Group Title: Bulletin / University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station ;
Title: The Peen-to peach group /
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Title: The Peen-to peach group /
Series Title: Bulletin / University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station ;
Physical Description: p. 499-519, 3 leaves of plates : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Hume, H. Harold ( Hardrada Harold ), 1875-1965
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Lake City, Fla
Lake City, Fla
Publication Date: 1902
Copyright Date: 1902
 Subjects
Subject: Peach -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
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Statement of Responsibility: by H. Harold Hume.
General Note: Cover title.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00101433
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Resource Identifier: oclc - 18156098

Full Text




BULLETIN NO. 62. JULY 1902

FLORIDA

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION.



THE


PEEN=TO PEACH GROUP


.- .:d from seds of hi.
best variel.-,. '
SOne -of the greatest. criosities; among
of the many kids of this most excellent fruit,














WJe.
thei r






By H. HAROLD HUME.


The Bulletins of this Station will be sent free to any address in Florida upon
application to the Director of the Experiment Station, Lake City, Fla.


DeLand, Fla.:
E. O. PAINTER & COMPANY,
1902.









BOARD OF TRUSTEES.


GEO. W. WILSON, President ................ Jacksonville.
F. E. HARRIS, Vice-President.................. Ocala.
J. D. CALLAWAY, Secretary .................. Lake City.
C. A. CARSON, Chairman Executive Committee, Kissimmee.
J. R. PARROTT ............................. Jacksonville.
E. D. BEGGS ................................... Pensacola.
L. HARRISON .............................. Lake City.



STATION STAFF.


T. H. TALIAFERRO, C. E., Ph.D ................. Director.
H. E. STOCKBRIDGE, Ph.D ................. Agriculturist.
H. K. MILLER, M. S ........................... Chemist.
H. A. GOSSARD, M. S ..................... Entomologist.
H. HAROLD HUME,B.Agr.,M.S. Botanist and Horticulturist.
CHAS. F. DAWSON, M. D., D. V. S ......... Veterinarian.
A. W BLAIR, M. A ................... Assistant Chemist.
W. P. JERNIGAN ................ Auditor and Bookkeeper.
C. S. BROCK ................ Stenographer and Librarian.
LUCIA MCCULLOCH, B. S. Asst. Biologist and Asst. Librarian.
JOHN F. MITCHELL ............ Foreman of Station Farm.
JOHN H. JEFFRIES.. Gardener in Horticultural Department.
LouIS DEGOTTRAU, Supt. Citrus Experiments at Boca Raton.










CONTENTS AND SUMMARY.
Page
F rontispiece .................... ........ ......
Photograph of illustration of a peach of the Peen-to group
found in Downing's Horticulturist, February 1847. The
first illustration published in America of a peach of the
group.
Introduction .... ............ ................... 505
Growth and future of the peach industry; importance and
adaptibility of the Peen-to group.
The Peen-to Peach in England ................... 506
Introduction into England early in the 19th century.
History of the Peen-to Group in America............ 507
An introduction was made, probably from England. by Wil-
liam Prince, of Flushing, N. Y., sometime previous to 1829.
This was the flat peach of China. Peen-to seeds introduced
by P. J. Bercksman, of Augusta, Ga., in 1869. From these
a peach was raised which was called Peen-to. This peach
became the progenitor of the Peen-to group of peaches.
Characteristics of the Group ................ ..... 508
Quite variable in their characteristics; an early group, for
the most part ripening before July I5.
Varieties ................ .............. ...... .508
Twenty-four varieties listed and described. Many of these
have disappeared from cultivation. Some new varieties de-
scribed for the first time.
Recommendations ................ ............. 519
For Southern Florida: Angel. Waldo, Bidwell's Early,
Bidwell's Late, Dorothy N., Jewel, Maggie. Peen-to and Su-
ber. For Northern Florida: Angel, Bidwell's Late. Jewel
and Waldo. Hall and Rival recommended for trial. For
Coast Region of Texas: Angel. Jewel and Waldo.
Acknowledgements ................ ............ 519




PLATE 1.


The Peen-to,(reduced) "Introduced into the South in 1869."









The Peen-to Peach Group.


Introduction.

