Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: August 31, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00059
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text


OffICIAl ORGAN Of HiE WORKERS IIBfRATION IfAWliE Issue No. 9 Augst 31, 1978



The IMF agreement requires that the
Government relies fully on giving the
capitalists more profits and other in-
centives in order to get production going.
This places very heavy economic burdens
on the backs of the working people as the
recent price increases discussed in Mark
Figueroa's column shows.
But inspite of this we see that today when
we are approaching the second set of tests it
is the capitalists who supported the
agreement who are now squealing out most
against the Government. It is clear that
they do not intend to co-operate. Their in-
tention is not to make positive efforts
toward the development of production but
rather to score political points against the
Government on any issue.
A good example of this is the question of
corruption. In two recent cases where
capitalists were caught smuggling money
Sand over-invoicing hundreds of thousands of
dollars the capitalist spokesmen were quiet
and you had to look on the back pages of the
newspapers to find any mention of these
crimes. But when a case of irregularity
arises in a Government company it is
blasted across the front page. What is worse
however is that no attempt is made to make
* a positive suggestion as to how to control
corruption in the public sector.
Instead of even giving token support to
the Chief Justice's Commission to enquire
into corruption as weak as it is the
capitalist spokesmen are busily trying to
undermine the credibility and integrity of
the Chief Justice.
The main issue for them is not whether
the Commission is broad or effective
For the capitalists the main thing is to
find a way to undermine every action taken
by Government and to put the blame on
them for every problem while covering up
their crimes and political aims.- For us,
however, if we have an Enquiry into
corruption it should be broadened to deal
with all aspects of corruption and economic
crimes. This is urgent as swifter action is
necessary to clamp down on corruption in
the public and private sectors.
The attitude of the capitalist spokesmen
to the key economic units In the ad-
- ministration -such as the Trade
Administrator, the State Trading Cor-
poration,ther cover-up of he exprt racket
* involving millions of dollars of foreign
Exchange lioavh-nvac ng6 allpelntto the
Fact That the role that the Government has
to give the capitalists under IMF Is not
The capitalists only encouraged the
; fo ermaetto take the IMF route o put us
deepe into the imperialist trap ad make
th alternative moe dlilt.

4,000 assist Combined Tobacco workers

A lesson in


WORKERS OF 32 fac- eks and have refu- what tne workers
tories in Industri- sed to return to call 'Monkey mon-
al Estate have co- work until their ey', an offer whi-
me out in practical just demands for wa- ch even falls way
support of workers ge increases are below the 15% wage
on strike at Jamai- met. While James guideline imposed
ca Combined Tobacco Chang, the owner, by the IMF..
Company on Develop- is getting more pr-
ment Road. The su- osperous, the high- Negotiate
pport has taken the est paid workers Chang refused to
form of money,atten- receive only $38.00 continue negotia-
ding the picket li- per week, and the tion until the wor-
ne, and sending news lowest paid- the kers went back to
releases supporting apprentices,S15.00 work, and has gone
the workers strug- per week. Millio- so far as to accuse
gle. ns of cigars are the workers of be-
The 70 tobacco produced for export traying him behind
workers represented by these-workers his back by going
by the TUC have been every year. on strike. ( This
on strike for 5 we- Chang has offered is the same Chang

Doing well on the land

HAMILTmn MT. is a
district situated
on the western side
of St. Mary with
4,000 people. Mo-
st of the people
are employed and
have to look to
the land for their
livelihood. Over

85a of the land in-
cluding al the be-
st land is cotro-
lled by 5 land go-
McGregor controls
300 acres of land
which is about 60%
of the land in the
entire district.

e also has twoh to-
ze properties in
st arey.
In February last
year 25 serious
and determined sm-
all farmers and
youths, -both men
and women, took
over about 45 acr-,

who said last year
he is not 'breed-
ing' any of the wo-
rker so he doesn't
see why he should
pay maternity lea-
These workers, or-
ganised by the TUC,
have refused to re-
turn to work until
their claims are
settled, and have
stated that the da-
ys of falling under
the spell of Cha-
ng's sweet mouth
are over.
The class solida-
Cont'd on P. 2

After 8 months
these 25 farmers
produced 2000 Ibs.
of sweet potatoes,
850 Ibs. of onions,
2000 lbs. of toma-.
toes, 6000 lbs of
corn, 60,000 Ibs.
cassava 3000 lbs
pumpkin, 100 qt
Cord on P.

Plants give money

Page 2
following plants
have given money
to the Combined
TQbacco Workers in
support of their
strike struggle
for wage increas-
es Carit Brae,
::;cnai Tocl an-
E.- Parints
a 'ast'-'
gc, "eale Indus-
tries, Serv-We ,
Orbit Industrie ,
Dura-le ProducQs,
Janaica Packaging,
Renown Garments,
Plastic Containers,
Tropical Batteries,
Westinghouse, Me-
tal Box, Station-
ery Manufacturers.
The WLL Agitation
-- itt h l

en us and pledged funds Geddes, Paper
gven fnds and Grading Annis, Tia cessors, J.Wr
attended the pick- Maria, Colgate Pal- Nephew, Sepro
et line. molive, Davon, T. 'Jamintel. Sal
Workers of the fo- Geddes Grant, W.I. K.I.W., Feder
llowing plants have Glass, Desnoes and Pharmaceutica

Govt. too soft on pilots
THE STRIKE of stew- and which most wo- Under the govi
ardesses and ground rkers have had to ment settlement
crew of Air Jamai- observe. captain now Qg

ca has been due to
the double-stand-
ards used by Air
Jamaica management
and the Government
in dealing with
their employees.

