Group Title: James Galliers : Father and Son ; their lives, principal works, and their influence upon the architecture of New Orleans
Title: James Galliers : Father and Son ; their lives, principal works, and their influence upon the architecture of New Orleans - slides
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 Material Information
Title: James Galliers : Father and Son ; their lives, principal works, and their influence upon the architecture of New Orleans - slides
Series Title: James Galliers : Father and Son ; their lives, principal works, and their influence upon the architecture of New Orleans
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Hardy, Deirdre J.
Publisher: Deirdre J. Hardy
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1977
Copyright Date: 1977
Subject: Architecture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Architecture -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00102131
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text


S 629, 631-33, 635-37, 639-41 St. Charles, bound by Girod, Lafayette, Carondelet. Lots each have
: 24 feet,6 ihch front on St. Charles, by 101 feet. The first and fourth buildings from the left, in ex-
tremely mutilated condition, are two remaining of four brick houses built by James Gallier in 18 6
for speculator Samuel Moore for $32,000.
As se~rin the 1837 archival drawing, each house had two-and-one-half stories with a simple
entrance, all openings having marble sills and cap-moulded lintels. There was a wrought iron
balcony of simple design at the second level'arid an entablature with a deep architrave, attic win-
dows in a frieze and a narrow cornice. Such an'entablature with architrave was a favorite Gallier
hallmark: The plans show the simple and typical three-bay design, with stairhall to one side and
double parlors with sliding doors having two windows across the front. Note that the service wing
here was detached from'the rear of the houe (signifying the early date of the building in Faubourg
St. Mary).
The building contract gives these details (Hilary Breton Cenas, notary, January 28, 1836): "The
Foundations are to be dug two feet below the banquette." The fronts on both streets were to be
S "Baltimore or Philadelphia pressed bricks...the front walls to be two bricks thick from the ban-
quette to the height of three and one-half feet, and one and a half bricks thick from thence to the
tops. The first story...thirteen feet in height, the second story...twelve feet and the attic story...
five feet five inches." There were to be "two oval cast-iron and framed gratings at the frbnt; the
roofs to be covered with zinc with the roof of the corner house to be hipped. The front entrance
doors to have tongued and moulded casings and large composition rosettes fixed in the face of the
architrave round the door in the recess. The upper panels of the door to have glass set in them to
light the hall and inside shutters fitted against the lights. The parlour doors to be framed in four
panels hung in proper rebatted casings with architraves and door caps. The sliding doors to have
casings trimmed with pilasters fixed on each side:" There was to be a "small upper cornice with
dentils underneath...The blinds, iron railings,and lattice workto. be painted green."
Samuel Moore apparently suffered financial reverses while the buildings were being erected and
sold them to Thomas Barrett at an auction in 1837 for $20,100. Their disposition did not improve
and successive sheriff's sales ensued, one fo( only $12 000 in 1867, No. 641, the corner building,
was the home and dentists' office of Drs. George j. and Andrew G. Freidrichs in the late 19th
Century. The property had been used as sugar land by Jean Gravier in 1803 before its sale to
Jean Joseph Jourdan. The Heirs of jourdan sold it in 1832 to Samuel Moore.
The two;three-story, party wall townhouses standing between the remaining Gallier houses and
the three-story brick townhouse to the right in the photograph show vestiges of fine construction
and decorative detail beneath their present mutilation. The facade of the'third house from the left
was altered in the 1880s, The proportions and floor plan of the earlier house remain illustrating
the popularity of the old classic forms and floor plans in New Orleans.

629-41 St. Charles, corner Girod, bound by
Lafayette, Carondelet. Drawing by Isaac L.
McCoy, Plan Book 23, Folio 55, New Orleans
Notarial Archives.,

-510-514 Race, corner Religious Street, and 1503
Tchoupitoulas, ( corner -Ra(e Street Three rowv
houses td( ing Race an(d two fa( ng T( houlpitoulas
Creek Revival red bri(k houses, now, plastered,
with attic windows in broad (reek Revival or-
ni( es. The wrought iron balk ohy has been removed
from one house. This once-elegant row has-
deteriorated, but would make fine apartments. In
the T830s the noted architect james Gallier lived
at the corner of Race and Religious Streets in this
or a similar group of row houses (now demolished)
across the street. Benjamin Laurant Millaudon, a
wealthy Creole. planter and businessman, owned
this entire square during the 1840s. Millaudon had
the buildings constructed as rental units. His son
Philippe and his widow, Marie Lucie Ducros
Beauregard, began selling the buildings and prop-
erty after 1866. The house at 514 Race Street was
sold in 1871, "together with all the buildings," fbr
$),050. One building and lot, measuring 21 feet
on Race Street by 69 feet, was sold for $3,600 at
the same time. (Illustrated by L.Surgi, 1847, Plan
Book 25, Folio 17, New Orleans Notarial Archives.)


