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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102617/00001
 Material Information
Title: Bulletin /
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 26 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Virgin Islands of the United States -- Dept. of Agriculture
University of the Virgin Islands
Conference: Agriculture and Food Fair of the Virgin Islands
Publisher: The Fair
Place of Publication: St. Thomas, V.I
St. Thomas, V.I
Publication Date: 1995
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Virgin Islands of the United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States Virgin Islands
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: Virgin Islands, Agriculture and Food Fair.
Dates or Sequential Designation: No. 1 (1986)-
Issuing Body: Sponsored by the V.I. Dept. of Agriculture and the University of the Virgin Islands.
General Note: Vols. for 1986-<1988> are also a publication of the 16th- annual Agriculture and Food Fair.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: No. 2 (1987).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 17962776
lccn - sn 88033223
sobekcm - UF00102617_00001
Classification: lcc - S557.V57 A36a
System ID: UF00102617:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: Annual Agriculture and Food Fair of the Virgin Islands

Full Text



24th Annual


Virgin Islands Agriculture & Food Fair
















February 18- 9-20, 1995















CARIB
S
565
.V6
A3
1995
Jointly Sponsored by
The V.I Department of Economic Development and AgriculturU
and
The University of the Virgin Islands
Cooperative Extension Service Arirt lutural Experiment Station











AGRIFEST 1995


































Editor.... ..............................Clarice C. Clarke
Editorial Committee..........................Dr. Erika Waters, Larry Bough, Raquel Silver







Jointly Sponsored by
The Virgin Islands Department of Economic Development and Agriculture
and
The University of the Virgin Islands
Cooperative Extension Service Agricultural Experiment Station






A3




405








































Reprinting of articles is permitted as long as the Agriculture and Food Fair Bulletin is credited; mention of
product names in this book in no way implies endorsement by the authors or the Agriculture and Food Fair
Board of Directors.

2



















A Publication of the 24th Annual Virgin Islands
SAgriculture and Food Fair
1995
Bulletin Number 9
Table of Contents

1995 Agriculture and Food Fair Board of Directors......................................................................4

Message from Governor Roy L. Schneider ...........................................................................................5

Message from Lieutenant Governor Kenneth E. Mapp .............................................. ............... 6

Preserving Our Cultural Heritage--An Interview With Leona Watson .......................................8
Clarice C. Clarke and Judy Salter

New Products to Control Silverleaf Whitefly ..............................................................................10
JeffKeularts, Ph.D.

The Village Ovens--A Tradition Worth Saving ...........................................................................12
Clarice C. Clarke and Judy Salter

Assisting V.I. Crop Farmers With Water Shortages...................................................................13
Clinton George

Rudolph Schulterbrandt, Former Commissioner Of Agriculture, Talks About The Fair...........15
Rudolph Schulterbrandt and Clarice C. Clarke

The Africanized Honey Bee In The Caribbean .................................................................. 19
JeffKeularts, Ph.D.

St. Croix Handicrafts--Reviving An Old Caribbean Craft .................................... ............ 26
Clarice C. Clarke and Judy Salter

Learning From The Culture Bearers .............................................................................................. 33
Zoraida E. Jacobs

3









1995 Agriculture and Food

Fair Board of Directors







VI

Arthur C. Petersen, Jr., Ph.D. Kwame Garcia Clarice C. Clarke
President Executive Vice President Executive Secretary/Director of
Publicity& Publications

.11. "- .6






Pholconah Edwards Sharon D. Hill Petersen Willard John
Treasurer Recording Secretary/Director of Director of Special Activities
Off-Island Participants

iW"






Clinton George Errol Chichester Zoraida Jacobs
Director of UVI Exhibits Director of Farm Crops Director of Youth Activities


AP





Dorothy Walcott Kofi Boateng Dorothy Gibbs Eric L. Bough
Director of Food Exhibits Director of Livestock Exhibits Director of Ground Decorations Fair Consultant

4
































THE VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES
OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR
GOVERNMENT HOUSE

Agriculture has always played an important role in the Virgin
Islands, and I am delighted that the Agriculture and Food Fair has
become such a successful annual event.

One of the key changes that you will see in my administration
is the reorganization of the Department of Economic Development and
Agriculture. This will result in a Department of Agriculture with
its own commissioner.

As a former trustee of the University of the Virgin Islands.
I am well aware of the fine contributions made by the people at the
Land Grant Program, Cooperative Extension Service and Agricultural
Experiment Station toward fostering a better understanding of how
Agriculture benefits us.

And I congratulate the members of the Agriculture and Food
Fair Board of Directors for their excellent work in organizing the
1995 Fair, "From Drought to Harvest."









5





























r


THE VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES
OFFICE OF THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR

I look forward to the Agriculture and Food Fair each year. This
is a true showcase for the territory.

From family gardening to commercial farming, agriculture has
always played a prominent role in Virgin Islands culture.

The governor is working to re-establish" a Department of
Agriculture in our administration, and I fully support him. It is
important that we explore opportunities in this area, to give our
local farmers the best chance to be successful.

Agriculture and cultural fairs such as this give our people a
chance to show the results of their labors and, perhaps, inspire
others to get involved in this tradition.

