he -aiQ luMaixn
As has happened since the first
white man forced himself on this
island, sugar has spoken and Jamaica
Last week Monymusk claimed
that the foreign white shareholders
of Tate & Lyle have earned no
dividends in the past four years and
because of this, Monymusk may
have to close at the end of crop
So powerless is Government that
they cannot even question the fig-
ures the white boss gives us. ABENG
must ask though, whether it is
really true that WISCo is operating
at a loss. The Mordecai Report
suggests not, but we can't know be-
cause Jamaicans have no real say in
what these men do with their books.
What we do know is that a few
men, sitting in a London Board-
room, have taken a decision that
until they can squeeze more out of
us, the people of Vere must face
starvation. Who elected these white
men to have power of life and death
over our people?
A few years ago WISCo establish-
ed a Jamaican Board of Directors
to try to fool us that decisions
would be taken in Jamaica. The lat-
est decision has exposed the lie. It
was taken at the Annual meeting of
shareholdersin London to which the
'Managing Director', Paul Bovell,
was summonned "for consultations"'
Bovell is really a clerk who carries
out the orders of his bosses in
England. Just like the local 'mana-
gers' of Bernard Lodge Estate ,the
bauxite companies and the very
Government of Jamaica, he takes
his orders from bosses in America,
Canada and Britain whom we never
This week the real ministers of
agriculture, the WISCo Board and
its foreign masters, set out their
conditions to the Jamaican people
for keeping Monymusk alive. They
1. Rocky Point must be mechanised.
2. Jamaican consumers must pay
3. "New thinking must be intro-
duced". (Since Shearer is in charge
of the old thinking, the implication
seems to be that Shearer must go;
but that is our problem. These white
men cannot be allowed to settle it
In other words, they are trying
to white-mail Jamaica into throwing
people out of work, paying more
again for sugar and getting rid of the
Chief House-slave, because there is
another man, Lightbourne, who can
serve them better. Who says it is we
who elect government? What we do.
is elect the servants of those who
really run Jamaica.
THE HISTORICAL ENEMY
In this case the men who run the
sugar kingdom have been the main
historical enemies of the people.
Yet "our representatives" still allow
them to control 200,000 acres of
our best land. In addition more
than half of this acreage they leave
idle. The cost of this to the suffer-
ing people of this country is higher
than any benefit.
Sugar earns about 16 million
from sales abroad but as much as
2 million remains there as prottrs.
The employment it gives is largely
part-time and is equal to about
39,000 men fully employed. Wages
are low. A brother slaving in the sun
all day cutting cane barely gets 15/-
Yet with all this cheap labour, sugar
has laid off one of every four labour-
ers over the past ten years The
industry seems to contribute to Ja-
maican suffering more than anything
else Yet the plantation bosses who
do no work get all the benefits. It
is the price we pay for inefficient
management which makes it necess-
ary to mechanize and throw more
black Jamaicans out of work. This
exploitation is so brazen that mana-
gement goes so far as to pay our
small-farmers who produce half of
the cane 25% less than the white
estate owners pay themselves
While the slave government joins
management in these injustices ag-
ainst the people, Jamaicans have to
buy most of their food abroad. Our
1gnd is lying there idle in the hands
of these white foreigners. We could
produce the food which our people
need. At present the average Jam-
aican eats 13 Ibs of beef, 3 ounces
of cheese, 3 eggs and 5 ounces of
butter per month. Most black Jam-
aicans don't even get that much.
What a scandal! We have to buy
beef and milk and cheese from the
white imperialists who in turn own
our land and keep it idle. Last year
alone we imported beef and dairy
products the equivalent of 76,000
beef animals and 60,000 dairy anim-
als. Why should we have to do this?
The time is coming when the
Jamaican people will have to take
charge of this country and run it
in the people's interest We cannot
depend on anyone but ourselves. In
the Prime Minister's own constituen-
cy the real rulers have shown them-
Vo. 1 No. 12 April19, 1969 Price: 6d.
