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Nuestra Cultura Past & Present: Celebrating Hispanic Heritage in Print & Film

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Hispanics in the United States Hispanics are the largest minority group in the As of July 2009 the estimated Hispanic population in the U.S. is 48.4 million. More than 1 of every 2 people added to the United July 2009 was Hispanic. That is a 3.1% increase in the Hispanic population, making Hispanics the fastest growing minority group. U.S. Census Bureau Facts for Features http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/cb10 ff17.html

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Hispanics in the United States In 2008, 66% of Hispanic origin people in the United States were of Mexican background. Another 9% were of Puerto Rican background, with 3.4% Cuban, 3.4% Salvadoran and 2.8% Dominican. The remainder was of some other Central American, South American or other Hispanic or Latino origin. The 15 most common surnames in the United States, in 2000, included 4 Hispanic names. It was the first time a Hispanic surname reached the top 15 during a census. Garcia (8 th on list) Rodriguez (9 th on list) Martinez (11 th on list) Hernandez (15 th on list) U.S. Census Bureau Facts for Features http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/cb10 ff17.html

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Jos Mart Jos Mart (1853 1895) was a Cuban national hero and an important figure in literature. Among other things, he was a poet, journalist, professor, revolutionary philosopher, and political theorist. He dedicated his life to promoting Cuban independence, justice & democracy. From 1881 until 1895, Mart spent much of his time in New York. During this time, he reported on life in the United States for many newspapers in Latin America including Opinin Nacional (Venezuela) and La Nacin (Argentina).

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Jos Mart The University of Florida Libraries holds a signed copy of the first edition of Versos Sencillos poetry. It was donated by Eduardo Romero, brother of actor Csar Romero, and is kept in the libraries' Rare Book Collection. The book is inscribed: "A Carmita, para que nunca d una pena. Su amigo calvo, Jos Mart. NY, Oct. 91" Carmita (Carmen Miyares de Mantilla) was the grandmother of the Romero brothers. Much has been written about the close relationship between Mart and the Mantilla family. Paul Losch, UF LAC Newsletter

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Jos Mart Independence," and cherished by many other Latin Americans as well. The famed Nicaraguan poet Rubn Daro noted, Mart belonged to "an entire race, an entire continent."

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Rubn Daro Rubn Daro (1867 1916) was a prolific Nicaraguan journalist, poet, novelist and diplomat. He learned to read at age 3 (by his own account) and published his first

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Rubn Daro In 1888 Rubn Daro published his first major work, Azul which was later recognized as the beginning of Spanish American modernist literary movement. His success continued in 1896 he published Los Raros ; a collection about other writers such as Edgar Allan Poe and Jos Mart who Daro admired and likened himself to. Like Jos Mart, Daro also worked as a correspondent for various Latin American newspapers including La Nacin (Argentina), for which Mart also wrote.

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Ricardo Montalbn Ricardo Montalbn was born in Mexico City on November 25,1920. As a teenager he moved to Los Angeles to live with his older brother Carlos Montalbn, who was pursuing a career in show business as an actor and dancer. The younger Montalbn later returned to Mexico to care for his mother. language movie business. After nearly a dozen films, he was on The verge of stardom in Mexico when MGM took an interest in Frustrated by Hollywood's portrayal of Mexicans, he helped found the image theatre based company designed for Latinos working in the industry.

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Mara Flix starred in this 1959 film (Italian poster seen here) with Carlos Montalbn, brother of Ricardo Montalbn.

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Mara Flix Born in Mexico in 1914, Mara Flix was one of the icons of the Golden Age of Mexican Cinema. Flix refused to work in Hollywood knowing that she would be achieved the same level of fame in the United States as she did in Latin America and Europe.

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Mara Flix Mara Bonita which has been recorded by Plcido Domingo and Mara de Todas las Maras by Juan Gabriel. Her portrait was painted by Diego Rivera but never displayed because Flix thought it was ugly.

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Mara Flix was also a jewelry connoisseur and had an extensive collection, including the 41.37 carat, "Ashoka" diamond. In 1968, Flix commissioned a serpent diamond necklace from Cartier. The result was an impressive, completely articulated serpent made of platinum and white gold and encrusted with 178.21 carats of diamonds. In 1975, she again asked Cartier to create a necklace for her, this time in the shape of two crocodiles. Since Flix's death, these pieces have been displayed as part of The Art of Cartier Collection in several museums around the world. To pay tribute to the actress, Cartier debuted its La Doa de Cartier collection in 2006. Mara Flix

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About Hispanic Heritage Month Hispanic Heritage Month recognizes and celebrates Hispanic heritage, culture, and the contributions of Hispanic Americans to the United States. Hispanic Heritage Month began as Hispanic Heritage Week in 1968 under President Lyndon Johnson and expanded to Hispanic Heritage Month under President Ronald Reagan in 1988. September 15 continued to mark the first day of Hispanic Heritage Month because of its significance as the anniversary of independence for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Mexico and Chile also celebrate their anniversaries of independence during Hispanic Heritage Month (September 16 and September 18, respectively). Hispanic Heritage Month also includes Columbus Day or Da de la Raza, on October 12.

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All items, and many more, can be found online in the Digital Library of the Caribbean www.dloc.com


Nuestra Cultura Past & Present : Celebrating Hispanic Heritage in Print & Film
CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS DOWNLOADS PDF VIEWER PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102596/00001
 Material Information
Title: Nuestra Cultura Past & Present : Celebrating Hispanic Heritage in Print & Film
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Santamaria-Wheeler, Lourdes
Publisher: UF Libraries
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: September 1, 2010
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UF00102596:00001

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JOSE MARTI.


