Title: Abeng
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100338/00026
 Material Information
Title: Abeng
Physical Description: 1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Abeng Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Kingston Jamaica
Publication Date: August 2, 1969
Copyright Date: 1969
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100338
Volume ID: VID00026
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05001780
oclc - 5001780

Full Text

Vo 1 No 27 AuA B 19
Vol. 1 No. 27 August 2, 1969

"We Wnt O Our People to Think for Thems-hls"

Festival of the Jamaican Oppressed

Statement from the Editors

Our Present Position

to start talking about change. Talk of cour-
se, is cheap, but such talk demonstrates
that these two puppets of foreign white
domination feel the necessity to respond to
the demand for change which ABENG has
at least partly unleashed in this people.
Police brutality is no longer a myth. The
initial shock and disbelief of the public is at
last giving way to horror and disgust as the
realization of its ugly existence is beginn-
ing to sink home.
We do not need to list the achieve-
ments of ABENG. Its success is tied to the
struggle of the Blackman to liberate himself.
Its failure to appear, even temporarily, will
be a set-back in this struggle.
For this reason we call upon our read-
ers and well-wishers both at home and
abroad, to show by their tangible support
in this crucial hour to maintain the struggle
it its highest level.
The weekly operating cost of publish-
ing ABENG is roughly f180. most of which
is printing cost. This is only possible because
most of the persons responsible for product-
ion and distribution do so on a voluntary
basis at great personal sacrifice. The revenue
from sales have proven to be insufficient to
guarantee this weekly sum.
Our present position is that all our
reserves have been exhausted. We need
therefore at least 500 immediately to tide
us over until the end of August, during

To our readers, supporters and well-

ABENG has reached a cross-roads. \se
are urgently in need of funds and if this
is not immediately found, we will be forced
to suspend publication for several weeks
even months.
It is exactly six months since ABENG
hit the streets for the first time. We started
literally without a penny-just the deter-
mination of a few people and confidence
in the people of this country. The ABENG
would uncompromisingly represent Black
man and expose the social and economic
injustice upon which capitalist exploitation
and our two-party political circus have
That we have been able to survive for
as long as we have, depending almost entire-
ly upon revenue received from sales, with
occasional assistance from close friends, is
some achievement. But it falls far short of
our intended goals and from the hopes and
expectations of tens of thousands of Jam-
aicans at home and abroad.
The responses to ABENG, from our
friends as well as our enemies, have deepen-
ed our conviction of the necessity to pursue
the struggle against white racism and foreign
Shearer and Manley have been forced

which time drastic steps will be taken to
make more efficient our distribution and
production. If this money is found. we
intend to move to eight pages by this time,
allowing us to take in several pages of adler-
tising in order to lessen our dependence
upon the revenue from sales.
Given this breathing space. we then
intend to launch the public ci mpany which
we have promised to do but which has not.
up to this point, been possible. It is at this
point that we will then be able to obtain
our own press, perhaps the most urgent
necessity of all. It is the lack of an indepen-
dent press which most of all has forced
ABENG into its present position, and its
acquisition by Blackman could flood Jam-
aica with freedom sounds that would stir
Blackman to take effective action for his
liberation. But this is a lot of nioney, and
getting it will have to be tackled full-time.
For the present we call on the public
to make a small sacrifice to keep ABENG
going. Whether it be 5'-. C5. or C50. what-
ever each individual can give. We also app-
eal to each vendor and distributor who is
behind in his or her returns to make imm-
ediate payment to our office at 4 Collins
Green Avenue. Kingston 5.
Whether or not ABENG survives the
struggle will go on. This is partly because
ABENG reached this cross-roads of the
gathering forces for change.

time now..

