Title: Abeng
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100338/00004
 Material Information
Title: Abeng
Physical Description: 1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Abeng Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Kingston Jamaica
Publication Date: February 22, 1969
Copyright Date: 1969
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100338
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05001780
oclc - 5001780

Full Text

PRICE: 6d.





The Tourist Industry is said
to be doing a fine job for Jamaica.
We are continually told that so
many thousand visitors have come.
They have spent so many million
pounds. Where does the money go?
And what does the present prog-
ramme cost us?
A large part of tourist expen-
diture goes back out of Jamaica-
40% by the last survey-on foreign
goods that tourists buy here and
for profit earned by the foreign
owners of hotels.
We feel that the social cost
of the present programme is totally
unbearable. Jamaicans are denied
access to the best beaches in the
country. Jamaicans are refused
service and thrown out of hotels.
And look below what the Tourist
Board tells foreigners about us.
Good God! This kind of thing
makes Jamaica out to be a prosti-
tute nation. We refuse to be prosti-
tuted. We would prefer no tourist
industry at all than to be made to
suffer this kind of indignity. We
can get visitors on more dignified
We warn the Minister of
Trade and Industry, the Tourist
Board and Government that if they
continue this kind of foolishness,
the people of this country will mash
up the tourist industry.

Both factory and field workers at the Duckensfield Sugar Estate
have said there will be no crop until a particular Estate employee is fired.
This protest has gone on for the past eight weeks. The Estate management
says the workers have no claims and have taken no action against the





Councillors were kicked and
thumped, chairs, glasses, ash-trays
and other things were thrown, at
last week Thursday's meeting of the
Portland Parish Council. The meet-
ing, the last to be held before the
Parish Council elections, ended in
a fight.
The cause of the uproar was
a charge that a member of the
Council was using a truck for private
work while being paid by the Parish

roen,, oith ent'nuok'.
rr n-a-gardenr
and v .n rn-ilnr e.

r.. .. Iul, I.I. s .... .
Bain]l ,i Nrr Yorkl.*,,d [. S

Tn',,lr or M ,nl, m ,l ,

A JLP member is alleged to
have said "You no see that a we in
power now. We can't wrong. .for
what we do is well done, and we
naw stop to listen to opposition
voice again..."

Councillor Hall said that sort
of thing could not be allowed to go
on. The row started. Chairman
Lascelles Tucker started to put
motions to the house. When
Councillor Halt took the seat that
he was sitting on and put it on the
Chairman's table, tension flowed
through both supporters and oppo-
sition. After that a fire brigade
officer from the Port Antonio Fire
Station was seen bleeding from one
eye and from his mouth while a
PNP Councillor was seen bleeding
from his lips.
The fight ended before the
police, who had been summoned,
appeared on the scene. There was
no further convening of the meeting
for both PNP and JLP Councillors
stayed outside the Parish Council
building until late afternoon.

This is an abbreviated version of
an original Jamaica Toutist Board
advertisementwhich appeares
regularly in American Magazines.

Last week, a man who was
shot twice, died in bed. Late in
December, the dead body of one of
the workers was discovered in the
field and factory workers refused to
return to work until the Estate
management fired the man the work
ers suspected of doing the killing
A recent union proposal was to lay
him off while a tribunal was set up
to investigate the workers' comp-
laints. The Sugar Estate management
did not accept this. Several reports
have been published, one by the
Sugar Manufacturers' Association
(Gleaner, Feb. 18, 1969) saying that
workers had "no valid reason" for
their "senseless stoppage".

ABENG spoke to several of
the workers in Duckensfield. We
found out that they walked off
their jobs in an act of solidarity
with their slain brother and in
protest against an estate manage-
ment which the workers feel threat-
ens their lives by refusing to act
on their complaints.

