Title: Abeng
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100338/00014
 Material Information
Title: Abeng
Physical Description: 1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Abeng Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Kingston Jamaica
Publication Date: May 10, 1969
Copyright Date: 1969
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
 Notes
Abstract: The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100338
Volume ID: VID00014
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05001780
oclc - 5001780

Full Text





SWAT O- OiORPLEz IO -TIK rOM THEMS-LV.s AIVp


SI *_ I


THE FACTS


SHEARER

GO TI
On Saturday last approximately one doz-
en members of the Sixth Form Association
accepted an invitation of the Prime Minister to
meet him at Jamaica House to discuss with him
the matters of the nation. We were asked to
submit the questions which we intended to ask
beforehand. Even then, however, we had no
idea that the purpose of this meeting was a
mere publicity stunt.
I, as one of the representatives of the
S.F.A., along with others like myself, was dis-
appointed when, on arriving home from the
meeting, we heard reported on a radio station
that members of the Sixth Form Association
spent some four hours at Jamaica House discuss-
ing with the Prime Minister "bulk-loading of
bananas at Rocky Point, mechanisation of the
sugar industry, and the marketing of bananas,
sugar and citrus, including O.A.T. status in the
European Common Market".
True, these matters were discussed, but
there were other matters of more importance
which were discussed or proposed.
On the subject of Education, it was pro-
posed unanimously that (1) a much larger
percentage than at present of the Jamaican
budget should be spent on education; (2) the
Government should concentrate most of its
efforts at present on early-childhood and prim-
ary education; (3) African history should be
taught in the sixth, and probably fifth forms
of our secondary schools.
Members of the delegation were dissatis-
fied with the response of the Prime Minister and
the Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of
Education to this last proposal, the latter merely
stating that they would note this as a proposal
and giving the appearance of being unwilling to
discuss this matter any at all.
The Prime Minister and Minister of Exter-
nal Affairs and Defense refused to be any more
liberal than at present in his dealing with the
security of the country, claiming to have more
experience in matters of this sort than sixth-
formers. It was pointed out here that it was
very likely that the Minister of Home Affairs
and the Prime Minister could abuse their auth-
ority by acting arbitrarily to deport, for instance,
an enemy of their political party undes the
guise of security. In reply to the question why
the Prime Minister would refuse to divulge any
information at all or give the accused an
opportunity to defend himself in a court of Law,
the Prime Minister asked why Melville's (Justice)
word should be accepted above his own.
The Sixth-formers charged that there was
at present a wave of police brutality sweeping
this country and specific examples were given
some students even claiming to be witnesses
to this. It was, however, strongly denied by
the Prime Minister.
1The Prime Minister claimed that he was
not necessily opposed to the revolution in
thought and economies advocated by "certain
progressive youth, mainly from the University,"
as an S.F.A. member termed them, but he was
opposed to the methods which some of them
proposed in bringing about this revolution.
He denied that they were driven to these
tatics by the opposition of the Government
nd police, claiming that these youths were
opposed to the authorities in the fist plaei
On a more personal sue, the Prime
(Continued on P.4)


Jacob Degia, Barbados born, 27 years old, came to
Jamaica in August 1968 and obtained employment at St.
Elizabeth Technical High School as a teacher. Before
coming to Jamaica, he had spent 8'/ years in England 4 of
which were in service with the RAF as a cryptographic
mechanic with the status of a Senior Aircraftman. He also
studied and obtained qualifications in Mechanical Engin-
eering and the teaching of Drawing & Engineering Science.
Degip was therefore very qualified to pass on his
technical knowledge to the students he taught. He repres-
ented St. Elizabeth Technical School at the Exhibition at
the National Arena during Technical Education Week last
year and he was used by the J.I.S. to make a film.
On Monday 5th May 1969 Degia was summoned
by the Headmaster and asked if he was a supporter of
Abeng. He admitted that he was and was told by the Head-
master to go home and await further instructions. On Tues-
day 6th he returned to the school to ask the Headmaster
if he was being suspended. He was told that he would be
dismissed as soon as the Chairman of the School Board
had signed the letter of dismissal, BUT AT TIME OF GOING
TO PRESS THE PRINCIPAL HAD REFUSED TO GIVE
HIM AN OFFICIAL LETTER OF DISMISSAL ON THE
GROUNDS THAT HE WAS TEMPORARILY EMPLOYED.
Degia was placed on one year's probation when he
was employed despite the fact that he is so well qualified.
Because of this he has no right to a trial, nor indeed will