S"We Want Our People to Think for Themselves" -- a GARVEY *
THREATENS THE PEOPLE
DIARY OF A
18 Government officials had been
killed and more than 31 wounded.
Governor Eyre declared martial law
in the County of Surrey excepting
Kingston. The district of BATH was
overtakenby the revolutionaries and
they proceeded along the banks of
the Plaintain Garden River rignt
into Hordley. There they met a[
detachment of Special Constables
armed with double-barrelled guns.
Two of Bogle's men were killed be-
fore the detachment was beaten off.
Arriving at Duckenfield Bogle's men
took control of the estate house
and seized all the food and valuab-
les they could carry then proceeded
to Amity Hall. Augustus Hire, an
estate manager who had recently
caused the arrest of Brother Lewis
Miller as a trespasser, was beaten to
death. As Bogle's forces dispersed.
the rebellion spread as far as Long
Bay, 30 mies from Morant Bay. At
Golden Grove, Port Morant, Bath,
Monkland and other places the white
oppressors were brought to their
knees and met with revolutionary
Governor Eyre decided it was
blood for blood! Hundreds of sold-
iersand sailors set out to trace down
and kill the St. Thomas people.
The Maroons at Hayfield under
Maior Sterline had promised Boele
that they would not oppose the Thomas in the East, the sacrifice of
rebellion. But they were traitorous lives, theburning of public buildings
and became the allies of the Govern- and the other horrid outrages com-
ment. At Bath district, a court was mitted by a demoralized and madly-
set up and all the blacks who were infuriated Peasantry, are the results
captured were flogged or hanged. of the infamous spoutings at public
The Black magistrate who supervised meetings of the notorious George
the flogging, had wrapped piano William Gordon, who as unhappily
wire around the cat-o-nine tails permitted to exercise, unchecked,
before it was used. If anyone laugh- his pernicious influence on an ignor-
ed or groaned they were immediate- ant and easily deluded people.... "
ly hanged before the other prisoners. The Maroons, led by Captain
89 people were tried by court Briscoe, surrounded and captured
martial under Captain Hole. All 89 Paul Bogle as he came out of a cane
were executed, of these 23 were piece at Johns' Hall near Stony Gut.
women and many were flogged Bogle walked calmly down with
before execution his captors to the Bay-When quest-
October 23: ioned about William Gordon, Bogle
One revolutionary who was being said that Gordon didn't organize
flogged shouted Paul Bogle's name the rebellion nor did he tell the
at each of the 75 lashes he received. people to kill Vie whites. Bogle at
For this he was given 25 more no time tried to shift his respon-
lashes. sibility as a leader of the rebellion
GeorgeWilliam Gordon was tried and he refused to give the names of
for high treason and later executed. other revolutionaries.
His body was left hanging until the 7 o'clock on the evening of the
next day when, along with other 24th October. 1865, Paul Bogle was
bodies, they were thrown in a trench murdered along with McLaren, Capt-
behind the Courthouse. ain Grant, Moses Bogle and other
October 24: leading revolutionaries, hanged in
the archway of the Courthouse.
Falmouth Post Oct. 24, (Planters'the ar of the Cortho
newspaper) reported that the dis
affection had spread in Vere, St.
Elizabeth and Westmoreland Their Total Killed: 439.
news report further stated-"We are
grieved, but not surprised, at the
sad events that have occurred in St
p Vr ,, Am. the
1. Sen I , ern. re
t A,, .,iadplZ l ,roic therraT
Maon et: th pm Faaio o et h,laO l
M O AN BAYii f n tcii ca-titte
FIRST MESSAGE TO THE NEGROES OF THE WORL
FROM ATLANTA PRISON.
February 10, 1925.
My work is just begun, and when the history of my
suffering is complete, then future generations of Negroes
will have in their hands the guide by which they shall
know the "sins" of the twentieth century. I, and I know
you, too, believe in time, and we shall wait patiently for
two hundred years, if need be, to face our enemies
through our posterity.
After my enemies are satisfied, in life or death I shall
come back to you to serve even as I have served before.