One worker reports that two
of them were threatened by this
same employee in the presence of
the police at the police station when
they were making a report about
the death in December. He is alleged
to have made for his gun and had
to be restrained by a policeman.
After the police left, he is alleged
to have threatened the two workers

There are also reports of the
reckless way in which he handles
firearms in the vicinity of the
workers, their children and their

He is said to have shot tied
animals, and one worker sums it up
this way:"Like him don't want us
to live. ... we must eat bread from
the Estate alone, we mustn't have
we own. .. .The man shoot all goat,
Him threaten fisherman who pass-
ing through the Estate. Down to
ants him want shoot!"

In the centre of Duckensfield
somebody shouted-"Is a black man
crisis all 'bout. ."

We must understand the re-
sons behind long work stoppages
which occur a long while before
the first union delegate knows any
thing. Duckensfield Sugar Estate is
part of Jamaica Sugar Estates -
a foreign owned concern, the work
ers feel they are being chained to
growing sugar for some foreigner

"Until we get our justice
rights, we not working for them,"
another told us. The concern of
the Sugar Manufacturers Associa-
tion and the estate owners is pro-
fit. The workers know this. That is
why they have independently struck
out, as they have done many times
before, in defiance of the estate.
They have acted together to pro-
tect themselves against a sugar es-
tate system which they feel mur
ders black people and couldn't care
less. The workers' verdict is, "Sugar
will not be grown like this."

The workers must be told:

1. Was there a post mortem ex
amination of the body of the dead

2. Have the police collected stat-

3. Are any criminal proceedings
being taken?

4. Is a Coroners. Inquest going
to be held?

5. Does the estate intend to con-
tinue employing this man?

It is interesting that a labour
dispute could continue for eight
weeks like this in the constituency
of the Minister of Labour.

VOL 1 N 4 FEBRUARY 22 1969


The Parish and City Council elections due to be held on March 18th
can only result in greater discontent, bitterness, and rural decline.
Once auain our people are being called upon to throw themselves against
each other in turtihering the aims of career-mad politicians. Once more
the national economy will be ground down to pay the costs of support
rin the political regime.
Out uf all this must come a new awareness by the people of
row they are using their power Elections only give authority to the
representatives. Power remains with the people. The fact that power
every day seems to have passed to politicians only shows us how far
the process of disablement has gone.
The center of interest in these local government elections will
be the fight over who controls the K SA.C. In addition, both the
political parties will he running for the first time their "new" recruits.
Tnese people come predominantly from the younger business and
prcfessionalgroups. Hungry for a role in administering political corrupt
ion, they will be paraded before the electorate by the P.N.P. as
manageriall experts" and by the J.L P. simply as practical men who
understand the "pay-off" system of politics
If the Corporate Area elections, however, are to have any meaning
for its citizens, they must demand that the K.S A.C, get the power to
tax all those big industrial establishments to pay for the City's upkeep.
In the most depressed area of the City, Western Kingston, we find the
most profitable manufacturing concerns. The executives all live in the
Mlls in big houses. They drive big cars to work every morning and
leave behind them in the afternoons the suffering humanity of Kingston.
Well, if they want to continue this business, we must see to it
that they pay handsomely for these privileges. Overnight it could result
in vast improvements taking place in the City's housing, health,
education, sewerage, and job training Most of the lands on the Indust-
rial Estate were practically given away to foreign corporations. That
wvas Mr. Manley's special "dream". Today our people cannot even sleep,
much less dream Let the people know their rights and put an end
to all such dreaming, Tax the fat profits or tell the corporations to
get out of Western Kingston.
The elections also pose a much more fundamental issue. Local
government must be taken out of the grip of party politics and the
stronghold of central government. It is neither government for the
people nor is it local. It is a degrading and bankrupt extension of
central government authority.
During slavery, the Vestries were used by the planters to arrange
for the upkeep of the Anglican Church, roads and prisons. It was
necessary to the system of slave exploitation. Today what does Local
Government defend except the backwardness of our rural life, so as to
ensure the survival of the most unproductive association in this
country Government and Parties.
The people must demand a completely new form of local govern-
ment their own! Representatives elected by the Agricultural Societies,
Teachers, School Boards, Workers, Youth Groups, etc., and only these
representatives can plan and work out the reconstruction of rural
As in politics generally today, time for the people to take