VERSOS SENCILLOS.


VERSOS


XXIII.


SENCILLOS


Yo quicro salir del mundo
Por la pucrta natural:
En un carro de hojas verdes
A morir me han de llevar.
No me pongan en lo oscuro
A morir como un traidor:
Yo soy bueno, y como bueno
Morird de cara al sol!


NEW YORKx
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Es verdad..*


Es verdad. Si la mascara discrete
Oculta so torment el coraz6n:
Nadic sabe el abismo que cl poeta
En los dinteles de la vida vi6.

De verle fu6, magnfico y sencillo
A un suave amor su cuerpo sacudir,
Y tenderse, cruzado r.j:ecl'',
Como en un nido fresco on colibr.

De verle fu6, con fervida elocuencia,
Ruisefior vocinglero, arrebatar-
Y luego, junto al libro de la ciencia,
Perdonar, sonreir, aletear


Fu6 la puiblica fama su riqueza,
Un martirio celeste su blas6n,
Y mis que oro brillaba su pureza
A la luz de aquel sol que es mas que sol.

Dicen que la malvada baila en fiestas
Y en calma escucha el suefio de Macbeth;
Dicen que rompe al son de las orquestas
Su corona primera de mujer:-

Crece a la par de la gentil doncella
El arbol puro del primer amor:
Pero, sipalo al fin la infame aquella:
La pureza no da mis que una flor.

El pobre mozo, los her6icos labios
Plega, tomo quien quiere sonreir-
Y en pie, volviendo a sus in-folios sabios
Adi6s! Uorando dice al mes de Abril.


S46w mzlJer, Para mi...*


S', muijcr, piara mi, como paloma
Sill ala negra-
Bajo tus alas mi existencia amparo:
No la ennegrczcas.!
Cuando tus pardos ojos, claros senos
DC natural grandeza,
En otro que no en ni sus rayos posan
iMuero de pena!
Coando iras, envuelves, cuando miras,
Acaricias y besas:
Pues ac6mo he de querer que a nadie mires
Paloma de ala negra?


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VOLU ALEN XVIII


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EDGAR ALLAN.POE

FRAGMENTO DE UN STUDIO



E N una malana fria y htameda flegui por pri-
mera vez al inmenso pals de los Estados
Unidos. Iba el steamer Iespacio, y la sirena aulla-
ba roncamente por temor de un cho4ue. Quedaba
atris Fire Island con su erecto faro; estibamos
frente a Sandy Hook, de donde nos sali6 al paso
el barco de Sanidad. El ladrante slang yanqui so-
naba por todas parties, bajo el pabell6n de bandas
y estrellas. El viento frio, los pitos arromadizados,
el humo de las chimeneas, el movimiento de las
miquinas, las mismas ondas ventrudas de aquel
mar estafiado, el vapor que caminaba rumbo a la
gran bahia, todo decia: All right! Entre las bru-
mas se divisaban islas y barcos. Long Island des-
arrollaba la inmensa cinta de sus costas, y Staten
Island, como en el marco de una vifieta, se pre-
sentaba en su hermosura, tentando al lipiz, ya
que no, por la falta de sol, la miquina fotogrica.
Sobre cubierta se agrupan los pasajeros: el co-
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1OSEMPT


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trie~ssoemes del Tn user; '
ac41aa a LUspdroa~Jice poeta bUC6-'
licompiriar a Sum sexnlT Lo ha s autistas
l i c Ii f a n g c o o si n eO & O~ s a e e l
q., hiciesen lameutarse a suqes cIbLe
flauAtaS Para. 10s instantes en clu s 4 urnas;e
cuero del~eesigenest vil'rantes COTOS d is
cepatae acon-alarjoh pertftit1i ctie diga Su nomf-
bare aela t. de. la. gran So jr Wpca; apaetodo
,aols, maigflas sonrisas 4ue POdasapres
jya -,t u~~~5Para scompa-fiar, araetrican:05
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JoeM .tncesitariase su 6t-aLln~ulS
Jaos p4rod, ne10 lieno ae lrknum~etaIbles registrOgi
Buso protente rs OS verbaes~ sus tro rpas ae Oro,
sIUS P~cterdS CueOaS Nboes 90o1oZEtes, Sus
flat~s c rsus tt ejosas$~ sus 3liras, sus 5SitTOS. jii
farnetcafU tmaoss hay Iu de Itiji O aquel grande
que ha ) caid!uien describe estas lines u a
len atoladas ae. coraz6fl Y cereltnese
losqef trOeefla en las tilCZ Xistentes de Am6-
los, ____ re


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el tesoro de tu talent. Ya sabra el mundo lo que
t4 eras, pues la justicia de Dios es infinita y se-
fiala a cada cual su legitima gloria. Martinez
Campos, que ha ordenado exponer tu cadaver,
sigue leyendo sus dos autores preferidos: *Cer-
vantes*... y aOhnetD. Cuba quizA tarde en cum-
plir contigo como debe. La juventud americana
te saluda y te llora; pero, ioh Maestro, qui has
hecho...I
Y pariceme que con aquella voz suya, amable
y bondadosa, me reprende, adorador como fui
hasta la muerte del fdolo luminoso y terrible de
la Patria; y me habla del suefio en que viera a
los heroes: las manos de piedra, los ojos de pie-
dra, los labios de piedra, las barbas de piedra, la
espada de piedra...
Y que repite luego el voto del verso:


iYo quiero cuando me muera,
sin patria, pero sin amo,
tener en mi loss un ramo
de flores y una banderal


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