Title: Abeng
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100338/00022
 Material Information
Title: Abeng
Physical Description: 1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Abeng Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Kingston Jamaica
Publication Date: July 5, 1969
Copyright Date: 1969
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100338
Volume ID: VID00022
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05001780
oclc - 5001780

Full Text

Vo. 1 No. 23 Juy 5 19
Vol. 1 No. 23 July 5, 1969

'lYte IF n Our People to Think for Themsrlves"

Rockefeller Mission



Rockefeller, emissart' of W'hite American P'ower, speaks. mnuei ,
&ploits, onli under the bat-re of the guni

Black Man Health

Suffer at

U.W.I. Hospital
ast week, a release from the year is not to recruit in
itlersity Hospital of the West In- patriate doctors but to reta
Oe'-stated that- as of July 1st. own people.
SMnly emergency cases would be During the period-Janu
sal in the Casualty Department. June 1969. 95% of the m
li was due to a "severe shortage nior doctors at the Universit
4 octors" which reached "crisis" pital were West Indian. Ho
otortions. This would result in a over 50' of registrars (this
Stic reduction in the number of higher grade of doctor v
nots treated in Casualty. This is either specialising or has spec
p.xtremely serious matter for the in a particular field ) we
$eral public who must now seek West Indians.
jtment either (1) at the Kingston Apart from the particular
lie Hospital and Childrens Hos- lems of the University Hospi
Which are both already over- urgency of the problem is
ded or (2) at nearby clinics or from the fact that Childrens
by visits to private doctors. tal is already unable to man
third alternative is almost im- increasing work load. If the
nle- for the majority of pa- trend of employing more exs
ts who normally visit Casualty doctors continues- standards
Id be unable to afford the pri- dical services will fall dras
Doctors fee. An urgent review of the
The solution to the problem, in problem of health in Jam
country which is producing an needed.
0Basing number of doctors every
Empty Benches fill Casualty Department

.re ex-
in our

ary to
ost ju-
y Hos-
is a
vho is
re not

r prob-
tal, the
age the
of me-
aica is

Rockefeller's visit to Jamaica is
a unique example of White Power
meeting its Black Apologists who
wield authority to oppress the A
frican people here. In this country
Rockefeller has financial interests in
our hai'dte through Alcoa Minerals,
Kwaime Nkrumah has already writ-
ten if the Rockefellers, and Nelson
Rockefeller in particular, a, swift
Iy laying a grasp on the riches of
the African continent.
Since Black Power means a break
with lhite Imperialist Power, which
Rockefeller represents and is bent
on maintaining, lwe are at l\ar and
must be opposed to this mission
Rockefeller comes here not onli
as a Pharoah of White Power but
a, tie representative of the mnost
destructive war-machine in all his
tori u/hich Ihats roon out Iof the
necessity to extend and protect A-
merica's interests Rockefeller's ca-
pital moves across contlnelnt and is
finlatcii r' he 1 iprestion of Africarns
Asians and Americlns His special
nish ion is neither 'fact-finding" nor
good sill' It signals Anmerica's in
(ernion not to loosen her strangle
told in tlis hemisphere.
A diary of his South American
tour records several dead, hundreds
wounded and arrested. Starting his
tour early in Mlay Rockefeller bree-
led through Mexico, Central Ameri-
ca and Panama. In MEXICO CITY
52 persons were arrested before
Rockefeller and his advisors arrived.
In HONDURAS one student was
killed and the American flag des-
troyed in t\wo days of rioting. Stu-
dent demonstrations also occurred
Before making the second leg of


Mash Up

his tour he was asked not to visit
as his presence would spark off
mass-insurrection and riots In CO-
LOMBIA one person was killed.
200 injured as students clashed with
police-military forces protesting Ro-
ckfeller's arrival. In ECUADOR one
student woas killed, the U.S. librh'-
hombed and the mlerican- Ecuado-
rian Center dynamited His planned
da\-long visit to BOLIVIA was cut
to three hours as 3000 demonstra
(ors marched through La Pat and
hombs exploded earlier at ihe U.S
Emnhassy and Boliia American Cen
On tlie third-lee of his tour de-
monstrtrions erected him in BRA-
(;UAY, the President there look to
the airport a handpicked crowd iof
0001 trumted members of the ruling
party t) welcome the Whi/tle Poter
en1vo. In URUGUAY the Tupora
mos National Liberation lMoemennt
seized a radio station in the capital
and broadcast a proclamation again-
st Rockefeller and the U.S.
Rockefeller is now concluding
his infamous mission, covering Ar-
gentina. Haiti. the Dominican Re-
public. Jamaica, Guyana and Barba
dos At least two people have died
in Argentina and the government
declared a state of National Siege.
In Venezuela. where he couldn't
go, Rockefeller controls its most
powerful bank Chase Manhatten.
exploits its oil and owns factories
for the assembly of refrigerators.
washing machines, stoves and mo-
torcars. He makes money out of
the Venezuelan dairy industry and
controls large-scale chicken farms
and plants for the iroauctioni of

of whom had become overcome with
grief and fear, remained passive and
were subjected to further floggings
and detention.

