Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Site analysis
 Building description
 Design considerations
 Functional requirements
 Codes and standards

Adaptive-use proposal : Women's gymnasium, University of Florida
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00101117/00001
 Material Information
Title: Adaptive-use proposal : Women's gymnasium, University of Florida
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Hardy, Deirdre J.
Publisher: Deirdre J. Hardy
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1977
Copyright Date: 1977
Subjects / Keywords: Historic preservation
Architecture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Architecture -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
University of Florida -- Women's gymnasium
Coordinates: 29.650437 x -82.346895
General Note: UF AFA Historic Preservation document 191
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UF00101117:00001

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Title page
    Table of Contents
        Table of contents
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Site analysis
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Building description
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Design considerations
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Functional requirements
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
    Codes and standards
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
Full Text





. I



.... 1

...................................................... 3

SITE ANALYSIS ....................
INTERVIEWS .......................
CODES AND STANDARDS ..............
Existing Structure ............
Proposed Adaptive Use .........
REFERENCES .......................

...... ....... 8
............ 10
............ 13
............ 18
............ 25
............ 31
............ 38









............ 43
............ 50
............ 57


The first University of Florida gymnasium, which originally doubled as an i
auditorium and meeting space, is today known as the "Women's Gymnasium."
This gymnasium was part of the original campus plan of 1906 which was aided
in its conception by P.K. Younge, the Chairman of the State Board of Control.
The focal point of this plan was the area where two curvilinear roads inter-
secting the campus passed closest to each other. In this area was to be
erected the main administrative building.

The idea of a comprehensive plan for an extensive group of buildings was 4I
originally given great impetus with the opening of the Columbian Exposition
in Chicago, slightly more than a decade earlier in 1893. The plan was a
consistent whole enhanced by a selected "style" of architecture and by I
certain units limiting the height and proportions of buildings.

The style chosen for the University of Florida, with Younge's influence,
was Tudor-Gothic which was most flexible in allowing a variety in treatment
for the many different buildings planned but still retaining a general
atmosphere of harmony. The Gothic allowed for freedom in admitting the
various sizes of rooms housed in the same building such as classrooms and
laboratories, and for the great amount of light these spaces needed. During
this time a strong tendency was built up favoring the Tudor-Gothic for
collegiate and other institutional establishments. Hence the term Collegiate
Gothic, which was exemplified in dining halls at Princeton University, the
Chapel at the University of Chicago, the Harkness Memorial Quadrangle at Yale,
as well as the Law Courts Building at the University of Michigan.

From his work on the earliest development of the campus plan, William A.
Edwards of Atlanta, Georgia, was the principal architect for the University
of Florida. Edwards took on a partner in 1914, a Mr. Sayward, with his
increased work on the campus. The primary contractors were Hollady and

The original intended use of the Women's Gymnasium as both a gymnasium space
and auditorium required Edwards and Sayward to design an open space free of
columns. The building's style of Collegiate Gothic necessitated arched windows
and its use, good ventilation. Thus the building's greatest asset the large


open-spanned interior space which is both bright and airy eventuated. This
space is reminiscent of a medieval great hall although the steel trusses
which in 1955 replaced the original timber ones detract from that atmosphere.
Still, the building suggests itself as the locusof events of pageantry and
conviviality. Inherently, then the Women's Gym suggests adaptive uses for
itself a dining facility, playhouse, faculty club, etc. all of which are
consistqa.g*with the original design concept.

Thus it is not surprising that the three graduate students who participated
in the Maintenance Survey of the structure have chosen themes similar to
thesefor their proposed feasibility studies. John Bellamy chose to study
adaptation of the Women's Gym as a Faculty Club. Alan Urda and Deirdre Hardy
chose to study its possible use as an experimental theatre since Dr. Hooks
of the U.F Department of Theatre and Speech was most convincing in his argu-
ments that the Theatre Department needed such a facility to ensure its students
practical epxerience in all types of theatrical production. Special-thanks
are due to both Dr. Hooks and Dr. Wehlburg for their help in determining the
functional requirements of an experimental theatre which is also an
educational facility.




The Women's gymnasium was designed in 1918 by Edwards and Sayward and was
constructed on the site allocated on the 1906 campus plan. Since the
eastern facade of the gymnasium building terminated an important east
to west campus axis, its design was carefully considered as a landmark.
Serving to establish a sense of place to the visitor and student alike,
it was designed to be (and still is) an important part of the campus
scene. Designed in the Collegiate Gothic style, the Women's Gymnasium
exemplified the architectural taste of its day the emphasis for
facade design, with symmetrical placement, decor, and ornate stone trim.

This brick and cast stone structure of three stories (one of which is
mezzanine) was design so that the main floor was to be used as an
auditorium and gymnasium. A gallery extending around the whole room
provided space for the spectators at gymnastic exhibitions. The base-
ment contained a directors room, rooms for both the University and visiting
teams, locker rooms, shower-baths and toilets.

