Title: Abeng
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100338/00006
 Material Information
Title: Abeng
Physical Description: 1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Abeng Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Kingston Jamaica
Publication Date: March 15, 1969
Copyright Date: 1969
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
 Notes
Summary: The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100338
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05001780
oclc - 5001780

Full Text






WE WANT OUR PEOPLE TO THINK FOR THEMSELVES GAR VY-


Vol 1 No. 7. March 14, 1969


lamalcan

Constitution

On March 6th, Wilton Hill
told the Montego Bay Ki-
wanis that the Jamaica
constitution, is a "stupid
document (Daily Gleaner Fri
March 7th 1969) but never.
thelss continues to draw
?000 under it as the 'Dis-
honourble Minister of Fo-
reign Utlties."
But the constitution is not
'stupid' It is the cleverest
attempt by combined PNP-
JLP 'brains' to fool the Ja-
maican people in the long
history of oppression.
Before 1962, constitu-
tional law was the chief cover
for the legal oppression of
the black society. Under it
only rebellion had a chance
of bringing any change. So
that if today, as Hill says,
the PNP-JLP constitution is
"virtually immutable by
democratic means," then it
may not be altogether acci-
dental (or stupid).
For this constitution like
the laws before, helps give
away the rights of the masses
to their age-long enemies. For
instance, the property rights
of the Americans and their
Jamaican house-slaves who
own Jamaica ae specially pro-
tected by this non-Jamaican
constitution. They have the
real power. Under them the
politician are jok.
But if there are any who
are really interested in black
people's rights, let them begin
to show it Demand a consti-
tuent assembly of the people
so that the Jamaican people
can make their own consti-
tution. Enough of this bogus
paper written in secret by the
black pppets" of white po.


The gigantic police-military raids
and the murderation of the people
have nothing to do with crime. It is
the start of a reign of terror against
Black Sufferers who no longer can
be fooled by political games and
promises.
The two raids this week were
prompted by PHAROAH AND JOS-
HUA'S messages to the well-to-do
of St. Andrew promising them to
wipe out crime in Jamaica. These
raids are not crime-raids. The police
knew from the start that criminals
are not caught that way, especially
when they are operating on the
criminal's own terrain.
Many people are being held illeg-
ally by the pole. One lawyer who
enquired about two detainees was
told by the police 48 hours after

they were arrested that they were
still being held without charge. This
is legal.
The brutal and humiliating way
with which these raids are being
curried out is the surest guarantee
of a military state. Each raid leads


iI


Police

Harassment

Begun

Abeng Agent


Detained


Subversion in the garbage heap


to more civil disorder because of the
unjust way in which suffers are
being treated.
Prmce Edwards' camp on Spanish
Town Road was one of these raided.
About 10 policemen came to the
gate, saw it locked, and burst it
open. From there on they rounded
up the people who camped on the
premises and carried them to the
Denham Town Police Station. Two
youths were held without being
charged. While we spoke to Prince
Edward, several buildings were being
repaired after the police destruction.

Keitie: a young man of 22 work-
ing with Dairy Products, was on his
way to the Dry Cleaners with 3
shirts when the police stopped him
and arrested him. Until Tuesday
evening no charges were laid against
him. He is still being held illegally.
Nothing was found on him. He has
a wife with two small children.
"Jeanie have the 2 children and the
big belly." Nobody was allowed to
see him or to take him clothes and
food. As a result, "the whole a the
children dem have to hook off .
some just a run up and down and
cry. Some children, suffering from
fright and heart palpitations, had to
be hidden. One policeman rubbing
off his gunsaysto it. ."Charie boy.
it is quite all right. "
Working Woman: her front door


At about !215 p.m., I was at the
S Half-Way-Tree Court Building (up-
stairs) distributing Abeng. A police
came along and ask to see one of
the Abeng After glancing through
the paper, the police begin to ques-
tion me as to the legality of the
papfr. I told'him there was nothing
illegal about the paper as far as I
know. He also asked me who were
the people responsible for its pub-
lication. I pointed to the editorial
column. He further asked me how long I was
dealing with the Abeng I told him from the
birth. vhich is six weeks ago. He told me to
come with him across to the CI D. for further
inquiry. I did as he ay.