One is now forced to see that
B eat U p the police are the exact opposite of
What the Government and society
D an ae pretend they are.even the less intell-
D dance gent have proven that the police are
Another vicious attack was once not "peace officers", but are barbar-
more launched on the youths. and ous creatures, mercenaries of the
people of Trench Town, last Sunday White Power Structure.
29th June, when at 10.09 p.m. a
very strong detachment of police- Free
men and officers led by Senior Sup- F reedoi SOUnOS
erintendent Joe Williams, converged
on a dance at 3 Ninth Street. History of Ska
The entire premises was cordon- 59 -'62"
ed and entered by police with revol- '
vers, rifles and other dangerous wea- Sunday, July 6th 11.30 a.m.
pons. Male and female youths, men .
and women, were struck with gun Extra-Mural Dept.
butts and batons, punched, kicked.
boxed and beaten with plaited elec- NOTICE!
trical wires and stout pieces of hose. N*
It was brutal; it was decisive. All ABENG is glad to inform all its
were lined up for the cramping, vendors that a group of lawyers have
trampling, terrifying and suffocating offered their services to take out
journey to the Denham Town Police legal proceedings on their behalf
Station. If anyone was slow in climb- against any member of the Police
ing onto the high-chassied vehicle, Force that assaults, brutalises, arrests
he or she was viciously thrown in. them while distributing the paper.
Even after it was plain that the veh-
icles could not take any more, the All that ABENG distributors are ask-
ruthless police still forced more and ed 'to do is gather the Policeman's
more people into them. All in all name, number or Station, and any
more than 100 persons were arrested. possible witnesses to the crime. This
information should be sent immed-
The following day some of them ately to the ABENG office, 4 Collins
were released after parents, relatives, Green Ave., Kingston 5, Tel: 64144.
or other people of status in the area.
mode representations on behalf of Legal action will then be instigated
individuals. The lesser privileged,most on their behalf.

chicken feed. owns 22 supermarkets
and a 15,000 acre plantation This
is the "profound interest" of which
he speaks.
Rockefeller said at one stop "I
bring with me 30 ears of profound
interest in and affection for Latin
America..." What does this "pro-
found interest" consist oft
Rockefeller is a grandson of the
founder of the Standard Oil Empire.
His brother. John D. Rockefeller
the third. has also "profound inte-
rest" in the Far East where Stan-
dard Oil has been pushing out the
British-Dutch Oil interests While Jo-
ln Rockefeller's interest is specifi
call in the Far East with a base in
Japan, Nelson Rockefeller's concern
is in Latin America and his base in
Nelson Rockefeller controls two
organizations in Latin America The-
se are the International Basic Eco-
nomy Corporation (IBEC) and the
American International Association
for Economic and Social Develop-
ment (AIA). The latter was set up
as a non-profit organization opera-
ting through several economic and
cultural institutions. The strategy
of setting up a non-profit organi-
zation was not only to clear the
was through tax concessions for
the multi million dollar profit-mak-
ing IBEC but also to create a fa-
vourable climate for American inves-
At a time when Jamaica's mem-
bership has been accepted by the
OAS we see the perils facing us as
we become increasingly attached to
American Imperialism-the No I
Enemv of Black Man.

Big Laugh

At Big J.

News Room
The story behind the latest dis-
purte betwotc.l.en J(C stajJers amd mal-
agemoent is so absurd that it has
iben kept a seo,' t to hide lthe ridi-
ulous lengths to which Go'vernment
will go to suppress tree thought in
this society.
On Saturday last, a JHC staffer
with a flair for sartr' drew a cartloon
of Baz Freklcron. JBC's ".-ws C>-
ordinator". This an toon was put up
il th JBC .\ewsIR Room. aid b-ausie
it made funt of Frectkleit, becant
the cause of much aitilustiiltt to
to those JBC staffers twho vie wed it
When he saw e w the cartoon. F ck-
leton was so angrlr that Iran Leyi.
Chairman of the Board ot JBC and
IWycliffe Bennet. General Manager
of JBC. were called upon to view
the offending cartoon.
it is at this point that the storn
takes a sinister turn.A girl who had
been on dute during the time tihe
cartoon was allegedly put up, was
ordered by management to betray
her fellont workers and tell who was
the offender The girl claimed solid-
arity with the iNews Room staffers
and despite threats declared that the
News Room worked as a tearn and
sihe would not tell. She was spend-
ed for "insubordination "