The most outstanding feature, the east facade, includes the principal
entrance characterized by a central tower feature having a niche at the
top. A tall three story Tudor-Gothic arch cants back to an entrance
arch with two window levels above, which are divided into three bays
by two tall buttresses rising to the skyline and terminating in stone

The north and south facades were designed with five bays of high seg-
mented tudor arched windows that permit the intrusion of natural light
and cross ventilation. Operable clerestory windows were designed con-
tinuous with the length of the roof structure and provided additional
light and ventilation. Due to financial limitations at the time of
construction, the building contains few features of architectural merit
on the interior. However, the exposed trusses provided an exciting sense
of space and structural expression.

This building was built to be used both as the gymnasium and as the
temporary University Assembly Hall (auditorium). Although the second
floor auditorium was never large enough to meet the needs of the student fA
body, many famous persons lectured in the building. One of the best
known today was William Jennings Bryan. Even after the construction of IlI
the University Auditorium, the gymnasium space was used as a movie theatre.
Also built to serve as a basketball stadium, the building proved to be
too small by the 1920's and another building was constructed to replace
it in this capacity. The new sport had been seriously pursued at the
University of Florida since 1916. The building has served its primary
function as a gymnasium and locker rooms since its construction. When
the University became coeducational in 1947, the gymnasium was converted
for use by women students.

The structure of the Women's Gymnasium consists of load-bearing masonry
walls reinforced with buttress-piers below bearing points of the
roof supports. Exterior ornament consists of cast stone trim and coping
on buttresses and crennelated parapet. The bricks were laid in American-
common bond consisting of one header course for every five stretcher
courses which is four wythes thick. The exterior is of light orange
brick which was produced in Southern Georgia. The roof type has always
been gable with clerestory as documented in 1919 photographs, and was
originally supported by wooden trusses.

Remodelling in 1955 consisted of replacement of the roof supports, as
well as other minor structural alterations. This resulted in the present
series of steel trusses and clerestory windows as well as the concrete
bond beam topping the brick work. Since the original plans have been
lost or misplaced over the years, only the 1955 alteration drawings
prepared by Cambell, O'Kelly and May, Architects, of Gainesville are
available for historical analysis today.

Remodelling in 1955 stabilized the basic structure, while certain details
of this work created moisture problems that plague the building today.

___ _ _ __ ______ _ ____|j


For the most part, these problems are minor and correction would be
simple (see "Design Considerations"). The primary aspect of this problem
requires a modification to the parapet walls and overhanging eaves.
Resultant deterioration is taking place on interior brickwork, window
subframes and floors requiring immediate attention. Most of the l-
remaining problems stem from the present use of the building due to
excessive humidity levels in and around the shower facilities on the
lower level.

The remodelling in 1955 also included the addition of a corrective
gymnasium floor support system in the lower level to free the floor
from the exterior load bearing brickwork. However, the steel lally
columns supporting I-beams, which in turn support the wood frame floor
system above, do not rest on adequate foundations (see "Design Considerations")

The years following the 1955 remodelling included the addition of
many haphazard interior partitions built by inexperienced University
of Florida personnel. In addition, many of these changes involve
serious building code infractions as well as creating extremely un-
sightly surroundings. Other changes included the construction of a
small parking lot East of the structure, as well as a greater intensity
of use due to increased enrollment by women in the physical education

At the present time, the gymnasium provides space for women's exercise
routines and dance classes. In addition, it provides women's locker,
shower and restroom facilities adjacent to Florida Pool. Office space
for the women's Physical Education Department is also located in the
easternmost portion of the building on both levels. In 1968 new
electrical wiring as well as a fire alarm system with emergency exit
lighting was added. However, the present situation does not meet the
strict "code" requirements for the building's present occupancy
(see "codes").

The Mezzanine level, which originally was designed with a sloping floor,

was covered with a new level floor system during the 1955 remodelling.
Since that time, this space has been closed off to the public and used
as storage for the Physical Education Department. A narrow balcony f
surrounding the entire gymnasium has not been used since 1955 but is #
still in excellent structural condition. The actual gymnasium space uRg
has remained essentially unchanged and is much the same as originally
designed, with the exception of an asphalt tile floor covering.

The relationship of the women's gymnasium to its surroundings, includ-
ing its important space defining role to the southwest (Florida
Gymnasium, Florida Pool and Florida Field), comprises a complex of
harmoniously related elements which have evolved over time. This
athletic complex is an important building group that, in addition to
establishing a sense of place to the alumni of the University of
Florida, provides a tight knit of related facilities of historical
significance to the campus. (See back cover photo)

On December 3, 1976, a proposed building demolition schedule was in-
cluded in the 1977-78 Legislative Fixed Capital Outlay Request. In
order to justify the construction of a Mass Seating/Natatorium Facility
the Women's gymnasium was scheduled to be demolished in the Summer of
1979, according to the report. This demolition request was the direct
result of a planning policy dictated by the State University System (SUS)
which requires departments to remain under certain square footage per
student budget limitations. Thus, older buildings are demolished to
obtain capital outlays from the State of Florida for new buildings needed
on campus. In addition to the Women's Gymnasium (13,840 gross square
footage), Chapman Hall, the Weather Lab, Building "R", and the Wind
Tunnel were planned for demolition to meet the formula NASF requirements.

