Group Title: Circular ;
Title: Vegetable gardening guide /
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102084/00001
 Material Information
Title: Vegetable gardening guide /
Series Title: Circular ;
Physical Description: 1 folded sheet : ; 46 x 31 cm. folded to 23 x 10 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Stephens, James M
Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla
Gainesville, Fla
Publication Date: 1973
Copyright Date: 1973
 Subjects
Subject: Vegetable gardening -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Vegetables -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: prepared by J.M. Stephens.
General Note: Panel title.
General Note: "February, 1973."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00102084
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 232325007

Full Text
Circular 104 I 1
I=


L &


February, 1973


^2


FLORIDA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE
INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, GAINESVILLE


- I






INTRODUCTION
Successful vegetable gardens are not accidental.
They are the results of planning, constant care, and
the will to make things grow.
There are many factors which determine whether
or not a garden will or will not be successful. The
recommendations contained here are for home gar-
dens; they may or may not be suitable for commercial
use.
There are many things a vegetable garden may offer
toward a satisfying experience: fresh air, exercise,
sunshine, food rich in vitamins and minerals, income
and knowledge.

SOME EARLY PLANS
Consider the size of your family and the amount of
produce to be canned, frozen, stored or sold, as well as
that used fresh. Don't underestimate the work and
personal attention involved.
Choosing a Location.-Select a plot of good,
well-drained soil near a water supply. It should be
close to the home for convenience but should not be
shaded by tall buildings or trees. Enclosing the garden
spot with a fence is usually profitable.
The Garden Design.-Many gardeners find it
helpful to draw out on paper the location of each row
and the crop or succession of crops to be planted.

CROP REQUIREMENTS
Vegetables suited to Florida gardens, leading
varieties, seed or plants needed, planting distances
and depths, best time for planting by areas, hardiness,
days to harvest and expected yields are shown in the
Planting Guide on the inside of this leaflet.

SOIL PREPARATION
Spade well or plow the land at least 3 weeks before
planting. Rework the soil to secure a fine firm seedbed
for planting.

LIMING
Lime to sweeten the soil should be applied only
when the needs have been established by a reliable
soil test. The best range for gardens on sandy soil is






between pH 5.5 and 6.0. Applications of 2 to 3 pounds
of finely ground dolomitic limestone per 100 square
feet usually will be sufficient except on extremely acid
soils.
Lime needs should be met well in advance of the
planting date, preferably 2 to 3 months before the
garden is to be planted. However, hydrated lime may
be applied two weeks or more before planting where a
quick-acting material is necessary. Use at three-
fourths the rate of dolomite. Moisten the garden soil,
and make sure the lime is thoroughly mixed into the
soil.

ORGANIC MATTER
The majority of Florida soils are low in organic
matter or humus. Organic matter is valuable in that it
increases the water holding capacity of a soil, supplies
nutrients and improves the ease of working soils. The
organic matter content of a soil may be increased by
applying animal manure, rotted leaves or any partly
decomposed plant refuse. Cover crops add organic
matter when plowed or spaded into a soil.
Animal manure is not a balanced fertilizer.
Approximately 2' pounds of superphosphate should
be added to 25 pounds of manure and spread over 100
square feet of garden.

FERTILIZING
When using commercial fertilizers the following
amounts and grades are usually satisfactory for the
initial application.

Soil Grade Amount Amount
10 ft. Row 100 sq. ft.
Sand, marl, rock, 6-8-6 or
or clay 6-8-8 1 lb. 2-5 lbs.
Organic soils (muck
or peat) 0-12-20 1 lb. 1-2 lbs.

During the growing season it may be desirable to
sidedress 2 or 3 times with the appropriate mixed fer-
tilizer, at 1 to 2 lbs. per 100 ft. of row. On mineral soils,
10-0-10, 15-0-14 or similar mixture, at % to lb. per
100 ft. of row may be substituted for the complete
fertilizer.