_IL I I II I -

Nhy Rudies

jot to be Ruder
By the poet RAS DIZZY
IVho are the Rudies and what have they done' \obodv seems to
rean about how th ey came to be 'urenile delinqutttsr" The nrdi-
SMe searching for that hidden share which is truly belonging to ethem.
Iviyou got it somewhere for them? Then here? In the treasury of
ithori ties Is it in the savings of the Jamaica Citizens Bank Is it in-
letli economic and financial chfest?Could it be on the Rehabilitation
St is it being secretly and wilfully kept by the political hierarench' Well I
enihlere is their bite? These are the questions ,yo must ask yourselves
was in Wednesday last, walking through Kingston 12 a se tion of
e 1ist It was now night-break I found myself o n a dr and overcrowd-
d style corner It was 9th street the sign for the eye sightersf The
el bict'cles, instead of cars, come regularly behind onte another as
Sters eceptionalle cruised through the combat. A night-joint saloon
rsr its swing of music and fiut as tile birdies go in and out the dance.
ritf ou had ever listened to Rudies' reggae tunes like"Just another girl"
i p Boothe and "Sweet n' Dandr" bhy Toots and his Maltals, then
a4to ,td Stranger dole's creation and tunes like "Dr. S -(;o" and "Boa-
Sy1ft ch" then you could tell why the youths want to listen to them and
tth ilte human emotions behind the effect. Tie youths dance and as
j breep tip in numbers thet like to greet and toast one another.
Fhe way they drink the beer and then how the. dance to thee beat
dr blues show that they are sophisticated human beings searching for
edomn and recreational facilities free from fear of force.
I had a little time to research the serious and unhappy ones But. as
n es about halfa dozen beer bottles were thrown to splinters not in tile
ni but against the walls-then you could see "a heart of brokenness in
dtt: so they smashed a few pints and left the spot. A nd where did they
?No one knows. An d whyi do they leare the spot' .Vo monet ).f course,
Irn dole. NA' way to drive awayt the thinking of crme and tihe planning
iatr tavbe bigger than even ithe moralitn of both myself and You.
If the), had employment e, doleand unit in lore from those wioe
ite or depress them, then certainly they would dance to happiness with
'fnfiends and girlfriends, so having the experience of human companion
iffreedom and love in them,
But I suppose that for them- no envelopes on Fridays, -the decid-
ohold up the pay-rolL The law later turns them in and the Resident
itrate in court is not interested in asking them what is wrong with
house, their life and why they want to hold up Mr. So and So or Ar.
# She Instead, the court is interested in guilty or not guilty. But does
Sitop them from holding up another pay-roll? No. it does not.
fs for lour youthss and rudies then there are roo ambitious to walk anl
5qo Too frustrated to listen to anybody unless vou were sharing ideas
lj mpathln with them, there are also not educated enough to reform
SIves by skill and self:perseverance. They become agnostic bv lots of
SImours to do with the religious teachings ofRome and the philoso-
'q white aristocracy
('hey like, however, to listen to the history of our national heroes
ike the African Culture and the leaders who sincerely debate with
a ment over the open and ever-growing tensions. Let me sat that
laft their participation, nothing in progress, can be achieved. These are
tys of terror and fear for the wicked but peace and happiness to the
btut. The white world owes to the Black Africans many obligations
tie exploitation of our wealth, but don't watch only the skin of the
n for in that case you might be betrayed by their qualities.

In 1517 the first group of
African slaves arrived in Jamaica to
begin the building of tie sugar in-
dustry. From that rear until 18(17
when the last group arrived slates
h:d been shipped here et replenish
the dead and build the economic
foundation of the sugar industry of
With the revolutionary patien-
ce of a people in chains and under
the whip we slated for year, with
out wages or human rights. The
only financial costs of labour on
the plantation at that time was
what the foreign sugar manufacturer
--sslaeina\ster paid the slave-ship
captain for his black cargo W\e cul-
tivated the food we ate and built
the huts where we slept. Our womn
en were raped to satisfy the drunk-
en pleasures of the estate nmanage-
ment.And our children from the age
of four years old. began working
inl the sugar industry. weeding crops
and tending to livestock for feed-
ing the estates.
Throughout this period the
sugar manufacturers slavemasters
made millions in profits which they
squandered on riotous living in
England, and financing the adminis-
trative, industrial and military po-
wer of the British colonial govern
ment. to be able to keep the sugar
slaves in slavery and plunder other
territories of the world None of
this great quantity of wealth that
the sugar industry produced was
reinvested in the interest of the Ja-
maican people on a whole. or any
of it. to the benefit of the sugar
workers who are still producing
these profits.
The money contributions of
the S.M.A. to medical schemes,
pension schemes and the labour
welfare board is from money wag-
es owed to sugar workers, and not
a social contribution as-the Mor-
decai Commission of Inquiry tries
to make out. And even as official
talk claims, it was a social contri-
bution-compared to the social pro-
blems caused by the sugar industry,
it would be like throwing a bucket
of water in the sea and then stoop-
ing to check on the rise of the sea
And yet with this historic
foundation that workers and pea-
sants have laid in Jamaica. and upon

which they continue to build the
sugar industry down tlhrugh the
years for nothing we hear present
talk abour'crises". Strange didn-
't hear about crises ihen profits
from tile industry ras leaving tihe
country like dirt Now that I arious
pressures are slow ing the rate oi proi
fits we hear of crises
But what about the crises of
Iow wages to sugar Twrkers Isi't
that a crises'

that th, rac t It prtiri t5 I ./ ..

nO /> i dittint a sit i / /i.tt

It, o, / fi L

Sugar worker will not accept
the wicked statement of .I.S.co
made in England through tht Lon-
don stock exchange and supported
by the S .IA, and the C.F.

