Title: Abeng
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100338/00007
 Material Information
Title: Abeng
Physical Description: 1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Abeng Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Kingston Jamaica
Kingston, Jamaica
Publication Date: March 22, 1969
Copyright Date: 1969
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
 Notes
Summary: The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100338
Volume ID: VID00007
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05001780
oclc - 5001780

Full Text




WE WANT OBU PEOPLE TO THINK FOR THEMSELVES GARVJg


Vol. I No. 8 March


2, 1969


Price 6d.


ANGUILLA AND THE


FREEDOM STRUGGLE


For centuries now, the people of the Caribbean
have had to face imperial military power everytime
we make a bid for self-determination. The invasion of
Anguilla by Britain this week is neither the first nor
the last Bogle and the people had to face imperial
guns in 1865. More recently. Jagan and the people of
Guyana in 1953; Castro and the people of Cuba at the
Bay of Pigs; Bosch and the people of the Dominican
Republic in 1965. And now Webster and the people
of Anguilla.
THE STORY OF ANGUILLA
The people of Angilla suffered for a long time
as a kind of colony of St. Kitts to which Britain
had linked it constitutionally. Early in 1967 the Anguil-
bns decided to secede from the union of St. Kits-
Nevi-Anguilla. A referendum was held in Anguilla. One
thousand eight hundred and thirteen people voted to
secede and five to remain in the union.
St. Kitts and Britain were.opposed to this move
by the Anguillans Later in 1967, Britain tried to
send troops there under the cover of other Caribbean
countries. But the Jamaica government withdrew its
support and that plan fell through. Since then the
Anguillans have set up their own government and tried
to come to terms with Britain through discussion.


But aI the discussion showed was that the people SCANDALOUS EXCUSE
of Anguilla were determined to stick to their decision. Britain invaded the island on the pretext that
Anguillans got so disgusted they decided to declare Anguillans are threatened by the presence of the Mafia.
their own independence as Smith had done in Rhodesia. That is the most scandalous kind of excuse. For if
the people of Anguilla had enough courage to put out
DIFFERENT RULE FOR BLACK PEPLE the Colonial office, St Kitt police etc, they are
DIFFERENT RULE FOR BLACK PEOPLE quite capable of putting out any Mafia that they
But the people of Anguilla did not realize that don't want there. The people of Anguilla did not
there are two rules one for white people and the invite Britain to help them. They have demonstrated
other for black people. This week Britain applied the they can do whatever they want
black rule and invaded the country with 315 troops, THE LESSONS
three warships and planes. The troops are there to We must prepare to meet this violence. Each
instal a rritish Commissioner to rule Anguilla and country in the region and the region as a whole. We
to shoot down any of the people who may resist must be able to put out any metropolitan power which
this imposition. dares to bring force to the Caribbean next time we
take positive steps toward self-determination. Jamaica's
It is reported that Webster and the people of turn will come when we seek economic self-determina-
Anguilla offered no resistance to the invasion. It would tion in bauxite, sugar, banking, et. We must be ready
seem that in their calculation they would not be able to fight and to die if it comes to that
to withstand the military power of the invading force.
And they no doubt calculated that the imperialists The latest invasion in the Caribbean like many
would have no hesitation in shooting down the 6,000 other before demonstrate many things. Most important
men, women and children if they were given the slightest is that everytime we as a people have tried to achieve
cause. But they probably never considered whether self-determination in a peaceful manner, we are con-
or not it is better to die free than to live as a slave, fronted with violence from an imperial power. Guyana
That is the fundamental question. The people of Vietnam 1953, Dominican Republic in 1965. Anguilla 1969.
have shown the way. Which one is nexti


IN THIS ISSUE!


* HERBS Part 2.
* NATIONAL
INSURANCE
* GARVEY


ASSEMBLY

CALLS FOR

ACTION


Another remarkable Abeng Ass-
embly of black people and their
supporters took place on Wednesday
March 19. Over 400 angry citizens
of all classes agreed that British
intervention in Anguilla and Canad-
ian brutilization of West Indian
students confirmed the experience
of a slave society power grows out
of the barrel of guns.