was kicked down while away. "Not
everybody can lie a St Andrew...
Cause we poor and black why dem
a handle we so. ..Bet dem don't
have a Chinaman pickney in dem
aid "
POLICE PLUNDER
The policemen, apart from com-
mittmg grievous physical atrocities
against the residents ofTrenchTown
also plundered a wide variety of
stuff. They stole "pardner money"
and 6 which Ras John Stone had
stored away in a little box. In some
places they devoured whatever food
they found. In one place, they ate
pudding and grabbed a pants length.
At Ras John Stone's home on
Ashland Road, which the police
searched, valuable religious drums
were cut up with bayonets and even
the wires of the electric light for the
yard were chopped.
Ras Stone said: "It is really a
political fgh. What I personally
reach up to now is a fight to the
death. If you class me with wrong-
doers, then is wrong I goin' do."
One of the most sickening events
of the whole raid took place when
some of the raiding party returned
to Ras Stone's yard and were in the
process of "cutting locks". A Rasta
brother walked into the yard and
protested to the police. They not
only cuffed him properly, they took
him outside the gate, beat him with
gun-butts, then told him to run, run
for his life, for "wegoin'shoot you. "


On reaching toward the CID. he stop with
an inspector I heard this boy asking the ins-
pector if the Abeng was a legal publication,
to which the Inspector send him to a special
person further aown me passage, standing with
Abeng in hand This police-man came back
with the Abeng saying to me it woa OK, I
could go my ways.
During the period of my waiting on the
result of investigation, I try to get a bit of
paper that was on the floor so that I could
make a note of the number the police wears
but was shouted at by other members of the
police, not to make any funny move, I must
be quiet. I was very firm in dealing with the
whole issue "e. "Either you lock me away, or
set me free because my work as a distributer
is a national one and must not be delayed -
that they should do what thly thought best. "


While running in the direction of
Ninth St. the police beat the zinc
fence with the bayonet;, creating the
sound of gun-fire. Then they called
to their police friends at Ninth St.
and shouted that they should chase
the Rasta back up Ashland Rd. This
continued until the man was too
exhausted and terrified to run any
further.
SWALLOW A FRENCH LETTER
Perhaps the most perverted police
action (reported to ABENG) occurr-
ed when two policemen held a young
man in the street outside his house.
while one beat him from behind
with a rifle and the other held him
by his throat. They then forced his
mouth open and made him swallow
a "french letter."!!
The police even beat a sick wom-
an who had recently returned from
the hospital. They found her in bed,
took her out, then beat her saying:
"Is sex you jus done having, come
out!"
SHOOT DEM DOWN
A youth, Everod Williams, was
beaten mercilessly before his moth-
er's eyes, arrested and no charges


Rasta father holds chopped off
locks of 11 vear-old sonr
made against him. The police refuse
to release hinm, wil not allow any
clothes and food to be brought. This
again is illegal. The police have no
power to arrest and detain people
who are not charged. Pauline Brown,
Everod's girlfriend, was beaten at
the same time with a 'rock-steady'
across her back. She was taken to
Sutton St. and released late Tuesday
evening. Everod's mother, Mrs. Will-
iams protested to no avail. The
police reply went, "a hav a good
mine let go a bullet in your dirty
rass late" This was typical of the
reports given by the people inter-
viewed. When asked about what the
police told them-
"SHOOT DEM DOWN."
These raids are not meant to deal
with crime They are nothing tess
than a new wave of violence against
the people.


Priea i


New Police Violence Launched

Against the People


Crime Only an Excuse


1.FREEDO I
r ii NC E EMAUEL AR

Pi AS Po0FjIleAL KIfV I C roD IN


Surviving sign from raid on Prince Edwards camp
















Vol No7 March5,19
Vol. 1 No. 7 March15, 1969


EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
george beckford
robert hill
treo monroe
rupart lwis


Canada's White Lies


West Indian Students in Montreal have been
discriminated against brutalized, arrested and are
now on trial The Canadian Governor General has
come and was showered with hospitality. The larg-
est Canadian warship the Provider called here
lastsweek on a Caribbean cruise. And 850 Canadian
troops are "exercising" in the John Crow Mountains
and in the Cockpit Country so as to "get accustom-
ed to t opical conditions."
The house slave press in this country has
made no comment on the troops; have welcomed
Mr Mitchener's visit as useful for "maintaining the
good relations between Canada and the West Indies"
and has blasted the West Indian students for
"destroying property in their host country." It has
even been suggested and our governments should
apologise to Canada and pay for the computer.
We wish to comment on the three aspects
of the matter. First what are the facts about what
happened in Montreal. Second how "good" for us
are our relations with Canada And, third, what is
the real reason for Canadian military presence at
this time?
WHAT REALLY HAPPENED IN MONTREAL
As our report in this issue indicates, we do
not seem to have been told everything that happen-
ed in Montreal, According to our direct reports
from the brothers and sisters in Montreal, the so-
called destruction of property may not have been
done by them at all And racism is said to be wide-
spread. One thing is clear. It is that we have not
been told the full story of what actually happened
in the period before the trial began. We, therefore,
support the UWI Students' request that the
Canadian Government set up a Commission of
Enquiry into the events leading up to the trial.
GOOD RELATIONS A MYTH