any reason be given for his dismissal. We can onl Islume
that the Board has taken action because of the artlice abim
the activities of Peace Corps teachers in Jazn-ical ,ii,
appeared in the Abeng last week. AT FTIIE OF G01N(
TO PRESS ONE STUDENT AT ST ELIZABETH TE(UH
HAS BEEN SUSPENDED FOR USING THE WORD SPA
The Chairman of the St. Elizabeth Tech. School is Don
Tretzel, an American citizen and the head of Kaiser Bauxite
Co. and Alpart Consortium in Jamaica.
Another possible motive is that the Board wishes to
punish Degia for his support of the students in a recent
incident at the school. A teacher had ordered a girl to slap
a boy in his face before the class. The students had demand-
ed an apology from the teacher and that the School Board
take disciplinary steps. Degia's support of the students'
demands caused great embarrassment to the authorities
SO FAR NEITHER STUDENTS NOR STAFF HAVE
BEEN INFORMED OF THE DISMISSAL:
Jamaica should hardly be surprised that education is
in such a mess, for our schools, like so many things ,n our
society, are built on a foundation of intolerance and
bullyism. They are not designed to accommodate people
of character and independence.
In the long run the sufferers are going to be his
Jamaican wife and their two children, and the scores of
his students at St. Elizabeth Technical, some of whom are
preparing for Examinations.


R.J.R. Abandons Listeners


to Satisfy 8 ovt.


granted RJR a license for five years! Nor
was that the end of the matter, for Shear-
er has gone further and extracted the
most savage concessions in all of Jam-
aica's broadcasting history.
The net effect of these concessions
will be to almost eliminate any real
serious and independent criticism from
the air-waves. The capitalist-foreign con-
trolled RJR, like all such institutions,
have decided to hang onto whatever


The news has finally leaked out
that Radio Jamaica and Rediffusion sur-
rendered the people's interests before the
demands of this power-mad Government
in negotiations over the renewal of the
station's broadcasting license.
Normally the period of the license
is good for ten years. ABENG has it from
very reliable sources that the Government,
meaning Shearer, under whom the Broad-
casting Authority now falls has only


remaining profits are to be gathered upi
here in Jamaica rather than to -i 1;!
public honestly and squarely tli ti!.
truth of the matter. For it is tli pihli
first and last that makes any pni,: lor
RJR possible. RJR's responsibility rnlJ
be to the public, not to a Governiii
whose irrelevance to the people ol tlis
country is plain for all to see,
Frank Hill's "FRANKL' SPI' \K-
ING" will not be heard after June Isfi
This was probably RJR's mios outilnlid-
ing public affairs feature and comihined
the highest literary standards ilth an
incisive approach to matters affecting ihe
state of the country.
"NEWS ANALYSIS" a regular week-
day feature, has also been scrapped. It
brought together the widest cross-section
of intellectual talents to bear on the most
significant news stories of the a.y. The
programme was abruptly withdrawn the
lay after Wilmot "Mutty" Perkins
gave his analysis of the Governor Gen-
eral's Speech from the Throne. For per-
mitting this script to be recorded and
broadcast, RJR's News Editor was severe-
iy censured to the point of almost casin'
his resignation. It is also inrerestiig t.zi
as a result of this "misfortune" all scripts
for broadcast have to be vetted by Sir
Alfred Rennie, one of the Directors and
not as hitherto by the Solicitors of RJR.
In all of this mad capitulation, it is
understood that the "GROUSE" too was
slated for the chop, but that it was even-
tually saved by the decision to fire Wilmot
Perkins as host and to replace him with
someone else. And no doubt more censor-
ship of the people's views as well.
(Continued onP. 4)


TEACER IRE FO


Price 6d.


