Title: Abeng
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100338/00024
 Material Information
Title: Abeng
Physical Description: 1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Abeng Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Kingston Jamaica
Publication Date: July 19, 1969
Copyright Date: 1969
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100338
Volume ID: VID00024
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05001780
oclc - 5001780

Full Text

Vol. 1 No. 25 July 19, 1969




C leaver

And Seale


Algiers Bid
ILGIERSJuly 13 (AP) Two Black
hither leaders, Eldridge Cleaver
id Bobby Seale. hate accepted
citations to the Pan-African Cult-
ml Festival beginning here July 21,
kt have not yet arrived in Algiers,
it festival organizers said today.
Cleaver, the Black Panther min-
her of Information, disappeared
min the United States last Novem-
kr after failing to surrender on a
ole revocation order. He had been
evicted of assault with intent to
Sand was paroled after serving
ht years of a 13-year term. The
'ole was revoked after a shoot
' beti een Pnathers and policemen
iakland. Calif.. in which Cleaver
I wounded and another Panther

Sleaver was in Cuba for a time,
"was believed to have left the
akd within the last few weeks.
The festival Cleaver and Seale
mised to attend was conceived
B meeting of African chiefs of
le at Kinshasa, the Congo, in
7. The original idea involved
y folklore, but when President
ari Boumedienne of Algeria off
d Algiers as a site, he suggested
festival be expanded to include
sentaions of modern and trad-
sal theater, dance, music and
exhibitions. Much African art
im museums outside Africa is
specially lent for the festival.


On the 25th of June last it was

reported in the Star that a motorist
Mr. Bruce Bravo. had been shot
through the window of his car on
the evening of the 7th of June at
the corer of Grove and Central
Roads. According to Mr. Bravo.
while he was driving slowly along
Grove Road, a man rushed up to
him at the junction with a gun and
said "don't move". He ignored the
command and immediately heard a
shot. the bullet shattering the rear
door glass, entering his back and

lodging in his lung He received 32
stitches and was hospitalized for onI
The report also states that on
the same night COLONEL GLEN
MIGNON. the newly! appointed Dir
ector of Prisouns, reported to the
H-\ police that a muotrist had
reversed into his car at that same
spot. and was driNing asay without
saving anything, so he fired a shot
at the motorist's car tisre. The rep
ort continues. "he did not knows if
anyone was hit".

Fruitful Vale Health Centre
In many rural areas health
clinics serse a great many people
and are often ill-equipped to sat-
isfy the needs of the area.
The Fruitful Vale Health Cen-
tre in Shrewsbury, Portland, is ser-
ed by one doctor who does full-
time work at the Annotto Bay hos-
pital. 21 miles away. Because of
the pressure of work in Annotto
Bay the doctor often postpones his
visit to the clinic. When this is the
case the doctor sends a telegram
telling the nurse that he will be
unable to make it. This means the
patients who have waited an entire
day will either have to travel into
Annotto Bay or return the other
Clinic hours are between 8 a.m
and 5 p.m. On July 9th about 60
people were still waiting at the'
Fruitful Vale Health Centre after 5
p.m. to hear from the doctor.

GROSS IRRESPONSIBILITY saine. I he natter is heing covered
If this report is true. then on his up from high quarters. Ihe police
own admission, the Prison Director seem to find it necessary to car
has committed an act of eris irres- out hallitic tst, and submit tate

been conmnitedt h oas bii el no report thaht a ctlion

first and ask questions lter", and Ua shout at East Rac, (ourse the
to have such a person in charge of In als* ,* report thit the ftala bullet
our institutions for administering hd cle from tie Ign of a police
punishment o offenders is,` back ,, I otficr 'a n "l lde public until
if ito t apetha artst tate icing. hi
,ard and unenlightened step Otur h IiII,'ii l t, e 'lteri n"'g. 'hir
prisons are crying out for greater, report :ls not considered efficient
betAnd tile bullet Nas itti abroad to
not less. hunmanit, in their operat- d te s led b "t" altd
ions. e tested hy a foreign ballistics exp
We are amazed that Col Mignon ertI Ma Ieriousl, hlowoeer, it ,as
has been permitted to continue iln e\pod to tile si i r and tbecme
his ne o post wle s t ile s dark shadow ren masrii it it mpoble fr the
looms over his fitness to carNry ouf re'in expert test it
its delicate and important functions. iBENG intends to see that the
COVERED UP cure f justice i, not defeated by
an\ airilar mishap in this case.
Much more serious tholn o]
Mignon s continued exercise of off,
ice is the apparent attitude of offii Vie ing
ialdom I he report state "the a i ti o
er has been a closel guarded secret the Situation
until it leaked out it also a ra t.ioe r h onplanni ce iin Jam aica