The force used against the stud-
ents and the Anguillans was present
throughout the history of the black
struggle for freedom. Unity and
organisation now was desirable and
possible. Unity between all blacks
and others who wished to over-
throw white oporession; organisat-
ion to meet the attacks which must
come against the creation of a


fully human society.
Everybody agreed that in the
context of intervention against Cari-
bbean self-determination, Canadian
troops studying Jamaica was both
sinister and subversive.
The Assembly demanded that
the Jamaican unions close down
il Canadian and British businesses
(Continued on p.4)


PRINCE BUSTA APPEALS TO

"SAVE JAMAICA" FROM BEV. HILLS VIOLENCE


Recently we see the Prime Minsute?
Swarkig on his s laied antiviolence
campaign. Who is he trying to fool?
To kill a tree you must destroy the
root. Cutting off a few of the tired
branches is only decorating the tree.
Is the Prime Minister afraid to touch
the root because in doing so he
may eventually destroy himself?
This is my country and as a
Jamaican citizen I want to help
save Jamaica from this cancerous
disease of violence. I have told
people all over the world how
beautiful my country is and how pleasant
and warmly the people would treat them.
The present situation has caused me to eat


These are the strategic points in which you
should direct the military and the police to
get rid of the root of evil Have you forgotten
that it was members of your own party and
the opposition who issued out these guns that
you now search for? Have you forgotten how
many lives were lost from bullets fired from
those same guns? Do you not realize how
many black children will grow up without
a father, because of the political war in the last
election? History teaches that violence has been
the principal companion of both parties

I now call on you Mr. Prime Minister to
charge those among you wno are responsible
for these murders These potician are classi-
fled "mentally balanced" but I can assure
you that my black brothers on the receiving
end are mentally unbalanced


U r


my words, without gravy and my stomach is
now upset So in the interest of Jamaica,
my country, I forward to you the best way
in which to wipe out and destroy this cancer.
TO THE PRIME MINISTER
Firstly, you must clean up your own house
Ocean up your party and also the opposition.
Knowledge of this you cannot deny Mr.
Prime Minister, that prior to the 1962 elections
my country, which I presume is your coun-
try was highly recognised mternationally as a
very peace-loving and law-abiding country.
When will Beverly Hills and other such
surrounding areas be cordoned off by the mili-
tary and police? It is in these untouchable
areas that the evil plans of destruction are
master-minded? Violence will cease only when
the master minds are brought to ustice


LI I I --1


q















Vol. I No. 8 March22, 1969


EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
george beckidfo
robert hill
trevor munroa
rupert lewis


ABENG AND CHANGE


Unemployment, poverty and hardship in
this country ire a direct result of the fact that
our human and material resources are being
used by foreigners for their own benefit Suffer
ing can only end if we have a society in which
the nation's resources are used for the people
of this country. The creation of such a society
demands that we overthrew suffering. There is
no alternative. The politics of that is mobiliza-
tion of the Jamaican people; not men with a
plan.
We are therefore not concerned with present-
ing plans for a new Jamaica. To make plans and
proposals assumes firstly, that we know what
our resources are. We do not We don't know
what our natural resources are because, as
group of people we have never had to survive
on the basis of the creative use of our own
environment. Quite simply, we do not know the
full potential of the land, the sea, the sun, and
the vegetation around us What we do know,
we cannot use because we do not have control.
The inability of politicians to put into effect
obvious possibilities in areas like bauxite and
agriculture merely shows that nothing fundam-
ental can be done until we cpase being squatters
in our own country.
Secondly, we cannot plan because no one


knows what our human resources are. We know
roughly how many people live here, but no one
knows what these people can really do. The
struggle ahead to reclaim our heritage-to take
control of this country-will fundamentally
change our people and our society. Different
attitudes, values and behaviour patterns will
emerge; and fresh institutions and relationships
will take root We cannot anticipate such
changes enough to plan for them.

