
Julia Pankey, 55 Alive Program Coordinator
Joyce Christian, Women's Issues Specialist

Local Chapter Officers

Norrine J.P. Abramson, St. Croix District Coordinator
St. Thomas District Coordinator (Vacant)

St. Croix, Douglas Covey, President
St. John, Oswin Sewer
St. Thomas, Mary Johns

To volunteer your time and talents, or to obtain information about AARP programs, please call:

AARP Virgin Islands Information Line at (340) 719-AARP (2277) or 692-2504


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HOVENSA salutes the 5o0h Anniversary of the Virgin Islands Agriculture Fair. This
fair is an institution, a landmark, and a repository of our community and our customs.
Commissioner Henry p. Schuster and his staff have demonstrated exceptional devotion
to the existence of the agriculture fair year after year. The level of their commitment is
evidenced by the continued improvements to the fair grounds and the related featured

We pride ourselves as wejoin the Virgin Islands community and the rest of the Caribbean in
exhibiting the things we do best, while sharing the talents of others. It is inherent in our
culture to preserve those things that we cherish as a matter of course. The Virgin Islands
Agriculture Fair has always been and continues to be the best opportunity to showcase all
that is culture. The culinary arts demonstrations, the livestock demonstrations, the
vegetable market, the technical demonstrations, and the live entertainment depict the essence
of culture and the growth of this society.

HOVENSA extends congratulations to the organizers of VI Agriculture: "Reflections of
the past, Visions of the future". The success of the fair reflects the community's belief and
support. We look forward to a very successful Agriculture Fair.

Rene L. Sagebien
President & COO

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