In life I shall be the same: in death I shall be a terror to
the foes of Negro liberty. If death has power, then count
on me in death to be the real Marcus Garvey I would like
to be. If I may come in an earthquake, or a cyclone, or plague, or
pestilence, or as God would have me, then be assured that I shall
never desert you and make your enemies triumph over you. Would
I not go to hell a million times for you?
"If I die in Atlanta my work shall then only begin, but I shall
live, in the physical or spiritual to see the day of Africa's glory.
When I am dead wrap the mantle of the Red. Black and Green around
me, for in the new life I shall rise with God's grace and blessing to
lead the millions up the heights of triumph with the colors that
you well know. Look for me in the whirlwind or the storm, look for
me all around you, for, with God's grace, I shall come and bring
with me countless millions of black slaves who have died in America
and the West Indies and the millions in Africa to aid you in the fight
for Liberty, Freedom and Life.
"The civilization of today is gone drunk and crazy with its
power and by such it seeks through injustice, fraud and lies to crush
the unfortunate. But if I am apparently crushed by the system of
influence and misdirected power, my cause shall rise again to plague
the conscience of the corrupt. For this I am satisfied, and for you, I
repeat, I am glad to suffer and even die. Again, I say, cheer up, for
better days are ahead. I shall write the history that will inspire the
millions that are coming and leave the posterity of our enemies to
reckon with the hosts for the deeds of their fathers,
With God's dearest blessings, I leave you for awhile."
THE TIME IS NOW
by BROTHER ABENG
History reminds us that me first Africans arrivd in Jamaica tn
about the year 1517. They were used not only as body servant and
field slaves but as herdsmen and hunters who participated in the
great annual hunts in which large numbers of ldd cattle, pig, and
sheep were slaughtered for their hides and fats.
It was as hunters therefore thal the Africans gained t0!'a jirt
knowledge of the mountains of Janiura, a knowledge istuch wias t
have an important effect on the Island's future
The English invaded Jamaica and they found thie island pool
defended. The) forced the Spanards to surrender and iva.cuted
most of them. In the general confusion the Airicaiss were freed,
however with a tiny Spanish force, some Alrican tough a ar
guerrilla war against the English.
The war ended with the final withdrawal of the Spamirds, but
the Africans remained free to roam the hilb, Ther became known as
Maroons. The people of Jamaica in the last half of the 1 'th cenaurr
consisted, for the most part. of a majority of Englih settler, and
soldiers who lived on the coastal plains, and a warlike minoritr of
Maroons, predominantly of African stock who dwelt in the hill
We, who were brought to Jamaica w-ere of different type
although the majority came from the ,west Coat of Atfria We alo
spoke different languages and had different traditions and habits
There were Epoeus from the Niger LD)eli, Ak,.II Aihai a:id i!
peoples who made up the great Gold CV., t' ori ,teie tact ii
Madingoes from the region between e Niger and tl.,e itnmb, the
South Coast of Sierra Leone, Paw P.i- lii nIrtiimey. ;ll d otJ.ir>
from the (ongo and Angola. usuth ,' thie igOl ,l Bcnin
During those years on the road of time that slavery enled in
Jamaica und, tne British and until this da,. we (he black people
were always restless and desirou, olf ur freedomn, e, want to rule
ourselves Give us the chance and we will make Jamai-a the land of
happiness and joy The time has come The time ha, come 0 (tod
the time has come. Our slave-boases mu.t remember that the blood
of these heroes flow true in our veins herk-, like Juan de Bola.
Cudjoe. Qua,a Taky. Three-finger Jack. Johnsion Samueil Sharpe
Marcus Ganrey and others. i I it
A BLACK BOTHER
LIKE IT IS.
The Establishment in Jamaica
like that of any other country is
veined with the blatant opinions of
a spineless, unintelligent and compla-
cent bureaucracy. I am in agreement
with the Reverend John Hoad that
a country cannot exist without its
Establishment, but when it is as
conceited and hypocritical as ours
thenit is left only to be defeated by
the suffering mass.