Nor Aeine corma e t the repu s e
PERU REQUESTS I ,i,, bcork....... M "
+of the blabck-working-class White
poaNer structure and local parasite.
A losd u uckeres are mourning; for
r ll the horn is sounding in every cor-
PEASANTS I ner of Jamaica and is welcome for
its reolurtionary tone, a note that
all blrackman begin to sing-let my
SUPPO T FOR people go
R AIN R The people have no ships to
take them back to Africa nor to

I Lima, July I (PL) "The land (backra) shoot bis him shoot man
shall be ur ecause ou are the too. This is a conflicting situation,
one who works it." read handbills for those who represent the people
being distributed throughout the are for the first time caught in
country by the Militaf Goern the people' trap, they are asking
ment of Peru. in which the peasants the people to surrender the guns
are asked to put forth greater effort they lend them to win elections to
in farming, after the promulgation the house on Duke Street for a
of the agrarian reform law. bible, and the church will look after
The appeal written in both the situation better I am saying this
Spanish and Quechua points o ill never solve our r problems. What
farmers or sharecroppers, nor will will work is that the politicians
shares or other forms of rental pay- and gospel nders believers, those
ments be made, because, from now people who ay leave things to
on all crops will belong to the pe- (God), the themself must repent
ont all crop ill elong to and surrender the lands the banks
"Since eou will be the owner and insurance companies over to
now, you must defend what is yours. the working-class-black people of
Be n guard against poliicians the Jamaica. It is the working elass
accomplices of the exploiters. They people that keep state machinery
will tell you that when you are the going, not the drones in this coun
owner of the land it will not yield try who do no work. Cut going
good crops, that production will fail, abroad on trips to bank money
that the cattle will grow thin and eat free and attend fabulous func-
and finally die,"the handbills explain, tions and sleep in lofty mansions
In conclusion, the Military Go- on top of the hills in saint Andrew,
vernment appeals to the peasants to and where the are hiding from
prove that they can make the land the wrath of the voters who as now
produce more. become rebellious and dissatisfied.

"I'e Want Our People to Think for Themsrl-es"


Dance Beaters

Black Panthers Launch

United Front to Combat

Fascism in America


The most regular dance-crashers are
policemen. Because of this dance patrons
and Sound System operators in WIestern
Kingston. Papine. August Town. Hermit-
age. Tavern Bull Bay. Standpipe. Barbic-
an. Red Hills and several other Kingston
areas go out in fear of being shot or arres-
ted. E\er\ week-end armed policemen
move into dance halls between midnight
and one clock in the morning to harrass
Black Man and disorganize our assembly.
Onil three week-ends ago. some 125
people. most of them youths, were arres-
te d and jiled. without any charges made
against them. On the Saturday night of
Jule 2Sth. a construction worker. Lionel
iSilliams. was shot to death in his chest
hi a policeman from the Harmon Barra-
cks Squad.
Apart from shooting and making
arrests some policemen wreck thie sound
,\ stems and raid tie bar for beers or rum
before crashing another spot. Wherever
the Sound System operator is playing he
usually sees to it that those presenting the
dance or himself inform the police when
it \will take place. In spite of this. many
operators complain that Babylon's Sat-
urday night ,pree is taking the bread
romi their mouths as raids are neverthe-
less carried out.

