Group Title: Circular ;
Title: Corn planting /
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102025/00001
 Material Information
Title: Corn planting /
Series Title: Circular ;
Physical Description: 2 leaves : ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Spencer, A. P ( Arthur Perceval )
Publisher: University of Florida, Division of Agricultural Extension
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Florida
Gainesville, Florida
Publication Date: 1918
Copyright Date: 1918
 Subjects
Subject: Corn -- Planting -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by A.P. Spencer.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "March, 1918."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00102025
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 226232096

Full Text





COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN
AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA DIVISION OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND UNITED
STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COOPERATING
P. H. ROLFS, Director


CORN PLANTING
BY A. P. SPENCER
Corn should be planted as early in the season as weather and
oil conditions permit. The early plantings are usually more pro-
uctive than late plantings. However, there is nothing to be
gained by planting before the soil is warm enough to germinate
he seed readily and to give good growth. If the soil is cold, the
young corn will turn yellow and grow very slowly, which may
result in an uneven stand; whereas, if the soil is warm the seed
ill germinate quickly and the plants will grow off strong and
rigorous at once.
Except in the most southern part of Florida, the planting sea-
on will commence about March 1 and end about April 15. Very
frequently, however, good crops are grown when planted later;
ut, because of the greater injury from the corn worm and of the
crop not maturing before the summer rains begin, late planted
corn is more uncertain.
SEED
Florida corn usually matures its seed and most of the kernels
will sprout when tested. Nevertheless, all seed corn should be
tested before planting, as there will be a marked difference in the
rate of growth of seed from different ears taken from a single
field. If the test kernels make slow growth, they are likely to
make even slower growth when planted in the field. A small
plant may die if the weather conditions are not the best. If the
soil becomes unusually dry, the weaker plants will grow along
slowly, and will likely not yield more grain than replanted corn
usually does.
Seed should come from field selected ears. It is then possible
to select the ears from stalks that have grown two or more ears,
which is desirable; whereas, if the largest ears from the corn crib
are taken for seed, most of them will come from single ear stalks.
DEPTH TO PLANT
The depth to plant will depend on the moisture conditions in
the field at planting time. On rolling sandy land, which is usually
dry during the spring months, it is a good practice to plant in the
bottom of a shallow furrow, making the seed bed six inches below
the surface. This assures the seed being placed in a moist soil
and if covered three inches deep it is likely to germinate at once.


March, 1918


ircular 3








s the corn grows, the dirt can be filled in around the stalks
which will make the field level again.
On flatwoods or poorly drained lands it may be advisable to
ant on a low bed, otherwise, too much moisture may hinder
rmination by keeping the soil cold. This bed may be for a
ngle row or it may be twenty or thirty feet wide and separated
Water furrows. Planting on level ground and covering the
ed about three inches deep is a good general practice on most
irms.
DISTANCE TO PLANT
The distance to plant also depends on the moisture conditions
nd the fertility of the soil. Thin sandy land, lacking in humus,
ill require wide planting. Under such conditions, the rows
would be five feet apart and the plants two feet apart in the row.
Summer legumes are to be planted between the rows, they may
e six feet apart.
On land capable of producing twenty-five bushels an acre the
ows may be four and a half feet apart and the plants fifteen to
went inches in the row. If the field is to be planted in checks,
here should be one stalk in about every seven square feet. When
moisture conditions are good and the soil rich in humus much
loser planting may be practiced safely.
PROTECTION FROM BIRDS
Larks and blackbirds do much damage in corn fields just when
e small plants are beginning to show above the ground. They
ig down beside the young corn plant to eat the kernel. The
damage is likely to be greatest near hammocks or timber where
uch birds are more plentiful. This injury can be avoided by
creating the seed with pine tar. To two gallons of hot water add
s much pine tar as water will dissolve. More of the pine tar
vill dissolve if sal soda is added to soften the water before the tar
Poured in. The seed may be treated in a half-bushel measure or
Scan be spread out on the floor. The tarry water is sprinkled
ver it, the corn is stirred to get a thoro coating of the tar on each
ernel. If too much is applied and the corn is made sticky, a
mall amount of ashes sifted into the pile of seed will overcome
his difficulty. After the seed is dry it may be stored or planted
it once. The birds object to the tar and will not pull up the
plantss unless they can eat the seed.
FERTILIZING BEFORE PLANTING
If the corn is to be fertilized with commercial goods, the most
)f the amount should be applied ten days before planting. Re-
)eated applications of fertilizer are not usually necessary, as
;here is very little leaching of the soil during the spring months
ind the corn plants probably take up the fertilizer as rapidly as
t becomes available. Heavy applications of fertilizer immedi-
itely before or after planting may injure the germination of the
reed. In case the crop shows a need of more ammonia, one hun-
Ired pounds nitrate of soda or seventy-five pounds sulphate of
ammonia an acre may be broadcasted to advantage about June 15.




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