Peach culture, as an industry in Florida, has now as-
sumed very considerable proportions, despite the many ob-
stacles which have had to be overcome. When attempts
were made in this state to grow the varieties adapted to and
planted in the great peach growing districts of the more
northerly states, failure was almost always the result. Much
effort was wasted in the vain attempt to compel varieties
totally unsuited to our exacting conditions, to grow where
they would not.
That the peach industry has reached its present status
is largely due to two things, the untiring efforts of a few
men interested in the work, among whom must be mentioned
G. L. Taber of Glen St. Mary and T. K. Godbey of Waldo
and to the introduction of the Peen-to and Honey* varieties.
These with those of the Spanish* race, selected seedlings
from varieties introduced by the Spaniards long ago, consti-
tute fully two-thirds of the varieties listed by our nursery-
men and the orchards of the state show a far greater pre-
ponderance of varieties of these groups.
The Peen-to group of peaches is essentially adapted to
sub-tropical conditions and they are peculiarly Florida peach-
es. With the exception of the parent and progenitor, the
Peen-to, every member of the group has originated in the
state, and Florida must be credited with giving to the world
an interesting and exceedingly valuable group of fruits.
The group is limited in its adaptations to the state of

*Considerable work has been done on these groups, which will constitute a second
publication on peach growing in the state


Bul. 62-2






BULLETIN NO. 62.


Florida, coast regions of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi and
Alabama, in brief to Pomological District six and the ex-
treme southern portion of District five as defined in the
Catalogue of Fruits. of the American Pomological Society,
Bulletin 8, Division Pomology, U. S. Department of Agri-
culture.
But even within the above defined area the adaptation
of the different varieties is to a very large extent a local mat-
ter. While some varieties of peaches succeed over a very
large area and under what appear to be widely different con-
ditions, on the other hand, as is the case with the varieties
of the group under consideration, many peaches are adapted
to very restricted areas. The recommendations as given in
the latter part of the bulletin are based upon results obtained
by the orchardists of the state.
A few years agol, the author would have hesitated great-
ly before publishing anything in regard to peaches on ac-
count of the destruction wrought by the San Jose scale. But
that insect is no longer considered as a menacing factor in
peach growing. The excellent results obtained through the
various means of control as outlined in Bulletin 61 of the
Florida Station by H. A. Gossard have changed the whole
phase of the question. We are now in a position to say that
Florida can control the early peach market and can compete
successfully with other states in the sale of late varieties.

The Peen-to Peach in England.

The Flat Peach of China, evidently a peach of the Peen-to
group and with which the name Peen-to was considered syn-
onymous by Downing was introduced into England some-
time early in the I9th century. What was believed to be
the first fruit produced in England was grown by Mr. John
Braddick and exhibited before the London Horticultural So-






THE PEEN-TO PEACH GROUP.


city1 in 1820, under the name Java peach. The tree came
S from Mr. Kirke, a nurseryman, who secured the variety from
Java. The variety is also referred to by Lindley2 and
Knight3.

History of the Peen-to Group in America.

The first peach of the Peen-to group was introduced into
this country by William Prince of Flushing, New York,
proprietor of the Linnean Botanic Garden and the author
of several important works on Horticulture. The introduc-
tion was made sometime previous to 1829 for in his "Trea-
tise on Horticulture" published in that year, he says: "About
twenty trees are in possession of the author, which have been
inoculated from the original introduced by himself." It is
highly probable that Prince secured his original tree from
England.
Downing refers to the Peen-to peach but his description
is not true for that variety as we know it. He had probably
never seen the fruit and certainly he had no trees in his
possession at the time of the publication of the second
edition of his "Fruits and Fruit Trees of America," 1885. In
the foot note at the bottom of page 638, he says: "Should
any one of our amateurs now possess it, we shall be much
gratified to receive buds of it." A foot note conveying the
same sense is found on page 5oo of the first edition, 1850.
All traces of the first introduction by Prince are lost and
it is to P. J. Berckmans. of Augusta. Ga.. that we owe this



1. Trans. London Hort. Soc., Vol. IV, 512-513, PI. XIX., 1822.
2. Trans. London Hort Soc Vol. V, 549, 1824,
3. Trans. London Hort. Soc., Vol. V, 271-273, 1824. *A letter from Knight
to the Secretary, received. Jan. 7, 1823.