Last Saturday night there was an
ABENG fund-raising dance off the Span-
ish Town Rd. Keeping within the hour.

si\ helmleted Harmon Barrack' men came
into tile schoolroom at five minutes be-
fore one that Sunday morning and patrol-
led for a short while before leaving. No
arrests were made but the floor was left
almost bare as patrons iho had been
dancing or cotching bi the fence disapp-
eared as the sound of lice was given.
Count Boy tie's Sounds which was playing
then. had been partially wrecked two
weeks before hb a similar police raid. All
Itle dances which tile police have crashed
hioe been in Sufferr Areas. W\h have
these police raids become so frequent'
Certain police officials claim that these
dlnmCs harbour criminals. However. acco-
rding lt police calculations, almost all
litack Ma in in these sufferer areas are
criminals if judged hb the wav scores are
ihaled off ion Sunday mornings to jail.
Of greater importance is the cultural
and political threat these dances are to
Babln \i, Man and Man are not onlu, seek-
ing Saturdayl night fun but are reasoning
inli organizing among themselves. The
inusi itself is ltie most \alid expression
Ill our i trican militanc,.. Dance posters
in this case ni\idlb reflect the sign of
these times "Dis Great Ethiopian Fiesta,
\ Nite of messagee to the Black King".
"Black Fiesta". and "Black Power Nite".
It is this black militancy and assent-
Ibl that Babylon wants to destroy, but
the sounds are now too widespread for
the n to jump the gun which has set off
the complete \anking of our enemies.

Haile Se lassie 77th Birthday to be

(oteCebrAF;t iir Ide



HR~i'irop S

Se in FashioR


i\L i sll() s \R1 ,

),I 1 -[ \ I(

a t- iRs, I.
4 1 ;, ,I < { -


Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethi-

FB.I. agent, right, start search of Black Panther center.
Two were seized in connection with New Haven murder.
Thle oltest rae tf repression Jaallist tihe Black Liberaq
struggle in the Lnited States is noo b einil directed against(
\eteran obserners in that country sa, that the curlt
attacks against the Panthers have reached a level of unrestrai
satvaers and brutality unequalled in recent times in a count
knuon for the \iolent aggression of its ihliie ruling class. M
Panthers have been killed. \ounded or arrested. and others f
ed to flee the country or so undercrounda Par\ iheadquart
equipment and funds have been desroNed or seized in mn
States. Panther leaders hare long been predicting a coordina
offensive initiated from the highest ranks. Chairman and
founder Bobby Seale was quite clear about the aims of there
ression. Nixon's goernmrent, he said. was attemptingr to des
tile national and state level Black Panther Pinrt leaders
The ferocity of tile attacks have resulted int