Vol. 1, No. 15 May 10th., 1969
















ANANCY AND DE TWO DAWG By Unce Paul


Once upon a time, Backra Massa did have
a Savanna full a goat. Him use to milk these
goats ever) morning and kill them anytime him
feel to eat meat or get leather.
Well. Black Dog Cousin an Brown Dog
Puppa did live in the Savanna to, an see how
Backra Massa treat the goat them bad- The dog
them start raise hell an show the goats how
Backra Massa advantage them because them
fool-fool. And them tell the goats that the two
a them going fight for them an tek wey the
Savanna an give it to the-.


Wen Backra Massa hear bout that him
swear that him going mek Black Dog Cousin an
Brown Dog Puppa dead in prison. An him ketch
Brown Dog Puppa, because Brown Dog Puppa
was too cunny. Everytime Backra Massa put
Black Dog Cousin in jail, Brown Dog Puppa let
him out. Between the two a them give Backra
Massa so much trouble, that him decide to sit
down an check up how much it costing him to
keep the goats, an him find out it costing him
too much. So him sen for Black Dog Cousin an
Brown Dog Puppa an turn over the whole
Savanna to them.
Hell pop loose! Both Black Dog Cousin
an Brown Dog Puppa want to rule the Savanna.
Black Dog Cousin through him have the biggest
mout start tell the goat them how is him
"liberate" them and Brown Dog Puppa start tell
them how him should lead them as him have
the most brains.
But the goats not so fool. Them make
both Black Dog Cousin an Brown Dog Puppa
look after the business. The goats live happy
as long as both dogs could manage the business,
but when the dogs get too old to carry on an
start look for somebody to tek them place,
trouble start.
Anancy was the cause of all the trouble,
for him want to get the business. First him go
to Brown Dog Puppa an offer to help to fight
Black Dog Cousin for him. Him tell Brown Dog
Puppa say Black Dog Cousin talking all sorta
bad things bout him, an saying is him one did
go prison for the goats. But Brown Dog Puppa
run him an tell him not to tell lie pon him
cousin.
Anancy run go to Black Dog Cousin an
tell him almost the same story bout Brown Dog
Puppa. Now, though Black Dog Cousin never
believe him, him decide to use Anancy. So him
pretend to believe him an sign paper that say
Anancy can look after little piece of the goat
business an keep an eye pon Brown Dog Puppa.
Anancy feel that all him had was to do,
was prove to Black Dog Cousin that Brown Dog
Puppa after him, an the ole dog would sign the
paper an make him take over all the business.


But the ole dog pick one of him friends total
over the business. When Anancy hear boat
him kill the man. And him do the same th
to everyone that Black Dog Cousin choose
take charge.
After this happen a few time, Black Dq
Cousin decide to send for Black Dog an
him the work. Poor Anancy couldn do nutt
but cuss an go on bad for if him touch Blad
Dog, Black Dog Cousin would know is him w
killing all the other men.
But Anancy soon find out that him in
better position than if him was fuly in charge
for Black Dog do nutten but sport and lea
everything up to him.
Anancy set goat against goat. Him tead
goat to fight an say is not them start it firs
Him teach them how to shoot while him go a
like is reading, dancing, sing an other such thin
him teaching. So Brown Dog Puppa sen fe hi
son Brown Dog an tell him to go to Black
fireside an learn all the tings that going o
Meanwhile Anancy sure that Brown Dog don
know a thing. So when hin spring a attack
Brown Dog, him get a big surprise.
But Anancy is a man who turn everything
to him advantage. When him see what happen
him run to Black Dog an tell him that is Brow
Dog who did set up the goats an teach them
shoot an when him was trying to find out wh
happening, Brown Dog ketch him men an k
them off, an now Brown Dog spreading wo
so is him start it.
When Brown Dog come to talk over thinly
with Black Dog, Anancy wouldn't allow the tw
dogs to talk. As fast as poor Brown Dog sa
one thing, Black Dog bark at him, an all yo
could hear was barking from both sides. A
from that day till today, dog don't lissen on
another, but everyone a bark at the same tins
Is Anancy put them so. If you think is lie, tr
sleep a town night-time.
Jack Mandora, mi noh choose none.


