Title: Abeng
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100338/00029
 Material Information
Title: Abeng
Physical Description: 1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Abeng Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Kingston Jamaica
Publication Date: August 23, 1969
Copyright Date: 1969
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100338
Volume ID: VID00029
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05001780
oclc - 5001780

Full Text

Picture shows furniture and household effects cast
ilini *ir of Housing men.

Men of Housin

make eviction R

Last wt'ek Thursday an arm
Idplic and three nmen Iloln the
fjlrn It Housing broke into the
iof t and Mr-. Williams and
hti ha Iildren in the tillage of
Igd.' l c-tmlorfeland duinn tlhe
e icid tuentovi~d their be
.r I. al dumped them in the
Jld UK ,idi
5 da. before. Mr Williami
a'aid 1i. to the housing de
t lheii ti t wis returned to hii
II cupid thil houli wsr for 9 tear-
lince Ma,\ paid 61 pounds nf
jiteiars % p sitii e effort of lis
vlfgicsne" io pas
SHltimntgh Mr It illiiams. an
tdirema aind :a killed tarpcl-lr
i tvHa S uiallih' to find a lob until
$l of this r 'ar in WiVtenlirelaund
kprish llial i ;liotst i iiuomplewiti
ilmr the ibo'idpe of lI tV I S.oi
Iutation i.to l
I Apar tIr ,' WI S co.i W l hand
dof loc:.l :nd hloinn land u barons
inate tlh parish antmong them
SP.N P P;irlia nti Ri repre-
lanti es. Ha\ den alud Hir,. wlio
Ssumgar workers mi nr II0 l and
meni S a di\ IonI t,'ir c.iane
Added to tlie qnantits the
I lands are under thil necilership
plis is thi e vi'le' thae t these
ltmentani u lanid hba(ll.n s"e for
' proper utilii/atition ,I land thAlit
luteat h\ tll'ii llllt.i trci'a l ad
J n i ul "'l) inl tol lih
Sift Participaitifon c iod he,
SThe parish is ecomomicaills
gatnised Iliere are thousands
i ienmplt d uullg and old a-
The greater portion of (ihe po
ion tice h slcuffling around
dges of sugar-like Ilies
About s.e\n wt ks ago iome
a pork was dumped in Smithl
adjoining Hatlield, and peop-
rom the surrounding area dro\i
the crows to get tie pork tor
meal. health inspector dcs
ed a cart thai was tak ig sntome
e r ieat aia ,
This is the social condition of
district and the parish that Mr.&
Williams home was broken into

In Town and Country





Poems Pressure
The follmoint poem is taken
front, a election of "Revolutionarv
Poems". published bI African You-
th Move, wiic h hta vme under the
same suspicion of legality that
ABI N(; experienced for some non-
tll Ceilain Kaie St vendors are a
fraid of being arrested for selling
this selection of poetry. probably
because the word F'RE:\OLITION-
AR\ pains the front cover, here
i nothing illegal iilout this select
lin iot ptocmi Snpport our cause.
Ibu\ ihis publication for I/- and de
lend it aganinl fdals nirlours.


for Biafra
4 Iretin ol mr I'O pcr
|Ie at. lie L ,dhurt (liunrlh Hall
last I ridc\ iigiht p;s, d i ee dt-
lio in i l support ut t t;iair, I'hlie Hi
Iran delegates lee Po toI kaht,
L -.er, Mr Feliv I t/ ,i and 1)rI Oki,
chlkwl u \ public di'us.lion on tlle
Nigerian (' il ar anC i a cIllecti n
in aid of thle chiai tis ithei n ftillw, d
fti l ei solution a licd n tilt,
tooermiiiit Piid arelt olw i c
deulin tlive act, ot ;rto Iow, ond t[I
k, up the ille it in thie Unlid Na
tio is aiid taurther Jainia ichi iluild
look to early recognition of Biafra
A Biafra Jamaicna Socit, l ot
been formed as a result oil it, 6io

On the 82nd, anniversary of
Marcus Garvey's birthday. August
17th. the first St. Ann Black Power
Conference was held at Addison
Park. Browns Town. Over 100 con-
scious blackmen came together fror
m districts all over St. Ann. the
parish of Garvey's birthfrom King.
ston. Montego Bay. The day saw im
portant discussions about how best
to advance the struggle against the
enemy of black people --merican
imperialism and its local house
The conference started onu
with greetings from those brothers
and sisters who were unable to at-
tend including Mrs. Amy Jaclquis
and the Black Solidarit (Comitittee
who were holding a comenmorati-
on at the patrtnm shrine in King-
Ganrey)' life and work was
briefly recounted Ihe brothers no
ted that ,omje of his main enemies
had been black-skinned people, Ilhi
s led to lhe main business of tin
d;ly -a discussion on the course of

Ip is l ai nd Janiicra a;' a .holet t
alon heard a rt ortl on th stirogl
in Britain
Uie covif-tncit tre-stO d 0b,
importance t sufflterr sal relrieninc
and "-.elf education ufr selt -dtleni.
iition" Black intellectuals nolst
pur thetilnsel at the service of
this imliltent or hb regarded as
oinl the vide of the enem)
Brotheril & Sister, alsou cln-
phasi/ed the inportaice of identi-
f\ ing the main enemy the ultimate
,ourcer and bulwark of oppriss iot
in Jamaica In St. Annti alone that
enemy in alliance with its two part)

houseslaves through bauxite was
plundering 60%7 of the peoples land
while hlackmen had to scuffle for
The conference a significant
milestone in the move to black uni-
ty closed with a programme of
black culture

The anniversary of Marcus Gar-
\ev s 82nd Birthday drew close to
4(i0 brothers and sisters to the
Shrine of Black Man's National Hero
oni Sunday afternoon lsti.
All man listened t t the rit ngin
notes of speeches about this Great
Black Man. Responded to the rep-
eated calls for Black Man to get
himself together and find his foot
on the road to Ilack EiTlancipation.
the sae struggle begun foiri-five
years ago by Ga-ev aid the saile
trusggle which begun three hundred
y.ars before Garney
1 he gathering heard a statement
read on behali of Marcuis IGrvev
Jar who ias absent from the counl
trs at the lime awva in thv IU S he
site mcnr. which was read by Brol
tht- Roy Philhert. antouincecd rhe
Icntinilct of the .-l 1K-V NiA I
I! NM TISI UiNION, the aimi and
hbiectiies of which are:-
I Tc preach ani! promuigate the
,hilc,ipilt"t if Black Poit'r as that
pa>,. irpt is iutlawd b it, ,rigin
at, r Alrcus G(arvt.r
. 7, n read undersanding of tihe
tnu-al ideology of taritus iarn-t;y
cullcdi 4 frihani Fitldamncntali tt.
ST lak people of frican des-
IcCit ii Jmaiica, irrespective co
,iiia,.l' r, cmpliexin, aware of then-
u, cs Ii Ajricans
i. lu itudiy the hislor', heritage
a1d I iltiure of Afthcant Peoples.
Ii 7c prootne the kntowledgItc' atId



"We wont our People to think for themselves"

Vol. 1 No. 30 August 23, 1969

Sons of Negus
"Ii t tutu i Slta. "
JBC mer refuse to broadcast
the SONS OF NEGUS programme
on the grounds that the. do not
want the doctrine of divinity of
HIM Haile Selassie to spread. This
discrimination against religious manl
is a violation of Article IX of the
Human Rightsl Charter
NOTF: At the said time'Back
to the Bible', which is a white men
programme. get free peecch.




usnc f Sw hili
6 To uittinlate the feeling oif Sr,
trhoe uod and iumtly amo ng ,I lican
people in Jamvaira
7 To a irt int ramiing the generirl
educatiinal Ireel of the Afmrca
people in Jamaica
' t titnstruci the people in the
uicn niecd l'ir an .4AIr.an i p'Iiti 'l
party ii !hib conm!i-y. rhat i a pa
i of rthe Black people by ith black
peopkl fr the blatk I'irple
911 ro mte ,operaie ati,'!/;n
amoiwntg '/ Af r.;i people w itha:
our 'rae irs takc citrol 'f Ihv
Si an jtti, Dun ci ntre
1'7o aU and avsi;: oeeu ,ad
indigo'tt .ttuan brri whenerer
a'l ht.revr tt iit, t r, i, hi6 il
I.Te pr'm, rot Ih idea :h tan
atna \h'utld be an Ajrican rRepithlnh
The \frican Nationalist Union
now takes the place of the transit
ional Black Solidaritt (o mmittt,.
sponsors of the Black aiseinbly ;t
the Shrine Presideit of thi \0I:
is Marcus Garvey Jnr.. with Brother
Philbcrt as Ist V P antd \ Curtn
is Secretary

to the meeting, he said
.li 'itru jalwher, w o I f'el idc
I V'et hs iti c 4e0t i 1ii /. 1fl111' t
;f and r. p, e r
''tid it idtl i I a iut hC)o g atII. Ith
Ti L he 1t al RIC IA :tIti -Il
1I ( AO/CM has been ournil'd li,
o \ art, itih Ict ofthit lrgaffuzatl, "n
are bas'd oi the si Tn l 'ot ale pt
that each ruciai groui has the inher-
ent right It ot}prtie III grC tilp pItol-
tn by group atilon. Thal i, the

udafee Black Aowar iet -erl en
Wi .'hai rT'-n



U.S. to aid


N. Times. June ht 1963.
The State D)epartment
announced today that an agree
-ment had been concluded in
Kingston, Jamaica, to supply
the former British colony with
"defense articles and defense
services" for legitimate self-
defense, internal security and
participation in regional coll-
'clive defense arr.nigentenlth.

Black Brothers in the

Slave Army eat this!



tells it..
lhe following is an intenriew with Robert Taylor, a
can by birth, w]ho was.held in the Sutton Street lock-up 1
\ear and three months on suspicion that lie was an alien
out on bail. Taylor has to report vvery two weeks to the
and is its appear in court next November.
lI.H4 IT 1I T I! T i i, VS Ii )R YOlUR ARRI-eST'
Yeah. as an alien Immigration business ..stowaway. Sav that
a wanted man. No long stor. Just short story. They say I was a
ted man either from Nassau. Trinidad, or America. They sent my
and finger prints all hout Then after that they changed it from
man to subsersise Thats after a %ear you know

hIHtRf DO ) OL (.it! f~ROV
Is Africa I defend I am an African I don't defend no other c
but Africa I ant to go Africa Lone time they hold me in jail I
start "ork and look mone\ cause shcni these arrest me I lose wo
evet thing.
Informer-business you know A man had money that belonged
The man feel that I not from this country so he inform on me tha
lien..So he go to police and Jus' gone with the money.
hli4- T KI\D 0 i WORK /DD YO' DO
Mtt profession is barbering but I do wharf-work.
Yes. But the main thing is I want to reach Africa.

That's a hard question you know...Ethiopia. Kenya. Tanzan
part of Free Africa.. Zambia, all over
It's hard. Never had a mattress while I was there. Did'nt get s
nt medical attention. Vnorst food I eat from I born.
IRi: YOA .4 RAST-A 4R/-IA'
%bhaleier is righteous that I am It Rasta is righteous I am it
Ins for peace and spirituality
For that's the country where all black man is from I would f
te at home I don t see why I should be penalised for such a lon
illoutl being committed.
oS 0 1 ofi 7 O0\ BAIL .1OIt"
\es Novemibel sone time e go back to Court. But I'm to che
the police every two weeks between now and then.
They were detained on the same charge-alien. They stayed a
smaely 6 months One of them whose name was Pereira. his moth
Ilis passage and the other Ernest Grant, just left a few da
I don't look war with no one Just want my farm to cultiv
cultivate and live I don't (eel I should be penalised for wantingju
through frustratin in jail I cut them up. had a nail.
I heard ahboiit Dr Dounquah So I wrote him and he came a
'd I out I .as sc k and couldn't go out. Took all 3 months beft
atmiiite to a had tooth I had. Never got no suilighlt or exercise at
Police Stadtoi, I'deiiniely not going back I don't want to go bac
s.nallv tnt idis nothing to go back,

Latest in Fashions

Si lHpz K,,ad.
T ir'agon B*i ,
Kit t-n : Ia'elephon 2417


dare to win
by K. T. KIAN. California. fortunate. It promotes racism and concepts of
class superiority.
Those of us who are familiar with the his-

truly participate actively in the economy of
that country before the revolution. Back peo-
pie were regulated to being the servants and
Jamai- slaves of the rich white Capitalist bosses from
the U.S. The Black masses in Jamaica today, are
for one in a similar position and it is our historical duty
. Nows to change this. The Capitalist system has mou-
police Ided black students at our institution of higher
learning who although aware of the suffering of
their black brothers and sisters have refused to
take positive action hoping to fight among
themselves for the crumbs from the masters'
SIaos table.
wan- Neo-Colonialisnm. the latest technique of
picture Capitalism and imperialism seek to preserve its
wanted grip by granting so-call independence and using
black puppets to cast illusions m the black
masses, who are led to believe that with so-call-
c ed political power we will automatically receive
economic power. Under the capitalist system
ountry w witness black corrpt politicians giving gun- to
haeor i black youths to kill their brothers who are in
rk and Brother M alcolm X the same position. Policemen mis-treating their
brothers rather than protecting them so that
One of the main set-backs of the revolu- they too can put a little more of the masters
tionary movement in our country has been its crumbs in their pockets, we see black women
inability to express itself in a practical sense.We selling their bodies to the next available sailor
d to me. have tended to be much too abstract in our de- to put a little more milk on the table We see
t Fm a- finitions of the problems facing us. It has al- young boys lured into homosexuality for an ea-
ways been a tendency of the Jamaican intellec- tra shilling, we see government ministers having
tual to over-intellectualize the situation thus twelve houses and fat Swiss-bank accounts whi-
casting a shadow over the real issue. le his black brother is forced to sleep in the
As a child I can remember seeing the mis- nearest park. We see the church catering to
erable conditions that the black masses lived un- the priviledged classes with a total lack of mo-
der and being ignorant of economic systems as ral courage to speak out against injustice.
such. I immediately came to the conclusion that We have seen how hopeless Capitalism is
we ma be an 'inferior' race. Of course, none of to the general welfare of us as black people and
my teachers in High School did much to reme- to the realization of our aspirations. Let us
dy this way of thinking as they seemed to acce- now see what socialism means to us.
pt this concept also. Socialism means developing a sense of
Although I eventually gained some-what community spirit, working together towards a
ia--any of a concept of economic systems and how common purposemeeting the needs of our pen-
they operated it still remained vague as to how pie and not for the benefit of a few selfish in-
these systems related to us as black people in dividuals. Each man putting out his best for the
Jamaica. It was not until I had the great for- welfare of the group as a whole.We will be able
tune of getting hold of the speeches of Malcolm to realize our full potentials as human beings
ufficie- X that the scales began to fall from my eyes and and not as mere existing objects. Socialism mea-
I began to get a better understanding of our suf- ns the intellectual and skilled brother coming
fering On his travels to Africa and his observa- back to his people who provided him with the
tions in the U S Latin America and Asia Mal- chance to acquire them and helping to make
colm saw the incompatability of Capitalism wi- their lives more pleasant. Socialism means deve-
Look- th the aspirations of the black masses. He saw loping our cultural and spiritual values which
how the majority of non-white peoples in the are sure to manifest themselves in our day to
world emerging from European Colonialism we- day relationship with our fellow men. It is cus-
re turning toward Socialism as a means of re- tomary for the anti human stoogies to call this
gaining their humanity. self-respect and control philosophy alien to the Jamaican people, here
eel mo- of their economic resources for the advance- we can ask them to explain the presence of
Time ment of the people. He pointed out how the their alien white capitalist bosses.
bastions of Capitalism. U.S South Africa. Rho- The black man is willing to accommodate
desia and Western Europe were also the defen- any member of any race in our country who
ders of white supremacy. This led him to con desires to work towards this goal. Anyone who
elude that to smash the white power structure opposes our right to be free from economic ex-
ck with we had to smash its economic base which is ploitation should be regarded as our enemy and
Capitalism. will be treated as such. We will overcome these
Capitalism as a system creates an indivi- obstacles by whatever means are necessary to
dual with a dog eat dog mentality, kill my bro- do so as our heroes Marcus Garvey and Paul
ther if it means putting a few more shillings in Bogle, Cudjoe have demonstrated belbre us.
pproxi- my pocket It encourages black men of higher The black liberation is ineviathle. Dare to
ler paid learning to exploit their brothers who were less struggle, dare to Win

lys ago.
ate and
st those

nd help-
ore they
k. per-


Unite to Strike
The Service Station Attendant d, for he did not want any strike The poor Chief has to go
union Nes Butalletin. Vol. No in his place. me for weeks without pay. Toi
In one ease a young lady who a nowo fact in every Service
August IS. 1969. was employed as a Chief Pump was tion How are we going to
told that she short L34 for the we these double exploitation that
Over the past 3 weeks 12 ek The Boss insisted that she stole being carried out by the
workers have been dismissed in 8 the money and insisted that she pay Tiere is only ,ue sv.
Stations B) the intervention of the it back immediately The poor girl y r Unity to strike and close d
Service Station Attendants Union. was so worried since the bos threat- Cite station, fur weeks in fdew
all were reinstated hack on the job oeed to call in the Polie and have SIker in the station that is
in each of the 12 cases the her arrested
full work force openly told the boss By the intervention of the fairly s/ffeirig at the wickedh
that they were not going to work Union the threat of the Police was if the ernpity a Drt' be ae
any longer if their flow worker removed and she never had to pay to call the union any hour any
was fired The Boss sensed the Un- back one penny. You can imagine or ght whenever these things
ty of the workers that it was only how extremely relieved she was pea Renimnber the phone is 22
left for them to put-on the picket Many employers are known to b- Write if prwn cn the wiil in
badges and tand on the picket lines rro monies out of the cash ani 0 ash-,ral Remort be ur Io
In three cases when the Union man from the Chief Pump without rt is IUY RVT0ONT E ISANI
told the workers that he would be cording it Sometines they even RY 'OA
hack with the picket signs, the boss make credits withiot mecrde the-
called up the workers and told them mn Then when the Cifl ump tP UN4;l ~I ~1RENGTH!
that all of them must get back to comes on tomorrow ih is dild f l 'rTHkV ULtNITY THE WMI
work including those that were fi- that he is short xxx pounds ERS PERISH"

The Cities of Destruction

In their hopeless efforts to delay
the revolutionary building of a new soci-
ety free of the White Imperialists and
their Black Puppets, the Shearer-Manley
gang continue to promote plans which
only hasten their downfall.
The plan for the development of ci-
ties in the country parts that Seaga spo-
ke about recently is one such hopeless
effort. What is is his plan and how will it
devour its schemes?
Kingston is getting hotter. The ru-
ling puppets tremble at the wrath of
Black Man there. Seaga and his gang want
to ease our pressure. He believes that if
lie can control migration from the coun-
try to Kingston, the plundering money-
hungry ruling class can rest at nights. So
they are trying to develop cities in every
parish and to put more so-called industry
and development in the country.
rnsi si. ,resslon of Ocho Rios when re development is
-ili ii

the I'< k (' / i'ls ol Kingti on tii o ti
counting and brings hlatckm iin iii 4ii f il\
spit oII degrading stug and I iolae Libmit
conditioii. \t thle saine tiie, hi \\ctr.
Blackuani in s gol i trlie sMigl 1t ii tie ven
th l which the White nlc iaipeiihl [Bt ile
workers arie intlitint inld ;miii' I lihe sce
their labour usIed not to flee but to up
press Black Man in the L.S joil l.niin
ca:nll. Our police are hchle in lined bi\ the
saume beasts ias those wh io .sl it( II \,
nierican black brolhe is ini thle back atlln\
ite workers knott their ii i 'poi tn e int the
struggle to destroy\ Impcrialie I
So if wolrkin cu nditiions ol it Kis
o i lta\e ailcath i sntiri tln illiiU Hi,

Granted that they (Ido this to save island, the plan it lill ll ic l i;k i tpeI, in
their skins, will the plan ease suffering? government will aidd to thiu bi slpreain
We know better. The political gangsters the Living Conditions lof KIi ,stu tio tI
build towns and encourage factories no't ery part oIl the island Ihis itints iuneii
to end suffering but to help AMIERICAN plotmcnt, starvation, police lrutallt
IMPERIALISM and the local Capitalist and the increase of tie arrogant Iliidl
Parasite to cheat Black Man and to cllp and uppe class parasites
ture his land alnd wealth. Black Man Io Bieckus even now Black ant is lii
then is only good to starve or be shot tight to-ethci in tlie towns St \nn
The development of St \nn's BaY\ Bayl. lonltego Ilal. Ialhilithi PIit \iS
Ocho Rios. Falnmouth. Montego BaY.Man llsio, 1and .\ ille. Sa\-La .l:r adl other,
deville. Linstead and other iajr r towns to reason and ti piepait tih situ' et'
ii d// ait iIt, plundi r t ,I I ' will their ilppressors C tilis will Ii tl
uitti, so instead of cooling Black \lan i add rILe ta o til lii lh'\ i a t,
wrath. it will intensify it. The Black Pu- b il these ctics to assist \niteritan li
ppets will only bring the situation that perialism and to make inore Unine ior
nIow exists in Kingston, to ever, part of the local ruling tl.ss I \ hlit e to hu rl
the island. The exploiters and the white their ow'l detru limn
racists will find the struggle everywhere
Let us see how tile struggle .canntiot
be held back. Why can't lte Black cGang-
ster-politicians do nothing but deepen
the crisis?
The major reason is that they air in
the service of the white American imperi-
alist exploiters. Let no one be Iooledl
The Ameri can capitalists and ImurIlre-
rs are now in the driver's seat. It is tihe\ ll
we must throw out and defeat In Bauxite p o r f |
and Tourism. Factories, the army. the
police, and yes, in the government vW rei a
merican imperialism is taking over the
reins from dead British imperialism But iiit r i
American Imperialism now speeds i up
and stirs the strule '. Ihiich will s,,eep it I ri
awash and aill its local .pies and collabora-
toes. r /i r
Black Man sees the lne enemy at
work in tile country. B.auite and facto- '
ries are showing iup the death of British
imperialist sugan and agriculture.
Anerican Imperialism has roughte v i


A news item of considerable
terest to us here appears on page
Ia of The Gleaner. August Ist.
to boys born deformed have been
turded 33.600 by an English
Igh Court Judge, caused by a drun
aild Thalidomide. Hundreds of
ies have reached the Courts and
Images assessed.
In our case, 38 overproof is
lown to cause serious damage to
Medical annals list Jamaica
Providing a form of neuritis un-
sown elsewhere which has been
ned "Central Neuritis of Jamaica.
ed with Dr. H.H. Scott's classic
ort, it would be a simple matter
ecure legal compensation for da-
pe done to the unfortunate "
-Nots" here. The evidence is
Pthe cast iron variety
The millions of words bewai-
our ills and the millions to fo-
A will get us nowhere until the
tters of the Queen's warehouses
drawn down to allow their con-
ts to reach maturity.
Dr. Prince of the UWI said
ue. As the newer rum is re-
the number will be close to
A far cry from the 600
ich an expert firm abroad deem-

ed sufficient-all things being equal
A burden has been placed at
your door to inform the public of
the damage to their constitutions
by ignoring 5 & 6 Geo. v. chap. 46.
Instead of informing the peo-
ple, the head of the Anglican Chur-
ch was misguided enough to allow
himself to be quoted in the press
that "Alcohol is a gift from God".
Gleaner of 14.11.60. This illegal
rnun can be delivered anywhere in
the U.K. on payment locally of
88/- per bottle. Gleaner of 15/12/68
Page 28

PO. Box 100.
Kingston 2.
4th August. 1969.

[ go all the way with his ex-
cellency Mr. Stokely Carmichael.
To resign from the Black Panthers
Party on the grounds that it is coop-
erating with the so-called white ra
dicals. There is not such a thing as
white radicals on the part of the
Blackman. The conscious Blackman
only have to look at the white man
brutality for the last 400 years, and
then he will see that it is futile to

talk about white radicals. So regard-
less of what David Hilliard has said,
in that article of Abeng 12th. about
the resignation of Mr. Stokely Car-
michael was right. Finally.the Black-
man can only win by his own ef-

I am etc. ,
The Jamaican Natio-
16, Beaconfield Ave..
Boulevard P.A.

Like the government and sys-
tem it so beautifully exposes and ex-
coriates, "Abeng" seems to be go-
ing all haywire. A humble judge-
ment this, Mr. Editorfrom a humb-
le and ignorant soul.
1 am humbly ignorant of the
need for or relevance of a celebra-
tion in your paper of July 26th of
the xvi Anniversary of July 26th..
the historic turning-point in Cuba's
Revolutionary History"
So, "Abeng" is in popular
parlance "touting" revri ;iu::anes.
Fire. So do I. (I should even hope
Sir, that one day 1 may be des-
cribed by that so cherished and

honoured tenm -"revolutionary" .
But, if certain recent reports
are true reports that lthe Cuban
revolutionary l! regime has treated
black American revolutionary bro-
thers with scant fraternity (il'r'
denying them the right to "lout"
Black Awareness '), how am 1. ig-
norfnt revolutionary aspirant that
I am, now to view my erstwhile Di-
vine Trinity- The Cuban Revolu-
tionary Regime, its leader and Third
World Revolutionary Onneness Is
not rie arch-revolutionary persona-
ge of our time and of our hemis-
phere liable to being called by that
most despicable of modern appella-
tions reactioniay'" ?
Or. were the reports referred
to merely. Sir, the product of Yank-
ee Imperialist sources?
ST. A.

I am a hardworking young
man who lives at White Horses Dis-
trice in the Parnih of St. Thomas.
The only day I have at home is onl
Sundays. and ao that day the majy,
riwy of the npeole aie at home.
Since you know that cv\ry-
body would like io ha\e a bath-up
and shape-up then ha\e a walk well.
the water situation is a disgrace

at a time when you would have
The whole district was out of
water last sunday. the 10th. from
So'ch-ick in the imornilg until 9 o
click at night.
I walked up the street ti look
for the man responsible tor the wa-
ter in the area and was vCe forltl-
nate finding him but his coididion
was like a dog in his vomit. He was
drunk and at the same time if I did
want water all I had Io do was to
give him a drink. The reason for
this is political. They live so and the
same way they work. Please help
ABENG. You only I can depend on.

White Horses.
10 S, 69.




Vol. 1 No. 30 August 23, 1969

Police State
Jamnairc has tIcome' a : police state. lodav. illegal police road-blocks
Since I', wie have lwen rapidly 11oving,1 a re 11a everitda) event. in town as well as
ltiowards llthis roditiol bull few have ch- itI tlhe c.uintrlsVdtl. Yet no one cimiplii-
sin 11 heedn to thre '" ;iniel siglns Ev- ,i Recentily a tilember of the middle
n ,it .iod, e toiill nne to auc(s if inoIlhtint lI''" "was stopped by the police wsho des
hlis Ihppened 1 In hlllened clows thlir ,critlvd it as "ta rotiine chlck". They we-
ie's tthe rl. It luth of I oul condition Ic very polite, and idid nuot attempt tir
'>-,.' lihrs vc remain largely unaffected IttrCll his car. Oin ilth othersidtF of the
hi it while tlIe )pomI and disposissed ro;id a'bouit or 10 perrstsl frolin a truIk
ihos i' c .ii 1( jT i ;isr|e t it ai a Ialtuir',l %ee oc d o feds I" ln e up s ith their handu
p:H of tilrll ; oin'diton alhi \ theii l ihe is ilnd 1 a ldoen oIr t lore
I i l, i os' d s' o 'C feet loads i t o t itnle ;itn ld lot their hbck, [Fch one wa,
",in1 si)d piolle in hill 0tt dress and tholriighl y searthd Iwflore I ls ing allow-
Ih ,i o ih lmed with all the paraphernalia ed ti r'e-i'nter the Irsick
ofi iols ncne. 1hP polls e leak isp pr tacli- lH ll incident is vretr inifitica til Ihe
,stll\ ci'r dILanie ehld I 'y suficlers. S a;I sat ull it deliiin'llstrite a te1lc nihtile which
'in i ,p lo ituIIril I ;nd X'pCnsi\Ve sound *s deliberately eulploied to minismise
*Ir .I'iiilriplieltl and ailleslins do/eis. ps ublic a;Iisrelns' ofi the stilted of the colln
i,, is irn, w I, hieow onl' "it i e is that lithe ty l li('F 'n o If appatientl satll lire trralt
it.'nded thi e danrl e file i e ld personluis ed turltl lis i nl d itlih tilh miinillit
lii i lli de iinsed flll lls eral hours tI n1(oi i ielle bllile suflterers'" ar
iiihld I ,I and relciseil nithmil being hulliedl h .iras d :ndl s cli te' i t oI all ki-
h INds I iof o i lit di sin s si, : td humililAtIlg treat
] I sIs[ e ts i A- e estmplo.ets i 111h s tihe isIs sit i. i tl. lilhe prsi-
I l di ahn| l) lsit illm I ,ti5 aI t muI i i d I hoL '. I ls oiii iitelst 'tld pro itde
l di t 'I t heI i ,i stipli e l' h i Ill pIi uie' 1 ci k upi.'n i bitlrar.i lice action.
l i .mil s' ibed One Io tlile Itipluo rs' is aihil d It ie, uain inii istiurThrd
i \ n t'ii de 1 l ake ofi i ti shoes in ht'i I is n p 5ini i n s.lin as smiI
lh i po' iiini 1 1 I hi.s o I I hi llng is i dos Ilat tie hli e thie Iwtr ln t p i of l)er-
dlilli Iu in it .l l t pom black o.uths s it iI the p ilic e To e'. acioni of
iand Ithe kni w that tl h slis test il te t tili e i' c im i in l icl re'ai etlthod aind dit-
to iesist thes I ll i sanIt vriiiiltiou n l lle t i l ciini tiii ll that il consistr l I t i 'ithl
liiiiii i)j i5 Ith su l iest vj, u "ind ulf)p i ] cil Iorii i ilo ie \ )I is there an puintt
lthe mulo-llt Vtid fto, vwh Cto \;the e e, in 1; 0h:l thclIe rI Tod pltIiemenw
i.1II llithl'l I>.) lll0 k I ruth l hli s beet i d Il ba d l.0 iliLI-c1 n ihi i butl a cotll e-
l]ls deir it b\ itih police? I he l. xt dh .i nein l ir, oIf I idiigi the re.il poinll
S!I:I I It s i ii l l silr i Ie pol st it i 1t iti not becati e or bad s poilis 5cemenl
it ll- i h' ,! k1. 110i t hrt .is is l e io ,i, Ilt e is ,, .I police' stae It is be-
k I dt stua bil'd itAl ii es al t thl e pl i c 1 ue (i r p litical ti sitemi and lthe colrl up
" tud lh;ii. i lli i iid it l c nii atI -I poli ticians i o thriir e int it. retq iree
lIhI ilitute is "'n i Ilr lh' l i.ll iilieile Ir- th;it had poliemenit' sIhoull d he rewarded
I'io nc hlusi'n Io lihe ei il the doh It Is because o rt eco,-
k\ u.ItI iish i i oii. Listin in a smioti Nsteni di srinitnates ayaint ourit
1s ol[i O(i \i ai l1i1a allothitf i ', It I e IVe t slk up ill a bi I'toketn :iu and mitake potential criminals out iof
in's k [h l'ldi t- "nl" o niil rsi ii l lit slhtl'c classes ol thelml 11 is bi eaUse o rtF
elsp)isdlse" l r I yt ear old ho)s a ire social s eiil and its class divisions de-
sli't dead t, s l li cms e n Ithe sain relsu- nltisld thai tile police hrtialise and stpl-
hI A man is shot dead int hi his luso and press all suffererss" sO that the prt ileged
Ills i Oeil old hI1anddiasiihteii 5 kl' is shia- id omlliti ble lt asses mai continue to
it csd h\ a bullet all'tedlh trlnis a police- li\e in ease and coinfoll blissull t inura-
insuils un I ilit iniiliths liatil i he lilict IA oi thle qualor anld deprivation around
m;ie sill iesi li.ating the i cas Ihit' Di l lihem'l
ill oIt 'si'ilos, ai i riin s'holots at a The police, in other vords, are onl\i
iai isrIe (so lie sVss alid a motorist the isitumenl t t ian outnlvded and essee
sils a bullet il i the back I ts montihls lia slli s uel til scietl which is in the pro-
1 li, IIt i poliLc a ie -ill itn\ehsi5s tin r shre ces of cruniblini The absolute authoritls
1is' Noti ,t Itel i t'irt i'en a Isk it pro whicl tile poitce are permitted tit e\et-
Istl holsn thie piuhli in she diail press cse is butl lie tasi destlr.lte atltelpt fll
.si1 .i lrqutstio hom tsle silit Nei a an ai chic poser structure to present
collol n( o ni s)iul ll daily t"s'pltler. i;t complete collapse

i %\IL R it L'S RE i I l'
iJt..no Nesille & F Jarret
is Soiks as Mtackoi


Sundl Septs 2 1si


S1 Thomias Rd.

Noiur Musical Re\olutionary:

COs ElR sOc return lare
50c oun traisi
lftrer.'lllsei oln sale

Cotipics so f-RIC % and tile WOR
Lit iadaiiime can be purchased
s lthe liLN(.I office:
4 tollits Gr eens e %%e Kgn. 5.


BIE',C offers u the service
of a cheap classified ad. section.
RATES 2d a "ord (2 cents i.e
24d. after Sept ,it Il Limit 36
word, In thi advertising section
there is no fancy arrangement, nu
pictures, so the success of our ad-
iert emnieni depends on hoP persua-
ive, hbow humerous, hoa clever
i i'-r wording is Space is limited so
apply as soon as possible, persona-
Ill, tb letter. or bs agent, to Abeng
office, 4 Collins Green A e.. Kgn.5
(Closes noon Thurn. & Sal. )




time nw...

To Work Out

The Politics of Movement

by Blackman

Ever since the first issue ABENG has taken the line Ihat two party
politricks represent not the Jamaican people but theirenemies-local cap
italiu merchants and ultimalehl British-American while-power.
This line is neither a passing mood nor the extremism of a few sub-
versives radicals II is rooted in the experience of a growing majority of
blackman in Jamaica understandingg this experience is important if we are
to work out the politics of forward movement But see the facts first.
The Pharaoh misgovernment tas voted in by a small minority ofa-
dullt in Jamaica 220,1 0 out of about I million This was less than the
JLP eot in 1959. 1961 and 1962 The PNP s 21,-S 3 was less sotle than
it had eren gotten since 1949 In fact the number of people who turned
out to Iote in the second election of "Independence" was lower than all
previous General Elections (1962. 1961. 1959, 1955. 19491 except the
tirne one in 1944 All this has been happening despite the rapid growth of
population since 1944. the right of more people to vote and the last sums
spent bh the ruling class parties to persuade blackman to go to the polls.
1Tioda the facts show that PNP-JLP politricks is minority polilricks in Ja-


This does not mean that JaImaicans are becoming more apathetic (as
tle whiteman Gleaner ,slstor less patriotic. Rather il means that black-
mai is becoming more conscious of what is for him and what is nol for
him. less willing to exercise his"democratic right"lo cover up parliamen-
tary capitalist dictatorship
This consciousness based on the experience of growing sufferation
derpic each new election, despite changes of party leader and MHRs. pa-
rish council representatives Today more man is probably without work
than seven elections ago in 1944 (We don't know. government fraid to
publish even cooked-up figures I Similarl. less of the wealth of black peo-
pie produce comes to them lodav than a quarter century ago The plunder
of bau"ile is replacing the slavery of sugar More land is in the hands of
white power-blackman keep out! Trespasses will be prosecuted. In St.
Ann for instance the American imperialist bauxite companies now own
bO of the peoples land.
Blackman is now sighting that the two-party union goernment is
not for him but for the enemy The more he sees this. the more force-vigi
lantes police. soldier, ictimisation. OA S-and tricl:ery political patr-
nliage TI radio Gleaner ads, Africa trips. Arthur Lewis"black poer" -is
being used either to keep him in place or bring him into what is not for
Bui itiis now clear that this set up started and lasted not because
blackmail had the wrong leader but because the bourgeois groups had a
headstart and were more conscious and organized. He can now see that the
1944 constitution was not demanded by blackman nor designed for him.
It was given b\ the whiteman Moyne to keep blackman quiet after the '38
rebellion and supported by Manley because it meant the chance for brown
man to movie from house-slave to overser. Since then Blackman has gone
gone down but with the benefit of getting more conscious brown man
has gone up but at the expense of being more lied to vhilemen. Every-
where we can see this less blackman in the House today than in 1944: less
power for the \IHRs today than yesterday either to prevent death of su-
gar or th t takeover of Baaxiteijourismo
Everyday more scales fall from our eyes. But this very fact spurs on
the politicians to employ well-meaning youth to maneuvre the new con-
sciousness to their dead cause. Some of these new recruits to the PNP-
NWLU. JLP-BITU are opportunists and self-seekeri. Others however genui-
nely believe that there is some chance of saving the PNP-JLP minority
and of persuading the majority to play politrieks once more With these
brothers black power on the move has to be patient They will free them-
selles only when they feel the rising current of black history. To see and
hear is sometimes nol enough.


Youth in the parties must humble themset us-lteqtrt from the mass
esrstop trying to fool them. At t hishistorical stage no healing an get round
those educated by sufferatioo.
Therefore for these brothers blackuan' sayy
(I1 Try to bring the PNP-JIP death-bed repealance if you must but
learn from failure, don't succumb to it. When it seems l ltha few men
block the was to radical change ask yourself whether it ia as accident
that these reactionaries are where they whetherithey irpresent
forces which cannot be rooted out from within. Mote anwmoro you hear
the advice-"be practical" recognize it for what it aitorineals- e i ti a
the ruling power." Know that these men witl kep you so :lg as thai
blindness tells them that you can do the iompoilitn--hiei lok ilnt4
the two party union selup that serves (espeia!ly slige,19421 latl meo
chantiioitraae/ construction pumle ap ultit tdlt y Fdrefi white
hau its/ oumritm/sugar.
Press rejefl(syly for Elhanllle he prepared to do ionusith uamnag
to the germy White he kicks you qqt a an emlbarassaw pt. a failure or
threacttw the bigr an-
(;) Rerembsti ln all maw is wilome ain U the bsclinomeit Tlh on
q alificatioa is work against the o. y a his bi pseslt You en .
this wmrtere y oun re-evea. soeimelnes bietin th very heart of Babyi

S', '..d hi, V p, l', i I 4L ,1 i sG n Asvr Kgn 5. Ruben A. Hill, Secretiar., resing at 11 Calgroft Ave. Kgn. 8 Printed by H.P. Ltd., 85 industrial Terrace, Kgn. 14.

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