BULLETIN NO. 62.


valuable group of peaches in the South. In 1869 Mr. Berck-
mans secured seed from Australia and from this seed, a
peach was grown which was called Peen-to. While succeed-
ing in South Florida this Peen-to peach was not a success in
North Florida for, though .growing luxuriantly, a crop of
fruit could not always be depended upon because of its early
blooming habit. But from the parent variety has sprung a
number of seedlings well adapted to the different parts of
the state.

Characteristics of the Group.

The trees are vigorous, upright in habit, prolific, and
well covered with foliage. After fruiting for a number of
years the heads become more open and spreading. The
leaves are long narrow, pointed, finely serrated and with
reniform glands at the base. The flowers are large and pink
and are produced in great abundance. The fruit, with the
exception of that produced by the Peen-to and one or two
others, is roundish in outline, occasionally blunt pointed.
The flavor of those varieties which more closely resemble
the parent Peen-to have a decidedly or slightly noyau flavor.
In other varieties this flavor is entirely lacking and it may
be acid, sub-acid or sweet. The skin is easily removed and
the stone may be -either free or cling. For the most part
they are well colored and of good appearance. The.ripen-
ing period of the varieties of this group (known at present)
extends from April to the middle of July or a little later
though by far the greater number of varieties mature their
fruit by July I.

Varieties.

About twenty-two or three varieties of Peen-to peaches.
have been catalogued by Florida nurserymen. The cata-






PLATE II.


"The Waldo is one of the best Varieties for North Florida."






THE PEEN-TO PEACH GROUP.


logues for the winter of 1902 listed about fifteen varieties.
* The catalogue of the Florida State Horticultural Society
gives ten varieties. Many of the varieties at first listed by
nurserymen have given place to better varieties and many
of them have entirely disappeared from cultivation.
The description of the Peen-to variety the progenitor of
the whole group, is given first, after which the varieties are
arranged alphabetically.
SThe past season has been one of extreme drought
throughout the whole State of Florida. In consequence the
peaches have been undersized and due allowance will have to
be made in the measurements, because of this fact.
PEEN-TO (Berckman's cat. 1873 and 1877).
Flat or very decidedly oblate; medium to large,
in size I-I 13xI6 or Ix2, frequently reaching three
inches in diameter; cavity broad, shallow, reddish or green;
stem short, stout; suture narrow, short, extending about half
way to the apex; apex depressed, depression broad and rath-
er shallow, suture side extending below the level of the apex;
skin velvety, tough, rather thin, easily removed, bitter; color
yellowish green, washed with red on exposed parts; flesh yel-
lowish white, firm, but melting and juicy; stone cling; rather
deeply pitted and furrowed, small, flat, 3-8x11-16; quality
very good; flavor sweet, sometimes decidedly noyau; season
May 15 to June I.
The tree is rather upright in habit with slender branch-
es, 1-eaves long, narrow, pointed and finely serrated.
Described from specimens received from W. E. Embry
of Dad'e City, Fla. The Peen-to peach is adapted only to
South Florida unless protection can be given it.
Introduced into the South in 1869 by P. J. Berckmans,
Augusta, Ga.
ANGEL. (Taber's cat. 1891-92).
Rounded; size medium or large, 2xI 5-i6xI 7-8; cavity






510 BULLETIN NO. 62.

rather broad, shallow open, stem short, stout; suture short,
shallow extending from cavity to periphery about 3-4, re-
mainder indistinct; apex blunt, rounded or very slightly
tipped; skin very fuzzy before ripening, smooth and velvety
afterwards, thick, not bitter; color a light creamy tint wash-
ed with red on exposed parts; flesh firm, white, juicy, stone
free, pitted, short, oval, brown, medium sized, I I-8xI3-16-
x5-8; quality excellent; flavor agreeable, slightly acid; sea-
son June 15 to July 4.
Tree open headed and a heavy bearer, requires thinning,
a good shipper.
Described from specimens gathered in the orchards of
J. Allen, Hampton, Fla. and of Thomas Williams, Waldo,
Fla. ana from specimens forwarded by William Macklin,
Dinsmore, Fla. The specimens on account of the extreme
drought were undersized.
The Angel peach was grown from seed of Peen-to by
Peter C. Minnich of Waldo, Fla. The original tree was
secured by G. L. Taber of Glen Sit. Mary, Fla., and by him
propagated and distributed.
BARR'S EARLY. (Taber's cat. 1892-93.
Barr's Early Daisy. (Taber's cat. sup., 1888-89).
This variety appears to have disappeared from cultiva-
tion. The following description is copied from Taber's cata-
logue 1891-92: "Seedling of Peen-to; resembles Bidwell's
Early in shape; size medium to large; showy in appearance;
sub-cling. Quality excellent and claimed to be a prolific
bearer. Matures one week later than Peen-to."
Originated by Col. John Barr of Micanopy, Fla.
BARR'S LATE. (Taber's cat. sup. 1890, listed).
Barr's Late Daisy. (Taber's cat. 1891-92).
Described in Taber's catalogue for 1891-92 as follows:
"Seedling of Peen-to; resembles Barr's Early, but matures
two weeks later. Quality excellent." This variety has dis-