PLAIN TALK


This Is


Happening


To Us!



What is happening to the minds of my
poor oppressed brothers and sisters in Jamaica?
When are we going to effect the necessary
changes in our country? At present the destiny
of Jamaica still lies in the hands of the privileged
few (various minority groups) who retain this
position unjustly through the power of econom-
ic, social and political exploitation of the
masses. Present conditions existing in our socie-
ty show clearly how deep and effective this
system of exploitation has become.
SQUATTERS ON THE LAND
Take a look at some examples of econom-
ic exploitation in Jamaica. As much as seventy
per cent of our population do not even own a
single inch of our beautiful soil. Therefore such
a situation reduces most of us to squatters in
our own country. If this natural form of econ-
omic necessity is denied to us, then on what
basis are we claiming full Jamaica citizenship?
SIn a country so small as ours, land should be
owned by the people, thus ensuring a greater


"THE SENTINEL"

rate of widespread development. Our young
people are some of the most depressed and
harassed youths in the world today. The idea
of emigration is an obsession to many young
Jamaicans; they will leave their country to live
anywhere in search of a secure future. How
classical a joke to see many acres of Farm Land
in St Elizabeth go to waste because of incessant
drought. What has been done to utilize the
resources of our largest river Black River -
which conveniently happens to be situated in
the very same parish?
POLITICS
Politics is a beastly game in Jamaica. It
is a game in which whoever loses suffers for
their loss through victimization. Regardless of
which party is in power, the ordinary working
man's living conditions still deteriorate. Our
people have been misled into believing that
politics must generate fear, hatred and victim-
ization. Division is easily visible among our
mass of sufferers and illiterates. We are merely
pawns in this game of desperation which con-
tinues to leave the politicians secure and the
public largely ignorant of where they stand.
How ironical it is to acclaim political freedom
based upon democracy, yet we have to live in
fear of the party that we do not support? Our
politicians are certainly skilful technocrats. The
present government has long ago decided to
play puppet to local and foreign capitalistic
investments. Since then our sufferings have
increased. Our conditions would have been
worse, if our political stooges were not so
inefficient in carrying out the orders of their
colonial bosses. WE have been sold into slavery
again. Shout it out ABENG. Oppression MUST
STOP. Some say we cannot change the system,
others cautiously point out that we cannot take
such a 'risk'. Those of us who have nothing to
lose except our suffering will have to unite for
a better way of life. Listen 'little man', it is you
who have created the 'big man'. It is your
responsibility to discard your smallness and
your duty to think for yourself.


L
THEi i




ASEML


AN EXHIBITION OF PAINTINGS
by
Brother Everald Brown
Brother Arnold Tucker
Brother Clinton Brown
at
The Ceative Arts Ceantr, IO.W.,
APRIL 30 MAY 16, 1l9O
SPECIAL NEXT WEEK:
"The Seed of the Plant" Review y Timothy Calleand


111





























PART 2 by George Beckford


r
L.$:








-4a, a


BANANASOr


The problems of the banana industry today are essen-
tially the same in character, though not in degree, as those
that existed in the first three decades of the century. In
recent studies which I conducted at the University, I discov-
ered that -
(a) the Jamaican grower tends to absorb most of the loss
resulting from adverse changes in U.K. market conditions,
(b) growers do not always benefit sufficiently from
improved market conditions,
(c) the growers' share ofgross sales of bananas has been
declining steadily in recent years and was as low as 22%
in 1964,
(d) that access to other markets such as Canada is limited
not because we cannot compete price-wise but because
United Fruit Company enjoys a monopoly position which
it can use to block our entry.
Indeed the figures suggest that we can supply bananas
to Eastern Canada at more competitive prices than United
Fruit supplies now going to that region.
SHIPPING & MARKETING
The solution to these problems seems, to my mind,
to lie clearly in the direction of doing our own shipping and
marketing entirely. The most obvious way of achieving
this is to expand the Jamaica Banana Producers Association
into a National Line capable of handling the entire trade.
To entertain this possibility, we need to consider the obstac-
les which, over the past 40 years, have limited the growth
of the company to the full potential here proposed.
ORIGINAL AIM
The Association was originally established because
"many growers felt that the time has come when some real
internal competition would bring them more security and
better prices for their fruit". The intention, therefore, was
simply to provide competition, not to take over the trade
completely.
The growers did in fact achieve the objective they set
themselves but subsequent directors do not appear to have
seen the need for setting up of new objectives such as that
proposed here. The company itself admits that:
"The Jamaica Banana Producers' Association Ltd.
is conservatively managed. After years of hardship
and uncertainty, this Jamaican company is now
stable and reasonably prosperous".
NEW SIGHTS
One of the basic obstacles to be overcome, therefore,
is a change in this conservative view of the management
Forty years later, we need to set ourselves new sights if we
are not to betray the vision of our forefathers.
Next, we must recognize that in addition to the will
and determination of growers in the 1920's, their initial
success owed much to a sympathetic government adminis-
tration. Stubbs, the then Governor, gave tangible assistance.
For example, "the Government guaranteed debentures to
the extent of 200,000. With this money the co-operative
bought a half share in four old meat-carrying ships which
were converted to carrying bananas."
SERIOUS DIFFICULTIES
The world-wide depression that began shortly after
the Association was established, a series of hurricanes in


GARVEY ear Mr. Garvey,
"....Quite a formidabl
J T I ions have been banned from en
J U I approve of excluding theb ho
other superstitions, but in ba
polities, also publications of
the government simply reveals
peoples have a double problem
fight their own reactionaries
naturally reactionary governm

two elements fuse and work at
one openly as the agent of ae
and the other concealed as tb
people of whom they are a pa
that the people should ask:
rulers afraid? To whom is the
a danger?

0


With Mrs Garvey's permission we
reproduce extracts from two pers-
onal letters she received from W.A.
Dodingo (Jamaican nationalist) and
George Padmore (Pan-Africanist
fighters


April20,1954 SUFFERER S DIARY

list of publicat- Woman Of Africa
try intn .amaien.


banned literature

W.A. Domingo"
ictober 3, 1950


"Dear Mrs. Garvey,
... It is typical of West Indian mentality
to make a big show of erecting public statues to
men, who in their lifetime were ignored. It
seems that the money would be better spent
in endowing a scholarship or building a school
for the benefit of future generations. Such an
institution could bear the name of Marcus
Garvey. It would hit two birds with the same
stone-commemorate his memory and serve a
useful purpose in the life of the community.
Today, nobody erects stone monuments, they
express public appreciation in some useful
institutional manner-hospital, school or library.
With sincere respect and admiration for
all that you have done for the Race,
George Padmore"


4 Collins Gren Avemue,
Kingston 5. Jamaica, W.I.


Please enter me for a subscription to ABENG NATIONAL WEEKLY
beginning with Vol. 1 No... I wish to subscribe for I I one year (25/-)
( ] two years (45/1) ( I Special student rate: (20/) for one year.

Name.. ...................................................................
(Please Print)
Street........................................................................................

City...................................... Country............. ..............
HELP US TO KEEP BLOWING. THANKS


Black woman, woman of Africa, 0 my African sister, I am
thinking of our sufferings.
We are suffering from hunger and poverty. There is nowhere
for us to lay our heads, our houses are being smashed down
by the Government We are oppressed by the white, and not
only the white for our black police brutalize us. Our children
are being borne on our backs and we are treated like wild
animals. When we try to cultivate a backbone the lack of em-
ployment broke our backs. They led us to the slaughter like
sheep. Our Government brought in something called Birth Control
to kill us off. Our children are afraid to walk on the streets
without being kicked and punched in the face by police. In
Canada:"negress slut go back to where you came from." These
atrocities were hurled at our sisters.
It is our task of freeing black humanity and to restore it to a
position of dignity. So let us Awake! Arise! Check up and go
forward with our Black Movement.
I am asking our Black sisters to keep the struggle high. We may
be weak in wealth but we are strong in faith.
From a Suffering Sister.