I commend all of the people who have worked so hard to make the
Agriculture and Food Fair a success, and encourage all Virgin
Islanders to participate in this event. Good luck, and I look forward
to working with you all.








6








Scotiabank S


THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA


Serving the St. Croix community for more than
25 years with a wide range of
Personal and Commercial Banking Services.


* Mortgages Personal Loans Business Financing

Savings and Checking Accounts

* Scotiaplus 24-hour Banking Safety Deposit Boxes



Our new Sunshine Branch is open
Monday-Friday 10am-8pm and Saturdays 10am-6pm.

43 King St. Sunny Isle Sunshine 16 Strand St.
Christiansted Branch Shopping Center Frederiksted
773-1013 778-5350 772-2440 772-0880


7









Preserving Our Cultural Heritage--

An interview With Leona Watson

By
Clarice C. Clarke, Public Information Specialist
UVI Cooperative Extension Service and Judy Salter


f there's anyone who makes a with the people from Sierra Leone at the learned the lessons of giving and
room vibrate with enthusiasm and Smithsonian." sharing, of thrift, and the importance
energy, it's Leona Watson. Mrs. of working in the "womb of the
Watson is a Crucian with a mission-- I universe" by growing her own food.
to preserve the culture of her home- The annual fair which she has so
land. According to her, songs, food, strongly supported became part of
clothing and morals are all part of our those lessons.
culture. Some are rapidly changing, The agriculture fair in Mrs.
and others are disappearing alto- Watson's childhood days was far
gether. different from the three-day event of
"So many West Indians are the present. Children would go to
ashamed of their heritage, especially the Experiment Station in Anna's
in the rural areas which is so rich," Hope, where they would receive
she exclaims. The country districts, plant slips.
she maintains, were the richest She explains, "We in the country
cultures in this hemisphere because would mulch our plants. We would
they maintained the link with places take sheep, goat and cow dung and
such as Senegal, Sierra Leone and mix it into the soil. We would also
Nigeria. get seaweed that came up to the
Her sense of West Indian culture shore to mix into the soil. The
is based on personal experiences. At greatest thing was to bring a bag of
an early age, Mrs. Watson attended seaweed home to grandfather."
schools in the U.S. mainland and Mrs. Leona Watson is a proud Crucian dedicated Mrs. Watson recalls an onion she
to preserving the cultural heritage of the Virgin.
spent her summers with her grand- Islands. took to the fair. She grew it from a
parents on St. Croix. Because of the slip she got from the Experiment
mixed messages she got as a child, There was such richness at home, Station. This onion was so big that
she said, "I was ashamed to sit under Mrs. Watson says, as she remembers her grandmother didn't want to use
the tamarind tree with my grand- going to the fields in Bethlehem where it. "That's a jumbie onion," her
father." However, she listened as he her aunt worked. "My aunt and the grandmother said.
told stories and slowly began to people who worked in the fields were After the fair, Mrs. Watson
understand the lessons in them. For singing to each other there. It was remembers going to Tibet Grove,
instance, "I noticed that certain hard work. My Auntie Melda would where there was story telling, the
people of my village had two syllable be cutting cane when I came home, elders would play games, and the
words like ne-ne, me-me, ta-ta, and I and I really wanted to be there with children were put in tug-of-war
never knew until I was almost grown her. The school holidays of six weeks teams to keep them busy.
that they were signals that came from came to a close so early, I would go She wants the agriculture fair to
two different tribes. back to school longing for the day I be as she knew it: "At the Experi-
"Now for years," Mrs. Watson tells could get back into those fields." ment station, what you saw in the
us, my grandfather would say, 'We "And that's something our people field was alive with healthy veg-
have Manding here. I'm a proud are ashamed of," she laments. "The tables, healthy produce, healthy
descendent of Manding.' Later, she earth is like the womb of the universe. mangoes. That was agriculture."
realized he was explaining he You've got to put your hand in the She'd prefer to see a return to the
descended from the Mandingo. "That womb, you know," she advises, old days, when children brought the
was the reason I was able to connect At home on St. Croix, Mrs. Watson fruits of their labor to the fair and


8









families shared the tarts, sweet "What do we have now, really?" she culture. Me! Mine! like the Vikings-
cakes, royal and bang-bang so rarely asks, and then answers her own -our people have always shared and
seen today. question. "We have plastic tents, and cared for each other, its called
Today, she says, you don't have there's no tree to sit under--the "casting your bread."
the sheep and goats that our people tamarind tree--to tell stories to the Leona Watson is an admired and
used to bring to the fair. She children!" treasured Crucian, a bearer of the
surmises "it is because the emphasis Her connection to the land is so Virgin Islands culture, particularly
is to make money; so you throw intimate, she says, "I will die for my that of St. Croix. Her rich cultural
together any little garbage you can land." Her heritage, she maintains, is knowledge must be recorded, so
pick up and that's why the children "my story, not his story." And it should future Virgin Islanders can know
of the Virgin Islands are losing love be so for each Virgin Islander. What their past, and, thus, learn to
for one another, because their ability our people have done, she says, is to appreciate their cultural heritage. N
to first love the land is taken away." acquire the European, barbaric type of

Sv I








-rill














Localfarmer proudly display his giant-size cassava at the 1994
Agfair.