THE PEEN-TO PEACH GROUP.


appeared from nurserymen's catalogues and is no longer
S planted in commercial orchards.
Originated by Col. John Barr, of Micanopy, Fla.
BIDWELL'S EARLY. (Taber's cat. 1887-88).
Roundish oblong, size medium to large, 2 3-8x2 I-8x2
1-16, 2 I-8x2 I-4x2 1-8; cavity abrupt, open, rather wide,
of medium depth; stem short; suture inconspicuous in some
specimens, in others extending about half way along the
side, shallow; apex rounded with a small recurved point;
skin velvety; color creamy white colored deeply red on ex-
posed parts; flesh firm, medium white, juicy; stone cling,
thick, oval, medium size, Ix3-4x5-8; quality very good;
flavor sweet, agreeable with slight noyau flavor; season May
20 to June 5:.
Described from specimens received from Walter Coop-
er of Sorrento, Fla.
Originated by the late A. I. Bidwell at Arlington, Fla.
from seed planted about 1882.
BIDWELL'S LATE. (Taber's cat. 1890-91).
Round or roundish oblong; side large; color yellowish
white; flesh meaty, juicy; stone cling; quality excellent; sea-
son June 15 to July I.
Originated by the late A. I. Bidwell at Arlington, Fla.
CLARA.
Oblong rounded, large, 2 1-8 in diameter; cavity rath-
er deep, abrupt, of medium width; stem short, stout; suture
almost entirely lacking, represented by a slight depression
about a half inch long; apex rounded, oblique with very
small tip; skin velvety, easily removed; color yellowish, quite
red on exposed parts; flesh firm, white, melting slightly
tinged with red beneath colored parts on skin, juicy; stone
free, large, oval, pointed, I 3-I6x3-4x5-8; quality very good;
flavor sweet slightly noyau.






BULLETIN NO. 62.


Described from specimens received from C. C. Shooter,
Earleton, Fla.
An early peach of fair quality originated by T. K. God-
bey of Waldo, first fruited in 1900. A seedling of the Waldo
peach.
DOROTHY N. (Taber's cat. 1901).
Specimens of this variety have not been seen. The fol-
lowing notes are taken from the catalogue referred to above.
Nearly round; size large; flesh yellow; stone free; flavor rich,
sub-acid; quality fine; season July 5-15.
Originated by G. H. Norton of Eustis, Fla.
EARLY ARLINGTON. (Taber's cat. sup. 1890-91).
In the place referred to above this variety is simply
priced and the author has not been able to obtain a descrip-
tion of it.
FLAT PEACH OF CHINA.* Prince Treat. Hort. 16-17 1829.
(Downing, Fruits and Fruit Trees of America. 500. 1850.)
Chinese Peach, (Cat. Fruits Lon. Hort. Soc. 96. 1831.)
Java Peach, (Trans. Lon. Hort. Soc. 512-513. 1822.)
Peen To, (Cat. Fruits Lon. Hort. Soc. 96. 1831.)
A very singular variety from China, where the garden-
ers affect all manner of vegetable curiosities. The fruit is of
small size, about two inches in diameter, and so much flat-
tened at the ends that only the skin and the flat stone re-
mains, the fleshy part being crowded on either side. The
tree is of rather dwarfish habit, and holds its leaves very late.
The fruit is of very good flavor and is well worth a place in
the gardens of the curious.
Leaves with reniform glands. Fruit small, so much flat-
tened as to form a deep hollow at both ends, having at the
top a singular broad, rough, five-angled eye. Skin pale yel-
lowish green, mottled with red on one side. Flesh pale yel-

"The references given are the earliest in American literature. For English refer-
ence see Trans. Lon. Hort Soc. 512-513, 1822.