For a black woman to rise in this
society and ask her black sisters to
regard Black Power wherever they
see it as a challenge to the stability
and peace of the country, is a clear
sign of antipathy on her part for the
advancement of BLACK in this
The answer given by members of
the Establishment when questioned
on the meaning of Black Power is
that it is a term of diversified mean-
ing. Let me point out explicitly
that there is no diversification about
Black Power in Jamaica. Black Power
in Jamaica means but one thing-
the BLACK mass ascendancy to an
economic, social and cultural level
on par with any other ethnic group
which make up this so-called "out
of many one nation". The problems
arise when different people with
differing concepts tackle this major
problem in the way they think best
and quickest in attaining their goal.
Black Power to the Black Power-
ites means total BLACK recognition.
And this, even if it means sacrific-
ing our lives, will be brought about.
I am glad to see that the Reverend
John Hoad has come to the realisa-
tion that our concern has reached
a stage beyond mere arrest. That a
patch job is useless to this decaying
It is useless to build a new house
on weak decaying foundation. The
house may stand for awhile, but
soon everything will come tumbling
down causing greater damage. Black
Jamaica has only moved from slav-
ery to colonialism to neo-colonial-
ism, which is only movement in a
crodked circle, from one point of
degradation to another. The yoke
has not been completely removed
from our necks, it has only been
padded to make it more comfort-
able. The Black man would like to
see his children grow up in a society
where the Black man isn't just a
mere puppet of foreign financiers,
but is his own man without any feel-
ing of inferiority. BLACK is our
colour pure and true, of it we are
proud and thankful too.
by Julian Jingles
by BRO. EDWARDS
There are over 500 workers at
the Water Commission at Cavaliers.
Of all the Essential Services you
will see that the Water Commission
is the most out-of-date yet the most
important service of them all.
Workers remain as "Casual" emp-
loyees for years without getting
permanent employment Every three
weeks workers are laid off. LET US
1. A qualifying period guaranteeing
2. Regrading of all salaries.
3. Water boots to protect our feet.
4. Uniforms for all plumbers and
5. Special pay for plumber helps.
They do as much work as those
who gel 'special pay'.
6. Allowance for motor cycles.
7. Workers to be insured.
8. Sufficient fitters and labourers
9. When overtime is available,
must be given to workers without
10. After resigning job, a lump sum
payment, then followed by a
11I Removal of the sole authority
from all foremen to recommend
workers. Foremen, curry-favour
with some workers for political
and friendship reasons. Replace-
ment of this authority by a
We must have Black Unity to
get Black Power.
"AUNT" ESME IS MUHU MMAD SPEAKS
BARRIER by MINISTER CECIL X
Latat in Fashionm
FAN EAIR STORES
I Shpe Road.
AUTO TOOLS SPARES
AUTO PAINTS *
CYCLE SALES & SERVICE
The Name you Know and Trust
37 SLIPE ROAD, KGN S
41 GOLD STREET, KGN
Jamanca's No. I Radio & TV
127 ORANGE STREET
KINGSTON, JAMAICA W.I.
mileMl folk f',,rom! Black
an Naional I,'urince Mrs. [Y
Ewe ran. [' [/-
Visit Clancy's for the ltet in
Foreign and local Records.
A6 Open until 9 p.m. everyday.
122 Oronge St. Kgn. Jamoico.
GET IT FOR LESS
THE BROOKLYN STORES
19 & 10b SLIP ROAD.
Textiles, Reaoy-to-wear, KnitweaandFootwear Fotar
Tel. 27278 PirL S OUNTI v
MUHAMMAD MOSQUE OF ISLAM'
Dedicated to Freedom, Justice, and Equality, to the mental
deaf dumb, and blind, so-called Negoes lost in the wilderness of
Please read carefully and be resurrected from death to lfe by
the Lamb of God The most Hon. and humble Elah Muhumnma
whom God himself promised to us m Malii 4-5-6 Osapter in the
last days to separate sheep from goats.