As a result of this report, three graduate students in the College of
Architecture (Preservation Program) performed an extensive building
analysis of the Women's Gymnasium. The evaluation included evaluation
of all pertinent components and maintenance deficiencies. In addition
to verbal documentation, the study includes photographs, maps and plans
which are keyed to the findings (see Volume I of this document -
Building Analysis and Maintenance Report). A careful study of the report

is proof of the lack of periodic common maintenance by the University
of Florida. In addition, the lack of maintenance has greatly acceler-
ated deterioration which will be progressively more difficult to check.
The philosophy of poor maintenance may be designed to further justify
new construction.

The future of the Women's Gymnasium is in doubt due to the projected
opening of the mass seating facility/natatorium in the fall of 1979.
The Women's Physic.! Education Department is scheduled to vacate the
facility and move to the Florida Gym sometime during 1979. Thus, a
new use for the building must be found which also would involve the
responsibility of meeting all governing codes and standards.

The replacement cost of a gymnasium facility such as this was found
to be $342,025. When valued by the square footage methods vs. $398,808
when valued by the volumetric method (see Economic Feasibility Study).
This does not totally justify saving the structure for an adaptive
use due to the costs of meeting codes and standards, requirements of
the handicapped, and to correct the maintenance deficiencies. For this
reason, an economically feasible as well as compatible new use must
be found.

WOMEN'S GYM (See back cover photo)

The Women's Gym is located in the extreme northwest corner
of the central campus behind the dormitories. The Women's
Gym begins the athletic complex which includes Florida pool,
field, gym, and Yon Hall. The north facade parallels Stadium
Road and is near it's intersection with Fletcher Road.

Being a collegiate, gothic building, the W.,omen's Gym has a
strong central axis running east/west. This axis is on line
with the axis located to the east in the Rathskeller area.
How-ever, at present this relationship can't be realized due
to an insensitive parking lot design immediately to the east
and Fletcher Road which acts as a psychological barrier.

Relationship to
When considering the Women's Gym relationship to it's sur-
roundings the location of Building "R" can not be minimized.
At present this building and the Murphree dorm area maintain
the same kind of space located across Fletcher Drive in the
Rathskeller area. The scale ties the two spaces together to
create a quadrangle which the Women's Gym terminates. Of
course, the drive and poorly planned paDr-inc lot intrude upon
this area offering a very real psychological barrier. Moreover,
in the near future Building "R" will be removed to make room
for an even larger parking lot. The loss of this building will
wreck the only positive aspect occurring adjacent to the
Women's Gym. Building R's removal will definitely have a
negative effect, on the other hand it will also increase the
visibility of the little gym and it's readibility to the
rest of the campus. Also, an even stronger relationship
will then exist between the Women's Gym and Florida Field,
the gym, and Yon Hall. If this relationship is to be reversed
then a tie to the central campus must be made, possibly by
connecting the separate axis through redesigning the existing
parking lot. Modifying the parking lot may be justified too
considering some changes must take place for the handicapped.
For an in-depth study of handicap access problems refer to
"Design Considerations".

Physical Problems: C-
At present the slope of the surroundings is the single
largest problem. Basically, the slope works down from
the east parking area toward the west around the building
leveling off at the pool. That occurs on the east,
south and west sides of the building, while the north
side slopes down toward the south and the building causing
moisture problems with the wall and floor. Foliage
around the building at this time represents no threat
to the foundations or the walls.


FOUNDATION: Poured concrete footings with steel reinforcing continuous

under exterior load bearing walls and individual poured concrete footings

under double row of steel columns at third points of cross section spaced

evenly East/West at 14' intervals.

EXTERIOR LOAD BEARING WALLS: Rose colored brick 4 wythes thick trimmed

with Collegiate Gothic style limestone coping on buttresses and crenellated


ROOF STRUCTURE: Steel trusses supported on concrete tie beams poured in

place on load bearing walls and bolted to plates on exterior of Western C

and East walls with steel bearing plates. no

ROOFING MATERIAL: 3" thick Zonalite concrete roof slabs and bulb tees on

steel truss framework, covered by asphalt shingles.

GYMNASIUM FLOOR: Supported by steel columns longitudinally and steel I

beams with 16" deep wood joists 2'0" on center covered by wood sub- and

main flooring.

MEZZANINE: Wooden frame perimeter balcony suspended from the steel roof

truss and supported by the load bearing walls.

VENTILATION SYSTEM: Operable double hung glazed wood frame windows

throughout. Clerestory windows in roof structure are steel framed,

frosted glazed panels operated by pull
floor level.

CIRCULATION: VERTICAL; Monumental wooden stairway in South-Eastern corner
from ground level to mezzaninecontinuous. Two wooden straight run, narrow
stair passages from gym. floor level to grade level on Western wall.
HORIZONTAL; Ingress and egress facilitated by double wooden
out-swinging doors in main Eastern facade, and double wooden panelled
doors glazed with three vertical panels each in upper half of door provide
access in the Western wall to the Florida Pool area.
Interior doors are either panelled or hollow-core

wooden doors.
The hardware used throughout is not significant.