While the stewar-
desses and ground
crew agreed to ac-
cept the $10 limit
on salary increases
the pilots have
stuck out for big
increases which in-
clude large foreign
exchange allowances.
The pilots' increase
ranges from 52% to
70%. This is far
above the 15% limit
imposed by the IMF

I Solidarity

rity of other wor-
kers has helped
the tobacco wor-
kers to stand up
to Chang. This
concrete express-
ion of solidarity
is an important
progressive devel-
opment for not only
the Industrial Es-
tate workers, but
for all workers in
is important
seveslopent is the
i of the .cr-
:ers experience
r.i painstaking po-
--c:al educatincr
--n by organi-
zations like the
..L (which has dis-
tributed Struggle
every fortnight
since early 1975).

As a result of the
wage increases
granted the pll:ts
a first-year DC-8
captain now earns
in the region of
J $51,000 and se-
nior pilots are a-
bove J S60,000 per
What is more al-
though pilots get
allowances for
meals, board and
lodging and trans-
portation they de-
manded scarce Am-
erican dollars for
"out-of-pocket ex-

ont'd from P. 1
Another importa-
nt development is
the role of women
workers in the To-
bacco strike. Of
the 170 workers,
160 are women and
the women play the
leading role in the
union and in the
present strike.

s-mehow they are
able to manage;
what looked impos-
sible has prover.
possible in stru-
-le One of the
workers lives as
f -r away as StC a-
ri and she attends
the picket lines
frequently. There
are no strike bre-
akers among the
170 workers.

ay &

nt a

US $600 per month,
a first officer
US $450 and a se-
cond officer US
$350. What are
these out of pocket
American dollar
expense accounts
in aid of? Why
should the pilots
get so much Amer-
ican dollars? Do
they live abroad
or are they local

As a result of this
gift-package to
the pilots of Air
Jamaica, steward-
esses and ground
staff have deman-

The woLL salutes
the workers of Co-
mbined Tobacco and
the over 4,000 wo-
rkers of the 32
plants for this
important step th-
ey have taken.
This step should be
only the first in
a series of steps
towards closer un-
ity, solidarity
and struggle.
Already blossoms
are appearing. Ch-
ang has come off
his high horse and
had to attend ne-
gotiations on Au-
gust 25 at the Mi-
nistry of Labour.
However the Mini-
stry of Labour, us
using the so-called
national interest
argument of the
company being a


THE OPPRESSIVE price increases which wo-
rking people have been experiencing sinI
ce the implementation of the IMF agree-
ment have now been revealed in the offii
cial government statistics.
The latest bulletin from the Departmej
nt of Statistics reported a 13.3% inc-
rease in the consumer price index(the
official measure of the cost of living)
Even if some working people may feel
r financial contri- this is an understatement of the situ-1
ation this document by itself illustra-
tes the shock treatment which the IMF -
JOS, Tanners, Li- is applying to the economy and the wor-
ghtening Zip, Na- king people.
tional Packaging 13.3% we must remember is more than d
and N.C.C. worker is likely to get after deduct-
ions from the 25% stipulated wage inc-i
rease under the guidelines. In one
month the cost of living increased near
ly as much as the 14% recorded last yea
ar. In the two months of the IMF agre-
ded that their ement the cost of living rose 21.6% or
contract be re- 'more than in any one year in recent his-
opened, tory except the year of the oil crisis
in 1973.

Too soft

The Management and
the Minister of
Labour have said
a blunt 'No' to
this request.
The staff, there-
fore, went on

Government has
been too soft on
Air Jamaica pilots
who clearly seem
to want the air-
line to be groun-

earner has threat-
ened the workers
telling them that
if they do not ac-
cept Chang's mon-
key money the com-
pany will be dec-
lared an essential
The workers say
they will not bow
to this IMF con-
dition when over
4,000 other wor-
kers stand firm
with them.

No surprise

These increases come as no surprise.
Whenever a country follows the IMF it
sends the cost of living out of sight.
However we are entering a new stage.
The present increase if it continues,
would represent an annual increase of
361%. Whereas the cost of\living used
to settle down a few months after a de-
valuation in the present agreement the
monthly develuations of 1.5% will en:;-
ure that the cost of living continues
to rise. Thus in spite of government
denials the League's view that the cost
of living will rise at least 60% over
the year following the IMF agreement
sill stands.
This is the experience of other coun-
tries like Uruguay where the increase
averaged 64.7% over 6 years.
Seagas' spokesmen are pretending to b
alarmed" by these increases. But they
have stated publicly that they support
the IMF strategy. The call for a roll
back in prices is nothing more than a
political gimmick because there is only
one way to stabilize prices and that
is to reject the IMF.
Any IMF agreement must include devaln
ation, higher taxes and increased pro-
fits (which one estimated to-double un-
der the present agreement) all of which
put up the cost of living. Thus anyone
who supports the IMF strategy supports-
higher prices.