AS SALAAM ALAIKUM
Messenger Muhummad has taught me that Yacob, a black
scientist, took 59,999 black people to the Isles of Pelan, referred to
in the Bible as Patmus, and grafted from the original black man a
blue eye, pale faced, weak boned, bleached out white man. This
processing, Mr. Muhummad taught me, took 600 years to be complet-
ed though Yacob, father of this white race of the devils, only lived
150 years; he left instructions of how this processing was to be
completed. Yacob followers carried out his orders exactly as he ord-
ered them to do and at the end of 600 years they successfully created
a race of devils. Opposition to Allah up to this date, opposing Free-
dom Justice and Equality, and therefore making love, peace and
happiness, which is Islam, rejected in the wicked world. Messenger
Muhummad has made it quite clear that the reason the white man
teaches us that we cannot see god is because the white man has never
known his god, since his god had died 450 years before his process
of grafting was completed. Messenger Muhummad teaches me that
Adam was not the first man but he was the first mankind or white
man (a kind of man) grafted from the original man, the Black Man.
The Christian scholars, Historians and Scientists teach that the world
was created six thousand years ago. This is not so, as sixty-six trillinn
years ago Black men experimenting on high explosives, blasted off
apiece of the earth into the Universe. This said piece of earth we now
call the Moon or the Madonna, which balances the water and keeps
the sea from overflowing its bank.
It is not surprising to the limit of the knowledge of the white.
race. They were not here in the beginning, so how can they ever
teach the beginning?
Mr. Muhummad teaches me that the Prophet Jesus died 2,000
years ago, the religion Christianity is only 552 years old. This shows
us the lies told on the Prophet Jesus since Christianity came about
1,448 years after the Prophet died. How then could Jesus have been
teaching Christianity when while he was alive, Christianity had not
come into the thought of man. Jesus never taught Christianity but
instead taught Freedom, Justice and Equality, like all the other
Prophets hefore him. The Christian world teaches of a heaven filled
with milk and honey and all the material things of life that we cannot
enjoy now, but rather after we die. This is contrary to the teachings
of Almighty God Allah.
And when we question these teachings and practices they are
quick to say we are interfering in God's business or that we are blas-
The long-awaited Messiah or the Mahdi came in the person of
master Fared Muhummad Allah in person, to whom praises are due
forever, and rose up his last chosen Apostle July 4th 1930 and equip-
ped him with supreme wisdom, this last Apostle Elijah Muhummad
with power to resurrect a dead nation of people removing the scales
from our eyes and allowing us to see the light.
At the present moment there is a stream of water known as Long
Spring which runs through half of the district of White River Whenever
the time is dry it is quite OK. but as soon as there is heavy rain that water
spreads on several parochial roads and on to the main road from Buff Bay
hat goes through Newcastle This water stream endangers the lives of many
citizens of this district and for years now Parish Council say they are
going to fix it better and up till now they have not tried to do so. Are they
going to wait until a few houses are being washed away with its families
before they start doing something It is only election time them come and
make a lot ofpromises to the people and when they are to help the people
they victimize them. Not even work they don't give the people unless is
holiday or when election time Can't the people see for themselves that we
are ruled by a team of men in our Government who are full of exploitation
and they don't care for the poorer class of people in this island, such as I
and many other black brothers and sisters who have been exploited by
parties such as the J L. P
I now call upon all my black brothers and sisters who live not only
in my community but all over Jamaica who know that we all have our
rights as black to live equally on this arth, come let us fight to et rid of
capitalism out of tis country anid ,e will all Uhve a better Jamas 4
- . .. . .
Vol. 1 No. 12 April 19, 1969
ABENG IS GROUNDING
The way in which ABENG is reaching the
people and the people the ABENG, is daily causing
the Establishment greater fright. Police stick up
and beat up vendors; lies are spread that the paper
is illegal; schools are directed to ban the sale of the
black man's paper on their premises; Shearer and
the other powerless politicians keep running from
the country's problems and talk instead about
subversives whom they refuse to expose publicly
before the people. Brute force repression is increas-
ing and must increase; the people will get more
and more blows but ABENG daily sinks deeper
and deeper roots among the sufferers.