Coconuts were just one of the many local fruits available for
fairgoers to enjoyed.








(right) The EDA Urban Forestry Program provided a wealth i ......"" '" "
of information on vegetation and St. Croix ecosystem to fairgoers


9









New Products to Control Silverleaf Whitefly

By
Jeff Keularts, Ph.D.
Program Supervisor, Plant Protection
UVI Cooperative Extension Service


M ost registered insecticides are whitefly species, but also the citrus leaf transported to all of its parts,
not very effective in control- miner and Thrips palmi, a very including the leaves where it is very
ling the most troublesome whitefly in troublesome thrips species especially on effective in killing all live stages of
the Virgin Islands: the silverleaf cucumber and pepper, the whitefly for a period of 8 to 10
whitefly. A new product may be the The pesticide, manufactured by Miles weeks.
answer to the problem, at least for Inc., is currently available (unfortunately Only one application per season is
now. not yet in the Virgin Islands) under the allowed and, although it may be
Many persons have found out that trade names MarathonR for use on applied as a foliar spray, soil
most registered pesticides and home ornamentals and MeritR for use on turf. application at the time of planting is
remedies are not effective in keeping The companies market these products the most effective and provides
the number of silverleaf whiteflies at as 1% granular formulations to be protection for the longest period.
acceptable levels. Unfortunately, incorporated into the soil. The Applying AdmireRto 1000 feet of
Virgin Islands parasites and predators formulation, containing imidacloprid row of tomato plants would cost
cannot achieve this level of control labeled for vegetable use named- approximately $7.50. The product is,
either. AdmireR, will become available in the therefore,very expensive and its uses
A recently developed chemical next few months once the registrant has seem economical only on high-value
compound, with the common name obtained EPA approval, crops. 0
of imidacloprid, is a very effective Imidacloprid is a strongly systemic
material. It not only controls this material, i.e., taken up by the plants and


Sparasite. Very close observation (with fruits of the neem tree to be used for
C t u magnifying glass or microscope) of many purposes One of these uses is
empty nymphal skins can also tell insect control The neem tree is
whether the emerged adult was a whiteOh gaining in popularity because of its
T he citrus blackfly, a pest ofcitrus. or a wasp. fast growth and use as a shade tree
mango. avocado and other fruit The shape of the exit hole is the clue. and a windbreak.
trees. is well established in the Virgin An adult wasp will chew a circular hole The commercial production of
Islands. At least one of its natural in the nymphal skin while whiteflv will neem seed extract for insect control
enemies, a parasite, is now present in leave T-shaped opening upon emerging started several years ago. However,
the islands This parasite, called Knowing the percentage of parasitized until recently, products such as
Encarsia opulent. isa tun. %asp(l/ citrus blackfly nymphs will determine Margosan -O R, Neemesisand
30" long) that lays its eggs in the whether to apply pesticides or not. BioNeenR. which contain the active
.oung whitefly (the nymph). ingredient azadirachtin extracted
The developing wasp will from the neem fruit. were only labeled
eventually kill its host. Telling healthy U for use on ornamentals. Now, new
blackfly nymphs from parasitized ones formulations with trade names such
is, however. ery difficult.. Until an o F I as AzatinR and NeemExR can be used
adult whitefly or parasite emerges on a variety of food crops to control
from the nymphal body. these nymphs numerous insect species
lookalikefrom theoutside. Observing A after a long wait. neem extract
the adult wasps either on the leaf formulations are now available for
surface or while emerging from the use on food crops, ornamentals and turf
dead nymph's body is the quickest way In many countries, various portions and
of confirming any activity by the other mixtures are prepared from the


10








V Vialco
Virgin Islands Alumina Corporation
P.O. Box 1525, Kingshill, St. Croix, U.S.V.I. 00851





QUALITY PEOPLE


QUALITY PRODUCT





11








The Village Ovens--A Tradition Worth Saving

By
Clarice C. Clarke, Public Information Specialist
UVI Cooperative Extension Service and Judy Salter