Choose alternative

The reality of the situation .is hapo-
ming clearer every day. .
Working people cannot alow.t-eir po-
pes and wishes to cloud their visicA-
We must face the reality. Jamaica is
like any other country. If we.follow
the IME path the gain~9f t e progres-
sive movement wil$ be destroyed, ae
Brazil, Uruguay, Egypt or Sri Ja.ap t
More than ever now, we must ,ue every,
new development to convince qur 4ello
workers that they must choose Aj Mtr-:

COlMRADE RUPERT Walters of WEL handing ove
bution to workers at Combined Tobacco.

Page 3

Terror in

IN A MATTER of le sa a.e, -e. It is they who
:unutes fire nad 'You see ggy 3 firstt gave unemplo-
;utted the entire aeath. rhe -.inas .ed youths guns to
belongings of UAWU T see on that ro- Kill other unempl-
member Mr McKinley aa! yed youths.
and Mr Davis and They killed Junie, They are so mora-
their families, and while her mother Ily bankrupt that
nearly everything and her seven chi- they can never un-
belonging to Moth- Idren looked on derstand any poli-
er Brown, Comrade helpless. tics which is bas-
Trevor Munroe's M Mo n ed on the unity of
helper. The fla- the working peop-
mes were lit by Shortly after th- le, JLP and PNP,
gunmen early Thur- at the gunmen kill- as well as no-pa-
sday morning, Augu- ed Mr Moulton, a rty people alike.
st 17. PNP group leader This kind of pol-
An ugly nightmare over seventy years itics is working-
became a reality, old. One day, mo- class politics not
First the crimi- nths before he di-- capitalist politi-
nals shot Mr Powell ed, as I passed by cs. This is the
in his own bar in his impact progra- politics of the
January, blinding mme gang, Mr Moulton WLL.
him for life. Then said he would like This is the poli-
they killed Parko, to have a discuss- tics WLL cadres
a young soldier, ion with me. When have been practis-
who on the night I checked him this ing in Hermitage
they gunned him fully aged man re- for years, build-
down was trying called his years as ing the mass orga-
to make peace. a political activi- nizations of the
In February or st for the PNP, people, helping
March Eggy said to regretted the IMF them to put on the-
me,"Barry, ease up agreement, felt th- ir annual Cultural
on the police sta- at Michael wanted Days, which crimi-
tion, for if they to help the peop- nals have stopped
see is you pushing le but was surro- for the first ti-
t they will kill unded by bad advi- me in five years.
ERROL EASY, President of Horizon Villa
Park Youth Club, Spanish Town, and Pre-
... In sident of South West St. Catherine
Youth Council, was gunned down on Aug-
Spust 15 outside his home.
Spanish No robbery was committed.
The loss of Bro. Errol Easy is a blow
Town to the progressive movement. The W.L.L.
calls on the youths in St. Catherine
not to draw away from their regular
too ... youth club activities, as this is what
the reactionaries would like.
you:" Two months sers, and wanted This is the po-
later I was kneel- to know if I could litics feared by
ing beside Iis bu- not beg Trevor, the reactionaries,
llet riddled body "your leader", to those who for four
at the incinerator help him. I left h undred years have
of the University him edified and divided and ruled
dump. You could strengthened, for the black people
weigh the grief il he had not been of this country.
the hearts and on known in the cor- Hence, if they can
the faces of the unity for radi- smear the name of
people in Hermita- cal views. Before the future Worke-
ge young and old we could sit down rs Party of Janmai-
In terror many to reason again, ca to make people
began moving out, the gun totting believe that it is
some of them faith- criminals robbed the same as theirs
ful STRUGGLE read- the progressive mo- they would have su-
ers. vement of the ben- cceeded in discre-
They stopped com- efit of his years diting us .
ing to the meetings of experience. The Hermitage
we set up to impro- And now the bur- Branch of the WLL
ve relations bet- nings". Wilmot Per- calls on all pro-
ween the citizens kins and his 'bl- gressive forces
and the Security ood for blood and to denounce this
Forces. "I'll co- fire for fire'fri- attack by the rea-
operate with the ends are trying ctionaries and to
police, but I don't to use these cri- show their solida-
want them to mark minal attacks aga- rity with the peo-
me." wa the view inst Hermitage to pie of Hermitage
,ef maxy'people. even openly sugg- in.,a,.mas se4t, to.
.Onre day by 'Mr et that the WLL is ...i
tX-ltIls' br. -Jun-. behind.the violen- ber.

REMAINS OF the burnt-out house of Mother Brown, result of
terrorist attack.