3U04 M. Lnares, comer uravier, oouna oy
Camp, Commercial Alley. Two, four-story
masonry stores with cast-iron hood moulds,
brackets and cornice in Italian Renaissance de-
sign, a fine example of that style in commercial
buildings. Designed and built in 1855 by Gal-
lier, Turpin and Company for Charles Mason,
agent of Robert Heath in England, for $14,000.
Drawing of original elevation shows buildings
painted in paste shades, with covered cast-iron
gallery supported on iron slender columns
(Labrot Collection, Tulane University Library).
Gallier and Turpin built for Robert Heath on
this block several other identical stores which
are no longer standing.
Across the street in the 200 block of St.
Charles, Gallier. and Turpin built two more
four-story stores in 1855 for Charles Mason
for his own investment These structures were
later demolished. The building at 304t.
Charles reoaces an earlier one-md meinrw Cn

50 block St. Chadue, bound by North. Poydras. Camp. (Old Nos. 110, 112, 114.) Row of large
three-and-one-half story plastered brick houses and stores designed by lames Gallier for Amaron
Ledoux to house the firm Ledoux and Hall and built in 1841 on property that Ledoux bought from
James H. Caldwell in 1836. This important building appears in the 1852 skyline view of New
Orleans from St. Patrick's Church by 8. F. Smith and ). W. Hill (see cover).
The comer part of this complex is heavily rusticated at the ground level and has galleries at the
second and third levels across the front and sides. These features were added after 1852 as the
galleries do not appear in the Smith and Hill view. A stepped gable end and cap-moulded, slightly
arched window cornices enhance the appearance of the complex. The continuing facade is uni-
fied by dentculated cornice and a deep frieze, which once served as an architrave to an entabla-
ture which included the attic windows. The attic windows have been enlarged, cutting the archi-
trave. The facade is scored plaser; alteration appearat the first level;windows have beei changed
and wrought ron balcony at second lev removed.
This outstanding block of buildings, designed by the city's myt renowned architect and sti
intact should receive recognition. The property, however, has received poor treatment by owners ,
& &,a. M - - -

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AL- --- -

443 Market 'wT *,. *'r' h,,iipit Itlatl Ilicha ,Irh(1 m )id tt) Fvter'r 'trvet This tobacco wadrehouse, built
(' r ) r Ih(. ltIfrit t th T rrli w ( ,1Icr mid IUrpin, oneT{)IQ of m f built during
j)1o LJ, d & %aeh(LJWIan (-ul
Ii.* 1r ;4 ~,r! I.~ ~ 1 ? I itc~ltlc~l ,f i )t ( H t1 'I II ,till ining tr( LJ.%u1 d v 4 r u and ( OUI(
if 1 ? '111- o.;j\ .1 ,r m if i ti n I( r ,11 I I 'l 1 rie t K I e ,t I 1 0 -) \n nu n i
atI d ~ ~ flII4'thf. rolfrftin () ul'ft (a)1 '11 anld \\aORehoth It P, 11(A% LJ'd(11d d (dd\( arc (enter.

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824 Canal, bound by Baronne, Carondelet, Common. Boston Club. This structure, the
only residential building surviving intact in th business section ot Canal, was erected
in 1844 by Dr. Newton Mercer, who commissioned noted architect James Gallier, Sr.,
tn oCIon ri t"_ LAJ.^AL %rtM .. 1.A1k 7M11l i l* n a 1




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131, 137, 139 Carondelet, bound by

nal, Common, Baronne. At the left
( lIasical style, masonry commerce

ot two stores

is a sx-bay,
al building,

which James Gal-

lier, Sr., had built

himself in

1846. Parapet,


lnd()w pedimentls and hood moulds


(en allddhed. The building formerly had scored


.o 14its right

are two brick stores




V ( )
()t11 ,lir
(Lile .