One-half of the first and main application of fer-
tilizer would best be broadcast over the entire garden
plot, one to two weeks before planting. The other half
should be banded at planting time in 1 or 2 bands each
2 to 3 inches to the side of and 1 to 2 inches below the
level of the seed or planting row.


IRRIGATION
In irrigating the garden it is advisable to thoroughly
wet the soil once a week unless sufficient rain falls,
rather than to apply several light sprinklings. A
grow ing garden will require 1 inch of water per week
and when the plants are large as much as 2 inches
may be required. Place shallow cans in your garden to
determine how much water is being applied.


WEED CONTROL
The primary purpose of cultivation is to control
weeds. Weeds are easy to control when they are small.
Shallow cultivation and hoeing is advised in order to
reduce damage to the crop root system. No one
chemical weed killer (herbicide) can be suggested for a
growing garden.


INSECT AND DISEASE CONTROL
A suggested general-purpose spray for insects of
vegetables is one containing malathion or diazinon
plus Sevin or methoxychlor. A suggested general-
purpose spray for diseases of vegetables would contain
one or more of the following fungit ides: zineb, ma neb.
captain, or copper. For powdery mildew on cucumbers,
squash, and melons, use Karathane. Many ready
prepared general-purpose -prays and dusts are com-
mercially available. Apply a~ cording to recommen-
dations and precautions on the label.
You can expect best results if you begin control
efforts early. Apply fungicides at weekly intervals as
a preventive measure. For insects, dust or spray at the
first. signs and repeat treatments as needed. The
materials shown below are effective against the in-
sects as indicated and are safe if properly used.






5% 4% or 5% 1.5% 1%
Sevin Malathion Lindane Rotenone
Aphids X X
Armyworms X X
Budworms X
Cabbage Worms X X X
Col. potato beetle X
Cu:uniler beetle X X
Earworms X
Fleabeetle X X
Fruit, horn,
iln'- or1nim X X
L.-. f-hopl-r X X X X
Leaf-roller X X X
Melon pickle
worms X X X
Mexican bean
beetle X X X
Pameras X X
Pea weevils X X X
Red spiders X
Stink bugs X X X
Thrips X X X Diazinon 2
I-eafminers X Diazinon 2'.

Special Insects.-Chlordane may be applied to the
soil surface as a 5% dust or a 11 to 2( bait for control
of ants, cutworms, grasshoppers, and mole-crickets.
Do not apply this material to the leaves of plants.
Chlordane is sometimes included in general garden
fertilizers and may otter some control of these insects
and wireworms.
Sanitation.-Many insects and diseases may be
reduced by rotating garden locations, cleaning up crop
refuse and early soil preparation.
Sterilizing Seedbed Soil.-Soil for starting
transplants may be sterilized by placing a 2-inch layer
in a pan and baking at 160 degrees F. for 1 hour.
Seed Treatment.-Buy treated seed or apply 50'
thiram (Arasan) to untreated seed.
Damping-off.-Wet the base of the plant and the
soil surface to a depth of to 1 inch with 1 ounce of
76% wettable ferbam to 3 gallons of water or dust 15'(
ferbam on the soil surface and water in.

NEMATODES

Most Florida soils contain parasitic plant nema-
todes. For most vegetables these soils should be
fumigated. "In-the-row" fumigation is cheap and
practical. This involves placing the fu m igant in a band
in a trench six inches deep where the crop is to be
grown. After the fumigant is applied the trench should
be filled and the soil surface sprinkled with water to











Crop Varieties

Beans, Snap Extender. Contender. HarvE
Wade. Cherokee (wax)
Beans. Pole Dade, McCaslan, Kentucky
Blue Lake
Beans, Lima Fordhook 242, Conmentrlated
dele on, Jackson W:onlder, 1
Butteliea,. FlIridr a t Butter


Early Wonder. Detroit Dar


Broccoli Eaily Green Sprouting. \Wa
Atlantic
Cabbage Copenhagen Market, Maric
Badger Market, Glory of I
Red Acre. Chieftan Savoy
Carrots Imipeatui, C(ohl Spike, Cha
Nantes
Cauliflower Snowball Strains