"The way out of this is hard. There is only one way. The people
must organize themselves according to the best methods of the
day which they find suitable for themsave . .By independent
political activity they find out what they can do, their privileges
and their responsibilities." C.L JAMES

will be the subject of
at the Extra-Mural Centre, Camp Road.
MONDAY the 24TH FEBRUARY at 7:30 P.M.
New World Group
Extra-Mural Department




'he Editor
You nay not have noticed,
I)it the sounds of ABENG seem to
I shaking the "mighty" Gleaner
i draw your attention to three cases
where that daily has printed some-
thing after the souqd had first come
from ABENG:
I The Abeng report on "Con
fusion in the Courts" of February 8
was much later the subject of a
Thomas Wright report in the Gleaner
of February 18
2 The Abeng story on Mon-
diane's murder (African Battletine)
in your issue of February 15 was
soon the subject of a Gleaner edi-
torial on February 18.
3. Mrs. Gloria Cumper's letter
on social services and politics in
West Kingston printed in your issue
of February 15 appeared subsequent-
ly on February 17 in the Gleaner
(with Mrs. Cumper's date-mark as
February 3

Keep up the good work: Keep Dear A
blowing the horn the walls of
Jericho are shaking already.
Yours etc a sens
a sensa
OBSERVER. ful tha

13 Victoria St, to me
Falmouth. tion. I
10/2/69 can an
The Editor and se
I have read your Abeng news- be see
paper, and I have found it very in- ed as i
teresting. It has shown conditions to mal
of the past and present, and I asked me un
myself this question, where were all is pree
these facts? when
I have decided to make a con- from t
tribution to this press at the earliest to con
date. just as

Please let me have an early
R.A. Harrison

Dear Abeng,
Seriously I like you and appre-
ciate your fortright news efforts be
they right or wrong ethically. But
I must confess I am the critic of
the critics and am sorely tempted
to make a complete, clean and hon-
est breakthrough everytime I read
and enjoy your latest edition. And
how very fortunate you are to merit
high praise from a comrade-in-arms
who like you is sure of his stuff.
Best wishes for continued suc
cess and support.
I am etc

The Editor,
Please allow me space in your
column to comment on the Prime
Minister's statement, tax-payers shall
pay for damage done during the
October 16th riot.
It is a dictatorial statement
to make by any Prime Minister of
a democratic country, to state that
tax-payers must pay for damage
done by violent demonstrations, The
fact is that Jamaica is not the only
country that demonstrations of that
nature go on To call upon tax-
payers to face the- penalty is no
solution whatsoever
Let's face facts, Mr. Prime
Mi;stnr. there were two types of

who bh
not be

Dear A
seen it?
diet of
pie are
tory of
tal nigh
naoed e
had a
in spite



demonstrations. One was by the
U W I students peacefuly, before
the attack of the police, the other
was a total dissatisfaction with
Government Administration which
affected the poorer class of people
In your capacity as Prime Minister.
you should think twice before mak
ing those nonsensical statements,
because things like those are the
fulfillment of time
Therefore your statement can-
not be right The nation is over
burden with the present tax-pressure
and economical frustration. I will
not hesitate to tell you Mr, Prime
Minister, that the immediate thing
to tackle is present unemployment
rate which is rising day by day,
and also non-Jamaicans sneaking in
the island as tourist and enjoying
better benefits than Jamaicans.
The right thing to do as Prime
Minister is reduce you and your
ministers' salaries, and it will-help
to solve the problem.
I am,