Akrlier features of the

a tour-story

Sr, to)r ( harl


,s Mason.

The present
designed by

its right

is a

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). Fenner in the
thie I federal Re-

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re id l i

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Mid 19th Century
Additional Illustration, 78

Attributed to James Gallier, Sr., Arch.




Huse Illustrmted, 21

Alid 19th Century

Attributed to James Gallier, Sr., Arch.






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I'fayee Square. City Hall
jams Gallier, Sr., and
designed and con-
between 1845 and 1850

anay 10,1853.
eamaple of Greek Revival
that once had more mon-

-ox an outstanding exam-
Io be built of marble on a
acalffy was constructed
pl,,'ered over, colored .. . .
.SOX*. The marble

ead of the Erech-

the pediment, the
rames o ., and
volutes andt the cor-

O~ t ErcOuOp which even-)
craudtine, arch 25,the

eQn designs of Sevival

aieo be it n high
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relief in the tympanum, with Liberty support-
ing Justice and Commerce, by Robert A.
Launitz of New York.
The decor of the spacious mayor's parlor is
intact, and the broad central hall, extending the
.length of the building, could be an impressive
space if divested of the expensive, garish
chandeliers recently hung there. The stairway
to one side of the central hall originally rose to
a third-story Lecture Hall or Lyceum, the most
spacious and beautiful apartment in the build-
ing," as Gallier noted in his autobiography.
"The ceiling is arched, elaborately ornamented
and furnished with large ventilators very taste-
fully designed," he wrote. This impressive
room, "of sufficient capacity to contain three
or four hundred persons," was destroyed to
make offices after the Civil War. Its details and

high arched ceiling, as well as the unusual
construction, with a span of eighty-six feet, ac-
cording to Gallier, "partly of wood and partly
of iron," may be seen in the surviving draw-
ings. .Only seven sheets were required, for
which the architect received a fee of 23 per-
cent of cost, plus $1,000 paid in advance.
This headquarters of theSecond Municipal-
ity was built toward the end of a seventeen-
year period of internal strife, when the entirely
separate government of the First Municipality
remained housed in the Cabildo on Jackson
Square. In 1852 the three divisions of the City
were reunited, and Gallier's monument be-
came the City Hall of New Orleans. (Litho-
graph by T. K. Wharton, 1848. Courtesy
Historic New Orleans Collection.)




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Cast Iron Balcony Details DaOt 1851
Jaw Gsallr. S,A dw


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Masonry stores with granite pillars and cast-iron gallery, built in 1851 for H. C. Cammack by
Gallier and Turpin, architects (demolished). On Carondelet, corner Common, bound by
Baronne, Gravier. Unsigned, undated drawing. Plan Book 95, Folio 47, New Orleans Notarial

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728, 738 Gravier, txbund by Carondelet. St Charles. Union. Two identical,
four-story masonry Jtalianate commert ial buildings and a three-story build-
ing in the same style. Cast-iron pillars twlow with toliated capitals. Cast-iron
balcony at second level. Upper two stories have segmental arch openings
with highly decorative hood moulds featuring bra( kets. The building on the
left has deep paneled entablature. The larger building has a fourth story, flat
headed windows with b)ra keted hoxx moulds and a simple entablature. The
building at 300 St. Charles, built by (,al.ier and Turpin for Robert Hleath in
1855, is nearly identical to these buildings. This indicates they were built
about the same time, perhaps by the (allier firm, for Dr. lames Ritchie,
who (sld his new buildings for $35.)00 in 1857. One ot the fine rows (f the
city, these buildings were demolished i in 1971 by Louis J Roussel. The prop-
erty is nro% Iing used as a parking lot.


-94i -- -,
4YWl- A;

- -

1625 Thalia, between St. Charles Avenue and
Carondelet Street. A masonry Greek Revival house
built in 1856 for Charles Mason by Gatlier, Turpin
and Co., architects. This oncersplendid mansion
has extensive grounds on the side and fine cast
iron balconies and side gallery. Mason owned
numerous rental properties in the area. Both Gallier
and Charles Dakin designed buildings for him.
Demolished in 1971.)