THE PEEN-TO PEACH GROUP.


low with a circle of red round the stone (from which it sepa-
* rates), sweet, juicy, with a slight noyau flavor. Beginning
of September. Flowers large. (Description copied from
Downing, see reference above.)
The variety described by Prince, Downing and others
under the above name and with which the name "Peen-to"
was considered by Downing and others as synonymous is
not the Peen-to peach as we know it in this state. Since the
variety known in Florida and adjoining states under the
name Peen-to originated from seed, this is not to be wooder-
ed at.
In strict adherence to the rules of Horticultural nomen-
clature, our Peen-to peach should not be so called. The name
however has become firmly established, the "Peen-to" of
Downing and English writers is unknown to us as a variety
except through their writings. Hence the name Peen-to for
our variety may be allowed to stand in American Pomologi-
cal literature.
A close reading of the descriptions given above and on
page 509 will convince anyone that the conclusions regarding
the identity of these varieties is correct. The frontispiece is
from a photograph of a cut used by Downing in an article on
"New and Singular Chinese Peaches" in The Horticulturist,
Feb., 1847, page 382-384.
FLORIDA'S OWN. (Taber's cat. sup. 1888-89).
This variety is no longer cultivated but in the supple-
ment referred to above it was described as follows: "Seed-
ling of the Peen-to, size large, shape nearly round, appear-
ance handsome, skin white overspread with carmine. Flesh
sweet, juicy, rich and melting. Sub-cling. Quality excel-
lent. Claimed to be as early as the Peen-to and very prolific;
the original not having missed a crop in four years. A few
peaches of this variety that have been shipped North have





BULLETIN NO. 62.


brought exceedingly fancy prices and received pronounced
endorsements from consignees."
HALL.
Hall's Yellow.
Oblate rounded or somewhat oblong; sixe large 2 5-i6x
2 3-6x2 5-16; cavity broad, open, and shallow; stem short,
stout; suture shallow or almost lacking, 3-4 inch long, nar-
row; apex rounded; fruit bulged at one side near the apex;
skin quite fuzzy before maturity, when matured velvety; not
bitter; color chrome yellow washed with red on exposed
parts; flesh meaty, firm, not very juicy, yellow, red about the
stone with radiating lines for about 1-4 inch; stone free,
large, brown, oval, pointed, thick, I 3-16x7-8x3-4; quality
excellent; flavor pleasantly acid very agreeable; season
June 15 to July I.
Described from specimens received from E. H. Hay-
ward, DeLand, Fla. This variety is a good free stone peach
in many respects resembling the Elberta. It was originated
by R. C. Hall of Volusia county, and is certainly worthy
of attention.
JEWEL. (Taber's cat. 1895-96).
Roundish oblong; medium to large, 2 3-16x2XI 15-16,
2 I-8xI 3-4xl 3-4; cavity of medium width, abrupt, open,
rather deep; stem short, stout; suture frequently lacking, if
present short, narrow, and deep; apex blunt pointed, point
abrupt, short, and recurved; skin velvety, not bitter, easily
removed; color creamy washed with red on exposed parts;
flesh whitish slightly red about the stone, juicy; stone free,
reddish, oval, one inch long; quality excellent; flavor sweet,
agreeable of good character; season May 20 to June I. A
good market variety. Though earlier than Waldo. it is quite
reliable even in North Florida.
Described from specimens received from Walter Coop-






THE PEEN-TO PEACH GROUP.