Past and present bureaucratic plans and
programmes assume no change in our human
resources-a population of anancies trying to
catch as catch can. The kind of change Abeng
is trying to promote involves a struggle for
Jamaicans to take charge of this country. That
struggle is a full-time job-just look at the
opposition. But, in addition, the struggle itself
will transform our human resources.
Plans involve telling people what to do. That,
is the way slave owners, colonial officials and
local political agents of American capitalists
behave. That is not our business. Our duty is to
help create the environment which will bring
forward proposals and action from the people
of this country when the time comes Our pres-
ent task must be to mobilize the people of this
country for the struggle ahead.


HE R Bthe true facts


HERBSPart 2


At the same tune that the British
Colonial office was applying its
liberal poihcs t wards Ganja in India
it ras busily trying to suppress its
use in Jamaaia. Perhaps the bureau-
crats in charge of "islands in the
Caribbean" did not read the report
ot the Indian Hemp Drug Commriss-
ion Mre ikels Iher read it togeth-
er I ith the sugar interests which
have a sizeable stake in the product-
ion of rum in Jamaica and decided
thai uch a liberal policy would not
be in the interest of the owners of
the Jamaican economy. Certainly it
was %ver convenient to the rum
producers that Ganja was outlawed
in Jamaica.
By the Dangerous Drugs Law of
1924 a first conviction for cultivat-
ing selling dealing mn possessing or
smoking Ganja carried a possible
penali of 100 fine or six months
unmprsonment or both; on a second
conviction this was increased to
250 fine or two years, or both.
In 1941, four years after the
Mciijuana Tax ect in the U.S.A.
the Jamaican penalties for cultivat-
ing, possessing or selling Ganja were
increased to a maximum of 12 mon-
ths umprisonment, without the opt-
ion of a fine. to which a fine of
100 might have been added on a
first conviction. A second convict-
ion merited 2 years imprisonment
plusa possible fine of 250. Interest-
ingly the penalty for manufacturing,
selling. dealing with or possessing
Opium, a truly dangerous drug,
remained, and today remains, at the
same level as the penalties for smok-
ing Gana a maximum of 100
fine or 12 months, or both.
In 1961 the PNP Government
made cultivating Ganja triable at
Circuit with a maximum penalty of
5 years imprisonment. This appears
to have been done to appease the
public hysteria created over the so-
called Henry Affair In 1464, with
the JLP in power, the (Coral Gardens
killings by Rsltalarian, provided the


spring-board for the most savage
and hysterical increases in the penal-
ties for possessing and cultivating
Ganja. Since November of that year
the penalties are -a minimum of
18 months unprisonment for a first
conviction for possession. with 3
years minimum sentence for a sec-
ond conviction. For cultivating Gan-
ja the first conviction carries a min-
imum sentence of 5 years and for a
second conviction 7 years imprison-
men .
At the trial of the Rastafarians
for murder the defence sought to
prove that the accused persons had
been under the influence of Ganja
to the extent that they were not
responsible for their actions. In
answer to this defence the prosecut-
ion produced a battery of medical
experts who gave evidence that
Ganja was a mild intoxicant similar
to alcohol and could not have dep-
rived the accused of the intention
necessary to commit the crime of
murder. The intent, the experts
stated, must have existed before, and
independently of, the use of Ganja.
In the face of this evidence produced
by the prosecution lawyers to ensure
the conviction and hanging of the
Rastafarians, the Government's inc-
rease of the sentences for possessing
andcultivatingGanja was an immor-
al and cynical act, typical of the
Government.
Apart from the injustice, these
increases have created some of the
greater absurdities a person who
has a "stick" of Ganja in his moith
and is about to light it, but is
arrested before he lights it, is "in
possession" and must be sentenced
for at least 18 moohs. If he succeeds
in lighting the "stick" before he is
arrested, he is only "smoking" and
pay be fined 10 or 20. Again, a
person who is charged with prepar-
ing Ganja for export, although he
must, of necessity, have it in his
possession, may only suffer a fine.
Simple "possession" of one grain