Alcan 's crimes
THE PEOPLE in par- sed. out the situation.
ts of St Catheri- At Mount Rosser, In fact, they
ne are reaping a there are cracks in have stepped up
bitter harvest fr- the walls of many their actions ag-
om the operations houses because of ainst the people.
of ALCAN's Ewarton the vibration from As one of the big-
Works. the blasting of gest landowner in
And the attitude dynamite at the the area, they re-
of ALCAN to their site of the new Red nt only a small
plight once again Mud lake ALCAN is section to a few
bears out the les- building. poor farmers,"te-
son that the im- These vibrations nnants at will".
perialists care also open cracks in Idle land
little for the he- the old lake thro- Most of the land
alth, livelihood ugh which the was- lies idle
and general welfa- te seep undergrou- In 1970, they
-r+hof the working nd. laid off 300 work-
people. In Cotton Piece, ers. They have
Earlier on this which is nearest cut production and
year, it was expo- the plant, the dropped plans for
sed that red mud smell of the Cau- expansion which
from ALCAN Ewarton stic is very stro- should have been
was contaminating ng. carried out, for
the Rio Cobre Riv- ALCAN once had to example, the inst-
er. But this is give zinc to peop- alling of turbines.
only a small part le to replace the- Alcan has stopped
of the story. ir roofs. The cau-
stic in the atmos- s "community pro-
Waste phere rust the zinc gramme" which in-
Poor farmers in and causes leaks. cluded assisting
the area have had One can imagine youth clubs with
their crops and li- what it does to sports gear. Acc-
vestock destroyed people to breathe ording to the Corn-
by the Caustic Wa- it in every day. pany, "political
ste released by the It is said that ex- activists" are in
Ewarton plant, thr- posure to the cau- the Clubs.
ough a gully at stic over a long But this was af-
Cotton Piece in St period causes im- ter using youth
Catherine. So potence. corps workers to
far ALCAN has not Despite many co- collect informat-
compensated the fa- mplaints by the ion on the Clubs.
rmers for their St Catherine peo- For Clubs to
losses, pie, ALCAN has not get any"aid" they
The Caustic has done anything ab- Cont'd on P. 8

also seeped under-
ground and contami-
nated the tater
from the well at
Sterling Castle,
miles from the Red
Mud lake at Mount
Farmers on the
land Lease farm-at
Charlemont now have
water shortage be-
cause the well is
condemned ) id lo-

Cut out form below and mail to
SOCIALISM, P.O. Box 187, Kgn. 7.-

Kindly mail SOCIALISM to me at
the following address:
Name: .................
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I enclose $2 (overseas J$6.00)
for one year's subscription
atoM e.' from issue No:.' -

Va e 4

THE DOMINATION of monopolies in the worl
capitalist market does not lead to the
elimination of competition. A fierce an
destructive competition continues betwee
monopolies and within monopoly groups.
This struggle underlies the rivalry be-
tween various imperialist power-centres
(e.g. U.S.A., Europe, Japan) and has had
important consequences for their colo-
nial policy.

Lenin wrote, "colonial possessions alone
give the monopolies complete guarantee
against all contingencies in the struggle
against competitors ...". If in the pre-
monopoly period the exploitation of co-
lonies was achieved mainly through trade
and forced labour on plantations and in
mines, in the period of monopoly-capi-
talism unequal trade continues on a more
expanded scale.

This is possible because monopolies im-
pose the lowest prices on the raw mate-
rials and agricultural produce which they
buy from the colonies and former colonies
and fix the highest possible prices for
their own industrial goods and raw mate-

Further control

Afer ese countries receive political
idpendei-r e iciT-aTlion through -crade

L ">e : ipored C tafa,_nctred gooasc
Sa aerals, and nimi through quao-
ta systems tre i'porzation of various
goods. These measures prevent the expan-
sion of the expert trade of the former
colonies who thereby have to import more
goods than they export to these coun-

Monopolies further control the export
trade-ef the former colonies through
trading firms, shipping companies and
merchant banks resulting in the high
cost of credit and freight.

Small steps

Under the .Larnley government Jamaica has
made small steps to change some of these
injustices -
The bauxite levy has helped to keep up
the price of bauxite; the State Trading
Corporation has helped us to take advan-
tage of lower non-monopoly prices on the
world market, for example, low price
pharmaceuticals of good quality from so-
cialist Hungary; participation in the
NAPMUCAR shipping line with Mexico, Cuba
and other countries in the region can
help to lower freight charges. Our ac-
tive participation in the International
Bauxite Association, our leadership with
the Africar -Caribbean-Pacific (ACP) grou
of countries for an improved Lome agree-
mento and i;-n eeral Michael Manley s
resolve to struggle for a New Interna-
tional Economic Order are all measures
which need our support since they defend
our national interest against Imperialism.


th of Marcus Gar- of the W.L.L. will rally at Frome
vey, after 8 months change the League Westmoreland
THE FORBML announ-. of discussion by into the w.P.J. on August 26 he
cement of the deci- the leadership and spoke to 250
sion of the W.L.L. to membership of the Following this a- ple in the rural
become The Workers' W.L.L. nnouncement, Com- district of Nev-
Party of Jamaica rade Trevor Munroe ell in St. Elia.
was made on August Between December addressed two ra- beth organized
17, the 91st anni- 14 and 17 this year llies. On August the Hugh Bucha
versary of the bir- the First Congress 18 he addressed a Movement.