How do we do this? Every week a force of
volunteers moves the paper through the cities and
into the countryside. There are any number of
buses or public transport which could take the
paper and drop it off all around for us. But ABENG
does not work this way, and for a very good reason.
The selling of the ABENG is much more basic
than selling enough copies to keep the paper going,
though it is certainly that
Firstly, what goes in the ABENG is what
the people want to hear, not what a few men in
Kingston have to tell them. Secondly, more often
than not, ne paper says not only what the people
want to hear, but also what the people themselves
write. Look at any issue and you will see and
hear the authentic voice of the Jamaican commune
ty speaking about its anger, its suffering and its
So that when the ABENG work force covers
hundreds of miles and dozens of towns throughout
Jamaica every Friday, the isolation of the people
begins to wither away and all ground together as
one. At each point, a shop, a yard or a street.
you will hear, how did the paper sell last week?
What was wrong with it? Have you any news to
report? Any story written? What part are you
playing locally in defence of the oppressed? Have
you formed your ABENG committee yet?
The answers to these questions are life-blood
to the ABENG and poison to the regime of oppress-
ion. Each week the people and the paper move to
a higher level of unity. Attack the people and the
ABENG responds; attack the ABENG. .well, we
will see. For if Jamaicans grounding with one
another across social barriers in the interest of
black emancipation is subversive, then soon the
subversives will be the majority.
I BLOW THE HORN
TELL THE PEOPLE
lIL'm.t m.r be sogied Nmane withheld on rouats. fd --
Come and grab it at
PATRICK'S RECORD SHOP
ownstairi HENNYS at the Bus I
L -- -__ -___
foss-i -yl i it, l i i 1 1. I li.t[^.] ,5,n 1.' i',- s I 1 1ij
It is being taught that Prisons are
institutions for rehabilitating purposes, but
the 10 of us in the service who recognize
the word "rehabilitate" do not have the
power to put it into reality.
Let us examine the following practices
A baby was born in a society which ignores
him from birth. At the age of Ib-17 he
commits a crme for which he cannot give
authentic reasons. He is then sent to prison
for ten years at hard labour. Immediately on
arrival ie is classed for the Quarry where he
arrival he is classed for the Quarry where he
worked all those years quarrying or breaking
Another comes to prison and is sent
to the farm where le labours daily. Their
instructors, including myself, have little or
no authority on quarrying or farming.
On returning to society these men face
tire same problem, because during these ten
years they have acquired no skill whatsoever
whereupon they have no other choice but
to return to crime.
What is the Government doing' All
they are doing is strengthening the J.CF.
and the J.D.F., but strengthening an army
does not weaken the enemies, and this can
he clearly seen in the American/Vietnamesre
One of the suggestions I can make to
Government io alleviate lthe now existing
problems is to make prison lie less barbarous
because logging does not curb an individual.
By so doing organmie trade ships, and
in farming institute modern agricultural nia-
cnimes. Ihle general living conditions are also
deplorable, but the size of your paper does
not allow me to go into detail witl this
Prison was is, and a-lway will he, so
I cannot eldorse ain argument concermrng their
complete destruction i, pr on. Ii i ie joverln
rmnt i hold spend sonc o thei money by
way of this avenue Ihcs would iiot igret it
I look forward tu youi piubliiug this
arucle and itope that your pJpr y ill c.1 u ili
to secLr it s istlltructi c purpoei ctl ii htien-
,nm tl public.
in. th, pub i WARDER,
BROWN'S TOWN YOUTH LEAGUE
A GALA DANCE
enniiil at ADDISON PARK
on SATURDAY, 19th APRIL, 1969
, i -, i I I A i U i i riX I d bi s B t ri n t in I
Plenty has been said about the crime
wave and violence in this country, Jamaica.
Yet, I've seen no cure, instead, more crime
and violence, daily. As a citizen of Jamaica,
yet an Ethiopian, I would like to help in
solving this problem.