C i


(1/436 of an ounce) results in a
prison term of 18 months or more
at hard laoour.
The social effects of this perse-
cution of Ganja are perhaps the
worst evils of all The Ganja trade
in Jamaica is a very big business,
and a sizable portion of it is illicitly
exported. None of the big dealers
have ever appeared before the Courts
on a Ganja charge, however, and it
is unlikely that this will ever happen
since there is every reason to think
that the big dealers operate under
the protection of certain high-rank-
ing police officers and politicians.
It is only the users ofGanja and
some small dealers who operate
outside the "protection" network
who find themselves on Ganja charg-
ers, most of which are charges for
"possession". The greater the penal-
ties under the law, the higher the
prices for the big dealers, the bigger
the "pop-off" for their "protectors",
and the bigger the fees which law-
yers charge to defend Ganja charges.
Everybody else profits from the
suffering inflicted upon the poor;
suffering which, ironically, is inflict-
ed because they try to escape from
the reality of the miserable existence
which a capitalist society imposes
upon them.
Other forms of corruption also
also result from the persecution
of "herbs". Being a relatively easy
charge to concoct, policemen some-
times "frame" persons who for one
reason or another, they want to
"put away". On the other hand,
the police, like most other persons,
know that Ganja offehces are not
criminal acts of an anti-social nature
involving injury to person or proper-
ty. Because of the severe mandatory
punishments, therefore, they are
often disposed to "wink an eye"
at Ganja offences if it is made worth
their while to do so. This can often
lead to bribery on a larger and more
serious scale.


MarcusJ



Garvey



AN INSPIRING VISION

So Ndgres. I ay, through the Univral N o
Improvement Assocition, that thd is much
to live for. I have vision of the future, and I
see before me a picture of a deemed Africa,
with her dottedcitie, with her beautiful civilian
tion, with her millions of happy children, gong
to and fro. Why should I lose hop, why should
I give up and take a back place in this age of
programs? Remember that you are men, that
God created you Lords of this crtion. Lift up
yourslves, men, take yoorslve out of the
mire and hitch your hopes to the star; ys, rise
as high as th very stars themselves Let o man
pull you down, let no man destroy your ambition, because
man is but your companion, your equal; man is yo brother;
he is not your lord; he is not your sovereign mater.

"We of the Universal Negro Improvement Association
feel happy; we are cheerful. Let them connive to destroy us;
we shall fight the more. Ask me personally the cause of my
success, and I ay opposition; oppose me, and I fight the
more, and if you went to find out the sterling worth of the
Negro, oppose him, and under the leadership of the Univer-
sal Negro Improvemont Association he shall fight his way
to victory, and in the days to come, and I believe not far
distant Africa shall reflect a splendid demonstration of the
worth of the Negro, of the determination of the Negro, to
set himself free and to establish a government of his own.
Philosophy and Opinions,
Marcus Garvey


A word must be said about the
recent controversy in our Courts
caused by the admission of the
Government analyst that he could
not distinguish the pistillate (female)
plant from the staminate (aale)
plant Our law, taking into account
the accepted medical knowledge
that the only effective intoxicant
comes from the female (pistillate)
plant, defines Ganja by reference to
the pistillate plant Recently it has
come to the attention of the legal
profession that the tests used by the
analyst could not tell whether the
plant was the pistillate or the stamin-
ate plant and so the point was raised
ina number of cases until a decision
was forced on the issue. The Court
of Appeal has not yet pronounced
on the matter, but if the Appeal
Court upholds the point that the
prosecution is unable to prove that
the substance for which people are
being charged is"Ganja", then every
conviction for Ganja up to now has


been based on incorrect evidence by
the Government analyst
While awaiting a decision from
the Court of Appeal, the Govern-
menfis postponingal traiatls o anja
offences. What it will do if the
Court of Appeal agrees with the
controversial decision is anybody's
guess.
Clearly there is a desperate need
to revise the law and remove Ganja
from the list of dangerous drugs
altogether. Anything short of this
is a dishonest compromise with
existing prejudices. Hundreds of
thousands. of Igmaicans are daily
defying the Dangerous Drugs Law
and running the risk of 18 months
or more imprisonment at hard lab-
cur. Their courageous action is
teaching them todisrespect a society
that is callously inmdfferent to the
obvious injustice of laws like the
Dangerous Drags Law and which
reflects the double standards upon
which ousocial order is built