With fL
t fror
was a
d Wes
r of th
n on t
ke me

oreigners I experienced
of humiliation so pain-
their friendship came

us While we go to see it and get
lost in its spell we are dead. It is
telling us straight and clear that
we are dead; that we never had a
history; that we were not a great
people; .that we have no culture
Black people are always slaves, serfs.
They are murdered in cold blood
even as the Indian.
We have such movies as
"Massacre Time", "How To Steal
The World", "Adios Hombre" (very
snister) Just who conrrs thecinems?
Certainly no Jamaican, unless he is
deprived maniac, would ask for such
films So who's running the show?
Jamaicans have a right to know
what goes on in their popular cul-
ture. The same rubbish is shown to
everyone all over the island, so let
us all wake up and take notice.
Black people are starved of culture
in any meaningful sense. This keeps
them suspended in a world of non-
being, of unreality. We need to see
films made by blacks. What about
the films made in Watts. What about
the thousands of documentaries
made by blacks in the States and
in Africa? Why don't Jamaicans try
to make their own films? What is
the Government doing to sponsor
such a venture? Please tell us some
body. We want to know. After three
centuries of deprivation Jamaican
citizens deserve as much knowledge
of their African ancestry as possible

shamed of being Jamai-
t Indian. The cold be-
re English, the tranquil
ident pride that could I
heir countenances look- The Editor,
were intended for me. Dear Sir
feel inferior; to make

I am etc.


derstand that when a nation This letter concerns the appal-
y of anybody economically ling situation whereby Ministers of
it allows all sorts of people Government are allowed to hold pri-
he four quarters of the world vate positions which are in conflict
ie to it to amuse themselves, with the public interest To my
hunters migrate to regions knowledge, the most outstanding
the game abounds, then those known case is Neville Ashenheim
long to such a nation can be This gentleman is a member of the
amongforeigners, butcan- abinet and at the same time Chair-
ed among foreigners, but can-
considered their equal, war. man of the Board of Directors of
I am, the Cement Company a firm with
a monopoly franchise.
A Blackman.
A Blckan Now, housing conditions for
the majority of people in Jamaica
CINEMA are deplorablel Therefore Govern-
should, in the public interest, seek
beng, to make building materials fparti-
he state of the cinema in cularly cement)l as cheap as possi
a is disgraceful. Has nobody a y tm 8 r h
is disgraceful, Has nobody ble for coniumers.'But shareholders
We are being fed a steady in the Cement Company would, in
American thrash. White peo-
their private interest, wat to secure
killing us. The whole his the highest possible price for
the black man since whites cement How, then, can Atieeim
wered them has been a bru reconcile his dual conflicting roles?
etmare. Whites have extermi- From the evidence. ie. the
very other race which they
mind to exterminate. The present price of gcrnerpi his priiate
man so far has eluded him interest reigntsupreme.over hkpu-
of the most overwhelming blic responsibility Asherheini she
ties. Now it seems as if the uId thfi fr reign from the Cabf
is doing what brute force net, or afterriv heshould urn
t do. The cinema is killing his Certsrnny shares oveto
Gove'nitep or dispose of them
som other way. Tii Us the pattern
inth ery e 1arh our leaders

claim atflfowal
r anted ta ring this matter
to pateti long ago. I
rwr ote f.pt 6P .but my lieter
wad neve course I
D EFY O 1 should h e3 rIi o bken r beaus,

his hoar qh i isw Chairman of
t tr Weane Co Wooed.

-- I I

Thanks to A6ENG far com
ingt the rscue.
V.u ii


(This final arPicle discus "What Black People have To Do To aGet

What we are to is the result of 300 years of history. To change it, will not be easy. Remember this-
a, tnun isa oiras anaarat af rit fi e a r t

g rms ased in the United States, Canada an
world-imperialist system.

Keep On Pushing ?


Garvey i

As it appears to us the matter of West Indian Federation is only
a question of time. The trend of modern political and economic develop-
ment is in that direction. Indeed every step taken by either one or the
other of the Members of the Great Archipelago and approved of by the
Mother Country is a definite step toward Federation. Forces in operation
for the last half a century e.g. Neglect by the Mother Country and
consequent decay of the Islands, the peaceful penetration and covetous
designs of America, the Aspirations of Canada, for territorial expansion
in the Tropics and the growing consciousness of oneness, if not unity, of
the people of African origin in all the Archepelago, are components of
the great, the mighty moving force and spirit of all things West Indian