Celery Utah 52-70. Florida Pasca

Chinese, Cabbage Michihli, Wong B,,k


Collards

Corn, Swee


Cantaloupe

Cut umber-

Eggplant


Endive-Escarole

Kohlrabi

Lettuce iCrisp
IButterhead)
(Leaf )
(Romaine)
Mustard

Okra


Geuorgia. Vates


t Silver Queen white) Gol
Golden Securlit,. Seneca
many ithei s
es Smith's Pee fect. Semin.il
Edisto 417. Gulfstieam
P'insett. Ashley I-licers)
SMR 18, Pixie picklerss)
Florida M;aiket


Deep Heart Fringed, Ful
Batavian
Early White Vienna

Premier. Great Lakes ty;
ihb,. Matchless. Sweethe
Prize Head, Ruby. Salad
Parris Island Cos, Dark (
Southern Giant Curled,
Broad Leaf
Clems,: n Spi'inele-.-. Peiki
GI een


Jnion-i Bulbing) Excel, Texa- Grano. Grar
Granex. Tropicana Red
(Green) White Portugal or Whit
Shallots- i Multipliers)
Parsley Moss Curled, Pe fiction
Peas Little Marvel, Dark Skin
Per fiction. Luxt in's Pro
Peas, Southern Blackeye, Brown Crowde:
Conch, Producer, Floricre;
Pepper (Sweet) Calif. Wonder. Yolo W.nt(
Beater
(Hot) Hungarian Wax. Anaheir
Potatoes Sebago. Red Pontiac. Ker
Red LaSoda
Potatoes, Sweet U. S. No. 1. Porto Rico, Gt
Goldrush. Nugget. Centen
Radish Cherry Belle, Comet, Eai
Globe. White Icicle, Spark
tipped)
Spinach Virginia Savoy, Dixie Ma
Hybrid 7
Spinach. Summer New Zealand
Squash. iSummeri Early Prolific Straightnec
Summer Crookneck, Coco
Zucchini. Patty Pan
(Winter) Alagold. Table Queen, Bu
Strawberry Florida 90, Tioga, Sequoia


Tomatoes
(Large Fruited)

(Small Fruited)
Turnips


Water- (Large)
melon
(Seedless)
(Small)


Manalucie,t Homestead-24.
River, Floradel,$ Tropired.
Walter,
Large Cherry, Roma (Paste)
Japanese Foliage (Shogoin
Purple Top White Globe
Charleston Gray, Congo.
Jubilee. Crimson Sweet
Tri-X 317
New Hampshire Midget, S


WANTINGG GUIDE FOR VEGETABLE GARDENS

Sparing in Inches Seed Planting Dates in Florida (inclusive) Plant Pounds Days
Seed/Plants Depth Hardi- Yield to
100' of Row Rows Plants Inches North Central South nesst 100' Harvest
1 lb. 18-30 2-3 11'2-2 Mar.-Apr Feb.-Mar. Sept.-Apr. T 45 50-60
Aug.-Sept. Sept.
S191 1 lb. 40-48 15-18 11,-22 Mar.-June Feb.-Apr. Jan.-Feb. T 80 60-65


1 lb.


1 oz.


60 ts


60 plts.
(fI. oz.)
65 plts.
('l oz.)


I., oz.


26-48


14-24


30-36

24-36


12-15 11.-2 Mar.-June Feb.-Apr. Sept.-Apr. T


16-22


50 65-75


1_-l Sept.-Mar. Oct.-Mar. Oct.-Feb. H 75 60-70
I'-1 Aug.-Feb Aug.-Jan. Sept.-Jan. H 50 60-70


14-24 i. Sept.-Feb. Sept.-Jan. Sept.-Jan. H


16-24


55 pits. 24-30 20-24
(14. oz.)

150 pits. 24-36 6-10
(14 oz.)
125 pits. 24-36 8-12
(14 oz.)