opia will Ie se-enmy-seten years old The arrests on various 'tru- set up a nationwide BRE AK
nc\i seek His birthday is to be ce. ped up charges" (convictions are FOR CHILDREN program to
lebrated with a double 7 Festival rare of o er 100 Party members thousands of hungry -chool chi
of Arts tncan D)ancing. Dmmm- this rear. 21 Panthers' are to be It is no planning to set up l
iin. rt and Poet, at the Student's tried in Neaw York on chares of hE\ LTH CLINICS to allevial
Lnion tIMl next rednesdary July conspiracy, and large numbers of miserable health uare of the pt
3ird. from evening to night hours Panthers hae recently been arrest- capitalit America. These progr
Artists include Tommy McCook ed in Chicago, New Haven Sacre- es naturall receive wide suppo
anid the Supersonics. the Eteke Dru- menlo. Seattle, Oakland. Denver m the black communic t and
mmer-s and The African dancers. A and Oregon Colorado and New oppressed classes Small wondd
special edition of the Black M\an Jerte r-t e\pliter oeek to pit th
Speaks magazine will appear that Panther leaders have shared mi.h of their power against
day The last issue of tile magazine thahe t arrests are part of a hlsh Pintersl The Part's position
was published on MSa 25th during level plot using criminal law in aln is capitalism which guarantee
the All African iDa celebrations openl police state fashion to di- continuation of racist oppre
Admission is hi contribution credit the Panthers in the eyes of makes it possible for it to
the oppressed classes as aell as to principled alliances with shite
S deslro tlhe functioning or'ga nizati- minority groups in the fight aj
support on. They point to he fact that capital m and white racism. at
bail is often set as high as S 100000, rake a fins stand against black c
TORES deliberately tying up funds needed tlisis and reactionaries trvin
A enR l oir revolutionary programs. Promin- parade under the banner, of I
OAD A e emt leaders like Eldridge Cleaver poer On Jul] Iith, on the
hare been forced into political exile th-, initiiiae. a conference o
so un sin order to esape political delen.- si.luioa ii and opposition gr
iSoun s on and political assassination, ill he Ield to develop "a U
a GLNTT.LEY Shameless gangstensm and o- Front against Fascism in Amer
--_ pen lawlessness by "pig" law en Such tactics make it harder for
forcement agencies. More than 20 ruling cla> to isolate the Panl
s Panther members have been mur- from the black community ande
dered by the police in the last three oppressed lasses-and thus hard
years. In a recent rampage against buy off or bribe the Panthers
the Sacremento headquarters oni
June 15th 15 persons suffered gun- How cill the Party fare
ES shot wounds. They major of that such ferocious attacks' The il
city after seeing the Headquarters ss'ie level of political discipline
riddled with bullet holes and strewn the high leIel of revolutionary
Sixth broken typewriters and a room cation required of all membensi
i. ful of damaged food for a childrens Id sere it well in the struggle.
,"rh -3 breakfast program said "I am shock hers must attend two hours of
a t. a -ed and horrified. This just cannot tical education classes a day, I
E continue." All indications are that least 50 copies of the Party SI
( L\ AN" S it will In this "land of the free", a week, bring in new members
police state terrorism has now been obsere strict rules of personal
lt IOR I' NIS R Visit Clancy's for the latest pie as well as outward, against the pulsion.) Chairman Bobby S
i l 1 in Foreign and Local Records, people of Latin America, Asia and plained the effects of the stW
Si Open uny dy Africa. on the Partys support: "We ilP
ll Open until 9 p.m. every day. In a matter of three years stand that when we are attil
1 the Panthers have become a nation more people come forth to S
4-5 1 (2 O.lie Sireet wide organization of Black militants stand and try to seek out inf
Kint tl1 and their revolutionary policies tion from the Party and try tog
have gained wide support. The Par- stand why we are attacked, and
t works for community control of ranks of the Party spread in
the police, and in the last year has and fast when we have such attll
- Ro e : A Hil. Secretary, re sidinl at I1 Calcroft Ave. Kgn 8 Prnted by H P Ltd. 9S Industrial Terrce, ill













July 2nd was the birthday of brother Lumumba. Lumumba's birthday is recognized as black
bnrtherhood day in many parts of the uwlrld.
The murder ol Lumumba, which came seven months after he led Congo to Independence, was
organized by the white Western World. He was one of the greatest Afican revolutionaries of our
riime His invollement in the struggle is an inspiration to every black man.
".Veither brutalirtv nor cruelrt, nor torture, will ever bring me to ask for mercy, for prefer to
die with my head unbowed, my faith unshakeable and with profound trust in the destiny of my
country. ratirer than live under subjection."
\lit \l Ilt.rent to it is readers somne intlornation gathered by two of
il i.iearihti tiorkers It the I nired Nations. printed in the General Assetm-
lil\ diclnillll. t -40'4 and S-4 0r Helene Tournaire and Robert Bouteaud
gine Ille folloii 'in account ol tlle circumstances of the assassination of Pa-
Iltie LI tIimumba inl their book eIlie Free Negro of C oingo" published bh the
Ierrit t Academic Libtt n