At one time there was a prevailing apathy even in respect of our
individual political and economic status and we lived on the bubble
reputation of "This Ancient and Loyal Colony" and loyally starved. We
defeated American Diplomacy in her peaceful penetration and her doctrine
of our peacemeal but inevitable gravitation into the U.S. as a geographic
and economic necessity, for we abhorred their Negro problem with its
sharp distinctions, and racial antagonisms and were content with our owq
organised system of social hypocrisy maintained under the principle of
of the unwritten law of English colonisation divide and rule. We
repudiated the arguments of Crowe and other publicists of his type for
absorption into Canada. Gradually, consciously, and independently the
several islands have moved forward into a larger share of political freedom
and now the larger question of FEDERATION LOOMS IN VIEW as the
only solution of the problems of the West Indies. Federation of the West
Indies with Dominion status is the consummation of Negro aspiration
in this Archipelago.

And Federation has already begun. It develops apace. Cricket has
come into her own with Australia and South Africa. The College of Tropi-
cal Agriculture in Trinidad is expression in part of our common needs
and aspiration. The recent Press Conference in Barbados and its vast
cal Agriculture in Trinidad is expression in part of our common needs
programme of work tend to the development of the same idea. The
Treaty with Canada has drawn the Islands as an entity into commercial
relationship with the Dominion of the North.
The Jamaica Producers' Association though strictly Jamaican cannot
fail to exercise an accelerating influence in developing the idea, and the
coming Convention of the U.N.I.A. to be held in this Island, though
wider in its outlook than West Indian, cannot but impart a most healthy
stimulus to the cause of FEDERATION.
We should realise the true position in the scheme of West Indian
Federation now in the course of development. These movements anti-
cipate the end. The outlook is fascinating beyond degree. No Negro can
be unmoved by the picture.
Let us realise and not forget the West Indies is Negro, nothing
else but Negro. There are a few whites in the population and they
exploit and dominate the situation, When they cease to exploit they
will cease to dominate. The West Indies with free Dominion Status postu-
lates Negro Education, Negro Politics, Negro Government, Negro Freedom,
Negro Civilisation. It will be a British Dominion with the Negro ruling
honouring all the traditions of the Great Empire to which he belongs.
Thursday, May 2, 1929

First, it will be painful to
those companies who control our
national wealth for the benefit of

their shareholders. Chief among
these are the bauxite companies
and the sugar estates. Close behind
them come the banks and insurance
companies. It will be painful to
them because they will be required
to conform to a national plan for
the use of natural resources for
national employment or get out.
They will want to do neither. These

big companies will pay willing Ja-
maicans to oppose, harrass and gen-
erally give a hard time to any poli-
tical movement or any Government
adopting such policies. These big
companies will get their friends in
the international press to find as-
sorted devils in such a movement
or Government.
These big companies will pay,
as they said about the Congo, that
the natives of Jamaica like to eat
white people, and they will use
Sparrow's calypsoes as proof. These
big companies will use their poli-
tical influence with their home gov-
ernments to cut off the flow of aid
and capital to Jamaica and possibly
of imports. These big companies
will promote the use of miJitar5
force and the threat of force. These
big companies will say that demo-
cracy has been subverted in the
Western Hemisphere. Jamaica will
therefore have to be ready for a
struggle the like of which it will
not have experienced before;

49 Cornwall St.
I would like to write this article
on who are the rudies? What is
their cause? A statement on the
current trends among the youth in
Proceeding from the recent general
election, the Jamaican have been
witnessing a continuation, and deve-
lopment of the youths, better armed
with guns they have acquired since
the last general election. Robberies
of banks have increased and noti
ceably an advancement to robberies
of business establishment and priv-
ate institutions. This naturally gen-
erate the wrath and fear of those
of wealth and privelege and also
the concern of the working-class
that are the main victims of the
working capitalist and of the crim-
inal action of their sons. There-
fore the Government was called up-
on to restrain the action of these
youths. Replying to the call, the
new Prime Minister publicly dec-
lared a free hand to the police to
use any measure in the persecution
of the rudies. Threats are also made
to enact laws which will inflict har-
sher punishment even against you-
who are involved in crimes of vio-
The conduct of the youths of eve
ry nation is the undeniable product
of the social life of the nation.
This nation cannot Iherefore free
itself of blame for the conduct of
its youth, nor can it permit justi-

