Title: Abeng
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100338/00002
 Material Information
Title: Abeng
Physical Description: 1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Abeng Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Kingston Jamaica
Kingston, Jamaica
Publication Date: February 8, 1969
Copyright Date: 1969
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
 Notes
Summary: The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100338
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05001780
oclc - 5001780

Full Text






















VOL. 1 NO 2 FEBRUARY 8 1969


"WE WANT OUR PEOPLE TO THINK FOR THEMSELVES:'

MARCUS GARVEY


P.N.P CHOICE





BLACK DOG OR MONKEY


SUGAR

RATIONING
The Chairman of the Cane
-armers' Association, Cedric Titus
proposed that sugar should be ra-
tioned in Jamaica. Since local sales
of sugar fetch less than sales to
Britain, the industry would get mo-
re money if less were sold to Jamai
-cans and more to Britain so the
argument goes.
It should be pointed out that
sugar in Jamaica is already rationed.
It is rationed by the amount of
money that people earn, or don't
earn. The rich can afford to buy
all the sugar they need to sweeten
their tea and bake their cakes. They
can afford to buy many things that
contain sugar, such as ice-cream and
chocolate and soft drinks. The poor
cannot.
In fact all food in Jamaica
is rationed by income. It was poin-
ted out in a New World "Sugar"
pamphlet that the average consum-
ption in Jamaica of meats is less
than a half pound per person per
week. Since the well-off must con-
sume more than the average, the
poor must get less.
Cuba introduced rationing of
goods so that everyone can get a
fair share. It would be interesting
to compare the Cuban ration with
what the poor Jamaican gets. ABE-
NG will try to do that next week.
Titus and the Sugar Manufac-
turers are also saying that since su-
gar is sold to Jamaicans for less
than the price the British pay for
it, the sugar industry is subsidising
the Jamaican consumer.
But it is the sugar industry
which is being subsidised. The price
the British pay for sugar is not a
market price but a special 'subsidy'
price. Part of this subsidy goes back
to the British owners of West In-
dian sugar companies as profit. In
addition, the British have been wil-
ling to pay the subsidy because in
return, they have certainty of sug-
ar supplies and they get preferences
on Briti goods entarin the West
Indies. The West Indian consumer
subsidies sugar and all the ether
agricultural exports by paying hig-
contd on page 4


Will PNP followers mash up the PNP conference on Sunday as they
did the NWU conference late last year? This is just what some fed-up
PNP followers are threatening to do


The PNP will choose a new leader
on Sunday. The choice is between
Vivian Blake and Michael Manley.
This year's conference is therefore
supposed to be a very important
one. Yet from reliable reports Sun
day's "very important conference
will be attended by only about a
quarter of the "groups" that attend-
ed the 1959 conference.

What has happened in the PNP since
1959? Why this lack of interest and
disgust among its followers?

Many PNPites seem to feel that to
choose between Vivian Blake and
Michael Manley is like being forced
to choose between 'black dawg and
monkey." And they are right.

There is not much difference bet
ween Michael Manley and Viv Blake.
They are slight variations on the
same theme. Both men were prody-
ced as a result of the split in the
PNP that drove the working class
from that party. And both men do
not have any intention of being
full-time leaders of their party. Viv
Blake will continue his work at the
Bar and Michael as Island Super-
visor of the NWU.

The contest on Sunday therefore
will be a contest of personalities,
not of ideas. This has long been the
trouble with Jamaican politics-Peo-
pie with nothing new to say using
"personality" to hide their lack of
ideas. Now it seems as if the public
is getting wise.

Michael has followed his cousin
Shearer's footsteps faithfully by app-
ointing three Assistant Island Super-
visors to the NWU. If he is elected
leader of the PNP, these men will
be expected to do the same job of
keeping the head union post safe
for Michael, as Shearer's Assistants
in the BITU have done for him. If
there is so little difference in think-
ing between the JLP and the PNP,
how can there be much between


Viv and Michael!
The lack of interest in the PNP
conference seems to indicate that
the small man has to realise that he
has long ceased to be a part of the
PNP. The PNP is now in danger of
having leaders without followers.
Meanwhile, some of the faithful
Viv Blake/Mike Manley factions are
whipping up excitement for the
coming contest by threatening to
shoot each other.
It is MARCUS GARVEY who
said that "the traitors among the
Negro Race are generally to be for-
nd among the men highest placed
in education and society, the fel-
lows who call themselves leaders.
(they) forget ... who placed them
in authority and through selfishness
arrogate to themselves all that is
good within the nation to the ex-
clusion of those who suffer and...
who placed them in their positions
of trust."