Our economic relations with Canada are
good only for Canada not for us. They make
millions from our bauxite and from banking and
insurance services here. What they make from
our bauxite in one week could buy several com-
putern We have no investments in Canada so we


get nothing from their resources Canadians sing
here come in at the top of oar society. Those
of us who go there go in at the bottom of theirs.
They have gained on their trade with us, we have
lost We are told they gie us "aid." What are
the facts? Between 1958 end 1966, Canadian
aid to the West Indies came to about 10 million
But in one year alone, we lost something like
11 million in our terms of trade with Canada. In
more recent years, our loss on the trade has been
four or five times the total "aid" Canada "gave" to
us. Most of the things we buy from Canada we can
get cheaper elsewhere especially flour and fish.
WHY ARE THEIR TROOPS HERE?
For us the world is not level at all. Foreign
military power has been used in other poor count-
ries to keep things that way. Are the Canadian
troops here to make sure that sufferers don't get
any ideas about retaliating for the brutal way they
have treated our brother and sisters in Montreal?
Is it that they remember October 16? Did they
oend their biggest warship at this time to intimidate
black people in the West Indies? are the troops
in Portland and the Cockpit studying the terrain
to prepare to move in if Canadian bauxite banks,
etc. were to come under attack? No part of Canada
is tropical. So what are they preparing for? And
why Cockpit and John Crow? Are they here to
get ready to "protect" Canadian investments (and
American investments) in this country?
ABENG wants to know what possible justifi-
cation our Government could have for allowing
foreign troops to come here and study our terrain
in this way. Is there some military agreement
between this Government and the Canadian Govern-
ment about which we have not been told? The
people must know these things.
SECURITY OF COUNTRY AT STAKE
The security of this country is at stake witn
these foreign troops on our soil. We should demand
that they go elsewhere. (How about Rhodesia?)
But even if they go, be warned, brothers, they and
others will be back when we begin to try and set
the world level for ourselves.


BLOW THE HORN

TELL THE PEOPLE


RICH vs. POOR

Hdlo Alen,

I efaii U "ii JauiY..ns aAe
begins in Io dii hiae rrun is
it because he Jacia-re irto mferior
in their own coun-mtr e ay daim no
white man d diid noC because the\
Uwild be paying hribue to the Geat
Empire But how can Ike fort the
Great Empire on whom they ar so
dependent Can Jaaicans be conscious
that the cdlour do our a= has no
effect on your mind' Thy har Black
Power thinking that it will be a sol
tion to their problemsr
How can the, be appling a souion
used in Africa to solve a problem ui
a sianon which is ccpletdr differen
They should itop thinking about cold
and say i am poor nd I eed opportua
es Then conder who has thie moni
and we find it is a cetam group of
black o.t
When the y sy BInl PUi-r s he rich
black man aso aout it, but when thc
haout am a PSor Man. 4h_ who
heiut it with them
Al'o ne Min


LONG LIVE ABENG

Hello Abeng.
lack greetings in the name of
the omnipotent on "'Almighty
God." 1 must congratulate you on
making such a tremendous- effort
in publishing this wonderful "black"
newspaper.
I must say that for years my
black brothers and sisters had not
have the opportunity to exercise
their feelings towards the oppres-
sors I know that with the help
of ABENG the people .ill be aware
of the severe oppression with which
they are undergoing.
I once more say long live Abeng
because with the help of my black
advocates it will be down with the
oppressor's white newspaper which
is "The Gleane" cd "The Syar."
Yours truly.
Bongo Dan,
Black Power Advocate.
UNITED BLACK
Sir.
rr'Ietings to y,,ur newspaper anl
'its Sl uc-cs in the future. I qal ic


a term use by many black brothers
and sisters "Black bird stop pick
tick off cow now, you have to get
white bird to do same."
I am glad to see where the birth
of the united black is coming to
know themselves, because without
we unite there will be no goal to
reach.
Beware of them who try to sell
out the beauty of this country to
the Americans and Europeans for
in no time we will owe them so
much you will one day read the
news headlines that the later regrets
that we are so much in arrears; they
will have to take over our island
because it do not seem like there
will be any repayment
When the Chinese came from,
Hong Kong with only a board slip-
pers and flannel shin, in no time
khey have big business and big car
and what have-'te'blck race? Nou
thing, hut taxes, more-Norke aiuL
little or no money.
It is s beautiful to be black so
let those pork people goion live
big life. the boat sum crash,"
Againhroth-rs anR t istrs we Tust