Frome rally

ON Friday the 18th
the WLL held a ra-
lly in Frome to
mark the 91st year
since Marcus Gar-
vey's birth.
Some comrades who
travelled from Kin-
gston expected to
see hundreds of
militant people at
this rally. About
300 people had tu-
rned out.

Wht was this?

The rally met the
approval and indeed
got the passive
support of the ma-
jority of the peo-
ple in and around
This led some co
mrades to believe

our efforts, c..e
were prepared 'c
turn out in full
force. Political
activities of this
sort are new to the
people of this ar-
But even more
importantly the IMF
pressure with the
steep price incre-
ases and heavy lay-
offs is making ev-
en the most progre-
ssive and politica-
lly active elemen-
ts downhearted.
The Chairman of
the Rally Comrade
McKenzie pointed
out that serious
lay offs had tak-
en place at Pack-
ers, Williams and
Bullhead in the
area. The layoff
axe is now also
hanging over the
heads of the Frome


Workers who sup-
port the PNP are
in bewilderment
as to how the Pri-
me Minister and the
democratic social-

ists who have the
interest of the
people at heart
could go along wi-
th the present an-
ti working class
IMF policies.
They are wonder-
ing how many work-
ers will have to
be thrown on the
unemployment and
scrap-heap so that
the next IMF test
can be passed?
We know that with-
out mass pressure
from the people
the IMF course wi-
ll not be reject-
But many workers
and small farmers
are still looking
an easy way out.
When they heard
of the impendin
la off s roasny fa-
ctory workers at
Frome began to
call for their se-
verance pay. The
firmer and more
conscious workers
now have to be st-
ruggling with them,
showing them to
stand up and fight
against any lay
offs that the ma-
nagement has plan-

In other parts
of the countryside
things are beginn-
ing to change. The
Hamilton Mount fa-
rmers in St Mary
and the Errol Flyn
farmers in Port-
land are determin-
ed to defend their
right to the land.
The Frome rally
helped to educate
and build the mo-
rale of the people
who attended.
That a WLL rally
could be held in
Frome is another
manifestation of
our growth from a
small League into
a Party.

From the Gras|
Dear Comrade, rades will agree.
I am sure, that 0
It is unfortunate spent time organ
that the Official sing that historic
Organ of the WLL event.
has seen it fit to Even so, the
attack the PNPYO; YO found time to
on the subject of criticise the an
our National Con- pri
Eerence and Anti- princpled Act
Imperialist Rally. of the League, a
Based on the qual- we will always
ity of that event, time to do that,
as well as the nu- is only by criti
mber of progressi- S" tht we. wi!
ve people who- tu- ow.
ned out; the Com- The league S


4-n &

ust 26 he al- At these rallies
oned with Comrade Trevor Mun-
of 30 far- roe spoke about
SHolland the W.P.J., the
who are IMF agreement and
in a stru the need to con-
ith Reynolds tinue the strug-
e company o- gles of Marcus Gar-
d. vey


B ion was announced W.L.L. Chairman
on August 17, 91st and Central Com-
COMRADE MUNROE anniversary of Ma- mittee member Tony
(second from left) rcus Garvey's Brown. Comrade Ru-
W.L.L. GeneraL Se- birth, pert Lewis, Centr-
:cr, anues All cal w es al Committee mem-
t ion of Loreaguers dia in addition to oer anm Struggle
e workers CANA and rens editor, and Com-
PFirej o ama sic Latina covered the trade L. Brown,
in December this event. On Comrade Centra-. Coq~ ttee.
year. This decis- Munroe's left is 'member wid UVAM

,,kes a point to
Frome workers.

OVER 250 people
attended the rally
at Newell in St.
Elizabeth on Aug-
ust 27. The audi-
ence listened at-
tentively to guest
speaker Comrade
Trevor Munroe as
he spoke on the
present political
situation. '

asons with farmers
who are working
Reynold Bauxite
Company's idle

'legates have sig-
ned up as Volunt-
ary Price Inspec-
tors and have all
received their
letters of autho-
rity. These del-
egates have star-
ted to function in
their community.
The delegates si-
gned up after be-
ing addressed by
the Executive Di-
rector of the Pri-
ces Commission,
Sam Cheddar.
Struggle urges
other unions to fo-
llow the example of
the UAWU.

Munroe to
speak at
ON September 3,
1978 Comrade Gen
eral Secretary T.
Munroe will be sp-
eaking at a rally
at Cavaliers Prim-
ary School in St.
Andrew. The Rally
coiremorates ':e :

iby -he 'orkr.-: =;-
ple of this cor'u-
nitv. Cultural it-
ems will also be
presented by Ca-
valiers United. t
will start at 6.00
pm. Admission is
free. Refreshmen-
ts will be on sa-
wis, editor of St-
ruggle, will addr-
ess the Marcus Ga-
rvey Roots Club in
Discovery Bay on
August 31, and the
Bannister Communi-
ty in St. Cather-
ine on September
10 on the topic
"Garvey's Strug-
1st Vice-President
are seated at ex-
treme left and right.

A SECTION-of the
audience at Frome
on August 18.

XING IT all in
at Frome Rally.

Page 6

JAI-rC. DELEGA-AES lJiver Siauels and Rupert Walters hail
the t;haceds of Cuban people who came out to meet the Car-
ibbean delegation a-t Cienfuegos.