AFRICAN STUDIES ASSOCIATION OF THE WEST INDIES

A series of AecMtaa on AfIca mndAfJwicr Sh~w
inL *aOl w
Miss Olive Lewin, "Folk Mt*i in Jamae"
llustrated with Tape Recordings
Friday, Mfrch 21st at 8:00 p.m.
Creative Arts Cetre. U.WJ.



Ladkt AvamUwhu Im of
NEW WORLD QUARTERLY

Nenoeu i M, 'Aftr Rodney tih PAlits
SudlHt Por I a ia J "
Doi Nail "ColoniaI Lepbv IieJael"

Seud 1/ to Bt 221, Kiwsa 7
or Shu lmris 1 a yr









BLOW THE HORN

TELL THE PEOPLE
(ILetters must be signed Names withheld on reauest. Ed)


Greetings in the name of the
Almighty and let His blessings shine
upon you to let you keep the horn
of the Abeng blowing; long, long
time have I yearned for a media
such as this, where one could express
one-self without fear of not getting
full self-expression.l enclose a copy
of a poem I have written some
months ago, and would like you to
publish same, I am always writing
and saying things about the struggle
of the black mases so from now on
I will always contribute them to the
Abengfor publication; I shall be the
pseudonym Vince, being some ofmy
writings may be considered subver.
sive by the system, so its just for
security, till certain periods have
elapsed.
VINCE

I have had the pleasure of read-
ing two copies of your paper and
to tel you my brother, I was really
and truly moved.
This was what we really wanted
a long time ago, something that can
really spell it out to the people. If
the people could only think of them-
selves as MAN instead of just being
an ordinary black man. I tell you
brother it surely wouldn't be so bad.
Why has our people got to vote?
Year after year politicians do the
same thing over and over just think-
ing of themselves.
Abeng jry to let the people see
themself more clearly. I know you
can control the masses that means
YOUTH 'cause we are strong.
BONGO "Q" IGUN


The "Big Wheels" in the hotel
business are constantly reminding
Jamaicans about the importance of
courtesy and good inter-personal
relationships (And rightly so!)
Yet some of them are certainly
not practising what they so ardently
preach and, what is more, tend to
treat their Jamaican employees like
dirt
There is a certain big hotel in
these parts with a certain foreign
youngster as some sort of Assistant
Manager who seems incapable of
getting along with guests or with
employees. So uncouth and dis-
courteous he is!
The wonder is, how this fellow
got such an important post in the
first place and why they persist in
having him there despite his obvious
failings The Management could not
convince me that we do not have
better qualified and more courteous
Jamaicans to replace him-


If this "huny-come-up" outsider
believes he can trample on Jamaican
workers and make us strangers in
our own land then he is sadly mis-
taken and could very well fry in his
own foreign fat.
LEO OAKLEY
i
In the conclusion of the writing
of Marcus Garvey Jnr in March 1,
1969 edition, he contradicted the
assertion by some of the people who
I feel are not following the trends
to the "Black Movement". These
people he said are thinking that
Jamaica has "Black Power" since we
have a Black Governor General, and
a Black Prime Minister. This is no
example of "Black Power" as we
can see in a simple but good example
rll give below.
By now all Jamaica should be
aware of the demonstration which
tookplace at the J.SA. on Feb.l3th
by some 200 students These stud-
ents were demonstrating against vic-
timization, and the dictatorial atti-
tude of their Principal Mr. G.F.F.
Gayle. Who is this man Gayle? He is
yet another Black man, whose atti-
tude the black man needs not A man
with a good mind, regardless of
Nationality, should not victimize a
person during his period of study.
Mr. Gayle has some influence on
those students just as how Shearer
has influence on the well-being of
the Nation. If they turn the key of
progress backward, then the stud-
ents, and the Nation will reverse to
somewhere; only they know where.
Mr. Gayle is trying to cut off his
students from a close tie with other
students by refusing to permit them
to join the "Students Union" with
U.W.I. and other students.
If Mr Gayle can get those stud-
ents his way, then the public will
have ahard time to co-op with them
when they come out to work. The
institution is closed since the 20th
February because students refuse
to resume classes. Is there any
Minister of Government trying to
get things going again? If so, I have
not heard of it
I must tell you, I know all the
events leading up to the demon-
stration, some are published, some
are not. These are people who know
nothing, about the events, or suffer-
angs of students, condemning tht
students' attitude. I will ask them
to investigate the matter before they