lOn Januan- 1-1h tlt,. O i abenu u ;f the
t llngolcs Si url still b\ h it director ien-
daka reached T1i xille camp aboard a small
antraft. He asked lo, he takeI to the cell occu-
pied hb the litme M\inister and ill a furious
Imanlir Ihe aInnounced A revolt in Leopold-
\ill ha o br ok t .iu. Kanuhlu Ile. and Moblu-
' are under illt prolccltion of lie L'N The)
hope Io lonl a iin La etolnmenit
This \a' a pos1ibili, and in the Longo it
"ia ailnmi.l norilat Lununlba did not mistrust
lhilm He hordid Ith plane with Okito and MPolo
liut llhal roul did il take' Leopold\ille did
not appear io the Iloli/on Ihrough the win
dows one could se inl tlite waves and an
equator spracd wnth tioam Prcsident troulou
llhd rluosd to allow tlie kidnap plane 1i land
at tilh airport in Cita-iatille The aircraft be-
longing to the elgian E ompani, Air Brussels
and pilotled Ibn (o niander \an der Mcershsse,
laiided nl the tl antic coast at itloainda in die
plain Lulimu ila a.nd hia ciompatrois Iwre ua-
sagels lit atol
HBauweno the oilier irlgiain piloil landed on
Ili runwa\ near a I)--4 lIloiging to Air C onigo.
Lumunumba Liktl and \MPolo were bound to-
gter The\ were all tlirown into the DC-4.
Itauwrcns nfe tihe plane towards Elizabethille
The distatie is great ibetlwcn ,loanda and
Elisabethc ilte. Somewhat more than that be-
tiowe burden. and fitelas Tile prisoners were
beaten tiontinuall during the entire trip The
rewl of ite aircraft declared later l"\e could
ino lnger d alch lte spectacle. \e took refuge
in the from cabin.
Meanwhile, the pla5 nel m es kilumetre after
kiliometr towards alaingat a ther lelgrati1
had arriivd trom Kauldul. Chief of tile cabinet
,fI grillee doula a ne figure on the political
ene II dlelarced
"I anm sdding three packalgs.. iLrille Adoula
pul on the sill 'wnn boots of the Chief of
State. Patrice Luounlba, but he would not use
them in the same nanner t The DC-4 descended
into thi coolness of the high Katangan plateau.

I1 landed on the runwas between green, red ana
white flags under trhe slogan: "Welcome to the
Free State of Katanga". The ministry of the
Interior. Godefrot Mlunongo. had directed the
operations from the control tower.
For several hours, a hundred or so gendarmes
and Katangan police surrounded by their Bel
gium officers, had been grouped in front of the
hanger for Katangan military aircraft at the end
of the run*av
The three men,blinded and coere'd with
blood, were pushed out The tallest of them and
thIe 'linmest, the one walking in front, had a
short beard. He was staggering on his last step
when a )ell rang out
"Hey, he must not trample Katangan soil
with his feet"
The man was flung to the ground. Rifle butts
reigned down on him, feet kicked him in the
most vulnerable places. Lumumba. MPolo and
Okito were by now nothing more than packages
of dried blood and torn flesh when they were
shoved into a jeep. The gendarmes sat on them.
A car started up. The UN soldiers did not move.
without a single blue cap having intervened, the
convoy headed for an opening in the barbed
wire fence around the airport
Several kilometres away. Munongo was wait-
ing They took off the blindfold from Patrice
Lumumba's eyes and the sunlight fell on what
was left of them. Godefroy Munongo came for-
ward. French was their only common language.
He used this language, but not to curse him or
to deride him, but to refer to former beliefs:
"You still think you are invulnerable?"
Munungo snatched the bayonet from the belt
of a gendarme and leaned over Lumumba.
Slouwy, clamly, the bayonet pierced his ribs.
The European mercenaries (the Belgians and an
Englishman named Russell Cargill,. who had met
at this spot and were drinking to "celebrate"
the arrival of Lumumba. had been warned of the
assassination but could not take it. Colonel
Huygne took out his revolver. pointed it at the
man's head, and fired.



Wthen the Great Depression
of the thirties hit Jamaica, alien
traders took refuge under the Ja
maica bankruptcy laws which was
as full of holes as a siee. Fradulent
bankruptcies especially among the
Chinese became a national scandal
being quite opeonl resorted to It
would he surprising if total liabili
ties over I a' a five year period
reach seven figures if we add fire
insurance premiums paid out to the
aliens in the dre goods trade during
a long run of mysterious fires By
and large it was Jamaican mone
that went to set these aliens firm
on their feet and pave the wat for
their present monapol .
Not content with fleecing the
Jamaican merchants in the whole
sle trade, the Chinese established
all over Jamaica their DROP PAN
AND PEAKA POWe gambling centres
extracting money intended school
children's lunch right up the scale
to law oers, doctors and other pro-
fessionals, all bitten with the bu.g 'f
turning in a* fast bucki
Sculduggar has een laid at
the door of crt nm trian or Leba
nese dr- goods importers alleging
false inuvicing of imports \wherebh
the 'rue value of purchases abroad
are understated through double in-