PREJ UDICE
RAM PANT

Colour prejudice and class pre-
judice are rampant in Jamaica. This
was the general view expressed at
a meeting arranged by the Chris
tain Action Group in St. Luke's
Church Hall on Monday night.
At this meeting, about 800
people and a panel of five exchanged
views on the problem of colour and
class in Jamaica.
It was felt by most people
at the meeting that the problem
at the meeting that colour and class
prejudice in Jamaica today, is the
result of a legacy which has been
maintained by the present econo-
mic system, by the kind of educa-
tion given to children, (especially
books), by religion, and by the
mass media (especially advertising
and TV).
The problem of how to wipe
out prejudice and discrimination was
not given much consideration by
the speakers. The main speakers
were, Errol Miller, Junior Wong,
Orlando Patterson, Rev. Smith and
Aaron Matalon.


WHO WILL WEAR THE MANTLE?



MINISTRY OF


LAND HUNGER

Most of the time, the Jamaican public learns about the views
of our political leaders, and their plans for us, through the speeches
these leaders make to foreign audiences. For example, the Prime
Ministers' view on sugar and diversification was first given before
a New York audience over a year ago. We learned about Michael
Manley's views on black power through recent speeches he made
in London and New York, And now, by eavesdropping on Billy
McLaren's conversation with some fly-by-night Americans, we man-
age to hear about the plans which the "Minister of Small Farming"
has in mind for rural development.


Anyway, let us took at what
we overheard of Billy McLaren's
plans for rural development As we
got it. the plan is to establish 13 14
new Land Authorities after the or-
der of Yallahs Valley and the Chris-
tiana Area.
Anyone familiar with these
Land Authorities must know the
problems. There are not enough
extension officers. (Billy says he
will look after that. How?) Land
holdings are too small for the far.
mer to make a profit. Incentives to
the small farmers are also too small.
Co-ordination of activities in these
areas do not begirnto meet the need
tor the purpose.
And, in at least one case, it
has been shown that the cost is way


in excess of the benefits Let Gov-
ernment publish its confidential ev-
aluation of the Yallahs Valley pro-
gramme so everyone will see
Creating more Land Authori-
ties is likely to lead to nothing else
than more jobs for civil servants.
Paper schemes with no substance
cannot bring about the necessa'y
revolution on the land. They only
serve to cover up the real problem.
Ever sinEe dur firefathers we
re grabbed: from Africa and brought
here as slarn the tgnd and ths plnr
station n paFticm r hfg been the s-
one of qup bitteesti st a4ggle BY
t934, p Soefathers hadl ace ed
ed in mashing up stlaery as a legai
cored an ppl, 4.



















01 1 0 I FESPRUARY 8 1969


BLACK PEOPLE




HAVE NO WORK
This is the first in a series of three articles The second article
wit explain WHY BLACK PEOPLE HAVE NO WORK. The third
sayS, r' T BLACK PEOPLE HAVE TO DO.


THE HORN REACHES

THE PEOPLE

ABENG is a national project. The ABFNLi will blow forever only
if the people of this country want it to blow forever. The sound has
started again because a small group of young men and women are
coamritted to the idea and decided to do something about it.

WHAT IS THE IDEA

The idea is to create a medium for the people of this country to
ground together To communicate with one another. We had no
meeans to do so before ABENG. The established newspapers,.radio
and TV give expression to only a small minority-the "educated".
And this minority cannot seriously be concerned with real issues
They do not suffer. So they see the issues from afar-

The majority of Jamaicans-the sufferers-have no medium for
communicating with themselves and with the rest of the people. The
few comfortable educated" ones who see, but do not feel the
pressures are cut off from the established press. ABENG will give
expression to all these people. But unlike the established press it
will also sound the views of all those with access to those other
channels

ABENG has one basic policy. It is the welfare of the nation as a
whole. Welfare in terms of human dignity, bread and work-in that
order.