Imagine, after blaming a
workers strike for social justice as
being mainly responsible for the
sugar industry foreign profits crises'
The present meetings that are trv
ing to resolve the said crises. hate
completelS left out the interest.
opinion and presence of sugar work
ers who they claim is causing the
criss. Can a trial go on without
the available accused' Can justice
be done without our evidence5'
As sugar workers we take a
dim view of the fake arbitration
going on between the N.W.U./B.I.T
UL capitalist agents and the S.M.A.
and the meetings between the S.M.A.
the C.F.A. and the P.M. to tr and
solve the problems in the sugar in-
dustry. And since we as workers
the largest and most productive
group of people concerned with the
industry are left out of these deli
operations we nevertheless take this
opportunity to make the following
1. That all profits of the W.I.
S. co. and their parent company of
Tate and Lyle in England, by tay
of the economic control of the su-
gar industry of Jamaica through
sugar cane cultivation, sugar and
molasss manufacturing and expor-
tation, rum distillation and expor-

tation, 'hipping and insurane oif
these products, international marke
tilln of thee products and other
by-products of ungar eaic.. he taken
O, acc onnt in decidiln the ability,
of i IS.to to pat ragrg
2, Tht the loipngmanding ne
ce-sit f of a i ,c,,' toi II all c t
egres of sugar orktr,. and pat
nent of all c/ p, I, ',
be settled and implemented during
the present season. \ind plae.I
/<: ,' "-:,a J ,ia sue it will be be
lore ne\t crop time

Mlntego Bay,
For centuries the lack mtan
h:l been buhiected ii all iype, of
ulfferion' and huniliation, he has
been je.red Iat he ha) been des
crihed ar dirty hb people \tho are
afraid o, waler e hae h been en'la-
ed carried across the ,ea to di
tant lands to slave for people eho
believed not in right but in might:
he ha been taught to close his
eyes and look up to the sky when
praising to God and while he doe,
this all his minerals below and oth
er good things of life are robbed
His progress has been retard
ed Whhere he should have been
taught Afrincan hitor\ and Culture
he has been taught "The Coming
of the Europeans" and"Mar. Queen
of Scots" In all directions the black
man is far from being free
Black People and particularly
those in Jamaica, must realize that
any government he has to deal with
believes strongly in the use of force.
Blacks here. must discontinue
to trust these people which have
let the masses down time after
time. The time has come when
Blacks should be prepared to de-
fend themselves and their rights
For complete freedom to the
black man he must learn to solve
most of his problems himself. Hid-
den talents which has been lying
dormant in him for ages must be
exposed instead ot depending on
the foreign "great minds". He must
learn to create.
People are certainly getting
tired of the black man's empty
threats and our hot-air.

The Government granted a large sum to
the Ministry of Housing, to be spent on the
re-development of Trench Town, Newland To-
wn, and Ghost Town, areas which for a great
many years have been most dilapidated, and
unattended, and which falls under the port-
folio of the "Minister of Ho using"(past and
present), the latter who is the M.P. for the
greater portion of said areas which is
split into two constituencies.
The situation here is most complex in
that a vast number of people pays yearly, or

ther sector have been branded as "squatters".
W that a vast number of peot, while pays yearly, or
A relatively small amount of the residents,
have, through their own initiative, built fairly
decent homes, and have done what develop-
ment they could in their immediate surround-
ings, while on the other hand others have been
so poor it is entirely beyond them to even
attempt anything of the sort.
Recently, the residents of Ghost Town
were given notices to quit, this also applies to
S certain radicals, and known opposition support-

dominantly a Ja. Labour Party stronghold.
So far it is not quite clear what method
of approach the government intends to use, and
thus requires a most carefull attempt, of an
analysis of the situation.