Marcus



Garvey



Fellowman of the Negro rate, and friends,
greetings: WtPhave before us today a letter written by a
men from Richmond, St Mary, Jamaica, who tries in
communication to show us that there is no need for
inspiring the black race to a greater consciousness of
itself, because there should be no change of relation-
ship between the Negro and his (?) friends. This man
tries to show that he feels so deeply interested about
the matter that he wrote the letter on Sunday. The
letter has in it many suggestions of Christian (?) love
which prompted the writing of it according to the
author. Reading the letter as we have done, and study-
ing it as we have, we have come to the conclusion
that this man is nothing other than a conscienceless brute. It is
just this, that he has profited out of the ignorance of the poor
blacks and because he surmises that any improvement on the
part of the Negro will mean a lessening of his game of exploitation
then he cannot see the reason why we should advocate Negro
improvement
WHY THE WORLD IS MISERABLE
It Is brutes like these who have made the world so miserable
men who would fight so as to keep other men in slavery; men who
would move heaven and earth under the guise of religion, so as to
be able to exploit the unfortunate of humanity. We shall not please
such a man and we shall not take him under consideration other
than to help the poor people to throw off the influence that his
kind has held over them so long. What is true of this man in
Richmond, is true of different haters of the Negro race-in different
parts of the world, but we are glad that in the midst of such hate,
we have other men of other racs with broad sympathies, with real
human love who will not be parties to anything that will injure
the least of God's children whether they be black or whether they
be white.

MEN WHO THINK THEY ARE SMART

We hope the man in Richmond will read this article and
understand clearly how we feel about him. He may think himself
a Christian, so much a Christian to have written the letter on
Sunday, We think him a devil, because reading between the lines
we can see nothing else but hate, a disposition not to assist the
Negro to help himself, but to keep him in a state of ignorance so
as to make it easy for the heartless and selfish to exploit him.
We shall continue to work to help humanity, to make the
world a better place for everybody to live in. We feel sure that
we are on the right road in doing this, so we have no fear, but we
are inspired to do our part and to do it well. We are just going on
working for the emancipation of the Negro; working to make him
a man among men, and no influence ot vicious and elfish men can
thwart us in this design.
With very best wishes, I have the honour to be
Your Obedient Servant,
Marcus Garvey.
"Blackman" St. April 27, f929


unite and don't follow pork spirit
"for Ceaser's head you will sell
your soul and don't know.
"Black Power is a beginning of
a New Nation." So unite Black One

'A Black Power Member."
BLACK DOMESTICS
Dear ABENG,
Thanks for the stand taken in
vour No. 5 issue in defense of the
Women Workers in Jamaica and in
particular the domestic women vworkes.
The Jamaica Congress ot Labour
is at the disposal of the domestic
workers to assist them in every
aspect of setting up a Domestic
Workers Union. Thanks for blowing
this message across the country,
to all sisters
Chris Lawrence,
Jamaica Congress of Labour
49 East Queen Street,
Kingston.


TRINIDAD PROTESTS

Dear Sir,
The incident which occurred in
Trinidad at the university, I ae
sure has aroused a lot of interest
in Jamaica.
One can make a supposition and
compare what happened in Trini
dad to what would have happened
here.
I am sure that if the UWI sti
dents here had as much as even
booed the Canadian Governor Gen-
eral, Pharoah would have sent his
soldiers in his chariots. In Trinidad
the students opposed the Governor
visit because of incidents in Canada
and were allowed to do this with,
out the wicked intervention of the
police.
"ABENGITE"
Sait.e aoi.