HOW IT ALL BEGAN

This effort was started by a group of young men from all walks of
life. Some of these men were babies in 1938. Some were not yet
born i e have one thing in common. We are concerned about the
state of this country. About the fantastic amount of unemployment.
About the poverty. Poor housing. Poor education and schooling.
And above all, about our status as squatters in our own land.

What could we do? It did not make sense to join a political party.
Both have sold out the country. We do not want to be a part of that.
We had to find a way to communicate with others, If most of the
people feel the way we do, then we can do something about it.
if not drink you rum, try to forget about it, and die frustrated.

WHAT KIND OF NEWSPAPER

Our elders warned that the "Gleaner" would pose problems for any
newspaper. Our reply was that the "Gleaner" was irrelevant.
The ABENG is concerned with communicating. The "Gleaner" is
concerned with advertising.

ABENG is a non-profit effort. Voluntary efforts are providing what
we have now. The money and effort needed to build this paper
up to a 12 page weekly and to a daily depends on everybody. The
reporting of news, experiences-and distribution of the paper depends
on everybody. What sounds the ABENG will make in the future
depends on you.

Take charge of an area and blow the ABENG. Others will hear
through the paper If everyone takes up the Horn, nobody can stop
us. Nobody. Neither the American marines, ALCAN, nor the
"Gleaner".
You are involved. A few people have made a start. But everybody
must take a turn to blow the Horn of our Forefathers.


Black people have no work in
this c ,unIry and we want work.
The non black person without work
is the exception which only proves
the iile. Thousands of us have be
come refugees in foreign countries
and Janraica has lost our skills.

SLAVERY
Twice only in our history
black people had full employment.
That was during slavery and in the
years after emancipation. In slav-
very the planters and the laws they
made forced men to work for noth:
ing. At that time black men and
women were like machinery. All
black people except those who had
escaped the slave master's whip and
chain were forced to work

After slavery the freedmen le
ft the plantations and took to the
hills of freedom By the end of th'
nineteenth century small farmers
controlled all the land not already
taken by the planters or held in Cr
own reserves.
Work for all could last only
as long as there was land left to
work. By the end of the century
this was no longer so. The child
ren of the new peasantry had there-
fore to find work in Central Amer
ica or Cuba. Or they stayed on the
farm and cut up the land into smal
ler and smaller fragments.


A growing number became un-
der employed, snow ba'l vendors pu-
sh-cart businessmen, gardener boys
apprentices. Many had to catch.
ginal, scuffle and hustle their way
in a society which gave them nd
rhnire.

HOW MANY PEOPLE WITHOUT
WORK

Labour Never
Year Force No Work Work
1942 514,000 139,000 50,000
1953 625,000 111,000 20,000
1957 649,000 120,000 -
1960 648,000 82.000 45,000

SKILLS BUT NO WORK

The 1960 Census shows that
There were16.000 men and 21,000
women who at some time had a
job They had no work then al
though they wanted work. There
were over 6,000 craftsmen and tec-
hnical workers without work. These
were motor mechanics, plumbers,
electricians and caprenters. There


When it come to the cost of
living, dem set everything of subs
lance at a price way beyond the
poor man reach In the markets
rh best meet is put aside for the
big shot money people and for the
big hotels and restaurant owners.
The leftovers which is mainly bone