I suggest that the Government and
capitalists of this country see to it that:
a) the hungry be fed.
b) the sick nourished
c) the aged protected
d) the infant cared for
e) the shelterless sheltered.
I am quite sure if that is done we will
have peace and love in this country.
Salah. RAS SHADRACH
I am inviting the Hon. Hugh Shearer.
Prime Minister of Jamaica, to be, if lie is not
yet, a general contributor to Abeng. Also I
want him to look at the colour of his skin,
and remember the Holy Book said the Eutop-
ian cannot change the colour of his skin nor
the leopard change his spot, and by this he
will remember the days when he used to seek
his bread among the Black men, cane-cutters
in Westmoreland as a B.I.T.U. delegate, it's
the same black brethren are in distress and
want help, but because unexpectedly he
becomes a Prime Minister he takes unto him-
self society and tends to believe black man
have no right to be poor, and because they
are poor and class themself in their own
groups, eg. Rastafarian, he in turn call them
Mr. lon. Prime Minister try to remem-
her this great name Marcus Garvey and all
thar he have predicted of the Black man in
Jaiaica, anid he careful of your brutality
action against the sufferers in tile form of
victimisation. Decauns destiny is reaction
against action so yuu will be preparing
May God ble, all the Editors and keep
aLe voice of the sulflrcrs high tbr tlie Voice
of the People is ithe Voice of God.
Bi4r ICS5E IN TrN IIONAILOTTR Pm cIZ
by OMO OGUN
The news has come through from be brought to an end. He also bitter-
Ghana that General Joseph Ankrah ly opposed the rule of lan Smith
has been removed from his position in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe). Indeed,
as Head of State by the National one of the main reasons why the
Liberation Council which rules the army leaders overthrew him was
country, and been replaced by Briga- because they feared he might use
dier A.A. Afrifa. Ankrah i said to them as part of an African epedit-
have taken money from various ionarv fore against Smith.
business interest in return for fav- FOREIGNERS IN CONTROL
ours. This move against Ankrah is What have the army leaders done
very important, because he was since they have been in power?
strongly tipped to become the new After three years in power they are
President of Ghana when the court anxious to get out again and leave
try returns to civil rule later this the civilians in charge. All they have
year, really done is to increase foreign
SEIZURE OF POWER control over the country. The latest
The army and police seized pow- news is that Lonhro, a company
er in Ghana on 24th February, 1966, with very big investments in Central
whde President Nkrumah was out of Africa, is going to open breweries
the country. Their claim was that andprospect for diamondsinGhana.
Nkrumah was ruining the country, A typical white man's deal-beer for
and that the army was the cure for diamonds! It is significant that the
its ills. There is no doubt that Nkru- U.S.A., Britain and other Western
mah had made bad mistakes. He countries have been very friendly
had allowedthe Convention People's to Ankrah's military regime and
Party to wither away, although it given it help which they would not
had been the main instrument by give to Nkrumah.
which he came to power and which POWER STRUGGLE
had made the people of Ghana Now the other ary and police
political conscious In March 1957 officers have got rid of Ankrah and
when Ghana became independent, replaced him with Afrifa, who was
Nkrumah and the C.PP. were very trained in Britain and, according to
popular, but that popularity grad- his own account in a book he
ually disappeared. Nkrumah also published, completely brain-washed
allowed some very shady characters there. What is happening is that
to make money out of government there is now a powerstruggle for
enterprises. Lastly, he was not ser- control after the army moves out.
yous enough about the socialist All the old politicians who opposed
policies which he said he was follow- Nkrumah are now hoping for power.
ing. The situation in Ghana, then, is
Nevertheless, Nkrumah did do that the military have not been able
some things to weaken the control to solve any basic problems and have
of foreign businessmen over hana made some worse. The civilians who
He was sincere in his desire to see are likely to succeed them are good
Africa united, which is essential if friends of white big business. Ghav
the white man's control is ever to na's troubles are certainly not over
itd. i, last St., Kingston. April 10. 1969.