STRUGGLE hEWSPAPER being avidly read at the Festival.

Lessons from the

11th Festival

lt- FESTIVAL, .there the crimes of imperialism against the
world's peoples, were condemned. Hero leader of the Pales-
tine Liberation Organisation, Yasser Arafat (2nd left) and
other Palestinian leaders hold a Press Conference.

THE "HAfAN Sign Board" overlooks the beautiful gymnastic
displays by Cuban youth.

TO MOST of the ov-
er 40,000 people
who visited Cuba
for the llth Wo-
rld Festival, the
experience showed
2 main lessons -
the clear superio-
rity of the socia-
list system over
capitalism in pro-
viding a life of
dignity for its
people and second-
ly that it was the
same imperialism,
led by the United
States which oppr-
essed and exploit-
ed all the world's
For many, it was
their first oppor-
tunity to meet the
Cuban people and
to actually see for
themselves the ac-
hievements of the
Cuban Revolution.
And the many lies
of imperialism ag-
ainst revolution-
ary Cuba were eg-
The 5-hour open-
ing ceremony show-
ed clearly the le-
vel of discipline,
organisation, and
achievement of the
Cuban people. The
which still remai-
ns a wonder to all
who s'w it was the
work of the stud-
ents and teachers
of the Cuban High-
er Technical Inst-
Delegates and
visitors saw for
themselves that
there were no st-
arvinsg or under-
ei e-or? lein Cu-
ba. tuice the

opposite. The reveal to the oth-
average Cuban child er youths of the
of 12 years old world, the level
eats more in one of oppression whi-
meal (both in am- ch the' system br-
ount and nutrit- ought down on them
ional value than illiteracy, po-
many adult-woriers verty, lack of ri-
eat in a whole day ghts by the same
in imperialist do- governments and
minated countries multinational cor-
like ours. porations which co-
People were safe ntrol the resource
in walking anywhe- es of countries li-
re at whatever ti- ke ours.
me of night or day. Youth were able
The revolution has to hear from the
succeeded in wip- people themselves.
ing out crime. of the brutality
"Whether the 11th Festival becomes
just 'an unforgettable experience whici
'words can't describe', will depend on
whether the youths who gained this
experience actually help to carry
forward the struggle in our countries

Everywhere, it
was clear that the
socialist system
worked for the fu-
11 benefit of the
The Cuban people
approached prepara-
tions for the Fes-
tival with the same
revolutionary will,
self-sacrifice and
commitment to hu-
manity with which
they carried thro-
ugh their revolu-
Everything was
done to welcome the
world's youth and.
to make this fes-
tival the largest
and most impressi-
ve gathering of an-
ti-imperialist- '
forces in the w'e
Through t be.
days ,yegut in hVA
capi talseriabla
ries wejrea b&1 t

and criminal act,
of the fascist
regimes propped up
by us imperialisr
that of the many
crimes of the CS
against the strx
gling peoples,'
And yegth jwiatn
able to ohena t.
from the ewewm-
cos of the fqcea
of Africa, Asia. '
Latin America and
the Caribbean str-
uggling for inde-
pendence.from ira-
Wheihe, the Ulti
festival beaeomas
juit "an unafo
table experience
which "words can'b
describe", will
9dpend an whether
t youtaS Uh1
ganed this ea2eri?
nce acta y hfelp
1a. carry 4orwer4
:x st.rug9gle',
our, cbuntsies.

Page 7

**the 3rd Consultat-
ive Meetina of

ghton represented
,the WLL at the 4th
Congress of YULIMO
(St. Vincent) on
August 13. The
Congress was atte-
nded by 200 deie-
gates and sympath-
isers fror, 24 vii-
lages and town-
6 ships. Also in at-

tendance were Com-
rade Cheddi Jagan,
PPP leader from
Guyana, Bernard
Card. M.P~ of the
Ne, Jewel Movement
inl Grenada, and
Ri-ky Parris of
MONALI in Barbados.
.omrxadse John Hau-
ghton also repres-
ented the WLL at

parties and organ-
isations of the
Caribbean held in
St. Vincent front
August 12-14.
The Caribbean del-
egates were invit-
ed to the Congress
of the WLL in Dec-

In Nicaragua ...

Somoza Govt. crumbling

TRUGGLE against the 40-year Old pital, Managua, businessmen and and experience suc- southern areas.
a family dictatorship in Nicaragua Somoza and his merchants into the ceeded in consoli- Recent events make
w coming to a head. This struggle friends grabbed anti-Somoza move- dating itself in it clear that the
een led by the Sandinista Nation- all the contracts ment. the mountainous Somoza dictator-
beration Front. for reconstruction. The Sandinista northern zones, ship, backed by U.S.
S Tis led to the Front with its The struggle has imperialism, is
the last week there have been the graduall drift of years of struale now sread to the c m-hlin,

izure of the National Palace, follo-
d by mass actions undertaken by stu-
nts and workers. These actions threa-
n to bring down the Somoza dictator-
ip. The struggle now taking place is
ing misrepresented in the capitalist
ey make the San- had kept up strug-
inistas appear gle against the
be terrorists Somoza dictator-
en in fact they ship and U.S. in-
e similar to the tervention.
ly 26 movement The ranks of the
Cuba in the Sandinista Front
950's. began to grow and
n Nicaragua the gradually the pea-
omoza dictator- sants and urban
ip has banned workers along with
litical parties, other sectors
newspapers, trade strengthened their
linions, students organisations.
nd community or- Flag
anisations. Over In 1962 the Sand-
e years the op- inistas began to
sition has been work with farm la-
rutally murdered- bourers. In 1963
is has meant that the regime broke
e opposition up labour organi-
Ias only the ar- sations. The red
ked struggle and and black flag of
s actions left the FSLN began to
n to them.. fly in street dem-

