Group Title: Circular ;
Title: Meeting labor shortage thru efficiency of farm help /
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102028/00001
 Material Information
Title: Meeting labor shortage thru efficiency of farm help /
Series Title: Circular ;
Physical Description: 4 p. : ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Traxler, J. O
Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Publisher: University of Florida, Division of Agricultural Extension
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla
Gainesville, Fla
Publication Date: 1919
Copyright Date: 1919
 Subjects
Subject: Agricultural laborers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by J.O. Traxler.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "March, 1919."
General Note: "Florida Cooperative Extension"--P. 2.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00102028
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 226300994

Full Text



March, 1919


COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN
AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
DIVERSITY OF FLORIDA DIVISION OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND UNITED
STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COOPERATING
P. H. ROLFS, Director


MEETING LABOR SHORTAGE THRU EFFICIENCY
OF FARM HELP

BY J. O. TRAXLER
Farm Help Specialist
The conclusion of a great war has brought upon our American
ople many obligations, and the adjustment of conditions from
war period to one of peace is being accomplished rapidly.



Supply comfortable homes for farm help.
Require your help to produce the necessary elements
of food, especially milk and vegetables, which are so
essential.
Pay your help according to results produced.
Treat your help kindly; be firm, but always polite and
courteous in giving instructions.
Train your help to become expert.
Give your help a reasonable amount of responsibility.
See that entertainment of the right kind is provided.
Make definite plans for the year's work.
Keep a good supply of tools, machinery, and farm im-
plements on hand.



The lack of efficiency in the available farm help is a stumbling
dock to our southern farmers. With the shortage of help, the
importance of efficiency is doubly significant. We, in Florida,
lave been accustomed to having all the help we needed and
when we needed it, and to change rapidly from that condition to
me of help shortage places us where we are unprepared to meet


*cular 6







Florida Cooperative Extension


the emergency. Cheap wages may never again prevail and
should employ every means for the contentment of help, there
measurably taking care of inducements offered by. higher co
pensations..
Some suggestions for improving the efficiency of:farm he
are offered here. All of these suggestions have been tried out
some of our most progressive farmers and found to be effect
Efficiency of farm help may be divided into several subject
and they are discussed briefly here in the order of their pro
nence.
CONTENTMENT OF HELP
The most important element of contentment is a comfortab
place to live. This applies equally with white or colored hel
tho of course colored help is more easily satisfied. In many cas
the building of a new house, tho cheaply constructed, has do
wonderful good for employers who had previously been havi
trouble in retaining help. This applies particularly to employee
who keep the same help for a year or so at a time, and use n
only the men but all members of the family.
We find, especially where families are employed, a great ai
of contentment is for them to have something they can call their
own or for which they are held responsible, such as a cow, so
pigs, chickens, or a garden. Many farms have enough fee
grasses and forage going to waste to feed a cow for each family
employed on the farm, yet the help goes without milk, the mo
essential human food. Give your help a cow to care for, if the
are unable to purchase one. A good garden is too often ove
looked by both employer and employee. A garden should always
be a part consideration of every labor contract. A pig can b
fed from the waste food from the kitchens, and is therefore profit
able from every standpoint. Chickens are so generally kept tha
everyone expects help to keep them.
Kind treatment is absolutely one of the essentials of con
tentment for farm help, and without it one need not expect
efficiency.
Another element of contentment of help is entertainment. The
usual method of allowing each Saturday for a day off duty is
considered wasteful. This matter can be improved if some loca
society will take up the subject and designate one day of eact
month as a day for entertainment which can be held at the
usual community meeting place. School houses have proven th(







Circular 6, Meeting Labor Shortage


gical place for such gatherings and should be used where con-
enient. Programs could be arranged for the benefit of the
ider people and games and races for the children. This would
ave not only a good effect on social needs but would allow three
ays each month otherwise wasted for performing the usual
arm work. This system is already being practiced successfully
n some sections of our state.
The matter of wages in the contentment of help is considered
y the best authorities as of secondary importance. In fact,
here other elements for contentment are prominently adhered
o we find very little disturbance positively traceable to wage
scales.
PLAN WORK
Efficiency enters into the accomplishments on the farm as
uch thru proper planning of farm work as thru any other one
thing. Make definite plans, if possible covering the entire season.
elect the ground for specific crops in rotation and decide on the
ethod of preparation and culture. Provide the necessary im-
plements and secure the help in advance of operations.
Plan to raise livestock and market the farm products on foot.
This is a year-round proposition and makes possible such a
distribution of labor. Successful farmers definitely plan the work
for their farm help far in advance. This employs the mind of the
help and leaves little or no time for them to think of things
detrimental to their efficiency.
There are always jobs for rainy days on the farm. Keep
these in mind and work on them during rainy weather.

TRAINING
Trained or skilled farm help is a great factor in efficiency.
This is accomplished only from experience. My suggestion is to
select men who show qualifications and competency, and use
these men in respective lines of work until they become expert
or trained.
TOOLS AND IMPLEMENTS
The matter of good modern tools and implements with
which to work is very essential in securing efficient service.
Select the implements which are practical and will do the most
work with the least number of operators. One man can take
the place of two or more if supplied with proper machinery.







4 Florida Cooperative Extension

Keep the tools and implements in good working condition, there!
getting the best service from the use of them.

RESPONSIBILITY
Natural instinct teaches us to appreciate the confidence place(
in us by.others. This confidence demonstrated thru responsibility
seldom fails to serve a good purpose. Make your help personallU
responsible for success or failure and you will get the best service
possible for them to render.




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