er, Sorrento, Fla., C. C. Shooter, Earleton and Wm. Mack-
* lin, Dinsmore, Fla.
The Jewel peach is a seedling of the Waldo and was
originated by T. K. Godbey of Waldo, Fla. It was first fruit-
ed about 1894 or '95. The variety was selected as being the
best in an orchard of 5oo Waldo seedlings. It blooms before
and with the Waldo but ripens its fruit about two weeks
earlier.
JUNE BEAUTY. (Taber's cat. sup. 1888-89).
In Taber's catalogue sup. for the season of 1888-89 this
description is given: "Seedling of the Peen-to. Follows
Maggie in maturity. Sub-cling; shape roundish oblong.
Size medium to large."
Originated by Peter C. Minnich of Waldo, Fla.
KITE.
Oblong, large, 2 I-4x2 I-I6x2 3-16. 2 3-8X2 3-16x2
1-8; cavity large rather abrupt, medium depth; stem short;
suture wide, short, of medium depth, extending one-half or
three-quarters inch" along the side; apex rounded with a very
short tip situated in a very shallow depression; skin velvety,
quite fuzzy before ripening, thick and easily removed; color
creamy washed with red on exposed parts; flesh firm, melt-
ing, creamy, slightly pink around the pit, juicy; stone cling.
Ix3-4x9-16: quality medium, rather lacking in character:
flavor sweet, lacking in acidity, no trace of noyau; season
first two weeks in June.
Described from specimens received from C. C. Shooter.
Earleton, Fla.
This variety was originated by Robert Kite of Waldo
and was first fruited in 1885. In speaking of it Mr. Godbey
said that it was the first Peen-to seedling of natural peach
shape that he had ever seen.
LAURA. (Taber's cat. sup. 1890-91).
Specimens of this variety could not be secured. It is






BULLETIN NO. 62.


mentioned in Taber's price list, season 1890-91 and described
in the catalogue for 1891-92 as follows: "Seedling of the
Peen-to, originated in this county, where it has borne heavy
crops for several years. Size very large; almost exactly
round; flesh white, sweet, juicy, and of fine flavor; cling
stone. Quality excellent. Ripens nearly with the Peen-to."
MAGGIE. (Taber's cat. sup. 1888-89).
Roundish oblong, size medium to large; cavity open,
abrupt and rather deep; stem short; suture extending about
one fourth of distance along the side to apex, at the upper
end continuous with the cavity gradually sloping off; apex
rounded, small point set in a very shallow depression; skin
velvety, thick; color very light yellow or yellowish white
washed with red on exposed parts; flesh firm, white, melting
and juicy, stone partly cling, brown, oval, large, I I-4x7-8x
5-8; quality very good indeed; flavor sweet, pleasant, of good
character; seasonMay 20 to June Io.
Described from specimens received from Walter Cooper,
Sorrento, Fla. A very good early peach ripening with Bid-
well's Early and Yum Yum, the former of which it closely
resembles.
Originated by Peter C. Minnich of Waldo, Fla.
MASCOTTE. (Griffing Bros.' cat. 1898).
Specimens of this variety have not been received. The
following notes have been taken from the catalogue referred
to above. Size large, 2 1-2 to 2 3-4 inches in diameter, nearly
round with small point; color creamy yellow washed or fleck-
ed with carmine shading to deep red on exposed side; flesh
creamy white, red about the stone, juicy; flavor sub-acid
rich; stone free; season a few days later than Waldo,.
Raised from seed of Waldo by Griffing Bros. Co. First
fruited when two years old in 1894.
ORLANDO. (Taber's cat. sup. 1890-91).
The variety is listed but no description is given.





PLATE III. 1


Fig. I.-Angel-"Tree. open-headed and a heavy bearer.


Fig. II.-A young Yum Yum orchard at Hampton, Fla.





THE PEEN-TO PEACH GROUP.


QUEEN OF THE SOUTH. (Taber's cat. sup. 1890-91, listed,
Taber's cat. 1891-92.)
This variety has been replaced by better ones. It is
described thus in the catalogue referred to above: "Seedling
of Peen-to. Size large; nearly round; flesh sweet and of
good flavor, cling stone. Ripens a week later than the
Peen-to.
RIVAL.
Rounded oblong, rather flattened at both base and apex,
'ze large, 2 I-8x2 5-8x2 3-8, 2 I-8x2 I-4x 2 5-16; cavity
Road, shallow, sloping gradually; stem very short,
stout; suture almost entirely lacking, represented by a slight,
broad, shallow depression extending for about one-half inch
down the side; apex flat with a very slight depression; skin
velvety, free from bitterness, thin, easily removed; color quite
yellow chrome.) washed with dull red on exposed parts;
flesh yellow, red about the stone, firm and juicy; stone free,
brown, oval, thick, pitted and abruptly pointed, I 5-16xI3-16
xi i-i6; flavor sweet with slight acid, agreeable; season
July.
Described from specimens received from E. H. Hay-
ward, DeLand, Fla., July 16, 1902. The leaves are large, long,
narrow, pointed and finely serrated.
SUBER. (Taber's cat. 1896-97).
Oblong rather rounded; large, 2 I-8x2x2, 2X2 I-8x2;
cavity rather narrow, abrupt and deep; stem short; suture
narrow, shallow, extending about one-third the distance
along the side; apex rounded; skin velvety, leathery, separat-
ing easily; color creamy yellow flushed with pink on exposed
parts; flesh whitish, firm, meaty; stone cling; quality excel-
lent; flavor sweet, slightly noyau, good character.
Described from specimens received June 13, 1902 from
J. P. Mace, Lake Helen, Fla.
The Suber peach was originated by a colored man of the