Have been reading ABENG
for some time ith great interest
and think it's about time that sou
publish some of the brothers works
here in BABAtLONI\N England
Enclosed is a poem which I hope
you an use at some point
Just to let you know that Ive
heard Brother Munroe s incisie ana-
Iysis of the Jamaican situation
which has mnoed me, as well as the
entire audience.
Since there is a lack of comm
uniation between Jamaica and
Black Britain I hope that you would
be interested in informing the bro-
thers over there about our part in
struggle though we acknoa ledge the
limitations. This can be achieved bj
printing articles of importance a-
bout the Black man's situation and
rising consciousne here in Britain
Since we are in the process of re-
tlecting that consciousness in the
form of a monthl, magazine I hope

that you would be interest
tiatig reciprocally arti
each side of the globe.
Yours in brotherhoo
". Glebe Road,
London. NS.
3. ".

\Ie have veen
interest in ouT paper
parance. and e congra
or briining cuti a pap
lind hiich ,as so urgent
IHi "'er lou aive Iailed
Eo \,our mmnli,,
e ou h-',e been
rtiin obstldes but fait
the masses hoi to overco
Sou rail to tell lie people
a cla 'and not racial strIl
cair ing on.
iie could like to
concrele oCreitineI
Are I ou a militant
lust another paper'
"Long Live Mao-Ta
Thou ght .
"'\itorn belongs to
pressed ppl the Iorld
I[ ain artile or spet
pIrtanil and men; toi give
i I ight co pr a partied
In i then analse it and t
.1 s isthei pointing to th
-I (he problem and provi
method tor soling it. I,
journalist methods Ire usee
\,e munt firmly uno
iruil. and ruth requires a
arnd i Sincd e e ant to U
people to kno\ ihe truthat
heni' 'o ligl for their on
cipainon need this m lt
A hhlii knie dra's no bloy
F-rom a group of M\arxia

As a youth, a student
er and a suffer. I am cormpd
give mn vie's on our prea
tion in the society
My heart bleeds to sel
brothers and sisters are a
pressed by the capitalist
o\t country.
The Government ekl
my brothers and sisters dosl
its present position in the
I always refer to the Goven
"lNyrmidon" ite a person ia
es out ruel orders fnor
It can be seen. that I


The coi tinuation of our colonial out
look into independence has meant that we still
regard some of the big powers of this world as
benevolent mother iNone of them hasb ever
heenl. And we Jonl full' understand that this
implies that we act like dependent children
and that that is not the proper relationship of
one nation to another \when the Lnired States
was about to revolt against England her leaders
wrote that she \nas assuming the separate and
equal station to which the laws of nature and of
nature's God entitled them Jamaicans should
make the ame assumptions Not onlv would it
give us the sense of pride befitting a country
that would call itself a nation but it would also
provide us with the stance from which to get
the utmost benefits for our prople.
Let us, for once, look at the United States
as nation to nation. At present President Ni\on
and Congess are agreed that American aid to
foreign countries is to be reduced. Congress is
unwilling to spend increased funds even on the
poor of its own country. How could anyone
expect it to contribute more to the poorer coun-
tries of the world' \e ought not to look to that
source for the development of our economy.
Furthermore, it would do the beggars a-
mong us good to study where United States aid
has had a successful impact on the economies
of nations. Its greatest effect has been in the
Marshall Plan on the nations of western Europe
In the Cold War that started after World \ar 2
these nations were seen to be the potential bas
tions against Russian expansion. Next in terms

of the prO
Greece Tun
rael. The fiat
the iediter
vote in the
has to defy
sector of the
the Middle
the I estern
by Russia is
tries we are
misphere wAB
what foreip
bout bake I
the interest
dollars. Fur
IIy insists t
spent on A
ican gold r
ed into for
rowers (like
can have wil
And we sheet
us from the
\Ve must ell
can get, -ani
tourist facil
tablished i
But that
buying OUR
and OUR e
best deals the