1932, 1933 and 1935, pressure from the established foreign
companies, and the ravages of Panama and leaf spot diseases
all posed serious difficulties for the survival of the new
enterprise. And the company itself admits that "by 1935
it became apparent that unless the Government came to its
aid with at least full moral support it must fail".
DIFFICULTIES
The difficulties in the way of action by the company
alone are perhaps no less serious today. One difficulty, for
example, "is the high cost of new ships. In the 1930's,a
ship like the 'Jamaica Producer' cost 180,000. In 195Q the
new 'Planter' cost 1,500,000". Although a considerable
amount of charter capacity is available from international
shipping, the expansion proposed here could not for long
depend excessively on charter space since this would expose
us to inordinate outside control. The owned fleet of the
company could not be quickly expanded without Govern-
ment assistance in securing loans for the purpose.
CURRENT MARKETING
When we consider that some 75% of current market-
ing expenses consists of payments for freight and commi-
ssion to marketing agents, it would seem that investments
of this' type would pay high returns in terms of national
income creation. Positive government action in the direction
proposed would, therefore, seem both appropriate and
necessary.
Finally, it is alleged that one important factor limiting
the kind of expansion proposed here for the company is
that a banana shipping and marketing organization cannot
rely on a single source of supplies since the risks of 'blow-
downs' and hurricanes are too high, and heavy costs are
involved when available shipping space cannot be utilized.
THE SOLUTION
The solution to this problem could be to secure access
to supplies from other West Indian islands. One way would
be to expand the company partly with share capital subc-
ribed by Windward Island growers and partly with capital
subscribed by all the West Indian governments to transform
the company into a West Indian Banana Producers Associa-
tion with at least a share of the Windward trade reserved
for its expanded operation. This could provide the nucleus
for a regional shipping line to handle more and more of our
trade with the rest of the world.
MY VISION
That briefly is the vision I want to leave with you
concerning the future of the industry. Looking back on
what our forefathers did, I am sure you will agree with me
that my vision is not much more far reaching than the one
they had. They transformed their vision into reality through
sheer courage and determination for the difficulties were
great
Finally, let us widen the vision beyond the horizon
of the banana industry and apply it to all aspects of the
nation's economic life. Then, and only then, we shall be on
our way to genuine independence and a dignified existence
as a people. That, as I see it, is the basis for "the struggle
ahead", and we must be prepared to see it through!


i I


ABEM













SE

Vol.I, No.1I Mayl 0th., 1969


EDITORIAL COMMITTEE BLOW THE HORN
george beckford

reor m TELL THE PEOPLE
rupert lewims I lenI m mioatn a N meN e witheld onert wu. I Ed


THIS WHITE BUSINESS


The news that in Santa Cruz a Black Brother
'i. been ictilised at the hands of the mercenary
,.i'i admidnistratioli of St. Elizabeth Technical
lmtol, confirins once again the vital lesson about
'.i, ers anid 'colonialism.
For centuries our people have had toreckon
mith the fact that certain 'black' men (House
\igger I will go to all lengths to show their white
'uperior' juil hows efficient they are ill punishing
ilhe lightest sign rof Black Dignity. Moreover, these
N iggers develop a savage frenzy when their "darling
white" trerlords are exposed for what they really
.ire out and out enemies of Black people.
But if Brother Jacob Degia is a victim of this
Iri.dition of ingrained treachery to Black men. his
;a-e shall also serve to re-establish the other lesson
.Ihut slaverx and colonialism. Always the first to
Ihretcen us. these House Niggers are always the
lirsi to feel the punishing wrath of an awakened
Race Quick to deliver blows for their white mas-
irr. tile white master cannot shield them from the
irn temper of Black Consciousness.


Sixth formers

And Shearer

(Continued from P.1)

iiiter was quizzed as to how many cars
S'ned. He admitted to owning four cars,
least one, the Lincoln Continental, being
riide tlie 110" wheel base. There was one
othe r car at his disposal, provided by the
(Goiernment. He claimed, however, that he
lihd procured three of these before he became
'i:me Minister. He admitted to being guilty
i "keeping up with the Junes' by stating
tit1 if Ken McNeil had a Lincoln Continental
Sien Hugh Shearer could also oun a Lincoln