make further comments. Let ushope
our future rulers will soon resume
classes.
Sir, I must say thanks for permitt-
ing me this valuable space in your
column.
ANOTHER SUPPORTER.

We publish below a letter to the
Archbishop of Centerbury, Dr.
Michael Ramsey, from one of our
readers

Sir, I see the world in a chaotic
state heading down into the pit of
destruction, and we of the church
triumphant holds this present church,
who is the governing body of the
state, responsible for the destructive
ending of the state. The state has
been spending billions of pounds
daily for the most destructive wea-
pons, not to kill the wild beast of
the forest but their brothers and
sisters of whom they should have
been their keeper. Other billions are
being spent daily to invade the
heavenly bodies, while millions are
dying of hunger here on earth, and
the scripture declares "The.Heaven,
even the Heavens, are for Christ but
the earth hath he given to man".

Sir, neither the church or state
have achieved the goal "Peace on
earth, goodwill to all men", yet the
state is going to heaven so that the
will of man be done in heaven as is
done on earth. Selfishness and unjust
distribution of the wealth on earth
is causing misery and pain, but still
the church remains dormant on the
state's attitude. The church and
state are blaming the creator for
over-population and starvation and
are recommending birth control for
the effective cure for these problems.

Sir because of my social standing
in this society I know that I will
not be given the opportunity of
meeting you in person to discuss
the truth, which is the word of God.
This is the reason for me taking this
medium of sending you this recorded
"Voice of Truth" which speaks for
itself. along with this covering letter.

Still at the same time the church
is repaching God as being the "Omni-
potent, Omniscient and Omnipre-|
ent", creator.


Well aren't these findings and
cure contradictory to the preaching
of the God-head? No sane person
with financial means and love, would
build a smaller home than that
which would be necessary for hold-
ing his family, nor would he allow


them to die of hunger, more so my
creator the God of Love.
This present out-going church has
faded immensely in freeing the spir-
its of the people with the truth,
whilst time is rapidly doing this for
no one can "kick against the pricks".
Therefore thus saith the Lord
God of Israel against the pastures
that feed my people. "ye have
scattered my flock and driven them
away and have not visited them;
behold I will visit upon you the
evils of your doings saith the Lord.
And I will gather the remnant of my
flock out of all countries whither 1
have driven them and will bring
them again to their folds and they
shall be fruitful and increase and I
will set up shepherds over them
which shall feed them and they
shall fear no more, nor be dismayed


neither shall they be lacking, saith
the Lord."
Thanking you for your patient
hearing,
JOSEPH B. HAWES

James Earl Ray is sentenced to
99 years imprisonment for murder-
ing Martin Luther King Jnr.
A few months ago the widow of
Martin Luther King Jnr says she
forgave the assassination,
And now she does not want the
caseto close fearing that they might
never know who is really behind
the assassination.
What do you think of this matter
I think her eyes are begin to open
and the brain-wash systems are begin-
ning towear off.
BLACK YOUTH


THE BLACK MAN'S PLAN
On the mountain peak I stand, looking over some green Valley
and Lands.
Standing so long thinking of my plans, feeling so tired to stand,
then I saw a stone.
Line with green grass all around,
Upon the top I went, so fast my feet was feeling good at ht,
Then came the cool breeze from the valley blowing,
So cool, in my sleep I heard the whistling of a bird, lonely it was
only the bird, was heard.
Awake I got listening the whistling of a bird,
It was so sweet as a song, that as I listen on meditation strong,
In to me, so deep, the first thing I meditate upon is how long
will it takes to solve THE BLACK MAN'S PLAN:
With unity and strength lts roll along,