It is most unjust to think that in a matter
r days, or even months, people will be able to
evacuate their present dwellings, to move to
areas they could not have afforded to live in
for a number of years previously.
It would be more than unjust to forcibly
evict people who have acquired the land throu-
gh the semi-legal processes, such as leases etc.
It is also mockingly presumptuous to
ask people who lack proper education to create
through their own initiative, a status their earn-
ing potentials will not allow them to do.
This is a social injustice that will only do
further harm to already oppressed peoples.
In examining the sector that has been al-
ready semi-developed, (Boys Town ) we find
that these houses are most insecure and inappro-
priate, taking into consideration. (1) The mass
rate of production, (2) The present population
of the entire area, and the number of people
who now occupy these houses.
We have also seen gross discriminatory
acts regarding the over-all allotment of these
houses, meaning that, the people who have so
far acquired any houses are only the most
staunch supporters of the Ja. Labour Party.
Thirdly: The over-all sum total, and rates
of payment necessary to acquire ownership is
far too exhorbitant, considering the facts.
that (1) These houses are not properly built,

(2) does not allow for the proper raising of a
family, due to the limitedness of living, and
yard space, and. 13) The fact that the govern-
ment themselves announced, that this was a
low cost housing scheme, designed for poor
people, who could not have afforded to ac-
quire homes in more developed residential
We have seen examples of other situations
in other areas (Shanty Town. White Marl, etc.)
and how it was handled, it is logical to assume
that it is the government's intention to carry
out this programme in much the same way,
knowing the political administration of a Cap-
italist society.
It is quite clear that it is their intention
to further insure their dominance of these par-
ticular (vote-catching) areas, it is also clear
that Shearer and his beauracratic puppetry
have no scruples regarding injustice or the ex-
ploiting of the exploited class.
He is a member, and tool of the exploit-
ing class, and has no intention of fairly admini-
stering to any conscious, or even un-conscious
masses. lest. this, endangers his realm of power
which would in effect be somewhat of a blow.
to Capitalism. To educate a nation, is sowing
the seed of development.


Sugar Councils Report



Sthe police.
Snot wrong,
of the Bible.
Which these
s as urging.
lo takes the
iMatthew 26.
ence tends to
inst its user.

ao be broken.
isus was about
possible- the

pirit. not out
condemned poi
spirit of for-
t-use of force
demand IThis
t in the sense
clh we should
limit the a-

personal life.
is point and
he cross A s
ing. religiou,
; t one Faith
tradiict hetr-

of con\ ersion
Iqot an enoite
aemies would
cause religious
Late, but also
was there inl

Stood well that
it love, not to
as to be God's

With unusual skill and methods he pou Insi
soldiers through rigorous staining \eis so on
lie had a well trained armi nl (1 iii .U) m1 1
and properly armed, Ciaka made iany ,i l-
dical changes in militat taoics li done a-
way wit th e wearing ot shoes, as ilies pre
vented tile soldiers from moving easily and
quickly during battle. The long spear I 1
javelin ) was withdrawn and replaced iuit
a short stabbing knife called an "assaga'.
The assaga as not th n at n'iltr e t I f nr
as customary with the long spear: tlie idea
was to get near to tile uenlem and stab hluI
In this way man) more ot the enemies \wele
The Mtetwas, under tlie icadethip ol
C(hlaka started a series oi iulquesis hiich
bhoughl ihe mon ot Natal under iiheii cn-
trol, The invincible arms ot C(haka had s\ept
North and South, and East and \\est. Once
more Chaka used a new method of attack,



instead of lthe whotles hody attacKing I oll.
lie used ilie "Bull's Horn" olri nation: i le
main body of the soldiers and the reinuorce-
nlenls were in the centre, and the two fr-
waard flanks were used to enclose i le ienemn
Cliaka used to place spies in a tellitlor monll-
ths before lie made an attack. His war Motto
was "Death or Victors".
On the eve of a particular baille Chaka
spoke to his soldiers, he told them that lie
was unable to sleep because lie was worried
about the forthcoming battle. He continued.
"...Those you are going to meet are men and
not children, you must know that y ou are
facing death. It anyone is afraid he can with-
draw at once, I do not demand that you
fight. But all who stay must understand that
they may not turn back. They must die with
their chief, or conquer with him.. There is
only one way for a Zulu soldier to march
and that is forward."
At the age of 14 (haka had reached
his goal of uniting man, tribes and taught
them to live in harmony, Chaka was 110n le-
nient with offenders. If a soldier raped a wvorn
an he was put to death, regardless of rank
Chaka was one of the greatest generals the
world has produced. He :asa greater tllhan
Alexander the great- for within the space of
12 years he had conquered and united an
area twice the size of Europe He was one of
the first generals to have a female arm--- this
female army consisted of 10.000 women.

I -



iF.IIBt\ IT i

ihtun i /rlidtAk

ith to CHAKA
Its at the time
jt(Chka's father
ilo exile The,
Itibe, here he
SMgomane, who
command when

Iere no cruslied
e, in ilie riL ai
}e so as it he
it rum being
hetic man who
id other mat-,
also the best
came first io
Sman of fixed
oned anything

Sunusual cou-
yo a leader of
oas trained to
as tribe which
Africa. At the
and he became
objective on as-
ite topeople
he choose the

iplined soldiers
defend his tribe,
ize his army.