For the four white servants of a dying inper.
ialism will never again be corps to a "peaceful"
Black people of Santa Cruz. One Black Heart is
infinitely greater than all the poisonous bayonets
of their scheming plans of indoctrination, subver-
sion, and humiliation. Their undoing merely rids
the course of Black Emancipation of yet another
obstacle.
But these are just four white cyphers in the
giant chain of imperialism, aided and abetted by
black political mercenaries. The evidence on their
other colleagues is still being carefully documented.
When it is ready, names, dates, places, activities,
contacts everything will be given to the people.
As the exploiters say in their dialect, everything
will soon be "busted".
And if our publication is interfered with or
hampered in any way, the population will know
exactly why!
We are going to finish with this white busi-
ness. Black people have had enough!


LY jKI.I.U 11


I wonder how long does Mr.
Allen intend to keep us, high school
students, and also primary school
children, ignorant of our African
history, or background, if you pre-
fer.
White children of America know
of their past not only to when they
came to America, hut even to when
their ancestors, the Anglo Saxons,
were in Germany, or if they are
descended from some other Europ-
ean sub-race, they know equivalent-
ly enough. This applies not only to
Americansh bilt to almost all the
other peoples of the world except-
ing Jamaica.
Jamaicans also know this much
along with more European history,
and West Indian history to when we
were brought from Africa, but prac-
tically nothing more of the history
of the land of our predominant
forefathers.
It still is not too late now to
start doing African history even if
it's only done in the high schools.
Let Mr. Allen know also, that
banning the sale of the 'Black Men's
Newspaper' in schools won't stop
us from reading it or buying it
elsewhere.
Keep on Blowing the Horn and
Telling the People.
ST.MARY STUDENT


Politicians and social leaders
in this country have been saying
a lot recently about the lack of
a sense of commitment to the Ja-
maican society. This, we are told
is mainly tie reason why young,
underprivileged black Jamaicans for
the most part want to tear down
the structure of the economy. This
they suggest is ile reason wily a
Black Power Movement should bh
avoided like a plague in Jamaica.
I invite consideration of the
proposition that a Black Power
Movement sensitive to the needs of
the Jamaican people can create.
overtime, exactly this sense of com-
mnttment.
lie 20', ie ea white or eeal while
who wll ac mu-cl of tile wealth
cti the cU l:ts,, are for the mrost
part conlmitlted not to ihis society
anoi a wloe, hu to in akung illr
ririer wuhocv'l get, squeieed in


in the process. If the present great
situation for them is not maintained
they will simply pack their grips
and leave the country. To the pre-
ponderant black majority who are
poor, a black philosophy which is
not looking outward for some hea-
ven in Africa or elsewhere to go,
but aims at the restructuring of the
economy and value system of the
country, has constructive possibi-
lities. This can give the black man
a sense of "this is my country"
paid for with over 300 years of
blood, sweat, stripes on his back
and tears. In a philosophy such
as this, we may have the beginnings
of a sense of committment to this
society which blackmen will never

have if the system is maintained
in its present uncompromising form.
George Dixon
Kingston 11.




This is my twelfth year living in
Trench Town and I have witnessed
and seen the injustice that is being
done to we the poorer class of
Trench Town and our neighbours,
Ghost and Jones Town by the upper
class and the Government. Unem-
ployment is so much in these areas
that if a littlebushing work is being
given out, there is always a fight.
At school we are treated interiors
by a lew stupid 'blacks' who live
in upper St. Andrew.
There was this case on Thursday
2nd where a 'black guy' got up tell-
ing the classof a boy who had a fuss
with him, that the boy was a Trench
Town dirty boy who he had witness-
ed more than once going aiuund
in rags. This made the fellow very
upset when the whole class began
laughing, whereas this made a few
other boys and myself very angry.
This case of discrimination and
others, are going on in one of our
leading colleges situated on North
Street in the corporate area.
In another incident form January
last, while walking along While St
in Trench Town with six friends, we
were stopped by policemen in a
jeep and a car told that we uad
destroyed a restaurant ituater d ui
Spanishl Town r Ioad, threatened to
be beaten on arrival at thie Denhlin
Town ovlincc Station, indecent ijhng-


uage used at us and guns brandished
at us; but to the disapproval of the
police, when the two restaurant
workers came and said it was not
us, they told us to go in a sorrowful
manner without even apologizing
for the trouble they had caused us.
These two incidents reminds me of
a verse in the Bible where it says
that "For everyone who exalts him-
self will be humbled; and whoever
humbles himself will be exalted."
And this verse as I put it, is referring
to the Government and a certain part
of the public who are pressuring
their own black brothers and sisters
and most of these people attend
church regularly.
SUFFERER D.N.
TRENCH TOWN


