ALFRED BULT MULLETT
His Life and Work
University of Filorida
De~parctment of Archi~tecture
His~toric Prieservatio~n Option
A~vid E. Ferro
February 6, 1976
ALFRED BULT MULLMPTs HIIS LIFE AND WORK
Io 1837-1 860 The Early Years
All biographies are vague concerning the first 23 yeazs~ of
Muzllett's life, although most agree on these points
A. Alfred Muhllett was born in Taunton, England on 7 April
B. The Mulllett family immigrated to the United States,
settling in Clendale, Ohio in 184c3.
C. Muhllett received formal architectural training "in
Ohio and Europe."
II. 1860- 1.861. Isaiah Rogers Son and Company
This was rAhllett's first recorded professional association.
At this time, Rogers, a noted Greek Revival architect was
practicing; in Cincinnati. The firm was disolved some-time
before 1.862 o
III. 1.861 -1.862 A Private Pracitice in Cincinnati
Again, the biographies are vague. Muillett's business card
lists six references, ~presumrably satisfied clients. Froom
a letter, there is evidence that he had expressed interest
in the commission for the design of a new treasury building
IV. 1862-18631 The 'Civil War
Mvullett was active in the raising of the Denison, Ohio
V. 1863 A Clerk in the Bureau of Construction of the Treasury
Department in Washington
After the resignation of A. B. Young, in 1862, Isjaiah Rogerts
was appointed to the post of Supervising Architect... of the
Treasury. Illle~tt was Rogers' 'band picked' assistant,
assuming the responsibilities of the Supervising Architect;
as early as 1863.
VI. 1863-1.866 Earfly Years in the Treasury Department
M~ullett, soon after his appointment, become involved in a
reorganization in the Bureau of Construction and proved his
potential and dedication to the Brureau.
VII. 1866 The Sea Gaptain's Da~ughter
Vallett married Facific Pearl Myrlick "and they subsequently
had six children, four sons and two daughters.
VIII. The Political and Social A~lfred MIulle~tt
Recorded history reveals only glimpses of Alfred M~ullett
the man. To know him better: would perhaps allow us a greater
appreciation of his workc.
IX. A History of the Office of the Supervising Architect
This is a brief study of classical tradition in Federal
architecture inherited from Mills, Young, Rogers and others.
X. Contemporary Architectural Influences, 1860-1870
This is a brief study of the Second E~mpire and Italianate
styles, specifically, in Eiurope and this country.
XI. 1 865-1874 Muhllett's Work as Supervising Architect
This is a study of his major works, their design and conat-
XII. Al~lett, Reluctant Lesigner of the Executive Office Building
A special study of the State, War and Navy Building, the
capstone of Phlllett's architectural carrier.
XIII. The Late Grant Years, an Era of Corruption and Scandal
A new Secretary of State, Bristow, suspected that Mllett
was involved with the 'G~ranite Ring.' Although these
suspicions proved to be unfounded, Mulle~tt resigned from
XIV. 1874-1890 Private Practice in WJashington
During these years Mfullett engaged in an unsatisfying, run-
of- the- mill practice with his sons, Thomras and FreeidrJick,
and J. F. Denson.
XV. 1 889-1890 Aullett vs the Uhfited States
Mullett filed suit against the government over: a question
of reasonable professional compensation for the design of
the State, War: and NJavy Building.
XVI. In the Eind, Ill Hesalth and a Sense of Allurie
Murlle~tt committed suicide on 20 October: 1.890.
XVII. A~n Overview, the Contribution of Alfrred Muhllett to the Arch-
itectural Heritage of A~merica
American Architect and Buildina News. 30 (October 25, 1890)1 7.
American Institute of Architects* Washington- Metropolitan Chapter.
A Guide to Washington Architecture, 1791-1957* New Yorks Reinhold
Publishing Corporation, 1957*
Caemmerer, H. P. Washington, the NSational Capitol. Washington, U. S.
Government Printing Office, 1932*
Cox, Wariren. "Washington'a Forgotten Architecture." Architectural
Forum 1.18 (January 1963)1 71-78.
General Services Administration. Public Buildings Service. Hiistorical
Study No. 3o the Executive Office Building. Washingtons U. S.
Government Printing Office, 19i
Greiff, Constance M. Lost America, from the Atlantic to the Mfississippi.
Priincetons The Pyne Press, 1971..
Greiff, Constance M. Lost America, from the Eississippi to the Pacific.
Princetons The Pyne Press, 1972.
Hamlin, Talbot. Greek Revival Architecture in America. New Yoriks Oxford
UhiverEsity P~r~ess, 1944*~7;---
Hitchcook, Hlenry Russell. Architecture, Nineteenth and Twentieth Gen-
turies. Baltimores Penguin Books, 1958*
Hitchcock, Henry Russelll Jr. The Architecture of H. H. Richardson and
HIis Times. New Yorks The Murseum of Modern Art, 193~6.
Elrker, )8rold. Galifornia's Architectural Frontier. San Mktrino, Calif.s
The Hunting~~,ton L~ribrr, 90
Ebeper, Frederick. Illinois Architecture, a Selective Guide. Chicagos
The Univers~ity of Chicago Press, 198
~Lewis, Arold and Morgan, Keith. American Victorian Architecturte New
Yorks Dover Publications, Incr, 1976i.
Phase, John. The Gingerbread ~Agel a Vi~ew of Victorian America. New Yorks
Rinehart and Company, Incr, 1957*
Mc~ue, Georg~e and Kramer, Gerhardt. "Landmark for the Living*n American
Institute of Architects Joluntal 4t3 (April 1965)1 4~3-ll5*
A~ddex, Diane. His~toric Buildinas of Washington, D. C. Pittaburghs Ober
Park Alssociated( Inc., 1~973.
Working Bibliography (continued)
Moore, Charles Washington, Past and Presents New Yorks The Century
National Cyclopedia _of Americ~an Biography, 1939 ed. S.v. "Mullett;,
Alfred Bult," "Al~lett, Thomas AuguLstine."
"New York City Post Office." The Builder (November 25, 1871)t 926-927.
"Obituary, A. B. Mbllett." Architecture and Building 13 (October 25,
Poore, Perley. Perley's Reminiscences of Sixty Years i~n the N~ational
Metropolis. Philadelphias Hubbard Brothers, Publishers, 18.
Reynolds, Charles B. The Standard Guide, Washington, a H~andbook for
Visitors. Washington, D. C~s B. S. Reynolds Company, 1937.
Sturgis, Russell. A Dictionary of Architecture and Building. 3 volr
New Yorks The Irsomillan Company, 1902.
U. 8. Office of Archaeology and History. The? OIld St. Louis Post Office.
Washingtons U. S. Government Printing Office, 1.961. -
Whiffen, Ma~Cr4us American Architecture Since 1780. Gambridges M. I. T.
Withey, Henry F. and Withey, Elsie Bathburn. Biographical Dictionary of
American Architects (Deceased). Los Alngeless New Age Publishing
Wodehouse, Lazwrence. "Alfred 13. Mullett's Court Room and Post Office at
Baleigh,'North Carolina." Society of Architectural Bistorians
Journal 26 (December 1967)r 301-305*
Wodehouse, Lawrence. "Alfred B. A~lllet~t and His French Style Government
Buildings." Society of Architectural Historians Journal 31 (Mar~ch
Works Progress Administration. Federal Wr~ters Project. Wash~igtont
City and Capitol. Washington, D. C.I U. S. Government ]Printi~ng