PLUMBING: Two vent stacks; 1 at N.'. corner exposed on
interior of building, and the other located inside chase on Southern facade.
Toilets and shower facilities existing are located
on ground floor along Southern and Western perimeters of building.
EIFCTRTCAL: House service panels located in mechanical room
adjacent to chase at mid South wall. Circuit panels indicate service has
been updated twice since initial installation. All in-service wiring is
encased in flexible metal conduits throughout interior of structure.
Convenience outlets are wall-mounted exDosed metal boxes. Switch oxess are


ey and chain system from the gym.





likewise wail-mounted ana exposed on load Dearing walls, and mounreo flus-, 2
on stud partition walls.
HEATIPG: BuilT-., has no cooling system and steam neazing
pipes are exposed on tne gr.cind fl'r. Heat is supliied by central
University of Florida steam-generating plant through the sub-surface
infrastructure. The gymnasium- soace and the offices are heated by
by cast-iron radiators iocat e on ts. .al- :..... windows. Ceiling
mounted projection heating units are used on tne ground floor in the
locker and classroom and fe. scac s.
I' .,.- .'. ... "' -^ C Ie:e-e are ,inr c.,-
mounted air conditionr i unis 1,ccted- in one winde.' of eac of tne
faculty offices, on the croun. and gyc. floor leva's, three in ia_.

__ __ 12


Introduction *i

When Edwards and Sayward designed the Women's Gymnasium they tried to
provide a fine open-spanned space at an economical price. The major
amount of brick and cast stone Gothic ad ornment is located on the east
facade with Gothic features and window detail on the north and south facades
too. The inside is of mediocre quality with no outstanding features. The
entry spaces and private offices are finished in plaster, while the gym space
and others have painted rough brick walls. Basically, the Women's Gym is
a simple design originally providing auditorium and gym space. This makes
a conversion to many types of small public assemblies a viable solution,
especially considering that such a plan would take advantage of the original
design concept.

Wood was used for the floor structure of the gym and mezzanine. Although 0
the gym floor is supported at the masonry walls and at third points across
it's width by steel pipe columns, and the mezzanine is stabilized by the 1955 5
addition of steel trusses. Wood is also used for the window and door casings,
stairs, trim and some non-bearing partitions. The partitions were added to
provide improvised locker rooms and offices. Unfortunately, all the interior
woodwork has been covered with paint matching the walls, or in the case of
the floors covered with linoleum.


The exterior of the Women's Gym is basically of an average quality brick
with cast stone trim and detail. The stone work is in good condition, but
covered with a dark fungus and loose dirt. In general, the condition of
the brick is also good though having fungus stains in the mortar. However,
at the parap .et corners some bulging is occurring due to water intrusion
at the roof, and some cracking in the rear (west) wall caused by tension/
compression forces of the truss bracing. The roof slopes and flashing
will have to be studied and the paraphet corners rebuilt, and the forces
on the rear wall need to be stabilized. Overall, cleaning the brick to
remove the surface dirt and fungus should be sufficient to bring the exterior
to a stabilized point. This would be preferable to a more drastic measure
that could ruin the integrity of the walls. Some careful testing must be
done to insure that a suitable cleaner is found.


The exterior doors are all wood and have no particular design value. The
entrance doors, front and rear, are in the best condition with only minor 0
water damage to the lower portion of the door and frame. However, the door
and frame located on the south facade is very deteriorated due to water,
poor maintenance, and several modifications. All the doors and frames are
painted the same exterior white and have gone for a long period of time
without fresh sealant at the masonry. Considerations will have to be
weighed between design and simple maintenance as to whether these items can
or should be reused.

The windows presently existing in the Women's Gym are in serious condition,
and great thought will have to be given to as to their reuse or replacement.
Much of this decision will be based on the kind and amount of mechanical
conditioning used in the space. For example, the large pointed arch windows
occurring on the north and south facades will have to be replaced. These
windows are not weather-tight due to wood frame deterioration, lack of
c hulking, broken panes and improper maintenance. The sills are so badly
deteriorated that they currently allow rain water to enter the masonry wall
system causing interior peeling and cracking of the brick. To recondition 0
these windows would not be feasible and if air conditioning were deemed
necessary a new energy-efficient window system similar in character to the
original is required. The other windows on main floor and mezzanine especially
on the east and west facades are in fair condition. These windows can be
reconditioned by sill replacement, c aulking and painting. Although, special
individual study will be needed in looking at each window (example: removal |-
of window A/C units and the replacement of missing sections of frame).
considering the amount of glass area, serious thought should be given to
the type and quality of the replacement. Possibly, a double sealed glazing
type should be considered, similar to Twindow (trade-name).

The roof, redesigned in 1955, seems to be intact, but there are signs of
leakage at the east and west walls. At this time, a guess would be that
problems are occurring at the curb and flashing to the original masonry wall.
Further study will be necessary since a permanent solution is mandatory, as
these problems only become apparent over an extended period of time. The
actual roofing fabric, asphalt shingles on the lower portions and built-up
gravel above the clerestory, will have to be checked on carefully which has
not been possible to date. Again, thinking of nearly full-time mechanical
conditioning the present roof on lightweight concrete desk doesn't offer
proper insulation. Suspended flush mounted types of insulation will have
to be studied as to their particular effectiveness and appearance.