For a number of years now
we have notice that the Govern-
ment of Jamaica and the rulers
of the Government of Jamaica,
their only ambition is to frame
more brutal laws and cruel penal-
ties against the poor and innocent
people in the island of Jamaica.
They also claim that by doing these
evils, crime will be brought to an
end. Yet at the same time they
sit upon a throne of wickedness
from which they hand out exploi-
tation, brutalities, false imprison-
ment and willful massacre by the
police against poor people. It is a
dirty disgrace to know the amount
of innocent people who were sent
to prison for male ganja plants.
What is more grievous of all is to
know that while they do hand out
these unto the msses of the people
they live in luxury, having more
than their hearts can wish, sitting
in the backseat of cars, smoking
pipe, or cigar, having a servant to
drive their car to where they wish.
These things must stop says
Ali Baba and hisbrethern. The phi-
losophies of truth and justice is
powerful and cannot be conquered
by guns or a bayonet. We shall
not worry. We do not fear. We
shall not doubt. Time will tell.
Ali Baba and his Brethren
Stony Gut.




POLITICAL ACADEMY LECTURE
NIGERIA (Past & Present)
Tonight, Friday, 9th May
at 8.00 P.M.
Dr. Dorathea Bxter-Grillu
Lecturer, Univeisity uo Ibadanl
at EXTRA MURAL CENTRE


R.J.R. S

BET RAYAL

(Continued from P. 1)
The case of Perkins is probably uni-
que in history. In:eighteen months he has
been fired from no less than four prog-
rammes, each time for the same reav.,
Tie first came when he was doing "VI.W-
POINT" for JBC, a Sunday morning
commentary, lie dared to attack bolth the
Government and the Sugar Manufactur-
ers' Association for the mess in sgf
While still at JBC, he interviewed Roy
McNeil, Minister of Home Affairs, un
"REPORTING '68" on McNeil's use of
civilians as special police during the Oct-
ober crisis. He was thrown off the prog-
ramme immediately. And now, two more
blows in rapid succession at RJR.
With "ARGUMENT" long since
shelved from the air, all that the Number
One radio station can sport is a taime
Peter Abrahams, and some historical notes
by Frank Hiil on "HISTORICALLY
SPEAKING!"
There is a lesson to be learnt from
all this sordid betrayal of the people. It
illustrates the fact that freedom of speech
and the people's right to be informed are
decided as a matter of course between
the Government and the capitalists. This
is exactly the same way the Government
and Opposition behave, as though democ-
ratic rights is a matter between them and
for them alone.
More than ever, Black People in
Jamaica can inform themselves only thr-
ough their own efforts. ABENG. BLACK
MAN SPEAKS, YOUTH MOVE (publish-
ed by J.C. Sixth-tornmes) are ouly the
beginning of tile new phase.




TONIGHT

BLOWING THE HORN TO CALL YOJ
all Brothers and Sisters
of the Soul World
NITEE OF NAKED SOUL"
Place: BOWENS PLACE (Guys Hll)
Date: 9th MAY. 1969
Time: 8:00P'M. until anor
Admission: 3/-
Music by ASTOR'S SOUND
Refreshments on Sale


Ad by Abeng Publishing Co lt.d.. 4 Collins Green Ave., Kingston 5. Robert A. Hill, Secretary, residing at 11 Calcroft Ave., Kingston 8. Printed by Brice Printing Ltd., 6 East St, Kingston. tMay 15th.. 1969.


SANTA CRUZ










ASSEMBLIES

OF

THE PEOPLE

FRIDAY, MAY 16TH
7:00 P.M.
Guest Sneaker: HUGH IMAl I




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