This will be painful to weal-
thy Jamaicans as well. They own
several huge cars and houses. Lux-
ury living must stop especially when
suffering is so widespread. This will
be painful to the politicians. These
politicians build and own too many
houses and cars because of their
office. The present politicians thrive
on unemployment For, where many
people scramble for a jew jobs he
who controls these jobs controls
votes Politicians deal in too much
fish-head. The politician of full em-
ployment will have to base his sup-
port on his ability to share the
life, the problems and the possi-
bilities of people recreating their
economic life. They will have to
communicate these to the national
centre, and in turn to communicate
national problems to his own con-
stituents with honesty and in the
faith that people will respond.

Lastly, it will be painful to
some without work. This is because
they have known nothing else in
their lives and have surrendered to
hustling, crime,,gunplay and a life
which lacks sustained application
to any demanding task. For many
of these it will mean going to craft
and technical schools. It will mean
going from one part of the island
to another. It will mean giving vol-
untary labour for social services
from which they will directly
benefit. Yet we feel that for these
people the transition will be easiest,
though not without difficulty. For

fiable anger and fear lead to vitimi-
zation of its youths while doing
nothing tangible to resolve the eco-
nomical and social problems which
has created anger, starvation and
poverty in the country. The action
of our youths is cause by the op-
pression of social injustice and the
false oppressors of our native land.
The situation must be examine pub-
licly so that all can see. Every cit-
izen must know the right to acquire
the truth of his national problems
and what is to be done about it in
our sight Can't' we see that our
national birth-place is getting into
a turmoil of destruction? How long
will we allow the unemployed and
uneducated to go like wild beast
and the capitalist .nd imperialist
oppressors, the big whiskey drinkers,




it is they who have the least to
lose and the most to gain.

We will not scramble like dogs
for scraps and leftovers from the
tables of the rich. A growing por
tion of this young population is
condemned to this Where this con-
dition exists, there will be anger
hatred, crime and violence. The pri-
vileged can only survive by suspect-
ing everyone who is black and
badly dressed, by sleeping with one
ear open and a gun beneath the
pillow and by keeping savage dogs.
The Government can only" survive
by arming and increasing the police
and encouraging them to drop the
traditional colonial niceties; by ex-
panding the army and using it in
frequent shows of naked force
In'this situation we must re-
member that we want work and not
handouts now and then. Not hand-
outs at election-time and Christmas
If we want this we have to own
and run thisrcountry ourselves. No
other people will do it for us.
(See New World Pamphlet on

sit down and ruin the poor man'
I tell you, Jamaicans don't want it
to be done like this and it isn't
going to be done sr. They have
throw out our native black brother
Dr. Walter Rodney saying he is a
threat to the country pith subersive
elements. He is not a threat If he
is a threat, I would say that there
are plenty subersive elements in this
country and the Government and
the capitalist is a part of destiny.
Is there any future in the eyesight
for tomorrow's brothers and sister
in our land? Do we citizens see any
thing that good for our younger
We must get down to business with
a fearless heart This is what we
Jamaicans want to understand. We
have no country whatsoever because
it is on the brink of indebtedness
under our own "No nonsense" of
false fools. We are in slavery chain
We are like in the days gone by
now. What must be done? Let us
come together and move to the
right thing that we Jamaicans should
get. Go hand in hand like brothers
and sisters and let the big shots
look on us to see that we are in love
and peace and unity and strength.
That will do a good job until we
conqueror and get the wealth of
of our contry. WE SHALL OVER-
Claude Merriman.