the true facts

part I

OriginsHERBS


WE MUST STAMP OUT

VOILENCE


Ganja, or marihuana, or Hemp,
to use only three of the hundreds
of names by which it is kpown,
is one of the earliest plants to be
grown domestically for man's use.
The ancient Chinese before 2700
B.C. used to grow the male plant
for making rope, while the female
(pistillate) plant was grown to pro-
dK a medicine which wa pren ibed
for "female weakness, gout, the
rheumatism, malaria, bei-beri, cons-
tipation and absent-mindedness."
This female plant was apparently
used by some as an intoxicant and
at one period was called "the libera-
tor of sin," largely because of the
stern moral code of the times which
frowned on earthly pleasures. After
-wards it also became known in
China as "The Delight Giver."
From China the plant spread to
India (hence Indian Hienmp) Here
again the male (Staminate) plant
was grown for making fibres and
the female (pistillate) plant for it's
medicinal and intoxicating effect.
This is because it is only the female
plant whose resis is sufficiently po
tent to cause intoxication. It is in
India that the word "Ganja" orit-
nated and referred to specially
cultivated and harvested female
plants used for smoking and making
beverages and sweet meats, It was
also called "Tle Hleavenly Guide,"
"Poor Man's Hleaven" and "Soother
of Grief"
!n 1894 in India there was pub-
lished a report of the Indian Hemp
Drug Commlission i seven volumes
coiprisng over 3-000 pages Though
few persons know of the existence
of this work. it is regarded by those
who do as the classic work on the
subject and was the result of two
years of meticulous examination
and enquiry The Commission came
up with three important findings
1. There was no evidence of any
weight that mental and moral inr
juries arise from the use of Ganja.
2. There was no evidence of any
connection between the moderate
use of Gaaja and disease
3. Moderate use of Ganja produces
the same effects as moderate doses
of whiskev and no more leads to


there was held by the JLPa Poltical
meeting in Falmouh which is supp
osed to have been on behalf of a
JLP candidate who is canvassing for
routes in Trelawny Parish Council
election. This meeting turned out to
be one of masquerade performances
by members of the JLP platform:
the most abusive remarks were been
stated by the comnodians Eventually
to make the scene more disrupting
one member in the Senate was giving
the most nonsensical speeches until
he ask the mass of ite people in the
audience. "Do you want for me t,,
sing you a chinese sung' It was
absurd! This. what I am about to
ay on behalfof that song which the
Senator had sung is a commnt"lc oJ
istice truth which is toi be a iisti'ral
Also on that night rf lthe 5th
March the ifitle Mintiier attended
ihic Political rtigmarei of itadali
Swa\\Hf!'ri-dbh, l/\ li rd\gutard\1


excess than moderate use of alcohol.

The colonial governors of India
at the time ended their 1894 report
by saying "it is neither practicable
nor desirable to depart from the
traditional policy of tolerating the
moderate use of ganja ... even for
non-medical purposes whilst taking
every possible measures to prevent
abuse." The commission's recom-
mendation to tax ganja (being much
cheaper than whiskey) was also
abandoned as impracticable and
licenses were introduced to tr) to
control the cultivation of the plant.




















It is of interest to ruinol hat thei
Iindus in India, rather like the
Rastafarians in Jamaica, regard the
Ganja plant as huly Students ao
the criptures are given ganja before
they sit to study so that they ma)
centre their thoughts on the eternal.
GANJA MOVES WEST
From tndia, tanja spread lt the
cest. It was estunated in l'~i il/at
about two bhndred iallicirn person
throughout the w world used Genjf
and ii is acknowledged that the
figure today is cons derahb higher,
perhaps in excess of four hundred
million (400,110. 00) persons.
In the U.S.A. Ganja became a
major crop in several states Its
fibres were used for rope and tihe
re. i tiron the lemale plant Aas
produced b) mann large drug con-


At iis arrival, he was
welcomed by boos from children
and youths, students of Falmouth.
there was a scowl on his face.
immediately some badmen rush
into the gathering arced .ith clubs
of roni pipes: knives niayhbe guns on
their person. They started to exch-
ange blows and making abusive
remeprkls iwhki goes on to say any-
ones who si anithg ing i particular
will lose their life I was standing
amongst a gathering of listeners of
nixed nationals and one of these
holigalns throw bluoit at boy aho
usedindecent expression's bJfore the
Idice which is Law, and itli even
the slightest notice was paid to this.