BULLETIN NO. 62.


same name at Lake Helen in Volusia County, Florida. The
variety is one of the best for the southern part of the state.
WALDO. (Taber's cat. sup. 1888-89).
Roundish oblong, medium to large, small when not
thinned, 2 I-4x2 I-I6x2, 2x2x2 1-16; cavity narrow, rath-
er abrupt; depth medium; stem 1-4 long; suture sometimes
lacking, when present 3-4 or less in length, shallow, narrow;
apex blunt pointed, tip sometimes recurved; skin velvety,
leathery, easily removed, free from bitterness; color yellow
specked or washed with a delicate tint of red on exposed
parts; flesh yellowish white, slightly pink about the stone;
juicy; stone free, reddish, oval, pointed, medium size, I I-4x
3-4xi-2; quality excellent, flavor sweet without noyau; sea-
son May 25 to June 10 in North Florida.
Described from specimens received from J. Allen,
Hampton, Fla.; Wm. Macklin, Dinsmore, Fla., and Walter
Cooper, Sorrento, Fla. The Waldo is one of the best varie-
ties for North Florida. It is inclined to overbear and should
be carefully thinned.
The Waldo peach was originated by T. K. Godbey of
Waldo, Fla. The variety first fruited as a seedling two years
old in 1888. It originated from seed of the Peen-to peach but
appears to contain a certain amount of Honey strain.
YUM YUM. (Taber's cat. sup. 1888-89).
Rounded oblong; size large, 2 I-8x2 I-4x2 1-4; cavity
rather wide, sloping, medium depth; stem short; suture shal-
low or lacking, if present extending to the periphery; apex
blunt, rounded, indented with an indication of a tip set in
the shallow depression; skin velvety, leathery, quite smooth;
color very light creamy tint specked and washed with deli-
cate red deeper on more exposed parts; flesh white, firm,
meaty, juicy; stone cling, oval, thick, I I-8x3-4x5-8; quality
very good; flavor sweet with pleasant mixture of noyau;
season June I to 20.
Described from specimens gathered in the orchard of





THE PEEN-TO PEACH GROUP.


J. Allen, Hampton, Fla., June 24, 1902. A very good peach.
In general characteristics resembling Bidwell's Early, Mag-
gie and Sub-er.
Originated by Dr. Cushing of Waldo, Fla.

Recommendations.

In the Southern part of the state Angel and Waldo have
given good satisfaction but such varieties as Bidwell's Early,
Bidwell's Late, Dorothy N, Jewel, Maggie, Peen-to and Su-
ber should be planted. Bidwell's Early, Jewel, Maggie and
Suber appear to be the favorites at present.
In the northern part of peninsular Florida, Angel, Bid-
well's Late, Jewel and Waldo are the most successful varie-
ties. Of these Angel and Waldo are perhaps the most reliable
and can be depended upon to give. satisfaction. Hall and Rival
which closely resemble each other and which ripen with and
later than the Angel should be given a thorough trial. The
region to which they are adapted has not yet been determin-
ed but they are both varieties of every fine quality, and
should be planted wherever they will succeed.
For the coast region of Texas, Angel, Jewel and Waldo
are recommended.

Acknowledgements.

In conclusion I desire to acknowledge the kindly help
rendered by Mr. G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary, Fla., and by
Mr. T. K. Godbey, Waldo, Fla., as well as by many others
whose names are mentioned in the foregoing pages. Prof.
John Craig of Cornell University and Prof. H. C. Irish of
the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, have assisted with
i!otes and references and to them I also express my appre-
c!ation of their kindness.
H. HAROLD HUME.
























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