Struggle o onone by one Ids roll along,
The road is long but victory me shm to win,
Whistling like that bird we shore to be heard,
The road is rough the pressure is on
Brothers and Sisters let's roll along
With dignity and faith litshold upon,
With love and peace lets look on,
With Black dignity it needs to cry over.
The battle must be won.
Then it will be a soig when the battle is won,
Mere comes THE BLACK MAN'S PLAN


ORPHAN'S PENSION
"Any person taking car of an orphaned child will be
granted an Orphan's Pension of 10/- pr week until the child
reaches age 18......


SPECIAL CHILDREN'S BENEFIT
"If an unmarried woman die leaving any children under
18 years of age, and she was the sole supporter of the children,
her children will be eligible to receive a special pension at the
rate of 5/- per week for each child until the child reached
18 years of age. THE PENSION WILL BE GRANTED AT
THE DISCRETION OF THE INSURANCE OFFICER."


N.I.S. OPPRESSES POOR BLACK PEOPLE
Compare the National Insurance Law as it discriminates between
'orphans' and 'special' children. The majority of children in Jamaica
are ilegitimate. N.I.S. is a violation of their human rights. It di-
regards the fact that each human being is created equal and desvesr
equal love and consideration from society. And since illegitimacy
is almost the rule among the poor and black, N.I.S. is another savage
discrimination against this entire sector of our population.
The attitudes of male promiscuity and female acquiesence cannot
be changed until the entire colonial structure with its education and
indoctrination of all sorts, has been removed.

N.I.S. is keeping our women and their children in bondage.












Malmot W it7t


LOCAL GOVT. ELECTIONS


SHOW MAJORITY FED-UP


The biggest battle in the whole
of Africa is being fought today
in the southern part of the con-
tinent. It is a battle involving the
freedom fighters in Rhodesia (Zim-
babwe), ruled by the white minority
led by lan Smith. and in Angola
and Mozambique, which the Portu-
guese still sy belong to them.
But more countries than these
are invohed Zambia, an independent
black state led by President Kaunda
is giving help to the Zimbabwe
freedom fighters and being theatened
by Smith in return. Malawi,;
Lesotho, Botswana and Swaziland,
which are also in theory indepen-
dent black states, are playing quite
a different game, as we will see.
The most important country
in southern Africa at the present
time. however, the one which :
the key to the whole situation,
is South Africa.

In South Africa a white minority
irues a black majority in a worse
tyranny even tha than t in Zimbabwe.
South Africa's white rulers believe
that they are the defenders of
"Christianitv" and "civilisation'
against Black Power and Com-
munism, and will help anyone who
agrees with them. They are giving
economic and military aid to Smith
and to the Portuguese, and this
makes the task of the black freedom
fighters far more difficult, since
South Africa is one of the richest
ann most powerful countries ir
Africa. The government of South
Africa is thus seeking to defend
white dominance in southern Africa;
as Balthazar Vorster, South Africa's


Prime Minister. has said, "Good
friends know what their duty is
when the neighbour's house is on
fire."
Who are Vorster's "good
friends"? We have already noted
the racist Smith and fascist Portugal.
But Vorster has black friends as
well. the governments of Malawi,
Lesotho, Botswana and Swaziland.
Men like Dr. Bands of Malawi and
Chief Leabua Jonathan of Lesotho
who are his puppets. Because their
countries are also "neighbours" of
South Africa, and small and weak,
they are afraid to help their black
brothers, even secretly. Instead they
cringe before Vorster, hoping for
economic favours and his military
protection if their own people turn
against them. Although their black
brothers in South Africa are treated
as less than human they do not
mind, as long as they can be petty
tyrants in their own countries.