To Work Out

The Politics of Movement

Ihe fling ,f thle A ENG in FoIebnarN "f this tear "as no accid-
itil Ilft l0agf Ille black slmggle tlad reached bi carl 196l demanded a
irnl al neta i paper
PI'olt' experience of suffering s well as their consciouness of it
I tii utr d,'id aiie Indleciendence and demanded an outlet, In 1962 emmi
crtt i, (i: I noelalid -aa chopped henceforth 10,()0 would want work
m a eni atd onl 1 ,510 might get. Countirmar left for town in larger
,umbnler a2' ie countrysidee remained tied up in foreign holdings. In town
itself Ihere wa no work to be had -nothing to do hut join the army of the
ilppNiire a.ttalk the symbols of oppression (Chinamen and JOS August
}'sl, or !ill ulip another brother for a work from corrupt politicians
iSep"itm r I1tb 196") Ntr for long. though, ai neither worked,
it(etid brought out police and ann in larger numbers What was happen-
ilt in tlie %i s ill theIe vtar nr, ed It make a lot if rudie mure conscious
It itlk inLim from party politics ad prepared others for black resolution
'n idra,
Oulsdt of Ithe V,'ell opre(Itr n na, great but the sinrggle took less
rlol, lt tino, Small lirnner sugar tor ker., skilled arid unskilled labour
A.11 lhad leir croiT ni t tlienough for lhe pijr man As the seventh election
nlli 1 A4 icar e uip. er e became clearer man saw that the self seeking
;ioliib i used or ilnred poor people a, it suited them the JAS and the
Irlili rrji, oriked lto keep tile small lnan in cheek b appearing to take
it" Iiollllt.nit, ,,riout slauoitr. ugar bank, insurance elked both
iid ind piiple )et there was nowhere for thie snlliman to talk about
i ii, li(asint g experience I iutlerationa
11ie middle las -ere tttrl better off Teacher, civil servant. clerk,
'elir iFeing quteed on all side,. limi above by hire purchase, from
Ido bl cLiminal elements" Irem the side by PNP ictimisation ifsou
tit JLP b, Jiil' ticti ltht it v ti were PNP. Add to it all corruption-
'*l st itnli-red what etertb hd,, stipctted. eitherr PNP or JLP, the
il.eiing pe-\ lthal new l oitce itch the multh ahateier the cost were needed.
bAl'road ilt Afra-Ameriran struggle ftius.d ei a little-reealed side
f olplre'sni asnid moplhasised a nre, perspectie. Black man was oppressed
pstch.,loipcali as well as nateriall\. Political liberation could only be
.omplelti ith cultural freedom. Aincans abroad had to understand their
hilorical greatne.s as part of getting the confidence to take their freedom.
'lI.Ak 'oner" came as the slogan of the prl.hologicall) and economically
I'o werlte Iblaiki.lall in rile S, and then the Caribbean.
In Janmaica toward lhe end of 168h new awareness of material
,ppIlir titl was coupled with the sense of cultural nakedness. Our history,
tn trfrii us bi while pIowr needed to he rehabilitated as part of the
xroie (H t raniting ourtehea up. Youth irom all sides middle. upper and
'iver hbing ihe most oppressed and Rsa.L being the least indoctrinated
illtural -tuik the lead Rodney arrned at the same time to link up and
,ne tilit iin conscioiiticrs of Bllackman Wlhen Shearer attacked him
last Oitlber. the confrontation ash, boad to produce some form to
r\pre' tlht dialletiitn which hb been bue ildialg up and the new confid-
ence o lIlack people that Ihe\ could overcome all
Ihe ABENG came out of the October rebellion in Jamaica. Some
tell lr ile nerd r r d otregher re ned by tie way the news
media Irtated the students Othler. sa- the need for a paper to defend
Hlickinan Olihern till wanted cn organ promoting cultural and political
reilution ll caice to expren t em elves in the 'BENG-which expressed
ilthIe tonlllrdicitor rather than i cresod them.
Fhis i.-ned to lhat beeii a priliciple Though Marcus NMosiahGarveo,
it nlsprlril aon aI eiw could use itn columns- Rasta, racismf Maoisti
o' ,iiMple radical I)epilt the rendencies inevitably the paper anme to
t1 tltar t if re 'Ulerr' -since it -ar he who had most to i that had
noI been i id hcf,re
thr Fe ahiaimen of si\ month seems largely in keeping with the
Exposurt of all ranks inl the society at home and abroad to the peculiar
oppresuion ot black people in Jamaica.
A heightlring ol conciousnesiv of Blackman of the need for liberation
b Il showing himl tlie widespread iaIture of sufferation
Shaking the whitl power struture American imperialism and its PNP,
JLP house sAc- b) revealing it as the block to all progress in Jamaica.
Bringing icio contact Blackimn of brhateer colour across social barr-
iers to ene Black liberation.
ayblhody who doubts that the new stage of physical and psycholo-
gical uruggle of which the 'BENG is part of had not heated up the oppressor,
let him alk the following question -
alhy have the white American imperialists moved to Jamaica from Viet-
nam one of thesu main experts 1i anti-revolutionary diplomacy?
.hl has the reactionary Pha-oah been talking o much about change,
broader ownerhip". been going about meeting sixth-formers been
lending % niter o talk to ) outh'
l hen cincehe Galeanerand Star started to notice police brutality, much
les put it on front page?
Slhen before has the PNP had to beg for members, its leader talk about
iftierers participation", etc
xli this and more is happening not because these people no love
satferer. hut because thel fear the people more. The) have to catch up
with black couotiouaiess either to take it over or shoot it down with
by Blackman