ri"ll 1v ii Dra n f !n SPORT by Foggy Bsironwris

This week let us look at
another struggle foi independence
which is going oil in a land "owned"
by the Portuguese In West Africa."
ne-t to the Republic of Guinea,
shich used to be ruled by France
and is now independent, lies ano-
ther country called Guinea, at ore
srnt ruled by Portugal It is a small
couitw not very much bigger than
Jalmai.a, and it has leis people -
feter than one million Vet thSe
uropl of Guinea are putting up
one cf the toughest Striugges against
their oppressors in the whole of
Africa aid black people eelvrwhere
should know of this tact and ie
proud of ii
Just as in Mora 1biaue ane
Anycla, their other Ari;ca colonies.
the Portuguese did nothing for the
people of Guinea Although the Por
tugiuese have ruled G;iinea for five
hndr-ed years, '9 per cent of the
Aflcan population are literate
Oily fourteen of them have uni
ersity degrees PoCugal never tran
ed one African as a jocth, so
that the doctors noS uersing with
the freedom fighters ha-e had to
be trained secretly in the Soviet

The leader of the struggle for
indepcndenLe is himself one of the
few Africans who the Portuguese
allowed to get a higher education,
a man named Amilcar Cabral. who
is an agricultural exper Educated
African he had the chance to turn
his back on his fellow black men.
but he did not In the course of
his work he met the sufferers every
where, and he came to see that
only independenre would ease their




suffering. In August 1959. when
the dock worker, in Bissau, the capi-
tal of Guinea, went'bn strike, the
Portuguese colonial police shot
down fifty of them. Cabral then
saw that the only answer of the
violence of the police and troops
of the colonial regime was armed
rebellion. In 1963 the freedom fight
ers began their guerrilla war
By 1968 one half of the coun-
try was in the hands of the freedom
fighters, and they were active in the
other half as well. The Portuguese
army was in control only in the
towns, like Bissau. Portugal has a-
bout 30,000 troops in Guinea,
vhich is proportionately equal to
the. number of American troops in
Vietnam. But just as the US imper
lalists cannot defeat the freedom
fighters in Vietnam, so the Portu-
guese imperialists are being beaten
in Guinea It is the U.S A, along
with West Germany, Italy, Canada
and other western countries, which
is supplying weapons to the Portu
guese. Napalm bombs from the
U.S A are used to set light to Afr;
an riilages and burn black men,
sanoen and children

And yet, though the might
of Portugal. supported by the other
reo-esentatives of white "civiliza
tion," is against them. the free-
dom fighters, led by Amilcar Cab-
ral and aided by Cuba, the Soviet
Union and others, are winning.
They are gathering strength for the
final push to sweep the Portuguese
into the sea. At the same time they
are laying the foundation for a new
independent blackman's Guinea.
How they are doing this we will
see next week


Tel 39189, 38726

0D.G. THOMSON uAse ou acrom



Manufactured By

Phone 36749
Published by The Abeng Publishing Company Ltd., 4 Collins
Green Av., Printed by Brice Printing Ltd. 6 East Street


meeting in January. Spence never
came out denouncing the Bridge

Folly or the McDonald Vanity. He
never expressed anger or distress
that the athletes were snubbed.
After all why an additional hon-
our conferred on this vain self-seek-

Iwostudentsfrotn ir George williamln; vnnrifty, Trenc
Ballkntyne and Patrick Townsend, hael eft Jeaitao fbr Trinidad to rais
funds lor 96 students now on tiiel in Montreal They are Inelling
through the Caribbean on a fond-nrdiin tdur Following is a diary of
events which tell the story of the fight stilrft aea mahig against white
racism in Canada.
April 1968 a charge of Racial Dis, other action Administration cal-
crimination was laid against Perry led in the i c6p Until one hour
Anderson, a lecturer in Biology at befoal the police, Administration
Sir George William University by was appealed to by three black Pro-
six West Indian students three of fesrs to speak to students to avoid
whom are Jamaicans; virelenc Administration refused to