Son. rot Caesart rival. In such a caLuse. mili-
tary victory would accomplish nothing lie had
so to act as to appeal to insight and to free
choice And this is the ideal
Economic and political resolution attemp
Is something that resembles but also differs
frorn religious conversion, it mal and must em-
ploy less worthyy mneatns of persuasion as the
only ones available and as not in themselves
wrong It ttlempti s 1t chance econroic and
political institutions, not directly ai person's
relation to God and leaves it to these true
lures to mould thinking, to bring understanding
and acceptance to at least tire next generation
In tire spirit of Christ but kioring well
that it will not full\ succeed, it restrict i rce
to tire minimum and drive, out the thoughts of
It Should be perlectlN clear bi noi lhy
a (hrisian can support thire paper. ibeng
(ontrars to a rconlrlon criticism, this i noi
ilegatise citing. It Is orsitructiei It I sthal
thie Christiant sripture are talking abolu wtihen
these tell us tlnat a nan rill be njdged bhi, I
isits to prisoners, tirhe bread lie gate to file
Ilongry (Matthew 25)
I do not see the ('hristians, except or
the Baptists. doing amthiing parallel dtiart
works \es land to paraphrase a samig thllit is
often misused, welfare works \ ou alwaii ha l
with soiu i and sharp occasional crilicisn (if
go\erinrien from a stlatteringe itf irdi\idiuals
\\orise some of these "'hristians" seem toi
justify their own paralysis by accusing bheng of
racism. If ever there ias a case o a beamt (a
plank) in the critic's e e. this is it
Eseri Governleit recogeite in it, hits
iof subversion that tire main thrust I the
paper is towards the passing of potrer back intio
the hands of the Jamaican people




Ras Dizzy. ir irnalii, painter and poet, af 'r spending sii milonth in trhe G(icral
Pcnitentiiar star the case /or prison re0orm.i

I hite just spet IIong Imoinths doilg a prit ale and Ia p hological research on
the General Penitrentiar. Hlee ire the results Le i us lirst deal with the administra-
tion of the prison slackniesli.hre is not a single prison harder who believes in anything
like helping to reform a criminal Ther quictki minister brutiali upron the prtsoners
without legal occasion just because lthe realize thefl can rblot their thistle and a whole
gang of other isarders till come tlo join the Lick Stick and Kill-Dead blood gang So it
is no wonder that so often a warder kill' a prisoner :it the G P He ye careful that I am
not saving ever prison warder is alike \11 are human beings and 7 brothers but earn-
ing 7 different minds.
I can remnemher one night the new DIirector of Prisons from Up Park Camp was
doing night diut patrol He foutind himself on the second floor of the new building. M.
South a prisoner, was asked hb the Director \hat caused the water to be running in
front of his cell door Tile prisoner s repl is that his water-mug spilt oer. Beside the
D)irectorr tlere were two under guards and an overseer Tlie Director shouted that the
prisoner should get his shirt onr The prisoner oberedd and as he came out of his cell the
over-seer said to one of the warders rGie him ;t warm-up'" The Director did not object
and so the pri-oner Ias hieailt cruck
But the fact is that a warder can always kill a prisoner br beating him to death
and, after that crime is committed, he or there can bit another prisoner out with a pack
of cigarettes Then that traitor because of a smoke sells out his lellow prisoners with the
cruelty and crime of brutal death. I 1hae itnressed a prisoner pull awai a warder's baton
and help to beat another prisoner and all of this caused through a lnoke and a special
job inside the prison. This is whi the worst thing the government t could do was to stop
the prisoners from obtaining their smoking. Only if the cigarettes were being issued to pri-
soners freely or prisoners families and friends were allowed to bring them that you can
haie peace. units and truth within the G.P When there is anythrling serious that happen-
ed there. I watched carefully and ps chologically the appearance iad administration of
the new director to the prisoners but too had that he neter at one time even told the
prisoner what he stands for or wished them the success of reformation ihen these leave
the prison. The poor prisoners have no proper recreation. I is surel? a rotting shame to
see that a big state penitentiary like the G.P. has no recreational hall for prisoners Tihe
prisoners have at no time received a hot meal excepting for a little luke -arm tea in the
mornings. Take my words that While. Black and Indian s as ell as C(hinese are prisoners.
4 white Americans came in as prisoners while I was there You had better think on
these things
There is a lot of foolish talking about prison-warders allowing prisoners to escape
hut that is rubbish because the prison does nolt run as easily as some seem to look at it.
In even prison throughout the world prisoners escape and will keep doing so. But it is
not so regular at the GP. until the prisoners were deprived of their radios without any
explanation at all. The wickedest law in the prison today is one which says ifa prisoner
hits back a prison-warder then lie would receive a calling. The warders' mind is to call
ever one who is in prison-"Come here criminal" Once a warder call I like that one
dav but I know that I was not there for stealing anything so I did not pay him any mind,
The next thing 1 should like to know is this. all those prisoners who got punish-
ment at the punishment cell of the prison for what they call ganja who is the chemist
who passed it to be "ganja" as the government terms it? Can the prisoners at the G.P.
and all the prisoners of this country be made decent citizens in a punishment hole? You
will have to start treating them like human beings from inside and not like criminals
because there are no criminals inside the G.P. lhey are not educated enough to be cri-
minals. they are but frustrated people.
I have to sometimes wonder if the Heads of the prison remembered that I was a
poet and a writer. No Board of Visitors seem to visit the G.P. anymore-And where have
they gone to? Whenever an official visitor goes to the prison the warders must not talk
for the prisoners-the prisoners must be freely given a chance to talk for themselves.
Remember it is at all times better to rest up in the desert with a hive of bees than
to dwell with a den of fools. The world is large but the streets are small. When I remem-
ber a young prisoner girl dived for a cigarette butt to smoke to see that is a woman-Then
my God I almost fainted. I place in front the memory of my dear mother same lime.
Well then, what reason has the Prime Minister given to the public for not letting Jamai-
cans smoke in prison? Could this be why many other state penitentiaries have been seen
on the movie screen away from the Jamaica G.P.? -And remember beating means es-
caping but a radio is good to listen to test cricket. Why take them away?
Behold the poet said-Smile in between the bracket of the gauntlet. Watch the
rainbow how it shines for behold a Lion from the Tribe of Judah passes by the new cliff
of the river.