from Portland
The Roads and Works section
of the Parish Councils is the centre
for political handouts made by both
the ILP and PNP
Last week Wednesday some un-
employed Portlanders reacted \io-
ently to this political discrimination.
A group of twenty odd men. realiz-
ing that they had no chance of
getting work under the Council',
Independence Relief Work Progra-
mme. entered the offices in Port
Antonio and began overturning ch-
airs. desks, and typewriters, forcing
the staff to leave the office
This disturbance came after days
of job-seeking and then seeing all
the work go to accredited JLP
One youth said although he had
been trying to get a job he hadn't
worked for the past four years He
had gone. with several others to the
Roads and Works Department the
Monday before and was told by an
official that "is sin fe tek you
children food and throw it before
si. ne. and that the sheep had
tol be fed before the goats
The police now keep regular
guard outside the Parish Council

On A Sunday Afternoon
The Best Jazz Talent in
4:00 p.m.,
Sunday. August 3, 1969
Hotel Kingston
SO-52 H-s-T Rd. 64511-4
Admission: 10/-

Latest in Fashions

I Slip, Road,
Torrington Brdge.
Kingston 5,

Telephone 24738

A Revolutionary

Black Community
Andrew Salkey
Jamaican novelist and broadcaster, and author of -l Qua
fi'alrce. [scape it an Alutumn PaIe'neant Th LJI, Erm
cipato"'n if Jrryt St"vet, and The 4dilenturts ,.f Catullus Kell
"A:out rhe script it was written ftir Tariq Al's Black Dwarf,
part-two .lMesage to the Black Communityr in Britain Wh'i ld you
publish it in 4 ieng as a little somthirn to sho how we e th inkit
If our community of Indians. Pakistanis. Africans a
West Indians seriously admitted that the vast majority of
members is inclined"to walk on tiptoe through British society
as Sruart Hall the Jamaican sociologist and Deputy of the Ce
tre for Contemporary Cultural Studies at Birmingham Univ
sity. has remarked, then it would know that it is its cotpora
duty to subvert that inclination, and begin to walk. in a rev
lutionised unity, and so be seen and reckoned with as a defini
unit of social and political power. If, however, our communi
does not exercise its will to achieve that vetr ordinary basis
dynamic and identity, it will never realise its aspiration toward
an effective political opposition in a racialist British society
Regrettably. far too many of our workers, students. ope
work leaders and NMarxian analysts utter Third World propos
I ons without believing in them intelligently, without actual
feeling themselves an important part of the concept and sweel
of the tri-continental. We seldom ever construct the necessary
corrective philosophy of unity in adversity, and try to implemi
nt it.
At the moment, even our Third World could be described
as having had its awareness and impetus through a rr action 1
the brutish egoism and materialist greed of the First World. A
real Third World should be based on positive urgencies and re
volutionary aims. An active, initiating Third World depends me
re on the inventiveness and new humanity of the people whe
make it up than on their ability to react passionately to oppre
ssive political conditions and cultural dispossession. Our Thin
World must be the new world.
Turning, now. to our own particualr dilemma, in Britain
I would ask all my brothers and sisters from India, Pakistan
Africa and the West Indies to address our community ener
and political consciousness, as a first act of revolution, to th
following four suggested objectives:
11) Assume a much deeper concern and responsibility f
the welfare of the Primary school children of our community
by way of offering them more fundamental educational car
and attention, and undertake a larger personal involvement
with the crucial problems of our young people, in their finl
year at school and during their first months at work.
(2) MNake a much more meaningful attempt to contact onO
another, across the barriers of culture and nationalitythroufl
social and political exchanges,consultation and group solidarity;
(3) Exert a greater effort to dismantle the subversive class
antagonisms which exist within our community, and develop a
more immediate sense of collective loyalty throughout our natl
ional sectors:
and 41) Seek to exploit the practicable uses of revolution
ary Third World theory and local community goodwill by pun
ring all our skills to work for the social and political develo
ment of our deprived and alienated majority.

"We have Come In Peace ai the name of al
white, Weasewn Ant-Com.uawist 'Maniandl ".

Marcus Mosiah Garvey
President and Founder
Universal Negro Improvement
August 1, 1914
Kingston Jamaica
Public, I. Ab tc Puh. Co Ltd., 4C tlinh Grcen K n. 5. RL bert A. Hill. Secretary. residing at 1 Calcroft Ave.. Kgn. 8. Printed by H.P. Ltd.. 85 Industrial Terrace, Kgn. 14

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