dern are being admninislered in all
department iof Gt ernlm ent
tie are living in a so-called de-
mocrat i society, where a certain
sector of this society arc Ieing robbed
of their freedom of assembly and
peaceful association
Is this a democratic i ocieti?
There is ni freedom of mioement.
expression, and liberty allowed to
a certain sector of people in Jamaica
This sector is composed mainly of
the "Black sufferers".
My brothers and sisters wlly
can't you get rid of the two party
system that betrayed us and sold us
to the capitalists of this country. If
we don't take action now. too late

0,- 4K



shall be our en
I know that many of us have
great plans for our future Ve are
to"on g"ing to cpitalize upon our
ond. whenever wc halae mnde a mit
tak e e sid to ouilries. "\\e don't
make lhat mistake again We are
going to profit Iy the lesson that
experience has taught us tWe are goi-
iig to build our future on the mnis
takes of our past
MI brother and iislter it i,
s wee and glor lit. to fight aind die
for one' ctnitrlllll Deep in Int hiert
I know, nle idai ye shall oernome
I aim.
Naitlolem Ekalh

I If C('0 VG Q G


LA.Tl\ IA 1flRI(A


Le through such aid are
an, South Korea and Is-
ck the path of Russia to
aimin still wields China's
Ctncil and south Korea
nnnists in the northern
pttisula. The politics of
relnael is supported by
rhi the Arabs are backed
mbnry. Unlike these coun-
in latin America, in a he-
Jlited States power is se-
eqple need to understand
*a (I am not talking a-
. Ich of it is in loans and
tipd have to be repaid in
tl United States genera-
mil she loans should be
,ot This protects Amer-
herloans don't get chang-
cis. But it prevents bor.
biug cheaper elsewhere.
e primary relationship we
itedStates is one of trade.
Loconsideration to remove
F ae business to another.
maes at the highest we
lnkns our bauxite and our
I tn that others have es-
I ad hotels in our land.
Itethe fact that they are
JRclimate, OUR beaches
iti They are making the
l"minust do the same. We

are not being sensible if we take ad\ice from
them or make ;hem fool us that theN are doing
us a favor.
We should face the fact. too that llerce
ever we create our own capital we keep a great-
er proportion of wealth in our country And we
must encourage our own people to do so. Recen
tly Mr. Stuart Sharpe eas interievued on a Iele-
vision program in the United States Faced I th
the stated preference of the Americans there
for cottages rather than big hotels. Mr Sharpe
blurted out that he would like to see more
Americans building cottages in Jamaica. No' Mr.
Sharpe. That should not be sour answer You
should have assured them that we Jamaicans
would build more cotllages which these could
rent, or better still, board. Then you should re-
turn home to urge small people to invest in sing-
le cottages and encourage banks and insurance
companies to make available the necessary loans
to make this possible. And we should sell no
more land to foreigners. They should get no fur
ther than a ease.
We cannot afford to be sentimental or ob-
sequious with the larger powers. l\e have a fast
expanding family. It may be that we should pra-
ctise more birth control. But right now we have
a responsiblility to our children who are already
here. They must grow up well nourished, heal-
thy, intelligent, educated and dignified. To take
care of their wellbeing we need all the revenue
we can get. The fundamental needs of our near-
ly 2 million people are our most important task.
If we remember that we will not sell our birth-
right for a mess of pottage.