_ I

Vol. 1 No. 23 July 5, 1969

The Slave Game

Shearer is no ordinary copy-cat, for look
what he's now trying to copy. His mentor,
guide, and philosopher, the white slave-owner,
was known far and wide for the efficiency of
his methods of setting one set of black men
against another. He created the famous division
between "good Negroes" and "bad Negroes".
Only the "bad Negroes" would try to oppose
the regime of slavery and colonial racism, and
"badder" still to try to convince his fellows to
rebel. All those who chose to accept their sub-
mission were classed as "good".
Shearer told the Maroons in Moore Town
last veek that they were to be congratulated for
their sane attitude, their good conduct and their
stand on violence over the years. In Short, for
being "good Negroes", and not like a small band
of "vulgar cats" (slang for "bag Negroes") in
urban areas. Only an educated house-slave, dren-
ched to his slave-ears in white racist propaganda,
could make that fantastic statement. For when
it was necessary to slay the plantation dragon, it
was the Maroons who first drove blows into the
beast. But the Shearers of that period were far
from the scene of struggle waiting in the Great
House on Mr. and Mrs. Jamaican Slaveowner.
The time is gone when these white-hearted
black MENACES can hope to split the movement
for final Black Liberation. For it is to the Mar-
oons that we look for inspiration, courage, and
steadfastness in our struggle with political hooli-
gans and their vulgar white bosses. The Maroons
themselves are recognising more and more each

day their own reincarnation in the struggle for
African Redemption of this MAROONED people,
But the small band of political hooligans
are so desperate and obsessed with power that
they have now left the Great House and have
gone into liberated areas in an attempt to spread
their doctrine of abuse and divide-and-rule. They
have taken the cue for their actions from the
historical example of their Slaveowners, because
they understand the basis of such treachery.
This type of conduct is being perpetrated
by a man who is capable of contributing only
to the development of human bondage and the
cause of the White Power elite. His style is ind-
eed original, but his way of thinking is as
decadent as slavery. His conduct is an expression
of real hatred for Black people.

ABENG appeals to Maroons and all other
Black Men and Women to continue to reject the
attempts of "the small band of political hooli-
gans" to induce disrespect for Black Brothers
and Sisters. But while they are free to protest
and demonstrate such disrespect, the copycats
should know that Black people have a duty and
responsibility to protect their dignity. Any att-
empt, therefore by this group or individuals
among it to seek to endanger the welfare of
Black people will be met with the strongest

The people will take all necessary action
within their power to deal with such attempts.



On Sunday night about 10 p.m. I
was passing a Dance Hall at 9th Street I
met an acquaintance whose name I do not
know He invited me to have a beer with
him in the Dance Hall
While having the beer about 12
policemen came in and started to beat up
people in the Hall I and others were sear,
ched They took 5/6, coomb, cigarette
lighter, matches and kerchief from me,
They took a van load of us to the Denham
Police Station After counting the people
they took me aside since I was washed in
blood They asked my name and address
and they advised me to go to the K.PH.
and if I want to come back to the station
I can do so.
I left and got treatment at the Hosp-
ital, suffering from a blow on face which
cut my face and inner part of m mouth,
Upper denture, costing 14. 14., was
destroyed I also received blow on mv
On Monday I went to the Commiss-
ioner of Police who took statement from
me which I signed The woman Constable
who took the statement enquired if I
could identify any of the police I told
her two or three of them.
I am a Liguanea Club caddie
During our recent demonstration
our rallying song was "We Shall Over-
come". On Tuesday June 24th we over-
came. Gayle at last was forced to leave