'New stage
ho are the San-
inistas? The
andinistas take
heir name from
'andino, one of
he heroes of the
Lrly resistance
3Nicaragua who
(as killed in ac-
ion. Sandino is
ib Nicaragua what
LArti is to Cuba.
he Constitution
1f the Saidinista
national. Libera---.
.on Front (FSLN)
S1961 marked 'a
sw stage in the
.'that year San-
is Lopez and o-
iher veoer'n San-
LInistas joined
kwp ith Nicara-
Egyuths w ,* ,

schools, private
homes, and facto-
ries shut down by
the strikes.
In the sixties,
the Sandinistas
met with severe
repression in
which the Ameri-
can imperialists
were involved. In
1972 joint U.S.
and Central Ameri-
can military man-
oeuvres were con-
ducted in Nicara-
qua. Napalm bomb-
ing or peasant re-
gions and the cru-
el torture of po-
litical prisoners
took place.
After the earth-
quake in 1972 that
destroyed the ca-

Kenyatta's legacy

last week, August
22, after having
led Kenya to inde-
pendence in 1963
and having served
as President since
Kenyatta who was
jailed as a leader

of the national
struggle in Kenya
against British co-
lonial and settler
rule in the 1950's
was popularly known
as the "Burning
Kenyatta was a sym-
bol of the resist-

ance (known as Mau
Mau rebellion) of
the Kenyan people
as they fought for
land and indepen-
dence. British im-
perialism brutally
suppressed the Ken-
yan people. Between
1952 1954 6,608
African guerilla
fighters were kil-
led and 11,524 cap-
tured; 686 African
civilians hanged
and 48,022 placed
in detention. This
brutality, which
continued through-
out the fifties did
not stop the resis-
tance of the Kenyan
Independence in
1963' did not bring
about the changes
the people fought
Oginga Odinga, one
of Kenyatta's com-
rades but later

Colonial soldiers search. Kenyans during
independence struggle in the 1950s :.

political opponent,
wrote in his auto-
biography, "free-
dom for Kenya came
not at victory
point, as in Alge-
ria, at the climax
of the military
n rising, but only
five years later,
in staggered sta-
ges after the ad-
ministrators of
the colonial sys-
tem had made pre-
parations for tne
timing and the ma-
nner of the inde-
pendence take-over."

Oginga Odinga br-
oke with Kenyatta
three years after
independence when
he saw that many
of the things, es-
pecially land re-
form, were not be-
ing carried out.
Odinga himself
criticized Kenya-
tta for his perso-
nal acquisition
of large farms.
Put down
Kenyatta's family
wealth grew to la-
rge proportions.
For example, his
fourth wife, M164
Ngsia owned.26; 047
acres in the Kiam-
bu grea where the
qaerage peasant
holding was about
'two acres.
Kenyatta set -en-
wa atia capitalist
pro-Western ,path
Tnis meant that

g- CAVqIO P. a


Late President Jomo Kenyatta





Pace 8

ONE OF the most important differences
between the Workers' Party of the Com-
munist type and other kinds of parties
is in the approach to the Party Confe-
rence or Congress.

In parties that are not really Commu-
nist the Party Conference serves the
purpose of bringing members together,
giving them a feeling of solidarity
with one another, mainly from listening
to the party leaders. In parties that
defend the capitalist class the more
poor people the leaders can get to come
to the conference the more happy the
capitalists are since without the sup-
port of the masses of workers who don't
know themselves capitalism could hardly
survive a day. In parties that defend
the capitalists and the workers at the
same time, the conference is always a
struc-le, whether behind the scenes or
out in the open, between those who are
foi the small people and those who are
really and truly for the capitalists.
In none of these parties is it possible
for the views of the membership, much
less the real interests of the workers,
to determine what decision the confer-
ence takes.