H heritage is what ties you to the
past, and steers you to the "
future. Some aspects of Virgin Islands
culture can be practiced--the love of. .
the land, the art of story telling and .
the preserving of ethnic foods through '
recipes. Others, however, can only be J .
demonstrated.
Certain aspects of our culture will
be lost if steps are not taken to I '
preserve them. For example, the
community ovens have almost : '
disappeared, but one Crucian,
Melbourne Petersen, has taken steps
to preserve the baker's art.
Stone ovens, such as the one A 4
constructed on the grounds at the "
Division of Agriculture, once were .' ,
central to village life. Petersen Melbourne Petersen uses hard woods to fire-up the stone oven on the grounds at the
explains that kitchens were usually Division of Agriculture.
sheds outside the house. They had
hard, dirt floors, and the "stove" was The grape and almond leaves served such as Thanksgiving and
a hole in the ground where a fire was as baking pans and also added flavor to Christmas. He says there may be a
built for a coalpot. With the advent the bread. few ovens still in operation, but
of stoves, cooking moved inside. Today, Petersen's own stone oven most of the old-time bakers are
The outdoor kitchens lacked one was built using stones from ruins which gone.
thing-an oven. Usually, Petersen were being demolished, and a mortar Fairgoers got a treat when he
explains, only one or two people in much like the old lime, sand and roasted two pigs at the 1994
the village had an oven; in fact, he molasses mixture used long ago. The Agriculture and Food Fair. This
remembers there were four or five in floor and crown of the oven are lined year, he plans to repeat that
the entire Christiansted area. The with firebricks he got from Vialco. demonstration. u
bakers kept the ovens going because Having no directions, he designed and,
neighbors would bring their baking with the help of a friend, built the oven
to them. If, for instance, you had after the ones he knew as a child.
potato stuffing, macaroni and cheese, Stone ovens are fired with wood, and
cakes, tarts or even meat to be roasted, Petersen uses hard woods for this
people would take them to the baker, purpose. Temperatures can reach up to
and pick them up later in the day. 1,200 degrees before the wood is burned.
Petersen learned about the stone After the oven cools to a reasonable
ovens and the neighborhood bakers temperature, he either removes the ashes
as a boy. He'd hang around, watched, or sweeps them to the side in order to do
and was welcomed because he'd run his baking.
errands for the bakers. "I'd get sea Petersen does not fill the old
grape leaves or almond leaves for position of village baker. However, he
them to put the bread on," he explains, has cooked for friends on holidays,


12








Assisting V.I. Crop Farmers

With Water Shortages
By
Clinton George
Program Leader, Agriculture and Natural Resources
UVI Cooperative Extension Service


STater required for growing crops amount of water being pumped from come a valuable tool for increasing
Son a planned and steady ba- their wells during prolonged droughts, production while conserving water.
sis is a major concern to crop farm- especially if the yield of water is reduced Growers may contact the UVI Coopera-
ers in the Virgin Islands. Over the significantly or water quality starts to tive Extension Service Agriculture and
past 20 years, St. Croix experienced deteriorate. Every grower should Natural Resources Program at 692-
an average annual rainfall of 42.9 consider building a concrete storage tank 4069 for assistance in designing and
inches. However, with only two (cistern) or purchasing a fiberglass tank. purchasing drip irrigation systems.
months left in 1994, the How can our local
rainfall has been only 19.8 government assist
inches, according to USDA a farmers with this wa-
Agricultural Research Ser- ter shortage? The
vice. The drought reached DPNR is charged
such a magnitude that the with the administra-
Governor declared the tion and enforcement
Virgin Islands a drought of all laws relating to
disaster area. water resources and
Each year, farmers are water pollution under
digging more wells on Title 3, Chapter 22, of
St. Croix. The V.I. De- r the V.I. Code. This
apartment of Planning agency also has control
and Natural Resources over well construction
(DPNR) records show permits and water ap-
over 600 wells on St. propriation. In my
Croix. As a result of the opinion, DPNR needs
amount of wells being dug and the An emergency program could be to better regulate and monitor the
prolonged droughts being experi- developed to assist farmers in obtaining granting of permits for the digging of
enced each year, our ground water water from the Hess oil refinery or new wells and the pumping of water
resource on St. Croix is depleting. It WAPA. The storage tank or cistern from existing wells, especially during
has reached the point where some should be equipped with some kind of prolonged dry periods. I believe that
farmers' wells are experiencing salt cover to prevent evaporative loss. The the V.I. Department of Economic De-
water intrusion, while others are dry- topography of the farm will determine velopment and Agriculture can use
ing up. Also, the Water and Power whether a smalljet pump to pump water the cost-sharing program to subsidize
Authority (WAPA) regularly pumps from the tank is needed. On sloping the cost of storage tanks, as well as
large amounts of water from wells on land, water can be gravity-fed from the assist qualified farmers to transport
St. Croix, further depleting our tank to the field. Farmers should ask water to refill their storage facilities.
ground water resource. This prac- about the cost-sharing program at the This will keep farmers in production
tice continues even though WAPA V.I. Division of Agriculture to subsidize during the prolong drought.
has the capacity to supply potable the cost of the tanks and pumps, if In the long term, a well-planned
water from their desalination plant needed. study of our existing water resources
to the entire St. Croix community. Secondly, all crop farmers should in- is critical if we are to save the aquifers
What can crop farmers do to adjust vest in a drip irrigation system. Today, from over-pumping and salt water
to this water shortage? First, crop practically all horticultural crops depend intrusion. Harvesting of water should
farmers should drastically reduce the on water, and the "drip" concept has be- be given more emphasis. Also, we


13








should request assistance from the
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to
build mini-darifs across most of our
hills. This is done by the Corps in
many developing countries in the
world. Water collected from these
new dams prevents erosion of top-.
soil and can either be used to re-
charge our aquifers or for irrigation
purposes in dry season months. 7
Dams, such as Creque dam and
reservoirs throughout the Virgin
Islands should be reactivated and
maintained for water collection in the
rainy season.l0



The topography of the farm will determine whether a pump is needed. On sloping land, water can be
gravity-fed from the storage tank to the feld