Black Souls
blow an
Intensified Fiesta
1Ith Ju ll

the Jamaica School of Agriculture. He did
not leave because the Government think
it is justified to send him out because
obviously the Government will do any-
thing to get people like Gayle to brain-
wash youth intc thinking that they can
contribute most to society by being the
house-slaves of the oppressors. Gayle left
because he was quite aware that the Stud-
ent Body was firm when they demanded
his removal and he fully well knew that
we were not prepared to tolerate him any
longer so he had no alternative.
Since we have returned to school
after being sent home by Pharoah's pupp-
ets, the Board of Governors, we have bemn
placed under scrutiny by security officers
who pretend to be ordinary watchmen
and cleaners. We have been labelled sub-
versive but we will not be disenchanted
by cheap tactics being used on us, we
know what we suffer, we know what we
need, and we are determined to get it.
We the conscious brothers and supp-
orters of Abeng at the I.S.A. wish to say
how appreciative we are for the effort of
our brothers in getting this week's issue
off the press despite the effort of puppets
to silence us. These are the things that we
will be confronted with but we must
continue to blow, we must show them
that nothing will silence the Black Man
once he has seen the light.

Support Abeng

we can make it if we try
at Little Lane Central Village
25ti ner noul Saturda 12th Jl


I am Robert Taylor, a prisoner in the
Central Police Station I have been in
the lockup for approximately one year
and waiting to he deported They say
that I am an alien in the country and
that I am to be deported The only
trouble is that they do not have any-
place to deport me to. I am a direct be-
liever in the Back to Africa doctrine and
and that is where I want to go at all cost.
They say that they can't send me to
Africa and that I must remain in Jail
I am not a criminal and therefore I don't
see the reason why I should be made to
suffer in Jail I as a human being am en-
titled to my rights as a human being. I
don't get sunlight, I don't get exercises.
I don't get adequate Medical attention
I don't get healthy food, I don't have a
mattress to sleep on This is only a small
amount of the suffering that I have to
go through. Every human being upon the
face of the earth is entitled to the things
that I mention above which I don't get.
Even in prison the prisoners get a matt
ress, exercise and sunlight.
My health is failing me and I have
reached a state of utmost despair because
I am locked in Jail for no other reason
than for being a blackman and living on
God's earth

Robert Taylor.

PS. A brother who want his human
rights more than anything.

For Local and Foreign Records


216 Old Hope Road, Kgn. 6, Ia, WJ.

. . y- . . . . . O p e n ti
16, Tewari Crescent, Trench Town

PETER BOB ANDY & SCREE Latest in Fashions

Present CARBY'S
With the Mighty STEREO from Spanish Town I ,sh Road.
at the Students Union U.W.I. (No. 6 Bus) 1rritgton Brdge.
ON SATURDAY 5th JULY 1969 Ahng it',

1l 8:00 p.m.


Publshed b, Abeng Pub Co Lid ,4 Collinis Grcr A.. Kgn 5 Rbert A HI. Secr-etry, residing ,t I I Cilcroft A-e Kgi 8 Prined by H P Ltd. 85 Idusri., Terrace. Kgn 4 July s 1969

O.A.S. Continued
Nations on June 1, remiesting an emergency sess-
ion of the Security Council, according to Articles
34, 35, and 39 of the UN. Charter. The Guate-
malan Government's appeal charged that a mili-
tary invasion, encouraged by certain foreign
monopolies, was taking place there at that mom-
The matter is even more serious when one
considers that Guatemala could not, strictly
speaking, be considered an OAS member State,
since it had not ratified either the Bogota Charter
or the Rio Pact. Moreover, the existence of a
military aggression as opposed to a simple dispu-
te, was evident, thus giving Guatemala the right
to appeal to the Security Council, according to
Articles 34 and 35 of the United Nations Charter.
The Inter-American Peace Commission dec-
ided to send in observers on June 28, without
the consent ,of the Guatemalan Government.
But this particular piece of play-acting turned
out to be unnecessary, for on June 27 the Arbenz
Government was overthrown by a military coup
On June 2N, when everything was over, a
meeting of the OAS Council was called, so that
the United States might explain to its puppets
how close they had come to the "Communist
Peril", and how grateful they should feel towards
Castillo Armas and the United Fruit Company.

Still Sounds

Bongo Jere


I an I prescribe that they know
Black Man in the West as African.
I an I prescribe that they allow and
encourage I an I brethren to cultivate
our own standards, morals and values
I an I warns that the media and style
of Cult is the highest form of Culture,
Cultivation ai I development.
I an I demand that Babylon stop
trying to teach that we go unrecognised
in Africa by our Brethren.
I an I point out that Marcus Garvey
work is still unfinished relevant and is
linked up with the works of Emperor
Hyili Silassi I.
I an I warns that we will ever intend
to go to Africa and any new-comers
who intend to use the same means of
libel and painting as escapists to stop
us will be corrected the hard way, on
pain of death and destruction.
I an I remind Africans at home that
no amount of alterations are as valuable
as the message of encouragement that
H.I.M. Hyili Silassi I sent us a few days
ago, thanking us Africans in the West
for maintaining the Culture, Ideals and
principles of Africa in this part of Earth.

re(rphne 2473s

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