& the Workers

at Alcoa
Sometime in ItDenimber I 16S I :is ottered a jo with the \lcoa
Mijlerls I nc.. in the (. onLstitructi Personnel D ept I accepted the post
I \;\s told that as a result of ltl f t gr Iet that tlcioa Minerals hive
with thie (oeinnll ent ol J.laaica. tHie hourly, panlm workers for the I on-
stinrtion llPlat ha,tve to be recruited through the ministryy ofi LIaour.
It \ais l reed ,s the (O i(erltnment lotr A\lkoa h to ie rleres etatltie.
stailloneld at the Ministry of Labotur in Ma\ Pen to act is a liasion between
the ioi erni ilent ;and \Ii' n d to ensure thit the reritttiient is carried
out in al fair anld ust li ainner I \cwt appointed silicon s reprsentatite at
thie ministry of Labour's office in Mla; Pen.
Somewhere, abou the loth DI tembe-r liS. \lcol Personnel Officer, Per
.onnel iSpt and I attended at the Mtitistrs Labour in Kinstn and had a full di
cissin \ilth Mr Stanle, Thoima. tihe Iminsttr ir regards to the procedure for the
lor the recruitment ol trkers It I ais Idetide d to ,omn ence the procesing of work-
e l n I to[uit da li hi l Januiar\ It i
tOn tMonday the hth Janunar I airried at the office of the Ministri of Labour
in tlae Pen iat thltn l a0 1h 0t im .her I mert Mir MN or, tihe oficr in ihairge. ri
Herr, Moiranit \I, %olf and 1i-. Beate I spoke to iMr iMaylor and informed him of
m\ niio \itin Ma inllr told ie that ihe had no kno ledg) e .hbou the processing of
workers for l coa but le a a> of ite opinion thhat Mince I told him that there vas
di,-us.ion iith Mr Sta3ile I homas ai late as De, ember lath, he .as of the opinion
that he i would receii\e .one intoratnio ftron ihe Ministrn of Labour Kineston be-
fore the end of thle dai At the dend of the d, he told me that he had no ord from
Kington anid for the rionth of Janutn he haid no I\ord from it. homas nor the 4i-
unistn in regards Alcoa', recrnuitent. I kept ilcoa inorimed that there vwas no pro-
ceoing of workers going on a the Miinisnr of Labour, though there I r.n registration
of workers Each da', several hundred workers gathered seeking registration
On Friday the ',l t of Janua n at bout 2,00 p.m., I 3as hurriedly summoned
to Alcoa office at \noodside, there I was told th li i r. Ioble wanted to see meand
on meeting Mr" V ohle he Iquired of me what iMr Dudley Mckinley the Mt P and
myself had that da\t as IMr Mckinle telephoned in wrath and rage. siaing that Al
coa must get rid of me right aa\l He said that tr Mickinley was in such a mood on
the telephone, that he gave him the impre-ion that Mr. Mckinlev and myself had
clashed that dai at the M inist
I \as asked \hen last I saw and spoke to Mr.i ckinley. I replied that I had not
seen Mr Mckinlet for months and no ne and I had anything at the Ministr 's office
and in tact an wh ere A ie d as after I went to the Ministryi office. I discovered
thai tie thnitr, office was a rendezt ous for lobb ing, by staunch adherents of the
J L.P. B.I I L delegates and certain members of the office staff. The office was
more a J L P office than a Government Labour office and Mr. Morant, a member of
the staff was always the chief host.
I observed that the J LP B I T U regular visitors to the office did not wel-
come nmi presence there some of then openly expressed it, one Constantine Neath
iho is a B I T L delegate and a P' councillor said right in the office that he did
not want to see me there and he is going to see r Mckinley and th e Prime Minister,
to force Alcoa to get rid of me.
One da? in early March I was instructed that the following morning I should i
report at Alcoa s Construction Office, 44 Manchester Avenue, \Ma Pen before going
to the Ministrn s office. On reporting. I was asked what the Prime Minister and I had,
and was told that the politicians do not want me in the job I replied stating that
the Prime Minister and I had nothing whatsoever. I as told that the politicians want
Alcoa to get rid of me and I should not go back to the Ministry's office until further
instructions I\hen I was told Ihit the politicians don t want me in the job, I request-
ed that the reasons be disclosed to me. No reason was given to me. I further asked
what have I done and the reply I got is this "I too am asking this same question what
lhae \ ou done"
Some weeks later Alcoa appointed another person in my place to be their repre-
sentative at the iMinistry.
On tWednesdaty ISth June. I was told that Alcoa could not employ me any
longer than the end of June 1ti.
These are the untainted facts the general public, ladies and gentlemen You
are the judge and jury the \ erdict is tours.
Yours faithfully.

Eli Sampson


4 Collins Green Avenue,
Kingston 5, Jamaica, W.I.
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