What do yu think about this/
Al ,rst li/s a isibr',rhi,' element
I an' ntl u pouihtran mark you, but
I tl ,,tni dtjrnding m'Y right and
,/ ollt'cr\,


panies and available on prescription
During the time of"Prohibition"
in the 1920s when it was illegal to
drink any form of alcohol, man)
persons began to discover Ganja.
Among other things they discovered
that Ganja was non-addictive and
mildly stimulating without many of
the harmful side effects of alcohol.
Moreover it was cheaper and easier
to produce than rum or whiskey.
GANJA STUDIES
In 1933 alcohol was again legal
ized and four years later, after a
persistent campaign by the-Federal
Narcotics Bureau, itself established
in 1930, the Marijuana Tax Act was
passed without opposition. The Act
made it an offence to be in posses-
sion of the minutest quantity of
Garta and the penalty ws a possible
fine of 2,000 dollars or five years
imprisonment or both.
Not everyone was convicted by
the campaign of the Federal Nar-
catics Bureau of the evils of anja,
however. The mayor of New York.
Fiodella La Guardia, in 1931 estab-
lished a committee of 28 scientists
and doctors from the world famous
New York Academy of Medicine to
stud, the effects of the so-called
drug The committee, after years
of exhaustive study and research
published its report 1944 against
detemined efforts to suppress it.
The effect of the report was to
absolve Ganja completely as a dan-
gerous drue. Among its findings
were that.
1. Smoking Ganja does not lead to
mental or physical deterioration.
2. Gania does not lead to addiction
and its withdrawal does not
cause the horrible reactions of
Opium etc,
3. Ganja is not a direct cause or
factor in sexual or criminal mis-
conduct nor in jumnile ddinquency
4. The reports concerning the evil
effects of Ganja were completely
unfounded.
The report was attacked by the
Amerincan Medical Association, the
Federal Narcotics Bureau and the


Press. Since then the report has
been shelved and ignored by the
U.S. government and other western
government. Many other doctors
and drug experts have written to
the same effect and have also been
ignored. Among them Dr. Alfred
Lndesmith. one of America's fore-
most experts on the sociology of
illegal drugs, states that ganja is
less dangerous and less harmful than
alcohol and is far less likely to
instigate crimes of violence than
alcohol. He regards the bad repu-
tation of Ganja as reflecting an
upper class prejudice against an in-


ULnlO _a bm6

Plot to Deceive Black

People Exposed: Ja.

Lend What it Borrows
Every time the sufferers ask for ;otiintry lending lo 5 million to
more bread, more jobs, more control its expiottir is Ai natural occurrence
of the country's resources. the "' apitalrat society But this
e u g as is anno crriinil when it
em inen t trots out the familiar ans- abms"' lt,' s ra czinunal whea li
ienognized that the surplus indicates
wer. We cannot afford it. To them a ica sending back what
our resources art not enough to s it the itst pliCe it bhrroswet
keep every man, woman and child Total borrowing in 1968 was
free from hunger and indignity f, million. Of this we transferred
As if to make this ceiun c i y 51 SI million inreal resources (what
do then best to ensure he cont iin, is called ithe s e of the current
ous outward stream of rescuers accuuntideficitL Thebalance welent
in the form of profits, dividends aid to foreigners through purchasing
foreign securities As a consequence their securities This insane inepti-
they have to borrow To run the tide is nade almost unbelievable by
society on the basis of anr upen the fact that much of the money
invitation to all capitalists. Over the borrowed was at rates of interest
years they have become soconvinced of 8 9-K. On what was re-lent it
of these policies that borrowin',g is would be fortunate if 4S was earned.
become an end in itself. hat is if no devaluation occurs!"
Evidence of this is seen in the The unly way the Government
widely publicised recent Bank of can publish something'like that in
Jamaica report that the country had the face of so much suffering is
a surplus on the balance of payments because they fee the sufferers will
of 16.S million last year. The stark not understand. But the sufferers
truth of this surplus is that the do and when they use fancy
Jamaican society has lent to foreign- do they
ers this vast sum of money through language to hide it ABENG will
purchasing their securities blow, and tell them the truth as it
Most of this lendin takes place i The sufferers cannot tolerate the
Goveanment holding foreign assets
either through our foreign-dominat- to the value of 70 million an
ed banking system seekihg profit by
lending Jamaican resourcesto Britain increase of 40 million over the past
and North America, or the Colonial 7 yeds. The resources must be used
Central Bank which cannot do bet- to find jobs and to end foreign
ter. The absurdity of an exploited exploitation.