75 pits.
i1 oz.)
'i lb.


1 oz.

1 oz.


24-30

34-42


70-80

48-60


30 pits. 36-42
(14 oz.)
1 oz. 18-24


I 02oz.

I- OZ.


1 oz.

2 oz.


24-30)

12-18



14-24

24-40


400 pits. or sets 12-24
1 oz. seed
800 pits. or sets 12-24
ll., lb. seed 18-24


1 oz. 1:
II I lbs. 2-


2-20
4-36


1 2 lbs. 30-36
a. Zipper Cream
60 plts. 20-36
1 4 oz.)


15 lbs. 36-42

80 pits. 48-54


14-18

12-18


48-'60

15-24

36-48


70-90


12 Sept.-Mar. Oct.-Mar. Oct.-Feb. H 100 70-75

I Jan.-Feb. Oct.-Jan. Oct.-Jan. H 80 55-60
Aug.-Oct
14-1. Jan.-Mar Aug.-Feb. Oct.-Jan. H 150 115-125


Oct.-Jan. Oct.-Jan.


i, Feb.-Mar.

2 Mar.-Api.


Nov.-Jan. H 100 75-85


Jan.-Apr. Sept.-Jan. H
Sept.-Nov. Aug.-Nov.
Feb.-Mar. Jan.-Feb. T


A3 Mar.-Air. Feb.-Apr.


l.-3 4 Feb.-Apr.


Feb.-Mar.
Sept.


L., Fet.-Mar. Jan.-Feb.
July Aug.-Sept.


8-12 '4 Feb.- .r.
Sept
3-5 1 Mar.-Apr.
Oct.-Nov.


12-18



4-8

18-24

3-4

11 ,-2
6-8
8-12
2-3

2-3

18-24


12-15

18-24


t 1 oz. 12-18 1-2


2 oz.

2 oz.
2 oz.


2 oz.
lu00 pits
35 pits.
( i. oz.)
70 pits.
( oz.)
1 oz.


14-18

30-36
42-48


90-120
36-40
40-60

36-48

12-20


2 oz. 90-120


3-5

18-24
42-48


48-72
10-14
36-40

18-24


IJn.-Feb.
Sept.
Feb -Mar.
Oct.-Nov.


" Feb.-Mar. Jan.-Feb.
Sept Sept.


1/ Jan.-Mar.
Sept.-M ay
1-2 Mar.-May
A up.
SJan.-Mar.
Aug.-Nov.
Aug.-Mar.
A Aug.-Jan.
*i Feb.-Mar.
1-2 Jan.-Feb

1-2 Mar.-Mlay


Jan.-M,r.
Sept.-Nov.
Mar.-May
Aug.
Jan.-Mar.
Aug.-Nov.
Aug.-Mar.
Aug.-Jan.
Dec.-Jan.


Feb.-M-Iar. T

Jan -Feb. T


151 50-55

15 -85


15i'


101i"


Dec.-Feb. T 200


Sept.-Jan. H

Nov.-Feb. H

Sept.-Jan. H



Sept.-Mar. H


Feb.-Mar.
Aug.-Sept.
Jan.-Mar.
Sept.-Nov.
S,''pt. Mar.
Sept -Dec
Sept.-Jan.


Sept.-Mar. Sept.-Feb.

Mar -May Feb.-Al'r.


1, Feb.-Apr. Jan -Mar.


4-8 Jan.-Feb.

- Mar.-June

34 Oct.-Mar


3., Oct.-Nov.


Mar.-Apr.
1. Mar.-Apr.
Aug.

2 Mar.
- Sept.-Oct.
l Feb.-Apr.
Aug.
1.! Feb.-Apr.
Aug.


4-6 .-, Jan.-Apr.
Aug.-Oct.
60-84 2 Mar.-Apr.


Jan.


Jan.-Feb.
Aug.-Oct.