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Fig. 8. Louisiana State Lottery
present International City Bar

St. Charles at Union,

site of

ik. From lewe

signed and built for the Bank of New Orleans
tesy Historic New Orleans Collection.)

/s (1871). De-
in 1856. (Cour-

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822-28 Gravier, ht(ut h\ [.urron C around

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( it )I lIlm2, I

he I I t'\ ed

elet, Union. (Old
masonry commer-
byv ames Gallier,

iiI I th~i (11 t( 18 ) ( ),,I u) r ( ) I), l\

tNr a \

T h(rn hill who owned the

( ast-iron details,

I ll'irs \\ a ('11

)It' l l.

low ar( hes with paneled

,, Iro r( ) I I i i (t)m

r ( ) rrl I\

( r(s)(ed the en

tire facade

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[ ), I

A\\Il (I i ( rm f it aI adr(

I sil Is I hi ~ I ~ i I tttLrJ If1(
.ut rtt *r i 'r I t it ) i i t r()I1

11(ed ()Iew
t rue r( I
I I r' ket
II X I(h)

1)t(1 Iit)r ,"'

gs and heavy



i, dentils and a
, (1879) shows
with the other

the )o(t k at that time.


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.1 tih

< I ll( t',

( )t I [t I tjtbrlt it)l

]'- 'Ind We'lI \"Isbari

at No. 188. Signs

o(tton factors" John

a marine

and air con-

'ior hild-nnineteenth

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Nr p.

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A r ( ) \ ( ) t t I i r,(

to fM\(, 1wen designed

if 8 0 1 1 1 ,

Illic~ t~il IIdt,

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i m ( )r I)( )rit(,,,

[ 11\ I)tllfl Ilmlit 'Irld

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d %, t 11( 1 d I )I )cli re

1!') 11 lj I' It(,

.Pld ('1(vk kevl,Il

"to w"1' ()nr

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) ,\ (, ) (r ti'r two 'feTi.li1ing 1 .t i, irn .it .fes at 1 1 1 ( h.rig Built in 186b (d.-
Si ~r i ( I i.n l r i f ik in ific' Vi. filti.n K iI'L.ilc'.i t* 'I t( l If. ith()ra)ph hy B. SimIon,
n New ( i i 91


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The first of a Course of Seven lectures on Anrc
tecture, will be given in the Large Ro6m of the CJa
Hall, Washington Street, Brooklyn, on Tuesday Evening,
the 25th of February, to commence at half-past mena
o'clock, and to be continued on the evenings of every Fridy
and Tuesday, until the Course is completed.

Sa~otpsfs o tho toetrs.
nid Crr eo Ar.citecu. AntierMa Rea d ANW, -m

the eonfneton Aivstigatd Auoyfuibm neaae a lagyptia&,LeutJuad Heml
and ether E tem people. Ezawtiraw is S aeUs, a, nd a1o ll&Ao -
Punuogbtau, Pluaiican Hebraic, mand GbieaaAuM aflsfrdMfl
AmAiwane Mathe milMdeioua: tdris PaaTegi zmBmi SI a
Saari deribhed uad cal mthnihh dosJada .
ArmCMalm Mda"Gmahu The oaaikm 410m0d oa*I

IM" .uF T .B L...CT.R.s . .;
suS* |ub a m s a csa
Aroblsamtd .m G*r.a Toakn dni e
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F1 Hp .. c p te 1. .r* Lo n t
S.. LSt CharkesHotel, completed in 1837. (Courtesy Louisiana State Museum.)

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.TMOUSEt Boaton. Fhst-fioor plan. Isaiah Rogers, archi-
r". ed. r h&tll In America. On the Tremont Street side,
Smoi a wKe pulano (118 16, 17, 10, 20). The
iMaAtmJa e o ram the rotunda, at the right. The
pi ai' FJ1 b,)md iBeom Street- It services were be-
at a ts d bedram rrsngeent, turnishlng both
f r nIIxestnIt' were on the upper foors
tlal Mat conesalent position of stairs and the
ts se sts have bee handled. At rear of the
q$ .Ih*eiil ft roMaa wing., dinlng room, and ro-
a ,,u^. aA.. g btty of water closets.

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DO 4 IUe iXMWed L64d Sdk hlMa Foutdatzon.


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