(809) 778-0404



the tool box

Hardware Store




The Island's Best Selection

of

Nuts, Bolts, Screws and Tools



Located on North Shore Road

14








Rudolph Shulterbrandt, Former

Commissioner Of Agriculture,

Talks About The Fair


"M^y knowledge of the Agriculture future fairs. Thus began the major
lVi and Food Fair dates from the expansion of the fair. I am happy to see
year 1971. This was the first year of that this basic center continues to exist.
the rebirth of the new fairs on St. What I remember and admire most
Croix. This was in response to a was the spirit of the old days, wherein
request of the Christiansted Christmas hardly any employee worked for mon-
Festival Committee. People have told etary compensation. Our friends with to be- paid for;the services. This
me that many good fairs were held special artistic talents worked late into attitude amazes me. I feel that the
annually at Estate Anna's Hope before the nights and enjoyed doing so. The members of the Division of Agriculture
my taking up residence on St. Croix. bands were happy to perform without should have some natural obligation
I did not come to St. Croix until 1954. compensation. Antigua and St. Kitts to give their best effort towards the
The first fair was held in the brought tremendous displays, often success of this three-day agricultural
Christiansted vegetable market or larger than what they bring nowadays. show. As I lookback over the years of
what is now called Christian (Shan) The cultural performers did their acts past fairs, I remember the year that
Hendricks Market. Though it was only on Sunday afternoons and drew tremen- Island Dairies Farm staged live
a microcosm of today's fairs, it was dous enthusiasm. The main reason for demonstrations in milking cows with
quite a success. All areas of agriculture inviting our Caribbean neighbors was machines. They brought their cows
were represented and the available to expose our citizens to alternative us- to the fair grounds and gave
space was used effectively. It was only ages of the same agricultural resources demonstration twice daily. This was
a one-day affair, and well received by that we possess but allow to go unused. a great educational hit with the
all who attended. I must admit that the fairs of today fairgoers. We were grateful to the late
As expected, the Frederiksted have grown in size, but that little spirit Mr. Stacey Lloyd for this show.
Christmas Fiesta Committee also always seems to be missing. The old I am suggesting that a staff member
wanted to hold the fair. They timers remind me ofthis every year. The of the V.I. Division of Agriculture or
approached us to do the fair the employees of the Division of Agriculture the University of the Virgin Islands
following year at their festival in were happy to work for time off or attend one of the better fairs in the
Frederiksted. After considering their compensatory time. I can recall only one United States. This would be a source
request, we decided to go along with incident when one employee demanded for new ideas and agricultural
Harold Clum's suggestion to use our pay. This was for very personal reasons. information. N
large garage or equipment center for These days, most of the employees have

-ST. :FP;F'TROAD SIDE













15














Island Dairies
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Island Dairies Milk is 100'/, pure milk,
directly from the cows.
-:Tel. 778-5050 Fax. 778-5060

S4 pint, 0 z., /2 galon)
7 MILK j-UIES

t- N: ...7 Orange
Lowfat ('72% Passion Fruit
fa o G pineapple
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ICE CREAM (4ozi.t quart, 1/2 gallon, 2 112 gallon)
la' Butter Almornd
Chocolate Coconut
.Strawberry.- ., Oanpple
Rin Raisin i Fruit
Pistachio Vanilla
Coffee .Chocolate Chip
Butter Peca nana

S FROZEN :,
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Flintsrone Pushups I e Creanm Sandwich
,Kjdike Bars. tle -Bars..
SDeluxe lee Cre iiiBars
BUTTER ...
SB LurpakButter : l

16














CORN HILL FARM .......... HENRY NELTHROPP
MON BIJOU FARM............... OLIVER SKOV
MOUNTAIN MINT FARM ..... RICHARD RIDGWAY
SIGHT FARM ............. CHARLES SCHUSTER
WINDSOR FARM ............. ST. CROIX DAIRY
PRODUCTS, INC.
HOLSTEIN COWS PRODUCING
ISLAND DAIRIES FRESH MILK







VIRGIN ISLANDS DAIRYMEN'S ASSOC.






"The Best is Fresh
Naturally"









17








I T
7,1 rf'.











It's events like this

that make

the Virgin Islands a

smart place to live.

VMR 1 NIDS TLPMN (C TIORPtN
Making a positive connection throughout the community.
18








The Africanized Honey Bee

In The Caribbean
By
Jeff Keularts, Ph.D.
Program Supervisor, Plant Protection
UVI Cooperative Extension Service


Africanized honey bees were continuous land mass makes their management once this bee has
recently discovered by Howard movement from one area to the become established in an area.
Francis in the Estate Cane Bay next easy. Most islands are difficult The most conspicuous of these
area of St. Croix. The U. S. De- to reach by Africanized honey bee characteristics are the frequent
apartment of Agriculture's Animal swarms. They cannot fly long swarming and absconding of
and Plant Health Inspection Ser- distances without rest periods and, established colonies. The bees'
vice and Plant Protection and therefore, depend on seagoing very noticeable defensive behavior
Quarantine Service made positive vessels to transport them. The bees is another factor to consider
identification. According to the eventually made their entrance into when handling bee colonies.
agency, the hive was destroyed. Puerto Rico and may become For thousands of years mil-
However, traps were placed in the established on other islands in the lions of people have lived in har-
area to monitor for any additional Caribbean. mony with the Africanized
bees. The Department of Eco- This type of bee is particularly ef- honey bee on the African conti-
nomic Development and Agricul- ficient in gathering its food and sur- nent. Like the peoples of Africa,
ture and UVI Cooperative Exten- viving in unfavorable tropical con- we can live harmoniously with
sion Service are also working to- editions. Africanized honey bees can these new residents. For more
gether to address the arrival of collect more honey than European information on the Africanized
the bees. bees under poor conditions. They honey bees, contact UVI Coop-
With the introduction of are also more fit to cope with erative Extension Service at
several colonies into Brazil in predators in the tropical environ- 778-9491 or the Division of
1957, the Africanized honey bee ment. Several characteristics of Agriculture at 778-0991. m
became permanently established Africanized honey bee colonies will
on the American continent. A require a significant change in their