Sept.-Jan. S


,'50-0

50-55

80-85


75 90-95

100 50-55

75 50-80



100 40-45

70 50-55',,


H 100 100-130

H lil 50-75
H 100 75-lu5
H -410 0-95
H 40 50-.5-

T I' 7 -81

T 50 7"-'.


H


Feb.-June Feb.-June T

Oct.-Mar. Oct.-Mar. H


Oct.-Nov. Oct.-Jan. H

Mar.-Apr. Jan.-Apr. T
Feb.-Mar. Jan.-Mar. T
Aug. Sept.-Oct.


Feb.-Mar. Jan.-Feb. T
Sept.-Oct. Oct.-Nov. H
Feb.-Mar Aug.-Mar. T
Sept.
Feb.-Mar. Aug.-Mar. u.- T
Sept.
Jan.-Mar. Oct.-Feb. H
Sept.-Nov.
Jan.-Apr. Feb.-Mar. T


80-95


75 120-140

4 0 20-25


40


40-45


40 55-65
15(i 45-60


300(i
50
125

200


95-105
90-110
75-85

75-85


150 40-50

400 80-100


Other Vegetables for the Garden.-Jerusali-r
leek, luffa gourd, honeydew melons, and rutaba
t H-Hardy, can stand frost and usually so
SH-Slightly hardy, will not be injured by I
T-Tender, will be injured by light frost.
I Tomato varieties best adapted to staking.


oke, Brussels sprouts, cassava, chayote, chives. dandelion, dash-en, dill. ftenrin, garbanzo bean, garlic, herbs, kalo,
te clobe artichokes. asparagus, and rhubarb not well adapted to Florida.
zing 132-FI without injury.
hsts.


This Public document was promulgated at a cost of
$652.00 or .J326 per copy to inform home gardener on
vegetable production.


COOPEF.ATlir ii~[.~ ;ilCN IIO) K IN :RJl.i T ...MI L..OWO.?'I\i:
I heLr 1.1 M.. 6 uar. Iljr ll
.. i.r..L a:- r,:.." r .. I i '* i-a-a
.,] LirI, LM L] i.Let r, n..fl .V r. 4',


Beets


I


q







seal the fumigant in the soil. Fumigants should not bN
. applied to soil that is too wet or cold.


"Nematicide
D-D, hidden n D
Telone


EDB


Nemagon
Fumazolne




1\'irlex






VPM
\'aupai


Rate/100 Ft. Remarks
1 ,i- l, ,.r oz. M ix with fuel oil,
kerosene. ur mineral
spirits. Wait 14-21
days before planting.
cup or Same a- fur L-D.
2,I oz. except do not apply
for onions.
I ,z. liquid Mix tlth vj.i ter. \'ni
.' cup granules 7 d'av I...fore- planting
120' ) DO NOT usJ for
1 ; cup gran- onions, garlic, beets,
ul-s ( 10r"- ) potatoes, sv.eetpotatoe!
and peppers.
2 cups Same as for D-D.
Covering row with
plastic for 7 days after
treatment helps. Also
controls weeds, soil
fungi, bacteria, and
insects.
2 cups Same as for Vorlex
except can be mixed
with water.


PESTICIDE PRECAUTIONS

Consider all pesticides as potential poisons. They
should be applied strictly according to manufacturers'
precautions and recommendations. Always wash
vegetables from the garden thoroughly before using.
Use pesticides only as necessary to control insects and
diseases and stop applications during the harvesting
season. Store pesticides in their original labeled con-
tainers. Keep them out of the reach of children and
other irresponsible persons.

The listmg of specific trade names here does not constitute en-
dorsement of these products in preference to others containing the
same active chemical ingredients.

Prepared bvh

J M. Stephens in cooperation with workers of the
Institute of Food and Agricultural Siences


COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN
AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
(Act of May 8 and June 30. 19141
('j3pe.ra ulE E teir, in Srnrlc Unir,, uci ul Flonda.
Flr'lda %lale L1niermilr and
L'nil-d altn DOpartnierar, of Aicre ullure Cupertrelin
JIu N Bu-b% Dean




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