B 1 (ti If fE H 0R I \ r issold to the working people
/ I L 7t HL PO E 0 P L I
,,hen de boy dem cut up Mr
Kirton bus seat dem yuh nuh fe say
SLACK PO '..ER anytng man, for is pure crosses
An ie dem done Government
Three weeks ago some mtant black get poic e fe chase robot One man
people forced Sherer to make a should never hve de monopoly to
run bur because im can dish we
statement on B er a a rep anyting an what we can do? Dem
tion in London. The Prime Minister hold hve at least two bus ser
said "we will never support violent ice so when one let you down you
ce and destruction by people crying can spite it. Yuh know how much
Black Power.' I wo months before, morning I reach work late because
Manley said the same thing-he a bus.
supported Black Power only so long JO.S bus dat operate out
as it meant Black Dignity and side Kingston hke in Lawrence Tav
black pride' but his party has ern an" Golden Spring run off whole
always rejected violence as a politic heap a passenger vehicle off de road.
al weapon" When J O.S exren' a route, in law
no other bus can pick up. Man yuh
St M G know howv much patrol car me see
But hlsten to Marcus Garvey the
S rev to iv e out dew deh area All dem fe see
father of Black Power and the man out dem h area All dem fe see
how dem bus operating worse dan
t'anley. Shearer and the rest only anything else an instead dem run-
recently discovered was the national ning other people off de road.
hero
'Any sane man, race or nation All fe a young gal like me it
that desires freedom must first hard to get work An' when you
of 3 ihink in terns of blood get de work de boss man always
.There is no strength but wa'an play wid you. Today me go
that which s destructive because down matches factory to look a
wok Three years now a doan work
man has lost his virtues and only an me couldn' even get paper to
respects force.
Who is eight? I is Manley who said
The ph osophy that Marcu-aarvey
preached is still as valid today as it u t
was when he reached it"
But the black an must beware
What is happening is that the PNP- of "white-hearted" black men.
JLP so-called leaders are trying des- today's false prophets. One way to
perately to catch up with the black do this is to read and listen to
people'sconsciousnessofthemselves Garvey.
and what they have to do. So that
they "make" Garvey a national hero The Philosophy & Opinions of
say they support black power but Marcus Garvey is the black man's
condemn as subversive things Garey rights-not those who stand up for
himself was saying. The knots they them.
get themselves into are there for I am etc.,
all to see. BLACKMAN
*- --- - --- ^________ .. . -


were over 1,000 dressmakers and
8,000 domestic servants who had no
work. Quite recently we heard of
1.000 women applying for one do-
mestic work in America.

PART TIME WORK

Of the 382,000 men who we
re employed, one out of every four
had worked for four days or less
during the week. So these men can-
not be said to have been fully em-
ployed. Among the women emplo-
yed, one out of every five had wor-
ked only for four days or less dur-
ing the week. That census was nine
years ago. We have been kept ignor-
ant of the increase in people with
no work since then.
The amount of people look-
ing for work is expected by Govern-
ment to increase by 202,000 bet-
ween 1960 and 1970. Too many
of us are without work. This can
and must be remedied. Next week
we will explain why black people
have no work.
(See New World pamphlet
on Unemployment)


sign up. When you wa'an see wom-
an you know, is matches factory
you mus' come. All whore out a
Eas' come fe look work because de
man dem doan have no money.
De gal dem down deh cuss de
woman wide
woman wid de paper dem you see,
bout de boss-man seh she musn't
han' out any.
Boy, dis is a true ting, I never
have luck wid a woman to get a
job yet, is always wid a man. All
de time me work down chicken fac-
tory, is de boss-man yard me an
Madgie have to go fe get do little
work. And after him gi' we de work
and we go back to de woman de
nex' morning, she still wouldn' gi'
we till we mek him, himself come
down an' talk to her.
All man me see come down a
matches factory wid dem woman
an' threaten to bun' up de place if
dem woman come back a yard with-
out get de little work.
Nex week a goin' for an inter-
view wid de Agency for domestic
work in America. Is dem is another
tiefness again. But still a tink dis
one soun' reasonable so a goin' try
'im out.

CAPITAL

by C.L.R. JAMES
"It is from this misreading of
our society (backward, underdevel-
oped, just emerging from colonial
status) that springs belief in the
Industrial Bevelopment Corporati-
on as our main source of economic
progress. This slavish dependence
upon foreign capital and foreign en-
terprise has for centuries crippled
the colonialist economy and today
the same mentality, dressed in a
national flag and beating an inde-
pendence drum, continues the col-
onialist status Its economic way of
life depends on loan and gifts, giv-
ing away substantial productive for-
ces of the country in return for
highly expensive and totally neteo
miorn iuekrsai'in imnploymaikt'


n-rli
HI SUFE R RS
QiiRYri












WHY WE ARE DISPOSSESSED
In this two part article GEORGE BECKFORD traces the Nevertheless, many of these
"History of Our Dispossession" and says what is necessary "freed" slaves managed to leave
if the boiling pot of discontent is not to overflow as it he plantation at the earliest
did in 1865 and 1938 opportunity. They tried to regain
.some of the dignity they had M arcu s
lost du inmg slavery by faamin
on a small scale on land that
they could get Thi trend -as
bitterly opposed by the planters.
who did e.ery thing within their

power to sabotage it.
S The Morant Bay Rebellion' THE NnEGRO ON HIS DEF LC


was a direct result of this at-
temv t of the planters to try and
suppress an independent peas-
antry which could destroy their
source of cheap labour The
ruling class which had enjoyed
some measure of internal salf-
Government, panicked so much
at this show of strength by the
blacks, that they gave up the
right to have a say in govern-
Ing their country as they felt
that this was the best way to
save their necks. Jamaica be-
came a Crown Colony and poli-
tical power moved further away.
instead of nearer, to the blacks,
A hundred years went by. Du-
ring that time, there was little
change in the social order. Black
men were still uneducated, had
no vote and little or no proper
medical care. During this time,
the ruling class began accepting
some black men who followed
its thinking, into its ranks. If a
black man wanted to own money
and gain economic power, he
was forced to cut himself off
from his people. Thus, the very
people who could have helped
the masses were encouraged to
forget them.
1938 "THE POT OF
DISCONTENT
The long depression which had
started in the late 1920's made
the population so desperate that
an explosion in the nineteen
thirties was inevitable. The signs
had been clear for those who


JUST BELOW BEVERLY HILLS dispossessed have to
bundle together in shacks like these.

The crisis in Jamaican society today is the sour fruit of seeds
planted over 130 years ago. The problems needing to be resolved
are problems which were created in 188 after the abolition of
slavery. To understand this fully, it will be necessary to examine
our history.
Before emancipation, the ma- slaves equal with their former
jority of our people had no con- masters. In order to free black
trol over the decisions affecting men from being outcasts in their
their lives, They were listed with society, this new social order
the cattle on the plantations on would have had to offer them
which they toiled Since eman- the chance to gain economic,
people still have no control over political and social power.
decisions affecting their lives
A careful study will show that FOREIGN OWNERSHIP
this is so. Because of tne foreign This was not done. Although
control of our economy, the the slaves were told that they
masses of our people were out- were "free", ard were given the
casts in 1838 They were out- legal status of free men, the
casts In 1938. And today, despite large foreign-owned plantations
seven years of "independence", managed by a few white Europ-
they are still outcasts, eans continued to have a
The abolishment of slavery stranglehold on them. The plan-
should have heralded the dawn tation owners continued to be
of a new social order. It was im- the ruling caste and the black-
perative that a new system be man continued to be a squatter
created to make the "freed" in his own land.


BEVERLY HILLS one of Roy MeNeil's many mansins




THE FUTURE
Individuals and groups interested in helping to organize fund-raising
reporting and distribution in their areas are invited to write THE
ABENG PUBLISHING CO., 4 Collins Green Avenue, Kingston 5.

WRITE TO ABENG!

We win tell the real stories, and print comment and analysis, on
wry topic-sports, politics, entertainment, the economy, crime, etc.
We invite voluntary help in these matters.

WRITE FOR ABENG!

In addition to new, comment and analysis, we will run feature
rticIs on "Where We Can Go From Here"-plans for rural and
urban development, reform of the civil service; legal reform, etc.

SUPPORT ABENG!

The present 4 page weekly is a start to move up to a 12 page weekly
by June after acquiring our own press with popular financial
subacriptieno
ABENG MUST BLOW DAILY!

After tht the target is a DAILY. ABENG must blow daily in
,M g.M ll-_ ,_


times
Farmers, unable to make a
decent living from the land had
been pouring into Kingston
daily They had been coining on
foot, on buses, on donkeys Some
hitch-hiked And in Kingston,
most could not find the jobs
they had hoped for Unemploy-
ment was soaring The few jobs
to be had paid wages that did
not offer subsistence living To
make matters worse, countries
like Cuba and Panama where
thousands of Jamaicans had
gone to seek a iiving were send-
ing these people home because
their economies had been hard
hit by the depression In Jamai-
ca, these men who had had op-
portunities of seeing nationalism
and direct racism, swelled the
ranks of the unemployed,
The rising middle-class, seek-
ing political power, beseiged the
newspapers with letters on the
crisis in the society Alexander
Bustamante, one of the chief
letter writers of the time, who
was later to capture the people's
revolution and channel it along
the lines fitting to the Colonial
Office, summed up the situation
In these words. "The pot of dis-
content Is boiling. Today, it has
reached the brim. Tomorrow, it
may overflow "


The appearance of the "Blackman" is another weapon in the
armoury of Negro defence. It is a familiar experience in war for
the enemy to move to the attack under a screen which hides him
from the view of the foe who unsuspecting is attacked unawares
and destroyed. The language, though metaphorical, is yet true, as
it accurately expresses the movements and operation of the system
inaugurated and maintained by the white man, which, if not for
the purpose of, yet is achieving the end, of crushing the Negro
out of existence, We admit that many individual whites are not
personally guilty of the ma mulation of things to this alarming
extent; some, and an increasing number, take serious objection to
it. There are others who accept the results as part of their daily
experience and care not a straw whether the Negro lives or dies
That is none of their business. But there are others still who glory
in the system; they pride themselves in accentuating the evil effects
and make opportunity for the manifestation of such pride and yet
their evolutions towards this end are hidden behind the screen of
hypocrisy.
NO HATE IN THE NEGRO
The "Blackman" preaches no hate, but God knows that it
takes the Negro and the Negro alone to maintain his defence with-
out manifesting the spirit of devilish hate. For if the White man,
unprovoked, but seeking his own selfish ends makes the Negro his
prey and still finds room for the display of Hate for the Negro
his innocent victim, how much more of this feeling might the Negro
not be expected to display' But the man who helped his Saviour
to bear the Cross must surely exhibit less hate than the man who
crucified his Saviour.
NO EXTREME
And let our people beware of thinking our remarks are in any
measure extreme when we use such expressions as "crushing" and
"destroying" the Negro, for the white man has long before today
undertaken the job of exterminating other Races. His only difficulty
with the African Negro is his virility and his vitality. The Negro
simply will not die. For all else in his favour he would long ago
have been stone dead.

OUR DEFENCE IS AGGRESSIVE
We must get on our defence and this consists, not in preach
ing hate, but not, by any means, in supine inactivity and ignorance
of the system and methods of the enemy listlessly waiting for some
miracle to bring us deliverance, some of us only partially conscious
of any danger to our existence.

Let us arise, reatise the situation, shake ourselves from the
dust, break loose from -nds of our neck We are no longer
captives The Black man -nember of the Free Press of this coun
try. The Negro is no long muzzled. We speak for seven-eights of
the people of Jamaica. In the name of the Negro we are out to
conquer or to die. It is for life we fight, and life means growth.
So our defence lies in aggression. We will lay hands on the good we
see around. There is enough in this Jamaica to satisfy everybody.

"Enough for each, Enough for all,
Enough for evermore."
And we must have our share.

"BLACKMAN" EDITORIAL, Sat. April 27, 1929.



SOUNDS OF



THE HORN
ABENG went to the population last week with the fin.: edi-
tion. The ABENG ASSEMBLIES will.continue right across the
country. They will ound the HORN right in your ears But you
don't have to wait till it blows right next to you. YOU CAN
ANSWER NOW.

"I'm not a patriot, nor Jamaican
buta rightist, thar's why l,1 sup- "Governmet buy out The whole
port ABENG Jamaica i that"

"Anything for a different opin-
ion...... "Freeo won't come by beggi4 "


These were but a few nf the many Pamnents made to
ABENG in the HORN'S progrwo among the pDple. ASSEMBLIES
were held in Falmouth, Brown's Town, $Sansh Town, May Pan
Port Ahtonio and Kingston.
The ABENG i now echoing Shroughout the Iladnt


IIIU YLrLII~C











CONFUSION



IN COURTS


The length of the list of civil cases in the Courts today is
nothing short of a scandal.
With twice as many judges in the Supreme Court today as
there were before Independence, the backlog of cases is worse
than it has ever been in recent times;


Each term more new cases
come on to the waiting list.than
the amount of cases which are dis-
posed of by the judges.
The main cause of this situa-
tion is the present method of set-
ting down for trial in accordance
with the convenience to the law-
yers involved ad not according to
the time pending. This has resulted
in severe hardship to litigants in gen
-eral and particularly to poor pe-
onle
They have lost their bread-
winners or their ability to earn a
living because of a rad accident.
It has aso become quite common
for lawyers to adjourn cases on gro-
unds of improper preparation. And
eventually the client has to pay the
cost of the adjournment
Judges are also at fault. They
do not seem anxious to dispose of
of the work. Too easily they grant
adjournments, to lawyers. The res-
ult is that on many days the courts
are empty although there are thou-
sands of litigants waiting to have
their cases heard. SOME WAIT FOR
AS LONG AS FIVE YEARS. Many
of them come from the country
parishes

Government is also partly to
blame. They have shown complete
contempt for the entire adminis-
tration of justice by maintaining
the Supreme Court as one of the
most dirty and inefficient public
buildings in the entire country. But
perhaps when they Iook around and
see that the CHIEF JUSTICE, THE
HEAD OF THE JUDICIARY, HAS
NOT SAT IN OPEN COURT FOR
THE YEAR. they should not be
concerned


ABENG acknowledges the many
letters of congratulations and good-
will from a wide cross section of
Jamaicans on its First Publication.


The Resident Magistrate's co
urt which is supposed to be the
small man's court is in pretty much
the same mess Indeed there is one
magistrate who only works between
10 a.m. and 1 p.m.


The status of justice in Jama
ica is adequately depicted by the
physical surroundings of the Supr-
me Court. In front of it is a newly
built terraced garden. On one syde
is the imposing headquarters of Bar
clays Bank D.C.O. On the other
side is a commercial business and
behind it is the brand new car park
built by Mr. Seaga's Kingston Re-
Development Company.


AFRICAN BATTLELINE by Omo Ogun

STOLEN CULTURE


Last month the Italian Gover-
nment sent back the statue of the
Lion of Judah which Mussolini st-
ole from Ethiopia more than thirty
years ago. But the Italians took at
the same time. This is another bat-
le which the African is fighting to-
,day ... the battle to recover the
many things which the white man
stole from him during past centu
ries.
The white man stole many
things. He stole the brothers and
sisters of the African to use as his
slaves, he stole the African's land
he stole his culture, and he stole
his mind. Just as the white man
was not afriad to use the African's
labour or his land, so he is not
afraid to use his culture. Carvings
made by Africans are now orna-
ments for the city squares of Italy
the museums and rich men's homes
of Britain and the U.S.A. The black
man's jazz music is popular with
young white people everywhere. B-
ut what culture was given to the
black man in return? The culture
of the slave, of the exploited lab-
ourer; colonialism brainwashed the
mind of the African with these
while taking his true culture for
itself
The Black man, then, is fight-
ing a battle for his own mind. He
has to find himself again, to find
his true dignity. He has to recover


LIGHTBOURNE NEXT?


maica at the Heads of Government Shear
for success. Conference for the Commonwealth "retir
Caribbean in Port-of-Spain this we mans
ek year.


I GET IT FOR LESS

THE BROOKLYN STORES

19 & 10b SLIPE ROAD

Textiles, Ready-to-Wear, Knitwear and Footwear


Tel. 27278


I IT RECC
ENTERTAr i
sECOPO
i'" ** TAES


Prop. S.O. GUNTLEY


It is
ment
to ai
privy


hi carvings and his music, his idea
and his feelings, which were taken
away from him by the missionary
the government official and the tea-
cher. In some parts of Africa, like
Guinea, Mali and Tanzania, serious
efforts are being made to recover
the black man's dignity The capi-
talist press mocks at the Tanzanian
Government when it attacks mini-
skirts, hair-straightening, and rock
and roll (white man's corruption
of the black man's music). Yet wh
at Tanzania is trying to do is to
make the African proud of himself
again. What the capitalists fear is
that they will lose markets for their
clothes, juke-boxes, records and ot-
her rubbish.

Slowly the white man is los-
ing his hold over the African's mind
Yet he still has powerful allies. The-
re are many black men who have
been so completely brainwashed tha-
been so completely brainwashed th-
at they think that the only good
ideas, the only real culture comes
from the white man. And often
these black men are the rulers of
of the new African states. Just as
they often help the white man to
exploit thier black brothers econo-
mically, so they also help him keep
their minds in chains. The African
will never be truly free until these
house-slaves of the white man have
been swept away along with his rule.


is a sign of things to come?
people are speculating that
er will soon go into playboy
cement" at his new Long Lane
ion. This mav be later this

understood that after retire-
Shearers only duties will be
lvise Queen Elizabeth on her
business.


MOUNTAIN VIEW AVE'


SUGAR LAND
SU A IIconed from page
i nsahution. Yet today, many of its
RATIONING ieatures remain
The small farmer has always
contd from page 1 been, and must continue to be, in
n


her prices than we need for impor-
ted good This is because we give
preferences to British goods by cha-
rging very high duties on non-Bri-
tish goods.
In tact, the consumer often
has to do without certain things
because of the preferences we give
to Britain. For example, the poor
would be able to'afford cheap Ja-
panese cloth and shoes. They can-
not afford to buy the more expen-
sive British items. So the consu-
mar is really paying a hell of a price
to subsidizd sugar etc.
And since devaluation of the
Jamaican pound and all other West
Indian currencies was done to pre-
serve these export industries, we
are all subsidising these industries
through the higher prices we pay
for American, Canadian and Europ-
san goods.
There may be nothing wrong
in subsidising sugar, if we can be
shown that it is betty than subsi-
dising other agricultural industries
such as beef, dairying, foodstuffs
and fishing. We would like someone
to show this.


COMING SOON

A HISTORY OF JAMAICAN HEROES

In Jamaica today although we are "independent" .ne black man
is still "The Last Jamaican". Black people look down on thtmsens
end are looked down uoon by white people and neoapl from the


"- '~, m ^ s~m o"^ ether raceL Most people in Jamaica still think In tea terms ot a six
o year old child who said "Black is not a nice colons".

iC B TER The black man cannot feel proud of being black unless ha kna
PRINCE BUSTER his past For this reason ABENG will write every week, the life story
Jamaica s No 1 Radio & TV Personality of the great man in our history. Men like TACKEY, BOUKMAN,
RECORD SHACK SAM SHARPE, BOGLE and GARVEY. Men whogs lives should be
47 CHARLES STREET o taught in schools but are not ABENG feels that by not taking
KINGSTON, JAMAICA black children about their great Ien. the schools are taking
ups n the tools to tree then children of their hatred of tlhaitmsle.
E RS ABENG will therrere try to write these stoie so imply that shool
OwG Phone 26272 children ad adults who cannot dra wld will wi able to read.thed s
i Teachers please note.


t e lead n our struggles to over-
come. They must continue to cre
ate a revolution on the land if we
are to break the stranglholdof the
plantation
The real problems of the small
farmer are imposed by a look at
land distribution in this country.
The figures show that 300 farms
of over 500 acres each have nearly
a half of the country's farm land.
Compare that with 113,000
farms of less than five acres. The
owners of all he small farms havs
to scrape a living on only ome-
of the farm land in Jamaica. W j
could be more criminal That is th
reward our small farmers have ear
ed for fighting their way throu
slavery and 125 morte ears of col
oniat rule.,
The:bauxite companies havi
captured hundreds of thousands ol
acres of our land. The sugar plan
tations continue. They control near
ly 200,000 acres with some of the
best farm land in the country. (But
in all fairness to Billy, this is not
in his portfolio. Gyles Is "Minister
of Plantatili") -
On top of all this, we have
the indignities of the North Coast
Foreign-owned hotels and foreigner
living in Jamaica, control a large
portion of our land and some of the
best real estate in the country. Not
to mention the best beaches And
these white foreigners show cooti
prejudice againsr black JLaraican
These are the thing we mus
think of. We have to destroy at
these legacies. We cavnt make
breakthrough with this foolishne
about Land Authorities and Lan
Settlement Scherwm
We e t*rld of being seta
l tw blackwoods, in the hill co
try. Thi lad a ouri We mwit a
it And keep t


PulisbyEN B L O W S FR Y OKinon ntedbycePrntingLt tetKi
Published by The Abeng Publishing Compary Ltd., 4 Collins Green Av.. Kingston 5 Pnnted by Brice Printing Ltd. 6 Eat Steetit, Kwift


-


"l~c,~~lcr,~c,~~,~rC,~C~3~ 110~1)~1




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