t QUALITY
GROCERS
Salutes the 1995 Agriculture
& Food Fair
(809) 773-6307
21-E La Grande Princesse
Christiansted, St. Croix
U.S. Virgin Islands 00820


19






A look back atAgrifest '94.....




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.....where local produce, food and culture were enjoyed.





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22


































Fairgoers enjoyed the cultural performances by the St. Croix Heritage Dancers.




'701 r



















A new pet for the home was exhibited at the 1994 Fair. The Vietnamese pot-bellied have become
A new pet for the home was exhibited at the 1994 Fair The Vietnamese pot-bellied have become
popular pets in the U.S. They sell at high prices and are kept indoors. Purportedly, they love to take
baths, never have fleas and do not shed their hair


23













































"4a






















Representatives from the Central Marketing Corporation of St. Kilts were among the participants at Agrifest '94. The group won
first place in the off-island display category.


24





























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-4 "
4j4'














































Fairgoers were amazed at the variety of items that can be made from breadfruit. A representative from Martinique provided
samples for tasting.



25








St. Croix Handicrafts--Reviving An

Old Caribbean Craft
By
Clarice C. Clarke, Public Information Specialist
UVI Cooperative Extension Service and Judy Salter


A wisp of straw! That's all it took moved here and can offer their expertise
to start what may be a thriving to the production of goods representing
industry on St. Croix. While some their islands. Tourists who are exposed
people campaign for more hotels, to these products might decide to visit
convention centers, gambling, theme those islands, too, but they'd find out
parks and the like, a small group about them on St. Croix.
called the St. Croix Handicrafts Inc. While she is currently looking for a
has quietly formed to revive the Caribbean supplier, the materials are
island's craft of basket weaving, ordered from the mainland because
The group's mission is to revitalize rattan does not grow here. Years ago,
the Caribbean craft by teaching and when local people made their own
making straw items that reflect not baskets, she says, they used a plant
only the Virgin Islands but also the known as "whisks." When it can be I
diverse Caribbean culture. The baskets found, it is difficult to reap and the -
and other folkloric items are available preparation is a long process and -
locally, however, they are produced ultimately expensive. "It is simply more Mrs. Judy Bain with samples of the group's
mainly for the tourist industry, cost effective to import materials," she cultural dolls and hats.
explains.
The group's inventory ranges from When she first moved to St. Croix
-t large hamper-likebasketstoornamentals in 1982, Mrs. Bain grew and sold
I such as rattan fish and rum miniature ornamental plants. She decided to sell
holders. The group is considering a line the plants as gift items by placing them
of cultural dolls, starting with the rattan in baskets. No one on the island was
Quadrille dancers and the locust seed making baskets, she said, except the
S i mocko jumbies. Under consideration, Kingshill Sheltered Workshop, and
S/I too, is the "papeboise" (father of the that was on a very irregular basis. She
I' woods), a figure in St. Lucia and then decided to revive the art of
S' Trinidad folklore, and the Heel and Toe basketry by teaching the craft and
S' or Belleaire dancers from Tobago. The forming St. Croix Handicrafts Inc.
'Oi.c'l i^ Heel and Toe dances are similar to with Edith Moore, Edna Delamos.
l P !,q 't Quadrille, but more lively, and the MonicaNesbith andPriscillaWatkins.
S. Belleaire are not as formal as Quadrille, The group is operating primarily as
"according to Mrs. Bain. She'd also like a cottage industry. People who take
to create a "storyteller" doll and other basket-weaving courses (nearly 80
figures from Caribbean folklore. adults and children) work with Mrs.
Mrs. Bain, a native of Trinidad and Bain to make products for sale.
,e an occupational therapist, was taught According to Mrs. Bain, the
basket weaving in school. She has used ornaments and cultural items, such as
Primary shareholder and master- this craft as a therapy for mentally ill the Quadrille dancers, are the most
mind Judy Bain says that "St. Croix's patients in Canada, then again in popular with the tourists. For instance,
location in the Caribbean could very Trinidad in a hospital's industrial unit. she says, the rattan Quadrille dancers
well be the cultural doorway to the On St. Croix, she works with Department were done with the traditional peaked
Caribbean." According to Bain, many of Human Services three days a week, head ties. "We explain to the tourists
people from the Caribbean have teaching basketry to disabled people, that the way the woman wears the scarf


26








is important--the points are down for
a married woman, and up if she is
available." Everything we sell has a
story behind it, she said. i i
Almost every culture used basketry, i
Mrs. Bain explains. However, there
is no basket exclusive to St. Croix, i
but there is a rounded fisherman's'
basket made on St. John which she
does not want to copy. A new
challenge for the group will be to "
produce African-type baskets, using .
African shapes and colors and .,.
creating some art pieces for display. '
You can see how straw can turn into
a cultural link at the St. Croix ."
Handicrafts' booth in this year's V.I.
Agriculture and Food Fair.






































27








The Frame Up ANNALY FARMS

Breeders ofSenepol Cattle
Fine
Custom Framing
Craft and Art Supplies

Daniel N. Holm, CPF F ,
Owner

RFD 1, Box 6108
Kingshill, St. Croix U.S.V.I. 00850
(809) 778-3995

Member of:
Professional Picture Framers Association
ANNALY FARMS INC.
Food Headquarters
WHOLESALE RETAIL
Fresh Beef
(Local and U.S. Choice)
Pork 0 Chicken 0 Fish 0 Vegetables
Quality at low prices













"Estate Upper Love RT#72
"Monday Friday 8:00 -5:30, Saturday 8:00-12:30
TEL. 778-2229


28









AWARDS









Mr Eustace Simon(right)
receiving the Farmer of the
-. Year Award at the 1994
" Agriculture and Food Fair
from Senator Osbert Potter
(center) and Kofi Boateng,
(left).



2it

















Mr. Henry Nelthropp Sr.
(right) receiving the Dis-
tinguished Farm Family of
'frthe YearAwardatthe 1994
Agriculture and Food Fair
from former Governor Al-
exander A. Farrelly (cen-
"ter) and Dr. Darshan S.
"Padda, (left).











29








































Mr DavidSchuster (right) receiving the Agricultural Business Dr Darshan S. Padda presenting Ms. Ruth Lang with an
Award at the 1994 Agriculture and Food Fair from former award for her years of dedication and commitment to the
Senator Bingley Richardson. Virgin Islands Agriculture and Food Fair as the director of
food exhibits for the past ten years.










AII



















Dr Orville Kean, UVI President, presenting Keith Garcia with the 1994 Youth Award.



30







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S -.. AG CUITUn. PLUMBING, INC.
^- a ^^ D/B/A
SNEWFIELD CONSTRUCTION
I, COMPANY


Charles Anthony, President

DON'T GET IN OVER YOUR HEAD,
CALL A LICENSED PLUMBING &
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SPHONE: (809) 778-7073 FAX: (809) 773-0991
P.O. BOX 7725
SUNNY ISLE, ST. CROIX
U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS 00823-7725






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THE ONLY LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER 4,c
SERVING THE VIRGIN ISLANDS SINCE 1844


We are proud to be a part of
the 24th Annual Virgin
Islands Agriculture and
Food Fair
and we are proud of our 150
years of service to the St.
Croix community. 21




31













PHONE: (809) 778-6240 P.O. BOX 763, CHRISTIANSTED
FAX: (809) 778-1200 ST. CROIX, U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS 00821



CONGRATULATIONS
TO ALL PARTICIPATING IN THE 1995 AGRICULTURE AND FOOD FAIR

FROM: UNITED SHOPPING PLAZA


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& JERRY'S (SANDRA JOHNSON) ICE CREAM SHOP
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MAZOUZ HANNUN PHOTOS PHOTO STUDIO
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PLAZA CAFE CAFE & RESTAURANT
HAIR AFFAIR BEAUTY SALON & ACCESSORIES
LUCY'S PLAZA FLORIST FLOWER SHOP & ACCESSORIES
BEE'S RECORD SHOP RECORDS, TAPES & ACCESSORIES
P.C. BOOKSTORE BOOKS, NEWSPAPERS & MAGAZINES
JR. 'S JEWELRY JEWELRY SHOP & GIFTS
PLAZA LAUNDROMAT, UNLTD. LAUNDRY
DAISY'S TAVERN & BAR BAR & RESTAURANT
MID-ISLAND MEN'S WEAR MEN'S CLOTHING STORE
ISLAND FINANCE LOAN FINANCE COMPANY
BEST FURNITURE STORE FURNITURE & HOME APPLIANCES
NUTRARAMA (DR. DIAZ) NATURAL HEALTH FOOD CLINIC
MUTUAL OF OMAHA INSURANCE AGENCY LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE
RANGOS RESEARCH CENTER CHRONIC DISEASES OFFICE
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SHANNON'S BOUTIQUE LINGERIE & ACCESSORIES








32








Learning From The Culture Bearers
By
Zoraida E. Jacobs
Program Leader, 4-H\Youth Development
UVI Cooperative Extension Service


Mrs. Thelma Clarke has spent a The traditional dress is
a lifetime living and loving the usually worn during the holi-
culture of the Virgin Islands, in days and at cultural events.
particular that of St. Croix. At The Quadrille dancers, such
a golden age, she continues to "- ^ as the Heritage Dancers,
share this culture at the Whim 1 wear this type of attire.
Museum and at various events Mrs. Clarke stated that
throughout the community. Virgin Islands culture should
Mrs. Clarke shared with us the be part of the schools' cur-
details of making a Virgin riculum. "Ofwhatusewould
Islands traditional dress. The A the cultural bearers be ifthey
dress includes a lace petticoat, do not have anyone to pass
lace or eyelet blouse, a madras '. this tradition on to."E
skirt and head piece. According
to Mrs. Clarke, the skirt will
need a minimum of two yards
of material. The skirt waist is
gathered with elastic or
drawstring and two or more
inserts of lace or eyelet can be 4
sewn into the skirt in matching
or contrasting color. Because of the elastic, the blouse
The petticoat can be made can be worn on or offthe shoulder.
with wide or narrow rows of Many traditional dresses throughout
lace. When the skirt is worn the Caribbean, Puerto Rico and
over the petticoat, it is raised Latin America have a similar
and pinned so that it has a blouse.
scalloped edge to show the lace The attire is worn with a madras
of the petticoat. Ribbons or head tie which is starched to make
bows can be added as an accent, it very stiff. The head tie is pinned
The blouse is made of white or tied to show from one to four
eyelet or lace material. It has points. Mrs. Clarke stated that the
elastic around the neckline and number points on the head tie I
has the shape of a peasant explains a woman's status: one-
blouse (scooped neckline and single, two- married, three-married
short sleeves). It has tiers of lace and looking, and four-the woman
beginning in the neckline. will take anyone who comes along.


33
















A t V.I.









The madras head tie is pinned or tied to show one or four points.







-U 3





"Available in Bookstores on St Croix and St Thomas.

MAUFE QUELBE AND t'ing
FUNGI
KALLALOO
ST. CROIX IN ANOTHER TIME
NOTES OF A CRUCIAN SON







34



























The Fair gave local farmers the opportunity to display and sell their produce to fairgoers.































35








Sunny Isle Shopping Center

American Bankers Ins. 778-5600 Me Salve 778-7747
Antilles Broadcasting 778-5008 Minni Shop & Mini World 778-6464
Applause 778-9301 Mr. Dollar 778-5069
AVCO Finance Co. 178-6666 Ole's Deli & Grill 778-8766
Banco Popular 778-5955 Oyake, Augustine, MD 778-8870
Banco Popular Consumer 778-6225 Payless Shoe 778-3550
Banco Popular Mortgage 778-5660 Pedersen, Walter, MD 778-6110
Bank of Nova Scotia Mtg. 778-5494 Peoples Drug Store 778-5537
Baskin Robbins 778-1699 Perfection Gift Store 778-4653
Benjamin's Treasure none Radio Shack 778-5667
Boutique Avant Garde 778-6122 Rave 778-5575
Burger King 778-6688 Reflections 778-5750
Carimar 778-7209 S & B Gift Store 778-3111
Clara's Special Occasion 778-8700 Sam Goody 778-3200
Cleopatra Gift Shop 778-6234 Social Security 778-5946
Commoloco Inc. 778-6510 Southern Optical 778-6565
Department of Labor 778-0429 Speedy Secretarial 778-6807
Diamond Cinemas 778-5200 St. X Cancer Society 778-6335
El Patio Flower Shop 778-5365 St. X Jazz Festival 778-3312
Everything's A $1.25 778-6141 Stride Rite Shoes 778-5216
Footlocker 778-3585 Sunny Isle Barber Shop. 778-0632
Gannet Hardware 773-5600 Sunny Isle Mgt. Office 778-5830
GERS 773-5480 Sunny Isle Post Office 778-6805
Grand Union Supermarket 778-5005 Sunny Isle Public Library 778-1599
Hodge & Sheen. PC 773-7725 Sunny Isle Theaters 778-5620
Hosanna Book & Gift Ctr 778-7784 Terry's Children Wear 778-5538
Hughes Photo 778-6827 Thom Mc An 773-4410
Ideal Touch Beauty Salon 778-5815 Tops & Bottoms 778-6020
Island Finance 778-2750 Town & Country 778-6205
Island Medical Center 778-5100 Ultima Galleria 778-6883
Junior's Jewelry 778-5237 Unique Shop 778-6955
Kentucky Fried 778-5018 U.S. Immigration 778-6559
Kinney Shoe Store 778-5287 V.L Board of Education 772-4144
L.A. Sports & Things 778-6446 Vitel Cellular 773-9991
Le Baron 778-5800 V.I. Telephone Corp. 778-9950
Marcia's Educational Ctr 773-5801 V.I. Water & Power 778-5064
Marianne's 778-5225 Wendy's 778-5999
Marianne Kids 778-6985 Woolworth 778-5466
Marshack, Bruce Z, Esq. 778-5484


"Your Number One Stop for Shopping"



36







FROM OUR ARCHIVES



















g,













37













































S









38
38











THEI, APPNROIATE WEET pOTATOTECHNOLOG







" We specialize in tomorrow"


Marshall

&Sterling
INSURANCE

21 Anchor Way, Gallows Bay Market Place, Christiansted, St. Croix
U.S. Virgin Islands 00820
(809) 773-2170 Telex # 3473266 MARSTER Fax (809) 773-9550

39
































Reflects the clean shore breezes
that freshens our pastures and blue
sea that frames them.
Our healthy flocks of cattle give
St. Croix the taste treat and
eye appeal
to please islander and tourist alike.




SUPPORT ALL LOCAL AGRICULTURE


CASTLE NUGENT FARMS = GASPERI


40





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