The site calls for several alterations in the immediate future. Building "R"
located just southeast of the Women's Gym is scheduled for demolition and
replacement by a parking lot. This change will cause a monumental increase a--
in the scale of the area and it's effect must be carefully measured by the
designers. With this happening very soon, there is also the possibility
of the Florida Pool being removed. One item for further study and of great
importance is the severe slope and poor drainage near the east facade. (for L
a deeper study of these problems see "Site Analysis")

Access for the Handicapped

Access for this segment of the population will have to be given careful lK
consideration. The ground floor at grade presents no real problem, but (
the main gym space is located one story above. Since this would be the
major floor to the public in any possible solution some means is needed to
make the space barrier-free. This would call for an elevator, since presently
none exists, and since ramps would be too extensive to rise 12 feet or more. 0
Even though off-street parking is available at the site some leveling of the
parking slope must be considered. Also, some curb changes must be considered U
for access along, with the water problems brought on by these changes. The
surface of the existing parking area is hard enough, but possibly not smooth
enough for wheelchair use. However, all these problems are fairly minimal
and essential to bring the building up to code requirements. Entry and interior
doors at present meet the code, although some sill modification right be
necessary. Public restrooms are the largest problem facing the designers. mm
At present the restrooms can be made-do at best. None offer wheelchair
accessibility, nor do they offer a convenient location for the public.
Great consideration will be necessary early in the project as to accessibility
and servicing the restrooms.


The floors on ground level are of non-slip ceramic tile in the entry, class-
room area, with exposed concrete in rear lockerroom and the showers. The
ceramic tile is in good condition except for the classroom area which has
been patched in five or six different places. There are cracks in the
concrete area near intersecting walls probably from interior settling. Any
settling though seems to be confined to only these minor cracks. The floor
structure of the main gym and mezzanine are wood construction covered with
asphalt linoleum. At present the gym floor doesn't meet code for fire


protection of this construction and it would have to be altered from under-
neath to comply. This could be done fairly easily and is no major threat
to the building's feasibility. However, one problem of this floor is not
understood at present, that is the addition of steel pipe columns along the
north and south exterior walls. We have been unable to discover any docu-
ments proving the date of the columns, but they appear to be recent. The
real problem is that we don't know the reasoning behind their addition.
A guess would be that maintenance discovered some evidence of floor ledger
problems at the wall, and a built-up beam was added supported by the columns
and resting directly on the slab, without additional foundation work. This
kind of loading on an old continuous foundation designed only for concentric
weight could possibly cause a slow structural failure. In any case, the
need for these additional columns must be carefully studied, and if possible
any problem at the wall should be corrected so the columns become unnecessary
and can be removed. The mezzanine floor and the perimeter catwalk are also
of wood construction covered with wood flooring and have plastered ceiling
below them. This flooring is supported at the masonry walls and also from
the steel trusses above. These areas are in good condition and provide
usable space, however, the fire marshall will limit us to using only the
mezzanine space. A possible non-public use of the catwalk system could be
a mechanical delivery space. Further study needs to be given to the catwalk
system when uses of spaces can be Dinned down. The original mezzanine had
a sloped floor which has been built-up level for purposes other than seating.
At present, we believe the main level is covered with a good wood floor under
the linoleum which is in bad condition. The possibility of usinq the covered
wood floor is a design decision worth future consideration.

The plaster work in t.,e. women's gym is not of an exceptional quality and
really adds only a more finished look to the spaces that contain it.
Few spaces actually contain plaster on all wall surfaces, these are the
public circulation areas and some offices. The plaster is finished in a
rough sand texture and covered with a thick aqua blue or sand oil-based
paint, that covers nearly all other surfaces including the exposed rough
masonry bearing walls. The condition of the plaster for the most part
is very good, with only small problems at specific locations. These problems
are located around (mostly under) windows in non-conditioned spaces, and
are chiefly due to rain water intrusion into the building through open
windows. Some damage is also due to moisture intrusion through badly de-
teriorated frames. To correct these problems new windows must be added
and careful maintenance precautions must be followed to not repeat the
past mistakes.





Trim, Doors, Hardware

Much of the original hardware seems intact where modifications have not .2
occurred. Usually when items were moved or repositioned the original
hardware disappeared and/or was replaced with contemporary types. However,
this is seen as no great loss since the original quality was not that great.
Much the same can be said as to the doors and trim. When changes were made
these items too were abandoned and no care was taken to match their detail
or character. Of course, all this woodwork was covered with the same
paints used on the rest of the interior. Studies should be made as to the
original finishes applied to these surfaces.


The existing stairs in the Women's Gym are of all wood construction and of
a rather simple design. The open stairwell in the front foyer employs the
most design quality and is in good condition. However, some study will have
to be given to securing the squeaking treads when movement is occurring.
This stair can be used, without much work, as an exit by sealing it off
in the existing foyer enclosure. The two rear stairs, without landing, lead
down to the exit doors located in the west facade. These stairs are of lesser
quality using a simple bracket mounted steel tube for a railing. Again,
without totally rebuilding these stairs, they too can be used to meet exit
requirements. The treads on these stairs will have to be studied as to
code, and the underside must be fire-rated and enclosed. Again, none of I-
the stairs have missed the paint brush and some thought should be given s
to the original finish.

Lighting Fixtures

Few if any original fixtures remain in the Women's Gym due probably to the
rewiring of the building over the years. Although the fixtures are of a
mediocre quality, they do provide fairly good illumination. These fixtures
are also in good working condition and should remain in spaces where aesthetics

INTERVIEW WITH MR. HERSCHEL SHEPARD, Consultant Architect, Department of Architecture,
Preservation Program, University of Florida concerning the adaptive use of the Women's
Gymnasium. g

i! el
On October 19, 1977 Herschel Shepard accompanied the team members D. Hardy and A.
Urda on inspection tour of the Women's Gym. The exterior of the building was examined

first and found to be in good condition. The collegiate gothic details were determined

to be limestone.

Recommendations made by Mr. Shepard for the exterior included: -

1. Re-grading the surrounding area to improve drainage and alleviate further

water damage to the lower walls by dampness.

2. A "grand stairway"/landscaped walkways/patio resurface between the building

and the immediate adjacent areas to improve approach for handicapped code

requirements and alleviate water damage problems.

3. Consider appending stair and elevator tower to building and include mechanical

chase, and possibly handicapped restrooms.

Examination of the interior prompted the following list of recommendations for that


1. Make structure energy conservative by insulating roof, replacing existing windows

with operable double glazed windows on North and South and clerestories. Keep

existing windows East and West but remove AC units; repair frames and reputty

and paint.


2. Sprinkle for fire protection.
3. Fire-rate wooden gym floor and rear stairs.
4. Sandblast blue paint from interior walls and leave natural surfaces.
5. Leave gym floor as is unless plans describing alterations to structure can
be found to determine what was done to this system when steel columns supports
were added.
6. Mr. Shepard advised against increasing size of balcony.



Team Members Present: John Bellamy, Alan Urda

The main concern of this visit was to further investigate structural problems first

discovered during our maintenance study. Of primary concern, were the added pipe columns

and built-up wooden beams along the north and south exterior walls. Upon investigation

with a flashlight we found that originally no ledger beams existed. Instead of these,

wooden lintels wereset into the brick walls to span window openings with the joists being

toe nailed into the lintels. Between the joists and nailed up to the lintel was wood

blocking for additional support. Noticable problems existed at the joists, such as

evidence of rotting ends and shrinkage. These problems caused two joists to pull back

from the wooden lintel reducing the effectiveness of the connection, thus bearing surface

had to be increased and was by the addition of columns. Mr. Shepard felt that since no

stresses currently appear in the floor slab and no failure seems probable the best course

of action was to leave it alone.

Another area of concern were the bulges at the corners of the parap et walls. We

traced the location of steel bracing connections to the wall and found that the bracing

fell much lower than the bulges. From this observation the problem seems to lie in the

built-up corner curbs. However, this is speculation since no one has been on the roof

as yet.


Mr. Shepard, pointed out by visual inspection that we have a good quality cast
limestone. Also by visual inspection, the brick appears to be the type manufactured
by prisons of Withlachooche.
He also expressed dismay over the eixsting parking lot, especially to slope and
drainage conditions. !I 'r




Team Members Present: A. Urda, and D. Hardy

On October 25, 1977 Alan Urda and Deirdre Hardy met with Mr. Bob Lee representative

of the State Fire Marshall's Office, and Mr. Gordon Nuce, University of Florida Fire

Prevention Officer at the Women's Gym.

Recommendations made by Mr. lee required to bring the building up to current code

standards include:

1) Spray trusswork with fire protective coating.

2) Change wooden rear stairways to metal and enclose with fire rated construction and


3) Sprinkle interior.

4) Use entry foyer as fire tower by enclosing with fire-rated doors at each level.

5) Append stair and elevator tower to building if using balcony space.

6) Wooden gym,floor must be fire protected.



Team Members Present: D. Hardy, A. Urda

On October 27, 1977, Dr. Hooks, Chairman of the Department of Theater discussed the

adaptation of the Women's Gymnasium for use by his department as an experimental theater/studio/

rehearsal space.

Dr. Hooks considers the Theater Department most critically needs a large open space,

devoid of any encumbrances, in which students studying directing could create their own

theatrical environments. The gym floor of the Women's Gym would be ideal for this use.

Other spatial requirements include a classroom with stackable furniture leaving a free open

space sufficient to double as a stage-sized rehearsal space, changing rooms for both sexes, a

dance studio and office space for three faculty members.

It is Dr. Hooks belief that adaptation of the buildings to Theater Department use will

not require greater expenditure than that needed to bring the building up to code requirements, j

for no major structural changes are needed and the more anonymous the experimental theater

space the better it will be suited to its new use. i


Team Members Present: D. Hardy

During an interview with Dr. Ruth Alexander of the Physical Education Department,
Dr. Alexander expressed interest in adapting the Women's Gymnasium for use as a Physical
Condition Testing Facility that would be open to all members of the university community,
students, faculty and staff. A
This function would make good use of the open-span space and existing locker and
changing facilities could be easily converted for use by both sexes at minimal cost.
Natural ventilation is required by a Physical Condition testing facility but insul ation

improvements could be made to the roof system to make the building more efficient.
Thus the major costs would be incurred in bringing the building up to code requirements,
for the use proposed by Dr. Alexander virtually continues the present use of the gym and
requires only minimal alterations.


IF -

Functional Requirements

Consultation with Dr. Hooks, Chairman of the Department of Theatre and Speech
revealed the Theatre Department had requested adaptation of the Women's Gym
to their needs because having assimilated the Modern Dance Program into
their department necessitated a large open space for a studio. Dr. Hooks
stated the Department of Theatre and Speech also needed an experimental
theatre space where students could practice the art of directing and producing
contemporary theatre. Since the Women's Gym had been the studio of the
Modern Dance Program since its inception and that same space could be easily
adapted to experimental theatre use Dr. Hooks had requested the Planning
Division of the University to allocate that space to the Department of Theatre
and Speech.
Dr. Hooks recommended that ideally the facility required a combination of:
-dance studio/experimental theatre space.
-dressing/shower rooms for both sexes.
-classroom and co-curricular oracticum space.
-work shop/storage facility.
-offices for instructors and graduate students.

To refine this list of suqqested spaces, Dr. Wehlburg the Director of Constans
Theatre on the University of Florida campus was consulted and the following
spatial needs and interrelationships evolved.
Experimental Theatre Space
-of sufficient size to accommodate stages of the following configurations made
up of 4'x8' modules, 7" high.
-20' x 20'
-40' x 12'
-circular or hexagonal 20' diameter.
-seating of the easily movable, stackable variety to accommodate 150-200 persons
-this space should be as "anonymous" as possible to allow the directors
producing shows to "do their own thing" as creatively as possible unhampered
by existing facilities.






Dance Studios consultation with Ms. Rusti Brandman, the Director of the C
Modern Dance Program revealed the following:

-area 60'x60'. E

-height of space 20' clear overhead.

-Floor wood, ideally of spring construction.

-Walls mirrored on three sides to a height of 8' (must be covered during
theatrical performances because of lighting reflections and actor's

-Ventilation natural if possible.

-Light preferablylatural lighting.

Changing Facilities

-Area to accommodate 10-15 people of each sex with toilet, shower, dressing
facilities and make-up counter 30" wide for each person.

-Special Requirements sturdy, open clothes racks for costumes. Small locker
for each user.

-Ventilation variable, to allow extra air changes when shower in use and *gg
users have been engaged in physical activities.

-Exhaust to outside needed for above reasons.

-Lighting stage make-up lighting to be provided at individual counter spaces C
otherwise sufficient for bathroom type use.

Make-up Laboratory

-May be combined with make-up counter section of changing facilities. Provide
additional exhaust (make-up odour cloying).

-Make-up storage facility in area that is constantly air conditioned.

I d

Maintenance/Shop Area

Area: 400 sq. ft. minimum

Tool Storage: security locked

Special construction: exhaust and fire rated construction for storage of
combustible materials. Proxi.mal to service delivery area.


Area: sufficient for audience of 200 persons.

Special requirements: -as remote as possible from stage area because of noise
and vibration; one restroom of suitable size and equipment for use by
handicapped persons must be provided on each floor open to public use.

Ticket Sales Cubicle/Production Manager's Office

Area: 100 sq. ft. May be combined with chair storage area which could do
double duty as cloak room for performances open to public. U

Ushers/Cloak Room C

Area: minimal see above .2

Special requirements: first aid equipment.

Classroom/Rehearsal Space

Area: sufficient to accommodate various configurations of stage shape as C
described for theatre space plus minimal circulation space around that

Special requirements: wood floor, blackboard, stackable chairs for 30-35 persons.

Director's Control Area C

Area: variable.

Special requirements: Must have visual control of stage area. Location of
electrical control panel for stage manager's use. Electronic audio facilities
interconnected between this location and each of following:

-lighting technicians
-green room m-
-changing rooms
-stage. access to lighting grid necessary from Directors Control Area. 0 =

Green Room

Area: 150 sq. ft. approximately.

Special requirements: proximal to stage area. Equipped with toilet if
possible (actor's get nervous waiting for cues.) Coffee/snack facilities;
comfortable chairs and relaxed atmosphere.

Storage C

Costume: sufficient for one production's costumes (usually 10-15 characters) 0
proximal to change rooms. I

Chair: sufficient area to enclose two stackable chair dollies each 5'x3'x46"
holds 96 chairs. U

Properties: proximal to stage; wide, open shelving.

Dais Modules: minimum 10' wide doorway; area 10 x 9' deep to contain two 2
stacks of 4'x8'x7" modules. II

Lighting: proximal to catwalk and balcony areas.

Office Space

May be open-landscape with cubdclteareas for 4 instructors or graduate students.

Acoustical Requirements: suspended panels in ceiling and mirror covers of

_____________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ J


sufficient absorption. C

Lighting Requirements

-One catwalk with metal grid floor suspended above stage area.

-Mechanism (e.g. pipe) attached to balcony walk such that lighting equipment
may be fastened to it and focused on stage area. 4

Mechanical Room

-Each floor stacked and sound proofed.

-Equipment must be mounted by vibration-free method.

-Mechanical equipment for hydraulic elevator must be within 50' of unit.

-Stage space will require A.C. installation within truss space.

-Steam and chilled water lines currently supplied to southern side of building.

Fire Stair located at Western end of building to meet fire code requirements
for planned use of building (Type V, Class E).

As the design stage of this adaptive use progressed it became obvious that 0
the functional requirements were greater than the space available if the
mechanical equipment was to be housed within the building. Because of the
inherent vibration and auditory problems associated with this machinery
proximal to a stage use it was divided to locate the machinery outside the

The foyer space on both ground and main floors was also minimal, since for
nine months of the year Gainesville enjoys pleasant evening weather and a
stairway was needed for the public access to the mainfloor of the building
it was decided to re-landscape the area in front of the eastern facade of
the building, and incorporate in the design a patio-foyer.

It is the upper portion of the elaborate Collegiate Gothic facade which
deservedly captures the most attention, so the patio-foyer elevated stairway

I j


to the main floor also provides a good location from which to view this "M
facade at leisure. I
The elevated patio-foyer area coincidentally provided the needed external
location for the mechanical equipment which is housed beneath it, proximal
to the elevator and outside the building, thus reducing audible interference
with stage performances.
Ground level access is possible to the ground level foyer location of the
elevator thus providing easy access for the handicapped from specially
marked parking spaces located on the northern side of the patio-foyer
Thus, the landscaped patio-foyer entry solution solved several serious
problems not only of spacial needs but also elimination of the drainage
problems currently causing water damage to the eastern facade. Water run-off
from the paved parking area in this location pools in front of the lower
main door to the Women's Gym and the drainage system is unable to remove it
The proposed re-landscaping would correct this problem, solve the other
mentioned and have the added bonus of providing the university population
with a pleasant passive-recreation area which reaffirms the original axial
relationship of the Women's Gym to the older part of the campus as envisioned
so many .years ago by the planner Frederic L. Olmstead.




-Building Type V Construction
-Small Assembly Occupancy (Group-E-2)

I. Scope: Summary of the Southern Standard Building Code (1976)
for the adaptive use of the women's gymnasium. According
to the present laws of the State of Florida, the adaptive
use of an existing structure must meet all 1976 code
requirements. When two code requirements conflict, the
most stringent must apply.

II. Occupancy: Small Assembly Occupancy (Group E-2)
(408.2) defined as places of assembly having a capacity
of more than 75 persons but less than 700 persons.

III. Construction Type: Under the building code, the requirements of
"Type V" construction are most economically feasible for
"Group E-2" occupancy. Type V Construction is defined as
that construction not meeting the requirements of Type III,
but in which the exterior walls are of masonry, reinforced
concrete or other approved materials or assembly of materials
that provide of three hours and in which the interior framing
is partly or wholly of unprotected wood, or of unprotected
iron or steel.

IV. Height and Area Requirements:
(408.6) Two story limit not including the balcony which may
be up to 33% of the story area.
a) first story = 8,000 S.F. vs. 4403 S.F. o.k.
b) second story = 8,000 S.F. vs. 4403 S.F. o.k.
c) balcony = 1,466 S.F. vs. 828 S.F. o.k.

First Level 8000 NASF i
Second Level 8000 NASF (maximum allowed)
Balcony 2640 NASF
c8,640 NASF

VIII. Mezzanines:
(402.4) Not regarded as a floor unless they exceed 33% of the
aggregate ground floor area.

IX. Exit Requirements:
(1103.2) Every room or floor space occupied by 75 persons or more AF
must have two independent exits.

(1106.1) In any "Group E" assembly occupancy, all exit enclosures
may not be of less than 2-hour fire resistance.

(1107) Monumental stairs: no fire enclosure will be required under
following conditions:
a) if stairs lead only to next level above or below street entrance;
b) when stairs lead to mezzanine or balcony from the main floor;
c) such stairs are not a required part of the building exit
d) the monumental stair cannot be connected with corridors pro-
viding access to exits. Q

(1109) Balcony exit requirements for "Group-E" occupancy:
a) if seating capacity is over 50 people, at least two means of
egress are required; one from each side of balcony-leading
directly to a street or exit court;
b) stairs may be open between balcony and main assembly floor;
c) egress width (stairs) shall be the same as for other Group-E
calculations, including required maximum distance of travel.

X. Means of Egress Capacity Requirements:
Calculation of occupant loads required (1105.1)
Floor Area (SF)
Actual Occupant Load =Floor Area (SF)
Use Factor SF)


1. Balcony 828 NASF existing (assume use factor of 15SF)

Actual Occupant Load = 85 SF- 55 people
15 SF
2. Second Level 4403 NASF existing (assume use factor of
15 SF)

Actual Occupant Load = 4403 SF = 293 people
15 SF

3. First Level 4403 NASF existing (assume use factor of
20 SF)
4403 SF
Actual Occupant Load = 20 SF = 223 people

4. Total Occupant Load (building) = 571 people

XI. Corridors, Doors and Stairs means of egress minimum widths required:

1. Balcony to Second Level
a) doors and corridors -
units required = 55 = 0.55 units

egress requirements = 2 doors n 30 in. each

b) stairs C
units required = 55 = 0.73 units
egress requirements = 2 stairs 0 30 in. each

2. Second Level to First Level
a) doors and corridors -
units required = 55 + 293 = 3.45 units

egress requirements = 2 doors @ 44 in. each






balcony floor


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