dulge e of the lower class and
points out that the persons who
denounced Ganja came from a class
that did not use ganja but preferred
gun. rum and whiskey. "Canada-Jamaican Relations in th
Recent Commissions by the light ofRacialism", Wed. March
United Nations and in England lthl s Etra-Mural Centre. Sp .
also concluded that Ganja is a rela-
tively harmless intoxicant and does
not merit the severe and savage N
punishments which are inflicted on
its users in Western countries. So THE CARIBBEAN AR
far, however, there is no sign that presto
any of the governments concerned THEMES AN VALUES
has any intention of giving effect
to !hes findings even by reducing with Marina
the severity of the punishments. Sunday, March 16t
Next Week: Old Arts Leetairl
in Jamaica


ASSEMBLIES



TIE PEOPLE

RLO GROUP

ITISTS MOVEMENT
ont
IN CARIBBEAN ART
Maxwell
h at 10:00 gt.MI
Room 3, U.W.I.


On Wed. Night March 5th










ABlack Students

b Omo Ogun Acted



ZIMBABWE: in Defence
DHABI* of Rights



Guerrilla and



Struggle i Property


Picture shows the nature of the "good relations," we are told Miclb
ener's visit was in aid of. Demonstrators at Sir George, Montreal.


last week we looked at some they have all the guns and planes
of the conditions in Rhodesia (the and helicopters they need. The free-
[uture Zimbabwe) which are caus dom ighters are having to learn
ing the black people there to rise the lessons of guerilla war the hard
up agatit their white nsters. Made way by dying and by being cap-
desperate by their exploitation. tured. (If they are captured they
pe are likely to be hanged by Smith)
black people began. in the late But lessons are being learned by
1950s o try to organize on a larger those who survive. Gradually the
scale than ever before, under the freedom fighters are becoming more
leadership of men like Joshua experienced, and will be able to
Nkomo and Ndabaningi Sithole hit back harder.
fhey tied every legal means - The second problem is that
,tikes, demonstrations, newspapers, Smith is being helped by the govern
public meetings - but everytime ment of South Africa. Next week
they were bmtalsed by the police we will look more closely at the
or arrested. Newspapers were policies of that government What
banned and political parties made we must note is that South Africa
illegal. After live or six years of is giving great economic help to
this treatment, which began'lopg Smith, and also military help as
before lan Smith came to power, vwll South African toopl and police
the black nationalists realised that are fighting with Smith's forces
there was only one answer left to against the freedom fighters.
them: thev had to fight for their
e th d fight f e The third and biggest problem
freedom with guns, not words. As The third and biggest p oblem
one national sad "The most is that black people of Zimbabwe
one nationalist said: "The most
are not united. Some of them
law abiding Africans of Central ar not united. Some of them
aw-abiding Africans of Central particularly the chiefs and wealthier
Africa have now despaired of using men, are actually helping Smith.
methods that produce no results. Even the freedom fighters are not
They have decided to die in order united. They are divided between
to create a better world for them ZAPU, led by Nkomo, and ZANU
selves and their children" led by Sithole, who split away from
Nkomo in 1963 because he said
If we are to be realstic, we Nkomo was not serious about the
must understand that the struggle struggle. Both Nkomo and Sithole
for freedom in Zimbabwe is only are in prison in Zimbabwe, but
just beginning. There are several their lieutenants in exile keep up
very big problems which are pre- the quarre This quarrel must be
venting the freedom fighters from ended. Black people everywhere
curiously hurting the Smith regime. must learn that if they fight one
Filst there is no doubt that Smith's another they am playing the white
police and army are efficient, and man's game.


A group of black West Indians
had charged that a professor was
discriminating against them. The Sir
George Williams University autho-
rities ignored the students efforts
for a fair investigation. So the stu-
dents decided to occupy the
computer centre.

The computing centre was oc-
cupied for twelve days by some
300 students in a space designed
to hold 75. During those twelve
days the students established such
a system of government in the
computing centre that even the
acting principal (the principal had
resigned over the issue) had, to
make a statement saying that never
before had such car been taken
of the computers.

There were committees organised
for food, security, sanitation, pub-
licity etc. One important aspect
of the occupation' was that the
Black students obtained the sym-
pathy o thousands of white students
who joined the occupation move.
ment and themselves occupied
other parts of the university. Also,
for the first time, the Black com-
munity in Montreal was united in
a manner and with a militancy
never seen or experienced before.
Then camo th well publicized event -
the two million dollar damage.
How and why did this damage
take place?