Sometimes the membership does not even
know what are the main things which
conference is going to discuss. Other

Hamilton Mt. farmers

soya bean, 3000 I1
mellon, 200 qt gun-
go peas, 2000 Ib
yam, 10CO qt red
ias: an, other cro-
ps suc- as calaloo,
cabBagc etc. 40%
of all i-his ro--
i:de has gone to
waste because the
I.MC has neglecteC
Even more than
this ith farmers
have beer produ-
cing under the mo-
st d ditcult cond-
itions. In July
1977 BuAie-Massa
McGregor Arried
soldiers and pol-
ice on the farmers.
10 of the leading
brothers were cha-
rged a total of
$492 for being on
the land.
He ha. also used

Cont'd from P. 1
his spray plane to
kill the crops.
Thugs have also
been used to inti-
midate bhe farmers.
The farmers ?-nd
citizens have ;cur
fire ehind the
Mp Ehyreld whoc they
say i.s soft. ks a
result a delegation
was sent tc t.e Pr-
ime Minister who
said that the land
should be acquired
and leased to the
Following this
Ministers Small
and Belinfanti to-
ured the farm. The
farmers were plea-
sed with what Min-
ister Small had to
say but were dist-
urbed with Buckie-
Massa Belinfanti

bry Trevor M nroe

When the congress of the Communist Par-

who set several da-
tes to see them and
did not turn up.
Belinfanti then
went on the farm
to let the farme-
rs know that they
were capturers.
In spite of all
tis the number of
farmers working the
idle land, has gro-
wn from 25 farm-
ers working 40 ac-
res to 250 farmers
working 300 acres.
They say the stru-
ggle has just begun
as they have not
yet acquired the
land legally.

Cont'd from P. 7
those in the na-
tional movement
who stood for real
change were put
down, and the right-
wing such as, I=
ntoya prooted.
Men like Oginga O-
dinga and Achieng
oneko, who fought
alongside Keayatta
were later iupri-
soned by him be-
cause they refused
to accept Deo-co-

SEi~Kr.2IE U1 1978
marks 5 years sin-
ce the tfacist co-
up overthrew the
Allende government
in Chile. The WLL
salutes the heroic
struggle of the
Chilean Communist
Party and Popular
nity Forces. We
condemn the role
thAt the as gover-
ment contevues to

Cont'd from P. 3
have to be affili-
ated to the Alcan
formed North St
Catherine Youth De-
velo.ment Council.
ALCAN must be
made to take mea-
su-- sres to protect
the environment
and the peoples'
health in St Cath-
The Company must
compensate the peo-
ple for damage, to
their crops, live-
stock and houses.
The land which
ALCAN has aeimda-
st be tr".ndvei'x
to the" land-hu~gry
people of the area.

play in maitain--
ing the fascist
regime af Pino)e-
et. The latest ma-
nifestation of
this support was
the decision of
the US BWoWU Of
awpresentativi to
allow A stdhlewt
of arms valued At
Us$i *xluoiv t4
%o to Chtle.

pyraw 'ot
olla dfrn I?.
allshed in S2

,*lft to ratbe t Yd
coifereojw a' a
ond to Iwuzoq.1
ge turnout of 'o-
gresiave 4 delgot
at the
renoSb in Sepeber.

the 'iapoitani of o
organieation for
the entire 1maveinL

rented e4d publisd by Comm Corsatin of Ja.i UfitM (ip Uirmlhp).l Mp IlKHY Tfo l. Kit-l0JI-

All articles and letters

must reach the Editor

P.O. Box 187, Kingston 7

by Sept. 8

for the next issue

times members have to go cut ot their
way to find out what the conference
will be dealing with. and no matter how
they might want to contribute, have no
real say in what conference decides or
what the party does. There are no docu-
ments to study beforehand. When there
are documents, a serious party member
or group has to fight to get the M.P.
or councillor to take them seriously;
party members hardly have a chance to
make up their own mind on the policies
an'd programmes of the party--for one
reason or another they follow behind
one leader or another. At the confere-
nce itself the grass-roots rank and
file have to struggle for a chance to
talk and sometimes despite serious ef-
forts cannot prevent leaders from g'ing
against the majority.

Far different

The Workers' Party cf the Co='unist
type is far .ifferent. L;nq befie the
Congress every member knows are
the basic things to be decided. 1he pa`-
rty leaders have the duy 'to give the
members drafts of whatever documents
are to ce decided. Each mepmer has the

right and the- duty to rut forward his
views, to make sure that -he party
group discusses them seriously and ta-
kes a decision one way or another on
his opinion. Each party group or commi-
ttee must put forward the views of its
members to the party leadership and the

party leadership must take them into

ty opens it is coming after weeks and.
months of serious discussion by the
members. It gets reports on the main
points and proposals coming out of
these discussions. The Congress delega-
tes then debate fully the points and
proposals from the members. Everyone
has a chance to give his or her view on
the outstanding points and then the
Congress as a whole takes the final des
cision. No leader can adjourn or dis -
band the Congress like when Bostamante:
simply declared the JLP conference elo
sed in 1960 because he did not like the
way the majority of the delegates were
leaning. When the Congress of the Coin-
iunist Workers' Party decides, all par-
ty members, even those who do not agree
with the decision must step in line and
carry it out.

This is so because the decisions of the
Communist Congress come only after tho-
rough discussion, only after the most -
serious sons and daughters of the work-
ing class have a chance to give their
-iews, and only after the majority de-
cides. Thereafter none is allowed to
step out of line of the main decisions
because, just like the workers learn
from their day to day struggle, the Pa-
rty knows "united we stand, divided we

This is why whether the League or any
other group is really Communist or not
is not a matter of words or of the name

It is a. atter of whether comrades in
preparing for Congress,'like in other
vital areas, live up to the standards
of working-class Communist democracy.

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