Jamaica Amateur Athletic As-
sociation President. Mal Spence,
must take full blame for the con
fusion and disorder at a recent meet
ing called to elect officers for that
Association. Wes Clayton and his
group felt that no executive of the
association had spoken on their be-
half concerning any aspect of the
Mexico Olympic Games issue. They
felt too that Clayton's failure to
get the 1st Vice-Presidency meant
that the Clayton group would be
dejected throughout the night. They
foresaw nothing but frustration for
people who really mattered most
in athletics the competing athlete.
They foresaw nothing
but silence from the executives on
really vital issues. They used blue-
lights and it seems certain that they
will be out of favour with the of-
ficials for some time.
The whole thing is of course
most unfortunate. Mal Spence so-
ught office because he knew that
the competitors were being neglec-
ted. He got the Presidency because
those competitors had faith in him.
During his year of office he did
put competitors first At least he
did so until the McDonald Scandal.
Between the Mexico Olym-
pics in October and the JAAA's

isten to students. In a student-
police fracas, computer destroyed.
Ninety-six were arrested and taken
to jail 39 of whom are West Indians,


Anderson, to investigate the charges.
Committee formed January 22.1969.

two members of the Committee
subsequently resigned.
January 25.1969 Administration
formed a Committee without conc
suiting students Students requested
that new Committee be formed as

ing egotist? Why not confer the it had been decided that the mem-
first honour on Clifton Forbes or bers of any such committee should
a worthy competitor? be agreeable to all parties concerned.
The impress The parties concerned being Prof.
The mpreson was given in Anderson the Administration, and
the Daily Gleaner that all the rep- the black students.
resentatnies present at the meeting
gave Bridge a vote of confidence. January 26 Hearing continued.
It must have made Clayton and January 29 Students occupied
the other athletes nod to think Computer Centres
that their President had so betray-
ed them. Has Spence forgotten his Feb. 9 Administration decided
original mission? Has he decided to grant students request Professor
that the competitors cannot win? suspended.
I don.t think so. What then has Feb. 10 Students began to vac-
happened. ate Computer Centre-Administration
Those feet which burnt up subsequently refused to grant re
the track at Sabina Park. Melbourne quest on advice of Teachers' Union.
Australia, Rome, Tokyo, Cardiff and Three black Professors had attemp-
Nebraska ot cold when d to ted for two months to get Adminis
tread on the toes of McDonald, ration to take the students seriously.
Bridge and our daily misleaders.
He ran away hoping to fight ano Feb. 11 Students decided to take
ther day.

And yet the competitors have
only themselves to blame for what
ever they suffer. Neither the foot-
ballers, cricketers boxers nor any
of the other competitors have idear
tified themselves with Miller: They
do not see that- they too can be
treated as Miller has been. No nomi-
nee for the Sports Award of the
Year has declined nomination. Very
likely they like Spence are afraid
of the consequences.
Wes, do not blame Mal alone.
Do not despair if you are nQt on
on the JAA's executive The com-
petitors need organising. This could
be your msst powerful weapon.
The JAA can be shackled by the
Jamaica Olympic Association in a
way that the organised competitors
can never be.
(Next week Bagga Wilson comments
on the state of Soccer.)

including five Jamaicans Lucille
Whilby Browns' Town, Richard
Daley, George Brown, Denise Sim-
pson, Douglas Mossop. Students
were treated like criminals. They
were denied bail and ill-treated by
News ,Media created impres-
sion that students were dangerous
criminals. Hearing was conducted
in French only. No relatives or fri-
ends allowed in Court. Students
sent to prison until time of hearing
within eight days. The trial started
Feb 18
Charges on students carry
sentences ranging from 10 years
to life imprisonment
The charges laid are:-
11 Mischief
21 Conspiracy to commit arson.
Cheques are to be made pay-
able to the Feb 11th Defense Fund
Committee, Box 502 Station B
Contributions can be forward-
ed to the Guild of, Undergraduates,
Students' Union, UW1, Kingston 7.
c/o Glenville Hinds.



19 & 10b SAIE ROA

Textiles Ready-to-Wear, Knitnedr Foatmwu

Tel. 27218 pp.S.O. GUNTLEY

S.amals~e No, 1 Radio&TV Personality
0 Bf les asw hi
STAGE SHOWS Phone 21l7


Marcus Garvey Jnr.

First in a series on Black Power and the Caribbean

December 5, 1968-- Administra-
tion agreed to set up a committee
agreeable to the students and Perry

University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs