Title: Abeng
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100338/00025
 Material Information
Title: Abeng
Physical Description: 1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Abeng Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Kingston Jamaica
Publication Date: July 26, 1969
Copyright Date: 1969
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100338
Volume ID: VID00025
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05001780
oclc - 5001780

Full Text


Vol. I No. 26 July 26. 1969

"We Want Our People it Thi k for Themrshes"

lack Students Charge
;ir George Williams U.
tiom 7T11 i- OTRI:A STAR, Julv 15, 1 ,v
Sir George Williams University was threatened with lhe
isdibilit of being charged with contempt of court as a result
f it exoneration of Perry Anderson, the assistant biology ace-
sed of racism by six black students.

Such a charge is "under study'
Ig oup of lawyers, said Ber-
rdS. Mrergler defence lawyer for
nrof the ,7 adults arrested foll-
wnl a student sit-in which ended
Silence February I I and cause-
9. 00.000 damage to university
A fiveman committee of uni-
rst-iFappointed professors, releas-
d eport last week clearing An-
er, of a racism charge.
Mr, Mergler stated at a press
onti ence yesterday that"the pub-
civ ie.n to this decision cannot
ell but ifliienie the public and
v letalls the jurors to hinkt that
iAeiludents' complaints were un-
asited and therefore everything
hairoltowed was unjustified."
I The 87 persons are awaiting
Irish on charges of conspiracy, ar-
iorand mischief.
I Some of the accused students
ma supporters denounced the com-
nilee's e.oneration of Anderson
s "blatant, farce
The group dismissed the va-
Idly of both the five-man hearing
:onmnittee,which cleared Anderon,
mi a three-man appeal tribunal.
dso appointed by the university.
They charge that both com-
nittees were appointed unilateral-
y-without the consent of the par-
.iJin olved



nwmltt O)irr aiif sJa July t I
ITere is hard common sense
litd the decision of the British
authorities to permit the Black
Praer Caribbean regional conferen-
ento open in Bermuda tomorrow.
At the request of the Governor,
Lad Martonmere. Royal Marines
analready standing by off the is-
lal. About a hundred Marines flew
f 1a Britain to the Bahamas last
abk 'and were later transferred to
tso frigates, which are now off
Yet, paradoxically, it appears
likely that it was the arguments
painted to the Governor by his
smrity chiefs that finally tipped
tIl balance in favour of allowing
tleconference to proceed-
The reason is disarmingly simple:
tit visitors-who may number as
Mamy as 500 when they have all
aa.mbled in Bermuda from points
alover the Western hemisphere-
ca be carefully checked and listed
t they pass through immigration
This means that for future refer-
ece British security services will
hre a long and virtually complete
il of all the brown racialists who
9I likely to cause trouble in the
Cpibbean area in years to come.





"'W hold responsible ptr th
uegati c results of the pr ient-day i-
situatio, trihor w iho pretend, i '"
Sallt ros t to ati laint a tn ii pport i.
said a detlaration issued i h "the -- i
Moltcnunt I, Prhist, o if Third 1i7l*
it deti laai stin was appriJ ,iil
on Juneo 21 a! a m .titg /J itn
),rd,ba b, mthmbrs. [ er morel
rtnr, ih lmbrinig m,:rc, than
4ta1 prints im different Jiocf ms
thb cotuntrr'.
Refirrig tt, th, Ittettt i
lth /co h ri si 'c r / ; aIid hahe- W Z
rsltt/dt i mirtae thai 2i deaths
th/e prictrs aid that "rce i itt t't s li i an Er
contirlti thit ponitane,,us rcainin e ti pcirte
of a people who are daily a, quiring
more aware'nes of their dJignty
"i 'ihat is at stake, -" i i d /i l
deCltra ton "is noIt onlv naoerial
ldeninds, but a growing dc trmi-
natih n o the part of thie pic itti
to assiUm t ila cointt i /t r /spontsi
fl I. a t......tr, "
77Tb, dtclar-ti, i-lti tBd

b o oll Je lt itt na/a tine atawered
-hat "the cr iut all t ie p do ain
iqt/, simil ar happenings express
tlhi Jcsr' to carh /,,r a sO.th't This young man, Earle,
bascd ti tii, fill det'h)lopmnt of who is known by everyone
maT. The masses o work ers a as peace loving citizen, was
,-tes -' fr us. a srel, I a p-e mauled by' the police. while
riew olf wlat wdl come in the near travelling from East to West
future. on Deanery Road. About 25
afterr pointing out that "[h yards from Upper York St.
wwI oner wi tr anuttmartically hen the police approached
Iottt forth after hiring desro,ved
ithe old order, but that it is some hillm and started beating him
thing that mu!t be built bhy all with balons.
those who desir it, the pn"Ists He then asked one, 'What
ma ad th rhe rute r ofi is [lie reason for hitting lme?'
framework of a boa hst ^ ni c hut \kas answered with m ore
blows. Not only one answered
Sjk * but all three proceeded in this

A 24 year old builder, Kenneth
Washington, was acquitted in the
Home Circuit Court on Tuesdav last
on a charge of illegally having in
his possession three .38 cartridges.
The trial was stopped at the end of
the prosecution's case when the
trial judge accepted the submission
of Washington's counsel that the
prosecution had not made out a case
for him to answer. The evidence of
a prosecution witness. Police Insp-
ector Alexander Straw, had disclos
ed that the bullets tendered in
evidence, alleged to have been found
on Washington, were not the same
bullets that the arresting constable
had earlier given the witness for
Washington was arrested on the
27th of November last year and
kept in custody for over six months
while awaiting trial on this trivial
(Turn to Poge 4)

After taking this picture
I had to run because the cops
threaten to shoot me, and
drew their guns swearing what
they will do to me if they cat-
ch me using the same words
(bad words) they are locking
up their fellow Jamaicans for.
What's a cop when he
dosen't set examples?
Another incident of the
Police brutality I was lucky
to see.
Who knows what we hav-
en't seen is like, if this fellow
was being beaten like this.
What are the other cases
like especially when there are
no civilian eyewitnesses.










"'WE W

XVI Anniver
The following is the closing section of Fidel
Castro's famous defence at the trial for his
attack on atoncada Barracks, "History will
Absolve .Me' The Moncada attack took place
on July 26rh, 1953. and is the historic turning-
point in Cuba's Revolutionari History.
How can Batista's presence in power be
justified, when he gained it against the will of
the people and by violating the laws of the
Republic through the use of treachery and
How could anyone call legitimate a regime
of blood, oppression, and ignominy? How could
anyone call revolutionary a regime which has
gathered the most backward men, methods and
ideas of public life7 How could anyone con-
sider legally valid the high treason of a court
whose duty was to defend the Constitution?
With what right do the courts send to
prison citizens who have tried to redeem their
country by giving their own blood, their otwn
All this is monstrous to the eyes of the
nation and to the principles of true justice.
Still there is an argument powerful more


sary of July 26th
than all the others. We are Cubans and to be
Cuban implies a duty, not to fulfill that duty is
a crime, is treason.
We are proud of the history of our coun-
try; we learned it in school and have grown up
hearing of liberty, justice, and human rights.
We were taught to venerate the glorious
example of our heroes and martyrs. Cespades,
Agramonte, Maceo, Gomez, and Marti were the
first names engraved in our minds. We were
taught that the Titan Maceo said once 'hat
liberty is not begged for but won with the blade
of a ",
We were taught that for the guidance of
Cuba's free citizens, the Apostle wrote in his
book I;; i;'Jen 4c "The man wht abides
by unjust laws and permits anybody to trample
the country in which he was born, the man who
so mistreats his country, is not an honorable
"in the world there must he a certain
degree of decorum just as there must he a cer-
tain amount of light. When there are many men
without decorum, there are always others who
bear in themselves the dignity of many men.
iTurn to Paoe 4)

In the wor
Nkrumah. 1 woulI
er to the people
vanguard. First I
although I am so f
soul and body are
ed people of Ja
I came acro
article in "Muhas
bout Revolutiona
the Caribbean. So
what you and thi
ing, and I would
I can do to help
endeavour I knows
will be long, but
nation we will con
I know tha
that odds are ag
should have no
that is against u
long run it is the
mines what cour
not just a few toi
st administrative
ed by foreigners.
Todas. the
ica is run bv a few
pie and controlled
ton, and the Unit
what we need to
people, that as I
foreigners to ex\
resources we can
truly independen
haven't got the ri
our own destiny
your paper and I
scribe to it vert
send deatils how
scription. Hoping
Yours in Bro
I must conga
producing a very
arise paper, the At
I have made
duty to purchase
weekly paper as I
things the plain, s
Abeng carries it.
I have my de
magazine and hop
ch the eves and
Black man here i
should read the A
per.for a change an
With all the effort
Ministry is makinS
beng in schools. A
come. Abeng is th
blindfolded Blacko


Freedom Tourism
SItA Discovery
q A 'ern serious
ds of Maon Che, the Jamaica Tourist
d like to say pow- trol will have to give
Revolution to the amount of contempt
would like to discipline of their tou
ar away my mind invite to the island. Th
with the oppress id do this before the
maica ever das amount of white tou
ss your ideas in a Id inside here
nmad Speaks a- Ms reason for
ry personalities of can be seen almost
I have some ideas north coast especially
SBrothers are do- Bay I can recall ma
like to know what seeing these white t
in what ever you bikini shorts walking
* there is struggle the supermarket and
with self-determi- sometimes even with
quer is a big surprise, as it
it it will be said before the police start
ainst us. But we polices seem to admire
fear of the odds women dress in such i
s. because in the manner. If a black
people that deter- dress this wai I am
se History takes, be murdered for it,
ken no-coloniali- polices.
who are controll- These ill-manne
pie disguising as tout
economy of Jama- they are imperious
self-selected pe- black bretheren who
d by Canada. Bri- counter, until their tu
ed States This is stead of joining the I
point out to the ply ignore it, and ma
ong as we allow to the counter here
ploit our natural -en to them instant
never become a if this is the ,wa in
t country if e shite hpocrites are
ght to determine to the island, sith ti
I have heard of to we the black, so'
would like to ub- have to be done. if not
much to please rist board, then by thi
I can buv a Sub- bitants of the island.
to hear from you For example, the!
us in billions, but we
therhood, especially] the police u
discipline them. even bi
lassachussetts police should not on
white men offences, an
gratulate you on ket clerks and post mi
true and inform- Id not attend to the
seng their turn. Let us rem
it a point of my these white foreigners
a copy of this tion to the Jamaican
believe in having continue to treat there
traight-cut wav as matters will onlv bhe
So Black Brothers and'
eep interest in the be radical in our acti
e that it will rea- them, if we refuse to d
hand, of ever turn of slavery is inevit
n Jamaica. They pull up our socks Blac
beng, a good pa- let us realize that these
d enlightenment, tourists are just anothi
ts the Education yourself, give them thq
g to stop the A- meant sou would give
hbeng shall over- black brother.
e only hope for
man in Jamaica. LOWELL DUNN

Liberation from DEAD END Raci
The Black Man has two choice open to Id be punie
him at this stage of history. He is either a of his ski"
Reioluti oars or an fncle TonM Historical mentioned
circumstances have minimized his selection gh the rad
and so he is forced to make a choice of either cides with
one of these two positions. Being a Black Man ful where I
7and conscious of my role in the struggle, I what enarlr
would consider myself to be a Revolutionary. black skim
As revolutionaries, however, it is essen- black peol
tial that we retain some degree of rationality the help ol
in our outlook and he on our guard against and their I
being taken away purely by revolutionary zeal point.
The interview with Brother Marcus Gar,r Jr.. Berl
although very interesting, had carried some ly valid p4
implications that I would not subscribe to. I dare to
honestly do not believe he did his father's right to
philosophy any justice by calling it racism or the Am
Garveyites racists. Racism is reactionary in it- Black
self and Garveyism is more of a response than every s
a reaction. As Revolutionaries, we are respond- point c
ing to a decadent and corrupt system and we brought
should leave it to the reactionaries to react to life have
our response as they are now doing. ration.
It is essential that we transcend the racism ing with
which is the prerogative of the white imperialis- Due
tic capitalist. In his writings. Brother Kwame the Jews.
Nkrumiah. the great African Socialist, warned lieve that
us against dead-end racialism. were the
I am not for one moment asking penance the black
for the white-imperialist capitalist, but he shou- thing.


Peasants & Pigs

Whenever we the peasants ga-
ilitr logpther in unity we are fu-
ioustly attacked and terribly bruta-
litd by a mass of pig-.olicemen
who air suppowsd to be peace off-
eHll. Mr. Editor, our back is
.agitl-f the wall 'now', we would
like ihrough you to warn the gov-'
trnlnt nt about this brntal act upon
iu thli nad is going on for a very
Ilnti prnod as we all know. If we
c;litnl sit and reason together, or
.o to places of enjoymenl.whalt
clit i oullr alternative?
Seeing that there is no way
i tll r Its, we have no one to de-
fcidi olu righLts, the only satisfac-
lio'ln us is in arm ourselves and
fieghl against these pigs
IFor instance, I aml the lawful
,.ni of a high ranking officer of the
I ouitauhlary force. A past Satur
dal night I attend a dance which
\ast kept by a co-worker of mine:
otilt Ilhe dance was in its highest-
4f licigltls a battalion of armed pigs

invaded the dance. One of these
pigs approach me and stuck his gun
in my side, his remark was "a have
a good-mind shot yu in P viu ,.."
one of his colleagues to whom I
am acquainted with, said "This man
is one of us". At this instance
the aggressing pig reply was "look
how a coulda get mi self mixed up
This letter is to aware the
government of these pigs therefore
we have intended to take drastic
action against what we now know
as police-brutality. Long live Abeng.
Mao said: If you don't hit
the enemy they will not fall. And
if you don't push the broom in
the corners the dust will not come
One Aim, One Destiny. One
God,'Allah. Ja Rastafari'.
From a Marxist Leninist Youth.





I Sill\ lanlt \ears ago,
,\Il lie lhick Isran knewt no snowt
Nhile mieni crosI d the midland sa.
tEuroputlii t lfsture hlial briingt itlhoiu'

t ltristliitl flourished whlere.
The cuulilt d while man utas ils heir.
So hliding Alican quite dark.
The\ MsluJgt Iti light it Sillu h a spark,

fhe Pirtus ies. and illlh castle tlere,
Co(lersion IIllicie' ditappte.red
i 's itul tl t s t;ir tli, r i> i h l tic k t tetl
STh Sppania.idsh blil Ithir empire's \ealllh

Oft the .oers.Cr's lash.
Sptilt te black mall s burnished hack,
And thlrligh three cenituriet of such uork
\iilc v as the ,k but black the earth

But herin th industrial ret olulion
Tllre the planlte ill conlluiion
lhile nroii II tht Molli l It iunyN-
SoInthman i fylor MundrN

,o w ith btiick emancipiatiton
One ouiildt hink ia clhangd situtliiin
But prjulitlict [sill rc lnaiins
liThI l.ick Inail lis Int doe, inot reitie

by "DESIl


When man refuse
Then man will alw
When man decide
Then man will har
They who hate to
Will never know rl
But they who love
Will live one day to
,VCow man cani do,
Yes man can shine
If man will on lyr
Then leave our fol
Please let us watch
Seize their example
They hate to know
When other birds
Yet I have seen so
Who alwa0 s keep a
Don't run a risk at
Or else the ranger
Behold myBrothe
Behold my Sisters
Our call to you is
For we have seen a

litII By K T. Klan (Caliior

Ideeds nor mierel\ because
great Brolther Mialcolm X
lis later fpeeche Althou-
Ih in Jamaica often tcoin-
l2raggle. we miil-t be care-
I distinction. It is some-
lisume that all men with
Iers" The exploitation of
lt be carried out uoithiut
les. Lets not forget this

ought out some extreme-
ticles and no one should
ack people have more
than any other race (save
I are no more with ui.
ive shed their blood in
ind we should make this
cally forced labour has
to what it is. Our family
of all from this exploi-
ns this premise is play-

acist educational system,
Chinese were led to be-
their lighter skins, they
in economic affairs and
n was some hereditary

It is ridiculous fur those slon
who claim to be governing our co
lieve that black students going ahr
be influenced by the Fanon s. the N
the CIla-ers and man\ more of th
dom fighters The black struggle i
nal and will be until all black peo
world are free.
IWhat the so-called government
is at present experiencing will seen
er party to what they will e\perien
present crop of revolutionary hbi
return home and find out that the c
black people have not changed ani,
We still believe that there
some elements amount the exploit
and races to shed their illusions a
the black mall', word Resolution;
snm is not only a moral plea for th
our country. It is a necessity as air
ing Black people should accomi
progressive member of an) race th
to make a useful contribution to
meant of our country, those that si
in the way of Black Liberation sha
away among its furious wa es.
"ABENG". you have anster
continue to explode the myths and
corruptions and treachery that bese
land. Liberation shall be ours
"ABENG" and the Black Peopl

SOne -Menism I
Ihe mlin weakness with s slgsiar workers, is lthe tiucture' in \vlich
the aire r i ,miz.edl tio t i 11.1,1I N W I joint piar pjlla iient unions
/ER 1 iso the \lIent to sihich this two part uslioniism cain be called all
oraniattioi ot suly.ir ,ot kers. their atlinli isition. is faked ion it sy
Eite ifn ol1 lks ol ,neiersni,.
EI workers s 1a e- p in l l thile I'airms and in tihe factors is completely
'o do the right disc.Ilon ted it oi il ps trlicipltion in the decisions and Iativities ot
'ays choose to spite tle pn lt unions
and live real kind Thei arc no c t iit ics lo pth litp:it in.
e some peace of mind N, worket metint s ,n tride uniont educationil meetings. No
hear the truth decision inlkm .in meeins Stui ; corkers ale attached for the onIv pur-
ings from the root Iplf itiii. m lin.pp i 00 )\i0 t1) ) erl i in dlues to whatever
to own their ault s ill the lt
then exalt. i i n tl l l' like leader NOl 'i
what man has done i s ll(llnl t ll t do n. I
bright as the sun i"!:l d is'isl "ill. ho is *l u, t the it.il it the parry tha e ui.i o is
ealise icolni/el untii l is onle menl It is :. 'ilier ii pi;iliamllint. I eader oi e\e-
ly and be wise. tutil\e i ovI r'llin 1 t :lnd il0.t i ol ll-ppl. tin gi s rlll lllent
ithe birds on earth Ne\x link is the of'liers ol ite fittce \ clique oi iiuviduais who
e from their birrh into M I the Ime n tII o p 1 l ill ltie ont' i en links beCli
vthe fuits do roth \N l i s tie arei supertso nhei ing i menI l ho t living inl the
couldhavea lot. suga. Iwtl lie link hel[, .'. the 1) olfillnlerls al'.i otrice li en
ne beast-like men lec is a titer in pi ,ital ,1 a oi i ,sinelii .s s chair en and bid
s slavery) peni ,.
IVdeat a fruit r i rt. ,
sure to shoot. Ne\t its tle Il te'lo sst~ il l oi.ani/el, also I, sill-i in parlochiall coun
rs one andall csil. alld lht' hlk between the arl 1 ~lpeCit\is and lwoker delegate.
grear and small The iorlker delee:i' tl the t>l llnIe working clais representative
to unite in thisu lake st' ulip is hinil.tt tliitiilniiti'd Js 1 workets ieppets entative.in
shiin glight. ioperAtiin manilii \ as in indi\ ihlu l iln lit'e silNi link \iilh the 110 1it 5i00
swttukeis employed onl the l\aious fartis
R.i\ 4114( .I 'he weakest link in Ihis hIll paiti union chain is Ieltween workers
iand stoker delegates Relt'teint little or tilt i conp'enlation lort the one-
inenll job the are doing fadiin;-g (o deal efleelively with tlihe simplest
i'se, and Irighitened by the lies th are tie old It tell workers, some
dcle'eiltes lihae ei\len uipll eir post Oi stllnle l1. I s tlhee aire no eplace-
menIt t Wltsile other delCegais hia\e detienlere.it ii tthe prisileues of being
rniac) ihe iii ci in the de.ij t \son tl : itd lecei\i special rate fls I his stork,
hIlli is the chaii ;1 set linking su l \.llokers I il the NIL' hITl
c-age hrains cell block, in the nat oI s ids u iillm.
unltry to he-
oad ill not The effect is a piling up tl nstellted titiktrs case dating back
Malcolmn X',, tto file seals Jieo The Iaihne t [lihe Ilst si anld a half weekss strike ol
e lack free+ cane i.tllers ;a I '.LS C.o in \esMnii 'loe.tld tl ) setil ie Ihe tuitandiin, gi ie-
s internatiho Nanct il\eew inec'rea 1 s ailld Clop buiio s. \ loss ol ailth in tile p)oi sibilit)
ple toer the ii btitding a real independll enit siokint cklis itiep ,iesnltahill atin ong sugiar
it in Jamaica w\orkels.
i like a dinnw. And w ok rst of all. the Irils e l uniioil c nitt limiii ii ot t the it o party
ce %when ithe NIh U 131F cell blokk is Iu ild liiectl ites'lonlible to iinprison slluga
ik students workers to the plaintlatin society in the interest i \\. S.co lore'in
conditions of while po\\ei ail the \xpenset iit intining siceial desladition alliong1
sugar workers.
is hope for They hate alretd hbeiun to esltiblish siu.it lvorkers council il the
iting classe villages where the\ liiet as the c'liie'.rLonle to eCal ii tle union uinder-
aid fisen tt siinding, participation .and1 reipresentaioni
ir) Sotiali-
e suroal of Ecootinitc potet is political power. Buikildin e ctono11lic ipowier in
is to breath- tfaour of woirkeir Io ier is real I.rade union lpoier. Thus trade union ac-
modlate any livity is political activityy
at is willing The dt na.imi lieretiore i non-it a tiliation to ill l iiarlianlenlary poli-
ithe develop- tical parties and tihe e\tension it i ride unioiln ctivitly to nswer tile die-
eek to stand inad.iis of the social life ot suir t oikerts in 'estuiitoreland.i where sull
all be waslhed
i t be aShed is the only powerful ei.ionomic business nit there the gtreuear portion
red the call, of the ptipulatioun scuffle aiiotil0 I his is natIilIat so.
Sexpose the Sug:r workers kumow his lIhC\ hlIse ecun ihe iiiurie ut tie S l.A.
t our home- the I.C.F.A a d All i i im id in the Stir iindustli) snd as the build-
Loun live cers and burden bearter il li te i lnld lis l t ihe e ha ib ilu to planill Ie
e's struggle, seeds of their io\n liberation for stcil j listice

Vol. I No. 26 July 26, 1969


Man hais reached the Moon Or rath-
er American imen have reached the moon.
The laic that it was the Americans who
fiirs accomplished this considerable tech-
nical achliievemnent was of course no accid-
ent The\ more than anyone else have
use'd miusoed and abused the science and
wealth o other peoples The very factor-
ies iand institutions which produced the
imachinerN and men to conquer the Umoon
;Ice right now producing the weapons
and people to brutalise freedom-fighters
in Vietnam. Cuba. black America and
anwl here else where man should strive to
reclaimr his freedom from American imp-
Indeed this moon landing reminds
us that so-called development and bar-
b.anlsi are inseparable. Historically the
SIhliid c orld" Africa. Asia. Latin Am-
erica including Jamaica) was not always
underdeveloped. It was made so by force
lhc while race led b% the Portuguese
begun lie barbarism which wrenched the
energies ot aln entire continent to [lie
senice of whlite culture and allowed
Anglo-Saxon technologT to reach the
clvel marked b\ the moon landing. Afri-
can. Asian and Latin American develop-
ment was ruthlessly broken up by explor-
ers, priests and soldiers. Europeans super-
ior in one respect onl% their willingness
to blutalise mankind turned the states.
empires and brotherhood of Africa to
the service of their own ruling groups

JULY 26th count. )
These are the men who rebel with great force
agalast those who steal the people's freedom,
that is to say, against those who steal human
dignity itself."
Still, a more serious problem remains for
this hearing: the issues arising from the murder
of seventy men, that is to say, the greatest
massacre we have ever known. The guilty con-
tinue at liberty with weapons in hand -wea-
pons which continually threaten the citizens.
If all the weight of the law does not fall upon
the guilty, because of cowardice, or because of
domination of the courts and if then, all the
magistrates and judges do not resign, I pity you.
And I regret the unprecedented shame that will
fall upon the judicial power.
I know that imprisonment will be
as hard for me as it has ever been for
anyone, filled with cowardly threats
and wicked torture. But I do not fear
prison, as I do not fear the furs of the
miserable tyrant who took the lies of
"'0 of mll comrades.
Condenn mell It does not matter.
History will absolve me.

As Socks:

"Man Rejoicing:
Marcus Garvey Birthday"
Sunday August l7th
Dance Outing
Port Henderson
Watch for Details

On the backs of slaves the American and
British Industrial Revolutions were built.
in the wake of that came the 20th century
technological revolution which produced
Apollo I I
Not onlN historically but today
\smerican deselopmen t continues to grow
onl on condition of continued exploit-
ation of peoples whlion white men first
made backward. Thel take our minerals.
produce and people, use them for their
own enrichment and give us the dropp-
ings. So our bauxite gives Americans jobs
and money while the Jamaican masses
hate neither. Multiply this one-thousand
fold and we understand the source of
imerican strength, the cause for which
the Vietnamese peasants are struggling
and the importance to the United States
to put them down American capitalism
has sentt a rocket to the moon not only
at the same time as. but because 23 of
the \ world's people are poor. diseased and
But we members of the oppressed
nevertheless take pride in what has been
achieved at our expense, in fact by us
though not for us. At the same time we
sharpen our resolve to free up for all the
wealth and technology which was produ-
ced by all. Only the successful struggle of
poor people everywhere can turn the
achievement of barbarism to the purposes
of civilisation. In this task Blackman has
the historical job to take the lead.


charge He was refused bail by the
committing Magistrate and later by
a High Court Judge, despite the fact
that he had no criminal record and
although charges of this nature are
usually) tried in the Resident Magis-
trate s Courts with the possibility
of a small fine or conviction. Even-
tually. on another application to
another High Court Judge. Washing-
ton was offered bail on the 3rd of
June but the D.P.P's Department
without explanation, declined any
invitation to send the case back to
the R M. Court for trial.
The police witnesses had alleged
that duringa police raid Washington
was seen running from premises.
I "oodham Crescent, and was chas-
ed and d with the tree cartridges
in his pocket. Several independent
eye-witnesses, however, state that
Washington was in the premises
cooking lunch when the police rid-
ing party arrived on the scene. He
was held up and searched at gun-
point by a policeman and then rel-
eased, after neighbours pointed out
that hewasemplo)edasa watchman
on the premises. Later. the Super-
intendent in charge of the raid. Jez
Marstoin. called Washington and acc-
used him of harbouring criminals
there. Without further word. the
witnesses state, the Superintendent
punched \Washington in his belly.
causing Washington to double up
in pain, and then hustled him off
to a police vehicle.

For the Best in
Second-hand Lumber
G. Thompson's Lumber
Yard' -
30 West Road.
Clock Circle,
Trench Towi.

Report from

the Military
The J.D.F. is one of the securities of the country: It is min
ned by mostly Jamaicans. The heads of the J. D. F. is from fN
ssly. A strong Political Agitator for the JLP-who is David
Smith-now Lt. Colonel. Mascol. second in command, is from

Now Black Mothers of this
country that belongs to all of us
this country that our Forefathers'
sweat and blood is in her. Any of
you ever ask your son that is in
the army what the condition is like?
Now, I 1ill give you a typical
example of some of the things that
happens to your black son and may-
be he is your only son too, so plea-
se you and the public take a dim
We went to Moneague on the
15/6/69 for our annual training.
Now the training consists of hard
work doing all various kinds of
exercises for approximately 6 hours
per day. 12. 30 you stop for lunch:
Now remember Mothers, Brothers
and Sisters. you are doing section
attack, jumping fences, carrying
your weapon and packs plus a gun
that weighs nearly 20 lbs., and
when you line up for your food
all tired and sweating you get 3
and four (4) pieces of homemade
type biscuits made in Barbados and
a cup of beverage. Now that dosen't
value 1/-. Now we are supposed
to be fighting men trained to kill
but kill who? I think David Smith
is training to kill our-selves. But he
is mistaken.
Our food is bought at A.M.C.
Now we get the rejected food and
the reason for this is cheap stuff.
Our clothing, footwear, and food
are all bought cheaply. Now who
is behind all this? I would say it
is the Prime Minister with a Com-
bination of David Smith and Mas-
They were told to buy all the
stuff in Jamaica that is the reason
when you go to A.M.C. they tell
you if you don't want it the Army
will buy it, that is the rejected stuff.
Another typical example bla-
ck mother your son was punished
for 28 days for a bottle of jam and
a-loaf of sliced bread, both value

3/6. One of the Imperialist Offie
was seen with 30 odd Ibs. of
comprising of chicken, mutton,
beef and was let through the
free. Now all that meat that was
len, a part of it belong to the s
soldier who was punished for
days. Now, why did he take
bread and jam? Because he
hungry. He did not get enou
Because the same Imperialist is st
-ing his food.
The Imperialist King that
the J.D.F. has vast acres of banal
plantation in St. Mary. Now wh
excavation work is to be done
it, the men of the Engineer U
are called in to go and plough
up with taxpayers' tractor and
there big units, free of cost. The
don't even get a drink in co el
His Majesty Imperialist Da
Smith, when he hears men co
plain says what they want is di
pline, punishment.
He goes as far and says
can't do a damm thing because
are cowards. He knows we are
and naked because they are
ing us. They just have us as a
to push taxpayers money in th
pocket. If anything serious happy
they will send for white merc
ries and all your sons will do is
white man pot and plate.
One thing I say as a solar
is that the old clothes goveme
is from rags to riches exploiting
but their time is running out
soldier in the army with about
years service his home on caq
was burnt out. The only thing
is what was on his back and h
children back. King Imperialist D
vid Smith offer him 50 out oft
Welfare fund. The Welfare
have well up to 50,000.
Now what is really happen
to black children of Jamaica?
Support Abeng, promote
beng. it's your only medium
knowing the truth.

for Courteous & Quick Service
Your salifactlon Is our pleasre

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