Malawi. Lesotho, Botswana and
Swaziland are lessons for black
people everywhere. They were ex-
ploited economically and kept poor
under colonialism. Now they are
politically independent in theory,
but in fact their poverty keeps them
tied to South Africa and their
leaders prefer to be house slaves of
Vorster, rather than help their black
brothers. Two lessons to learn. It is
useless for a country to be
politically independent if its eco-
nomy is still dominated by
foreigners And merely having black
men in the top seats of government
does not necessarily mean an end
to white domination.


This week's elections confirmed
that those who are fed-up with
party politics are the majority of
Jamaica's adult population. This was
despite the papers, radio, television
and platforms of the politicians
being full of what they called "Loc-
al Government Elections".
The spree about who should con-
trol the 'pork-barrel' in the different
localities of Jamaica, was not really
local government elections at all
since to have those you must have
some local government And which
locality in Jamaica can say that it
governs itself? In which village or
town do the teachers have any
effective say in education, the ord-
inary citizen any control over the
price of goods or the quality of
products he gets or the population
any control over what gets produced
in their particular area? Where is the
local government when the local
people have no control over the
important things in their lives and
where the councils subvert the pe -
ple's interest by handing out menial
jobs to the sufferer on the basis of
nolitics?
And yet getting a real system of
local government was not even an
issue in the election! What got talked
about instead was the empty prom-
ises of men who have no power to
do anything butvictimise and butter
up people according to what the
political bos dictates.


With this kind of politics playing
it was not surprising who won the
majority. It was neither the PNP
nor the JLP but the people who
are more and more fed up with
this foolishness. For there are about
a million adults in Jamaica and
in so-called adult suffrage the vast
majority of ordinary people either
couldn't bother to make the effort
to register or just didn't vote. This
was not because Jamaicans are the
most apathetic or lazy people in
the world. Perhaps it is because
Jamaicans are among the most op-
pressed and that most of us are
aware that today's party politics
in Jamaica can do nothing to get
rid of suffering. Changing black dog
for monkey may give the h ieasngly
small supporters of the out party
a chance for work but nothing more.
And so the main significance of
the elections is that the parties are
able to divide up less and less of
Jamaica between them. The Jamai-
can people are growing out of that
style of politics. They are begin-
ning to look around not for a "new
party" to keep them in the same
rut, but for new forms of struggle
which have a chance of taking over
their society. Is it surprising then
that some people are beginning to
steal ballot-boxes which for over a
generation, have stolen so much of
the nation's energy?


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EXPOSE
SUBVERSIVES
Afewdays before the
Government elections, Manley
writes Shearer, Shearer wites
Manley, Manley writes Shearer
again. The chief politicians
(the Prime Minister and his
loyal opposer) continue to be
the chiefs at talking and doing
nothing. What is wrong with
these men?
We don't know, nor do we
care too much because Manley
and Shearer are not important
They can play letter-writing
games as long as they don't
fool with the people's busi-
ness.And this is what Shearer's
letter of March 15 does. In it
he told Manley that he knows
of 'subversive groups' and "If
you so desire I am willing to
share with you the confident-
ial information."
What kind of an insult to
the people of Jamaica is this!
Does Shearer think that he
and Manley own Jamaica? If
there are groups in Jamaica
subverting the people of Ja-
maica then the people must
be told who they are. The
people must know who threa-
ten them; this is public
business not PNP-JP property.


HOSPITALS
NOT

BELLE VUI
The new trend in Psychiatry
is for treatment of mentally
il patients within the general
hospital setting. In view of
this, why despite the exist-
ence of a Psychiatric Depart-
ment at the University Hosp
ital for 4 years are these
only 6 beds available for Psy-
chiatric patients? Just to ilus
rate the need for facilities
for the mentally there
are at present 2,700 patients
in Bellevue Hospital.


ASSEMBLY
(Continued from p.1)
for 24 hours. Secondly, the British
and Canadian High Commissioners
must be expelled from Jamaica with-
in 48 honIs if the British do not
withdraw from Angullta and the
Canadians do not stop the trial
and set up a commission to investi-
gate the allegations of racism and
police brutality.




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