On Feb. 11 the students were
AFRICAN STUDIES ASSOCIATION QF THE WEST INDIES all getting ready to vacate the com-
puting centre. Over 200 students
presents had already left The others were
A series of Lectures on Africa rd African Sayipals clearing up the rooms. The admini-
in the Caribbean station had finally (or so the
Dr. E. Br in P students thought) agreed to the
Dr. E. Braithwate, "African P y" students' demands for setting-up an
Friday, March 14th at 8:00 p.m. investigation committee agreable
Creative Arts Centre, U.W.L to all parties in the dispute. The
SBlack students had signed the agree-
ment They were only waiting on

TAKE PHOSPHO-PEP TONIC WINE Basta
FOR VIM. VIGOUR. AND VITALITY Fi erm

Mauloactured By SVpa kl
BENNETTS NATIONAL LABORATORY LTD.
"Man rai few birds, little
253, SPANISH TOWN RO.. KGN 13 food and poliedestroy myry
Phone 36749 God-thing.Yo shoulder thisv
place before thi. Is I and I
.. .. bring the land up to what it
i. We ave fiv bearing pappw
t er as, b .u cocoant4 pot-
Mat and ame. Man all Io.
bird and's boxa full of @gp and
Jaraica's No. 1 Radio & V Personality u
I and I declare ofn living Gad.
127 GRANGE STREET Wk put M0 Bl, N L Yl
127C RANG STREET We put Value onthland. Ys
S 5rr alo KINGSTON, JAMAICA W. 1. aln It would be valulessl
r ENTERTAINEts miagggg gg
so CO wIs t itl isam
S TAciiOGtis Phone 26272 m expect from politici.

I s.. ..r sows"--,o,,,, ,, r at~~
Puhl thi ,,( t.,, I Id.. 4 ( tllins Grecrl Ave.. Kingston 5. Robert Hill, Secretary, residingat I 1 Calcroft Ave..
Mar i,. 1 I1,


the administration to sign. To their
amazement. instead of signing the
agreement the administration called
in the nbt squad to eivet the students
It was then and only then that
damage was done to the computers.

WHO DID THE DAMAGE?
The riot squad forced its way
through the door to the computing
room and the battle began. Who,
did the damage? We here in Trini-
dad cannot say. But we can, at
least, discuss the possibilities.
The first possibility is that the
police in their frenzied baton-swing-
ing ( a phenomenon well known to
anyone who saw and experienced
the ST. Jean Baptiste.day events
in Montreal last yea or who has
lived in North America for some
time) smashed anything and every-
thing in sight as they always do.
The second possibility is that
saboteurs among the occupying
students (it has been proven that
there were administration spies
among them) did the damage.
The third possibility is that
students and police in the fighting
that enmied smashed equipment in
order to save themselves.
And finally, it is possible that
the occupying students deliberately
smashed the equipment.
We would be prepared to believe


in the absence of accurate facts,
any of these four possibilities.

MENTAL AGONY
Yet, strange as it may seem the
fourth possibility is the least likely.
The students had occupied the com-
puting centre for twelve days. If
they wanted to smash the equip-
ment to fine particles they could
have easily done so on the very
first day. But instead they had or-
ganised a security system to guard
the equipment, and they saw to it
that no-one handled the computer
They cleared the computing rooms
and were about to vacate those
rooms on Feb. 11.
Even the administration had to
concede that the students were tak-
ing better care of the eqiipment
than it had ever done. On this
basis it is highly unlikely that such
students would deliberately decide
on the twelfth day of the
occupation to smash the computers.
It is quite conceivable that as
a result of the mental agony and
violence to which they were sub-
jected for ten months and the pent-
up inner frustration of dealing with
a dim alying, dsallh yig racist ad-
ministration, they were finally
driven to disregard pieces of steal
and aluminium in attempting to
save their skins from the brutality
of the tiot squad. And if they did
who are we to condemn them?


PUBLIC CLEANSING WORKER'S UNION
Proudly Present
WORKER'S FIESTA
with a
DAY & NIGHT OUTING & DANCE
ON EASTER MONDAY, 7th APRIL. 1969
TO LYNCH-PARK. BUFF BAY
Cover Charge 1
Own Transportation 5/-

Latest Availble Isu of
NEW WORLD QUARTERLY
includes following articles:
Norman Girvn, "After Rodney, the Politics
Student Protst ih Jamaic"
Douglas Hall, "Coloial Loa in Jamai'"

Sand SA to Box 221, Kingstn 7
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